Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 1967
  • Online publication date: March 2008

Chapter 4 - The Later Academy and Platonism

from Part 1 - GREEK PHILOSOPHY FROM PLATO TO PLOTINUS
Summary
Speusippus, Xenocrates, Polemo, and Crates were the successive heads of the Academy. It seems that the successor of Crates, Arcesilaus, completely changed its character, teaching a kind of non-dogmatic, Socratic, in some sense of the word, sceptical Platonism. This chapter discusses Plutarch, Calvenus Taurus, Albinus, Apuleius and Herodes Atticus, Disagreement between Plutarch and Taurus exists on the problem of the soul's incarnation. Plutarch was sometimes inclined to take the pessimistic point of view that incarnation is an evil for the soul. Taurus opted for the optimistic interpretation. Albinus and Apuleius represent an almost complete synthesis of Plato with Aristotle. Atticus vigorously objects to Platonists who find Aristotelian doctrines helpful in teaching Platonism. The disagreement of Atticus with the Aristotelian ethics and theology continues in the field of physics. He rejects Aristotle's notion of ether. Atticus, therefore, denies the premise: not everything that has come into being in time will also perish.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055147
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521040549
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Albinus ed. Hermann C. F. in Platonis Dialogi, 6 vols. Leipzig, 1921–36; vol. VI.
Albinus Épitomé, ed. Louis P.. Paris, 1945.
Commentaries on Aristotle, in Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca, I–III. Berlin, 1891–9. Minor Works, ed. Bruns I., in Supplementum Aristotelicum, II, 1–2. Berlin, 1887, 1892.
Anonymous Commentary on the Theaetetus ed. Diels H. and Schubart W.. Berlin, 1905.
Antiochus Fragments, ed. Luck G. in Der Akademiker Antiochus. Bern, 1953.
Apuleius De Philosophia libri, ed. Thomas P.. Leipzig, 1908.
Fragments, ed. Heiland H., Aristoclis Messenii reliquiae.Giessen, 1925.
Atticus Fragments, in Eusebius, Praeparatio evangelica XI 1–2; XV 4–12; ed. Baudry J.. Paris, 1931.
Baeumker C.Das Problem der Materie in der griechischen Philosophie.Munich, 1890 (reprinted Frankfurt, 1963).
Dittmar H., Aeschines von Sphettos (1912).
Dodds E. R.The Parmenides of Plato and the Origin of the Neoplatonic “One”’, in Classical Quarterly, 22 (1928).
Dörrie H., ‘Der Platoniker Eudorus von Alexandria’, Hermes, LXXIX (1944).
Dorrie H., ‘Zum Ursprung der neuplatonischen Hypostasenlehre’, Hermes, LXXXII (1954), esp. p. 332.
Dörrie H.Der Platoniker Eudoros von Alexandreia’, in Hermes, 79 (1944).
Dörrie H.Kontroversen um die Seelenwanderung im kaiserzeitlichen Platonismus’, in Hermes, 85 (1957).
Freudenthal J., Der Platoniker Albinos und der falsche Alkinoos (1879);
Freudenthal J.Der Platoniker Albinos und der falsche Alkinoos.Berlin, 1879.
Gigon O., ‘Zur Geschichte der sogenannten Neuen Akademie’, Museum Helveticum, i [1944]
Jones R. M., The Platonism of Plutarch (1916) ; 21.
Krämer H. J.Der Ursprung der Geistmetaphysik.Amsterdam, 1964.
Loenen J. H., ‘Albinus' Metaphysics’, Mnemosyne ser. 4, vol. ix (1956) ;
Luck G., ‘Studia divina in vita humana. On Cicero's Dream of Scipio and its Place in Graeco-Roman Philosophy’, Harvard Theological Review, XLIX (1956).
Lueder A.Die philosophische Persönlichkeit des Antiochos von Askalon.Göttingen, 1940.
Merlan P., From Platonlsm to Neoplatonlsm (21960) f., 84.
Merlan P.From Platonism to Neoplatonism, 2nd edn. The Hague, 1960.
Merlan P.Monopsychism, Mysticism, Metaconsciousness.The Hague, 1963.
Moraux P., ‘quinta essentia’, Realencyclopädie der klassischen Altertumswissensch, XXIV/I (1963).
Nicomachus Introductio arithmetica, ed. Hoche R.. Leipzig, 1866.
Numenius Fragments, ed. Leemans E. A.. Brussels, 1937.
Fragments, ed. Straaten M., 3rd edn. Leyden, 1962.
Fragments, ed. Wehrli F. (Die Schule des Aristoteles), 10 vols. Basel, 1944–59.
Plutarch Moralia, ed. Hubert C., Pohlenz M., etc.: in progress. Leipzig, 1952–.
Plutarch Moralia, ed. Bernardakis G. N., 7 vols. Leipzig, 1888–96.
Plutarch Moralia, ed. and tr. Babbitt F. C., etc. (Loeb Classical Library): in progress. London, 1927–.
Pohlenz M.Die Stoa, 2 vols., 3rd edn. Göttingen, 1964.
Fragments, ed. Bake I.. Posidonii Rhodii reliquiae.Leyden, 1820.
Praechter K., ‘Nikostratos der Platoniker’, Hermes, LVII (1922).
Praechter K., ‘Taurus’, Realencyclopa¨die der klassischen Altertumswissensch, v/i (1934).
Praechter K.Nikostratos der Platoniker’, in Hermes, 57 (1922).
Praechter K.Severos’ and ‘Tauros’, in Paulys Realencyclopädie. Stuttgart, 2.2 (1923) and 5.1 (1934).
de mundo ed. and tr. Furley D. J. (Loeb Classical Library). London, 1955.
Reinhardt K.Poseidonios’, in Paulys Realencyclopädie, 22.1 (1953).
Robin L.La théorie platonicienne des idées et des nombres d'après Aristote.Paris, 1908 (reprinted Hildesheim, 1963).
Sinko T.De Apulei et Albini doctrinae Platonicae adumbratione.Kraków, 1905.
Speusippus Fragments, ed. Lang P. in De Speusippi Academici scriptis. Bonn, 1911 (reprinted Frankfurt, 1964).
Strache H.Der Eklektizismus des Antiochos von Askalon.Berlin, 1921.
Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta, ed. Arnim J., 4 vols. Leipzig, 1903–24.
Theiler W., Die Vorbereitung des Neuplatorusmus (1930).
Theiler W.Plotin und die an tike Philosophie’, in Museum Helveticum, 1 (1944).
Theiler W.Die Vorbereitung des Neuplatonismus.Berlin, 1930.
Theophrastus Metaphysics, ed. and tr. Ross W. D. and Fobes F. H.. Oxford, 1929.
Verbeke G., ‘Plutarch and the Development of Aristotle’, Aristotle and Plato in the Mid-Fourth Century (1960).
Waszink J. H., ‘Bemerkungen zum Einfluss des Platonismus im fruhen Christentum’, Vigiliae Christianae, xix (1965), esp. p. 139 n. 21.
Witt R. E.Albinus and the History of Middle Platonism.Cambridge, 1937.
Xenocrates Fragments, ed. Heinze R.. Leipzig, 1892.
Zeller , Phil. III/I (51923).
Ziegler K.Plutarchos’, in Paulys Realencyclopädie, 21.1 (1951).