Skip to main content
×
×
Home
Young People and the Future of News

Book description

Young People and the Future of News traces the practices that are evolving as young people come to see news increasingly as something shared via social networks and social media rather than produced and circulated solely by professional news organizations. The book introduces the concept of connective journalism, clarifying the role of creating and sharing stories online as a key precursor to collective and connective political action. At the center of the story are high school students from low-income minority and immigrant communities who often feel underserved or misrepresented by mainstream media but express a strong interest in politics and their communities. Drawing on in-depth field work in three major urban areas over the course of ten years, Young People and the Future of News sheds light on how young people share news that they think others should know about, express solidarity, and bring into being new publics and counter-publics.

Reviews

'Clark and Marchi take an unsparing look at how young people today are getting, creating and sharing their news by-passing traditional news organizations. It’s a sobering, insightful probe into four urban communities and a cautionary tale for news organizations whose very existence depends on reaching the next generation of news consumers.'

Lulu Garcia-Navarro - Host of 'Weekend Edition Sunday', National Public Radio

'Much here will be eye-opening to those who are too quick to dismiss the political consciousness of the coming generation and the future of journalism. Rather than focusing on youth news consumption as a problem, this book shows what's working about how young people share news and information with each other and what its implications are for fostering even greater degrees of civic and political participation.'

Henry Jenkins - Co-author of By Any Media Necessary: The New Youth Activism

'In this beautifully written book, Clark and Marchi insightfully look beneath popular claims of youth apathy to reveal the multidimensionality of young Americans’ engagement with the news and the potential for reconnecting them to powerful media and political processes.'

Sonia Livingstone - The London School of Economics and Political Science and author of The Class: Living and Learning in the Digital Age

'The future of democracy depends on how today’s young people learn to use, share, and produce the news. Clark and Marchi offer an impressive theoretical framework and rich and insightful narratives of actual youth to diagnose the current crisis and propose solutions.'

Peter Levine - Associate Dean and Lincoln Filene Professor, Jonathan M. Tisch College of Civic Life, Tufts University, Massachusetts

'A timely and pertinent volume. If you are curious about how young people can reinvent the future of journalism, read this outstanding and insightful book.'

Zizi Papacharissi - Head of Communications, University of Illinois,Chicago

'In the midst of severe and interlocking crises of political alienation, distrust of news media, growing poverty, and racial and ethnic conflict, Young People and the Future of News offers original and important insights into the possibilities for disenfranchised youth to engage with political issues and make their voices matter.'

Stig Hjarvard - University of Copenhagen

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
Adler, B. (2014, January/February). A movement’s moment? Common core opens the door for news literacy to expand in the classroom. Columbia Journalism Review 4849.
Aguilar, J. (2016, April 20). Student Claims Intimidation by Douglas County School Board Members. Denver Post. Available at: www.denverpost.com/2016/04/20/student-claims-intimidation-by-douglas-county-school-board-members/ Retrieved June18, 2016.
Aguilar, J. (2016, June 22). Defiance, Disruption Mark Raucous Douglas County School Board Meeting. Denver Post. Available at: www.denverpost.com/2016/06/21/defiance-disruption-marks-raucous-douglas-county-school-board-meeting/ Retrieved June 22, 2016.
Allen, S. (2013). Citizen Witnessing: Revisioning Journalism in Times of Crisis. New York: Polity.
Allen, S. and Thorsen, E. (2009). Citizen Journalism: Global Perspectives. New York: Peter Lang.
Allen, D. and Light, J. (Eds.). (2015). From Voice to Influence: Understanding Citizenship in the Digital Age. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Alexander, J. (2006). The Civil Sphere. New York: Oxford University Press.
Alexander, J. (2016). Introduction: Journalism, democratic culture, and creative reconstruction. In Alexander, J. (Ed.). The Crisis of Journalism Reconsidered: Dramatic Culture, Professional Codes, Digital Future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Alexander, M. (2016, February 10). Why Hillary Clinton Doesn’t Deserve the Black Vote. The Nation. Available at: www.thenation.com/article/hillary-clinton-does-not-deserve-black-peoples-votes/ Retrieved August 30, 2016.
Almasy, S. and Yan, H. (2014, November 26). Protesters Fill Streets across Country as Ferguson Protests Spread Coast to Coast. CNN. Available at: www.cnn.com/2014/11/25/us/national-ferguson-protests/
American Press Institute. (2014). How Americans Get Their News. www.americanpressinstitute.org/publications/reports/survey-research/how-americans-get-news/
American Press Institute. (2015). How Millennials Get News: Inside the Habits of America’s First Digital Generation. www.americanpressinstitute.org/publications/reports/survey-research/millennials-news/ Retrieved July 2, 2015.
Amster, S. E. (2006). Seeds of Cynicism: The Undermining of Journalistic Education. New York: University Press of America.
Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso.
Anderson, C. W. (2013). Rebuilding the News: Metropolitan Journalism in the Digital Age. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
Anderson, M. and Caumont, A. (2014). How Social Media Is Reshaping News. Pew Research Center. www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/09/24/how-social-media-is-reshaping-news/
Appiah, K. (2007). Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.
Ardevol, E., Roig, A., San Cornelio, G., Pages, R., and Alsina, P. (2010). Playful practices: Theorizing “new media” cultural production. In Brauchler, B and Postill, J (Eds.). Theorizing Media and Practice, pp. 259280. New York: Berghahn Books.
Arendt, H. (1961). On Revolution. New York: Penguin.
Arendt, H. (1963). Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil. London: Faber & Faber.
Barberá, P., Jost, J., Nagler, J., Tucker, J., and Bonneau, R. (2015). Tweeting from left to right: Is online political communication more than an echo chamber? Psychological Science 10: 15311542. doi: 10.1177/0956797615594620
Barberá, P., Jost, J., Nagler, J., Tucker, J., and Bonneau, R. (1973). The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Associated Press. (2008). A New Model for News: Studying the Deep Structure of Young Adult News Consumption. Available at: www.ap.org/newmodel.pdf.
Aufderheide, P. and Firestone, C. M. (1993). Media Literacy: A Report of National Leadership Conference on Media Literacy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Bachen, C., Raphael, C., Lynn, K., McKee, K., and Philippi, J. (2008). Civic engagement, pedagogy, and information technology on websites for youth. Political Communication 25: 290310.
Bardoel, J. and Deuze, M. (2001). Network journalism: Converging competences of media professionals and professionalism. Australian Journalism Review 23(2): 91103.
Barnhurst, K. and Nerone, J. (2002). The Form of News: A History. New York: Guilford Press.
Barron, B., Gomez, K., Pinkard, N., and Martin, C. (2015). The Digital Youth Network. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bauman, Z. (2007). Liquid Times Living in an Age of Uncertainty. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Baym, G. (2005). The Daily Show: Discursive integration and the reinvention of political journalism. Political Communication 22: 259276.
Baym, G. (2007). Emerging models of journalistic authority in MTV’s coverage of the 2004 US Presidential election. Journalism Studies 8(3): 382385.
Baym, G. (2010). From Cronkite to Colbert: The Evolution of Broadcast News. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.
Baym, N. (2015). Personal Connections in the Digital Age, 2nd ed. New York: Polity.
Bazarova, N. N. and Choi, Y. H. (2014). Self-disclosure in social media: Extending the functional approach to disclosure motivations and characteristics on social network sites. Journal of Communication 64(4): 635657. doi:10.1111/jcom.12106
Beck, U. and Cronin, C. (2006). Cosmopolitan Vision. New York: Polity.
Beck, U. (2011). Cosmopolitanism as imagined communities of global risk. American Behavioral Scientist 55(10): 13461361.
Becker, M. (2008). “I Hate Hippies”: South Park and the politics of Generation X. In Weinstock, J. A. (Ed.). Taking South Park Seriously, pp. 145164. Albany: SUNY Press.
Becker, L., Vlad, T., and Simpson, H. (2013). Annual Survey of Journalism and Mass Communication Graduates. James Cox Center for International Mass Communication, Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication. Athens, GA: University of Georgia. www.grady.uga.edu/annualsurveys/Graduate_Survey/Graduate_2013/Grad_Report_2013_Combined.pdf
Beckett, C. and Mansell, R. (2008) Crossing boundaries: New media and networked journalism. Communication, Culture and Critique 1(1): 92104.
Benhabib, S. (1996). Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Benhabib, S. (2011). Dignity in Adversity: Human Rights in Troubled Times. London: Polity.
Bennett, W. L., Gressett, L., and Haltom, W. (1985). Repairing the news: A case study of the news paradigm. Journal of Communication 35: 50–86, p. 85.
Bennett, W. L., Gressett, L., and Haltom, W. (1998). The uncivic culture: Communication, culture, and the rise of lifestyle politics. Political Science & Politics 31(4): 741761.
Bennett, W. L., Gressett, L., and Haltom, W. (2008) Changing citizenship in the digital age. Civic Life Online: Learning How Digital Media Can Engage Youth, pp. 124. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bennett, W. L., Gressett, L., and Haltom, W. and Segerberg, A. (2012) The logic of connective action. Information, Communication & Society 15: 739768.
Bennett, W. L., Gressett, L., and Haltom, W. and Segerberg, A. (2013). The Logic of Connective Action: Digital Media and the Personalization of Contentious Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Benson, R. (2006). News media as a “journalistic field”: What Bourdieu adds to New Institutionalism, and vice versa. Political Communication 23(2): 187202.
Berger, G. (2011). Empowering the youth as citizen journalists: A South African experience. Journalism 12(6): 708726.
Bird, S. E. and Dardenne, R. W. (1988). Myth, chronicle, and story – Exploring the narrative qualities of news. In Carey, J. W. (Ed.). Media, Myths, and Narratives – Television and the Press, pp. 6786. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Black Lives Matter Movement, Explained. Washington Post. Available at: www.washingtonpost.com/video/national/black-lives-matter-movement-explained/2016/06/21/8a00e59e-16e8-11e6-971a-dadf9ab18869_video.html Retrieved September 1, 2016.
Blake, J. (2014, August 30). How Ferguson Could Become a Movement: Lessons from History. CNN. Available at: www.cnn.com/2013/08/17/us/four-ways-to-beat-the-man/
Bobkowski, P. and Miller, P. (2016). Civic implications of secondary school journalism: Associations with voting propensity and community volunteering. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 93(3): 530550.
Boczkowski, P. (2010). News at Work: Imitation in an Age of Information Abundance. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Boczkowski, P. and Mitchelstein, E. (2013). The News Gap: When the Information Preferences of the Media and the Public Diverge. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Boczkowski, P., Mitchelstein, E., and Matassi, M. (2017, January 4). Incidental news: How young people consume news on social media. Presented at the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, doi: hdl.handle.net/10125/41371.
Boler, M. (Ed.). (2010). Digital Media and Democracy: Tactics in Hard Times. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bor, S. (2014). Teaching social media journalism: Challenges and opportunities for future curriculum design. Journalism & Mass Communication Educator 69(3): 243255.
Borden, S. and Tew, C. (2007). The role of journalist and the performance of journalism: Ethical lessons from “fake” news (seriously). Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22(4): 300314.
Bosman, J. and Fitzsimmons, E. (2014). Grief and Protests Follow Shooting of a Teenager. The New York Times. Available at: www.nytimes.com/2014/08/11/us/police-say-mike-brown-was-killed-after-struggle-for-gun.html. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
Boston Public Schools at a Glance 2014–2015. Boston Public Schools Communications Office, revised June 10, 2015. Available at: www.bostonpublicschools.org/cms/lib07/MA01906464/Centricity/Domain/238/BPS%20at%20a%20Glance%2015-0610.pdf
Boucher, G. (2008). The Charmed Circle of Ideology: A Critique of Laclau and Mouffe, Butler and Zizek. New York: Anamnesis.
Bowyer, B., Kahne, J., and Middaugh, E. (2015). Youth comprehension of political messages in YouTube videos. New Media & Society 120. doi: 10.1177/1461444815611593
boyd, danah (2011). Social network sites as networked publics. In Papacharissi, Zizi (Ed.), A Networked Self: Identity, Community, and Culture on Social Network Sites, pp. 3958. New York: Routledge.
boyd, danah (2013). It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Boyer, R. (1990). The Regulation School: A Critical Introduction. Trans. C. Charney. New York: Columbia University Press.
Brock, A. (2012). From the blackhand side: Twitter as a cultural conversation. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 56(4): 529549.
Brody, B. (2015). How John Oliver Transformed the Net Neutrality Debate Once and for All. Bloomberg Politics. www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-02-26/how-john-oliver-transformed-the-net-neutrality-debate-once-and-for-all
Brown, E. (2016, March 29). I Go to a Competitive High School in Suburbia. The Stress Is Killing Me. Vox. Available at: www.vox.com/2016/3/29/11301078/high-school-stress-college Retrieved September 1, 2016.
Bruter, M., Banaji, S., Harrison, S., Cammaerts, B., Anstead, N., and Whitwell, B.. (2014). Youth Participation in Democratic Life: Stories of Hope and Disillusion. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bruns, A. (2008). Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and Beyond: From Production to Produsage. New York: Peter Lang.
Buckingham, D. (2000). The Making of Citizens: Young People, News, and Politics. London: Routledge.
Byers, D. (November 9, 2016). How Politicians, Pollsters and Media Missed Trump’s Groundswell. CNNMoney. Available at: http://money.cnn.com/2016/11/09/media/polling-media-missed-trump/
Cagé, J. (2016). Saving the Media: Capitalism, Crowdfunding and Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Calhoun, C. (1992). Habermas and the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Callahan, C. (1998). Race and participation in high school journalism. Newspaper Research Journal 19(1):4553.
Carey, J. (1989) Communication as Culture. New York: Routledge.
Carpentier, N. and Cammaerts, B. (2006). Hegemony, democracy, agonism and journalism: An interview with Chantal Mouffe. Journalism Studies 7(6): 964975.
Carpentier, N. (2011). Media and Participation: A Site of Ideological-Democratic Struggle. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Carter, C., Messenger Davies, M., Allan, S., Mendes, M., Milani, R., and Wass, L. What Do Children Want from the BBC? A report of Children’s Content and Participatory Environments in an Age of Citizen Media. Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, 2009.
Castells, M. (2012). Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age. Cambridge: Polity.
Caumont, A. (2013, October 16). Twelve Trends Shaping Digital News. Pew Research Center FacTank. Available at: www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/10/16/12-trends-shaping-digital-news/
Chadwick, A. (2013). The Hybrid Media System: Politics and Power. Oxford Studies in Digital Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Chea, P. and Robins, B. (Eds.). (1998). Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling beyond the Nation. Minneapolis, MO: University of Minnesota Press.
Checkoway, B. and Gutierrez, L. (2006). Introduction: Youth participation and community change. In Checkoway, B. and Gutierrez, L. (Eds.). Youth Participation and Community Change, pp. 19. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press.
Chouliaraki, L. (2013). Re-mediation, inter-mediation, trans-mediation. Journalism Studies 14(2): 267283.
Chouliaraki, L. (2013). The Ironic Spectator: Solidarity in the Age of Post Humanitarianism. London: Polity.
The Center for Information and Research on Learning and Engagement. (November 9, 2016). 2016 Election Center. General Election Analysis: Young Voters in the 2016 General Elections. Available at: http://civicyouth.org/quick-facts/2016-election-center/
Clark, L. S. (2011a). Exploring religion and mediatization through a case study of J + K’s big day: A response to Stig Hjarvard. Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal 12:(2):167184. doi: 10.1080/14755610.2011.579717
Clark, L. S. (2011b). Religion and authority in a remix culture: How a late night TV host became an authority on religion. In Lynch, G, Mitchell, J, and Strhan, A (Eds.). Religion, Media, and Culture: A Reader, pp. 111121. London: Routledge.
Clark, L. S. (2013). The Parent App: Understanding Families in a Digital Age. New York: Oxford University Press.
Clark, L. S. (2015). Padres y Jovenes Unidos: Student empowerment through critical media literacy. The Civic Media Project. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Available at: http://civicmediaproject.org/works/civic-media-project/padres-y-jovenes-unidos. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
Clark, L. S. (2016). Media ecology. In Jensen, K. B, Craig, R. T., Pooley, J, and Rothenbuhler, E. W. (Eds.). International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy. New York: Wiley.
Clark, L. S. (2016). Participants on the margins: #Blacklivesmatter and the role that shared artifacts of engagement played among minoritized political newcomers on Snapchat, Facebook, and Twitter. International Journal of Communication 10: 235253.
Clark, L. S. and Monserrate, R. (2011). High school journalism and the making of young citizens. Journalism: Theory, Practice, Criticism 12(4): 417432.
Clifford, J. (1997). Routes: Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Coeckelbergh, M. (2007). Violent computer games, empathy, and cosmopolitanism. Ethics and Information Technology 9(3): 219231.
Cohen, C., Kahne, J., Bowyer, B., Middaugh, E., and Rogowski, J. (2012). Participatory Politics: New Media and Youth Political Action. Chicago, IL: MacArthur Foundation.
Collins, P.H. (1990/2000). Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. London: Psychology Press.
Cooren, F. (2000). The Organizing Property of Communication. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Cooren, F., Kuhn, T., Cornelissen, J., and Clark, T. (2011). Communication, organizing and organization: An overview and introduction to the special issue. Organization Studies 32(9): 11491170.
Corey, C. (2014, October 24). With Ferguson Protests, 20-Somethings Become First-Time Activists. National Public Radio. Available at: www.npr.org/2014/10/24/358054785/with-ferguson-protests-20-somethings-become-first-time-activists
Costanza-Chock, S. (2012). Youth and Social Movements: Key Lessons for Allies. Report of the Kinder and Braver World Project: Research Series (danah boyd, John Palfrey, and Dena Sacco, eds.), http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/KBWYouthandSocialMovements2012_0.pdf
Costanza-Chock, S. (2014). Out of the Shadows, Into the Streets! Transmedia Organizing and the Immigrant Rights Movement. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Couldry, N. (2010a). Why Voice Matters: Culture and Politics after Neoliberalism. London: Sage.
Couldry, N. (2010b). Media, Society, World: Social Theory and Digital Media Practice. New York: Polity.
Couldry, N. (2007). Bourdieu and the media: The promises and limits of field theory. Theory and Society 36: 209.
Crawford, K. (2009). Following you: Disciplines of listening in social media. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies 23(4): 525535.
Crenshaw, K. (1989). Intersectionality: The Double Bind of Race and Gender. Perspectives Magazine, 2004, p. 2. See also Patricia Hill, C. (1990/2000). Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. London: Psychology Press.
Dahl, I. and Newkirk, C. (2010). Understanding news literacy: A youth perspective. Youth Media Reporter 3: 4850.
Dahlgren, P. (2005). The Internet, public spheres, and political communication: Dispersion and deliberation. Political Communication, 22(2): 147162.
Dahlgren, P. (2009). Media and Political Engagement: Citizens, Communication and Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dahlgren, P. (2014, May 1–3). Professional and citizen journalism: Tensions and complements. In Alexander, J et al. (Eds.). The Crisis of Journalism Reconsidered: Cultural Power, Barcelona: Social Trends Institute. Available at: www.socialtrendsinstitute.org/experts/experts-meetings/culture-lifestyles/the-crisis-of-journalism-reconsidered-cultural-power
Dalton, R. (2009). The Good Citizen: How a Younger Generation Is Reshaping American Politics. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Daud, R. and Carruthers, C. (2008). Outcome study of an after-school program for youth in a high-risk environment. Journal of Parks and Recreation Administration 26(2): 95114.
D’Amato, P. (2015, February 22). Non-Profit Worker Who Provoked Fury with Disrespectful Arlington Photo Tells How She Lost Her Job, Can’t Date and Now Lives In Fear. The Daily Mail. Available at: www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2964489/I-really-obsessed-reading-Woman-fired-photo-giving-middle-finger-Arlington-National-Cemetery-says-finally-Google-without-fear.html Retrieved August 29, 2016.
Darnton, R. (1975) Writing News and Telling Stories. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Davis, C. (2014). Beyond the White Negro: Empathy and Anti-racist Reading. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press.
de Block, L. and Buckingham, D. (2007). Global Children, Global Media: Migration, Media, and Childhood. New York: Palgrave.
Debord, G. and Knabb, K. (2003). Complete Cinematic Works: Scripts, Stills, Documents. New York: AK Press.
Deetz, S. (2008). Resistance: Would struggle by any other name be as sweet? Management Communication Quarterly 21: 387392.
de Finney, S., Dean, M., Loiselle, E., and Saraceno, J. (2011). “All children are equal, but some are more equal than others”: Minoritization, structural inequalities and social justice praxis in residential care. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies 3 and 4: 361384.
Delli Carpini, M. and Keeter, S. (1996). What Americans Know about Politics and Why it Matters. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Dennis, J. (2007). Prior Review in the High School Newspaper: Perceptions, Practices and Effects. Masters Degree Thesis. Athens, GA: University of Georgia.
Derlega, V. J., and Grzelak, J. (1979). Appropriateness of self-disclosure. In Chelune, G. J (Ed.). Self-Disclosure: Origins, Patterns, and Implications of Openness in Interpersonal Relationships, pp. 151176. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
DeSilver, D. (2013). US Income Inequality, on Rise for Decades, Is Now Highest since 1928. Pew Research Center. www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/12/05/u-s-income-inequality-on-rise-for-decades-is-now-highest-since-1928/
Deuze, M. (2003). The web and its journalisms: Considering the consequences of different types of news media online. New Media & Society 5(2): 203230.
Dewey, J. (1927) The Public and Its Problems. New York: Holt Publishers.
Dobelli, R. (2013, April, 12). News Is Bad for You – and Giving Up Reading It Will Make You Happier. The Guardian. Available at: www.theguardian .com/media/2013/apr/12/news-is-bad-rolf-dobelli
Dobson, A. (2006). Thick Cosmopolitanism. Political Studies 54(1): 165184. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2006.00571.x/full#b15/.
Doctor, K. (2015, July 28). The Halving of America’s Newsrooms. NiemanLab. Available at: www.niemanlab.org/2015/07/newsonomics-the-halving-of-americas-daily-newsrooms/
Dorfman, L. and Schiraldi, V. (2001). Off Balance: Youth, Race, and Crime in the News, Executive Summary. Available at: http://jjpl.org/Publications_JJ_InTheNews/JuvenileJusticeSpecialReports/BBY/media/media.html
Doss, E. (Ed.). (2001). Looking at Life Magazine. Washington, DC: Smithsonian.
Downie, L., and Kaiser, R. G. (2003). The News about the News: American Journalism in Peril. New York: Vintage.
Downing, J. and Fenton, N. (2003). New media, counterpublicity and the public sphere. New Media & Society 5(2), 185202.
Dunbar-Hester, C. (2014). Low Power to the People: Pirates, Protest and Politics in FM Radio Activism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Dvorak, J. (1998). Status of Journalism and News Media in the Nation’s Secondary Schools. High School Journalism Institute, Indiana University. Available at: http://journalism.indiana.edu/programs/hsji/high-school-research/status-of-journalism-and-news-media-in-the-nations-secondary-schools/. Accessed January 8, 2010.
Dvorak, J. 2008. High School Journalism Matters, pp. 119. Arlington, VA: Newspaper Association of America. Available at: www.naafoundation.org/Research/Foundation/Student-Journalism/High-School-Journalism-Matters.aspx. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
Earl, J. and Kimport, K. (2011). Digitally Enabled Social Change: Activism in the Internet Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Eckert, S. and Chadha, K. (2013). Muslim bloggers in Germany: An emerging counterpublic. Media, Culture & Society 35(8): 926942.
Edgerly, S. (2015). Making sense and drawing lines: Young adults and the mixing of news and entertainment. Journalism Studies 118. doi: 10.1080/1461670X.2015.1100522
Erskine, T. (2002) “Citizen of nowhere” or “the point where circles intersect”? Impartialist and embedded cosmopolitanisms. Review of International Studies 28(3): 457478.
Ekstrom, M. and Ostman, J. (2015). Information, interaction, and creative production: The effects of three forms of internet use on youth democratic engagement. Communication Research 42(6): 796818.
Ellison, N., Steinfield, C., and Lampe, C. (2011). Connection strategies: Social capital and implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices. New Media & Society 3(6): 873892.
Entman, R. (1992). Blacks in the news: Television, modern racism, and cultural change. Journalism Quarterly 69: 341361.
Entman, R. and Rojecki, A. (2000). The Black Image in the White Mind: Media and Race in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Faber, D. and Krieg, E. (2005). Unequal Exposure to Ecological Hazards: A Report by the Philanthropy and Environmental Justice Research Project of Northeastern University. Boston, MA. Available at: www.northeastern.edu/nejrc/wp-content/uploads/Final-Unequal-Exposure-Report-2005-10-12-05.pdf. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
Farrell, J. and Rabin, M. (1996). Cheap talk. Journal of Economic Perspectives 10(3): 103118.
Feldman, L. (2007). The news about comedy: Young audiences, The Daily Show, and evolving notions of journalism. Journalism: Theory, Practice, & Criticism 8(4): 359380.
Felman, S. and Laub, D. (1992). Testimony: Crises of Witnessing in Literature, Psychoanalysis, and History. New York: Taylor & Francis.
Fiegerman, S. (2014, June 27). World Cup Highlights Difference between “Real Time” on Facebook, Twitter. Mashable. Available at: http://mashable.com/2014/06/27/facebook-twitter-world-cup/
Fiore, M. (2002). Trampling the “marketplace of ideas”: The case against extending Hazelwood to college campuses. University of Pennsylvania Law Review 150(6): 19151968.
Fischer, C. (1992) America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Fisherkeller, J. (2011). Introduction. In Fisherkeller, J. (Ed.). International Perspectives on Youth Media. New York: Peter Lang.
Flaxman, J., Goel, S., and Rao, J. (2016). Filter bubbles, echo chambers and online news consumption. Public Opinion Quarterly 80: 298320.
Foreman, M. (2005). Straight outta Mogadishu, in Maira, S. and Soep, E. (Eds.). Youthscapes: The Popular, The National The Global, pp. 322. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Forrest, C. (2014, August 28). Diversity Stats: Ten Tech Companies That Have Come Clean. Tech Republic. www.techrepublic.com/article/diversity-stats-10-tech-companies-that-have-come-clean/
Fox, J., Koloen, G., and Sahin, V. (2007). No joke: A comparison of substance in The Daily Show with Jon Stewart and broadcast network television coverage of the 2004 presidential election campaign. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media. 51(2): 213227.
Fraser, N. (1992). Rethinking the public sphere: A contribution to the critique of actually existing democracy. In Calhoun, Craig (Ed.). Habermas and the Public Sphere, pp. 122133. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fraser, N. and Gordon, L. (1994). Civil citizenship against social citizenship? On the ideology of contract-versus-charity. In Van Steenbergen, B (Ed.). The Condition of Citizenship, pp. 98101. London: Sage.
Friedman, M. (1996). Martin Buber and the Human Sciences. New York: SUNY Press.
Freedom Forum. (1994). Death by Cheeseburger: High School Journalism in the 1990s and Beyond. Arlington, VA: The Freedom Forum.
Freeland, C. (2013). Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else. New York: Penguin Books.
Frola, L. (2011). Tracking the Teenage Path to News. Available at: www.poynter.org/uncategorized/78339/tracking-the-teenage-path-to-news/
Funt, D. (2016, August 12). A Compulsive Audience and a Complicit Media. Columbia Journalism Review. Available at: www.cjr.org/special_report/news_media_health_screens_brain_cost_business.php Retrieved August 16, 2016.
Gamson, W. (1992). Talking Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Garcia, N. (2016, May 24). Controversial Douglas County Superintendent to Lead Texas School District. Chalkbeat Colorado. Available at: www.chalkbeat.org/posts/co/2016/05/24/controversial-douglas-county-superintendent-to-lead-texas-school-district/#.V1iW_JMrL-Y. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
Gates, H. L. (1983). The blackness of Blackness: A critique of the sign and the signifying monkey. Critical Inquiry 9(4): 685723.
Gamson, W. (1992). Talking Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gauntlett, D. (2011). Making Is Connecting: The Social Meaning of Creativity, from DIY and Knitting to YouTube and Web 2.0. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Gerbaudo, P. (2012). Tweets and the Streets: Social Media and Contemporary Activism. London: Pluto Press.
Gershon, I. (2010). The Breakup 2.0: Disconnecting over New Media. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Gerson, D., Chen, N-T., Ball-Rokeach, S., and Parks, M. (2015). Website to Weibo: Activing the local communication network and civic engagement in a diverse city. The Civic Media Project. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Gillmor, D. 2006. We the Media: Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media, Inc.
Ginwright, S., Noguera, P., and Cammarota, J. (Eds.). (2006). Beyond Resistance! Youth Activism and Community Change: New Democratic Possibilities for Practice and Policy for America’s Youth. New York: Routledge.
Giroux, H. (1996). Fugitive Cultures: Race, Violence, and Youth. New York: Routledge.
Giroux, H. (2010). Zombie Politics and Culture in the Age of Casino Capitalism. New York: Peter Lang.
Gonzalez, J. and Torres, J. (2010). News for All the People: The Epic Story of Race and the American Media. New York: Verso.
Goodluck, N. and Thompson, G. (1987). The use of educational radio in developing countries: Lessons from the past. International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education 2(2): 4354.
Goodman, S. (2003). Teaching Youth Media: A Critical Guide to Literacy, Video Production, and Social Change. New York: Teachers College Press.
Gordon, H. (2009). We Fight to Win: Inequality and the Politics of Youth Activism. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Gordon, H. and Taft, J. (2011). Rethinking youth political socialization: Teenage activists talk back. Youth & Society 43(4): 14991527.
Gottfried, J. and Shearer, E. (2016, May 26). News Use across Social Media Platforms. Report of the Pew Research Center. Available at: www.journalism.org/2016/05/26/news-use-across-social-media-platforms-2016/. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
Gottfried, J. and Shearer, E. and Barthel, M., and Shearer, E. (2016). Changing a Social Media Profile Picture Is One Way To Express Support or Solidarity. FactTank: News in the Numbers. A Report of the Pew Research Center. Available at: www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/03/28/changing-a-social-media-profile-picture-is-one-way-to-express-support-or-solidarity/ Retrieved June 24, 2016.
Graca, L. (2016, June). South Students Now Commuting Longer. The Washington Park Profile. Available at: http://washparkprofile.com/washington-park-profile-news/south-students-now-commuting-longer/. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
Granovetter, M. (1973) The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology 78(6): 13601380.
Gray, L., Thomas, N.T., and Lewis, L. (2010). Teachers’ Use of Educational Technology in US Public Schools: 2009 (NCES No. 2010040). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
Gray, M. (2009) Out in the Country: Youth, Media, and Queer Visibility in Rural America. New York: New York University Press.
Greco-Larsen, S. (2006). Media and Minorities: The Politics of Race in News and Entertainment. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Greenberg, Bradley S. J. E. Brand (1993). Television news and advertising in schools: The Channel One controversy. Journal of Communication 43(1): 143151.
Grier, T. (2010). Most Print and Online Journalists Use Social Media for Story Research. Poynter Institute for Media Studies. Available at: www.poynter.org/2010/most-print-and-online-journalists-use-social-media-for-story-research/100373/
Griffin, C. (2005). Challenging assumptions about youth political participation: Critical insights from Great Britain. In Forbrig, J. (Ed.). Revisiting Youth Political Participation: Challenges for Research and Democratic Practice in Europe, pp. 145154. Strasborg: Council of Europe.
Grossberg, L. (2005). Caught in the Crossfire: Kids, Politics and America’s Future. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.
Gyldensted, C. (2011). Innovating news journalism through positive psychology. University of Pennsylvania Scholarly Commons. Available at: http://repository.upenn.edu/mapp_capstone/20/
Habermas, J. (1981). The Theory of Communicative Action, Volume 1: Reason and the Rationalization of Society. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Habermas, J. (1989). The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Trans. T. Burger and F. Lawrence. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Habermas, J. (1996). Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hallin, D. (2000). Commercialism and professionalism in the American news media. Mass Media and Society 3: 243262.
Hallin, D. (2005). Commercialization and professionalization in the American news media. In Curran, James and Gurevitch, Michael, eds., Mass Media and Society, pp. 218235. London: Arnold.
Hampton, K., Rainie, L., Lu, W., Dwyer, M., Shin, I., and Purcell, K. (2014). Social Media and the “Spiral of Silence.” Report of the Pew Research Center, Internet, Science, and Tech category. Available at: www.pewinternet.org/2014/08/26/social-media-and-the-spiral-of-silence/. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
Harrington, S. (2005). The democracy of conversation: The panel and the public sphere. Media International Australia 116: 7587.
Harrington, S. (2008a). Future-proofing journalism: Youthful tastes and the challenge for the Academy. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies 22: 395407.
Harrington, S. (2008b). Popular news in the 21st century: Time for a critical approach? Journalism; Theory, Practice and Criticism 9: 266284.
Harris, A. (2001). Dodging and waving: Young women countering the stories of youth and citizenship. International Journal of Critical Psychology 4(2): 183199.
Harrison, T. M. and Barthel, B. (2009). Wielding new media in web 2.0: Exploring the history of engagement with the collaborative construction of media products. New Media & Society 11: 155178.
Hava, G., and Taft, J. (2011). Rethinking youth political socialization: Teenage activists talk back. Youth & Society 43(4): 14991527.
Heidegger, M. (1975). Introduction. The Basic Problems of Phenomenology. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Hermida, A. (2010). Twittering the news: The emergence of ambient journalism. Journalism Practice 4(3): 297508.
Hermida, A. (2012). Social journalism: Exploring how social media is shaping journalism. In Siapera, E. and Veglis, A. (Eds.), The Handbook of Global Online Journalism, pp. 309–328. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford.
Herring, S. (2004). Computer-mediated communication and woman’s place. In Bucholtz, M., (Ed.). Language and Women’s Place: Text and Commentaries, pp. 216222. New York: Oxford University Press.
Herr Stephenson, B., Rhoten, D., Perkel, D., and Sims, C. (2011). Digital Media and Technology in After School Programs, Libraries, and Museums. MacArthur Foundation Report. Available at: https://mitpress.mit.edu/sites/default/files/titles/free_download/9780262515764_Digital_Media_and_Technology_in_Afterschool_Programs.pdf
Herrmann, J. (2016, August 28). Inside Facebook’s (Totally Insane, Unintentionally Gigantic, Hyperpartisan) Political-Media Machine. New York Times. Available at: www.nytimes.com/2016/08/28/magazine/inside-facebooks-totally-insane-unintentionally-gigantic-hyperpartisan-political-media-machine.html?emc=edit_th_20160828&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid= 51992941&_r=0 Retrieved August 28, 2016.
Herzog, A. (2015) Levinas on the social: Guilt and the city. Theory, Culture & Society 32(4): 2743.
Hiltz, S. R. and Turoff, M. (1978) The Network Nation: Human Communication via Computer. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Hirst, M. and Treadwell, G. (2011). Blogs bother me: Social media, journalism students, and the curriculum. Journalism Practice 5(4): 446461.
Hirzalla, F. and Van Zoonen, L. (2011). Beyond the online/offline divide: How youth’s online and offline civic activities converge. Social Science Computer Review 29(4): 481498.
Hjarvard, S. (2013). The Mediatization of Society. London: Routledge.
Ho, S. (2008). Social-psychological influences on opinion expression in face-to-face and computer-mediated communication. Communication Research 35(2): 190207.
Hobbs, R. (1998). Building citizenship skills through media literacy education. In Salvador, M. and Sias, P. (Eds). The Public Voice in a Democracy at Risk, pp. 5775. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
Hobbs, R. (1999). The Seven Great Debates in the Media Literacy Movement. Opinion Papers. Published by the US Department of Education, Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), p. 3.
Hobbs, R. (2010). Digital and Media Literacy: A Plan of Action. Aspen Institute. Available at: www.knightcomm.org/digital-and-media-literacy/
Hobbs, R. and Donnelly, K., Friesem, J., and Moen, M. (2013). Learning to engage: How positive attitudes about the news, media literacy, and video production contribute to adolescent civic engagement. Educational Media International 50 (4): 231246.
Höijer, B. (2004). The discourse of global compassion: The audience and media reporting of human suffering. Media, Culture & Society 26(4): 513531.
Holt, T. (1995). Afterword: Mapping the black public sphere. In Black Public Sphere Collective, (Eds.). The Black Public Sphere, pp. 325328. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Howard, P. and Hussain, M. (2013). Democracy’s Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring. Oxford Series in Digital Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Howley, K. (2005). Community Media: People, Places and Communication Technologies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hu, W. (2013, May 27). At School Papers, the Ink is Drying Up. The New York Times. www.nytimes.com/2013/05/28/nyregion/at-school-papers-the-ink-is-drying-up.html
Hughes, T. (2014, December 3). Cop Critically Hurt at Ferguson Protest in Denver. USA Today. Available at: www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/12/03/denver-high-school-walkout-protest-dont-shoot/19846479/
Hutchby, I. (2001). Technologies, texts and affordances. Sociology 35(2): 441456.
Iacovetti, C. (2016, January 25). Spotlight: The Burden of Truth. Creative Screenwriting. Available at: http://creativescreenwriting.com/spotlight-the-burden-of-truth/. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
Ingram, M. (2016, August 16). Facebook Traffic to U.S. News Sites Has Fallen by Double Digits, Report Says. Fortune. Available at: http://fortune.com/2016/08/16/facebook-traffic-media/ Retrieved August 17, 2016.
Isaac, M. (2014, August 10). 50 Million Reasons Buzzfeed Wants to Take Its Content Far beyond Lists. New York Times. Available at: www.nytimes.com/2014/08/11/technology/a-move-to-go-beyond-lists-for-content-at-buzzfeed .html Retrieved August 20, 2016.
Ito, M. et al. (2010), Hanging Out, Messing Around, and Geeking Out: Kids Living and Learning with New Media. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Jackson, M. H. (2009). The mash-up: a new archetype for communication. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14(3): 730734.
Jamieson, K. H. (2015). The Challenges Facing Civic Education, pp. 113. New York: The American Academy of Arts and Science.
Jasper, J. M. and Poulsen, J. (1995). Recruiting strangers and friends: Moral shocks and social networks in animal rights and anti-nuclear protests. Social Problems 42: 493512.
Jenkins, C. D. (2006). Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press.
Jenkins, C. D. and Padgett, D. R. G. (2012). Race and objectivity: Toward a critical approach to news consumption. In Campbell, P. C., LeDuff, K. M., Jenkins, C. D., and Brown, R. A. (Eds.). Race and News: Critical Perspectives, pp. 232251. New York: Routledge.
Jenkins, C. D., Padgett, D. R. G., Jenkins, H. Clinton, K., Purushotma, R., Robison, A. J., and Weigel, M. (2006). Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. Chicago, IL: The MacArthur Foundation. Available at: www.newmedialiteracies.org/files/working/NMLWhitePaper.pdf. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
Jenkins, C. D., Padgett, D. R. G. Jenkins, H., Clinton, K., Purushotma, R., Robison, A. J., Weigel, M. Shrestova, S., Gamber-Thompson, L., Kligler-Vilenchik, N., and Zimmerman, A. (2016). By Any Media Necessary: The New Youth Activism. Connected Youth and Digital Futures. New York: New York University Press.
Jimenez, J. A. and Abreu, J. M. (2003). Race and sex effects on attitudinal perceptions of acquaintance rape. Counseling Psychology 50(2): 252256.
Jones, J. P. (2013). Toward a new vocabulary for political communication research: A response to Michael Delli Carpini. International Journal of Communication 7: 510530.
Juris, J. (2012). Reflections on #Occupy Everywhere: social media, public space and emerging logics of aggregation. American Ethnologist 39: 259279.
Kafai, Y. and Peppler, K. (2011). Youth, technology and DYI: Developing participatory competencies in creative media production. Review of Research in Education 35(1): 89119.
Kahne, J, and Middaugh, E. (2011). Youth online activity and exposure to diverse perspectives. New Media & Society 14(3): 492512. doi: 10.1177/1461444811420271
Kahne, J, Lee, N., and Feezell, J. (2012). The civic and political significance of online participatory cultures and youth transitioning to adulthood. Journal of Information Technology and Politics 10(1): 120.
Kahne, J., Middaugh, E., and Allen, D. (2014). Youth, new media, and the rise of participatory politics. In Allen, D. and Light, J. (Eds.), From Voice to Influence: Understanding Citizenship in the Digital Age, pp. 3558. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Katz, V. (2010). How children of immigrants use media to connect their families to the community. Journal of Children and Media. 4(3): 298315. doi:10.1080/17482798.2010.486136
Katz, V. and Ang, A., and Suro, R. (2012). An ecological perspective on U.S. Latinos’ health communication behaviors, access, and outcomes. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 34(3): 437456. doi: 10.1177/0739986312445566
Kelley, P. (2015, June 15). Nearly Half of African-American Women Know Someone in Prison. University of Washington Today. Available at: www.washington.edu/news/2015/06/11/nearly-half-of-african-american-women-know-someone-in-prison/ Retrieved August 30, 2016.
Kellner, D. and Share, J. (2005). Toward critical media literacy: Core concepts, debates, organizations, and policy. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 26(3): 369386.
Kelly, J. (2009). Red Kayaks and Hidden Gold: The Rise, Challenges and Value of Citizen Journalism. Report of the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. Available at: www.slideshare.net/victori98pt/the-rise-challenges-and-value-of-citizen-journalism
Kelso, T. and Cogan, B. Introduction: At the intersection of politics and popular culture: Over two hundred years of great entertainment. In Kelso, T. and Cogan, B. (Eds.). Mosh the Polls: Youth Voters, Popular Culture, and Democratic Engagement, pp. 120. New York: Lexington Books.
Khamis, S. and Vaughn, K. (2011). Cyberactivism in the Egyptian revolution: How civic engagement and citizen journalism tilted the balance. Arab Media & Society 14. Available at: www.arabmediasociety.com/countries/index.php?c_article=249
Kim, Y-C. and Ball-Rokeach, S. (2006). Civic engagement from a communication infrastructure perspective. Communication Theory 16(2): 176197.
King, L. and Stovall, D. (1992). Classroom Publishing: A Practical Guide to Enhancing Student Literacy. Hillsboro: OR: Blue Herron Publishing, Inc.
Kinnick, K. N., Krugman, D. M., and Cameron, G. T. (1996). Compassion fatigue: Communication and burnout toward social problems. Journalism and Mass Communications Quarterly 73(3): 687707.
Kirshner, B. (2015). Youth Activism in an Era of Education Inequality. Qualitative Studies in Psychology. New York: New York University Press.
Klandermans, B. and Oegema, D. (1987). Potentials, networks, motivations and barriers: Steps towards participation in social movements. American Sociological Review 52: 519531.
Klein, R. (2014, December 1). High School Students around the Country Are Walking Out of Class for Ferguson. Huffington Post. Available at: www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/12/01/high-school-students-protest-ferguson_n_6249802.html
Kowalski, Allison. (2016, May 13). No Laughing Matter: College Comedy Papers Struggle with “Political Correctness.” Student Press Law Center. Available at: www.splc.org/article/2016/05/no-laughing-matter Retrieved May 15, 2016.
Kram, Z. (2014, December 8). A Mass of Voices: An Oral History of Student Involvement in Protests. Student Life (online independent newspaper of Washington University in St. Louis), www.studlife.com/scene/2014/12/08/a-mass-of-voices-an-oral-history-of-student-involvement-in-ferguson-protests/
Kramer, K. and Mechthild, G. (2003). Martin Buber’s I and Thou: Practicing Living Dialogue. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press.
Kuchler, H. and Garrahan, M. (2016). Does Facebook Bend the Trends that Govern Our News? Financial Times. May 13, 2016. Available at: https://next.ft.com/content/5c68e88e-18e6-11e6-bb7d-ee563a5a1cc1
Laclau, E. and Mouffe, C. (1985). Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. London: Verso.
Langlois, G., Greg, E., McKelvey, F., and Devereaux, Z. (2009). Networked publics: The double articulation of ode and politics on Facebook. Canadian Journal of Communication 34(3): 415434.
Leming, J., Ellington, L., and Porter, K. (Eds.). (2003). Where Did Social Studies Go Wrong? Washington, DC: Thomas B. Fordham Foundation. Available at: www.edexcellence.net/publications/wheredidssgowrong.html.
Leung, D. K. and Lee, F. L. (2014). Cultivating an active online counterpublic: Examining the impact of Internet alternative media. International Journal of Press/Politics 19(3): 340359.
Leverette, M. (2008). Just don’t bother to vote or die, bitch!’ A giant douche, a turd sandwich, hard core puppet sex, and the reinvention of political (un)involvement. In Kelso, T and Cogan, B (Eds.). Mosh the Polls: Youth Voters, Popular Culture, and Democratic Engagement, pp. 205238. New York: Lexington Books.
Levin, D. (2011). “Because it’s not really me”: Students’ films and their potential as alternative media. In Fisherkeller, J (Ed.). International Perspectives on Youth Media, pp. 138154. New York: Peter Lang.
Levinas, E. 1979. Totality and Infinity: An Essay on Exteriority. Trans. Alphonso Lingis. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers and Duquesne University Press.
Levinas, E. (1984) Paix et proximité. Les cahiers de la nuit surveillée 3 Lagrasse: Verdier. Trans. P. Atterton and S. Critchley. Peace and proximity. In Peperzak, A. T, Critchley, S, and Bernasconi, R (Eds.). Emmanuel Levinas: Basic Philosophical Writings, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996, p. 168. Translation modified in A. Herzog (2015).
Levine, P. (2005). Creative use of the new media. In Lonnie, R., Sherrod, R. K, and Flanagan, C (Eds.). Youth Activism: An International Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Levine, P. (2007). A public voice for youth: The audience problem in digital media and civic education. In Benett, L. (Ed.). Civic Life Online: Learning How Digital Media Can Engage Youth, pp. 119138. The John D. and Katherine T. Macarthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Lichterman, J. (2015). More Americans Are Getting News on Facebook and Twitter. NiemanLab. Nieman Foundation at Harvard. Available at: www .niemanlab.org/2015/07/new-pew-data-more-americans-are-getting-news-on-facebook-and-twitter/
Lieberg, M. (1995). Teenagers and public space. Communication Research 22(6): 720744.
Lievrouw, L. (2011). Alternative and Activist New Media. London: Polity.
Lim, S., Nekmat, E., and Vadrevu, S. (2011). Singapore’s experience in fostering youth media production: The implications of state-led school and public education initiatives. In Fisherkeller, J (Ed.). International Perspectives on Youth Media, pp. 84102. New York: Peter Lang.
Lin, W-Y., Song, H., and Ball-Rokeach, S. (2010). Localizing the global: Exploring transnational ties that bind in new immigrant communities. Journal of Communication 60(2): 205229.
Linklater, R. Cosmopolitanism. In Dobson, A. and Eckersley, R. (Eds.). Political Theory and the Ecological Challenge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lipietz, A. (1992). Towards a New Economic Order: Postfordism, Ecology and Democracy. Trans. M. Slater. London: Oxford University Press.
Lipietz, R. (1987) Rebel sons: The Regulation School. Entretien avec Jean Jane Jenson, French Politics and Society 5(4), 1726. Harvard University (art 750).
Lippmann, W. (1922). Public Opinion. New York: Free Press.
Litt, E. and Hargittai, E. (2016). The imagined audience on social network sites. Social Media + Society 2(1), doi: 10.1177/2056305116633482
Livingstone, S. (2002). Young People and New Media. London: Sage.
Livingstone, S. (2003). The changing nature of audiences: From the mass audience to the interactive media user. In Valdivia, A. (Ed.). A Companion to Media Studies, pp. 337359. Oxford: Blackwell.
Livingstone, S. (2013). The participation paradigm in audience research. Communication Review 16: 21–30.
Livingstone, S. (2015). Children’s digital rights. InterMEDIA 42(4/5): 20–24.
Livinston, G. (2014, December 22). Fewer than Half of U.S. Kids Today Live in “Traditional” Family. FactTank: Pew Research Center. Available at: www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/12/22/less-than-half-of-u-s-kids-today-live-in-a-traditional-family/. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
Loader, Brian. (Ed.). (2007). Young Citizens in the Digital Age: Political Engagement, Young People and New Media. New York: Routledge.
Lomicky, C. (2000). Analysis of high school newspaper editorials before and after Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier: A content analysis case study. Journal of Law and Education 463476.
LoMonte, F. (2016). Momentum swings towards legal protections for journalism students. Student Press Law Center Report 35(2): 2.
Lopez, M. H. (2003). Fact Sheet: Electoral Engagement Among Latino Youth. CIRCLE (The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement). College Park, MD: University of Maryland School of Public Policy.
Love, N. and Mattern, M. (2013). Doing Democracy: Activist Art and Cultural Politics. New York: SUNY Press.
Lowery, W. (2016, July 11). Aren’t More White People than Black People Killed by Police? Yes, but No. The Washington Post. Available at: www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2016/07/11/arent-more-white-people-than-black-people-killed-by-police-yes-but-no/?utm_term=.53230885ce9c. Retrieved date August 18, 2016.
Lunt, P. and Livingstone, S. (2016). Is “mediatization” the new paradigm for our field? A commentary on Deacon and Stanyer (2014, 2015) and Hepp, Hjarvard, and Lundby (2015). Media, Culture and Society. Available via LSE Research Online: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/view/lseauthor/Livingstone,_Sonia.html
Luttrell, W. et al. (2011). Transnational childhoods and youth media: Seeing with and learning from one immigrant child’s visual narrative. In Fisherkeller, J. (Ed.). International Perspectives on Youth Media, pp. 192208. New York: Peter Lang.
Lynch, D. (2015). Above and Beyond: Looking at the Future of Journalism Education. Knight Foundation. www.knightfoundation.org/features/journalism-education/
Lynds, J. (2016, January 14). FAA Heeds Youths’ Findings to Restore Head-to-Head at Logan Airport. East Boston Times. Available at: www.eastietimes.com/2015/01/14/faa-heeds-youths-findings-to-restore-head-to-head-at-logan-airport/ Retrieved August 28, 2016.
Lynds, J. (2015, October 22). Greenway Extension Nears Completion. East Boston Times. Available at: www.eastietimes.com/2015/10/22/greenway-extension-nears-completion/ Retrieved August 26, 2016.
MacMillan, D. (2012, March 1). The Rise of the Brogrammer. Bloomberg News. www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2012-03-01/the-rise-of-the-brogrammer
Madhani, A. and Alcindor, Y. (2014, December 8). Ferguson Has Become a Springboard for Many Movements. USA Today. www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/12/05/ferguson-protests-broaden-occupy-wall-street/19917015/
Madianou, M. and Miller, D. (2012). Polymedia: Towards a new theory of digital media in interpersonal communication. International Journal of Cultural Studies 16(2): 169187.
Mahoney, J., Parente, M.E., and Zigler, E.F. (2009). Afterschool programs in america: origins, growth, popularity, and politics. Journal of Youth Development 4(3): 2644.
Maira, S. and Soep, E. (2005). Introduction. In Maira, S. and Soep, E. (Eds.). Youthscapes: The Popular, the National, the Global, loc 360 (Kindle). Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Maira, S. (2009) Missing: Youth, Citizenship and Empire after 9/11. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Mangalindan, J. P. (2014, August 29). How Tech Companies Compare in Employee Diversity. Fortune. http://fortune.com/2014/08/29/how-tech-companies-compare-in-employee-diversity/
Manjoo, F. (2010, August 10). How Black People Use Twitter. Slate. Available at: www.slate.com/articles/technology/technology/2010/08/how_black_people_use_twitter.2.html
Marchi, R. (2009a). Z-Radio, Boston: Teen journalism, political engagement and democratizing the airwaves. Journal of Radio & Audio Media 16(2): 127143. doi: 10.1080/19376520903276981
Marchi, R. (2009 b) Day of the Dead in the USA: The Migration and Transformation of a Cultural Phenomenon. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Marchi, R. (2011). From disillusion to engagement: Minority teen journalists and the news media. Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism 13(8):116.
Marchi, R. (2012). With Facebook, blogs, and fake news, teens reject journalistic “objectivity.” Journal of Communication Inquiry 36(3): 246262.
Marchi, R. (2016). News translators: Latino immigrant youth, social media, and citizenship training. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 94(1): 189212.
Martinson, D. (2008). School censorship: It comes in a variety of forms, not all of them overt. Clearing\House 81(5): 211214.
Marwick, A. (2013). Status Update: Celebrity, Publicity, and Branding in the Social Media Age. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Massey, B.L. (2010). What job advertisements tell us about demand for multiplatform reporters at legacy news outlets. Journalism & Mass Communication Educator 65(2): 142155.
Matei, S., Ball-Rokeach, S., Gibbs, W., and Hoyt, E. G. (2001). Metamorphosis: A field research methodology for studying communication technology and community. The Electronic Journal of Communication, 11(2), www.cios .org/EJCPUBLIC/011/2/01125.HTML.
Mattern, M. (1998). Acting in Concert: Music, Community and Political Action. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Mattoni, A. and Trere, E. (2014). Media practices, mediation processes, and mediatization in the study of social movements. Communication Theory 24(1): 252–271.
Mayer, V. (2003). Producing Dreams, Consuming Youth: Mexican Americans and Mass Media. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
McCarthy, J. and Wright, P. (2004). Technology as Experience. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
McChesney, R. (2000). Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communication Politics in Dubious Times. New York: Free Press.
McChesney, R. (2004). The Problem of the Media: US Communication Politics in the 21st Century. New York: Monthly Review Press.
McChesney, R. and Nichols, J. (2010). The Death and Life of American Journalism: The Media Revolution that Will Begin the World Again. New York: Nation Books.
McDevitt, M., Kiousis, S., and Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2003). Spiral of moderation: Opinion expression in computer-mediated discussion. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 15(4): 454470.
McGhee, T. (2014). Denver Protests Spark Dialogue between Police and Students. Denver Post. www.denverpost.com/news/ci_27069788/denver-protests-spark-dialogue-between-police-and-students
McKain, A. (2005). Not necessarily not the news: Gatekeeping, remediation, and The Daily Show. Journal of American Culture 28(4): 415430.
McKinley, M. and Jensen, L. (2003) In our own voices: Reproductive health radio programming in the Peruvian Amazon. Critical Studies in Media Communication 20(2): 180203.
Meeder, B. (2012). Network Structure and Its Role in Information Diffusion and User Behavior. Ph.D. dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University.
Mercea, D. (2014). Towards a conceptualization of casual protest participation: Parsing a case from the Save Rosia Montana campaign. East European Politics and Societies 28(2): 386410.
Meyrowitz, J. (1985). No Sense of Place: The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Middaugh, E. and Kahne, J. (2009). Online localities: Implications for democracy and education. Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education 108(1): 192218.
Middaugh, E. and Kahne, J. and Clark, L. S. (2016). Digital Media, Participatory Politics and Positive Youth Development. Working paper on Participatory Politics and Civic Development, Children and Screens. Institute of Digital Media and Child Development.
Mihaidilis, P. and Thevenin, B. (2013). Media literacy as core competency for engaged citizenship in participatory democracy. American Behavioral Scientist 57(11): 16111622.
Miller, P.R., Bobkowski, P.S., Maliniak, D., and Rapoport, R. (2015). Talking politics on Facebook: Network centrality and political discussion practice in social media. Political Research Quarterly 68(2): 377391.
Milioni, D. (2009). Probing the online counterpublic sphere: The case of Indymedia Athens. Media, Culture & Society 31(3): 409431.
Mills, C. W. (1956/2000). The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mindich, , D. (2005). Tuned Out – Why Americans Under 40 Don’t Watch the News. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mitchell, A., Gottfriend, J., and Matsa, K. (2015) Political Interest and Awareness Lower Among Millenials. Pew Research Center. Available at: www .journalism.org/2015/06/01/political-interest-and-awareness-lower-among-millennials/. Accessed November 30, 2016.
Moeller, S. D. (1999). Compassion Fatigue: How the Media Sell Misery, War, and Death. New York: Routledge.
Molnar, A. and Boninger, F. (2015). Sold Out: How Marketing in School Threatens Children’s Well-being and Undermines Their Education. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Morales, L. (2012). US Distrust in Media Hits New High. Gallop Poll. www.gallup.com/poll/157589/distrust-media-hits-new-high.aspx
Morozov, E. (2009, May 19). The Brave New World of Slacktivism. Foreign Policy. Available at: http://foreignpolicy.com/?s=Slacktivism
Mossberger, K., Tolbert, C., and Franko, W. (2012). Digital Cities: The Internet and the Geography of Opportunity. Oxford Studies in Digital Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mouffe, C. (2005) On the Political (Thinking in Action). New York: Routledge.
Mouffe, C. (2013). Agonistics: Thinking the World Politically. New York: Verso.
Mutz, D. (2006). Hearing the Other Side: Deliberative versus Participatory Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
National Annenberg Election Survey (2004). Daily Show Viewers Knowledgeable about Presidential Campaign, National Annenberg Election Survey Shows. University of Pennsylvania’s Annenberg Public Policy Center. Available at: www.annenbergpublicpolicycenter.org/Downloads/Political_Communication/naes/2004_03_late-night-knowledge-2_9-21_pr.pdf
National Resource Center on Children and Families of the Incarcerated. (2014). Children and Families of the Incarcerated Fact Sheet. Rutgers University. Available at: https://nrccfi.camden.rutgers.edu/files/nrccfi-fact-sheet-2014.pdf Retrieved August 30, 2016.
Neill, S. (2009). The Alternate Channel: How Social Media is Challenging the Spiral of Silence Theory in GLBT Communities of Color. MA direct research project, part of requirements for the M.A. in the School of Communication, American University. Available at: www.american.edu/soc/communication/upload/09-Neill.pdf. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
Newcomb, H. and Hirsh, P. (1983). Television as a cultural forum: Implications for research. Quarterly Review of Film Studies. 8(3): 4555.
Newman, N., Fletcher, R., Levy, D., and Nielsen, R. K. (2016). Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2016. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. Available at: http://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Digital-News-Report-2016.pdf
Newspaper Association of America. (2010). Common Threads: Linking NAA Foundation Research to Today’s Young Media Consumers. NAA Media Management Center, Northwestern University. Newspaper Association of America Foundation.
Noelle-Neumann, E. (1974/1984). The Spiral of Silence: Public Opinion – Our Social Skin. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Nolan, S. and Mezzacappa, D. (2014, November 25). Constitution High students march to Liberty Bell to protest Ferguson. The Notebook (Independent voice of Philadelphia Public Schools). Available at: http://thenotebook.org/blog/147955/constitution-high-school-students-march-liberty-bell-protest-ferguson
O’Connor, R. and Cutler, A. (2008). Shock Jocks: Hate Speech and Talk Radio: America’s Ten Worst Hate Talkers and the Progressive Alternatives. San Francisco, CA: Alternet Books.
O’Loughlin, B. and Gillespie, M. (2012). Dissenting citizenship? Young people and political participation in the media–security nexus. Parliamentary Affairs 65(1): 115137. doi: 10.1093/pa/gsr055
Olmstead, K., Mitchell, A., and Rosensteil, T. (2011). Navigating News Online: Where People Go, How They Get There and What Lures Them Away. Pew Research Center. Available at: www.journalism.org/2011/05/09/navigating-news-online/
Olsson, T. and Dahlgren, P. (2010). Young People, ICTs, and Democracy: Theories, Policies, Identities, and Websites. Gothenburg: Nordicom.
Omarzu, J. (2000). A disclosure decision model: Determining how and when individuals will self-disclose. Personality and Social Psychology Review 4(2): 174185.
Orgad, S. and Irene Bruna, S. (2014). The mediation of humanitarianism: Toward a research framework. Communication, Culture & Critique 7(1): 636.
Ortiz-Healy, V. (2015, April 13). Lack of Money, Interest Forcing Many High School Newspapers to Fold. Chicago Tribune. www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-high-school-newspapers-dying-met-20150409-story.html
Orttung, N. (2016, June 8). Will Snapchat’s Redesign Make the App a Go-To News Source? The Christian Science Monitor. Available at: www.csmonitor.com/Technology/2016/0608/Will-Snapchat-s-redesign-make-the-app-a-go-to-news-source?cmpid=gigya-fb Retrieved September 1, 2016.
Owen, T. (2015). Disruptive Power: The Crisis of the State in a Digital Age. Oxford Studies in Digital Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Polletta, F. and Jasper, J. (2001). Collective identity and social movements. Annual Review of Sociology 27: 283305, doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.27.1.283
Palczewski, C. H. (2011). Cyber-movements, new social movements, and counterpublics. In Asen, R. and Brouwer, D. (Eds.). Counterpublics and the State, pp. 161186. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Papacharissi, Z. (2012). Without you, I’m nothing: Performances of the self on Twitter. International Journal of Communication 6. Available at: http://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/1484
Papacharissi, Z. and de Fatima Oliviera, M. (2012). Affective news and networked publics: The rhythms of news storytelling on #Egypt. Journal of Communication 62(2): 266282.
Papacharissi, Z. (2014a). Affective Publics: Sentiment, Technology, and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Papacharissi, Z. (2014b). Toward new journalism(s): Affective news, hybridity, and liminal spaces. Journalism Studies 16(1):2740.
Pardun, C. and Scott, G. (2004). Reading newspapers ranked lowest versus other media for early teens. Newspaper Research Journal 25(3): 7782.
Pariser, E. (2011). The Filter Bubble: What the Internet Is Hiding from You. New York: Penguin.
Patterson, , T. (2007). Young People and News. A Report from the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, pp. 1–33.
Perez, W., Espinoza, R., Ramos, K., Coronado, H., and Cortes, R. (2010). Civic engagement patterns of undocumented Mexican students. Journal of Hispanic Higher Education 9(3): 245265. doi:10.1177/1538192710371007
Peters, J. D. (1999). Speaking into the Air: A History of the Idea of Communication. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Peters, J. D. (2001). Witnessing. Media, Culture and Society 23(6): 707723.
Petersen, M. (2010). Journalism as Trope. Anthropology News 51: 89. doi:10.1111/j.1556-3502.2010.51408.x
Pew Project for Excellence in Journalism. (2010, January 11). How News Happens – Still: A Study of the News Ecosystem in Baltimore. Available at: www.journalism.org/2010/01/11/how-news-happens/
Pew Research Center on Journalism and Media. (2012, March 5). The Search for a New Business Model: The Industry Looking Ahead. www.journalism.org/2012/03/05/industry-looking-ahead/. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
Pew Project for Excellence in Journalism (2012, March 19). State of the New Media in 2012: New Devices, Platforms Spur News Consumption. Available at: www.pewresearch.org/2012/03/19/state-of-the-news-media-2012/
Pew Research Center. (2015, July 14). The Evolving Role of News on Twitter and Facebook. www.journalism.org/2015/07/14/the-evolving-role-of-news-on-twitter-and-facebook/
Picone, I., Courtois, C., and Paulsen, S. (2014). When news is everywhere: Understanding participation, cross-mediality and mobility in journalism from a radical user perspective. Journalism Practice 9(1): 3549.
Pierson, E. (2015) Outnumbered But Well-spoken: Female Commenters in the New York Times. Department of Statistics, Oxford University, UK. Published in the Proceedings of the 18th Association for Computing Machinery Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, pp. 12011213. http://cs.stanford.edu/people/emmap1/cscw_paper.pdf doi:10.1145/2675133.2675134
Pierson, E. (2016, January 6). How to Get More Women to Join the Debate. The New York Times. http://kristof.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/01/06/how-to-get-more-women-to-join-the-debate/?_r=0
Poell, T. and van Dijck, J. (2015). Social media and activist communication. The Routledge Companion to Alternative and Community Media. London: Routledge.
Poggi, J. (2016, June 1). In Surreal Election Year, MTV Again Tries to Make Viewers into Voters. Cue Robo-Roundtable. Advertising Age. Available at: http://adage.com/article/media/mtv-surreal-election-campaign-robo-rountable/304223/. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
Porto, M. (2007). Frame diversity and citizen competence: Towards a critical approach to news quality. Critical Studies in Media Communication 24(4): 303231.
Postill, J. (2008). Localizing the Internet beyond communities and networks. New Media & Society 10(3): 413431.
Postill, J. (2013). Democracy in an age of viral reality: A media epidemiography of Spain’s indignados movement. Ethnography 15(1): 5169.
Powers, E. (2010). Teaching News Literacy in the Age of New Media: Why Secondary School Students Should Be Taught to Judge the Credibility of the News They Consume. Washington University in St. Louis: All Theses and Dissertations (ETDs). http://openscholarship.wustl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1454&context=etd
Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling Alone: the Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Shuster.
Quigley, C. (1999). Civic education: recent history, current status, and the future. Albany Law Review 62(4): 14251451.
Rainie, L., Smith, L., Lehman Schlozman, K., Brady, H., and Verba, S. (2012, October 19). Social Media and Political Engagement. Pew Research Center. Available at: www.pewinternet.org/2012/10/19/social-media-and-political-engagement/
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. (2015). Digital News Report: Social Networks and Their Role in News. www.digitalnewsreport.org/survey/2015/social-networks-and-their-role-in-news-2015/
Rice, R. and Love, G. (1987). Electronic emotion: Socioemotional content in a computer-mediated communication network. Communication Research 14(1): 85108.
Richardson, V. (2014, December 9). Denver Mayor Tells Protesting Students to Return to Class After Walk-Outs. Washington Times. Available at: www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/dec/9/denver-mayor-tells-protesting-students-return-clas/
Rideout, V. and Katz, V. (2016). Opportunity for All? Technology and Learning in Low Income Families. The Joan Ganz Cooney at Sesame Workshop. Available at: www.joanganzcooneycenter.org/publication/opportunity-for-all-technology-and-learning-in-lower-income-families/
Roberts, M. (2016, April 27). Grace Davis’ School Board Bullying Claim Leads to Girl Scouts Resignation. Westword. Available at: www.westword.com/news/grace-daviss-school-board-bullying-claim-leads-to-girl-scouts-resignation-7847646. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
Robinson, L. (2009). A taste for the necessary. Information, Communication & Society 12(4): 488507. doi: 10.1080.13691180902857678.
Rodriguez, C. (2011). Citizens’ Media against Armed Conflict: Disrupting Violence in Colombia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Romesburg, D. (2008). The tightrope of normalcy: Homosexuality, developmental citizenship and American adolescence, 1890–1940. Journal of Historical Sociology 21(4): 417442.
Rorty, R. (1989). Contingency, Irony, Solidarity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Rosaldo, R. (2003). Cultural Citizenship in Island Southeast Asia: Nation and Belonging in the Hinterlands. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
Roschke, K. (2009). Convergence journalism in high school: How educators are keeping up with trends in the media industry. Southwestern Mass Communication Journal 24(2): 5564.
Rosen, J. (2008, July 14). A Most Useful Definition of Citizen Journalism. Pressthink. Available at: http://archive.pressthink.org/2008/07/14/a_most_useful_d.html
Roth, Z. (2014). After Ferguson, Some See a Movement Taking Shape. MSNBC. www.msnbc.com/msnbc/after-ferguson-some-see-movement-taking-shape
Rubin, B.C. (2007). “There’s still no justice”: Youth civic identity development amid distinct school and community contexts. Teachers College Record 109: 449481.
Rubin, B. C., Hayes, B., and Benson, K. (2009). “It’s the worst place to live”: Urban youth and the challenge of school-based civic learning. Theory Into Practice 48(3): 213221.
Russell, A. (2011). Networked: A History of Contemporary News in Transition. London: Polity.
Russell, A. (2013). Innovation in hybrid spaces: 2011 UN Climate Summit and the expanding journalism landscape. Journalism 14(7): 904920.
Russell, A. (2016). Journalism as Activism: Recoding Media Power. New York: Polity Press.
Saez, E. and Zucman, G. (2014). Exploding Wealth Inequality in the United States. Washington Center for Equitable Growth. http://equitablegrowth.org/research/exploding-wealth-inequality-united-states/
Scheufele, D. (2007). Spiral of silence theory. The Sage Handbook of Public Opinion Research, pp. 175183. New York: Sage.
Schiller, D. (2000). Digital Capitalism: Networking the Global Market System. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Schneider, H. and Klurfeld, J. (2008). The Demand Dilemma and News Literacy in Schools. Media Giraffe Project at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst and the Donald W. Reynolds Journalism Institute. Video. http://newshare.typepad.com/mgpaudio/2008/01/video-the-deman.html. See also: http://drc.centerfornewsliteracy.org/glossary-language-news-literacy
Scholastic Journalism Institute. (2010). White Paper on Threats to Scholastic Journalism Programs. Reno, NV: University of Nevada. http://thinksji.org/threats-initiative/ti-white-paper/
Schradie, J. (2011). The digital production gap: The digital divide and web 2.0 collide. Poetics 39(2): 145168, doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2011.02.003.
Schradie, J. (2012). The trend of class, race, and ethnicity in social media inequality. Information, Communication & Society 15:(4): 555571, doi: 10.1080/1369118x.2012.665939.
Schudson, M. (1978). Discovering the News: A Social History of American Newspapers. New York: Basic Books.
Schudson, M. (1998). The Good Citizen: A History of American Public Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Schussman, A. and Soule, S. A. (2005). Process and protest: Accounting for individual protest participation. Social Forces 84: 10831108.
Schwartz, J. (2016, August 14). U.S. media publishers and publications – ranked for July 2016. DigitalVision (SimilarWeb). Available at: www.similarweb.com/blog/us-media-publishers-july-2016. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
Schworm, P. (2014, December 16). Boston Students Leave Class Early to Rally for Equality. Boston Globe. Available online: www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/12/16/students-walk-out-boston-schools-protest/am0rEGYE2EmXOqCyqcPH8L/story.html
Seligman, A. (2000). Modernity’s Wager: Authority, the Self, and Transcendence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Senft, T. (2015). The Skin of the Selfie. In Bieber, A (Ed.). Ego Update: The Future of Digital Identity. Dusseldorf: NRW Forum Publications.
Seu, I. B. (2003) “Your stomach makes you feel that you don’t want to know anything about it”: Desensitization, defense mechanisms and rhetoric in response to human rights abuses. Journal of Human Rights 2(2): 183196. doi: 10.1080/1475483032000078170
Seu, I. B. (2010). “Doing denial”: Audience reaction to human rights appeals. Discourse & Society 21(4): 438457.
Sherrod, L., Flanagan, C., and Youniss, J. (2002). Dimensions of citizenship and opportunities for youth development: The who, what, why, where and who of citizenship development. Applied Developmental Science 6(4): 264272.
Shirky, C. (2008). Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing without Organization. New York: Penguin Books.
Shohat, E. (1998). Foreword. In Shohat, E. (Ed.). Talking Visions: Multicultural Feminism in a Transnational Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Shresthova, S. (2013). Between Storytelling and Surveillance: American Muslim Youth Negotiate Culture, Politics and Participation. A Case Study Report. Working Paper of the Media, Activism, and Participatory Politics Project. Available at: http://ypp.dmlcentral.net/publications/161
Siebert, F., Peterson, T., and Schramm, W. (1963). Four Theories of the Press. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Silverstone, R. (2007). Media and Morality: On the Rise of the Mediapolis. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Smirnov, N., Ferman, B., and Cabral, N. (2015). Poppyn: Presenting Our Perspective on Philly Youth News. The Civic Media Project. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Available at: http://civicmediaproject.org/works/civic-media-project/poppyn. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
Smith, A. (1759). A Theory of Moral Sentiments. Strand and Edinburgh: A. Millar; A. Kincaid and J. Bell.
Smith, A. (2014). African Americans and Technology Use. Pew Research Center Report. Available at: www.pewinternet.org/files/old-media/Files/Reports/2014/PIP_African%20Americans%20and%20Technology%20Use_010614.pdf
Smith, C. (2011). Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood. New York: Oxford University Press.
Snow, McAdam, D. (1988). Micromobilization contexts and the recruitment to activism. In Klandermans, B., Kriesi, H., and Tarrow, S. (Eds.). From Structure to Action, pp. 125154. Greenwich: JAI Press.
Snyder, K. (2014, October 2). Why Women Leave Tech: It’s the Culture, Not Because “Math Is Hard.” Fortune., http://fortune.com/2014/10/02/women-leave-tech-culture/
Soep, E. (2011). All the world’s an album: Youth media as strategic embedding. In Fisherkeller, J (Ed.). International Perspectives on Youth Media: Cultures of Production and Education, pp. 246261. New York: Peter Lang.
Soep, E. (2014). Participatory Politics: Next Generation Tactics to Remake Public Spheres. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Soler, M. and Garry, L. (2009). Disproportionate Minority Contact, pp. 1–12. US Department of Justice. www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/218861.pdf.
Sommeiller, E., Price, M., and Wazeter, E. (2016). Income Inequality in the U.S. by State, Metropolitan Area, and County. Report of the Economic Policy Institute. Available at: www.epi.org/files/pdf/107100.pdf Retrieved August 18, 2016.
Soriano, C. R. (2014). Constructing collectivity in diversity: Online political mobilization of a national LGBT political party. Media, Culture, Society 36(1): 2036.
Spigel, L. (1992). Make Room for TV: Television and the Family Ideal in Postwar America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Spivak, G. (1988). Can the subaltern speak? In Nelson, C. and Grossberg, L., (Eds.). Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, pp. 271313. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Squires, C. R. (2002). Rethinking the black public sphere: An alternative vocabulary for multiple public spheres. Communication Theory 12(4): 446468.
Stanford History Education Group. (November 2016). Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning, pp. 1–29. Stanford, CA: Stanford University. Available at: https://sheg.stanford.edu/upload/V3LessonPlans/Executive%20Summary%2011.21.16.pdf
Stornaiuolo, A., Hall, G., and Sahni, U. (2011). Cosmopolitan imagingings of self and other: Youth and social networking in a global world. In Fisherkeller, J. (Eds.). International Perspectives on Youth Media: Cultures of Production and Education, pp. 263280. New York: Peter Lang.
Stromer-Galley, J., Bryant, L., and Bimber, B. (2015). Context and medium matter: Expressing disagreements online and face-to-face in political deliberations. Journal of Public Deliberation 11 (1), www.publicdeliberation.net/jpd/vol11/iss1/art1.
Sunstein, C. (2007). Republic.com 2.0. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Stauber, J. and Rampton, S. (1995). Toxic Sludge is Good For You: Lies, Damn Lies and the Public Relations Industry. Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press.
Swaine, J. (2014, October 8). Ferguson Protest Leaders: “We’ll Take Our Anger Out on People Who Failed Us.” The Guardian. Available at: www.theguardian.com/us-news/2014/oct/08/ferguson-protest-leaders-rally-new-york-michael-brown-shooting
Swanson, A. (2016, August 26). Americans Are Less Trusting than Ever Before. That Could Also Make Us Poor. The Washington Post. Available at: www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/08/26/americans-are-less-trusting-than-ever-before-that-could-also-make-us-poor/?wpisrc=nl_wonk&wpmm=1 Retrieved August 30, 2016.
Tate, C. D. and Taylor, S. (2012). Scholastic Journalism, 12th ed. New York: Wiley.
Tatian, P., Kingsley, G. T., Parilla, J., and Pendall, R. (2012). Building Successful Neighborhoods. What Works Collaborative. Available at: www.urban.org/sites/default/files/alfresco/publication-pdfs/412557-Building-Successful-Neighborhoods.PDF. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
Tewksbury, D. and Rittenberg, J. (2012). News on the Internet: Information and Citizenship in the 21st Century. New York: Oxford University Press.
Thiruvengadam, M. (2013). Instagram for Newsrooms: A Community Tool, a Reporting Tool, and a Source of Web Content. Poynter Institute. www.poynter.org/2013/instagram-for-newsrooms-a-community-tool-a-reporting-tool-a-source-of-web-content/214435/
Thorson, K. (2012). Do-It-Yourself Citizenship: Youth, Communication and Politics in the Digital Age. Unpublished manuscript.
Thorson, K. (2014). Facing an uncertain reception: Young citizens and political interaction on Facebook. Information, Communication & Society 17(2): 203216.
Times Mirror Center for the People and the Press. (1990). The Age of Indifference: A Study of Young Americans and How They View the News. Washington, DC: Times Mirror Center.
Tiranelli, R. (2016). Big league, little speech. Student Press Law Center Report 35(2): 47.
Tofel, R. (2012). Non-Profit Journalism: Issues around Impact. White paper from Pro Publica. Available at: http://s3.amazonaws.com/propublica/assets/about/LFA_ProPublica-white-paper_2.1.pdf. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
Topolski, A. (2008). In search of a political ethics of intersubjectivity: Between Hannah Arendt, Emmanuel Levinas and the Judaic. Hannah Arendt Journal for Political Thinking. Ausgabe 1, Band 4. Available at: www.hannaharendt.net/index.php/han/article/view/137/240 Retrieved June 22, 2016.
Toussaint, N. (2013). It struck a chord we never managed to strike: Frames, perspectives and remediation strategies in the international news coverage of KONY 2012. African Journalism Studies 34(1): 123129.
Tufekci, Z. and Wilson, C. (2012). Social media and the decision to participate in political protest: Observations from Tahrir Square. Journal of Communication 62(2): 363279.
Tufte, T. and Enghel, F. (2009). Youth engaging with media and communication: Different, unequal and disconnected? Youth Engaging with the World: Media, Communication and Social Change, pp. 1118. Yearbook. Goteberg, Sweden: Nordicom.
Turkle, S. (2011). Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other. New York: Basic Books.
Turner, G. (2005). Ending the Affair: The Decline of Television Current Affairs in Australia. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.
Turner, K. (2011). Mapping the field of youth media organizations in the United States. In Fisherkeller, J. (Ed.). International Perspectives on Youth Media, pp. 2549. New York: Peter Lang.
Ulla, C., Tayie, S., Jacquinot-Delaunay, G., and Perez Tornero, J. (2008). Empowerment through Media Education: An Intercultural Dialogue. UNESCO Communication and Information Resources. www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication-materials/publications/full-list/empowerment-through-media-education-an-intercultural-dialogue/
Vacarelli, J. (2014, May 20). Denver’s Montbello School Ready to Graduate. Denver Post. Available at: www.denverpost.com/2014/05/20/denvers-montbello-high-school-ready-to-graduate-last-class/. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
Valentine, G. (1996). Children should be seen and not heard: The production and transgression of adults’ public space. Urban Geography 17: 205220.
Van Aelst, P. and Walgrave, V. (2001). Who is that (wo)man in the street? From the normalization of protest to the normalization of the protester. European Journal of Political Research 39(4): 461486.
Van Dijck, J. (2008). Digital photography: Communication, identity, memory. Visual Communication 7(1): 5776.
Van Dijck, J. (2013). The Culture of Connectivity: A Critical History of Social Media. New York: Oxford University Press.
Van Zoonen, L. (2004). Entertaining the Citizen: When Politics and Popular Culture Converge. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Varnelis, K. (Ed.). (2008). Networked Publics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Verba, S., Schlozman, K. L., and Brady, H. E. (1995). Voice and Equality Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Verhulst, J. and Walgrave, S. (2009). The first time is the hardest? A cross-national and cross-issue comparison of first-time protest participants. Political Behavior 31: 455484.
Vogt, N. and Mitchell, A. (2016). Crowdfunded Journalism: A Small but Growing Addition to Publicly Driven Journalism. A Report of the Pew Research Center. Available at: www.journalism.org/2016/01/20/crowdfunded-journalism/. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Walgrave, S. and Verhulst, J. (2006). Towards “new emotional movements”? A comparative exploration into a specific movement type. Social Movement Studies 5: 275304.
Walther, J. B. (1994). Anticipated ongoing interaction versus channel effects on relational communication in computer-mediated interaction. Human Communication Research 19(1): 343.
Warner, J. (2007).Political culture jamming: The dissident humor of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Popular Communications 5(1): 1736.
Warner, M. (2002). Publics and counterpublics. Public Culture 14(1): 4990.
Wartella, E. and Lauricella, A. (2011). Children, Media and Race: Media Use among White, Black, Hispanic and Asian American Children. Northwestern University. http://web5.soc.northwestern.edu/cmhd/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/SOCconfReportSingleFinal-1.pdf
Washeck, A. (2014, July 17). The Journey to Teaching High School Journalism in Texas. MediaShift. http://mediashift.org/2014/07/the-journey-to-teaching-high-school-journalism-in-texas/
Weissmann, J. (2013, September 12). The Brogrammer Effect: Women Are a Small (and Shrinking) Share of Computer Workers. The Atlantic. www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/09/the-brogrammer-effect-women-are-a-small-and-shrinking-share-of-computer-workers/279611/
Williams, A., Wardle, C., and Wahl-Jorgensen, K. (2010). “Have they got news for us?” Audience revolution or business as usual at the BBC. Journalism Practice 5(1): 8599.
Williams, B. A. and Delli Carpini, M. (2011). After Broadcast News: Media Regimes, Democracy, and the New Information Environment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, R. (1983). Community. Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. Revised Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.
Williams, R. 1999. Visions of the good society and the religious roots of American political culture. Sociology of Religion 60(1): 134.
Wilson, C. and Gutiérrez, F., and Chao, L. (2003). Racism and Sexism in the Media: The Rise of Class Communication in Multicultural America. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Winner, L. (1989). The Whale and the Reactor: A Search for Limits in an Age of Technology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Wojcicki, E. (2011). The Slow Death of High School Journalism. The Huffington Post. Available at: www.huffingtonpost.com/esther-wojcicki/the-slow-death-of-high-sc_b_45158.html
Wojcicki, E. (2010). Teaching journalism and news literacy. Youth Media Reader 3: 5152.
Wu, T. (2003). Network neutrality, broadband discrimination. Journal on Telecom and High Technology Law 2: 141180.
Yadron, D. (2016, May 12). Facebook Controversy Shows Journalists Are More Complicated than Algorithms. The Guardian. Available at: www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/may/12/facebook-twitter-google-snapchat-news-bias
Yar, M. (2008). Hannah Arendt. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Available: www.iep.utm.edu/arendt/. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
Youniss, J., McLellan, J., and Yates, M. (1997). What we know about engendering civic identity. American Behavioral Scientist 5: 620631.
Zahavi, D. (2003). Husserl’s Phenomenology. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Zelizer, B. (1992). Covering the Body: The Kennedy Assassination, The Media, and the Shaping of Collective Memory. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago.
Zelizer, B. (2004). Taking Journalism Seriously: News and the Academy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Zembylas, M. (2007). The politics of trauma: Empathy, reconciliation and peace education. Journal of Peace Education 4(2): 207224.
Zembylas, M. (2008).Trauma, justice and the politics of emotion: The violence of sentimentality in education. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 29(1): 117.
Zimmerman, A. M. (2012). Documenting DREAMs: New Media, Undocumented Youth, and the Immigrant Rights Movement. Los Angeles, CA: Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, University of Southern California.
Zubrzycki, J. (2014, December 4). As High School Ferguson Protests Snowball, East Students Search for the Story. Chalkbeat Colorado. http://co.chalkbeat.org/2014/12/04/as-high-school-ferguson-protests-snowball-east-students-search-for-the-story/#.VKmjJGTF-nA
Zukin, C., Keeter, S., Andolina, M. W., Jenkins, K., and Delli Carpini, M. X. (2006). A New Engagement: Political Participation, Civic Life, and the Changing American Citizen. New York: Oxford University Press.
Zurn, C. (2008). Intersubjectivity. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3045301173.html. Retrieved June 23, 2016.