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    Zambon, Marco 2012. A Companion to Ancient Philosophy. p. 559.

  • Print publication year: 1967
  • Online publication date: March 2008

Chapter 2 - The Old Academy

Neoplatonism is a term usually designating Plato's philosophy as reinterpreted by Plotinus and post-Plotinian Platonists. The term is slightly misleading, in that it tends to obscure the debt of Plotinus to Platonists before him, particularly the Old Academy and the Platonism of the period between the first century BC and his time. The main aspects of Platonism leading to the system of Plotinus can best be seen if we start from what Aristotle presents as the main features of Plato's philosophy. Plotinus is the first to interpret the Parmenides as containing a serious presentation of the One as the highest reality. The Timaeus, doctrines of the Platonic dialogues, is fully devoted to one of the central topics of pre-Socratic philosophers, viz. cosmogony. Finally, Plato's cosmogony, two-opposite-principles doctrine in Speusippus and Plato's letters, particularly the 2nd, 6th, and 7th are discussed.
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The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy
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