Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 1957
  • Online publication date: March 2008

II - The face of Europe on the eve of the great discoveries

Summary
This chapter discusses the new aspects of the life of Europe, as well as its economic circumstances, political character, and human geography on the eve of the great discoveries. The progress of much of European mining was bound up with the extraction of silver from copper and lead ores, and the discovery of rich silver ores in the New World, especially those of Potosi in Bolivia about 1546, was to deal a blow not only to European silver mining but to European mining in general. As the fifteenth century drew to a close, Dutch and English maritime enterprise was competing with that of the Hanse, so that even before the oceanic discoveries, 'most of its teeth were out and the rest loose', as one English observer in Germany put it. Alum deposits were discovered here in 1462, and long before the end of the century the output was very considerable and greatly added to the income of the papal states.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The New Cambridge Modern History
  • Volume 1: The Renaissance, 1493–1520
  • Edited by G. R. Potter
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055765
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521045414
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Abel, W., Die Wüstungen des ausgehenden Mittelalters (Jena, 1943).
Hoskins, W. G., ‘English provincial towns in the early sixteenth century’, Trans. Roy. Hist. Soc. 5th series, v (1956).
Lybyer, A. H., “The Ottoman Turks and the routes of oriental trade”, Eng. Hist. Rev. vol. xxx (London, 1915).
Lynam, Edward, The Carta Marina of Olaus Magnus, Venice 1539 & Rome 1572 (Tall Tree Library, Jenkintown, Pa., U.S.A., 1949).
Miller, W., Essays on the Latin Orient (Cambridge, 1921).
Pettersson, Otto, ‘The connection between hydrographical and meteorological phenomena’, Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 38 (London, 1912).
Pohlendt, H., Die Verbreitung der mittelalterlichen Wüstungen in Deutschland (Göttingen, 1950).
Postan, M.Rich, E. E. ed., The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, (Cambridge, 1952), vol. II.
Warner, G. (ed.), The Libelle of Englyshe Polycye (Oxford, 1926).