Skip to main content
×
Home
The Clergy in the Medieval World
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Clergy in the Medieval World
    • Online ISBN: 9781316091364
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316091364
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Unlike monks and nuns, clergy have hitherto been sidelined in accounts of the Middle Ages, but they played an important role in medieval society. This first broad-ranging study in English of the secular clergy examines how ordination provided a framework for clerical life cycles and outlines the influence exerted on secular clergy by monastic ideals before tracing typical career paths for clerics. Concentrating on northern France, England and Germany in the period c.800–c.1200, Julia Barrow explores how entry into the clergy usually occurred in childhood, with parents making decisions for their sons, although other relatives, chiefly clerical uncles, were also influential. By comparing two main types of family structure, Barrow supplies an explanation of why Gregorian reformers faced little serious opposition in demanding an end to clerical marriage in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Changes in educational provision c.1100 also help to explain growing social and geographical mobility among clerics.

Reviews

‘Julia Barrow’s magisterial social history of medieval clergy brings into sharp focus many aspects of the medieval Church hitherto only vaguely understood. A previously fragmented field of study is synthesised as a unified whole, resting on deep and secure scholarship. It is a tremendously important book.’

David d’Avray - University College London

‘Julia Barrow has produced a master work that is at once engaging, important, learned, and original. Focusing on Continental Europe and the British Isles, Barrow has tackled the medieval clergy as a whole. Many works treat, say, monks and monasteries, or bishops and cathedrals. But no book has the breadth or depth of coverage that Barrow has achieved. Barrow is attentive to fundamental issues of continuity and change and to regional diversity. This book will be essential reading for medievalists and church historians. It is certain to be a reliable standard for a long time.’

Thomas F. X. Noble - University of Notre Dame

‘This is an impressive book, on a topic that should be well known but is not. It provides an expert overview of the clergy in a period that bridges four dynamic medieval centuries and many regions. It is also a social history that makes ‘the Church’ come alive, in all its human diversity.’

Mayke de Jong - Utrecht University

‘Clergy were central to medieval communities, but studies of them tend to be technical, specific, and obscure for non-specialists. Julia Barrow's thorough but admirably lucid overview is approachable at all levels. Historians will be stimulated by her broad-scale comparisons, and anyone interested in medieval society will find their understanding enriched.’

John Blair - University of Oxford

‘Professor Barrow's ambitious study of the clergy between c.800 and c.1200 provides an excellent framework for understanding the development of an important but surprisingly neglected group. Historians of medieval society and particularly of the medieval church will welcome this book, which provides a deeply researched and comprehensive overview of the subject but will also serve as the starting point for much future work.’

Hugh M. Thomas - University of Miami

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Bibliography

Archive and manuscript sources

Bourges, A-D Cher, 8 G 957

Laon, A-D Aisne, G253; G 1850; 8 G 957

Munich, Bayerisches Staatsarchiv, WU 5660

Oxford, Bodl. MS Rawlinson B 329

Würzburg, Staatsarchiv, Mainzer Bücher verschiedenen Inhalts 17; Stift Neumünster Würzburg Urkunden 1160/II; Stift Neumünster Würzburg, Standbuch 184

Published primary sources

The Acts of Welsh Rulers 1120–1283, ed. Huw Pryce (Cardiff, 2005)
Adam of Bremen: Magistri Adam Bremensis Gesta Hammaburgensis Ecclesiae Pontificum, ed. Bernhard Schmeidler, MGH SRG in usum scholarum, 2 (Hanover and Leipzig, 1917)
Adelbert of Bamberg: Die Vita sancti Heinrici regis et confessoris und ihre Bearbeitung durch den Bamberger Diakon Adelbert, ed. Marcus Strumpf, MGH SRG in usum scholarum, 69 (Hanover, 1999)
Ælfric Bata: Anglo-Saxon Conversations: The Colloquies of Ælfric Bata, ed. Scott Gwara, tr. David W. Porter (Woodbridge, 1997)
Aelred of Rievaulx: Aelredi Rievallensis, Opera Omnia, ed. A. Hoste and C.H. Talbot, CCCM, 1 (Turnhout, 1971)
Aelred of Rievaulx: Spiritual Friendship, tr. Lawrence C. Braceland, ed. Marsha L. Dutton (Collegeville, MI, 2010)
Agius, Vita Hathumodis, MGH SS, 4, 165–75
Alcuin, The Bishops, Kings and Saints of York, ed. Peter Godman (Oxford, 1982)
Alcvini sive Albini Epistolae, see Epistolae Karolini Aevi
Vita Alcuini, ed. W. Arndt, MGH SS, 15 (1) (Hanover, 1887), 182–97
Alfred the Great: Asser’s Life of King Alfred and Other Contemporary Sources, tr. Simon Keynes and Michael Lapidge (Harmondsworth, 1983)
Altfrid: Vita Sancti Liudgeri auctore Altfrido, ed. Wilhelm Diekamp, Die Geschichtsquellen des Bisthums Münster, 4 (1881)
Amalarii episcopi opera liturgica omnia, ed. Jean-Michel Hanssens, 3 vols. (Vatican City, 1948–50)
Ambrose, De officiis, ed. Maurice Testard, Corpus Christianorum Series Latina, 15 (Turnhout, 2000)
Amiens: Cartulaire du chapitre de la cathédrale d’Amiens, ed. Joseph Roux, 2 vols., Mémoires de la Société des antiquaries de Picardie: Documents inédits concernant la province, 14, 18 (Amiens and Paris, 1905–12)
Anchoress and Abbess in Ninth-Century Saxony: The Lives of Liutbirga of Wendhausen and Hathumoda of Gandersheim, tr. Frederick S. Paxton (Washington, DC, 2009)
Angers: Cartulaire noir de la cathédrale d’Angers, ed. Charles Urseau (Paris, 1908)
Anglia Sacra, ed. Henry Wharton, 2 vols. (London, 1691)
Anglo-Norman Anonymous, see Anonymous, Norman
Anglo-Saxon Charters, ed. and tr. A.J. Robertson, 2nd edn (Cambridge, 1956)
Anglo-Saxon Charters: An Annotated List and Bibliography, ed. P.H. Sawyer, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 8 (London, 1968)
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel, ed. Charles Plummer and John Earle, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1892–9)
Anglo-Saxon Wills, ed. Dorothy Whitelock (Cambridge, 1930)
Anglo-Saxon Writs, ed. Florence Harmer (Manchester, 1952)
Anno of Cologne: Vita Annonis archiepiscopi Coloniensis, ed. R. Koepke, MGH SS, 11 (Hanover, 1854)
Anonymous, Norman: Die Texte des Normannischen Anonymus, ed. Karl Pellens (Wiesbaden, 1966)
Anselm of Canterbury: S. Anselmi Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi Opera Omnia, ed. Franciscus Salesius Schmitt, 6 vols. (Edinburgh, 1940–51)
Anselm of Havelberg, Vita Adelberti Maguntini Archiepiscopi, in Monumenta Moguntina, ed. Philipp Jaffé, Bibliotheca Rerum Germanicarum, 3 (Berlin, 1866), 565–603
Anselm of Liège, Gesta episcoporum Leodicensium, ed. Rudolf Koepke, MGH SS, 7 (Hanover, 1846), 189–234
Arnulf: The Letters of Arnulf of Lisieux, ed. Frank Barlow, Camden Society, 3rd series, 61 (London, 1939)
Arras: Le cartulaire du chapitre d’Arras, ed. Auguste de Loisne (Arras, 1896)
Arras: Les chartes des évêques d’Arras (1093–1203), ed. Benoît-Michel Tock, Collection de documents inédits sur l’histoire de France, Section d’histoire médiévale et de philologie, 21 (Paris, 1991)
Aschaffenburg: Urkundenbuch des Stifts St. Peter und Alexander zu Aschaffenburg, I: 861–1325, ed. Matthias Thiel (Aschaffenburg, 1986)
Asser’s Life of King Alfred, ed. W.H. Stevenson, new edn with article by Dorothy Whitelock (Oxford, 1959)
Augustine: Luc Verheijen, La règle de Saint Augustin, 2 vols. (Paris, 1967)
Autun: Cartulaire de l’église d’Autun, ed. Anatole de Charmasse (Paris and Autun, 1865)
Auxerre: Les gestes des évêques d’Auxerre, ed. and tr. Michel Sot, Guy Lobrichon and Monique Goullet, 3 vols. (Paris, 2002–9)
Avitus of Vienne, Letters and Selected Prose, tr. with introduction and notes by Danuta Shanzer and Ian Wood (Liverpool, 2002)
Bamberg: Urbare und Wirtschaftsordnungen des Domstifts zu Bamberg, ed. Erich von Guttenberg and Alfred Wendehorst, Veröffentlichungen der Gesellschaft für fränkische Geschichte, 10, vii (Würzburg, 1969)
Basil, Regulae fusius tractatae (The Longer Rule), PG 31
Bayeux: Antiquus cartularius ecclesiae Baiocensis (Livre Noir), ed. Valentin Bourrienne, 2 vols. (Rouen and Paris, 1902–3)
Bayeux Tapestry: The Bayeux Tapestry: The Complete Tapestry in Colour, with introduction, description and commentary by David M. Wilson (London, 1985)
Bede: Baedae Opera Historica, ed. Charles Plummer, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1896)
Bede: Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People, ed. and tr. Bertram Colgrave and R.A.B. Mynors (Oxford, 1969)
Bede: The Ecclesiastical History of the English People, ed. Judith McClure and Roger Collins (Oxford, 1994)
Benedict: La règle de Saint Benoît, ed. and tr. Adalbert de Vogüé and Jean Neufville, 7 vols., Sources chrétiennes, 181–6 (Paris, 1972–7)
Bernard of Clairvaux: The Letters of St Bernard of Clairvaux, tr. Bruno Scott James (London, 1953)
Bernard of Clairvaux: Opera di San Bernardo, ed. Ferruccio Gastaldelli, 5 vols. in 7 parts to date (Rome, 1984–)
Bernard of Clairvaux: S. Bernardi Opera, ed. Jean Leclercq, Charles Hugh Talbot and Henri Rochais, 8 vols. in 9 parts (Rome, 1957–77)
Béthune: Le cartulaire de Saint-Barthélemy de Béthune, ed. Auguste de Loisne, Société des antiquaires de la Morinie (Saint-Omer, 1895)
Boniface: Die Briefe des heiligen Bonifazius und Lullus, ed. Michael Tangl, MGH Epistolae Selectae, 1 (Berlin, 1916)
Bourges: Catalogue des actes des archevêques de Bourges antérieurs à l’an 1200, ed. Alfred Gandilhon (Bourges and Paris, 1927)
Bremisches Urkundenbuch, ed. D.R. Ehmck and W. von Bippen, 5 vols. (Bremen, 1873–1902)
Bruges: Cartulaire de la prévôté de Bruges, ed. L. Gilliodts van Severen, 2 vols. (Brussels, 1887)
Bruno, De bello saxonico, ed. Hans-Eberhard Lohmann, MGH Deutsches Mittelalter, 2 (Leipzig, 1937)
Byrhtferth of Ramsey, The Lives of St Oswald and St Ecgwine, ed. and tr. Michael Lapidge (Oxford, 2009)
Caesarius of Arles: Caesarius of Arles: Life, Testament, Letters, tr. William E. Klingshirn (Liverpool, 1994)
Caesarius of Heisterbach, Dialogus Miraculorum, ed. Joseph Strange, 2 vols. (Cologne, 1851)
Caesarius of Heisterbach, The Dialogue on Miracles, tr. H. von E. Scott and C.S. Bland, 2 vols. (London, 1929)
Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers Relating to Great Britain and Ireland: Papal Letters (1198–1492), ed. W.H. Bliss and J.A. Twemlow, 14 vols. (London, 1893–1960)
Cambrai: Les chartes de Gérard Ier, Liébert et Gérard II, évêques de Cambrai et d’Arras, comtes du Cambrésis (1012–1092/3), ed. Erik Van Mingroot (Leuven, 2005)
Cambrai: Gesta episcoporum Cameracensium, ed. Ludwig Bethmann, MGH SS, 7 (Hanover, 1846), 393–525
Canterbury: Epistolae Cantuarienses, ed. William Stubbs, Rolls Series, 38 (London, 1865)
Canterbury: The Register of John Pecham, Archbishop of Canterbury 1279–1292, ed. F.N. Davies and Decima Douie, 2 vols., Canterbury and York Society64–5 (London, 1968–9)
Capitula episcoporum, ed. Peter Brommer, Rudolf Pokorny and Martina Stratmann, 4 vols., MGH (Hanover, 1984–2005)
Capitularia regum Francorum, ed. Alfred Boretius, 2 vols., MGH Leges, 2 (Hanover, 1883–97)
Charles the Bald: Recueil des actes de Charles II le Chauve, Roi de France, ed. Georges Tessier, 3 vols. (Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 1943–55)
Chartres: Cartulaire de Notre-Dame de Chartres, ed. Eugène de Lépinois and Lucien Merlet, 3 vols. (Chartres, 1862–5)
Cher: Statistique monumentale du department du Cher, ed. Alphonse Buhot de Kersers, 8 vols. (1875–98)
Chrodegang: S. Chrodegangi Metensis episcopi regula canonicorum, ed. Wilhelm Schmitz (Hanover, 1889)
Chrodegang: The Chrodegang Rules: The Rules for the Common Life of the Secular Clergy from the Eighth and Ninth Centuries, ed. and tr. Jerome Bertram (Aldershot, 2005)
Chrodegang: The Old English Version of the Enlarged Rule of Chrodegang, ed. Brigitte Langefeld, Münchener Universitätsschriften, 26 (Frankfurt am Main, 2003)
La coleccion canonica hispana, IV: Concilios galos; concilios hispanos: primera parte, ed. Gonzalo Martinez Diez and Felix Rodriguez (Madrid, 1984)
Commentarius Cantabrigiensis in Epistolas S. Pauli e Schola Petri Abaelardi, ed. Artur Landgraf, 2 vols. (Notre Dame, IN, 1939–45)
Compiègne: Cartulaire de l’Abbaye de Saint-Corneille de Compiègne, ed. Émile-Épiphanius Morel, Société historique de Compiègne, 3 vols. (Montdidier and Paris, 1904–9)
Concilia Aevi Karolini, ed. Albert Werminghoff, 2 vols., MGH Concilia, 2 (Hanover and Leipzig, 1906)
Concilia Galliae A. 314– A. 506, ed. Charles Munier, Corpus Christianorum Series Latina, 148 (Turnhout, 1963)
Corpus iuris canonici, ed. Emil Friedberg, 2 vols. (Leipzig 1879–81)
Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents Relating to Great Britain and Ireland, ed. Arthur West Haddan and William Stubbs, 3 vols. in 4 (Oxford, 1869–79)
Councils and Synods, with Other Documents Relating to the English Church, I: A.D. 871–1204, ed. Dorothy Whitelock, Martin Brett and C.N.L. Brooke (Oxford, 1981)
Coventry: The Register of Walter Langton, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, 1296–1321, ed. J.B. Hughes, 2 vols., Canterbury and York Society, 91 and 97 (London, 2001–7)
David I: The Charters of King David I, ed. G.W.S. Barrow (Woodbridge, 1999)
Dhuoda, Handbook for Her Warrior Son: Liber Manualis, ed. and tr. Marcelle Thiébaux (Cambridge, 1998)
Diplomata: Die Urkunden Friedrichs I., ed. Heinrich Appelt, with Rainer Maria Herkenrath, 5 vols., MGH DD, 10 (Hanover, 1975–90)
Dhuoda, Die Urkunden Heinrichs IV., ed. Dietrich von Gladiss and Alfred Gawlik, MGH Diplomata regum et imperatorum Germaniae, 6 (Berlin, Weimar and Hanover, 1941–78)
Dhuoda, Die Urkunden Konrads III. und seines Sohnes Heinrich, ed. Friedrich Hausmann, MGH Diplomata regum et imperatorum Germaniae, 9 (Vienna, Cologne and Graz, 1969)
Dhuoda, Die Urkunden Lothars III. und der Kaiserin Richenza, ed. Emil von Ottenthal und Hans Hirsch, MGH Diplomata regum et imperatorum Germaniae, 8 (Berlin, 1957)
Dhuoda, Die Urkunden Pippins, Karlmanns und Karls des Großen, ed. Engelbert Mühlbacher, MGH Diplomata Karolinorum, 1 (Hanover, 1906)
Domesday Book, gen. ed. John Morris, 38 vols. (Chichester, 1975–92)
Dunstan: The Early Lives of St Dunstan, ed. Michael Winterbottom and Michael Lapidge (Oxford, 2012)
Durham: Durham Episcopal Charters, 1071–1152, ed. H.S. Offler, Surtees Society, 179 (1968 for 1964)
Eadmer, Historia Novorum, ed. Martin Rule, Rolls Series, 81 (London, 1884)
Early Scottish Charters Prior to A.D. 1153, ed. Archibald C. Lawrie (Glasgow, 1905)
Early Sources of Scottish History, AD 500 to 1286, collected and translated by Alan Orr Anderson, 2 vols. (Edinburgh, 1922, repr. Stamford, 1990)
Eddius Stephanus: The Life of Bishop Wilfrid by Eddius Stephanus, ed. and tr. Bertram Colgrave (Cambridge, 1927)
Edward the Confessor: The Life of King Edward Who Rests at Westminster, ed. Frank Barlow, 2nd edn (Oxford, 1992)
Einhard, Vita Karoli Magni, ed. O. Holder-Egger, MGH SRG, 25 (Hanover and Leipzig, 1911)
English Episcopal Acta, I: Lincoln, 1067–1185, ed. David M. Smith (London, 1980)
English Episcopal Acta, II: Canterbury, 1162–1190, ed. C.R. Cheney and Bridgett E.A. Jones (London, 1986)
English Episcopal Acta, IV: Lincoln, 1186–1206, ed. David M. Smith (London, 1986)
English Episcopal Acta, V: York, 1070–1154, ed. Janet E. Burton (Oxford, 1988)
English Episcopal Acta, VI: Norwich, 1070–1214, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill (Oxford, 1990)
English Episcopal Acta, VII: Hereford 1079–1234, ed. Julia Barrow (Oxford, 1993)
English Episcopal Acta, VIII: Winchester, 1070–1204, ed. M.J. Franklin (Oxford, 1993)
English Episcopal Acta, IX: Winchester, 1205–1238, ed. Nicholas Vincent (Oxford, 1994)
English Episcopal Acta, X: Bath and Wells 1061–1205, ed. Frances M.R. Ramsey (Oxford, 1995)
English Episcopal Acta, XI: Exeter, 1046–1184, ed. Frank Barlow (Oxford, 1996)
English Episcopal Acta, XV: London, 1075–1187, ed. Falko Neininger (Oxford, 1999)
English Episcopal Acta, XVI: Coventry and Lichfield, 1072–1159, ed. M.J. Franklin (London, 1998)
English Episcopal Acta, XVII: Coventry and Lichfield, 1183–1208, ed. M.J. Franklin (Oxford, 1998)
English Episcopal Acta, XVIII: Salisbury, 1078–1217, ed. B.R. Kemp (Oxford, 1999)
English Episcopal Acta, XX: York, 1154–1181, ed. Marie Lovatt (Oxford, 2000)
English Episcopal Acta, XXIV: Durham, 1153–1195, ed. M.G. Snape (Oxford, 2002)
English Episcopal Acta, XXVI: London, 1189–1228, ed. D.P. Johnson (Oxford, 2003)
English Episcopal Acta, XXVII: York, 1189–1212, ed. Marie Lovatt (Oxford, 2004)
English Episcopal Acta, XXVIII: Canterbury 1070–1136, ed. Martin Brett and Joseph A. Gribbin (Oxford, 2004)
English Episcopal Acta, XXXI: Ely, 1109–1197, ed. Nicholas Karn (Oxford, 2005)
English Episcopal Acta, XXXIII: Worcester, 1062–1185, ed. Mary Cheney, David Smith, Christopher Brooke and Philippa Hoskin (Oxford, 2007)
English Episcopal Acta, XXXV: Hereford, 1234–1275, ed. Julia Barrow (Oxford, 2009)
English Episcopal Acta, XLII: Ely, 1198–1256, ed. Nicholas Karn (Oxford, 2013)
Ennodius: Ennode, Lettres, ed. Stéphane Gioanni, 2 vols. (Paris, 2006–10)
Epistolae Karolini Aevi, ii, ed. Ernst Duemmler, MGH Epp., 4 (Berlin, 1895)
Eusebius, The Ecclesiastical History, ed. Kirsopp Lake and H.J. Lawlor, tr. Kirsopp Lake and J.E.L. Oulton, 2 vols. (Cambridge, MA, 1926–32)
Exeter: Death and Memory in Medieval Exeter, ed. David Lepine and Nicholas Orme, Devon and Cornwall Record Society, new series, 46 (Exeter, 2003)
Facsimiles of English Royal Writs to AD 1100 Presented to V.H. Galbraith, ed. T.A.M. Bishop and Pierre Chaplais (Oxford, 1957)
Felix: Felix’s Life of St Guthlac, ed. and tr. Bertram Colgrave (Cambridge, 1956)
Flodoard, Historia Remensis ecclesiae, ed. J. Heller and G. Waitz, MGH SS, 13 (Hanover, 1881), 405–599
Formulae Merowingici et Karolini Aevi, ed. Karl Zeumer, MGH Leges (Hanover, 1886)
Freising: Die Traditionen des Hochstifts Freising, ed. Theodor Bitterauf, 2 vols. (Munich 1905–9; repr. Aalen, 1967)
Frotharius: La correspondance d’un évêque carolingien: Frothaire de Toul (ca. 813–847), ed. Michel Parisse (Paris, 1998)
Fulbert of Chartres: The Letters and Poems of Fulbert of Chartres, ed. Frederick Behrends (Oxford, 1976)
Galbert of Bruges: Galbert of Bruges, De multro, traditione et occisione gloriosi Karoli comities Flandriarum, ed. Jeff Ryder, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis, 131 (Turnhout, 1994)
Galbert: Galbert of Bruges, The Murder of Charles the Good, tr. James Bruce Ross (New York, 1959)
Gellone: Liber sacramentorum gellonensis, ed. A. Dumas, O.S.B., 2 vols., Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina, 159 and 159a (Turnhout, 1981)
Gerard of Brogne: Vita Gerardi abbatis Broniensis, ed. L. de Heinemann, MGH SS, 15, part 2 (Hanover, 1888), 654–73
Gerbert of Aurillac: The Letters of Gerbert with His Papal Privileges as Sylvester II, tr. Harriet P. Lattin (New York, 1961)
Gerhard von Augsburg, Vita Sancti Uodalrici: Die älteste Lebensbeschreibung des heiligen Ulrich, ed. and tr. Walter Berschin and Angelika Häse (Heidelberg, 1993)
Gesetze: Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen, ed. Felix Liebermann, 3 vols. (Halle, 1898–1916)
Gilbert Foliot: Letters and Charters of Gilbert Foliot, ed. Adrian Morey and C.N.L. Brooke (Cambridge, 1967)
Gilbert of Sempringham: The Book of St Gilbert, ed. and tr. Raymonde Foreville and Gillian Keir (Oxford, 1987)
Giraldus Cambrensis, De invectionibus, ed. W.S. Davies, Y Cymmrodor, 30 (1920)
Giraldus Cambrensis, Opera omnia, ed. J.S. Brewer, J.F. Dimock and G.F. Warner, 8 vols., Rolls Series, 21 (London, 1861–91)
Giraldus Cambrensis, Speculum duorum, ed. Yves Lefèvre and R.B.C. Huygens, tr. Brian Dawson, gen. ed. Michael Richter (Cardiff, 1974)
Gloucester: Earldom of Gloucester Charters, ed. R.B. Patterson (Oxford, 1973)
Goslar: Urkundenbuch der Stadt Goslar, ed. Georg Bode and Uwo Hölscher, 5 vols. (Halle, 1893–1922)
Gregory I, Registrum Epistolarum, ed. Paul Ewald and Ludwig Hartmann, 2 vols., MGH Epistolarum, 1–2 (Berlin, 1887–99)
Gregory of Tours, Libri Historiarum X, ed. Bruno Krusch and Wilhelm Levison, MGH SRM, 1, part 1 (Hanover, 1951)
Grenoble: Cartulaires de l’église cathédrale de Grenoble, ed. J. Marion (Paris, 1869)
Guibert de Nogent, Autobiographie, ed. and tr. Edmond-René Labande (Paris, 1981)
Guibert de Nogent, Self and Society in Medieval France, ed. John F. Benton (New York, 1970)
Halberstadt: Urkundenbuch des Hochstifts Halberstadt und seiner Bischöfe, ed. Gustrav Schmidt, 4 vols. (Osnabrück, 1883–9)
Hariulf, Chronique de l’abbaye de Saint-Riquier (Ve siècle–1104), ed. Ferdinand Lot (Paris, 1894)
Henry, Archdeacon of Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum, ed. and tr. Diana Greenway (Oxford, 1996)
Henry the Liberal: Recueil des actes d’Henri le Libéral, comte de Champagne (1152–1181), ed. John Benton and Michel Bur, 1 vol. to date (Paris, 2009)
Henry the Lion: Die Urkunden Heinrichs des Löwen, Herzogs von Sachsen und Bayern, ed. Karl Jordan, MGH Laienfürsten- und Dynastenurkunden der Kaiserzeit, 1 (repr. Stuttgart, 1995; originally 1941–9)
Hereford: Charters of the Earldom of Hereford, 1095–1201, ed. David Walker, Camden Miscellany, 22, Camden Society, 4th series, 1 (1964), 1–75
Hereford: Registrum Thome de Cantilupo, episcopi Herefordensis, AD MCCLXXV–MCCLXXXII, ed. R.G. Griffiths and W.W. Capes, Canterbury and York Society, 2 (London, 1907)
Hereford: Registrum Ricardi de Swinfield, episcopi Herefordensis, A.D. MCCLXXXIII–MCCCXVII, ed. W.W. Capes, Canterbury and York Society, 6 (London, 1909)
Herman of Tournai: Herimanni liber de restauratione monasterii Sancti Martini Tornacensis, ed. Georg Waitz, MGH SS, 14 (Hanover, 1883), 274–317
Herman of Tournai, The Restoration of the Monastery of St Martin of Tournai, tr. Lynn H. Nelson (Washington, DC, 1996)
Herman of Tournai Hermanni monachi, De miraculis S. Mariae Laudunensis: PL 156, 962–1020
Hexham: The Priory of Hexham, Its Chroniclers, Endowments, and Annals, ed. James Raine, I (only one published), Surtees Society, 44 (Durham, 1834 for 1833)
Hildemar: Expositio Regulae ab Hildemaro tradita, ed. Rupert Mittermüller (Regensburg, 1880)
Hildesheim: Die jüngere Hildesheimer Briefsammlung, ed. Rolf de Kegel, MGH, Die Briefe der deutschen Kaiserzeit, 7 (Munich, 1995)
Hildesheim: Urkundenbuch des Hochstifts Hildesheim und seiner Bischöfe, ed. Karl Janicke and Hermann Hoogeweg, 6 vols. (Leipzig, 1896–1911)
Hildesheim: Urkundenbuch der Stadt Hildesheim, I: c.996–1346, ed. Richard Doebner (Hildesheim, 1889, repr. Aalen, 1980)
Hincmar: Hinkmar von Reims, Collectio de ecclesiis et capellis, ed. Martina Stratmann, MGH Fontes iuris Germanici antiqui, 14 (Hanover, 1990)
Hincmar: De ordine palatii, ed. and tr. Thomas Gross and Rudolf Schieffer, MGH Fontes Iuris Germanici Antiqui, 3 (Hanover, 1980)
Hincmar: Die Streitschriften Hinkmars von Reims und Hinkmars von Laon 869–871, ed. Rudolf Schieffer, MGH Concilia, 4, supplementum II (Hanover, 2003)
Hrabanus Maurus, De institutione clericorum, ed. and tr. Detlev Zimpel, Fontes Christiani, 61, i–ii (Turnhout, 2006)
Hrabanus Maurus, De institutione clericorum libri tres, ed. Detlev Zimpel, Beiträge zur mittelalterlichen Geschichte, 7 (Frankfurt am Main, 1996)
Iotsald von Saint-Claude, Vita des Abtes Odilo von Cluny, ed. Johannes Staub, MGH SRG in usum scholarum, 68 (Hanover, 1999)
Isidore, De ecclesiasticis officiis, ed. C.M. Lawson, Corpus Christianorum Series Latina, 113 (Turnhout, 1989)
Isidore, Isidori Hispalensis episcopi etymologiarum sive originum libri XX, ed. W.M. Lindsay, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1911)
Isidore, The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville, ed. and tr. Stephen A. Barney, W.J. Lewis, J.A. Beach and Oliver Berghof (Cambridge, 2006)
Ivo of Chartres, Correspondence, I: 1090–1098, ed. Jean Leclercq (Paris, 1949: only vol. publ.)
Jacques de Vitry: The Historia Occidentalis of Jacques de Vitry: A Critical Edition, ed. John Frederick Hinnebusch, O.P. (Fribourg, 1972)
Jocelin of Brakelond: The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond, ed. H.E. Butler (London and Edinburgh, 1949)
John of Avranches: Le De officiis ecclesiasticis de Jean d’Avranches, archevêque de Rouen (1067–1079), ed. R. Delamare (Paris, 1923)
John Borough (de Burgh), Pupilla Oculi (London, 1510)
John the Deacon: Sancti Gregorii magni vita, a Joanne diacono scripta libris quatuor, PL 75, 59–242
John of Ford: Wulfric of Haselbury, by John, Abbot of Ford, ed. Dom Maurice Bell, Somerset Record Society, 47 (Frome and London, 1933)
John of Saint-Arnoul: La Vie de Jean, abbé de Gorze, ed. and tr. Michel Parisse (Paris, 1999)
John of Salerno: St Odo of Cluny, Being the Life of St Odo of Cluny by John of Salerno and the Life of St Gerald of Aurillac by St Odo, tr. Gerard Sitwell (London, 1958)
John of Salisbury: The Letters of John of Salisbury, ed. W.J. Millor, H.E. Butler and C.N.L. Brooke, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1979–86)
John of Worcester, Chronicle, ed. and tr. R.R. Darlington and Patrick McGurk, 2 vols., in progress (Oxford, 1995–)
Lanfranc: Vita Lanfranci, ed. Margaret Gibson in Lanfranco di Pavia, ed. Giulio D’Onofrio (Rome, 1993), 661–715
Langres: Cartulaire du chapitre cathédral de Langres, ed. Hubert Flammarion, Atelier de recherche sur les textes médiévaux, 7 (Turnhout, 2004)
Laon: Actes des évêques de Laon des origines à 1151, ed. Annie Dufour-Malbezin (Paris, 2001)
Laon: Annales Laudunenses, ed. Oswald Holder-Egger, MGH SS (2) (Hanover, 1888), 15, 1293–5
Le Mans: Cartulaire de l’évêché du Mans 965–1786, ed. Arthur Bertrand de Broussillon, Société des archives historiques du Mans, 9 (Le Mans, 1908)
Le Mans: Chartularium insignis ecclesiae Cenomannensis quod dicitur Liber Albus Capituli, ed. A. Cauvin (Le Mans, 1869)
Le Mans: Geschichte des Bistums Le Mans von der Spätantike bis zur Karolingerzeit: Actus pontificum cenomannis in urbe degentium und Gesta Aldrici, ed. Margarete Weidemann, 3 vols., Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Monographien, 56, i–iii (Mainz and Bonn, 2002)
Leo IX: Die Touler Vita Leos IX., ed. and tr. Hans-Georg Krause, with Detlev Jasper and Veronika Lukas, MGH SRG, 70 (Hanover, 2007)
Leo IX: La vie du pape Léon IX (Brunon, évêque de Toul), ed. Michel Parisse, tr. Monique Goullet, 2nd edn (Paris, 2009)
Leo IX: The Papal Reform of the Eleventh Century: Lives of Pope Leo IX and Pope Gregory VII, tr. and annotated by I.S. Robinson (Manchester, 2004)
Libelli de lite, ed. Ernst Dümmler, 3 vols., MGH (Hanover, 1891–7)
Libellus de diversis ordinibus et professionibus qui sunt in aecclesia, ed. and tr. Giles Constable and Bernard Smith (Oxford, 1972)
Le Liber Pontificalis, ed. L. Duchesne, 3 vols. (Paris, 1955–7)
Leo IX: The Book of the Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis): The Ancient Biographies of the First Ninety Roman Bishops to AD 715, tr. Raymond Davis, Translated Texts for Historians, 6 (Liverpool, 1989)
Leo IX: Libri pontificalis pars prior, ed. Theodor Mommsen, MGH Gestorum Pontificum Romanorum, 1 (Berlin, 1898)
Liège: Actes des princes-évêques de Liège: Hugues de Pierrepont, 1200–1229, ed. Édouard Poncelet (Brussels, 1941)
Liège: Cartulaire de l’église Saint Lambert de Liège, ed. Stanislas Bormans, Émile Schoolmeesters and Édouard Poncelet, 6 vols. (Brussels, 1893–1933)
Liège: L’obituaire de Saint-Lambert Liège (XIe–XVe siècles), ed. Alain Marchandisse (Brussels, 1991)
Liège: Jean Paquay, La collégiale Saint-Barthélemy à Liège: Inventaire analytique des chartes, Analecta Ecclesiastica Leodiensis, 1 (Liège, 1935)
Lille: Cartulaire de l’église collégiale Saint-Pierre de Lille, ed. Édouard Hautcoeur, 2 vols. (Lille and Paris, 1894)
Limoges: Actes des évêques de Limoges des origines à 1197, ed. Jean Becquet (Paris, 1999)
Lincoln: The Acta of Hugh of Wells, Bishop of Lincoln 1209–1235, ed. David M. Smith, Lincoln Record Society, 88 (Woodbridge, 2000)
Lincoln: The Registrum Antiquissimum of the Cathedral Church of Lincoln, ed. C.W. Foster and Kathleen Major, 10 vols. in 12, Lincoln Record Society, 27–9, 32, 34, 41–2, 46, 51, 62, 67–8 (Lincoln, 1931–73)
Lincoln: The Rolls and Register of Bishop Oliver Sutton, 1280–1299, ed. R.M.T. Hill, 8 vols., Lincoln Record Society 39, 43, 48, 52, 60, 64, 69, 76 (Lincoln, 1948–86)
Lincoln: Statutes of Lincoln Cathedral, ed. Henry Bradshaw and Christopher Wordsworth, 2 vols. in 3 (Cambridge, 1892–7)
Liverani, Francesco: Spicilegium Liberianum, ed. Francesco Liverani (Florence, 1863)
Llandaff: Llandaff Episcopal Acta, 1140–1287, ed. David Crouch, South Wales Record Society, 5 (Cardiff, 1988)
Llandaff: The Text of the Book of Llan Dâv Reproduced from the Gwysaney Manuscript, ed. J. Gwenogvryn Evans (Oxford, 1893)
London: The Cartulary of Holy Trinity Aldgate, ed. Gerald Hodgett, London Record Society, 7 (London, 1971)
Llandaff: London: Early Charters of the Cathedral Church of St Paul, London, ed. M. Gibbs, Camden Society, 3rd series, 58 (London, 1939)
Llandaff: London: Registrum Statutorum et Consuetudinum Ecclesiae Cathedralis Sancti Pauli Londinensis, ed. W. Sparrow Simpson (London, 1873)
Louis VI, king of France: Recueil des actes de Louis VI, ed. Jean Dufour, 4 vols. (Paris, 1992–4)
Mainz: Mainzer Urkundenbuch, ed. Manfred Stimming and Peter Acht, 2 vols. in 3 (Darmstadt, 1931–71)
Mainz: Monumenta Moguntina, ed. Philipp Jaffé, Bibliotheca rerum Germanicarum, 3 (Berlin, 1866; repr. Darmstadt, 1964)
Marmoutier: Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Dunois, ed. Émile Mabille (Châteaudun, 1874)
Marmoutier: Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Perche, ed. Philibert Barret (Mortagne, 1894)
Marmoutier: Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Vendômois, ed. Charles-Auguste de Trémault (Paris and Vendôme, 1893)
Marmoutier: Le livre des serfs de l’abbaye de Marmoutier, ed. André Salmon (Paris, 1845)
Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, ed. J.F. Niermeyer and C. van de Kieft, new edn in 2 vols. by J.W.J. Burgers (Leiden, 2002)
Medieval Handbooks of Penance, tr. John T. McNeill and Helena M. Gamer (New York, 1938)
Meinwerk: Vita Meinwerci : Vita Meinwerci episcopi Patherbrunnensis, ed. Franz Tenckhoff, MGH SRG, 59 (Hanover, 1921)
Merton: A.C. Heales, Records of Merton Priory in the County of Surrey (London, 1898)
Minden: Necrologien, Anniversarien- und Obödienzverzeichnisse des Mindener Domkapitels aus dem 13. Jahrhundert, ed. Ulrich Rasche, MGH Libri Memoriales et necrologia, nova series, 5 (Hanover, 1998)
Mittelrhein: Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der jetzt die preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden mittelrheinischen Territorien, ed. H. Beyer, L. Eltester and A. Goerz, 3 vols. (Koblenz, 1860–74)
Monumenta Boica, 60 vols. (Munich, 1763–1956)
Mouzon: Chronique ou livre de foundation du monastère de Mouzon, ed. Michel Bur (Paris, 1989)
Mowbray, Honour of: The Charters of the Honour of Mowbray, 1107–1191, ed. D.E. Greenway (London, 1972)
Namur: J. Barbier, ‘Documents extraits du cartulaire du chapitre de Saint-Aubain, à Namur’, Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, 5 (1868), 198–204 and 480–91, 6 (1869), 182–203, 7 (1870), 465–6, 9 (1872), 495–501 and 11 (1874), 99–128
Nigel de Longchamp’s Speculum Stultorum, ed. John H. Mozley and Robert R. Raymo (Berkeley, CA, 1960)
Norbert of Iburg: Vita Bennonis II episcopi Osnabrugensis, auctore Nortberto abbate Iburgensi, ed. Harry Bresslau, MGH SRG in usum scholarum, 56 (Hanover and Leipzig, 1902)
Notker, Gesta Karoli Magni, ed. H. Haefele, MGH SRG, new series, 12 (Berlin, 1959)
Obituaires de la province de Sens, ed. A. Molinier and A. Longnon, 4 vols. (Paris, 1902–23)
Odo of Cluny: Odon de Cluny, Vita sancti Geraldi Auriliacensis, ed. and tr. Anne-Marie Bultot-Verleysen, Subsidia Hagiographica, 89 (Brussels, 2009)
Orderic: The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. and tr. Marjorie Chibnall, 6 vols. (Oxford, 1969–80)
Orléans: Cartulaire de Sainte-Croix d’Orléans (814–1300), ed. Joseph Thillier and Eugène Jarry (Orléans, 1906)
Osnabrück: Osnabrücker Urkundenbuch, ed. Friedrich Philippi and Max Bär, 4 vols. (Osnabrück, 1892–1902)
Otto of Freising: Otto and Rahewin, Gesta Friderici I. imperatoris, ed. Georg Waitz and B. de Simson, 3rd edn, MGH SRG, 46 (Hanover, 1912)
Ottonian Germany: The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg, tr. and annotated by David Warner (Manchester, 2001)
Oxford: The Cartulary of the Monastery of St Frideswide at Oxford, ed. S.R. Wigram, 2 vols., Oxford Historical Society, 28, 31 (Oxford, 1895–6)
Paris: Cartulaire de l’église Notre-Dame de Paris, ed. Benjamin Guérard, 4 vols. (Paris, 1850)
Passau: Die Regesten der Bischöfe von Passau, I: 731–1206, ed. Egon Boshof (Munich, 1992)
Passau: Die Traditionen des Hochstifts Passau, ed. Max Heuwieser (Munich, 1930; repr. Aalen, 1969)
Patrick, bishop of Dublin: The Writings of Bishop Patrick, 1074–1084, ed. Aubrey Gwynn, S.J., Scriptores Latini Hiberniae, I (Dublin, 1955)
Paul the Deacon: Pauli Warnefridi liber de episcopis Mettensibus, ed. G.H. Pertz, MGH SS, 2 (Hanover, 1829), 260–8
Peter Abelard: Historia Calamitatum, texte critique avec une introduction, ed. Jacques Monfrin (Paris, 1959)
Peter Abelard: The Letter Collection of Peter Abelard and Heloise, ed. and tr. David Luscombe, after the translation by Betty Radice (Oxford, 2013)
Peter Abelard: The Letters of Abelard and Heloise, tr. Betty Radice, rev. M.T. Clanchy (London, 2003)
Peter of Blois: The Later Letters of Peter of Blois, ed. Elizabeth Revell, Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi, 13 (Oxford, 1993)
Peter of Cluny: Petri Cluniacensis abbatis de miraculis libri duo, ed. Dionysia Bouthillier, CCCM, 83 (Turnhout, 1988), 103 (II, c. 4)
Philip I: Recueil des actes de Philippe Ier, roi de France, ed. Maurice Prou (Paris, 1908)
Poetae latini aevi carolini, I, II, ed. Ernst Duemmler (Berlin 1881, 1884); III, ed. Ludwig Traube (Berlin 1896); IV, i, ed. Paul de Winterfeld (Berlin, 1899); IV, ii, ed. Karl Strecker (Berlin, 1923)
Le pontifical romano-germanique du dixième siècle, ed. Cyrille Vogel and Reinhard Elze, 2 vols., Studi e testi, 226–7 (Vatican City, 1963)
Pseudo-Isidore: Decretales Pseudo-Isidorianae et Capitula Angilramni, ed. Paul Hinschius (Leipzig, 1863)
Reading: Reading Abbey Cartularies, ed. B.R. Kemp, 2 vols., Camden Society, 4th series, 31, 33 (London, 1986–7)
Recueil des actes des ducs de Normandie de 911 à 1066, ed. Marie Fauroux (Caen, 1961)
Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, ed. Léopold Delisle, 24 vols. in 25 (Paris, 1840–1904)
Redon: Cartulaire de l’abbaye de Redon en Bretagne, ed. Aurélien de Courson (Paris, 1863)
Regensburg: Die Traditionen des Hochstifts Regensburg und des Klosters S. Emmeram, ed. Josef Widemann (Munich, 1943, repr. Aalen, 1969)
Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum: The Acta of William I (1066–1087), ed. David Bates (Oxford, 1998)
Reginald of Durham: Libellus de vita et miraculis S. Godrici, heremitae de Finchale, auctore Reginaldo monacho Dunelmensi, ed. Joseph Stevenson, Surtees Society, 20 (London and Edinburgh, 1847)
Regino: Reginonis abbatis Prumiensis chronicon cum continuatione Treverensi, ed. Friedrich Kurze, MGH SRG, 50 (Hanover, 1890)
Regino: History and Politics in Late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe: The Chronicle of Regino of Prüm and Adalbert of Magdeburg, tr. Simon MacLean (Manchester, 2009)
Regula Magistri: La règle du maître, ed. Adalbert de Vogüé, with concordance by Jean-Marie Clément, Jean Neufville and Daniel Demeslay, 3 vols., Sources chrétiennes, 105–7 (Paris, 1964–5)
Regularis Concordia: The Monastic Agreement of the Monks and Nuns of the English Nation, ed. and tr. Thomas Symons (Edinburgh and London, 1953)
Rheims: Le polyptyque et les listes de cens de l’abbaye de Saint-Remi de Reims (IXe–XIe siècles), ed. Jean-Pierre Devroey, Travaux de l’Académie de Reims, 163 (Rheims, 1984)
Richard Fitz Nigel: Dialogus de Scaccario by Richard, Fitz Nigel, and Constitutio Domus Regis, ed. and tr. Charles Johnson, with corrections by F.E.L. Carter and D.E. Greenway (Oxford, 1983)
Robert I, king of France: Recueil des actes de Robert Ier et de Raoul, rois de France: 922–936, ed. Jean Dufour (Paris, 1978)
Robert of Arbrissel: Les deux vies de Robert d’Arbrissel, fondateur de Fontevraud, ed. Jacques Dalarun et al. (Turnhout, 2006)
Rodulfus of Cambrai: Vita Lietberti Episcopi Cameracensis auctore Rodulfo monacho S. Sepulcri Cameracensis, ed. A. Hofmeister, MGH SS, 30, ii (Hanover, 1934), 838–68
Ruotger: Ruotgeri vita Brunonis archiepiscopi Coloniensis, ed. Irene Ott, MGH SRG, new series, 10 (Cologne, 1958)
Rupert of Deutz, De divinis officiis, ed. Hrabanus Haacke, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis, 7 (Turnhout, 1967)
Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, ed. Giovanni Domenico Mansi, completed by Louis Petit and Jean-Baptiste Martin, 54 vols. in 59 (repr. Graz 1960–1 from Paris 1901 edition)
St Albans: Anglo-Saxon Charters, XII: Charters of St Albans, ed. Julia Crick (Oxford, 2007)
St Andrews: Liber Cartarum Prioratus Sancti Andree in Scotia, Bannatyne Club (Edinburgh, 1841)
St Benet of Holme, 1020–1210, ed. James West, 2 vols., Norfolk Record Society, 2–3 (London, 1932)
Saint-Bertin: The Annals of St-Bertin, tr. Janet L. Nelson (Manchester, 1991)
St Davids: St Davids Episcopal Acta 1085–1280, ed. Julia Barrow, South Wales Record Society, 13 (Cardiff, 1998)
St Gall: The Plan of St Gall, ed. Walter Horn and Ernest Born, 3 vols. (Berkeley, CA, 1979)
St Gall: Urkundenbuch Sanct Gallen, ed. Hermann Wartmann, 2 vols. (Zürich, 1863–6, repr. Frankfurt am Main, 1981)
Salisbury: Charters and Documents Illustrating the History of the Cathedral, City and Diocese of Salisbury, in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, ed. William Henry Rich Jones, RS, 97 (London, 1891)
Salisbury: The Use of Sarum, ed. Walter Howard Frere, 2 vols. (Cambridge, 1898–1901)
Salisbury: Vetus registrum Sarisberiense, ed. W.H. Rich Jones, 2 vols., Rolls Series, 78 (London, 1883–4)
Sarum, see Salisbury
Sherborne: Charters of Sherborne, ed. M.A. O’Donovan, Anglo-Saxon Charters, 3 (Oxford, 1988)
Simund de Freine: Les œuvres de Simund de Freine, ed. John E. Matzke, Société des anciens textes français (Paris, 1909)
Speyer: Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der Bischöfe zu Speyer, ed. Franz Xaver Remling, 2 vols. (Mainz, 1852–3)
Les statuts synodaux français du XIIIe siècle, ed. Odette Pontal and Joseph Avril, 6 vols. to date (Paris, 1971–2011)
Stephen of Tournai: Lettres d’Etienne de Tournai, ed. Jules Desilve (Valenciennes and Paris, 1893)
Sulpicius Severus: Sulpice Sévère, Vie de Saint Martin, ed. and tr. Jacques Fontaine, 3 vols., Sources chrétiennes, 133–5 (Paris, 1967–9)
Sulpicius Severus: Sulpicii Severi opera, ed. Karl Halm, Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum, 1 (Vienna, 1866)
Symeon of Durham, Libellus de Exordio atque Procursu istius hoc est Dunhelmensis Ecclesie, ed. and tr. David Rollason (Oxford, 2000)
Symeon of Durham, Symeonis Monachi Opera Omnia, ed. Thomas Arnold, 2 vols., Rolls Series, 75 (London, 1882–5)
Thérouanne: Cartulaires de l’église de Térouane, ed. Théodore Duchet and Arthur Giry, Société des antiquaires de la Morinie (St-Omer, 1881)
Thietmar of Merseburg: Die Chronik des Bischofs Thietmar von Merseburg, ed. Robert Holtzmann, MGH SRG, nova series, 9 (Berlin, 1935)
Thomas Becket: Materials for the History of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, ed. James Craigie Robertson, 7 vols., Rolls Series, 67 (London, 1875–85)
Thomas of Monmouth, The Life and Miracles of St William of Norwich, ed. and tr. Augustus Jessopp and M.R. James (Cambridge, 1896)
Troyes: Cartulaire de Saint-Pierre de Troyes. Cartulaire de la collégiale Saint-Urbain de Troyes, ed. Charles Lalore, Collection des principaux cartulaires du diocèse de Troyes, 5 (Paris and Troyes, 1880)
Twelfth-Century English Archidiaconal and Vice-Archidiaconal Acta, ed. B.R. Kemp, Canterbury and York Society, 92 (Woodbridge, 2001)
Two Anglo-Saxon Pontificals (the Egbert and Sidney Sussex Pontificals), ed. H.M.J. Banting, Henry Bradshaw Society, 104 (London, 1989)
Utrecht: Oorkondenboek van het Sticht Utrecht tot 1301, ed. Samuel Muller and Arie Cornelis Bouman, 5 vols. in 7 (Utrecht, 1920)
Utrecht: Het oudste cartularium van het Sticht Utrecht, ed. Samuel Muller (The Hague, 1892)
Verden: Urkundenbuch der Bischöfe und des Domkapitels von Verden, I, ed. Arend Mindermann (Stade, 2001)
Walter Map, De Nugis Curialium: Courtiers’ Trifles, ed. and tr. M.R. James, C.N.L. Brooke and R.A.B. Mynors (Oxford, 1983)
Waltham: The Early Charters of the Augustinian Canons of Waltham Abbey, Essex, 1062–1230, ed. Rosalind Ransford (Woodbridge, 1989)
Waltham: The Waltham Chronicle, ed. and tr. Leslie Watkiss and Marjorie Chibnall (Oxford, 1994)
Warwick: The Cartulary of St Mary’s Collegiate Church, Warwick, ed. Charles Fonge (Woodbridge, 2004)
Wells: Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Wells, 2 vols., Historical Manuscripts Commission (London, 1907–14)
Wells: Historiola de Primordiis Episcopatus Somersetensis, in Ecclesiastical Documents, ed. J. Hunter, Camden Society, 8 (London, 1840)
Westfalen: Westfälisches Urkundenbuch, 11 vols. to date, in progress (Münster, 1847–); Vols. I, II published under the title Regesta historiae Westfaliae: Accedit codex diplomaticus, ed. H.A. Erhard (Münster, 1847–51), III: Die Urkunden des Bisthums Münster 1201–1300, ed. Roger Wilmans (Münster, 1871); IV: Die Urkunden des Bistums Paderborn 1201–1300, ed. Roger Wilmans (Münster, 1874); VI: Die Urkunden des Bisthums Minden vom Jahre 1201–1300, ed. Hermann Hoogeweg (Münster, 1898)
Wibald: Das Briefbuch Abt Wibalds von Stablo und Corvey, ed. Martina Hartmann, with Heinz Zatschek and Timothy Reuter, 3 vols., MGH, Die Briefe der deutschen Kaiserzeit, 9 (Hanover, 2012)
Widric: Widrici vita S. Gerardi episcopi Tullensis, ed. G. Waitz, MGH SS, 4 (Hanover, 1841), 485–505
William of Malmesbury, Gesta Pontificum Anglorum, ed. and tr. Michael Winterbottom, with commentary by R.M. Thomson, 2 vols. (Oxford, 2007)
William of Malmesbury, Saints’ Lives, ed. and tr. Michael Winterbottom and R.M. Thomson (Oxford, 2002)
Winchcombe: Landboc sive Registrum Monasterii Beatae Mariae Virginis et Sancti Cenhelmi de Winchelcumba, ed. David Royce, 2 vols. (Exeter, 1892–1903)
Winchester: The Liber Vitae of the New Minster and Hyde Abbey, Winchester: British Library Stowe 944, ed. Simon Keynes (Copenhagen, 1996)
Winchester: Property and Piety in Early Medieval Winchester: Documents Relating to the Topography of the Anglo-Saxon and Norman City and Its Minsters, ed. Alexander R. Rumble, Winchester Studies 4, iii (Oxford, 2002)
Worms: Die ältere Wormser Briefsammlung, ed. Walther Bulst, MGH, Die Briefe der deutschen Kaiserzeit, 3 (Weimar, 1949)
Wulfstan of Winchester, Life of St Æthelwold, ed. and tr. Michael Lapidge and Michael Winterbottom (Oxford, 1991)
Wulfstan of York (the Homilist): Wulfstan’s Canon Law Collection, ed. J.E. Cross and Andrew Hamer (Cambridge, 1999)
Wulfstan of York (the Homilist): Die ‘Institutes of Polity, Civil and Ecclesiastical’, ed. Karl Jost (Bern, 1959)
Würzburg: Corpus regulae seu kalendarium domus S. Kiliani Wirceburgensis, ed. F.X. Wegele, Abhandlungen der königlichen bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, III Klasse, 13, part 2 (Munich, 1877)
Xanten: Die Stiftskirche des hl. Viktor zu Xanten: Das älteste Totenbuch des Stiftes Xanten, ed. F.W. Oediger (Kevelaer, 1958)
Yonne: Cartulaire général de l’Yonne, ed. Maximilien Quantin, 2 vols. (Auxerre, 1854–60)
York: Historians of the Church of York, ed. James Raine, 3 vols., Rolls Series, 71 (London, 1879–94)

Secondary Works

Abb, Gustav and Gottfried Wentz, Das Bistum Brandenburg, I, Germania Sacra, 1, i (Berlin, 1929)
Abrams, Lesley, ‘The Anglo-Saxons and the Christianization of Scandinavia’, Anglo-Saxon England, 24 (1995), 213–49
Acht, Peter, Die Cancellaria in Metz (Frankfurt am Main, 1940)
Aird, W.M., ‘An absent friend: the career of Bishop William of St Calais’, in Anglo-Norman Durham, ed. David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich (Woodbridge, 1994), 283–97
Aird, W.M., ‘The political context of the Libellus de Exordio’, in Symeon of Durham: Historian of Durham and the North, ed. David Rollason (Stamford, 1998), 32–45
Aird, W.M., St Cuthbert and the Normans: The Church of Durham, 1071–1153 (Woodbridge, 1998)
Airlie, Stuart, ‘Bonds of power and bonds of association in the court circle of Louis the Pious’, in Charlemagne’s Heir: New Perspectives on the Reign of Louis the Pious, ed. Peter Godman and Roger Collins (Oxford, 1990), 191–204
Alexander, J.J.G. and M.T. Gibson (eds.), Medieval Learning and Literature: Essays Presented to Richard William Hunt (Oxford, 1976)
Allen, Richard, ‘Five charters concerning the early history of the chapter at Avranches’, Tabularia, 8 (2008), 1–33, published at www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/sources/textes/08allen.pdf, consulted 9 September 2013
Althoff, Gerd, ‘Heinrich der Löwe und das Stader Erbe’, Deutsches Archiv, 41 (1985), 66–100
Amiet, Louis, Essai sur l’organisation du chapitre cathédral de Chartres (Chartres, 1922)
Amrhein, August, ‘Reihenfolge der Mitglieder des adeligen Domstiftes zu Wirzburg, St. Kilians-Brüder genannt, von seiner Gründung bis zur Säkularisation 742–1803’, Archiv des historischen Vereines von Unterfranken und Aschaffenburg, 32 (1889), 1–315 and 33 (1890), 1–380
Andenna, Cristina, ‘Kanoniker sind Gott für das ganze Volk verantwortlich’: Die Regularkanoniker Italiens und die Kirche im 12. Jahrhundert, Schriftenreihe der Akademie der Augustiner-Chorherren von Windesheim, 9 (Paring, 2004)
Andrieu, Michel, ‘L’Ordo romanus antiquus et le Liber de divinis officiis du Pseudo-Alcuin’, Revue des sciences religieuses, 5 (1925), 642–50
Anton, Hans Hubert, ‘Liutwin – Bischof von Trier und Gründer von Mettlach (+ um 722). Zugleich ein Beitrag zu dem historischen Wandlungsprozess im ausgehenden siebenten und im frühen achten Jahrhundert’, Zeitschrift für die Geschichte der Saargegend, 38–9 (1990–1), 21–51
Arnoux, Mathieu, Des clercs au service de la réforme: Études et documents sur les chanoines réguliers de la province de Rouen, ed. Mathieu Arnoux, Bibliotheca Victorina, 11 (Turnhout, 2000), 39–55
Arnoux, Mathieu, ‘La réforme de Sainte-Barbe-en-Auge et les débuts du mouvement canonial dans la province de Rouen’, in Des clercs au service de la réforme: Études et documents sur les chanoines réguliers de la province de Rouen, ed. Mathieu Arnoux, Bibliotheca Victorina, 11 (Turnhout, 2000), 11–30
Arnoux, Mathieu, ‘Réforme ecclésiastique et mouvement canoniale’, in Des clercs au service de la réforme: Études et documents sur les chanoines réguliers de la province de Rouen, ed. Mathieu Arnoux, Bibliotheca Victorina, 11 (Turnhout, 2000), 31–69
Arnoux, Mathieu, ‘Réseaux canoniaux’, in Des clercs au service de la réforme: Études et documents sur les chanoines réguliers de la province de Rouen, ed. Mathieu Arnoux, Bibliotheca Victorina, 11 (Turnhout, 2000), 70–105
Asaert, Gustaaf, Willy Buntinx and Jan Albert Van Houtte (eds.), Recht en instellingen in de oude Nederlanden tijdens de middeleeuwen en de nieuwe tijd. Liber amicorum Jan Buntinx (Leuwen, 1981)
Aston, Trevor Henry and Rosamond Faith, ‘The endowments of the university and colleges to circa 1348’, in The History of the University of Oxford, I: The Early Oxford Schools, ed. J.I. Catto, with Ralph Evans (Oxford, 1984), 265–309
Atherton, Ian, Eric Fernie, Christopher Harper-Bill and Hassell Smith (eds.), Norwich Cathedral: Church, City and Diocese, 1096–1996 (London, 1996)
Atsma, Hartmut and Jean Vezin, ‘Le dossier suspect des possessions de Saint-Denis en Angleterre revisité (VIIIe–IXe siècles)’, Fälschungen im Mittelalter, 6 vols. (Hanover, 1988–90), IV, 211–36
Aubrun, Michel, La paroisse en France des origines au XVe siècle (Paris, 1986)
Aylmer, Gerald and John Tiller (eds.), Hereford Cathedral: A History (London, 2000)
Baker, Nigel and Richard Holt, Urban Growth and the Medieval Church: Gloucester and Worcester (Aldershot, 2004)
Baldovin, John F., The Urban Character of Christian Worship: The Origins, Development and Meaning of the Stational Liturgy, Orientalia Christiana Analecta, 228 (Rome, 1987)
Baldwin, John W., The Government of Philip Augustus: Foundations of French Royal Power in the Middle Ages (Berkeley, CA, 1986)
Baldwin, John W., ‘Masters at Paris from 1179 to 1215: a social perspective’, in Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century, ed. Robert L. Benson and Giles Constable, with Carol D. Lanham (Oxford, 1982), 138–72
Baldwin, John W., Masters, Princes and Merchants: The Social Views of Peter the Chanter and His Circle, 2 vols. (Princeton, NJ, 1970)
Baldwin, John W., Paris, 1200 (Stanford, CA, 2010)
Baldwin, John W., ‘Studium et regnum: the penetration of university personnel into French and English administration at the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries’, Revue des études islamiques, 44 (1976), 199–215
Bandmann, Günter, ‘Die vorgotische Kirche als Himmelsstadt’, Frühmittelalterliche Studien, 6 (1972), 67–93
Bardy, G., ‘Saint Grégoire VII et la réforme canoniale’, Studi gregoriani, 1 (1947), 47–64
Barker, Katherine, David A. Hinton and Alan Hunt (eds.), St Wulfsige and Sherborne: Essays to celebrate the Millennium of the Benedictine Abbey 998–1998, Bournemouth School of Conservation Sciences Occasional Papers, 8 (Oxford, 2005)
Barlow, Frank, The English Church 1000–1066, 2nd edn (London, 1979)
Barlow, Frank, ‘John of Salisbury and his brothers’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 46 (1995), 95–109
Barlow, Frank, Thomas Becket (London, 1986)
Barron, Caroline M. and Jenny Stratford (eds.), The Church and Learning in Later Medieval Society: Essays in Honour of R.B. Dobson, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 11 (Donington, 2002)
Barrow, G.W.S., ‘The clergy at St Andrews’, in G.W.S. Barrow, The Kingdom of the Scots, 2nd edn (Edinburgh, 2003), 187–202
Barrow, G.W.S., The Kingdom of the Scots, 2nd edn (Edinburgh, 2003)
Barrow, G.W.S., ‘The royal house and the religious orders’, in G.W.S. Barrow, The Kingdom of the Scots, 2nd edn (Edinburgh, 2003), 151–68
Barrow, Julia, ‘Athelstan to Aigueblanche, 1056–1268’, in Hereford Cathedral: A History, ed. Gerald Aylmer and John Tiller (London, 2000), 21–47
Barrow, Julia, ‘Bishops and clergy in English, Scottish and Welsh dioceses, 900–1215’, in La pastorale della Chiesa in occidente dall’età ottoniana al concilio lateranense IV, ed. G. Andenna, Atti della quindicesima Settimana internazionale di studio Mendola, 27–31 agosto 2001 (Milan, 2004), 223–50
Barrow, Julia, ‘The canons and citizens of Hereford, c.1160–c.1240’, Midland History, 24 (1999), 1–23
Barrow, Julia, ‘Cathedrals, provosts and prebends: a comparison of twelfth-century German and English practice’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 37 (1986), 536–64
Barrow, Julia, ‘Review article: Chrodegang, his rule and its successors’, Early Medieval Europe, 14 (2006), 201–12
Barrow, Julia, ‘The chronology of forgery production at Worcester from c.1000 to the early twelfth century’, in St Wulfstan and His World, ed. Julia Barrow and Nicholas Brooks (Aldershot, 2005), 105–22
Barrow, Julia, ‘The chronology of the Benedictine “reform”’, in Edgar, King of the English, 959–975, ed. Donald Scragg (Woodbridge, 2008), 211–23
Barrow, Julia, ‘Churches, education and literacy in towns 600–1300’, in The Cambridge Urban History of Britain, I: 600–1540, ed. D.M. Palliser (Cambridge, 2000), 127–52
Barrow, Julia, ‘The clergy in English dioceses c.900–c.1066’, in Pastoral Care in Late Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Francesca Tinti (Woodbridge, 2005), 17–26
Barrow, Julia, ‘The community of Worcester, 961–c.1100’, in St Oswald of Worcester: Life and Influence, ed. Nicholas Brooks and Catherine Cubitt (Leicester, 1996), 84–99
Barrow, Julia, ‘The constitution of Hereford cathedral in the thirteenth century’, in Hereford Cathedral: A History, ed. Gerald Aylmer and John Tiller (London, 2000), 633–6
Barrow, Julia, ‘Danish ferocity and abandoned monasteries: the twelfth-century view’, in The Long Twelfth-Century View of the Anglo-Saxon Past, ed. David Woodman and Martin Brett (forthcoming)
Barrow, Julia, ‘Education and the recruitment of cathedral canons in England and Germany, 1100–1225’, Viator, 20 (1989), 117–38
Barrow, Julia, ‘English cathedral communities and reform in the late tenth and the eleventh centuries’, in Anglo-Norman Durham, ed. David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich (Woodbridge, 1994), 25–39
Barrow, Julia, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, VIII: Hereford (London, 2002)
Barrow, Julia, ‘Friends and friendship in Anglo-Saxon charters’, in Friendship in Medieval Europe, ed. Julian Haseldine (Stroud, 1999), 106–23
Barrow, Julia, ‘From the lease to the certificate: the evolution of episcopal acts in England and Wales (c.700–c.1250)’, in Die Diplomatik der Bischofsurkunde vor 1250, ed. Christoph Haidacher and Werner Köfler (Innsbruck, 1995), 529–42
Barrow, Julia, ‘Gerald of Wales’ Great-Nephews’, Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies, 8 (1984), 101–6
Barrow, Julia, ‘Grades of ordination and clerical careers, c.900–c.1200’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, 30, ed. C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge, 2008), 41–61
Barrow, Julia, ‘Hereford bishops and married clergy, 1130–1240’, Historical Research, 60 (1987), 1–8
Barrow, Julia, ‘How the twelfth-century monks of Worcester perceived their past’, in The Perception of the Past in Twelfth-Century Europe, ed. Paul Magdalino (London, 1992), 53–74
Barrow, Julia, ‘The ideas and application of reform’, in The Cambridge History of Christianity,III: 600–1100, ed. T.F.X. Noble and J.M.H. Smith (Cambridge, 2008), 345–62
Barrow, Julia, ‘The ideology of the tenth-century English Benedictine “reform”’, in Challenging the Boundaries of Medieval History: The Legacy of Timothy Reuter, ed. Patricia Skinner (Turnhout, 2010), 141–54
Barrow, Julia, ‘A Lotharingian in Hereford: Bishop Robert’s reorganisation of the church of Hereford 1079–1095’, in Medieval Art, Architecture and Archaeology at Hereford, ed. David Whitehead, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions, 15 (Leeds, 1995), 29–47
Barrow, Julia, ‘Origins and careers of cathedral canons in twelfth-century England’, Medieval Prosopography, 21 (2000), 23–40
Barrow, Julia, ‘The origins of vicars choral to c.1300’, in Vicars Choral at English Cathedrals: Cantate Domino: History, Architecture and Archaeology, ed. Richard Hall and David Stocker (Oxford, 2005), 11–16
Barrow, Julia, ‘Peter of Aigueblanche’s support network’, in Thirteenth Century England, XIII, ed. Janet Burton, Frédérique Lachaud, Phillipp Schofield, Karen Stöber and Björn Weiler (Woodbridge, 2011), 27–39
Barrow, Julia, Review of John Blair, The Church in Anglo-Saxon Society, Nottingham Medieval Studies, 48 (2005), 241–5
Barrow, Julia, ‘The statutes of St Davids cathedral 1224–1259’, in St David of Wales: Cult, Church and Nation, ed. J. Wyn Evans and Jonathan Wooding (Woodbridge, 2007), 317–29
Barrow, Julia, ‘Survival and mutation: ecclesiastical institutions in the Danelaw in the ninth and tenth centuries’, in Cultures in Contact: Scandinavian Settlement in England in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries, ed. Dawn Hadley and Julian Richards (Turnhout, 2000), 155–76
Barrow, Julia, ‘A twelfth-century bishop and literary patron: William de Vere’, Viator, 18 (1987), 175–89
Barrow, Julia, ‘Urban cemetery location in the high Middle Ages’, in Death in Towns: Urban Responses to the Dying and the Dead, 100–1600, ed. Steven Bassett (Leicester, 1992), 78–100
Barrow, Julia, ‘Vicars choral and chaplains in northern European cathedrals, 1100–1250’, in The Ministry: Clerical and Lay, ed. William Shiels, Studies in Church History, 26 (Oxford, Blackwell, 1989), 87–97
Barrow, Julia, ‘Way-stations on English episcopal itineraries, 700–1300’, English Historical Review, 127 (2012), 549–65
Barrow, Julia, Who Served the Altar at Brixworth? Clergy in English Minsters, c.800–c.1100, 28th Brixworth Lecture (Leicester, 2013)
Barrow, Julia, ‘Why forge episcopal acta? Preliminary observations on the forged charters in the English Episcopal Acta series’, in The Foundations of Medieval English Ecclesiastical History: Studies Presented to David Smith, ed. Philippa Hoskin, Christopher Brooke and Barrie Dobson (Woodbridge, 2005), 18–39
Barrow, Julia, ‘Wulfstan and Worcester: bishop and clery in the early eleventh century’, in Wulfstan, Archbishop of York, ed. Matthew Townend (Turnhout, 2004), 141–59
Barrow, Julia S. and N.P. Brooks (eds.), St Wulfstan and His World (Aldershot, 2005)
Bartlett, Robert, Gerald of Wales, 1146–1223 (Oxford, 1982)
Bartlett, Robert, ‘Symbolic meanings of hair in the middle ages’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th series, 4 (1994), 43–60
Bassett, Steven, ‘Anglo-Saxon Shrewsbury and its churches’, Midland History, 16 (1991), 1–23
Bassett, Steven, ‘Church and diocese in the West Midlands: the transition from British to Anglo-Saxon control’, in Pastoral Care before the Parish, ed. John Blair and Richard Sharpe (Leicester, 1992), 13–40
Bassett, Steven, (ed.) Death in Towns: Urban Responses to the Dying and the Dead, 100–1600 (Leicester, 1992)
Bassett, Steven, ‘The landed endowment of the Anglo-Saxon minster at Hanbury (Worcs.)’, Anglo-Saxon England, 38 (2009), 77–100
Bassett, Steven, ‘Prestetone: the land of the clerics of Wootton Wawen (Warwickshire)’, in The Church in English Place-Names, ed. Eleanor Quinton, English Place-Name Society, extra series, 4 (Nottingham, 2009), 23–38
Bates, David, Bishop Remigius of Lincoln, 1067–92 (Lincoln, 1992)
Bates, David, Normandy before 1066 (London, 1982)
Baudrillart, Alfred and Roger Aubert (eds.), Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, 30 vols. to date, in progress (Paris, 1912–)
Bautier, Robert-Henri, ‘L’hérésie d’Orléans et le mouvement intellectuel au début du XIe siècle’, Actes du 95e Congrès national des sociétés savantes, Reims, 1970, Section philosophique et historique (Paris, 1970), 63–88, repr. in Robert-Henri Bautier, Recherches sur l’histoire de la France médiévale (Aldershot, 1991), Chapter 8
Bautier, Robert-Henri, ‘L’historiographie en France aux Xe et XIe siècles’, in La storiografia altomedievale, Settimane di studio del centro italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo, 17, in 2 parts (Spoleto, 1970), ii, 793–850
Bautier, Robert-Henri, ‘Les origines et les premiers développements de l’abbaye Saint-Victor de Paris’, in L’abbaye parisienne de Saint-Victor au moyen âge, ed. Jean Longère, Bibliotheca Victorina, 1 (Paris and Turnhout, 1991), 23–52
Bautier, Robert-Henri, ‘Paris au temps d’Abélard’, in Abélard en son temps, ed. Jean Jolivet (Paris, 1981), 21–77
Baxter, Stephen, The Earls of Mercia: Lordship and Power in Late Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 2007)
Baxter, Stephen, Early Medieval Studies in Memory of Patrick Wormald, ed. Stephen Baxter, Catherine E. Karkov, Janet L. Nelson and David Pelteret (Aldershot, 2009)
Beaujouan, Guy, ‘L’enseignement du “quadrivium”’, in La scuola nell’ occidente latino dell’ alto medioevo, Settimane di studio del centro italiano di studi sull’ alto medioevo, 19, 2 vols. (Spoleto, 1972), II, 639–67
Becquet, Jean, ‘L’évolution des chapitres cathédraux: Régularisations et sécularisations’, in Le monde des chanoines (XIe–XIVe siècles), Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 24 (Toulouse, 1989), 19–39
Baxter, Stephen, ‘Le réforme des chapitres cathédraux en France aux XIe et XIIe siècles’, Bulletin philologique et historique (jusqu’à 1610) du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques, Année 1975 (Paris, 1977) 31–41, repr. in Jean Becquet, Vie canoniale en France aux Xe–XIIe siècles (London, 1985), Chapter 11
Begley, Ronald B. and Joseph W. Koterski (eds.), Medieval Education (New York, 2005)
Bell, C.H., The Sister’s Son in the Medieval German Epic: A Study in the Survival of Matriliny, University of California Publications in Modern Philology, 10, ii (Berkeley, 1922)
Benson, R.L. and Giles Constable (eds.), Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century (Cambridge, MA, 1982)
Beresford, Guy, Goltho: The Development of an Early Medieval Manor, c.850–1150 (London, 1987)
Berger, Daniel, Stift und Pfründe: Die Ausbildung der Kanonikerpräbende im Erzbistum Köln bis 1300 (Siegburg, 2011)
Bériou, Nicole, ‘Aux sources d’une nouvelle pastorale: Les expériences de prédication du XIIe siècle’, in La pastorale della Chiesa in occidente dall’età ottoniana al concilio lateranense IV, ed. G. Andenna, Atti della quindicesima Settimana internazionale di studio Mendola, 27–31 agosto 2001 (Milan, 2004), 325–61
Berlière, Ursmar, ‘Le cardinal Matthieu d’Albano (c.1085–1135)’, Revue bénédictine, 18 (1901), 113–40 and 280–303
Berlière, Ursmar, ‘Écoles claustrales au moyen âge’, Académie royale de Belgique, Bulletin de la classe des lettres, 5th series, 7 (1921), 550–72
Berlière, Ursmar, ‘L’exercice du ministère paroissial par les moines dans le Haut Moyen-Âge’, Revue bénédictine, 39 (1927), 227–50
Berlière, Ursmar, ‘L’exercice du ministère paroissial par les moines du XIIe au XVIIe siècle’, Revue bénédictine, 39 (1927), 340–64
Bernd, Rainer, ‘La pratique exégétique d’André de Saint-Victor: Tradition victorine et influence rabbinique’, in L’abbaye parisienne de Saint-Victor au Moyen Âge, ed. Jean Longère, Bibiotheca Victorina, 1 (Turnhout, 1991), 271–90
Bertram, Jerome, Vita Communis: The Common Life of the Secular Clergy (Leominster, 2009)
Beumann, Helmut (ed.), Karl der Grosse: Lebenswerk und Nachleben, 5 vols. (Düsseldorf, 1965–8)
Billett, Jesse D., ‘The Divine Office and the secular clergy in later Anglo-Saxon England’, in England and the Continent in the Tenth Century: Studies in Honour of Wilhelm Levison (1876–1947), ed. David Rollason, Conrad Leyser and Hannah Williams (Turnhout, 2010), 429–71
Binns, Alison, Dedications of Monastic Houses in England and Wales 1066–1216 (Woodbridge, 1989)
Birkett, Helen, ‘The pastoral application of the Lateran IV reforms in the Northern Province, 1215–1348’, Northern History, 43 (2006), 199–219
Bischoff, Bernhard, Manuscripts and Libraries in the Age of Charlemagne, tr. Michael Gorman, 2nd edn (Cambridge, 2007)
Bishop, T.A.M., Scriptores Regis (Oxford, 1961)
Black, Robert, Humanism and Education in Medieval and Renaissance Italy: Tradition and Innovation in Latin Schools from the Twelfth to the Fifteenth Century (Cambridge, 2001)
Blair, John, The Church in Anglo-Saxon Society (Oxford, 2005)
Blair, John, ‘Clerical communities and parochial space: the planning of urban mother churches in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries’, in The Church in the Medieval Town, ed. T.R. Slater and Gervase Rosser (Aldershot, 1998), 272–94
Blair, John, ‘Introduction: from minster to parish church’, in Minsters and Parish Churches: The Local Church in Transition, ed. John Blair (Oxford, 1988), 1–19
Blair, John, ‘Local churches in Domesday Book and before’, in Domesday Studies, ed. J.C. Holt (Woodbridge, 1987), 263–78
Blair, John (ed.) Minsters and Parish Churches: The Local Church in Transition, 950–1200 (Oxford, 1988)
Blair, John, ‘Secular minster churches in Domesday Book’, in Domesday Book: A Reassessment, ed. P.H. Sawyer (London, 1985), 104–42
Blair, John, ‘St Frideswide’s monastery: problems and possibilities’, Oxoniensia, 53 (1988), 221–58, also published in St Frideswide’s Monastery, at Oxford: Archaeological and Architectural Studies, ed. W. John Blair (Gloucester, 1990), 221–58
Blair, John and Richard Sharpe (eds.), Pastoral Care before the Parish (Leicester, 1992)
Blake, David, ‘The development of the chapter of the diocese of Exeter, 1050–1161’, Journal of Medieval History, 8 (1982), 1–11
Bloch, Marc, ‘A problem in comparative history: the administrative classes in France and Germany’, in Marc Bloch, Land and Work, tr. J.E. Anderson (London, 1967), 82–123
Bloch, Marc, ‘Un problème d’histoire comparée: la ministérialité en France et en Allemagne’, Revue historique de droit français et étranger, 4th series, 7 (1928), 46–91
Blumenthal, Uta Renate, Gregor VII. Papst zwischen Canossa und Kirchenreform (Darmstadt, 2001)
Bloch, Marc, The Investiture Controversy: Church and Monarchy from the Ninth to the Twelfth Century (Philadelphia, PA, 1988)
Boddington, Andy, Raunds Furnells: The Anglo-Saxon Church and Churchyard (London, 1996)
Bogumil, Karlotto, Das Bistum Halberstadt im 12. Jahrhundert: Studien zur Rechts- und Reformpolitik des Bischofs Reinhard und zum Wirken der Augustiner-Chorherren (Cologne and Vienna, 1972)
Böhmer, Heinrich, ‘Die Entstehung des Zölibates’, Geschichtliche Studien Albert Hauck zum 70. Geburtstage dargebracht, editor anonymous (Leipzig, 1916), 6–24
Böker, Hans J., ‘The bishop’s chapel of Hereford cathedral and the question of architectural copies in the Middle Ages’, Gesta, 37 (1998), 44–54
Bolton, Brenda and Anne J. Duggan (eds.), Adrian IV: The English Pope (1154–1159): Studies and Texts (Aldershot, 2003)
Bonde, Sheila and Clark Maines (eds.), Saint-Jean-des-Vignes in Soissons: Approaches to Its Architecture, Archaeology and History (Turnhout, 2003)
Bonner, Gerald, David Rollason and Clare Stancliffe (eds.), St Cuthbert, His Cult and His Community to AD 1200 (Woodbridge, 1989)
Bories, Marcel, ‘Les origines de l’université de Montpellier’, in Les universités du Languedoc au XIIIe siècle, Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 5 (Toulouse, 1970), 92–107
Borst, Arno, Die karolingische Kalenderreform (Hanover, 1998)
Boshof, Egon and Hartmut Wolff (eds.), Das Christentum im bairischen Raum, Passauer historische Forschungen, 8 (Cologne, 1994)
Bouchard, Constance B., ‘The structure of a twelfth-century French family: the lords of Seignelay’, Viator, 10 (1979), 39–56
Bouchard, Constance B., Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980–1198 (Ithaca, NY, 1987)
Bouchard, Constance B., Those of My Blood: Constructing Noble Families in Medieval Francia (Philadelphia, PA, 2001)
Bouet, Pierre and François Neveux (eds.), Les évêques normands du XIe siècle (Caen, 1995)
Boureau, Alain, ‘How law came to the monks: the use of law in English society at the beginning of the thirteenth century’, Past and Present, 167 (2000), 29–74
Boureau, Alain, ‘Hypothèses sur l’émergence lexicale et théorique de la catégorie de séculier au XIIe siècle’, in Le clerc séculier au Moyen Âge, ed. Francis Rapp, Publications de la Sorbonne, Série histoire ancienne et médiévale, 27 (Paris, 1993), 35–43
Boussard, Jacques, ‘Les évêques en Neustrie avant la réforme grégorienne (950–1050 environ)’, Journal des savants (1970), 170–86
Boyd, Catherine E., Tithes and Parishes in Medieval Italy (Ithaca, NY, 1952)
Boyden, Edward and Clark Maines, ‘The establishment of the house’, in Saint-Jean-des-Vignes in Soissons: Approaches to Its Architecture, Archaeology and History, ed. Sheila Bonde and Clark Maines (Turnhout, 2003), 55–83
Brackmann, Albert, ‘Urkundliche Geschichte des Halberstädter Domkapitels im Mittelalter’, Zeitschrift des Harz-Vereins für Geschichte und Altertumskunde, 32 (1899), 1–147
Brand, Paul, The Origins of the English Legal Profession (Oxford, 1992)
Brandts, Rudolf, ‘Kapitelshäuser im Domviertel von Trier’, Archiv für mittelrheinische Kirchengeschichte, 1 (1949), 89–135
Brasington, Bruce C., ‘Crusader, castration, canon law: Ivo of Chartres’ letter 135’, Catholic Historical Review, 85 (1999), 367–82
Brasington, Bruce C., ‘What made Ivo mad? Reflections on a medieval bishop’s anger’, in The Bishop Reformed: Studies of Episcopal Power and Culture in the Central Middle Ages, ed. John S. Ott and Anna Trumbore Jones (Aldershot, 2007), 209–18
Braubach, Max, ‘Aloys Schulte: Kämpfe und Ziele’, Historisches Jahrbuch, 78 (1959), 89–109
Bresslau, Harry, Handbuch der Urkundenlehre für Deutschland und Italien, 2nd edn, 3 vols. (Leipzig and Berlin, 1912–60)
Brett, Martin, ‘The annals of Bermondsey, Southwark and Merton’, in Church and City, 1000–1500: Essays in Honour of Christopher Brooke (Cambridge, 1992), 279–310.
Brett, Martin, ‘The church at Rochester, 604–1185’, in Faith and Fabric: A History of Rochester Cathedral, 604–1994, ed. Nigel Yates with Paul A. Welsby (Woodbridge, 1996), 1–27
Brett, Martin, The English Church under Henry I (Oxford, 1975)
Brett, Martin, ‘Forgery at Rochester’, in Fälschungen im Mittelalter, Internationaler Kongress der Monumenta Germaniae Historica, 4 (Hanover, 1988–90), 397–412
Brooke, C.N.L., ‘The archdeacon and the Norman Conquest’, in Tradition and Change: Essays Presented to Marjorie Chibnall, ed. Diana Greenway, Christopher Holdsworth and Jane Sayers (Cambridge, 1985), 1–19
Brooke, C.N.L., ‘The composition of the chapter of St Paul’s, 1086–1163’, Cambridge Historical Journal, 10 (1951), 111–32
Brooke, C.N.L., ‘The earliest times to 1485’, in A History of St Paul’s Cathedral, ed. W.R. Matthews and W.M. Atkins (London, 1957), 1–99, 361–5
Brooke, C.N.L., ‘English episcopal acta of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries’, in Medieval Ecclesiastical Studies: In Honour of Dorothy M. Owen, ed. M.J. Franklin and Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge, 1995), 41–56
Brooke, C.N.L., ‘King David I of Scotland as a connoisseur of the religious orders’, in Mediaevalia Christiana, XIe–XIIIe siècles: Hommage à Raymonde Foreville, ed. C. Viola (Paris, 1989), 320–34
Brooke, C.N.L., The Medieval Idea of Marriage (Oxford, 1989)
Brooke, C.N.L., ‘Priest, deacon and layman, from St Peter Damian to St Francis’, in The Ministry: Clerical and Lay, ed. W.J. Sheils and Diana Wood, Studies in Church History, 26 (Oxford, Blackwell, 1989), 65–85
Brooke, C.N.L., D.E. Luscombe, G.H. Martin and Dorothy Owen (eds.), Church and Government in the Middle Ages: Essays Presented to C.R. Cheney (Cambridge, 1976)
Brooke, Christopher, Jeffrey Denton and Diana E. Greenway (comp.), Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, XI: Coventry and Lichfield (London, 2011)
Brooks, Nicholas, ‘The career of St Dunstan’, in St Dunstan: His Life, Times and Cult, ed. Nigel Ramsay, Margaret Sparks and Tim Tatton-Brown (Woodbridge, 1992), 1–23
Brooks, Nicholas, The Early History of the Church of Canterbury: Christ Church from 597 to 1066 (Leicester, 1984)
Brooks, Nicholas, ‘Introduction: how do we know about St Wulfstan?’, in St Wulfstan and His World, ed. Julia S. Barrow and N.P. Brooks (Aldershot, 2005), 1–21
Brooks, Nicholas, ‘Was cathedral reform at Christ Church Canterbury in the early ninth century of continental inspiration?’, in Anglo-Saxon England and the Continent, ed. Hans Sauer and Joanna Story, Essays in Anglo-Saxon Studies, 3 (Tempe, AZ, 2011), 303–22
Brooks, Nicholas, and Catherine Cubitt (eds.), St Oswald: Life and Influence (London, 1996)
Brown, Andrew, Church and Society in England 1000–1500 (Basingstoke, 2003)
Brubaker, Leslie and J.M.H. Smith (eds.), Gender in the Early Medieval World: East and West, 300–900 (Cambridge, 2004)
Brühl, Carlrichard, Palatium und Civitas, I: Gallien (Cologne, 1975)
Brundage, James A., ‘The Cambridge faculty of canon law and the ecclesiastical courts of Ely’, in Medieval Cambridge: Essays on the Pre-Reformation University, ed. Patrick N.R. Zutshi (Woodbridge, 1993), 21–46
Brundage, James A., ‘The canon law curriculum in medieval Cambridge’, in Learning the Law: Teaching and the Transmission of Law in England, 1150–1900, ed. Jonathan A. Bush and Alain A. Wijffels (London, 1999), 175–90
Brunhölzl, Franz, Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters, 2 vols. (Munich, 1975–92)
Bückmann, Rudolf, Das Domkapitel zu Verden im Mittelalter, Beiträge für die Geschichte Niedersachsens und Westfalens, 34 (Hildesheim, 1912)
Budinszky, Alexander, Die Universität Paris und die Fremden an derselben im Mittelalter (Berlin, 1876)
Bullough, Donald, Alcuin: Achievement and Reputation (Leiden, 2004)
Bullough, Donald, ‘York, Bede’s calendar and a pre-Bedan martyrology’, Analecta Bollandiana, 121 (2003), 329–55
Bullough, Donald and Robin Storey (eds.), The Study of Medieval Records: Essays in Honour of Kathleen Major (Oxford, 1971), 132–50
Bur, Michel, La formation du comté de Champagne v. 950–v. 1150 (Nancy, 1977)
Burger, Michael, Bishops, Clerks and Diocesan Governance in Thirteenth-Century England: Reward and Punishment (Cambridge, 2012)
Burnett, Charles (ed.), Adelard of Bath: An English Scientist and Arabist of the Early Twelfth Century, Warburg Institute Surveys and Texts, 14 (London, 1987)
Burnett, CharlesGive him the white cow: notes and note-taking in the universities in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries’, History of Universities, 14 (1995–6, publ. 1998), 1–30
Burnett, CharlesMathematics and astronomy in Hereford and its region in the twelfth century’, in Medieval Art, Architecture and Archaeology at Hereford, ed. David Whitehead, BAACT 15 (Leeds, 1995), 50–9
Burton, Janet, ‘Les chanoines réguliers en Grande-Bretagne’, in Les chanoines réguliers: Émergence et expansion (XIe–XIIIe siècles), ed. Michel Parisse (Saint-Étienne, 2009), 477–98
Burton, Janet, The Monastic Order in Yorkshire, 1069–1215 (Cambridge, 1999)
Burton, Janet, Frédérique Lachaud, Phillipp Schofield, Karen Stöber and Björn Weiler (eds.),Thirteenth Century England, XIII (Woodbridge, 2011)
Bush, Jonathan A. and Alain A. Wijffels (eds.), Learning the Law: Teaching and the Transmission of Law in England, 1150–1900 (London, 1999)
Busley, H.J., ‘Bischof Otto und sein Domkapitel’, in Otto von Freising: Gedenkgabe zu seinem 800. Todesjahr, ed. J.A. Fischer (Freising, 1958), 65–82
Cabrol, Fernand, Henri Leclerc and Henri Marrou (eds.), Dictionnaire d’archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie, 15 vols. (Paris, 1907–53)
Cambridge, Eric, ‘Why did the community of St Cuthbert settle at Chester-le-Street?’, in St Cuthbert, His Cult and His Community to AD 1200, ed. Geoffrey Bonner, Clare Stancliffe and David Rollason (Woodbridge, 1989), 367–86
Cancik, Hubert and Helmuth Schneider (eds.), Der neue Pauly: Enzyklopädie der Antike, 12 vols. in 13 (Stuttgart and Weimar, 1996–2003)
Cárcel Ortí, Maria Milagros (ed.), Vocabulaire international de la diplomatique, 2nd edn (Valencia, 1997)
Carey, F.L., ‘The scriptorium of Rheims during the archbishopric of Hincmar’, in Classical and Medieval Studies in Honor of E.K. Rand (New York, 1938)
Carey, John, Studies in Irish Hagiography: Saints and Scholars, ed. John Carey, Máire Herbert and Pádraig Ó Riain (Dublin, 2001)
Carolus-Barré, Louis, ‘Les écoles capitulaires et les collèges de Soissons au moyen-âge et au XVIe siècle’, in Enseignement et vie intellectuelle (IXe–XVIe siècle), Actes du 95e congrès national des sociétés savantes, Reims, 1970 (Paris, 1975), 123–226
Carpenter, David X., ‘The several lives of Paulinus, Master of St Leonard’s Hospital, York: ex uno plures’, Northern History, 46 (2009), 9–29
Carpentier, Élisabeth and Jean Glénisson, ‘Bilans et méthodes: la démographie française au XIVe siècle’, Annales-Économies-Sociétés-Civilisations, 17.1 (1962), 109–29
Catto, J.I., with Ralph Evans (eds.), The History of the University of Oxford, I: The Early Oxford Schools (Oxford, 1984)
Cavill, Paul (ed.), The Christian Tradition in Anglo-Saxon England: Approaches to Current Scholarship and Teaching (Cambridge, 2004)
Chaplais, Pierre, ‘The Anglo-Saxon chancery: from the diploma to the writ’, in Prisca Munimenta, ed. Felicity Ranger (London, 1973), 43–62
Chaplais, Pierre, ‘The royal Anglo-Saxon “Chancery” of the tenth century revisited’, in Studies in Medieval History Presented to R.H.C. Davis, ed. Henry Mayr-Harting and R.I. Moore (London, 1985), 41–51
Chaplais, Pierre, ‘William of Saint-Calais and the Domesday Survey’, in Domesday Studies, ed. J.C. Holt (Woodbridge, 1987), 65–77
Charles-Edwards, T.M., Early Irish and Welsh Kinship (Oxford, 1993)
Charmasson, Thérèse, ‘Les premiers traits latins de géomancie’, Cahiers de civilisation médiévale, 21 (1978), 121–36
Châtillon, Jean, ‘Abélard et les écoles’, in Abélard en son temps, ed. Jean Jolivet (Paris, 1981), 133–60
Châtillon, Jean, Le mouvement canonial au Moyen Âge. Réforme de l’Église, spiritualité et culture, ed. Patrice Sicard, Bibliotheca Victorina, 3 (Turnhout, 1992)
Châtillon, Jean, ‘La spiritualité de l’ordre canoniale (VIIIe–XIIIe siècle)’, in Jean Châtillon, Le mouvement canonial au Moyen Âge: Réforme de l’Église, spiritualité et culture, ed. Patrice Sicard, Bibliotheca Victorina, 3 (Turnhout, 1992), 131–49
Chazelle, Celia and Burton Van Name Edwards (eds.), The Study of the Bible in the Carolingian Era (Turnhout, 2003)
Cheney, C.R., English Bishops’ Chanceries, 1100–1250 (Manchester, 1950)
Cheney, C.R., English Synodalia of the Thirteenth Century (Oxford, 1941)
Cheney, C.R., Hubert Walter (London, 1967)
Cheney, C.R., Pope Innocent III and England (Stuttgart, 1976)
Cheney, C.R., ‘Statute-making in the English church in the thirteenth century’, in Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, ed. Stephan Kuttner and J. Joseph Ryan (Vatican City, 1965), 399–414
Cheney, M.G., Roger, Bishop of Worcester, 1164–1179 (Oxford, 1980)
Chenu, Dominique, La théologie au douzième siècle (Paris, 1957)
Chibnall, Marjorie, Anglo-Norman Studies, 12, ed. Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge, 1990)
Chibnall, Marjorie, The World of Orderic Vitalis: Norman Monks and Norman Knights (Woodbridge, 1984)
Chiesa e mondo feudale nei secoli X–XII, Atti della dodicesima Settimana internazionale di studio, Mendola, 24–28 agosto 1992 (Milan, 1995)
Clanchy, M.T., Abelard: A Medieval Life (Oxford, Blackwell, 1997)
Clanchy, M.T., From Memory to Written Record, 2nd edn (Oxford, 1993)
Clanchy, Michael and Lesley Smith, ‘Abelard’s description of the school of Laon: what might it tell us about early-scholastic teaching?’, Nottingham Medieval Studies, 54 (2010), 1–34
Classen, Peter, Gerhoch von Reichersberg: Eine Biographie mit einem Anhang über die Quellen, ihre handschriftliche Überlieferung und ihre Chronologie (Wiesbaden, 1960)
Classen, Peter, ‘Gerhoch von Reichersberg und die Regularkanoniker in Bayern und Oesterreich’, in La vita comune del clero nei secoli XI e XII, Atti della Settimana di Studio, Mendola, settembre 1959, 2 vols. (Milan, 1962), I, 304–40
Classen, Peter, ‘Die hohen Schulen und die Gesellschaft’, repr. in Peter Classen, Studium und Gesellschaft im Mittelalter, ed. Johannes Fried (Stuttgart, 1983), 1–26
Classen, Peter, ‘Kaiserreskript und Königsurkunde: Diplomatische Studien zum römisch-germanischen Kontinuitätsproblem’, Archiv für Diplomatik, 1 (1955), 1–87, and 2 (1956), 1–115
Classen, Peter, Studium und Gesellschaft im Mittelalter, ed. Johannes Fried (Stuttgart, 1983)
Claude, Dietrich, Geschichte des Erzbistums Magdeburg bis in das 12. Jahrhundert, 2 vols. (Cologne and Vienna, 1972–5)
Claussen, M.A., The Reform of the Frankish Church: Chrodegang of Metz and the Regula canonicorum in the Eighth Century (Cambridge, 2004)
Cobban, A.B., The Medieval Universities: Their Development and Organization (London, 1975)
Cochelin, Isabelle, ‘Quête de liberté et récriture des origines: Odon et les portraits corrigés de Baume, Géraud et Guillaume’, in Guerriers et moines: Conversion et sainteté aristocratiques dans l’Occident médiéval (IXe–XIIe siècle), ed. Michel Lauwers (Antibes, 2002), 183–216
Cochrane, Louise, Adelard of Bath: The First English Scientist (London, 1994)
Colchester, L.S. (ed.), Wells Cathedral: A History (Shepton Mallet, 1982)
Colker, M.L., ‘The Life of Guy of Merton by Rainald of Merton’, Mediaeval Studies, 31 (1969), 250–61
Constable, Giles, Letters and Letter Collections, Typologie des sources, 17 (Turnhout, 1976)
Constable, Giles, Monastic Tithes: From Their Origins to the Twelfth Century (Cambridge, 1964)
Constable, Giles, ‘Monks and canons in Carolingian Gaul: the case of Rigrannus of Le Mans’, in After Rome’s Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History. Essays Presented to Walter Goffart, ed. Alexander Callander Murray (Toronto, 1998), 320–36
Constable, Giles, The Reformation of the Twelfth Century (Cambridge, 1996)
Contreni, John J., Carolingian Learning, Masters and Manuscripts (Aldershot, 1992)
Contreni, John J., The Cathedral School of Laon from 850 to 930: Its Manuscripts and Masters, Münchener Beitrage zur Mediävistik und Renaissance-Forschung, 29 (Munich, Arbeo-Gesellschaft, 1978)
Contreni, John J., Codex Laudunensis 468: A Ninth-Century Guide to Virgil, Sedulius, and the Liberal Arts, Armarium codicum insignium, 3 (Turnhout, 1984)
Contreni, John J., ‘The formation of Laon’s cathedral library in the ninth century’, Studi Medievali, 13 (1972), 919–39, repr. in John J. Contreni, Carolingian Learning, Masters and Manuscripts (Aldershot, 1992), Chapter 13
Contreni, John J., ‘The Irish “colony” at Laon during the time of John Scottus’, in Jean Scot Erigène et l’histoire de la philosophie, Colloques internationaux du CNRS, 561 (Paris, 1977), 59–67, repr. in John J. Contreni, Carolingian Learning, Masters and Manuscripts (Aldershot, 1992), Chapter 8
Cotts, John D., The Clerical Dilemma: Peter of Blois and Literate Culture in the Twelfth Century (Washington, DC, 2009)
Coué, Stephanie, ‘Acht Bischofsviten aus der Salierzeit: neu interpretiert’, in Die Salier und das Reich, ed. Stefan Weinfurter with Hubertus Seibert, 3 vols. (Sigmaringen, 1991), III, 347–413
Coué, Stephanie, Hagiographie im Kontext: Schreibanlass und Funktion von Bischofsviten aus den 11. und vom Anfang des 12. Jahrhunderts (Berlin, 1997)
Coulton, G.G., ‘Priests and people before the Reformation’, in G.G. Coulton, Ten Medieval Studies, 3rd edn (Cambridge, 1930), 152–65
Courtenay, William J., Schools and Scholars in Fourteenth-Century England (Princeton, NJ, 1987)
Courtney, Francis, Cardinal Robert Pullen: An English Theologian of the 12th Century, Analecta Gregoriana, 64 (1954)
Coville, Alfred, Recherches sur l’histoire de Lyon du Ve siècle au IXe siècle (450–800) (Paris, 1928), 283–96
Cowan, Ian B. and David Easson (eds.), Medieval Religious Houses: Scotland, 2nd edn (London, 1976)
Cowdrey, H.E.J., Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk and Archbishop (Oxford, 2003)
Cowdrey, H.E.J., Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085 (Oxford, 1998)
Cowley, F.G., The Monastic Order in South Wales, 1066–1349 (Cardiff, 1977)
Cownie, Emma, Religious Patronage in Anglo-Norman England (Woodbridge, 1998)
Cragoe, Carol Davidson, ‘Fabric, tombs and precinct 1087–1540’, in St Paul’s: The Cathedral Church of London, 604–2004, ed. Derek Keene, Arthur Burns and Andrew Saint (New Haven and London, 2004), 127–42
Crehan, Joseph, ‘The seven orders of Christ’, Theological Studies, 19 (1958), 81–93
Croce, Walter, ‘Die niederen Weihen und ihre hierarchische Wertung’, Zeitschrift für katholische Theologie, 70 (1948), 251–314
Crosby, Everett U., Bishop and Chapter in Twelfth-Century England: A Study of the ‘Mensa Episcopalis’ (Cambridge, 1994)
Crosby, Everett U., The King’s Bishops: The Politics of Patronage in England and Normandy 1066–1216 (New York and Basingstoke, 2013)
Crouch, David, ‘The administration of the Norman earldom’, in The Earldom of Chester and Its Charters: A Tribute to Geoffrey Barraclough, ed. A.T. Thacker, published as Journal of the Chester Archaeological Society, 71 (1991), 69–95
Crouch, David, The Beaumont Twins: The Roots and Branches of Power in the Twelfth Century (Cambridge, 1986)
Crouch, David, The Image of the Aristocracy in Britain, 1000–1300 (London, 1992)
Crouch, David, ‘The origin of chantries: some further Anglo-Norman evidence’, Journal of Medieval History, 27 (2001), 159–80
Crouch, David, William Marshal: Knighthood, War and Chivalry, 1147–1219 (Harlow, 1990)
Crouch, David and Claire de Trafford, ‘The forgotten family in twelfth-century England’, Haskins Society Journal, 13 (1999), 41–63
Crusius, Irene (ed.), Studien zum Weltlichen Kollegiatstift in Deutschland (Göttingen, 1995)
Cubitt, Catherine, Anglo-Saxon Church Councils, c.650–c.850 (London, 1995)
Cubitt, Catherine, ‘Bishops and succession crises in tenth- and eleventh-century England’, in Patterns of Episcopal Power: Bishops in 10th and 11th Century Western Europe. Strukturen bischöflicher Herrschaftsgewalt im westlichen Europa des 10. und 11. Jahrhunderts, ed. Ludger Körntgen and Dominik Waßenhoven (Göttingen, 2011), 111–26
Cubitt, Catherine, ‘The clergy in early Anglo-Saxon England’, Historical Research, 78 (2005), 273–87
Cubitt, Catherine, ‘Images of St Peter: the clergy and the religious life in Anglo-Saxon England’, in The Christian Tradition in Anglo-Saxon England: Approaches to Current Scholarship and Teaching, ed. Paul Cavill (Cambridge, 2004), 41–54
Cubitt, Catherine, ‘Pastoral care and conciliar canons: the provisions of the 747 council of Clofesho’, in Pastoral Care before the Parish, ed. John Blair and Richard Sharpe (Leicester, 1992), 193–211
Cubitt, Catherine, ‘Wilfrid’s usurping bishops: episcopal elections in Anglo-Saxon England, c.600–c.800’, Northern History, 25 (1989), 18–38
Cullum, P.H., ‘Boy/man into clerk/priest: the making of the late medieval clergy’, in Rites of Passage: Cultures of Transition in the Fourteenth Century, ed. N.F. McDonald and W.M. Ormrod (Cambridge, 2004), 51–66
Cullum, P.H., ‘Clergy, masculinity and transgression in late medieval England’, in Masculinity in Medieval Europe, ed. Dawn Hadley (London, 1999), 178–96
Cullum, P.H., ‘Life-cycle and life-course in a clerical and celibate milieu: northern England in the later Middle Ages’, in Time and Eternity: The Medieval Discourse, ed. Gerhard Jaritz and Gerson Moreno-Riano (Turnhout, 2003), 271–81
Cullum, P.H. and K.J. Lewis (eds.), Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages (Cardiff, 2004)
Cullum, P. H. and Lewis, K. J., ‘Learning to be a man, learning to be a priest in late medieval England’, in Learning and Literacy in Medieval England and Abroad, ed. Sarah Rees-Jones (Turnhout, 2003), 135–54
Curzel, Emanuele, I canonici e il capitolo della cattedrale di Trento dal XII al XV secolo (Bologna, 2001)
Curzel, Emanuele, ‘Le quinte e il palcoscenico. Appunti storiografici sui capitoli delle cattedrali italiani’, in Canonici delle cattedrali nel medioevo, Quaderni di storia religiosa (Verona, 2003), 39–67
Cushing, Kathleen G., Reform and the Papacy in the Eleventh Century: Spirituality and Social Change (Manchester, 2005)
Cushing, Kathleen G. and R.F. Gyug (eds.), Ritual, Text and Law: Studies in Medieval Canon Law and Liturgy Presented to Roger E. Reynolds (Aldershot, 2004)
Dalton, Paul, Charles Insley and Louise J. Wilkinson (eds.), Cathedrals, Communities and Conflict in the Anglo-Norman World (Woodbridge, 2011)
Davies, J.G., ‘Deacons, deaconesses and the minor orders in the patristic period’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 14 (1963), 1–15
Davies, John Reuben, ‘Aspects of church reform in Wales, c.1093–c.1223’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, 30, ed. C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge, 2008), 85–99
Davies, Wendy, Small Worlds: The Village Community in Early Medieval Brittany (London, 1988)
Davies, Wendy, ‘Priests and rural communities in east Brittany in the ninth century’, Études celtiques, 20 (1983), 177–97
Davies, Wendy and Paul Fouracre (eds.), Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1995)
Davis, Adam J., ‘A thirteenth-century Franciscan money manager: Archbishop Eudes Rigaud of Rouen, 1248–1275’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 56 (2005), 431–54
Davis, G.R.C., Medieval Cartularies of Great Britain (London, 1958)
Davis, R.H.C., ‘The ford, the river and the city’, Oxoniensia, 38 (1974 for 1973), 258–67
Davis, Virginia, ‘The contribution of university-educated secular clerics to the pastoral life of the English church’, in The Church and Learning in Later Medieval Society: Essays in Honour of R.B. Dobson, ed. Caroline M. Barron and Jenny Stratford, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 11 (Donington, 2002), 255–72
Davis, Virginia, ‘Episcopal ordination lists as a source for clerical mobility in England in the fourteenth century’, in England in the Fourteenth Century, ed. Nicholas Rogers (Stamford, 1993), 152–70
d’Avray, D.L., Medieval Marriage: Symbolism and Society (Oxford, 2005)
Decker, Anton, ‘Die Hildebaldsche Manuskriptensammlung des Kölner Doms’, Festschrift der 43. Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner dargeboten von den höheren Lehranstalten Kölns (Bonn, 1895) 215–51
Deeters, Joachim, Servatiusstift und Stadt Maastricht, Rheinisches Archiv, 73 (Bonn, 1970)
DeGregorio: The Cambridge Companion to Bede, ed. Scott DeGregorio (Cambridge, 2010)
de Jong, Mayke, ‘Carolingian monasticism: the power of prayer’, in The New Cambridge Medieval History, II: c.700–c.900, ed. Rosamond McKitterick (Cambridge, 1995), 622–53
de Jong, Mayke, ‘Charlemagne’s church’, in Charlemagne: Empire and Society, ed. Joanna Story (Manchester, 2005), 103–35
de Jong, Mayke, ‘Growing up in a Carolingian monastery: Magister Hildemar and his oblates’, Journal of Medieval History, 9 (1983), 99–128
de Jong, Mayke, In Samuel’s Image: Child Oblation in the Early Medieval West (Leiden, 1996)
Delaplace, Christine (ed.), Aux origines de la paroisse rurale en Gaule méridionale (IVe–IXe siècles) (Paris, 2005)
Delhaye, Philippe, ‘L’organisation scolaire au XIIe siècle’, Traditio, 5 (1947), 211–68
Demidowicz, George (ed.), Coventry’s First Cathedral (Stamford, 1994)
Demouy, Patrick, Genèse d’une cathédrale. Les archevêques de Reims et leur église aux XIe et XIIe siècles (Langres, 2005)
Demouy, Patrick, ‘Les pueri chori de Notre-Dame de Reims: Contribution à l’histoire des clergeons au Moyen Âge’, in Le clerc séculier au Moyen Âge (Paris, 1993), 135–49
Demouy, Patrick, Reims: La cathédrale (Paris, 2000)
Demyttenaere, Bert, ‘The tears of Fromold: the murder of Charles the Good, homoeroticism, and the ruin of the Erembalds’, in Galbert of Bruges and the Historiography of Medieval Flanders, ed. Jeff Rider and Alan V. Murray (Washington, DC, 2009), 144–79
Denifle, Heinrich, Die Entstehung der Universitäten des Mittelalters bis 1400 (Berlin, 1885)
Denton, Jeffrey, ‘The competence of the parish clergy in thirteenth-century England’, in The Church and Learning in Later Medieval Society: Essays in Honour of R.B. Dobson, ed. Caroline M. Barron and Jenny Stratford, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 11 (Donington, 2002), 273–85
Denton, Jeffrey, English Royal Free Chapels 1100–1300: A Constitutional Study (Manchester, 1970)
Dereine, Charles, ‘Enquête sur la règle de Saint Augustin’, Scriptorium, 2 (1948), 28–36
Dereine, Charles, ‘Odon de Tournai et la crise du cénobitisme au XIe siècle’, Revue du Moyen Âge latin, 4 (1948), 137–54
Dereine, Charles, ‘Le problème de la vie commune chez les canonistes’, Studi Gregoriani, 3 (1948), 219–352
Dereine, Charles, ‘Saint-Ruf et ses coutumes’, Revue bénédictine, 59 (1949), 161–82
Dereine, Charles, ‘Vie commune, règle de Saint-Augustin et chanoines réguliers au XIe siècle’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 41 (1946), 365–406
De Smet, J.M., ‘Recherches critiques sur la Vita Gerardi Abbatis Broniensis’, Revue bénédictine, 70 (1960), 5–61
Desportes, Pierre (ed.), Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae, 3: Diocèse de Reims (Turnhout, 1998)
Desportes, Pierre, Jean-Pascal Foucher, Françoise Loddé and Laurent Vallière (eds.), Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae, 9: Diocèse de Sées (Turnhout, 2005)
Desportes, Pierre and Hélène Millet (eds.), Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae, 1: Diocèse d’Amiens (Turnhout, 1996)
Depreux, Philippe, Prosopographie de l’entourage de Louis le Pieux (781–840) (Sigmaringen, 1997)
Depreux, Philippe and Cécile Treffort, ‘La paroisse dans De ecclesiis et capellis d’Hincmar de Reims. L’énonciation d’une norme à partir de la pratique’, Médiévales, 48 (2005), at http://medievales.revues.org/document1064.html, accessed 23 March 2007
Destrez, Jean, La pecia dans les manuscrits universitaires du XIIIe et du XIVe siècle (Paris, 1935), 19–23
Destrez, Jean, Die deutsche Königspfalzen, IV: Niedersachsen, I: Bardowick-Braunschweig (Anfang), Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte, 11 (Göttingen, 1999)
Devailly, Guy, ‘Les grandes familles et l’épiscopat dans l’ouest de la France et les pays de la Loire’, Cahiers de civilisation médiévale, 27 (1984), 49–55
Devailly, Guy, ‘La pastorale en Gaule au IXe siècle’, Revue d’histoire de l’Église de France, 59 (1973), 23–54
Devisse, Jean, Hincmar, archevêque de Reims 845–882, 3 vols. (Geneva, 1975–6)
Devisse, Jean, ‘L’influence de Julien Pomère sur les clercs carolingiens: De la pauvreté aux Ve et IXe siècles’, Revue d’histoire de l’Église de France, 56 (1970), 285–95
Dickinson, J.C., The Origins of the Austin Canons and Their Introduction into England (London, 1950)
Dierkens, Alain, Abbayes entre Sambre et Meuse (VIIe–XIe siècle) (Sigmaringen, 1985)
Dierkens, Alain, ‘La christianisation des campagnes de l’Empire de Louis le Pieux: L’example du diocèse de Liège sous l’épiscopat de Walcaud (c.809–c.831), in Charlemagne’s Heir: New perspectives on the Reign of Louis the Pious (814–840), ed. Peter Godman and Roger Collins (Oxford, 1990), 309–29
Dinzelbacher, Peter, Bernhard von Clairvaux: Leben und Werk des berühmten Zisterziensers (Darmstadt, 1998)
Dobiache-Rozhdestvenskaia, Olga, La vie paroissiale en France au XIIIe siècle d’après les actes épiscopaux (Paris, 1911)
Dodwell, Barbara, ‘Herbert de Losinga and the foundation’, in Norwich Cathedral: Church, City and Diocese, 1096–1996, ed. Ian Atherton, Eric Fernie, Christopher Harper-Bill and Hassell Smith (London, 1996), 36–43
Dosdat, Monique, ‘Les évêques de la province de Rouen et la vie intellectuelle au XIe siècle’, in Les évêques normands du XIe siècle, ed. Pierre Bouet and François Neveux (Caen, 1995), 223–52
Drout, Michael D.C., ‘Re-dating the Old English translation of the Enlarged Rule of Chrodegang: the evidence of the prose style’, Journal of English and Germanic Philology, 103 (2004), 341–68
Duchesne, Louis, Christian Worship: Its Origin and Evolution, tr. M.L. McClure, 5th edn (London, 1927)
Duggan, Charles, Twelfth-Century Decretal Collections and Their Importance in English History (London, 1963)
Dumville, David, The Churches of North Britain in the First Viking Ages, Fifth Whithorn Lecture (Whithorn, 1997)
Dumville, David, ‘St Cathroé of Metz and the hagiography of exoticism’, in Studies in Irish Hagiography: Saints and Scholars, ed. John Carey, Máire Herbert and Pádraig Ó Riain (Dublin, 2001), 172–88
Duncan, A.A.M., ‘The foundation of St Andrews cathedral priory, 1140’, Scottish Historical Review, 84 (2005), 1–37
Dunning, P.J., ‘The Arroasian Order in Medieval Ireland’, Irish Historical Studies, 4 (1945), 297–315
Dury, Christian, ‘Fraternités et clergé secondaire du diocèse de Liège au Moyen Âge: Contribution à la protohistoire des assemblées représentatives’, Le Moyen Âge, 96 (1990), 287–315
Dutton, Kathryn, ‘Ad erudiendum tradidit: the upbringing of Angevin comital children’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, 32, ed. C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge, 2010), 24–39
Duvernoy, Émile, Le duc de Lorraine Mathieu Ier (1139–1176) (Paris, 1904)
Edwards, Kathleen, The English Secular Cathedrals in the Middle Ages, 2nd edn (Manchester, 1967)
Egger, Christoph, ‘The canon regular: Saint-Ruf in context’, in Adrian IV. The English Pope (1154–1159): Studies and Texts, ed. Brenda Bolton and Anne J. Duggan (Aldershot, 2003), 15–28
Ehlers, Joachim, ‘Deutsche Scholaren in Frankreich während des 12. Jahrhunderts’, in Schulen und Studium im sozialen Wandel des hohen und späten Mittelalters, ed. Johannes Fried (Sigmaringen, 1986), 97–120
Ehlers, Joachim, ‘Dom- und Klosterschulen in Deutschland und Frankreich im 10. und 11. Jahrhundert’, in Schule und Schüler im Mittelalter: Beiträge zur europäischen Bildungsgeschichte des 9. bis 15. Jahrhunderts, ed. Martin Kintzinger, Sönke Lorenz and Michael Walter (Cologne, 1996), 29–52
Ehlers, Joachim, Otto von Freising: Ein Intellektueller im Mittelalter (Munich, 2013)
Ehlers, Joachim, ‘Verfassungs- und sozialgeschichtlichen Studien zum Bildungsgang Erzbischof Adalberts II. von Mainz’, Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter, 42 (1978), 161–84
Elm, Kaspar (ed.), Norbert von Xanten: Adliger, Ordensstifter, Kirchenfürst (Cologne, 1984)
Elm, KasparNorbert von Xanten: Bedeutung – Persönlichkeit – Nachleben’, in Norbert von Xanten: Adliger, Ordensstifter, Kirchenfürst, ed. Kaspar Elm (Cologne, 1984), 267–315
Emden, Alfred Brotherston, A Biographical Register of the University of Cambridge to 1500 (Cambridge, 1963)
Emden, Alfred Brotherston, A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500, 3 vols. (Oxford, 1957–9)
Esders, Stefan and Heike Johanna Mierau, Der althochdeutsche Klerikereid: Bischöfliche Diözesangewalt, kirchliches Benefizialwesen und volkssprachliche Rechtspraxis im frühmittelalterlichen Baiern, MGH Studien und Texte, 28 (Hanover, 2000)
Etchingham, Colmán, Church Organisation in Ireland AD 650–1000 (Maynooth, 1999)
Evans, G.R., ‘Schools and scholars: the study of the abacus in English schools, c.980–c.1150’, English Historical Review, 94 (1979), 71–89
Evans, J. Wyn and Jonathan Wooding (eds.), St David of Wales: Cult, Church and Nation (Woodbridge, 2007)
Ewig, Eugen, ‘Beobachtungen zur Entwicklung der fränkischen Reichskirche unter Chrodegang von Metz’, Frühmittelalterliche Studien, 2 (1968), 67–77
Ewig, Eugen, ‘Kirche und civitas in der Merowingerzeit’, in Eugen Ewig, Spätantikes und fränkisches Gallien: Gesammelte Schriften (1952–1973), ed. Hartmut Atsma, 2 vols. (Munich, 1976–9), II, 1–20
Ewig, Eugen, ‘Milo et eiusmodi similes’, in Sankt Bonifatius: Gedenkgabe zum zwölfhundertsten Todestag (Fulda, 1954), 412–40
Ewig, Eugen, ‘Saint Chrodegang et la réforme de l’Église franque’, in Saint Chrodegang: Communications présentées au colloque tenu à Metz à l’occasion du douzième centenaire de sa mort (Metz, 1967), 25–53
Ewig, Eugen, Spätantikes und fränkisches Gallien: Gesammelte Schriften (1952–1973), ed. Hartmut Atsma, 2 vols. (Munich, 1976–9)
Faith, Rosamond, The English Peasantry and the Growth of Lordship (London, 1997)
Falkenstein, Ludwig, ‘Charlemagne et Aix-la-Chapelle’, Byzantion, 61 (1991), 230–89
Falkenstein, Ludwig, Karl der Grosse und die Entstehung des Aachener Marienstifts (Paderborn, 1981), 33–50
Farmer, Sharon, Communities of St Martin: Legend and Ritual in Medieval Tours (Ithaca, NY, 1991)
Fassler, Margot, Gothic Song: Victorine Sequences and Augustinian Reform in Twelfth-Century Paris (Cambridge, 1993)
Feine, Hans-Erich, Kirchliche Rechtsgeschichte, I: Die katholische Kirche, 4th edn (Cologne, 1964)
Fenton, Kirsten A., ‘The question of masculinity in William of Malmesbury’s presentation of Wulfstan of Worcester’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, 28 (Woodbridge, 2006), 124–37
Ferruolo, Stephen, The Origins of the University: The Schools of Paris and Their Critics, 1100–1215 (Stanford, 1985)
Fischer: Otto von Freising: Gedenkgabe zu seinem 800. Todesjahr, ed. J.A. Fischer (Freising, 1958)
Fisher, D.J.V., ‘The anti-monastic reaction in the reign of Edward the Martyr’, Cambridge Historical Journal, 10 (1950–2), 254–70
Fizzard, Allison D., Plympton Priory: A House of Augustinian Canons in South-Western England in the Late Middle Ages (Leiden, 2008)
Flanagan, Marie Therese and Judith A. Green (eds.), Charters and Charter Scholarship in Britain and Ireland (Basingstoke, 2005)
Fleckenstein, Josef, Die Hofkapelle der deutschen Könige, I. Teil: Grundlegung: Die karolingische Hofkapelle; II. Teil: Die Hofkapelle im Rahmen der ottonisch-salischen Reichskirche, Schriften der MGH, 16, i–ii (Stuttgart, 1959–66)
Fleckenstein, Josef, ‘Hofkapelle und Reichsepiskopat unter Heinrich IV.’, in Investiturstreit und Reichsverfassung, ed. Josef Fleckenstein, Vorträge und Forschungen, 17 (Sigmaringen, 1973), 117–40
Fleckenstein, Josef, (ed.) Investiturstreit und Reichsverfassung, Vorträge und Forschungen, 17 (Sigmaringen, 1973)
Fleming, Robin, ‘Christ Church Canterbury’s Anglo-Norman cartulary’, in Anglo-Norman Political Culture and the Twelfth-Century Renaissance, ed. C. Warren Hollister (Woodbridge, 1997), 83–155
Fletcher, Richard, ‘An epistola formata from León’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, 45 (1972), 122–8
Flint, V.I.J., ‘The “School of Laon”: a reconsideration’, Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale, 43 (1976), 89–110
Folz, Robert, ‘Metz dans la monarchie franque au temps de Saint Chrodegang’, in Saint Chrodegang: Communications présentées au colloque tenu à Metz à l’occasion du douzième centenaire de sa mort (Metz, 1967), 11–24
Fonge, Charles, ‘Patriarchy and patrimony: investing in the medieval college’, in The Foundations of Medieval English Ecclesiastical History: Studies Presented to David Smith, ed. Philippa Hoskin, Christopher Brooke and Barrie Dobson (Woodbridge, 2005), 77–93
Foot, Sarah, ‘Anglo-Saxon minsters: a review of terminology’, in Pastoral Care before the Parish, ed. John Blair and Richard Sharpe (Leicester, 1992), 212–25
Foot, Sarah, Monastic Life in Anglo-Saxon England, c.600–c.900 (Cambridge, 2006)
Foot, Sarah, ‘Parochial ministry in early Anglo-Saxon England: the role of monastic communities’, in The Ministry: Clerical and Lay, ed. W.J. Sheils and Diana Wood, SCH, 26 (Oxford, 1989), 43–54
Foot, Sarah, ‘The role of the minster in earlier Anglo-Saxon society’, in Monasteries and Society in Medieval Britain, ed. B. Thompson (Stamford, 1999), 35–58
Foot, Sarah, Veiled Women, I: The Disappearance of Nuns from Anglo-Saxon England (Aldershot, 2000)
Foreville, Raymonde, Gouvernement et vie de l’Église au Moyen Âge (London, 1979)
Foreville, Raymonde, Le pape Innocent III et la France (Stuttgart, 1992)
Foreville, Raymonde and Dom Jean Leclercq, ‘Un débat sur le sacerdoce des moines au XIIe siècle’, in Analecta Monastica, 4 (= Studia Anselmiana, 41) (Rome, 1957), 8–118
Fouracre, Paul, ‘Forgetting and remembering Dagobert II: the English connection’, in Frankland: The Franks and the World of the Early Middle Ages, ed. Paul Fouracre and David Ganz (Manchester, 2008), 70–89
Fouracre, Paul, ‘The work of Audoenus of Rouen and Eligius of Noyon in extending episcopal influence from the town to the country in seventh-century Neustria’, Studies in Church History, 16 (1979), 77–91
Fouracre, Paul and David Ganz (eds.), Frankland: The Franks and the World of the Early Middle Ages (Manchester, 2008)
Fournier, Paul, ‘Un tournant de l’histoire du droit: 1060–1140’, in Paul Fournier, Mélanges de droit canonique, ed. Theo Kölzer, 2 vols. (Aalen, 1983), II, 373–424
Franklin, M.J., ‘The bishops of Coventry and Lichfield, c.1072–1208’, in Coventry’s First Cathedral, ed. George Demidowicz (Stamford, 1994), 118–38
Franklin, M.J., ‘The bishops of Winchester and the monastic revolution’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, 12, ed. Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge, 1990), 47–65
Frauenknecht, Erwin, Die Verteidigung der Priesterehe in der Reformzeit (Hanover, 1997)
Freed, John B., ‘The formation of the Salzburg ministerialage in the tenth and eleventh centuries: an example of upward social mobility in the early Middle Ages’, Viator, 9 (1978), 67–102
Freed, John B., ‘Nobles, ministerials and knights in the archdiocese of Salzburg’, Speculum, 62 (1987), 575–611
Fried, Johannes, ‘Der Archipoeta: ein Kölner Scholaster?’, in Ex ipsis rerum documentis, Beiträge zur Mediävistik. Festschrift Harald Zimmermann, ed. Klaus Herbers et al. (Sigmaringen, 1991), 85–90
Fried, Johannes, ‘Die Bamberger Domschule und die Rezeption von Frühscholastik und Rechtswissenschaft in ihrem Umkreis bis zum Ende der Stauferzeit’, in Schulen und Studium im sozialen Wandel des hohen und späten Mittelalters, ed. Johannes Fried (Sigmaringen, 1986), 163–201
Fried, Johannes, Die Entstehung des Juristenstandes im 12. Jahrhundert (Cologne, 1974)
Fried, Johannes, ‘Gerard Pucelle und Köln’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtgeschichte, Kanonistische Abteilung, 69 (1982), 125–35
Fried, Johannes, (ed.) Schulen und Studium im sozialen Wandel des hohen und späten Mittelalters (Sigmaringen, 1986)
Friedmann, Adrien, Paris, ses rues, ses paroisses du Moyen Âge à la Révolution (Paris, 1959)
Führer, Julian, König Ludwig VI. von Frankreich und die Kanonikerreform (Frankfurt am Main, 2008)
Fuhrmann, Horst, Einfluss und Verbreitung der pseudoisidorischen Fälschungen von ihren Auftauchen bis in die neuere Zeit, 3 vols., Schriften der MGH, 24 (Stuttgart, 1972–4)
Fuhrmann, Horst, Papst Urban II. und der Stand der Regularkanoniker, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, phil.-hist. Kl., Sitzungsberichte 1984 part 2 (Munich, 1984)
Gabriel, Astrik L., ‘English masters and students during the twelfth century’, in Astrik L. Gabriel, Garlandia: Studies in the History of the Medieval University (Notre Dame, IN, 1969), 1–37
Gabriel, Astrik L., Garlandia: Studies in the History of the Medieval University (Notre Dame, IN, 1969)
Gameson, Richard,‘St Wulfstan, the library of Worcester and the spirituality of the medieval book’, in St Wulfstan and His World, ed. Julia S. Barrow and N.P. Brooks (Aldershot, 2005), 59–91
Gameson, Richard and Henrietta Leyser (eds.), Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 2001)
Ganz, David, Corbie in the Carolingian Renaissance (Sigmaringen, 1990)
Garnett, George, Conquered England: Kingship, Succession, and Tenure 1066–1166 (Oxford, 2007)
Gasparini, Giuseppina De Sandre, Grado Giovanni Merlo and Antonio Rigon (eds.), Canonici delle cattedrali nel medioevo (Verona, 2003)
Gasparri, Françoise, L’écriture des actes de Louis VI, Louis VII et Philippe Auguste (Geneva and Paris, 1973)
Gaudemet, Jean, ‘Recherches sur l’épiscopat médiéval en France’, in Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, ed. Stephan Kuttner and J.J. Ryan (Vatican City, 1965), 139–54
Gaydon, A.T. (ed.), VCH Shropshire, II (Oxford, 1973)
Geary, P.J. (ed.), Authors of the Middle Ages: Historical and Religious Writers of the Latin West, II (Aldershot, 1995)
Gem, Richard, ‘The bishop’s chapel at Hereford: the roles of patron and craftsman’, in Richard Gem, Studies in English Pre-Romanesque and Romanesque Architecture, 2 vols. (London, 2004), II, 633–45
Genicot, Léopold, ‘Haute clergé et noblesse dans le diocèse de Liège du XIe au XIVe siècle’, in Adel und Kirche, ed. Josef Fleckenstein and Karl Schmid (Freiburg, 1968), 237–58
Gerchow, Jan, Die Gedenküberlieferung der Angelsachsen: Mit einem Katalog der libri vitae und Necrologien (Berlin, 1988)
Giandrea, Mary Frances, Episcopal Culture in Late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge, 2007)
Giard, Luce, ‘Hugues de Saint-Victor: Cartographie du savoir’, in L’abbaye parisienne de Saint-Victor au moyen âge, ed. Jean Longère, Bibiotheca Victorina, 1 (Turnhout, 1991), 253–69
Gibaut, John St H., The Cursus Honorum: A Study of the Origins and Evolution of Sequential Ordination (Bern, 2000)
Gibson, Margaret, ‘Adelard of Bath’, in Adelard of Bath: An English Scientist and Arabist of the Early Twelfth Century, ed. Charles Burnett, Warburg Institute Surveys and Texts, 14 (London, 1987), 1–16
Gibson, Margaret, (ed.) Boethius: His Life, Thought and Influence (Oxford, 1981), 162–205
Gibson, Margaret,Lanfranc of Bec (Oxford, 1978)
Gibson, Margaret and Janet Nelson (eds.), Charles the Bald: Court and Kingdom, 2nd edn (Aldershot, 1990)
Gilles, Henri, ‘L’enseignement du droit en Languedoc au XIIIe siècle’, in Les universités du Languedoc au XIIIe siècle, Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 5 (Toulouse, 1970), 204–29
Gillingham, John (ed.), Anglo-Norman Studies, 24 (Woodbridge, 2002)
Gillingham, JohnThe English in the Twelfth Century: Imperialism, National Identity and Political Values (Woodbridge, 2000)
Gillingham, JohnSome observations on social mobility in England between the Norman Conquest and the early thirteenth century’, in England and Germany in the High Middle Ages, ed. Alfred Haverkamp and Hanna Vollrath (Oxford, 1996), 333–55, repr. in John Gillingham, The English in the Twelfth Century: Imperialism, National Identity and Political Values (Woodbridge, 2000)
Giraud, Cédric, Per verba magistri: Anselme de Laon et son école au XIIe siècle (Turnhout, 2010)
Gittos, Helen, ‘Is there any evidence for the liturgy of parish churches in late Anglo-Saxon England? The Red Book of Darley and the status of Old English’, in Pastoral Care in Late Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Francesca Tinti (Woodbridge, 2005), 63–82
Giusti, Martino, ‘Notizie sule canoniche lucchesi’, in La vita comune del clero nei secoli XI e XII, 2 vols. (Milan, 1962), I, 434–54
Glauche, Günter, ‘Die Rolle der Schulautoren im Unterricht von 800 bis 1100’, in La scuola nell’ occidente latino dell’ alto medioevo, Settimane di studio del centro italiano di studi sull’ alto medioevo, 19, 2 vols. (Spoleto, 1972), II, 617–36
Glauche, Günter, Schullektüre im Mittelalter: Entstehung und Wandlungen des Lektürekanons bis 1200 nach den Quellen dargestellt, Münchener Beiträge zur Mediävistik und Renaissance-Forschung, 5 (Munich, 1970)
Glenn, Jason, ‘Master and community in tenth-century Reims’, in Teaching and Learning in Northern Europe, 1000–1200, ed. Sally N. Vaughn and Jay Rubenstein (Turnhout, 2006), 50–68
Glauche, Günter, Politics and History in the Tenth Century: The Work and World of Richer of Reims (Cambridge, 2004)
Gneuss, Helmut, Ælfric von Eynsham und seine Zeit (Munich, 2002)
Gneuss, Helmut, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments written or owned in England up to 1100 (Tempe, AZ, 2001)
Gneuss, Helmut, ‘Liturgical books in Anglo-Saxon England and their Old English terminology’, in Learning and Literature in Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Michael Lapidge and Helmut Gneuss (Cambridge, 1985), 91–141
Goddard, Richard, Lordship and Medieval Urbanisation: Coventry, 1043–1355 (Woodbridge, 2004)
Godding, Robert, Prêtres en Gaule mérovingienne (Brussels, 2001)
Godman, Peter and Roger Collins (eds.), Charlemagne’s Heir: New Perspectives on the Reign of Louis the Pious (814–840) (Oxford, 1990)
Goering, Joseph, William de Montibus (c.1140–1213). The Schools and the Literature of Pastoral Care (Toronto, 1992)
Golding, Brian, Gilbert of Sempringham and the Gilbertine Order, c.1130–c.1300 (Oxford, 1995)
Götting, Hans, Das Bistum Hildesheim, III: Die Hildesheimer Bischöfe von 815 bis 1221 (1227), Germania Sacra, n.F., 20.3 (Berlin, 1984)
Grabmann, Martin, Die Geschichte der scholastischen Methode, 2 vols. (Freiburg, 1909–11; repr. Berlin, 1957)
Gransden, Antonia, A History of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds, 1182–1256: from Sampson of Tottington to Edmund of Walpole (Woodbridge, 2007)
Gransden, Antonia, ‘The history of Wells cathedral c.1090–1547’, in Wells Cathedral: A History, ed. L.S. Colchester (Shepton Mallet, 1982), 24–51
Grant, Lindy, Abbot Suger of St-Denis: Church and State in Early Twelfth-Century France (London, 1998)
Graus, Frantisek (ed.), Mentalitäten des Mittelalter: Methodische und inhaltliche Probleme, Vorträge und Forschungen, 35 (Sigmaringen, 1987)
Green, Judith, The Aristocracy of Norman England (Cambridge, 1997)
Green, Judith, The Government of England under Henry I (Cambridge, 1986)
Greenway, Diana, ‘The false Institutio of St Osmund’, in Tradition and Change: Essays in Honour of Marjorie Chibnall, ed. Diana Greenway, Christopher Holdsworth and Jane Sayers (Cambridge, 1985), 77–101
Greenway, Diana, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, I: St Paul’s, London (London, 1968)
Greenway, Diana, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, II: Monastic Cathedrals (London, 1996)
Greenway, Diana, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, III: Lincoln (London, 1977)
Greenway, Diana, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, IV: Salisbury (London, 1991)
Greenway, Diana, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, V: Chichester (London, 1996)
Greenway, Diana, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, VI: York (London, 1999)
Greenway, Diana, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, VII: Bath and Wells (London, 2001)
Greenway, Diana, (comp.) Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300, X: Exeter (London, 2005)
Greenway, Diana, ‘Henry of Huntingdon as poet’, Medium Aevum, 74 (2005), 329–32
Greenway, Diana, ‘1091: St Osmund and the constitution of the cathedral’, in Medieval Art and Architecture at Salisbury Cathedral, ed. Laurence Keen and Thomas Cocke, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions, 17 (London, 1996), 1–9
Greenway, Diana, Christopher Holdsworth and Jane Sayers (eds.), Tradition and Change: Essays Presented to Marjorie Chibnall (Cambridge, 1985)
Gretsch, Mechthild, The Intellectual Foundations of the English Benedictine Reform (Cambridge, 1999)
Grieme, Uwe, Nathalie Kruppa and Stefan Pätzold (eds.), Bischof und Bürger: Herrschaftsbeziehungen in den Kathedralstädten des Hoch- und Spätmittelalters, Studien zur Germania Sacra, 26 (Göttingen, 2004)
Griffe, Élie, ‘Le concile d’Elvire et les origines du célibat ecclésiastique’, Bulletin de littérature ecclésiastique, 77 (1976), 123–7
Grignard, François, ‘Conjectures sur la famille d’Halinard abbé de Saint-Bénigne’, Bulletin d’histoire et d’archéologie religieuses du diocèse de Dijon, 2 (1884), 202–6
Grotans, Anna A., Reading in Medieval St Gall, Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology, 13 (Cambridge, 2006)
Groten, Manfred, ‘Der Magistertitel und seine Verbreitung im deutschen Reich des 12. Jahrhunderts’, Historisches Jahrbuch, 113 (1993), 21–40
Groten, Manfred, Priorenkolleg und Domkapitel von Köln im hohen Mittelalter, Rheinisches Archiv, 109 (Bonn, 1980)
Gryson, Roger, ‘Dix ans de recherches sur les origines du célibat ecclésiastique: Réflexion sur les publications des années 1970–1979’, Revue théologique de Louvain, 11 (1980), 157–85
Gryson, Roger, ‘Les élections ecclésiastiques au IIIe siècle’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 68 (1973), 353–404
Gryson, Roger, ‘Les élections épiscopales en occident au IVe siècle’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 75 (1980), 257–83
Guerout, Jean, ‘Fiscalité, topographie et démographie à Paris au Moyen Âge’, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes, 130 (1972), 383–465
Guerreau-Jalabert, AnitaNutritus/oblatus: parenté et circulation d’enfants au Moyen Âge’, in Adoption et fosterage, ed. Mireille Corbier (Paris, 1999), 263–90
Guillemain, Bernard, ‘Chiffres et statistiques pour l’histoire ecclésiastique du Moyen Âge’, Le Moyen Âge, 59 (1953), 341–65
Guillemain, Bernard, ‘Les origines des évêques en France aux XIe et XIIe siècles’, in Le istituzioni ecclesiastiche della “Societas Christiana” dei secoli XI–XII: Papato, cardinalato e episcopato, Miscellanea del Centro di studi medioevali, 7 (Milan, 1974), 374–402
Guillot, Olivier, Le comte d’Anjou et son entourage au XIe siècle, 2 vols. (Paris, 1972)
Guyotjeannin, Olivier, Les cartulaires: Actes de la table ronde organisée par l’École nationale des Chartes et le GDR 121 du CNRS, ed. Olivier Guyotjeannin, Laurent Morelle and Michel Parisse (Paris, 1993)
Guyotjeannin, Olivier, Episcopus et comes: Affirmation et déclin de la seigneurie épiscopale au nord du royaume de France (Beauvais-Noyon, Xe–début XIIIe siècle) (Geneva and Paris, 1987)
Guyotjeannin, Olivier, ‘La seigneurie épiscopale dans le royaume de France (Xe–XIIIe siècles)’, in Chiesa e mondo feudale nei secoli X–XII, Atti della dodicesima Settimana internazionale di studio, Mendola, 24–28 agosto 1992 (Milan, 1995), 151–88
Guyotjeannin, Olivier, Jacques Pycke and Benoît-Michel Tock, Diplomatique médiévale, L’atelier du médiéviste, 2 (Turnhout, 1993)
Haarländer, Stephanie, Vitae Episcoporum: Eine Quellengattung zwischen Hagiographie und Historiographie, untersucht an Lebensbeschreibungen von Bischöfen des Regnum Teutonicum im Zeitalter der Ottonen und Salier (Stuttgart, 2000)
Hadley, Dawn (ed.), Masculinity in Medieval Europe (London, 1999)
Hadley, Dawn (ed.), The Northern Danelaw: Its Social Structure (London, 2000)
Hadley, Dawn and Julian Richards (eds.), Cultures in Contact: Scandinavian Settlement in England in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries (Turnhout, 2000)
Haidacher, Christoph and Werner Köfler (eds.), Die Diplomatik der Bischofsurkunde vor 1250 (Innsbruck, 1995)
Haider, Siegfried, Das bischöfliche Kapellanat, I: Von den Anfängen bis in das 13. Jahrhundert (Vienna, Cologne and Graz, 1977)
Haider, Siegfried, ‘Zum Niederkirchenwesen in der Frühzeit des Bistums Passau (8.–11. Jahrhundert)’, in Das Christentum im bairischen Raum, ed. Egon Boshof and Hartmut Wolff, Passauer historische Forschungen, 8 (Cologne, 1994), 325–88
Hajnal, István, L’enseignement de l’écriture aux universités médiévales, 2nd edn (Budapest, 1959)
Hall, David, ‘The Late Saxon countryside: villages and their fields’, in Anglo-Saxon Settlements, ed. Della Hooke (Oxford, 1988), 99–122
Hall, David, ‘Late Saxon topography and early medieval estates’, in Medieval Villages, ed. Della Hooke (Oxford, 1985), 61–9
Hall, Richard, Vicars Choral at English Cathedrals: Cantate Domino: History, Architecture and Archaeology, ed. Richard Hall and David Stocker (Oxford, 2005)
Hall, Thomas N., ‘Ælfric as pedagogue’, in A Companion to Ælfric, ed. Hugh Magennis and Mary Swan (Leiden and Boston, 2009), 193–216
Hallinger, Kassius, Gorze-Kluny: Studien zu den monastischen Lebensformen und Gegensätzen im Hochmittelalter, 2 vols. (Rome, 1950–1; repr. Graz, 1971)
Halsall, Guy, ‘Officers or gentlemen? The Frankish aristocracy in the sixth century: Part 3’, in Historian on the Edge, at http://600transformer.blogspot.com, consulted 1 March 2012
Halsall, Guy, Settlement and Social Organization: The Merovingian Region of Metz (Cambridge, 1995)
Hamesse, Jacqueline (ed.), Roma, Magistra Mundi: Itineraria culturae medievalis. Mélanges offerts au Père L.E. Boyle à l’occasion de son 75e anniversaire (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1998)
Hammer, C.I., ‘Country churches, clerical inventories and the Carolingian renaissance in Bavaria’, Church History, 49 (1980), 5–17
Hand, Geoffrey J., ‘The medieval chapter of St Mary’s cathedral, Limerick’, in Medieval Studies Presented to Aubrey Gwynn, S.J., ed. J.A. Watt, J.B. Morrall and F.X. Martin, O.S.A. (Dublin, 1961), 74–89
Häring, N.M., ‘Zur Geschichte der Schulen von Poitiers im 12. Jahrhundert’, Archiv für Kulturgeschichte, 47 (1965), 23–47
Harper, John, The Forms and Orders of Western Liturgy from the Tenth to the Eighteenth Century: A Historical Introduction and Guide for Students and Musicians (Oxford, 1991)
Harper, John,‘The vicar choral in choir’, in Vicars Choral at English Cathedrals: Cantate Domino. History, Architecture and Archaeology, ed. Richard Hall and David Stocker (Oxford, 2005), 17–22
Harper-Bill, Christopher, ‘The struggle for benefices in twelfth-century East Anglia’, Anglo-Norman Studies, 11 (1989), 113–32
Harries, Jill, Sidonius Apollinaris and the Fall of Rome, AD 407–485 (Oxford, 1994)
Hartmann, Martina, Studien zu den Briefen Abt Wibalds von Stablo und Corvey sowie zur Briefliteratur in der frühen Stauferzeit, MGH Studien und Texte, 52 (Hanover, 2011)
Hartmann, Wilfried (ed.), Bischof Burchard von Worms, 1000–1025 (Mainz, 2000)
Hartmann, Wilfried, Kirche und Kirchenrecht um 900: Die Bedeutung der spätkarolingischen Zeit für Tradition und Innovation im kirchlichen Recht, Schriften der MGH, 58 (Hanover, 2008)
Hartmann, Wilfried, ‘Neue Texte zur bischöflichen Reformgesetzgebung aus den Jahren 829/31. Vier Diözesansynoden Halitgars von Cambrai’, Deutsches Archiv, 35 (1979), 368–94
Hartmann, Wilfried and Kenneth Pennington, The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234: from Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX (Washington, DC, 2008)
Hartmann, Wilfried and Gerhard Schmitz (eds.), Fortschritt durch Fälschungen? Ursprung, Gestalt und Wirkungen der pseudoisidorischen Fälschungen (Hanover, 2002)
Harvey, Margaret, Lay Religious Life in Late Medieval Durham (Woodbridge, 2006)
Hase, P.H., ‘The mother-churches of Hampshire’, in Minsters and Parish Churches: The Local Church in Transition, 950–1200, ed. John Blair (Oxford, 1988), 45–66
Haseldine, Julian (ed.), Friendship in Medieval Europe (Stroud, 1999)
Haseldine, Julian, ‘Thomas Becket: martyr, saint – and friend?’, in Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages, ed. Richard Gameson and Henrietta Leyser (Oxford, 2001), 305–17
Haskins, Charles Homer, ‘The life of medieval students as illustrated by their letters’, American Historical Review 3 (1897–8), 203–29
Haskins, Charles Homer, The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century (Cambridge, MA, 1927)
Hausmann, Friedrich, ‘Wortwin, Protonotar Kaiser Friedrichs I. Stiftspropst zu Aschaffenburg’, Aschaffenburger Jahrbuch, 4 (1957), 321–72
Haverkamp, Alfred,‘“Heilige Städte” im hohen Mittelalter’, in Mentalitäten des Mittelalter: Methodische und inhaltliche Probleme, ed. Frantisek Graus, Vorträge und Forschungen, 35 (Sigmaringen, 1987), 119–56
Haverkamp, Alfred and Hanna Vollrath (eds.), England and Germany in the High Middle Ages (Oxford, 1996)
Heale, Martin, The Dependent Priories of Medieval English Monasteries (Woodbridge, 2004)
Hedwig, Andreas, ‘Die Eigenkirche in den urbarialen Quellen zur fränkischen Grundherrschaft zwischen Loire und Rhein’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte: Kanonistische Abteilung, 109 (1992), 1–64
Heid, Stefan, Zölibat in der frühen Kirche: Die Anfänge einer Enthaltsamkeitspflicht für Kleriker in Ost und West (Paderborn, 2003)
Heinzelmann, Martin, Gregory of Tours: History and Society in the Sixth Century, tr. Christopher Carroll (Cambridge, 2001); originally published as Gregor von Tours (538–594): Zehn Bücher Geschichte. Historiographie und Gesellschaftskonzept im 6. Jahrhundert (Darmstadt, 1994)
Heinzelmann, Martin, ‘Studia sanctorum: education, milieu d’instruction et valeurs éducatives dans l’hagiographie en Gaule jusqu’à la fin de l’époque mérovingienne’, in Culture, education et société: Études offerts à Pierre Riché, ed. Michel Sot, Claude Lepelley, Philippe Contamine et al. (La Garenne-Colombes, 1990), 105–38
Helvetia Sacra, 28 vols. in 10 sections (Bern, Basel and Frankfurt am Main, 1974–2007)
Hen, Yitzak, ‘Knowledge of canon law among rural priests: the evidence of two Carolingian manuscripts from around 800’, Journal of Theological Studies, new series, 50 (1999), 117–34
Herbert, Máire, Iona, Kells and Derry: The History and Hagiography of the Monastic Familia of Columba (Oxford, 1988)
Herkenrath, R.M., ‘Studien zum Magistertitel in der frühen Stauferzeit’, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, 88 (1980), 3–35
Herren, Michael, ‘Eriugena’s “Aulae sidereae”, the “Codex Aureus”, and the palatine church of St Mary at Compiègne’, Studi Medievali, 3rd series, 28 (1987), 593–608
Herzog, Erich, Die ottonische Stadt: Die Anfänge der mittelalterlichen Stadtbaukunst in Deutschland (Berlin, 1964)
Heyen, Franz-Josef, ‘Das bischöfliche Kollegiatstift ausserhalb der Bischofsstadt im frühen und hohen Mittelalter am Beispiel der Erzdiözese Trier’, in Studien zum weltlichen Kollegiatstift in Deutschland, ed. Irene Crusius (Göttingen, 1995), 35–61
Higgitt, John, ‘The iconography of St Peter in Anglo-Saxon England, and St Cuthbert’s coffin’, in St Cuthbert, His Cult and His Community to AD 1200, ed. Gerald Bonner, David Rollason and Clare Stancliffe (Woodbridge, 1989), 267–85
Hildebrandt, Magde M., The External School in Carolingian Society (Leiden, 1992)
Hilken, Charles, ‘Necrological evidence of the place and permanence of the subdiaconate’, in Ritual, Text and Law: Studies in Medieval Canon Law and Liturgy Presented to Roger E. Reynolds, ed. K.G. Cushing and R.F. Gyug (Aldershot, 2004), 51–66
Hill, Francis, Medieval Lincoln (Cambridge, 1948)
Hill, Joyce, ‘Two Anglo-Saxon bishops at work: Wulfstan, Leofric and Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 190’, in Patterns of Episcopal Power: Bishops in 10th and 11th Century Western Europe. Strukturen bischöflicher Herrschaftsgewalt im westlichen Europa des 10. und 11. Jahrhunderts, ed. Ludger Körntgen and Dominik Waßenhoven (Berlin, 2011), 145–61
Hill, Joyce, ‘Wulfsige of Sherborne’s reforming text’, in Leaders of the Anglo-Saxon Church from Bede to Stigand, ed. Alexander Rumble (Woodbridge, 2012), 147–63
Hill, Peter, Whithorn and St Ninian: The Excavation of a Monastic Town 1984–91 (Stroud, 1997)
Hilling, Nikolaus, ‘Die Entstehungsgeschichte der Münsterschen Archidiakonate’, Zeitschrift für vaterländische Geschichte und Alterthumskunde, 60 (1902), 13–88
Hirata, Yoko, ‘John of Salisbury, Gerard Pucelle and Amicitia’, in Friendship in Medieval Europe, ed. Julian Haseldine (Stroud, 1999), 153–65
Hirschmann, Frank G., ‘Die Domannexstifte im Reich: Zusammenstellung und vergleichende Analyse’, Zeitschrift für Rechtsgeschichte, Kanonistische Abteilung, 88 (2002), 110–58
Hirschmann, Frank G., Stadtplanung, Bauprojekte und Großbaustellen im 10. und 11. Jahrhundert (Stuttgart, 1998)
Hlawitschka, Eduard, ‘Die Vorfahren Karls des Grossen’, in Karl der Grosse, I: Persönlichkeit und Geschichte, ed. Helmut Beumann, 3rd edn (Düsseldorf, 1967), 51–82
Hocquard, Gaston, ‘La règle de Saint Chrodegang: état de quelques questions’, in Saint Chrodegang: Communications présentées au colloque tenu à Metz à l’occasion du douzième centenaire de sa mort (Metz, 1967), 55–89
Hoffmann, Hartmut, ‘Die ältere Burchardvita, die jüngere Kilianspassio und Stephan von Novara’, Deutsches Archiv, 62 (2006), 485–503
Hollister, C. Warren (ed.), Anglo-Norman Political Culture and the Twelfth-Century Renaissance (Woodbridge, 1997)
Hollister, C. Warren and J.W. Baldwin, ‘The rise of administrative kingship: Henry I and Philip Augustus’, American Historical Review, 83 (1978), 867–905
Holt, J.C. (ed.), Domesday Studies (Woodbridge, 1987)
Hope, D.M., The Leonine Sacramentary: A Reassessment of Its Nature and Purpose (London, 1971)
Hoppe, Ursula, Die Paderborner Domfreiheit (Munich, 1975)
Hoskin, Philippa, ‘Continuing service: the episcopal households of thirteenth-century Durham’, in The Foundations of Medieval English Ecclesiastical History: Studies Presented to David Smith, ed. Philippa Hoskin, Christopher Brooke and Barrie Dobson (Woodbridge, 2005), 124–38
Hoskin, Philippa, Christopher Brooke and Barrie Dobson (eds.), The Foundations of Medieval English Ecclesiastical History: Studies Presented to David Smith (Woodbridge, 2005)
Hull, Peter and Richard Sharpe, ‘Peter of Cornwall and Launceston’, Cornish Studies, 13 (1986), 5–53
Huneycutt, Lois L., Matilda of Scotland: A Study in Medieval Queenship (Woodbridge, 2003)
Hunt, R.W., ‘English learning in the late twelfth century’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 4th series, 19 (1936), 19–42
Hunt, R.W.,The Schools and the Cloister: The Life and Writings of Alexander Nequam (1157–1217), rev. by Margaret Gibson (Oxford, 1984)
Huschner, Wolfgang, Transalpine Kommunikation im Mittelalter: Diplomatische, kulturelle und politische Wechselwirkungen zwischen Italien und dem nordalpinen Reich (9.–11. Jahrhundert), 3 vols. (Hanover, 2003)
Illmer, Detlef, Formen der Erziehung und Wissensvermittlung im frühen Mittelalter: Quellenstudien zur Frage der Kontinuität des abendländischen Erziehungswesens (Munich, 1971)
Imbart de la Tour, Pierre, Les paroisses rurales du 4e au 11e siècle (Paris, 1900)
Innes, Matthew, ‘“A place of discipline”: Carolingian courts and aristocratic youth’, in Court Culture in the Early Middle Ages, ed. Catherine Cubitt (Turnhout, 2003), 59–76
Innes, Matthew, State and Society in the Early Middle Ages: The Middle Rhine Valley 400–1100 (Cambridge, 2000)
Iogna-Prat, Dominique, ‘Lieu de culte et exégèse liturgique à l’epoque carolingienne’, in The Study of the Bible in the Carolingian Era, ed. Celia Chazelle and Burton Van Name Edwards (Turnhout, 2003), 215–44
Irvine, Martin, ‘Abelard and (re)writing the male body: castration, identity and remasculinization’, in Becoming Male in the Middle Ages, ed. Jeffrey Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler (New York, 1997), 87–106
Jacqueline, Bernard, ‘Un épisode de la réforme grégorienne en Basse-Normandie: Un sermon de Saint Bernard de Tiron dans la cathédrale de Coutances’, Revue du Département de la Manche, 105 (1985), 19–28
Jaeger, C. Stephen, ‘Cathedral schools and humanist learning’, Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift, 61 (1987), 569–616
Jaeger, C.Stephen, The Envy of Angels: Cathedral Schools and Social Ideals in Medieval Europe, 950–1200 (Philadelphia, 1994)
Jaeger, C.Stephen, The Origins of Courtliness: Civilizing Trends and the Formation of Courtly Ideals (Philadelphia, PA, 1985)
Jaritz, Gerhard and Gerson Moreno-Riano (eds.), Time and Eternity: The Medieval Discourse (Turnhout, 2003)
Jarnut, Jörg, Ulrich Nonn and Michael Richter (eds.), Karl Martell in seiner Zeit, Beihefte der Francia, 37 (Sigmaringen, 1994)
Jayatilaka, Rohini, ‘The Old English Benedictine Rule: writing for women and men’, Anglo-Saxon England, 32 (2003), 147–87
Jayukumar, Sashi, ‘Eadwig and Edgar: politics, propaganda, faction’, in Edgar, King of the English, 959–975: New Interpretations, ed. Donald Scragg (Woodbridge, 2008), 83–103
Johanek, Peter, Die Frühzeit der Siegelurkunde im Bistum Würzburg, Quellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte des Bistums und Hochstifts Würzburg, 20 (Würzburg, 1969)
Johnson, David F., ‘The fall of Lucifer in Genesis A and two Anglo-Latin royal charters’, Journal of English and Germanic Philology, 97 (1998), 500–21
Jones, Anna Trumbore, ‘Pitying the desolation of such a place: rebuilding religious houses and constructing memory in Aquitaine in the wake of the Viking incursions’, Viator, 37 (2006), 85–102
Jones, C.W., ‘Bede’s place in medieval schools’, in Famulus Christi: Essays in Commemoration of the Thirteenth Centenary of the Birth of the Venerable Bede, ed. Gerald Bonner (London, 1976), 261–85
Jones, L.W., The Script of Cologne from Hildebald to Hermann (Cambridge, MA, 1932)
Jones, Michael, Master Vacarius, civil lawyer, canon of Southwell and parson of Norwell, Nottinghamshire’, Nottingham Medieval Studies, 53 (2009), 1–20
Jones, Stanley, Kathleen Major and Joan Varley, The Survey of Ancient Houses in Lincoln, I: Priorygate to Pottergate, Lincoln Civic Trust (Lincoln, 1984)
Jordan, Karl, Henry the Lion: A Biography, tr. P.S. Falla (Oxford, 1986)
Kaiser, Reinhold, Bischofsherrschaft zwischen Königtum und Fürstenmacht: Studien zur bischöflichen Stadtherrschaft im westfränkisch-französischen Reich im frühen und hohen Mittelalter, Pariser historische Studien, 17 (Bonn, 1981)
Karras, Valerie A., ‘Female deacons in the Byzantine church’, Church History, 73 (2004), 272–316
Kazhdan, A.P. and others (eds.), Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, 3 vols. (New York and Oxford, 1991)
Kealey, E.J., Roger of Salisbury, Viceroy of England (Berkeley, 1972)
Keefe, Susan A., Water and the Word: Baptism and the Education of the Clergy in the Carolingian Empire (Notre Dame, IN, 2002)
Keene, Derek, ‘From Conquest to capital: St Paul’s c.1100–1300’, in St Paul’s: The Cathedral Church of London 604–2004, ed. Derek Keene, Arthur Burns and Andrew Saint (New Haven and London, 2004), 17–32
Keene, Derek, Arthur Burns and Andrew Saint (eds.), St Paul’s: The Cathedral Church of London, 604–2004 (New Haven and London, 2004)
Keller, Hagen, ‘Origine soziale e formazione del clero cattedrale dei secoli XI e XII nella Germania e nell’ Italia settentionale’, in Le istituzioni ecclesiastiche della ‘Societas Christiana’ dei secoli XI–XII, Miscellanea del Centro di Studi Medioevali, 8 (Milan, 1977), 136–59
Kelly, Fergus, A Guide to Early Irish Law (Dublin, 1988)
Kemp, Brian, ‘The acta of English rural deans in the later twelfth and early thirteenth centuries’, in The Foundations of Medieval English Ecclesiastical History: Studies Presented to David Smith, ed. Philippa Hoskin, Christopher Brooke and Barrie Dobson (Woodbridge, 2005), 139–58
Kemp, Brian, ‘Archidiaconal and vice-archidiaconal acta: additions and corrections’, Historical Research, 80 (2007), 1–21
Kemp, Brian, ‘Hereditary benefices in the medieval English church: a Herefordshire example’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, 43 (1970), 1–15
Kemp, Brian, ‘Monastic possession of parish churches in England in the twelfth century’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 31 (1980), 133–60
Kemp, Brian, ‘Towards admission and institution: English episcopal formulae for the appointment of parochial incumbents in the twelfth century’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, 16, ed. Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge, 1994), 155–76
Kendall, Calvin B., ‘Bede and education’, in The Cambridge Companion to Bede, ed. Scott DeGregorio (Cambridge, 2010), 99–112
Kenney, James F., The Sources for the Early History of Ireland, Ecclesiastical: An Introduction and Guide (New York, 1966)
Keynes, Simon, An Atlas of Attestations in Anglo-Saxon Charters (Cambridge, 1995)
Keynes, Simon, ‘Cnut’s Earls’, in The Reign of Cnut: King of England, Denmark and Norway, ed. Alexander R. Rumble (London, 1994), 43–88
Keynes, Simon, The Diplomas of King Æthelred ‘the Unready’, 978–1016 (Cambridge, 1980)
Keynes, Simon, ‘The “Dunstan B” charters’, Anglo-Saxon England, 23 (1994), 165–93
Keynes, Simon, ‘Giso, bishop of Wells (1061–88)’, in Anglo-Norman Studies, 19 (Woodbridge, 1997), 203–71
Keynes, Simon, ‘King Æthelred’s charter for Eynsham abbey’, in Early Medieval Studies in Memory of Patrick Wormald, ed. Stephen Baxter, Catherine E. Karkov, Janet L. Nelson and David Pelteret (Aldershot, 2009), 451–73
Keynes, Simon, ‘King Athelstan’s books’, in Learning and Literature in Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Michael Lapidge and Helmut Gneuss (Cambridge, 1985), 143–201
Keynes, Simon, ‘Regenbald the chancellor (sic)’, Anglo-Norman Studies, 10, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge, 1988), 185–222
Keynes, Simon, ‘Royal government and the written word in late Anglo-Saxon England’, in The Uses of Literacy in Early Medieval Europe, ed. Rosamond McKitterick (Cambridge, 1990), 226–57
Keynes, Simon, ‘The West Saxon Charters of King Æthelwulf and his sons’, English Historical Review, 109 (1994), 1109–49
Keynes, Simon, ‘The will of Wulf’, Old English Newsletter, 26.3 (1993), 16–21
Keynes, Simon, ‘Wulfsige, monk of Glastonbury, abbot of Westminster (c.990–3), and bishop of Sherborne (c.993–1002)’, in St Wulfsige and Sherborne: Essays to celebrate the Millennium of the Benedictine Abbey, 998–1998, ed. Katherine Barker, David A. Hinton and Alan Hunt (Oxford, 2005), 53–94
Kienzle, B.M. (ed.), The Sermon, Typologie des sources du Moyen Âge occidental, 81–3 (Turnhout, 2000)
King, Peter, ‘The cathedral priory of Odense in the Middle Ages’, Saga-Book of the Viking Society, 16 (1962–5), 192–214
Kinsella, Stuart, ‘From Hiberno-Norse to Anglo-Norman, c.1030–1300’, in Christ Church Cathedral: A History, ed. Kenneth Milne (Dublin, 2000), 25–52
Kintzinger, Martin, Sönke Lorenz and Michael Walter (eds.), Schule und Schüler im Mittelalter. Beiträge zur europäischen Bildungsgeschichte des 9. bis 15. Jahrhunderts (Cologne, 1996)
Kjølbye-Biddle, Birthe, ‘Dispersal or concentration: the disposal of the Winchester dead over 2000 years’, in Death in Towns: Urban Responses to the Dying and the Dead, 100–1600, ed. Steven Bassett (Leicester, 1992), 210–47
Klauser, Theodor, ‘Eine Stationsliste der Metzer Kirche aus dem 8. Jh., wahrscheinlich ein Werk Chrodegangs’, Ephemerides liturgicae, 44 (1930), 162–93
Klewitz, Hans Walter, ‘Cancellaria. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des geistlichen Hofdienstes’, Deutsches Archiv, 1 (1937), 44–79
Klingshirn, W.E., Caesarius of Arles: The Making of a Christian Community in Late Antique Gaul (Cambridge, 1994)
Knöpf, Friedrich (ed.), Die Reichsabtei Lorsch: Festschrift zum Gedenken an ihre Stiftung, 2 vols. (Darmstadt, 1973–7)
Koch, Walter, Die Reichskanzlei in den Jahren 1167–1174: Eine diplomatisch-paläographische Untersuchung (Vienna, 1973)
Koeppler, H., ‘Frederick Barbarossa and the schools of Bologna. Some remarks on the Authentic Habita’, English Historical Review, 54 (1939), 577–607
Kohl, Wilhelm, Das Domstift St. Paulus zu Münster, 3 vols., Germania Sacra, neue Folge, 17 (Berlin, 1982–9)
Köhn, Rolf, ‘Schulbildung und Trivium im lateinischen Hochmittelalter und ihr möglicher praktischer Nutzen’, in Schulen und Studium im sozialen Wandel des hohen und spaten Mittelalters, ed. Johannes Fried, Vorträge und Forschungen, 30 (Sigmaringen, 1986), 203–84
Körntgen, Ludger, ‘Canon law and the practice of penance: Burchard of Worms’s penitential’, Early Medieval Europe, 14 (2006), 103–17
Körntgen, Ludger and Dominik Waßenhoven (eds.), Patterns of Episcopal Power: Bishops in 10th and 11th Century Western Europe. Strukturen bischöflicher Herrschaftsgewalt im westlichen Europa des 10. und 11. Jahrhunderts (Berlin, 2011)
Kottje, Raymund, ‘Das Aufkommen der täglichen Eucharistiefeier in der Westkirche und die Zölibatsforderung’, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte, 82 (1971), 218–28
Kruppa, Nathalie, ‘Emanzipation vom Bischof: Zum Verhältnis zwischen Bischof und Stadt am Beispiel Mindens’, in Bischof und Bürger: Herrschaftsbezeichnungen in den Kathedralstädten des Hoch- und Spätmittelalter, ed. Uwe Grieme, Nathalie Kruppa and Stefan Pätzold (Göttingen, 2004), 67–87
Kruppa, Nathalie, (ed.) Pfarreien im Mittelalter: Deutschland, Polen, Tschechien und Ungarn im Vergleich (Göttingen, 2008)
Kupper, Jean-Louis, Liège et l’église impériale XIe–XIIe siècles (Paris, 1981)
Kurth, Godefroid, Notger de Liège et la civilisation au Xe siècle, 2 vols., paginated and bound as one (Paris, 1905)
Kurze, Dietrich, Pfarrerwahlen im Mittelalter: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Gemeinde and des Niederkirchenwesens (Cologne and Graz, 1966)
Kuttner, Stephan, ‘The revival of jurisprudence’, in Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century, ed. R.L. Benson and Giles Constable (Cambridge, MA, 1982), 299–323
Kuttner, Stephan and Eleanor Rathbone, ‘Anglo-Norman canonists of the twelfth century: an introductory study’, Traditio, 7 (1949–51), 279–358
Kuttner, Stephan and J.J. Ryan (eds.), Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Medieval Canon Law (Vatican City, 1965)
Lamay, Georg, ‘Das Ständesverhältnisse des Hildesheimer Domkapitels im Mittelalter’, Diss. Phil. (Bonn, 1909)
Landau, Peter, ‘Die Bamberger Anfänge der europäischen Strafrechtwissenschaft und die Würzburger Güldene Freiheit’, Deutsches Archiv, 62 (2006), 505–36
Landau, Peter, ‘Die Entstehung der systematischen Dekretalensammlungen und die europäische Kanonistik des 12. Jahrhunderts’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Kanonistische Abteilung, 65 (1979), 120–48
Landau, Peter, ‘Überlieferung und Bedeutung der Kanones des Trullanischen Konzils im westlichen kanonischen Recht’, in The Council in Trullo Revisited, ed. George Nedungatt and Michael Featherstone, Kanonika, 6 (Rome, 1995), 215–27
Langefeld, Brigitte, ‘Regula canonicorum or Regula monasterialis vitae? The Rule of Chrodegang and Archbishop Wulfred’s Reforms at Canterbury’, Anglo-Saxon England, 25 (1996), 21–36
Lapidge, Michael, ‘Æthelwold as scholar and teacher’, in Bishop Æthelwold: His Career and Influence, ed. Barbara Yorke (Woodbridge, 1988), 89–117, repr. in Michael Lapidge, Anglo-Latin Literature 900–1066 (London, 1993), 183–211
Lapidge, Michael, Anglo-Latin Literature 900–1066 (London, 1993)
Lapidge, Michael, (ed.) Archbishop Theodore: Commemorative Studies on His Life and Influence (Cambridge, 1995), 1–29
Lapidge, Michael, ‘B. and the Vita Sancti Dunstani’, in St Dunstan: His Life, Times and Cult, ed. Nigel Ramsay, Margaret Sparks and Tim Tatton-Brown (Woodbridge, 1992), 247–59
Lapidge, Michael, ‘The career of Archbishop Theodore’, in Archbishop Theodore: Commemorative Studies on His Life and Influence, ed. Michael Lapidge (Cambridge, 1995), 1–29
Lapidge, Michael, (ed. ) The Cult of St Swithun (Oxford, 2003)
Lapidge, Michael, ‘A Frankish scholar in tenth-century England: Frithegod of Canterbury/Fredegaud of Brioude’, Anglo-Saxon England, 17 (1988), 45–65; repr. in Michael Lapidge, Anglo-Latin Literature 900–1066 (London, 1993), 157–81
Lapidge, Michael, ‘The school of Theodore and Hadrian’, Anglo-Saxon England, 15 (1986), 45–72
Lapidge, Michael, ‘Schools, learning and literature in tenth-century England’, in Il secolo di ferro: mito e realtà del secolo X, Settimane di studio, 38, 2 vols. (Spoleto, 1991), II, 951–98, repr. in Michael Lapidge, Anglo-Latin Literature, 900–1066 (London, 1993), 1–48
Lapidge, Michael, ‘Surviving booklists from Anglo-Saxon England’, in Learning and Literature in Anglo-Saxon England: Studies Presented to Peter Clemoes, ed. Michael Lapidge and Helmut Gneuss (Cambridge, 1985), 33–89
Lapidge, Michael, John Blair, Simon Keynes and Donald Scragg (eds.), The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 1999)
Lapidge, Michael and Helmut Gneuss (eds.), Learning and Literature in Anglo-Saxon England (Cambridge, 1985)
Latham, R.E. and D.R. Howlett (eds.), Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources, 3 vols. (Oxford, 1975–2013)
Laudage, Johannes, Priesterbild und Reformpapsttum im 11. Jahrhundert (Cologne and Vienna, 1984)
Lauwers, Michel (ed.), Guerriers et moines: Conversion et sainteté aristocratiques dans l’Occident médiéval (IXe–XIIe siècle) (Antibes, 2002)
Lauwers, MichelNaissance du cimetière: Lieux sacrés et terre des morts dans l’Occident médiéval (Paris, 2005)
Leach, Arthur Francis, ‘St Paul’s School before Colet’, Archaeologia, 62 (1910), 191–238
Leach, Arthur Francis, The Schools of Medieval England (London, 1915)
Lebrigand, Yvette, ‘Origines et première diffusion de l’Order de Saint-Ruf’, in Le monde des chanoines (XIe–XIVe s.), Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 24 (Toulouse, 1989), 167–79
Le Jan, Régine, Famille et pouvoir dans le monde franc (VIIe–Xe siècle). Essai d’anthropologie sociale (Paris, 1995)
Lejeune, Rita and Joseph Deckers (eds.), Clio et son regarde: Mélanges d’histoire, d’histoire de l’art et d’archéologie offerts à Jacques Stiennon (Liège, 1982)
Lemarignier, Jean-François, ‘Aspects politiques des fondations de collégiales dans le royaume de France au XIe siècle’, in La vita comune del clero nei secoli XI e XII, Atti della Settimana di Studio, Mendola, settembre 1959, 2 vols. (Milan, 1962), I, 19–40
Lemarignier, Jean-François, ‘Le monachisme et l’encadrement religieux des campagnes du royaume de France situées au nord de la Loire, de la fin du Xe à la fin du XIe siècle’, in Le istituzioni ecclesiastiche della ‘Societas Christiana’ dei secoli XI–XII. Diocesi, pievi e parrochie, Miscellanea del centro di studi medioevali, 8 (Milan, 1977), 357–94
Lemarignier, Jean-François, ‘Quelques remarques sur l’organisation ecclésiastique de la Gaule du VIIe à la fin du IXe siècle principalement au nord de la Loire’, in Agricultura e mondo rurale in Occidente nell’Alto Medioevo, Settimane di studio del centro italiano di studi sull’Alto Medioevo, 13 (Spoleto, 1966), 451–86
Lemarignier, Jean-François, Jean Gaudemet and Guillaume Mollat, Institutions ecclésiastiques, Histoire des institutions françaises au Moyen Âge, ed. Ferdinand Lot and Robert Fawtier, 3 (Paris, 1962)
Lepelley: Culture, education et société: Études offerts à Pierre Riché, ed. Claude Lepelley (Nanterre, 1990)
Lesne, Émile, Histoire de la propriété ecclésiastique en France, V: Les écoles (Lille, 1940)
Lesne, Émile, L’origine des menses dans le temporal des églises et des monasteries de France au IXe siècle (Paris, 1910)
Lesne, Émile, ‘Les origines de la prébende’, Revue historique de droit français et étranger, 4th series, 8 (1929), 242–90
Lesne, Émile, ‘Praebenda: Le sens primitif du mot prébende’, in Mélanges Paul Fournier (Paris, 1929), 443–53
Levison, Wilhelm, ‘Eine angebliche Urkunde Papst Gelasius’ II. für die Regularkanoniker’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Kanonistische Abteilung, 8 (1918), 27–43
Lewis, C.P. (ed.), Anglo-Norman Studies, 30 (Woodbridge, 2008)
Lewis, C.P. (ed.), ‘Communities, conflict and episcopal policy in the diocese of Lichfield, 1050–1150’, in Cathedrals, Communities and Conflict in the Anglo-Norman World, ed. Paul Dalton, Charles Insley and Louise J. Wilkinson (Woodbridge, 2011), 61–76
Lewis, C.P. and A.T. Thacker (eds.), VCH Cheshire, V, Part 2: The City of Chester: Culture, Buildings, Institutions (Woodbridge, 2005)
Lewis, Charlton T. and Charles Short (eds.), A Latin Dictionary (Oxford, 1879)
Lexikon des Mittelalters, 9 vols. (Munich, 1980–99)
Leyser, Conrad, ‘Long-haired kings and short-haired nuns: writing on the body in Caesarius of Arles’, Studia Patristica, 24 (1993), 143–50
Leyser, Henrietta, ‘Clerical purity and the re-ordered world’, in The Cambridge History of Christianity, IV: Christianity in Western Europe, c.1100–c.1500, ed. Miri Rubin and Walter Simons (Cambridge, 2009), 11–21
Leyser, Karl, ‘Frederick Barbarossa: court and country’, in Karl Leyser, Communications and Power in Medieval Europe: The Gregorian Revolution and beyond, ed. Timothy Reuter (London, 1994), 143–55, originally published as ‘Friedrich Barbarossa – Hof und Land’, in Friedrich Barbarossa: Handlungsspielräume und Wirkungswesen des staufischen Kaisers, ed. Alfred Haverkamp, Vorträge und Forschungen, 40 (Sigmaringen, 1992), 519–30
Lindgren, Uta, Gerbert von Aurillac und das Quadrivium, Sudhoffs Archiv für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften, Beiheft 18 (Wiesbaden, 1976)
Lindner, Dominikus, ‘Die Inkorporation im Bistum Regensburg während des Mittelalters’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Kanonistische Abteilung, 36 (1950), 205–327
Lobrichon, Guy, Héloïse: L’amour et le savoir (Paris, 2005)
Löffler, Klemens, Kölner Bibliotheksgeschichte im Umriss (Cologne, 1923)
Longère, Jean (ed.), L’abbaye parisienne de Saint-Victor au Moyen Âge, Bibliotheca Victorina, 1 (Paris and Turnhout, 1991)
LoPrete, Kimberly A., Adela of Blois, Countess and Lord (c.1067–1137) (Dublin, 2007)
Lorenz, Sönke and Oliver Auge (eds.), Die Stiftskirche in Südwestdeutschland: Aufgaben und Perspektiven der Forschung: Erste wissenschaftliche Fachtagung zum Stiftskirchenprojekt des Instituts für geschichtliche Landeskunde und historische Hilfswissenschaften der Universität Tübingen (17.–19. März, Weingarten), Schriften zur südwestdeutschen Landeskunde, 35 (Leinfelden-Echterdingen, 2003)
Lorenz, Sönke, Martin Kintzinger and Oliver Auge (eds.), Stiftsschulen in der Region: Wissenstransfer zwischen Kirche und Territorium, Schriften zur südwestdeutschen Landeskunde, 50 (Stuttgart, 2005)
Lorenz, Sönke and Andreas Meyer (eds.), Stift und Wirtschaft: Die Finanzierung geistlichen Lebens im Mittelalter (Ostfildern, 2007)
Lorenz, Sönke and Thomas Zotz (eds.), Frühformen von Stiftskirchen in Europa: Funktion und Wandel religiöser Gemeinschaften vom 6. bis zum Ende des 11. Jahrhunderts: Festgabe für Dieter Mertens zum 65. Geburtstag, Schriften zur südwestdeutschen Landeskunde, 54 (Leinfelden-Echterdingen, 2005)
Lot, Ferdinand, ‘De quelques personn ages du IXe siècle qui ont porté le nom de Hilduin’, Le Moyen Âge, 16 (1903), 249–82, and 17 (1904), 338–42
Lot, Ferdinand, Recueil des Travaux historiques de Ferdinand Lot, 3 vols. (Geneva and Paris, 1968–73)
Love, Rosalind, ‘The Life of St Wulfsige of Sherborne by Goscelin of Saint-Bertin, a new translation with introduction, appendix and notes’, in St Wulfsige and Sherborne: Essays to celebrate the Millennium of the Benedictine Abbey 998–1998, ed. Katherine Barker, David A. Hinton and Alan Hunt, Bournemouth School of Conservation Sciences Occasional Paper, 8 (Oxford, 2005), 98–123
Löwe, Heinz, ‘Hinkmar von Reims und der Apokrisiar. Beiträge zur Interpretation von De ordine palatii’, in Festschrift für Hermann Heimpel, 3 vols. (Göttingen, 1972), III, 197–225
Luscombe, David, New Cambridge Medieval History, IV: c.1024–c.1198, part 1, ed. David Luscombe and Jonathan Riley-Smith (Cambridge, 2004)
Luscombe, David, The School of Peter Abelard (Cambridge, 1970)
Lynch, Joseph H., Symoniacal Entry into Religious Life (Columbus, OH, 1976)
Macy, Gary, The Hidden History of Women’s Ordination (New York, 2008)
Madignier, Jacques (ed.), Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae, 12: Diocèse d’Autun (Turnhout, 2010)
Magennis, Hugh and Mary Swan (eds.), A Companion to Ælfric (Leiden and Boston, 2009)
Mandonnet, P., ‘La crise scolaire au début du XIIIe siècle et la fondation de l’ordre des Frères-Prêcheurs’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 15 (1914), 34–49
Mandouze, André (ed.), Prosopographie chrétienne du bas empire, I: Prosopographie de l’Afrique chrétienne (303–533) (Paris, 1982)
Marchal, Guy P., ‘Was war das weltliche Kanonikerinstitut im Mittelalter? Dom- und Kollegiatstifte: Eine Einführung und eine neue Perspektive’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 94 (1999), 761–807, and 95 (2000), 7–53
Marenbon, John (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Boethius (Cambridge, 2009)
Marenbon, John (ed.), Early Medieval Philosophy (480–1150): An Introduction (London, 1983)
Marenbon, John (ed.), Medieval Philosophy: An Historical and Philosophical Introduction (Abingdon, 2007)
Markus, Robert, The End of Ancient Christianity (Cambridge, 1990)
Marritt, Stephen, ‘Coincidences of names, Anglo-Scottish connections and Anglo-Saxon society in the late eleventh-century West Country’, Scottish Historical Review, 83 (2004), 150–70
Marritt, Stephen, ‘Secular cathedrals and the Anglo-Norman aristocracy’, in Cathedrals, Communities and Conflict in the Anglo-Norman World, ed. Paul Dalton, Charles Insley and Louise J. Wilkinson (Woodbridge, 2011), 151–67
Märtl, Claudia, ‘Die Bamberger Schulen: ein Bildungszentrum des Salierreichs’, in Die Salier und das Reich, ed. Stefan Weinfurter, 3 vols. (Sigmaringen, 1992), III, 327–45
Mason, Emma, St Wulfstan of Worcester, c.1008–1095 (Oxford, 1990)
Mason, J.F.A., ‘The officers and clerks of the Norman earls of Shropshire’, Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society, 56 (1960), 244–57
Mathäus, Michael, ‘Forms of social mobility: the example of Zensualität’, in England and Germany in the High Middle Ages, ed. Alfred Haverkamp and Hanna Vollrath (Oxford, 1996), 357–69
Mathisen, Ralph W., ‘Bishops, barbarians and the “Dark Ages”: the fate of late Roman educational institutions in late Antique Gaul’, in Medieval Education, ed. Ronald B. Begley and Joseph W. Koterski (New York, 2005), 3–19
Mathon, Gérard, ‘Les formes et la signification de la pédagogie des arts libéraux au milieu du IXe siècle: L’enseignement palatin de Jean Scot Érigène’, in Arts libéraux et philosophie au Moyen Âge, Actes du 4e Congrès International de Philosophie Médiéval, Montréal et Paris 27 août–2 septembre 1967 (Montreal and Paris, 1969), 47–64
Matthew, H.C.G. and Brian Harrison (eds.), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 60 vols. plus index of contributors (Oxford, 2004)
Matz, Jean-Michel and François Comte (eds.), Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae, 7: Diocèse d’Angers (Turnhout, 2003)
Maurer, Helmut, Das Bistum Konstanz, I: Das Stift St. Stephan in Konstanz, Germania Sacra, neue Folge 15 (Berlin, 1981)
Maurer, Helmut, Das Bistum Konstanz, II: Die Konstanzer Bischöfe vom Ende des 6. Jahrhunderts bis 1206, Germania Sacra, neue Folge, 42, i (Berlin, 2003)
Maurer, Helmut, ‘Kirchengründung und Romgedanke am Beispeil des ottonischen Bischofssitzes Konstanz’, in Bischofs- und Kathedralstädte des Mittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit, ed. Franz Petri (Cologne and Vienna, 1976), 47–59
McDermid, Richard T.W. (ed.), Beverley Minster Fasti, Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series, 149 (1993 for 1990)
McDonald, N.F., and W.M. Ormrod (eds.), Rites of Passage: Cultures of Transition in the Fourteenth Century (Cambridge, 2004)
McKinnon, James W., ‘The origins of the Western office’, in The Divine Office in the Latin Middle Ages, ed. Margot E. Fassler and Rebecca A. Baltzer (Oxford, 2000), 63–73
McKitterick, Rosamond, The Carolingians and the Written Word (Cambridge, 1989)
McKitterick, Rosamond, Charlemagne: The Formation of a European Identity (Cambridge, 2008)
McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Church and the Carolingian Reforms, 789–895 (London, 1977)
McKitterick, Rosamond (ed.) The New Cambridge Medieval History, II: c.700–c.900 (Cambridge, 1995)
McKitterick, Rosamond (ed.)‘The palace school of Charles the Bald’, in Charles the Bald: Court and Kingdom, ed. Margaret Gibson and Janet Nelson, 2nd edn (Aldershot, 1990), 326–39
McKitterick, Rosamond (ed.) The Uses of Literacy in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1990)
McLaughlin, Megan, ‘Secular and spiritual fatherhood in the eleventh century’, in Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West, ed. Jacqueline Murray (New York, 1999), 25–43
McNeill, Peter, and Hector MacQueen (eds.), Atlas of Scottish History to 1707 (Edinburgh, 1996)
Mayr-Harting, Henry, Church and Cosmos in Early Ottonian Germany: The View from Cologne (Oxford, 2007)
Mayr-Harting, Henry, ‘Functions of a twelfth-century recluse’, History, 60 (1975), 337–52
Mayr-Harting, Henry, Religion, Politics and Society in Britain, 1066–1272 (Harlow, 2011)
Mayr-Harting, Henry, ‘The role of Benedictine abbeys in the development of Oxford, a centre of legal learning’, in Benedictines in Oxford, ed. Henry Wansbrough and Anthony Marett-Crosby (London, 1997), 11–19, 279–80
Mazel, Florian (ed.), L’espace du diocèse: Genèse d’un territoire dans l’Occident médiéval (Ve–XIIIe siècle) (Rennes, 2008)
Meier, Rudolf, Die Domkapitel zu Goslar und Halberstadt in ihrer persönlichen Zusammensetzung im Mittelalter, mit Beiträgen über die Standesverhältnisse der bis zum 1200 nachweisbaren Hildesheimer Domherren, Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte, 5, Studien zur Germania Sacra, 1 (Göttingen, 1967)
Meigne, Maurice, ‘Concile ou collection d’Elvire?’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 70 (1975), 361–87
Meijns, Brigitte, ‘Des basiliques rurales dans le nord de la France? Une étude critique de l’origine mérovingienne de quelques communautés de chanoines’, Sacris Erudiri, 41 (2002), 301–40
Meijns, Brigitte, ‘Chanoines et moines à Saint-Omer: Le dédoublement de l’abbaye de Sithiu par Fridogise (820–834) et l’interprétation de Folcuin (vers 962)’, Revue du Nord, 83 (2001), 691–705
Meijns, Brigitte, ‘Les chanoines réguliers dans l’espace flamand’, in Les chanoines réguliers: emergence et expansion (XIe–XIIIe siècles), ed. Michel Parisse (Saint-Étienne, 2009), 455–76
Meijns, Brigitte, ‘Communautés de chanoines dépendant d’abbayes bénédictines pendant le haut Moyen Âge. L’exemple du comté de Flandre’, Revue bénédictine, 113 (2003), 90–123
Meijns, Brigitte, ‘Deux fondations exceptionnelles de collégiales épiscopales à la frontière du comté de Flandre: Maroeuil et le Mont-Saint-Éloi (milieu du Xe siècle)’, Revue du Nord, 88 (2006), 251–73
Meijns, Brigitte, ‘Opposition to clerical continence and the Gregorian celibacy legislation in the diocese of Thérouanne: Tractatus pro clericorum conubio (c.1077–1078)’, Sacris Erudiri, 47 (2008), 223–90
Meijns, Brigitte, ‘L’ordre canonial dans le comté de Flandre depuis l’époque mérovingienne jusqu’à 1155’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 97 (2002), 5–58
Meijns, Brigitte, ‘La réorientation du paysage canonial en Flandre et le pouvoir des évêques, comtes et nobles (XIe siècle–première moitié du XIIe siècle)’, Le Moyen Âge, 112 (2006), 111–34
Meijns, Brigitte and Charles Mériaux, ‘Le cycle de Rictiovar et la topographie des campagnes septentrionales à l’époque mérovingienne’, in Les premiers temps chrétiens dans le territoire de la France actuelle, ed. Dominique Paris Poulain, Daniel Istria and Sara Nardi Combescure (Rennes, 2009), 19–33
Mélanges Paul Fournier (Paris, 1929)
Melve, Leidulf, ‘The public debate on clerical marriage in the late eleventh century’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 61 (2010), 688–706
Merlette, Bernard, ‘Écoles et bibliothèques à Laon, du déclin de l’antiquité au développement de l’université’, in Enseignement et vie intellectuelle (IXe–XVIe siècle), Actes du 95e congrès national des sociétés savantes, Reims 1970, Section de philologie et d’histoire jusqu’à 1610 (Paris, 1975), 21–53
Metz, Wolfgang, ‘Ministerialität und Geldwirtschaft in mittelrheinischen Bischofsstädten des 11. und 12. Jahrhunderts’, in Ministerialität im Pfälzer Raum, ed. Friedrich Ludwig Wagner (Speyer, 1975), 34–41
Mews, Constant, ‘The Council of Sens (1141): Abelard, Bernard, and the fear of social upheaval’, Speculum, 77 (2002), 342–82
Mews, Constant, ‘Peter Abelard’, in Authors of the Middle Ages: Historical and Religious Writers of the Latin West, ed. P.J. Geary, II (Aldershot, 1995), 1–88
Mierau, Heike Johanna, ‘Die Seelsorgeorganisation auf dem Lande im frühmittelalterlichen Bistum Freising’, in Pfarreien im Mittelalter: Deutschland, Polen, Tschechien und Ungarn im Vergleich, ed. Nathalie Kruppa (Göttingen, 2008), 121–54
Millet, Hélène, ‘Les chanoines des cathédrales du Midi’, in La cathédrale (XIIe–XIVe siècle), Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 30 (Toulouse, 1995), 121–44
Millet, Hélène, Les chanoines du chapitre cathédral de Laon 1272–1412 (Rome, 1982)
Millet, Hélène, (gen. ed.) Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae, 12 vols. to date (Turnhout, 1996–)
Mills, Robert, ‘The signification of the tonsure’, in Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages, ed. Patricia H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis (Cardiff, 2004), 109–26
Misonne, Daniel, ‘Les membres du chapitre cathédral de Metz au Xe siècle’, in Clio et son regarde: Mélanges d’histoire, d’histoire de l’art et d’archéologie offerts à Jacques Stiennon, ed. Rita Lejeune and Joseph Deckers (Liège, 1982), 495–508
Montaubin, Pascal, ‘Les chanoines réguliers et le service pastoral (XIe–XIIIe siècles’, in Les chanoines réguliers: Émergence et expansion (XIe–XIIIe siècles), ed. Michel Parisse (Saint-Étienne, 2009), 119–57
Montecchio, Alberto, ‘Cenni storici sulla canonica cattedrale di Mantova nei secoli XI e XII’, in La vita comune del clero nei secoli XI e XII, 2 vols. (Milan, 1962), II, 163–80
Moore, Michael E., ‘Prologue: teaching and learning history in the school of Reims, c.800–950’, in Teaching and Learning in Northern Europe, 1000–1200, ed. Sally N. Vaughn and Jay Rubenstein (Turnhout, 2006), 19–49
Moore, R.I., The First European Revolution, c.970–1215 (Oxford, 2000)
Moore, R.I., ‘Ranulf Flambard and Christina of Markyate’, in Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages, ed. Richard Gameson and Henrietta Leyser (Oxford, 2001), 231–5
Moran Cruz, Jo Ann Hoeppner, ‘Education, economy, and clerical mobility in late medieval northern England’, in Universities and Schooling in Medieval Society, ed. William J. Courtney and Jürgen Miethke (Leiden, 2000), 182–207
Moraw, Peter, ‘Über Typologie, Chronologie und Geographie der Stiftskirche im deutschen Mittelalter’, in Untersuchungen zu Kloster und Stift, Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte, 68, Studien zur Germania Sacra, 14 (Göttingen, 1980), 9–37
Mordek, Hubert, Bibliotheca capitularium regum Francorum manuscripta, MGH Hilfsmittel, 15 (Munich, 1995)
Morey, Adrian, Bartholomew of Exeter, Bishop and Canonist: A Study in the Twelfth Century (Cambridge, 1937)
Morey, Adrian and C.N.L. Brooke, Gilbert Foliot and His Letters (Cambridge, 1965)
Mornet, Elisabeth (ed.), Campagnes médiévales: L’homme et son espace. Études offertes à Robert Fossier (Paris, 1995)
Morris, Colin, The Discovery of the Individual, 1050–1200 (London, 1972)
Morris, Richard, Churches in the Landscape (London, 1989)
Muckle, J.T., ‘Abelard’s letter of consolation to a friend’, Mediaeval Studies, 12 (1950), 175–211
Muller, Samuel, ‘Der Haushalt des Utrechter Domkapitels um das Jahr 1200’, Westdeutsche Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kunst, 22 (1903), 286–320
Murray, Alexander, Reason and Society in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 1978)
Murray, Alexander Callender (ed.), After Rome’s Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History. Essays Presented to Walter Goffart (Toronto, 1998)
Murray, Jacqueline (ed.), Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West (New York, 1999)
Murray, Jacqueline (ed.), ‘Mystical castration: some reflections on Peter Abelard, Hugh of Lincoln and sexual control’, in Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West, ed. Jacqueline Murray (New York, 1999), 73–91
Muschiol, Gisela, Famula Dei: Zur Liturgie in merowingischen Frauenklöstern (Münster, 1994)
Muschiol, Gisela, ‘Men, women and liturgical practice in the early medieval west’, in Gender in the Early Medieval World: East and West, 300–900, ed. Leslie Brubaker and J.M.H. Smith (Cambridge, 2004), 198–216
Musset, Lucien, ‘Chapelles et chapelains du duc de Normandie au XIe siècle’, Revue d’histoire de droit français et étranger, 53 (1975), 171–2
Musset, Lucien, ‘La formation d’un milieu social original: les chapelains normands du duc-roi au XIe et au début du XIIe siècle’, in Aspects de la société et de l’économie dans la Normandie medieval (Xe–XIIIe siècles), ed. Lucien Musset, Jean-Michel Bouvris and Véronique Gazeau, Cahier des Annales de Normandie, 22 (Caen, 1988), 91–114
Musset, Lucien, ‘Recherches sur les communautés des clercs séculiers en Normandie au XI siècle’, Bulletin de la Société des Antiquaires de Normandie, 55 (1959–60), 5–38
Mynors, R.A.B. and R.M. Thomson, Catalogue of the Manuscripts of Hereford Cathedral Library (Cambridge, 1993)
Nedungatt, George and Michael Featherstone (eds.), The Council in Trullo Revisited, Kanonika, 6 (Rome, 1995)
Nelson, Janet L., ‘Charlemagne the man’, in Charlemagne: Emperor and Society, ed. Joanna Story (Manchester, 2005), 22–37
Nelson, Janet L., Charles the Bald (Harlow, 1992)
Nelson, Janet L., ‘Dhuoda’, in Lay Intellectuals in the Carolingian World, ed. Patrick Wormald and Janet Nelson (Cambridge, 2007), 106–20
Nelson, Janet L., ‘A king across the sea: Alfred in Carolingian perspective’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, 36 (1986), 45–68
Nelson, Janet L., Politics and Ritual in Early Medieval Europe (London, 1986)
Nelson, Janet L., ‘Queens as Jezebels: the careers of Brunhild and Balthild in Merovingian history’, in Medieval Women, ed. Derek Baker (Oxford, 1978), 31–77, repr. in Janet L. Nelson, Politics and Ritual in Early Medieval Europe (London, 1986), 1–48
Nelson, Janet L., ‘The wary widow’, in Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages, ed. Wendy Davies and Paul Fouracre (Cambridge, 1995), 82–113
Neuss, Wilhelm and Friedrich Wilhelm Oediger, Das Bistum Köln von den Anfängen bis zum Ende des 12. Jahrhunderts (Cologne, 1964)
Newman, William Mendel, Le domaine royal sous les premiers Capétiens (987–1180) (Paris, 1937)
Newman, William Mendel, Le personnel de la cathédrale d’Amiens (1066–1306) (Paris, 1972)
Niermeyer, J.F. and C. van de Kieft (eds.), Mediae latinitatis lexicon minus (Leiden, 1984)
Nightingale, John, Monasteries and Their Patrons in the Gorze Reform, c.850–1000 (Oxford, 2001)
Nightingale, John, ‘Oswald, Fleury and continental reform’, in St Oswald of Worcester: Life and Influence, ed. Nicholas Brooks and Catherine Cubitt (London, 1996), 23–45
Noble, Thomas F.X. and Julia M.H. Smith (eds.), The Cambridge History of Christianity, III: Early Medieval Christianities, c.600–c.1100 (Cambridge, 2008)
Noonan, John T., ‘Who was Rolandus?’, in Law, Church and Society: Essays in Honor of Stephan Kuttner, ed. Kenneth Pennington and Robert Somerville (Philadelphia, PA, 1977), 21–48
North, J.D., ‘Some Norman horoscopes’, in Adelard of Bath: An English Scientist and Arabist of the Early Twelfth Century, ed. Charles Burnett, Warburg Institute Surveys and Texts, 14 (London, 1987), 147–61
Norton, Christopher, St William of York (Woodbridge, 2006)
Nussbaum, Otto, Kloster, Priestermönch und Privatmesse (Bonn, 1961)
Nyberg, Tore, Monasticism in North-Western Europe, 800–1200 (Aldershot, 2000), 59–60
Ó Cróinin, Dáibhí, Early Medieval Ireland, 400–1200 (Harlow, 1995)
Oediger, Friedrich Wilhelm, Das Bistum Köln von den Anfängen bis zum Ende des 12. Jahrhunderts, Geschichte des Erzbistums Kölns, 1, 2nd edn (Cologne, 1972)
Oexle, O.G., ‘Die Karolinger und die Stadt des heiligen Arnulfs’, Frühmittelalterliche Studien, 1 (1967), 250–364
Oexle, O.G., ‘Mönchslisten und Konvent von Fulda im 10. Jahrhundert’, in Die Klostergemeinschaft von Fulda, II, ii: Untersuchungen, ed. Karl Schmid (Munich, 1978), 640–91
Oggins, V.D. and R.S. Oggins, ‘Richard of Ilchester’s inheritance: an extended family in twelfth-century England’, Medieval Prosopography, 12 (1991), 57–128
Orchard, Andy, ‘Parallel lives: Wulfstan, William, Coleman and Christ’, in St Wulfstan and His World, ed. Julia S. Barrow and Nicholas Brooks, Studies in Early Medieval Britain, 4 (Aldershot, 2005), 39–58
Orme, Nicholas, ‘The Augustinian canons and education’, in The Regular Canons in the Medieval British Isles, ed. Janet Burton and Karen Stöber (Turnhout, 2011), 213–32
Orme, Nicholas, English Schools in the Middle Ages (London, 1973)
Orme, Nicholas, Medieval Children (London, 2001), 213–16
Orme, Nicholas, ‘The medieval clergy of Exeter cathedral: 1. The vicars and annuellars’, Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 113 (1981), 79–91
Orme, Nicholas, ‘The medieval clergy of Exeter cathedral: 2. The secondaries and choristers’, Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 115 (1983), 79–100
Orme, Nicholas, Medieval Schools from Roman Britain to Renaissance England (New Haven and London, 2006)
Orme, Nicholas and Jon Cannon, Westbury-on-Trym: Monastery, Minster and College, Bristol Record Society, 62 (Bristol, 2010)
Ott, John S. and Anna Trumbore Jones (eds.), The Bishop Reformed: Studies of Episcopal Power and Culture in the Central Middle Ages (Aldershot, 2007)
Otte, J.K., ‘The life and writings of Alfredus Anglicus’, Viator, 3 (1972), 275–91
Owen, Dorothy, ‘Historical survey, 1091–1450’, in A History of Lincoln Minster, ed. Dorothy Owen (Cambridge, 1994), 112–63
Owen, Dorothy, (ed.), A History of Lincoln Minster (Cambridge, 1994)
Owen, Dorothy, ‘The Norman cathedral at Lincoln’, Anglo-Norman Studies, 7 (Woodbridge, 1985), 187–99
Pacaut, Marcel, Louis VII et les élections épiscopales dans le royaume de France (Paris, 1957)
Pacaut, Marcel, Louis VII et son royaume (Paris, 1964)
Palliser, David, Domesday York, Borthwick Paper 78 (York, 1990)
Palmer, James, Anglo-Saxons in a Frankish World, 690–900 (Turnhout, 2009)
Parisse, Michel (ed.), À propos des actes d’évêques: Hommage à Lucie Fossier (Nancy, 1991)
Parisse, Michel (ed.) Les chanoines réguliers: émergence et expansion (XIe–XIIIe siècles) (Saint-Étienne, 2009)
Parisse, Michel (ed.) ‘Les chartes des évêques de Metz au XIIe siècle: Étude diplomatique et paléographique’, Archiv für Diplomatik, 22 (1976), 272–316
Parisse, Michel (ed.) ‘Formation intellectuelle et universitaire en Lorraine avant la fondation de l’université de Pont-à-Mousson’, in L’université de Pont-à-Mousson et les problèmes de son temps, Actes du colloque organisé par l’Institut de recherche régionale en sciences sociales, humaines et économiques de l’Université Nancy II, Nancy 16–19 octobre 1972 (Nancy, 1974), 17–44
Parisse, Michel (ed.) La noblesse lorraine XIe–XIIIe s., 2 vols. (Lille and Paris, 1976)
Parisse, Michel (ed.) ‘Les princiers messins au XIIe siècle’, Annuaire de la société d’histoire et d’archéologie de la Lorraine, 71 (1971), 23–8
Parisse, Michel (ed.) ‘Recherches sur les paroisses du diocèse de Toul au XIIe siècle: L’église paroissiale et son desservant’, in Le istituzioni ecclesiastiche della ‘Societas Christiana’ dei secoli XI–XII. Diocesi, pievi e parrochie, Miscellanea del centro di studi medioevali, 8 (Milan, 1977), 559–70
Parisse, Michel (ed.) ‘La vie religieuse du XIIe au XIVe siècle’, in Le diocese de Metz, ed. Henri Tribout de Morembert (Paris, 1970), 68–86
Parisse, Michel and Otto Gerhard Oexle (eds.), L’abbaye de Gorze au Xe siècle (Nancy, 1993)
Parsons, David, ‘Liturgical and social aspects’, in Raunds Furnells: The Anglo-Saxon Church and Churchyard, ed. Andy Boddington, English Heritage Archaeological Report, 7 (London, 1996), 58–66
Patzold, Steffen, ‘L’épiscopat du haut Moyen Âge du point de vue de la médiévistique allemande’, Cahiers de civilisation médiévale Xe–XIIe siècles, 48 (2005), 341–58
Patzold, Steffen, Episcopus: Wissen über Bischöfe im Frankenreich des späten 8. bis frühen 10. Jahrhunderts, Mittelalter-Forschungen, 25 (Ostfildern, 2008)
Pätzold, Stefan, ‘Von der Fiskalkapelle zur Pfarrkirche? Vermutungen zu den frühmittelalterlichen Anfängen der Bochumer Propsteikirche’, in Pfarreien im Mittelalter: Deutschland, Polen, Tschechien und Ungarn im Vergleich, ed. Nathalie Kruppa (Göttingen, 2008), 155–81
Pauly, Ferdinand, Das Erzbistum Trier, III: Das Stift St. Kastor in Karden an der Mosel, Germania Sacra, Neue Folge 19 (Berlin, 1986)
Pearson, M.J. (comp.), Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae, IX: The Welsh Cathedrals 1066–1300 (London, 2003)
Peltzer, Jörg, Canon Law, Careers and Conquest: Episcopal Elections in Normandy and Greater Anjou, c.1140–c.1230 (Cambridge, 2008)
Peltzer, Jörg, ‘Master Arnulf, archdeacon of Rouen, unlicensed pluralism, and idoneitas. Defining eligibility in the early thirteenth century’, Haskins Society Journal, 19 (2007), 51–64
Petersen, Stefan, ‘Stadtentstehung im Schatten der Kirche: Bischof und Stadt in Hildesheim bis zum Beginn des 13. Jahrhunderts’, in Bischof und Bürger: Herrschaftsbeziehungen in den Kathedralstädten des Hoch- und Spätmittelalters, ed. Uwe Grieme, Nathalie Kruppa and Stefan Pätzold (Göttingen, 2004), 143–63
Petke, Wolfgang, Kanzlei, Kapelle und königliche Kurie unter Lothar III. (1125–1137) (Cologne and Vienna, 1985)
Petke, Wolfgang, ‘Von der klösterlichen Eigenkirche zur Inkorporation in Lothringen und Nordfrankreich im 11. und 12. Jahrhundert’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 87 (1992), 34–72 and 375–404
Petri: Bischofs- und Kathedralstädte des Mittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit, ed. Franz Petri (Cologne and Vienna, 1976)
Picard, Jean-Charles, ‘Les quartiers canoniaux des cathédrales en France’, in Le clerc séculier au Moyen Âge (Paris, 1993), 191–202
Pichot, Daniel, ‘Doyennés et organisation de l’espace diocésain, le cas du Bas-Maine (XIe–XIVe siècle)’, in L’espace du diocèse: Genèse d’un territoire dans l’Occident médiéval (Ve–XIIIe siècle), ed. Florian Mazel (Rennes, 2008), 343–65
Picker, Hanns-Christoph, Pastor Doctus: Klerikerbild und karolingische Reformen bei Hrabanus Maurus, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für europäische Geschichte 186 (Mainz, 2001)
Picó, Fernando, ‘Changements dans la composition du chapitre cathédral de Laon, 1155–1318’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 71 (1976), 78–90
Piétri, Charles and Luce Piétri (eds.), Prosopographie de l’Italie chrétienne, 2 vols. (Rome, Ecole française de Rome, 1999–2000)
Piva, Paolo, ‘Dalla cattedrale “doppia” allo “spazio liturgico canonicale”. Linee di un percorso’, in Canonici delle cattedrali nel medioevo, ed. Giuseppina De Sandre Gasparini, Grado Giovanni Merlo and Antonio Rigon (Verona, 2003), 69–93
Pixton, Paul B., ‘Pope Innocent III and the German schools: the impact of Canon 11 of the Fourth Lateranum upon cathedral and other schools 1216–1272’, in Innocenzo III: Urbs et Orbis, Atti del Congresso Internazionale (Roma 9–15 settembre 1998), ed. Andrea Sommerlechner, Societa Romana di Storia Patria and Istituto italiano per il medio evo (Rome, 2003), 1101–32
Post, Gaines, ‘Alexander III, the Licentia Docendi and the rise of the universities’, in Anniversary Essays in Medieval History by Students of Charles Homer Haskins, ed. C. Taylor (Boston and New York, 1929), 255–77
Powicke, F.M., Stephen Langton (Oxford, 1928)
Pratt, David, The Political Thought of King Alfred the Great (Cambridge, 2007)
Prevenier, Walter, ‘La chancelleries des comtes de Flandre, dans le cadre européen, à la fin du XIIe siècle’, Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes, 125 (1967), 34–93
Prinz, Joseph, Mimigernaford-Münster (Münster, 1960)
Pryce, Huw, ‘Culture, power and the charters of Welsh rulers’, in Charters and Charter Scholarship in Britain and Ireland, ed. Marie Therese Flanagan and Judith A. Green (Basingstoke, 2005), 184–202
Pycke, Jacques, Le chapitre cathédral Notre-Dame de Tournai de la fin du XIe à la fin du XIIIe siècle: Son organisation, sa vie, ses membres (Louvain-la-Neuve and Brussels, 1986)
Pycke, Jacques, ‘Le déclin de l’école capitulaire de Tournai et le rouleau mortuaire de l’abbé Hugues Ier de Saint-Amand’, Le Moyen Âge, 85 (1979), 433–43
Pycke, Jacques, ‘Les patronages de paroisses urbaines: Le cas du diocèse médiéval de Tournai’, Revue d’histoire de l’Église de France, 97 (2011), 269–89
Pycke, Jacques, Répertoire biographique des chanoines de Notre-Dame de Tournai, 1080–1300 (Louvain-la-Neuve and Brussels, 1988)
Quinton, Eleanor (ed.), The Church in English Place-Names, English Place-Name Society, extra series, 4 (Nottingham, 2009)
Quirós Castillo, Juan Antonio (ed.), The Archaeology of Early Medieval Villages in Europe (Bilbao, 2009)
Raaijmakers, Janneke, The Making of the Monasic Community of Fulda, c.744–c.900 (Cambridge, 2012)
Radding, Charles M., The Origins of Medieval Jurisprudence: Pavia and Bologna 850–1150 (New Haven, 1988)
Radtke, Christian, ‘Si non facietis voluntatem nostram … Zum Lübecker Kirchenkampf im 13. Jahrhundert’, in Bischof und Bürger: Herrschaftsbeziehungen in den Kathedralstädten des Hoch- und Spätmittelalters, ed. Uwe Grieme, Nathalie Kruppa and Stefan Pätzold, Studien zur Germania Sacra, 26 (Göttingen, 2004), 165–84
Ramsay, Nigel, Margaret Sparks and Tim Tatton-Brown (eds.), St Dunstan: His Life, Times and Cult (Woodbridge, 1992)
Rapp, Francis (ed.), Le clerc séculier au Moyen Âge, XXIIe Congrès de la Société des historiens médiévistes de l’enseignement supérieur public, Amiens, 1991, Publications de la Sorbonne, Série histoire ancienne et médiévale, 27 (Paris, 1993)
Rasche, Ulrich, ‘The early phase of appropriation of parish churches in medieval England’, Journal of Medieval History, 26 (2000), 213–37
Rashdall, Hastings, The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages, 3 vols., ed. F.M. Powicke and A.B. Emden (Oxford, 1936)
Rees-Jones, Sarah (ed.), Learning and Literacy in Medieval England and Abroad (Turnhout, 2003)
Reimann, Johanna, ‘Die Ministerialen des Hochstifts Würzburg in sozial-, rechts- und verfassungsgeschichtlicher Sicht’, Mainfränkisches Jahrbuch, 16 (1964), 1–266
Renardy, Christine, ‘Les écoles liégeoises du XIe au XIIe siècle: Grandes lignes de leur évolution’, Revue belge de philologie et d’histoire, 57 (1979), 309–28
Renardy, Christine, Le monde des maîtres universitaires du diocèse de Liège 1140–1350, Bibliothèque de la Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres de l’Université de Liège, 227 (Liège, 1979)
Resnick, Irven, ‘Odo of Tournai and Peter Damian: Poverty and crisis in the eleventh century’, Revue bénédictine, 98 (1988), 114–40
Reusens, Edmond, ‘Les chancelleries inférieures en Belgique depuis leur origine jusqu’au commencement du XIIIe siècle’, Analectes pour servir à l’histoire ecclésiastique de la Belgique, 26 (1896), 20–206
Reuter, Timothy, ‘Episcopi cum sua militia: the prelate as warrior in the early Staufer era’, in Warriors and Churchmen in the High Middle Ages: Essays presented to Karl Leyser, ed. Timothy Reuter (London, 1992), 79–94
Reuter, Timothy, ‘Filii matris nostrae pugnant adversum nos: bonds and tensions between prelates and their milites in the German high Middle Ages’, in Chiesa e mondo feudale nei secoli X–XII, Atti della dodicesima Settimana internazionale di studio, Mendola, 24–28 agosto 1992 (Milan, 1995), 247–76
Reuter, Timothy, ‘The “Imperial Church System” of the Ottonian and Salian rulers: a reconsideration’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 33 (1982), 347–74
Reuter, Timothy, ‘John of Salisbury and the Germans’, in The World of John of Salisbury, ed. M. Wilks, Studies in Church History, Subsidia 3 (Oxford, 1984), 415–25
Reuter, Timothy, (ed. ) The New Cambridge Medieval History, III: c.900–c.1024 (Cambridge, 1999)
Reuter, Timothy, (ed. ) ‘Plunder and tribute in the Carolingian empire’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, 35 (1985), 75–94
Reuter, Timothy, (ed. ) ‘Property transactions and social relations between rulers, bishops and nobles in early eleventh-century Saxony: the evidence of the Vita Meinwerci’, in Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages, ed. Wendy Davies and Paul Fouracre (Cambridge, 1995), 165–99
Reuter, Timothy, (ed.) Warriors and Churchmen in the High Middle Ages: Essays presented to Karl Leyser (London, 1992)
Reynolds, Roger, Clerical Orders in the Early Middle Ages: Duties and Ordination, Variorum Collected Studies, 670 (Aldershot, 1999)
Reynolds, Roger, Clerics in the Early Middle Ages: Hierarchy and Image, Variorum Collected Studies, 669 (Aldershot, 1999)
Reynolds, Roger, ‘The De officiis vii graduum: its origins and development’, Mediaeval Studies, 34 (1972), 113–51
Reynolds, Roger, ‘A florilegium on the ecclesiastical grades in Clm 19414: testimony to ninth-century clerical instruction’, Harvard Theological Review, 63 (1970), 235–59
Reynolds, Roger, ‘The “Isidorian” Epistola ad Leudefredum: an early medieval epitome of clerical duties’, Medieval Studies, 41 (1979), 252–320
Reynolds, Roger, ‘Liturgical scholarship at the time of the Investiture Controversy: past research and future opportunities’, Harvard Theological Review, 71 (1978), 109–24
Reynolds, Roger, ‘An ordinal of Christ in medieval Catalan’, Harvard Theological Review 99 (2006), 103–10
Reynolds, Roger, ‘The Pseudo-Hieronymian De septem ordinibus ecclesiae: notes on its origins, abridgments, and use in early medieval canonical collections’, Revue bénédictine, 80 (1970), 238–52
Ribault, J.-Y., ‘Les écolâtres de Bourges au XIIe siècle’, in Enseignement et vie intellectuelle (IXe–XVIe siècle), Actes du 95e Congrès national des sociétés savantes, Reims 1970 (Paris, 1975), 89–99
Richardson, H.G., ‘The schools of Northampton in the twelfth century’, English Historical Review, 56 (1941), 595–605
Riché, Pierre, Les écoles et l’enseignement dans l’Occident chrétien de la fin du Ve siècle au milieu du XIe siècle (Paris, 1979)
Riché, Pierre, Éducation et culture dans l’Occident barbare: VIe–VIIIe siècles (Paris, 1973), translated as Education and Culture in the Barbarian West from the Sixth through Eighth Centuries, tr. John J. Contreni (Columbia, SC, 1976)
Riché, Pierre, Éducation et culture dans l’Occident médiéval (Aldershot, 1993)
Riché, Pierre, ‘L’enseignement de Gerbert à Reims dans le contexte européen’, in Gerberto, scienza, storia e mito. Atti del Gerberti Symposium (25–27 luglio 1983), Archivum Bobiense, Studia II (Bobbio, 1985), 51–69, repr. in Pierre Riché, Éducation et culture dans l’Occident médiéval (Aldershot, 1993), Chapter 6
Riché, Pierre, Gerbert d’Aurillac: Le pape de l’an mil (Paris, 1987)
Riché, Pierre, ‘La survivance des écoles publiques en Gaule au Ve siècle’, Le Moyen Âge, 63 (1957), 421–36
Riché, Pierre, ‘Le vocabulaire des écoles carolingiennes’, in Vocabulaire des écoles et des méthodes d’enseignement au moyen âge, ed. Olga Weijers (Turnhout, 1992), 33–41
Riches, Theo, ‘The changing political horizons of gesta episcoporum from the ninth to eleventh centuries’, in Patterns of Episcopal Power: Bishops in 10th and 11th Century Western Europe. Strukturen bischöflicher Herrschaftsgewalt im westlichen Europa des 10. und 11. Jahrhunderts, ed. Ludger Körntgen and Dominik Waßenhoven (Berlin, 2011), 51–62
Richter, Michael, ‘A new edition of the so-called Vita Davidis secundi’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, 22 (1969–70)
Rider, Jeff and Alan V. Murray (eds.), Galbert of Bruges and the Historiography of Medieval Flanders (Washington, DC, 2009)
Robin, Gérard, ‘Le problème de la vie commune au chapitre de la cathédrale St-Maurice d’Angers du IXe au XIIe siècle’, Cahiers de civilisation médiévale, 13 (1970), 305–22
Robinson, I.S., The Papacy, 1073–1198: Continuity and Innovation (Cambridge, 1990)
Robinson, I.S., ‘Reform and the church, 1073–1122’, in New Cambridge Medieval History, IV: c.1024–c.1198, part 1, ed. David Luscombe and Jonathan Riley-Smith (Cambridge, 2004), 268–334
Robson, C.A., Maurice of Sully and the Medieval Vernacular Homily, with the Text of Maurice’s French Homilies from a Sens Cathedral Chapter MS. (Oxford, 1952)
Rolker, Christof, Canon Law and the Letters of Ivo of Chartres (Cambridge, 2010)
Rollason, David, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich (eds.), Anglo-Norman Durham (Woodbridge, 1994)
Rollason, David, Conrad Leyser and Hannah Williams (eds.), England and the Continent in the Tenth Century: Studies in Honour of Wilhelm Levison (1876–1947) (Turnhout, 2010)
Rouse, Richard E. and Mary A. Rouse, ‘The book trade at the University of Paris’, in La production du livre universitaire au Moyen Âge: Exemplar et pecia, ed. Louis J. Bataillon, Bertrand G. Guyot and Richard H. Rouse (Paris, 1991), 41–114
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments: Salisbury: The Houses of the Close (London, 1993)
Rubenstein, Jay, ‘Guibert of Nogent’s lessons from the Anglo-Norman world’, in Teaching and Learning in Northern Europe, 1000–1200, ed. Sally N. Vaughn and Jay Rubenstein (Turnhout, 2006), 149–69
Rubin, Miri and Walter Simons (eds.), The Cambridge History of Christianity, IV: Christianity in Western Europe, c.1100–c.1500 (Cambridge, 2009)
Rumble, Alexander (ed.), Leaders of the Anglo-Saxon Church from Bede to Stigand (Woodbridge, 2012)
Rumble, Alexander (ed.) The Reign of Cnut: King of England, Denmark and Norway (London, 1994)
Ryan, J.J., ‘Pseudo-Alcuin’s Liber de divinis officiis and the Liber Dominus vobiscum of St Peter Damiani’, Medieval Studies, 14 (1952)
Ryan, Martin, ‘Archbishop Ecgberht and his Dialogus’, in Leaders of the Anglo-Saxon Church from Bede to Stigand, ed. Alexander R. Rumble (Woodbridge, 2012), 41–60
Ryan, Martin, Saint Chrodegang: Communications présentées au colloque tenu à Metz à l’occasion du douzième centenaire de sa mort (Metz, 1967)
Sainte-Marthe, Denis de, continued by B. Hauréau (eds.), Gallia Christiana in provincias ecclesiasticas distributa, 16 vols. (Paris, 1716–1865)
Saltman, Avrom, Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury (London, 1956)
Santifaller, Leo, Das Brixener Domkapitel in seiner persönliche Zusammensetzung im Mittelalter, 2 vols., Schlern-Schriften, 7 (Innsbruck, 1924–5)
Santifaller, Leo, ‘Papsturkunden für Domkapitel bis auf Alexander III.’, in Festschrift für Albert Brackmann, ed. Leo Santifaller (Weimar, 1931), 81–122
Santifaller, Leo, Zur Geschichte des ottonisch-salischen Reichskirchensystems, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-Hist. Klasse (Vienna, 1964)
Sauer, Hans and Joanna Story (eds.), Anglo-Saxon England and the Continent, Essays in Anglo-Saxon Studies, 3 (Tempe, AZ, 2011)
Sawyer, P.H. (ed.), Domesday Book: A Reassessment (London, 1985)
Sayers, Jane E., Papal Judges Delegate in the Province of Canterbury, 1198–1254: A Study in Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction and Administration (London, 1971)
Schieffer, Rudolf, Die Entstehung von Domkapiteln in Deutschland, Bonner historische Forschungen, 43 (Bonn, 1976)
Schieffer, Rudolf, ‘Hofkapelle und Aachener Marienstift bis in staufische Zeit’, Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter, 51 (1987), 1–21
Schieffer, Rudolf, ‘Zur Frühgeschichte des Domstifts von Münster’, Westfälische Forschungen, 28 (1976–7), 16–29
Schieffer, Theodor, Angelsachsen und Franken (Mainz, 1951), 30–45
Schiewer, H.-J., ‘German sermons in the Middle Ages’, in The Sermon, ed. B.M. Kienzle, Typologie des sources du Moyen Âge occidental, 81–3 (Turnhout, 2000), 861–961
Schilling, Beate, ‘Zur Frühgeschichte der Kartäuser’, Deutsches Archiv, 68 (2012), 53–89
Schimmelpfennig, Bernhard, ‘Zölibat und Lage der Priestersöhne vom 11. bis 14. Jahrhundert’, Historische Zeitschrift, 227 (1978), 1–44
Schmid, Karl, Gebetsgedenken und adliges Selbstverständnis im Mittelalter: Ausgewählte Beiträge (Sigmaringen, 1983)
Schmid, Karl (ed.) Die Klostergemeinschaft von Fulda im früheren Mittelalter, 3 vols. in 5, Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften (Munich, 1978)
Schmid, KarlMönchslisten und Klosterkonvent von Fulda zur Zeit der Karolinger’, in Die Klostergemeinschaft von Fulda im früheren Mittelalter, II, ii: Untersuchungen, ed. Karl Schmid (Munich, 1978), 571–635
Schmid, KarlReligiöses und sippengebundenes Gemeinschaftsbewußtsein in frühmittelalterlichen Gedenkbucheinträgen’, in Karl Schmid, Gebetsgedenken und adliges Selbstverständnis im Mittelalter: Ausgewählte Beiträge (Sigmaringen, 1983), 532–97
Schofield, John and Alan Vince, Medieval Towns (London, 1994)
Schöntag, Wilfried, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des Erzbistums Mainz unter den Erzbischöfe Arnold und Christian I. (1153–1183) (Darmstadt and Marburg, 1973)
Schriber, Carolyn Poling, The Dilemma of Arnulf of Lisieux: New Ideas versus Old Ideals (Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1990)
Schrörs, Heinrich, Hinkmar, Erzbischof von Reims: Sein Leben und seine Schriften (Freiburg, 1884)
Schulte, Aloys, Der Adel und die deutsche Kirche im Mittelalter: Studien zur Sozial-, Rechts-, und Kirchengeschichte, 3rd edn (Darmstadt, 1958; first edn Stuttgart, 1910)
Schwineköper, Berent, ‘Norbert von Xanten als Erzbischof von Magdeburg’, in Norbert von Xanten: Adliger, Ordensstifter, Kirchenfürst, ed. Kaspar Elm (Cologne, 1984), 188–209
Scragg, Donald (ed.), Edgar, King of the English, 959–975 (Woodbridge, 2008)
Semmler, Josef, ‘Chrodegang Bischof von Metz 747–766’, in Die Reichsabtei Lorsch: Festschrift zum Bedanken an die Stiftung der Reichsabtei Lorsch 764, ed. Friedrich Knöpf, 2 vols. (Darmstadt, 1973–7), I, 229–45
Semmler, Josef, ‘Die Geschichte der Abtei Lorsch von der Gründung bis zum Ende der Salierzeit (764–1125)’, in Die Reichsabtei Lorsch: Festschrift zum Gedenken an ihre Stiftung, ed. Friedrich Knöpf, 2 vols. (Darmstadt, 1973–7), I, 75–173
Shanzer, Danuta, ‘The tale of Frodebert’s tail’, in Colloquial and Literary Latin, ed. Eleanor Dickey and Anna Chahoud (Cambridge, 2010), 376–405
Sharpe, Richard, ‘Address and delivery in Anglo-Norman royal charters’, in Charters and Charter Scholarship in Britain and Ireland, ed. Marie Therese Flanagan and Judith A. Green (Basingstoke, 2005), 32–52
Sharpe, Richard, ‘Churches and communities in early medieval Ireland: towards a pastoral model’, in Pastoral Care before the Parish, ed. John Blair and Richard Sharpe (Leicester, 1992), 81–109
Sharpe, Richard, ‘The use of writs in the eleventh century’, Anglo-Saxon England, 32 (2003), 247–91
Shead, Norman, ‘Compassed about with so great a cloud: the witnesses of Scottish episcopal acta before ca 1250’, Scottish Historical Review, 86 (2007), 159–75
Sheehan, Michael, The Will in Medieval England: From the Conversion of the Anglo-Saxons to the End of the Thirteenth Century (Toronto, 1963)
Shiels, William (ed.), The Ministry: Clerical and Lay, Studies in Church History, 26 (Oxford, 1989)
Shinners, John and William J. Dohar (eds.), Pastors and the Care of Souls in Medieval England (Notre Dame, IN, 1998)
Siegwart, Josef, Die Chorherren- und Chorfrauengemeinschaften in der deutschsprachigen Schweiz vom 6. Jahrhundert bis 1160, Studia Friburgensia, Neue Folge 30 (Fribourg, 1962)
Simpson, W. Sparrow, ‘The tonsure-plate in use at St Paul’s cathedral during the thirteenth century’, Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 38 (1882), 278–90
Skinner, Patricia (ed.), Challenging the Boundaries of Medieval History: The Legacy of Timothy Reuter (Turnhout, 2010)
Smalley, Beryl, The Study of the Bible in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 1952)
Smith, Lucius, The Story of Ripon Minster: A Study in Church History (Leeds, 1914)
Smith, Mary Frances, ‘Archbishop Stigand and the eye of the needle’, Anglo-Norman Studies, 16 (1994), 199–219
Smith, Mary Frances, ‘The preferment of royal clerks in the reign of Edward the Confessor’, Haskins Society Journal, 9 (1997), 159–73
Sommerlechner, Andrea (ed.), Innocenzo III: Urbs et Orbis, Atti del Congresso Internazionale, Roma 9–15 settembre 1998, Societa Romana di Storia Patria and Istituto italiano per il medio evo (Rome, 2003)
Sot, Michel, Gesta episcoporum, gesta abbatum, Typologie des sources, 37 (Turnhout, 1981)
Southern, R.W., ‘The Canterbury forgeries’, English Historical Review, 73 (1958), 193–226
Southern, R.W., ‘From schools to university’, in The History of the University of Oxford, I: The Early Oxford Schools, ed. J.I. Catto, with Ralph Evans (Oxford, 1984), 1–36
Southern, R.W., ‘Master Vacarius and the beginning of an English academic tradition’, in Medieval Learning and Literature: Essays Presented to Richard William Hunt, ed. J.J.G. Alexander and M.T. Gibson (Oxford, 1976), 257–86
Southern, R.W., Medieval Humanism and Other Studies (Oxford, 1970)
Southern, R.W., ‘Peter of Blois: a twelfth-century humanist’, in R.W. Southern, Medieval Humanism and Other Studies (Oxford, 1970), 105–32
Southern, R.W., Robert Grosseteste: The Growth of an English Mind in Medieval Europe, (Oxford, 1986)
Southern, R.W., Scholastic Humanism and the Unification of Europe, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1995–2001)
Southern, R.W., ‘The schools of Paris and the school of Chartres’, in Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century, ed. R.L. Benson and Giles Constable (Cambridge, MA, 1982), 113–37
Spear, David, ‘L’administration épiscopale normande: archidiacres et dignitaires des chapitres’, in Les evêques normands du XIe siècle, ed. Pierre Bouet and François Neveux (Caen, 1995), 81–102
Spear, David,‘Une famille ecclésiastique anglo-normande’, Études normandes, 35.3 (1986), 21–7
Spear, David, ‘The Norman empire and the secular clergy, 1066–1204’, Journal of British Studies, 21, 2 (1982), 1–10
Spear, David, The Personnel of the Norman Cathedrals during the Ducal Period, 911–1204 (London, 2006)
Sprandel, Rolf, Ivo von Chartres und seine Stellung in der Kirchengeschichte (Stuttgart, 1962)
Staab, Franz, ‘“Rudi populo rudis adhuc presul”: Zu den wehrhaften Bischöfen der Zeit Karl Martells’, in Karl Martell in seiner Zeit, ed. JörgJarnut, Ulrich Nonn and Michael Richter, Beihefte der Francia, 37 (Sigmaringen, 1994), 249–75
Stahleder, Helmuth, ‘Bischöfliche und adelige Eigenkirchen des Bistums Freising im frühen Mittelalter und die Kirchenorganisation im Jahre 1315, I. Teil’, Oberbayerisches Archiv, 104 (1979), 117–88
Stalley, Roger, ‘The construction of the medieval cathedral, c.1030–1250’, in Christ Church Cathedral: A History, ed. Kenneth Milne (Dublin, 2000), 53–74
Stancliffe, Claire, St Martin and His Hagiographer: History and Miracle in Sulpicius Severus (Oxford, 1983)
Stein, Peter, ‘Vacarius and the civil law’, in Church and Government in the Middle Ages: Essays Presented to C.R. Cheney, ed. C.N.L. Brooke, D.E. Luscombe, G.H. Martin and Dorothy Owen (Cambridge, 1976), 119–37
Stenton, F.M., ‘Acta episcoporum’, Cambridge Historical Journal, 3 (1929), 1–14
Stenton, F.M., Preparatory to Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 1970)
Stevenson, William Henry, ‘A contemporary description of the Domesday survey’, English Historical Review, 22 (1907), 72–84
Stocker, David, ‘The vicars choral of York: a summary and interpretation of recent archaeological work’, in Vicars Choral at English Cathedrals: Cantate Domino. History, Architecture and Archaeology, ed. Richard Hall and David Stocker (Oxford, 2005), 147–63
Stocker, David, with Naomi Field, ‘The development of the college of vicars choral at Lincoln Minster’, in Vicars Choral at English Cathedrals: Cantate Domino. History, Architecture and Archaeology, ed. Richard Hall and David Stocker (Oxford, 2005), 76–97
Stollberg, Gunnar, Die soziale Stellung der intellektuellen Oberschicht im England des 12. Jahrhunderts (Lübeck, 1973)
Story, Joanna, Carolingian Connections: Anglo-Saxon England and Carolingian Francia, c.750–870 (Aldershot, 2003)
Story, Joanna, (ed.) Charlemagne: Empire and Society (Manchester, 2005)
Stratmann, Martina, Hinkmar von Reims als Verwalter von Bistum und Kirchenprovinz (Sigmaringen, 1991)
Stringer, Keith, Earl David of Huntingdon, 1152–1219: A Study in Anglo-Scottish History (Edinburgh, 1985)
Stutz, Ulrich, Die Eigenkirche als Element des mittelalterlich-germanischen Kirchenrechts (Berlin, 1895)
Sullivan, Richard E., ‘What was Carolingian monasticism? The plan of St Gall and the history of monasticism’, in After Rome’s Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History. Essays Presented to Walter Goffart, ed. Alexander Callander Murray (Toronto, 1998), 251–87
Summerson, Henry, Medieval Carlisle: The City and the Borders from the Late Eleventh to the Mid-Sixteenth Century, 2 vols., Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, extra series, 25 (Stroud, 1993)
Swanson, R.N., ‘Angels incarnate: clergy and masculinity from Gregorian reform to reformation’, in Masculinity in Medieval Europe, ed. D.M. Hadley (London, 1999), 174–7
Tabbagh, Vincent (ed.), Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae, XI: Diocèse de Sens (Turnhout, 2009)
Tatlock, J.S.P., ‘The English Journey of the Laon canons’, Speculum, 8 (1933), 454–65
Taylor, C. (ed.), Anniversary Essays in Medieval History by Students of Charles Homer Haskins (Boston and New York, 1929)
Taylor, Pamela, ‘Foundation and endowment: St Paul’s and the English kingdoms, 604–1087’, in St Paul’s: The Cathedral Church of London, 604–2004, ed. Derek Keene, Arthur Burns and Andrew Saint (New Haven and London, 2004), 5–16
Taylor, Pamela, ‘Ingelric, Count Eustace and the foundation of St Martin-le-Grand’, Anglo-Norman Studies, 24, ed. John Gillingham (Woodbridge, 2002), 215–37
Tenhaken, Hans P., Das nordhumbrische Priestergesetz: Ein nachwulfstanisches Pönitential des 11. Jahrhunderts (Düsseldorf, 1979)
Tessier, Georges, Diplomatique royale française (Paris, 1962)
Thacker, Alan, ‘Æthelwold and Abingdon’, in Bishop Æthelwold: His Career and Influence, ed. Barbara Yorke (Woodbridge, 1988), 43–6
Thacker, Alan, ‘Collegiate church of St John’, in VCH Cheshire, V, part 2: The City of Chester: Culture, Buildings, Institutions, ed. C.P. Lewis and A.T. Thacker (Woodbridge, 2005), 125–33
Thacker, Alan, ‘Lindisfarne and the origins of the cult of St Cuthbert’, in St Cuthbert, His Cult and His Community to A.D. 1200, ed. G. Bonner, C. Stancliffe and D. Rollason (Woodbridge, 1989), 103–22
Thomas, Hugh, The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation and Identity 1066–c.1220 (Oxford, 2003)
Thomas, Hugh, The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216 (Oxford, forthcoming 2014)
Thompson, A. Hamilton, Fasti Parochiales, ed. A.H. Thompson, C.T. Clay, Norah Gurney and N.A.H. Lawrence, 5 vols., Yorkshire Archaeological Society Records Series, 85, 107, 129, 133, 143 (Leeds and Wakefield, 1933–85)
Thompson, A. HamiltonSong Schools in the Middle Ages, Church Music Society Occasional Papers, 14 (London, 1942)
Thompson, Kathleen Hapgood, ‘Dowry and inheritance patterns: some examples from the descendants of King Henry I of England’, Medieval Prosopography, 17.2 (1996), 45–61
Thompson, Victoria, Death and Dying in Later Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge, 2004)
Thomson, R.M., Books and Learning in Twelfth-Century England: The End of ‘Alter Orbis’, Lyell Lectures 2000–1 (Walkern, 2006)
Thomson, R.M., ‘Serlo of Wilton and the schools of Oxford’, Medium Aevum, 68 (1999), 1–12
Thomson, R.M., William of Malmesbury, 2nd edn (Woodbridge, 2003)
Tillmann, Helene, Pope Innocent III, tr. Walter Sax (Amsterdam, 1980)
Tinti, Francesca, ‘The “costs” of pastoral care: church dues in late Anglo-Saxon England’, in Pastoral Care in Late Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Francesca Tinti (Woodbridge, 2005), 27–51
Tinti, Francesca, (ed.) Pastoral Care in Late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge, 2005)
Tinti, Francesca, (ed.) Sustaining Belief: The Church of Worcester from c.870 to c.1100 (Farnham, 2010)
Tock, Benoît-Michel, ‘Altare dans les chartes françaises antérieures à 1121’, in Roma, Magistra Mundi: Itineraria culturae medievalis. Mélanges offerts au Père L.E. Boyle à l’occasion de son 75e anniversaire, ed. Jacqueline Hamesse (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1998), 901–26
Tock, Benoît-Michel, Une chancellerie épiscopale au XIIe siècle: Le cas d’Arras (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1991)
Tock, Benoît-Michel, ‘Les droits et devoirs des chanceliers épiscopaux (XIe–XIIIe siècles): L’apport des textes réglementaires’, in Die Diplomatik der Bischofsurkunde vor 1250, ed. Christoph Haidacher and Werner Köfler (Innsbruck, 1995), 269–80
Tollerton, Linda, Wills and Will-Making in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge, 2011)
Tribout de Morembert, Henri (ed.), Le diocèse de Metz (Paris, 1970)
Trichet, Louis, La tonsure: Vie et mort d’une pratique ecclésiastique (Paris, 1990)
Türk, Egbert, Nugae Curialium: Le règne d’Henri II Plantagenêt (1145–1189) et l’éthique politique (Geneva, 1977)
Turner, Ralph, The English Judiciary in the Age of Glanvill and Bracton, c.1176–1239 (Cambridge, 1985)
Vacant, Alfred, Eugène Mangenot and Émile Amann (eds.), Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, 15 vols. in 34 (1930–50)
Vanderputten, Steven, ‘Canterbury and Flanders in the late tenth century’, Anglo-Saxon England, 35 (2008), 219–44
Vanderputten, Steven, ‘Flemish monasticism, comital power, and the archbishops of Canterbury: a written legacy from the late tenth century’, in England and the Continent in the Tenth Century: Studies in Honour of Wilhelm Levison (1876–1947), ed. David Rollason, Conrad Leyser and Hannah Williams (Turnhout, 2010), 67–86
van Dijk, S.J.P. and J.H. Walker, The Origins of the Modern Roman Liturgy (London, 1960)
van Eickels, Klaus, ‘Gendered violence: castration and blinding as punishment for treason in Normandy and Anglo-Norman England’, Gender & History, 16 (2004), 588–602
van Engen, John, Rupert of Deutz (Berkeley, CA, 1983)
van Liere, Frans, ‘The study of canon law and the eclipse of the Lincoln schools, 1175–1225’, History of Universities, 18.1 (2003), 1–13
van Mingroot, Erik, ‘Kanzlei, Jurisdiktion und Verwaltung im Bistum Kammerich’, in Recht en instellingen in de oude Nederlanden tijdens de middeleeuwen en de nieuwe tijd. Liber amicorum Jan Buntinx, ed. Gustaaf Asaert, Willy Buntinx and Jan Albert Van Houtte (Leuwen, 1981), 1–26
van Rhijn, Carine, Shepherds of the Lord: Priests and Episcopal Statutes in the Carolingian Period, Cultural Encounters in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, 6 (Turnhout, 2007)
Vaucelle, Edgard-Raphaël, La collégiale de Saint-Martin de Tours: Des origines à l’avènement des Valois (397–1328) (Paris, 1908)
Vaughn, Sally N. and Jay Rubenstein (eds.), Teaching and Learning in Northern Europe, 1000–1200 (Turnhout, 2006)
Veissière, Michel, ‘La collégiale Saint-Quiriace de Provins sous les comtes de Champagne de la maison de Blois (1019–1181)’, in La vita comune del clero nei secoli XI e XII, Atti della Settimana di Studio, Mendola, settembre 1959, 2 vols. (Milan, 1962), I, 50–63
Verger, Jacques, Les universités au Moyen Âge (Paris, 1973)
Verhulst, Adriaan, ‘Les biens et revenus du chapitre Saint-Donatien de Bruges en 1089’, in Campagnes médiévales: L’homme et son espace. Études offertes à Robert Fossier, ed. Elisabeth Mornet (Paris, 1995), 513–31
Victoria History of the County of Oxford, II, ed. William Page (London, 1907); IV: The City of Oxford, ed. Alan Crossley (Oxford, 1979)
Viller, Marcel (ed.), Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique, 17 vols. (Paris, 1932–95)
Viola, C. (ed.), Mediaevalia Christiana, XIe–XIIIe siècle: Hommage à Raymonde Foreville (Paris, 1989)
Vleeschouwers, Cyriel, and Monique van Melkebeek, ‘Le role de l’entourage des évêques de Tournai (1146–1300) dans la chancellerie épiscopale (avec relevé des sceaux)’, Mémoires de la Société royale d’histoire et d’archéologie de Tournai, 2 (1981), 7–80
von Boeselager, Eike, ‘De bischup schal macht hebben in der stad Bremen’, in Bischof und Bürger: Herrschaftsbezeichnungen in den Kathedralstädten des Hoch- und Spätmittelalter, ed. Uwe Grieme, Nathalie Kruppa and Stefan Pätzold (Göttingen, 2004), 89–113
von Guttenberg, Erich, Das Bistum Bamberg, I, Germania Sacra, 2, i (Berlin, 1937)
von Moos, Peter, Hildebert von Lavardin, 1056–1133: Humanitas an der Schwelle des höfischen Zeitalter, Pariser historische Studien, 3 (Stuttgart, 1965)
Vones Liebenstein, Ursula, ‘L’expansion des chanoines réguliers dans la peninsula ibérique au XIIe siècle’, in Les chanoines réguliers: émergence et expansion (XIe–XIIIe siècles), ed. Michel Parisse (Saint-Étienne, 2009), 429–53, at 430–43
Vones Liebenstein, Ursula, Saint-Ruf und Spanien. Studien zur Verbreitung und zum Wirken der Regularkanoniker von Saint-Ruf in Avignon auf der iberischen Halbinsel (11. und 12. Jahrhundert), Bibliotheca Victorina, 6 (Turnhout, 1996)
Vykoukal, Ernest, ‘Les examens du clergé paroissial à l’époque carolingienne’, Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique, 14 (1913), 81–96
Wagner, Friedrich Ludwig (ed.), Ministerialität im Pfälzer Raum (Speyer, 1975)
Waldman, Thomas G., ‘Abbot Suger and the nuns of Argenteuil’, Traditio, 41 (1985), 239–72
Walker, David, ‘The organization of material in medieval cartularies’, in The Study of Medieval Records: Essays in Honour of Kathleen Major, ed. Donald Bullough and Robin Storey (Oxford, 1971), 132–50
Walsh, P.G., ‘Golias and Goliardic poetry’, Medium Ævum, 52 (1983), 1–9
Wansbrough: Benedictines in Oxford, ed. Henry Wansbrough and Anthony Marett-Crosby (London, 1997)
Wareham, Andrew, ‘St Oswald’s family and kin’, in St Oswald: Life and Influence, ed. Nicholas Brooks and Catherine Cubitt (London, 1996)
Watt, D.E.R., A Biographical Dictionary of Scottish University Graduates to AD 1410 (Oxford, 1977)
Watt, D.E.R. and A.L. Murray (eds.), Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae Medii Aevi ad Annum 1638 (Edinburgh, 2003)
Webber, Teresa, Scribes and Scholars at Salisbury Cathedral c.1075–c.1125 (Oxford, 1992)
Weijers, Olga (ed.), Vocabulaire des écoles et des méthodes d’enseignement au moyen âge (Turnhout, 1992)
Weinfurter, Stefan, ‘Neuere Forschung zu den Regularkanonikern im deutschen Reich des 11. und 12. Jahrhunderts’, Historische Zeitschrift, 224 (1977), 379–97
Weinfurter, Stefan, ‘Norbert von Xanten als Reformkanoniker und Stifter des Prämonstratensersordens’, in Norbert von Xanten: Adliger, Ordensstifter, Kirchenfürst, ed. Kaspar Elm (Cologne, 1984), 159–75
Weinfurter, Stefan, ‘Reformkanoniker und Reichsepiskopat im Hochmittelalter’, Historisches Jahrbuch, 97 (1978)
Weinfurter, Stefan, (ed.), Die Salier und das Reich, 3 vols. (Sigmaringen, 1992)
Weissthanner, Alois, ‘Regesten des Freisinger Bischofs Otto I. (1138–1158)’, Analecta Sacri Ordinis Cisterciensis, 14 (1958), 151–222
Wendehorst, Alfred, Das Bistum Würzburg, I: Die Bischofsreihe bis 1254, Germania Sacra, Neue Folge, 1 (Berlin, 1962)
Wendehorst, Alfred, Das Bistum Würzburg, IV: Das Stift Neumünster in Würzburg, Germania Sacra, Neue Folge, 26 (Berlin, 1989)
Wentz, Gottfried, Das Bistum Havelberg, Germania Sacra, I, ii (Berlin, 1933)
Wentz, Gottfried and Berent Schwineköper, Das Erzbistum Magdeburg, I: Das Domstift St. Moritz in Magdeburg (Berlin, 1972)
Wheeler, Bonnie, ‘Origenary fantasies: Abelard’s castration and confession’, in Becoming Male in the Middle Ages, ed. Jeffrey Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler (New York, 1997), 107–28
White, Alison, ‘Boethius in the medieval quadrivium’, in Boethius: His Life, Thought and Influence, ed. Margaret Gibson (Oxford, 1981), 162–205
White, Lynn, ‘For the biography of William of Blois’, English Historical Review, 50 (1935), 487–90
Whitehead, David (ed.), Medieval Art, Architecture and Archaeology at Hereford, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions, 15 (Leeds, 1995)
Whitelock, Dorothy, ‘Archbishop Wulfstan, homilist and statesman’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 4th series, 24 (1942), 42–60
Whitelock, Dorothy, History, Law and Literature in 10th–11th Century England (London, 1981)
Whitelock, Dorothy, Some Anglo-Saxon Bishops of London (London, 1975)
Whitelock, Dorothy, ‘Wulfstan and the so-called Laws of Edward and Guthrum’, English Historical Review, 56 (1941), 1–21
Wiggenhauser, Béatrice, Klerikale Karrieren: Das ländliche Chorherrenstift Embrach und seine Mitglieder im Mittelalter (Zürich, 1997)
Wightman, W.E., The Lacy Family in England and Normandy, 1066–1194 (Oxford, 1966)
Wilcox, Jonathan, ‘Ælfric in Dorset and the landscape of pastoral care’, in Pastoral Care in Late Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Francesca Tinti (Woodbridge, 2005), 52–62
Wilcox, Jonathan, ‘The use of Ælfric’s Homilies: MSS Oxford, Bodleian Library, Junius 85 and 86 in the field’, in A Companion to Ælfric, ed. Hugh Magennis and Mary Swan (Leiden, 2009), 345–68
Wilks, M. (ed.), The World of John of Salisbury, Studies in Church History, Subsidia 3 (Oxford, 1984)
Williams, Ann, The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge, 1995)
Williams, Ann, ‘Princeps Merciorum gentis: the family, career and connections of Ælfhere, ealdorman of Mercia 956–83’, Anglo-Saxon England, 10 (1982), 143–72
Williams, J.R., ‘The cathedral school of Rheims in the eleventh century’, Speculum, 29 (1954), 661–77
Williams, J.R., ‘The cathedral school of Reims in the time of Master Alberic, 1118–1136’, Traditio, 20 (1964), 93–114
Wilmart, André, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du Moyen Âge latin (Paris, 1932)
Wilmart, André, ‘Un opuscule sur la confession composé par Guy de Southwick vers la fin du XIIe siècle’, Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale, 7 (1935), 337–52
Wilmart, André, ‘Les ordres de Christ’, Revue des sciences religieuses, 3 (1923), 305–27
Wilmart, André, ‘Le règlement ecclésiastique de Berne’, Revue bénédictine, 51 (1939), 37–52
Winroth, Anders, The Making of Gratian’s Decretum (Cambridge, 2000)
Winter, D.R., ‘The life and career of Master Wiger of Utrecht (fl. 1209–1237), an early convert to the Order of Friars Minor’, Journal of Medieval History, 31 (2005), 71–126
Wollasch, Joachim, ‘Monasticism: the first wave of reform’, in The New Cambridge Medieval History, III: c.900–c.1024, ed. Timothy Reuter (Cambridge, 1999), 163–85
Wood, Ian, ‘Administration, law and culture in Merovingian Gaul’, in The Uses of Literacy in Early Medieval Europe, ed. Rosamond McKitterick (Cambridge, 1990), 63–81
Wood, Susan, The Proprietary Church in the Medieval West (Oxford, 2006)
Wormald, Patrick, ‘Æthelwold and his continental counterparts: contact, comparison, contrast’, in Bishop Æthelwold: His Career and Influence, ed. Barbara Yorke (Woodbridge, 1988), 13–42
Wormald, Patrick, ‘Archbishop Wulfstan and the holiness of society’, in Patrick Wormald, Legal Culture in the Early Medieval West: Law as Text, Image and Experience (London, 1999), 225–51
Wormald, Patrick, ‘Archbishop Wulfstan: eleventh-century state-builder’, in Wulfstan, Archbishop of York, ed. Matthew Townend (Turnhout, 2004), 9–27
Wormald, Patrick, Legal Culture in the Early Medieval West: Law as Text, Image and Experience (London, 1999)
Wormald, Patrick, The Making of English Law: King Alfred to the Twelfth Century, I: Legislation and Its Limits (Oxford, 1999)
Wormald, Patrick, ‘The strange affair of the Selsey bishopric’, in Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages, ed. Richard Gameson and Henrietta Leyser (Oxford, 2000), 128–41
Wormald, Patrick and Janet Nelson (eds.), Lay Intellectuals in the Carolingian World (Cambridge, 2007)
Yates, Nigel, with Paul A. Welsby (eds.), Faith and Fabric: A History of Rochester Cathedral, 604–1994 (Woodbridge, 1996)
Yorke, Barbara, ‘Æthelwold and the politics of the tenth century’, in Bishop Æthelwold: His Career and Influence, ed. Barbara Yorke (Woodbridge, 1988), 65–88
Yorke, Barbara, (ed.) Bishop Æthelwold: His Career and Influence (Woodbridge, 1988)
Yorke, Barbara, ‘The legitimacy of St Edith’, Haskins Society Journal, 11 (2003 for 1998), 97–113
Yorke, Barbara, Nunneries and the Anglo-Saxon Royal Houses (London, 2003)
Zacherl, M., ‘Die vita communis als Lebensform des Klerus in der Zeit zwischen Augustinus und Karl dem Grossen’, Zeitschrift für katholische Theologie, 92 (1970), 385–424
Zadora-Rio, Élisabeth, ‘Early medieval villages and estate centres in France (c.300–1100)’, in The Archaeology of Early Medieval Villages in Europe, ed. Juan Antonio Quirós Castillo (Bilbao, 2009), 77–98
Zadora-Rio, Élisabeth, ‘L’historiographie des paroisses rurales à l’épreuve de l’archéologie’, in Aux origines de la paroisse rurale en Gaule méridionale (IVe–IXe siècles), ed. Christine Delaplace (Paris, 2005), 15–23
Zadora-Rio, Élisabeth, ‘The making of churchyards and parish territories in the early-medieval landscape of France and England in the 7th–12th centuries: a reconsideration’, Medieval Archaeology, 47 (2003), 1–19
Zechiel-Eckes, Klaus, ‘Auf Pseudoisidors Spur. Oder: Versuch, einen dichten Schleier zu lüften’, in Fortschritt durch Fälschungen? Ursprung, Gestalt und Wirkungen der pseudoisidorischen Fälschungen, ed. Wilfried Hartmann and Gerhard Schmitz (Hanover, 2002), 1–28
Zechiel-Eckes, Klaus, ‘Ein Blick in Pseudoisidors Werkstatt: Studien zum Entstehungsprozess der Falschen Dekretalen. Mit einem exemplarischen editorischen Anhang (Pseudo-Julius an die orientalischen Bischöfe, JK † 196)’, Francia, 28 (2001), 37–90
Zielinski, Herbert, Der Reichsepiskopat in spätottonischer und salischer Zeit (1002–1125), I. Teil (Stuttgart, 1984)
Zutshi, Patrick, ‘The dispersal of scholars from Oxford and the beginnings of a university at Cambridge: a study of the sources’, English Historical Review, 127 (2012), 1041–62
Zutshi, Patrick (ed.) Medieval Cambridge: Essays on the Pre-Reformation University (Woodbridge, 1993)

Unpublished works (theses)

Combalbert, Grégory, ‘Gouverner l’Église: évêques et paroisses dans la province ecclésiastique de Rouen (v. 1050–v.1280)’, 2 vols., thèse de doctorat, Université de Caen (2009)
Guillotel, Hubert, ‘Recueil des actes des ducs de Bretagne, 944–1148’, thèse de doctorat, Paris II, 1973

Websites

Chartes originales antérieures à 1121 conservées en France, ed. Cédric Giraud, Jean-Baptiste Renault and Benoît-Michel Tock (Nancy, Centre de Médiévistique Jean Schneider, and Orléans, Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes, 2010)