Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 2
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Moy, Foong Ming and Loh, Debbie Ann 2015. Cardiometabolic risks profile of normal weight obese and multi-ethnic women in a developing country. Maturitas, Vol. 81, Issue. 3, p. 389.


    Engeset, Dagrun Braaten, Tonje Teucher, Birgit Kühn, Tilman Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B. Leenders, Max Agudo, Antonio Bergmann, Manuela M. Valanou, Elisavet Naska, Androniki Trichopoulou, Antonia Key, Timothy J. Crowe, Francesca L. Overvad, Kim Sonestedt, Emily Mattiello, Amalia Peeters, Petra H. Wennberg, Maria Jansson, Jan Håkan Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine Dossus, Laure Dartois, Laureen Li, Kuanrong Barricarte, Aurelio Ward, Heather Riboli, Elio Agnoli, Claudia Huerta, José María Sánchez, María-José Tumino, Rosario Altzibar, Jone M. Vineis, Paolo Masala, Giovanna Ferrari, Pietro Muller, David C. Johansson, Mattias Luisa Redondo, M. Tjønneland, Anne Olsen, Anja Olsen, Karina Standahl Brustad, Magritt Skeie, Guri and Lund, Eiliv 2015. Fish consumption and mortality in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. European Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 57.


    ×

Dietary and lifestyle characteristics associated with normal-weight obesity: the National FINRISK 2007 Study

  • Satu Männistö (a1), Kennet Harald (a1), Jukka Kontto (a1), Marjaana Lahti-Koski (a2), Niina E. Kaartinen (a1), Suoma E. Saarni (a1), Noora Kanerva (a1) (a3) and Pekka Jousilahti (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114513002742
  • Published online: 14 November 2013
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare the lifestyle (leisure-time physical activity, smoking habits and alcohol consumption) and dietary (energy-yielding nutrients, dietary fibre and foods) factors of Finns with a new syndrome called normal-weight obesity (NWO) with those of lean and overweight Finns. The representative population-based study included 4786 participants (25–74 years) from the National FINRISK 2007 Study with a health examination and questionnaires. Food intake was assessed using a validated FFQ. NWO was defined to include those with a normal BMI ( < 25 kg/m2) but excessive body fat (for men ≥ 20 % and for women ≥ 30 %) according to WHO definitions. The proportion of participants with a normal BMI was 28 % in men and 42 % in women. Of these, 34 % of the men and 45 % of the women had the NWO syndrome (among all the participants, 10 and 19 %, respectively). The waist circumference of the NWO participants was between that of the lean and overweight participants. Some potential risk factors, such as physical inactivity, (ex)-smoking and alcohol consumption, were related to NWO. In general, the intakes of energy-yielding nutrients were not associated with NWO. Instead, some healthy dietary factors (e.g. low intakes of meat and soft drinks) as well as unhealthy factors (e.g. low intakes of root vegetables, cereals and fish and high intake of confectionery) were related to NWO. The findings might explain why the NWO participants were of normal weight, but had an excessive body fat percentage. In conclusion, the proportion of normal-weight participants with an excessive body fat percentage was surprisingly high. The identification of NWO people may be of importance because although they appear lean, they have some unhealthy lifestyle and dietary habits related to obesity and overall health.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Dietary and lifestyle characteristics associated with normal-weight obesity: the National FINRISK 2007 Study
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Dietary and lifestyle characteristics associated with normal-weight obesity: the National FINRISK 2007 Study
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Dietary and lifestyle characteristics associated with normal-weight obesity: the National FINRISK 2007 Study
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr S. Männistö, fax +358 29 524 8338; email satu.mannisto@thl.fi
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1 SKKumanyika , EObarzanek , NStettler , et al. (2008) Population-based prevention of obesity: the need for comprehensive promotion of healthful eating, physical activity, and energy balance: a scientific statement from American Heart Association. Circulation 118, 428464.

3 EVartiainen , TLaatikainen , MPeltonen , et al. (2010) Thirty-five-year trends in cardiovascular risk factors in Finland. Int J Epidemiol 39, 504518.

5AD Karelis , DH St-Pierre , F Conus , et al. (2004) Metabolic and body composition factors in subgroups of obesity: what do we know? J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89, 25692575.

6 LHayes , MSPearce , MJFirbank , et al. (2010) Do obese but metabolically normal women differ in intra-abdominal fat and physical activity levels from those with the expected metabolic abnormalities? A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 10, 723.

9 PMarques-Vidal , APécoud , DHayoz , et al. (2008) Prevalence of normal weight obesity in Switzerland: effect of various definitions. Eur J Nutr 47, 251257.

10P Marques-Vidal , A Pécoud , D Hayoz , et al. (2010) Normal weight obesity: relationship with lipids, glycaemic status, liver enzymes and inflammation. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 20, 669675.


14S Männistö , M Virtanen , T Mikkonen , et al. (1996) Reproducibility and validity of a food frequency questionnaire in a case–control study on breast cancer. J Clin Epidemiol 49, 401409.



20AE Black (2000) Critical evaluation of energy intake using the Goldberg cut-off for energy intake:basal metabolic rate. A practical guide to its calculation, use and limitations. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24, 11191130.

21N Haapanen , S Miilunpalo , M Pasanen , et al. (1997) Association between leisure time physical activity and 10-year body mass change among working-aged men and women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 21, 288296.

22 AWagner , CSimon , PDucimetière , et al. (2001) Leisure-time physical activity and regular walking or cycling to work are associated with adiposity and 5 y weight gain in middle-aged men: the PRIME Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25, 940948.

23P Gordon-Larsen , N Hou , S Sidney , et al. (2009) Fifteen-year longitudinal trends in walking patterns and their impact on weight change. Am J Clin Nutr 89, 1926.

24 IMLee , LDjoussé , HDSesso , et al. (2010) Physical activity and weight gain prevention. JAMA 303, 11731179.

26 CWilli , PBodenmann , WAGhali , et al. (2007) Active smoking and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 298, 26542664.

27 DMozaffarian , THao , EBRimm , et al. (2011) Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men. N Engl J Med 364, 23922404.

29 MFogelholm , SAnderssen , IGunnarsdottir , et al. (2012) Dietary macronutrients and food consumption as determinants of long-term weight change in adult populations: a systematic literature review. Food Nutr Res 56 (epublication ahead of print version 13 August 2012).

31RM van Dam & JC Seidell (2007) Carbohydrate intake and obesity. Eur J Clin Nutr 61, Suppl. 1, S75S99.

32R Rosenheck (2008) Fast food intake and increased caloric intake: a systematic review of a trajectory towards weight gain and obesity risk. Obes Rev 9, 535547.

34R Micha & D Mozaffarian (2009) Trans fatty acids: effects on metabolic syndrome, heart disease and diabetes. Nat Rev Endocrinol 5, 335344.

36 BBuijsse , EJFeskens , MBSchulze , et al. (2009) Fruit and vegetable intakes and subsequent changes in body weight in European populations: results from the project on Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DiOGenes). Am J Clin Nutr 90, 202209.


39GA Colditz (2010) Overview of the epidemiology methods and applications: strengths and limitations of observational study designs. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50, Suppl. 1, 1012.

40T Hirvonen , S Männistö , E Roos , et al. (1997) Increasing prevalence of underreporting does not necessarily distort dietary surveys. Eur J Clin Nutr 51, 297301.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: