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Opposing the Rule of Law
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  • Cited by 26
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    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Cheesman, Nick 2018. Rule-of-Law Ethnography. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 14, Issue. 1, p. 167.

    Roux, Theunis 2018. The Politico-Legal Dynamics of Judicial Review.

    McCarthy, Stephen 2018. Rule of Law Expedited: Land Title Reform and Justice in Burma (Myanmar). Asian Studies Review, Vol. 42, Issue. 2, p. 229.

    Dressel, Björn 2018. Thailand’s Traditional Trinity and the Rule of Law: Can They Coexist?. Asian Studies Review, Vol. 42, Issue. 2, p. 268.

    Parashar, Archana and Alam, Jobair 2018. The National Laws of Myanmar: Making of Statelessness for the Rohingya. International Migration,

    Brown, Mark 2018. “An Unqualified Human Good”? On Rule of Law, Globalization, and Imperialism. Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 43, Issue. 4, p. 1391.

    Batesmith, Alex and Stevens, Jake 2018. In the Absence of the Rule of Law. Social & Legal Studies, p. 096466391880773.

    Wells, Tamas 2018. Democratic ‘freedom’ in Myanmar. Asian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 26, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Abel, Richard L. 2018. Law's Wars.

    Curley, Melissa Dressel, Björn and McCarthy, Stephen 2018. Competing Visions of the Rule of Law in Southeast Asia: Power, Rhetoric and Governance. Asian Studies Review, Vol. 42, Issue. 2, p. 192.

    Bünte, Marco 2018. Perilous presidentialism or precarious power-sharing? Hybrid regime dynamics in Myanmar. Contemporary Politics, Vol. 24, Issue. 3, p. 346.

    CROUCH, Melissa 2018. Constitutionalism, Religion, and Inequality: Perspectives from Asia. Asian Journal of Comparative Law, p. 1.

    Miklóssy, Katalin 2018. Lacking rule of law in the lawyers’ regime: hungary. Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 270.

    Cheesman, Nick 2017. Taking the Rule of Law’s Opposition Seriously. Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 29.

    McCarthy, Gerard and Menager, Jacqueline 2017. Gendered Rumours and the Muslim Scapegoat in Myanmar’s Transition. Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 47, Issue. 3, p. 396.

    Davies, Sara E. and True, Jacqui 2017. The politics of counting and reporting conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence: the case of Myanmar. International Feminist Journal of Politics, Vol. 19, Issue. 1, p. 4.

    van Klinken, Gerry and Aung, Su Mon Thazin 2017. The Contentious Politics of Anti-Muslim Scapegoating in Myanmar. Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 47, Issue. 3, p. 353.

    Cheesman, Nick 2017. How in Myanmar “National Races” Came to Surpass Citizenship and Exclude Rohingya. Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 47, Issue. 3, p. 461.

    Mark, SiuSue 2016. Are the Odds of Justice “Stacked” Against Them? Challenges and Opportunities for Securing Land Claims by Smallholder Farmers in Myanmar. Critical Asian Studies, Vol. 48, Issue. 3, p. 443.

    Chua, Lynette J. 2016. Negotiating Social Norms and Relations in the Micromobilization of Human Rights: The Case of Burmese Lesbian Activism. Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 41, Issue. 3, p. 643.

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Book description

The rule of law is a political ideal today endorsed and promoted worldwide. Or is it? In a significant contribution to the field, Nick Cheesman argues that Myanmar is a country in which the rule of law is 'lexically present but semantically absent'. Charting ideas and practices from British colonial rule through military dictatorship to the present day, Cheesman calls upon political and legal theory to explain how and why institutions animated by a concern for law and order oppose the rule of law. Empirically grounded in both Burmese and English sources, including criminal trial records and wide ranging official documents, Opposing the Rule of Law offers the first significant study of courts in contemporary Myanmar. It sheds new light on the politics of courts during dark times and sharply illuminates the tension between the demand for law and the imperatives of order.

Reviews

'This is a book of 'firsts' in many respects, not least because it is the first major study of courts in Myanmar … [It] will appeal to scholars from a wide range of disciplines in the social sciences, but legal scholars and practitioners working in the global 'industry' of the rule of law need to read this book in particular … Cheesman’s [volume] is an invaluable and lasting contribution to scholarship on the rule of law, and an exemplary reminder of how the study of Southeast Asia can illuminate our understanding of the key political ideals of our time.'

Melissa Crouch Source: Contemporary Southeast Asia

'The book is very well researched with records pertaining to 393 criminal cases in 86 courts at all levels from across Myanmar and is a ‘must-read’… It successfully holds the attention of the reader through its easy language and flowing rendition of an otherwise difficult and complex subject of law and justice.'

Reshmi Banerjee Source: Tea Circle (teacircleoxford.com)

'Nick Cheesman … provides an excellent study of a complex issue of particular interest to students of Myanmar’s modern history and its prospects for the future. Reflecting years of research and multiple visits, his work includes a review of a vast documentation in both Burmese and English of law reports from colonial times to the present.'

Bruce Matthews Source: Pacific Affairs

'The book is remarkable in several respects. The author skillfully crafts his narrative to convey the analysis of a rather dry subject in a compelling prose. By tracing the concepts of rule of law and law and order in Burma/Myanmar’s political and legal history since colonial time, the book sheds light on a completely understudied subject. Based on vast, empirical data, it also provides a first, in-depth study of the political and legal practices of courts in military ruled Myanmar and thus contributes to a better understanding of the inner work-ings of military rule … The book is a must-read for all interested in Burma and contemporary Myanmar.'

Susanne Prager–Nyein Source: Journal of Contemporary Asia

'Opposing the Rule of Law makes a significant twofold contribution to scholarship. This book 'constitutes the first serious attempt for half a century to situate Myanmar’s courts in its politics' … Opposing Rule of Law is beautifully written. The aesthetic sensitivity of the writing becomes a worthy platform for the acute and compelling analysis, the rigorous engagements with critical theory, and the thorough appreciation of context and relational dynamics grounded in ethnography. This important monograph will be invaluable to scholars in a range of fields, including law, authoritarianism, postcoloniality, military regimes, Southeast Asia, and ethnographies on rule of law.'

Jothie Rajah Source: Law and Society Review

'For me, the book’s main contribution is the original, conceptually and empirically rich discussion of criminal justice in Myanmar. Despite focusing on one country, the book should be of great interest to anyone who studies legal culture and practice in authoritarian settings … In my interpretation, Cheesman offers a complementary answer to the question of why authoritarian leaders would bother to provide rights on paper if they do not intend to respect them in practice.'

Maria Popova Source: Comparative Politics

'Charting ideas and practices from British colonial rule through military dictatorship to the present day, [Cheesman] draws on political and legal theory to explain how and why institutions animated by a concern for law and order oppose the rule of law.'

Source: Law and Social Enquiry

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Chit Yi, Maung. Section Five from Cocos Island. (ေမာင္ခ်စ္ရီ။ ကိုကိုးကၽြန္းမွ ပုဒ္မ ငါး။) Rangoon: U Saw Lwin, 1960.
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Hse Maung, U. My Life as a Public Servant. (ဦးဆက္ေမာင္။ ကၽြန္ေတာ္၏ ျပည္သူ႔ဝန္ထမ္းဘဝ။) Yangon: n.p., 2000.
ICSVRS. Report of the Inquiry Commission on the Sectarian Violence in Rakhine State. (ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ပဋိပကၡမ်ား စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရးေကာ္မရွင္ အစီရင္ခံစာ။) Naypyidaw: Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2013.
Khin Maung Cho, U.The Power to Define “National Races”’. Parts 1 and 2. The 1982 Citizenship Law Contradicts the 2008 Constitution, and Selected Articles. (ဦးခင္ေမာင္ခ်ဳိ။ ၁၉၈၂ ခုႏွစ္၊ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသားဥပေဒႏွင့္ လက္ေရြးစင္ေဆာင္းပါးမ်ား။) Yangon: Shwethizsa, 2014. 6572.
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Lay, Ko Ko. What Is Cocos Island? (ကိုကိုေလး။ ဘာလဲဟဲ့ ကိုကိုးကၽြန္း။) Rangoon: Khin Maung Yi, 1960.
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Kyaw Zeya, U. Lawyer among the People. (ဦးေက်ာ္ေဇယ်။ ျပည္သူၾကားက ေရွ႕ေန။) Rangoon: Zwe, 1981.
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Maung, Maung Dr. Legal General Knowledge. (ေဒါက္တာေမာင္ေမာင္။ တရားဥပေဒ အေထြေထြဗဟုသုတ။) 1974. 3rd edn. Yangon: Sitthidaw, 2004.
Kyi, Maung Maung. Burmese Law and Life. (ေမာင္ေမာင္ၾကည္။ ျမန္မာ့ဥပေဒႏွင့္ ဘဝ။) Rangoon: Sarpay Beikman, 1975.
Yi, Maung Pan. Because of the Time That the Mother Peacock’s Wings Fell. (ေမာင္ပန္းရည္။ ေဒါင္းမိခင္ ေတာင္ပံက်ခ်ိန္မို႔။) Yangon: Zinyadanazaw, 2013.
Meikhtila District People’s Assistance Network, et al. Position Statement of Networks, Forces, Unions and Organisations Working in the Public Interest on the Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Letpadaung Hills Copper Project. (မိတၱီလာခရိုင္ ျပည္သူ႔အက်ဳိးေဆာင္ကြန္ရက္ ႏွင့္ အျခားအဖဲြ႔မ်ား။ လက္ပံေတာင္းေတာင္ ေၾကးနီစီမံကိန္း စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရးေကာ္မရွင္အစီရင္ခံအေပၚ ထားရွိသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံလူထုအက်ဳိးျပဳ ကြန္ရက္၊ အင္အားစု၊ သမဂၢ၊ အဖြဲ႔မ်ား၏ သေဘာထားေၾကညာခ်က္။) Yangon: National Democracy Network, 2013.
Ministry of Education. Social Studies: Myanmar History (Basic Education Mid Level). [ပညာေရးဝန္ႀကီးဌာန။ လူမႈေရးဘာသာ၊ ျမန္မာ့သမိုင္း (အေျခခံပညာ အလယ္တန္းအဆင့္)။] Vol. II. [Yangon]: Govt. of the Union of Myanmar, 2001.
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Nyein, Moe Ze. ‘What is the Swunashin’. What is the Swunashin and Collected Writings. (မိုးေဇညိမ္း။ ဘာလဲဟဲ့ စြမ္းအားရွင္ႏွင့္ အျခားစာစုမ်ား။) Yangon: Nyanekhin, 2014. 938.
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Khine, Myat. Interviews with U Khin Nyunt. (ျမတ္ခုိင္။ ဦးခင္ညြန္႔ႏွင့္ အင္တာဗ်ဴး။) Yangon: Quality, 2013.
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NHRDP. A Short History of Arakan and Rohingya. (ရခိုင္ျပည္ႏွင့္ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာလူမ်ဳိး သမိုင္းအက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္။) Yangon: National Human Rights Democratic Party, 1990.
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Abdul Rahman v. King-Emperor, 5 Ran. [Rangoon Series, Indian Law Reports] 53 PC [Privy Council].
Ah Nywe v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and Another, 1948 BLR (SC) [Burma Law Reports (Supreme Court)] 737.
Ah Shee and 22 v. King-Emperor, 3 LBR [Lower Burma Rulings] 229.
Ali Meah v. Union of Burma, 1954 BLR (SC) 65.
B. K. Halder v. S. Kr. Chelliah Pillay and Others, 1952 BLR (HC) [High Court] 340.
Ba Yin and One v. King-Emperor, 7 Ran. 759.
Bana Singh v. King-Emperor, 6 Ran. 137.
Bo Aye Ko v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and 2, 1950 BLR (SC) 181.
Bo San Lin v. Commissioner of Police and One, 1948 BLR (SC) 372.
Chit Tun and 4 v. Crown, 1 LBR 238.
Chittambaram v. King-Emperor, (1947) RLR [Rangoon Law Reports] 66 PC.
Chwa Hum Htive and Another v. King-Emperor, 11 Ran. 107.
Crown v. Majun and 12, 1 LBR 120.
Crown v. Nga Kyauk Lon, 1 LBR 75.
Crown v. Nga Nyein, 1 LBR 90.
Daw Aye Nyunt v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and One, 1949 BLR (SC) 5.
Daw Mya Tin v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and One, 1949 BLR (SC) 82.
E. E. Mayeth v. King-Emperor, 3 Ran. 612.
G. C. Siricar v. King-Emperor, 3 Ran. 68.
Gaung Gyi v. King-Emperor, 4 LBR 244.
H. M. Eusoof and Abdul Khudus v. King-Emperor, 11 LBR 73.
Hasan Ali v. Secretary, Ministry of Immigration and National Registration and One, 1959 BLR (SC) 187.
Hnin Yin (King-Emperor) v. Than Pe, 9 LBR 92.
In the matter of a pleader, 1960 BLR (HC) 487.
In the matter of Messrs. L & T, a firm of advocates, 1956 BLR (HC) 40.
K. M. Subbaya Naidu v. King-Emperor, 7 Ran. 470.
Kha Hlaw and Poo Sa v. King-Emperor, 4 LBR 116.
Khaw Taw and One v. Union of Burma, 1948 BLR (HC) 310.
Khin Maung Myint v. Union of Burma, 1953 BLR (SC) 24.
King-Emperor v. Channing Arnold, 6 LBR 129 FB [Full Bench].
King-Emperor v. Kwe Haw and 16, 4 LBR 213 FB.
King-Emperor v. Kyan Baw, 2 LBR 239.
King-Emperor v. Maung Cho and Others, 2 LBR 43.
King-Emperor v. Mi Wa, 8 LBR 534.
King-Emperor v. Myat Aung, 4 LBR 135.
King-Emperor v. Nga Khaing and One, 6 Ran. 531.
King-Emperor v. Nga Lun Thuong, 13 Ran. 570 FB.
King-Emperor v. Nga Nyun Bu and 5, (1897–1901) 1 UBR [Upper Burma Rulings] 370.
King-Emperor v. Nga Po, 5 LBR 72 FB.
King-Emperor v. Nga Po Min, 10 Ran. 511 FB.
King-Emperor v. Po Ba, 8 LBR 143.
King-Emperor v. Po Gyi, 3 LBR 114.
King-Emperor v. Po Ni and Others, 3 LBR 116.
King-Emperor v. Po Thin, 7 LBR 62.
King-Emperor v. Po Thin Gyi, 7 Ran. 96.
King-Emperor v. Ramara, 4 LBR 103.
King-Emperor v. Taik Pyu and Nga Thaik, 5 LBR 21.
Lee Kyin Su (a) U Su v. Commissioner of Excise and 3, 1957 BLR (SC) 5.
Lim Lyan Hwat (a) Lim Sway Gaung / Lim Kwin Kee (a) Htwa Kong (a) Htwa Tong v. The Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs and One 1960 BLR (SC) 128.
Ma Ahmar v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and One, 1949 BLR (SC) 39.
Ma Khin Than v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and One, 1949 BLR (SC) 13.
Ma Lone v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and One, 1949 BLR (SC) 8.
Ma Mya Khin v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and One, 1950 BLR (SC) 8.
Ma Than Sint v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and One, 1949 BLR (SC) 1.
Madhu Limaye v. Sub-Divisional Magistrate, Monghyr and Others, 1971 Supreme Court Report [India] (2) 711.
Maung Ant Bwe and One v. Union of Burma, 1948 BLR (HC) 863.
Maung Aye Maung v. Union of Burma, 1956 BLR (HC) 273.
Maung Hla Gyaw v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon and One, 1948 BLR (SC) 764.
Maung Kyaw Aye v. Union of Burma, 1953 BLR (HC) 114.
Maung Nyi and One v. Union of Burma, 1952 BLR (HC) 282.
Maung Pu v. Maung Chit Pyu, 5 Ran. 129.
Maung San Myin v. King-Emperor, 7 Ran. 771.
Maung Thwe v. King-Emperor, 3 Ran. 74.
Maung Tok and 10 v. King-Emperor, 3 Ran. 352.
Maung Tun Hla v. Queen-Empress, (1892–96) 1 UBR 221.
Mawzanagyi v. King-Emperor, 8 Ran. 511.
Mi Ein Tha and Mi O Za v. King-Emperor, 5 LBR 131.
Mi Hauk v. King-Emperor, 4 LBR 121.
Mohamed Hayet Mulla v. King-Emperor, 7 Ran. 370.
Mohamed Ismail v. King-Emperor, 13 Ran. 754.
Nga Aung Dwe v. Queen-Empress, (1892–96) 1 UBR 229.
Nga Hla U v. King-Emperor, 3 Ran. 139.
Nga Kain and 11 v. Queen-Empress, (1897–1901) 1 UBR 252.
Nga Kya Thein v. King-Emperor, 8 LBR 94.
Nga Myat Kyaw v. Queen-Empress, (1897–1901) 1 UBR 41.
Nga Po Chon v. King-Emperor, 4 Ran. 356.
Nga Po Gaung v. King-Emperor, (1897–1901) 1 UBR 96.
Nga Po Kauk and One v. King-Emperor, 4 Ran. 45.
Nga Po Hmi v. Queen-Empress, (1897–1901) 1 UBR 29.
Nga Po Kyaw and 3 v. King-Emperor, (1902–03) 1 UBR Pen. Co. 1.
Nga Po Mya v. Queen-Empress, (1897–1901) 1 UBR 320.
Nga Po Nyun v. King-Emperor, 2 LBR 76.
Nga Po Shein and 2 v. King-Emperor, (1910–13) UBR 152.
Nga Po Tein v. King-Emperor, (1910–13) UBR 149.
Nga Po Tha and 2 v. King-Emperor, (1917–20) UBR 54.
Nga Po Than v. King-Emperor, 3 Ran. 156.
Nga Po Thaw v. King-Emperor, (1910–13) UBR 155.
Nga Po Thet v. Queen-Empress, 1 LBR 29.
Nga Pyan v. Crown, 1 LBR 359.
Nga San Myin v. King-Emperor, (1910–13) UBR 123.
Nga San Nyein and 9 v. King-Emperor, (1917–20) UBR 3.
Nga Sein v. King-Emperor, 3 LBR 121.
Nga Shwe Baw v. Queen-Empress, (1897–1901) 1 UBR 285.
Nga Shwe Tat v. Queen-Empress, (1897–1901) 1 UBR 152.
Nga Shwe Ywe v. Crown, 1 LBR 71.
Nga Thet U v. King-Emperor, 2 LBR 115.
Nga U Khine and Others v. King-Emperor, 13 Ran. 1.
Nga Wa Gyi and 15 v. King-Emperor, (1902–03) 1 UBR Evid. 1.
Pakiya Ammal v. Deputy Commissioner, Hanthawaddy and One, 1949 BLR (SC) 35.
Po Hla v. King-Emperor, 8 LBR 357.
Queen-Empress v. Nga Chit Kyu, (1897–1901) 1 UBR 325.
Queen-Empress v. Nga Han Shin, (1892–96) 1 UBR 50.
Queen-Empress v. Nga Lu Gyi and 7, 1 LBR 49.
Saya Kye and Others v. Queen-Empress, (1892–96) 1 UBR 148.
Shwe Bwin v. King-Emperor, 2 LBR 270.
Shwe Hnit and One v. King-Emperor, 2 LBR 214.
Shwe Sin and Another v. King-Emperor, 3 LBR 213.
Shwe Yi v. Crown, 1 LBR 336 FB.
Sobika Rahman v. Union of Burma, 1952 BLR (HC) 385.
Sri Sawarmal v. Union of Burma (U Thein Maung), 1954 BLR (HC) 331.
T. S. Mohamed and One v. Union of Burma, 1953 BLR (HC) 107.
Tambi v. Appalsawmy (King-Emperor), 9 LBR 208.
Tan Sein (a) Maung Saing v. Crown, 1 LBR 173.
Tha Hmu v. King-Emperor, 2 LBR 206.
Thakin Myo Nyunt v. Thakin Pu, 1963 BLR (CC) 728.
Thein Maung v. King-Emperor, 3 LBR 173.
Thet Tun v. Deputy Commissioner, Shwebo and Another, 1952 BLR (SC) 33.
Ti Ya and 6 v. King-Emperor, 8 LBR 38 FB.
Tinsa Maw Naing v. Commissioner of Police, Rangoon, 1950 BLR (SC) 17.
U Ba Aye and 3 v. Union of Burma, 1958 BLR (HC) 548.
U Ba Din v. Union of Burma, 1956 BLR (HC) 166.
U Ba Khin v. Union of Burma, 1954 BLR (HC) 191.
U Ba Kyi v. Union of Burma, 1964 BLR (CC) 306.
U Ba Thein and Another v. King-Emperor, 8 Ran. 372.
U Ba Yi and 8 v. Officer-in-Charge of Jail, Yamethin, 1950 BLR (SC) 130.
U Saw and 9 v. Union of Burma, 1948 BLR (HC) 217.
U Tun Aung Tha v. Union of Burma, 1968 BLR (CC) 10.
U Yu Maung v. Union of Burma, 1959 BLR (HC) 317.
U Zan v. Deputy Commissioner, Insein and Another, 1951 BLR (SC) 188.
Union of Burma v. Ah Hla (a) Maung Hla and 2, 1958 BLR (HC) 29.
Union of Burma v. Ah Shin and 2, 1955 BLR (HC) 317.
Union of Burma v. Aung Tun (a) Aung Myint, Aung Tun (a) Aung Myint v. Union of Burma, 1958 BLR (SC) 1.
Union of Burma v. U Chit Swe, 1950 BLR (HC) 278.
Union of Burma v. U Khin Maung Lat and One, 1950 BLR (HC) 376.
V. E. Rm. N. Rm. Kasi Viswanathan Chettyar v. Official Assignee and One, 1958 BLR (SC) 74.
V. S. M. Moideen Brothers v. Eng Thaung and Co., 9 LBR 45.
Bishu (a) Ma Kyin Nu v. Union of Burma, 1953 BLR (HC) [Burma Law Reports (High Court) (ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ တရားစီရင္ထံုးမ်ား၊ တရားလႊတ္ေတာ္)] 110.
Chit Hlaing, Htun Waing, Thein Aung and 19 v. Union of Burma, 1958 BLR (HC) 582.
Daw Aye Kyi v. U Win Thaung and 3, 1986 BLR (CCJ) [Central Court of Justice (ဗဟိုတရားရံုး)] 87.
Daw Aye Tin v. Meikhtila District Area People’s Court Appeal Court and Another, 1971 BLR (CC) [Chief Court (တရားရံုးခ်ဳပ္)] 17.
Daw Dagon Khin Khin Lay v. U Ko Ko Lay and Another, 1965 BLR (CC) 1065.
Daw Si Si v. Union of Burma, 1964 BLR (CC) 876.
Daw Than Than Lwin, Assistant Director, Civil Justice Dept., Mandalay v. U Thein Kyi (a) Mohamed Muser, 2007 MLR [Myanmar Law Reports (ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ တရားစီရင္ထံုးမ်ား)] 112.
In the matter of an advocate, 1985 BLR (CCJ) 81.
Ko Khin Maung v. Ma Ohn and 2, 1966 BLR (CC) 572.
Lim Hkwei Ya (a) Yaun Ei v. Minister of Home Affairs, 1960 BLR (SC) [Supreme Court (တရားလႊတ္ေတာ္ခ်ဳပ္္)] 189.
Ma Khin Myint (a) Ma Khin Nyunt Kyi v. Union of Burma, 1970 BLR (SCCAC) [Special Criminal Courts’ Appeal Court (အထူးရာဇဝတ္ရံုး အယူခံအဖြဲ႕)] 1.
Maung Aung Htay Myint v. Union of Burma, 1965 BLR (CC) 397.
Maung Chit v. Union of Burma, 1972 BLR (CC) 20.
Maung Chit Hlaing and 6 v. Union of Burma, 1966 BLR (SCCAC) 142.
Maung Chit Htwe and 3 v. Union of Burma, 1967 BLR (CC) 69.
Maung Ko Ni v. Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, 1980 BLR (CCJ) 7.
Maung Kyaw Aye and 6 v. Taunggoo District Commissioner and Another, 1957 BLR (SC) 49.
Maung Kyaw Tint v. Union of Burma, 1966 BLR (SCCAC) 41.
Maung Pan Zone v. Union of Burma, 1960 BLR (SC) 15.
Maung Soe Myint v. Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, 1981 BLR (CCJ) 28.
Maung Than v. Union of Burma, 1973 BLR (CC) 24.
Maung Than Win (a) Tin Aung and 2 v. Union of Burma, 1968 BLR (SCCAC) 61.
Maung Thein v. Union of Burma, 1966 BLR (CC) 158.
Maung Tin Aye v. District Commissioner, Pakokku and One, 1957 BLR (SC) 17.
Maung Tin Maung and 7 v. Union of Burma, 1969 BLR (CC) 222.
Maung Tint Swe v. Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, 1980 BLR (CCJ) 20.
Maung Tun Tin v. Union of Burma, 1965 BLR (CC) 185.
Mister R. S. Bun and 2 v. Union of Burma, 1966 BLR (SCCAC) 65.
Saw Bogyu v. Union of Burma, 1967 BLR (SCCAC) 45.
Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma v. U Hla Htun, 1982 BLR (CCJ) 48.
U Aung Nyunt v. Union of Burma (Sub-Divisional Magistrate, Tachilek), 1965 BLR (CC) 578.
U Aung Sein and 2 v. Union of Burma, 1960 BLR (HC) 91.
U Aye Thein v. Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2012 MLR 77.
U Kyaw Thein v. Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2012 MLR 10.
U Maung Maung and Another v. Daw Kyu Sein and 2, 1992 MLR 102.
U Min v. Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, 1977 BLR (CCJ) 22.
U Sein Tun v. Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, 1980 BLR (CCJ) 13.
U Thein Lun, 1972 BLR (CC) 72.
U Tin Ngwe, Daw Mya Mya Win (a) Daw Than Win v. Union of Myanmar, 2006 MLR 1.
U Win Han v. Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, 1975 BLR (CCJ) 101.
Union of Burma v. Maung Htun Sein, 1966 BLR (CC) 1425.
Union of Burma (Daw Shu Khin) v. Maung Mya (a) Mya Oo and 2, 1971 BLR (CC) 31.
Union of Myanmar v. Mardin (a) Kyi Lwin, 1996 MLR 129.
Union of Myanmar v. U Ye Naung and Another, 1991 MLR 63.
Union of Myanmar / Toe Yi v. Toe Yi / Union of Myanmar, 1992 MLR 28.
Yoe Bun Hwei (a) Kek Nek Hwei La v. Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of the Union of Burma and Others, 1960 BLR (SC) 175.
Bar Council. Lawyers’ Code of Conduct, Responsibilities and Rights. (တရားရံုးခ်ဳပ္ေရွ႕ေနမ်ား ေကာင္စီ။ ေရွ႕ေနေရွ႕ရပ္မ်ား၏ က်င့္ဝတ္ သိကၡာမ်ား၊ တာဝန္မ်ားႏွင့္ အခြင့္အေရးမ်ား။) 3rd edn. Yangon: Office of the Attorney General, 2001.
Myanmar Police Force Headquarters. Union of Myanmar Police Manual. (ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ရဲတပ္ဖြဲ႕ဌာနခ်ဳပ္။ ျပည္ေထာင္စုျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ ရဲလက္စြဲ။) Vol. I, II. 4 vols. Yangon: Myanmar Police Force Headquarters, 2000.
Office of the Council of State. Civil Servants Maintenance of Discipline Manual. (ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ေကာင္စီရံုး။ ဝန္ထမ္း စည္းကမ္းထိန္းသိမ္းေရးလက္စြဲ။) Rangoon: Office of the Council of State, 1985.
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  • Arms Act, India Act 11/1878

  • Bar Council Act, India Act 38/26

  • Citizenship Law, 2/82 (ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသား ဥပေဒ၊ ၂/၈၂)

  • Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, 2008

  • Constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma, 1974

  • Constitution of the Union of Burma, 1947

  • Contempt of Court Act, India Act 12/26

  • Contempt of Courts Law, 17/2013 (တရားရံုးမ်ားကို မထီမဲ့ျမင္ျပဳမႈ ဥပေဒ၊ ၁၇/၂၀၁၃)

  • Control of Imports and Exports (Temporary) Act, 56/47

  • Council of People’s Justices Law, 13/74 (ျပည္သူ႔တရားသူႀကီးအဖဲြ႕ ဥပေဒ၊ ၁၃/၇၄)

  • Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act, 21/58

  • Criminal Procedure Code [or, Code of Criminal Procedure], India Act 5/1898

  • Electronic Transactions Law, 5/2004 (အီလက္ထေရာနစ္ ဆက္သြယ္ေဆာင္ရြက္ေရး ဥပေဒ၊ ၅/၂၀၀၄)

  • Emergency Provisions Act, 17/50 (အေရးေပၚစီမံမႈ အက္ဥပေဒ၊ ၁၇/၅၀)

  • Emergency Provisions (Temporary Amendment) Act, 26/58 [အေရးေပၚစီမံမႈ (ယာယီျပင္ဆင္ခ်က္) အက္ဥပေဒ၊ ၂၆/၅၈]

  • Eradication of Corruption Law, 23/2013 (အဂတိလိုက္စားမႈ တိုက္ဖ်က္ေရး ဥပေဒ၊ ၂၃/၂၀၁၃)

  • Evidence Act, India Act 1/1872

  • Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 44/47

  • Gambling Law, 6/86 (ေလာင္းကစား ဥပေဒ၊ ၆/၈၆)

  • Judiciary Law, 2/88 (တရားစီရင္ေရး ဥပေဒ၊ ၂/၈၈)

  • Judiciary Law, 5/2000 (တရားစီရင္ေရး ဥပေဒ၊ ၅/၂၀၀၀)

  • Law Amending the Peaceful Assembly and Procession Law, 26/2014 (ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ စုေဝးခြင့္ႏွင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ စီတန္းလွည့္လည္ခြင့္ဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒကို ျပင္ဆင္သည့္ဥပေဒ၊ ၂၆/၂၀၁၄)

  • Law Conferring Authorizations for the Building of a Socialist Economic System, 8/65 (ဆိုရွယ္လစ္စီးပြားေရးစနစ္ တည္ေဆာက္မႈအတြက္ လုပ္ပိုင္ခြင့္မ်ား အပ္ႏွင္းသည့္ ဥပေဒ၊ ၈/၆၅)

  • Law on Registration of Organisations, 31/2014 (အသင္းအဖြဲ႕မ်ား မွတ္ပံုတင္ျခင္းဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒ၊ ၃၁/၂၀၁၄)

  • Legal Practitioners Act, India Act 18/1879

  • Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law, 1/93 (မူးယစ္ေဆးဝါးႏွင့္ စိတ္ကိုေျပာင္းလဲေစေသာ ေဆးဝါးမ်ားဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒ၊ ၁/၉၃)

  • Organisation Law, 6/88 (အသင္းအဖြဲ႕မ်ား ဖြဲ႕စည္းျခင္းဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒ၊ ၆/၈၈)

  • Peaceful Assembly and Procession Law, 15/2011 (ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ စုေဝးခြင့္ႏွင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ စီတန္းလွည့္လည္ခြင့္ဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒ၊ ၁၅/၂၀၁၁)

  • Penal Code, India Act 45/1860

  • People’s Council Law, 8/74 (ျပည္သူ႔ေကာင္စီ ဥပေဒ၊ ဂ/၇၄)

  • Police Act, 6/45

  • Prevention of Corruption Act, 67/48 (အဂတိလိုက္စားမႈ တားျမစ္ေရး အက္ဥပေဒ၊ ၆၇/၄၈)

  • Public Order (Preservation) Act, 16/47

  • Special Criminal Courts Law, 15/62 (အထူးရာဇဝတ္႐ုံး ဥပေဒ၊ ၁၅/၆၂)

  • Special Criminal Courts Law Repealing Law, 8/74 (အထူးရာဇဝတ္႐ုံး ဥပေဒကို ႐ုပ္သိမ္းသည့္ ဥပေဒ၊ ၈/၇၄)

  • Special Limitations Law, 9/88

  • Television and Video Law, 8/96 (ရုပ္ျမင္သံၾကားႏွင့္ဗီဒီယို ဥပေဒ၊ ၈/၉၆)

  • Towns Act, 3/07

  • Tuition Law, 6/84 (ဘာသာရပ္သင္ ကိုယ္ပိုင္သင္တန္း ဥပေဒ၊ ၆/၈၄)

  • Union Judiciary Act, 8/48

  • Union Judiciary Law, 20/2010 (ျပည္ေထာင္စုတရားစီရင္ေရး ဥပေဒ၊ ၂၀/၂၀၀၀)

  • Unlawful Associations Act, India Act 14/08

  • Asia Sentinel

  • Biweekly Eleven (in Burmese)

  • Botataung (ဗိုလ္တေထာင္)

  • British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) (Burmese Service)

  • Burma Update (in Burmese)

  • CNN

  • Daily Eleven (in Burmese)

  • Democratic Voice of Burma (Burmese Service)

  • Eleven Media (in Burmese)

  • Flower News (in Burmese)

  • Forward (ေရွ႕သို႔)

  • Irrawaddy

  • KQED

  • Mizzima

  • Myanma Alin (ျမန္မာ့အလင္း)

  • Myanmar Herald (ျမန္မာသံေတာ္ဆင့္)

  • Myanmar Times

  • New Light of Myanmar (NLM)

  • People’s Age (ျပည္သူ႔ေခတ္)

  • Radio Free Asia (Burmese Service)

  • Voice Daily (in Burmese)

  • Voice of America (VOA) (Burmese Service)

  • Weekly Eleven (in Burmese)

  • Working People’s Daily (WPD)

  • Yale News