Skip to main content Accesibility Help
The Systems View of Life
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 165
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Lewis, Branden and O’Neil, Joy Kcenia 2019. Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education. p. 1.

    Montuori, Alfonso 2019. The Palgrave Handbook of Social Creativity Research. p. 407.

    Kuenkel, Petra 2019. Stewarding Sustainability Transformations. p. 97.

    Kuenkel, Petra 2019. Stewarding Sustainability Transformations. p. 141.

    Kuenkel, Petra 2019. Stewarding Sustainability Transformations. p. 1.

    Kuenkel, Petra 2019. Stewarding Sustainability Transformations. p. 43.

    Newey, Lance and de Oliveira, Rui Torres 2019. Wellbeing as Emergent from the Leveraging of Polarities: Harnessing Component Interdependencies. Social Indicators Research,

    Denham, Magdalena and Vautrain, Scott 2019. Emergency and Disaster Management. p. 415.

    Wang, Hongyu 2019. Wuwei, self-organization, and classroom dynamics. Educational Philosophy and Theory, p. 1.

    Denham, Magdalena and Vautrain, Scott 2019. Immigration and the Current Social, Political, and Economic Climate. p. 579.

    Woiwode, Christoph and Bhati, Lalit Kishor 2019. Sustainability and the Humanities. p. 35.

    Kuenkel, Petra 2019. Stewarding Sustainability Transformations. p. 59.

    Kuenkel, Petra 2019. Stewarding Sustainability Transformations. p. 21.

    Gilbert, Jane 2019. Educational Research in the Age of Anthropocene. p. 259.

    Velikovsky, J. T. 2019. Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Artificial Intelligence, Computer Simulation, and Human-Computer Interaction. p. 795.

    Glauner, Friedrich 2018. Innovation Management and Corporate Social Responsibility. p. 133.

    Visser, Wayne 2018. Sustainable Business Models. p. 129.

    Ketonen-Oksi, Sanna 2018. Creating a shared narrative: the use of causal layered analysis to explore value co-creation in a novel service ecosystem. European Journal of Futures Research, Vol. 6, Issue. 1,

    Glauner, Friedrich 2018. The Myth of Responsibility: on Changing the Purpose Paradigm. Humanistic Management Journal,

    Eskjær, Mikkel Fugl 2018. Media Logic(s) Revisited. p. 85.


Book description

Over the past thirty years, a new systemic conception of life has emerged at the forefront of science. New emphasis has been given to complexity, networks, and patterns of organisation, leading to a novel kind of 'systemic' thinking. This volume integrates the ideas, models, and theories underlying the systems view of life into a single coherent framework. Taking a broad sweep through history and across scientific disciplines, the authors examine the appearance of key concepts such as autopoiesis, dissipative structures, social networks, and a systemic understanding of evolution. The implications of the systems view of life for health care, management, and our global ecological and economic crises are also discussed. Written primarily for undergraduates, it is also essential reading for graduate students and researchers interested in understanding the new systemic conception of life and its implications for a broad range of professions - from economics and politics to medicine, psychology and law.


‘Partly an enjoyable survey of exciting new developments in systems biology, valuable to any student of biology or science, and partly a bold blueprint for how we might preserve our future on Earth.'

Source: New Scientist

‘A magisterial study of the scientific basis for an integrated worldview grounded in the wholeness that generations of one-eyed reductionists could not see. The authors succeed brilliantly!'

David W. Orr - Oberlin College

‘… gives us a sound synthesis of the best science and theory on the connectedness of all living things, the dynamics of emergence and self-organization as conceived by Francisco Varela. This volume offers a profound framework for understanding our place on the planet, for better or worse. And if we apply the insights offered by Capra and Luisi, it will be for the better … should be required reading for today's young, tomorrow's leaders, and anyone who cares about life on this planet.'

Daniel Goleman - author of Emotional Intelligence and Ecological Intelligence

‘What is life? What is a human being? How can new discoveries about nature and ourselves keep us from becoming the first self-endangered species? Capra and Luisi's dazzling synthesis explains how moving beyond mechanistic, linear, reductionist habits is revealing startling new answers to perennial questions of philosophy and practice. Sir Francis Bacon's goal of 'the enlargement of the bounds of Human Empire, to the effecting of all things possible' has put humanity in serious trouble. But today, rebuilding our thinking, language, and actions around Darwin, not Descartes, and around modern biology, not outmoded physics, creates rich new options. Driven by the co-evolution of business with civil society, these can build a fairer, healthier, cooler, safer world. The Systems View of Life is a lucid, wide-ranging guide to living maturely, kindly, and durably with each other and with other beings on the only home we have.'

Amory B. Lovins - Rocky Mountain Institute

‘… this book feels like a Rosetta stone for me, unlocking connections and roots of a panoply of different ideas and concepts. It starts walking us through the history of science – and how scientific models influenced most aspect of cultures … This book pulls the big changes together and integrates them, across disciplines into a glorious big picture, for each field … As I was reading the portion of the book covering the history of systems thinking … I realized that I was suddenly feeling very excited, like I was in a movie, sitting on the edge of my seat … This is what a great writer and a great book are supposed to do … It has had a huge impact on my way of thinking about so many things. It doesn't matter what your area of work or interest is. This book is essential reading to face the future with eyes wide open.'

Rob Kall Source:

'… a valuable overview of the discipline.'

Stephen Lewis Source: The Biologist

'What a fine, erudite, synoptic, lovely book!'

Stuart Kauffman - University of Pennsylvania and the Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
Abraham, R. and Shaw, C. (1982–8). Dynamics: The Geometry of Behavior, vols. I–IV. Santa Cruz, CA: Aerial Press.
Aguilar, A.L.C., ed. (2009). What Is Death?Rome: Ateneo Pontificio Regina Apostolorum.
Akanuma, S., Kigawa, T., and Yojoyama, S. (2002). Combinatorial mutagenesis to restrict amino acid usage in an enzyme to a reduced set. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99: 13549.
Alberts, B., Bray, D., Lewis, J., et al. (1989). Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2nd edn. New York: Garland Science.
Alexander, S. (1920). Space, Time, and Deity. London: Macmillan.
Altieri, M. (1995). Agroecology: The Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Altieri, M. (2000). The ecological impacts of transgenic crops on agroecosystem health. Ecosystem Health, 6(1): 13–23.
Altieri, M. (2004). Linking ecologists and traditional farmers in the search for sustainable agriculture. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2: 35–42.
Altieri, M., Nicholls, C., Funes, F., and other members of SOCLA (Sociedad Cientifica Latinoamericana de Agroecologia) (2012). The scaling-up of agroecology: spreading the hope for food sovereignty and resiliency ().
Altieri, M. and Rosset, P. (1999). Ten reasons why biotechnology will not ensure food security, protect the environment and reduce poverty in the developing world. Agbioforum, 2: 3–4.
Anderson, R. (1998). Mid-Course Correction. Atlanta, GA: Peregrinzilla Press.
Anella, F., Chiarabelli, C., De Lucrezia, D., and Luisi, P.L. (2011). Stability studies on random folded RNAs (‘never born RNAs’): implications for the RNA world. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 8: 1422–33.
Anfinsen, C.B., Redfield, R.R., Choate, W.I., et al. (1954). Studies on the gross structure, cross-linkages, and terminal sequences in ribonuclease. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 207(1): 201–10.
Arasse, D. (1998). Leonardo da Vinci. New York: Konecky & Konecky.
Archer, C. and Jacobson, M. (2007). Supplying baseload power and reducing transmission requirements by interconnecting wind farms. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 46: 1701–17.
Ashby, R. (1952). Design for a Brain. New York: Wiley.
Atmanspacher, H. and Bishop, R., eds. (2002). Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Charlottesville, VA: Imprint Academic.
Axelrod, R. (1984). The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.
Bachmann, P.A., Luisi, P.L., and Lang, J. (1992). Autocatalytic self-replication of micelles as models for prebiotic structures. Nature, 357: 57–9.
Bada, J.L. (1997). Meteoritics – extraterrestrial handedness? Science, 275: 942–3.
Baert, P. (1998). Social Theory in the Twentieth Century. New York: New York University Press.
Bain, A. (1870). Logic, Books II and III. London: Longmans, Green & Co.
Barker, D. and Mander, J. (1999). Invisible Government. Sausalito, CA: International Forum on Globalization.
Barrow, J.D. (2001). Cosmology, life and the anthropic principle. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 950: 139–53.
Barrow, J.D. and Tipler, F.J. (1986). The Anthropic Cosmological Principle. Oxford University Press.
Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an Ecology of Mind. New York: Ballantine.
Bateson, G. (1979). Mind and Nature. New York: Dutton.
Bedau, M.A. (1997). Weak emergence. Philosophical Perspectives: Mind, Causation and World, 11: 375–99.
Bedau, M.A. and Humphreys, P., eds. (2007). Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science. London: MIT Press.
Beerel, A. (2009). Leadership and Change Management. London: Sage.
Behe, M. (1996). Darwin's Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution. New York: Free Press.
Bell, J.S. (2004). Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics: Collected Papers on Quantum Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Benedetti, F. (2009). Placebo Effects. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ben Jacob, E., Becker, I, Shapira, Y, et al. (2004). Bacterial linguistic communication and social intelligence. Trends in Microbiology, 12: 366–72.
Benner, S.A. (1993). Catalysis: design versus selection. Science, 261: 1402–3.
Benner, S.A., Hoshika, S., Sukeda, M., et al. (2008). Synthetic biology for improved personalized medicine. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series, 52: 243–4.
Benner, S.A. and Sismour, A.M. (2005). Synthetic biology. Nature Reviews Genetics, 6: 533–43.
Benyus, J. (1997). Biomimicry. New York: Morrow.
Bertalanffy, L. von (1968). General System Theory. New York: Braziller.
Bertoloni-Meli, D. (2006). Thinking with Objects: The Transformation of Mechanics in the Seventeenth Century. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Birdi, K.S. (1999). Self-Assembly Monolayer Structures of Lipids and Macromolecules at Interfaces. New York: Plenum Press.
Bitbol, M. and Luisi, P.L. (2004). Autopoiesis with or without cognition: defining life at its edge. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 1: 99–107.
Bitbol, M. and Luisi, P.L. (2011). Science and the self-referentiality of consciousness, in Penrose et al., eds., Consciousness and the Universe.
Bohr, N. (1934). Atomic Physics and the Description of Nature. Cambridge University Press.
Bohr, N. (1958). Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge. New York: Wiley.
Bolli, M., Micura, R., and Eschenmoser, A. (1997). Pyranosyl-RNA: chiroselective self-assembly of base sequences by ligative oligomerization of tetranucleotide-2′,3′-cyclophosphates (with a commentary concerning the origin of biomolecular homochirality). Chemistry & Biology, 4: 309–20.
Bonabeau, E., Dorigo, M., and Theralulaz, G. (1999). Swarm Intelligence: From Natural to Artificial Systems. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bondi, G. and Rickards, O. (2009). Umani da sei milioni di anni. Roma: Caroci.
Borysenko, J. (2007). Minding the Body, Mending the Mind. New York: De Capo.
Bourgine, P. and Stewart, J. (2004). Autopoiesis and cognition. Artificial Life, 10(3): 327.
Boyer, P. (2008). Religion: bound to believe. Nature, 455: 1038–9.
Brasier, M.D., Green, O.R., Jephcoat, A.P., et al. (2002). Questioning the evidence for Earth's oldest fossils. Nature, 416: 76–7.
Breaker, R.R. (2004). Natural and engineered nucleic acids as tools to explore biology. Nature, 432: 838–45.
Broad, C.D. (1925). The Mind and Its Place in Nature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Brower, D. (1995). Let the Mountains Talk, Let the Rivers Run. New York: HarperCollins.
Brown, L. (1981). Building a Sustainable Society. New York: Norton.
Brown, L. (2008). Plan B 3.0. New York: Norton.
Brown, L. (2009). Plan B 4.0. New York: Norton.
Brown, L. (2011a). World on the Edge. New York: Norton.
Brown, L. (2011b). A fifty million dollar tipping point? (), posted August 10.
Brown, L. (2012a). Interview by John Wiseman (), posted July 31.
Brown, L. (2012b). Building a wind-centered economy (), posted October 31.
Brown, L. (1990). Brown, L., Flavin, C., and Postel, S.. Picturing a sustainable society, in Brown, L. et al., eds., State of the World. New York: Norton, p. 173.
Brundtland, G.H., et al. (2012). Environment and Development Challenges: The Imperative to Act. New York: UNEP Report.
Burns, C. (2008). The smart garage. RMI Solutions Journal, July.
Butler, T., Wuerthner, G., and Heinberg, R., eds. (2012). Energy. Sausalito, CA: Watershed Media.
Cadenasso, M., Pickett, S., Weathers, K., and Jones, C. (2003). A framework for a theory of ecological boundaries. BioScience, 53(8): 750–75.
Caldicott, H. (2006). Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer. New York: New Press.
Cannon, W. (1932). The Wisdom of the Body (rev. edn., 1939; repr. 1963). New York: Norton.
Capra, F. (2010/1975). The Tao of Physics. Boston: Shambhala.
Capra, F. (1982). The Turning Point. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Capra, F. (1985). Bootstrap physics: a conversation with Geoffrey Chew, in A Passion for Physics: Essays in Honor of Geoffrey Chew. Singapore: World Scientific, pp. 247–86.
Capra, F. (1986). Wholeness and health. Holistic Medicine, 1: 145–59.
Capra, F. (1988). Uncommon Wisdom. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Capra, F. ed. (1993). Guide to Ecoliteracy. Berkeley, CA:Center for Ecoliteracy.
Capra, F. (1996). The Web of Life. New York: Anchor/Doubleday.
Capra, F. (2002). The Hidden Connections. New York: Doubleday.
Capra, F. (2007). The Science of Leonardo. New York: Doubleday.
Capra, F. (2013). Learning from Leonardo. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Capra, F. and Henderson, H. (2009). Qualitative growth, in Outside Insights. London: Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. October; posted on .
Capra, F. and Steindl-Rast, D. with Matus, Thomas (1991). Belonging to the Universe. San Francisco, CA: Harper.
Carr, B., ed. (2007). Universe or Multiverse?Cambridge University Press.
Carter, B. (1974). Large number coincidences and the anthropic principle in cosmology, in IAU Symposium 63: Confrontation of Cosmological Theories with Observational Data. Dordrecht: Reidel, pp. 291–8.
Castells, M. (1996). The Information Age. Vol. I: The Rise of the Network Society. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Castells, M. (1997). The Information Age. Vol. II: The Power of Identity. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Castells, M. (1998). The Information Age. Vol. III: End of Millennium. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Castells, M. (2000). Materials for an exploratory theory of the network society. British Journal of Sociology, 51(1): 5–24.
Castells, M. (2009). Communication Power. New York: Oxford University Press.
Cavanagh, J. and Mander, J., eds. (2004). Alternatives to Economic Globalization. San Francisco, MA:Berrett-Koehler.
Chalmers, D. (1995). Facing up to the problem of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2(3): 200–19.
Chapin, S., Matson, P.A., and Mooney, H.A. (2002). Principles of Ecosystem Ecology. New York: Springer.
Chauvet, J.-M., Deschamps, E.B., and Hillaire, C. (1996). Dawn of Art: The Chauvet Cave. New York: Harry N. Abrams.
Chiarabelli, C., Vrijbloed, J.W., De Lucrezia, D., et al. (2006a). Investigation of de novo totally random biosequences. II. On the folding frequency in a totally random library of de novo proteins obtained by phage display. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 3: 840–59.
Chiarabelli, C., Vrijbloed, J.W., Thomas, R.M., and Luisi, P.L. (2006b). Investigation of de novo totally random biosequences. I. A general method for in vitro selection of folded domains from a random polypeptide library displayed on phage. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 3: 827–39.
Clements, F. (1916). Plant Succession. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington, publ. 242.
Coen, E. (1999). The Art of Genes: How Organisms Make Themselves. New York: Oxford University Press.
Coleman, P. (2007). Frontier at your fingertips. Nature, 446: 379–85.
Cook, B. (1971). The Beat Generation. New York: Scribner.
Coveney, P. and Highfield, R. (1990). The Arrow of Time. London: W.H. Allen.
Cowles, H. (1899). Ecological relations of the vegetation on the sand dunes of Lake Michigan. Botanical Gazette, 27(3).
Crick, F. (1994). The Astonishing Hypothesis: The Scientific Search for the Soul. New York: Scribner.
Cronin, J.R. and Pizzarello, S. (1997). Enantiomeric excesses in meteoritic amino acids. Science, 275: 951–5.
Dachille, K. (2011). The impact of hydraulic fracturing on communities. Fact Sheet, Network for Public Health Law, Carey School of Law, University of Maryland.
Dalai Lama, H.H. (2000). The values of spirituality: address to forum, Prague (unpublished, quoted from notes by F.C.).
Dalai Lama, H.H (2005). The Universe in a Single Atom. New York: Morgan Road.
Damasio, A. (1999). The Feeling of What Happens. New York: Harcourt.
Dantzig, T. (2005). Number: The Language of Science. New York: Pi Press.
Darwin, C. (1859). On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. (1882). The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, 2nd edn. London: John Murray.
Davies, P. (1983). God and the New Physics. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Davies, P. (1992). The Mind of God. New York: Touchstone Books.
Davies, P. (2006). The Goldilocks Enigma. London: Allen Lane.
Davis, P. and Kenyon, D.H. (1989). Of Pandas and People: The Central Question of Biological Origins. Richardson, TX: Foundation for Thought and Ethics.
Davis, P. and Kenyon, D.H. (1993). Of Pandas and People: The Central Question of Biological Origins, 2nd edn. Richardson, TX: Foundation for Thought and Ethics.
Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford University Press.
Dawkins, R. (1986). The Blind Watchmaker. New York: Norton.
Dawkins, R. (2003). A Devil's Chaplain: Reflections on Hope, Lies, Science, and Love. New York: Mariner Books.
Dawkins, R. (2006). The God Delusion. New York: Bantam Books.
De Duve, C. (1991). Blueprint for a Cell: The Nature and Origin of Life. Burlington, NC: Neil Patterson.
De Duve, C (2002). Life Evolving: Molecules, Mind, and Meaning. New York: Oxford University Press.
De Geus, A. (1997). The Living Company. Watertown, MA: Harvard Business Press.
De Lucrezia, D., Franchi, M, Chiarabelli, C, et al. (2006a). Investigation of de novo totally random biosequences. III. RNA foster: a novel assay to investigate RNA folding structural properties. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 3: 860–8.
De Lucrezia, D (2006b). Investigation of de novo totally random biosequences. IV. folding properties of de novo totally random RNAs. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 3: 869–77.
Dembski, W. (1999). Intelligent Design: The Bridge Between Science and Theology. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
Dennett, D. (1991). Consciousness Explained. New York: Little, Brown.
Descartes, R. (2006/1637). Discourse on Method. Translated with introduction and notes by MacLean, I.. New York: Oxford University Press.
De Schutter, O. (2011). Agroecology and the Right to Food. Report to the UN Human Rights Council, A/HRC/16/49.
de Souza, T., Stano, P., and Luisi, P.L. (2009). The minimal size of liposome-based model cells brings about a remarkably enhanced entrapment and protein synthesis. European Journal of Chemical Biology, 10: 1056–63.
de Souza, T., Steiniger, F., Stano, P., Fahr, A., and Luisi, P.L. (2011). Spontaneous crowding of ribosomes and proteins inside vesicles: a possible mechanism for the origin of cell metabolism. European Journal of Chemical Biology, 12: 2325–30.
Deumling, D., Wackernagel, M., and Monfreda, C. (2003). Eating up the Earth. Agriculture Footprint Brief, Redefining Progress, July.
Devall, B. and Sessions, G. (1985). Deep Ecology. Salt Lake City, UT: Peregrine Smith.
De Waals, F. (2006). Good Natured: The Origin of Right and Wrong. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Diamond, J. (1992). The Third Chimpanzee: The Evolution and Future of the Human Animal. New York: HarperCollins.
Doi, N., Kakukawa, K., Oishi, Y., and Yanagawa, H. (2005). High solubility of random-sequence proteins consisting of five kinds of primitive amino acids. Protein Engineering Design Selection, 18: 279.
Dominguez, J. and Robin, V. (1999). Your Money or Your Life. New York: Penguin.
Dutton, D. (2009). The Art Instinct. New York: Bloomsbury Press.
Dyson, F. (1985). Origins of Life. Cambridge University Press.
Eberhart, R.C., Shi, Y., and Kennedy, J. (2001). Swarm Intelligence. San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.
Edelman, G. (1992). Bright Air, Brilliant Fire. New York: Basic Books.
Edelman, G. and Tononi, G. (2000). A Universe of Consciousness. New York: Basic Books.
Edwards, A. (2010). Thriving Beyond Sustainability. Gabriola Island, Canada: New Society.
Ehrenfeld, D. (1997). A techno-pox upon the land. Harper's Magazine, October.
Ehrenfels, C.V. (1960/1890). Über gestaltqualitäten. Repr. in Weinhandl, F., ed., Gestalthaftes Sehen. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
Einstein, A. (1931). Maxwell's influence on the development of the conception of physical reality, in James Clerk Maxwell: A Commemoration Volume, 1831–1931. Cambridge University Press.
Einstein, A. (1949). The World As I See It. New York: Philosophical Library.
Ekins, P. (1992). Lecture at Schumacher College (unpublished).
Ekland, E.H., Szostak, J.W., and Bartel, D.P. (1995). Structurally complex and highly active RNA ligases derived from random RNA sequences. Science, 269: 364–70.
El-Naggar, M.Y., et al. (2010). Electrical transport along bacterial nanowires from Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(42): 18127–31.
Ellis, G., Kirchner, U., and Stoeger, W.R. (2004). Multiverses and physical cosmology. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 347(3): 921–36.
Ellul, J. (1964). The Technological Society. New York: Knopf.
Elton, C. (1927). Animal Ecology. London: Sidgwick & Jackson (repr. 2001 University of Chicago Press).
Elton, C. (1958). Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants. London: Chapman & Hall.
Eschenmoser, A. and Kisakürek, M.V. (1996). Chemistry and the origin of life. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 79: 1249–59.
Escobar, A. (1995). Encountering Development. Princeton University Press.
Esteva, G. and Prakash, M.S. (1998). Beyond development, what? Development in Practice, 8(3): 280–96.
Farre, L. and Oksala, T., eds. (1998). Emergency, complexity, hierarchy, organisation. Selected papers from the ECHO III Conference (Espoo, Finland). Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, 91.
Field, R.J. (1972). A reaction periodic in time and space. Journal of Chemical Education, 49: 308–11.
Fischer, C. (1985). Studying technology and social life, in Castells, M. (ed.), High Technology, Space, and Society. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Fisher, R.A. (1930). The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Forster, A.C. and Church, G.M. (2006). Towards synthesis of a minimal cell. Molecular Systems Biology, 2(45).
Fouts, R. (1997). Next of Kin. New York: William Morrow.
Fox, W. (1990). Toward a Transpersonal Ecology. Boston: Shambhala.
Fraenkel-Conrat, H. and Williams, R.C. (1955). Reconstitution of active tobacco mosaic virus from its inactive protein and nucleic acid components. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 41: 690–8.
Francis, J. and Vavrus, S. (2012). Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes. Geophysical Research Letters, 39: L06801.
Funqua, C., Parsek, M.R., and Greenberg, E.P. (2001). Regulation of gene expression by cell-to-cell communication: acyl-homoserine lactone quorum sensing. Annual Review of Genetics, 35: 439–68.
Futuyma, D.J. (1998). Evolutionary Biology, 3rd edn. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
Galbraith, J.K. (1984). The Anatomy of Power. London: Hamish Hamilton.
Garcia, L. (1991). The Fractal Explorer. Santa Cruz, CA: Dynamic Press.
Gelder, S. van, ed. (2011). This Changes Everything. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Giddens, A. (1996). Out of place. Times Higher Education Supplement, December 13.
Gilmore, D. (1990). Manhood in the Making. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Girotto, V., Pievani, T., and Vallortigara, G. (2008). Nati per credere. Torino: Codice.
Gleason, H. (1926). The individualistic concept of the plant association. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 53: 7–26.
Gliessman, S.R. (1998). Agroecology: Ecological Processes in Sustainable Agriculture. Ann Arbor, MI: Ann Arbor Press.
Godfray, C., et al. (2010). Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science, 327: 812–18.
Goldsmith, E. (1996). Global trade and the environment, in Mander and Goldsmith, The Case Against the Global Economy.
Goodenough, U., and Deacon, T.W. (2006). Emergence and religious naturalism, in Oxford Handbook of Science and Religion. Oxford University Press.
Gorby, Y.A., et al. (2006). Electrically conductive bacterial nanowires produced by Shewanella oneidensis strain MR-1. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(30): 11358–63.
Gore, A. (1992). Earth in the Balance. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Gore, A. (2006). An Inconvenient Truth. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
Gore, A. (2009). Our Choice. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
Gorelik, G. (1975). Principal ideas of Bogdanov's tektology: the universal science of organization. General Systems, 20: 3–13.
Gorlero, M., Wieczorek, R., Katarzina, A., et al. (2009). Ser-His catalyses the formation of peptides and PNAs. FEBS Letters, 583: 153–6.
Gould, S.J. (1980). The Panda's Thumb. New York: Norton.
Gould, S.J. (1989). Wonderful Life. New York: Norton.
Gould, S.J. (1991). Bully for Brontosaurus. New York: Norton.
Gould, S.J. (1999). Rocks of Ages. New York: Ballantine Books.
Gould, S.J. (2002). The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Watertown, MA: Harvard University Press.
Gould, S.J. and Eldredge, N. (1977). Punctuated equilibria: the tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology, 3: 115–51.
Green, E.D. and Guyer, M.S. (2011). Charting a course for genomic medicine from base pairs to bedside. Nature, 479: 204–13.
Green, R. and Szostak, J.W. (1992). Selection of a ribozyme that functions as a superior template in a self-copying reaction. Science, 258: 1910–15.
Green, R.E., et al. (2010). A draft sequence of the Neanderthal genome. Science, 328(5979): 710–22.
Greene, B. (1999). The Elegant Universe. New York: Norton.
Grewal, D.S. (2008). Network Power: The Social Dynamics of Globalization. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Gustavsson, J., Cederberg, C., Sonesson, U., Van Ottersijk, R., and Meybeck, A. (2011). Global Food Losses and Food Waste. United Nations FAO Report.
Haeckel, E. (1866). Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. Berlin: Reimer.
Haig, D. (2004). The (dual) origin of epigenetics, in Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology, vol. 69. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
Halweil, B. (2000). Organic farming thrives worldwide, in Vital Signs 2000. Worldwatch Institute. New York: Norton.
Hansen, J. (2012). Coal: the greatest threat to civilization, in Butler et al., eds., Energy.
Harding, S. (2004). Food web complexity enhances ecological and climate stability in a Gaian ecosystem model, in Schneider, S. H., et al., eds., Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Harding, S. (2006). Animate Earth: Science, Intuition and Gaia. Totnes, UK: Green Books.
Harding, S. (2009). Animate Earth, 2nd edn. Totnes, UK: Green Books.
Harman, J. (2013). The Shark's Paintbrush. New York: Doubleday.
Harrington, A. (1997). The Placebo Effect. Watertown, MA: Harvard University Press.
Hauser, M. (2007). Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong. New York: Little, Brown.
Havel, V. (1990). Disturbing the Peace. London and Boston: Faber and Faber.
Havel, V. (1997). Address to Forum 2000 conference. Prague ().
Hawken, P. (1993). The Ecology of Commerce. New York: HarperCollins.
Hawken, P. (2000). N30: WTO showdown. Yes!, March.
Hawken, P. (2008). Blessed Unrest. London: Penguin.
Hawken, P., Lovins, A., and Lovins, H. (1999). Natural Capitalism. New York: Little, Brown.
Hawking, S. (1988). A Brief History of Time. New York: Bantam Books.
Hawking, S. and Mlodinow, L. (2010). The Grand Design. New York: Bantam Books.
Heilbroner, R. (1978). Inescapable Marx. New York Review of Books, June 29.
Heilbroner, R. (1980). The Worldly Philosophers. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Heims, S. (1991). The Cybernetics Group. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Heinberg, R. (2011). The End of Growth. Gabriola Island, Canada: New Society Publishers.
Heisenberg, W. (1958). Physics and Philosophy. New York: Harper Torchbooks.
Heisenberg, W. (1969). Der Teil und das Ganze. München: Piper (English edition (1971), titled Physics and Beyond, New York: Harper & Row).
Held, D. (1990). Introduction to Critical Theory. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Henderson, H. (1978). Creating Alternative Futures. New York: Putnam.
Henderson, H. (1981). The Politics of the Solar Age. New York: Doubleday/Anchor.
Hester, R. (2006). Design for Ecological Democracy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Higashi, M. and Burns, T.P., eds. (1991). Theoretical Studies of Ecosystems: The Network Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hilborn, R. (2000). Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics, 2nd edn. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hirao, I. and Ellington, A.D. (1995). Re-creating the RNA world. Current Biology, 5: 1017–22.
Ho, M.-W. (1998). Genetic Engineering: Dream or Nightmare?Bath: Gateway Books.
Holdrege, C. (1996). Genetics and the Manipulation of Life. Hudson, NY: Lindisfarne Press.
Hubbell, S.J. (2006). Neutral theory and the evolution of ecological equivalence. Ecology, 87: 1387–98.
Humphrey, N. (2006). Seeing Red: A Study on Consciousness. Watertown, MA: Harvard University Press.
Huntley, H.E. (1970). The Divine Proportion. New York: Dover.
Hutchison, C.A., Peterson, S.N., Gill, S.R., Cline, R.T., White, O., Fraser, C.M., et al. (1999). Global transposon mutagenesis and a minimal mycoplasma genome. Science, 286: 2165–9
Hutchinson, G.E. (1948). Circular causal systems in ecology. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 50: 221–46.
Hutton, W. and Giddens, A., eds. (2000). Global Capitalism. New York: The New Press.
Huxley, J. (1942). Evolution: The Modern Synthesis. London: Allen and Unwin.
Huxley, J. (1956). Epigenetics. Nature, 177: 807–9.
IAASTD (International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development) (2009). Agriculture at a crossroads. IAASTD Global Report. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Jacob, F. (1982). The Possible and the Actual. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.
Jantsch, E. (1980). The Self-Organizing Universe. New York: Pergamon.
Jeong, H., Tombor, B., Albert, R., Oltval, Z.N., and Barabási, A.L. (2000). The large-scale organization of metabolic networks. Nature, 407: 651–4.
Jimenez-Prieto, R., Silva, M., and Perez-Bendito, D. (1998). Approaching the use of oscillating reactions for analytical monitoring. Analyst, 123: 1R–8R.
Johnson, E.T and Schmidt-Dannert, C. (2008). Light-energy conversion in engineered microorganisms. Trends in Biotechnology. 26(12): 682–9.
Johnston, J. and Baylis, F. (2004). What happened to gene therapy? A review of recent events. Clinical Researcher, 4(1): 11–15.
Jørgensen, S.E. and Müller, F., eds. (2000). Handbook of Ecosystem Theories and Management. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Lewis Publishers.
Joyce, G.F. and Orgel, E. (1993). Prospects for understanding the origin of the RNA world, in The RNA World. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, pp. 1–25.
Kauffman, S. (2008). Reinventing the Sacred. New York: Basic Books.
Kay, J. (2000). Ecosystems as self-organizing holarchic open systems, in Muller, F., ed., Handbook of Ecosystem Theories and Management. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Lewis Publishers.
Keller, E.F. (2000). The Century of the Gene. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Keller, E.F. (2005). Ecosystems, organisms, and machines. BioScience, 55(12): 1069–74.
Kelley, K., ed. (1988). The Home Planet. New York: Addison-Wesley.
Kelly, M. (2001). The Divine Right of Capital. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Kelly, M. (2012). Owning Our Future. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Khor, M. (1999/2000). The revolt of developing nations. Third World Resurgence. December/January.
Kim, J. (1984). Concepts of supervenience. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 45: 153–76.
Kimura, M. (1968). Evolutionary rate at the molecular level. Nature, 217: 624–6.
Kimura, M. (1983). The Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution. Cambridge University Press.
Kobayashi, K. and Kanaizuka, Y. (1977). Reassembly of living cells from dissociated components in Bryopsis. Plant & Cell Physiology, 18: 1373–7.
Kondepudi, D.K., Kaufman, R., and Singh, N. (1990). Chiral symmetry breaking in sodium chlorate crystallization. Science, 250: 975–6.
Kondepudi, D.K. and Prigogine, I. (1981). Sensitivity of non-equilibrium systems. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, 107: 1–24.
Koohafkan, P. and Altieri, M. (2010). Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems. United Nations FAO Report. Rome.
Korten, D. (2001). When Corporations Rule the World. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Kroft, S. (2008). The bet that blew up Wall Street. CBS Sixty Minutes, October 16.
Kropoktin, P. (1902). Mutual Aid. London: William Heinemann.
Kuhn, T. (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press.
La Botz, D., Brenner, R., and Jordan, J. (2012). The significance of Occupy. Solidarity ().
Lakoff, G. and Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press.
Lakoff, G. and Johnson, M. (1999). Philosophy in the Flesh. New York: Basic Books.
Lakoff, G. and Núñez, R. (2000). Where Mathematics Comes From. New York: Basic Books.
Lander, E. (2011). Initial impact of the sequencing of the human genome. Nature, 470: 187–97.
Lappé, F.M. (2009). Liberation ecology. Resurgence (UK), January/February.
Lappé, F.M., Collins, J., and Rosset, P. (1998). World Hunger: Twelve Myths. New York: Grove Press.
Leaky, R. and Lewin, R. (1995). The Sixth Extinction. New York: Doubleday.
Lee, S.K., Chou, H., Ham, T.S., Lee, T.S., and Keasling, J.D.. (2008). Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 19(6): 556–63.
Lehman, N. and Joyce, G.F. (1993). Evolution in vitro: analysis of a lineage of ribozymes. Current Biology, 3: 723–34.
LeShan, L. (1969). Physicists and mystics: similarities in world view. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 1: 1–20.
Levin, J. (2002). How the Universe Got Its Spots. Princeton University Press.
Lewontin, R.C. (1991). Gene, organism and environment, in Bendall, D.S., ed., Evolution from Molecules to Men. Cambridge University Press, pp. 273–85.
Lincoln, T.A. and Joyce, G.F. (2009). Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme. Science, 323: 1229–32.
Livio, M. (2002). The Golden Ratio. New York: Broadway Books.
Lovelock, J. (1972). Gaia as seen through the atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment, 6: 579.
Lovelock, J. (1979). Gaia. Oxford University Press.
Lovelock, J. (1988). The Ages of Gaia. New York: Norton.
Lovelock, J. (1991). Healing Gaia. New York: Harmony Books.
Lovelock, J. and Margulis, L. (1974). Biological modulation of the Earth's atmosphere. Icarus, 21: 471–89.
Lovins, A. (1977). Soft Energy Paths. New York: Harper & Row.
Lovins, A. (2003). Twenty hydrogen myths. RMI Report, updated February 2005.
Lovins, A. (2009a). Nuclear nonsense. RMI Paper #10.
Lovins, A. (2009b). New nuclear reactors, same old story. RMI Solutions Journal, Spring.
Lovins, A. (2009c). Reinventing Fire. RMI Solutions Journal, Fall.
Lovins, A. (2011). Learning from Japan's nuclear disaster. RMI Outlet, March 19.
Lovins, A. (2012). A 40-year plan for energy. TED Talk, .
Lovins, A., et al. (2004). Winning the Oil Endgame. Snowmass, CO: Rocky Mountain Institute.
Lovins, A., (2011). Reinventing Fire. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green.
Luhmann, K. (1984). Soziale Systeme. Berlin: Suhrkamp.
Luhmann, N. (1990). Essays on Self-Reference. New York: Columbia University Press.
Luisi, P.L. (1997). Self-reproduction of chemical structures and the question of the transition to life, in Cosmovici, C.B., Bowyer, S., and Werthimer, D., eds., Astronomical and Biochemical Origins and the Search for Life in the Universe. Milan: Editrice Compositori, pp. 461–8.
Luisi, P.L. (2002). Toward the engineering of minimal living cells. Anatomical Record, 268: 208–14.
Luisi, P.L. (2003). Contingency and determinism. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, 361: 1141–7.
Luisi, P.L. (2006). The Emergence of Life: From Chemical Origins to Synthetic Biology. Cambridge University Press.
Luisi, P.L. (2007). Chemical aspects of synthetic biology. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 4: 603–21.
Luisi, P.L. (2008). The two pillars of Buddhism: consciousness and ethics. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 15: 84–107.
Luisi, P.L. (2009). Mind and Life: Discussions with the Dalai Lama on the Nature of Reality. New York: Columbia University Press.
Luisi, P.L. (2011). The synthetic approach in biology: epistemological notes for synthetic biology, in Luisi, P.L. and Chiarabelli, C., eds., Chemical Synthetic Biology. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 343–62.
Luisi, P.L. (2012). On the origin of metabolism. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 9: 1–11.
Luisi, P.L., Allegretti, M., Souza, T., Steineger, F., Fahr, A., and Stano, P. (2010). Spontaneous protein crowding in liposomes: a new vista for the origin of cellular metabolism. Chembiochem: A European Journal of Chemical Biology, 11: 1989–92.
Luisi, P.L., Lazcano, A., and Varela, F. (1996). What is life? Defining life and the transition to life, in Rizzotti, M., ed., Defining Life: the Central Problem in Theoretical Biology. Padua: University of Padova, pp. 149–65.
Luisi, P.L. and Stano, P., eds. (2011). The Minimal Cell. Dordrecht: Springer.
Lukes, S., ed. (1986). Power. New York: New York University Press.
Lutz, A., Greischar, L.L., Rawlings, N., Ricard, M., and Davidson, R.J. (2004). Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(46): 16369–73.
MacArthur, R.H. (1955). Fluctuations of animal populations and a measure of community stability. Ecology, 36: 533–6.
Mader, S.S. (1996). Biology, 5th edn. Dubuque, IA: W.C. Brown.
Magurran, A. and Dornelas, M. (2010). Biological diversity in a changing world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, 365: 3593–7.
Malthus, T.R. (1798). An Essay on the Principle of Population. London: J. Johnson.
Mandelbrot, B. (1983). The Fractal Geometry of Nature. New York: Freeman.
Mander, J. (1991). In the Absence of the Sacred. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books.
Mander, J (2012). The Capitalism Papers. Berkeley, CA: Counterpoint.
Mander, J. and Goldsmith, E., eds. (1996). The Case Against the Global Economy. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books.
Manolio, T.A., et al. (2009). Finding the missing heritability of complex diseases. Nature, 461: 747–53.
Mansfield, V. (2008). Tibetan Buddhism and Modern Physics. West Conshohocken, PA: Templeton Press,
Margulis, L. (1970). Origin of Eukaryotic Cells. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Margulis, L. and Sagan, D. (1986). Microcosmos. New York: Summit.
Margulis, L. and Sagan, D. (1995). What Is Life?New York: Simon & Schuster.
Margulis, L. and Sagan, D. (2002). Acquiring Genomes. New York: Basic Books.
Maslow, A. (1964). Religions, Values, and Peak-Experiences. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press.
Mason, S.F. and Tranter, G.E. (1983). The parity violating energy difference between enantiomeric molecules. Molecular Physics, 53: 1091–1111.
Matthew, W.P., Gerland, B., and Sutherland, J.D. (2009). Synthesis of activated pyrimidine ribonucleotides in prebiotically plausible conditions. Nature, 459: 239–42
Maturana, H. (1980/1970). Biology of cognition, in Maturana and Varela, Autopoiesis and Cognition.
Maturana, H. and Poerkson, B. (2004). From Being to Doing. Heidelberg: Carl-Auer.
Maturana, H. and Varela, F. (1980/1972). Autopoiesis: the organization of the living (original title De maquinas y seres vivos), in Maturana and Varela, Autopoiesis and Cognition.
Maturana, H. and Varela, F. (1980). Autopoiesis and Cognition. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
Maturana, H. and Varela, F. (1998). The Tree of Knowledge, rev, edn. Boston: Shambhala.
Mayr, E. (1942). Systematics and the Origin of Species. New York: Columbia University Press.
Mayr, E. (2000). Darwin's influence on modern thought. Scientific American, July, 79–83.
McBride, J.M. and Carter, R.L. (1991). Spontaneous resolution by stirred crystallization. Angewandte Chemie (International Edition in English), 30: 293–5.
McDonough, W. and Braungart, M. (1998). The Next Industrial Revolution. Atlantic Monthly, October.
McDonough, W. and Braungart, M. (2002). Cradle to Cradle. New York: North Point Press.
McKibben, B. (1989). The End of Nature. New York: Random House.
McKibben, B. (2010). Eaarth. New York: Time Books/Henry Holt.
McKibben, B. ed. (2012a). The Global Warming Reader. London: Penguin.
McKibben, B. (2012b). Global warming's terrifying math. Rolling Stone, October 4.
McKibben, B. (2012c). The Arctic ice crisis. Rolling Stone, August 16.
McKibben, B., et al. (2007). Fight Global Warming Now. New York: Henry Holt.
McLaughlin, B.P. (1992). The rise and fall of British emergentism, in Beckermann, A., Flohr, H., and Kim, J.. eds., Emergence or Reduction: Essays on the Prospects of Nonreductive Materialism. Berlin: de Gruyter, pp. 49–3.
McMichael, A.J. (2001). Human Frontiers, Environments, and Disease. Cambridge University Press.
McQueen, D., Kickbusch, I., Potvin, L., et al. (2010). Health and Modernity. New York: Springer.
Merchant, C. (1980). The Death of Nature. New York: Harper & Row.
Micozzi, M. (2006). Fundamentals of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.
Mill, J.S. (1872). System of Logic, 8th edn. London: Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer.
Miller, G.T. (2007). Living in the Environment, 15th edn. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Miller, M.B. and Basler, B.L. (2001). Quorum sensing in bacteria. Annual Review of Microbiology, 55: 165–99.
Miller, S.L. (1953). Production of amino acids under possible primitive Earth conditions. Science, 117: 2351–61.
Mills, G.C. and Kenyon, D. (1996). The RNA world: a critique. Origins & Design, 17(1).
Mingers, J. (1992). The problems of social autopoiesis. International Journal of General Systems, 21: 229–36.
Mingers, J. (1995). Self-Producing Systems. New York: Plenum.
Mingers, J. (1997). Self-Producing Systems: Implications and Applications of Autopoiesis. New York: Plenum.
Mofid, K. and Szeghi, S. (2010). Economics in crisis: what do we tell the students?, Share the World's Resources ().
Monod, J. (1971). Chance and Necessity. New York: Knopf.
Morgan, C.L. (1923). Emergent Evolution. London: Williams and Norgate.
Morgan, G. (1998). Images of Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Morowitz, H. (1992). Beginnings of Cellular Life. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Moyers, B., Flowers, B., and Grubin, D. (1993). Healing and the Mind. New York: Doubleday.
Mulder-Sibanda, M., Sibanda-Mulder, F.S., D’Alois, L., and Verna, D. (2002). Malnutrition in food surplus areas. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 23(3), 253–61.
Muller, N., Mendelsohn, R., and Nordhaus, W. (2011). Environmental accounting for pollution in the United States economy. American Economic Review, 101(5), 1649–75.
Myers, N. and Kent, J. (2009). Perverse Subsidies. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Nader, L., ed. (2010). The Energy Reader. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Newman, P. and Kenworthy, J. (1998). Sustainability and Cities. New York: Island Press.
Newton, I. (1952/1730). Opticks: A Treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections & Colours of Light, repr. New York: Dover, from 4th edn, with foreword by Albert Einstein and preface by I. Bernard Cohen.
Newton, I. (1999/1687). The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, trans. Cohen, I. Bernard and Whitman, A. assisted by Budenz, J.; preceded by guide to Newton's Principia by Cohen, I. Bernard. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Nicolis, G. and Prigogine, I. (1977). Self-Organization in Non-equilibrium Systems. New York: Wiley.
Noble, D. (2006). The Music of Life. Oxford University Press.
Noyes, R.M. (1989). Some models of chemical oscillators. Journal of Chemical Education, 66: 190–1.
Ntarlagiannis, D., Atekwana, E.A., Hill, E.A., and Gorby, Y. (2007). Microbial nanowires: is the subsurface “hardwired”? Geophysical Research Letters, 34(17).
Oberholzer, T., Albrizio, M., and Luisi, P.L. (1995). Polymerase chain reaction in liposomes. Current Biology, 2: 677–82.
Odum, E. (1953). Fundamentals of Ecology. Philadelphia: Saunders.
Oparin, A.I. (1924). Proishkhozhddenie Zhisni. Rabocii, Moskowski (1938) (trans. as The Origin of Life. New York: Dover, 1957).
Opinion Research Corporation (2007). A Post-Fossil-Fuel America: Are Americans Ready to Make the Shift?Princeton, NJ.
Oppenheimer, J.R. (1954). Science and the Common Understanding. New York: Oxford University Press.
Oreskes, N. and Conway, E. (2010). Merchants of Doubt. New York: Bloomsbury.
Ornish, D. (1998). Love and Survival. New York: HarperCollins.
Orr, D. (1992). Ecological Literacy. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Orr, D. (2002). The Nature of Design. New York: Oxford University Press.
Oyama, S., Paul, E., Griffiths, P.E., and Gray, R.D., eds. (2003). Cycles of Contingency: Developmental Systems and Evolution. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Paley, W. (1802). Natural theology, or, Evidences of the existence and attributes of the Deity: collected from the appearances of nature. Philadelphia: H. Maxwell (12th edn., Charlottesville, VA: Ibis, 1986).
Pauli, G. (1998). Upsizing. Sheffield: Greenleaf.
Peitgen, H.-O. and Richter, P. (1986). The Beauty of Fractals. New York: Springer.
Peitgen, H.-O., Jurgens, H., Saupe, D., and Zahlten, C. (1990). Fractals: An Animated Discussion, VHS/Color/63 minutes. New York: Freeman.
Pelletier, K. (2000). The Best Alternative Medicine. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Penrose, R. (1994). Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness. New York: Oxford University Press.
Penrose, R., Hameroff, S., and Kak, S., eds. (2011). Conciousness and the Universe, Cambridge, MA: Cosmology Science.
Pert, C. (1997). Molecules of Emotion. New York: Scribner.
Pert, C., Dreher, H.E., and Ruff, M. (1998). The psychosomatic network. Alternative Therapies in Health And Medicine, 4(4).
Petto, A.J. and Godfrey, R.L. (2007). Scientists Confront Intelligent Design and Creationism. New York: Norton.
Petzinger, T. (1999). The New Pioneers. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Pieper, D.H. and Reineke, W. (2000). Engineering bacteria for bioremediation. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 11(3): 262–70.
Pievani, T., in Darwin, Charles, L’origine delle specie. Abbozzo del 1842. Lettere 1844–1858. Comunicazione del 1858. Torino: Einaudi, 2009.
Pievani, T., (2011). La vita inaspettata. Milano: Cortina.
Pigliucci, M. and Müller, G.B. (2010). Evolution: The Extended Synthesis. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Polanyi, K. (1968). Primitive, Archaic, and Modern Economics. New York: Doubleday/Anchor.
Postman, N. (1992). Technopoly. New York: Knopf.
Pressman, E.K., Levin, I.M., and Sandakchiev, L.S. (1973). Reassembly of an Acetabularia mediterranea cell from the nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell wall. Protoplasma, 76: 34–41.
Pretty, J., Morrison, J., and Hine, R. (2003). Reducing food poverty by increasing agricultural sustainability in the development countries. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 95: 217–34.
Prigogine, I. (1980). From Being to Becoming. San Francisco, CA: Freeman.
Prigogine, I. (1989). The philosophy of instability. Futures, 21(4): 396–400.
Prigogine, I. and Glansdorff, P. (1971). Thermodynamic Theory of Structure, Stability and Fluctuations. New York: Wiley.
Prigogine, I. and Stengers, I. (1984). Order out of Chaos. New York: Bantam.
Primas, H. (1998). Emergence in exact natural sciences. Acta Politechnica Scandinavica, 91: 86–7.
Qiu, X., Rau, D.C., Parsegian, A.V., Fang, L.T., Knobler, C.M., and Gelbart, W.M. (2011). Salt-dependent DNA–DNA spacings in intact bacteriophageλ reflect relative importance of DNA self-repulsion and bending energies. Physical Review Letters, 106(2): 28102–11.
Quack, M. (2002). How important is parity violation for molecular and biomolecular chirality?Angewandte Chemie, 41: 4618–30.
Quack, M. and Stohner, J. (2003a). Combined multidimensional anharmonic and parity violating effects in CDBrClF. Journal of Chemical Physics, 119: 11228–40.
Quack, M. and Stohner, J. (2003b). Molecular chirality and the fundamental symmetries of physics: influence of parity violation on rotovibrational frequencies and thermodynamic properties. Chirality, 15: 375–6.
Rahula, W. (1967). What the Buddha Taught, 2nd enlarged edn. London: Gordon Fraser.
Raine, D. and Luisi, P.L. (2012). Open questions on the origin of life (OQOL). Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, 42: 379–83.
Ramonet, I. (2000). The control of pleasure. Le Monde Diplomatique, May.
Randall, J.H. (1976). The Making of the Modern Mind. New York: Columbia University Press.
Register, R. (2001). Ecocities. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Hills Books.
Register, R. and Peeks, B., eds. (1997). Village Wisdom / Future Cities. Oakland, CA: Ecocity Builders.
Revonsuo, A. and Kamppinen, M., eds. (1994). Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Rich, A. (1977). Of Woman Born. New York: Norton.
Richardson, G.P. (1992). Feedback Thought in Social Science and Systems Theory. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Rifkin, J. (2011). The Third Industrial Revolution. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Riggs, A.D., Martienssen, R.A., and Russo, V.E.A. (1996). Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation, Introduction. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
Riste, T. and Sherrington, D., eds. (1996). Physics of Biomaterials: Fluctuations, Self-Assembly and Evolution. Nato Science Series: E, Applied Sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Robbins, J. (2001). The Food Revolution. Berkeley, CA: Conari Press.
Ross, N.W. (1966). Three Ways of Asian Wisdom. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Roszak, T. (1969). The Making of a Counter Culture. New York: Doubleday (1995 edn., Berkeley, CA: University of California Press).
Ruiz-Mirazo, K. and Luisi, P.L., eds. (2009). Open Questions on the Origins of Life. Special issue: Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 40(4–5): 353–497.
Runion, G.E. (1972). The Golden Section and Related Curiosa. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Co.
Runion, G.E. (1990). The Golden Section. Palo Alto, CA: Dale Seymour Publications.
Russell, B. (1961). History of Western Philosophy. London: Allen & Unwin.
Sachs, J. (2011). The Price of Civilization. New York: Random House.
Sachs, W., ed. (1992). The Development Dictionary. London: Zed Books.
Schilp, P.A., ed. (1949). Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist. Evanston, IL: Library of Living Philosophers.
Schilthuizen, M. and Davison, A. (2005). The convoluted evolution of snail chirality. Naturwissenschaften, 92(11): 504–15.
Schneider, S., Miller, J., Christ, E., and Boston, P., eds. (2004). Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Schopf, J.W. (1992). Paleobiology of the Archean, in Schopf, J.W. and Klein, C., eds., The Proterozoic Atmosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study. Cambridge University Press, pp. 25–39.
Schopf, J.W. (1993). Microfossils of the early archean apex chert: new evidence of the antiquity of life. Science, 260: 640–6.
Schopf, J.W. (2002). When did life begin?, in Schopf, J.W., ed., Life's Origin: The Beginnings of Biological Evolution. London: University of California Press, pp. 158–77.
Schröder, J. (1998). Emergence: non-deducibility or downward causation? Philosophical Quarterly, 48: 434–52.
Schumacher, E.F. (1975). Small Is Beautiful. New York: Harper & Row.
Scruton, R. (2009). Beauty. New York: Oxford University Press.
Searle, J. (1984). Minds, Brains, and Science. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Searle, J. (1995). The mystery of consciousness. New York Review of Books, November 2 and 16.
Sen, J. and Waterman, P., eds. (2009). World Social Forum: Challenging Empires. Montreal: Black Rose Books.
Senge, P. (1990). The Fifth Discipline. New York: Doubleday.
Shapiro, R. (1984). The improbability of prebiotic nucleic acid synthesis. Origins of Life, 14: 565–70.
Shapiro, R. (1988). Prebiotic ribose synthesis: a critical analysis. Origins of Life, 18: 71–85.
Shear, J. and Jevning, R. (1999). Pure consciousness: scientific exploration of meditation techniques. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6(2–3), 189–209.
Shimizu, Y., Inoue, A., Tomari, Y., et al. (2001). Cell-free translation reconstituted with purified components. Nature Biotechnology, 19: 751–5.
Shiner, E.K., Rumbaugh, K.P., and Williams, S.C. (2005). Interkingdom signaling: deciphering the language of acyl homoserine lactones. FEMS Microbiology Review, 29: 935–47.
Shiva, V. (1993). Monocultures of the Mind: Biodiversity, Biotechnology and Agriculture. New Delhi: Zed Press.
Shiva, V. (1997). Biopiracy. Boston: South End Press.
Shiva, V. (2000). The world on the edge, in Hutton and Giddens, Global Capitalism.
Shiva, V. (2005). Earth Democracy. Cambridge, MA: South End Press.
Shiva, V. ed. (2007). Manifestos on the Future of Food and Seed. Brooklyn, NY: South End Press.
Siderits, M., Thompson, E., and Zahavi, D. (2011). Self, No Self? Perspectives from Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions. New York: Oxford University Press.
Siegel, D. (2010). Mindsight. New York: Bantam.
Simms, A. (1999). Selling Suicide. London: Christian Aid.
Smith, D.G. (1998). The shareholder primacy norm. Journal of Corporation Law, 23(2).
Smith, H.O., Hutchinson, C.A., III, Pfannkoch, C., and Venter, C.J. (2003). Generating a synthetic genome by whole genome assembly: phiX174 bacteriophage from synthetic oligonucleotides. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100: 15440–5.
Smith, R.S. and Iglewski, B.H. (2003). P. aeruginosa quorum sensing systems and virulence. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 6: 56–60.
Smith, T.M. and Smith, R.L. (2006). Elements of Ecology, 6th edn. San Francisco, CA: Pearson – Benjamin Cummings.
Smolin, L. (2004). Scientific alternatives to the anthropic principle. hep-th/0407213.
Smolin, L. (2006). The Trouble With Physics. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Snow, C.P. (1960). The Two Cultures. Cambridge University Press.
Sonea, S. and Panisset, M. (1993). A New Bacteriology. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Spencer, H. (1891/1854). Essays: Scientific, Political and Speculative. Library Edition. London: Williams and Norgate, vol. II.
Spencer, H. (1857). Progress: its law and cause. Westminster Review, 67: 445–85.
Spencer, J. and Jacobs, J., eds. (1999). Complementary/Alternative Medicine. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Sperry, R.W. (1986). Discussions: macro- versus micro-determinism. Philosophy of Science, 53: 265–70.
Spretnak, C., ed. (1981). The Politics of Women's Spirituality. New York: Anchor/Doubleday.
Stano, P., Bufali, S., Pisano, C., et al. (2004). Novel camptothecin analogue (gimatecan)-containing liposomes prepared by the ethanol injection method. Journal of Liposome Research, 14: 87–109.
Stano, P. and Luisi, P.L., eds. (2007). Basic questions about the origins of life: proceedings of the Erice International School of Complexity. Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 37: 303–7.
Stano, P. and Luisi, P.L., (2008). Self-reproduction of micelles, reverse micelles, and vesicles: compartments disclose a general transformation pattern, in Liu, A. Leitmannova, ed., Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes, vol. VII. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press, pp. 221–63.
Steffen, W., Sanderson, A., Tyson, P., et al. (2004). Global Change and the Earth System. Berlin: Springer.
Steindl-Rast, D. (1990). Spirituality as common sense. The Quest, 3(2).
Steingraber, S. (2012). The whole fracking enchilada, in Butler et al., Energy.
Stern, N. (2006). The Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change. London: HM Treasury.
Sternberg, E. (2000). The Balance Within. New York: Freeman.
Stewart, I. (2002). Does God Play Dice?, 2nd edn. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Stewart, I. (1998). Life's Other Secret. New York: Wiley.
Stewart, I. (2011). The Mathematics of Life. New York: Basic Books.
Stiglitz, J. (2012). The Price of Inequality. New York: Norton.
Stone, M. (2009). Smart by Nature: Schooling for Sustainability. Berkeley, CA: Watershed Media.
Stone, M. and Barlow, Z., eds. (2005). Ecological Literacy. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books.
Strogatz, S. (1994). Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos. Cambridge, MA: Perseus.
Strogatz, S. (2001). Exploring complex networks. Nature, 410: 268–76.
Strohman, R. (1997). The coming Kuhnian revolution in biology. Nature Biotechnology, 15: 194–200.
Stryer, L. (1975). Biochemistry. New York: Freeman.
Suzuki, D.T. (1963). Outlines of Mahayana Buddhism. New York: Schocken Books.
Suzuki, D. and Dressel, H. (1999). From Naked Ape to Superspecies. Toronto: Stoddart.
Suzuki, S. (1970). Zen Mind, Beginner's Mind. New York: Weatherhill.
Talbot, M. (1980). Mysticism and the New Physics. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Taylor, F. (1911). Principles of Scientific Management. New York: Harper & Row.
Tegmark, M. (2003). Parallel universes.Scientific American, April 14.
Teuscher, C., ed. (2010). Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker. New York: Springer.
Thompson, D. (1917). On Growth and Form. Cambridge University Press (abridged edn., ed. J.T. Bonner, Cambridge University Press, 1961).
Thompson, E. (2007). Mind in Life. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Thompson, E. and Varela, F.J. (2001). Radical embodiment: neural dynamics and consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5: 418–25.
Tokar, B., ed. (2001). Redesigning Life?New York: Zed.
Tomasello, M. (1999). The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tononi, G. and Edelman, G. (1998). Consciousness and complexity. Science, 282: 1846–51.
Toyota, H., Hosokawa, M., Urabe, I., and Yomo, T. (2008). Emergence of polyproline II-like structure at early stages of experimental evolution from random polypeptides. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 25(6): 1113–19.
Tranter, G.E. (1985). The parity-violating energy difference between enantiomeric reactions. Chemical Physics Letters, 115: 286–90.
Tucker, R., ed. (1972). The Marx–Engels Reader. New York: Norton.
Turing, A. (1950). Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind: A Quarterly Review of Psychology and Philosophy, 59(236): 433–60.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (1996). Human Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (1999). Human Development Report. New York: Oxford University Press.
Van der Ryn, S. and Cowan, S. (1996). Ecological Design. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Varela, F. (1995). Resonant cell assemblies. Biological Research, 28: 81–95.
Varela, F. (1996). Neurophenomenology. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3(4): 330–49.
Varela, F. (1999). Present-time consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6(2–3): 111–40.
Varela, F. (2000). El fenomeno de la vida. Santiago, Chile: Dolmen.
Varela, F.J., Maturana, H.R., and Uribe, R.B. (1974). Autopoiesis: the organization of living systems, its characterization and a model. Biosystems, 5: 187–96.
Varela, F. and Shear, J. (1999). First-person methodologies: what, why, how? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6(2–3): 1–14.
Varela, F. J., Thompson, E., and Rosch, E. (1991). The Embodied Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Veomett, G., Prescott, D.M., Shay, J., and Porter, K.R. (1974). Reconstruction of mammalian cells from nuclear and cytoplasmic components separated by treatment with cytochalasin B. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 71: 1999–2002.
Vernadsky, V. (1986/1926). The Biosphere. Oracle, AZ: Synergetic Press.
Vrooman, J.R. (1970). René Descartes. New York: Putnam.
Waddington, C.H. (1939). An Introduction to Modern Genetics. New York: Macmillan.
Waddington, C.H. (1953). The epigenotype. Endeavour, 1: 18–20.
Waddington, C.H. (1957). The Strategy of the Genes. London: George Allen & Unwin.
Waks, Z. and Silver, P.A. (2009). Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 75(7): 1867–75.
Walde, P., Wick, R., Fresta, M., Mangone, A., and Luisi, P.L. (1994). Autopoietic self-reproduction of fatty acid vesicles. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 116: 11649–54.
Ward, P. and Brownlee, D. (2000). Rare Earth. New York: Copernicus.
Warkentin, C. and Mingst, K. (2000). International institutions, the state, and global civil society in the age of the World Wide Web. Global Governance, 6: 237–57.
Watson, A. and Lovelock, J. (1983). Biological homeostasis of the global environment: the parable of Daisyworld. Tellus, 35B: 284–9.
Watson, J. (1968). The Double Helix: A Personal Acccount of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA. New York: Atheneum.
Watson, S. (1995). The Birth of the Beat Generation. New York: Pantheon.
Watts, A. (1957). The Way of Zen. New York: Vintage Books.
Weatherall, D. (1998). How much has genetics helped? Times Literary Supplement, January 30.
Weber, C. and Matthews, H. Scott (2008). Food miles and the relative climate impacts of food choices in the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 42: 3508–13.
Weber, M. (1976/1905). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Scribner.
Weil, A. (1995). Spontaneous Healing. New York: Knopf.
Weil, A. (2009). Why Our Health Matters. New York: Hudson.
Weinberg, S. (1987). Anthropic bound on the cosmological constant. Physical Review Letters, 59(22): 2607–10.
Weiss, P. (1971). Within the Gates of Science and Beyond. New York: Hafner.
Weiss, P. (1973). The Science of Life. Mount Kisco, NY: Futura.
Weissbuch, I., Zepik, H., Bolbach, G., et al. (2003). Homochiral oligopeptides by chiral amplification within two-dimensional crystalline self-assemblies at the air–water interface; relevance to biomolecular handedness. Chemistry, 9(8): 1782–94.
Wenger, É . (1998). Communities of Practice. Cambridge University Press.
Westhof, E. and Hardy, N., eds. (2004). Folding and Self-Assembly of Biological Macromolecules. Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific Publishing.
Wheatley, M. (1999). Leadership and the New Science. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Wheatley, M. and Kellner-Rogers, M. (1998). Bringing life to organizational change. Journal of Strategic Performance Measurement, April/May.
Whitehead, A.N. (1929). Process and Reality. New York: Macmillan (repr. 1960).
Whitesides, G. and Boncheva, M. (2002). Beyond molecules: self-assembly of mesoscopic and macroscopic components. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99: 4769–74.
Whitesides, G. and Grzybowski, B. (2002). Self-assembly at all scales. Science, 295: 2418–21.
Wiener, N. (1948). Cybernetics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (repr. 1961).
Wiener, N. (1950). The Human Use of Human Beings. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Wilder-Smith, A.E. (1968). Man's Origin, Man's Destiny. Wheaton, IL: Harold Shaw.
Wilder-Smith, A.E. (1987). The Scientific Alternative to Neo-Darwinian Evolutionary Theory. Costa Mesa, CA: The Word for Today Publishers.
Williams, R. (1981). Culture. London: Fontana.
Wilson, D. and Reeder, D.A. (1993). Mammal Species of the World, 2nd edn. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institute Press.
Wilson, E.O. (1975). Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Watertown, MA: Harvard University Press (25th anniversary edition published in 2000).
Wimsatt, W.C. (1972). Complexity and organization, in Schaffner, K.F. and Cohen, R.S., eds., Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht: Reidel, pp. 67–86.
Wimsatt, W.C. (1976). Reductionism, levels of organization, and the mind–body problem, in Globus, G., Maxwell, G., and Savodinik, I., eds., Consciousness and the Brain. New York: Plenum Press, pp. 205–66.
Windelband, W. (2001/1901). A History of Philosophy. Cresskill, NJ: Paper Tiger.
Winfree, A.T. (1984). The prehistory of the Belousov–Zhabotinsky oscillator. Journal of Chemical Education, 61: 661–3.
Winner, L. (1977). Autonomous Technology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Our Common Future. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wrangham, R. and Peterson, D. (1996). Demonic Males. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Zukav, G. (1979). The Dancing Wu Li Masters. New York: Morrow.