Skip to main content
×
×
Home
West European Politics in the Age of Globalization
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 402
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Mader, Matthias and Schoen, Harald 2019. The European refugee crisis, party competition, and voters’ responses in Germany. West European Politics, Vol. 42, Issue. 1, p. 67.

    Sarrasin, Oriane Kuhn, Theresa and Lancee, Bram 2018. Social Dynamics in Swiss Society. Vol. 9, Issue. , p. 203.

    Börzel, Tanja A. and Risse, Thomas 2018. From the euro to the Schengen crises: European integration theories, politicization, and identity politics. Journal of European Public Policy, Vol. 25, Issue. 1, p. 83.

    Hix, Simon 2018. When Optimism Fails: Liberal Intergovernmentalism and Citizen Representation*. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 56, Issue. 7, p. 1595.

    Fossati, Flavia 2018. How regimes shape preferences. A study of political actors’ labour market policy preferences in flexicurity and dualizing countries. Socio-Economic Review, Vol. 16, Issue. 3, p. 523.

    Ecker-Ehrhardt, Matthias 2018. Self-legitimation in the face of politicization: Why international organizations centralized public communication. The Review of International Organizations, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 519.

    Rucht, Dieter 2018. Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation. p. 225.

    Gómez-Reino Cachafeiro, Margarita and Plaza-Colodro, Carolina 2018. Populist Euroscepticism in Iberian party systems. Politics, Vol. 38, Issue. 3, p. 344.

    Otjes, Simon 2018. Distinguishing welfare state reform and income redistribution. A two-dimensional approach to the Dutch voter space on economic issues. Party Politics, Vol. 24, Issue. 5, p. 563.

    Westlake, Daniel 2018. Multiculturalism, political parties, and the conflicting pressures of ethnic minorities and far-right parties. Party Politics, Vol. 24, Issue. 4, p. 421.

    Hutter, Swen Kriesi, Hanspeter and Lorenzini, Jasmine 2018. The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Social Movements. p. 322.

    Kriesi, Hanspeter 2018. The 2017 French and German Elections. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 56, Issue. , p. 51.

    Rooduijn, Matthijs 2018. What unites the voter bases of populist parties? Comparing the electorates of 15 populist parties. European Political Science Review, Vol. 10, Issue. 3, p. 351.

    Corbetta, Piergiorgio Colloca, Pasquale Cavazza, Nicoletta and Roccato, Michele 2018. Lega and Five-star Movement voters: exploring the role of cultural, economic and political bewilderment. Contemporary Italian Politics, Vol. 10, Issue. 3, p. 279.

    Bremer, Björn 2018. The missing left? Economic crisis and the programmatic response of social democratic parties in Europe. Party Politics, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 23.

    Brändle, Verena K. 2018. Reality bites: EU mobiles’ experiences of citizenship on the local level. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, p. 1.

    Fitzgerald, Jennifer 2018. Close to Home.

    Dingott Alkopher, Tal 2018. Socio-psychological reactions in the EU to immigration: from regaining ontological security to desecuritisation. European Security, Vol. 27, Issue. 3, p. 314.

    Vollaard, Hans 2018. European Disintegration. p. 197.

    Salo, Sanna and Rydgren, Jens 2018. Politicisation of the Eurozone crisis in Finland: adaptation toward the radical right?. Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy, Vol. 34, Issue. 3, p. 234.

    ×

Book description

Over the past three decades the effects of globalization and denationalization have created a division between 'winners' and 'losers' in Western Europe. This study examines the transformation of party political systems in six countries (Austria, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the UK) using opinion surveys, as well as newly collected data on election campaigns. The authors argue that, as a result of structural transformations and the strategic repositioning of political parties, Europe has observed the emergence of a tripolar configuration of political power, comprising the left, the moderate right, and the new populist right. They suggest that, through an emphasis on cultural issues such as mass immigration and resistance to European integration, the traditional focus of political debate - the economy - has been downplayed or reinterpreted in terms of this new political cleavage. This new analysis of Western European politics will interest all students of European politics and political sociology.

Reviews

‘This book provides the best analysis I have seen of the political repercussions of globalization for voters, for political parties, and for the structure of political competition. The authors explain why different countries experience globalization in different ways, and they underpin their conclusions with an impressive diversity of data. A tour de force that will shape the study of European politics for years to come.’

Gary Marks - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and Free University of Amsterdam

'…this book is both theoretically fruitful and methodologically innovative. It raises many interesting research questions and it should spur future work … This book should appeal to scholars of party systems, political parties, electoral politics and globalization.'

Source: The Journal of Politics

'… warmly welcomed … the book makes an impressive and stimulating contribution to the extant literature and will be of interest to comparativists and national specialists alike.'

Source: Political Studies Review

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
References
Aardal, Bernt and Wijnen, Pieter (2005). ‘Issue Voting’, pp. 192–212 in: The European Voter: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies, edited by Thomassen, Jacques. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Abedi, Amir (2002). ‘Challenges to Established Parties: The Effects of Party System Features on the Electoral Fortunes of Anti-Political-Establishment Parties’. European Journal of Political Research 41(4): 551–83.
Adriaansen, Maud, Brug, Wouter and Spanje, Joost (2005). De kiezer op drift?', pp. 218–67 in Politiek en media in verwarring. De verkiezingscampagnes in het lange jaar 2002, edited by Brants, Kees and Praag, Philip. Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis.
Albrow, Martin (1996). The Global Age: State and Society Beyond Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Alderson, Arthur S., Beckfield, Jason and Nielsen, François (2005), ‘Exactly How Has Income Inequality Changed? Patterns of Distributional Change in Core Societies’. International Journal of Comparative Sociology 46(5–6): 405–23.
Andersen, Robert and Jocelyn, A. J. Evans (2003). ‘Values, Cleavages and Party Choice in France, 1988–1995’. French Politics 1(1): 83–114.
Andeweg, Rudy B. and Galen, A. Irwin (2005). Governance and Politics of the Netherlands. Second Edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Antonio, Robert J. (2000). ‘After Postmodernism: Reactionary Tribalism’, American Journal of Sociology 106(2): 40–87.
Arzheimer, Kai and Jürgen, W. Falter (2002). ‘Ist der Osten wirklich rot? Das Wahlverhalten bei der Bundestagswahl in Ost-West-Perspektive’. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte B49–50: 27–35.
Arzheimer, Kai and Jürgen, W. Falter (1998). ‘Annäherung durch Wandel’? Das Wahlverhalten bei der Bundestagswahl 1998 in Ost-West-Perspektive'. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte B52: 33–43.
Backer, Susann (2000). ‘Right-Wing Extremism in Unified Germany’, pp. 87–120 in: The Politics of the Extreme Right: From the Margins to The mainstream, edited by Hainsworth, Paul. London: Pinter.
Badie, Bertrand (1997). ‘Le jeu triangulaire’, pp. 447–62 in: Sociologie des nationalismes, edited by Birnbaum, Pierre. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Bartolini, Stefano (2000a). The Political Mobilization of the European Left, 1860–1980: The Class Cleavage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bartolini, Stefano (2000b). ‘National Cleavage Structures and the Integration Issue dimension’. Paper presented at the Colloque – Science Po, L'intégration européenne: entre émergence institutionelle et recomposition de l'Etat. Paris, 26–7 May 2000.
Bartolini, Stefano and Mair, Peter (1990). Identity, Competition, and Electoral Availability: The Stabilization of European Electorates 1885–1985. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baumann, Zygmunt (1998). Globalization: The Human Consequences. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Beck, Ulrich (1999). World Risk Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Beck, Ulrich (ed.) (1998a). Perspektiven der Weltgesellschaft. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Beck, Ulrich (ed.) (1998b). Politik der Globalisierung. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Beck, Ulrich (1997). Was ist Globalisierung?Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Beck, Ulrich (1984). Jenseits von Stand und Klasse. Auf dem Weg in die individualisierte Arbeitnehmergesellschaft, Merkur 38(427): 485–97.
Beck, Ulrich and Bonß, Wolfgang (eds.) (2001). Die Modernisierung der Moderne. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Beck, Ulrich, Giddens, Anthony and Lash, Scott (1994). Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Ulrich, Beck and Grande, Edgar (2007). Cosmopolitan Europe. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Beck, Ulrich and Lau, Christoph (2005). ‘Second Modernity as Research Agenda’. British Journal of Sociology 56(4): 525–57.
Beck, Ulrich and Lau, Christoph (eds.) (2004). Entgrenzung und Entscheidung. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Becker, Uwe (2005). ‘An Example of Competitive Corporatism? The Dutch Political Economy 1983–2004 in Critical Examination’. Journal of European Public Policy 12(6): 1078–102.
Beisheim, Marianne, Dreher, Sabine, Walter, Gregor, Zangl, Bernhard and Zürn, Michael (1999). Im Zeitalter der Globalisierung? Thesen und Daten zur gesellschaftlichen und politischen Denationalisierung. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag.
Bell, David S. (2000). Parties and Democracy in France: Parties under Presidentialism. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Belot, Céline and Cautrès, Bruno (2004). ‘L'Europe, invisible mais omniprésente’, pp. 119–41 in: Le nouveau désordre électoral. Les leçons du 21 avril 2002, edited by Cautrès, Bruno and Mayer, NonnaParis: Presses de Sciences Po.
Benoit, Kenneth and Laver, Michael (2006). Party Policy in Modern Democracies. London: Routledge.
Berrington, Hugh (2001). ‘Election Report: After the Ball Was Over … The British General Election of 2001’. West European Politics 24(4): 206–15.
Berrington, Hugh and Hague, Rod (1998). ‘Europe, Thatcherism and Traditionalism: Opinion, Rebellion and the Maastricht Treaty in the Backbench Conservative Party, 1992–1994’. West European Politics 21(1): 44–71.
Betz, Hans-Georg (2004). La droite populiste en Europe: extrême et démocrate. Paris: Autrement.
Betz, Hans-Georg (2002). ‘Aganist Globalization: Xenophobia, Identity Politics, and Exclusionary Populism in Western Europe’. Unpublished manuscript.
Betz, Hans-Georg (1999). ‘The Evolution and Transformation of the German Party System’, pp. 30–61 in: Transformation of the German Political Party System: Institutional Crisis or Democratic Renewal?, edited by Allen, Christopher S., New York: Berghahn Books.
Betz, Hans-Georg (1993). ‘The New Politics of Resentment: Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe’. Comparative Politics 25(4): 413–27.
BfS (2004). Ausländerinnen und Ausländer in der Schweiz. Bericht 2004. Neuchâtel: Bundesamt für Statistik.
Blöchliger, Hansjörg (2005). Baustelle Föderalismus. Herausforderung und Perspektiven für eine Revitalisierung des schweizerischen Staatsverständnisses. Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.
Blondel, Jean (1968). ‘Party Systems and Patterns of Government in Western Democracies’. Canadian Journal of Political Science 1(2): 180–203.
Bobo, Lawrence D. (1999). ‘Prejudice as Group Position: Microfoundations of a Sociological Approach to Racism and Race Relations’. Journal of Social Issues 55(3): 445–72.
Bonoli, Guiliano and Mach, André (2000). ‘Switzerland: Adjustment Politics within Institutional Constraints’, pp. 131–74 in: Welfare and Work in the Open Economy. Volume II. Diverse Responses to Common Challenges, edited by Scharpf, Fritz W. and Schmidt, Vivien A.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Borg, Ingwer and Groenen, Patrick (1997). Modern Multidimensional Scaling: Theory and Applications. New York: Springer.
Borner, Silvio and Rentsch, Hans (eds.) (1997). Wieviel direkte Demokratie verträgt die Schweiz?Chur: Rüegger.
Bornschier, Simon (2007). The Transformation of Historical Cleavages and the Rise of Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Zurich, Institute of Political Science.
Bornschier, Simon (2006). The Transformation of Historical Cleavages and the Rise of Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe, unpublished manuscript, Institute for Political Science of the University of Zurich.
Bornschier, Simon (2005). ‘Unis contre la mondialisation? Une analyse de la convergence programmatique des partis populistes de droite européens’. Revue internationale de politique comparée 12(4): 415–32.
Boy, Daniel and Chiche, Jean (2005). ‘Les structures politiques et sociales du vote “non”’, in: Le référendum de ratification du Traité constitutionnel européen: Comprendre le ‘Non’ français, edited by Laurent, Annie and Sauger, Nicolas. Paris: Cahiers du CEVIPOF, No. 42.
Brändle, Michael (1999). ‘Konkordanz gleich Konvergenz? Die Links-rechts-Positionierung der Schweizer Bundesratsparteien, 1947–1995’. Swiss Political Science Review 5(1): 11–29.
Broughton, David and Donovan, Mark (eds.) (1999). Changing Party Systems in Western Europe. London: Pinter.
Brunetti, Aymo and Straubhaar, Thomas (1991). ‘Internationalisierung und direkte Demokratie’. Annuaire suisse de science politique 31: 237–56.
Brunner, Matthias and Sciarini, Pascal (2002). ‘L'opposition ouverture-traditions’, pp. 29–93 in: Changements de valeurs et nouveaux clivages politiques en Suisse, edited by Hug, Simon and Sciarini, Pascal. Paris: L'Harmattan.
Budge, Ian (2000). ‘Expert Judgements of Party Policy Positions: Uses and Limitations in Political Research’. European Journal of Political Research 37(1): 103–13.
Budge, Ian, Crewe, Ivor, McKay, David and Newton, Ken (1998). The New British Politics. Harlow: Addison-Wesley Longman.
Budge, Ian and Farlie, Dennis (1983a). Explaining and Predicting Elections: Issue Effects and Party Strategies in Twenty-Three Democracies. London: George Allen and Unwin.
Budge, Ian and Farlie, Dennis (1983b). ‘Party Competition – Selective Emphasis or Direct Confrontation? An Alternative View with Data’, pp. 267–305 in: Western European Party Systems: Continuity and Change, edited by Daalder, Hans and Mair, Peter. London: Sage.
Budge, Ian, Klingemann, Hans-Dieter, Volkens, Andrea, Bara, Judith and Tannebaum, Eric (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences: Estimates for Parties, Elections and Governments. 1945–1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Budge, Ian, Robertson, David and Hearl, Derek (eds.) (1987). Ideology, Strategy and Party Change: Spatial Analysis of Post-War Election Programmes in 19 Democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Busch, Klaus and Knelangen, Wilhelm (2004). ‘German Euroscepticism’, pp. 83–98 in: Euroscepticism: Party Politics, National Identity and European Integration, edited by Harmsen, Robert and Spiering, Menno. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Canovan, Margaret (1999). ‘Trust the People! Populism and the Two Faces of Democracy’. Political Studies 47: 2–16.
Caramani, Daniele (2004). The Nationalization of Politics: The Formation of National Electorates and Party Systems in Western Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Carter, Elisabeth L. (2002). ‘Proportional Representation and the Fortunes of Right-Wing Extremist Parties’. West European Politics 25(3): 125–46.
Castles, Francis G. and Mair, Peter (1984). ‘Left–Right Political Scales: Some “Expert” Judgments’. European Journal of Political Research 12(1): 73–88.
Chauvel, Louis (2006). ‘Social Generations, Life Chances and Welfare Regime Sustainability’, pp. 150–75 in: Changing France: The Politics That Markets Made, edited by Culpepper, Pepper D., Hall, Peter A. and Palier, Bruno. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Chiche, Jean, Roux, Brigitt, Perrineau, Pascal and Rouanet, Henry (2000). ‘L'Espace politique des électeurs français à la fin des années 1990. Nouveaux et anciens clivages, hétérogénéité des électorats’. Revue française de science politique 50(3): 463–87.
Christin, Thomas, Hug, Simon and Sciarini, Pascal (2002). ‘La mobilisation des clivages lors des votations populaires’, pp. 237–67: in Changements de valeurs et nouveaux clivages politiques en Suisse, edited by Hug, Simon and Sciarini, Pascal. Paris: L'Harmattan.
Clarke, Harold D., Sanders, David, Stewart, Marianne C. and Whiteley, Paul (2004). Political Choice in Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Colley, Linda (1992). Britons: Forging the Nation 1707–1837. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Conradt, David P. (2000). ‘The 1998 Campaign and Election: An Overview’, pp. 1–17 in: Power Shift in Germany: The 1998 Election and the End of the Kohl Era, edited by Conradt, David P., Kleinfeld, Gerald R. and Soe, Christian. New York: Berghahn Books.
Conradt, David P. (1978). ‘The 1976 Campaign and Election: An Overview’, pp. 29–56 in: Germany at the Polls: The Bundestag Election of 1976, edited by Cerny, Karl H.. Washington: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
Courtois, Stéphane and Peschanski, Denis (1988). ‘From Decline to Marginalization: The PCF Breaks with French Society’, pp. 47–68 in: Communist Parties in Western Europe: Decline or Adaptation?, edited by Waller, Michael and Fennema, Meindert. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Cox, Robert Henry (2001). ‘The Social Construction of an Imperative: Why Welfare Reform Happened in Denmark and the Netherlands But Not in Germany’. World Politics 53 (April): 463–98.
Cox, Trevor F. and Michael, A. A. Cox (2001). Multidimensional Scaling. Second Edition. London: Chapman and Hall.
Crum, Ben (2007). ‘Party Stances in the Referendums on the EU Constitution: Causes and Consequences of Competition and Collusion’. European Union Politics 8(1): 61–82.
Czada, Roland (1998). ‘Vereinigungskrise und Standortdebatte: Der Beitrag der Wiedervereinigung zur Krise des westdeutschen Modells’. Leviathan 26(1): 24–59.
Dalton, Russell J. (2000). ‘The Decline of Party Identifications’, pp. 19–36 in: Parties without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies, edited by Dalton, Russell J. and Wattenberg, Martin P.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dalton, Russell J. (1984). ‘The West German Party System between Two Ages’, pp. 104–33 in: Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies: Realignment or Dealignment?, edited by Dalton, Russell J., Flanagan, Scott C. and Beck, Paul Allen. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Dalton, Russel J. and Bürklin, Wilhelm (1995). ‘The Two German Electorates: The Social Bases of the Vote in 1990 and 1994’. German Politics and Society 13(1): 79–99.
Dalton, Russell J., McAllister, Ian and Wattenberg, Martin P. (2000). ‘The Consequences of Partisan Dealignment’, pp. 37–63 in: Parties without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies, edited by Dalton, Russell J. and Wattenberg, Martin P.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dalton, Russell J., Flanagan, Scott and Beck, Paul A. (eds.) (1984). Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies: Realignment or Dealignment?Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Dalton, Russell J. and Wattenberg, Martin P. (eds.) (2000). Parties without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Daniels, Philip (1998). ‘From Hostility to “Constructive Engagement”: The Europeanization of the Labour Party’. West European Politics 21(1): 72–96.
Rooy, Piet (2005). ‘Grote veranderingen in een klein land’, pp. 149–223 in: Over veranderend Nederland, edited by Rooy, Piet and Velde, Henk te. Amsterdam: Wereldbibliotheek.
Rooy, Piet and Velde, Henk te (2005). Met Kok. Over veranderend Nederland. Amsterdam: Wereldbibliotheek.
Decker, Frank (ed.) (2006). Populismus in Europa. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.
Porta, Della, Hanspeter Kriesi, Donatelle and Rucht, Dieter (eds.) (1999). Social Movements in a Globalizing World. London: Macmillan.
Della Porta, Donatella and Tarrow, Sidney (eds.) (2005). Transnational Protest and Global Activism. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.
Denver, David (1998). ‘The British Electorate in the 1990s’. West European Politics 21(1): 197–217.
Diez Medrano, Juan (2003). Framing Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Dittberner, Jürgen (2005). Die FDP. Geschichte, Personen, Organisation,Perspektiven. Eine Einführung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Dolezal, Martin (2006). ‘Globalisierung, neue Konfliktlinien und die Position der Grünen: Eine Analyse am Beispiel Deutschlands’, pp. 97–116 in: Kleine Parteien im Aufwind. Zur Veränderung der deutschen Parteienlandschaft, edited by Jun, Uwe, Kreikenbom, Henry and Neu, Viola. Frankfurt: Campus.
Dolezal, Martin (2005). ‘Globalisierung und die Transformation des Parteienwettbewerbs in Österreich. Eine Analyse der Angebotsseite’. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 34(2): 163–76.
Downs, Anthony (1957). An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper Collins.
Dunleavy, Patrick (1999). ‘Electoral Representation and Accountability: The Legacy of Empire’, pp. 204–30 in Fundamentals in British Politics, edited by Holliday, Ian, Gamble, Andrew and Parry, Geraint. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Eatwell, Roger (2004). ‘The Extreme Right in Britain. The Long Road to “Modernization”’, pp. 62–79 in Western Democracies and the New Extreme Right Challenge, edited by Eatwell, Roger and Mudde, Cas. New York: Routledge.
Eatwell, Roger (1998). ‘Britain: The BNP and the Problem of Legitimacy’, pp. 143–56 in: The New Politics of the Right: Neo-Populist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies, edited by Betz, Hans-Georg and Immerfall, Stefan. London: Macmillan.
Eatwell, Roger (1989). ‘Right or Rights? The Rise of the “New Right”’, pp. 3–17 in: The Nature of the Right. American and European Politics and Political Thought Since 1789, edited by Eatwell, Roger and O'Sullivan, Noël. Boston: Twayne Publishers.
Entzinger, Han (2003). ‘The Rise and Fall of Multiculturalism: The Case of the Netherlands’. pp. 59–86 in: Toward Assimilation and Citizenship: Immigrants in Liberal Nation-States, edited by Joppke, Christian and Morawska, Ewa. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Erikson, Robert and John, H. Goldthorpe (1992). The Constant Flux: A Study of Class Mobility in Industrial Societies. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Evans, Geoffrey (2002). ‘European Integration, Party Politics and Voting in the 2001 Elections’. British Elections and Parties Review 12(1): 95–110.
Evans, Geoffrey (ed.) (1999). The End of Class Politics? Class Voting in Comparative Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Evans, Geoffrey (1998). ‘Euroscepticism and Conservative Electoral Support: How an Asset Became a Liability’. British Journal of Political Science 28(4): 573–90.
Evans, Jocelyn A. J. (2000). ‘Contrasting Attitudinal Bases of Euroscepticism Amongst the French Electorate’. Electoral Studies 19(4): 539–61.
Faas, Thorsten and Andreas, M. Wüst (2002). ‘The Schill Factor in the Hamburg State Election 2001’. German Politics 11(2): 1–20.
Fallend, Franz (2002). ‘Opposing Europe: Euroscepticism of Political Parties in Austria’. Paper presented at the ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops, Turin, March 2002.
Fallend, Franz (1997). ‘Regierungsproporz in der Krise: Zur aktuellen politischen Debatte über die konkordanzdemokratische Regierungsform in Österreichs Bundesländern’, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 26(1): 23–40.
Feist, Ursula and Hoffmann, Hans-Jürgen (1999). ‘Die Bundestagswahlanalyse 1998: Wahl des Wechsels’, Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 30(2): 215–51.
Fetzer, Joel S. (2000). Public Attitudes Toward Immigration in the United States, France, and Germany. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Flemming, Lars (2003). ‘Das gescheiterte NPD-Verbotsverfahren. Wie aus dem “Aufstand der Anständigen” der “Aufstand der Unfähigen” wurde’, pp. 159–76 in: Jahrbuch Extremismus & Demokratie 15, edited by Backes, Uwe and Jesse, Eckhard. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Forschungsgruppe, Wahlen eV (2002). Bundestagswahl. Eine Analyse der Wahl vom 22. September 2002. Mannheim.
Fortuyn, Pim (2002). De puinhopen van acht jaar paars. Rotterdam: Karakter Uitgevers.
Franklin, Mark N. (1992). ‘The Decline of Cleavage Politics’, pp. 383–405 in: Electoral Change: Responses to Evolving Social and Attitudinal structures in Western Countries, edited by Franklin, Mark N., Mackie, Thomas T. and Valen, Henry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Franklin, Mark N. (1985). ‘Assessing the Rise of Issue Voting in British Elections Since 1964’. Electoral Studies 4(1): 37–56.
Franklin, Mark N., Mackie, Thomas T. and Valen, Henry (eds.) (1992). Electoral Change. Responses to Evolving Social and Attitudinal Structures in Western Countries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Frenzel, Martin (2003). ‘Neue Wege der Sozialdemokratie – sozialliberaler Minimalkonsens oder christdemokratische Kopie? Eine Erwiderung auf Martin Seeleib-Kaiser’. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 44(1): 86–93.
Frieden, Jeffrey A. (1991). ‘Invested Interests: the Politics of National Economic Policies in a World of Global Finance’. International Organization 45(4): 425–51.
Frieden, Jeffrey A. and Rogowski, Ronald (1996). ‘The Impact of the International Economy on National Policies: An Analytical Overview’, pp. 25–47 in: Internationalization and domestic politics, edited by Keohane, Robert O. and Milner, Helen V., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gabel, Matthew and Hix, Simon (2002). ‘Defining the EU Political Space: An Empirical Study of the European Elections Manifestos, 1979–1999’. Comparative Political Studies 35(8): 934–64.
Gabriel, Jürg Martin and Hedinger, Sandra (1999). ‘Aussen- und Sicherheitspolitik’, pp. 693–723 in: Handbuch der Schweizer Politik, edited by Ulrich Klöti, Peter Knoepfelet al. Zürich: NZZ Verlag, pp. 693–723.
Gallagher, Michael, Laver, Michael and Mair, Peter (1992). Representative Government in Western Europe. Paris: McGraw-Hill.
Gamson, William A. (1975). The Strategy of Social Protest. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.
Garry, John (2001). ‘The Computer Coding of Political Texts: Results from Britain, Germany, Ireland and Norway’, pp. 183–92 in: Estimating the Policy Positions of Political Actors, edited by Laver, Michael. London: Routledge.
Geissbühler, Simon (1999). ‘Are Catholics Still Different? Catholicism, Political Attitudes and Party Attachments in Switzerland, 1970–95’. West European Politics 22(3): 223–40.
Gerlich, Peter and Wolfgang, C. Müller (1989). ‘Austria: A Crisis Resolved or a Crisis Postponed’, pp. 146–62 in: The Politics of Economic Crisis: Lessons from Western Europe, edited by Damgaard, Erik, Gerlich, Peter and Richardson, Jeremy J.. Aldershot: Avebury.
Giddens, Anthony (2000). The Third Way and Its Critics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Giddens, Anthony (1998). The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Giddens, Anthony (1994). Beyond Left and Right: The Future of Radical Politics. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Giddens, Anthony (1990). The Consequences of Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Girvin, Brian (1988). ‘Introduction: Varieties of Conservatism’, pp. 1–13 in: The Transformation of Contemporary Conservatism, edited by Girvin, Brian. London: Sage.
Golder, Matt (2003). Explaining Variation in the Success of Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe'. Comparative Political Studies 36(4): 432–66.
Goldthorpe, John H. (2002). ‘Globalisation and Social Class’. West European Politics 25(3): 1–28.
Goodhart, David (2004). ‘Too Diverse?’, Prospect, February: 30–37.
Gorenburg, Dmitry S. (2000). Not with One Voice: An Explanation of Intragroup Variation in Nationalist Sentiment. World Politics 53(October): 115–142.
Gould, Philip (1998). The Unifinished Revolution: How the Modernisers Saved the Labour Party. London: Abacus.
Gourevitch, Peter Alexis (1977). ‘International Trade, Domestic Coalitions, and Liberty: Comparative Responses to the Crisis of 1873–1896’, Journal of Interdisciplinary History 8(2): 281–313.
Grande, Edgar (2003). ‘Stabilität, Flexibilität, Strukturbruch oder Krise? Zustand und Entwicklungsperspektiven des deutschen Parteiensystems’, pp. 288–304 in: Identität und politische Kultur, edited by Dornheim, Andreas and Greiffenhagen, Sylvia. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
Grande, Edgar and Martin, Dolezal (2005). ‘The End of Moderate Pluralism? Stability and Change in the German Party System After 1989’. Paper prepared for the DFG-JSPS Joint Seminar ‘Germany and Japan after 1989: Reform Pressure and Political Systems Dynamics’, Tokyo, 26–28 September 2005.
Grande, Edgar and Louis, W. Pauly (eds.) (2005). Complex Sovereignty: Reconstituting Political Authority in the Twenty-First Century. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Greven, Michael T. and Louis, W. Pauly (eds.) (2000). Democracy Beyond the State? The European Dilemma and the Emerging Global Order. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Grunberg, Gérard and Schweisguth, Etienne (2003). ‘La tripartition de l'espace politique’, pp. 341–62 in: Le vote de tous les refus. Les élections présidentielle et législatives 2002, edited by Perrineau, Pascal and Ysmal, Colette. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.
Grunberg, Gérard and Schweisguth, Etienne (1997). ‘Recompositions idéologiques’, pp. 130–78 in: L'électeur a ses raisons, edited by Boy, Daniel and Mayer, Nonna. Paris: Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques.
Grunberg, Gérard and Schweisguth, Etienne (1990). ‘Libéralisme culturel et libéralisme économique’, pp. 45–69 in: L'électeur français en question, edited by CEVIPOF, Paris: Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques.
Habermas, Jürgen (1985). Die neue Unübersichtlichkeit, Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Hadler, Markus (2004). ‘Modernisierungsverlierer und -gewinner. Ihre Anteile, Wahrnehmungen und Einstellungen in einem 30 Staaten umfassenden Vergleich’, SWS-Rundschau 44(1): 7–32.
Haerpfer, Christian (1985). ‘Austria’, pp. 264–86 in: Electoral Change in Western Democracies: Patterns and Sources of Electoral Volatility, edited by Crewe, Ivor and Denver, David. London: Croom Helm.
Haerpfer, Christian and Gehmacher, Ernst (1984). ‘Social Structure and Voting in the Austrian Party System’. Electoral Studies 3(1): 25–46.
Hainsworth, Paul (1992). ‘Introduction. The Cutting Edge: The Extreme Right in Post-War Western Europe and the USA’, pp. 1–28 in: The Extreme Right in Europe and the USA, edited by Hainsworth, Paul. London: Pinter.
Hall, Peter A. (2006). ‘Introduction: The Politics of Social Change in France’, pp. 1–26 in: Changing France: The Politics That Markets Made' edited by Culpepper, Pepper D., Hall, Peter A. and Palier, Bruno. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hall, Peter A. (1986). Governing the Economy. The Politics of State Intervention in Britain and France. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Hall, Peter A. and Soskice, David (2001). ‘An Introduction to the Varieties of Capitalism’, pp. 1–68 in: Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, edited by Hall, Peter A. and Soskice, David. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hall, Peter A. and Taylor, Rosemary (1996). ‘Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms’. Political Studies 44(5): 936–57.
Hall, Rodney B. and Biersteker, Thomas J. (eds.) (2002). The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Haller, Max (1999). ‘Voiceless Submission or Deliberate Choice? European Integration and the Relation between National and European Identity’, pp. 37–54 in: Nation and National Identity: The European Experience in Perspective, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeteret al., Chur: Verlag Rüegger.
Hansen, Randall (2000). Citizenship and Immigration in Post-War Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hansen, Randall and Koehler, Jobst (2005). ‘Issue Definition, Political Discourse and the Politics of Nationality Reform in France and Germany’, European Journal of Political Research 44(5): 623–44.
Hardin, Russell (1995). One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Heath, Anthony, Curtice, John, Evans, Geoff, Field, Julia, Jowell, Roger and Witherspoon, Sharon (1991). Understanding Political Change: The British Voter 1964–1987. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Heijting, Kapser and Haan, Roy (2005). ‘De gestage teloorgang van politieke inhoud’, pp. 44–65 in: Politiek en media in verwarring. De verkiezingscampagnes in het lange jaar 2002, edited by Brants, Kees and Praag, Philip. Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis.
Heinen, Ute (2000). ‘Zuwanderung und Integration in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland’. Informationen zur politischen Bildung No. 267.
Held, David (2004). Global Covenant: The Social Democratic Alternative to the Washington Consensus. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Held, David, McGrew, Anthony, Goldblatt, David and Perraton, Jonathan (1999). Global Transformations. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Hemerijck, Anton, Unger, Brigitte, and Visser, Jelle (2000). ‘How Small Countries Negotiate Change: Twenty-Five Years of Policy Adjustment in Austria, the Netherlands, and Belgium’, pp. 175–263 in: Welfare and Work in the Open Economy, Volume II. Diverse Responses to Common Challenge, edited by Scharpf, Fritz W. and Schmidt, Vivian A.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Heinisch, Reinhard (2003). ‘Success in Opposition – Failure in Government: Explaining the Performance of Right-Wing Populist Parties in Public Office’. West European Politics 26(3): 91–130.
Herbert, Ulrich (2001). Geschichte der Ausländerpolitik in Deutschland. Saisonarbeiter, Zwangsarbeiter, Gastarbeiter, Flüchtlinge, Munich: Verlag C. H. Beck.
Hilmer, Richard (2003). ‘Bundestagswahl 2002: eine zweite Chance für Rot-Grün’. Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 34(1): 187–219.
Hirter, Hans and Linder, Wolf (2002). Analyse der eidgenössischen Abstimmungen vom 3. März 2002. Vox No. 76. Bern: Gfs.
Hix, Simon (1999). ‘Dimensions and Alignments in European Union Politics: Cognitive Constraints and Partisan Responses’. European Journal of Political Research 35(1): 69–106.
Hofer, Roland, Krömler, Oliver and Seeli, Curdin (2005). ‘Zürich’, pp. 63–83 in: Der Aufstieg der SVP: Acht Kantone im Vergleich, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Lachat, Romainet al. Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.
Holmes Cooper, Alice (2002). ‘Party-Sponsored Protest and the Movement Society: The CDU/CSU Mobilises Against Citizenship Law Reform’. German Politics 11(2): 88–104.
Hooghe, Liesbet and Marks, Gary (2004). ‘Does Identity or Economic Rationality Drive Public Opinion on European Integration?’. Political Science and Politics 37(3): 415–20.
Hooghe, Liesbet and Marks, Gary (2001). Multi-Level Governance and European Integration. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Hooghe, Liesbet, Marks, Gary and Wilson, Carole J. (2002). ‘Does Left/Right Structure Party Positions on European Integration?’. Comparative Political Studies 35(8): 965–89.
Horner, Franz (1997). ‘Programme – Ideologien: Dissens oder Konsens’, pp. 235–47 in: Handbuch des Politischen Systems Österreichs. Die Zweite Republik, edited by Dachs, Herbertet al. Vienna: Manz.
Horner, Franz (1987). ‘Austria 1949–1979’, pp. 270–93 in: Ideology, Strategy, and Party Change: Spatial Analyses of Post-War Election Programmes in 19 Democracies, edited by Budge, Ian, Robertson, David and Hearl, Derek. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Howell, Chris (2005). Trade Unions and the State. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Huber, John and Inglehart, Ronald (1995). ‘Expert Interpretations of Party Space and Party Locations in 42 Societies’. Party Politics 1(1): 73–111.
Hug, Simon and Alexandre, H. Trechsel (2002). ‘Clivages et identification partisane’, pp. 207–35 in Changements de valeurs et nouveaux clivages politiques en Suisse, edited by Hug, Simon and Sciarini, Pascal. Paris: L'Harmattan.
Husbands, Chris (1998). ‘De Centrumstroming in perspectief: hoe verschillend is Nederland?’, pp. 175–92 in: Extreem-rechts in Nederland, edited by Holsteyn, Joop and Mudde, Cas. The Hague: SDU Uitgevers.
Ignazi, Piero (2003). Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ignazi, Piero (1992). ‘The Silent Counter-Revolution: Hypotheses on the Emergence of Extreme Right-Wing Parties in Europe’. European Journal of Political Research 22(1): 3–34.
Inglehart, Ronald (1997). Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic and Political Change in 43 Societies. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Inglehart, Ronald (1990). Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Societies. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Inglehart, Ronald (1985). ‘Aggregate Stability and Individual-Level Flux in Mass Belief Systems: The Level of Analysis Paradox’. American Political Science Review 79(1): 97–116.
Inglehart, Ronald (1977). The Silent Revolution: Changing Values and Political Style Among Western Publics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Jagodzinski, Wolfgang (1999). ‘Der religiöse Cleavage in Deutschland und Österreich’, pp. 65–93 in: Wahlen und politische Einstellungen in Deutschland und Österreich, edited by Plasser, Fritz, Gabriel, Oscar W., Falter, Jürgen W. and Ulram, Peter A.. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
Jagodzinski, Wolfgang and Dobbelaere, Karel (1995). ‘Secularization and Church Religiosity’, pp. 67–119 in: The Impact of Values (Beliefs in Government Volume 4), edited by Deth, Jan W. and Scarbrough, Elinor. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jagodzinski, Wolfgang and Quandt, Markus (2000). ‘Religion und Wahlverhalten in der längsschnittlichen Entwicklung’, pp. 159–81 in: 50 Jahre empirische Wahlforschung in Deutschland. Entwicklung, Befunde, Perspektiven, Daten, edited by Klein, Markus, Jagodzinski, Wolfgang, Mochmann, Ekkehard and Ohr, Dieter. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Jaschke, Hans-Gerd (1999). ‘Die rechtsextremen Parteien nach der Bundestagswahl 1998: Stehen sie sich selbst im Wege?’, pp. 141–57 in: Die Parteien nach der Bundestagswahl 1998, edited by Niedermayer, Oskar. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Jeffery, Charlie (1999). ‘Germany: From Hyperstability to Change?’, pp. 96–117 in: Changing Party Systems in Western Europe, edited by Broughton, David and Donovan, Mark. London: Pinter.
Jenkins, Peter (1992). ‘Goodbye to All That’, New York Review of Books, 14 May 1992: 16–17.
Jenny, Marcelo (2006). ‘Programme: Parteien im politischen Wettbewerbsraum’, pp. 305–21 in: Politik in Österreich. Das Handbuch, edited by Dachs, Herbertet al. Vienna: Manzsche Verlags- und Universitätsbuchhandlung.
Jesse, Eckhard (2003). ‘Die Rechts(außen)parteien. Keine ersichtlichen Erfolge, keine Erfolge in Sicht’, pp. 159–77 in: Die Parteien nach der Bundestagswahl 2002, edited by Niedermayer, Oskar. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Juhász, Zoltán (2000). ‘Ost-West-Unterschiede: Bald ein Thema für die Vergangenheit?’, pp. 333–58 in: Die Republik auf dem Weg zur Normalität? Wahlverhalten und politische Einstellungen nach acht Jahren Einheit, edited by Deth, Jan, Rattinger, Hans and Roller, Edeltraud. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Jung, Matthias and Roth, Dieter (1998). ‘Wer zu spät geht, den bestraft der Wähler. Eine Analyse der Bundestagswahl 1998’. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte B52: 3–18.
Jung, Matthias and Roth, Dieter (1994). ‘Kohls knappster Sieg. Eine Analyse der Bundestagswahl 1994’, Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte B51–52: 3–15.
Kaack, Heino (1978). ‘The FDP in the German Party System’, pp. 77–110 in: Germany at the Polls: The Bundestag Election of 1976, edited by Cerny, Karl H.. Washington: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
Kailitz, Steffen (2005). Rechtsextremismus in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Auf dem Weg zur ‘Volksfront’?, St Augustin: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.
Kaltefleiter, Werner (1978). ‘Winning Without Victory: The CDU Campaign’, pp. 111–45 in: Germany at the Polls: The Bundestag Election of 1976, edited by Cerny, Karl H.. Washington: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
Katzenstein, Peter J. (2005). ‘Conclusion: Semisovereignty in United Germany’, pp. 283–306 in: Governance in Contemporary Germany: The Semisovereign State Revisited, edited by Green, Simon and Patterson, William A.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Katzenstein, Peter J. (1987). Policy and Politics in West Germany: The Growth of a Semisovereign State. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Katzenstein, Peter J. (1985). Small States in World Markets. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Katzenstein, Peter J. (1984). Corporatism and Change: Austria, Switzerland, and the Politics of Industry. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kerr, Henry (1975). ‘Electeurs et forces partisanes’, pp. 45–81 in: Les Suisses et la politique: Enquête sur les attitudes d'électeurs suisses (1972), edited by Sidjanski, Dusan, Roig, Charleset al. Berne: Lang.
Key, V. O. Jr (1966). The Responsible Electorate: Rationality in Presidential Voting 1936–1960. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
King, Anthony (1974). ‘The Election That Everyone Lost’, pp. 3–32 in: Britain at the Polls: The Parliamentary Election of February 1974, edited by Penniman, Howard R.. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute.
King, Desmond and Wood, Stewart (1999). ‘The Political Economy of Neoliberalism: Britain and the United States in the 1980s’, pp. 371–97 in: Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism, edited by Kitschelt, Herbert, Lange, Peter, Marks, Gary and Stephens, John D.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kirchheimer, Otto (1969). ‘Germany: The Vanishing Opposition’, pp. 319–45 in: Politics, Law, and Social Change: Essays of Otto Kirchheimer, edited by Burin, Frederic S. and Shell, Kurt L.. New York: Columbia University Press.
Kirchheimer, Otto (1965). ‘Der Wandel des westeuropäischen Parteisystems’. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 6(1): 20–41.
Kitschelt, Herbert (2003). ‘Political-Economic Context and Partisan Strategies in the German Federal Elections 1990–2002’, pp. 125–52 in: Germany. Beyond the Stable State, edited by Kitschelt, Herbert and Streeck, Wolfgang. London: Frank Cass.
Kitschelt, Herbert (2002). ‘Popular Dissatisfaction with Democracy: Populism and Party Systems’, pp. 179–96 in: Democracies and the Populist Challenge, edited by Mény, Yves and Surel, Yves. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Kitschelt, Herbert (2001). ‘Politische Konfliktlinien in westlichen Demokratien: Ethnisch-kulturelle und wirtschaftliche Verteilungskonflikte’, pp. 418–42 in: Schattenseiten der Globalisierung, edited by Loch, D. and Heitmeyer, W.. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Kitschelt, Herbert (2000a). ‘Citizens, Politicians, and Party Cartellization: Political Representation and State Failure in Post-Industrial Democracies’. European Journal of Political Research 37(2): 149–79.
Kitschelt, Herbert (2000b). ‘The German Political Economy and the 1998 Election’, pp. 200–20 in: Power Shift in Germany: The 1998 Election and the End of the Kohl Era, edited by Contradt, David P., Kleinfeld, Gerald R. and Christian Soe. New York: Berghahn Books.
Kitschelt, Herbert (1996). ‘Defence of the Status Quo as Equilibrium Strategy? New Dilemmas for European Social Democracy’ Paper presented at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, 28 August–1 September 1996.
Kitschelt, Herbert (1994). The Transformation of European Social Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kitschelt, Herbert in collaboration with McGann, Anthony J. (1995). The Radical Right in Western Europe. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Kittel, Bernhard (2000). ‘Deaustrification? The Policy-Area-Specific Evolution of Austrian Social Partnership’. West European Politics 23(1): 108–29.
Kleinfeld, Gerald R. (2000). ‘The Party of Democratic Socialism: Victory Across the East and on to Berlin!’, pp. 98–113 in: Power Shift in Germany: The 1998 Election and the End of the Kohl Era, edited by Conradt, David P., Kleinfeld, Gerald R. and Soe, Christian. New York: Berghahn Books.
Kleinnijenhuis, Jan, Oegema, Dirk, Ridder, Jan, Hoof, Anita and Vliegenthart, Rens (2003). De puinhopen in het niewus. De rol van de media bij de Tweede-Kamerverkiezingen van 2002. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer.
Kleinnijenhuis, Jan, Oegema, Dirk, Ridder, Jan A. and Bos, Herman (1995). De democratie op drift. Een evaluatie van de verkiezingscampagne van 1994. Amsterdam: VU Uitgeverij.
Kleinnijenhuis, Jan, Oegema, Dirk, Ridder, Jan A. and Ruigrok, P. C. (1998). Paarse polarisatie. De slag om de kiezer in de media. Alphen aan den Rijn: Samsom.
Kleinnijenhuis, Jan and Pennings, Paul (2001). ‘Measurement of Party Positions on the Basis of Party Programmes, Media Coverage and Voter Perceptions’, pp. 162–82 in: Estimating the Policy Position of Political Actors, edited by Laver, Michael. London: Routledge.
Kleinnijenhuis, Jan, Ridder, Jan and Rietberg, Ewald M. (1997). ‘Reasoning in Economic Discourse: An Application of the Network Approach to the Dutch Press’, pp. 191–207 in: Text Analysis for the Social Sciences: Methods for Drawing Statistical Inferences from Texts and Transcripts, edited by Roberts, Carl W.. Mahwah: Erlbaum.
Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (1999). ‘Kontinuität und Veränderung des deutschen Parteiensystems, 1949–1998’, pp. 115–28 in: Eine lernende Demokratie. 50 Jahre Bundesrepublik Deutschland, edited by Kaase, Max and Schmid, Günther. Berlin: Edition Sigma.
Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (1985). ‘West Germany’, pp. 230–63 in: Electoral Change in Western Democracies, edited by Crewe, Ivor and Denver, David. London: Croom Helm.
Klingemann, Hans-Dieter, Hofferbert, Richard and Budge, Ian (1994). Parties, Policies, and Democracy. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Klingemann, Hans-Dieter and Volkens, Andrea (1992). ‘Coalition Governments in the Federal Republic of Germany: Does Policy Matter’, pp. 189–222 in: Party Policy and Government Coalitions, edited by Laver, Michael and Budge, Ian. New York: St Martin's Press.
Klöti, Ulrich (1998). ‘Kantonale Parteiensysteme. Bedeutung des kantonalen Kontexts für die Positionierung der Parteien’, pp. 45–72 in: Schweizer Wahlen 1995, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Linder, Wolf and Klöti, Ulrich. Bern: Haupt.
Knapp, Andrew (2004a). ‘Ephemeral Victories? France's Governing Parties, the Ecologists, and the Far Right’, pp. 49–85 in: Political Parties and Electoral Change, edited by Mair, Peter, Müller, Wolfgang C. and Plasser, Fritz. London: Sage.
Knapp, Andrew (2004b). Parties and the Party System in France: A Disconnected Democracy?, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Knapp, Andrew (2002). ‘France: Never a Golden Age’, pp. 107–50 in: Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, edited by Webb, Paul, Farrell, David M. and Holliday, Ian. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Knoke, David, Pappi, Franz U., Broadbent, Jeff and Tsujinaka, Yutaka (1996). Comparing Policy Networks: Labor Politics in the US, Germany, and Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Knutsen, Oddbjørn (2004). Social Structure and Party Choice in Western Europe: A Comparative Longitudinal Study. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan.
Knutsen, Oddbjørn and Kumlin, Staffan (2005). ‘Value Orientations and Party Choice’, pp. 125–66 in: The European Voter. A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies, edited by Thomassen, Jacques. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kobach, Kris (1993). The Referendum: Direct Democracy in Switzerland. Aldershot: Dartmouth.
Kohli, Martin (2000). ‘The Battlegrounds of European Identity’. European Societies 2(2): 113–37.
Koole, Ruud A. and Daalder, Hans (2002). ‘The Consociational Model and the Netherlands: Ambivalent Allies?’. Consociational Democracy in Western Europe, Special Issue of Acta Politica 37: 23–43.
Koopmans, Ruud (1999). ‘Deutschland und seine Einwanderer: ein gespaltenes Verhältnis’, pp. 165–200 in: Eine lernende Demokratie. 50 Jahre Bundesrepublik Deutschland, WZB-Jahrbuch, edited by Kaase, Max and Schmid, Günther. Berlin: Edition Sigma.
Koopmans, Ruud (1996). ‘New Social Movements and Changes in Political Participation in Western Europe’. West European Politics 19(1): 28–50.
Koopmans, Ruud (1992). Democracy from Below: New Social Movements and the Political System in West Germany. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Koopmans, Ruud, Statham, Paul, Giugni, Marco and Passy, Florence (2005). Contested Citizenship: Political Contention over Migration and Ethnic Relations in Western Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Koopmans, Ruud and Kriesi, Hanspeter (1997). ‘Citoyenneté, identité nationale et mobilisation de l'extrême droite: Une comparaison entre la France, l'Allemagne, les Pays-Bas et la Suisse’, pp. 295–324 in: Sociologie des nationalismes, edited by Birnbaum, Pierre. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Koopmanns, Ruud and Statham, Paul (1999). ‘Ethnic and Civic Conceptions of Nationhood and the Differential Success of the Extreme Right in Germany and Italy’, pp. 225–51 in: How Social Movements Matter, edited by Giugni, Marco, McAdam, Doug and Tilly, Charles. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (2007). ‘The Role of European Integration in National Election Campaigns’. European Union Politics 8(1): 83–108.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (2005a). Direct Democratic Choice: The Swiss Experience. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (2005b). ‘Einleitung’, pp. 1–8 in: Der Aufstieg der SVP: Acht Kantone im Vergleich, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Lachat, Romainet al. Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (2002). ‘Politische Folgen nationaler Identität’, pp. 565–86 in: Nation und Nationalismus in Europa. Kulturelle Konstruktion von Identitäten. Festschrift für Urs Altermatt, edited by Bosshart-Pfluger, Catherine, Jung, Joseph and Metzger, Franziska. Frauenfeld: Huber.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (1999). ‘Movements of the Left, Movements of the Right: Putting the Mobilization of Two New Types of Social Movements into Political Context’, pp. 398–423 in: Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism, edited by Kitschelt, Herbert, Lange, Peter, Marks, Gary and Stephens, John D.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (1998a). ‘Einleitung’, pp. 1–16 in: Schweizer Wahlen 1995, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Linder, Wolf and Klöti, Ulrich. Bern: Haupt.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (1998b). Le système politique suisse. Second edition. Paris: Economica.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (1998c). ‘The Transformation of Cleavage Politics: The 1997 Stein Rokkan Lecture’. European Journal of Political Research 33(2): 165–85.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (1995). Le système politique suisse. Paris: Economica.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (1994). Les démocraties occidentales: une approche comparée. Paris: Economica.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (1993). Political Mobilization and Social Change: The Dutch Case in Comparative Perspective. Aldershot: Avebury.
Kriesi, Hanspeter (1989). ‘New Social Movements and the New Class in the Netherlands’. American Journal of Sociology 94(5): 1078–116.
Kriesi, Hanspeter and Duyvendak, Jan-Willem (1995). ‘National Cleavage Structures’, pp. 3–25 in: New Social Movements in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Koopmans, Ruud, Duyvendak, Jan-Willem and Guigni, Marco G.. Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press.
Kriesi, Hanspeter, Grande, Edgar, Lachat, Romain, Dolezal, Martin, Bornschier, Simon and Frey, Timotheos (2006). ‘Globalization and the Transformation of the National Political Space: Six European Countries Compared’. European Journal of Political Research 45(6): 921–95.
Kriesi, Hanspeter, Koopmans, Ruud, Duyvendak, Jan Willem and Giugni, Marco G. (1995). New Social Movements in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Kriesi, Hanspeter, Lachat, Romain, Selb, Peteret al. (eds.) (2005). Der Aufstieg der SVP. Acht Kantone im Vergleich. Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.
Kriesi, Hanspeter and Sciarini, Pascal (2003). ‘Auswirkungen von Sachpräferenzen auf die Wahlentscheidung’, pp. 321–68 in: Schweizer Wahlen 1999, edited by Sciarini, Pascal, Hardmeier, Sibylle and Vatter, Adrian. Bern: Haupt.
Kruskal, Joseph B. and Wish, Myron (1978). Multidimensional Scaling. Sage University Paper Series on Quantitative Application in the Social Sciences, 07–011. Newbury Park: Sage.
Kuhn, Ursina, Laurent Khiar, Idir and Kindle, Marion (2005). ‘Waadt’, pp. 192–212 in: Der Aufstieg der SVP. Acht Kantone im Vergleich, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Lachat, Romainet al. Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.
Kurzer, Paulette (1993). Business and Banking: Political Change and Economic Integration in Western Europe. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Laakso, Markku and Taagepera, Rein (1979). ‘“Effective” Number of Parties: A Measure with Application to West Europe. Comparative Political Studies 12(1): 3–27.
Lachat, Romain (2006). ‘A Tale of Two Councils: Explaining the Weakness of the SVP in the Upper House of the Federal Parliament’. Swiss Political Science Review 12(4): 77–99.
Lachat, Romain (2004). ‘A Heterogeneous Electorate: Individual-Level Differences in the Process of Formation of Voting Choices in Germany and Switzerland’. PhD Thesis. University of Zurich, Department of Political Science.
Lachat, Romain and Selb, Peter (2005a). ‘Kantonaler Vergleich’, pp. 237–55 in: Der Aufstieg der SVP. Acht Kantone im Vergleich, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Lachat, Romainet al. Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.
Lachat, Romain and Selb, Peter (2005b). ‘Schweiz’, pp. 41–58 in: Der Aufstieg der SVP. Acht Kantone im Vergleich, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Lachat, Romainet al. Zürich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.
Ladner, Andreas and Brändle, Michael (2001). Die Schweizer Parteien im Wandel: Von Mitgliederparteien zu professionalisierten Wählerorganisationen?Zürich: Seismo.
Lane, Jan-Erik and Ersson, Svante (1999). Politics and Society in Western Europe. Fourth edition. London: Sage.
Lane, Jan-Erik and Ersson, Svante (1994). Politics and Society in Western Europe. Third Edition. London: Sage.
Lauber, Volkmar (1992). ‘Changing Priorities in Austrian Economic Policy’, pp. 147–72 in: Politics in Austria: Still a Case of Consociationalism?, edited by Luther, Kurt Richard and Müller, Wolfgang C.. London: Frank Cass.
Laumann, Edward O. and Knoke, David (1987). The Organizational State. Madison: Wisconsin University Press.
Laumann, Edward O. and Pappi, Franz U. (1976). Networks of Collective Action: A Perspective on Community Influence Systems. New York: Academic Press.
Laver, Michael (1989). ‘Party Competition and Party System Change: The Interaction of Coalition Bargaining and Electoral Competition’. Journal of Theoretical Politics 1(3): 301–24.
Laver, Michael and Ben Hunt, W. (1992). Policy and Party Competition. London: Routledge.
Laver, Michael, Benoit, Kenneth and Garry, John (2003). ‘Extracting Policy Positions from Political Texts Using Words as Data’. American Political Science Review 97(2): 311–31.
Levy, Jonah D. (2005). ‘Redeploying the State: Liberalization and Social Policy in France’, pp. 103–26 in: Beyond Continuity: Institutional Change in Advanced Political Economies, edited by Streeck, Wolfgang and Thelen, Kathleen. New York: Oxford University Press.
Levy, Jonah D. (2000). ‘France: Directing Adjustment?’, pp. 308–50 in: Welfare and Work in the Open Economy. Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges, edited by Scharpf, Fritz W. and Schmidt, Vivien A.. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lijphart, Arend (1999). Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Lijphart, Arend (1994). Electoral Systems and Party Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lijphart, Arend (1989). ‘From the Politics of Accommodation to Adversarial Politics in the Netherlands: A Reassessment’. West European Politics 12(1): 139–53.
Lijphart, Arend (1984). Democracies: Patterns of Majoritarian and Consensus Government in Twenty-One Countries. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Lijphart, Arend (1979). ‘Religious vs. Linguistic vs. Class Voting: The “Crucial Experiment” of Comparing Belgium, Canada, South Africa and Switzerland’. American Political Science Review 73(2): 442–58.
Lijphart, Arend (1975). The Politics of Accommodation: Pluralism and Democracy in the Netherlands. Second edition. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Lindberg, Leon and Scheingold, Stuart (1970). Europe's Would-be Polity. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
Linder, Wolf (1998). Swiss Democracy: Possible Solutions to Conflict in Multicultural Societies. Second Edition. London: Macmillan.
Lindhout, Itske and Praag, Philip (2000). ‘Dagbladen: sfeer en interpretatie’, pp. 86–111 in: Tussen beeld en inhoud. Politiek en media in de verkiezingen van 1998, edited by Praag, Philip and Kees, Brants. Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis.
Linz, Juan J. (1967). ‘Cleavage and Consensus in West German Politics: The Early Fifties’, pp. 283–321 in: Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspectives, edited by Lipset, Seymour Martin and Rokkan, Stein. New York: Free Press.
Lipset, Seymour M. (1981). Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. Expanded Edition. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lipset, Seymour M. and Rokkan, Stein (1967). ‘Cleavage Structures, Party Systems, and Voter Alignments: An Introduction’, pp. 1–64 in: Party Systems and Voter Alignments, edited by Lipset, Seymour M. and Rokkan, Stein. New York: The Free Press.
Long, J. Scott (1997). Regression Models for Categorical and Limited Dependent Variables. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Lubbers, Marcel, Gijsberts, Mérove and Scheepers, Peer (2002). ‘Extreme Right-Wing Voting in Western Europe’. European Journal of Political Research 41(3): 345–79.
Luif, Paul (2006). ‘Österreich und die Europäische Union’, pp. 862–83 in: Politik in Österreich. Das Handbuch, edited by Dachs, Herbertet al. Vienna: Manzsche Verlags- und Universitätsbuchhandlung.
Luther, Kurt Richard (2003). ‘The Self-Destruction of a Right-Wing Populist Party? The Austrian Parliamentary Election of 2002’. West European Politics 26(2): 136–52.
Luther, Kurt Richard (1999). ‘Austria: From Moderate to Polarized Pluralism?’, pp. 118–42 in: Changing Party Systems in Western Europe, edited by Broughton, David and Donovan, Mark. London: Pinter.
André, Mach (2003). La Suisse entre internationalisation et changements politiques internes: législation sur les cartels et relations industrielles dans les années 1990. Basel: Helbing und Lichtenhahn.
Mach, André, Häusermann, Silja and Papadopoulos, Yannis (2003). ‘Economic Regulatory Reforms in Switzerland: Adjustment without European Integration, or How Rigidities Become Flexible’. Journal of European Public Policy 10(2): 301–18.
Maier, Jürgen and Rattinger, Hans (2004). ‘Economic Conditions and Voting Behaviour in German Federal Elections, 1994–2002’, pp. 201–17 in: German General Election of 2002: The Battle of the Candidates, edited by Lees, Charles and Saalfeld, Thomas. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Mair, Peter (2001). ‘The Limited Impact of Europe on National Party Systems’, pp. 27–51 in: Europeanized Politics? European Integration and National Political Systems, edited by Goetz, Klaus H. and Hix, Simon. London: Frank Cass.
Mair, Peter (1997). Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Mair, Peter (1995). ‘Political Parties, Popular Legitimacy and Public Privilege’. West European Politics 18(1): 40–57.
Mair, Peter (1993). ‘Myths of Electoral Change and the Survival of Traditional Parties: The 1992 Stein Rokkan Lecture’. European Journal of Political Research 24(2): 121–33.
Mair, Peter (1989). ‘Continuity, Change and the Vulnerability of Party’. West European Politics 12(4): 169–87.
Mair, Peter (1983). ‘Adaptation and Control: Towards an Understanding of Party and Party System Change’, pp. 405–29 in: Western European Party Systems: Continuity and Change, edited by Daalder, Hans and Mair, Peter. London: Sage.
Mair, Peter and Biezen, Ingrid (2001). ‘Party Membership in Twenty European Democracies, 1980–2000’. Party Politics 7(1): 5–21.
Mair, Peter and Smith, Gordon (eds.) (1990). Understanding Party System Change in Western Europe. London: Frank Cass.
Manin, Bernard (1995). Principes du gouvernement représentatif. Paris: Flammarion.
Manow, Philip and Seils, Eric (2000). ‘Adjusting Badly: The German Welfare State, Structural Change, and the Open Economy’, pp. 264–307 in: Welfare and Work in the Open Economy, Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges, edited by Scharpf, Fritz W. and Schmidt, Vivien A.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Manza, Jeff and Brooks, Clem (1999). Social Cleavages and Political Change: Voter Alignments and US Party Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
March, James G. and Olsen, Johan P. (1989). Rediscovering Institutions: The Organizational Basis of Politics. New York: The Free Press.
Marks, Gary and Steenbergen, Marco (2002). ‘Understanding Political Contestation in the European Union’. Comparative Political Studies 35(8): 879–92.
Marks, Gary and Wilson, Carol J. (2000). ‘The Past in the Present: A Cleavage Theory of Party Response to European Integration’. British Journal of Political Science 30(July): 433–59.
Martin, Pierre (2000). Comprendre les évolutions électorales: La théorie des réalignements revisitée. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.
Mayer, Nonna (2002). Ces français qui votent Le Pen. Paris: Flammarion.
Mayer, Nonna (1998). ‘The French National Front’, pp. 11–25 in: The New Politics of the Right: Neo-Populist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies, edited by Betz, Hans-Georg and Immerfall, Stefan. New York: St Martin's Press.
Mayer, Nonna (1997). ‘Du vote lepéniste au vote frontiste’. Revue française de science politique 47(3–4): 438–53.
Mayer, Nonna and Perrineau, Pascal (1989). ‘Conclusion: L'introuvable équation Le Pen’, pp. 343–53 in: Le Front national à découvert, edited by Mayer, Nonna and Perrineau, Pascal. Paris: Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques.
Mayntz, Renate and Scharpf, Fritz W. (eds.) (1995). Gesellschaftliche Selbstregelung und politische Steuerung. Frankfurt: Campus.
Meguid, Bonny M. (2005). ‘Competition Between Unequals: The Role of Mainstream Party Strategy in Niche Party Success’. American Political Science Review 99(3): 347–59.
Meth-Cohn, Delia and Wolfgang, C. Müller (1994). ‘Looking Reality in the Eye: The Politics of Privatization in Austria’, pp. 160–79 in: Privatization in Western Europe: Pressures, Problems and Paradoxes, edited by Wright, Vincent. London: Pinter.
Meunier, Sophie (2004). ‘Globalization and Europeanization: A Challenge for French Politics’. French Politics 2(2): 125–50.
Meyer, Thomas (2001). ‘From Godesberg to the Neue Mitte: The New Social Democracy in Germany’, pp. 74–85 in: The Global Third Way Debate, edited by Giddens, Anthony. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Middendorp, Cees P. (1978). Progressiveness and Conservatism: The Fundamentals of Ideological Controversy and Their Relationship to Social Class. The Hague: Mouton.
Mielke, Gerd (2001). ‘Gesellschaftliche Konflikte und ihre Repräsentation im deutschen Parteiensystem. Anmerkungen zum Cleavage-Modell von Lipset und Rokkan’, pp. 77–95 in: Gesellschaftliche Konflikte und Parteiensysteme. Länder- und Regionalstudien, edited by Eith, Ulrich and Mielke, Gerd. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Minkenberg, Michael (2000). ‘The Renewal of the Radical Right: Between Modernity and Anti-modernity’. Government and Opposition 35(2): 170–88.
Moran, Michael (1999). ‘Estates, Classes and Interests’, pp. 182–203 in: Fundamentals in British Politics, edited by Holliday, Ian, Gamble, Andrew and Parry, Geraint. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Müller, Walter (1999). ‘Class Cleavages in Party Preferences in Germany – Old and New’, pp. 137–80 in: The End of Class Politics? Class Voting in Comparative Context, edited by Evans, Geoffrey. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Müller, Walter (1998a). ‘Klassenstruktur und Parteiensystem: Zum Wandel der Klassenspaltung im Wahlverhalten’. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 50(1): 3–46.
Müller, Walter (1998b). ‘Sozialstruktur und Wahlverhalten. Eine Widerrede gegen die Individualisierungsthese’, pp. 249–61 in: Die Individualisierungsthese, edited by Friedrichs, Jürgen. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Müller, Wolfgang C. (2006a). ‘Die Österreichische Volkspartei’, pp. 341–63 in: Politik in Österreich. Das Handbuch, edited by Dachs, Herbertet al. Vienna: Manzsche Verlags- und Universitätsbuchhandlung.
Müller, Wolfgang C. (2006b). ‘Parteiensystem: Rahmenbedingungen, Format und Mechanik des Parteienwettbewerbs’, pp. 279–304 in: Politik in Österreich. Das Handbuch, edited by Dachs, Herbertet al. Vienna: Manzsche Verlags- und Universitätsbuchhandlung.
Müller, Wolfgang C. (2004). ‘The Parliamentary Election in Austria, November 2002’. Electoral Studies 23(2): 346–53.
Müller, Wolfgang C. (2000). ‘Wahlen und Dynamik des österreichischen Parteiensystems seit 1986’, pp. 13–53 in: Das österreichische Wahlverhalten, edited by Plasser, Fritz, Ulram, Peter A., and Sommer, Franz. Vienna: Signum Verlag.
Müller, Wolfgang C. (1997). ‘Österreich: Festgefügte Koalitionen und stabile Regierungen’, pp. 109–60 in: Koalitionsregierungen in Westeuropa. Bildung, Arbeitsweise und Beendigung, edited by Müller, Wolfgang C. and Strom, Kaare. Vienna: Signum Verlag.
Müller, Wolfgang C. (1988). ‘Conservatism and the Transformation of the Austrian People's Party’, pp. 98–119 in: The Transformation of Contemporary Conservatism, edited by Girvin, Brian. London: Sage Publications.
Müller, Wolfgang C. and Fallend, Franz (2004). ‘Changing Patterns of Party Competition in Austria: From Multipolar to Bipolar System’. West European Politics 27(5): 801–35.
Müller, Wolfgang C., Philipp, Wilfried and Jenny, Marcelo (2001). ‘Die Rolle der parlamentarischen Fraktionen’, pp. 183–260 in: Die österreichischen Abgeordneten. Individuelle Präferenzen und politisches Verhalten, edited by Müller, Wolfgang C.et al. Vienna: WUV Universitätsverlag.
Müller, Wolfgang C., Philip, Wilfried and Jenny, Marcelo (1995). ‘Ideologie und Strategie der österreichischen Parteien: Eine Analyse der Wahlprogramme 1949–1994’, pp. 119–66 in: Wählerverhalten und Parteienwettbewerb. Analysen zur Nationalratswahl 1994, edited by Müller, Wolfgang C., Plasser, Fritz and Ulram, Peter A.. Vienna: Signum Verlag.
Müller-Rommel, Ferdinand (1990). ‘New Political Movements and “New Politics” Parties in Western Europe’, pp. 209–31 in: Challenging the Political Order, edited by Dalton, Russell J. and Küchler, Manfred. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Müller-Rommel, Ferdinand (1985). ‘New Social Movements and Smaller Parties: A Comparative Perspective’. West European Politics 8(1): 41–54.
Müller-Rommel, Ferdinand (1984). ‘Zum Verhältnis von neuen sozialen Bewegungen und neuen Konfliktdimensionen in den politischen Systemen Westeuropas: Eine empirische Analyse’. Journal für Sozialforschung 24(4): 441–54.
Nabholz, Ruth (1998). ‘Das Wählerverhalten in der Schweiz: Stabilität oder Wandel? Eine Trendanalyse von 1971–1995’, pp. 17–43 in: Schweizer Wahlen 1995, edited by Kriesi, Hanspeter, Linder, Wolf and Klöti, Ulrich. Bern: Haupt.
Newell, James L. (2000). Parties and Democracy in Italy. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate.
Niedermayer, Oskar (2003). ‘Die Entwicklung des deutschen Parteiensystems bis nach der Bundestagswahl 2002’, pp. 9–41 in: Die Parteien nach der Bundestagswahl 2002, edited by Niedermayer, Oskar. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Niedermayer, Oskar (1999). ‘Die Bundestagswahl 1998: Ausnahmewahl oder Ausdruck langfristiger Entwicklungen der Parteien und des Parteiensystems?’, pp. 9–35 in: Die Parteien nach der Bundestagswahl 1998, edited by Niedermayer, Oskar. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Niedermayer, Oskar (1998). ‘German Unification and Party System Change’, pp. 137–50 in: Comparing Party System Change, edited by Pennings, Paul and Lane, Jan-Erik. London: Routledge.
Nieuwbeerta, Paul and Ultee, Wout (1999). ‘Class Voting in Western Industrialized Countries, 1945–1990: Systematizing and Testing Explanations’. European Journal of Political Research 35(1): 123–60.
Nissen, Sylke (2004). ‘Europäische Identität und die Zukunft Europas’. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte B38: 21–9.
Norris, Pippa (2004). Electoral Enginieering: Voting Rules and Political Behaviour. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Norris, Pippa (1997). Electoral Change Since 1945. Oxford: Blackwell's.
Oesch, Daniel (2006). Redrawing the Class Map: Stratification and Institutions in Britain, Germany, Sweden and Switzerland. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Olzak, Susan (1992). The Dynamics of Ethnic Competition and Conflict. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Outshoorn, Joyce (1986). De politieke strijd rondom de abortuswetgeving 1964–1986. 's-Gravenhage: VUGA Uitgeverij.
Padgett, Stephen (2004). ‘Welfare Bias in the Party System: A Neo-Downsian Explanation for Gridlock in Economic Reform’, pp. 360–83 in: German General Election of 2002: The Battle of the Candidates, edited by Lees, Charles and Saalfeld, Thomas. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd.
Palier, Bruno (2005). ‘Ambiguous Agreement, Cumulative Change: French Social Policy in the 1990s’, pp. 127–44 in: Beyond Continuity: Institutional Change in Advanced Political Economies, edited by Streeck, Wolfgang and Thelen, Kathleen. New York: Oxford University Press.
Pappi, Franz Urban (1994). ‘Parteienwettbewerb im vereinten Deutschland’, pp. 219–48 in: Das Superwahljahr. Deutschland vor unkalkulierbaren Regierungsmehrheiten, edited by Bürklin, Wilhelm and Roth, Dieter. Cologne: Bund Verlag.
Pappi, Franz Urban (1984). ‘The West German Party System’. West European Politics 7(4): 7–26.
Pappi, Franz Urban (1977). ‘Sozialstruktur, gesellschaftliche Wertorientierungen und Wahlabsicht. Ergebnisse eines Zeitvergleichs des deutschen Elektorats 1953 und 1976’. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 18(2–3): 195–229.
Parodi, Jean-Luc (1989). ‘Le nouvel espace politique français’, pp. 147–57 in: Idéologies, partis politiques et groupes sociaux, edited by Mény, Yves. Paris: Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques.
Paterson, William (1996). ‘The German Christian Democrats’, pp. 53–70 in: Political Parties and the European Union, edited by Gaffney, John. London: Routledge.
Payne, Stanley (1995). A History of Fascism 1914–45. London: UCL Press.
Pedersen, Mogens N. (1979). ‘The Dynamics of European Party Systems: Changing Patterns of Electoral Volatility’. European Journal of Political Research 7(1): 1–26.
Peele, Gillian (1988). ‘British Conservatism: Ideological Change and Electoral Uncertainty’, pp. 13–34 in: The Transformation of Contemporary Conservatism, edited by Girvin, Brian. London: Sage.
Pelinka, Anton (2004). ‘Austrian Euroscepticism: The Shift from the Left to the Right’, pp. 207–25 in: Euroscepticism: Party Politics, National Identity and European Integration, edited by Harmsen, Robert and Spiering, Menno. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Pelinka, Anton (1995). ‘Die Entaustrifizierung Österreichs. Zum Wandel des politischen Systems 1945–1995’. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 24(1): 5–16.
Pelinka, Anton (1988). ‘Abstieg des Parteienstaats – Aufstieg des Parlamentarismus. Zum Wandel des österreichischen Parteiensystems’, pp. 35–52 in: Das österreichische Parteiensystem, edited by Pelinka, Anton and Plasser, Fritz. Vienna: Böhlau Verlag.
Pelinka, Anton (1974). ‘Struktur und Funktion der politischen Parteien’, pp. 31–53 in: Das politische System Österreichs, edited by Fischer, Heinz. Vienna: Europaverlag.
Pellikaan, Huib, Meer, Tom and Lange, Sarah (2003). ‘The Dutch Parliamentary Elections in 2002 and 2003: The Rise and Decline of the Fortuyn Movement’. Acta Politica 38(1): 23–50.
Pennings, Paul and Keman, Hans (2003). ‘The Dutch Parliamentary Elections in 2002 and 2003: The Rise and Decline of the Fortuyn Movement’. Acta Politica 38(1): 51–68.
Perrineau, Pascal (1997). Le symtôme Le Pen. Radiographie des électeurs du Front National. Paris: Fayard.
Peters, B. Guy (1999). Institutional Theory in Political Science: The ‘New Institutionalism’. London: Pinter.
Plasser, Fritz (1987). Parteien unter Streß. Zur Dynamik der Parteiensysteme in Österreich, der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und den Vereinigten Staaten. Vienna: Böhlau Verlag.
Plasser, Fritz, Seeber, Gilg and Ulram, Peter A. (2000). ‘Breaking the Mold: Politische Wettbewerbsräume und Wahlverhalten Ende der neunziger Jahre’, pp. 55–115 in: Das österreichische Wahlverhalten, edited by Plasser, Fritz, Ulram, Peter A. and Sommer, Franz. Vienna: Signum Verlag.
Plasser, Fritz and Peter, A. Ulram (2002). Das österreichische Politikverständnis. Von der Konsens- zur Konfliktkultur?Vienna: WUV Universitätsverlag.
Plasser, Fritz and Peter, A. Ulram (1995). ‘Wandel der politischen Konfliktdynamik: Radikaler Rechtspopulismus in Österreich’, pp. 471–503 in: Wählerverhalten und Parteienwettbewerb. Analysen zur Nationalratswahl 1994, edited by Müller, Wolfgang C., Plasser, Fritz and Ulram, Peter A.. Vienna: Signum Verlag.
Plasser, Fritz and Peter, A. Ulram (1994). ‘Meinungstrends, Mobilisierung und Motivlagen bei der Volksabstimmung über den EU-Beitritt’, pp. 87–119 in: EU-Referendum. Zur Praxis direkter Demokratie in Österreich, edited by Pelinka, Anton. Vienna: Signum Verlag.
Plasser, Fritz and Peter, A. Ulram (1991). ‘“Die Ausländer kommen!”. Empirische Notizen zur Karriere eines Themas und der Bewußtseinslage “im Herzen” Europas’. Österreichisches Jahrbuch für Politik 1990: 311–23.
Plasser, Fritz, Peter, A. Ulram and Grausgruber, Alfred (1987). ‘Vom Ende der Lagerparteien. Perspektivenwechsel in der österreichischen Parteien- und Wahlforschung’. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 16(3): 241–58.
Plasser, Fritz, Peter, A. Ulram and Gilg, Seeber (2003). ‘Erdrutschwahlen: Momentum, Motive und neue Muster im Wahlverhalten’, pp. 97–157 in: Wahlverhalten in Bewegung. Analysen zur Nationalratswahl 2002, edited by Plasser, Fritz and Ulram, Peter A.. Vienna: Wiener Universitätsverlag.
Plasser, Fritz, Peter, A. Ulram, and Seeber, Gilg (1996). ‘(Dis-)Kontinuitäten und neue Spannungslinien im Wählerverhalten: Trendanalysen 1986–1995’, pp. 155–209 in: Wahlkampf und Wählerentscheidung. Analysen zur Nationalratswahl 1995, edited by Plasser, Fritz, Ulram, Peter A. and Ogris, Günther. Signum Verlag.
Powell, G. Bingham (2000). Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and Proportional Visions. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Przeworski, Adam and Sprague, John (1986). Paper Stones: A History of Electoral Socialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Przeworski, Adam and Teune, Henry (1970). The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry. New York: Wiley-Interscience.
Pulzer, Peter (2003). ‘The Devil They Know: The German Federal Election of 2002’. West European Politics 26(2): 153–64.
Pulzer, Peter (1970). ‘Austria’, pp. 282–319 in: European Political Parties: A Handbook, edited by Henig, Stanley. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Quillian, Lewis (1995). ‘Prejudice as a Response to Perceived Group Threat: Population Composition and Anti-Immigrant and Racial Prejudice in Europe’. American Sociological Review 60(4): 586–611.
Quinn, Thomas (2006). ‘Choosing the Least-Worst Government: The British General Election of 2005’. West European Politics 29(1): 169–78.
Rabinowitz, George B. (1975). ‘An Introduction to Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling’. American Journal of Political Science 19(2): 343–90.
Ray, Leonard (2001). ‘A Natural Sentences Approach to the Computer Coding of Party Manifestos’, pp. 149–61 in: Estimating the Policy Positions of Political Actors, edited by Laver, Michael. London: Routledge.
Rhodes, Martin (2001). ‘The Political Economy of Social Pacts: “Competitive Corporatism” and European Welfare Reform’, pp. 165–194 in The New Politics of the Welfare State, edited by Pierson, Paul. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rhodes, Martin (2000). ‘Restructuring the British Welfare State: Between Domestic Constraints and Global Imperatives’, pp. 69–130 in: Welfare and Work in the Open Economy. Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges, edited by Scharpf, Fritz W. and Schmidt, Vivien. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Riedlsperger, Max (1998). ‘The Freedom Party of Austria: From Protest to Radical Right Populism’, pp. 27–43 in: The New Politics of the Right. Neo-Populist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies, edited by Betz, Hans-Georg and Immerfall, Stefan. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Roberts, Geoffrey K. (2003). ‘“Taken at the Flood”? The German General Election 2002’. Government and Opposition 38(1): 53–72.
Robertson, David (1976). A Theory of Party Competition. London: John Wiley and Sons.
Rokkan, Stein (2000). Staat, Nation und Demokratie in Europa: Die Theorie Stein Rokkans aus seinen gesammelten Werken rekonstruiert und eingeleitet von Peter Flora. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Rokkan, Stein (1999). State Formation, Nation-Building, and Mass Politics in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Roth, Dieter and Jung, Matthias (2002). ‘Ablösung der Regierung vertagt: Eine Analyse der Bundestagswahl 2002’. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte B49–50: 3–17.
Ruggie, John G. (1993). ‘Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations’. International Organization 47(1): 139–74.
Rydgren, Jens (2005). ‘Is the Extreme Right-Wing Populism Contagious? Explaining the Emergence of a New Party Family’. European Journal of Political Research 44(3): 413–38.
Saalfeld, Thomas (2004). ‘Party Identification and the Social Bases of Voting Behaviour in the 2002 Bundestag Election’, pp. 170–200 in: German General Election of 2002: The Battle of the Candidates, edited by Lees, Charles and Saalfeld, Thomas. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis.
Saggar, Shamit (1997). ‘Racial Politics’, pp. 185–99 in: Britain Votes 1997, edited by Norris, Pippa and Gavin, Neil T.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sartori, Giovanni (1997). Comparative Constitutional Engineering: An Inquiry into Structures, Incentives and Outcomes. New York: New York University Press.
Sartori, Giovanni (1990). ‘The Sociology of Parties: A Critical Review’, pp. 150–82 in: The West European Party System, edited by Mair, Peter. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sartori, G. (1976). Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sasaki, Masamichi and Suzuki, Tatsuso (1987). ‘Changes in Religious Commitment in the United States, Holland and Japan’. American Journal of Sociology 92(5): 1055–76.
Sauger, Nicolas (2004a). Dynamique de la compétition politique et vote en faveur de l'extrême droite en Europe de l'Ouest. Colloque AFSP/ASSP. Regards croisés sur l'extrémisme politique de droite en Europe aujourd'hui. September 16–17. Paris.
Sauger, Nicholas (2004b). ‘Reaggregating Interests? How the Break-Up of the French Union for Democracy Has Changed the Response of the French Moderate Right’, pp. 127–45 in: How Political Parties Respond, edited by Lawson, Kay and Poguntke, Thomas. London: Routledge.
Schain, Martin A. (1987). ‘The National Front in France and the Construction of Political Legitimacy’. West European Politics 10(2): 229–52.
Scharpf, Fritz W. (2006). ‘The Joint-Decision Trap Revisited’. Journal of Common Market Studies 44(4): 845–64.
Scharpf, Fritz W. (2000). ‘Economic Changes, Vulnerabilities, and Institutional Capabilities’, pp. 21–124 in: Welfare and Work in the Open Economy. Volume 1, edited by Scharpf, Fritz W. and Schmidt, Vivien A.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Scharpf, Fritz W. (1999). Governing in Europe: Effective and Democratic?Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Scharpf, Fritz W. (1997). Games Real Actors Play: Actor-Centered Institutionalism in Policy Research. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Scharpf, Fritz W. (1987). Sozialdemokratische Krisenpolitik in Europa. Das ‘Modell Deutschland’ im Vergleich. Frankfurt: Campus.
Scharpf, Fritz W. and Vivien, A. Schmidt (eds.) (2000a). Welfare and Work in the Open Economy: From Vulnerability to Competitiveness. Volume I. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Scharpf, Fritz W. and Vivien, A. Schmidt (eds.) (2000b). Welfare and Work in the Open Economy, Volume 2: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schattschneider, E. E. (1960). The Semi-Sovereign People: A Realist's View of Democracy in America. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Schirm, Stefan A. (ed.) (2007). Globalization: State of the Art and Perspectives. London: Routledge.
Schmid, Josef (1990). Die CDU. Organisationsstrukturen, Politiken und Funktionsweisen einer Partei im Föderalismus. Opladen: Leske and Budrich.
Schmidt, Manfred G. (2001). ‘Still on the Middle Way? Germany's Political Economy at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century’. German Politics 10(3): 1–12.
Schmidt, Manfred G. (1987). ‘West Germany: The Policy of the Middle Way’. Journal of Public Policy 7(2): 139–77.
Schmidt, Vivien A. (2003). ‘European Integration as Regional Variant of Globalization: The Challenges to National Democracy’, pp. 205–28 in: Demokratien in Europa: Der Einfluss der europäischen Integration auf Institutionenwandel und neue Konturen des demokratischen Verfassungsstaates, edited by Katenhusen, Ines and Lamping, Wolfram. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Schmitt, Hermann (1996). ‘Germany: A Bored Electorate’, pp. 137–56 in: Choosing Europe? The European Electorate and National Politics in the Face of Union, edited by Eijk, Cees and Franklin, Mark N.. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Schmitt, Hermann and Holmberg, Soeren (1995). ‘Political Parties in Decline?’, pp. 95–133 in: Citizens and the State, edited by Klingemann, Hans-Dieter and Fuchs, Dieter. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schmitt, Karl (2001). ‘Wählt der Osten anders? Eine Zwischenbilanz zehn Jahre nach der deutschen Vereinigung’, pp. 96–110 in: Gesellschaftliche Konflikte und Parteiensysteme. Länder- und Regionalstudien, edited by Eith, Ulrich and Mielke, Gerd. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Schnell, Rainer and Kohler, Ulrich (1998). ‘Eine empirische Untersuchung einer Individualisierungshypothese am Beispiel der Parteipräferenz von 1953–1992’, pp. 221–47 in: Die Individualisierungsthese, edited by Friedrichs, Jürgen. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Schultz, D. Mark (1992). ‘Austria in the International Arena: Neutrality, European Integration and Consociationalism’, pp. 173–200 in: Politics in Austria: Still a Case of Consociationalism?, edited by Luther, Kurt Richard and Müller, Wolfgang C.. London: Frank Cass.
Schwartz, Herman (2001). ‘Round up the Usual Suspects! Globalization, Domestic Politics, and Welfare State Change’, pp. 17–44 in: The New Politics of the Welfare State, edited by Pierson, Paul. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sciarini, Pascal (2002). ‘L'opposition centre-périphérie’, pp. 170–206 in: Changements de valeurs et nouveaux clivages politiques en Suisse, edited by Hug, Simon and Sciarini, Pascal. Paris: L'Harmattan.
Scott, John (2000). Social Network Analysis. London: Sage.
Seeleib-Kaiser, Martin (2002). ‘Neubeginn oder Ende der Sozialdemokratie? Eine Untersuchung zur programmatischen Reform sozialdemokratischer Parteien und ihrer Auswirkungen auf die Parteidifferenzthese’. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 43(3): 478–96.
Seisselberg, Jörg (1996). ‘Conditions of Success and Political Problems of a “Media-Mediated Personality Party”: The Case of Forza Italia’. West European Politics 19(4): 715–43.
Selb, Peter and Lachat, Romain (2004). Wahlen 2003. Die Entwicklung des Wahlverhaltens. Bern, Genf and Zürich: Institute für Politikwissenschaft der Universitäten Bern, Genf und Zürich.
Sidjanski, Dusan (1975). ‘Environnement politique en Suisse’, pp. 1–44 in: Les Suisses et la politique. Enquête sur les attitudes d'électeurs suisses (1972), edited by Sidjanski, Dusan, Roig, Charleset al. Berne: Lang.
Sitter, Nick (2001). ‘The Politics of Opposition and European Integration in Scandinavia: Is Euro-Scepticism a Government–Opposition Dynamic?’. West European Politics 24(4): 22–39.
Slaughter, Anne-Marie (2004). A New World Order. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Smith, Gordon (1988). ‘Between Left and Right: The Ambivalence of European Liberalism’, pp. 16–28 in: Liberal Parties in Western Europe, edited by In Kirchner, Emil J.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Smith, Gordon (1976). ‘West Germany and the Politics of Centrality’. Government and Opposition 11(4): 376–407.
Smith, Jackie and Johnston, Hank (eds.) (2002). Globalization and Resistance: Transnational Dimensions of Social Movements. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.
Smith, Timothy B. (2004). France in Crisis: Welfare, Inequality and Globalization Since 1980, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sniderman, Paul M., Peri, Pierangelo, Figueiredo, Rui J. P. and Piazza, Thomas (2000). The Outsider: Prejudice and Politics in Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Soe, Christian (2000). ‘Neoliberal Strings: The “New” FDP and Some Old Habits’, pp. 59–79 in: Power Shift in Germany: The 1998 Election and the End of the Kohl Era, edited by Conradt, David P., Kleinfeld, Gerald R. and Soe, Christian. New York: Berghahn Books.
Soysal, Yasmin N. (1994). Limits of Citizenship: Migrants and Postnational Membership in Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Steenbergen, Marco R., Hooghe, Liesbet and Marks, Gary (2004). ‘Evaluating Expert Judgements’. Paper presented at the workshop ‘Comparing Data Sets’, Free University Amsterdam, 16 October 2004.
Steinmo, Sven, Thelen, Kathleen and Longstreth, Frank (eds.) (1992). Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stöss, Richard (2000). ‘Mehr Kontinuität als Wandel. Das Parteiensystem vor und nach der deutschen Vereinigung’, pp. 308–27 in: Von der Bonner zur Berliner Republik, edited by Czada, Roland and Wollmann, Hellmut. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Stöss, Richard (1984). ‘Sollen die Grünen verboten werden? Zur Kritik konservativer Staatsrechtler an der Verfassungsmäßigkeit der Grünen/Alternativen’. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 25(4): 403–24.
Strange, Gerard (2002). ‘British Trade Unions and European Union Integration in the 1990s: Politics versus Political Economy’. Political Studies 50(2): 332–53.
Streeck, Wolfgang, Grote, Jürgen, Schneider, Volker and Visser, Jelle (eds.) (2006). Governing Interests: Business Associations Facing Internationalization. London: Routledge.
Studlar, Donley T. (1978). ‘Policy Voting in Britain: The Colored Immigration Issue in the 1964, 1966, and 1970 General Elections’. American Political Science Review 72(1): 46–64.
Taagepera, Rein and Soberg Shugart, Matthew (1989). Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Taggart, Paul (1998). ‘A Touchstone of Dissent: Euroscepticism in Comteporary Western European Party Systems’. European Journal of Political Research 33(3): 363–88.
Tarrow, Sidney (2005). The New Transnational Activism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Taylor, Michael and Herman, V. M. (1971). ‘Party Systems and Government Stability’. American Political Science Review 65(1): 28–37.
Te Velde, Henk (2005). ‘Moeizaam fietsen met de wind mee. Wim Kok in het politiek bestuur’, pp. 97–148 in: Over veranderend Nederland, edited by Rooy, Piet and Velde, Henk te. Amsterdam: Wereldbibliotheek.
Thränhardt, Dietrich (2000). ‘Conflict, Consensus, and Policy Outcomes: Immigration and Integration in Germany and The Netherlands’, pp. 162–86 in Challenging Immigration and Ethnic Relations Politics, edited by Koopmans, Ruud and Statham, Paul. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Trechsel, Alexandre H. (1995). Clivages en Suisse. Analyse des impacts relatifs des clivages sur l'électorat suisse lors des élections fédérales. Geneva: Département de science politique.
Tromp, Bart (1989). ‘Party Strategies and System Change in the Netherlands’. West European Politics 12(4): 82–97.
Ucakar, Karl (2006). ‘Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs’, pp. 322–40 in: Politik in Österreich. Das Handbuch, edited by Dachs, Herbertet al. Vienna: Manzsche Verlags- und Universitätsbuchhandlung.
Urwin, Derek W. (1974). ‘Germany: Continuity and Change in Electoral Politics’, pp. 109–70 in: Electoral Behavior: A Comparative Handbook, edited by Rose, Richard. New York: The Free Press.
Brug, Wouter (2003). ‘How the LPF Fuelled Discontent: Empirical Tests of Explanations of LPF Support’. Acta Politica 38(1): 89–106.
Brug, Wouter (2001). ‘Analysing Party Dynamics by Taking Partially Overlapping Snapshots’, pp. 115–32 in: Estimating the Policy Positions of Political Actors, edited by Laver, Michael. London: Routledge.
Brug, Wouter (1999). ‘Voters’ Perceptions and Party Dynamics'. Party Politics 5(2): 147–69.
Brug, Wouter and Meindert, Fennema (2003). ‘Protest or Mainstream? How the European Anti-Immigrant Parties Developed into Two Separate Groups by 1999’. European Journal of Political Research 42(1): 55–76.
Brug, Wouter, Fennema, Meindert and Tillie, Jean (2005). ‘Why Some Anti-Immigrant Parties Fail and Others Succeed: A Two-Step Model of Aggregate Electoral Support’. Comparative Political Studies 38(5): 537–73.
Brug, Wouter and Pellikaan, Huib (2003). ‘Electoral Revolt or Continuity? The Dutch Parliamentary Elections 2002 and 2003’. Acta Politica 38(1): 1–4.
Brug, Wouter and Pellikaan, Huib (2000). ‘Anti-Immigrant Parties in Europe : Ideological or Protest Vote?European Journal of Political Research37: 77–102.
Eijk, Cees and Franklin, Mark N. (2004). ‘Potential for Contestation on European Matters at National Elections in Europe’, pp. 32–50 in: European Integration and Political Conflict, edited by Marks, Gary and Steenbergen, Marco R.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vander Eijk, Cees and Franklin, Mark N. (eds.) (1996). Choosing Europe? The European Electorate and National Politics in the Face of Union. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Eijk, Cees, Schmitt, Hermann and Binder, Tanja (2005). ‘Left–Right Orientations and Party Choice’, pp. 167–91 in: The European Voter. A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies, edited by Thomassen, Jacques. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Holsteyn, , Joop, J. M. and Irwin, Galen A. (2002). ‘Never a Dull Moment: Pim Fortuyn and the Dutch Parliamentary Election of 2002’. West European Politics 26(2): 41–66.
Ingen Schenau, Jan and Benschop, Dick (1995). ‘De catenaccio-campagne van de PvdA’, pp. 41–53 in: Verkoop van de politiek. De verkiezingscampagne van 1994, edited by Brants, Kess and Praag, PhilipAmsterdam: Het Spinhuis.
Holsteyn, , Joop, J. M., Galen, A. Irwin and Ridder, Josje M. (2003). ‘In the Eye of the Beholder: The Perception of the List Pim Fortuyn and the Parliamentary Elections of May 2002’. Acta Politica 38(1): 69–88.
Praag, Philip (2005). ‘De veranderende Nederlandse campagnecultur’, pp. 21–43 in: Politiek en media in verwarring. De verkiezingscampagnes in het lange jaar 2002, edited by Brants, Kees and Praag, Philip. Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis.
Praag, Philip (2003). ‘The Winners and Losers in a Turbulent Political Year’. Acta Politica 38(1): 5–22.
Praag, Philip (1991). Strategie en Illusie. Elf jaar intern debat in de PvdA (1966–1977). Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis.
Venner, Fiammetta (2002). ‘Les mobilisations de l'entre-soi. Définir et perpétuer une communauté. Le cas de la droite radicale française (1981–1999)’, PhD Thesis, Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris, Paris.
Visser, Jelle (1987). ‘In Search of Inclusive Unionism: A Comparative Analysis’. Dissertation, University of Amsterdam.
Visser, Jelle and Hemerijck, Anton (1997). A Dutch Miracle: Job Growth, Welfare Reform and Corporatism in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Volkens, Andrea (2001). ‘Manifesto Research Since 1979: From Reliability to Validity’, pp. 33–49 in: Estimating the Policy Positions of Political Actors, edited by Laver, Michael. London: Routledge.
Vorländer, Hans (2003). ‘Aufstieg und Niedergang einer Spaßpartei: Die FDP nach der Bundestagswahl 2002’, pp. 109–23 in: Die Parteien nach der Bundestagswahl 2002, edited by Niedermayer, Oskar. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Vorländer, Hans (1999). ‘Die FDP nach der Bundestagswahl 1998: Koalitionspartei im Wartestand?’, pp. 103–18 in: Die Parteien nach der Bundestagswahl 1998, edited by Niedermayer, Oskar. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.
Waldrauch, Harald and Cinar, Dilek (2003). ‘Staatsbürgerschaftspolitik und Einbürgerungspraxis in Österreich’, pp. 261–83 in: Österreichischer Migrations- und Integrationsbericht. Demographische Entwicklungen, sozioökonomische Strukturen, rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen, edited by Fassmann, Heinz and Stacher, Irene. Klagenfurt: Drava Verlag.
Walter, Franz (2002). Die SPD. Vom Proletariat zur Neuen Mitte. Berlin: Alexander Fest Verlag.
Wasserman, Stanley and Faust, Katherine (1999). Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Weiss, Linda (ed.) (2003). States in the Global Economy: Bringing Domestic Institutions Back in. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wernli, Boris (2004). ‘The Federal Elections in Switzerland’, pp. 431–78 in: Handbook of Swiss Politics, edited by Klöti, Ulrich, Knoepfel, Peteret al. Zurich: Neue Zürcher Zeitung Publishing.
Wessels, Bernhard (2000). ‘Gruppenbildung und Wahlverhalten: 50 Jahre Wahlen in der Bundesrepublik’, pp. 129–58 in: 50 Jahre empirische Wahlforschung in Deutschland. Entwicklung, Befunde, Perspektiven, Daten, edited by Klein, Markus, Jagodzinski, Wolfgang, Mochmann, Ekkehard and Ohr, Dieter. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Wessels, Bernhard (1997). ‘Politisierung entlang neuer Konfliktlinien?’, pp. 205–30 in: Politische Beteiligung und Bürgerengagement in Deutschland. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen, edited by Klein, Ansgar and Schmalz-Bruns, Rainer. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung.
Winckler, Georg (1988). ‘Der Austrokeynesianismus und sein Ende’. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 17(3): 221–30.
Winkler, Jürgen R. and Schumann, Siegfried (1998). ‘Radical Right-Wing Parties in Contemporary Germany’, pp. 95–110 in: The New Politics of the Right: Neo-Populist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies, edited by Betz, Hans-Georg and Immerfall, Stefan. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Wodak, Ruth and Pelinka, Anton (eds.) (2002). The Haider Phenomenon in Austria. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
Wolf, Christof (1996). ‘Konfessionelle versus religiöse Konfliktinie in der deutschen Wählerschaft’. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 37(4): 713–34.
Wood, Stewart (2001). ‘Business, Government, and Patterns of Labor Market Policy in Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany’, pp. 247–74 in: Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundation of Comparative Advantage, edited by Hall, Peter and Soskice, David. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Zürn, Michael (2001). ‘Politische Fragmentierung als Folge der gesellschaftlichen Denationalisierung?’, pp. 111–39 in: Schattenseiten der Globalisierung, edited by Loch, D. and Heitmeyer, W.. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Zürn, Michael (1998a). Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaats. Globalisierung und Denationalisierung als Chance. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Zürn, Michael (1998b). ‘Schwarz-Rot-Grün-Braun: Reaktionsweisen auf Denationalisierung’, pp. 297–330 in: Politik der Globalisierung, edited by Beck, Ulrich. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
Zürn, Michael, Beisheim, Marianne, Dreher, Sabine and Walter, Gregor (2000). ‘Postnationale Politik? Über den politischen Umgang mit den Denationalisierungsherausforderungen Internet, Klimawandel und Migration’. Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen 7(2): 297–329.
Zürn, Michael and Walter, Gregor (eds.) (2005). Globalizing Interests. Pressure Groups and Denationalization. Albany: State University of New York Press.