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  • Print publication year: 2003
  • Online publication date: March 2008

7 - Psychology: old and new

from 2 - Psychology and Philosophy
Summary
This chapter follows the emergence of the new psychology out of the old in the national traditions of Britain, Germany and the United States, with some reference to French, Belgian, Austrian and Italian thinkers. The order of treatment follows the centre of gravity of psychological activity. Biological psychology was developed in England by medical physiologists such as William Carpenter and Henry Maudsley, by biologically inspired intellectuals such as Spencer and Lewes, and by research naturalists including Charles Darwin, Romanes and C. Lloyd Morgan. The new American psychology gained textual presence through books by Ladd and James. Both authors were advocates of a new psychology, but neither was convinced that experiment would be its defining feature. Psychological works contained discussions of psychology's subject matter, its methods, its relation to philosophy and metaphysics, the existence of unconscious mental states and the plausibility of attributing innate faculties or representational capacities to the mind.
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The Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870–1945
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053563
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521591041
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