Skip to main content Accessibility help
Borrowing Together
  • Cited by 3
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

In Borrowing Together, Becky Hsu examines the social aspects of the most intriguing element of group-lending microfinance: social collateral. She investigates the details of the social relationships among fellow borrowers and between borrowers and lenders, finding that these relationships are the key that explains the outcomes in rural China. People access money through their social networks, but they also do the opposite: cultivate their social relationships by moving money. Hsu not only looks closely at what transpired in the course of a microfinance intervention, but also reverses the gaze to examine the expectations that brought the program to the site in the first place. Hsu explains why microfinance's 'articles of faith' failed to comprehend the influence of longstanding relationships and the component of morality, and how they raise doubts - not only about microfinance - but also about the larger goals of development research.

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Agricultural Development Bank. 2000. “A Study on Ways to Support Poverty Reduction Projects (ADB/TA 3150-PRC).” Available at:
Anthony, Denise, and Horne, Christine. 2003. “Gender and Cooperation: Explaining Loan Repayment in Micro-Credit Groups.” Social Psychology Quarterly 66: 293302.
Armendáriz, Beatriz, and Morduch, Jonathan. 2010. The Economics of Microfinance. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Astuti, Rita. 1995. People of the Sea: Identity and Descent among the Vezo of Madagascar. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bai, Chengyu. 2010. “Chinese Microfinance Networks and Cooperation Patterns.” Microfinance in China. World Microfinance Forum Geneva: 3241. Available at:
Balasubramanian, Sujata. 2013. “Why Micro-Credit May Leave Women Worse Off: Non-Cooperative Bargaining and the Marriage Game in South Asia.” Journal of Development Studies 49: 609–23.
Bandelj, Nina. 2012. “Relational Work and Economic Sociology.” Politics & Society 40 (2): 175201.
Barry, Jack J. 2012. “Microfinance, the Market and Political Development in the Internet Age.” Third World Quarterly 33(1): 125–41.
Bellah, Robert, Madsen, Richard, Sullivan, William, Swidler, Ann, and Tipton, Steven. 1985. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitent in American Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Besley, Timothy, and Coate, Stephen. 1995. “Group Lending, Repayment Incentives and Social Collateral.” Journal of Development Economics 46 (1): 118.
Biosca, Olga, Lenton, Pamela, and Mosley, Paul. 2014. “Where Is the ‘Plus’ in ‘Credit-Plus’? The Case of Chiapas, Mexico.” Journal of Development Studies 50: 1700–16.
Bossen, Laurel. 2002. Chinese Women and Rural Development: Sixty Years of Change in Lu Village, Yunnan. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Bottomore, T.B. 1964. Karl Marx: Selected Writings in Sociology and Social Philosophy. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1984. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. London: Routledge.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1990. The Logic of Practice. Trans. Nice, Richard. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Cahill, Spencer. 1998. “Toward a Sociology of the Person.” Sociological Theory 16(2): 131–48.
Calhoun, Craig. 1991. “Morality, Identity, and Historical Explanation: Charles Taylor on the Sources of the Self.” Sociological Theory 9(2): 232–63.
Campbell, Gregor. 2010. “Microfinancing the Developing World: How Small Loans Empower Local Economies and Catalyse Neoliberalism’s Endgame.” Third World Quarterly 31(7):1081–90.
Cardenas, Juan Camilo, and Carpenter, Jeffrey. 2008. “Behavioural Development Economics: Lessons from Field Labs in the Developing World.” Journal of Development Studies 44: 311–38.
Carpenter, Jeffrey, Daniere, Amrita, and Takahashi, Lois. 2004. “Cooperation, Trust, and Social Capital in Southeast Asian Urban Slums.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 55: 533–51.
Carsten, Janet. 1995. “The Substance of Kinship and the Heat of the Hearth: Feeding, Personhood, and Relatedness among Malays in Pulau Langkawi.” American Ethnologist 22(2): 223–41.
Chan, Anita, Madsen, Richard, and Unger, Jonathan. 1992. Chen Village Under Mao and Deng. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Chan, Kam Wing. 2013. “China: Internal Migration.” In The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, eds. Ness, Immanuel and Bellwood, Peter. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Available at:
Chase-Dunn, Christopher. 1989. Global Formation: Structures of the World-Economy. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Cho, Young Nam. 2003. “Symbiotic Neighbour or Extra-Court Judge? The Supervision over Courts by Chinese Local People’s Congresses.” The China Quarterly 176: 1068–83.
Chung, Him. 2014. “Rural Transformation and the Persistence of Rurality in China.” Eurasian Geography and Economics 54: 594610.
Coleman, James. 1988. “Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital.” American Journal of Sociology 94: S95S121.
Collins, Daryl, Morduch, Jonathan, Rutherford, Stuart, and Ruthven, Orlanda. 2009. Portfolios of the Poor: How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Comaroff, John, and Comaroff, Jean. 2001. “On Personhood: An Anthropological Perspective from Africa.” Social Identities 7: 167283.
Confucius. 1979. The Analects. New York: Penguin.
Cons, Jason, and Paprocki, Kasia. 2010. “Contested Credit Landscapes: Microcredit, Self-Help and Self-Determination in Rural Bangladesh.” Third World Quarterly 31 (4): 637–54.
Cooley, Charles Horton. 1992. Human Nature and the Social Order. New York: Transaction Publishers.
Daniel, E. Valentine. 1984. Fluid Signs: Being a Person the Tamil Way. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Devine, Joseph. 2003. “The Paradox of Sustainability: Reflections on NGOs in Bangladesh.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 590: 227–42.
Dewey, John. [1932]1985. “15. The Moral Self.” The Collected Works of John Dewey, 1882–1953. Electronic Edition: 285311. The Later Works of John Dewey, 1925–1953. Volume 7: 1932, Ethics.
DiMaggio, Paul. 1997. “Culture and Cognition.” Annual Review of Sociology 23: 263–87.
Du, Xiaoshan. 2008a. “The Current Situation and Future Prospects for Microfinance in China.” Microfinance in China. World Microfinance Forum Geneva: 29. Available at:
Du, Xiaoshan. 2008b. “The Current Supply of Microfinance Savings in China,” Microfinance in China. World Microfinance Forum Geneva: 2231. Available at:
Du, Xiaoshan. 2014. “Reflections on microfinance and risk management from Mr. Du Xiaoshan, Chairman of China Microfinance Association.” Available at:
Durkheim, Émile. [1890]1973. “Individualism and the Intellectuals.” On Morality and Society. Trans. Traugott, Mark. Edited and with an introduction by Bellah, Robert. Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 4357. Originally published as “L’individualisme et les intellectuels,” Revue bleue 4e: 713.
Durkheim, Émile. [1898]1973. “The Principles of 1789 and Sociology.” On Morality and Society. Trans. Traugott, Mark. Edited and with an introduction by Bellah, Robert. Chicago: University of Chicago Press: 3442. Originally published as “Les principes de 1789 et la sociologie,” Revue international de l’enseignement 19: 450–66.
Elyachar, Julia. 2005. Markets of Dispossession: NGOs, Economic Development and the State in Cairo. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Emirbayer, Mustafa. 1997. “Manifesto for a Relational Sociology.” American Journal of Sociology 103 (2): 281317.
Escobar, Arturo. 1995. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Evans, John. 2016. What Is a Human? What the Answers Mean for Human Rights. New York: Oxford University Press.
Evans, Peter. 1995. Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ferguson, James. 1990. The Anti-Politics Machine: “Development,” Depoliticization, and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Ferguson, James. 2013. “Declarations of Dependence: Labour, Personhood, and Welfare in Southern Africa.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 19: 226–7.
Frye, Margaret. 2012. “Bright Futures in Malawi’s New Dawn: Educational Aspirations as Assertions of Identity.” American Journal of Sociology 117(6): 15651624.
Gallagher, Shaun. 2011. “Introduction: A Diversity of Selves.” Oxford Handbook of the Self, ed. Gallagher, Shaun. New York: Oxford University Press: 129.
Garikipati, Supriya, Johnson, Susan, Guérin, Isabelle, and Szafarz, Ariane. 2017. “Microfinance and Gender: Issues, Challenges and the Road Ahead.” The Journal of Development Studies 53(5): 641.
Gasper, Des. 2007. “What Is the Capability Approach? Its Core, Rationale, Partners and Dangers.” The Journal of Socio-Economics 36: 335–59.
Geertz, Clifford. [1987] 1993. “Religion as a Cultural System.” The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books: 87125.
Ghatak, Maitreesh. 1999. “Group Lending, Local Information and Peer Selection.” Journal of Development Economics 60: 2750.
Giné, Xavier and Karlan, Dean. 2014. “Group versus Individual Liability: Short and Long Evidence from Philippine Microcredit Lending Groups.” Journal of Development Economics 107: 6583.
Go, Julian. 2017. “Decolonizing Sociology: Epistemic Inequality and Sociological Thought.” Social Problems 64: 194–99.
Goffman, Erving. 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday.
Gold, Thomas, Guthrie, Doug, and Wank, David. 2002. “An Introduction to the Study of Guanxi.” Social Connections in China: Institutions, Culture, and the Changing Nature of Guanxi, eds. Gold, Thomas, Guthrie, Doug, and Wank, David. New York: Cambridge University Press: 320.
Gouldner, Alvin. 1960. “The Norm of Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement.” American Sociological Review 25: 161–78.
Granovetter, Mark. 1985. “Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness.” American Journal of Sociology 91: 481510.
Guerin, Isabelle, D’Espallier, Bert, and Venkatasubramanian, Govindan. 2012. “Debt in Rural South India: Fragmentation, Social Regulation and Discrimination.” Journal of Development Studies 49: 1155–71.
Hickel, Jason. 2015. Democracy as Death: The Moral Order of Anti-Liberal Politics in South Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hitlin, Steven, and Vaisey, Stephen. 2013. “The New Sociology of Morality.” Annual Review of Sociology 39: 5168.
Holder, John J., ed. and trans. 2006. “The Greater Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness,” Digha Nikaya 2.290–315. Early Buddhist Discourses. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company: 4258.
Hsu, Becky. 2014. “Alleviating Poverty or Reinforcing Inequality? Interpreting Micro-Finance in Practice, with Illustrations from Rural China.” The British Journal of Sociology 65: 245–65.
Hulme, David, and Maitrot, Mathilde. 2014. “Has Microfinance Lost Its Moral Compass?Economic & Political Weekly XLIX (48): 7785.
Hung, Chikan Richard. 2003. “Loan Performance of Group-Based Microcredit Programs in the United States.” Economic Development Quarterly 17: 382–95.
Hwang, Kwang-kuo. 1987. “Face and Favor: The Chinese Power Game.” American Journal of Sociology 92(4): 944–74.
Isserles, Robin. 2003. “Microcredit: The Rhetoric of Empowerment, the Reality of ‘Development as Usual.’Women’s Studies Quarterly 31 (3/4): 3857.
Ivanhoe, Philip J., Flanagan, Owen, Harrison, Victoria, Schwitzgebel, Eric, and Sarkissian, Hagop (eds). 2017. Oneness in Philosophy, Religion, and Psychology. New York: Columbia University Press.
Jackelen, Henry and Xianfeng, Mi. 1997. “UNDP Microfinance Assessment Report for China.” Accessed September 20, 2016: Available at:
Joas, Hans. 2001. The Genesis of Values. Trans. Moore, Gregory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Karim, Lamia. 2011. Microfinance and Its Discontents. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Kaufman, Jason. 2004. “Endogenous Explanation in the Sociology of Culture.” Annual Review of Sociology 30: 335–57.
King, Ambrose. 1991. “Kuan-hsi [guanxi] and Network Building: A Sociological Interpretation.” Daedalus 120 (2): 6384.
Kipnis, Andrew. 1997. Producing Guanxi: Sentiment, Self, and Subculture in a North China Village. Durham: Duke University Press.
Kleinman, Arthur, and Kleinman, Joan. 2009. “How Bodies Remember: Social Memory and Bodily Experience of Criticism, Resistance, and Delegitimation following China’s Cultural Revolution.” New Literary History 25(3): 707–23.
Kleinman, Arthur. 1997. “‘Everything That Really Matters’: Social Suffering, Subjectivity, and the Remaking of Human Experience in a Disordering World.” Harvard Theological Review 3: 315–35.
Kusenbach, Margarethe. 2003. “Street Phenomenology: The Go-Along as Ethnographic Research Tool.” Ethnography 4(3): 455–85.
Lan, David. 1989. “Resistance to the Present by the Past: Mediums and Money in Zimbabwe.” Money and the Morality of Exchange, eds. Parry, Jonathan and Bloch, Maurice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 191208.
Li, Yuwen. 2011. “Introduction: Challenges and Opportunities for NGOs in Different Parts of the World.” NGOs in China and Europe: Comparisons and Contrasts, ed. Li, Yuwen. Surrey: Ashgate: 122.
Liu, Peifeng. 2011. “Development of Charities in China Since the Reform and Opening Up.” NGOs in China and Europe: Comparisons and Contrasts, ed. Li, Yuwen. Surrey: Ashgate: 7194.
Lizardo, Omar, and Collett, Jessica. 2013. “Embarrassment and Social Organization: A Multiple Identities Model.” Social Forces 92 (1): 353–75.
Lutz, Catherine. 1988. Unnatural Emotions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Madsen, Richard. 1984. Morality and Power in a Chinese Village. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Mahoney, James. 2010. Colonialism and Postcolonial Development: Spanish America in Comparative Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Markus, Hazel Rose and Kitayama, Shinobu. 1991. “Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation.” Psychological Review 98 (2): 224–53.
Marx, Karl. 1972. The Marx-Engels reader. Vol. 4. New York: Norton.
Mauss, Marcel. 1967. The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies, trans. Evans-Pritchard, E.E.. New York: Norton.
Mauss, Marcel. 1985. “A Category of the Human Mind: The Notion of Person; The Notion of Self.” The Category of the Person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History, eds. Carrithers, Michael, Collins, Steven, and Lukes, Steven. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 125.
McGregor, J. Allister. 1989. “Towards a Better Understanding of Credit in Rural Development.” Journal of International Development 1 (4): 467–86.
Mead, George Herbert. 1934. Mind, Self, and Society. Ed. Morris, Charles W.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Mears, Ashley. 2015. “Working for Free in the VIP: Relational Work and the Production of Consent.” American Sociological Review 80(6): 10991122.
Mei, Ciqi and Pearson, Margaret. 2014. “Diffusion of Policy Defiance among Chinese Local Officials.” Local Governance Innovation in China: Experimentation, diffusion, and defiance, eds. Teets, Jessica and Hurst, William. London: Routledge: 2541.
Menary, Richard. 2011. “Our Glassy Essence: The Fallible Self in Pragmatist Thought.” Oxford Handbook of the Self, ed. Gallagher, Shaun. New York: Oxford: 609–32.
Meyer, John W., and Rowan, Brian. 1977. “Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony.” The American Journal of Sociology 83(2): 340–63.
Meyer, John. 2010. “World Society, Institutional Theories, and the Actor.” Annual Review of Sociology 36: 120.
Michelson, Ethan. 2007. “Climbing the Dispute Pagoda: Grievances and Appeals to the Official Justice System in Rural China.” American Sociological Review 72: 459–85.
Miller, Barbara Stoler, trans. 1986. The Bhagavad Gita: Krishna’s Counsel in Time of War. New York: Bantam Dell.
Ann, Mische. 2011. “Relational Sociology, Culture, and Agency.” Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis, eds. Scott, John and Carrington, Peter. New York: Sage: 8097.
Morduch, Jonathan. 1999. “The Microfinance Promise.” Journal of Economic Literature 37: 1569–614.
Morduch, Jonathan. 2000. “The Microfinance Schism.” World Development 28: 617–29.
Mosse, David. 2005. Cultivating Development: An Ethnography of Aid Policy and Practice. London: Pluto Press.
Mueggler, Erik. 2001. The Age of Wild Ghosts: Memory, Violence, and Place in Southwest China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Mummert, Gail. 2010. “Growing Up and Growing Old in Rural Mexico and China: Care-giving for the Young and the Elderly at the Family-State Interface.” Rural Transformations and Development-China in Context: The Everyday Lives of Policies and People, eds. Long, Norman, Ye, Jingzhong, and Wang, Yihuan. Northhampton: Edward Elgar Publishing: 215–52.
Nussbaum, Martha. 2011. Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Orsi, Robert. 1985. The Madonna of 115th Street: Faith and Community in Italian Harlem, 1880–1950. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Oxfeld, Ellen. 2010. Drink Water, But Remember the Source: Moral Discourse in a Chinese Village. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Park, Albert, and Ren, Changqing. 2001. “Microfinance with Chinese Characteristics.” World Development 29: 3962.
Park, Albert, Ren, Changqing, and Wang, Sangui. 2004. “Micro-finance, Poverty Alleviation, and Financial Reform in China.” Rural Finance and Credit Infrastructure in China, eds. Tangermann, Stefan and Witherell, William. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD): 256–83.
Parry, Jonathan and Bloch, Maurice. 1989. “Introduction: Money and the Morality of Exchange.” Money and the Morality of Exchange, eds. Parry, Jonathan and Bloch, Maurice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 132.
Patterson, Orlando. 2014. “Making Sense of Culture.” Annual Review of Sociology 40: 130.
Pollock, Donald. 1996. “Personhood and Illness among the Kulina.” Medical Anthropology Quarterly 10(3): 319–41.
Portes, Alejandro, and Sensenbrenner, Julia. 1993. “Embeddedness and Immigration: Notes on the Social Determinants of Economic Action.” American Journal of Sociology 98 (6): 1320–50.
Rabinow, Paul. 1986. “Representations Are Social Facts: Modernity and Post-Modernity in Anthropology.” Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography, eds. Clifford, James and Marcus, George. Berkeley: University of California Press: 234–61.
Radelet, Steven. 2015. “The Rise of the World’s Poorest Countries.” Journal of Democracy 26 (4): 519.
Rahman, Aminur. 1999. Women and Microcredit in Rural Bangladesh: Anthropological Study of the Rhetoric and Realities of Grameen Bank Lending. Boulder: Westview Press.
Richardson, Henry. 2006. “Rawlsian Social-Contract Theory and the Severely Disabled.” The Journal of Ethics 10 (4): 419–62.
Roodman, David. 2012. Due Diligence: An Impertinent Inquiry into Microfinance. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development Books.
Rosen, Lawrence. 1984. Bargaining for Reality: The Construction of Social Relations in a Muslim Community. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Sanyal, Paromita. 2014. Credit to Capabilities: A Sociological Study of Microcredit Groups in India. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Schütz, Alfred. 1953. “Common-Sense and Scientific Interpretation of Human Action.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14(1): 138.
Sen, Amartya. 1977. “Rational Fools: A Critique of the Behavioral Foundations of Economic Theory.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 6(4): 317–44.
Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sharma, Manohar, and Zeller, Manfred. 1997. “Repayment Performance in Group-Based Credit Programs in Bangladesh: An Empirical Analysis.” World Development 25: 1731–42.
Shun, Kwong-loi. 1993. “Jen and Li in the ‘Analects.’Philosophy East and West 43 (3): 457–79.
Shweder, Richard, and Bourne, Edmund. 1984. “Does the Concept of the Person Vary Cross Culturally?Culture Theory: Essays on Mind, Self and Emotion, eds. Shweder, R. and LeVine, R.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 158–99.
Simmel, Georg. [1900] 1990. The Philosophy of Money. Ed. Frisby, David; Trans. Bottomore, Tom and Frisby, David. New York: Routledge.
Simon, Herbert A. 1955. “A Behavioral Model of Rational Choice.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 69(1): 99118.
Siu, Helen. 1989. Agents and Victims in South China: Accomplices in Rural Revolution. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Small, Mario. 2009. Unanticipated Gains: Origins of Network Inequality in Everyday Life. New York: Oxford University Press.
Smith, Adam. 1976. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Eds. Raphael, D.D. and Macfie, A.L. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Smith, Christian. 2010. What Is a Person?: Rethinking Humanity, Social Life, and the Moral Good from the Person Up. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Stiglitz, Joseph. 1990. “Peer Monitoring and Credit Markets.” World Bank Economic Review 4: 351–66.
Sumner, Andy. 2010. Global Poverty and the New Bottom Billion: Three–Quarters of the World’s Poor Live in Middle–Income Countries. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.
Sun, Anna. 2013. Confucianism as a World Religion: Contested Histories and Contemporary Realities. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Sun, Tongquan. 2010. “The Policy and Legal Framework for Microfinance in China,” Microfinance in China, 10–15. Accessed August 3, 2016: Available at:
Swidler, Ann, and Watkins, Susan Cotts. 2009. “‘Teach a Man to Fish’: The Doctrine of Sustainability and Its Effects on Three Strata of Malawian Society.” World Development 37 (7): 1182–96.
Swidler, Ann. 2001. Talk of Love: How Culture Matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Swidler, Ann. 2009. “Dialectics of Patronage: Logics of Accountability at the African AIDS-NGO Interface.” Globalization, Philanthropy, and Civil Society: Projecting Institutional Logics Abroad, eds. Hammack, David and Heydemann, Steven. Bloomington: Indiana University Press: 192220.
Tan, Sor-hoon. 2004. Confucian Democracy: A Deweyan Reconstruction. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Tavory, Iddo. 2016. Summoning: Identification and Religious Life in a Jewish Neighborhood. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Tavory, Iddo, and Swidler, Ann. 2009. “Condom Semiotics: Meaning and Condom Use in Rural Malawi.” American Sociological Review 74(2): 171189.
Taylor, Charles. 1989. Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Teets, Jessica. 2014. Civil Society under Authoritarianism: The China Model. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Todd, Helen. 1996. Women At the Center: Grameen Bank Borrowers after One Decade. Boulder: Westview Press.
Tsai, Lily. 2007. Accountability without Democracy: Solidary Groups and Public Goods Provision in Rural China. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Tu, Wei-Ming. 1981. “Jen [ren] as a Living Metaphor in the Confucian Analects.” Philosophy East and West 31 (1): 4554.
Vaillant, George. 2012. Triumphs of Experience. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Viterna, Jocelyn, Clough, Emily, and Clarke, Killian. 2015. “Reclaiming the “Third Sector” from “Civil Society.” Sociology of Development 1 (1): 173207.
Viterna, Jocelyn. 2013. Women in War: The Micro-Processes of Mobilization in El Salvador. New York: Oxford University Press.
Walder, Andrew. 1983. “Organized Dependency and Cultures of Authority in Chinese Industry.” Journal of Asian Studies XLIII(1): 5176.
Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. The Modern World System I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Academic.
Wang, Fei-Ling. 2010. “Renovating the Great Floodgate: The Reform of China’s Hukou System.” One Country, Two Societies: Rural-Urban Inequality in Contemporary China, ed. Whyte, Martin King. Cambridge: Harvard University Press: 335–66
Weber, Max. 1946. From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Weber, Max. 1978. Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology. Berkeley: University of California Press.
White, Harrison C. 2008. Identity and Control: A Structural Theory of Social Action. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Whitehead, Alfred North. 2001. Dialogues of Alfred North Whitehead. Ed. Price, Lucien. Boston: David R. Godine Publisher.
Whyte, Martin King. 2009. “Paradoxes of China’s economic boom,” Annual Review of Sociology 35: 371–92.
Wiley, Norbert. 2006. “Pragmatism and the Dialogical Self.” International Journal of Dialogical Science 1 (1): 521.
Wolford, Wendy. 2006. “The Difference Ethnography Can Make: Understanding Social Mobilization and Development in the Brazilian Northeast.” Qualitative Sociology 29 (3): 335–52.
Woolcock, Michael. 1999. “Learning from Failures in Microfinance: What Unsuccessful Cases Tell Us about How Group-Based Programs Work.” The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 58: 1742.
World Bank. 1996. “Microfinance and Poverty Alleviation: United Nations Collaboration with Chinese Experiments”. Accessed September 19, 2016. Available at:
Wuthnow, Robert. 1987. Meaning and Moral Order: Explorations in Cultural Analysis. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Wuthnow, Robert. 2009. Boundless Faith: The Global Outreach of American Churches. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Yan, Yunxiang. 1996. The Flow of Gifts: Reciprocity and Social Networks in a Chinese Village. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Yan, Yunxiang. 2009. The Individualization of Chinese Society. London: Berg Publishers.
Yanagisako, Silvia, and Collier, Jane. 1989. Gender and Kinship: Toward a Unified Analysis. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Yang, Mayfair. 1994. Gifts, Favors, and Banquets: The Art of Social Relationships in China. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Zelizer, Viviana. 2012. “How I Became a Relational Economic Sociologist and What Does That Mean?Politics & Society 40(2): 145–74.
Zhu, Xiaoyang. 2000. “Punishment in a Chinese Village in Yunnan.” PhD diss., Macquarie University.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.