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    Jonas, Wibke and Woodside, Barbara 2016. Physiological mechanisms, behavioral and psychological factors influencing the transfer of milk from mothers to their young. Hormones and Behavior, Vol. 77, p. 167.


    Glastras, Sarah J. Wong, Muh Geot Chen, Hui Zhang, Jie Zaky, Amgad Pollock, Carol A. and Saad, Sonia 2015. FXR expression is associated with dysregulated glucose and lipid levels in the offspring kidney induced by maternal obesity. Nutrition & Metabolism, Vol. 12, Issue. 1,


    Jing, Huiquan Xu, Hongwei Wan, Junmin Yang, Yang Ding, Hua Chen, Minyan Li, Lizhuo Lv, Ping Hu, Jingwei and Yang, Jingyun 2014. Effect of Breastfeeding on Childhood BMI and Obesity. Medicine, Vol. 93, Issue. 10, p. e55.


    Yngve, Agneta Tseng, Marilyn Haapala, Irja and Hodge, Allison 2012. Nutrition of infants and young children. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 15, Issue. 09, p. 1601.


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Relationship between breast-feeding and adiposity in infants and pre-school children

  • Bamini Gopinath (a1), Indhu Subramanian (a1), Victoria M Flood (a2), Louise A Baur (a3) (a4), Natalie Pfund (a1), George Burlutsky (a1) and Paul Mitchell (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980011003569
  • Published online: 28 February 2012
Abstract
AbstractObjectives

We aimed to establish associations of duration of breast-feeding with mean BMI and waist circumference, as well as the likelihood of being overweight/obese, during early childhood.

Design

Cross-sectional, population-based study. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured and BMI calculated. Interviewer-administered questionnaire determined whether the child was ever breast-fed and the duration of breast-feeding.

Setting

Sydney, Australia.

Subjects

Infants and pre-school children (n 2092) aged 1–6 years were examined in the Sydney Paediatric Eye Disease Study during 2007–2009.

Results

Of the children aged 1–6 years, 1270 had been breast-fed compared with 822 who were never breast-fed. After multivariable adjustment, 1–6-year-old children who were ever breast-fed compared with those who were not had significantly lower BMI, 16·7 (se 0·1) kg/m2v. 17·1 (se 0·2) kg/m2 (P = 0·01). Decreasing BMI was associated with increasing duration of breast-feeding (Ptrend = 0·002). After multivariable adjustment, each month increase in breast-feeding was associated with an average BMI decrease of 0·04 kg/m2 (P = 0·002) and 0·03 kg/m2 (P = 0·03) among children aged 1–2 years and 3–4 years, respectively. In 1–2-year-old children, each month increase in breast-feeding duration was associated with a 0·06 cm decrease in waist circumference (P = 0·04). Significant associations were not observed among 5–6-year-old children. Children who were ever breast-fed v. those never breast-fed were less likely to be overweight/obese (multivariable-adjusted OR = 0·54; 95 % CI 0·36, 0·83).

Conclusions

We demonstrated a modest influence of breast-feeding on children's BMI during early childhood, particularly among those aged less than 5 years.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email paul_mitchell@wmi.usyd.edu.au
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
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