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The Cambridge Companion to American Civil Rights Literature
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    The Cambridge Companion to American Civil Rights Literature
    • Online ISBN: 9781107446618
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CCO9781107446618
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Book description

The Cambridge Companion to American Civil Rights Literature brings together leading scholars to examine the significant traditions, genres, and themes of civil rights literature. While civil rights scholarship has typically focused on documentary rather than creative writing, and political rather than cultural history, this Companion addresses the gap and provides university students with a vast introduction to an impressive range of authors, including Richard Wright, Lorraine Hansberry, Gwendolyn Brooks, James Baldwin, Amiri Baraka, and Toni Morrison. Accessible to undergraduates and academics alike, this Companion surveys the critical landscape of a rapidly growing field and lays the foundation for future studies.

Reviews

‘… an accessible, engaging, and valuable introduction to the literature of civil rights.’

L. E. von Wallmenich Source: Choice

'The essays hold together well as a collection but perhaps work best if used as couplets. The collection could be a primary text in English courses about the civil right movement or used selectively in fields as wide-ranging as film studies, women’s studies, gender and queer studies, black studies, and history.'

Kristopher Burrell Source: The Journal of Southern History

'The collection deftly integrates imperative approaches to canonical works with compelling arguments for the consideration of less regarded texts. Followed by an instructive bibliography, this collection resonates as an invitation for further dialogue and delivers an interdisciplinary grounding upon which future works will surely flourish.'

Zachary Manditch-Prottas Source: Callaloo

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This list is intended as a starting point for research on civil rights movement literature. It includes works cited by contributors and selected supplemental resources in civil rights movement literature and history.

Armstrong, Julie Buckner, and Schmidt, Amy, eds. The Civil Rights Reader: American Literature from Jim Crow to Reconciliation. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2009.
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Baraka, Amiri, and Neal, Larry. Black Fire: An Anthology of Afro-American Writing. 1968. Reprint, Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 2007.
Beckham, Barry. Runner Mack. New York: Morrow, 1972.
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Chaze, Elliot. Tiger in the Honeysuckle. New York: Scribner’s, 1965.
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Douglas, Ellen. Can’t Quit You, Baby. New York: Penguin, 1989.
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Du Bois, W. E. B.The Souls of Black Folk. 1903. Reprint, New York: Penguin, 1996.
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Ellison, Ralph. Invisible Man. 1952. Reprint, New York: Vintage, 1995.
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Forman, James D.Freedom’s Blood. London: Franklin Watts, 1979.
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Charles, Fuller. A Soldier’s Play. New York: Hill and Wang, 1982.
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Haas, Ben. Look Away, Look Away. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964.
Hansberry, Lorraine. A Raisin in the Sun. 1960. Reprint, New York: Vintage, 2004.
Hansberry, LorraineTo Be Young Gifted and Black. 1969. Reprint, New York: Vintage, 1996.
Harper, Frances E. W.Iola Leroy, or, Shadows Uplifted. 1892. Reprint, New York: Penguin, 2010.
Michael S, Harper. Images of Kin: New and Selected Poems. Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977.
Hayden, Robert. Collected Poems: Robert Hayden. New York: Liveright, 1985.
Hopkins, Pauline. Of One Blood, or the Hidden Self. 1902. Reprint, New York: Washington Square Press, 2004.
Hopkins, PaulineContending Forces, or a Romance Illustrative of Negro Life North and South. 1900. Reprint, New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
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Huie, William Bradford. The Klansman. New York: Delacourte Press, 1967.
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Johnson, James Weldon. The Autobiography an Ex-Colored Man. 1912. Reprint, New York: Penguin, 2010.
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Kiker, Douglas. The Southerner. New York: Rinehart Press, 1957.
Killens, John O. ’Sippi. New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 1988.
Kincaid, Nanci. Crossing Blood. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1999.
King, Woodie, and Milner, Ron, eds. Black Drama Anthology. New York: New American Library, 1972.
Larsen, Nella. Passing. 1929. Reprint, New York: Penguin, 2003.
Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. 1960. Reprint, New York: Harper Perennial, 1993.
Lester, Julius. All Our Wounds Forgiven. 1994, Reprint, New York: Arcade Books, 2002.
Lorde, Audre. Collected Poems of Audre Lorde. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000.
Lorde, AudreSister Outsider: Essays and Speeches. New York: Crossing Press, 2007.
Lorde, AudreZami: A New Spelling of My Name – A Biomythography. New York: Crossing Press, 1987.
Malcolm, X, with Haley, Alex. The Autobiography of Malcolm X: As Told to Alex Haley. 1965. Reprint, New York: Ballentine Books, 1987.
McCullers, Carson. Clock without Hands. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1961.
McGruder, Aaron, Hudlin, Reginald, and Baker, Kyle. Birth of a Nation: A Comic Novel. New York: Crown, 2004.
Moody, Anne. Coming of Age in Mississippi. New York: Laurel Books, 1968.
Morrison, Toni. The Bluest Eye. 1970. Reprint, New York, Vintage, 2007.
Morrison, ToniBeloved. 1987. Reprint, New York: Vintage, 2004.
Morrison, ToniSong of Solomon. 1977. Reprint, New York: Vintage, 2004.
Nelson, Marilyn. Faster Than Light: New and Selected Poems, 1996–2011. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013.
Newton, Huey. “A Letter from Huey Newton to the Revolutionary Brothers and Sisters about the Women’s Liberation and Gay Liberation Movements.” In Traps: African American Men on Gender and Sexuality, ed. Byrd, Rudolph. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001, 37–45.
Nordan, Lewis. Wolf Whistle. 1993. Reprint, New York: Algonquin Books, 2003.
Nunez, Elizabeth. Beyond the Limbo Silence. New York: Ballentine, 2003.
Parks, Suzan-Lori. Getting Mother’s Body. New York: Random House, 2004.
Perkins, Kathy, and Stephens, Judith, eds. Strange Fruit: Plays on Lynching by American Women. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.
Petry, Ann. The Street. 1946. Reprint, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1946.
Randall, Dudley. Roses and Revolutions: The Selected Writings of Dudley Randall, ed. Boyd, Melba Joyce. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2009.
Rice, Anne, ed. Witnessing Lynching: American Writers Respond. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2003.
Rogers, Lettie Hamlett. Birthright. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1957.
Salaam, Kalamu ya. “Women’s Rights Are Human Rights.” In Traps: African American Men on Gender and Sexuality, ed. Byrd, Rudolph. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001, 113–18.
Sanchez, Sonia. Shake Loose My Skin: New and Selected Poems. Boston: Beacon Press, 2000.
Sanders, Dori. Clover. New York: Ballentine, 1991.
Schuyler, George. Black No More. 1931. Reprint, New York: Dover, 2011.
Senna, Danzy. Caucasia. New York: Riverhead, 1998.
Shange, Ntozake. For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide/When the Rainbow Is Enuf. 1980. Reprint, New York: Scribner’s, 1997.
Siddons, Anne River. Heartbreak Hotel. New York: Harpertorch, 1976.
Smith, Anna Deavere. Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992. New York: Anchor Books, 1994.
Smith, Lillian. Killers of the Dream. 1949. Reprint, New York: Norton, 1994.
Smith, LillianStrange Fruit. 1944. Reprint, New York: Harvest Books, 1992.
Spencer, Elizabeth. The Voice at the Back Door. 1956. Reprint, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994.
Stockett, Katherine. The Help. New York: Einhorn Books, 2009.
Styron, William. The Confessions of Nat Turner. 1967. Reprint, New York: Vintage, 1992.
Trethewey, Natasha. Beyond Mississippi: A Meditation on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2010.
Walker, Alice. The Color Purple. 1982. Reprint, New York: Mariner Books, 2006.
Walker, AliceMeridian. 1976. Reprint, New York: Harcourt, 2003.
Walker, Frank X. Turn Me Loose: The Unghosting of Medgar Evers. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2013.
Walker, Margaret. This Is My Century: New and Collected Poems. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.
Weaver, Lila. Darkroom: A Memoir in Black and White. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2012.
Whitehead, Colson. The Intuitionist. New York: Anchor Books, 2000.
Whitt, Margaret E., ed. Short Stories of the Civil Rights Movement: An Anthology. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2006.
Williams, John A.The Man Who Cried I Am: A Novel. Boston: Little, Brown, 1967.
Wilson, August. Fences. New York: Plume, 1986.
Wilson, AugustTwo Trains Running. New York: Plume, 1993.
Wright, Richard. Black Boy: A Record of Childhood and Youth. 1945. Reprint, New York: Harper Perennial, 2007.
Wright, RichardNative Son. 1940. Reprint, New York: Harper Perennial, 2005.
Wright, RichardUncle Tom’s Children. 1938. Reprint, New York: Harper Perennial, 2008.
York, Jake Adam. A Murmuration of Starlings. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2008.
York, Jake AdamPersons Unknown. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2010.
Abel, Elizabeth. Signs of the Times: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.
Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New Press, 2012.
Anadolu-Okur, Nilgün. Contemporary African American Theater: Afrocentricity in the Works of Larry Neal, Amiri Baraka, and Charles Fuller. New York: Routledge, 2011.
Armstrong, Julie Buckner, Edwards, Susan Hult, Roberson, Houston Bryan, and Williams, Rhonda Y., eds. Teaching the Civil Rights Movement: Freedom’s Bittersweet Song. New York: Routledge, 2002.
Cha-Jua, Sundiata, and Lang, Clarence. “The ‘Long Movement’ as Vampire: Temporal and Spatial Fallacies in Recent Black Freedom Studies.” Journal of African American History 92.2 (Spring 2007): 265–88.
Colbert, Soyica Diggs. The African American Theatrical Body: Reception, Performance, and the Stage. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Collier-Thomas, Bettye, and Franklin, V. P., eds. Sisters in the Struggle. New York: New York University Press, 2001.
Crawford, Vicki L., Rowe, Jacqueline, and Woods, Barbara, eds. Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Trailblazers and Torchbearers, 1941–1965. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.
Cripps, Thomas. Making Movies Black: The Hollywood Message Movie from World War II to the Civil Rights Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Crosby, Emilye, ed. Civil Rights History from the Ground Up: Local Struggles, a National Movement. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2011.
Dabbs, James McBride. Civil Rights in Recent Southern Fiction. Atlanta: Southern Regional Council, 1969.
Dittmer, John. “The Civil Rights Movement.” In The African American Experience: An Historical and Bibliographical Guide, ed. Strickland, Arvarh E. and Weems, Robert E.. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001, 352–67.
Dittmer, JohnLocal People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi. Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.
Dray, Philip. At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America. New York: Random House, 2002.
Duck, Leigh Anne. The Nation’s Region: Southern Modernism, Segregation, and U.S. Nationalism. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2006.
Edwards, Erica. Charisma and the Fiction of Black Leadership. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012.
Eagles, Charles. “Toward New Histories of the Civil Rights Era.” Journal of Southern History 66 (2000): 815–48.
Eagles, Charles, ed. The Civil Rights Movement in America. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1986.
Fabre, Geneviève, and O’Meally, Robert, eds. History and Memory in African-American Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Gayle, Addison Jr., ed. The Black Aesthetic. Garden City, NJ: Anchor Books, 1971.
Glaude, Eddie Jr. Is It Nation Time? Contemporary Essays on Black Power and Black Nationalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Goldsby, Jacqueline. Spectacular Secret: Lynching in American Life and Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
Graham, Allison. Framing the South: Hollywood, Television, and Race during the Civil Rights Struggle. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.
Gray, Jonathan W. Civil Rights in the White Literary Imagination: Innocence by Association. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2013.
Gwin, Minrose. Remembering Medgar Evers: Writing the Long Civil Rights Movement. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2013.
Haddox, Thomas F. “Elizabeth Spencer, the White Civil Rights Novel, and the Postsouthern.” MLQ: Modern Language Quarterly 65.4 (December 2004): 561–81.
Hale, Grace Elizabeth. Making Whiteness: The Culture of Segregation in the South, 1880–1940. New York: Pantheon, 1998.
Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd. “The Long Civil Rights Movement and the Political Uses of the Past.” Journal of American History 91 (2005): 1233–63.
Hobson, Fred. But Now I See: The White Southern Racial Conversion Narrative. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1999.
Johnson, Charles. “The End of the Black American Narrative.” American Scholar 77.3 (Summer 2008): 32–42.
Jones, Suzanne. Race Mixing: Southern Fiction since the 1960s. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
Joseph, Peniel E.The Black Power Movement: Rethinking the Civil Rights-Black Power Era. New York: Routledge, 2006.
Joseph, Peniel E.Waiting ’Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America. New York: Henry Holt, 2007.
Joseph, Peniel E.Waiting till the Midnight Hour: Reconceptualizing the Heroic Period of the Civil Rights Movement, 1954–1965.” Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Society 2.2 (Spring 2000): 6–17.
King, Martin Luther Jr.Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community?New York: Beacon Press, 2010.
King, Martin Luther Jr. Why We Can’t Wait. Boston: Beacon Press, 2011.
King, Richard H.The Civil Rights Debate.” In A Companion to the Literature and Culture of the American South, ed. Gray, Richard and Robinson, Owen. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2004, 221–37.
King, Richard H.Civil Rights and the Idea of Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
King, Richard H.Politics and Fictional Representation: The Case of the Civil Rights Movement.” In The Making of Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement, ed. Ward, Brian and Badger, Tony. New York: Washington Square Press, 1996, 162–78.
Lawson, Steven F. “The Long Origins of the Short Civil Rights Movement.” In Freedom Rights: New Perspectives on the Civil Rights Movement, ed. Dittmer, John and McGuire, Danielle. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2011, 9–37.
Litwack, Leon F. “‘Fight the Power’: The Legacy of the Civil Rights Movement.” Journal of Southern History 75.1 (February 2009): 3–28.
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McGuire, Danielle L. At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance – A New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power. New York: Knopf, 2010.
Melosh, Barbara. “Historical Memory in Fiction: The Civil Rights Movement in Three Novels.” Radical History Review 40 (Winter 1988): 64–76.
Metress, Christopher. The Lynching of Emmett Till: A Documentary Narrative. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2002.
Metress, ChristopherMaking Civil Rights Harder: Literature, Memory, and the Black Freedom Struggle.” Southern Literary Journal 40.2 (Spring 2008): 138–50.
Miller, Keith D.On Martin Luther King Jr. and the Landscape of Civil Rights Rhetoric.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs 16.1 (Spring 2013): 167–83.
Mitchell, Koritha. Living with Lynching: African American Lynching Plays, Performance, and Citizenship, 1890–1930. Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2011.
Monteith, Sharon. Advancing Sisterhood? Interracial Friendship in Contemporary Southern Fiction. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000.
Monteith, SharonExploitation Movies and the Freedom Struggle of the 1960s.” In American Cinema and the Southern Imaginary, ed. Clarke, Deborah E. and McKee, Kathryn. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2011, 194–218.
Monteith, SharonCivil Rights Fiction.” The Cambridge Companion to the Literature of the American South, ed. Monteith, Sharon. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 159–73.
Monteith, Sharon“The 1960s Echo On: Images of Martin Luther King Jr. as Deployed by White Writers of Contemporary Fiction.” In Media, Culture, and the Modern African American Freedom Struggle, ed. Ward, Brian. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001, 255–72.
Monteith, SharonRevisiting the 1960s in Contemporary Fiction: “Where Do We Go from Here?” Gender and the Civil Rights Movement, ed. Ling, Peter and Montieth, Sharon. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2004, 215–38.
Monteith, SharonSNCC’s Stories at the Barricades.” In From Sit-Ins to SNCC: Student Civil Rights Protest in the 1960s, ed. Davies, Philip and Morgan, Iwan. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2012, 97–115.
Norman, Brian. The American Protest Essay and National Belonging: Addressing Division. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2007.
Norman, BrianNeo-Segregation Narratives: Jim Crow in Post–Civil Rights American Literature. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2010.
Norman, Brian, and Williams, Piper Kendrix, eds. Representing Segregation: Toward an Aesthetics of Living Jim Crow, and Other Forms of Racial Division. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2010.
Patterson, Robert J.Exodus Politics: Civil Rights and Leadership in African American Literature and Culture. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013.
Patterson, Robert J., and Edwards, Erica R.. “Black Literature, Black Leadership: New Boundaries, New Borders.” South Atlantic Quarterly 112 (2013): 217–19.
Payne, Charles M.I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Freedom Struggle. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.
Pollack, Harriet, and Metress, Christopher. Emmett Till in Literary Memory and Imagination. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2008.
Reid, Margaret Ann. Black Protest Poetry: Polemics from the Harlem Renaissance and the Sixties. New York: Peter Lang, 2001.
Richardson, Riché. Black Masculinity and the U.S. South: From Uncle Tom to Gangsta. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2007.
Robnett, Belinda. How Long? How Long? African-American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Rojas, Fabio. From Black Power to Black Studies. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.
Romano, Renee C., and Raiford, Leigh. The Civil Rights Movement in American Memory. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2006.
Rushdy, Ashraf H. A. The End of American Lynching. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2012.
Smethurst, James. The Black Arts Movement: Literary Nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
Sundquist, Eric. To Wake the Nation: Race in the Making of American Literature. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.
Thomas, Brook. Civic Myths: A Law-and-Literature Approach to Citizenship. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2007.
Touré, . Who’s Afraid of Post-Blackness? What it Means to Be Black Now. New York: Free Press, 2011.
Trodd, Zoe, ed. American Protest Literature. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Ture, Kwame/Carmichael, Stokely, and Johnson, Charles. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation. New York: Vintage, 1992.
Van Deburg, William L.New Day in Babylon. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.
Walker, Melissa. Down from the Mountaintop: Black Women’s Novels in the Wake of the Civil Rights Movement, 1966–1989. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991.
Ward, Brian. Media, Culture, and the Modern African American Freedom Struggle. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001.
Warren, Kenneth. What Was African American Literature?Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.
Whitt, Margaret Earley. “Using the Civil Rights Movement to Practice Activism in the Classroom.” PMLA 124 (2009): 856–63.
Woolfork, Lisa. Embodying Slavery in Contemporary Culture. Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008.