Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 29
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ulbricht, Lena Haunss, Sebastian Hofmann, Jeanette Klinger, Ulrike Passoth, Jan-Hendrik Pentzold, Christian Schneider, Ingrid Straßheim, Holger and Voß, Jan-Peter 2018. Big Data und Gesellschaft. p. 151.

    Ward, Ken 2018. Social networks, the 2016 US presidential election, and Kantian ethics: applying the categorical imperative to Cambridge Analytica’s behavioral microtargeting. Journal of Media Ethics, Vol. 33, Issue. 3, p. 133.

    Bjorn, Pernille Fiesler, Casey Muller, Michael Pater, Jessica and Wisniewski, Pamela 2018. Research Ethics Town Hall Meeting. p. 393.

    Bergemann, Benjamin 2018. Privacy and Identity Management. The Smart Revolution. Vol. 526, Issue. , p. 111.

    Foster, Ian 2018. Research Infrastructure for the Safe Analysis of Sensitive Data. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 675, Issue. 1, p. 102.

    Kappler, Karolin Schrape, Jan-Felix Ulbricht, Lena and Weyer, Johannes 2018. Societal Implications of Big Data. KI - Künstliche Intelligenz, Vol. 32, Issue. 1, p. 55.

    Drew, Cat 2018. Design for data ethics: using service design approaches to operationalize ethical principles on four projects. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 376, Issue. 2128, p. 20170353.

    Couldry, Nick and Yu, Jun 2018. Deconstructing datafication’s brave new world. New Media & Society, p. 146144481877596.

    Fiesler, Casey and Proferes, Nicholas 2018. “Participant” Perceptions of Twitter Research Ethics. Social Media + Society, Vol. 4, Issue. 1, p. 205630511876336.

    Sardanelli, Francesco Alì, Marco Hunink, Myriam G. Houssami, Nehmat Sconfienza, Luca M. and Di Leo, Giovanni 2018. To share or not to share? Expected pros and cons of data sharing in radiological research. European Radiology, Vol. 28, Issue. 6, p. 2328.

    Bishop, Libby and Gray, Daniel 2017. The Ethics of Online Research. Vol. 2, Issue. , p. 159.

    Taylor, Linnet Floridi, Luciano and van der Sloot, Bart 2017. Group Privacy. p. 1.

    Yeung, Karen 2017. ‘Hypernudge’: Big Data as a mode of regulation by design. Information, Communication & Society, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 118.

    Thiel, Thorsten 2017. Anonymität und Demokratie. Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen, Vol. 30, Issue. 2,

    Helm, Paula 2017. Transparenz und Anonymität: Potentiale, Grenzen, Irrtümer. Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen, Vol. 30, Issue. 2,

    Pascalev, Mario 2017. Privacy exchanges: restoring consent in privacy self-management. Ethics and Information Technology, Vol. 19, Issue. 1, p. 39.

    Doyle, Tony 2017. Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy. The Information Society, Vol. 33, Issue. 5, p. 301.

    Gorham, Ashley E. 2017. Big Data and Democracy: Facts and Values. PS: Political Science & Politics, Vol. 50, Issue. 04, p. 958.

    Paraschakis, Dimitris 2017. Towards an ethical recommendation framework. p. 211.

    Norval, Aletta and Prasopoulou, Elpida 2017. Public faces? A critical exploration of the diffusion of face recognition technologies in online social networks. New Media & Society, Vol. 19, Issue. 4, p. 637.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: July 2014

2 - Big Data’s End Run around Anonymity and Consent

Summary

Introduction

Big data promises to deliver analytic insights that will add to the stock of scientific and social scientific knowledge, significantly improve decision making in both the public and private sector, and greatly enhance individual self-knowledge and understanding. They have already led to entirely new classes of goods and services, many of which have been embraced enthusiastically by institutions and individuals alike. And yet, where these data commit to record details about human behavior, they have been perceived as a threat to fundamental values, including everything from autonomy, to fairness, justice, due process, property, solidarity, and, perhaps most of all, privacy. Given this apparent conflict, some have taken to calling for outright prohibitions on various big data practices, while others have found good reason to finally throw caution (and privacy) to the wind in the belief that big data will more than compensate for its potential costs. Still others, of course, are searching for a principled stance on privacy that offers the flexibility necessary for these promises to be realized while respecting the important values that privacy promotes.

This is a familiar situation because it rehearses many of the long-standing tensions that have characterized each successive wave of technological innovation over the past half-century and their inevitable disruption of constraints on information flows through which privacy had been assured. It should come as no surprise that attempts to deal with new threats draw from the toolbox assembled to address earlier upheavals. Ready-to-hand, anonymity and informed consent remain the most popular tools for relieving these tensions – tensions that we accept, from the outset, as genuine and, in many cases, acute. Taking as a given that big data implicates important ethical and political values, we direct our focus instead on attempts to avoid or mitigate the conflicts that may arise. We do so because the familiar pair of anonymity and informed consent continues to strike many as the best and perhaps only way to escape the need to actually resolve these conflicts one way or the other.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Privacy, Big Data, and the Public Good
  • Online ISBN: 9781107590205
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107590205
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Bollier, David, The Promise and Peril of Big Data (Washington, DC: The Aspen Institute, 2010)
Anderson, Janna and Rainie, Lee, The Future of Big Data (Washington, DC: Pew Research Center, July 20, 2012)
Barocas, Solon, “Data Mining: An Annotated Bibliography,” Cyber-Surveillance in Everyday Life: An International Workshop (Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto, 12–15 May 2011)
Sweeney, Latanya, “K-Anonymity: A Model for Protecting Privacy,” International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems 10, no. 5 (October 2002): 557–570
Ohm, Paul, “Broken Promises of Privacy: Responding to the Surprising Failure of Anonymization,” UCLA Law Review 57, no. 6 (August 2010): 1701–1777
Cranor, Lorrie Faith, “Necessary but Not Sufficient: Standardized Mechanisms for Privacy Notice and Choice,” Journal on Telecommunications and High Technology Law 10, no. 2 (Summer 2012): 273–445
Acquisti, Alessandro and Grossklags, Jens, “Privacy and Rationality in Individual Decision Making,” IEEE Security and Privacy Magazine 3, no. 1 (January 2005): 26–33
Solove, Daniel J., “Privacy Self-Management and the Consent Dilemma,” Harvard Law Review 126, no. 7 (May 2013): 1880–1880
Manyika, James et al., Big Data: The Next Frontier for Innovation, Competition, and Productivity (McKinsey Global Institute, 2011)
Demystifying Big Data: A Practical Guide to Transforming the Business of Government (Washington, DC: TechAmerica Foundation, 2012)
Frontiers in Massive Data Analysis (Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2013)
Warden, Pete, Big Data Glossary (Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media, 2011)
Hildebrandt, Mireille, “Defining Profiling: A New Type of Knowledge?” in Profiling the European Citizen: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives, ed. Hildebrandt, Mireille and Gutwirth, Serge (Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2008), 17–45
boyd, Danah and Crawford, Kate, “Critical Questions for Big Data,” Information, Communication & Society 15, no. 5 (June 2012): 662–679
Steiner, Christopher, Automate This: How Algorithms Came to Rule Our World (New York: Portfolio/Penguin, 2012)
Mayer-Schönberger, Viktor and Cukier, Kenneth, Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think (New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013)
Fayyad, Usama, “The Digital Physics of Data Mining,” Communications of the ACM 44, no. 3 (March 1, 2001): 62–65
Weinberger, David, “The Machine That Would Predict the Future,” Scientific American 305, no. 6 (November 15, 2011): 52–57
Provost, Foster and Fawcett, Tom, “Data Science and Its Relationship to Big Data and Data-Driven Decision Making,” Big Data 1, no. 1 (March 2013): 51–59
Dhar, Vasant, “Data Science and Prediction,” Communications of the ACM 56, no. 12 (December 1, 2013): 64–73
Gandy, Oscar H., “Consumer Protection in Cyberspace,” tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique 9, no. 2 (2011): 175–189
Dwork, Cynthia and Mulligan, Deirdre K., “It’s Not Privacy, and It’s Not Fair,” Stanford Law Review Online 66 (September 3, 2013): 35–40
Lerman, Jonas, “Big Data and Its Exclusions,” Stanford Law Review Online 66 (September 3, 2013): 55–63
Crawford, Kate and Schultz, Jason, “Big Data and Due Process: Toward a Framework to Redress Predictive Privacy Harms,” Boston College Law Review 55, no. 1 (2014)
Nissenbaum, Helen, Privacy in Context: Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of Social Life (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010)
Barocas, Solon, “How Data Mining Discriminates,” in Data Mining: Episteme, Ethos, and Ethics, PhD dissertation, New York University (Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 2014)
Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems, Records, Computers and the Rights of Citizens (U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, July 1973)
Technology R&D, Data to Knowledge to Action, Washington, DC, November 12, 2013
Steel, Emily and Angwin, Julia, “On the Web’s Cutting Edge, Anonymity in Name Only,” The Wall Street Journal, August 4, 2010
Barbaro, Michael and Zeller, Tom, “A Face Is Exposed for AOL Searcher No. 4417749,” The New York Times, August 9, 2006
Toubiana, Vincent and Nissenbaum, Helen, “An Analysis of Google Logs Retention Policies,” Journal of Privacy and Confidentiality 3, no. 1 (2011): 2
Dwork, Cynthia, “A Firm Foundation for Private Data Analysis,” Communications of the ACM 54, no. 1 (January 1, 2011)
Yakowitz, Jane, “Tragedy of the Data Commons,” Harvard Journal of Law & Technology 25, no. 1 (Autumn 2012): 1–67
Wu, Felix T, “Defining Privacy and Utility in Data Sets,” University of Colorado Law Review 84, no. 4 (2013): 1117–1177
Bambauer, Jane, Muralidhar, Krishnamurty, and Sarathy, Rathindra, “Fool’s Gold: An Illustrated Critique of Differential Privacy,” Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law 16 (2014)
Soghoian, Christopher, “The Problem of Anonymous Vanity Searches,” I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society 3, no. 2 (2007)
de Montjoye, Yves-Alexandre et al., “Unique in the Crowd: The Privacy Bounds of Human Mobility,” Scientific Reports 3 (2013): 1376
El Emam, Khaled et al., “A Systematic Review of Re-Identification Attacks on Health Data,” ed. Scherer, Roberta W, PLoS ONE 6, no. 12 (December 2, 2011)
Nissenbaum, Helen, “The Meaning of Anonymity in an Information Age,” The Information Society 15, no. 2 (May 1999): 142
Barr, Alistair, “Google May Ditch ‘Cookies’ as Online Ad Tracker,” USA Today, September 17, 2013
Soltani, Ashkan, “Questions on the Google AdID,” Ashkan Soltani, September 19, 2013
Singer, Natasha, “Acxiom, the Quiet Giant of Consumer Database Marketing,” The New York Times, June 16, 2012
Marx, Gary T., “What’s in a Name? Some Reflections on the Sociology of Anonymity,” The Information Society 15, no. 2 (May 1999): 99–112
Narayanan, Arvind and Shmatikov, Vitaly, “Myths and Fallacies of ‘Personally Identifiable Information’,” Communications of the ACM 53, no. 6 (June 1, 2010): 24–26
Statement of the Working Party on Current Discussions Regarding the Data Protection Reform Package (European Commission, February 27, 2013)
Zuiderveen Borgesius, Frederik, “Behavioral Targeting: A European Legal Perspective,” IEEE Security and Privacy Magazine 11, no. 1 (January 2013): 82–85
Valentino-Devries, Jennifer and Singer-Vine, Jeremy, “They Know What You’re Shopping for,” The Wall Street Journal, December 7, 2012
Waxer, Cindy, “Big Data Blues: The Dangers of Data Mining,” Computerworld, November 4, 2013
Gutwirth, Serge and Hert, Paul, “Regulating Profiling in a Democratic Constitutional State,” in Profiling the European Citizen: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives, ed. Hildebrandt, Mireille and Gutwirth, Serge (Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2008), 289
Hardy, Quentin, “Rethinking Privacy in an Era of Big Data,” The New York Times, June 4, 2012
Montgomery, Frances H. et al., “Monitoring Student Internet Patterns: Big Brother or Promoting Mental Health?Journal of Technology in Human Services 31, no. 1 (January 2013): 61–70
Katikalapudi, Raghavendra et al., “Associating Internet Usage with Depressive Behavior among College Students,” IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 31, no. 4 (Winter 2012): 73–80
Bakos, Yannis, Marotta-Wurgler, Florencia, and Trossen, David R., “Does Anyone Read the Fine Print? Testing a Law and Economics Approach to Standard Form Contracts,” SSRN Electronic Journal (2009)
McDonald, Aleecia M. and Faith Cranor, Lorrie, “The Cost of Reading Privacy Policies,” I/S: a Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society 4, no. 3 (2008): 540–565
Nissenbaum, Helen, “A Contextual Approach to Privacy Online,” Daedalus, 140, no. 4 (Fall 2011): 32–48
Cate, Fred H. and Mayer-Schönberger, Viktor, “Notice and Consent in a World of Big Data,” International Data Privacy Law 3, no. 2 (May 20, 2013): 67–73
Hildebrandt, Mireille, “Who Is Profiling Who? Invisible Visibility,” in Reinventing Data Protection? ed. Gutwirth, Serge et al. (Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2009), 239–252
Kuner, Christopher et al., “The Challenge of ‘Big Data’ for Data Protection,” International Data Privacy Law 2, no. 2 (April 23, 2012): 47–49
Big Data and Analytics: Seeking Foundations for Effective Privacy Guidance (Washington, DC: The Centre for Information Policy Leadership, February 28, 2013)
Tene, Omer and Polonetsky, Jules, “Big Data for All: Privacy and User Control in the Age of Analytics,” Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property 11, no. 5 (April 2013): 239–272
Rubinstein, Ira, “Big Data: The End of Privacy or a New Beginning?International Data Privacy Law 3, no. 2 (May 20, 2013): 74–87
Giovanni Leon, Pedro et al., “What Do Online Behavioral Advertising Privacy Disclosures Communicate to Users?” (presented at the WPES ’12 Proceedings of the 2012 ACM workshop on Privacy in the electronic society, New York, NY: ACM Press, 2012)
Tene, Omer and Polonetsky, Jules, “To Track or ‘Do Not Track’: Advancing Transparency and Individual Control in Online Behavioral Advertising,” Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology 13, no. 1 (Winter 2012): 281–357
Zuiderveen Borgesius, Frederik J., “Consent to Behavioural Targeting in European Law – What Are the Policy Implications of Insights from Behavioural Economics?SSRN Electronic Journal (2013)
Turow, Joseph, “Self-Regulation and the Construction of Media Harms: Notes on the Battle over Digital ‘Privacy’,” in Routledge Handbook of Media Law, ed. Price, Monroe E, Verhulst, Stefaan, and Morgan, Libby (New York, NY: Routledge, 2013)
Carnegie Mellon News (Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Mellon University, August 20, 2013)
Protecting Consumer Privacy in an Era of Rapid Change (Washington, DC: Federal Trade Commission, March 2012)
Nissenbaum, Helen, “A Contextual Approach to Privacy Online,” Daedalus 140, no. 4 (October 2011): 32–48
Hildebrandt, Mireille, “Profiling and the Rule of Law,” Identity in the Information Society 1, no. 1 (December 19, 2008): 55–70
O’Leary, Daniel E., “Some Privacy Issues in Knowledge Discovery: The OECD Personal Privacy Guidelines,” IEEE Expert: Intelligent Systems and Their Applications 10, no. 2 (1995): 48–59
Tavani, Herman T., “KDD, Data Mining, and the Challenge for Normative Privacy,” Ethics and Information Technology 1, no. 4 (1999): 265–273
Hildebrandt, Mireille, “Who Is Profiling Who?”; Mireille Hildebrandt, “Profiling and AmI,” in The Future of Identity in the Information Society, ed. Rannenberg, Kai, Royer, Denis, and Deuker, André (Berlin: Springer, 2009), 273–310
Gutwirth, Serge and Hildebrandt, Mireille, “Some Caveats on Profiling,” in Data Protection in a Profiled World, ed. Gutwirth, Serge, Poullet, Yves, and De Hert, Paul (Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2010), 31–41
Tverdek, Edward, “Data Mining and the Privatization of Accountability,” Public Affairs Quarterly 20, no. 1 (2006): 67–94
Peppet, Scott R., “Unraveling Privacy: The Personal Prospectus and the Threat of a Full Disclosure Future,” Northwestern University Law Review 105, no. 3 (2011): 1153–1203
Jernigan, Carter and Mistree, Behram F. T., “Gaydar: Facebook Friendships Expose Sexual Orientation,” First Monday 14, no. 10 (September 25, 2009)
Horvát, Emöke-Ágnes et al., “One Plus One Makes Three (for Social Networks),” ed. Gómez, Sergio, PLoS ONE 7, no. 4 (April 6, 2012)
Duhigg, Charles, “How Companies Learn Your Secrets,” The New York Times Magazine, February 16, 2012
Nolan, Rachel, “Behind the Cover Story: How Much Does Target Know?” The New York Times, February 21, 2012
Vedder, Anton, “KDD: the Challenge to Individualism,” Ethics and Information Technology 1, no. 4 (1999): 275–281
Aperjis, Christina and Huberman, Bernardo A., “A Market for Unbiased Private Data: Paying Individuals According to Their Privacy Attitudes,” First Monday 17, no. 5 (May 4, 2012)
Zarsky, Tal Z., “Desperately Seeking Solutions Using Implementation-Based Solutions for the Troubles of Information Privacy in the Age of Data Mining and the Internet Society,” Maine Law Review 56, no. 1 (2004): 14–59
Gandy, Oscar H., Coming to Terms with Chance: Engaging Rational Discrimination and Cumulative Disadvantage (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009)
Zarsky, Tal Z., “‘Mine Your Own Business!’: Making the Case for the Implications of the Data Mining of Personal Information in the Forum of Public Opinion,” Yale Journal of Law & Technology 5 (2004): 1–57
Manson, Neil C. and O’Neill, Onora, Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012), 73