Skip to main content
×
×
Home
The Cambridge Ancient History
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Murphy, Rosalyn 2009. Gender Legacies: Black Women in the Early Church—An Ethno-Historical Reconstruction. Black Theology, Vol. 7, Issue. 1, p. 10.

    ×

Book description

Volume IX of the second edition of The Cambridge Ancient History has for its main theme the process commonly known as the 'Fall of the Roman Republic'. Chapters 1-12 supply a narrative of the period from 133 BC to the death of Cicero in 43 BC, with a prelude analysing the situation and problems of the Republic from the turning-point year 146 BC. Chapters 13-19 offer analysis of aspects of Roman society, institutions, and ideas during the period. The chapters treat public and private law, the beginnings of imperial administration, the economy of Rome and Italy, and the growth of the city of Rome, and finally intellectual life and religion. The portrait is of a society not in decay or decline but, rather, outstripping its strength and attracting the administrations of men who rescued it at the price of transforming it politically.

Reviews

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
  • 1 - The crisis of the Republic: sources and source-problems
    pp 1-15
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.002
  • View abstract
    Summary
    By the end of the second century before Christ the Romans faced a crisis as a result of their mastery of the Mediterranean. The accounts of the late Republic in Livy and his predecessors, and equally the important contribution of Posidonius, can only be partially pieced together from fragments, epitomes and later derivatives. The most valuable later sources are Greek historians of the Principate. Polybius in his encomium of the Roman constitution in Book VI also portended its subsequent decay. It was not immune from the process of growth and decay according to nature, which was common to all constitutions and was in form cyclic since it started with primitive monarchy and returned to tyranny. Although the Roman Republic was stabilized by a balance between the monarchic, oligarchic and democratic elements, which prevented any part rapidly, getting the upper hand, in the long run it would succumb to the luxury and ambition arising from its unchallenged overseas empire.
  • 2 - The Roman empire and its problems in the late second century
    pp 16-39
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.003
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Polybius claimed in passages probably written between 167 and 146 that the Romans had become masters of the world with which his history dealt. The area of direct Roman administration was increased, with Punic Africa, Macedonia and parts of Greece now directly subjected to Roman magistrates. In the territories administered by Rome in the West the focus was the Roman magistrate or pro-magistrate in whose province the territory was. The spread of Roman administration to Africa in 146 and to Asia in 13 3 onwards is clearly relevant. There is solid evidence for the settlement of Romans and Italians in Sicily and Spain; the evidence for their presence in other regions of the Mediterranean is more scattered but equally important. The southern part of Transalpine Gaul was the land-link between Italy and Spain. The provisions of the lex agraria of 111 to consolidate land-assignments in Africa into a permanent pattern coincide with the beginning of military operations against Jugurtha.
  • 3 - Political history, 146–95 b.c.
    pp 40-103
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.004
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Roman morality and political harmony were at their height between the Second and Third Punic Wars. The authority exercised by Roman magistrates abroad is exemplified by the fact that it was Scipio Aemilianus himself as proconsul, who after the defeat of Carthage in 146 drew the line which was to separate Roman territory from that assigned to the descendants of Massinissa. The extent of popular influence on politics in Rome must be judged by reference to the power of the aristocracy. Appian and Plutarch provide a generally consistent picture of the agrarian problem which was the target of Tiberius Gracchus' legislation. According to Appian, the Romans had exploited the territory seized during their conquest of Italy in order to reward and strengthen the farming people from whom they drew their military manpower. The expenditure of the wealthy would have stimulated economic life in the cities and created employment among the free poor as well as slaves.
  • 4 - Rome and Italy: the Social War
    pp 104-128
    • By E. Gabba, Istituto di Storia Antica, Università degli Studi, Pavia
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.005
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The relationship between Rome and the Italian allies reached a turning point with the agrarian proposal of Tiberius Gracchus in 133 BC. The various proposals for general grants of Roman citizenship made during the 120s BC, to compensate for the economic loss caused by the agrarian law, were naturally directed above all at the Italian and Latin upper classes. The whole military structure which the Italian allies had placed at the disposal of Rome was mobilized in the cause of the rebellion. Their experience, their military skill, their knowledge of tactics, strategy, logistics, all these they owed to the wars fought alongside Rome. Towards the end of the summer of 89 the rebellion in the northern and central areas was for all practical purposes over, from Picenum to the borders of Samnium. In the south also, in 89, the Romans moved over to the offensive, under the able leadership of Sulla.
  • 5 - Mithridates
    pp 129-164
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.006
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Mithridates was reckoned sixteenth in descent from Darius. The son of Mithridates of Cius, also a Mithridates, later surnamed Ktistes, 'founder', escaped eastwards. With six horsemen he entered Paphlagonia, first reaching Cimiata in the Amnias valley. Mithridates' ancestral kingdom was not large, but had economic, military and naval potential. Mithridates championed Hellenic and Iranian elements alike against a Roman influence which, even in the province of Asia, had roots only fifteen years deep. Shortly after his Black Sea conquests, perhaps in 109/8 Mithridates travelled incognito through Bithynia and even into the province of Asia gathering information; not surprisingly he was subsequently believed to have been spying out the land for his wars against Rome. The sacred treasure of Delos was sent under guard to Athens to bolster the prestige of Aristion's regime, and 2,000 troops were sent to ensure its security.
  • 6 - Sulla
    pp 165-207
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.007
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Quintus Pompeius Rufus was a close friend of Sulpicius, and Sulla's political views may have been known to coincide at least in part with those of Livius Drusus. Sulla may have shared Livius Drusus' views on the need to restore the authority of the Senate, but he had no commitment to the cause of the Italians. When Sulpicius introduced a bill to distribute both the new citizens and also freedmen throughout the thirty-five tribes, he met vigorous opposition not only from the old citizens but also from Sulla and even from Pompeius Rufus. Sulla's treatment of his prisoners was at least governed by rational considerations of a kind. But from the moment of his capture of Rome his supporters had run riot not only in the city but all over Italy, killing for profit, pleasure or personal vengeance anyone they pleased.
  • 7 - The rise of Pompey
    pp 208-228
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.008
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The gravity of the situation in Spain was underlined by a letter of complaint from Pompey, which probably reached Rome at the beginning of 74. Pompey claimed that despite his repeated appeals his army had been reduced to starvation by lack of support from home. The letter ended with an oracular warning: unless help was forthcoming from the Senate, his army and with it the whole Spanish War would shift to Italy. This should not be taken as a veiled threat to join forces with Sertorius and invade Italy, but rather as a hint that he might be driven out of Spain and chased home by Sertorius. It was fortunate for Rome that Pompey and Metellus got the upper hand in Spain so decisively in 73, for that year saw the outbreak of a serious upheaval in Italy itself, the slave insurrection led by Spartacus.
  • 8a - Lucullus, Pompey and the East
    pp 229-273
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.009
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Mithridates might have accepted what the Peace of Dardanus seemed to offer - the recognition of his independence within his kingdom and freedom of action to the north and west, in the regions of his Crimean, Sarmatian and sub-Caucasian territories. After the withdrawal of Licinius Murena it was decided at Rome to restore Roman control over Pamphylia, Pisidia and Lycaonia, which had seen no Roman proconsul since 89 BC. Mithridates did not propose to fight his third war with Rome singlehanded. He rebuilt his fleet, shattered by the surrender of 70 major vessels to Sulla: some 150 warships can be traced in the operations against Lucullus, out of an alleged strength of 400 ships of all types. Acilius Glabrio, consul in 67, was commissioned to take over the eastern command from Lucullus by a plebiscite of the tribune Gabinius, following his creation of the general piracy command for Pompey, before the disaster of Zela was known at Rome.
  • 8b - The Jews under Hasmonean rule
    pp 274-309
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.010
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The Roman seizure of Jerusalem in the autumn of 63 BC brought to a close a formative period in Jewish history. One of the rival Hasmoneans remained in control of a reduced Jewish entity, and he was made subject to Roman taxation and to the Roman order. This was the political outcome, together with a divided population and substantial discontent. The best way to understand the emergence of the Hasmoneans as powerful rulers in Judaea, is to look back to the beginning of the story. The Philistine town of Akron with its territory was acquired by way of reward. Other lasting results of his activities were the permanent garrisoning of Beth Zur, on Judaea's southern line, which was the Syrians' last remaining fortress apart from the Akra in Jerusalem. The association of the cities with an image of Hellenism belongs more to the ideology of the Roman conqueror than to the mentality of the Jewish king.
  • 8c - Egypt, 146–31 b.c.
    pp 310-326
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.011
  • View abstract
    Summary
    In Egypt 146 BC, the year of the destruction of Corinth and Carthage, was the last full year in the life of Ptolemy VI Philometor, who died fighting in Syria in the following autumn. In looking beyond the Greek capital on the Mediterranean, Euergetes II followed the examples of his father and of his elder brother. The dynastic struggles of the last century of Ptolemaic control with constant changes of ruler, significant overseas expenditure by Auletes and, latterly, the absence of Cleopatra in Rome, had had their effect on the economy of Egypt. The family archive from 150 to 88 BC of Peteharsemtheus son of Panebkhounis or that of Dryton stationed in the garrison at Gebelen show how easily soldiers intermarried with Egyptian women; their children were bilingual often with both Greek and Egyptian names. Both languages might be used in legal documents and families who once came from Crete or Cyrene were assimilated into the society of Egypt.
  • 9 - The Senate and the populares, 69–60 b.c.
    pp 327-367
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.012
  • View abstract
    Summary
    In 69 BC the Roman citizen body was ritually purified. The citizens assembled at dawn in the Campus Martius, each in the property-class and century to which he had been assigned. Sixteen years had passed since the last lustrum, more than three times the regular interval, and much had happened in the mean time to make the restoration of divine approval particularly urgent. Two of the ingredients in the constitutional mixture Polybius admired had been removed by Sulla - the tribunes' rights to prosecute political criminals before the people, and to carry out the people's will by legislation. The element of democracy was weakened, to the advantage of the elements of kingship and aristocracy, the consuls and the Senate. A constitutional crisis was avoided by the arrival of Pompey himself, on a flying visit between the Ligurian harbours and Brundisium, where his fleet was assembling for the great sweep eastwards.
  • 10 - Caesar, Pompey and Rome, 59–50 b.c.
    pp 368-423
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.013
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Julius Caesar's huge province, Narbonensian and Cisalpine Gaul, and the Adriatic coast of Illyricum, was threatened from both east and north. Burebista the Dacian had probably expanded his power across the Danube as far as the Gallic Taurisci, perilously close to the easily passable Julian Alps and the vulnerable north-east corner of Italy. Pompey's appeal to Italy on Cicero's behalf had proved successful. In July, when Rome was always crowded for the ludi Apollinares and the elections, the consuls had written to the municipalities summoning all patriotic citizens to the capital. Pompey's close association with the king of Egypt was only one of several reasons for his dramatic loss of popularity. Perhaps hopes had been raised too high at the time of the corn-supply crisis; there really was a shortage, and Pompey could not make it disappear in a couple of months as he had once done with the pirate menace.
  • 11 - Caesar: civil war and dictatorship
    pp 424-467
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.014
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Julius Caesar makes much of his mercy at Corfinium, of his control of his men and his respect for the property both of the townsfolk and his opponents. It is clear that this did have a great effect on many who had feared he would be Sulla and Catiline rolled into one. He indicates deftly that it is the other side that has links with Sulla and the Sullans. For the genuineness at least of the attempt to detach Pompey there speaks the fact that Caesar's position was in some ways weak, quite apart from the uncertainty of the outcome in a civil war. Caesar's dictatorship is probably remarkable for an attempt to harness both Greek and Roman intellectuals to the service of the state. The dictator was associated with several lawyers, notably Ofilius and Trebatius, but to some extent also the doyen of the profession, Servius Sulpicius Rufus.
  • 12 - The aftermath of the Ides
    pp 468-490
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.015
  • View abstract
    Summary
    A cult of Caesar was set up in the Forum where the mob had burned his body, under the influence of one Amatius, or Herophilus, who claimed to be a grandson of Marius. The legions from Gaul and Spain did not appear in Rome as Cicero had feared at one point. Yet there was one new arrival. On the news of the Ides the young Octavius returned to Italy at his mother's summons from his place with Caesar's army on the far side of the Adriatic, to be met with the news of his adoption in Caesar's will. Octavian was clearly a real danger to Antony, particularly because he was attracting the favour of the veterans, though many ex-centurions and higher officers of Caesar stood by Antony throughout. An attempt to retain this favour may explain inconsistencies in Antony's attitude to the liberators, whom he now began to attack openly.
  • 13 - The constitution and public criminal law
    pp 491-530
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.016
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The lack of any unequivocal concept of constitution among the Romans raises a problem, namely what to include under that head. The offences committed by Gabinius and contemplated by Lepidus, were in fact violations of the Lex Cornelia maiestatis and the Lex Iulia repetundarum; a cluster of offences aimed at preventing magistrates or the Senate from carrying out their duties were dealt with by the leges de vi. This chapter discusses such offences entitled ius publicum. In practice, ius publicum includes constitutional, administrative and criminal law. It can even include sacral law. The main feature of Roman public law is the establishment of a series of permanent courts with a field mainly concerned with crime. The most primitive and arguably the most tenacious was the domestic power of the pater familias. A consequence of the appearance of quaestiones perpetuae is a decline in the significance of the repetundae court.
  • 14 - The development of Roman private law
    pp 531-563
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.017
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter talks about the Roman private law. Conceptual puzzles can be raised about the boundary between that and other categories of law, but for present purposes the plain man's concept of the modern difference between private and criminal law suffices. The concept of increasing role-differentiation as a society develops applies well to the growing specialization of Roman legal roles. Roman private law is much admired as the one independent creative act of the Roman genius, the late Republic being its apogee of creativity. It presents to posterity especially a paradigm of 'lawyerliness', which is why it retains some interest for those who study law today. The chapter attempts to bring out what the 'lawyerliness' consisted of and how much the creativity did and did not achieve. A commonplace of criticism is that Roman law was the creation of a possessing class, reflecting their interests and enshrining their values.
  • 15 - The administration of the empire
    pp 564-598
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.018
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The expansion of the power of the city of Rome through the whole of the Mediterranean world during the last three centuries BC led to the establishment of Rome as the predominant military and economic force in the region. Political involvement with the communities within the geographical limits of a provincia was evidently a major part of the work of a Roman commander in the field. The first move towards the provincial governorship being seen as a separate magistracy was the Lex Pompeia de provinciis of 42 BC. The role of the publicani in a particular area varied a great deal, depending on the form of taxation that was employed there, and the nature of the provincial communities. Taxation took a wide variety of forms throughout the Roman Empire. Demands for Roman jurisdiction were made of the Senate by peoples and kings in the orbit of Roman power throughout the second century.
  • 16 - Economy and society, 133–43 b.c.
    pp 599-643
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.019
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter describes the facts and changes of the Roman economy. It indicates the interaction between economy and status. Economies are responses to the needs of people for goods - material goods and services. A trait common to all Italy is the importance of drainage in the coastal plains, and also up to a point in the plain of the Po, which was being populated and Romanized in the second century. Agriculture was essentially manual, utilizing human and animal labour. The only agricultural machinery were the grape- and olive-presses described by Cato, which could be quite powerful pieces of mechanism. Italian agriculture and industry underwent, in the second and first centuries BC, pari passu with Rome's conquests, considerable change and expansion. Land transport used pack animals more than wagons, because the defective technique of harnessing was one of the biggest obstacles to development in the ancient economy. The manipulation of money certainly became an important phenomenon in economy and society.
  • 17 - The city of Rome and the plebs urbana in the late Republic
    pp 644-688
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.020
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter discusses the resident population of the city of Rome. It also discusses two other collectivities that need to be distinguished. The first, the plebs urbana, was a subset of the urban population. The second, the populus Romanus, was the sum of all Roman citizens of whatever status everywhere. The populus Romanus and the plebs urbana were in early Roman history very nearly co-extensive, but as Rome was involved in increasingly farflung theatres of activity and new citizens outside Rome were included within the body politic, they became widely separated. The constitutional origins of the position of the populus Romanus, and so of the plebs, were reflected in some of the more important features of its organization. The plebs urbana was a very large body. Romans and Italians began to be widely diffused throughout the Mediterranean world. The arrival of the luxury taberna was accomplished at Rome by the age of the Hannibalic War.
  • 18 - The intellectual developments of the Ciceronian age
    pp 689-728
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.021
  • View abstract
    Summary
    In considering the level and nature of intellectual activity in Roman society, this chapter discusses the culture of the Roman and Italian upper classes. The social nature of intellectual activity is revealed when one considers the custom of dedication which had arisen in the Hellenistic period. Increased exposure to Greek culture and contact with Greek intellectuals helped to erode upper-class inhibitions about studying and writing on subjects not directly connected with Roman public life or traditional practical training. In those areas most closely related to formal education, scholarship and science, the outstanding figure is Marcus Terentius Varro, who was regarded as the most learned Roman of his age. Cicero affords a glimpse of the attention paid to Pythagoras in his day. He insists that the Pythagorean communities of southern Italy in the sixth to fourth centuries must have had an influence on institutions of the early Roman state. The basis of the Greek style of education was poetry.
  • 19 - Religion
    pp 729-768
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032.022
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter aims to determine the particular characteristics of Roman religion between 146 and 44 BC and set them against the long-established traditional religious rules of Rome. It explores the elements of continuity and change that together formed the distinctive pattern of religion in the late Republic. This exploration involves more than delineating a simple spectrum between the poles of 'continuity' and 'change'. The disruption of political and social life at Rome in the late Republic necessarily brought with it the disruption of religion. The geographical expansion of Roman imperial power underlies several of the most striking losses and adaptations in the Roman religious system. As part of Roman public life, religion had always been a part of the political struggles and disagreements in the city. Rome's political and military leaders had always enjoyed close relations with the gods. The earliest surviving and best-known Republican account of Roman religion from the pen of a Greek is that by Polybius.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Abbott, F. F. The Common People of Ancient Rome. London, 1912
Abel, F. M. Histoire de la Palestine depuis la conquête d' Alexandre jusqu' à l'invasion arabe 1. Paris, 1952
Abel, F. M. Les livres des Maccabées. Paris, 1949
Accame, S.La legislazione romana intorno ai collegi nel l. secolo a.C.’, Bull. del Mus. dell'Impero romano 1942, 134–48
Accame, S. Il dominio romano in Grecia dalla guerra acaica ad Augusto. Rome, 1946
Adcock, F. E.Caesar's dictatorship’, The Cambridge Ancient History IX (1932) 691–740
Adcock, F. Roman Political Ideas and Practice. (Jerome Lectures, 6th series). Michigan and Toronto, 1959
Alexander, M. C.Hortensius' speech in defense of Verres’, Phoenix 30 (1976) 46–53
Alexander, M. C.Praemia in the Quaestiones of the late Republic’, Classical Philology 80 (1985) 20–32
Alexander, M. C.Repetition of prosecutions, and the scope of prosecutions, in the standing courts of the late Republic’, California Studies in Classical Antiquity 13 (1982) 141–66
Alföldi, A.Caesars Tragödie im Spiegel der Münzprägung des Jahres 44 v. Chr.’, Schweizer Münzblätter 4 (1953) 1–11
Alföldi, A.Der Machtverheissende Traum des Sulla’, Jahrbuch des bernischen historischen Museums 41/2 (1961/2) 275–88 (= c 158, 3–16)
Alföldi, A.Der Mettius-Denar mit Caesar dict. quart.’, Schweizer Münzblätter 13/14 (1962/3) 29–33 (= C 158, 17–33)
Alföldi, A.Zum Gottesgnadentum des Sulla’, Chiron 6 (1976) 143–58
Alföldi, A. Oktavians Aufstieg zur Macht (Antiquitas Reihe 1). Bonn, 1976
Alföldi, A. Studien über Caesars Monarchie (Bull. Soc. des Lettres de Lund 1952/31). Lund, 1953
Alföldi, A. Caesar in 44 v. Chr. 1: Studien zu Caesars Monarchie und ihren Wurzeln, ed. Wolff, H.. Bonn, 1985
Alföldi, A. Caesariana. Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Geschichte Caesars und seiner Zeit, ed. Alföldi–Rosenbaum, E.. Bonn, 1984
Allen, W. jr.Cicero's house and libertas’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 75 (1944) 1–9
Allen, W. jr., ‘Cicero's provincial governorship in 63 B.C.’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 83 (1952) 233–41
Allison, J. E. and Cloud, J. D.The Lex Iulia Maiestatis’, Latomus 21 (1962) 711–31
Almagia, R. and Miglioni, E. Le regioni d'Italia. 18 vols. Turin, 1961–5
Alon, G.Did the Jewish people and its sages cause the Hasmoneans to be forgotten?’, Studies in Jewish History in the Times of the Second Temple and Talmud, transl. by Abrahams, I., Jerusalem, 1977, 1–17
Ambaglio, D.La dedica delle opere letterarie antiche fino all'età dei Flavi’, Saggi di letteratura e storiografia antiche, ed. Ambaglio, D. et al. (Bibl. di Athenaeum 2). Como, 1983
Anderson, J. G. C. Cumont, F. and Grégoire, H. Recueil des inscriptions grecques et latines du Pont et de l' Arménie (Studia Pontica III). Brussels, 1910
Anderson, J. G. C.Pompey's campaign against Mithridates’, Journal of Roman Studies 12 (1922) 99–105
Anderson, W. S. Pompey, his Friends, and the Literature of the First Century B.C. (Univ. of Calif. Pubs. in Class. Philol. 19.1). Berkeley, 1963
André, J. L'alimentation et la cuisine à Rome. 2nd edn, Paris, 1981
Andreau, J.Histoire des métiers bancaires et évolution économique’, Opus 3 (1984) 99–114
Andreau, J.M. I. Finley, la banque antique et l'économie moderne’, Annali delta scuola normale superiore di Pisa, Classe di letter e filosofia 7 (1977) 1129–52
Andreau, J. La vie financière dans le monde romain: les métiers de manieurs d'argent (IVe siècle av. J.-C. - IIIe siècle ap. J.-C.) (Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d' Athènes et de Rome) 265). Rome, 1987
Andreau, J. Les affaires de Monsieur Jucundus (Coll. éc. fr. de Rome 19). Rome, 1974
Ankum, H.Denegatio actionis’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Kechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 102 (1985) 453–69
Archi, G. G. Problemi in tema di falso net diritto romano. Pavia, 1941
Ariel, D. T.A survey of coin finds in Jerusalem’, Liber Annuus, Studium Biblicum Franciscanum 32 (1982) 273–307
Astin, A. E.Censorship in the late Republic’, Historia 34 (1985) 175–90
Astin, A. E.Cicero and the censorship’, Classical Philology 80 (1985) 233–9
Astin, A. E.Leges Aelia et Fufia’, Latomus 23 (1964) 421–45
Astin, A. E.Regimen morum’, Journal of Roman Studies 78 (1988) 14–34
Astin, A. E.The Lex Annalis before Sulla’, Latomus 16 (1957) 588–613
Astin, A. E. Scipio Aemilianus. Oxford, 1967
Atlante aerofotografico delle sedi umane in Italia. Florence, 1964–70
Ausbüttel, F. M. Untersuchungen zu den Vereinen im Westen des römischen Reiches (Frankfurter althist. Studien 11). Kallmünz, 1982
Austin, R. G. M. Tulli Ciceronis Pro M. Caelio Oratio. 3rd edn Oxford, 1960
Avigad, N.The rock-carved façades of the Jerusalem Necropolis’, Israel Exploration Journal 1 (1950–1) 96–106
Avigad, N. Discovering Jerusalem. Oxford, 1984
Aymard, A.L'organisation de Macédoine en 167’, Classical Philology 45 (1950) 96–107
Badian, E.Additional notes on Roman magistrates’, Athenaeum 48 (1970) 3–14
Badian, E.An unrecognised date in Cicero's text?’, Mnemai: Classical Studies in Memory of Karl Hulley, K., trans. Evjan, H. D., Chico, CA, 1984, 97–101
Badian, E.Caepio and Norbanus’, Historia 6 (1957) 318–46 (= A 2, 34–70)
Badian, E.Forschungsbericht. From the Gracchi to Sulla (1940–59)’, Historia II (1962) 197–245 (= Seager, Crisis, 3–51)
Badian, E.Lex Acilia Repetundarum’, A merican journal of Philology 75 (1954) 374–84
Badian, E.M. Porcius Cato and the annexation and early administration of Cyprus’, Journal of Roman Studies 55 (1965) 110–21
Badian, E.Marius' villas: the evidence of the slave and the knave’, Journal of Roman Studies 63 (1973) 121–32
Badian, E.Notes on provincia Gallia in the late Republic’, Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire offerts à André Piganiol, ed. Chevallier, R., Paris, 1966, 901–18
Badian, E.Q. Mucius Scaevola and the province of Asia’, Athenaeum 34 (1956) 104–23
Badian, E.Quaestiones Variae’, Historia 18 (1969) 447–91
Badian, E.Roman politics and the Italians (133–91 B.C.)’, Roma e l'Italia, 373–409
Badian, E.Rome, Athens and Mithridates’, Assimilation et résistance à la culture gréco-romaine dans le monde ancien. Travaux du VI. congrès internat. de la FIEC, Madrid, Sept. 1974, ed. Pippidi, D. M., Bucharest, 1976, 501–22 (= AJAH 1 (1976) 105–28)
Badian, E.Servilius and Pompey's first triumph’, Hermes 89 (1961) 254–6
Badian, E.Sulla's augurate’, Arethusa 1 (1968) 26–46
Badian, E.Sulla's Cilician command’, Athenaeum 37 (1959) 279–303 (= A 2, 157–78)
Badian, E.The lex Thoria: a reconsideration’, Studi in onore di Biondo Biondi 1, Milan, 1963, 187–96 (= A 2, 235–41)
Badian, E.The attempt to try Caesar’, Polis and Imperium: Studies in honour of Edward Togo Salmon, ed. Evans, J. A. S., Toronto, 1974, 145–66
Badian, E.The case of the cowardly tribune’, The Ancient History Bulletin 3 (1989) 78–84
Badian, E.The date of Pompey's first triumph’, Hermes 83 (1955) 107–18
Badian, E.The early historians’, Latin Historians, ed. Dorey, T. A., London, 1966, 1–38
Badian, E.The testament of Ptolemy Alexander’, Rheinisches Museum 110 (1967) 178–92
Badian, E.Tiberius Gracchus and the beginning of the Roman Revolution’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972– 1.1 (1972) 668–731
Badian, E.Waiting for Sulla’, Journal of Roman Studies 52 (1962) 47–61 (= A 2, 206–34)
Badian, E.Where was Sisenna?’, Athenaeum 42 (1964) 422–31
Badian, E.The death of Saturninus. Studies in chronology and prosopography’, Chiron 14 (1984) 101–47
Badian, E. Lucius Sulla the Deadly Reformer (7th Todd Memorial Lecture). Sydney, 1970
Badian, E. Foreign Clientelae (264–70 B.C.). Oxford, 1958
Badian, E. Publicans and Sinners. Ithaca, 1972
Badian, E. Roman Imperialism in the Late Republic. Oxford, 1968
Badian, E. Studies in Greek and Roman History. Oxford, 1964
Bagnall, R. S.Stolos the admiral’, Phoenix 26 (1972) 358–68
Bagnall, R. S. The Administration of the Ptolemaic Possessions outside Egypt (Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition 4). Leiden, 1976
Bagnall, R. S. and Derow, P. Greek Historical Documents: The Hellenistic Period. Chico, CA, 1981
Bagnall, S. and Bogaert, R.Orders for payment from a banker's archive, papyri in the collection of Florida State University’, Ancient Society 6 (1975) 79–108
Balsdon, J. P. V. D.Auctoritas, dignitas, olium’, Classical Quarterly 10 (1960) 43–50
Balsdon, J. P. V. D.Consular provinces under the late Republic’, Journal of Roman Studies 29 (1939) 57–73
Balsdon, J. P. V. D.Roman history, 65–50 B.C.: five problems’, Journal of Roman Studies 52 (1962) 134–41
Balsdon, J. P. V. D.Sulla Felix’, Journal of Roman Studies 41 (1951) 1–10
Balsdon, J. P. V. D.The history of the extortion court at Rome, 123–70 B.C.’, Papers of the British School at Rome 14 (1938) 98–114 (= Seager, Crisis, 132–50
Balsdon, J. P. V. D.Three Ciceronian problems. 1. Clodius' “repeal” of the Lex Aelia Fufia’, Journal of Roman Studies 47 (1957) 15–17
Balsdon, J. P. V. D. Julius Caesar and Rome. London, 1967
Balsdon, J. P. V. D. Romans and Aliens. London, 1979
Baltrusch, E. Regimen Morum (Vestigia 41). Munich, 1986
Bandelli, G.Per una storia agraria di Aquilea repubblicana’, Atti del Museo di Trieste 13 (1983/4) 93–111
Bar-Adon, P.Another settlement of the Judaean desert sect at ‘En el-Ghuweir on the shores of the Dead Sea’, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 277 (1977) 1–22
Barag, D. and Qedar, Sh.The beginning of Hasmonean coinage’, Israel Numismatic Journal 4 (1980) 8–21
Barker, G., Lloyd, J. and Webley, D.A classical landscape in Molise’, Papers of the British School at Rome 46 (1978) 35–51
Barker, G. and Hodges, R. (ed.), Archaeology and Italian Society (British Archaeological Reports Internat. ser. 102). Oxford, 1981
Barnes, J.Cicero's De Fato and a Greek source’, Histoire et structure: à la mémoire de Victor Goldschmidt, Paris, 1985, 229–39
Barnes, T. D.A Marian colony’, Classical Review 21 (1971) 332
Barrow, R. H. Slavery in the Roman Empire. London, 1928
Bartlett, J. Jericho. London, 1982
Barwick, K. Caesars Bellum Civile. Tendenz, Abfassungszeit und Stil (Abbandlungen der sdchsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig 99.1). Berlin, 1951
Barwick, K. Das rednerische Bildungsideal Ciceros (Abhandlungen der sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig 54.3). Berlin, 1963
Basanoff, V. Evocatio: étude d'un rituel militaire romain. Paris, 1947
Bates, R. L.Rex in senatu’, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 130.3 (1986) 272–3
Bauman, R. A.Five pronouncements by P. Mucius Scaevola’, Revue internationale des droits de I'antiquité 25 (1978) 223–45
Bauman, R. A.Il “sovversivismo” di Emilio Lepido’ (in English), Labeo 24 (1978) 60–74
Bauman, R. A.The hostis declarations of 88 and 87 B.C.’, Athenaeum 51 (1973) 270–93
Bauman, R. A. Lawyers in Roman Republican Politics. A Study of the Roman Jurists in their Political Setting, 316–82 B.C. (MünchBeitr Papyr 75). Munich, 1983
Bauman, R. A. Lawyers in Roman Transitional Politics. A Study of the Roman Jurists in their Political Setting in the Late Republic and Triumvirate (Münch Beitr Papyr 79). Munich, 1985
Bauman, R. A. The Crimen Maiestatis in the Roman Republic and Augustan Principate. Johannesburg, 1967
Beall, T. S. Josephus' Description of the Essenes Illustrated by the Dead Sea Scrolls (SNTS Monogr. ser. 58). Cambridge, 1988
Beard, M.A complex of times: no more sheep on Romulus' birthday’, Papers of the British School at Rome 33 (1987) 1–15
Beard, M.Cicero and divination: the formation of a Latin discourse’, Journal of Roman Studies 76 (1986) 33–46
Beard, M.Writing and religion: Ancient Literacy and the function of the written word in Roman religion’, in Literacy in the Roman World, ed. Humphrey, S., Ann Arbor, 1991, 35–58
Beard, M. and Crawford, M. H. Rome in the Late Republic. London, 1985
Beck, R.Mithraism since Franz Cumont’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972– 11.17.4 (1984) 2002–115
Behrends, O.Institutionelles und prinzipielles Denken im römischen Privatrecht’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftungfür Kechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 95 (1978) 187–231
Behrends, O.Le due giurisprudenze romane e la forme delle loro argomentazioni’, Index 12 (1983–4) 189–225
Behrends, O.Les “veteres” et la nouvelle jurisprudence à la fin de la République’, Revue historique dé droit français et e'tranger 55 (1977) 7–33
Behrends, O.Staatsrecht und Philosophie in der ausgehenden Republik’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 100 (1983) 458–84
Behrends, O.Tiberius Gracchus und die Juristen seiner Zeit’, Das Profil des Juristen in der europäischen Tradition, Symposium aus Anlass des 70. Geburtstages von Franz Wieacker, ed. Luig, K. and Liebs, D., Ebelsbach, 1980, 25–121
Behrends, O. Die Wissenschaftslehre im Zivilrecht des Q. Mucius Scaevola Pontifex (Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Gottingen, Philol.-Hist. Klasse 1976, no. 7)
Behrends, O. Die Fraus Legis. Göttingen, 1982
Behrends, O. Die römische Geschworenenverfassung. Göttingen, 1970
Behrends, O. Principal und Sklavenrecht. Göttingen, 1980
Behrends, O. rev. of , Watson, Law Making, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 92 (1975) 297–308
Bell, M. J. V.Tactical reform in the Roman Republican army’, Historia 14 (1965) 404–22
Bellen, H.Sullas Brief an den Interrex L. Valerius Flaccus’, Historia 24 (1975) 555–69
Bellinger, A. R. The End of the Seleucids. Trans. Connecticut Acad. 38, 1949
Beloch, K. J.La popolazione della Gallia al tempo di Cesare’; ‘Per la storia della popolazione nell'antichità’ ‘La popolazione dell' antichità’;, coll. (with essays by Ciccotti, E., Holm, A., Seeck, O. and Kornemann, E.) by V. Pareto in Biblioteca di Studi Economichi IV, Milan, 1909
Beloch, K. J. Der italische Bund unter Roms Hegemonie. Staatsrechtliche und statistische Forschungen. Leipzig, 1880
Beloch, K. J. Die Bevölkerung der griechisch-römischen Welt. Leipzig, 1886
Beloch, K. J. Römische Geschichte bis zum Beginn der punischen Kriege. Berlin and Leipzig, 1926
Bémont, C.Les enterrés vivants du Forum Boarium. Essai d'interprétation’, Mélanges d'rchéologie et d'histoire de l'école française de Rome 72 (1960) 133–46
Bengtson, H.Die letzten Monate der römischen Senatsherrschaft’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der romischen Welt, ed. H. Temporini and W. Haase. Berlin and New York, 1972– 1.1 (1972) 967–81 (= Kleine Schriften zur alten Geschichte, Munich, 1974, 532–48)
Bengtson, H.Untersuchungen zum mutinensischen Krieg’, Kleine Schriften zur alten Geschichte, Munich, 1974, 479–531
Bengtson, H. Zur Geschichte des Brutus. Munich, 1970
Benner, H. Die Politik des P. Clodius Pulcher (Historia Einzelschr. 50). Stuttgart, 1987
Bennett, H. Cinna and his Times. Menasha, 1923
Benoit, P.L'inscription grecque du tombeau de Jason’, Israel Exploration Journal 17 (1967) 112–13
Berger, A. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law (TAPhS 43.2) Philadelphia, 1953
Bernhardt, R. Polis und römische Herrschaft in der späten Republik. Berlin, 1985
Bernstein, A. H. Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus. Ithaca, 1978
Berve, H.Sertorius’, Hermes 64 (1929) 199–227
Besnier, M.L'interdiction du travail des mines en Italie sous la République’, Revue archéologique 10 (1919) 31–50
Bianchi, R. S. Cleopatra's Egypt. Age of the Ptolemies, ed. Bianchi, R. S. et al. Brooklyn Museum, New York, 1988
Bickerman, E. J. Chronology of the Ancient World. London, 1968, revd 1980
Bickerman, E. From Ezra to the Last of the Maccabees. New York, 1962
Bickerman, E. The Jews in the Greek Age. Cambridge, MA, 1988
Bingen, J.Kerkéosiris et ses Grecs au IIc siècle avant notre ère’, Actes du XVe congrès internat. de papyrologie IV (Papyrologica Bruxellensia 19), Brussels, 1978, 87–94
Bingen, J.Les cavaliers catoeques de l'Heracléopolite au Ic siècle’, Studia Hellenistica 27 (1983) 1–11
Bingen, J.Les epistratèges de Thébaïde sous les derniers Ptolémées’, Chronique d' Egypte 45 (1970) 369–78
Bingen, J.Les tensions structurelles de la société ptolémaïque’, Atti del XVII congresso internaz. di papirologia III, Naples, 1984, 921–37
Bingen, J.Présence grecque en milieu rural ptolémaique’, Problèmes de la terre en Grece ancienne, ed. Finley, M. I., Paris, 1973, 215–22
Birks, P., Rodger, A. and Richardson, J. S.Further aspects of the Tabula Contrebiensis’, Journal of Roman Studies 74 (1984) 45–73
Birks, P.From legis actio to formula’, The Irish Jurist 4 (1969) 356–67
Birks, P.The early history of iniuria’, Revue d'histoire du droit (= Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis) 37 (1969) 163–208
Birot, P. and Gabert, P. La péninsule ibérique et l'Italie. Paris, 1964
Bitto, I.La concessione del patronato nella politica di Cesare’, Epigraphica 31 (1970) 79–83
Bivar, A. D. H.The political history of Iran under the Arsacids’, Cambridge History of Iran III.I. Cambridge, 1983, 21–99
Blavatskaya, T. V. Zapadnopontiiskiye Goroda v VII–I Vyekakh do nashei Ery (West Pontic Cities in the Seventh to First Centuries B.C.). Moscow, 1952
Bleicken, J.In provinciali solo dominium populi Romani est vel Caesaris. Zur Kolonisationspolitik der ausgehenden Republik und frühen Kaiserzeit’, Chiron 4 (1974) 359–414
Bleicken, J.Kollisionen zwischen Sacrum und Publicum’, Hermes 85 (1957) 446–80
Bleicken, J. Lex Publica. Gesetz und Recht in der römischen Republik. Berlin and New York, 1975
Bleicken, J. Das Volkstribunat der klassischen Republik. Munich, 1955
Bleicken, J. Staatliche Ordnung und Freiheit in der römischen Republik (Frankfurter althist. Studien 6). Frankfurt, 1972
Bloch, G. and Carcopino, J. Histoire romaine II, La république romaine de 133 avant J.-C. à la mort de César, Ire Partie, Des Gracques à Sulla. Paris, 1930
Bloch, H.The structure of Sallust's Historiae. The evidence of the Fleury manuscript’, Studies in Honor of Albareda, A. M., trans. S. Prete, New York, 1961, 61–76
Bloedow, E. Beiträge zur Geschichte des Ptolemaios XII. Diss. Würzburg, 1963
Bodei Giglioni, G.Pecunia fanatica. L'incidenza economica dei templilaziali’, Rivista storica italiana 89 (1977) 33–76, repr. in B 273, 185–207
Bodei Giglioni, G. Lavori pubblici e occupazione nell' antichità classica. Bologna, 1974
Bodel, J.Trimalchio and the candelabrum’, Classical Philology 84 (1989) 224–31
Boegli, H. Studien zu den Koloniegründungen Caesars. Diss. Basle, 1966
Boehringer, C. Zur Chronologie mittelhellenistischer Münzserien, 220–160 v. Chr. Berlin, 1972
Boethius, A. The Golden House of Nero: Some Aspects of Roman Architecture (Jerome Lectures, ser. 5). Ann Arbor, 1960
Bogaert, R. Banques et banquiers dans les cités grecques. Leiden, 1968
Bogaert, R. Les origines antiques de la banque de dépôt. Leiden, 1966
Boissier, G. Cicéron et ses amis. Etude sur la société romaine du temps de César. 11th edn, Paris, 1899
Bömer, F.Kybele in Rom’, Mitteilungen des deutschen archäologischen Instituts (Athens, Damascus, Istanbul, Madrid, Rome) 71 (1964) 130–51
Bömer, F. Untersuchungen über die Religion der Sklaven in Griechenland und Rom. 1 Die wichtigsten Kulte und Religionen in Rom und im lateinischen Westen. Mainz, 1957. 2nd edn revd. by Herz, P. (Forsch. zur antiken Sklaverei 14.1), Wiesbaden, 1981
Bona, F.Sulla fonte di Cicerone de oratore I 56, 239–40 e sulla cronologia dei “decem libelli” di P. Mucio Scevola’, Studia et Documenta Historiae et Iuris 39 (1973) 425–80
Bongert, Y.Recherches sur les récupérateurs’, in his Varia. Etudes de droit romain, Paris, 1952, 99–266
Bonnefond-Coudry, M. Le sénat de la république romaine de la guerre d'Hannibal à Auguste (Col. éc. fr. de. Rome 273). Rome, 1989
Bonner, S. F. Education in Ancient Rome from the Elder Cato to the Younger Pliny. London, 1977
Bonnet, H. Reallexikon der ägyptischen Religionsgeschichte. Berlin, 1952
Boren, H. C.The urban side of the Gracchan economic crisis’, American Historical Review 63 (1957–8) 890–902 (= Seager, Crisis, 54–66)
Boswinkel, E. and Pestman, P. W. Les archives privées de Dionysios, fils de Kephalas (PapLugdBat. 22). Leiden, 1982
Botermann, H. Die Soldaten und die römische Politik in der Zeit von Caesars Tod bis zur Begründung des zweiten Triumvirats (Zetemata 46). Munich, 1968
Botsford, G. W. The Roman Assemblies from their Origin to the End of the Republic. New York, 1909, repr, 1968
Bove, L. Documenti di operazioni finanziarie dall'archivio dei Sulpici. Naples, 1984
Bove, L. Documenti Processuali dalle Tabulae Pompeianae di Murécine. Naples, 1979
Bowersock, G. Augustus and the Greek World. Oxford, 1965
Bowsher, J. M. C.Architecture and religion in the Decapolis’, Palestine Exploration Quarterly Jan.–June 1987, 62–9
Boyancé, P.Les méthodes de l'histoire littéraire: Cicéron et son oeuvre philosophique’, Revue des études latines 14 (1936) 288–309 (= Etudes sur l'humanisme cicéronien, Brussels, 1970, 199–221)
Boyce, G. K. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii (Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome 14). Rome, 1937
Brashinsky, J. B.The economic links of Sinope in the fourth to second centuries B.C.’ (Russ.), Antichny Gorod, Moscow, 1963, 132–44
Brasiello, U.Sulla ricostruzione dei crimini in diritto romano: cenni sulla evoluzione dell'omicidio’, Studia et Documenta Historiae et Iuris 42 (1976) 246–64
Braund, D. C.Gabinius, Caesar, and the publicani of Judaea’, Klio 65 (1983) 241–4
Braund, D. C.Royal wills and Rome’, Papers of the British School at Rome 51 (1983) 16–57
Braund, D. C. Rome and the Friendly King. The Character of Client Kingship. London and New York, 1984
Bretone, M. Techniche e ideologie dei giuristi romani. Naples, 1971
Briquel, D.Rituel d'ensévelissement au Forum Boarium’, Revue des études latines 59 (1981) 30–7
Brisson, J.-P. (ed.) Problèmes de la guerre à Rome. Paris and The Hague, 1969
Broughton, T. R. S.More notes on Roman magistrates’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 79 (1948) 63–78
Broughton, T. R. S. The Romanisation of Africa Proconsularis. Baltimore, 1929
Bruhns, H.Ein politischer Kompromiss im Jahre 70: die lex Aurelia iudiciaria’, Chiron 10 (1976) 263–72
Bruhns, H. Cäsar und die römische Oberschicht, 49–44 v. Chr. (Hypomnemata 53). Göttingen, 1978
Bruna, F. J. Lex Rubria: Caesars Regelung für die richterlichen Kompetenzen der Munizipalmagistrate in Gallia Cisalpina. Text, Übersetzung und Kommentar. Leiden, 1972
Bruneau, P. Recherches sur les cultes de Délos à l'époque hellénistique et à l'époque impériale (Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d' Athènes et de Rome 217). Paris, 1970
Bruneau, P. and Ducat, J. Guide de Délos. Paris, 1965
Brunt, P. A.Amicitia in the late Roman Republic’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 2 (1965) 1–20 (= Seager, Crisis, 199–218), revd. in A 19, 351–81
Brunt, P. A.Free labour and public works at Rome’, Journal of Roman Studies 70 (1980) 81–100
Brunt, P. A.Italian aims at the time of the Social War’, Journal of Roman Studies 55 (1965) 90–109, revd. in A 19, 93–143
Brunt, P. A.Laus imperii’, Imperialism in the Ancient World, ed. Garnsey, P. D. A. and Whittaker, C. R., Cambridge, 1978, 159–91 (= A20 288–323)
Brunt, P. A.Nobilitas and Novitas’, Journal of Roman Studies 72 (1982) 1–17
Brunt, P. A.Sulla and the Asian Publicans’, Latomus 15 (1956) 17–25 (= A 20, 1–8)
Brunt, P. A.The equites in the late Republic’, Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. of Ec. Hist., 1962, 117–49 (= Seager, Crisis, 83–115), revd. in A 19, 144–93
Brunt, P. A.The army and the land in the Roman Revolution’, Journal of Roman Studies 52 (1962) 64–86, revd. in A 19, 240–75
Brunt, P. A.The fiscus and its development’, Journal of Roman Studies 56 (1966) 75–91 (= A 20, 134–62)
Brunt, P. A.The revenues of Rome’, Journal of Roman Studies 71 (1981) 161–72, repr. with additions, A 20, 324–46
Brunt, P. A.The Roman mob’, Past and Present 35 (1966) 3–27, repr. in Studies in Ancient Society, ed. Finley, M. I., London, 1974, 74–102
Brunt, P. A.Two great Roman landowners’, Latomus 34 (1975) 619–35
Brunt, P. A.Patronage and politics in the “Verrines”’, Chiron 10 (1980) 273–89
Brunt, P. A. Italian Manpower 225 B.C.–A.D.14. Oxford, 1971
Brunt, P. A. Roman Imperial Themes. Oxford, 1990
Brunt, P. A. Social Conflicts in the Roman Republic. London, 1971
Brunt, P. A. The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays. Oxford, 1988
Brunt, P. A. rev. of White, F. P., Roman Farming, Journal of Roman Studies 62 (1972) 153–8
Brunt, P.Philosophy and religion in the later Republic’, Philosophia Togata, 174–98
Buchheit, V.Chrysogonus als Tyrann in Ciceros Rede für Roscius aus Ameria’, Chiron 5 (1975) 193–211
Buchheit, V.Ciceros Kritik an Sulla in der Rede für Roscius aus Ameria’, Historia 24 (1975) 570–91
Bulard, M. La religion domestique dans la colonie italienne de Délos d'après les peintures murales et les autels historiés (Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d' Athènes et de Rome 131). Paris, 1926
Bulst, C. M.Cinnanum tempus’, Historia 13 (1964) 307–37
Bund, E.Die Fiktion “pro non scripto habetur” als Beispiel fiktionsbewirkter Interpretation’, Sein und Werden im Recht, Festgabe für Ulrich von Lübtow zum 70. Geburtstag, ed. Becker, W. G. and Schnorr von Carolsfeld, L., Berlin, 1970, 352–80
Bund, E.Rahmenerwägungen zu einem Nachweis stoischer Gedanken in der römischen Jurisprudenz’, De Iustitia et Iure, Festgabe für Ulrich von Lübtow zum 80. Geburtstag, ed. Harder, M. and Thielmann, G., Berlin, 1980, 127–45
Bund, E.Zur Argumentation der römischen Juristen’, Studi in onore di Edoardo Volterra 1, Rome, 1971, 571–87
Burckhardt, L. A. Politische Strategien der Optimaten in der späten römischen Republik (Historia Einzelschr. 57). Stuttgart, 1988
Burford, A. M.Heavy transport in classical antiquity’, Economic Hist. Review 13 (1960–1) 1–18
Burford, A. M. Craftsmen in Greek and Roman Society. London, 1972
Burkert, W.Cicero als Platoniker und Skeptiker’, Gymnasium 72 (1965) 175–200
Burkert, W.Zur geistesgeschichtlichen Einordnung einiger Pseudo-pythagorica’, Entretiens Hardt 18 (1971) 23–55
Burns, A.Pompey's strategy and Domitius' stand at Corfinium’, Historia 15 (1966) 74–95
Burr, V.Rom und Judäa im I. Jahrhundert’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972 I.I (1972) 875–86
Burstein, S. M.The aftermath of the Peace of Apamea: Rome and the Pontic War’, A merican Journal of A ncient History 5 (1980) 1–11
Burstein, S. M. Outpost of Hellenism: The Emergence of Heraclea on the Black Sea. Berkeley, 1976
Burton, G. P.Proconsuls, assizes, and the administration of justice under the empire’, Journal of Roman Studies 65 (1975) 92–106
Cabanes, P.Nouvelles inscriptions d'Albanie méridionale (Bouthrotos et Apollonia)’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 63 (1986) 137–55
Calabi Limentani, I. Epigrafia latina. Venice and Milan, 1968
Calboli, G. M. Porci Catonis Oratio pro Rhodiensibus. Bologna, 1978
Calder, W. M. and Bean, G. E. A Classical Map of Asia Minor. London, 1958
Callender, M. H. Roman Amphorae. London, 1965
Camodeca, G.Per una riedizione dell'archivio pureolano dei Sulpici’, Puteoli 6 (1982) 3–53; 7–8 (1984) 3–25; 9–10 (1985–6) 3–40
Cancelli, F.A proposito di tresviri capitales’, Studi in onore di P. de Francisci 111, Milan, 1956, 17–35
Cancelli, F.Per una revisione del “cavere” dei giureconsulti repubblicani’, Studi in onore di Edoardo Volterra v, Rome, 1971, 611–45
Candiloro, E.Politica e cultura in Atene da Pidna alla guerra mitridatica’, Studi classici e orientali 14 (1965) 134–76
Capogrossi Colognesi, L. L'agricoltura romana. Bari, 1982
Capogrossi Colognesi, L. La struttura della proprietà e la formazione dei iura praediorum nell' età repubblicana. 2 vols. Milan, 1969 and 1976
Capogrossi Colognesi, L. La terra in Roma antica I. Rome, 1981
Carandini, A. Settefinestre: una villa schiavistica nell' Etruria romana. 3 vols. Modena, 1985
Carcopino, J. Autour des Gracques. Paris, 1928
Carcopino, J. La loi de Hiéron et les Romains. Paris, 1914
Carcopino, J. Sylla ou la monarchie manquée. Paris, 1947
Cardauns, B. M. Terentius Varro, Antiquitates Rerum Divinarum. 2 vols. Wiesbaden, 1976
Cardauns, B.Varro und die Religion. Zur Theologie, Wirkungsgeschichte und Leistung der “Antiquitates Rerum Divinarum”’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972II. 16.1 (1978) 80–103
Cardauns, B. Varros Logistoricus über die Götterverebrung (Diss. Köln). Würzburg, 1960
Cardinali, G. Studi Graccani. Rome, 1912
Carney, T. F.The flight and exile of Marius’, Greece & Rome 8 (1961) 98–121
Carney, T. F.The death of Sulla’, Acta Classica. Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 4 (1961) 64–79
Carney, T. F. A Biography of Caius Marius (Proceedings of the African Classical Associations Suppl. 1). 1962
Carson, R. A. G.Caesar and the monarchy’, G&R 4 (1957) 46–53.
Carter, J. M. Sallust: Fragments of the Histories (Lactor 6). London, 1970, repr. 1978
Cary, M.Sulla and Cisalpine Gaul’, Classical Review 34 (1920) 103–4
Cary, M. The Geographical Background of Greek and Roman History. Oxford, 1949
Casson, L. Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. Princeton, 1971
Castagna, M. Mitridate VI Eupatore re del Ponto. Portici, 1938
Castagnoli, F.Dedica arcaica lavinate a Castore e Polluce’, Studi e materiali di storia delle religioni 30 (1959) 109–17
Castagnoli, F.Installazioni portuali a Roma’, Seaborne Commerce 35–42
Castagnoli, F.L'insula nei cataloghi regionari di Roma’, Rivista di filologia e di istruzione classica 104 (1976) 45–52
Castagnoli, F. et al. Lavinium II (1st. di topografia antica dell'Univ. di Roma). Rome, 1975
Castiglioni, L.Motivi antiromani nella tradizione storica antica’, Rendiconti dell'istituto Lombardo, Classe di lettere, science morali e storiche 61 (1928) 625–39
Cauville, S. and Devauchelle, D.Le temple d'Edfou: étapes de la construction; nouvelles données historiques’, Revue d'égyptologie 35 (1984) 31–55
Cels-Saint-Hilaire, J.Les libertini: des mots et des choses’, Dialogues d'histoire ancienne 11 (1985) 331–79
Celuzza, M. and Regoli, E.La Valle d'Oro nel territorio di Cosa’, Dialoghi di archeologia 4 (1982) 31–62
Cesare nel bimillenario della morte. Edizioni Radio Italiana, 1956.
Chapot, V. La province romaine proconsulaire d' Asie depuis ses origines jusqu' à la fin du Haut-Empire. Paris, 1904
Charlesworth, J. H. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. 2 vols. London, 1985
Chevallier, R.Essai de chronologie des centuriations romaines de Tunisie’, Mélanges d' archéologie dt d'histoire de l'école française de Rome 70 (1958) 61–128
Chevallier, R. La romanisation de la celtique du Pô. Essai d'histoire provinciale (Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d' Athènes et de Rome 249). Rome, 1983
Chevallier, R. La romanisation de la celtique du Pô. I. Les données géeographiques. Géographie, archéologie et histoire en Cisalpine. Paris, 1980
Chevallier, R. Roman Roads, transl. by Field, N. H.. London, 1976
Chouquer, G. et al. Structures agraires en Italie centro-méridionale: Cadastres et paysages ruraux (Coll. éc. fr. de Rome 100). Rome, 1987
Ciaceri, E. Cicerone e i suoi tempi. 2 vols. Milan, 1939–41
Ciaceri, E. Processi politici e relazioni internazionali. Rome, 1918
Cichorius, C.Staatliche Menschenopfer’, Römische Studien, Leipzig, 1922, 7–20
Cichorius, C. Untersuchungen zu Lucilius. Berlin, 1908, repr. 1964
Cimma, M. R. Reges socii et amici populi romani. Milan, 1976
Ciulei, G. L' équité chez Cicéron. Amsterdam, 1972
Clark, A. C. Pro T. Annio Milone ad ludices Oratio. Oxford, 1895
Clarysse, W.Greeks and Egyptians in the Ptolemaic army and administration’, Aegyptus 65 (1985) 57–66
Classen, C. J.Bemerkungen zu Ciceros Äusserungen über die Gesetze’, Rheinisches Museum 122 (1979) 278–302
Clausen, W. V.The new direction in poetry’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: I: Greek Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. II: Latin Literature, ed. Kenney, E. J. and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 11 (1982) 178–206
Clemente, G. I romani nella Gallia meridionale. Bologna, 1974
Cloud, J. D.Sulla and the praetorship’, Liverpool Classical Monthly 13 (1988) 69–73
Cloud, J. D.The primary purpose of the lex Cornelia de sicariis’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 86 (1969) 258–86
Coarelli, F.Architettura e arti figurative in Roma, 150–50 a.C.’, Hellenismus, 21–51
Coarelli, F.Architettura sacra e architettura privata nella tarda repubblica’, Architecture et société de l'archaisme grec à la fin de la république romaine, 1983, 191–217
Coarelli, F.I santuari del Lazio e della Campania tra i Gracchi e le guerre civili’, Les Bourgeoisies, 217–40
Coarelli, F.Il complesso pompeiano di Campo Marzio e la sua decorazione scultorea’, Rendiconti delta pontificia accademia di archeologia 44 (1971–2) 99–122
Coarelli, F.Iside Capitolina, Clodio e i mercanti di schiavi’, Alessandria e il mondo ellenistico-romano. Studi in onore di Achille Adriani, ed. Bonacasa, N. and Di Vita, A. (Studi e materiali Ist. arch. Univ. Palermo 4–6) III, Rome, 1984, 461–75
Coarelli, F.Le tyrannoctone du Capitole et la mort de Tiberius Gracchus’, Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire de I'école française de 81 (1969) 137–60
Coarelli, F.Public building in Rome between the second Punic War and Sulla’, Papers of the British School at Rome 45 (1977) 1–23
Coarelli, F.Su alcuni proconsoli di Asia tra la fine del II e gli inizi del I secolo a. C. e sulla politica di Mario in oriente’, Tituli 4 (= Atti del colloquio Internazionale AIEGL su epigrafia e ordine senatorio 1, Rome, 1982), 435–51
Coarelli, F.L' “agora des italiens” a Delo: il mercato degli schiavi?’, Delo e i'Italia 119–45
Coarelli, F. Fregellae 2. Il santuario di Esculapio. Rome, 1986
Coarelli, F. Fregellae. La storia e gli scavi. Rome, 1981
Coarelli, F. I santuari del Lazio in età repubblicana. Rome, 1987
Coarelli, F. Il foro romano II: periodo repubblicano e augusteo. Rome, 1985
Coarelli, F. et al. L'area sacra di Largo Argentina (Studi e materiali dei musei e monumenti comunali di Roma x). Rome, 1981
Coarelli, F., ed. Studi su Praeneste (Reprints di archeologia e di storia antica). Perugia, 1978
Cobban, J. Senate and Provinces 78–49 B.C. Cambridge, 1935
Coleman, R.The dream of Scipio’, Papers of the British School at Rome 10 (1964) 1–14
Colini, A. M.Il porto fluviale del foro boario a Roma’, Seaborne Commerce, 43–53
Collart, J. Varron grammairien latin. Paris, 1954
Collins, J. H.Caesar and the corruption of power’, Historia 4 (1955) 445–65
Collins, J. J.The epic of Theodotus and the Hellenism of the Hasmoneans’, Harvard Theological Review 73 (1980) 91–104
Collins, J. J. Between Athens and Jerusalem. Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora. New York, 1983
Corbellini, G.La presunta guerra tra Mario e Cinna e I'episodio dei Bardiei’, Aevum 50 (1976) 154–6
Cori, B. The Italian Settlement System. Warsaw, 1979
Cormack, J. M. R.The gymnasiarchal law of Beroea’, Ancient Macedonia II (Papers of the 2nd International Symposium, Thessalonike, 10–12 Aug. 1973), Thessalonica, 1977, 139–49
Corsaro, M.La presenza romana a Entella: una nota su Tiberio Claudio di Anzio’, Annali della scuola normale superiore di Pisa, Classe di lettere e filosofia 12 (1982) 917–44
Cotton, M. A. The Late Republican Villa at Posto, Francolise. Report of an Excavation by the Institute of Fine Arts, New York and the British School at Rome (British School at Rome Suppl. Pub.). London, 1979
Cotton, M. A. and Metraux, G. P. R. The San Rocco Villa at Francolise. London, 1985
Coulton, J. J. The Architectural Development of the Greek Stoa. Oxford, 1976
Cozza, L.Le tegole di marmo del Pantheon’, Città e architettura nella Roma imperiale (Analecta Romana Instituti Danici Suppl. x), ed. Fine Licht, K., Odense, 1983, 109–18
Cramer, F. H.Expulsion of astrologers from ancient Rome’, Classica et Mediaevalia 12 (1951) 9–50
Crawford, D. J., Quaegebeur, J. and Clarysse, W. Studies on Ptolemaic Memphis (Studia Hellenistica 24). Louvain, 1980
Crawford, D. J. Kerkeosiris: an Egyptian Village in the Ptolemaic Period. Cambridge, 1971
Crawford, M. H., Keppie, L., Patterson, J. and Vercnocke, M. L.Excavations at Fregellae 1978–84. An interim report on the work of the British team’, Papers of the British School at Rome 52 (1984) 21–35; 53 (1985) 72–96; 54 (1986) 40–68
Crawford, M. H.Foedus and sponsio’, Papers of the British School at Rome 41 (1973) 1–7
Crawford, M. H.Greek intellectuals and the Roman aristocracy’, Imperialism in the Ancient World, ed. Garnsey, P. D. A. and Whittaker, C. R., Cambridge, 1978, 193–207
Crawford, M. H.Rome and the Greek world: economic relationships’, Economic Hist. Review 30 (1977) 42–52
Crawford, M. H.The edict of M. Marius Gratidianus’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 194 (1968) 1–4
Crawford, M. H.The lex Iulia agraria’, Athenaeum 67 (1989) 179–90
Crawford, M. H. Coinage and Money under the Roman Republic. London, 1985
Crawford, M. H. La moneta in Grecia e a Roma. Bari, 1982
Crawford, M. H. Roman Republican Coinage. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1974
Crawford, M. H. The Roman Republic. London, 1978
Crawford, M. H. and Wiseman, T. P.The coinage of the age of Sulla’, Numismatic Chronicle 4 (1964) 141–58
Crifò, G.Attività normativa del senato in età repubblicana’, Bullettino dell'istituto di diritto romano 10 (1968) 31–121
Crook, J. A.A study in decoction’, Latomus 26 (1967) 363–76
Crook, J. A.Intestacy in Roman society’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 19 (1973) 38–44
Crook, J. A.Lex “Rivalicia” (S. Riccobono et al., Fontes Iuris Romani Anteiustiniani. 3 vols. Florence, 1940—3 I, no.5)’, Athenaeum 64 (1986) 45–53
Crook, J. A.Lex Cornelia “de falsis”’, Athenaeum 65 (1987) 163–71
Crook, J. A.Patria potestas’, Classical Quarterly 17 (1967) 113–22
Crook, J. A.Sponsione provocare: its place in Roman litigation’, Journal of Roman Studies 66 (1976) 132–8
Crook, J. A. Law and Life of Rome. London, 1967
Cross, F. M. The Ancient Library of Qumran and Modern Biblical Studies. Revd. New York, 1961
Cuff, P. J.Prolegomena to a critical edition of Appian B. C. I’, Historia 16 (1967) 177–88
D'Achiardi, G.L'industria metallurgica a Populonia’, Studi etruschi 3 (1929) 397–404
Dahlheim, W. Gewalt und Herrschaft: das provinziale Herrschaftssystem der römischen Republik. Berlin and New York, 1977
Dahlmann, H.Clementia Caesaris’, Neue Jahrbücher für Wissenschaft und Jugendbildung 10 (1934) 17–26 (= Wege der Forschung 43, Darmstadt, 1967, 32–47)
Dahlmann, H.Terentius’ (84), Pauly, A., Wissowa, G. and Kroll, W., Real-Encyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft Suppl. 6 (1935) 1172–277
Dahlmann, H.Varroniana’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972— 1.3 (1973) 3–25
Dakaris, S.I Romaiki politiki stin Ipeiro’, Nikopolis 1 (Proc. of the 1st Internat. Symposium on Nikopolis, 23–9 Sept. 1984), Preveza, 1987, 11–21
Dalzell, A.Lucretius’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: 1: Greek. Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. 11: Latin Literature, ed. , E. J. Kenney and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 II (1982) 207–29
Danov, C. M. Zapadnyat Bryag na Chernomorye v Drevnostata (The West Coast of the Black Sea in Antiquity). Sofia, 1947
D'Arms, J. H. Commerce and Social Standing in Ancient Rome. Cambridge, MA and London, 1981
D'Arms, J. H. and Kopff, E., (ed.) The Seaborne Commerce of Ancient Rome (Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome 36). Rome, 1980 (also in Abbreviations)
D'Arms, J. H., rev. of Fabre, Libertus, Classical Philology 79 (1984) 170–4
Daube, D.Licinnia's dowry’, Studi in onore di Biondo Biondi I, Milan, 1963, 199–212
Daube, D. Forms of Roman Legislation. Oxford, 1956
David, J. M. et al., ‘Le commentariolum petitionis de Q. Cicéron’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972— 1.3 (1973) 239–77
David, J.-M.Promotion civique et droit à la parole: L. Licinius Crassus, les accusateurs et les rhéteurs latins’, Mélanges d'archeologie et d'histoire de I'ecolefrançaise de Rome 91 (1979) 135–81
Davies, P. R.Hasidim in the Maccabean period’, Journal of Jewish Studies 28 (1977) 127–40
Davies, P. R.The ideology of the Temple in the Damascus document’, Journal of Jewish Studies 33 (1982) 287–302
Davies, P. R. Qumran. Guildford, 1982
De Laet, S. J. Portorium, étude sur l'organisation douanière chez les Romains. Bruges, 1949
de Martino, F.Produzione di cereali in Roma nell'età arcaica’, La parola del passato 34 (1979) 241–55
de Martino, F. Storia economica di Roma antica (II pensiero storico 75). 2 vols. Florence, 1979
de Martino, F. Storia della costituzione romana. 2nd edn, 5 vols. Naples, 1972–5
De Meulenaere, H.Les stratèges indigènes du nome tentyrite à la fin de l'époque ptolémaique et au début de l'occupation romaine’, Rivista degli studi orientali 34 (1959) 1–25
De Meulenaere, H.Prosopographica Ptolemaica: le règne conjoint de Ptolémée XII Aulète et de Cléopatre VII’, Chronique d'Egypte 42 (1967) 300–5
de Neeve, P. W. Colonus. Amsterdam, 1984
de Robertis, F. M. Storia delle corporazioni e del regime associativo nel mondo romano. Bari, 1971
De Ruyt, C. Macellum: marché alimentaire des Romains. Louvain, 1985
de Sanctis, G. La guerra sociale (Opera inedita a cura di L. Polverini). Florence, 1976
De Sanctis, G. Per la scienza dell' antichitá. Turin, 1909
De Sanctis, G. Problemi di storia antica. Bari, 1932
de Ste Croix, G. E. M.Greek and Roman Accounting’, Studies in the History of Accounting, ed. Littleton, A. C. and Yamey, B. S., London, 1956, 14–74
de Ste Croix, G. E. M. The Class Struggle in the Ancient Greek World from the Archaic Age to the Arab Conquests. London, 1981
De Vaux, R. Ancient Israel, its Life and Institutions. 2nd edn, London, 1965
De Vaux, R. Archaeology and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Revd. Oxford, 1973
De Visscher, F.Jules César patron d'Alba Fucens’, L'antiquite classique 33 (1964) 98–107
de Wit, C.Inscriptions dédicatoires du temple d'Edfou’, Chronique d'Egypte 36 (1961) 56–97, 277–320
de Zulueta, F. The Institutes of Gaius. 2 vols. Oxford, 1946 and 1953
Debevoise, N. C. A Political History of Parthia. Chicago, 1938, repr. 1968
Degrassi, A.Le dediche di popoli e re asiatici al popolo romano e a Giove Capitolino’, Bullettino della commissione archeologica comunale di Roma 74 (1951–2) 19–47 (= A 26, I, 415–44)
Degrassi, A. Scritti vari di antichità. 4 vols. Venice and Trieste, 1967
Deininger, J. Der politische Widerstand gegen Rom in Griechenland 217–86 v. Chr. Berlin and New York, 1971
Delcor, M.Le temple d'Onias en Egypte’, Revue biblique 75 (1968) 188–205
della Casa, A. Nigidio Figulo (Nuovi saggi 42). Rome, 1962
Delo e I'ltalia, edd. Coarelli, F., Musti, D. and Solin, H. (Opusc. Inst. Rom. Finlandiae 11). Rome, 1982
Delplace, C.Les potiers dans la société et l'économie de I'Italie et de la Gaule au Ier siècle av. et au Ier siècle ap. J.-C.’, Ktema 3 (1978) 55–76
delta Corte, F. Varrone: il terzo gran lume romano. 2nd edn Florence, 1970
Derchain, P.Miettes’, R Egypt 26 (1974) 7–20
Derow, P. S.Polybius, Rome and the East’, Journal of Roman Studies 69 (1979) 1–15
Derow, P. S. and Forrest, W. G.An inscription from Chios’, Annual of the British School at Athens 77 (1982) 79–92
Des ordres à Rome, sous la direction de Claude Nicolet (Publications de la Sorbonne, Sér. hist. ancienne et mediévale 13). Paris, 1984 (also in Abbreviations)
Desideri, P.Posidonio e la guerra mitridatica’, Athenaeum 51 (1973) 3–29 and 238–69
Dever, W. G. Gezer IV. The 1969–71 Seasons. Jerusalem, 1986
di Salvo, S.Lex Laetoria’. Minore età e crisi sociale tra il III e il ll a.C. Camerino, 1979
Diehl, E.Pharnakes’, Pauly, A., Wissowa, G. and Kroll, W., Real-Encyclopädie der classischen A Itertumswissenschaft 19 (1938) 1849–53
Dilke, O. A. W.Divided loyalties in eastern Sicily under Verres’, Ciceroniana 4 (1980) 43–51
Dilke, O. A. W. The Roman Land Surveyors. An Introduction to the Agrimensores. Newton Abbott, 1971. (Also Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972— 11.1 (1974) 564–92)
Dilke, O. A. W. Greek and Roman Maps. London, 1985
Dilleman, J.Les premiers rapports des Romains avec les Parthes’, ArchOrient 3 (1931) 215–56
Dillemann, L. Haute Mésopotamie orientale et pays adjacents (Inst. fr. d'arch. de Beyrouth, Bibl. arch. et hist. 72). Paris, 1962
Dillon, J. The Middle Platonists. London, 1977
d'Ippolito, F.Sextus Aelius “Catus”’, Labeo 17 (1971) 271–83
d'Ippolito, F. I giuristi e la città, ricerche sulla giurisprudenza romana della repubblica. Naples, 1978
Dixon, S.The marriage alliance in the Roman elite’, Journal of Family History 10 (1985) 353–78
Dobbins, K. W.The successors of Mithridates II of Parthia’, Numismatic Chronicle 15 (1975) 19–45
Dobesch, G. Caesars Apotheose zu Lebzeiten und sein Ringen um den Königstitel. Vienna, 1966
Domergue, C., Laubenheimer-Leenhardt, F. and Liou, B.Les lingots de plomb de L. Carullius Hispallus’, Revue archéologique de Narbonne 7 (1974) 119–37
Domergue, C.Les lingots de plomb romains du Musée Archéologique de Carthagène et du Musée Naval de Madrid’, Archivo español de arqueologia 39 (1966) 41–72
Domergue, C. La mine antique d' Aljustrel (Portugal) et les tables de bronze de Vipasca. Paris, 1983
Domergue, C. Les mines de la péninsule ibérique à l'époque romaine. Thèse Paris, 1977
Donadoni, S.Una testata di decreto Tolemaico’, Alessandria e il mondo ellenistico-romano. Studi in onore di Achille Adriani, ed. Bonacasa, N. and Di Vita, A. (Studie Materiali Ist. arch. Univ. Palermo 4–6)1, Rome, 1983, 162–4
Donini, P.The history of the concept of electicism’, The Question of ‘Eclecticism’, Studies in Later Greek Philosophy, ed. Dillon, J. M. and Long, A. A., Berkeley, Los Angeles and London, 1988, 15–33
Donini, P. Le scuole l'animal l'impero: la filosofia antica da Antioco a Plotino. Turin, 1982
Dörner, F. K. and Gruben, G.Die Exedra der Ciceronen’, Mitteilungen des deutschen archäologischen Instituts (Athens) 68 (1953) 63–76
Dörrie, H.Polybios über “pietas”, “religio” und “fides” (zu Buch 6, Kap. 56)’, Mélanges de philosophie, de litt. et d'hist. ancienne offerts à Pierre Boyancé (Coll. éc. fr. de Rome 22), Rome, 1974, 251–72
Douglas, A. E. M. Tulli Ciceronis Brutus. Oxford, 1966
Douglas, A. E.The intellectual background of Cicero's Rhetorica: a study in method’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972 1.3 (1973) 95–138
Douglas, A. E. Cicero (Greece and Rome New Surveys in the Classics 2). Oxford, 1968, repr. with addenda 1978
Dow, S.A leader of the anti-Roman party in Athens in 88 B.C.’, Classical Philology 37 (1947) 311–14
Downey, G.The occupation of Syria by the Romans’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 82 (1951) 149–63
Drew-Bear, T.Deux décrets hellénistiques d'Asie Mineure’, Bulletin de correspondance hellenique 96 (1972) 443–71
Du Châtiment dans la cite. Supplices corporels et peine de mort dans le monde antique (Table ronde, Rome 9–11 nov. 1982) (Coll. ec. fr. de Rome 79). Rome, 1984
Duchène, H.Sur la stèle d'Aulus Caprilius Timotheos, sômatemporos’, Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 110 (1980) 513–30
Ducos, M. Les romains et la loi: recherches sur les rapports de la philosophic grecque et de la tradition romain à la fin de la République. Paris, 1984
Dumont, J. C. Servus. Rome et l'esclavage sous la République. Rome, 1988
Dunand, F.Cultes égyptiens hors d'Egypte. Essai d'analyse des conditions de leur diffusion’, Religions, pouvoirs, rapports sociaux (Ann. litt. Univ. Besançon 237), Paris, 1980, 71–148
Dunand, F.Droit d'asile et refuge dans les temples en Egypte lagide’, Hommages à la mémoire de Serge Sauneron II, ed. Vercoutter, J., Cairo, 1979, 77–97
Dupont, F. La vie quotidienne du citoyen romain sous la république, 509–27 av. J.C., Paris, 1989
Durand, J. D.Mortality estimates from Roman tombstone inscriptions’, American Journal of Sociology 65 (1959/60) 364–73
Dureau de la Malle, M. Economie politique des Romains. 2 vols. Paris, 1840, repr. New York, 1971
Dyson, S. A.Settlement patterns in the Ager Cosanus: the Wesleyan University Survey 1974–6’, Journal of Field Archaeology 5 (1978) 251–8
Earl, D. C. Tiberius Gracchus – A Study in Politics (Coll. Latomus 66). Brussels, 1963
Earl, D. C. The Moral and Political Tradition of Rome. London, 1967
Earl, D. C. The Political Thought of Sallust. Cambridge, 1961
Ebel, C. Transalpine Gaul. The Emergence of a Roman Province. Leiden, 1976
Ebert, U. Die Geschichte des Edikts de hominibus armatis coactisue (Heidelberger rechtsw. Abh 23). Heidelberg, 1968
Eckhardt, K.Die armenischen Feldzüge des Lucullus’, Klio 9 (1909) 400–12; 10 (1910) 73–115 and 192–231
Eckstein, A. M.Human sacrifice and fear of military disaster in Republican Rome’, American Journal of Ancient History 7 (1982) 69–95
Edelstein, L. and Kidd, I. G. Posidonius. I Cambridge, 1972, II (2 vols.) Cambridge 1988
Eder, W. Das vorsullanische Repetundenverfahren, Berlin, 1969
Efron, J. Studies on the Hasmonean Period. Leiden, 1987
Egger, R. Josephus und die Samaritaner (Novum Test. et Orbis Antiquus 4). Göttingen, 1986
Ehrenberg, V.Caesar's final aims’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 68 (1964) 149–61
Engelmann, H. and Knibbe, D.Das Zollgesetz der Provinz Asia, eineneue Inschrift aus Ephesos’, EA 14 (1989) 1–206
Ensslin, W.Appian und die Liviustradition zum ersten Bürgerkrieg’, Klio 20 (1926) 415–65
Ericsson, H.Sulla felix’, Eranos 41 (1943) 77–89
Ervin, M.The sanctuary of Aglauros on the south slope of the Acropolis and its destruction in the first Mithridatic war’, Arch. Pontou 22 (1958) 129–66
Etienne, R.Les rations alimentaires des esclaves de la familia rustica d'après Caton’, Index 10 (1981) 66–78
Evans, J. K.Plebs rustica’, A merican Journal of Ancient History 5 (1980) 19–47; 134–73
Evans, J. K.Wheat production and its social consequences in the Roman world’, Classical Quarterly 31 (1981) 428–42
Ewins, U.Ne quis iudicio circumveniatur’, Journal of Roman Studies 50 (1960) 94–107
Ewins, U.The enfranchisement of Cisalpine Gaul’, Papers of the British School at Rome 23 (1955) 73–98
Fabre, G. Libertus: recherches sur les rapports patron-affranchi à la fin de la République romaine (Coll. éc. fr. de Rome 50). Paris, 1981
Fantham, E.The synchronistic chapter of Gellius (NA 17.21) and some aspects of Roman chronology and cultural history between 60 and 50 B.C.’, Liverpool Classical Monthly 6 (1981) 7–17
Fascione, L.Aliquem iudicio circumvenire e ob iudicandum pecuniam accipere’, Archivio giuridico (1975) 29–52
Fascione, L. Crimen e quaestio ambitus nell'età repubblicana. Milan, 1984
Fasolo, F. and Giulini, G. Il santuario della Fortuna Primigenia a Palestrina. 2 vols. Rome, 1875
Fayer, C. It culto della dea Roma (Coll. di saggi e ricerche 9). Pescara, 1976
Fentress, E.Via Aurelia, Via Aemilia’, Papers of the British School at Rome 52 (1984) 72–6
Ferenczy, E.Die “Grundgesetze” der römischen Republik’, Sein und Werden im Recht, Festgabe für Ulrich von Lübtow zum 70. Geburtstag, ed. Becker, W. G. and Carolsfeld, L. Schnorr, Berlin, 1970, 267–80
Ferguson, W. S. Hellenistic Athens. London, 1911
Ferrary, J.-L.Cicéron et la loi judiciare de Cotta’, Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire de l'école française de Rome 87 (1975) 321–48
Ferrary, J.-L.L'archéologie du De Re Publica (2.2, 4–37,63): Cicéron entre Polybe et Platon’, Journal of Roman Studies 74 (1984) 87–98
Ferrary, J.-L.La lex Antonia de Termessibus’, Athenaeum 73 (1985) 419–57
Ferrary, J.-L.Le idee politiche a Roma nell'epoca repubblicana’, Storia delle idee politiche, economiche e sociali I, ed. Firpo, L., Turin 1982, 723–804
Ferrary, J.-L.Les origines de la loi de majesté à Rome’, Comptes rendus de I'académic des inscriptions et belles-lettres 1983, 556–72
Ferrary, J.-L.Recherches sur la législation de Saturninus et de Glaucia’, Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire de I'école française de 89 (1977) 619–60; 91 (1979) 85–134
Ferrary, J.-L. Philhellénisme et impérialisme. Rome, 1988
Finley, M. I. Politics in the Ancient World. Cambridge, 1983
Finley, M. I. The Ancient Economy. London, 1973, 2nd edn 1984
Finley, M. I. (ed.) Studies in Roman Property, Cambridge, 1976
Flambard, J. M.Collegia compitalicia: phénomène associatif, cadres territoriaux et cadres civiques dans le monde romain à l'époque républicaine’, Ktema 6 (1981) 143–66
Flambard, J. M.Les collèges et les élites locales à l'époque républicaine d'après l'exemple de Capoue’, Les Bourgeoisies, 75–89
Flambard, J.-M.Tabernae républicaines dans la zone du Forum de Bolsena’, Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire de l'ecole française de Rome 96 (1984) 207–59
Flambard, J.-M.Clodius, les collèges, la plèbe et les esclaves. Recherches sur la politique populaire au milieu du Ier siècle’, Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire de I'écolefranqaise de Rome 89 (1977) 115–56
Fletcher, W. G.The Pontic cities of Pompey the Great’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 70 (1939) 17–29
Foerster, G.Architectural fragments from Jason's tomb reconsidered’, Israel Exploration Journal 28 (1978) 152–6
Forbes, C. A.The education and training of slaves in antiquity’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 86 (1955) 321–60
Forbes, R. J., Studies in Ancient Technology. 2nd edn, 9 vols. Leiden, 1964–72
Forni, G. Valore storico e fonti di Pompeio Trogo I. Urbino, 1958
Fowler, W. Warde Social Life at Rome in the Age of Cicero. London, 1909
Fraccaro, P.I “decem stipendia” e le “leges annales” repubblicane’, Opuscula 11, Pavia, 1957, 207–34
Fraccaro, P. Opuscula. 4 vols. Pavia, 1956–7
Fraccaro, P. Studi sull'età dei Gracchi. Città di Castello, 1914
Fraenkel, E., rev. of Beckmann, Zauberei und Recht in Roms Frühzeit, Gnomon 1 (1925) 185–200
Frank, T.On some financial legislation of the Sullan period’, A merican journal of Philology 54 (1933) 54–8
Frank, T.Race mixture in the Roman empire’, Archivo españtl de arqueologia 21 (1915–16) 689–708
Frank, T. An Economic History of Rome to the End of the Republic. Baltimore, 1920
Fraser, P. M.A Prostagma of Ptolemy Auletes from Lake Edku’, Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 56 (1970) 179–82
Fraser, P. M.Inscriptions from Ptolemaic Egypt’, Berytus 13 (1959–60) 123–61
Fraser, P. M. Ptolemaic Alexandria. 3 vols. Oxford, 1972
Fraser, P. M. and Bean, G. E. The Rhodian Peraea and Islands. Oxford, 1954
Frayn, J. M. Subsistence Farming in Roman Italy. London, 1979
Frederiksen, M.Caesar, Cicero, and the problem of debt’, Journal of Roman Studies 56 (1966) 128–41
Frederiksen, M.Puteoli’, A. Pauly, G. Wissowa and W. Kroll, Real-Encyclopadie der classischen A Itertumswissenschaft 23.2 (1959) 2036–60, revd. in his Campania, 319–58
Frederiksen, M.The Lex Rubria, reconsiderations’, Journal of Roman Studies 54 (1964) 252–77
Frederiksen, M.The Republican municipal laws: errors and drafts’, Journal of Roman Studies 55 (1965) 183–98
Frederiksen, M.Theory, evidence, and the ancient economy’ (review of Finley, M. I., The Ancient Economy), Journal of Roman Studies 65 (1975) 164–71
Frederiksen, M. Campania, ed. with additions by Purcell, N.. London (British School at Rome), 1984
Frézouls, E.Le théâtre romain et la culture urbaine’, La città antica come fatto di cultura, Atti del convegno Como/Bellagio 1979, Como, 1983, 105–30
Frezza, P.Storia del processo civile in Roma fino alla etá di Augusto’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972– 1.2 (1972) 163–96
Frier, B. W.Augural symbolism in Sulla's invasion of 83’, The American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 13 (1967) 111–18
Frier, B. W.Sulla's propaganda: the collapse of the Cinnan Republic’, A merican journal of Philology 92 (1971) 585–604
Frier, B. W.Urban praetors and rural violence. The legal background of Cicero's pro Caecina’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 113 (1983) 221–41
Frier, B. W. Libri annales pontificorum maximorum. The Origins of the Annalistic Tradition (Pap. and Monog. Amer. Ac. Rome 27). Rome, 1979
Frier, B. W. The Rise of the Roman Jurist. Studies in Cicero's pro Caecina. Princeton, 1985
Frier, B.Roman life expectancy: Ulpian's evidence’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 86 (1982) 213–51
Frier, B.The rental market in early imperial Rome’, Journal of Roman Studies 67 (1977) 27–37
Frier, B. Landlord and Tenant in Imperial Rome. Princeton, 1980
Frisch, H. Cicero's Fight for the Republic. Copenhagen, 1946
Fritz, K.Pompey's policy before and after the outbreak of the Civil War of 49 B.C.’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 73 (1942) 145–80
Fritz, K.The mission of L. Caesar and L. Roscius in January 49 B.C.’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 72 (1941) 125–42
Früchtl, A. Die Geldgeschäfte bei Cicero. Erlangen, 1912
Fuchs, H. Der geistige Widerstand gegen Rom in der antiken Welt. Berlin, 1938
Fuks, A. and Geiger, J.The “lex iudiciaria” of M. Livius Drusus’, Studi in onore di Edoardo Volterra 11, Milan, 1971, 422–7
Furley, D. J.Lucretius the Epicurean’, Entretiens Hardt 24 (1978) 1–37
Fussel, G. E. and Kenny, A.Equipement d'une ferme romaine’, Annales (ESC) 21 (1966) 306–23
Gabba, E.Considerazioni sulla decadenza della piccola proprietà contadina nell'Italia centro-meridionale del II. sec. a.C.’, Ktema 2 (1977) 269–84
Gabba, E.La Sicilia romana’, L'impero romano e le strutture economiche e sociali delle provincie (Bibl. di Athenaeum 4), ed. Crawford, M. H., Como, 1986, 71–86
Gabba, E.Mario e Silla’, Aufstieg undNiedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972– 1.1 (1972) 764–805
Gabba, E.Mercati e fiere nell'Italia romana’ (with append. by Coarelli, F.), Studi classici e orientali 24 (1975) 141–66
Gabba, E.Motivazioni economiche nell'opposizione alla legge agraria di Tib. Sempronio Gracco’, Polis and Imperium, Studies in honour of Edward Togo Salmon, ed. Evans, J. A. S., Toronto, 1974, 129–38
Gabba, E.Note sulla polemica anticiceroniana di Asinio Pollione’, Rivista storica italiana 69 (1957) 317–39
Gabba, E.Per la storia della società romana tardo-repubblicana’, Opus 1 (1982) 373–88
Gabba, E.Per la tradizione dell'heredium romuleo’, Rendiconti dell'istituto Lombardo, Classe di lettere, science morali e storiche 112 (1978) 250–8
Gabba, E.Per un'interpretazione storica della centuriazione romana’, Athenaeum 63 (1985) 265–84
Gabba, E.Studi su Dionigi di Alicarnasso III. La proposta di legge agraria di Spurio Cassio’, Athenaeum 42 (1964) 29–41
Gabba, E.Sui senati delle città siciliane nell'età' di Verre’, Athenaeum 47 (1959) 304–20
Gabba, E.The collegia of Numa: problems of method and political ideas’, Journal of Roman Studies 74 (1984) 81–6
Gabba, E.Un episodio oscuro della storia di Mediolanum’, Rendiconti dell'istituto Lombardo, Classe di lettere, scienze morali e storiche 118 (1984) 99–103
Gabba, E.Urbanizzazione e rinnovamenti urbanistici nell'Italia centromeridionale del I. sec. a.C.’, Studi classici e orientali 21 (1972) 73–112
Gabba, E.La rifondazione di Salapia’, Athenaeum 61 (1983) 514–16
Gabba, E.Politica e cultura in Roma agli inizi del I secolo a.C.’, Athenaeum 31 (1953) 259–72
Gabba, E. Esercito e società nella tarda Repubblica romana. Florence, 1973. Transl. by Cuff, P. J. as Republican Rome: The Army and the Allies, Oxford, 1976
Gabba, E. Appiani Bellorum Civilium Liber I. 1958, 2nd edn Florence, 1967
Gabba, E. Appiano e la storia delle guerre civili. Florence, 1956
Gabba, E. and Pasquinucci, M. Strutture agrarie e allevamento transumante nell'Italia romana (III–I sec. a.C.). Pisa, 1979
Gafni, I.Josephus and I Maccabees’, in Josephus, the Bible and History, ed. Feldman, L. H. and Hata, G., Detroit, 1989, 147–72
Gagé, J. Apollon romain (Bibliothéque des écoles françaises d' Athénes et de Rome 182). Paris, 1955
Gallini, C.Politica religiosa di Clodio’, Studi e materiali di storia delle religioni 33 (1962) 257–72
Gallini, C. Protesta e integrazione nella Roma antica (Bibl. di cultura moderna 698). Bari, 1970
Galsterer, H.Die lex Osca Tabulae Bantinae – eine Bestandaufnahme’, Chiron 1 (1971) 191–214
Galsterer, H.Diritto e scienza giuridica in Grecia e Roma’, Critica storica 17 (1980) 185–98
Galsterer, H.La loi municipale des romains: chimère ou réalité?’, RD 65 (1987) 181–203
Galsterer, H.Roman law in the provinces: some problems of transmission’, L'impero romano e le strutture economiche e sociali delle provincie (Bibl. di Athenaeum 4), ed. Crawford, M. H., 1986, 13–28
Galsterer, H. Herrschaft und Verwaltung im republikanischen Italien. Die Beziehungen Roms zu den italischen Gemeinden vom Latinerfrieden 338 v. Chr. bis zum Bundesgenossenkrieg 91 v. Chr. (Münchener Beitr. 68). Munich, 1976
Galsterer, H. Untersuchungen zum römischen Städtewesen auf der iberischen Halbinsel. Berlin, 1971
Galsterer-Kroll, B.Untersuchungen zu den Beinamen der Städte des Imperium Romanum’, Epigraphische Studien 9 (1972) 44–145
Galsterer-Kroll, B.Zum ius Latii in den keltischen Provinzen des Imperium Romanum’, Chiron 3 (1973) 277–306
Gara, A.Limiti strutturali dell'economia monetaria nell' Egitto tardotolemaico’, Studi Ellenistici I, ed. Virgilio, B., Pisa, 1984, 107–34
Gardner, J. F. Women in Roman Law and Society. London and Sydney, 1986
Garlan, Y. War in the Ancient World: A Social History, transl. by Lloyd, J.. London, 1975
Garnsey, P., Gallant, T. and Rathbone, D.Thessaly and the grain supply of Rome during the second century B.C.Journal of Roman Studies 74 (1984) 30–44
Garnsey, P.Independent freedmen and the economy of Roman Italy under the Principate’, Klio 63 (1981) 359–72
Garnsey, P.Where did Italian peasants live?’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 25 (1979) 1–25
Garnsey, P. Famine and Food-Supply in the Graeco-Roman World. Cambridge, 1988
Garnsey, P. and Rathbone, D.The background to the grain law of Gaius Gracchus’, Journal of Roman Studies 75 (1985) 20–5
Garnsey, P., Hopkins, K. and Whittaker, C. R. (eds.) Trade in the Ancient Economy. London, 1983 (also in Abbreviations)
Garton, C.Sulla and the theatre’, Phoenix 18 (1964) 137–50
Gascou, J.Inscriptions de Tébessa’, Melanges d'archéologie et d'histoire de I'école française de Rome 81 (1969) 537–99
Gasperini, L.Ancora sul frammento cesariano di Taranto’, Epigraphica 33 (1971) 48–59
Gasperini, L.Su alcuni epigrafi di Taranto romano’, Misc. greca e romana 11, Rome, 1968, 379–97
Gatti lo Guzzo, L. Il deposito votivo dall' Esquilino detto di Minerva Medica (Studi e materiali di etruscologia e antichità italiche 17). Rome, 1978
Gaudemet, J. Les gouvernants à Rome (Antiqua 31). Rome, 1985
Geiger, J.M. Favonius: three notes’, Rivista storica dell' antichità 4 (1974) 161–70
Geiger, J. Cornelius Nepos and Ancient Political Biography. Stuttgart, 1985
Gelzer, M.Cn. Pompeius Strabo und der Aufstieg seines Sohnes Magnus’, Abb. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 14, 1941 (= A 41, 11, 106–38)
Gelzer, M.Das erste Konsulat des Pompeius und die Übertragung der grossen Imperien’, Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1943, I (= A 41 II, 146–89)
Gelzer, M.Hat Sertorius in seinem Vertrag mit Mithradates die Provinz Asia abgetreten?’, Phil. Wochenschr. 52 (1932) 185–92 (= A 41, 11, 139–45)
Gelzer, M. Die Nobilität der römischen Republik. Berlin, 1912, transl. by Seager, R. as The Roman Nobility. Oxford, 1975
Gelzer, M. Pompeius. Munich, 1949. 2nd edn, 1959
Gelzer, M. Caesar der Politiker und Staatsmann. Stuttgart and Berlin, 1921. 6th edn, Wiesbaden, 1960, transl. by Needham, P., Oxford, 1969
Gelzer, M. Kleine Schriften, ed. Strasburger, H. and Meier, Ch.. 3 vols. Wiesbaden, 1962–4
Gertsiger, D. S.A plastic vase from Panticapaeum (on the iconography of Mithridates Eupator)’ (Russ.) Tskhaltubo III, 13–14
Gesammelte Scbriften von Theodor Mommsen. 8 vols. Berlin, 1905–13
Gesche, H.Hat Caesar den Oktavian zum magister equitum designiert?’, Historia 22 (1973) 468–78
Gesche, H. Die Vergottung Caesars (Frankfurter althist. Studien 1). Frankfurt, 1968
Gesche, H. Caesar. Darmstadt, 1976
Giardina, A. and Schiavone, A., ed. Società romana e produzione schiavistica. I. L'Italia: insediamenti e forme economiche; II. Merci, mercati e scambi; III. Modelli etici, diritto e trasformazioni sociali (Atti del colloquio Pisa, 1979), 1981. (Discussion, Opus I (1982) 371–439 and D. Rathbone G 208 below. Also in Abbreviations
Gillis, D.Quintus Sertorius’, Rendiconti dell'istituto Lombardo, Classe di lettere, scienze morali e storiche 103 (1969) 711–27
Gilyevich, A. M.Chersonesus and the Pontic state of Mithridates VI according to numismatic data’ (Russ.), Tskhaltubo III, 608–17
Giovannini, A.Volkstribunat und Volksgericht’, Chiron 13 (1983) 544–606
Giovannini, A. Consulare Imperium (Schweizerische Beitr. zur Altertumswiss. 16). Basle, 1983
Giovannini, A. Rome et la circulation monétaire en Grèce au IIe siècle avant J.-C. Basle, 1978
Giovannini, A. and Müller, H.Die Beziehungen zwischen Rom und den Juden im 2. Jh. v. Chr.’, Museum Helveticum 28 (1971) 156–71
Girard, P. F. Histoire de l'organisation judiciaire des romains I, Les six premiers siècles de Rome (all published). Paris, 1901
Girardet, K.Die Lex Iulia de provinciis: Vorgeschichte, Inhalt, Wirkungen’, Rheinisches Museum 130 (1987) 291–330
Girri, G. La taberna nel quadro urbanistico e sociale di Ostia. Milan, 1956
Giuffrè, V.Mutuo’, Enciclopedia del Diritto XXVII, Milan, 1977, 411–44
Glautier, M. W. E.A study in the development of accounting in Roman times’, Revue internationale des droits de I'antiquité 19 (1972) 311–43
Glew, D. G.Between the wars: Mithridates Eupator and Rome, 85–73 B.C.’, Chiron 11 (1981) 109–20
Glew, D. G.Mithridates Eupator and Rome: a study of the background of the first Mithridatic war’, Athenaeum 55 (1977) 380–405
Glew, D. G.The selling of the king: a note on Mithridates Eupator's propaganda in 88 B.C., Hermes 105 (1977) 253–6
Glucker, J.Cicero's philosophical affiliations’, The Question of ‘Eclecticism’. Studies in Later Greek Philosophy, ed. Dillon, J. M. and Long, A. A., Berkeley, Los Angeles and London, 1988, 34–69
Glucker, J. Antiochus and the Late Academy. Göttingen, 1978
Gnoli, F.Cic. nat deor. 3. 74 e l'origine della quaestio perpetua peculatus’, Rendiconti dell'istituto Lombardo, Classe di lettere, science morali e storiche 109 (1975) 331–41
Gnoli, F.Sulla paternità e sulla datazione della “lex Iulia peculatus”Studia et Documenta Historiae et Iuris 38 (1972) 328–38
Gnoli, F. Ricerche sul crimen peculatus. Milan, 1979
Göhler, J. Rom und Italien. Die römische Bundesgenossenpolitik von den Anfängen bis zum Bundesgenossenkrieg (Breslauer Historische Forschungen 13). Breslau, 1939, repr. Aalen, 1974
Goldstein, J. A. I Maccabees. New York, 1976
Golenko, K. V.Anonymous Pontic copper’ (Russ.) Vestnik Drevnei Istorii 1969. 1 (107) 130–54
Golenko, K. V.Bronze coins of the cities of Pontus and Paphlagonia in the time of Mithridates VI from the finds on the Bosporus’ (Russ.), Klio 46 (1965) 307–22
Golenko, K. V.Pontus und Paphlagonien’, Chiron 3 (1973) 467–99
Golenko, K. V. and Karyszkovski, P. J.The gold coinage of King Pharnaces of the Bosporus’, Numismatic Chronicle 12 (1972) 25–38
Gonzalez, J.Tabula Siarensis, fortunales Siarenses et municipia civium Romanorum’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 55 (1984) 55–100
Goodman, M. The Ruling Class of Judaea. Cambridge, 1987
Gordon, R. L.The date and significance of CIMRM 593 (British Museum, Townley Collection)’, Journal of Mithraic Studies 2 (1977/8) 148–74
Gow, A. S. F. and Page, D. L. The Greek Anthology II. The Garden of Philip. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1968
Gozalishvili, G. V. Mit'ridat Pontiisky (Georgian, with Russian summary). Tbilisi, 1965
Grafton, A. T. and Swerdlow, N. M.Technical chronology and astrological. history in Varro, Censorinus and others’, Classical Quarterly 35 (1985) 454–65
Grant, M. From Imperium to Auctoritas. Cambridge, 1946
Gratwick, A. S.Free or not so free? Wives and daughters in the late Roman Republic’, Marriage and Property, trans. Craik, E. M., Aberdeen, , 1984, 30–53
Gratwick, A. S.The satires of Ennius and Lucilius’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: 1: Greek. Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. 11: Latin Literature, ed. Kenney, E. J. and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 11 (1982) 156–71
Grebenkin, V. N. and Zaginailo, A. G.On the question of coin circulation in the state of Pontus at the time of Mithridates Eupator (Russ.), Tskhaltubo III, 22–4
Greece and Rome IV no. I, March 1957. Julius Caesar 44 B.C.—A.D. 1957, Bimillenary Number
Greenhalgh, P. Pompey, the Roman Alexander. London, 1980
Greenidge, A. H. J. Infamia. Its Place in Roman Public and Private Law. Oxford, 1894, repr. Aalen, 1977
Greenidge, A. H. J. The Legal Procedure of Cicero's Time. London, 1901, repr. New York, 1971
Grierson, P.The Roman law of counterfeiting’, Essays in Roman Coinage Presented to Harold Mattingly, trans. Carson, R. A. G. and Sutherland, C. H. V., Oxford, 1956, 240–61
Grieve, L. J.The reform of the comitia centuriata’, Historia 34 (1985) 278–309
Griffin, M. T.The “leges iudiciariae” of the pre-Sullan era’, Classical Quarterly 23 (1973) 108–26
Griffin, M. T. Seneca. A Philosopher in Politics. Oxford, 1976
Griffin, M.The tribune C. Cornelius’, Journal of Roman Studies 63 (1973) 196–213
Grimal, P.Le poéme de Lucrèce en son temps’, Entretiens Hardt 24 (1978) 233–70
Grispo, R.Della Mellaria a Calagurra’, Nuova Rivista Storica 36 (1952) 189–225
Gros, P. Architecture et société à Rome et en Italie centro-méridionale aux deux derniers siècles de la République (Coll. Latomus 156). Brussels, 1978
Gross, W. H.Die Mithridates-Kapelle auf Delos’, Antike und Abendland 4 (1954) 105–17
Grosso, G.Publio Mucio Scevola tra il diritto e la politica’, Archivio giuridico 175 (1968) 204–11
Grosso, G.Schemi giuridici e società dall'epoca arcaica di Roma alla giurisprudenza classica: lo sviluppo e la elaborazione dei diritti limitati sulle cose’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972— 1.2 (1972) 134–62
Grousset, R. Histoire de I' Arménie des origines à 1071. Paris, 1947
Grube, G. M. A. The Greek and Roman Critics. London, 1965
Gruen, E. S.Pompey, Metellus Pius, and the trials of 70–69 B.C.’, A merican journal of Philology 92 (1971) 1–16
Gruen, E. S.The consular elections for 53 B.C.’, Hommages à Marcel Reńard, ed. Bibauw, J. (Coll. Latomus 102) II, Brussels, 1969, 311–21
Gruen, E. S.The lex Varia’, Journal of Roman Studies 55 (1965) 59–73
Gruen, E. S.The political allegiance of P. Mucius Scaevola’, Athenaeum 43 (1965) 321–32
Gruen, E. S. The Last Generation of the Roman Republic. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1974
Gruen, E. S. Roman Politics and the Criminal Courts, 149–78 B.C. Cambridge, MA, 1968
Gruen, E. S. The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome. 2 vols. Berkeley, 1984
Guarino, A.Senatus consultum ultimum’, Sein und Werden im Recht, Festgabe für Ulrich von Lübtow zum 70. Geburtstag, trans. Becker, W. G. and Schnorr, L. Carolsfeld, Berlin, 1970, 281–94
Guarino, A. Diritto privato romano. 6th edn, Naples, 1981
Guarino, A. La coerenza di Publio Mucio. Naples, 1981
Guarino, A. Storia del diritto romano. 8th edn. Naples, 1990, ch. 2, ‘II diritto romano preclassico’
Gummerus, H.Industrie und Handel’, Pauly, A., Wissowa, G. and Kroll, W., Real-Encyclopádie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 9.2 (1916) 1381–535
Habermann, W.Ostia, Getreidehandelshafen Roms’, Münstersche Beiträge zur antiken Handelsgeschichte 1.1 (1982) 35–59
Habicht, C.Über die Kriege zwischen Pergamon und Bithynien’, Hermes 84 (1956) 90–110
Habicht, Chr. 2 Makkabäerbuch (Jüdische Schriften aus hellenistisch–römischer Zeit 1:3). Gütersloh, 1976
Habieht, C.Zur Geschichte Athens in der Zeit Mithridates' VI’, Chiron 6 (1976) 127–42
Hackens, T. and Lévy, E.Trésor hellénistique trouvé à Délos en 1964’, Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 89 (1965) 503–66
Hackl, U. Senat und Magistratur in Rom von der Mitte des 2. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. bis zur Diktatur Sullas. Kallmünz, 1982
Hadot, I. Arts libéraux et philosophie dans la pensée antique. Paris, 1984
Hahn, I.Der Klassenkampf der plebs urbana in den letzten Jahrzehnten der römischen Republik’, Die Rolle der Volksmassen, trans. Herrmann, J., Berlin, 1975, 121–46
Hahn, L. Rom und der Romanismus im griechisch-römischen Osten. Leipzig, 1906
Hall, A. S.New light on the capture of Isaura Vetus by P. Servilius Vatia’, Akten des VI internal. Kongresses für gr. und lat. Epigraphik (Vestigia 17), Munich, 1972, 568–71
Hall, U.Voting procedure in Roman assemblies’, Historia 13 (1964) 267–306
Hall, U.Notes on M. Fulvius Flaccus’, Athenaeum 55 (1977) 280–8
Hammond, N. G. L.The two battles of Chaeronea, 338 and 86 B.C.’, Klio 31 (1938) 186–201
Hands, A. R.Livius Drusus and the courts’, Phoenix 26 (1972) 268–74
Hanson, J. A. Roman Theater Temples. Princeton, 1959
Hantos, T. Res publica constituta: die Verfassung des Diktators Sulla (Hermes Einzelschr. 50). Stuttgart, 1988
Hardy, E. G. Some Problems in Roman History. Ten Essays bearing on the Administrative and Legislative Work of Julius Caesar. Oxford, 1924.
Hardy, E. G. Roman Laws and Charters. Oxford, 1912
Hardy, E. G. The Catilinarian Conspiracy in its Context: a Re-Study of the Evidence. Oxford, 1924
Harmand, J. L'armée et le soldat à Rome de 107 à 50 avant notre ère. Paris, 1967
Harper, J.Slaves and freedmen in imperial Rome’, American journal of Philology 93 (1972) 341–2
Harris, W. V.Literacy and epigraphy 1’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 52 (1983) 87–111
Harris, W. V.The Roman father's power of life and death’, Studies in Roman Law in Memory of A. Arthur Schiller, ed. Bagnall, R. S. and Harris, W. V., Leiden, 1986, 81–95
Harris, W. V.Was Roman law imposed on the Italian allies?’, Historia 21 (1972) 639–45
Harris, W. V. Rome in Etruria and Umbria. Oxford, 1971
Harris, W. V. War and Imperialism in Republican Rome 327–70 B.C. Oxford, 1979
Hassall, M., Crawford, M. H. and Reynolds, J.Rome and the eastern provinces at the end of the second century B.C.’, Journal of Roman Studies 64 (1974) 195–220
Hatzfeld, J. Les trafiquants italiens dans I' orient hellénique. Paris, 1919
Haug, I.Der römische Bundesgenossenkrieg 91–88 v. Chr. bei Titus Livius’, Würzburger Jahrbücher für die Altertumswissenschaft 2 (1947) 100–39
Havas, L.Mithridate et son plan d'attaque contre l'Italie’, Acta Classica Universitatis Scientiarum Debrecensis 4 (1968) 13–25
Havas, L.The plebs Romana in the late 60s B.C.’, Acta Classica Universitatis Scientiarum Debrecensis 15 (1979) 23–33
Hayne, L.M. Lepidus (cos. 78): a re-appraisal’, Historia 21 (1972) 661–8
Hayward, R.The Jewish temple at Leontopolis: a reconsideration’, Journal of Jewish Studies 33 (1982) 429–43
Head, B. V. Historia Numorum. 2nd edn Oxford, 1911
Healy, J. F. Mining and Metallurgy in the Greek and Roman World. London, 1978
Heichelheim, F. M. Wirtschaftsgeschichte des Altertums. Leiden, 1938. Italian edn with introd. by Mazza, M., Bari, 1972
Heinen, H.Cäsar und Kaisarion’, Historia 18 (1969) 181–203
Heinen, H.Die Tryphè des Ptolemaios VIII Euergetes II’, Althistorische Studien Hermann Bengtson zum 70. Geburtstag dargebracht von Kollegen und Schülern, ed. Heinen, H. (Historia Einzelschriften 40), Wiesbaden, 1983, 116–30
Heinen, H. Rom und Aegypten von 51 bis 47 v.Chr. Diss. Tübingen, 1966
Heitland, W. E. Agricola. A Study of Agriculture and Rustic Life in the Greco-Roman World from the Point of View of Labour. Cambridge, 1921
Heldmann, K. Antike Theorien über Entwicklung und Verfall der Redekunst (Zetemata 77). Munich, 1982
Helen, T.Organisation of Roman brick production’, Acta Instituti Romani Finlandiae 9 (1975) 1–21
Hellegouarc'h, J. Le vocabulaire des relations et des partis politiques sous la République. Paris, 1963. 2nd edn 1972
Hellenismus in Mittelitalien. Zanker, P., ed. (Kolloq. Göttingen 5–7 juni 1974) (Abh. Göttingen 97). Göttingen, 1976
Henderson, M. I.De commentariolo petitionis’, Journal of Roman Studies 40 (1950) 8–21
Henderson, M. I.The establishment of the equester ordo’, Journal of Roman Studies 53 (1963) 61–72 (= Seager, Crisis 69–80)
Henderson, M. I.The process de repetundis’, Journal of Roman Studies 41 (1951) 71–88
Henderson, M. L., ‘Julius Caesar and Latium in Spain’, Journal of Roman Studies 32 (1942) 1–13
Hengel, M., Charlesworth, J. H. and Mendels, D.The polemical character of “On Kingship” in the Temple Scroll: an attempt at dating “IIQ Temple’”, Journal of Jewish Studies 37 (1986) 18–38
Hengel, M. Judaism and Hellenism, transl. by Bowden, J.. 2 vols. London, 1974
Hermansen, G.The population of imperial Rome: the Regionaries’, Historia 27 (1978) 129–68
Herzog, R.Nummularius’, Pauly, A., Wissowa, G. and , W. Kroll, Real-Encyclopadie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 17 (1937) 1415–55
Herzog, R.Tesserae nummulariae’, Abh. der giessener Hochschulgesellschaft 1 (1919) 1–42
Heurgon, J.L'Ombrie à l'époque des Gracques et de Sylla’, Problemi di storia e archeologia dell'Umbria (Atti I Convegno di Studi Umbri, 1963), Perugia, 1964, 113–31
Heurgon, J.The date of Vegoia's prophecy’, Journal of Roman Studies 49 (1959) 41–5
Hill, H.Sulla's new senators in 81 B.C.’, Classical Quarterly 26 (1932) 170–7
Hill, H. The Roman Middle Class in the Republican Period. Oxford, 1952
Hinard, F. Les proscriptions de la Rome républicaine (Coll. éc. fr. de Rome 93). Rome, 1985
Hinrichs, F. T.Die lateinische Tafel von Bantia und die “Lex de Piratis”’, Hermes 98 (1970) 473–502
Hinrichs, F. T.Das legale Landversprechen im Bellum Civile’, Historia 18 (1969) 521–44
Hinrichs, F. Die Geschichte der gromatischen Institutionen. Wiesbaden, 1974
Hoben, W. Untersuchungen zur Stellung kleinasiatischer Dynasten der ausgehenden Republik. Mainz, 1969
Hoffman, R. J.Civil law procedures in the provinces of the late Roman Republic’, The Irish Jurist II (1976) 355–74
Hoffmann, W. and Siber, H.Plebs’, Pauly, A., Wissowa, G. and Kroll, W., Real-Encyclopadie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 21.1 (1957) 73–187
Holleaux, M.Décret de Chéronée relatif à la première guerre de Mithradates’, Etudesd'épigraphie et d'historie grecques 1, Paris, 1938, 143–59
Holleaux, M.Le décret de Bargylia en l'honneur de Poseidonios’, Etudes d'épigraphie et d'histoire grecques 11, Paris, 1938, 179–98
Homeyer, H. Die antiken Berichte über den Tod Ciceros und ihre Quellen. Baden-Baden, 1964
Homo, L. Les institutions politiques romaines. De la cité à état. Paris, 1927. Transl. by Dobie, M. R. as Roman Political Institutions, from City to State, London and New York, 1929
Hopkins, K.Economic growth and towns in classical antiquity’, Towns in Society, trans. Abrams, P. and Wrigley, E. A., Cambridge, 1978, 35–78
Hopkins, K.Taxes and trade in the Roman Empire’, Journal of Roman Studies 70 (1980) 101–25
Hopkins, K. Conquerors and Slaves. Cambridge, 1978
Hopkins, K. and Burton, G. Death and Renewal. Cambridge, 1983
Horak, F. Rationes decidendi. Entscheidungshegründungen bei den älteren römischen Juristen bis Labeo I. Aalen, 1969
Horak, F. Rev. of Behrends, , Wissenschaftslehre and Schiavone, Nascita della giurisprudenza, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 95 (1978) 402–21
Horsfall, N.Doctus sermones utriusque linguae?’, Échos du monde classique 22 (1979) 85–95
Horsfall, N.Prose and mime’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: I: Greek Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. 11: Latin Literature, ed. Kenney, E. J. and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 11 (1982) 286–94
Horsfall, N.The Ides of March: some new problems’, Greece & Rome 21 (1974) 191–9
Horsfall, N.Varro and Caesar: three chronological problems’, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London 19 (1972) 120–8
How, W. W. Cicero, Select Letters II, Commentary. Oxford, 1925
Hoyos, B. D.Lex provinciae and governor's edict’, Antichthon 7 (1973) 47–53
Hoyos, B. D.Pliny the Elder's titled Baetican towns: obscurities, errors and origins’, Historia 28 (1979) 439–70
Hübner, E.Quaestiones onomatologicae Latinae 1, nomina in -anus’, Ephemeris Epigraphica 11 (1875) 25–92
Humbert, M.Le tribunat de la plèbe et le tribunal du peuple: remarques sur l'histoire de la provocatio ad populumMelanges d'archeologie et d'histoire de I'écolefranqaise de Rome 100 (1988) 431–503
Humbert, M.Municipium’ et ‘civitas sine suffragio’. L'organisation de la conquéte jusqu'à la guerre sociale (Coll. éc. fr. de Rome 36). Rome, 1978
Humphrey, J. Roman Circuses. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1986
Huttunen, P. The Social Strata in the City of Rome. Oulu, 1974.
Imhoof-Blumer, F.Die Kupferprägung des mithridatischen Reiches und andere Münzen des Pontus und Paphlagoniens, Numismatische Zeitschrift 5 (1912) 169–84
Incontro distudiosi ‘Roma e I'Italiafra i Gracchi e Silla’ (Pontignano 18–21 sett. 1969) (DArch 4/5 1970–1, 163–562)
Jacopi, I.Area sacra dell'Argentina: considerazioni sulla terza fase del Tempio A’, Bullettino delta commissione archeologica comunale di Roma 81 (1968/9) 115–25
Jacota, M.La condition de l'esclave agricole’, Etudes offertes à J. Macqueron, Aix-en-Provence, 1970, 375–83
Jameson, S.Pompey's imperium in 67: some constitutional fictions’, Historia 19 (1970) 539–60
Janke, M. Historische Untersuchungen zu Memnon von Herakleia. Diss. Würzburg, 1963
Jashemski, W. F. The Origins and History of the Proconsular and Propraetorian Imperium to 27 B.C. Chicago, 1950
Jocelyn, H. D.The poet Cn. Naevius, P. Cornelius Scipio and Q. Caecilius Metellus’, Antichthon 3 (1969) 32–47
Jocelyn, H. D.The Roman nobility and the religion of the Roman state’, Journal of Religious History 4 (1966) 89–104
Jocelyn, H. D.The ruling class of the Roman Republic and Greek philosophers’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, Manchester 59 (1976/7) 323–66
Jocelyn, H. D.Varro's Antiquitates rerum diuinarum and religious affairs in the late Roman Republic’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, Manchester 65 (1982/3) 148–205
Jocelyn, H. D. The Tragedies of Ennius. Cambridge, 1967
Johannsen, K. Die lex agraria des Jahres III v. Chr. Diss. Munich, 1971
Johnson, J. H.Is the Demotic Chronicle an anti-Greek tract?Grammatika Demotika. Festschrift für Erich Lüddeckens zum 15. Juni 1983, ed. Thissen, H.-J. and Zauzich, K.-T., Würzburg, 1984, 107–24
Johnson, J. Excavations at Minturnae II. I. Philadelphia, 1935
Jolowicz, H. F.The judex and the arbitral principle’, Mélanges F. De Visscher I, Revue internationale des droits de l'antiquité 3 (1949) 477–92
Jolowicz, H. F. and Nicholas, B. Historical Introduction to the Study of Roman Law. 3rd edn, Cambridge, 1972
Jones, A. H. M.Civitates immunes et liberae’, Anatolian Studies presented to William Hepburn Buckler, trans. Calder, W. and Keil, J., Manchester, 1939, 103–18
Jones, A. H. M.De legibus Iunia et Acilia repetundarum’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 6 (1960) 39–42
Jones, A. H. M.The Roman civil service (clerical and sub-clerical grades)’, Journal of Roman Studies 39 (1949) 38–55 (= F 87, 151–75)
Jones, A. H. M. Studies in Roman Government and Law. Oxford, 1960
Jones, A. H. M. The Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces. Oxford, 1937
Jones, A. H. M. The Criminal Courts of the Roman Republic and Principate. Oxford, 1972
Jones, A. H. M. The Greek City. Oxford, 1940
Jones, A. H. M. The Roman Economy. Studies in Ancient Economic and Administrative History, posth., trans. Brunt, P. A., Oxford, 1974
Jones, C. P.Diodoros Pasparos and the Nikephoria of Pergamum’, Chiron 4 (1974) 183–205
Jones, C. P.The Plancii of Perge and Diana Planciana’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 80 (1976)
Jones, D. M.Cicero as a translator’, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London 6 (1959) 22–34
Jones, G. D. B.Capena and the Ager Capenas’, Papers of the British School at Rome 30 (1962) 116–207; 31 (1963) 100–58
Jones, G. D. B.Il tavoliere romano: l'agricoltura romana attraverso l'aerofotografia e lo scavo’, Archeologia Classica 32 (1980) 81–146
Jones, G. D. B.The Roman mines at Rio Tinto’, Journal of Roman Studies 70 (1980) 146–65
Jones, H. S.A Roman law concerning piracy’, Journal of Roman Studies 16 (1926) 155–73
Jones, R. F. J. and Bird, D. J.Roman gold mining in north-west Spain 11: workings on the Rio Duerna’, Journal of Roman Studies 62 (1972) 59–74
Jongman, W. The Economy and Society of Pompeii. Amsterdam, 1988
Jonkers, E. J.Waren der Aufstand des Aristonicus und die mithridatischen Kriege Klassenkämpfe?’, Jaarbericht van het Voor-Aziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap ex Oriente Lux 18 (1964)
Jonkers, E. J. Social and Economic Commentary on Cicero's De Imperio Cn. Pompei. Leiden, 1959
Jonkers, E. J. Social and Economic Commentary on Cicero's De Lege Agraria Orationes Tres. Leiden, 1963
Jouanique, P.Le codex accepti et expensi chez Cicéron. Etude d' histoire de la comptabilité’, Revue historique de droit français et étranger 46 (1968) 5–31
Kahane, A., Murray Threipland, L. and Ward-Perkins, J.The Ager Veientanus, north and east of Veii’, Papers of the British School at Rome 36 (1968) 1–218
Kahrstedt, U.Ager publicus und Selbstverwaltung in Lukanien und Bruttium’, Historia 8 (1959) 174–206
Kampen, N. Image and Status: Roman Working Women in Ostia. Berlin, 1981
Kaplony-Heckel, U.Ein neuer demotischer Brief aus Gebelen’, Festschr. zum 150-jährigen Besteben des Berliner ägyptischen Museums (Staatl. Museen zu Berlin, Mitt. aus d. ägyptischen Sammlung 8), Berlin, 1974, 287–301
Karyshkovsky, P. O.Monetary circulation at Olbia at the end of the second century and in the first half of the first century B.C.’ (Russ.) Numismatika i Epigraphica 5 (1965) 62–74
Kaser, M.“Ius honorarium” und “ius civile”’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 101 (1984) 1–114
Kaser, M.Die Beziehung von lex und ius und die XII Tafeln’, Studi in memoria di Guido Donatuti II, Milan, 1973, 523–46
Kaser, M.Partus ancillae’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 75 (1958) 156–200
Kaser, M. Über Verbotsgesetze und verbotswidrige Geschäfte im römischen Recht (Sitzungsberichte der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaft Wien 312). Vienna, 1977
Kaser, M. Das römische Zivilprozessrecht (Handb. d. Altertumswissensch. x.3.4). Munich, 1966
Kaser, M.Über “relatives Eigentum” im altrömischen Recht’, Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte (romanistische Abteilung) 102 (1985) 1–39
Kasher, A.Gaza during the Greco-Roman era’, Jerusalem Cathedra 2 (1982) 63–78
Kasher, A. Jews, Idumaeans and ancient Arabs (Texte und Studien zum antiken Judentum 18). Tübingen, 1988
Katz, B. R.Caesar Strabo's struggle for the consulship – and more’, Rheinisches Museum 120 (1977) 45–63
Katz, B. R.Studies on the period of Cinna and Sulla’, Acta Classica. Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 45 (1976) 497–549
Katz, B. R.The first fruits of Sulla's march’, Acta Classica. Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa 44 (1975) 100–25
Katz, B. R.The selection of L. Cornelius Merula’, Rheinisches Museum 122 (1979) 162–6
Katz, B. R.The siege of Rome in 87 B.C.’, Classical Philology 71 (1976) 328–36
Keaveney, A.Deux dates contestées de la carrière de Sylla’, Les études classiques 48 (1980) 149–59
Keaveney, A.Four puzzling passages in Appian’, Giornale italiano di filologia 33 (1981) 247–50
Keaveney, A.Pompeius Strabo's second consulship’, Classical Quarterly 28 (1978) 240–1