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The Arab-Israeli Conflict in American Political Culture
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    Grinin, Leonid Korotayev, Andrey and Tausch, Arno 2019. Islamism, Arab Spring, and the Future of Democracy. p. 1.

    Tausch, Arno 2019. Islamism, Arab Spring, and the Future of Democracy. p. 217.

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    The Arab-Israeli Conflict in American Political Culture
    • Online ISBN: 9781316146729
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316146729
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Book description

This book surveys discourse and opinion in the United States toward the Arab-Israeli conflict since 1991. Contrary to popular myth, it demonstrates that US support for Israel is not based on the pro-Israel lobby, but rather is deeply rooted in American political culture. That support has increased since 9/11. However, the bulk of this increase has been among Republicans, conservatives, evangelicals, and Orthodox Jews. Meanwhile, among Democrats, liberals, the Mainline Protestant Church, and non-Orthodox Jews, criticism of Israeli policies toward the Palestinians has become more vociferous. This book works to explain this paradox.

Reviews

'Professor Rynhold has made a pioneering and illuminating contribution to our understanding of the contemporary American Jewish community and its complex relationship with the Arab-Israel conflict. For the first time, scholars of American Jewry, US foreign policy and Middle Eastern politics will gain insights into the deep and often strident divisions among American Jews on an issue of paramount importance to their identity, their values, and their connection to Israel. The Arab-Israeli Conflict in American Political Culture is an essential source for anyone interested in American Jewish, US-Israel, and Israeli-Palestinian affairs.'

Michael B. Oren - former Israeli ambassador to the United States and current Chair in International Diplomacy at IDC, Herzliya, Israel

'Jonathan Rynhold’s book is a first-rate analysis of the changing position of Israel in American politics. Rynhold carefully demonstrates how Republicans and Evangelical Christians have increasingly embraced Israel, while Democrats and most American Jews - Orthodox Jews are a notable exception - have increasingly questioned Israeli policies. This book is highly recommended for anyone interested in the role of Israel in US and Jewish politics.'

Robert O. Freedman - Adjunct Professor, The Johns Hopkins University

'Jonathan Rynhold is one of the most perceptive observers of American perspectives on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that Israel has produced in recent years. While many Israelis fashion themselves as experts on America, Rynhold is the real thing. He has kept his finger on the pulse like very few others. Readers will gain much from his wide knowledge and profound insights.'

David Makovsky - The Washington Institute for Near East Policy

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Jones, Jeffrey M. “Americans Felt Uneasy toward Arabs Even before September 11: Majority Supports Increased Security Measures Even for Arabs Who Are United States Citizens.” Gallup, September 28, 2001. .
Jones, Jeffrey M. “Nearly Half of Americans Favor Independent Palestinian State: Views of Sharon, Arafat Growing More Negative over Time.” Gallup, June 3, 2002. .
Jones, Jeffrey M. “Americans Continue to Be Pessimistic about Middle East Peace: Divided on Whether U.S. Should Put More Pressure on Israelis or Palestinians.” Gallup, March 13, 2007. .
Jones, Jeffrey M. “In U.S., 6 in 10 View Iran as Critical Threat to U.S. Interests: International Terrorism Viewed as Top Threat to U.S.” Gallup, February 16, 2010. .
Jones, Jeffrey M. “Americans See U.S. as Exceptional; 37% Doubt Obama Does: Majority Believe U.S. at Risk of Losing Status as Greatest Country in the World.” Gallup, December 22, 2010. .
Jones, Jeffrey M. “Americans Continue to Rate Iran as Greatest U.S. Enemy: North Korea, China Tie for Second; Mentions of Iraq Down Significantly.” Gallup, February 18, 2011. .
Jones, Jeffrey M. ‘In U.S., 3 in 10 Say They Take the Bible Literally: Plurality View Bible as Inspired Word of God But Say Not Everything In It Should Be Taken Literally.” Gallup, July 8, 2011. .
Jones, Jeffrey M. “Liberal Self-Identification Edges Up to New High in 2013: Fifteen-Percentage-Point Conservative Advantage Ties as Smallest to Date.” Gallup, January, 10 2014. .
Mendes, Elizabeth. “Americans Continue to Tilt Pro-Israel: More View Israel Favorably Than the Palestinian Authority or Iran.” Gallup, March 2, 2012. .
Moore, David W. “Republicans, Conservatives More Supportive of Israelis Than Democrats, Liberals: Pattern Has Persisted for At Least the Past Decade.” Gallup, April 17, 2002. .
Moore, David W. “Protestant Tilt toward Israel Partially Explained by Biblical Connection: Catholic Support More Related to Pragmatic Concerns.” Gallup, April, 29, 2002. .
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Saad, Lydia. “Canada Remains Americans’ Most Favored Nation: Great Britain Nearly Ties Canada for Top Spot.” Gallup, February 19, 2009. .
Saad, Lydia. “Americans’ Support for Israel Unchanged since Gaza Conflict: Most Americans Sympathize with Israel, View It Favorably.” Gallup, March 3, 2009. .
Saad, Lydia. “Americans Remain Skeptical About Middle East Peace: Just 32% Think Israel and Arabs Will Ever Live in Peace.” Gallup, June 4, 2009. .
Saad, Lydia. “U.S. Jews Lead Other Religious Groups in Support of Obama: Dip in Approval among Jews Similar to That among General Public.” Gallup, October 2, 2009. .
Saad, Lydia. “In U.S., Canada Places First in Image Contest; Iran Last: Favorable Views of Russia, Palestinian Authority Up Slightly; Views of Iraq Down.” Gallup, February 19, 2010. .
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Pew Research Center
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Anonymous “Survey: Optimism Reigns, Technology Plays Key Role.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, October 24, 1999. .
Anonymous “Americans Struggle with Religion’s Role at Home and Abroad. Part 2: Views of Islam and Religion in the World.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, March 20, 2002. .
Anonymous “Americans and Europeans Differ Widely on Foreign Policy Issues.” Pew Research Global Attitudes Project, April 17, 2002. .
Anonymous “Religion and Politics: Contention and Consensus: Growing Number Says Islam Encourages Violence among Followers.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, July 24, 2003. .
Anonymous “Views of Islam Remain Sharply Divided.” Pew Research Religion and Public Life Project, September 9, 2004, .
Anonymous “Religious Landscape Survey.” Pew Research Religion and Public Life Project. .
Anonymous “The American Public: Opinion and Values in a 51%–48% Nation.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, January 20, 2005. .
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Anonymous “Beyond Red vs. Blue: Republicans Divided About Role of Government – Democrats by Social and Personal Values.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, May 10, 2005. .
Anonymous “America’s Image Slips, But Allies Share U.S. Concerns over Iran, Hamas: No Global Warming Alarm in the U.S., China.” Pew Research Global Attitudes Project, June 13, 2006. .
Anonymous “American Attitudes Hold Steady in Face of Foreign Crises: Strong Support for Israel – No Surge in Terror Concerns or Boost for Bush.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, August 17, 2006, .
Anonymous “Diminished Public Appetite for Military Force and Mideast Oil: Five Years Later…” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, September 6, 2006. .
Anonymous “Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes: 1987–2007: Political Landscape More Favorable to Democrats.” Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, March 22, 2007. .
Anonymous “Muslim Americans: Middle Class and Mostly Mainstream.” Pew Research Center, May 22, 2007. .
Anonymous “Public Expresses Mixed Views of Islam, Mormonism.” Pew Research Religion and Public Life Project, September 25, 2007. .
Anonymous “Religious Landscape Survey: Religious Affiliation: Diverse and Dynamic,” Pew Research Religion & Public Life Project, February 2008. .
Anonymous “U.S. Religious Landscape Survey: Religious Beliefs and Practices.” Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, June 2008. .
Anonymous “More See America’s Loss of Global Respect as Major Problem: Majority of Republicans Say U.S. is Less Respected.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, June 16, 2008. .
Anonymous “Unfavorable Views of Jews and Muslims on the Increase in Europe: Ethnocentric Attitudes Are on the Rise in Europe.” Pew Research Global Attitudes Project, September 17, 2008. .
Anonymous “Modest Backing For Israel in Gaza Crisis: No Desire for Greater U.S. Role in Resolving Conflict.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, January 13, 2009. .
Anonymous “Ideological Gaps over Israel on Both Sides of Atlantic.” Pew Research Global Attitudes Project, January 29, 2009. america-europe-ideological-gaps-over-israel.
Anonymous “Independents Take Center Stage in Obama Era: Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes: 1987–2009.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, May 21, 2009. .
Anonymous “America’s Place in the World 2009: An Investigation of Public and Leadership Opinion about International Affairs.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, December 2009. .
Anonymous “U.S. Seen as Less Important, China as More Powerful: Isolationist Sentiment Surges to Four-Decade High.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, December 3, 2009. .
Anonymous “Millennials: Confident. Connected. Open to Change.” Pew Research Social and Demographic Trends, February 24, 2010. .
Anonymous “Continuing Divide in Views of Islam and Violence.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, March 9, 2011. .
Anonymous “Goal of Libyan Operation Less Clear to Public: Top Middle East Priority: Preventing Terrorism.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, April 5, 2011. .
Anonymous “Beyond Red vs. Blue: The Political Typology.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, May 4, 2011. .
Anonymous “Views of Middle East Unchanged by Recent Events: Public Remains Wary of Global Engagement.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, June 10, 2011. .
Anonymous “In Shift from Bush Era, More Conservatives Say ‘Come Home, America.’” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, June 16, 2011. .
Anonymous “Strong on Defense and Israel, Tough on China: Tea Party and Foreign Policy.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, October 7, 2011. .
Anonymous “Common Concerns about Islamic Extremism: Muslim-Western Tensions Persist.” Pew Research Center Global Attitudes Project, July 21, 2011. .
Anonymous “The Generation Gap and the 2012 Election.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, November 3, 2011. .
Anonymous “The American–Western European Values Gap: American Exceptionalism Subsides.” Pew Research Global Attitudes Project, November 17, 2011 (updated February 29, 2012). 2011/11/17/the-american-western-european-values-gap/.
Anonymous “Trends in Party Identification of Religious Groups: By Religious Affiliation.” Pew Research Religion and Political Life Project, February 2, 2012. .
Anonymous “Public Takes Strong Stance against Iran’s Nuclear Program.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, February 15, 2012. .
Anonymous “Little Support for U.S. Intervention in Syrian Conflict.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, March 15, 2012. .
Anonymous “Partisan Polarization Surges in Bush, Obama Years: Trends in American Values: 1987–2012.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, June 4, 2012. .
Anonymous “‘Nones’ on the Rise.” Pew Research Religion and Public Life Project, October 9, 2012. .
Anonymous “After Boston, Little Change in Views of Islam and Violence: 45% say Muslim Americans Face ‘a Lot’ of Discrimination.” Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, May 7, 2013. .
Anonymous “Despite Their Wide Differences, Many Israelis and Palestinians Want Bigger Role for Obama in Resolving Conflict: Survey Report.” Pew Research Global Research Project, May 9, 2013. .
Anonymous “A Portrait of Jewish Americans: Findings from a Pew Research Center Survey of U.S. Jews.” Pew Research Center Religion and Public Life Project, October 1, 2013. .
Anonymous “Millennials in Adulthood: Millennials Less Conservative Than Older Generations.” Pew Research Social and Demographic Trends, March 5, 2014. .
Interviews with Author
Abrams, Elliot, National Security Council Senior Director for Democracy, Human Rights, and International Operations, 2001–2002; National Security Council Senior Director for Near East and North African Affairs, 2002–2005; Deputy National Security Advisor for Global Democracy, Strategy 2005–2008.
Arbit, Carmiel, Assistant Director of Policy and Government Affairs, AIPAC.
Beilin, Yossi, Deputy Foreign Minister of Israel, 1992–1995; Minister of Justice, 1999–2001.
Bennett, Roger, Vice President, Bronfman Philanthropies.
Brooks, Matt, Executive Director, Republican Jewish Coalition.
Bryen, Shoshanna, Director of the Jewish Policy Center; former Director for Security Policy at Jewish Institute for National Security.
Bayme, Steve, Director of Contemporary Jewish Life Dept., American Jewish Committee.
Beinart, Peter, former editor of the New Republic.
Bloomfield, Doug, former Legislative Director, AIPAC.
Ben-Ami, Jeremy, Executive Director, J Street.
Cohen, Eliot, Counselor to the United States Department of State, 2007–2009; former member of the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee.
Diament, Nathan, Executive Director of the Orthodox Union Advocacy Center.
Eizenstadt, Ambassador Stuart, Chief Domestic Policy Advisor to President Carter; Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, 1999–2001.
Felson, Ethan, Vice President and General Council, Jewish Council for Public Affairs.
Gutow, Rabbi Steve, President and CEO, Jewish Council for Public Affairs.
Fleshler, Dan, Board Member of Americans for Peace Now; Member of the J Street Advisory Council.
Feuer, Marvin, Director of Policy and Government Affairs, AIPAC.
Friedman, Lara, Director of Policy and Government Relations, Americans for Peace Now.
Katulis, Brian, Senior Fellow, Center for American Progress.
Keyak, Aaron, Interim Director, National Jewish Democratic Council, 2013.
Korn, Eugene, Director of the Institute for Jewish-Christian Understanding and Cooperation; former Director of Interfaith Affairs for the Anti-Defamation League.
Lerner, Rachel, Senior Vice President for Community Relations.
Lewis, Ann, former Senior Advisor to Hillary Clinton; former Director of Communications and Counselor to President Bill Clinton.
McDermott, Gerald, Professor of Religion, Roanoke College, Virginia; Teaching Pastor at St. John Lutheran Church.
Makovsky, David, Director of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy Project on the Middle East Peace Process; Senior Advisor to the Special Middle East Envoy, U.S. State Department, 2013.
Meryashin, Dan, Executive Vice President, B’nai B’rith.
Miller, Aaron, former Senior Advisor for Arab-Israeli Negotiations and Deputy Special Middle East Coordinator for Arab-Israeli Negotiations in the U.S. State Department.
Neusner, Noam, White House Liaison to the Jewish Community during the George W. Bush Administration.
Oren, Michael, Israeli Ambassador to the United States, 2009–2013.
Ottolenghi, Emanuele, Senior Fellow at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies.
Pletka, Danielle, Vice President for Foreign and Defense Policy Studies, American Enterprise Institute; former Senior Professional Staff Member for Near East and South Asia with the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, 1992–2002.
Raffel, Martin, Senior Vice President, Jewish Council for Public Affairs.
Rosen, Steve, Director of Foreign Policy Issues, AIPAC, 1982–2005.
Ross, Dennis, Director of Policy Planning in the State Department under President George H. W. Bush; Special Middle East Coordinator under President Bill Clinton; Special Advisor for the Persian Gulf and Southwest Asia to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
Saperstein, David, Director of the Union for Reform Judaism’s Religious Action Center.
Schoffman, Roberta, Representative of the Israel Policy Forum in Israel.
Krieger, Zvika, former editor at the New Republic; Foreign Policy Correspondent at the Atlantic; former Senior Vice President of the S. Daniel Abraham Center for Middle East Peace.
Troy, Tevi, White House Liaison to the Jewish Community during the George W. Bush Administration.
Yglesias, Matthew, liberal blogger at Talking Points Memo, the Atlantic, Center for American Progress.
Wittes, Tamara, Director of the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings; Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, 2009–2012.