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The Cambridge Companion to Latin American Poetry
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    The Cambridge Companion to Latin American Poetry
    • Online ISBN: 9781108178648
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108178648
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Book description

The Cambridge Companion to Latin American Poetry provides historical context on the evolution of the Latin American poetic tradition from the sixteenth century to the present day. It is organized into three parts. Part I provides a comprehensive, chronological survey of Latin American poetry and includes separate chapters on Colonial poetry, Romanticism/modernism, the avant-garde, conversational poetry, and contemporary poetry. Part II contains six succinct essays on the major figures Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Gabriela Mistral, César Vallejo, Pablo Neruda, Carlos Drummond de Andrade, and Octavio Paz. Part III analyses specific and distinctive trends within the poetic canon, including women's, LGBT, Quechua, Afro-Hispanic, Latino/a and New Media poetry. This Companion also contains a guide to further reading as well as an essay on the best English translations of Latin American poetry. It will be a key resource for students and instructors of Latin American literature and poetry.

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For anthologies of Latin American poetry, see de la Campa, Antonio R. and Chang-Rodríguez, Raquel’s Poesía hispanoamericana colonial; antología (Madrid: Editorial Alhambra, 1985), for the Spanish American colonial; complemented by Plancarte, Alfonso Méndez (ed.), Poetas novohispanos, 3 vols (Mexico City: UNAM, 1942–1945); and Tenorio, Martha Lilia (ed.), Poesía novohispana: antología, 2 vols (Mexico City: El Colegio de México/Fundación para las Letras Mexicanas, 2010). For Brazilian colonial poetry consult Péricles Eugênio da Silva Ramos, Poesia barroca. Antologia (São Paulo: Melhoramentos, 1967). Bandeira, Manuel’s Antologia dos poetas brasileiros: fase romântica (Rio do Janeiro: Editôra Nova Fronteira, 1996) offers a good selection of Brazilian Romantic poets. For modernismo consult Brotherston, Gordon’s Spanish American Poets: A Critical Anthology (2nd ed., Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1995) as a first step, alongside Schulman, Ivan and Garfield, Evelyn Picón’s Poesía modernista hispanoamericana y española (Antología) (Madrid: Taurus, 1986). For early twentieth-century poetry, see Pontiero, Giovanni’s An Anthology of Brazilian Modernist Poetry (London: Pergamon, 1969). For later twentieth-century poetry, see Baciu, Stefan’s Antología de la poesía latinoamericana, 1950–1970 (Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1974) along with Jiménez, José Olivio’s Antología de la poesía hispanoamericana contemporánea: 1914–1987 (Madrid: Alianza: 1988), and, for more recent poets, see Zapata, Miguel Ángel’s Nueva poesía latinoamericana (Mexico City: UNAM, 1999). As for Amerindian verse, Montemayor, Carlos and Frischmann, Donald’s three-volume collection of anthologies of contemporary Mexican indigenous language writers, Words of the True Peoples/Palabras de los Seres Verdaderos: Anthology of Contemporary Mexican Indigenous-Language Writers/Antología de Escritores Actuales en Lenguas Indígenas de México (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2004, 2005, 2007) offers an excellent multilingual selection of poetry. Both Coke, Allison Hedge’s anthology Sing: Poetry from the Indigenous Americas (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 2011) and Collar de historias y lunas: antología de poesía de mujeres indígenas de América Latina, ed. Molina, Jennie Carrasco (2011; scribd), offer multilingual selections of contemporary poetry written in various Latin American indigenous languages. Also of interest are the anthology of Guaraní poetry Ñe epoty aty: Voces de poetas en guaraní, edited by de Canese, Natalia Krivoshein and Alcaraz, Feliciano Acosta (Asunción: Servilibro, 2005), and the bilingual anthology of poetry written by women, Mapuche (Küme Dungun/Küme Wirin, 2011). Contemporary authors writing in indigenous languages of Latin American and who have published collections of poetry in their mother tongues include many poets writing in Mayan K’iche’ languages (Humberto Ak’ab’al, Feliciano Sánchez Chan, Briceida Cuevas Cob and Isaac Esaú Carrillo Can), the Shuar Chicham poet María Clara Shurupi (Ecuador), Aymaran poets Clemente Mamani, Elvira Espejo Ayca, Mauro Alwa, and Diether Flores (Bolivia), as well as Mapudungún language poets such as Elicura Chichualiaf, David Aniñir, Leonel Lienlaf, and Viviana Ayilef (Chile and Argentina).

There are also some good Spanish-English bilingual anthologies, including Fitts, Dudley’s Anthology of Contemporary Latin American Poetry (Norfolk, CO: A New Directions Book, 1947); Caracciolo-Trejo, E.’s The Penguin Book of Latin American Verse (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971); Tapscott, Stephen’s Twentieth-Century Latin American Poetry (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1996); Zeller, Ludwig’s The Invisible Presence: Sixteen Poets of Spanish America 1925–1995 (Oakville, ON: Mosaic, 1996); Vicuña, Cecilia and Livon-Grosman, Ernesto’s The Oxford Book of Latin American Poetry (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009); and Stavans, Ilan’s The FSG Book of Twentieth-Century Poetry (New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011). An Anthology of Twentieth-Century Brazilian Poetry (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1972), co-edited by Elizabeth Bishop, is excellent. For discussion of these latter works, see Chapter 18 of this study.

For the background on colonial poetry, the following are recommended: Elliott, John H., The Old World and the New, 1492–1650 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970); Echevarría, Roberto González and Pupo-Walker, Enrique (eds.), The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature, 3 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996); Adorno, Rolena, Colonial Latin American Literature: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2011); Greenblatt, Stephen, Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World (Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1991); Kohut, Karl and Rose, Sonia V. (eds.), La formación de la cultura virreinal, 3 vols (Frankfurt/Madrid: Vervuert/Iberoamericana, 2000–2006); Lockhart, James and Schwartz, Stuart B., Early Latin America: A History of Colonial Spanish America and Brazil (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983); Merrim, Stephanie, The Spectacular City, Mexico, and Colonial Hispanic Literary Culture (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2010); Mignolo, Walter D., The Darker Side of the Renaissance: Literacy, Territoriality and Colonization (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2003); Chang-Rodríguez, Raquel, “Aquí, ninfas del sur, venid ligeras”: voces poéticas virreinales (Madrid/Frankfurt: Iberoamericana/Vervuert, 2008); Greene, Roland, Unrequited Conquests: Love and Empire in the Colonial Americas (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1999); and Rama, Ángel, La ciudad letrada (Hanover: Ediciones del Norte, 1984). For studies of individual writers, see de Rivers, Georgina Sabat, Estudios de literatura hispanoamericana: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz y otros poetas barrocos de la colonia (Barcelona: PPU, 1992). Also worth consulting are Coello, Óscar, Los inicios de la poesía castellana en el Perú (Lima: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 1999); Restall, Matthew and Lane, Kris, Latin America in Colonial Times (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011); and Téllez, Jorge, Poéticas del Nuevo Mundo: articulación del pensamiento poético en América colonial: siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII (Mexico City: Siglo XXI, 2012).

With regard to the nineteenth century, an excellent overview is provided by Paz, Octavio, Los hijos del limo: Del romanticismo a la vanguardia (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1998). See also Carrilla, Emilio’s El romanticismo en la América Hispánica, 2 vols (Madrid: Gredos, 1967); Kirkpatrick, Gwen, “Romantic Poetry in Latin America,” in Romantic Poetry, ed. Esterhammer, Angela (Philadelphia, PA: Johns Benjamins Publishing Company, 2002), 410–16; and Rivera-Rodas, Oscar, La poesía hispanoamericana del siglo XIX (Del romanticismo al modernismo) (Madrid: Editorial Alhambra, 1988). For Spanish American modernismo, see Aching, Gerard, The Politics of Spanish American modernismo by Exquisite Design (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999) and Kirkpatrick, Gwen’s The Dissonant Legacy of Modernismo (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989). For an excellent study of Darío’s work, see Rama, Ángel’s Rubén Darío y el modernismo (Caracas: Biblioteca de la Universidad Central de Venezuela, 1970). Since the modernistas experimented so much with rhyme schemes, Tomás, Tomás Navarro’s Métrica española: reseña histórica y descriptiva (Madrid: Guadarrama, 1972) should be consulted; also helpful is Quilis, Antonio’s Métrica española (Barcelona: Ariel, 1989). There is some excellent discussion of the postmodernist poets, including Agustini, in Monegal, Emir Rodríguez’s Sexo y poesía en el 900 uruguay (Montevideo: Alfa, 1969) and Jrade, Cathy L., Delmira Agustini, Sexual Seduction, and Vampiric Conquest (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012).

For analysis of the avant-garde, see Schwartz, Jorge, Vanguardia y cosmopolitismo en la década del veinte: Oliverio Girondo y Oswald de Andrade (Rosario: Beatriz Viterbo Editora, 1993); the same author’s Fervor das vanguardas: arte e literatura na América Latina (São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2013); Unruh, Vicky, Latin American Vanguards: The Art of Contentious Encounters (Berkeley, CA: The University of California Press, 1994); and Rosenberg, Fernando, The Avant-Garde and Geopolitics in Latin America (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006). In addition, see the introductory essays by Schwartz, Jorge, “Introducción,” in Las vanguardias latinoamericanas: textos programáticos y críticos, ed. Schwartz, Jorge (Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2002), 3394; and Ramírez, Mari Carmen, “A Highly Topical Utopia: Some Outstanding Features of the Avant-Garde in Latin America,” in Inverted Utopias: Avant-Garde Art in Latin America, ed. Ramírez, Mari Carmen and Olea, Héctor (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004), 115. For the historical avant-gardes in Brazil, see Boaventura, Maria Eugenia Boaventura, A vanguarda antropofágica (São Paulo: Editora Ática, 1985); Jackson, K. David, “Literature of the São Paulo Week of Modern Art,” in Texas Papers on Latin America (Austin, TX: Institute of Latin American Studies, University of Texas at Austin, 1987); and Perrone, Charles A., Brazil, Lyric, and the Americas (Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2010), and the same author’s Seven Faces: Brazilian Poetry Since Modernism (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996); Aguilar, Gonzalo, Poesía concreta brasileña: Las vanguardias en la encrucijada modernista (Rosario: Beatriz Viterbo, 2003); and Shellhorse, Adam Joseph, Anti-Literature: The Politics and Limits of Representation in Modern Brazil and Argentina (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2017). For an overview of the avant-garde in Spain and Spanish America, see Hart, Stephen, “The Avant-Garde in Spain and Spanish America,” in The Hispanic Connection: Spanish, Catalan and Spanish-American Poetry from “modernism” to the Spanish Civil War (Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1990), 4166; and Verani, Hugo J., “The Vanguardia and its Implications,” The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature, ed. Pupo-Walker, and Echeverría, González, 1996), II, 114–37. Essential studies on conversational poetry are Bay, Carmen Alemany, Poética coloquial hispanoamericana (Alicante: Universidad Publicaciones, 1997); Sarabia, Rosa, Poetas de la poesía hispanoamericana hablada (London: Tamesis, 1997) and Retamar, Roberto Fernández’sAntipoesía y poesía conversacional en Hispanoamérica,” in Para una teoría de la poesía hispanoamericana y otras aproximaciones (Havana: Casa de las Américas, 1975), 111–26.

For an excellent overview of the interplay between literature and culture from the colonial period to the present, see A Companion to Latin American Literature and Culture, ed. Castro-Klaren, Sara (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008). The one main overview of Latin American poetry is the now classic study by Brotherston, Gordon, Latin American Poetry: Origins and Presence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975); essential reading. For excellent overview studies of twentieth-century poetry, see Gonzalez, Mike and Treece, David, The Gallery of Voices: Twentieth-Century Poetry of Latin America (London: Verso, 1992); Rowe, William, Poets of Contemporary Latin America: History and the Inner Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000); Kuhnheim, Jill, Spanish American Poetry at the End of the Twentieth Century: Textual Disruptions (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2004); and Shaw, Donald, Beyond the Vanguard: Spanish American Poetry after 1950 (London: Tamesis, 2008). For very helpful introductory essays on individual poets, especially poets of the latter half of the twentieth century, the reader is referred to the separate entries in Smith, Verity’s Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature (London: Dearborn, 1997), and to the essays in Twentieth Century Spanish American Literature to 1960, ed. Foster, David William and Altamiranda, Daniel (New York, NY: Garland Publishing, 1997).

For a good introduction to some of the issues relating to the themes, theorization and visibility of women’s writing, including poetry, the reader is referred to Condé, L.P. and Hart, S.M. (eds.), Feminist Readings on Spanish and Latin American Literature (Lampeter: Edwin Mellen, 1991), Castillo, Debra’s Talking Back: Toward a Latin American Feminist Literary Criticism (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992); Jones, Anny Brooksbank and Davies, Catherine (eds.), Latin American Women’s Writing: Feminist Readings in Theory and Crisis (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997); and Rub, Martha Lorena’s Politically Writing Women in Hispanic Literature: The Feminist Tradition in Contemporary Latin American and U.S. Latina Writers (Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2011). Crucial, foundational works on LGBTQ Hispanic literature are Foster, David William’s Gay and Lesbian Themes in Latin American Writing (Austin, TX: Texas University Press, 1991); and ¿Entiendes? Queer Readings, Hispanic Writings, ed. Bergmann, Emilie L. and Smith, Paul Julian (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995), the latter of which contains some excellent essays on LGBT poets; Sifuentes-Jáuregui, Ben’s Transvestism, Masculinity, and Latin American Literature: Genders Share Flesh (New York, NY: Palgrave, 2002); and Torres, Lourdes and Pertusa, Inmaculada (eds.), Tortilleras: Hispanic and U.S. Latina Lesbian Expression (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2003), which provides some important context. For a detailed overview of Mexico’s pre-Colombian literary traditions, see León-Portilla, Miguel, Las literaturas precolombinas de México (Mexico City: Pomarca, 1964). Franco, Jean, “Some Reflections on Contemporary Writing in the Indigenous Languages of America,” Comparative American Studies 3.4 (2005): 455–69, gives a brief overview of the trajectories of several indigenous Latin American literary traditions, with particular attention to contemporary Zapotec poetry. For the backdrop to Afro-Hispanic literature the reader is advised to consult Kutzinski, Vera M., “Afro-Hispanic American Literature,” in The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature, ed. Pupo-Walker, and Echeverría, González, II, 164–94, as well as Jackson, Richard’s The Black Image in Latin American Literature (Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1976), and by the same author, Black Writers and the Hispanic Canon (Boston, MA: Twayne, 1997). Caulfield, Carlota and Davis, Darién J. (eds.), A Companion to US Latino Literatures (Woodbridge: Tamesis, 2006), provides an excellent survey of Latino literature and some important context on Latino/a poetry. Also important are Pérez-Torres, Rafael, Movements in Chicano Poetry: Against Myths, Against Margins (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1995); and Dowdy, Michael, Broken Souths: Latina/o Poetic Responses to Neoliberalism and Globalization (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona, 2013). The best available anthology of Media poetry is Kac, Eduardo’s Media Poetry: An International Anthology (Bristol: Intellect, 2007). For some excellent cultural context on electronic poetry, see Kuhnheim, Jill, Spanish American Poetry at the End of the Twentieth Century: Textual Disruptions (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2004). In similar fashion, for contemporary media and digital poetry in Brazil and Spanish America, see Santos, Alessandra, Arnaldo Canibal Antunes (São Paulo: nVersos, 2013); and Ledesma, Eduardo, Radical Poetry: Aesthetics, Politics, Technology, and the Ibero-American Avant-Gardes, 1900–2015 (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2016).

Aching, Gerard. The Politics of Spanish American modernismo by Exquisite Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Adams, Clementina R. Common Threads: Themes in Afro-Hispanic Women’s Literature. Miami, FL: Ediciones Universal, 1998.
Adorno, Rolena. Colonial Latin American Literature: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Aguilar, Gonzalo. Poesía concreta brasileña: las vanguardias en la encrucijada modernista. Rosario: Beatriz Viterbo, 2003.
Alemany Bay, Carmen. “Para una revisión de la poesía conversacional.” Alma mater, 13–14 (1997): 4955.
Alemany Bay, Carmen. Poética coloquial hispanoamericana. Alicante: Universidad Publicaciones, 1997.
Anka Ninawaman, Ch’aska Eugenia. Poesía en Quechua: Chaskaschay. Quito: Abya Yala, 2004.
Baciu, Stefan. Antología de la poesía latinoamericana, 1950–1970. Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1974.
Bandeira, Manuel. Antologia dos poetas brasileiros: fase romântica. Rio de Janeiro: Editôra Nova Fronteira, 1996.
Bergmann, Emilie L., and Smith, Paul Julian, ed. ¿Entiendes? Queer Readings, Hispanic Writings. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.
Bishop, Elizabeth, and Brasil, Emanuel, ed. An Anthology of Twentieth-Century Brazilian Poetry. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1972.
Boaventura, Maria Eugenia. A vanguarda antropofágica. São Paulo: Editora Ática, 1985.
Bollig, Ben. Néstor Perlongher: The Poetic Search for an Argentine Marginal Voice. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2008.
Brooksbank Jones, Anny, and Davies, Catherine, ed. Latin American Women’s Writing: Feminist Readings in Theory and Crisis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Brotherston, Gordon. Latin American Poetry: Origins and Presence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.
Brotherston, Gordon. Spanish American Poets: A Critical Anthology, 2nd ed. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1995.
Cáceres Romero, Adolfo. Poesía Quechua del Tawantinsuyu. Buenos Aires: Ediciones del Sol, 2009.
Camacho Ríos, Gladys. Phuyup Yawar Waqaynin. Cochabamba, , Editorial Kipus, , 2013.
Campa, Antonio R. de la, and Chang-Rodríguez, Raquel, ed. Poesía hispanoamericana colonial; antología. Madrid: Editorial Alhambra, 1985.
Caracciolo-Trejo, E., ed. The Penguin Book of Latin American Verse. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971.
Carrera, Arturo, ed. Monstruos. Antología de la joven poesía argentina. Buenos Aires: Fondo de cultura económica argentina, 2001.
Carrilla, Emilio. El romanticismo en la América Hispánica, 2 vols. Madrid: Gredos, 1967.
Castillo, Debra. Talking Back: Toward a Latin American Feminist Literary Criticism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992.
Castro-Klaren, Sara, ed. A Companion to Latin American Literature and Culture. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
Caulfield, Carlota, and Davis, Darién J., ed. A Companion to US Latino Literatures. Woodbridge: Tamesis, 2006.
Chang-Rodríguez, Raquel, ed. “Aquí, ninfas del sur, venid ligeras”: voces poéticas virreinales. Madrid/Frankfurt: Iberoamericana/Vervuert, 2008.
Clüver, Claus. “The ‘Ruptura’ Proclaimed by Brazil’s Self-Styled ‘Vanguardas’ of the Fifties.” Neo-Avant-Garde. Ed. Hopkins, David. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2006. 161–96.
Coello, Óscar. Los inicios de la poesía castellana en el Perú. Lima: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 1999.
Condé, L.P., and Hart, S.M., ed. Feminist Readings on Spanish and Latin American Literature. Lampeter: Edwin Mellen, 1991.
Crow, Mary, ed. Woman Who Has Sprouted Wings: Poems by Contemporary Latin American Women Poets, 2nd ed. Pittsburgh, PA: The Latin American Literary Review Press, 1988.
Debicki, Andrew P. Poetas hispanoamericanos contemporáneos. Punto de vista, perspectiva, experiencia. Madrid: Editorial Gredos, 1976.
DeCosta-Willis, Miriam. “Afra-Hispanic Writers and Feminist Discourse.” In Women in African and the African Diaspora: A Reader, edited by Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn and Benton, Andrea, 247–61. Rushing. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1996.
Dowdy, Michael. Broken Souths: Latina/o Poetic Responses to Neoliberalism and Globalization. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona, 2013.
Echavarren, Roberto, ed. Medusario. Muestra de poesía latinoamericana. Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1996.
Echavarren, Roberto, ed. Indios de espíritu. Muestra de poesía del Cono Sur. Buenos Aires: La Flauta Mágica, 2013.
Elliott, John H. The Old World and the New, 1492–1650. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
Enjuto Rangel, Cecilia. Cities in Ruins: The Politics of Modern Poetics. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press. Purdue Studies in Romance Literatures, 2010.
Epps, Brad. “Virtual Sexuality: Lesbianismo, Loss, and Delivrance in Carme Riera’s ‘Te deix, amor, la mar com a penyora.’” In ¿Entiendes?, ¿Entiendes? Queer Readings, Hispanic Writings, edited by Bergmann, Emilie and Smith, Paul Julian, 318–45. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.
Facioli, Valentim, and Olivieri, Antonio Carlos, ed. Antologia de Poesia Brasileira. Romantismo. Sao Paulo: Editora Ática, 1985.
Fernández Retamar, Roberto. “Antipoesía y poesía conversacional en Hispanoamérica.” In Para una teoría de la poesía hispanoamericana y otras aproximaciones, 111–26. Havana: Casa de las Américas, 1975.
Fitts, Dudley. Anthology of Contemporary Latin American Poetry. Norfolk, CO: A New Directions Book, 1947.
Foster, David William. Gay and Lesbian Themes in Latin American Writing. Austin, TX: Texas University Press, 1991.
Foster, David William, and Altamiranda, Daniel, ed. Twentieth Century Spanish American Literature to 1960. New York, NY: Garland Publishing, 1997.
Franco, Jean. “Some Reflections on Contemporary Writing in the Indigenous Languages of America.” Comparative American Studies 3.4 (2005): 455–69.
Gonzalez, Mike, and Treece, David, ed. The Gallery of Voices: Twentieth-Century Poetry of Latin America. London: Verso, 1992.
González, Yanko, and Araya, Pedro, ed. ZurDos. Última poesía latinoamericana. Antología. Madrid: Bartleby, 2005.
González Echevarría, Roberto, and Pupo-Walker, Enrique, ed. The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature, 3 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Greenblatt, Stephen. Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1991.
Greene, Roland, Unrequited Conquests: Love and Empire in the Colonial Americas. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
Guerrero, Gustavo, ed. Cuerpo plural. Antología de la poesía hispanoamericana contemporánea. Madrid/Buenos Aires/Valencia: Pre-textos/Instituto Cervantes, 2010.
Harrison, Regina. Signs, Songs, and Memory in the Andes: Translating Quechua Language and Culture. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1989.
Hart, Stephen M.The Avant-Garde in Spain and Spanish America.” In The Hispanic Connection: Spanish, Catalan and Spanish-American “modernism” to the Spanish Civil War, 4166. Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1990.
Hart, Stephen M.Is Women’s Writing in Spanish America Gender-Specific?MLN 110.2 (1995): 335–52.
Hart, Stephen M.The Twilight of the Idols in Modernism’s 1922.” In Modernisms and Modernities: Studies in Honour of Donald L. Shaw, edited by Carvalho, Susan, 175–99. Newark, DE: Juan de la Cuesta, 2006.
Hart, Stephen M.Latin American Poetry.” In A Companion to Latin American Literature and Culture, edited by Castro-Klaren, Sara, 426–41. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
Hart, Stephen M. César Vallejo: una biografía literaria. Lima: Cátedra Vallejo, 2014.
Hedge Coke, Allison. Sing: Poetry from the Indigenous Americas. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 2011.
Huízar, Angélica J. Beyond the Page: Latin American Poetry from the Calligramme to the Virtual. Palo Alto, CA: Academica Press, 2008.
Jackson, K. David. “Literature of the São Paulo Week of Modern Art.” In Texas Papers on Latin America, 116. Austin, TX: Institute of Latin American Studies, University of Texas at Austin, 1987.
Jackson, Richard. The Black Image in Latin American Literature. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1976.
Jackson, Richard. Black Writers in Latin America. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1979.
Jackson, Richard. Black Literature and Humanism in Latin America. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1988.
Jackson, Richard. Jackson, Richard. Black Writers and the Hispanic Canon. Boston, MA: Twayne, 1997.
Jáuregui, Carlos. “Writing Communities on the Internet: Textual Authority and Territorialization.” In Latin American Literature and Mass Media, edited by Paz-Soldán, Edmundo and Castillo, Debra A., 288300. New York, NY: Garland, 2001.
Jiménez, José Olivio. Antología de la poesía hispanoamericana contemporánea: 1914–1987. Madrid: Alianza, 1988.
Jrade, Cathy J. Delmira Agustini, Sexual Seduction, and Vampiric Conquest. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012.
Jrade, Cathy L. Modernismo, Modernity and the Development of Spanish American Literature. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1998.
Kac, Eduardo, ed. Media Poetry: An International Anthology, 2nd revised edn. Bristol: Intellect, 2007.
Kesselman, Violeta, Mazzoni, Ana, and Selci, Damián, ed. La tendencia materialista. Antología crítica de la poesía de los 90. Buenos Aires: Paradiso, 2012.
Kirkpatrick, Gwen. The Dissonant Legacy of Modernismo. Lugones, Herrera y Reissig, and the Voices of Modern Spanish American Poetry. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989.
Jackson, Richard. “Romantic Poetry in Latin America.” In Romantic Poetry, edited by Esterhammer, Angela, 410–16. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2002.
Karl, Kohut, and Rose, Sonia V., ed. La formación de la cultura virreinal, 3 vols. Frankfurt/Madrid: Vervuert/Iberoamericana, 2000–2006.
Krivoshein de Canese, Natalia, and Alcaraz, Feliciano Acosta, ed. Ñe epoty aty: Voces de poetas en guaraní. Asunción: Servilibro, 2005.
Krögel, Alison. Food, Power, and Resistance in the Andes: Exploring Quechua Verbal and Visual Narratives. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2011.
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