We have observed 21-cm absorption and emission spectra in the direction of about 20 southern pulsars with the Parkes telescope to derive their kinematic distances and to study the interstellar medium. In each case we thoroughly investigated the environment of each pulsar as well as sources along the line of sight which may contribute to the pulsars’ dispersion measure (DM).
Some of the results, which are published in Koribalski et al. (1995) and Johnston et al. (1996), are included in the compilation of Hi absorption measurements by Joel Weisberg in this volume. In the following we present a detailed discussion on pulsars toward 1) the Gum Nebula and 2) the Carina Arm.