We consider direct and inverse Jacobi transforms with measures

$$\begin{align*}d\mu(t)=2^{2\rho}(\operatorname{sinh} t)^{2\alpha+1}(\operatorname{cosh} t)^{2\beta+1}\,dt\end{align*}$$ and

$$\begin{align*}d\sigma(\lambda)=(2\pi)^{-1}\Bigl|\frac{2^{\rho-i\lambda}\Gamma(\alpha+1)\Gamma(i\lambda)} {\Gamma((\rho+i\lambda)/2)\Gamma((\rho+i\lambda)/2-\beta)}\Bigr|^{-2}\,d\lambda,\end{align*}$$ respectively. We solve the following generalized Logan problem: to find the infimum

$$\begin{align*}\inf\Lambda((-1)^{m-1}f), \quad m\in \mathbb{N}, \end{align*}$$ where

$\Lambda (f)=\sup \,\{\lambda>0\colon f(\lambda )>0\}$ and the infimum is taken over all nontrivial even entire functions

f of exponential type that are Jacobi transforms of positive measures with supports on an interval. Here, if

$m\ge 2$, then we additionally assume that

$\int _{0}^{\infty }\lambda ^{2k}f(\lambda )\,d\sigma (\lambda )=0$ for

$k=0,\dots ,m-2$.

We prove that admissible functions for this problem are positive-definite with respect to the inverse Jacobi transform. The solution of Logan’s problem was known only when $\alpha =\beta =-1/2$. We find a unique (up to multiplication by a positive constant) extremizer $f_m$. The corresponding Logan problem for the Fourier transform on the hyperboloid $\mathbb {H}^{d}$ is also solved. Using the properties of the extremizer $f_m$ allows us to give an upper estimate of the length of a minimal interval containing not less than n zeros of positive definite functions. Finally, we show that the Jacobi functions form the Chebyshev systems.