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Plains-Promontory Relationships

  • James H. Gunnerson (a1)
Extract

A reconsideration of material collected from Promontory Point, north central Utah (Steward 1937) suggests that Promontory-Plains relationships may be closer than hitherto realized. Moreover, while several traits of the Promontory culture occur in more than one Plains archaeological complex, some are limited to the Dismal River aspect, suggesting the possibility of close ties between the Dismal River and Promontory peoples. Steward noted that a few traits (hoop and dart game, hand game boneS, side notched projectile points, end scrapers) represented in the Promontory culture were also found in the Plains. Hill and Metcalf (1941: 188, 197) pointed out that tubular steatite pipes and blunt bone “punches” or “flakers” occurred in both Promontory and Dismal River. This paper enumerates still other resemblances.

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This paper was read in essentially its present form at the 1956 Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.

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References
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Champe, J. L. 1949 White Cat Village. American Antiquity, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 285–92. Menasha.
Engers, W. D. 1950 Archeology of Black Rock 3 Cave, Utah. University of Utah, Anthropological Papers, No. 7. Salt Lake City. (Reprinted from 1942 mimeographed report.)
Hill, A. T. and Kivett, Marvin 1941 Woodland-Like Manifestations in Nebraska. Nebraska History Magazine, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 143243. Lincoln.
Hill, A. T. and Metcalf, George 1941 A Site of the Dismal River Aspect in Chase County, Nebraska. Nebraska History Magazine, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 158226. Lincoln.
Keur, Dorothy 1941 Big Bead Mesa. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No. 1. Menasha.
Lehmer, Donald 1954 Archaeological Investigations in the Oahe Dam Area, South Dakota, 1950-51. Bureau oj American Ethnology, Bulletin 158. Washington.
Steward, J. H. 1937 Ancient Caves of the Great Salt Lake Region. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 116. Washington.
Steward, J. H 1940 Native Cultures of the Intermontane (Great Basin) Area. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 100, pp. 445502. Washington.
Wedel, W. R. 1938 The Direct-Historical Approach in Pawnee Archeology. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 97, No. 7. Washington.
Wedel, W. R. 1940 Culture Sequence in the Central Great Plains. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol. 100, pp. 291352. Washington.
Wedel, W. R. 1949 Some Provisional Correlations in Missouri Basin Archaeology. American Antiquity, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 328–39. Menasha.
Wissler, Clark 1941 Indians of the Plains. American Museum of Natural History, Handbook Series, No. 1. New York.
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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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