Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-jp8mt Total loading time: 0.656 Render date: 2022-11-30T18:49:04.795Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

14 - The Dilemma of Organization in Social Movement Initiatives

from Part 4 - Social Movements and Collective Action

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 July 2019

Göran Ahrne
Affiliation:
Uppsala Universitet, Sweden
Nils Brunsson
Affiliation:
Uppsala Universitet, Sweden
Get access

Summary

Although the question whether organisation obstructs or supports social movement claims and mobilisation has long been debated, it is undeniable that some level of organisation exists in even the most radically horizontal social movements. Relatively little attention has been paid, however, to how movements operate in dealing with the tensions associated with the question of organisation, that is, how they seek to be effective in decision-making while maintaining or advancing inclusivity and participation. This chapter presents an analysis of the organising efforts of a timebank. With a particular focus on the production of organisation, we illustrate how a group vested on the idea of horizontal, non-hierarchical collective action is dealing with the coordination and decision-making challenges they meet over time.

Type
Chapter
Information
Organization outside Organizations
The Abundance of Partial Organization in Social Life
, pp. 293 - 317
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Ahrne, G. & Brunsson, N. (2011) Organization outside Organization: The Significance of Partial Organization. Organization 18(1): 83104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alhojärvi, T., Ryynänen, S., Toivakainen, N., & van der Wekken, R. (2015) Solidaarisuustalous. In Jalonen, M. & Silvasti, T. (eds.), Talouden uudet muodot. Helsinki: Into. 210–30.Google Scholar
Bachrach, P. & Baratz, M. S. (1963) Decisions and Nondecisions: An Analytical Framework. American Political Science Review 57(3): 632–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berger, P. L. & Luckmann, T. (1967) The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
Blee, K. M. (2012) Democracy in the Making. How Activist Groups Form. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boggs, C. (1978) Marxism, Prefigurative Communism, and the Problem of Workers’ Control. Radical America 11/12(1): 99122.Google Scholar
Böhm, S. (2006) Repositioning Organization Theory. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bor, S. & den Hond, F. (2015) Social Order & Organisational Dynamics. Working paper. Presented at the 4th European Theory Development Workshop, Cardiff, 24–25 June 2015.
Breton, E., Jeppesen, S., Kruzynski, A., & Sarrasin, R. (2012) Prefigurative Self-Governance and Self-Organization: The Influence of Antiauthoritarian (Pro)Feminist, Radical Queer, and Antiracist Networks in Quebec. In Choudry, A., Hanley, J., & Shragge, E. (eds.), Organize! Building from the Local for Global Justice. Oakland: PM Press. 156–73.Google Scholar
Clark, A. (2006) Anonymising Research Data (NCRM Working Paper 07/06). Southampton, UK: National Centre for Research Methods. Retrieved 9 June 2015 from http://eprints.ncrm.ac.uk/480/.
Clemens, E. S. & Minkoff, D. C. (2004) Beyond the Iron Law: Rethinking the Place of Organizations in Social Movement Research. In Snow, D. A., Soule, S. A., & Kriesi, H. (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements. Malden: Blackwell. 155–70.Google Scholar
de Bakker, F., den Hond, F., & Laamanen, M. (2017) Social Movements: Organizations and Organizing. In Roggeband, C. & Klandermans, B. (eds.), Handbook of Social Movements across Disciplines. Cham: Springer. 203–31.Google Scholar
den Hond, F., de Bakker, F. G. A., & Smith, N. (2015) Social Movements and Organizational Analysis. In Diani, M. & della Porta, D. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Social Movements. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 291305.Google Scholar
Dobusch, L. & Schoeneborn, D. (2015) Fluidity, Identity, and Organizationality: The Communicative Constitution of Anonymous. Journal of Management Studies 52(8): 1005–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
du Gay, P. & Vikkelsø, S. (2016) For Formal Organization: The Past in the Present and Future of Organization Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elliott, M. (2006) Stigmergic Collaboration: The Evolution of Group Work. M/C Journal 9(2). Retrieved 26 December 2017 from http://journal.media-culture.org.au/0605/03-elliott.php/.Google Scholar
Eskelinen, T. (2014) Aikapankkien yhteiskunnalliset vaikutukset ja verotus. Helsinki: Vasemmistofoorumi.Google Scholar
Freeman, J. (1972) The Tyranny of Structurelessness. Berkeley Journal of Sociology 17: 151–65.Google Scholar
Graeber, D. R. (2013) The Democracy Project. A History. A Crisis. A Movement. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
Graeber, D. R. (2015) The Utopia of Rules. On Technology, Stupidity, and the Secret Joys of Bureaucracy. Brooklyn: Melville House.Google Scholar
Laamanen, M., Wahlen, S., & Campana, M. (2015) Mobilising Collaborative Consumption Lifestyles: A Comparative Frame Analysis of Time Banking. International Journal of Consumer Studies 39(5): 459–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leach, D. K. (2005) The Iron Law of What Again? Conceptualizing Oligarchy across Organizational Forms. Sociological Theory 23(3): 312–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maeckelbergh, M. (2011) Doing Is Believing: Prefiguration as Strategic Practice in the Alterglobalization Movement. Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest 10(1): 120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCarthy, J. D. & Zald, M. N. (1977) Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory. American Journal of Sociology 82(6): 1212–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Michels, R. (1965 [1911]) Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
North, P. (2014) Complementary Currencies. In Parker, M., Cheney, G., Fournier, V., & Land, C. (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Alternative Organization. London: Routledge. 182–94.Google Scholar
Papaoikonomou, E. & Valor, C. (2016) Exploring Commitment in Peer-to-Peer Exchanges: The Case of Timebanks. Journal of Marketing Management 32(13–14): 1333–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parker, M., Cheney, G., Fournier, V., & Land, C. (2014) Imagining Alternatives. In Parker, M., Cheney, G., Fournier, V., & Land, C. (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Alternative Organization. London: Routledge. 3141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reedy, P. (2014) Impossible Organizations: Anarchism and Organizational Praxis. ephemera: theory & politics in organization 14(4): 639–58.Google Scholar
Reinecke, J. (2018) Social Movements and Prefigurative Organizing: Confronting entrenched inequalities in Occupy London. Organization Studies 39(9), 1299–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sutherland, N., Land, C., & Böhm, S. (2014) Anti-Leaders(hip) in Social Movement Organizations: The Case of Autonomous Grassroots Groups. Organization 21(6): 759–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Teivainen, T. (2016) Occupy Representation and Democratise Prefiguration: Speaking for Others in Global Justice Movements. Capital & Class 40(1): 1936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tolbert, P. S. & Hiatt, S. R. (2009) On Organizations and Oligarchies. Michels in the Twenty-First Century. In Adler, P. S. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Sociology and Organization Studies: Classical Foundations. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 174–99.Google Scholar
Tsoukas, H. & Chia, R. (2002) On Organizational Becoming: Rethinking Organizational Change. Organization Science 13(5): 567–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yates, L. (2015) Rethinking Prefiguration: Alternatives, Micropolitics and Goals in Social Movements. Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest 14(1): 121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zald, M. N. & Ash, R. (1966) Social Movement Organizations: Growth, Decay and Change. Social Forces 44(3): 327–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
5
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×