Skip to main content
The New Cambridge Medieval History
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 7
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Couser, Jonathan 2012. “Let Them Make Him Duke to Rule that People”: The Law of the Bavarians and Regime Change in Early Medieval Europe. Law and History Review, Vol. 30, Issue. 03, p. 865.

    Costen, Michael D and Costen, Nicholas P 2016. Trade and Exchange in Anglo-Saxon Wessex, cad600–780. Medieval Archaeology, Vol. 60, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    MacLean, Simon 2013. History and Politics in Late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe.

    Abulafia, David 1997. Islam in the history of early Europe. European Review, Vol. 5, Issue. 03, p. 241.

    Brown, Warren C. 2012. On theGesta municipaliaand the Public Validation of Documents in Frankish Europe. Speculum, Vol. 87, Issue. 2, p. 345.

    Melve, Leidulf 2003. Literacy --Aurality --Orality A Survey of Recent Research into the Orality/Literacy Complex of the Latin Middle Ages (600-1500). Symbolae Osloenses, Vol. 78, Issue. 1, p. 143.

    BLAYDES, LISA and CHANEY, ERIC 2013. The Feudal Revolution and Europe's Rise: Political Divergence of the Christian West and the Muslim World before 1500 CE. American Political Science Review, Vol. 107, Issue. 01, p. 16.

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The New Cambridge Medieval History
    • Online ISBN: 9781139055710
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This volume of The New Cambridge Medieval History covers most of the period of Frankish and Carolingian dominance in western Europe. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the authors consider developments in Europe as a whole, from Ireland to the Bosphorus and Iceland to Gibraltar. The chapters offer an examination of the interaction between rulers and ruled, of how power and authority actually worked, and of the impact of these on the society and culture of Europe as a whole. The volume is divided into four parts. Part I encompasses the events and political developments in the whole of the British Isles, the west and east Frankish kingdoms, Scandinavia, the Slavic and Balkan regions, Spain, Italy, and those aspects of Byzantine and Muslim history which impinged on the west between c.700 and c.900. Parts II, III and IV cover common themes and topics within the general categories of government and institutions, the church and society, and cultural and intellectual development.


‘ … a very fine achievement … The volume is impressive in its range … we are also offered new and challenging views … the volume as a whole is extremely impressive.’

Source: The Times Higher Education Supplement

‘Chapter by chapter, the quality is extremely high … the clarity and vigour with which expertise is presented by almost every contributor will come as a welcome surprise to … the lay reader.’

R. I. Moore - Newcastle University

‘This is a massive and meticulously edited book, containing an impressive series of readily comprehensible expositions in lucid prose … there is no doubt that the book will be of immense use to students and will immensely reassure their teachers, while at the same time presenting these important centuries to a wider, albeit studious, public.’

Source: Early Medieval Europe

    • Aa
    • Aa
Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.

Page 1 of 2

Page 1 of 2

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A.Bühler, (1990), ‘Wort und Schrift im karolingischen Recht’, Archiv für Kulturgeschichte 72

J.Coleman, (1992), Ancient and Medieval Memories: Studies in the Reconstruction of the Past, Cambridge

T.Head, (1990), Hagiography and the Cult of Saints: The Diocese of Orléans, 800–1200, Cambridge

K.Levy, (1984), ‘Toledo, Rome and the legacy of Gaul’, Early Music History 4

K.Levy, (1987), ‘On the origin of neumes’, Early Music History 7

K.Levy, (1990), ‘On Gregorian orality’, Journal of the American Musicological Society 43

R.McKitterick, (ed.) (1990), The Uses of Literacy in Early Medieval Europe, Cambridge

K.F.Morrison, (1990), History as a Visual Art in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance, Princeton

J.Nelson, (1990), ‘Literacy in Carolingian government’, in McKitterick (1990)

L.Treitler, (1981), ‘Oral, written, and literate process in the transmission of medieval music’, Speculum 56

L.Treitler, (1984), ‘Reading and singing: on the genesis of Occidental music writing’, Early Music History 4

R.Wright, (1993), ‘Complex monolingualism in early Romance’, in WilliamJ. Ashby (ed.), Linguistic Perspectives on the Romance Languages: Selected Papers from the XXI Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages, Benjamins

J.C.Russell, (1947), ‘The Tribal Hidage’, Traditio 5

L.Breatnach, (1986b), ‘The ecclesiastical element in the Old-Irish legal tract Cáin Fhuithirbe’, Peritia 5

T.M.Charles-Edwards, (1972), ‘Kinship, status and the origin of the hide’, Past and Present 56

T.M.Charles-Edwards, (1986), ‘Crith Gablach and the law of status’, Peritia 5

W.Davies, (1990), Patterns of Power in Early Wales, Oxford

C.Doherty, (1982), ‘Some aspects of hagiography as a source for Irish economic history’, Peritia 1

J.F.Kelly, (1988–90), ‘A catalogue of early medieval Hiberno-Latin biblical commentaries’, Traditio 44; 45

H.Mordek, (1975), Kirchenrecht und Reform im Frankenreich, Berlin

D.Ó Corráin, , L.Breatnach, and A.Breen, (1984), ‘The laws of the Irish’, Peritia 3

J.-M.Picard, (1984), ‘Bede, Adomnán and the writing of history’, Peritia 3

J.-M.Picard, (1985), ‘Structural patterns in early Hiberno-Latin hagiography’, Peritia 4

R.Sharpe, (1984), ‘Some problems concerning the organization of the church in medieval Ireland’, Peritia 3

R.Sharpe, (1991), Medieval Irish Saints’ Lives: An Introduction to the ‘Vitae Sanctorum Hiberniae’, Oxford

R.Thurneysen, (1915), ‘Zum Lebor Gabála’, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 10

R.Thurneysen, (1923), ‘Aus dem irischen Recht I: das Unfrei-Lehen’, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 14

R.Thurneysen, (1925), ‘Aus dem irischen Recht II: das Frei-Lehen’, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 15

R.Derolez, (1974), ‘Cross-Channel language ties’, Anglo-Saxon England 3

I.Heidrich, (1965/6), ‘Titulatur und Urkunden der arnulfingischen Hausmeier’, Archiv für Diplomatik 11/12

M.Heinzelmann, (1976), ‘L’aristocracie et les évêchés entre Loire et Rhin, jusqu’à la fin du VIIe siècle’, RHEF 62

D.Ó Cróinín, (1984), ‘Rath Melsigi, Willibrord and the earliest Echternach manuscripts’, Peritia 3

D.Parsons, (1983), ‘Sites and monuments of the Anglo-Saxon mission in central Germany’, Archaeological Journal 140

K.-F.Werner, (1976), ‘Le rôle de l’aristocracie dans la christianisation du nord-est de la Gaule’, RHEF 62

R.Hilton, and P.Sawyer, (1963), ‘Technical determinism: the stirrup and the plough’, Past and Present 24

C.Gillmor, (1988), ‘War on the rivers: Viking numbers and mobility on the Seine and Loire, 841–886’, Viator 19

E.James, (1982), The Origins of France, London

J.Martindale, (1977), ‘The French aristocracy in the early middle ages: a reappraisal’, Past and Present 75

Annales Regni Francorum English trans B.Scholz , Carolingian Chronicles, Ann Arbor (1970

B.S.Bachrach, (1974), ‘Military organization in Aquitaine under the early Carolingians’, Speculum 49

I.Boba, (1971), Moravia’s History Reconsidered: A Reinterpretation of the Medieval Sources, The Hague

C.R.Bowlus, (1987), ‘Imre Boba’s reconsiderations of Moravia’s early history and Arnulf of Carinthia’s Ostpolitik (887–892)’, Speculum 62

A.Dupont, (1955), ‘Considérations sur la colonisation et la vie rurale dans le Roussillon et le marche d’Espagne au IXe siècle’, Annales du Midi 67

P.Freedman, (1988), ‘Cowardice, heroism and the legendary origins of Catalonia’, Past and Present 121

P.Freedman, (1991), The Origins of Peasant Servitude in Medieval Catalonia, Cambridge

L.Levillain, (1951), ‘La marche de Bretagne, ses marquis et ses comtes’, Annales de Bretagne 58

N.Lund, (1989), ‘Allies of God or man? The Viking expansion in a European perspective’, Viator 20

J.M.H.Smith, (1982), ‘The “archbishopric” of Dol and the ecclesiastical politics of ninth-century Brittany’, Studies in Church History 18

W.TeBrake, (1978), ‘Ecology and economy in early medieval Frisia’, Viator 9

S.Coupland, (1991a), ‘The fortified bridges of Charles the Bald’, Journal of Medieval History 17

S.Coupland, (1991b), ‘The rod of God’s wrath or the people of God’s wrath? The Carolingians’ theology of the Viking invasions’, journal of Ecclesiastical History 42(4)

P.Sawyer, (1982), Kings and Vikings: Scandinavia and Europe ad 700–1100, London

P.Charanis, (1961), ‘The transfer of population as a policy in the Byzantine Empire’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 3 (2), reprinted in Charanis (1972)

J.Darrouzès, (1975), ‘Listes episcopales du concile de Nicée (787)’, REB 33

I.Dujčev, (1964), ‘Dragvista-Dragovitia’, REB 22, reprinted in MBS II

P.Gautier, (1964), ‘Clément d’Ohrid, évêque de Dragvista’, REB 22

M.F.Hendy, (1985), Studies in the Byzantine Monetary Economy, c. 300–1450, Cambridge

J.Herrin, (1973), ‘Aspects of the process of Hellenization in the early middle ages’, The Annual of the British School at Athens 68

G.Kiourtzian, (1991), ‘Note prosopographique sur une inscription du rempart de Thessalonique (861/862)’, REB 49

P.Lemerle, (1963), ‘La chronique improprement dite de Monémvasie: le contexte historique et légendaire’, REB 21, reprinted in Lemerle (1980)

D.Papachryssanthou, (1974), ‘La vie de saint Euthyme le jeune et la métropole de Thessalonique à la fin du IX et au début du X siècle’, REB 32

M.Parczewski, (1991), ‘Origins of early Slav culture in Poland’, Antiquity 65

W.Pohl, (1988), ‘Ergebnisse und Probleme der Awarenforschung’, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung 96

I.Ševčenko, (1964), ‘Three paradoxes of the Cyrillo-Methodìan mission’, Slavic Review 23

D.Turner, (1990a), ‘The politics of despair: the plague of 746–747 and iconoclasm in the Byzantine Empire’, The Annual of the British School at Athens 85

A.Vaillant, (1947), ‘Une homélie de Méthode’, Revue des Etudes Slaves 23

A.Vaillant, (1948), ‘La préface de l’Evangéliaire vieux-slave’, Revue des Etudes Slaves 24

A.Vaillant, (1956), ‘Une poésie vieux-slave: la préface de l’évangile’, Revue des Etudes Slaves 33

A.P.Vlasto, (1970), The Entry of the Slavs into Christendom: An Introduction to the Medieval History of the Slavs, Cambridge

E.Eickhoff, (1966), Seekrieg und Seepolitik zwischen Islam und Abendland (690–1040)Berlin

E.Lévi-Provençal, (1953) ‘Du nouveau sur le royaume de Pampelune au ixe siècle’, Bulletin Hispanique 55

R.J.Belletzkie, (1980), ‘Pope Nicholas I and John of Ravenna: the struggle for ecclesiastical rights in the ninth century’, Church History 49

H.M.Schwarzmeier, (1972), Lucca und das Reich bis zur Ende des ii. Jahrhunderts. Studien zur Sozialstruktur einer Herzogsstadt in der Toskana (Bibliothek des Deutsches Historisches Instituts in Rom 41), Tübingen

B.Kreutz, (1992), Before the Normans: Southern Italy in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries, College Park, PA

F.Marazzi, (1991), ‘Il conflitto fra Leone III Isauricoe il papato fra il 725 e il 733, e il “definitivo” inizio del medioevo a Roma: un’ipotesi in discussione’, Papers of the British School at Rome 59

D.Bullough, (1955), ‘The counties of the Regnum Italiae in the Carolingian period (774–888)’, Papers of the British School at Rome 23

N.J.Christie, (1989), ‘The archaeology of Byzantine Italy: a synthesis of recent research’, Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 2

M.W.Dols, (1974), ‘Plague in early Islamic history’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 94

J.F.Haldon, (1990), Byzantium in the Seventh Century, Cambridge

L.Margetić (1988), ‘Quelques aspects du plaid de Rižana’, REB 46

J.H.Pryor, (1988), Geography, Technology and War: Studies in the Maritime History of the Mediterranean, 649–1571, Cambridge

Y.Solier, et al. (1981), ‘Les épaves de Gruissan’, Archaeonautica 3

R.Collins, (1983a), Early Medieval Spain: Unity in Diversity, 400–1000, London

R.H.C.Davis, (1971), ‘Alfred the Great: propaganda and truth’, History 56

R.Deshman, (1980), ‘The exalted servant: the ruler-theology of the prayer-book of Charles the Bald’, Viator 11

M.J.Enright, (1985), Iona, Tara and Soissons: The Origin of the Royal Anointing Ritual, Berlin

M.McCormick, (1984), ‘The liturgy of war in the early Middle Ages: crises, litanies and the Carolingian monarchy’, Viator 15

J.L.Nelson, (1986a), ‘Dispute settlement in Carolingian West Francia’, in W.Davies and P.Fouracre (eds.), The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe, Cambridge

J.L.Nelson, (1988a), ‘Kingship and empire’, in J.H.Burns (ed.), The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought, Cambridge, and reprinted in revised form in R.McKitterick (ed.), Carolingian Culture: Emulation and Innovation, Cambridge (1993)

J.L.Nelson, (1990a), ‘Literacy in Carolingian government’, in R.McKitterick (ed.), The Uses of Literacy in Early Mediaeval Europe, Cambridge

J.L.Nelson, (1991a), Ninth-Century Histories: The Annals of St-Bertin, Manchester

J.L.Nelson, (1993), ‘The Franks, the Martyrology of Usuard, and the Martyrs of Cordoba’, Studies in Church History 30

E.Ward, (1990b), ‘Agobard of Lyons and Paschasius Radbertus as critics of the Empress Judith’, Studies in Church History 27

K.-F.Werner, (1985), ‘Du nouveau sur un vieux thème. Les origines de la “noblesse” et de la “chevalerie”’, Académic des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, Comptes-rendus 1985, Paris

C.Wickham, (1991), ‘Syntactic structures: social theory for historians’, Past and Present 132

H.Wolfram, (1973), ‘Lateinische Herrschertitel im neunten und zehnten Jhdt.’, in H. Wolfram (ed.), Intitulatio II. Lateiniscibe Herrscher- und Fürstentitel im neunten und zehnten Jhdt., Vienna, Cologne and Graz

S.Airlie, (1992), ‘The anxiety of sanctity: St Gerald of Aurillac and his maker’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 43

B.Arnold, (1991), Princes and Territories in Medieval Germany, Cambridge

K.Leyser, (1968), ‘The German aristocracy from the ninth to the early twelfth century: a historical and cultural sketch’. Past and Present 41, reprinted in Leyser (1982)

J.Martindale, (1990), ‘The nun Immena and the foundation of the abbey of Beaulieu: a woman’s prospects in the Carolingian church’, in W.J. Shields and D. Wood (eds.), Women in the Church (Studies in Church History 27), Oxford

J.L.Nelson, (1985), ‘Public Histories and private history in the work of Nithard’, Speculum 60; reprinted in Nelson (1986a)

J.Wollasch, (1957), ‘Eine adlige Familie des frühen Mittelalters. Ihr Selbstverständnis und ihre Wirklichkeit’, Archiv für Kulturgeschichte 39

E.Boshof, (1976), ‘Untersuchungen zur Armenfürsorge im fränkischen Reich des 9. Jahrhunderts’, Archiv für Kulturgeschichte 58

J.Bugge, (1975), Virginitas: An Essay in the History of a Medieval Ideal (International Archives of the History of Ideas, Series Minor 17), La Haye

P.Dinzelbacher, (1979), ‘Reflexionen irdischer Sozialstrukturen in mittelalterlichen Jenseitsschilderungen’, Archiv für Kulturgeschichte 61

J.B.Freed, (1992), ‘Medieval German social history. Generalizations and particularism’, Central European History 25

J.Goody, (1983), The Development of the Family and Marriage in Europe, Cambridge

D.Herlihy, (1974), ‘The generation of medieval history’, Viator 5

KarlLeyser, (1970), ‘Maternal kin in early medieval Germany: a reply’, Past and Present 49

P.Mikat, (1978), Dotierte Ehe – rechte Ehe: Zur Entwicklung des Eheschliessungsrechts in fränkischer Zeit, Opladen

O.G.Oexle, (1979), ‘Die mittelalterlichen Gilden: Ihre Selbstdeutung und ihr Beitrag zur Formierung sozialer Strukturen’, in A. Zimmermann (ed.), Soziale Ordnungen im Selbstverständnis des Mittelalters (Miscellanea Mediaevalia 12(1) 1, Berlin and New York

R.R.Ring, (1979), ‘Early medieval peasant households in central Italy’, Journal of Family History 4

W.G.Runciman, (1984), ‘Accelerating social mobility. The case of Anglo-Saxon England’, Past and Present 104

P.Stafford, (1978),‘Sons and mothers: family politics in the early middle ages’, in D.Baker (ed.), Medieval Women, Oxford

S.Weinberger, (1973), ‘Peasant households in Provence, ca. 800–1100’, Speculum 48

W.Bleiber, (1982), ‘Grundherrschaft und Markt zwischen Loire und Rhein während des 9. Jahrhunderts’, Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte 23

P.Bonnassie, (1991), From Slavery to Feudalism in South-Western Europe, trans. J. Birrell, Cambridge

G.Despy, (1968), ‘Villes et campagnes aux ixe et xe siècles: l’exemple du pays mosan’, Revue du Nord 50

N.J.G.Pounds, (1967), ‘Northwest Europe in the ninth century: its geography in the light of the polyptychs’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers

G.M.Schwarz, (1985), ‘Village populations according to the polyptyque of the abbey of St Benin’, Journal of Medieval History 11

A.Verhulst, (1989), ‘The origins of towns in the Low Countries and the Pirenne thesis’, Past and Present 122

G.A.Beckmann, (1963), ‘Aus den letzten Jahrzehnten des Vulgärlateins in Frankreich’, Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 79

D.A.Bullough, (1966), ‘Urban change in medieval Italy: the example of Pavia’, Papers of the British School at Rome 34

W.Davies, (1978b), ‘Land and power in early medieval Wales’, Past and Present 81

W.Davies, (1985), ‘Disputes, their conduct and their settlement in the village communities of eastern Brittany in the ninth century’, History and Anthropology 1

W.Davies, and P.Fouracre, (1986), The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe, Cambridge

H.Dubled. (1961), ‘Étude sur la condition des personnes en Alsace du VIIIe au xe siècle’, BEC 119

F.N.Estey, (1951), ‘The scabini and the local courts’, Speculum 26

H.-W.Goetz, (1987), ‘Herrschaft und Raum in der frühmittelalterlichen Gesellschaft’, Annalen des historischen Vereins für den Niederrhein 190

C.I.HammerJr, , (1983), ‘Family and familia in early-medieval Bavaria’, in R.Wall (ed.), Family Forms in Historic Europe, Cambridge

W.I.Miller, (1990), Bloodtaking and Peacemaking, Chicago

A.C.Murray, (1988), ‘From Roman to Frankish Gaul’, Traditio 44

F.Staab, (1980), ‘A reconsideration of the ancestry of modern political liberty: the problem of the so-called “king’s freemen” (Königsfreie)’, Viator 11

C.Wickham, (1986), ‘Land disputes and their social framework in Lombard-Carolingian Italy, 700–900’, in W.Davies and P.Fouracre (eds.), The Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe, Cambridge

M.Gerriets, (1985), ‘Money in early Christian Ireland according to the Irish laws’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 27

P.Grierson, (1960), ‘The monetary reforms of ‘Abd al-Malik: their metrological basis and their financial repercussions’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 3; reprinted in Grierson (1979), no. XV

M.F.Hendy, (1988), ‘From public to private: the western barbarian coinages as a mirror of the distintegration of late Roman state structures’, Viator 19

D.M.Metcalf, (1967), ‘The prosperity of western Europe in the eighth and ninth centuries’, Economic History Review 2nd series, 20

P.Spufford, (1987), ‘Coinage and currency’, in M.M.E. Postan and E. Miller (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Europe ii: Trade and Industry in the Middle Ages, Cambridge

P.Spufford, (1988), Money and its Use in Medieval Europe, Cambridge

A.Freeman, (1985), ‘Carolingian orthodoxy and the fate of the Libri Carolini’, Viator 16

T.Noble, (1984), The Republic of St Peter: The Birth of the Papal State, 680–825, Philadelphia

J.Smith, (1992), Province and Empire: Brittany and the Carolingians (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, Fourth Series, 18), Cambridge

R.Sullivan, (1955), ‘The papacy and missionary activity in the early middle ages’, Mediaeval Studies 17

W.Ullmann, (1972), A Short History of the Papacy in the Middle Ages, London

R.Kottje, (1980), Die Bussbücher Halitgars von Cambrai und des Hrabanus Maurus: ihre Überlieferung und ihre Quellen (Beiträge zur Geschichte und Quellenkunde des Mittelalters 8), Berlin and New York

T.Noble, (1990), ‘Literacy and the papal government in late antiquity and the early middle ages’, in R.McKitterick (ed.), The Uses of Literacy in Early Mediaeval Europe, Cambridge

R.E.Reynolds, (1972), ‘The De officiis vii graduum: its origins and early medieval development’, Mediaeval Studies 34

The Ordinals of Christ from their Origins to the Twelfth Century, ed. R. Reynolds (Beiträge zur Geschichte und Quellenkunde des Mittelalters 7), Berlin and New York (1978)

R.E.Reynolds, (1979b), ‘The “Isidorian” Epistula ad Leudefredum: an early medieval epitome of the clerical duties’, Mediaeval Studies 41

R.E.Reynolds, (1983a), ‘Patristic “presbyterianism” in the early medieval theology of sacred orders’, Mediaeval Studies 45

R.Reynolds, (1983), ‘Image and text: a Carolingian illustration of modifications in the early Roman eucharistic ordines’, Viator 14

R.E.Reynolds, (1983c), ‘Image and text: the liturgy of clerical ordination in early medieval art’, Gesta 22

J.M.Wallace-Hadrill, (1983), The Prankish Church, Oxford

A.Angenendt, (1973), ‘Willibrord im Dienste der Karolinger’, Annalen des historischen Vereins für den Niederrhein 175

R.Grégoire, (1967/8), ‘Le communion des moines-prêtres a la messe d’apres le coutumiers monastiques médiévaux’, Sacris Erudiri 18

J.Semmler, (1992), ‘Benediktinische Reform und kaiserliches Privileg. Zur Frage des institutionellen Zusammenschlusses der Klöster um Benedikt von Aniane’, in G.Melville (ed.), Institutionen und Geschichte: Theoretische Aspekte und mittelalterliche Befunde, Cologne, Weimar and Vienna

C.Vogel, (1980), ‘Une mutation cultuelle inexpliquée: le passage de l’Euchariste communautaire à la messe privée’, Revue des Sciences Religieuses 54

C.Vogel, (1981), ‘La multiplication des messes solitaires au moyen âge. Essai de statistique’, Revue des Sciences Religieuses 55

I.N.Wood, (1982), ‘The vita Columbani and Merovingian hagiography’, Peritia 1

A.Angenendt, (1984), Kaiserherrschaft und Königstaufe: Kaiser, Könige und Päpste als geistliche Patrone in der abendländischen Missionsgeschichte (Arbeiten zur Frühmittel-alterforschung 15), Berlin

J.A.Brundage, (1987), Law, Sex and Society in Christian Europe, Chicago

J.Chélini, (1956), ‘La pratique dominicale des laïcs dans l’église franc sous le règne de Pépin’, RHEF 42

G.Devailly, (1973), ‘La pastorale en Gaule au IXe siècle’, RHEF 59

C.Vogel, (1956), ‘La discipline pénitentielle en Gaule des origines au IXe siècle: le dossier hagiographique’, Revue des Sciences Religieuses 30

C.Vogel, (1964), ‘Le pélérinage pénitentiel’, Revue des Sciences Religieuses 38

L.Wallach, (1955), ‘Alcuin on virtues and vices: a manual for a Carolingian soldier’, Harvard Theological Review 48

P.Fouracre, (1990), ‘Merovingian history and Merovingian hagiography’, Past and Present 127

S.Kelly, (1990), ‘Anglo-Saxon lay society and the written word’, in McKitterick (1990)

P.Sims-Williams, (1990), Religion and Literature in Western England, 600–800 (Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 3), Cambridge

J.Goody, (1986), The Logic of Writing and the Organisation of Society, Cambridge

R.Amiet, (ed.) (1964), ‘Une Admonitio synodalis de l’époque carolingienne: étude critique et édition’, Mediaeval Studies 26

T.S.Brown, (1986), ‘Romanitas and campanilismo: Agnellus of Ravenna’s view of the past’, in C.Holdsworth and T.P.Wiseman (eds.), The Inheritance of Historiography: 300–900 (Exeter Studies in History 12), Exeter

M.Colish, (1984), ‘Carolinigan debates over Nihil and Tenebrae’, Speculum 59

R.L.Crocker, (1975), ‘The early Frankish sequence: a new musical form’, Viator 6

W.Davies, (1986), ‘People and places in dispute in ninth-century Brittany’, in Davies and Fouracre (1986) Jong, (1983), ‘Growing up in a Carolingian monastery: Magister Hildemar and his oblates’, Journal of Medieval History 9

L.M.De Rijk, (1963), ‘On the curriculum of the arts of the Trivium at St Gall from c. 850–c. 1000’, Vivarium 1

M.Folkerts, (1978), Die älteste mathematische Aufgabensammlung in lateinischer Sprache: Die Alkuin zugeschriebenen ‘Propositions ad acmndos iuuenes’: Überlieferung, Inbalt, kritische Edition (Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematischnaturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Denkschriften, 116. Band, 6. Abhandlung), Vienna

C.I. HammerJr, (1980), ‘Country churches, clerical inventories and the Carolingian renaissance in Bavaria’, Church History 49

D.G.Hughes, (1987), ‘Evidence for the traditional view of the transmission of Gregorian chant’, Journal of the American Musicological Society 40

C.W.Jones, (1963), ‘An early medieval licensing examination’, History of Education Quarterly 3

K.Levy, (1987), ‘Charlemagne’s archetype of Gregorian chant’, Journal of the American Musicological Society 40

J.Mitchell, (1990), ‘Literacy displayed: the use of inscriptions at the monastery of San Vincenzo al Volturno in the early ninth century’, in R. McKitterick (ed.), The Uses of Literacy in Early Mediaeval Europe, Cambridge

R.Mostert, and M.Mostert, (1990), ‘Using astronomy as an aid to dating manuscripts: the example of the Leiden Aratea Planetarium’, Quaerendo 20

T.F.X.Noble, (1976), ‘The place in papal history of the Roman synod of 826’, Church History 45

F.C.Robinson, (1973), ‘Syntactical glosses in Latin manuscripts of Anglo-Saxon provenance’, Speculum 48

J.T.Rosenthal, (1969), ‘The education of the early Capetians’, Traditio 25

L.Treitler, (1982), ‘The early history of music writing in the west’, Journal of the American Musicological Society 35

C.Chazelle, (1992a), ‘The concepts of character and Christ’s Glorified Body in the Carolingian Eucharistic controversy’, Traditio 47

L.D.Davis, (1971), ‘Hincmar of Rheims as a theologian of the Trinity’, Traditio 27

A.Freeman, (1965), ‘Further studies in the Libri Carolini’, Speculum 40

A.Freeman, (1971), ‘Further studies in the Libri Carolini iii; the marginal notes in Vatican lat. 7027’, Speculum 46

J.Marenbon, (1981), From the Circle of Alcuin to the School of Auxerre, Cambridge

B.Bischoff, (1990), Latin Palaeography: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, trans. D.Ó Cróinín and D.Ganz , Cambridge

D.Ganz, (1987), ‘The preconditions for Caroline minuscule’, Viator 18

R.McKitterick, (1989), The Carolingians and the Written Word, Cambridge

H.Belting, (1973), ‘Der Einhardsbogen,’ Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 36

H.Belting, (1987), ‘Eine Privatkapelle im frühmittelalterlichen Rom’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 41

P.Brown, (1976), ‘Eastern and western Christendom in late antiquity: a parting of the ways’, in D.Baker (ed.), The Orthodox Churches and the West (Studies in Church History 13), Oxford

D.Bullough, (1977), ‘Roman books and Carolingian renovatio’, in D.Baker (ed.), Renaissance and Renewal in Christian History (Studies in Church History 14), Oxford

C.Chazelle, (1990), ‘Pictures, books, and the illiterate: Pope Gregory l’s letters to Serenus of Marseilles’, Word and Image 6

R.Deshman, (1974), ‘Anglo-Saxon art after Alfred’, Art Bulletin 56

L.Duggan, (1989), ‘Was art really the “book of the illiterate”?Word and Image 5

V.H.Elbern, (1971), ‘Zierseiten in Handschriften des frühen Mittelalters als Zeichen sakraler Abgrenzung’, in A.Zimmermann (ed.), Der Begriff der Repraesentatio im Mittelalter: Stellvertretung, Symbol, Zeichen, Bild (Miscellanea Mediaevalia 8), Berlin

W.Horn, (1958), ‘On the origins of the mediaeval bay system’, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 17

G.Kornbluth, (1992), ‘The Susanna crystal of Lothar II: chastity, the church and royal justice’, Gesta 31

P.Leveto, (1990), ‘The Marian theme of the frescoes in S. Maria at Castelseprio’, Art Bulletin 72

C.McClendon, (1980), ‘The revival of opus sectile pavements in Rome and the vicinity in the Carolingian period’, Papers of the British School at Rome 48

L.Nees, (1978), ‘A fifth-century book cover and the origin of the four Evangelist symbols page in the Book of Durrow’, Gesta 17

L.Nees, (1983a), ‘The iconographic program of decorated chancel barriers in the pre-Iconoclastic period’, Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 46

L.Nees, (1986), ‘The plan of St Gall and the theory of the program of early medieval art’, Gesta 25

J.Osborne, (1990), ‘The use of painted initials by Greek and Latin scriptoria in Carolingian Rome’, Gesta 29

W.Sanderson, (1974), ‘A group of ivories and some related works from late Carolingian Trier’, Art Bulletin 56

M.Schapiro, (1944), ‘The religious meaning of the Ruthwell Cross’, Art Bulletin 26

M.Schapiro, and Seminar (1973), ‘The miniatures of the Florence Diatessaron (Laurentian MS Or. 81): their place in late medieval art and supposed connection with early Christian and Insular art’, Art Bulletin 55

M.Vieillard-Troiekouroff, (1976), ‘Les chapiteaux de marbre du haut moyen âge à Saint-Denis’, Gesta 15

K.Weitzmann, (1973), ‘The Heracles plaques of St Peter’s Cathedra’, Art Bulletin 55

A.J.Wharton, (1990), ‘Rereading Martyrium: the Modernist and Postmodernist texts’, Gesta 29

I.Wood, (1989), ‘General review: Celts, Saxons, and Scandinavians in the North of England’, Northern History 25

T.Reuter, (1992), Ninth-Century Histories: The Annals of Fulda, Manchester