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5 - Development During Infancy in Children Later Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder

from Part I - Foundations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 September 2020

Jeffrey J. Lockman
Affiliation:
Tulane University, Louisiana
Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda
Affiliation:
New York University
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Summary

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heritable, heterogeneous, and common neurodevelopmental condition defined by impairments in social communication alongside restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRB). ASD is a moving target; its definition has changed dramatically over the years. The first comprehensive clinical descriptions of the condition were given by Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger more than 70 years ago (Asperger, 1944; Kanner, 1943), but it was not before 1980, with the publication of the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association that the term autism was introduced as a formal category. At that time, only one criterion related to social interaction was listed (pervasive lack of responsiveness to other people).

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The Cambridge Handbook of Infant Development
Brain, Behavior, and Cultural Context
, pp. 128 - 154
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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