Skip to main content
×
×
Home
American Fair Trade
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    American Fair Trade
    • Online ISBN: 9781139924658
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139924658
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Rather than viewing the history of American capitalism as the unassailable ascent of large-scale corporations and free competition, American Fair Trade argues that trade associations of independent proprietors lobbied and litigated to reshape competition policy to their benefit. At the turn of the twentieth century, this widespread fair trade movement borrowed from progressive law and economics, demonstrating a persistent concern with market fairness - not only fair prices for consumers but also fair competition among businesses. Proponents of fair trade collaborated with regulators to create codes of fair competition and influenced the administrative state's public-private approach to market regulation. New Deal partnerships in planning borrowed from those efforts to manage competitive markets, yet ultimately discredited the fair trade model by mandating economy-wide trade rules that sharply reduced competition. Laura Phillips Sawyer analyzes how these efforts to reconcile the American tradition of a well-regulated society with the legacy of Gilded Age of laissez-faire capitalism produced the modern American regulatory state.

Reviews

'From Walton Hamilton and Milton Handler to Ellis Hawley and Herbert Hovenkamp, the very best legal and economic scholars have insisted upon the centrality of the law of unfair trade to the history of modern American capitalism. Laura Phillips Sawyer's American Fair Trade reanimates that entire tradition by demonstrating in superb and convincing detail the formative role of fair competition and trade associations in the development of the distinctive forms of public-private governance, administrative law, and economic regulation at the heart of both American capitalism and the modern American state.'

William Novak - University of Michigan Law School

'What is fair trade? In this lucid, well-informed, carefully researched, and unfailingly judicious book, Laura Phillips Sawyer provides a boldly revisionist perspective on a historical perennial. In so doing, she joins the growing chorus of historians, lawmakers, businesspeople, and activists who are re-envisioning the antimonopoly tradition for the digital age.'

Richard R. John - Columbia University

'American Fair Trade is destined to become a monument in the history of competition policy in the United States. Not only is Professor Sawyer an excellent writer, she is also a skilled integrator of political, economic, legal, and other historical ideas. No one has done a better job of identifying the political, social, and economic conflicts that gave rise to the fair trade movement, explain the resistance to it and the responses in the federal courts, and tell a coherent and believable story about why it finally collapsed. This is intellectual and business history at its very best.'

Herbert Hovenkamp - University of Pennsylvania

'A timely and powerful history, this book joins a growing body of work to bring the anti-monopoly tradition out of the wilderness back to the center of American debate. By tracing the fair trade movement from its roots in nineteenth century antitrust into the modern trade association and feminist consumer movements, Laura Phillips Sawyer unearths vital resources to better reconcile equality, efficiency, and democracy in the twenty-first century.'

Gerald Berk - author of Louis D. Brandeis and the Making of Regulated Competition

'The analysis is thorough, painstakingly footnoted, and strong on legal aspects. It breaks important ground and has few peers … Recommended for graduate students through professionals.'

M. Larudee Source: Choice

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
  • American Institute for the History of Pharmacy, Madison, WI (AIHP)

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library, Hyde Park, NY (FDRPL)

  • Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE (HML)

  • Harvard Business School, Baker Library, Historical Collections, Boston, MA (HBSBL)

  • Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, West Branch, IA (HPL)

  • National Bureau of Economic Research, Historical Archives, www.nber.org/nberhistory (NBER)

  • National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health, Rockville, MD (NLM)

  • Ruthmere Museum, Elkhart, IN (RM)

  • Schlesinger Library, History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (HUSL)

  • Stockton Public Library, Stockton, CA (SPL)

  • University of California, San Francisco, Library of Medicine, San Francisco CA (UCSF)

  • University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, microfilm collections (UL)

  • Dean Edwin Gay Papers, HBS

  • Dr. Miles Medical Company Archives, RM

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Papers, FDRL

  • Henry Sturgis Dennison Papers, HBS

  • Herbert Hoover Papers, HPL

  • Lincoln Filene Papers, HBS

  • Louis Brandeis Papers, UL

  • Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company Records, 1776–1968, HUSL

  • Melvyn Copeland Papers, HBS

  • Paul Cherington Papers, HBS

  • Seagram and Sons, Inc., HML

  • United States Chamber of Commerce, Records, HML

Council of Economic Advisers. “Benefits of Competition and Indicators of Market Power.” Council of Economic Advisers Issue Brief (April 2016), https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/administration/eop/cea.
Federal Trade Commission. Annual Report of the Federal Trade Commission. Washington, DC, 1916.
Federal Trade Commission. Annual Report of the Federal Trade Commission. Washington, DC, 1921.
Federal Trade Commission. Annual Report of the Federal Trade Commission. Washington, DC, 1926.
Federal Trade Commission. Annual Report of the Federal Trade Commission. Washington, DC, 1927.
Federal Trade Commission. Annual Report of the Federal Trade Commission. Washington, DC, 1928.
Federal Trade Commission. Annual Report of the Federal Trade Commission. Washington, DC, 1929.
Federal Trade Commission. Annual Report of the Federal Trade Commission. Washington, DC, 1934.
Federal Trade Commission. Chain Stores: Growth and Development of Chain Stores. Washington, DC, 1932.
Federal Trade Commission. Chain Stores: Final Report on the Chain-Store Investigation. Washington, DC, 1934. S. Doc. No. 4–74.
Federal Trade Commission. Fundamentals of the Cost System. Washington, DC, 1916.
Federal Trade Commission. “Millwork Industry.” Trade Practice Conference. Washington, DC, 1928.
Federal Trade Commission. Practices of the Steel Industry under the Code. Washington, DC, 1934. S. Doc. 159–73.
Federal Trade Commission. Report on Open-Price Trade Associations. Washington, DC, 1929.
Federal Trade Commission. Report on Resale Price Maintenance. Washington, DC, 1929.
Federal Trade Commission. Resale Price Maintenance. Washington, DC, 1931.
Federal Trade Commission. Trade Practice Conferences. Washington, DC, 1929.
National Recovery Administration. Code of Fair Competition for the Petroleum Industry. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1933.
National Recovery Administration. Code of Fair Competition for the Retail Drug Industry. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1933.
National Recovery Administration. Code of Fair Competition in the Retail Trade. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1933.
National Recovery Administration. Work Materials, No. 17: Tentative Outlines and Summaries of Studies in Progress. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1935.
State of New York. Report of the Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate the Milk Industry, April 10, 1933. 1933. New York Leg. Doc. 114.
State of New York. Senate. Report of the Senate Committee on General Laws on Investigation Relative to Trusts. 1888. S. Doc. 50.
Temporary National Economic Commission. “The Basing Point Method of Quoting Delivered Prices in the Steel Industry.” In The Basing Point Problem, Federal Trade Commission. Washington, DC, 1941.
Temporary National Economic Commission. Final Report and Recommendations. Washington, DC, 1941. S. Doc. No. 77-35.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States, 1789–1945. Washington, DC, 1949.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1957. Washington, DC, 1960.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970. 2 vols. Washington, DC, 1975.
U.S. Bureau of the Census. “Table 301: Commercial Failures, by General Class of Business, by States.” 1933: 277.
U.S. Commission on Patent and Trade-Mark Laws. Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Revise the Statutes Relating to Patents, Trade and Other Marks, and Trade and Commercial Names. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1900.
U.S. Department of Commerce. Annual Report. Washington, DC, 1922.
U.S. Department of Commerce. Annual Report. Washington, DC, 1926.
U.S. Department of Commerce. The Business Council: A Review of Its Activities Since Its Original Formulation under the Name “Business Advisory Council for the Department of Commerce,” June 1933–March 1963. Washington, DC, 1963.
U.S. Department of Commerce. Business Cycles and Unemployment: Report and Recommendations of a Committee of the President’s Conference on Unemployment. Washington, DC, 1923.
U.S. Department of Commerce. The International Cartel Movement. Trade Information Bulletin, No. 566. Washington, DC, 1928.
U.S. Department of Commerce. Recent Economic Changes in the U.S. 2 vols. New York, 1929.
U.S. Department of Commerce. Recent Economic Changes in the U.S.: Report of the Committee. Washington, DC, 1929.
U.S. Department of Justice. “Report of the Assistant Attorney General Thurman Arnold in Charge of the Antitrust Division.” In Annual Report of the Attorney General of the United States, 35–45. Washington, DC, 1939.
U.S. Industrial Commission. “Report of the Industrial Commission on Trusts and Industrial Combinations.” Washington, DC, 1901.
U.S. Congress. Congressional Record. 20th Cong., 1888.
U.S. Congress. Congressional Record. 21st Cong., 1890.
U.S. Congress. Congressional Record. 73rd Cong., 1934.
U.S. Congress. Congressional Record. 81st Cong., 1937.
U.S. House. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Hearings before the Committee on Patents on H.R. Doc. 23417, Oldfield Revision and Codification of the Patent Statutes. 62nd Cong., April 17–May 25, 1912.
U.S. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Trust Legislation: Hearings Before the H. Committee on Judiciary. 61st Cong. 1913.
U.S. House. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. Hearings on the Regulation of Prices. 64th Cong., 1916.
U.S. House. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. To Prevent Discrimination in Prices and to Provide for Publicity of Prices to Dealers and the Public: Hearings on H.R. 13305. 63rd–64th Cong., Feb. 27, 1914–Jan. 9, 1915.
U.S. House. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. Regulation of Prices: Hearings Before the H. Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. 64th Cong., 1916.
U.S. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Hearings on Antitrust Legislation – Revision and Expansion. H.R. 1873. 63rd Cong., 1914.
U.S. Senate. Establishment of a National Economic Council. 72nd Cong., 1st Sess. 1931. 1931.
U.S. Senate. Report of the Committee on Interstate Commerce. 62nd Cong., 1912. S. Rep. 4713 and 957.
Adams, Henry Carter. “Economics and Jurisprudence.” Science, July 2, 1886: 16.
Adams, Henry Carter. “The Relation of the State to Industrial Action.” Publications of the American Economic Association 1 (1887): 5560.
Adams, Samuel Hopkins. “The Great American Fraud.” Colliers, February 17, 1906: 22–4, 26, 28.
Alchon, Guy. The Invisible Hand of Planning: Capitalism, Social Science, and the State in the 1920s. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.
“A.N.A.M. [Association of National Advertising Managers] Chicago Meeting.” Advertising & Selling 22 (January 1913): 62–3.
Anderson, Lee, and Higby, Gregory J.. The Spirit of Voluntarism: A Legacy of Commitment and Contribution: The United States Pharmacopeia, 1820–1955. Rockville, MD: United States Pharmacopeial Convention, 1995.
Areeda, Philip, and Turner, Donald F.. “Predatory Pricing and Related Practices under Section 2 of the Sherman Act.” Harvard Law Review 88 (February 1975): 697733.
Arnold, Thurman. The Bottlenecks of Business. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, 1940.
Arnold, Thurman. Fair Fights and Foul: A Dissenting Lawyer’s Life. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1965.
Arnold, Thurman. Folklore of Capitalism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1937.
Arnold, Thurman. “Prosecution Policy under the Sherman Act.” American Bar Association Journal 27 (June 1938): 417–20.
Arnold, Thurman. The Symbols of Government. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1935.
Atiyah, P. S. The Rise and Fall of Freedom of Contract. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979.
Bacon, Raymond Foss, and Hamor, William A.. The American Petroleum Industry. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1916.
Bailyn, Bernard. “The Apologia of Robert Keayne.” William and Mary Quarterly 7 (October 1950): 568–87.
Baker, George, Gibbons, Robert, and Murphy, Kevin J.. “Relational Contracts and the Theory of the Firm.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 117, no. 1 (2002): 3984.
Bakken, Henry Harrison, and Schaars, Marvin A.. Economics of Cooperative Marketing. New York, 1937.
Balleisen, Edward J.The Prospects for Effective ‘Co-Regulation’ in the United States.” In Government and Markets: Towards a New Theory of Regulation, edited by Balleisen, Edward J. and Moss, David A., 443–81. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Balogh, Brian. The Associational State: American Governance in the Twentieth Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.
Balogh, Brian. A Government Out of Sight: The Mystery of National Authority in Nineteenth-Century America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Barber, William J. Designs within Disorder: Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Economists, and the Shaping of American Economic Policy, 1933–1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Barber, William J. From New Era to New Deal: Herbert Hoover, the Economists, and American Economic Policy, 1921–1933. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Barnett, Otto Raymond. “The Oldfield Bill.” Yale Law Journal 22 (March 1912): 383397.
The Basis and Development of Fair Trade. New York: National Association of Wholesale Druggists, 1955.
Beach, Charles Fisk. A Treatise on the Law of Monopolies and Industrial Trusts as Administered in England and in the United States. St. Louis, MO: Central Law Journal Co., 1898.
Bean, Jonathan J. Beyond the Broker State: Federal Policies toward Small Business, 1936–1961. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
Beard, Charles A., ed. America Faces the Future. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1932.
Beito, David T., and Beito, Linda Royster. “Gold Democrats and the Decline of Classical Liberalism, 1896–1900.” Independent Review 4 (Spring 2000): 555–75.
Bell, George Joseph. “Inquiries into the Contract of Sale of Goods and Merchandise as Recognised in the Judicial Decisions and Mercantile Practice of Modern Nations.” Law Library 50 (1845): 17.
Benedict, Michael Les. “Laissez Faire and Liberty: A Reevaluation of the Meaning and Origins of Laissez Faire Constitutionalism.” Law and History Review 3 (1985): 293.
Benjamin, J. P. Benjamin’s Treatise on the Law of Sale of Personal Property. Boston: Charles H. Edson, 1888.
Bentley, Arthur. The Process of Government. reissue of 1908 ed. Bloomington, IN, 1935.
Berk, Gerald. Alternative Tracks: The Constitution of American Industrial Order, 1865–1917. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
Berk, Gerald. “Communities of Competitors: Open Price Associations and the American State, 1911–1929.” Social Science History 20 (Autumn 1996): 375400.
Berk, Gerald. Louis D. Brandeis and the Making of Regulated Competition, 1900–1932. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Berk, Gerald. “Neither Markets nor Administration: Brandeis and the Antitrust Reforms of 1914.” Studies in American Political Development 8 (Spring 1994): 2459.
Berk, Gerald, and Schneiberg, Marc. “Varieties in Capitalism, Varieties of Association: Collaborative Learning in American Industry, 1900 to 1925.” Politics & Society 33 (March 2005): 4687.
Berkowitz, Edward D., and McQuaid, Kim. Creating the Welfare State: The Political Economy of Twentieth-Century Reform. Rev. ed. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.
Berle, Adolf, and Means, Gardinier. The Modern Corporation and Private Property. New York: MacMillan Co., 1933.
Bernanke, Ben. Essays on the Great Depression. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.
Bernanke, Ben. “Nonmonetary Effects of the Financial Crisis in the Propagation of the Great Depression.” In New Keynesian Economics: Coordination Failures and Real Rigidities, edited by Gregory Mankiew, N. and Romer, David. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1997.
Bernstein, Michael Alan. A Perilous Progress: Economists and Public Purpose in Twentieth-Century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Best, Michael. The New Competition: Institutions of Industrial Restructuring. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Biddle, Jeff. “Social Science and the Making of Social Policy: Wesley Mitchell’s Vision.” In The Economic Mind in America: Essays in the History of American Economics, edited by Rutherford, Malcolm, 4379. New York: Routledge, 1998.
Blaisdell, Thomas C. The Federal Trade Commission: An Experiment in the Control of Business. New York: Columbia University Press, 1932.
Blaug, Mark. Economic Theory in Retrospect. 4th ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Blum, John Morton, ed. From the Morgenthau Diaries. Vol. 1. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1959.
Blyth, Mark. The Great Transformations: Economic Ideas and Institutional Change in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Bonin, L. S.Planned Economy in Operation in the Soviet Union.” In World Social Economic Planning: The Necessity for Planned Adjustment of Productive Capacity and Standards of Living, edited by Fledderus, Mary L., 341–77. New York: International Industrial Relations Institute, 1932.
Bordeaux, Donald, and DiLorenzo, Thomas. “The Protectionist Roots of Antitrust.” Review of Austrian Economics 6, no. 2 (1993): 8196.
Bork, Robert H. The Antitrust Paradox: A Policy at War with Itself. Rev. ed. New York, 1993.
Bork, Robert H.Legislative Intent and the Policy of the Sherman Act.” Journal of Law and Economics 9 (1966): 748.
Bradley, Robert L. Jr.On the Origins of the Sherman Antitrust Act.” Cato Journal 9 (Winter 1990): 737–42.
Braeman, John. Before the Civil Rights Revolution: The Old Court and Individual Rights. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.
Brandeis, Louis D. Business Law, 1895–96. Boston: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1896.
Brandeis, Louis D. “Cut-Throat Prices – Competition that Kills.” Harper’s Weekly, November 15, 1913: 573.
Brandeis, Louis D.Disseminating the Facts of Industry.” In The Social and Economic Views of Mr. Justice Brandeis, edited by Lief, Alfred, 411–12. New York: Vanguard Press, 1930.
Brandeis, Louis D.Efficiency by Consent.” Industrial Management 55 (February 1918): 108–9.
Brandeis, Louis D. “How Boston Solved the Gas Problem.” American Review of Reviews, November 1907: 594–8.
Brandeis, Louis D.The Living Law.” Illinois Law Review 10 (February 1916): 461–71.
Brandeis, Louis D. “Shall We Abandon the Policy of Competition?” Case and Comment, February 1912: 494.
Brandeis, Louis D. “Trusts and Efficiency.” National Economic League Quarterly, December 1915: 33–41.
Brennan, John. “‘The People’s Lawyer’ Revisited: Louis D. Brandeis versus United Shoe Machinery Company.” American Journal of Legal History 50, no. 3 (2008–2010): 284304.
Bringhurst, Bruce. Antitrust and the Oil Monopoly: The Standard Oil Cases, 1890–1911. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1979.
Brinkley, Alan. The End of Reform: New Deal Liberalism in Recession and War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.
Brooks, John. “The Trade Union Label.” Bulletin of the Department of Labor 15 (1898): 197221.
Buck, Solon J. The Granger Movement: A Study of Agricultural Organization and Its Political, Economic, and Social Manifestations, 1870–1880. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1913.
“Building Executives Confer on Code for Recovery Act Plans.” California Highways and Public Works 11 (July–August 1933): 20.
Bullock, Charles J.Trust Literature: A Survey and a Criticism.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 15 (February 1901): 167217.
“Business Cycles and Unemployment.” President’s Conference on Unemployment. New York, 1923.
“Business to Take Stand on Labor.” Nation’s Business, July 1920: 20.
Butler, Henry N.Nineteenth-Century Jurisdictional Competition in the Granting of Corporate Privileges.” The Journal of Legal Studies 14 (January 1985): 129–66.
Carnegie, Andrew. “The Bugaboo of the Trusts.” North American Review 148 (February 1889): 141151.
Carnegie, Andrew. “Popular Illusions about Trusts.” Century Magazine, May 1900: 143–9.
Carnegie, Andrew. “Wealth.” North American Review 148 (June 1889): 653–64.
Carpenter, Daniel. Forging Bureaucratic Autonomy: Reputations, Networks, and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862–1928. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Carrott, M. Browning. “The Supreme Court and American Trade Associations, 1921–1925.” Business History Review 44 (Autumn 1970): 320–38.
Cashman, Sean Dennis. America in the Gilded Age: From the Death of Lincoln to the Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. 3rd ed. New York: New York University Press, 1993.
Chafee, Zechariah. “Equitable Servitudes on Chattels.” Harvard Law Review 41 (June 1928): 9451013.
Chamberlin, Edward. The Theory of Monopolistic Competition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1933.
Chandler, Alfred D. Scale and Scope: The Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Chandler, Alfred D. The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1977.
Cheney, Orion H. The New Competition: Being an Interpretation of a New Trend in American Business that Affects the Interest of Every American Business Man. n.p., 1926.
Cherrington, Paul T.Appendix: Officers, National Commission and Department Organization of the Associated Advertising Clubs of the World of 1915–16.” In The Advertising Book, 585–6. New York, 1916.
Ciepley, David. Liberalism in the Shadow of Totalitarianism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Clark, John Bates. The Control of the Trusts. New York: MacMillan, 1901.
Clark, John Bates. “The Limits of Competition.” In The Modern Distributive Process II, by Clark, John Bates and Giddings, Franklin Henry. Boston: Ginn & Company, 1888.
Clark, John M. “Long-Range Planning for the Regularization of Industry: Report of Subcommittee of the Committee on Unemployment and Industrial Stabilization of the National Progressive Conference.” New Republic, January 13, 1932: 1–23.
Clark, John M. Social Control of Business. Rev. ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1939.
Clark, John M., Abramovitz, Moses, and Ginzberg, Eli. Preface to Social Economics: Economic Theory and Social Problems. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1936.
Clemens, Elisabeth. The People’s Lobby: Organizational Innovation and the Rise of Interest Group Politics in the United States, 1890–1925. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1997.
Cleveland, Frederick A., and Powell, Fred W.. Railroad Promotion and Capitalization in the United States. New York: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1909.
Cloud, D. C. Monopolies and the People. Davenport, IA: Day, Egbert, & Fidlar, 1873.
Cohen, Andrew Wender. Racketeer’s Progress: Chicago and the Struggle for the Modern American Economy, 1900–1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Cohen, Lizabeth. A Consumer’s Republic: The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2003.
Collins, Wayne D.Trusts and the Origins of Antitrust Legislation.” Fordham Law Review 81, no. 5 (2013): 2279–348.
“Common Sense on Trusts.” Gunton’s Magazine of American Economics and Political Science 11 (December 1896): 402.
Commons, John. Legal Foundations of Capitalism. New York: MacMillan, 1924.
“Complaint against U.T.A.” American Printer and Lithographer, March 1922: 52–3.
Conant, Luther Jr. “Industrial Consolidations in the United States.” Publications of the American Statistical Association 53 (1901): 23.
Cooley, Charles Horton. Human Nature and the Social Order. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1902.
Cooley, Thomas McIntyre. “Limits to State Control of Private Business.” Princeton Review 1 (March 1878): 257.
Cooper, John Milton. Woodrow Wilson: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009.
Correlation of Statutory Provisions. New York: National Wholesale Druggists’ Association with Clarke & Allen, legal counsel, 1937.
Correspondence between Herbert Hoover Secretary of the Department of Commerce and Hon. Harry M. Daugherty, Attorney General of the United States upon the Activities of Trade Associations. Southern Wholesale Grocers Association, 1922.
Crane, Daniel A.The Story of United States v. Socony-Vaccuum: Hot Oil and the Antitrust in the Two New Deals.” In Antitrust Stories, edited by Fox, Eleanor M. and Crane, Daniel A., 91119. New York, 2007.
Cray, William C. Miles: A Centennial History. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984.
Cuff, Robert D. The War Industries Board: Business-Government Relations during World War I. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.
Currarino, Roseanne. The Labor Question in America: Economic Democracy in the Gilded Age. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2011.
Cushman, Barry. Rethinking the New Deal Court: The Structure of a Constitutional Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Cushman, Barry. “The Secret Lives of the Four Horsemen.” Virginia Law Review 83 (1997): 559.
Davies, Joseph. Trust Laws and Unfair Competition. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1916.
Davis, G. Collum. “The Transformation of the Federal Trade Commission, 1914–1929.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 49 (December 1962): 437455.
DeCanio, Samuel. Democracy and the Origins of the American Regulatory State. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2015.
Destler, Chester. “Wealth against Commonwealth, 1894–1944.” American Historical Review 50 (October 1944): 4972.
Deutsch, Tracey. Building a Housewife’s Paradise: Gender, Politics, and American Grocery Stores in the Twentieth Century. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
Dewing, Arthur S. Corporate Promotions and Reorganizations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1914.
Diehl, Louis. “The Evolution of the National Formulary.” American Pharmaceutical Association Bulletin, February 1909: 44–7.
Diggins, John Patrick. Thorstein Veblen: Theorist of the Leisure Class. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.
Director, Aaron, and Levi, Edward. “Law and the Future: Trade Regulation.” Northwestern University Law Review 51, no. 2 (1956): 281–96.
Dodd, S. C. T.Address to the Merchants’ Association of Boston.” The Railway and Corporation Law Journal 5 (February 1889): 97100.
Dodd, S. C. T. Combinations: Their Uses and Abuses, with a History of the Standard Oil Trust. New York: G. F. Nesbitt, 1888.
Domerstzky, Louis. “Cartels and the Business Crisis.” Foreign Affairs, October 1931: 35–6.
Dorfman, Joseph. The Economic Mind in American Civilization. New York: Viking Press, 1949.
“Drug Institute of America, Inc.” Druggist Circular 79 (1935): iv.
Dudden, Arthur Power. “Antimonopolism, 1865–1890: The Historical Background and Intellectual Origins of the Antitrust Movement in the United States.” Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, 1950.
Duguid, Paul. “A Case of Prejudice? The Uncertain Development of Collective and Certification Marks.” Business History Review 86 (Summer 2012): 311333.
Eddy, Arthur Jerome. Cubists and Post-Impressionism. Chicago, IL: A. C. McClurg & Co., 1914.
Eddy, Arthur Jerome. The Law of Combinations Embracing Monopolies, Trusts, and Combinations of Labor and Capital. Chicago, IL: Callaghan and Company, 1901.
Eddy, Arthur Jerome. The New Competition: An Examination of the Conditions Underlying the Radical Change that Is Taking Place in the Commercial and Industrial World – The Change Taking Place from a Competitive to a Cooperative Basis. Chicago, IL: A. C. McClurg & Co., 1912.
Eddy, Arthur Jerome. “The New Competition: The Open Price Policy.” The World’s Work: A History of Our Time, October 1912: 85–9.
Edwards, Corwin. The Commerce Power versus States’ Rights. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1936.
“Effect of Proposed Oldfield Patent Bill: ‘Don’t Dynamite Industrial Monument,’.” Patent and Trade Mark Review 11, no. 5 (1913): 151.
Eichengreen, Barry. Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919–1939. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Eichengreen, Barry. Hall of Mirrors: The Great Depression, the Great Recession, and the Uses – and Misuses – of History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Elliot, A. R. “Revivification of the Tripartite Plan.” American Druggist and Pharmaceutical Record, August 1892: 21.
Elliott, Mark. Color-Blind Justice: Albion Tourgée and the Quest for Racial Equality from the Civil War to Plessy v. Ferguson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Ely, Richard. “Report of the Organization.” Publications of the American Economic Association 1, no. 1 (1886): 17.
Elzinga, Kenneth G., and Mills, David E.. “Leegin and Procompetitive Resale Price Maintenance.” Antitrust Bulletin 55 (2010): 349–80.
Ernst, Daniel R.The Labor Exemption, 1908–1914.” Iowa Law Review 74 (July 1989): 1151–73.
Ernst, Daniel R. Lawyers against Labor: From Individual Rights to Corporate Liberalism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.
Ernst, Daniel R. Tocqueville’s Nightmare: The Administrative State Emerges in America, 1900–1940. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Evans, George. Business Incorporations in the United States, 1800–1943. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1948.
“The ‘Fair Trade League’.” Bulletin of Pharmacy 27 (December 1913): 485–487.
“Fair Trade Legislation.” Harvard Law Review 49 (March 1936): 811–821.
Fair Trade Manual. Chicago, IL: National Association of Retail Druggists, 1936.
Fair Trade Manual for Management. Chicago, IL: American Fair Trade Council, 1950.
Ferguson, Thomas, and Rogers, Joel. “Knights of the Roundtable.” The Nation, December 15, 1979: 620–5.
Fetter, Frank. “The Economists’ Committee on Anti-Trust Law Policy.” American Economic Review 22 (September 1932): 465.
Filene, Edward. “The New Capitalism.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 149 (May 1930): 311.
Fine, Sidney. Laissez Faire and the General Welfare State: A Study of Conflict in American Thought, 1865–1901. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1956.
Fishlow, Albert. “Productivity and Technological Change in the Railroad Sector, 1840–1910.” In Output, Employment, and Productivity in the United States After 1800, edited by Brady, Dorothy S., 583646. New York, 1966.
Fledderus, Mary L., ed. World Social Economic Planning: The Necessity for Planned Adjustment of Productive Capacity and Standards of Living. 2 vols. New York: International Industrial Relations Institute, 1932.
Fleming, James. “Assumption of Risk.” Yale Law Journal 61 (February 1962): 141–69, 153.
Fogel, Robert. Railroads and American Economic Growth: Essays in Econometric History. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 1964.
Folsom, Marion. Kodak Retirement Annuity, Life Insurance, and Disability Benefit Plan. Rochester, NY: American Management Association, 1929.
Folsom, Marion. Responsibility of the Individual Community Toward the Unemployment Problem. Rochester, NY: Rochester Civic Committee on Unemployment, 1931.
Forbath, William E.The Shaping of the American Labor Movement.” Harvard Law Review 102 (April 1989): 1109–256.
Frederick, Christine. The New Housekeeping: Efficiency Studies in Home Management. New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1912.
Frewen, Moreton. The Economic Crisis. London: Kegan, Paul, Trench & Co., 1888.
Freyer, Tony A. Producers versus Capitalists: Constitutional Conflict in Antebellum America. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1994.
Freyer, Tony A. Regulating Big Business: Antitrust in Great Britain and America, 1880–1990. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Fried, Barbara H. The Progressive Assault on Laissez Faire: Robert Hale and the First Law and Economics Movement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.
Friedman, Lawrence. A History of American Law. 3rd ed. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005.
Friedman, Milton, and Schwartz, Anna. The Great Contraction: 1929–1933. New ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.
Friedman, Milton, and Schwartz, Anna. A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1963.
Friedman, Walter. The Birth of a Salesman: The Transformation of Selling in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005.
Friedman, Walter. Fortune Tellers: The Story of America’s First Economic Forecasters. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014.
Furan, Jason. “Beyond Antitrust: The Role of Competition Policy in Promoting Inclusive Growth.” Presented to the Searle Center Conference on Antitrust Economics and Competition Policy. September 16, 2016, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/administration/eop/cea.
Furner, Mary. Advocacy and Objectivity: A Crisis in the Professionalization of American Social Science, 1865–1905. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1975.
Galambos, Louis. Competition and Cooperation: The Emergence of a National Trade Association. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1966.
Galambos, Louis. “The Emerging Organizational Synthesis in American History.” Business History Review 44 (Autumn 1970): 279–90.
Galambos, Louis. “Technology, Political Economy, and Professionalization: Central Themes of the Organizational Synthesis.” Business History Review 57 (Winter 1983): 471–93.
Galambos, Louis, and Pratt, Joseph. The Rise of the Corporate Commonwealth: U.S. Business and Public Policy in the Twentieth Century. New York: Basic Books, 1988.
Galloway, George. Industrial Planning under the Codes. New York: Harper & Bros., 1935.
Gaskill, Nelson. The Regulation of Competition. New York: Harper & Bros., 1936.
Gaskill, Nelson. “Some Aspects of Price Cutting.” The American Food Journal 17 (June 1922): 20–22.
Gay, George I., and Fisher, H. H.. Public Relations of the Commission for Relief in Belgium: Documents. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1929.
Gephart, William F.Economic and Legal Aspects of Fixed Prices.” Washington University Studies 3 (April 1916): 161–81.
Gibson, Campbell J., and Lennon, Emily. “Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850–1990.” U.S. Bureau of the Census. May 21, 2015, www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0029.html (accessed February 27, 2017).
Gillman, Howard. “The Antinomy of Public Purposes and Private Rights in the American Constitutional Tradition, or Why Communitarianism Is Not Necessarily Exogenous to Liberal Constitutionalism.” Law & Social Inquiry 21 (Winter 1996): 6777.
Gillman, Howard. The Constitution Besieged: The Rise and Demise of Lochner Era Police Powers Jurisprudence. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993.
Glickman, Lawrence. Buying Power: A History of Consumer Activism in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
Goodnow, Frank. Principles of Administrative Law in the United States. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1905.
Goodwyn, Lawrence. Democratic Promise: The Populist Moment in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Gordon, Colin. New Deals: Business, Labor, and Politics in America, 1920–1935. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Gordon, Robert W.Critical Legal Histories.” Stanford Law Review 36 (January 1984): 5771.
Gordon, Robert W.Morton Horwitz and His Critics: A Conflict of Narratives.” Tulsa Law Review 37 (Summer 2002): 915–27.
Gradenwitz, Alfred. “The Inventor’s Department: Simple Patent Law.” Scientific American, November 25, 1911.
Grandy, Christopher. New Jersey and the Fiscal Origins of Modern American Corporation Law. New York: Garland, 1993.
Green, Mark, and Buchsbaum, Andrew. The Corporate Lobbies: Political Profiles of the Business Roundtable and the Chamber of Commerce. Washington, DC: Public Citizen, 1980.
Grether, Ewald T.Solidarity in the Distributive Trades in Relation to the Control of Price Competition.” Law and Contemporary Problems 4 (June 1937): 375–91.
Grether, Ewald T.Whole Grocery Trade in San Francisco: 1900–1930.” Harvard Business Review 8 (1930): 443–50.
Grisinger, Joanna. The Unwieldy American State: Administrative Politics since the New Deal. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Hacker, Jacob S. The Divided Welfare State: The Battle over Public and Private Social Benefits in the United States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Hadley, Arthur. “Competition and Combination.” Andover Review 2 (November 1884): 455.
Hadley, Arthur. Economics: An Account of the Relations between Private Property and Public Welfare. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1896.
Hadley, Arthur. “The Good and the Evil of Industrial Combination.” Atlantic Monthly, March 1897: 377–85.
Hadley, Arthur. “Private Monopolies and Public Rights.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 1 (October 1886): 2844.
Hagley Archive. Seagram Collection. Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, DE.
Hale, Robert. “The Constitution and the Price System: Some Reflections on Nebbia v. New York.” Columbia Law Review 34 (March 1934): 401–25.
Hall, Peter A.The Changing Role of the State in Liberal Market Economies.” In The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State, edited by Leibfried, Stephen, 426–44. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Hall, Peter A., and Soskice, David. Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Hamburger, Philip. Is Administrative Law Unlawful? Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2014.
Hamilton, David. From New Day to New Deal: American Farm Policy from Hoover to Roosevelt, 1928–1933. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.
Hamilton, Walton H.The Institutional Approach to Economic Theory.” American Economic Review 9 (March 1919): 309–18.
Hamowy, Ronald. Government and Public Health in America. Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2008.
Handlin, Oscar, and Handlin, Mary Flug. Commonwealth: A Study of the Role of Government in the American Economy: Massachusetts, 1774–1861. Rev. ed. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1974.
Harriman, Henry. “Mr. Harriman’s Business Platform.” Nation’s Business, July 1932: 20, 59.
Harriman, Henry. “The Stabilization of Business and Employment.” American Economic Review Supplement 22 (March 1932): 6374.
Harris, Howell. “Coping with Competition: Cooperation and Collusion in the US Stove Industry, 1870–1930.” Business History Review 86, no. 4 (2012): 657–92.
Harris, Joseph Pratt. The Advice and Consent of the Senate: A Study of the Confirmation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953.
Hartz, Louis. Economic Policy and Democratic Thought: Pennsylvania, 1776–1860. Chicago, IL: Quadrangle Books, 1968.
Haskell, Thomas L. The Emergence of Professional Social Science: The American Social Science Association and the Nineteenth-Century Crisis of Authority. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977.
Hattam, Victoria. Labor Visions and State Power. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991.
Hawley, Ellis W.Herbert Hoover, the Commerce Secretariat, and the Vision of an ‘Associative State,’ 1921–1928.” Journal of American History 61 (June 1974): 116–40.
Hawley, Ellis W.Herbert Hoover and the Sherman Act, 1921–1933: An Early Phase of a Continuing Issue.” Iowa Law Review 74 (1988–89): 1067–104.
Hawley, Ellis W.The New Deal and Business.” In The New Deal: The National Level, edited by Breaman, John, Bremner, Robert, and Brody, David. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1975.
Hawley, Ellis W. The New Deal and the Problem of Monopoly: A Study in Economic Ambivalence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1966.
Hayes, Erving P. Activities of the President’s Emergency Committee for Employment. Concord, NH: Rumford Press, 1936.
Heinsheimer, Norbert. “The Legal Status of Trusts.” Columbus Law Times 2 (1888): 53–4.
Hibner, Don T. Jr., and Cooper, Heather M.. “‘Per Se’ and Not ‘Per Se’: An Historical ‘Quick Look’ at Minimum RPM under California Law.” State Bar of California, 2009: 17.
Hicks, John D. The Populist Revolt: A History of the Crusade for Farmer Relief. Minneapolis, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1931.
Higby, Gregory J., ed. One Hundred Years of the National Formulary: A Symposium. Madison, WI: American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1989.
Higgs, Robert. Crisis and Leviathan: Critical Episodes in the Growth of American Government. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Hilt, Eric. “Corporate Governance and the Development of Manufacturing Enterprises in Nineteenth-Century Massachusetts.” In Enterprising America: Businesses, Banks, and Credit Markets in Historical Perspective, edited by Collins, William J. and Margo, Robert A., 73102. Chicago, IL, 2015.
Hilt, Eric. History of American Corporate Governance: Law, Institutions, and Politics. NBER Working Paper 20356, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2014.
Himmelberg, Robert F. The Origins of the National Recovery Administration: Business, Government, and the Trade Association Issue, 1921–1933. 2nd ed. New York: Fordham University Press, 1993.
Hodgson, Geoffrey Martin. The Evolution of Institutional Economics: Agency, Structure, and Darwinism in American Institutionalism. New York: Routledge, 2004.
Hoffman, Elizabeth, and Libecap, Gary. “Institutional Choice and the Development of U.S. Agricultural Policies in the 1920s.” Journal of Economic History 51 (June 1991): 397411.
Hofstadter, Richard. The Age of Reform: From Bryan to F.D.R. New York: Vintage Books, 1955.
Hofstadter, Richard. Social Darwinism in American Thought. Rev. ed. New York: G. Braziller, 1959.
Hofstadter, Richard. “What Happened to the Antitrust Movement?” In The Paranoid Style in American Politics 188237. ed. Hofstadter, Richard New York: Vintage Books, 2008.
Homan, Paul T.Industrial Combination as Surveyed in Recent Literature.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 44 (February 1930): 345–75.
Hoover, Herbert. “Letter to the President of the American Society of Civil Engineers on the Economic Recovery Program.” The American Presidency Project. Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley. May 23, 1923, www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=23105 (accessed August 2016).
Hoover, Herbert. The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover: The Great Depression, 1929–1941. New York: Macmillan Co., 1952.
Herbert Hoover Commerce Papers. Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, West Branch, IA.
Horack, Frank, and Cohen, Julius. “After the Nebbia Case: The Administration of Price Regulation.” University of Cincinnati Law Review 8 (May 1934): 219–49.
Horwitz, Morton J.Santa Clara Revisited: The Development of Corporate Theory.” West Virginia Law Review 88 (Fall 1985): 173224.
Horwitz, Morton J. The Transformation of American Law. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1977.
Hovenkamp, Herbert. “The Chicago and Harvard Schools and the Dominant Firm.” In How the Chicago School Overshot the Mark: The Effect of Conservative Economic Analysis on U.S. Antitrust, edited by Pitofsky, Robert, 109–22. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Hovenkamp, Herbert. Enterprise and American Law, 1836–1937. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991.
Hovenkamp, Herbert. “The First Great Law and Economics Movement.” Stanford Law Review 42 (April 1990): 9931058.
Hovenkamp, Herbert. The Opening of American Law: Neoclassical Legal Thought, 1870–1970. New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Hovenkamp, Herbert. “The Sherman Act and the Classical Theory of Competition.” Iowa Law Review 74 (July 1989): 1019–66.
Hovenkamp, Herbert. “United States Competition Policy in Crisis: 1890–1955.” Minnesota Law Review 94 (2009): 311–67.
Hovenkamp, Herbert, et al. Antitrust Law: An Analysis of Antitrust Principles and Their Application. 3rd ed. Vol. 14. New York: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, 2012.
“How the States Now Stand on Price Maintenance.” Chain Store Age 11 (December 1935): 96, 111–12.
Howard, Milford. The American Plutocracy. New York: Holland Publishing Co., 1895.
Hughes, William Taylor. Datum Posts of Jurisprudence. Chicago: The Usonia Publishing Co., 1907.
Hurst, James Willard. Law and the Conditions of Freedom in the Nineteenth-Century United States. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1956.
Hurst, James Willard. Law and Social Order in the United States. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1977.
Hurst, James Willard. The Legitimacy of the Business Corporation in the Laws of the United States, 1780–1970. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1970.
“The Image of the OCTOPUS: Six Cartoons, 1882–1909.” National Humanities Center. 2005. http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/power/text1/octopusimages.pdf (accessed February 23, 2017).
“Industrial and Labor Conditions.” Monthly Labor Review 30 (January 1930): 35–48.
Ingersoll, Charles H. “Board of Trade versus Board of Assessors.” American City, November 1915: 412–14.
Ingersoll, William H.Manufacturers’ Efforts for Relief.” In The Control of Resale Prices: Merchandising and Legal Phases of Price-Cutting, Price Maintenance and Quantity Discounts, edited by Johnson, Roy W., Ingersoll, William H. and Montague, Gilbert, 105–20. Chicago, IL: Dartnell Corp., 1936.
Irons, Peter. The New Deal Lawyers. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982.
Jacobs, Meg. Pocketbook Politics: Economic Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005.
Jacoby, Sanford M.Employers and the Welfare State: The Role of Marion B. Folsom.” Journal of American History 80 (September 1993): 525–56.
Jacoby, Sanford M. Modern Manors: Welfare Capitalism since the New Deal. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997.
James, Edmund. “The Agitation for Federal Regulation of Railways.” Publications of the American Economic Association 2 (1888): 244–95.
James, Scott C. Presidents, Parties, and the State: A Party System Perspective on Democratic Regulatory Choice, 1884–1936. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Jevons, William Stanley. “A General Mathematical Theory of Political Economy.” Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1862.
Jevons, William Stanley. The Theory of Political Economy. London: Macmillan and Co., 1871.
Jewett, Andrew. Science, Democracy, and the American University: From the Civil War to the Cold War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
“Jobbers Discuss Rebate Plan: Charges of Bad Faith, Excessive Rebates, and Secret Selling to Cutters.” American Druggist and Pharmaceutical Record, January–July 1902: 146.
John, Richard R. “Elaborations, Revisions, Dissents: Alfred D. Chandler, Jr.’s The Visible Hand after Twenty Years.” Business History Review, no. 71 (Summer 1997): 151–200.
John, Richard R.Governmental Institutions as Agents of Change: Rethinking American Political Development in the Early Republic, 1787–1835.” Studies in American Political Development 11 (Fall 1997): 347–80.
John, Richard R. Network Nation: Inventing American Telecommunications. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2010.
John, Richard R. “Robber Barons Redux: Antimonopoly Reconsidered.” Enterprise and Society, 2012: 1–38.
Johnson, Alva. “Thurman Arnold’s Biggest Case.” The New Yorker, January 24, 1942: 25.
Johnson, Hugh S. The Blue Eagle from Egg to Earth. New York: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1935.
Johnson, Roy, Ingersoll, William, and Montague, Gilbert. The Control of Resale Prices. Chicago, IL: Dartnell Corp., 1936.
Kapp, Karl. “In Defense of Institutional Economics.” Swedish Journal of Economics 70, no. 1 (1968): 118.
Kapp, Karl. “Economic Regulation and Economic Planning: A Theoretical Classification of Different Types of Economic Control.” American Economic Review 29 (December 1939): 760–73.
Karl, Barry. “Presidential Planning and Social Science Research: Mr. Hoover’s Experts.” Perspectives in American History 3 (1969): 347.
Karl, Barry. The Uneasy State: The United States from 1915 to 1945. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1983.
Katznelson, Ira. Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time. New York: Liveright, 2013.
Keller, G. F. “The Curse of California.” Wasp, August 19, 1882: 520–1.
Kennedy, David M. Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Kennedy, David M., and Cohen, Lizabeth. The American Pageant. 16th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning, 2016.
Kennedy, Susan Eastabrook. The Banking Crisis of 1933. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1973.
Keppler, Udo J. “The Standard Oil Octopus.” Puck, September 7, 1904: 8–9.
Kersey, Vierling. “Part-Time Commercial Training.” Vocational Education Magazine 1 (May 1923): 666–7.
Kessler, Friedrich. “The Protection of the Consumer under Modern Sales Law.” Yale Law Journal 74 (1964): 262–85.
Keynes, John Maynard. The Means to Prosperity. London: Macmillan, 1933.
Kirkendall, Richard S. Social Scientists and Farm Politics in the Age of Roosevelt. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1966.
Klarman, Michael. From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Kloppenberg, James. Uncertain Victory: Social Democracy and Progressivism in European and American Thought, 1870–1920. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Knupfer, Anne Meis. Food Co-ops in America: Communities, Consumption, and Economic Democracy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2013.
Kolko, Gabriel. Railroads and Regulation, 1877–1916. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965.
Kolko, Gabriel. The Triumph of Conservatism: A Reinterpretation of American History, 1900–1916. Chicago, IL: Quadrangle Books, 1963.
Kremer, Edward, and Sonnedecker, Glenn. Kremers and Urdang’s History of Pharmacy. Reprint of the 4th ed. Madison, WI: American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1986.
Kutler, Stanley I. Privilege and Creative Destruction: The Charles River Bridge Case. Baltimore: J. B. Lippincott, 1971.
Laidler, David. Fabricating the Keynesian Revolution: Studies of the Inter-War Literature on Money, the Cycle, and Unemployment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Lamoreaux, Naomi R. The Great Merger Movement in American Business. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Lamoreaux, Naomi R., Raff, Daniel, and Temin, Peter. “Beyond Markets and Hierarchies: Toward a New Synthesis of American Business History.” American Historical Review 108, no. 2 (2003): 404–33.
Landau, Frank. “Supreme Court Decision Opens Way to Extend Fair Trade Acts.” Chain Store Age 12 (January 1937): 132, 157–8.
Landes, David S. The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.
Larson, John Lauritz. The Market Revolution in America: Liberty, Ambition, and the Eclipse of the Common Good. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Leach, William. Land of Desire: Merchants, Power and the Rise of a New American Culture. New York: Pantheon Books, 1993.
Lebhar, Godfrey. “As We See It.” Chain Store Age 12 (August 1937): 193, 218–20.
Lebhar, Godfrey. “As We See It.” Chain Store Age 13 (September 1937): 117, 134–6.
Lebhar, Godfrey. “The Robinson-Patman Bill.” Chain Store Age 12 (July 1936): 113–14.
“Legislative Regulation of the New York Dairy Industry.” Yale Law Journal 42 (June 1933): 1259–70.
Lemley, Mark. “The Surprising Virtues of Treating Trade Secrets as IP Rights.” Stanford Law Review 61 (November 2008): 311–54.
Lender, Charles F. “The New Cooperation in Industry.” Nation’s Business, September 1930: 154.
Letwin, William. Law and Economic Policy in America: The Evolution of the Sherman Antitrust Act. New York: Random House, 1965.
Leuchtenberg, William. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal 1932–1940. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.
Levinson, Marc. The Great A&P and the Struggle for Small Business in America. New York: Hill and Wang, 2011.
Levy, Jonathan. Freaks of Fortune: The Emerging World of Capitalism and Risk in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012.
Lewson, John. Monopoly and Trade Restraint Cases: Including Conspiracy, Injunction, Quo Warranto, Pleading and Practice and Evidence. Chicago, IL: T. H. Flood, 1908.
Lichtenstein, Nelson. The Retail Revolution: How Wal-Mart Created a Brave New World of Business. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2009.
Link, Arthur S. Wilson: The Road to the White House. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1947.
Link, Arthur S. Woodrow Wilson and the Progressive Era, 1910–1917. New York: Harper & Row, 1954.
Lipartito, Kenneth. “The Antimonopoly Tradition.” University of St. Thomas Law Journal 10 (April 2014): 9911012.
Livingston, James. Pragmatism and the Political Economy of Cultural Evolution, 1850–1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
Lloyd, Caroline. Henry Demarest Lloyd, 1847–1903. Vol. 2. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1912.
Lloyd, Henry Demarest. “The Lords of Industry.” North American Review 138 (June 1884): 535–53.
Lloyd, Henry Demarest. “The Story of a Great Monopoly.” Atlantic Monthly, March 1881: 317–34.
Lloyd, Henry Demarest. Wealth against Commonwealth. New York: Harper & Bros., 1894.
“The Lockwood Housing Investigation in New York City.” Domestic Engineering and the Journal of Mechanical Contracting 94 (February 1921): 364–5.
Lorwin, Lewis. Advisory Economic Councils. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1931.
Lorwin, Lewis. “Discussion.” American Economic Review 22 (March 1932): 93104.
Lorwin, Lewis. “The Plan State and the Democratic Ideal.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 180 (July 1935): 114–18.
Lorwin, Lewis. Time for Planning. New York: Harper & Bros., 1945.
Lorwin, Lewis. “World Social Economic Planning Congress.” Life and Labor Bulletin 9 (November 1931): 3.
“Low Cost for Distributing Food Products: Joint Commission of Agricultural Inquiry, Appointed by Congress, Finds Good Condition in Grocery Trade.” The American Food Journal 17 (June 1922): 19–20.
Lyon, Leverett S. The National Recovery Administration: An Analysis and Appraisal. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1935.
Macomber, Ethel C. “Woman’s Progress.” Twentieth Century Magazine, June 1910: 287–9.
Sir Maine, Henry Summer. Ancient Law: Its Connection with the Early History of Society, and Its Relations to Modern Ideas. London: John Murray, 1861.
Mankiw, N. Gregory. Principles of Economics. 6th ed. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2012.
Marchand, Roland. Advertising the American Dream: Making Way for Modernity, 1920–1940. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
Marvel, Howard P., and McCafferty, Stephen. “United States Competition Policy in Crisis: 1890–1955.” Journal of Law and Economics 28 (1985): 363–80.
Mason, Alpheus. Brandeis: Lawyer and Judge in the Modern State. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1933.
Matuszak, Alice Jean. “Edna Gleason: Dynamite from California.” Pharmacy in History 40 (January 1998): 8592.
May, James. “Antitrust in the Formative Era: Political and Economic Theory in Constitutional and Antitrust Analysis, 1880–1918.” Ohio Law Journal 50 (Spring 1989): 257395.
May, James. “Antitrust Practice and Procedure in the Formative Era: The Constitutional and Conceptual Reach of State Antitrust Law, 1880–1918.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 135 (March 1987): 495593.
Mayer, David. “The Jurisprudence of Christopher G. Tiedeman: A Study in the Failure of Laissez-Faire Constitutionalism.” Missouri Law Review 55 (Winter 1990): 93161.
Mayer, Lewis. A Handbook of NRA: Laws, Regulations, Interpretations, Codes. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: Federal Codes, Inc., 1934.
Mayhew, Anne. “How Economists Came to Love the Sherman Antitrust Act.” Edited by Mary S. Morgan and Malcolm Rutherford. History of Political Economy 30. Annual Supplement (1992): 179–201.
McAllister, Breck. “Lord Hale and Business Affected with a Public Interest,.” Harvard Law Review 43 (March 1930): 759–91.
McCartin, Joseph A. Labor’s Great War: The Struggle for Industrial Democracy and the Origins of Modern American Labor Relations, 1912–1921. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
McClure, Marc. Earnest Endeavors: The Life and Public Work of George Rublee. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003.
McCraw, Thomas K. Prophets of Regulation: Charles Francis Adams, Louis D. Brandeis, James M. Landis, Alfred E. Kahn. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1984.
McCraw, Thomas K. “Rethinking the Trust Question.” In Regulation in Perspective, edited by McCraw, Thomas K., 155. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.
McCurdy, Charles W.American Law and the Marketing Structure of the Large Corporation, 1875–1890.” Journal of Economic History 38 (September 1978): 631–49.
McCurdy, Charles W.Federalism and the Judicial Mind in a Conservative Age: Stephen Field.” In Power Divided: Essays on the Theory and Practice of Federalism, edited by Scheiber, Harry N. and Feeley, Malcolm M., 3143. Berkeley: Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California at Berkeley, 1989.
McCurdy, Charles W.Justice Field and the Jurisprudence of Government-Business Relations: Some Parameters of Laissez-Faire Constitutionalism, 1863–1897.” Journal of American History 61 (March 1975): 9701005.
McCurdy, Charles W.The Knight Sugar Decision of 1895 and the Modernization of American Corporation Law, 1869–1903.” Business History Review 53 (Autumn 1979): 304–42.
McCurdy, Charles W.The ‘Liberty of Contract’ Regime in American Law.” In The State and Freedom of Contract, edited by Scheiber, Harry N., 161–97. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998.
McCurdy, Charles W.Review of Antitrust and the Oil Monopoly: The Standard Oil Cases, 1890–1911 by Bruce Bringhurst.” Business History Review 54 (Autumn 1980): 401–4.
McGirr, Lisa. The War on Alcohol: Prohibition and the Rise of the American State. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2015.
McGrath, Hugh J., and Stoddard, William. Men of Progress, Indiana: A Selected List of Biographical Sketches and Portraits of the Leaders in Business, Professional, and Official Life. Indianapolis, IL: Indianapolis Sentinel Co., 1899.
McHenry, Lorenzo. “Price Stabilization in the Grocery Trade in California.” Journal of Marketing 2 (October 1937): 121–8.
McQuaid, Kim. Big Business and Presidential Power: From FDR to Reagan. New York: Morrow, 1982.
McQuaid, Kim. “The Business Advisory Council of the Department of Commerce, 1933–1961.” In Research in Economic History. Vol. 1. Greenwich: JAI Press, 1971. 171–3.
McQuillen, Eugene. “Validity of Contracts in Restraint of Trade.” American Law Register 33 (April 1885): 217–29; 33 (May 1885): 281–97.
McWilliams, Abagail. “Rethinking Horizontal Market Restrictions: In Defense of Cooperation in Empty Core Markets.” Quarterly Review of Economics and Business 30 (Autumn 1990): 315.
Means, Gardiner. “The Separation of Ownership and Control in American Industry.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 46 (November 1931): 68100.
Mehrotra, Ajay. Making the Modern American Fiscal State: Law, Politics, and the Rise of Progressive Taxation, 1877–1929. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Menger, Carl. Principles of Economics. 1871. Translated by Dingwall, James and Hoselitz, Bert F. (Auburn, AL: Ludgwig Von Mises Institute, 1976).
Michie, Thomas Johnson, ed. The Encyclopedia of United States Supreme Court Reports. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1910.
Mill, John Stuart. Principles of Political Economy with Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy. 7th ed. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1909; 1848.
Miller, Charles L.The Maintenance of Uniform Resale Prices.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 63 (November 1914): 2234.
Milov, Sarah. Growing the Cigarette: Regulating Tobacco from the Grassroots. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, forthcoming.
Miscamble, Wilson. “Thurman Arnold Goes to Washington: A Look at Antitrust Policy in the Later New Deal.” Business History Review 56 (April 1982): 115.
Mitchell, Wesley. Business Cycles and Their Causes. Reprint ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
Mitchell, Wesley, and Edie, Lionel D.. The Stabilization of Business. With an Introduction by Hoover, Herbert. New York: Macmillan, 1923.
Mizruchi, Mark. Fracturing of the American Corporate Elite. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013.
Mizruchi, Mark. The Structure of Corporate Political Action: Interfirm Relations and the Their Consequences. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Uiversity Press, 1992.
Moley, Raymond. After Seven Years. New York: Harper, 1939.
Moley, Raymond. The First New Deal. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1966.
Montague, Gilbert. “German and British Experience with Trusts.” Atlantic Monthly, February 1911: 159.
Montague, Gilbert. “Is the NRA Fascistic?Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 180 (July 1935): 149–61.
Montague, Gilbert. “New Deal Costs and the High Cost of Living.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 183 (January 1936): 247.
Montague, Gilbert. “The Proposed Patent Law Revision.” Harvard Law Review, December 1912: 128–145.
Montague, Gilbert. The Rise and Progress of the Standard Oil Trust. New York: Harper & Bros., 1903.
Moody, John. Moody’s Analyses of Investments. Vol. 4. New York: Moody’s Investors Service, 1920.
Morawetz, Victor. A Treatise on the Law of Private Corporations. Vol. 2. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1886.
Morris, Charles J. The Blue Eagle at Work: Reclaiming Democratic Rights in the American Workplace. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005.
Morris, Charles R. The Tycoons: How Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, Jay Gould, and J.P. Morgan Invented the American Supereconomy. New York: H. Holt and Co., 2005.
Moss, David A. A Concise Guide to Macroeconomics: What Managers, Executives, and Students Need to Know. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2007.
Moss, David A. Socializing Security: Progressive-Era Economists and the Origins of American Social Policy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
Mowry, George E. Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressive Movement. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1946.
Murphy, Craig, and Yates, JoAnne. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO): Global Governance through Voluntary Consensus. New York: Routledge, 2009.
Nader, Ralph. The Big Boys: Power and Position in American Business. New York: Pantheon Books, 1986.
“National and World Planning.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 162 (July 1932): 1–180.
National Industrial Conference Board. Public Regulation of Competitive Practices. Rev. ed. Washington, DC: National Industrial Conference Board, 1929.
National Industrial Conference Board. Trade Associations: Their Economic and Legal Status. Washington, DC: National Industrial Conference Board, 1929.
“National Starch.” United States Investor 9 (October 1898): 1454.
“National Starch Company.” Chicago Securities 18 (1908): 304–5.
National Starch Manufacturing Co. Vol. 15, in The Manual of Statistics: Stock Exchange Handbook. New York: C. H. Nicoll, 1893.
Nation’s Business. “Nation’s Business Observatory.” April 1922: 10.
Nation’s Business. “Planning Business Stability.” November 1931: 56.
Nelson, Milton N.The Effect of Open Price Association Activities on Competition and Prices.” American Economic Review 13 (June 1923): 258–75.
Nelson, Milton N. Open Price Associations. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1923.
Nelson, Ralph L. Merger Movements in American Industry 1895–1956. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1959.
Nelson, Saul. “Fixed Prices and the Consumer.” Harper’s, August 1937: 323.
Nelson, William E. Americanization of the Common Law: The Impact of Legal Change on Massachusetts Society, 1760–1830. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994.
Nevins, Allan. Grover Cleveland: A Study in Courage. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1932.
Nevins, Allan. John D. Rockefeller: The Heroic Age of American Enterprise. Vol. 1. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1940.
Nevins, Allan. Study in Power: John D. Rockefeller Industrialist and Philanthropist. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1953.
Noble, David. America by Design: Science, Technology, and the Rise of Corporate Capitalism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977.
Norris, Frank. The Octopus: A Story of California. New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1902.
“Notes of the Month.” Law Students’ Journal 8 (July 1886): 163–6.
Novak, William J. Intellectual Origins of the State Police Power: The Common Law Vision of a Well-Regulated Society. Madison: Institute for Legal Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison Law School, 1989.
Novak, William J.Law, Capitalism, and the Liberal State: The Historical Sociology of James Willard Hurst.” Law and History Review 18 (Spring 2000): 97145.
Novak, William J. The People’s Welfare: Law and Regulation in Nineteenth-Century America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
Novak, William J.Public–Private Governance: A Historical Introduction.” In Government by Contract: Outsourcing and American Democracy, edited by Freeman, Jody and Minow, Martha, 2340. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Novak, William J.The Public Utility Idea and the Origins of Modern Business Regulation.” In The Corporation and American Democracy, edited by Lamoreaux, Naomi R. and Novak, William J., 139–76. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017.
Nyland, Chris, and Heenan, Tom. “Mary van Kleeck, Taylorism and the Control of Management Knowledge.” Management Decisions 43, no. 10 (2005): 1358–74.
Obolensky-Ossinsky, V.The Nature and Forms of Social Economic Planning.” In World Social Economic Planning: The Necessity for Planned Adjustment of Productive Capacity and Standards of Living, edited by Fledderus, Mary L., 291340. New York: International Industrial Relations Institute, 1932.
O’Brian, John Lord. “Trade Practices and the Law.” Nation’s Business, May 1930: 48.
Olsen, Mancur. The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1965.
Orren, Karen. Belated Feudalism: Labor, the Law, and Liberal Development in the United States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Orren, Karen, and Skowronek, Stephen. The Search for American Political Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Ott, Julia C. When Wall Street Met Main Street: The Quest for an Investors’ Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014.
Outlook. “The Unemployment Conference.” October 12, 1921: 205.
Palamountain, Joseph C. The Politics of Distribution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1965.
Pape, William J. Clocks, Watches, Pins, Needles, Hooks and Eyes. Vol. 1, in History of Waterbury and the Naugatuck Valley, Connecticut. New York, 1918. 224–9.
Parker, Benjamin. “Control of Production under the Ice Code.” Harvard Business Review 13, no. 4 (1935): 438–92.
Parker, Willis. “Chains Won Their Own Fight – Says Francisco.” Chain Store Age 12 (December 1936): 109–10.
Patten, Simon N. The Premises of Political Economy. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1885.
Patterson, James T. The New Deal and the States: Federalism in Transition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1969.
Peirce, Thomas. “Implied Warranties on Sales.” United States Law Review 15 (October 1881): 656–72.
Pendergrast, Mark. Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World. New York: Basic Books, 1999.
Peritz, Rudolph J. R. Competition Policy in America: History, Rhetoric, Law. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Peritz, Rudolph J. R.‘Nervine’ and Knavery: The Life and Times of Dr. Miles Medical Company.” In Antitrust Stories, edited by Fox, Eleanor and Crane, Dan, 7490. New York: Foundation Press, 2007.
Peritz, Rudolph J. R.The ‘Rule of Reason’ in Antitrust Law: Property Logic in Restraint of Competition,.” In The Political Economy of the Sherman Act: The First One Hundred Years, edited by Thomas Sullivan, E., 116–35. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Person, H. S. Scientific Management as a Philosophy and the Technique of Progressive Industrial Stabilization. The Hague: World Social and Economic Congress, 1931.
Philip, W. Bruce. “Conference of Teachers of Commercial Pharmacy.” Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 17 (October 1928).
Philip, W. Bruce. “The Department of the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy.” Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 18 (March 1929): 284–9.
Philip, W. Bruce. “Increasing Net Profits by Increasing Average Sales.” Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 17 (June 1928): 576–80.
Philip, W. Bruce. “A New Faculty Member.” Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 19 (April 1930): 388–90.
Philip, W. Bruce. “The Right Side of the Show Case.” Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 18 (August 1929): 818–19.
Phillips, Charles F.The Federal Trade Commission’s Chain Store Investigation: A Note.” Journal of Marketing 2 (January 1938): 190–2.
Phillips Sawyer, Laura. “California Fair Trade: Antitrust and the Politics of ‘Fairness’ in U.S. Competition Policy.” Business History Review 90 (Spring 2016): 3156.
Phillips Sawyer, Laura. “Contested Meanings of Freedom: Workingmen’s Wages and the Company Store System, Godcharles v. Wigeman, 1886.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 12 (July 2013): 285319.
Phillips Sawyer, Laura. “Trade Associations, State Building, and the Sherman Act: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 1912–25.” In Capital Gains: Business and Politics in the Twentieth Century, edited by John, Richard J. and Phillips-Fein, Kim, 2542. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017.
Pickrell, Martha M. Dr. Miles: The Life of Dr. Franklin Lawrence Miles: 1845–1929. Carmel: Guild Press of Indiana, 1997.
“Piracy of Marks or Signs of Merchants and Traders.” American Jurist and Law Magazine 23 (April–July 1840): 138–45.
Polanyi, Karl. The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1944.
Pomeroy, John Norton. A Treatise on Equity Jurisprudence. 3rd ed. Vol. 1. San Francisco, CA: Bancroft-Whitney, 1905.
Porter, Glenn. The Rise of Big Business, 1860–1910. Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, 1973.
Porter, Glenn, and Livesay, Harold. Merchants and Manufacturers. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971.
Posner, Richard. “A Statistical Study of Antitrust Enforcement.” Journal of Law and Economics 13 (1970): 365.
Postel, Charles. The Populist Vision. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Powell, John Joseph. Essay upon the Law of Contracts and Agreements. Dublin: P. Byrne, J. Moore, J. Rice and W. Jones, 1796.
Powell, Walter. “Neither Market Nor Hierarchy: Network Forms of Organization.” Research in Organizational Behavior 12 (1990): 295336.
Practical Druggist and Pharmaceutical Review 37 (July 1919): 40.
Pratt, Joseph. “The Petroleum Industry in Transition: Anti-Trust and the Decline of Monopoly Control in Oil.” Journal of Economic History 40 (1980): 815.
“Predatory Price Cutting as Unfair Trade.” Harvard Law Review 27 (December 1913): 139–58.
“President’s Reemployment Agreement.” Monthly Labor Review 37 (August 1933): 262–5.
“Price Fixing Agreements and the Sherman Act.” Indiana Law Journal, March 1941: 421–6.
“Program for the Thirty-First Annual Meeting.” American Economic Review 9 (March 1919): 1–4.
“Propaganda for Reform.” Journal of the American Medical Association 64 (May 1915): 1674–5.
Prosser, William. “The Assault on the Citadel (Strict Liability to the Consumer).” Yale Law Journal 69 (June 1960): 1099–148.
Purcell, Edward A. The Crisis of Democratic Theory: Scientific Naturalism and the Problem of Value. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1973.
“Questions and Answers at the Solicitors’ Honors’ Examination, June 1886.” Law Students’ Journal 8 (July 1886): 186–7.
Rackoff, Sarah. “Room Enough for the Do-Gooders: Corporate Social Responsibility and the Sherman Act.” Southern California Law Review 80 (July 2007): 1037–75.
Radford, Gail. “From Municipal Socialism to Public Authorities: Institutional Factors in the Shaping of American Public Enterprise.” Journal of American History 90 (December 2003): 863–90.
Rauchway, Eric. “The High Cost of Living in the Progressive Era.” Journal of American History 88 (December 2001): 898924.
Reagan, Patrick. Designing a New America: The Origins of New Deal Planning, 1890–1943. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999.
Remer, C. F.Professors in Washington.” Quarterly Review 41 (January 1935): 346–56.
“Report of the Committee on Local Unofficial Formulae.” Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association 6 (1857): 79–80.
“Resale Price Maintenance and the Anti-Trust Laws.” University of Chicago Law Review 18 (Winter 1951): 369–80.
Review of An Essay on the Doctrine of Contracts: Being an Inquiry How Contracts Are Affected in Law and Morals, by Concealment, Error, or Inadequate Price by Gulian C. Verplanck. United States Law Journal, no. 2 (January 1826): 72–120.
“Review of the Month.” Federal Reserve Bulletin 9 (May 1923): 542–3.
Rice, H. H. “The New Cooperation in Industry.” Nation’s Business, May 1930: 118.
Richberg, Donald. My Hero: The Indiscreet Memoirs of an Eventful but Unheroic Life. New York: Putnam, 1954.
Ritter, Gretchen. Goldbugs and Greenbacks: The Antimonopoly Tradition and the Politics of Finance in America, 1865–1896. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Robinson, Gustavus. “The Public Utility Concept in American Law.” Harvard Law Review 41 (January 1928): 277308.
Robinson, Joan. The Economics of Imperfect Competition. London: Macmillan, 1933.
Rodgers, Daniel T. Atlantic Crossings: Social Politics in a Progressive Age. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998.
Rogers, Edward S.Comments on the Modern Law of Unfair Trade.” Illinois Law Review 3 (April 1909): 551.
Rogers, Edward S.Predatory Price Cutting as Unfair Trade.” Harvard Law Review 27, no. 2 (December 1913): 139–58.
Rogers, William A. “Gorman’s Triumph – A Humiliating Spectacle.” Harper’s Weekly, September 8, 1894: front cover.
Roos, Charles. “Annual Survey of Statistical Information.” Econometrica 3 (October 1935): 366–75.
Roos, Charles. NRA Economic Planning. Bloomington, IN: Principia Press, 1937.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. FDR’s Fireside Chats. Edited by Buhite, Russell D. and Levy, David W.. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt. New York: Random House, 1938.
Roper, Daniel. Fifty Years of Public Life. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1941.
Ross, Dorothy. The Origins of American Social Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Ross, Dorothy. “Socialism and American Liberalism: Academic Social Thought in the 1880s.” Perspectives in American History 11 (1977–1978): 580.
Rotemberg, Julio. “Fair Pricing.” Working Paper No. 10915, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2004.
Rowe, Frederick M. Price Discrimination under the Robinson-Patman Act. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1962.
Roy, William G. Socializing Capital: The Rise of the Large Industrial Corporation in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997.
Rudolph, Frederick. “The American Liberty League, 1934–1940.” American Historical Review 56 (October 1950): 1933.
Rutherford, Malcolm. “Institutionalism between the Wars.” Journal of Economic Issues 34 (June 2000): 291303.
Rutherford, Malcolm. The Institutionalist Movement in American Economics, 1918–1947: Science and Social Control. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Rutherford, Malcolm. “Understanding Institutional Economics: 1918–1929.” Journal of the History of Economic Thought 22 (September 2000): 277308.
Sabel, Charles, and Zeitlin, Jonathan. “Historical Alternatives to Mass Production: Politics, Markets and Technology in Nineteenth-Century Industrialization.” Past and Present 108 (August 1986): 133–76.
Sachs, Alexander. “National Recovery Administration Policies and the Problem of Economic Planning.” In America’s Recovery Program, edited by Berle, Adolf Jr. London: Oxford University Press, 1934.
Sandel, Michael J. Democracy’s Discontent: America in Search of a Public Philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1996.
Sanders, Elizabeth. Roots of Reform: Farmers, Works, and the American State, 1877–1917. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
Sawyer, Logan E. III. “Constitutional Principle, Partisan Calculation and the Beveridge Child Labor Bill.” Law & History Review 31 (May 2013): 325.
Scheb, John M. II. “McReynolds, James Clark.” In The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States, edited by Hall, Kermit, 629–30. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Scheiber, Harry N.Federalism and the American Economic Order, 1789–1910.” Law and Society Review 10 (Fall 1975): 57118.
Scheiber, Harry N.Private Rights and Public Power: American Law, Capitalism, and the Republic Polity in Nineteenth-Century America.” Yale Law Journal 107 (December 1997): 823–61.
Scheiber, Harry N.The Road to Munn: Eminent Domain and the Concept of Public Purpose in the State Courts.” In Law in American History, edited by Fleming, Donald and Bailyn, Bernard, 329401. Boston: Little, Brown, 1971.
Scherer, Frederic. “Efficiency, Fairness, and the Early Contributions of Economists to the Antitrust Debate.” Washburn Law Review 29 (1989): 243–55.
Schlesinger, Arthur M. The Coming of the New Deal, 1933–1935. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1958.
Schmidt, Emerson P.The Changing Economics of the Supreme Court.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 147 (January 1930): 61–6.
Schneirov, Matthew. The Dream of a New Social Order: Popular Magazines in America, 1893–1914. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. New York: Harper & Bros., 1942.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. History of Economic Analysis. London: G. Allen & Unwin, 1952.
Scientific American Supplement. “The Oldfield Patent Bill: Not the Law, But Its Administration at Fault.” August 3, 1912: 74–5.
Scranton, Philip. “Diversity in Diversity: Flexible Production and American Industrialization, 1880–1930.” Business History Review 65 (Spring 1991): 2790.
Scranton, Philip. Endless Novelty: Specialty Production and American Industrialization, 1865–1925. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997.
Scranton, Philip. Proprietary Capitalism: The Textile Manufacture at Philadelphia, 1800–1885. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Scranton, Philip. “Scale and Scope (Review).” Technology and Culture 32 (October 1991): 11021104.
Scranton, Philip. “Small Business, Family Firms, and Batch Production: Three Axes for Development in American Business History.” Business and Economic History 21 (1991): 99105.
Seager, Henry. “Income in the United States: Its Amount and Distribution, 1909–1919.” Political Science Quarterly 37 (January 1922): 358.
Seavoy, Ronald E.Laws to Encourage Manufacturing: New York Policy and the 1811 General Incorporation Statute.” Business History Review 46 (Spring 1972): 8595.
Seeds, Russel M., ed. History of the Republican Party of Indiana: Biographical Sketches of the Party Leaders. Vol. 1. Indianapolis: Indiana History Co., 1899.
Seligman, Edwin R. A., and Love, Robert. Price Cutting and Price Maintenance: A Study in Economics. New York: Harper & Bros., 1932.
Seligman, Joel. “A Brief History of Delaware’s General Incorporation Law of 1899.” Delaware Journal of Corporate Law 1 (1976): 249–87.
Shaffer, Butler D. In Restraint of Trade: The Business Campaign against Competition, 1918–1938. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1997.
Shepard, Lawrence. “Cartelization of the California–Arizona Orange Industry, 1934–1981.” Journal of Law and Economics 29 (April 1986): 83124.
Sherman, Howard. “The Business Cycle Theory of Wesley Mitchell.” Journal of Economic Issues 35 (March 2001): 8597.
“Sherman Act Conspiracy Theory in Resale Price Maintenance Cases.” University of Chicago Law Review 30 (Summer 1963): 766–83.
Shute, Laurence. John Maurice Clark: A Social Economics for the Twenty-First Century. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.
Siegel, Stephen. “Understanding the Lochner Era: Lessons from the Controversy over Railroad and Utility Rate Regulation.” Virginia Law Review 70 (March 1984): 187264.
Silber, William L.Why Did FDR’s Bank Holiday Succeed?Economic Policy Review 15 (July 2009): 1931.
Skidelsky, Robert. John Maynard Keynes, 1883–1946: Economist, Philosopher, Statesman. New York: Penguin Books, 2005.
Sklansky, Jeffrey. The Soul’s Economy: Market Society and Selfhood in American Thought, 1820–1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Sklar, Martin J. The Corporate Reconstruction of American Capitalism, 1890–1916: The Market, The Law, and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Sklar, Martin J.Periodization and Historiography: Studying American Political Development in the Progressive Era.” Studies in American Political Development 5 (Fall 1991): 173213.
Skocpol, Theda. Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992.
Skowronek, Stephen. Building a New American State: The Expansion of National Administrative Capacities, 1877–1929. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Slichter, Sumner H.The Legality of the Combinationof Competitors under the Sherman Act.” Journal of Political Economy 25 (October 1917): 761804.
Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Edited by Cannan, Edwin. Vol. 1. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1977.
Smith, Adam. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Edited by Raphael, D. D. and Macfie, A. L.. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Smith, Robert. “The Veblen-Commons Award: Corwin D. Edwards.” Journal of Economic Issues 13 (June 1979): 279–84.
Snyder, Carl. “Who Is Profiteering?” McClure’s, March/April 1920: 23–4.
Solnit, Rebecca. “The Octopus and Its Grandchildren.” Harper’s, August 2014: 5–7.
“Some Historical Matter Concerning Trademarks.” Michigan Law Review 9 (November 1910): 29.
Soule, George. “Long-Range Planning and the Marxian Indictment.” New Republic, January 27, 1932: 296–7.
Soule, George. A Planned Society. New York: Macmillan, 1932.
Spellman, Susan. Cornering the Market: Independent Grocers and Innovation in American Small Business, 1860–1940. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.
Spencer, William H.Recent Cases on Price Maintenance.” Journal of Political Economy 30 (April 1922): 189200.
“A Stand on Labor Principles.” Nation’s Business, September 1920: 16.
“The Standardization of Paper.” Pacific Printer 28 (August 1922): 93.
Stanley, Amy Dru. From Bondage to Contract: Wage Labor, Marriage, and the Market in the Age of Slave Emancipation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Stern, Marc J. The Pottery Industry of Trenton: A Skilled Trade in Transition, 1850–1929. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1994.
Steuer, Richard. “Crossing the Streams of Price and Promotion under the Robinson-Patman Act.” Antitrust 27 (Fall 2012): 64–8.
Stevens, William S.A Classification of Pools and Associations Based on American Experience.” American Economic Review 3, no. 3 (1913): 545–75.
Stevens, William S., ed. Industrial Combinations and Trusts. New York: Macmillan, 1914.
Stigler, George J.The Economists and the Problem of Monopoly.” American Economic Review 72 (1982): 111.
Stigler, George J. The Theory of Competitive Price. London: Macmillan, 1942.
Stigler, George J.The Theory of Economic Regulation.” Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science 2 (1971): 321.
Stimson, Frederick J.Trusts.” Harvard Law Review 1 (1887): 132.
Stocking, George, and Watkins, Myron. Monopoly and Free Enterprise. New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1951.
Stoller, Matt. “How Democrats Killed Their Populist Soul.” Atlantic, October 24, 2016, www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/10/how-democrats-killed-their-populist-soul/504710/ (accessed February 24, 2017).
Stone, N. I.The Beginnings of the National Bureau of Economic Research.” In The National Bureau’s First Quarter Century, edited by Mitchell, Wesley. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1945.
Story, Joseph. Commentaries on Equity Jurisprudence. 5th ed. 2 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1849.
Strasser, Susan. Satisfaction Guaranteed: The Making of the American Mass Market. New York: Pantheon Books, 1989.
Striphas, Theodore. The Late Age of Print: Everyday Book Culture from Consumerism to Control. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.
Strum, Philippa. Louis D. Brandeis: Justice for the People. New York: Schocken Books, 1984.
“Studies in Values: United Shoe Machinery Co.” United States Investor 19 (November 1908): 1667.
Sumner, William Graham. Definitions of Democracy and Plutocracy. Vol. 2, in Essays of William Graham Sumner, edited by Keller, Albert G. and Davie, Maurice R., 223. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1937.
Sumner, William Graham. “An Old ‘Trust’.” In The Forgotten Man and Other Essays, edited by Keller, Albert G., 269. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1918.
Sumner, William Graham. “State Interference.” North American Review 145 (August 1887): 109119.
Swanson, Arthur E.The Harvard Bureau of Business Research.” Journal of Political Economy 22 (November 1914): 896900.
Swope, Gerard. “Stabilization of Industry.” In America Faces the Future, edited by Beard, Charles A., 160–85. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1932.
“Systematizing Drug Store Expense.” Pharmaceutical Era 47 (April 1914): 143–4.
Tarbell, Ida M. The History of the Standard Oil Company. 2 vols. New York: McClure, Phillips & Co., 1904.
Tedlow, Richard. “From Competitor to Consumer: The Changing Focus of Federal Regulation of Advertising, 1914–1938.” Business History Review 55 (Spring 1981): 3558.
Temin, Peter. Taking Your Medicine: Drug Regulation in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1980.
Tesler, Lester G. Economic Theory and the Core. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1978.
Tesler, Lester G.Why Should Manufacturers Want Fair Trade?Journal of Law and Economics 3 (October 1960): 86105.
Thelen, David Paul. Robert M. La Follette and the Insurgent Spirit. Reprint ed. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.
Thorelli, Hans Birger. Federal Antitrust Policy: Origination of an American Tradition. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 1955.
Tiedeman, Christopher G. A Treatise on Equity Jurisprudence: With Particular Reference to the Present Conditions of Jurisprudence in the United States. St. Louis, MO: F. H. Thomas Law Book Co., 1893.
Tiedeman, Christopher G. A Treatise on the Limitations of Police Power in the United States Considered from Both a Civil and Criminal Standpoint. St. Louis, MO: F. H. Thomas Law Book Co., 1886.
Time. “Industry: Swope Plan.” September 28, 1931: 18.
“Recovery: Dollar Men and Prices.” January 21, 1935.
“Second Thought.” January 21, 1935.
Tobey, James A. Legal Aspects of Milk Control. Chicago, IL: International Association of Milk Dealers, 1936.
Tomlins, Christopher L., and King, Andrew J.. Labor Law in America: Historical and Critical Essays. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
Tourgée, Albion. “The Anti-Trust Campaign.” North American Review 157 (July 1893): 3041.
Tourgée, Albion. Murvale Eastman: Christian Socialist. New York: Fords, Howard, & Hulbert, 1890.
“Trade Regulation. Resale Price Maintenance. Miller-Tydings Act.” Columbia Law Review 37 (October 1937): 1429–33.
“Trade-Marks and Unfair Competition.” Harvard Law Review 68 (March 1955): 814–919.
“Tripartite Agreement.” NWDA Journal, 1906: 323.
Trumbull, Gunnar. Strength in Numbers: The Political Power of Weak Interest Groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012.
Tugwell, Rexford. “Human Nature and Economic Theory.” Journal of Political Economy 30 (June 1922): 317.
Tugwell, Rexford. “Human Nature and Social Economy.” Journal of Philosophy 27 (August 1930): 449.
Tugwell, Rexford. “The Principle of Planning and the Institution of Laissez-Faire.” American Economic Review Supplement 22 (March 1932): 7592.
Tugwell, Rexford, ed. The Trend of Economics. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1924.
Tydings, Millard E. Counter-Attack: A Battle Plan to Defeat the Depression. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1933.
United States Pharmacopeial Convention. Pharmacopoeia of the United States of America. Bethesda, MD: United States Pharmacopeial Convention, 1820.
“The Unwary Purchaser.” Michigan Law Review 8 (June 1910): 613.
Urofsky, Melvin I. Louis D. Brandeis: A Life. New York: Pantheon Books, 2009.
Urofsky, Melvin I.State Courts and Protective Legislation during the Progressive Era: A Reevaluation.” Journal of American History 72 (1985): 63.
Urofsky, Melvin I., and Levy, David. Letters of Louis D. Brandeis. 5 vols. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1971–8.
U.S. Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions, National Bureau of Economic Research. www.nber.org/cycles/cyclesmain.html (accessed February 15, 2011).
U.S. Chamber of Commerce. “Committee on Continuity of Business and Employment.” Report No. 12, Washington, DC, 1931.
“U.T.A. and Federal Trade Commission.” Pacific Printer 28 (August 1922): 97.
Van Hise, Charles R. Concentration and Control: A Solution of the Trust Problem in the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1912.
Van Hise, Charles R. Co-operation in Industry. Chicago, IL: An Address to the National Lumber Manufacturers Association, 1916.
Van Horn, Robert, and Mirowski, Philip. “The Rise of the Chicago School of Economics and the Birth of Neoliberalism.” In The Road from Mont Pelerin, edited by Mirowski, Philip and Plehwe, Dieter. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Van Kleeck, Mary. Creative America: Its Resources and Social Security. New York: Covici, Friede, 1935.
“‘Varieties of Capitalism’ Roundtable.” Business History Review 84 (Winter 2010): 637–702.
Veblen, Thorstein. “Why Is Econoics Not an Evolutionary Science?Quarterly Journal of Economics 12 (1898).
Vernon, J. R.The 1920–21 Deflation: The Role of Aggregate Supply.” Economic Inquiry 29, no. 3 (1991): 572–80.
Vietor, Richard. Contrived Competition: Regulation and Deregulation in America. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1994.
Vogel, David. Fluctuating Fortunes: The Political Power of Business in America. New York: Basic Books, 1989.
Voorhis, Jerry. Cooperative Enterprise: The Little People’s Chance in a World of Bigness. Danville, IL: Interstate, 1975.
Waite, John Barker. “Public Policy and Personal Opinion.” Michigan Law Review 19 (January 1921): 265–82.
Waldo, Dwight. The Administrative State: A Study of the Political Theory of American Public Administration. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2007.
Walker, Amasa. The Science of Wealth: A Manual of Political Economy Embracing the law of Trade, Currency and Finance. Boston: Little, Brown, 1866.
Waller, Spencer Weber. “The Antitrust Legacy of Thurman Arnold.” St. John’s Law Review 38, no. 3 (2004): 569613.
Walras, Léon. Elements of Pure Economics, or the Theory of Social Wealth. Translated by W. Jaffé. 1874.
Warren, George F., and Pearson, Frank A.. Prices. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1933.
Waterhouse, Benjamin. Lobbying America: The Politics of Business from Nixon to NAFTA. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013.
Wayland, Francis. The Elements of Political Economy. New York: Leavitt, Lord, 1837.
Weinstein, James. The Corporate Ideal in the Liberal State, 1900–1918. Boston: Beacon Press, 1968.
Weir, Margaret. “When Does Politics Create Policy?: The Organizational Politics of Change.” In Rethinking Political Institutions: The Art of the State, edited by Shapiro, Ian, Skowronek, Stephen and Galvin, Daniel. New York: New York University Press, 2006.
Wells, David. “The Economic Disturbances Since 1873.” Popular Science Monthly, July 1887: 289–304; August 1887: 433–51; September 1887: 577–97; October 1887: 768–93; November 1887: 1–17.
Wells, David. Recent Economic Changes and Their Effect on Production and Distribution of Wealth and Well-Being of Society. New York: D. Appelton and Co., 1891.
Wells, Wyatt. Antitrust and the Formation of the Postwar World. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.
Wells, Wyatt. “Counterpoint to Reform: Gilbert H. Montague and the Business of Regulation.” Business History Review 78 (Autumn 2004): 423–50.
Werking, Richard Hume. “Bureaucrats, Businessmen, and Foreign Trade: The Origins of the United States Chamber of Commerce.” Business History Review 52 (Autumn 1978): 321–41.
Wheless, Joseph. “The Sugar Trust Cases: A Legal Comedy of Errors.” American Law Review, July/August 1897: 560.
White, G. Edward. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: Law and the Inner Self. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
White, James T. The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Clifton, NJ: J. T. White, 1937.
White, Pamela. “Properties of Corn Starch.” In Specialty Corns, edited by Hallauer, Arnel R., 3354. Boca Raton, FL, 2001.
White, Richard. Railroaded: Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America. New York: Norton, 2011.
Whitney, Simon. “Competition under Secret and Open Prices.” Econometrica 3 (January 1935): 5065.
Whitten, David O., and Whitten, Bessie Emrick. The Birth of Big Business in the United States, 1860–1914: Commercial, Extractive, and Industrial Enterprise. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2006.
“Wholesalers to Proprietors; Advocates Limited Price Plan.” American Druggist and Pharmaceutical Record, January–July 1902: 255.
Wiebe, Richard. The Search for Order, 1877–1920. New York: Hill and Wang, 1967.
Wiebe, Robert H. Businessmen and Reform: A Study of the Progressive Movement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1962.
Wiecek, William. The Lost World of Classical Legal Thought: Law and Ideology in America, 1886–1937. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Wilkins, Mira. The History of Foreign Investment in the United States. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Williamson, Harold, and Daum, Arnold. The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Illumination, 1859–1899. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1959.
Williamson, Jeffrey G. Late Nineteenth-Century American Development: A General Equilibrium History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974.
Williamson, Oliver. “Markets and Hierarchies: Some Elementary Considerations.” Organizational Forms and International Efficiencies 63 (May 1973): 316–26.
Woeste, Victoria Saker. The Benevolent Trust: Law and Agricultural Cooperation in Industrial America, 1865–1945. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
Woll, Matthew. “Industry’s Eternal Triangle.” Nation’s Business, June 1920: 17–18.
Woll, Matthew. “Organized Labor Demands Repeal of the Sherman Act.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 147 (January 1930): 185–8.
Women’s Wear Daily. “Industrial Relations: U.S. Chamber Unemployment Report.” September 8, 1931: 15.
“U.S. Chamber Stabilization Program Is Made Public.” December 18, 1931: 6, 14.
Yonay, Yuval. The Struggle over the Soul of Economics: Institutionalist and Neoclassical Economists in America Between the Wars. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Young, Nancy Beck. Wright Patman: Populism, Liberalism, and the American Dream. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist University Press, 2000.