Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression
are prevalent among post-conflict populations worldwide but controversy
about the cultural meaning of these symptoms, particularly in relation to
PTSD, adds to the challenge for psychiatry in mounting appropriate
intervention programmes. Accumulating scientific evidence assists in guiding
the focus and scope of emergency mental health programmes, initiatives that
can become the vanguard of mental health development and reform for
countries recovering from conflict.