Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 3
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This volume is a comprehensive reference work on the life, labors and influence of the great evolutionist Charles Darwin. With more than sixty essays written by an international group representing the leading scholars in the field, this is the definitive work on Darwin. It covers the background to Darwin's discovery of the theory of evolution through natural selection, the work he produced and his contemporaries' reactions to it, and evaluates his influence on science in the 150 years since the publication of On the Origin of Species. It also explores the implications of Darwin's discoveries in religion, politics, gender, literature, culture, philosophy and medicine, critically evaluating Darwin's legacy. Fully illustrated and clearly written, it is suitable for scholars and students as well as the general reader. The wealth of information it provides about the history of evolutionary thought makes it a crucial resource for understanding the controversies that surround evolution today.

Reviews

'… this volume contains a wealth of information about both Darwin and evolutionary thought. Editor Ruse is known in the field of science writing for his work on Darwinism, evolution, and religion … The volume features many full-color plates of images, such as political cartoons, botanical drawings, and Darwin's original sketches/notes. Not many similar books are available … This new encyclopedia mostly will appeal to historians of science and those with a particular interest in the life story and impact of Darwin, though it could also serve as a primer on the basics of natural selection for undergraduates … Recommended …'

K. M. Sheffield Source: Choice

'I read only a sample of essays, especially those on topics more unfamiliar to me, and found myself educated at almost every turn … [an] outstanding source book, which should be in every university library and on many an instructor’s or scholar’s bookshelf.'

Douglas J. Futuyma Source: The Quarterly Review of Biology

'… important and ponderous …'

Source: Bionieuws

'The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought can infect one with enthusiasm to learn about the era and the man; and when one will have finished reading the book one will have probably acquired the authors’ knowledge and thrill about one of the greatest ideas in Western civilization: evolution.'

Kostas Kampourakis Source: Science and Education

'… this will be a valuable com­pendium which will serve as a serious and comprehensive reference tool even in as crowded a field as that of Darwin studies.'

Philippa Levine Source: Victorian Studies

'This monumental work - intended to be a definitive reference on the topic - includes 60 essays by leading scholars examining Darwin's life, labours, ideas (and contemporaries reactions to them), plus his influence on virtually all our cultural and scientific underpinnings.'

Sarah Murdoch Source: Toronto Star

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents


Page 1 of 3



Page 1 of 3


Bibliography
Abrams, P. 1983. The theory of limiting similarity. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 14: 359–76.
Abrard, R. 1928. Contribution à l’étude de l’évolution des Nummulites. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France 28, no. 4: 161–82.
Ackerknecht, E. H. 1982. Diathesis: The word and the concept in medical history. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 53, no. 3: 317–25.
Adam, K. 1926. Die Theologie der Krisis. Hochland 23: 271–86.
Adams, M., ed. 1994. The Evolution of Theodosius Dobzhansky: Essays on His Life and Thought in Russia and America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Adriaens, P. R., and De Block, A.. 2010. The evolutionary turn in psychiatry: A historical overview. History of Psychiatry 21: 131–43.
Agassiz, L. 1840. Etudes sur les glaciers. Neuchatel: Jent & Gasmann.
Agassiz, L. 1841. On glaciers and boulders in Switzerland. Tenth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science Notices and Abstracts (Glasgow), 113–14. London: John Murray.
Agassiz, L. 1842. Glaciers, and the evidence of their former existence in Scotland, Ireland, and England. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 3: 327–32.
Agassiz, L. 1850a. Geographical distribution of animals. Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany 48: 181–204.
Agassiz, L. 1850b. The diversity of origin of the human races. Christian Examiner and Religious Miscellany 49: 110–45.
Agassiz, L. 1857. Essay on Classification. Part I of the First Volume of the Contributions to the Natural History of the United States of North America. Boston: Little, Brown.
Ahlberg, P. E., and Clack, J. A.. 2006. Palaeontology: A firm step from water to land. Nature 440: 747–49.
Airy, H. 1882. On infection considered from a Darwinian point of view. Transactions of the Epidemiological Society of London 4: 246–61.
Alberch, P. 1991. From genes to phenotype: Dynamical systems and evolvability. Genetica 84: 5–11.
Allen, C., Bekhoff, M., Lauder, G., eds. 1998. Nature’s Purposes: Analyses of Function and Design in Biology. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Allen, C. E. 1933. Sachs, the last of the botanical epitomists. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 6, no. 5: 341–46.
Allen, G. E. 1969. Hugo de Vries and the reception of “mutation theory.”Journal of the History of Biology 2, no. 1: 55–87.
Allen, G. E. 1975. The introduction of drosophila into heredity and evolution (1900–10). Isis 66: 322–33.
Allen, G. E. 1978. Thomas Hunt Morgan: The Man and His Science. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Allison, A. C. 1954a. Protection afforded by sickle-cell trait against subtertian malarial infection. British Medical Journal 1: 290–94.
Allison, A. C. 1954b. The distribution of the sickle-cell trait in East Africa and elsewhere and its apparent relationship to the incidence of subtertian malaria. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medical Hygiene 48: 312–18.
Alter, S. 1999. Darwinism and the Linguistic Image: Language, Race and Natural Theology in the Nineteenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Alter, S. 2007a. Race, language and mental evolution in Darwin’sDescent of Man. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 43, no. 3: 239–55.
Alter, S. 2007b. Darwin and the linguists: The coevolution of mind and language, Part I: Problematic friends. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38C: 573–84.
Alter, S. 2007c. The advantages of obscurity: Charles Darwin’s negative inference from the histories of domestic breeds. Annals of Science 64: 235–50.
Alter, S. 2008. Darwin and the linguists: The coevolution of mind and language, Part II: The language-mind relationship. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39C: 38–50.
Amigoni, D. 2008. “The luxury of storytelling”: Science, literature and cultural contest in Ian McEwan’s narrative practice. In Literature and Science, ed. Ruston, S., 151–67. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer.
Anderson, L. I., and Lowe, M.. 2010. Charles W. Peach and Darwin’s barnacles. Journal of the History of Collections 22, no. 2: 1–14.
Anderson, W. 2004. Natural histories of infectious disease: Ecological vision in twentieth-century biomedical science. Osiris 19: 39–61.
Anonymous, . 1859. Darwin’s Origin of Species. Saturday Review 8: 775–76.
Anonymous, 1862. Mr. Darwin’s orchids. Saturday Review 14: 486.
Anonymous, 1868. Review of The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. North American Review 107: 362–68.
Anonymous, 1926. Letter to the editor of Science from the principal scientific authority of the fundamentalists. Science 63: 259.
Anonymous, 1943. Prof. K. A. Timiriazev, For.Mem.R.S. (1843–1920). Nature 151: 611.
Anonymous, 1979. The Christianity Today-Gallup poll: An overview. Christianity Today, 21 December: 12–15.
Anonymous, 1986. Creationism in NZ “unlikely.” NZ Herald, 3 July, 14.
Anonymous, 2005. The chimpanzee genome. Nature 437: 47–108.
Anti-Defamation League. 2008. Anti-evolution Film Misappropriates the Holocaust (29 April 2008). .
Antonovics, J., Abbate, J. L., Baker, C. H., et al. 2007. Evolution by any other name: Antibiotic resistance and avoidance of the E-word. PLoS Biology 5, no. 2: e30.
Appel, T. A. 1987. The Cuvier-Geoffroy Debate: French Biology in the Decades before Darwin. New York: Oxford University Press.
Appleton, J. 1975. The Experience of Landscape. London: John Wiley.
Arbib, M. 2005. From monkey-like action recognition to human language: An evolutionary framework for neurolinguistics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28: 105–67.
Ardrey, R. 1961. African Genesis: A Personal Investigation into the Animal Origins and Nature of Man. London: Collins.
Argueta Villamar, A. 2009. El darwinismo en Iberoamérica: Bolivia y México. Madrid: CSIC.
Arjomand, K. 1998. In defense of the sacred doctrine: Muhammad Husayn al-Shahristānī’s refutation of materialism and evolutionary theories of natural history. Hallesche Beiträge zur Orientwissenschaft 25: 1–18.
Armstrong, D. F., Stokoe, W. C., and Wilcox, S. E.. 1994. Signs of the origin of syntax. Current Anthropology 35: 349–68.
Armstrong, D. F., and Wilcox, S. E.. 2007. The Gestural Origin of Language. New York: Oxford University Press.
Atkinson, Q., and Gray, R. D.. 2005. Curious parallels and curious connections: Phylogenetic thinking in biology and historical linguistics. Systematic Biology 54: 513–26.
Atran, S. 2002. In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Avdulov, N. P. 1931. Karyo-systematische Untersuchung der Familie Gramineen. Bulletin of Applied Botany 44: 1–428.
Avital, E., and Jablonka, E.. 2000. Animal Traditions: Behavioral Inheritance in Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ayala, F. J., ed. 1976. Molecular Evolution. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates.
Ayres, P. 2008. The Aliveness of Plants: The Darwins at the Dawn of Plant Science. London: Pickering & Chatto.
Babcock, E. B. 1924. Species hybrids in Crepis and their bearing on evolution. American Naturalist 58, no. 657: 296–310.
Babcock, E. B. 1947. The Genus Crepis I and II. University of California Publications, Botany 21: 22.
Babcock, E. B., and Hall, H. M.. 1924. Hemizonia congesta, a Genetic, Ecologic, and Taxonomic Study of the Hay-Field Tarweeds. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Babcock, E. B., and Stebbins, G. L. Jr. 1938. The American species of crepis: Their interrelationships and distribution as affected by polyploidy. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication no. 504.
Bahr, H. 1894. Der Antisemitismus: Ein internationales Interview. Berlin: S. Fischer.
Baker, J., Hurtado, A. M., Pearson, O. M., Hill, K. R., Jones, T., and Frey, M. A.. 2009. Developmental plasticity in fat patterning of Ache children in response to variation in interbirth intervals: A preliminary test of the roles of external environment and maternal reproductive strategies. American Journal of Human Biology 21, no. 1: 77–83.
Bannister, R. C. 1979. Social Darwinism: Science and Myth in Anglo-American Social Thought. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Bannister, R. C. 2006. Social Darwinism: An American Perennial. .
Bapteste, E., and Boucher, Y.. 2008. Lateral gene transfer challenges principles of microbial systematics. Cell 16: 200–7.
Bapteste, E., Boucher, Y., Leigh, J., and Doolittle, W. F.. 2004. Phylogenetic reconstruction and lateral gene transfer. Trends in Microbiology 12: 406–11.
Bapteste, E., Susko, E., Leigh, J., MacLeod, D., Charlebois, R. L., and Doolittle, W. F.. 2005. Do orthologous gene phylogenies really support tree-thinking?BMC Evolutionary Biology 5: 33.
Barkow, J. H., Cosmides, L., and Tooby, J.. 1992. The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Barlow, N. 1945. Charles Darwin and the Voyage of the Beagle. London: Pilot Press.
Barlow, N. 1967. Darwin and Henslow: The Growth of an Idea. London: John Murray.
Barnes, J., ed. 1995. The Complete Works of Aristotle. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Barrett, P. H., ed. 1977. The Collected Papers of Charles Darwin. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Barrett, P. H., Gautrey, P. J., Herbert, S., Kohn, D., and Smith, S., eds. 1987. Charles Darwin’s Notebooks, 1836–1844. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Barroso, I. 2012. Encode explained: Non-coding but functional. Nature 489: 54.
Barth, K. 1960. Church Dogmatics: The Doctrine of Creation. Vol. 3. Ed. Bromiley, G. W. and Torrance, T. F.. London: T&T Clark.
Bartholomew, M. 1975. Huxley’s defence of Darwinism. Annals of Science 32: 525–35.
Barton, N. H., Briggs, D. E. G., Eisen, J. A., Goldstein, D. B., and Patel, N. H.. 2007. Evolution. Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
Basalla, G. 1988. The Evolution of Technology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bateman, A. J. 1948. Intra-sexual selection in Drosophila. Heredity 2: 349–68.
Bates, E., Thal, D., and Marchman, V.. 1991. Symbols and syntax: A Darwinian approach to language development. In Biological and Behavioral Determinants of Language Development, ed. Rumbaugh, D. M., Schiefelbusch, R. R., Studdert-Kennedy, M., and Krasnegor, N., 29–54. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Bates, H. W. 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley. Lepidoptera: Heliconidæ. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 23: 496–566.
Bates, H. W. 1863. The Naturalist on the River Amazons. London: John Murray.
Bates, H. W. 1892. The Naturalist on the River Amazons. 2nd ed. London: John Murray.
Bateson, B. 1928. William Bateson, F.R.S., Naturalist: His Essays and Addresses Together with a Short Account of His Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bateson, G. 1972. Steps to an Ecology of Mind: Collected Essays in Anthropology, Psychiatry, Evolution, and Epistemology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bateson, W. 1894. Materials for the Study of Variation, Treated with Especial Regard to Discontinuity in the Origin of Species. London: Macmillan.
Bateson, W. 1902. Mendel’s Principles of Heredity: A Defence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bateson, W. 1909. Mendel’s Principles of Heredity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bateson, W. 1913. Problems of Genetics. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Bateson, W. 1922. Evolutionary faith and modern doubts. Science 55: 55–61.
Bateson, W. 1930. Mendel’s Principles of Heredity. 4th printing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baur, E. 1932. Artumgrenzung und Artbildung in der Gattung Antirrhinum, Sektion Antirrinastrum. Zeitschrift für Inductive Abstammungs- und Vererbungslehre. 63: 256–302.
Baur, G. 1891. Geography and travel. American Naturalist 25, no. 298: 902–7.
Baur, G. 1897. Birds of the Galapagos Archipelago: A criticism of Mr. Robert Ridgway’s paper. American Naturalist 31, no. 369: 777–84.
Bavinck, H. 2004. Reformed Dogmatics: God and Creation. Ed. Bolt, J.. Trans. Vriend, J.. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker.
Bavinck, H. 2006. Reformed Dogmatics: Sin and Salvation in Christ. Ed. Bolt, J.. Trans. Vriend, J.. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker.
Bearman, P., Bianquis, T., Bosworth, C. E., van Donzel, E., and Heinrichs, W. P., eds. 1960–2007. The Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed. Leiden: Brill.
Beatty, J. 1985. Speaking of species: Darwin’s strategy. In The Darwinian Heritage, ed. Kohn, D., 265–81. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Beatty, J. 1990. Teleology and the relationship between biology and the physical sciences in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In Some Truer Method: Reflections on the Heritage of Newton, ed. Durham, F. and Purrington, R. D.. 113–44. New York: Columbia University Press.
Beckner, M. 1959. The Biological Way of Thought. New York: Columbia University Press.
Becquemont, D. 2009. Charles Darwin, 1837–1839: Aux sourcés d’une decouvérté. Paris: Editions Kime.
Beer, G. 1983. Darwin’s Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot, and Nineteenth-Century Fiction. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Beer, G. 1985. Darwin’s reading and the fictions of development. In The Darwinian Heritage, ed. Kohn, D., 543–88. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Beer, G. 1989. Darwin and the growth of language theory. In Nature Transfigured: Science and Literature, 1700–1900, ed. Christie, J. and Shuttleworth, S., 152–70. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Beer, G. 1996. Introduction: Note on the text. In On the Origin of Species by C. Darwin, vii–xxix. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Beer, G. 2009. Darwin’s Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Fiction. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Behe, M. J. 1996. Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution. New York: Free Press.
Beilby, J. K., ed. 2002. Naturalism Defeated? Essays on Plantinga’s Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Béjin, A. 1992. Les trois phases de l’évolution du darwinisme social en France. In Darwinisme et société, ed. Tort, P., 353–60. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Bell, M. A., Travis, M. P., and Blouw, D. M.. 2006. Inferring natural selection in a fossil threespine stickleback. Paleobiology 32: 562–77.
Bellon, R. 2003. “The great question in agitation”: George Bentham and the origin of species. Archives of Natural History 30: 282–97.
Bellon, R. 2009. Charles Darwin solves the “riddle of the flower,” or Why don’t historians of biology know about the birds and bees?History of Science 47: 373–406.
Bellon, R. 2011. Inspiration in the harness of daily labor: Darwin, botany and the triumph of evolution, 1859–1868. Isis 102: 393–420.
Belt, T. 1874. The Naturalist in Nicaragua. London: John Murray.
Bender, B. 1996. The Descent of Love: Darwin and the Theory of Sexual Selection in American Fiction, 1871–1926. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Bender, B. 2004. Evolution and the “Sex Problem”: American Narratives during the Eclipse of Darwinism. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.
Berliner, J. 2008. Jack London’s socialistic social Darwinism. American Literary Realism 41: 52–78.
Bernard, F. 1895. Éléments de paleontologie. Paris: J.-B. Baillière.
Bernstein, S. D. 2001. Ape anxiety: Sensation fiction, evolution, and the genre question. Journal of Victorian Culture 6, no. 2: 250–71.
Berry, A., ed. 2002. Infinite Tropics: An Alfred Russel Wallace Anthology. London: Verso.
Bickerton, D. 1990. Language and Species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bickerton, D. 2000. How protolanguage became language. In The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Social Function and the Origins of Linguistic Form, ed. Knight, C., Studdert-Kennedy, M., and Hurford, J., 264–84. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bickerton, D. 2009. Adam’s Tongue: How Humans Made Language, How Language Made Humans. New York: Hill and Wang.
Blackman, H. J. 2006. Anatomy and embryology in medical education at Cambridge University, 1866–1900. Medical Education 40, no. 3: 219–26.
Blackmore, S. 1999. The Meme Machine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Blackmore, S. 2009. Memetics does provide a useful way of understanding cultural evolution. In Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology, ed. Ayala, Francisco J. and Arp, Robert, 255–72. Hoboken, N. J.: John Wiley & Sons.
Blair, W. F. 1955. Mating call and stage of speciation in the Microhyla olivacea – M. carolinensis complex. Evolution 9: 469–80.
Blanckaert, C. 1991. “Les bas-fonds de la science française”; Clémence Royer, l’origine de l’homme et le darwinisme social. Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d’anthropologie de Paris, n.s., 3, nos. 1–2: 115–30.
Bloch, M. 2000. A well-disposed social anthropologist’s problems with memes. In Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science, ed. Aunger, R., 189–203. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Blouet, B. W. 1987. Halford Mackinder: A Biography. College Station: Texas A&M Press.
Blutinger, J. C. 2010. Creatures from before the flood: Reconciling science and Genesis in the pages of a nineteenth-century Hebrew newspaper. Jewish Social Studies 16, no. 2: 67–92.
Boakes, R. 1984. From Darwin to Behaviourism: Psychology and the Minds of Animals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boas, Franz. 1909. The relation of Darwin to anthropology. Current Anthropology 42, no. 3: 381–406.
Boitard, P., and Corbié, . 1824. Les pigeons de volière et de colombier. Paris: Audut.
Bonner, J. T., ed. 1982. Evolution and Development. Berlin: Springer Verlag.
Borello, M. E. 2005. The rise, fall and resurrection of group selection. Endeavour 29: 43–47.
Borello, M. E. 2010. Evolutionary Restraints: The Contentious History of Group Selection. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Botha, R. P. 2009. Theoretical underpinnings of inferences about language evolution: The syntax used at Blombos Cave. In The Cradle of Language, ed. Botha, R. P. and Knight, C., 93–111. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Boveri, T. 1906. Die Organismen als historische Wesen. Würzburg: Königliche Universitätsdruckerei von H. Stürz.
Bowler, P. J. 1976. Malthus, Darwin, and the concept of struggle. Journal of the History of Ideas 37: 631–50.
Bowler, P. J. 1983. The Eclipse of Darwinism: Anti-Darwinian Evolution Theories in the Decades around 1900. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Bowler, P. J. 1986. Theories of Human Evolution, 1844–1944: A Century of Debate. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Bowler, P. J. 1988. The Non-Darwinian Revolution: Reinterpreting a Historical Myth. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Bowler, P. J. 1996. Life’s Splendid Drama: Evolutionary Biology and the Reconstruction of Life’s Ancestry, 1860–1940. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bowler, P. J. 2001. Reconciling Science and Religion: The Debate in Early-Twentieth-Century Britain. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Bowler, P. J. 2007. Monkey Trials and Gorilla Sermons: Evolution and Christianity from Darwin to Intelligent Design. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Bowler, P. J. 2008. What Darwin disturbed: The biology that might have been. Isis 99, no. 3: 560–67.
Bowler, P. J. 2009. Geographical distribution in the Origin of Species. In The Cambridge Companion to the “Origin of Species,” ed. Ruse, M. and Richards, R. J., 153–72. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bowman, R. I. 1961. Morphological Differentiation and Adaptation in the Galapagos. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bowman, R. I. 1963. Evolutionary patterns in Darwin’s finches. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences 44: 107–40.
Box, J. F. 1978. R. A. Fisher: The Life of a Scientist. New York: Wiley.
Boyd, R., and Richerson, P. J.. 1985. Culture and the Evolutionary Process. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Boyer, P. 2001. Religion Explained: The Human Instincts That Fashion Gods, Spirits and Ancestors. London: William Heinemann.
Brackman, A. C. 1980. A Delicate Arrangement. New York: Times Books.
Bradie, M. 1986. Assessing evolutionary epistemology. Biology and Philosophy 1: 406–59.
Bradshaw, A. D., and Smocovitis, V. B.. 2005. George Ledyard Stebbins. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 51: 398–408.
Brantlinger, P. 2003. Dark Vanishings: Discourse on the Extinction of Primitive Races, 1800–1930. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Brewster, D. 1838. Review of Comte’s “Cours de Philosophie Positive.”Edinburgh Review 67: 271–308.
Briggs, D., and Walters, S. M.. 1997. Plant Variation and Evolution. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brinkman, P. D. 2003. Bartholomew James Sulivan’s discovery of fossil vertebrates in the Tertiary beds of Patagonia. Archives of Natural History 30, no. 1: 56–74.
Brinkman, P. D. 2010. Charles Darwin’s Beagle voyage, fossil vertebrate succession, and the gradual birth and death of species. Journal of the History of Biology 43, no. 1: 363–99.
Britten, R. J., and Davidson, E. H.. 1969. Gene regulation for higher cells – a theory. Science 165, no. 891: 349–57.
Britten, R. J., and Davidson, E. H. 1971. Repetitive and non-repetitive DNA sequences and a speculation on origins of evolutionary novelty. Quarterly Review of Biology 46, no. 2: 111–38.
Broad, C. D. 1944. Critical notice of Julian Huxley’sEvolutionary Ethics. Mind 53: 344–67.
Brockmann, H. J., Grafen, A., and Dawkins, R.. 1979. Evolutionarily stable nesting strategy in a digger wasp. Journal of Theoretical Biology 77: 473–96.
Bronn, H. 1860. Schlusswort des Übersetzers. In Über die Enstehung der Arten, by Darwin, C., 495–520. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung.
Brookes, R. 1763a. The Natural History of Insects, with Their Properties and Uses in Medicine. Vol. 4. London: Newbery.
Brookes, R. 1763b. The Natural History of Waters, Earths, Stones, Fossils and Minerals. With Their Virtues, Properties, and Medicinal Uses; to Which Is Added, the Method in with Linnaeus Has Treated These Subjects. Vol. 5. London: Newbery.
Brooks, A. A., Johnson, M. R., Steer, P. J., Pawson, M. E., and Abdalla, H. I.. 1995. Birth weight: Nature or nurture?Early Human Development 42, no. 1: 29–35.
Brooks, J. L. 1984. Just before the Origin. New York: Columbia University Press.
Brooks, W. K. 1883. The Law of Heredity: A Study of the Cause of Variation, and the Origin of Living Things. Baltimore:John Murphy.
Broom, R. 1931. The Coming of Man: Was It Accident or Design?London: Witherby.
Broom, R., and Schepers, G. W. H.. 1946. The South African Fossil Ape-Men: The Australopithecinae. Pretoria: Transvaal Museum.
Brown, D. 1997. Mysteries of the Creation. Southfield, Mich.: Targum Press.
Brown, R. 1833. On the organs and mode of fucundation in Orchideae and Asclepiadeae. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 16: 648–745.
Brown, W. L., and Wilson, E. O.. 1956. Character displacement. Systematic Zoology 5, no. 2: 49–64.
Browne, J. 1983. The Secular Ark: Studies in the History of Biogeography. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Browne, J. 1985a. Darwin and the expression of the emotions. In The Darwinian Heritage, ed. David Kohn, 307–26. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Browne, J. 1985b. Darwin and the face of madness. In The Anatomy of Madness: Essays in the History of Psychiatry, ed. Porter, R., Bynum, W. F., and Shepherd, M., 151–65. London: Tavistock Publications.
Browne, J. 1995. Charles Darwin: A Biography. Vol. 1, Voyaging. New York: Knopf.
Browne, J. 2002. Charles Darwin: A Biography. Vol. 2, The Power of Place. New York: Knopf.
Browne, J. 2005a. Commemorating Darwin. British Journal for the History of Science 38: 251–74.
Browne, J. 2005b. Constructing Darwinism in literary culture. In Unmapped Countries: Biological Visions in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Culture, ed. Zwierlein, A.-J., 55–70. London: Anthem Press.
Browne, J., and Messenger, S.. 2003. Victorian spectacle: Julia Pastrana, the bearded and hairy female. Endeavour 27, no. 4: 155–59.
Buckland, W. 1836. Geology and Mineralogy Considered with Reference to Natural Theology. Bridgewater Treatise VI. London: William Pickering.
Buckland, W. 1842. Evidences of glaciers in Scotland and the north of England. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 3: 333–38, 345–48.
Buckle, H. T. 1857–61. History of Civilization in England. 2 vols. London:Parker.
Bulmer, M. G. 2003. Francis Galton: Pioneer of Heredity and Biometry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Bumpus, H. C. 1899. The elimination of the unfit as illustrated by the introduced House Sparrow, Passer domesticus. Biological Lectures, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole 11: 209–26.
Burchfield, J. D. 1974. Darwin and the dilemma of geological time. Isis 65: 300–21.
Burchfield, J. D. 1975. Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth. New York: Science History Publications.
Burkhardt, F. 1988. England and Scotland. The learned societies. In The Comparative Reception of Darwinism, ed. Glick, T. F., 32–74. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Burkhardt, R. W. 1977. The Spirit of System: Lamarck and Evolutionary Biology. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Burkhardt, R. W. 1983. The development of an evolutionary ethology. In Evolution from Molecules to Men, ed. Bendall, D., 429–44. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burkhardt, R. W. 1995. The Spirit of System: Lamarck and Evolutionary Biology. 2nd ed. Cambridge, Mass.:Harvard University Press.
Burkhardt, R. W. 2005. Patterns of Behavior: Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen, and the Founding of Ethology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Burling, R. 2005. The Talking Ape: How Language Evolved. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Burton, J. 1994. An Introduction to the Hadith. Edinburgh: University Press.
Bury, J. B. 1920. The Idea of Progress; An Inquiry into Its Origin and Growth. London: Macmillan.
Butler, R. J. 1960. Natural belief and the enigma of Hume. Archiv für die Geschichte der Philosophie 42: 73–100.
Butler, S. 1887. Luck, or Cunning, as the Main Means of Organic Modification? An Attempt to Throw Additional Light upon the Late Mr. Charles Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection. London: Trubner.
Butlin, R. K. 1985. Speciation by reinforcement. In Orthoptera, ed. Gosálvez, J., 84–113. Madrid: Fundación Ramón Areces.
Buttemer, W. A. 1992. Differential overnight survival by Bumpus’ House Sparrows: An alternative interpretation. The Condor 94: 944–54.
Byars, S. G., Ewbank, D., Govindaraju, D. R., and Stearns, S. C.. 2010. Natural selection in a contemporary human population. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 1787–92.
Bynum, W. F. 1983. Darwin and the doctors: Evolution, diathesis, and germs in 19th-century Britain. Gesnerus 40, nos. 1–2: 43–53.
Bynum, W. F. 1994. Science and the Practice of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bynum, W. F. 2002. The evolution of germs and the evolution of disease: Some British debates, 1870–1900. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24, no. 1: 53–68.
Cain, A. J. 1954. Animal Species and Their Evolution. London: Hutchison.
Cain, A. J. 1989. The perfection of animals. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 36: 3–29.
Cain, A. J., and Provine, W. B.. 1992. Genes and ecology in history. In Genes in Ecology, ed. Berry, R. J., Crawford, T. J., and Hewitt, G. M., 3–28. Oxford: Blackwell.
Cain, A. J., and Sheppard, P. M.. 1954. Natural selection in Cepaea. Genetics 398: 89–116.
Cain, J. 1993. Common problems and cooperative solutions: Organizational activity in evolutionary studies. Isis 84, no. 1: 1–25.
Cain, J. 2000. Towards a “Greater Degree of Integration”: The Society for the Study of Speciation, 1939–1941. British Journal for the History of Science 33: 85–108.
Cain, J. 2009. Rethinking the synthesis period in evolutionary studies. Journal of the History of Biology 42, no. 4: 621–48.
Cain, J. 2010. Julian Huxley, general biology, and the London zoo, 1935–1942. Notes and Records of the Royal Society 64: 359–78.
Cairns-Smith, A. G. 1986. Clay Minerals and the Origin of Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cairns-Smith, A. G. 1995. Seven Clues to the Origin of Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cambridge University. 1831. Calendar. Cambridge: J. Smith, printer to the University.
Camp, W. H., and Gilly, C. L.. 1943. The structure and the origin of species. Brittonia 4: 323–85.
Campbell, B. G., ed. 1972. Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, 1871–1971. Chicago: Aldine.
Candolle, A.-P. de ed. 2006. Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man: The Darwinian Pivot. Piscataway, N. J.: Transaction.
Campbell, D. 1974. Evolutionary epistemology. In The Philosophy of Karl Popper, ed. Schilpp, P., 413–63. LaSalle, Ill.: Open Court.
Campbell, R. 1996. Can biology make ethics objective?Biology and Philosophy 11: 21–31.
Campbell Irons, J. 1896. Autobiographical Sketch of James Croll LL.D., F.R.S., etc. with a Memoir of His Life and Work. London: Edward Stanford.
Candolle, A.-P. de. 1819. Théorie élémentaire de la botanique. 2nd ed. Paris: Deterville.
Candolle, A.-P. de 1839–40. Vegetable Organography. Trans. Kingdon, B.. 2 vols. London: Houlston & Stoneman.
Candolle, A.-P. de 1862. Review of Orchids by Charles Darwin. Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles 15: 173–76.
Cannadine, D. 1999. The Rise and Fall of Class in Britain. New York: Columbia University Press.
Canning, G., Frere, H., and Ellis, G.. 1798. The loves of the triangles. Anti-Jacobin, 16 April, 23 April, and 17 May.
Cannon, W. F. 1961. The impact of uniformitarianism. Two letters from John Herschel to Charles Lyell, 1836–1837. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 105: 301–14.
Cantor, G. 2005. Quakers, Jews and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650–1900. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cantor, G., and Swetlitz, M., eds. 2006. Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Evolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cao, J. 2003. Zhongguo xueshu sixiang shi suibi (Essays on Chinese History of Academic Thinking). Beijing: SDX Joint Publishing Company.
Carmell, A., and Domb, C., eds. 1976. Challenge: Torah Views on Science and Its Problems. New York: Feldheim Publishers.
Carnegie, A. 2009. The Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie and the Gospel of Wealth. Lawrence, Kans.: Digireads Publishing.
Carpenter, G. D. H., and Ford, E. B.. 1933. Mimicry. London: Methuen.
Carroll, S. 2005. Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo-Devo. New York: Norton.
Carroll, S. 2008. Evo-Devo and expanding the evolutionary synthesis: A genetic theory of morphological evolution. Cell 134: 25–36.
Carroll, S. B., Grenier, J. K., and Weatherbee, S.. 2005. From DNA to Diversity: Molecular Genetics and the Evolution of Animal Design. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.
Carruthers, P. 1992. Human Knowledge and Human Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cartmill, E. A., and Byrne, R. W.. 2007. Orangutans modify their gestural signaling according to their audience’s comprehension. Current Biology 17: 1345–48.
Casebeer, W. D. 2003. Natural Ethical Facts: Evolution, Connectionism, and Moral Cognition. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Castle, W. E. 1917. Piebald rats and multiple factors. American Naturalist 51: 370–75.
Castle, W. E., and Phillips, J. C.. 1914. Piebald Rats and Selection: An Experimental Test of the Effectiveness of Selection and of the Theory of Gamete Purity in Mendelian Crosses. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington.
Castree, N. 2009. Charles Darwin and the geographers. Environment and Planning A 41: 2293–98.
Cela-Conde, C. J., and Ayala, F. J.. 2007. Human Evolution: Trails from the Past. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chamberlain, H. 1899. Die Grundlagen des Neuzehnten Jahrhunderts. 2 vols. Munich: Verlagsanstalt F. Bruckmann.
Chambers, R. 1844. Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. London: Churchill.
Chambers, R. 1846. Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. 5th ed. London: Churchill.
Charlesworth, B. 1994. The genetics of adaptation: lessons from mimicry. American Naturalist 144: 839–47.
Chen, J. 1922. Da Er Wen yihou zhi jinhua lun (Evolutionary Theories after Darwin). Min Duo (People’s Bell) 3, no. 5: 1–24.
Cheney, D. L., and Seyfarth, R. M.. 1990. How Monkeys See the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cherry, S. 2001. Creation, Evolution and Jewish Thought. PhD dissertation, Brandeis University.
Cherry, S. 2003. Three twentieth-century Jewish responses to evolutionary theory. Aleph 3: 247–90.
Cherry, S. 2006. Crisis management via biblical interpretation: Fundamentalism, modern orthodoxy, and Genesis. In Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Evolution, ed. Cantor, G. and Swetlitz, M., 166–87. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cherry, S. 2011. Judaism, Darwinism, and the typology of suffering. Zygon 46, no. 2: 313–34.
Chomsky, N. 1965. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Chomsky, N. 1975a. Reflections on Language. New York: Pantheon.
Chomsky, N. 1975b. The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory. New York: Plenum Press.
Chorley, R. J., Beckinsale, R. P., and Dunn, A. J.. 1973. The History of the Study of Landforms or the Development of Geomorphology. Vol. 2, The Life and Work of William Morris Davis. London: Methuen.
Chung, P. S. 2009. Constructing Irregular Theology: Bamboo and Minjung in East Asian Perspective. Leiden: Brill.
Churchill, L. B. 2010. What is it? Difference, Darwin and the Victorian freak show. In Darwin in Atlantic Cultures: Evolutionary Visions of Race, Gender and Sexuality, ed. Jones, J. E. and Sharp, P. B., 128–42. New York: Routledge.
Ciccarelli, F., Doerks, T., von Mering, C., Creevey, C., Snel, B., and Bork, P.. 2006. Towards automatic reconstruction of a highly resolved tree of life. Science 311: 1283–87.
Clark, W. E. Le Gros. 1952. Anatomical studies of fossil Hominoidea from Africa. In Proceedings of the Pan-African Congress of Prehistory, 1947, ed. Leakey, L. S. B. and Cole, S., 111–15. New York: Philosophical Library.
Clarke, C. 1990. Professor Sir Ronald Fisher, FRS. British Medical Journal 301, no. 6766: 1446–48.
Clarke, E., Reichard, U. H., and Zuberbühler, K.. 2006. The syntax and meaning of wild gibbon songs. PLoS One 1: e73.
Clausen, J. 1951. Stages in the Evolution of Plant Species. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Clausen, R. E., and Goodspeed, T. H.. 1925. Interspecific hybridization in Nicotiana II. A tetraploid glutinosaTabacum hybrid: An experimental verification of Winge’s hypothesis. Genetics 10: 279–84.
Clements, F. E. 1907. Darwin’s influence upon plant geography and ecology. American Naturalist 43: 143–51.
Clodd, E. 1892. A memoir of the author. In The Naturalist on the River Amazons, by Bates, H. W., xvii–lxxxix. London: John Murray.
Cobbe, F. P. 1872. Darwinism in Morals and Other Essays. London: Williams and Norgate.
Cobbe, F. P. 1904. Life of Frances Power Cobbe as Told by Herself. Ed. Atkinson, B.. London: Swan Sonnenschein.
Cockerell, T. D. A. 1897. Physiological species. Entomological News 8: 234–36.
Cody, G. D., Boctor, N. Z., Brandes, J. A., Filley, T. R., Hazen, R. M., and Yoder, H. S. Jr. 2004. Assaying the catalytic potential of transition metal sulfides for abiotic carbon fixation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 68, no. 10: 2185–96.
Cogswell, M. E., and Yip, R.. 1995. The influence of fetal and maternal factors on the distribution of birthweight. Seminars in Perinatology 19, no. 3: 222–40.
Cohen, I. B. 1985. Three notes on the reception of Darwin’s ideas on natural selection (Henry Baker Tristram, Alfred Newton, Samuel Wilberforce). In The Darwinian Heritage, ed. Kohn, David, 589–607. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Cohen, J., Briand, F., and Newman, C.. 1990. Community Food Webs: Data and Theory. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Cohen, N. W. 1984. The challenges of Darwinism and biblical criticism to American Judaism. Modern Judaism 4: 121–57.
Colp, R., and Kohn, D.. 1996. “A Real Curiosity”: Charles Darwin reflects on a communication from Rabbi Naphtali Levy. European Legacy 1: 1716–27.
Conry, Y., 1974. L’introduction du darwinisme en France au XIXe siècle. Paris: Vrin.
Cooper, G. 2001. Must there be a balance of nature?Biology and Philosophy 16: 481–506.
Cooper, J. M., ed. 1997. The Complete Works of Plato. Indianapolis: Hackett.
Cooter, R., and Pickstone, J., eds. 2000. Medicine in the Twentieth Century. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers.
Cornford, F. M. 1932. Before and After Socrates. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Corsi, P. 1988. The Age of Lamarck. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Cott, H. B. 1940. Adaptive Colouration in Animals. London: Methuen and Co.
Coyne, J. A., and Orr, H. A.. 2004. Speciation. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates.
Cracraft, J. 1989. Speciation and its ontology: The empirical consequences of alternative species concepts for understanding patterns and processes of differentiation. In Speciation and Its Consequences, ed. Endler, J. A. and Otte, D., 28–59. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates.
Craig, P. 2005. Centennial History of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Vol. 4, The Department of Plant Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Crick, F. 1970. Central dogma of molecular biology. Nature 227: 561–63.
Crisp, D. J. 1983. Extending Darwin’s investigations on the barnacle life-history. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 20: 73–83.
Crockford, C., and Boesch, C.. 2003. Context-specific calls in wild chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus: Analysis of barks. Animal Behaviour 55: 115–25.
Croll, J. 1864. On the physical causes of the changes of climate during geological epochs. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science Fourth Series 28: 121–37.
Croll, J. 1866. On the eccentricity of the Earth’s orbit. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science Fourth Series 31: 26–28.
Croll, J. 1867a. On the eccentricity of the Earth’s orbit, and its physical relations to the glacial epoch. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science Fourth Series 33: 119–31.
Croll, J. 1867b. On the change in the obliquity of the ecliptic, its influence on the climate of the polar regions and on the level of the sea. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science Fourth Series 33: 426–45.
Croll, J. 1868. On geological time, and the probable date of the Glacial and the Upper Miocene Period. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science Fourth Series 35: 363–84.
Croll, J. 1875. Climate and Time in Their Geological Relations: A Theory of Secular Changes of the Earth’s Climate. London: Daldy, Isbister.
Cronin, H. 1991. The Ant and the Peacock: Altruism and Sexual Selection from Darwin to Today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cunningham, A., and Williams, P., eds. 1992. The Laboratory Revolution in Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cuvier, G. 1817. Le règne animal distribué d’après son organisation, pour servir de base à l’histoire naturelle des animaux et d’introduction à l’anatomie comparée. Paris: Déterville.
Cuvier, G. 1830. Discours sur les revolutions de la surface du globe et sur les changements qu’elles ont produits dans le Règne Animal. 6th ed. Paris: Edmond D’Ocagne.
Dagan, T., and Martin, W.. 2006. The tree of one percent. Genome Biology 7, no. 10: 118.
Dagan, T., Artzy-Randrup, Y., and Martin, W.. 2008. Modular networks and cumulative impact of lateral transfer in prokaryote genome evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105: 10039–44.
Dalrymple, G. B. 1991. The Age of the Earth. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
Dalton, R. 2006. Feel it in your bones. Nature 440: 1100–1.
Damuth, J., and L Heisler, I.. 1988. Alternative formulations of multilevel selection. Biology and Philosophy 3, no. 4: 407–30.
Dana, J. D. 1870. Manual of Geology: Treating the Principles of the Science with Special Reference to American Geological History. New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor.
Darlington, C. D. 1939. The Evolution of Genetic Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Darlington, C. D. 1950. Foreword to On the Origin of Species by C. Darwin, iv–xx. London: Watts.
Darlington, C. D. 1953. The Facts of Life. London: George Allen & Unwin, Macmillan.
Darlington, C. D. 1980. The evolution of genetic systems: Contributions of cytology to evolutionary theory. In The Evolutionary Synthesis: Perspectives on the Unification of Biology, ed. Mayr, Ernst and Provine, William B., 70–80. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Dart, R. 1925. Austalopithecus africanus: The man-ape of South Africa. Nature 115: 195–99.
Dart, R. 1926. Taungs and its significance. Natural History 26, no. May: 315–27.
Darwin, C. R. 1835. Chiloe Janr. 1835 [Beagle notes]. DAR 35.328,328a–328j. In The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online, ed. John van Wyhe, 2002. .
Darwin, C. R. 1838. A sketch of the deposits containing extinct mammalia in the neighbourhood of the Plata. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 2: 542–44.
Darwin, C. R. 1839a. Journal of Researches into the Geology and Natural History of the Various Countries Visited by H.M.S. Beagle, under the Command of Captain Fitzroy from 1832 to 1836. London: Colburn.
Darwin, C. R. 1839b. Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of His Majesty’s Ships Adventure and Beagle, between the Years 1826 and 1836, Describing Their Examination of the Southern Shores of South America, and the Beagle’s Circumnavigation of the Globe. Vol. 3, Journal and Remarks, 1832–1836. London: Henry Colburn.
Darwin, C. R. 1840a. On the connexion of certain volcanic phenomena in South America; and on the formation of mountain chains and volcanos, as the effect of the same power by which continents are elevated. Transactions of the Geological Society of London 5, 2nd ser., part 3: 601–31.
Darwin, C. R. 1840b. On the formation of mould. [Read 1 Nov. 1837.]Transactions of the Geological Society, ser. 2, 5, no. 2: 505–9.
Darwin, C. R. 1841. Humble-bees. Gardeners’ Chronicle, 21 August: 550.
Darwin, C. R. 1842a. Notes on the effects produced by the ancient glaciers of Caernarvonshire, and on the boulders transported by floating ice. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science Third Series 21: 180–88.
Darwin, C. R. 1842b. On the formation of vegetable mould. Transactions of the Geological Society of London 5, 2nd ser., part 3: 505–9.
Darwin, C. R. 1842c. The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs. Being the First Part of the Geology of the Voyage of the Beagle, under the Command of Capt. Fitzroy, R.N. during the Years 1832 to 1836. London: Smith, Elder.
Darwin, C. R. 1844. Geological Observations on the Volcanic Islands Visited during the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, Together with Some Brief Notices on the Geology of Australia and the Cape of Good Hope. Being the Second Part of the Geology of the Voyage of the Beagle, under the Command of Capt. FitzRoy, R.N. during the Years 1832–1836. London: Smith, Elder.
Darwin, C. R. 1845. Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited during the Voyage Round the World of H.M.S. “Beagle” under the Command of Captain Fitz Roy, R.N. Second Edition, Corrected, with Additions. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1846. Geological Observations on South America. Being the Third Part of the Geology of the Voyage of the Beagle, under the Command of Capt. FitzRoy, R.N. during the Years 1832–1836. London: Smith, Elder.
Darwin, C. R. 1851. A Monograph on the Fossil Lepadidae, or Pedunculated Cirripedes of Great Britain. London: Palaeontological Society.
Darwin, C. R. 1852. A Monograph on the Sub-class Cirripedia, with Figures of All the Species. The Lepadidae, or Pedunculated Cirripedes. London: Ray Society.
Darwin, C. R. 1854. A Monograph on the Sub-class Cirripedia, with Figures of All the Species. The Balanidae (or Sessile Cirripedes; the Verrucidae, etc.). London: Ray Society.
Darwin, C. R. 1855. A Monograph on the Fossil Balanidae and Verrucidae of Great Britain. London: Palaeontological Society.
Darwin, C. R. 1859. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1860a. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. 2nd ed. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1860b. Über die Entstehung der Arten im Thier- und Pflanzen-Reich durch natürliche Züchtung, oder Erhaltung der vervollkommneten Rassen im Kampfe um’s Daseyn. Trans. H. Bronn. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung und Druckerei.
Darwin, C. R. 1861. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. 3rd ed. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1862a. On the two forms, or dimorphic condition, in the species of Primula, and on their remarkable sexual relations. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6: 77–96.
Darwin, C. R. 1862b. On the three remarkable sexual forms of Catasetum tridentatum, an orchid in the possession of the Linnean Society. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6: 151–57.
Darwin, C. R. 1862c. On the Various Contrivances by Which British and Foreign Orchids Are Fertilised by Insects, and on the Good Effect of Intercrossing. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1862d. De l’origine des espèces, ou Des lois du progrès chez les êtres organizes, traduit en français sur la 3e édition … par Mlle Clémence-Auguste Royer, avec une préface et des notes du traducteur. Paris: Guillaumin.
Darwin, C. R. 1863. The doctrine of heterogeny and modification of species. Athenaeum, no. 25 (April): 554–55.
Darwin, C. R. 1864. On the sexual relations of the three forms of Lythrum salicaria. Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Botany) 8: 169–96.
Darwin, C. R. 1865. On the movements and habits of climbing plants. Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Botany) 9: 1–118.
Darwin, C. R. 1866. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. 4th ed. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1868a. Arrangement as far as I can make out by comparing the views of various … [primate family tree sketch]. .
Darwin, C. R. 1868b. The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1869. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. 5th ed. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1871a. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1871b. Letters to the editor: “Pangenesis.”Nature 3: 502–3.
Darwin, C. R. 1872a. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. 6th ed. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1872b. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1873. L’origine des espèces au moyen de la sélection naturelle, ou La lutte pour l’existence dans la nature … traduit … sur les 5me et 6me éditions anglaises … par J.-J. Moulinié. Paris- Reinwald.
Darwin, C. R. 1874. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. 2nd ed. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1875a. Insectivorous Plants. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1875b. The Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1875c. The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. 2nd ed. 2 vols. London: London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1876a. The Effects of Cross and Self Fertilisation in the Vegetable Kingdom. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1876b. L’origine des espèces au moyen de la sélection naturelle, ou La lutte pour l’existence dans la nature, … traduit sur la 6e édition anglaise, par Ed. Barbier. Paris: Reinwald.
Darwin, C. R. 1877a. The Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1877b. The Various Contrivances by Which Orchids Are Fertilised by Insects. 2nd ed. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1877c. A biographical sketch of an infant. Mind 2: 285–94.
Darwin, C. R. 1880. The Power of Movement in Plants. Assisted by F. Darwin. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1881. The Formation of Vegetable Mould, through the Action of Worms. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1883. Prefatory Notice to Fertilisation of Flowers by H. Müller. London: Macmillan.
Darwin, C. R. 1890. Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited during the Voyage of H.M.S. “Beagle” round the World, under the Command of Capt. Fitz Roy, R.N. New ed. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. 1909. The Foundations of the Origin of Species: Two Essays Written in 1842 and 1844. Ed. Darwin, Francis. Cambridge: at the University Press.
Darwin, C. R. 1958a. The Autobiography of Charles Darwin. Ed. Barlow, N.. New York: W. W. Norton.
Darwin, C. R. 1958b. The Autobiography of Charles Darwin 1909–1882. With Original Omissions Restored. Ed. Barlow, N.. London: Collins.
Darwin, C. R. 1963. Darwin’s ornithological notes. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Historical Series 2: 201–78. Ed. N. Barlow.
Darwin, C. R. 1975. Charles Darwin’s Natural Selection, Being the Second Part of His Big Species Book Written from 1856 to 1858. Ed. Stauffer, Robert C.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Darwin, C. R. 1980. The Red Notebook of Charles Darwin. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Historical Series 7. Ed. Herbert, S.. London: British Museum (Natural History).
Darwin, C. R. 1985–. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin. Ed. Burkhardt, Frederick et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Darwin, C. R. 1988. Charles Darwin’s Beagle Diary. Ed. Keynes, R.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Darwin, C. R. 1998. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. 3rd ed. Ed. Ekman, Paul. London: HarperCollins.
Darwin, C. R. 2000. Charles Darwin’s Zoology Notes and Specimen Lists from H.M.S. Beagle. Ed. Keynes, R.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Darwin, C. R. 2002. Autobiographies. Ed. Neve, M. and Messenger, S.. London: Penguin.
Darwin, C. R. 2009. Charles Darwin’s Notebooks from the Voyage of the Beagle. Ed. Chancellor, G. and Wyhe, John van. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Darwin, C. R. 2010. Recollections of the development of my mind and character. In Charles Darwin: Evolutionary Writings, ed. Secord, J., 355–425. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Darwin, C. R., and Wallace, A. R.. 1858. On the tendency of species to form varieties; and on the perpetuation of varieties and species by natural means of selection. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 3, no. 20 (August): 45–62.
Darwin, E. 1791. The Botanic Garden, a Poem in Two Parts. Part 1, The Economy of Vegetation. London.
Darwin, E. 1794. Zoonomia, or The Laws of Organic Life. Vol. 1. London: J. Johnson.
Darwin, E. 1796. Zoonomia, or The Laws of Organic Life. Vol. 2. London: J. Johnson.
Darwin, E. 1803. The Temple of Nature. London: J. Johnson.
Darwin, F. 1886. Physiological selection and the origin of species (Letter to editor). Nature 34: 407.
Darwin, F. ed. 1887. Life and Letters of Charles Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray.
Darwin, F. 1892. Charles Darwin: His Life Told in an Autobiographical Chapter, and in a Selected Series of His Published Letters. London: John Murray.
Darwin, F. 1899. The botanical works of Darwin. Annals of Botany 13: ix–xix.
Dasmahapatra, K. K., Elias, M., Hill, R. I., Hoffmann, J. I., and Mallet, J.. 2010. Mitochondrial DNA barcoding detects some species that are real, and some that are not. Molecular Ecology Resources 10: 264–73.
Davidson, E. H. 1990. How embryos work – a comparative view of diverse modes of cell fate specification. Development 108, no. 3: 365–89.
Davidson, E. H. 2001. Genomic Regulatory Systems: Development and Evolution. San Diego: Academic Press.
Davidson, E. H. 2006. The Regulatory Genome: Gene Regulatory Networks in Development and Evolution. Burlington, Mass.: San Diego, Academic.
Davidson, E. H., and Erwin, D. H.. 2006. Gene regulatory networks and the evolution of animal body plans. Science 311, no. 5762: 796–800.
Davidson, E. H., and Erwin, D. H. 2009. An integrated view of precambrian eumetazoan evolution. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 74: 65–80.
Davidson, E. H., Peterson, K. J., et al. 1995. Origin of bilaterian body plans – evolution of developmental regulatory mechanisms. Science 270: 1319–25.
Davidson, I. 2003. The archaeology of language origins: States of art. In Language Evolution: States of the Art, ed. Christiansen, M. and Kirby, S., 140–57. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Davidson, I. 2010. The archeology of cognitive evolution. WIREs Cognitive Science 1: 214–29.
Davies, R. 2008. The Darwin Conspiracy. London: Golden Square books.
Davis, W. M. 1884. Geographic classification. Illustrated by a study of plains, plateaus and their derivatives. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science: 428–32.
Davis, W. M. 1895. The development of certain English rivers. Geographical Journal 5: 127–46.
Dawkins, R. 1976. The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dawkins, R. 1986. The Blind Watchmaker. New York: W. W. Norton.
Dawson, G. 2004. The Cornhill Magazine and shilling monthlies in mid-Victorian Britain. In Science in the Nineteenth-Century Periodical: Reading the Magazine of Nature, ed. Cantor, G. et al., 123–50. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dawson, G. 2007. Darwin, Literature and Victorian Respectability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
De Beer, G. 1940. Embryos and Ancestors. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
De Beer, G. 1959. Letter of Darwin to G. C. Wallich, 28 March 1882. Some unpublished letters of Charles Darwin. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 14: 12–66.
De Bont, Raf. 2010. Schizophrenia, evolution and the borders of biology: On Huxley et al.’s 1964 paper in Nature. History of Psychiatry 21, no. 2: 144–59.
de Chadarevian, S. 1996. Laboratory science versus country-house experiments. The controversy between Julius Sachs and Charles Darwin. British Journal for the History of Science 29: 17–41.
De Duve, C. 2002. Life Evolving. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
de Vries, H. 1889. Intracellulare Pangenesis. Jena: Gustav Fischer.
de Vries, H. 1900. Sur la loi de disjonction des hybrids. Paris: Gauthier-Villars.
de Vries, H. 1910. Intracellular Pangenesis. Trans. Gager, C. S.. Chicago: Open Court.
Deacon, T. 1997. The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain. New York: Norton.
Dean, D. R. 1980. Graham Island, Charles Lyell, and the craters of elevation controversy. Isis 71: 571–88.
Deane-Drummond, C. 2009. Christ and Evolution: Wonder and Wisdom. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.
DeAngelis, D., and Waterhouse, J.. 1987. Equilibrium and non-equilibrium concepts in ecological models. Ecological Monographs 57: 1–21.
Dechaseaux, C. 1934. Principales espèces de Liogryphées liasiques. Valeur stratigraphique et remarques sur quelques formes mutantes. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 4, no. 5: 201–12.
Dechaseaux, C. 1936. Pectinidés jurassiques de l’Est du Bassin de Paris. Révision et biogeography. Annales de paleontology 25: 1–146.
Dechaseaux, C. 1939. Megalodon, Pachyerisma, Protodiceras, Diceras, Pterocardium et l’origine des Diceras. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 5, no. 5: 207–18.
Degler, C. N. 1991. In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Delio, I. 2008. Christ in Evolution. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books.
Dembski, W. A. 1995. What every theologian should know about creation, evolution, and design. Transactions 3 (May–June): 1–8.
Dembski, W. A. 2005. Torah and Science Conference with the Lubavitchers. .
Demir, R., and Yurtoğlu, B. 2001. Unutulmuş bir Osmanlı düşünürü Hoca Tahsîn Efendî’nin Târîh-i tekvîn-i hilkat adlı eseri ve Haeckelci evrimciliğin Türkiyeye girişi (The History of the Emergence of Creation, the Work of a Forgotten Ottoman Thinker, Hoca Tahsîn Efendi, and the Introduction of Haeckelian Evolutionism into Turkey). Nüsha 1: 166–97.
Dennert, E. 1905. Vom Sterbelager des Darwinismus. 2nd ed. Halle: Richard Mühlmann.
Dennett, D. 1995. Darwin’s Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meaning of Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Depew, D. J., and Weber, B. H.. 1995. Darwinism Evolving: Systems Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
d’Errico, F., and Vanhaeren, M.. 2009. Earliest personal ornaments and their significance for the origin of language debate. In The Cradle of Language, ed. Botha, R. P. and Knight, C., 16–40. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Derry, M. E. 2003. Bred for Perfection: Shorthorn Cattle, Collies, and Arabian Horses since 1800. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Desmond, A. 1982. Archetypes and Ancestors: Palaeontology in Victorian London, 1850–1875. London: Blond & Briggs.
Desmond, A. 1984. Robert E. Grant: The social predicament of a pre-Darwinian transmutationist. Journal of the History of Biology 17: 189–223.
Desmond, A. 1989. The Politics of Evolution: Morphology, Medicine and Reform in Radical London. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Desmond, A. 1997. Huxley: From Devil’s Disciple to Evolution’s High Priest. New York: Penguin.
Desmond, A., and Moore, J. R.. 1991. Darwin: The Life of a Tormented Evolutionist. New York: W. W. Norton.
Desmond, A., and Moore, J. R. 2009. Darwin’s Sacred Cause: Race, Slavery and the Quest for Human Origins. London: Allen Lane.
Deutsch, J. 2010. Darwin and barnacles. Comptes Rendu Biologies 333, no. 2: 99–106.
Deutscher, P. 2004. The descent of man and the evolution of woman. Hypatia 19, no. 2: 35–55.
Dewey, J. 1910. The influence of Darwinism on philosophy. In The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy and Other Essays, 5–12. New York: Holt.
Di Gregorio, M. 1984. T. H. Huxley’s Place in Natural Science. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Di Gregorio, M. 1987. Hugh Edwin Strickland (1811–1853) on affinities and analogies, or The case of the missing key. Ideas and Production 7: 35–50.
Diamond, J. M., and Cody, M. L.. 1975. Ecology and Evolution of Communities. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Dickens, C. 1996. Great Expectations. Ed. Mitchell, C.. London: Penguin.
Dickens, C. 1997. Our Mutual Friend. Ed. Poole, A.. London: Penguin.
Diderot, D. 1943. Diderot: Interpreter of Nature. New York: International Publishers.
Digrius, D. M. 2007. Conversations and Contrasting Views an Examination of the Development of Paleobotany in Nineteenth Century Europe, 1804–1895. PhD dissertation, Drew University.
Digrius, D. M. 2008. Gregor Mendel. In Icons of Evolution: An Encyclopedia of People, Evidence, and Controversies, ed. Regal, Brian, 87–113. Westport, Conn.:Greenwood Press.
Dixon, M., and Radick, G.. 2009. Darwin in Ilkley. Stroud: History Press.
Dixon, T. 2003. From Passions to Emotions: The Creation of a Secular Psychological Category. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dixon, T. 2008. The Invention of Altruism: Making Modern Meanings in Victorian Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press for the British Academy.
Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the Origin of Species. New York: Columbia University Press.
Dobzhansky, T. 1947. Adaptive changes induced by natural selection in wild populations of Drosophila. Evolution 1: 1–16.
Dobzhansky, T. 1964. Biology, molecular and organismic. American Zoologist 4: 443–50.
Dobzhansky, T. 1973. Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution. American Biology Teacher 35: 125–29.
Dodick, J., Dayan, A., and Orion, N.. 2010. Philosophical approaches of religious Jewish science teachers toward the teaching of “controversial” topics in science. International Journal of Science Education 32, no. 11: 1521–48.
Dodson, E. O. 2000. Toldot Adam: A little-known chapter in the history of Darwinism. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 52, no. 1: 47–54.
Domingues, H., Romero Sá, M., and Glick, T. F., eds. 2003. A recepção do Darwinismo no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Fiocruz.
Domingues, H., Romero Sá, M., Angel Puig-Samper, M., and Ruiz, R.. 2009. Darwinismo, meio ambiente, sociedade. Rio de Janeiro: MAST.
Donohue, K., ed. 2011. Darwin’s Finches: Readings in the Evolution of a Scientific Paradigm. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Doolittle, W. F. 2000. Uprooting the tree of life. Scientific American 282 (February): 90–95.
Doolittle, W. F., and Bapteste, E.. 2007. Pattern pluralism and the tree of life hypothesis. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. U.S.A. 104: 2043–49.
Doolittle, W. F., Boucher, Y., Nesbø, C. L., Douady, C. J., Andersson, J. O., and Roger, A. J.. 2003. How big is the iceberg of which organellar genes in nuclear genomes are but the tip?Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences 358: 39–58.
Doğan, A. 2006. Osmanlı Aydınları ve Sosyal Darwinizm. İstanbul: İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları.
Drčs, M., and Mallet, J.. 2002. Host races in plant-feeding insects and their importance in sympatric speciation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences 357: 471–92.
Driesch, H. 1908. The Science and Philosophy of the Organism. London: Black.
Drummond, H. 1894. The Ascent of Man. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
Dubin, L. 1995. Pe’er ha-Adam of Vittorio Hayyim Castiglioni: An Italian chapter in the history of Jewish response to Darwin. In The Interaction of Scientific and Jewish Cultures in Modern Times, ed. Rabkin, Y. and Robinson, I., 87–102. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press.
Dubinin, N. P., Heptner, M. A., Bessertnaia, S. J., et al. 1934. Eksperimental’nyi analiz ekogenotipov. Drosophila melanogaster. Biologicheskii Zhurnal 3: 166–216.
Dubinin, N. P., Heptner, M. A., Demidova, Z. A., and Djachkova, L. I.. 1936. Geneticheskaia struktura populiatsii i ee dinamika v dikikh naseleniiakh Drosophila melanogaster. Biologicheskii Zhurnal 5: 939–67.
Dubinin, N. P., and Tiniakov, G. G.. 1946. Inversion gradients and natural selection in ecological races of Drosophila funebris. Genetics 31: 537–45.
Dubow, S. 2006. A Commonwealth of Knowledge: Science, Sensibility, and White South Africa, 1820–2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dunbar, R. I. M. 1993. Coevolution of neocortical size, group size and language in humans. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16: 681–735.
Dunbar, R. I. M. 1998. Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language. Cambridge, Mass.:Harvard University Press.
Dunlap, T. R. 1999. Nature and the English Diaspora: Environmental History in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Durant, J. 1979. Scientific naturalism and social reform in the thought of Alfred Russel Wallace. British Journal for the History of Science 12, no. 40: 31–58.
Durham, W. H. 1991. Coevolution: Genes, Culture and Human Diversity. Stanford, Calif.:Stanford University Press.
Dutton, D. 2009. The Art Instinct: Beauty, Pleasure and Human Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Düsing, C. 1884. Die Regulierung des Geschlechtsverhaltnisses bei der Vermehrung der Menschen, Tiere, und Pflanzen. Jenaische Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft 1884 17: 593–940.
East, E. M. 1932. Further observations on Lythrum salicaria. Genetics 17: 327–34.
Ebert, J. 1991. Religion und Reform in der arabischen Provinz: Husayn al-Gisr at-Tarābulusī (1845–1909). Frankfurt/Main: Lang.
Edis, T. 1999. Cloning creationism in Turkey. Reports of the National Center for Science Education 19, no. 6: 30–35.
Edis, T. 2007. An Illusion of Harmony: Science and Religion in Islam. Amherst, N.Y.:Prometheus Books.
Edwards, D. 1999. The God of Evolution: A Trinitarian Theology. New York: Paulist.
Efron, J. M. 1994. Defenders of the Race. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Efron, J. M. 2007. Judaism and Science. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
Efron, J. M. 2008. American Jews and intelligent design. .
Egerton, F. N. 1970. Humboldt, Darwin, and population. Journal of the History of Biology 3: 325–60.
Egerton, F. N. 1973. Changing concepts of the balance of nature. Quarterly Review of Biology 48: 322–50.
Ekman, P., ed. 1973. Darwin and Facial Expression: A Century of Research in Review. New York: Academic.
Elderton, E. M., and Pearson, K.. 1915. Further evidence of natural selection in man. Biometrika 10: 488–506.
Eldredge, N. 1985. Unfinished Synthesis: Biological Hierarchies and Modern Evolutionary Thought. New York: Oxford University Press.
Eldredge, N., and Gould, S. J.. 1972. Punctuated equilibrium: An alternative to phyletic gradualism. In Models in Paleobiology, ed. Schopf, T., 82–115. San Francisco: Freeman/Cooper.
Eliot, G. 1994. Middlemarch. Ed. Ashton, R.London: Penguin.
Ellegård, A. [1990] 1958. Darwin and the General Reader: The Reception of Darwin’s Theory of Evolution in the British Periodical Press. Göteborg: Göteborgs Universitets Årsskrift. Reprint, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ellison, P. T., Govindaraju, D. R., Nesse, R. M., and Stearns, S. C., eds. 2009. Evolution in Health and Medicine. Arthur M. Sackler Colloquia of the National Academy of Sciences. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences.
Elman, B. A. 2005. On Their Own Terms: Science in China, 1550–1900. Cambridge, Mass.:Harvard University Press.
Elton, C. S. 1958. The Ecology of Invasions by Plants and Animals. London: Methuen.
ENCODE Project Consortium. 2012. An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome. Nature 489: 57–74.
Endersby, J. 2003. Darwin on generation, pangenesis and sexual selection. In Cambridge Companion to Darwin, ed. Hodge, M. J. S. and Radick, G., 69–91. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Endler, J. 1986. Natural Selection in the Wild. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
England, R. 1997. Natural selection before the Origin: Public reactions of some naturalists to the Darwin-Wallace papers. Journal of the History of Biology 30: 267–90.
Ereshefsky, M. 2010a. Darwin’s solution to the species problem. Synthese 175, no. 3: 405–25.
Ereshefsky, M. 2010b. Microbiology and the species problem. Biology and Philosophy 25: 553–68.
Erskine, F. 1995. The Origin of Species and the science of female inferiority. In Charles Darwin’s “The Origin of Species”: New Interdisciplinary Essays, ed. Amigoni, David and Wallace, Jeff, 95–121. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Ertuğrul, İ. F. 1928. Mâddiyűn mezhebinin izmihlâlı (The Dissolution of the Materialist School). Istanbul: Orhaniyye Matbaası.
Erwin, D. H., and Davidson, E. H.. 2002. The last common bilaterian ancestor. Development 129, no. 13: 3021–32.
Erwin, D. H., and Davidson, E. H. 2009. The evolution of hierarchical gene regulatory networks. Nature Reviews Genetics 10, no. 2: 141–48.
Evans, R. 1997. In search of German social Darwinism. In Medicine and Modernity, ed. Berg, M. and Cocks, G., 55–79. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ewald, P. W. 1980. Evolutionary biology and the treatment of signs and symptoms of infectious disease. Journal of Theoretical Biology 86, no. 1: 169–76.
Ewald, P. W. 1987. Transmission modes and evolution of the parasitism-mutualism continuum. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 503: 295–306.
Falk, D. 2004. Prelinguistic evolution in early hominins: Whither motherese?Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27: 491–503.
Falk, R. 1998. Zionism and the biology of the Jews. Science in Context 11: 587–607.
Falk, R. 2005. Zionism, race, and eugenics. In Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Evolution, ed. Cantor, G. and Swetlitz, M., 137–62. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Farber, P. L. 2000. Finding Order in Nature: The Naturalist Tradition from Linnaeus to E. O. Wilson. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Farley, J. 1974. The initial reactions of French biologists to Darwin’s Origin of Species. Journal of the History of Biology 7, no. 2: 275–300.
Farley, J. 1977. The Spontaneous Generation Controversy from Descartes to Oparin. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Farmer, J. B., and Digby, L.. 1912. On the dimensions of chromosomes considered in relation to phylogeny. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 205: 1–25.
Farrar, F. W. 1865. Chapters on Language. London: Longmans, Green.
Faur, J. 1997. The Hebrew species concept and the origin of evolution: R. Benamozegh’s response to Darwin. La Rassegna Mensile Di Israel 63, no. 3: 43–66.
Fausto-Sterling, A. 1997. Feminism and behavioral evolution: A taxonomy. In Feminism and Evolutionary Biology: Boundaries, Intersections and Frontiers, ed. Gowaty, P. A., 42–60. New York: International Thomson Publishing.
Feit, C. 1990. Darwin and drash: The interplay of Torah and biology. Torah U-Madda Journal 2: 25–36.
Feit, C. 2006. Modern orthodoxy and evolution: The models of Rabbi J. B. Soloveitchik and Rabbi A. I. Kook. In Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Evolution, ed. Cantor, G. and Swetlitz, M., 208–24. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Felsenstein, J. 1985. Phylogenies and the comparative method. American Naturalist 125: 1–15.
Felsenstein, J. 2004. Inferring Phylogenies. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates.
Fichman, M. 1985. Ideological factors in the dissemination of Darwinism in England, 1860–1900. In Transformation and Tradition in the Sciences, ed. Mendelsohn, E., 471–85. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Finnegan, D. 2010. Darwin, dead and buried?Environment and Planning A 42: 259–61.
Fisher, J. 1877. The history of landholding in Ireland. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 5: 228–326.
Fisher, R. A. 1915. The evolution of sexual preference. Eugenics Review 7, no. 3: 184–92.
Fisher, R. A. 1927. Objections to mimicry theory; statistical and genetic. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society, London 75: 269–78.
Fisher, R. A. 1930. The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fisher, R. A. 1947. The renaissance of Darwinism. Listener 37: 1001.
Fisher, R. A., and Ford, E. B.. 1947. The spread of a gene in natural conditions in a colony of the moth Panaxia dominula L. Heredity 1: 143–74.
Fitch, W. M. 1976. Molecular evolutionary clocks. In Molecular Evolution, ed. Ayala, F. J., 160–78. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates.
Fitch, W. M., and Margoliash, E.. 1967. Construction of phylogenetic trees. Science 155: 279–84.
Fitch, W. T. 2009. Musical protolanguage: Darwin’s theory of language evolution revisited. .
Fitch, W. T. 2010. The Evolution of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
FitzRoy, R. 1839. Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of His Majesty’s Ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836, Describing Their Examination of the Southern Shores of South America, and the Beagle’s Circumnavigation of the Globe. Vol. 2. London: Henry Colburn.
Flint, K. 1995. Origins, species and great expectations. In Charles Darwin’s “The Origin of Species”: New Interdisciplinary Essays, ed. Amigoni, D. and Wallace, J., 152–73. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Forbes, P. 2009. Dazzled and Deceived: Mimicry and Camouflage. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Ford, E. B. 1931. Mendelism and Evolution. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Ford, E. B. 1964. Ecological Genetics. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Fox, G. E., Stackebrandt, E., Hespell, R. B., et al. 1980. The phylogeny of prokaryotes. Science 209: 457–63.
Fracchia, J., and Lewontin, R. C.. 1999. Does culture evolve?History and Theory 38: 52–78.
Francis, M. 2007. Herbert Spencer and the Invention of Modern Life. Stocksfield, U.K.: Acumen.
Fry, I. 2000. The Emergence of Life on Earth: A Historical and Scientific Overview. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Fry, I. 2006. The origins of research into the origin of life. Endeavour 30, no. 1: 24–28.
Fry, I. 2009. Philosophical aspects of the origin-of-life problem: The emergence of life and the nature of science. In Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life, ed. Bertka, C. M., 61–79. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fry, I. 2011. The role of natural selection in the origin of life. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere 41(1):3–16: DOI 10.1007/s11084–010–9214–1.
Fry, I. 2012. Is science metaphysically neutral?Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43: 665–73.
Fulweiler, H. W. 1994. “A dismal swamp”: Darwin, design, and evolution inOur Mutual Friend. Nineteenth-Century Literature 49: 50–74.
Futuyma, D. J. 1986. Reflections on reflections: Ecology and evolutionary biology. Journal of the History of Biology 19: 303–12.
Galtier, N., and Daubin, V.. 2008. Dealing with incongruence in phylogenetic analyses. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B: Biological Sciences 363: 4023–29.
Galton, F. 1871a. Experiments in pangenesis, by breeding from rabbits of a pure variety, into whose circulation blood taken from other varieties had been previously largely transfused. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 19: 393–410.
Galton, F. 1871b. Letters to the editor: Pangenesis. Nature 3: 5–6.
Galton, F. 1889. Natural Inheritance. London: Macmillan.
Gamble, C., and Moutsiou, T. 2011. The time revolution of 1859 and the stratification of the primeval mind. Notes and Records of the Royal Society 65: 43–63.
Gamble, E. B. 1894. The Evolution of Woman: An Inquiry into the Dogma of Her Inferiority to Man. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons.
Gärtner, C. F. 1849. Die Bastarderzeugung im Pflanzenreich. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart.
Gasman, D. 1971. The Scientific Origins of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Ernst Haeckel and the German Monist League. New York: Science History Publications.
Gasman, D. 1998. Haeckel’s Monism and the Birth of Fascist Ideology. New York: Peter Lang.
Gates, B. T., ed. 2002. In Nature’s Name: An Anthology of Women’s Writing and Illustration, 1780–1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gates, R. R. 1909. The stature of the chromosomes of Oenothera gigas, De Vries. Archive für Zellforschung 3: 525–52.
Gaudillière, J.-P., and Löwy, I., eds. 2001. Heredity and Infection: The History of Disease Transmission. London: Routledge.
Gaudry, A. 1862–67. Géologie de l’Attique d’après les recherches faites en 1855–56 et en 1860 sous les auspices de l’Académie des sciences. Paris: F. Savy.
Gaudry, A. 1878. Les Enchaînements du monde animal dans les temps géologiques. 3 vols. Paris: Savy.
Gaudry, A. 1896. Paléontologie philosophique. Paris: Masson.
Gause, G. F. 1934. The Struggle for Existence. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
Gaut, B. S., Muse, S. V., Clark, W. D., and Clegg, M. T.. 1992. Relative rates of nucleotide substitution at the rbcL locus of monocotyledonous plants. Journal of Molecular Evolution 35: 292–303.
Gautier, E. 1880. Le darwinisme social. Paris: Derveaux.
Gavrilets, S. 2004. Fitness Landscapes and the Origin of Species. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Gayon, J. 1998. Darwinism’s Struggle for Survival: Heredity and the Hypothesis of Natural Selection. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gayon, J. 2000. History of the concept of allometry. American Zoologist 40: 748–58.
Gayon, J. 2006. Les reconstructions phylogénétiques dans les Annales de Paléontologie (1906–1950). Comparaison avec d’autres revues françaises. Annales de Paléontologie 92: 223–34.
Gayon, J. 2009. Pourquoi les paléontologues français ont-ils boudé les phylogénies? Science, philosophie et religion, 1900–1950. In Au risque de l’existence. Le mythe, la science et l’art, ed. Gens, J. C. and Guenancia, P., 151–77. Dijon: Éditions Universitaires de Dijon.
Gayon, J., and Veuille, M.. 2001. The genetics of experimental populations: L’Héritier and Teissier’s populations cages, en coll. avec M. Veuille. In Thinking about Evolution: Historical, Philosophical, and Political Perspectives, ed. Singh, R., Krimbas, C., Paul, D., and Beatty, J., 77–102. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Geddes, P., and Thomson, J. A.. 1889. The Evolution of Sex. London: Walter Scott.
Gegenbaur, C. 1870. Grundzüge der vergleichenden Anatomie. 2nd ed. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Geikie, A. 1893. Presidential address. Sixty-Second Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science Report (Edinburgh), 3–26. London: John Murray.
Geikie, A. 1909. Charles Darwin as Geologist. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Geikie, J. 1872. On changes of climate during the glacial epoch. Concluding paper. Geological Magazine 9: 254–65.
Geison, G. L. 1969. The protoplasmic theory of life and the vitalist-mechanist debate. Isis 60: 272–92.
Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, E. 1818. Philosophie anatomique. Paris: Mequignon-Marvis.
George, H. [1879] 2005. Progress and Poverty. Ed. Drake, R.. New York: Robert Schalkenbach Foundation.
Gershenson, S. 1945. Evolutionary studies on the distribution and dynamics of melanism in the hamster (Cricetus cricetus L.). I. Distribution of black hamsters in the Ukrainian and Nashkirian Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R). Genetics 30: 207–32.
Gevers, D., Cohan, F. M., Lawrence, J. G., et al. 2005. Re-evaluating prokaryotic species. Nature Reviews Microbiology 3: 733–39.
Ghiselin, M. T. 1969. The Triumph of the Darwinian Method. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Gibbons, A. 2009. A new kind of ancestor: Ardipithecus unveiled. Science 326, no. 5949: 36–40.
Gibson, S. A. 2009. Early settler – Darwin the geologist in the Galapagos. GeoScientist 19, no. 2: 18–23.
Gibson, S. A. 2010. Darwin the geologist in Galapagos: An early insight into sub-volcanic magmatic processes. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 61, suppl. 2: 69–88.
Gigerenzer, G. 2000. Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gilbert, S., and Epel, D.. 2009. Ecological Developmental Biology. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer.
Gilkey, L. 1970. Religion and the Scientific Future. London: S.C.M. Press.
Gillespie, J. 1991. The Causes of Molecular Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gilman, S. 1979. Darwin sees the insane. Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences 15, no. 3: 253–62.
Glaß, D. 2004. Der Muqtaf und seine Öffentlichkeit. Aufklärung, Räsonnement und Meinungsstreit in der frühen arabischen Zeitschriftenkommunikation. Würzburg: Ergon-Verlag.
Glendenning, J. 2007. The Evolutionary Imagination in Late-Victorian Novels: An Entangled Bank. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate.
Gliboff, S. 1998. Evolution, revolution, and reform in Vienna: Franz Unger’s ideas on descent and their post-1848 reception. Journal of the History of Biology 31, no. 2: 179–209.
Gliboff, S. 1999. Gregor Mendel and the Laws of Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gliboff, S. 2008. H. G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Glick, T. F. 1984. Perspectivas sobre la recepción del darwinismo en el mundo hispano. Actas, II Congreso de la Sociedad Espańola de Historia de las Ciencias, 1:49–64. Zaragoza.
Glick, T. F. 1988. The Comparative Reception of Darwinism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Glick, T. F. 2001. The reception of Darwinism in Uruguay. In The Reception of Darwinism in the Iberian World, ed. Glick, T. F., Puig-Samper, M. A., and Ruiz, R., 29–52. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Glick, T. F., and Kohn, D., eds. 1996. Darwin on Evolution. The Development of the Theory of Natural Selection. Indianapolis: Hackett.
Glick, T. F., Puig-Samper, M. A., and Ruiz, R., eds. 2001. The Reception of Darwinism in the Iberian World. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Gluckman, P. D., Beedle, A. S., and Hanson, M. A.. 2009. Principles of Evolutionary Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gluckman, P. D., and Hanson, M. A.. 2004a. Living with the past: Evolution, development, and patterns of disease. Science 305: 1733–36.
Gluckman, P. D., and Hanson, M. A. 2004b. Maternal constraint of fetal growth and its consequences. Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine 9, no. 5: 419–25.
Gluckman, P. D., and Hanson, M. A. 2006a. Evolution, development and timing of puberty. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism 17, no. 1: 7–12.
Gluckman, P. D., and Hanson, M. A. 2006b. Mismatch: Why Our World No Longer Fits Our Bodies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gluckman, P. D., Hanson, M. A., and Spencer, H. G.. 2005. Predictive adaptive responses and human evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 20, no. 10: 527–33.
Gluckman, P. D., Low, F. M., Buklijas, T., Hanson, M. A., and Beedle, A. S.. 2011. How evolutionary principles improve the understanding of human health and disease. Evolutionary Applications 4: 249–63.
Godfrey, K. M., Gluckman, P. D., Lillycrop, K. A., et al. 2009. Epigenetic marks at birth predict childhood body composition at age 9 years. Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease 1: S44.
Godfrey-Smith, P. 2009. Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Goethe, J. 1989. Sämtliche Werke nach Epochen seines Schaffens. Ed. Richter, K. et al. Vol. 12, Zur Morphologie. Munich: Carl Hanser Verlag.
Gogarten, J. P., Doolittle, W. F., and Lawrence, J. G.. 2002. Prokaryotic evolution in light of gene transfer. Molecular Biology and Evolution 19: 2226–38.
Goldfarb, S. J. 1981. American Judaism and the Scopes trial. In Studies in the American Jewish Experience II, ed. Marcus, J. R. and Peck, A. J., 33–47. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America.
Goldschmidt, R. 1940. The Material Basis of Evolution. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Goodrich, E. S. 1912. The Evolution of Living Organisms. London: T. C. and E. C. Jack.
Goodwin, B. 1994. How the Leopard Changed Its Spots. New York: Charles Scribner’s.
Gordon, C. 1939. A method for a direct study of natural selection. Journal of Experimental Biology 16: 278–85.
Gotthelf, A. 1999. Darwin on Aristotle. Journal of the History of Biology 32: 3–30.
Goudge, T. A. 1961. The Ascent of Life. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Gould, J. 1839. “Birds,” part 3, no. 4. In The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, ed. Darwin, C., 1–164. London: Smith, Elder.
Gould, S. J. 1977. Ontogeny and Phylogeny. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Gould, S. J. 1980. Is a new and general theory of evolution emerging?Paleobiology 6, no. 1: 119–30.
Gould, S. J. 1982. The importance of trifles. Natural History 91, no. 4: 16–23.
Gould, S. J. 1983a. Worm for a century, and all seasons. In Hen’s Teeth and Horse’s Toes, 120–33. New York: W. W. Norton.
Gould, S. J. 1983b. The hardening of the modern synthesis. In Dimensions of Darwinism: Themes and Counterthemes in Twentieth-Century Evolutionary Theory, ed. Grene, M., 71–93. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gould, S. J. 1985. The paradox of the first tier: An agenda for paleobiology. Paleobiology 11, no. 1: 2–12.
Gould, S. J. 1989a. Punctuated equilibrium in fact and theory. Journal of Social and Biological Structures 12: 117–36.
Gould, S. J. 1989b. Wonderful life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History. New York: W. W. Norton.
Gould, S. J. 1991. The panda’s thumb of technology. In Bully for Brontosaurus: Reflections on Natural History, 59–75. New York: Norton.
Gould, S. J. 2002. The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Cambridge, Mass.:Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Gould, S. J., and Eldredge, N.. 1977. Punctuated equilibria: The tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology 3, no. 2: 115–51.
Gould, S. J., and Lewontin, R.. 1979. The Spandrels of San Marco and the panglossian paradigm: A critique of the adaptationist programme. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 205, no. 1161: 581–98.
Gouzoules, S., Gouzoules, H., and Marler, P.. 1984. Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) screams: Representational signaling in the recruitment of agonistic aid. Animal Behavior 32: 182–93.
Grafen, A. 1984. Natural selection, kin selection and group selection. In Behavioral Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach, ed. Krebs, J. and Davies, N., 62–84. Oxford: Blackwell.
Grafen, A. 1998. Formal Darwinism, the individual-as-maximizing-agent analogy and bet-hedging. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 266: 799–803.
Graham, L. R. 1977. Science and values: The eugenics movement in Germany and Russia in the 1920s. American Historical Review 82, no. 5: 1133–64.
Gramsci, A. 1971. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. New York: International Publishers.
Grant, B. R., and Grant, P. R.. 1989. Evolutionary Dynamics of a Natural Population: The Large Cactus Finch of the Galápagos. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Grant, B. S., Owen, D. F., and Clarke, C. A.. 1996. Parallel rise and fall of melanic peppered moths in America and Britain. Journal of Heredity 87: 351–57.
Grant, K. T., and Estes, G. B.. 2009. Darwin in Galápagos: Footsteps to a New World. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Grant, P. R. 1985. Ecology and Evolution of Darwin’s Finches. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Grant, P. R., and Grant, B. R.. 1997. The rarest of Darwin’s finches. Conservation Biology 11, no. 1: 119–26.
Grant, P. R., Grant, B. R., Petren, K., and Keller, L. F.. 2005. Extinction behind our backs: The possible fate of one of the Darwin’s finch species on Isla Floreana, Galápagos. Biological Conservation 122: 499–503.
Grant, V. 1966. The selective origin of incompatibility barriers in the plant genus, Gilia. American Naturalist 100: 99–118.
Gray, A. 1860. Darwin and his reviewers. Atlantic Monthly 6: 406–25. Reprinted in Gray 1876, 106–72.
Gray, A. 1862a. Fertilization of orchids through the agency of insects. American Journal of Science and Arts 34: 420–29.
Gray, A. 1862b. Review of Orchids by Charles Darwin. American Journal of Science and Arts 34: 138–44.
Gray, A. 1874. Scientific Worthies III. Charles Robert Darwin. Nature 10: 79–81.
Gray, A. 1876. Darwiniana. New York: D. Appleton.
Gray, A. 1887. Darwin’s Life and Letters I. The Nation 45: 399–402.
Gray, A. 1963. Natural selection not inconsistent with natural theology. Reprinted in Darwiniana: Essays and Reviews Pertaining to Darwinism, by Gray, A., 72–145. Cambridge, Mass.:Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Gray, J. L. 1893. Letters of Asa Gray. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin.
Gray, R. D., and Jordan, F. M.. 2000. Language trees support the express-train sequence of Austronesian expansion. Nature 405: 1052–55.
Green, A. 2003. Ehyeh: A Kabbalah for Tomorrow. Woodstock, Vt.: Jewish Lights Publishing.
Green, J. R., and Sachs, J.. 1909. A History of Botany, 1860–1900; Being a Continuation of Sachs “History of Botany, 1530–1860.”Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Greenberg, J. 2007. Why can’t biologists read poetry? Ian McEwan’s Enduring Love. Twentieth-Century Literature 53: 93–124.
Greene, J. C. 1959. The Death of Adam: Evolution and Its Impact on Western Thought. Ames: Iowa State University Press.
Grene, M., and Depew, D.. 2004. The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Griffiths, P., and Gray, R.. 1995. Developmental systems and evolutionary explanation. Journal of Philosophy 91: 277–304.
Griffiths, T., and Robin, L.. 1997. Ecology and Empire: Environmental History of Settler Societies. Edinburgh: Keele University Press.
Grinnell, J. 1917. The niche-relationships of the California thrasher. The Auk 34: 427–33.
Gruber, H. E. 1974. Darwin on Man: A Psychological Study of Scientific Creativity. With notebook transcriptions by Paul, H.Barrett. London: Wildwood House.
Gruber, J. W. 1960. A Conscience in Conflict: The Life of St. George Jackson Mivart. New York: Columbia University Press.
Grumett, D. 2005. Teilhard de Chardin: Theology, Humanity and Cosmos. Leuven: Peeters.
Guillaume, L. 1927. Révision des Posidonomyes jurassiques. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France 27, no. 4: 217–34.
Gülen, F. 2003. Yaratılış gerçeği ve evrim. Istanbul: Nil Yayınları.
Gutleben, C. 2001. Nostalgic Postmodernism: The Victorian Tradition and the Contemporary British Novel. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Haeckel, E. 1862. Die Radiolarien (Rhizopoda Radiaria). Eine Monographie. Berlin: Druck und Velag Von Georg Reimer.
Haeckel, E. 1866. Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. Berlin.
Haeckel, E. 1868a. Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte. Berlin: G. Reimer.
Haeckel, E. 1868b. Über die Entstehung und den Stammbaum des Menschengeschlechts. In Sammlung Gemeinverständlicher Wissenschaftlicher Vorträge, ed. Virchow, R. and Holtzendorff, F., 3: nos. 52 and 53, 109–88. Berlin: Lüderitz’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1868–69.
Haeckel, E. 1869a. Über Entwickelungsgang und Aufgabe der Zoologie. In Gesammelte populare Vorträge aus dem Gebiete der Entwickelungslehre, 2:1–24. Bonn: Emil Strauss, 1878–79.
Haeckel, E. 1869b. Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Siphonophoren. Utrecht: C. Van der Post.
Haeckel, E. 1872. Die Kalkschwamme. 3 vols. Berlin: Georg Reimer.
Haeckel, E. 1876. The History of Creation. Trans. Ray Lankester, E.. 2 vols. London: H. S. King.
Haeckel, E. 1878. Freie Wissenschaft und freie Lehre. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung.
Haeckel, E. 1883. The History of Creation of the Development, or The Development of the Earth and Its Inhabitants by the Action of Natural Causes. New York: Appleton.
Haeckel, E. 1902. The Riddle of the Universe at the Close of the Nineteenth Century. Trans. McCabe, J.. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Haeckel, E. 1907. Das Menschen-Problem und die Herrentiere von Linné. Frankfurt: Neuer Frankfurter.
Haffer, J. 1997. “We must lead the way on new paths”: The work and correspondence of Hartert, Stresemann, Ernst Mayr – International ornithologists. Ökologie der Vögel 19: 1–980.
Hagen, J. B. 1981. Experimental Taxonomy, 1930–1950: The Impact of Cytology, Ecology, and Genetics on Ideas of Biological Classification. PhD dissertation, Oregon State University.
Hagen, J. B. 1984. Experimentalists and naturalists in twentieth-century botany: Experimental taxonomy, 1920–1950. Journal of the History of Biology 17, no. 2: 249–70.
Hagen, J. B. 1992. An Entangled Bank: The Origins of Ecosystem Ecology. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Hagen, J. B. 2009. Descended from Darwin? George Gaylord Simpson, Morris Goodman, and primate systematics. In Descended from Darwin: Insights into the History of Evolutionary Studies, 1900–1970, ed. Cain, Joe and Ruse, Michael, 93–109. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.
Haight, G. S., ed. 1954–78. The George Eliot Letters. 9 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Haila, Y. 2002. A conceptual genealogy of fragmentation research: From island biogeography to landscape ecology. Ecological Applications 12: 321–34.
Haldane, J. B. S. 1924. A mathematical theory of natural and artificial selection. Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 23: 303–8.
Haldane, J. B. S. [1929] 1967. The origin of life. In The Origin of Life, Bernal, J. D., Appendix 2, 242–49. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Haldane, J. B. S. 1932. The Causes of Evolution. London: Longmans.
Haldane, J. B. S. 1949. The rate of mutation of human genes. Hereditas 35, no. S1: 267–73.
Hales, C. N., and Barker, D. J.. 1992. Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus: The thrifty phenotype hypothesis. Diabetologia 35, no. 7: 595–601.
Hales, C. N., and Ozanne, S. E.. 2003. The dangerous road of catch-up growth. Journal of Physiology 547: 5–10.
Hall, B. H., Jaffe, A. B., and Trajtenberg, M.. 2001. The NBER patent citation data file: Lessons, insights and methodological tools. NBER Working Paper8498.
Hamilton, W. D. 1963. The evolution of altruistic behavior. American Naturalist 97, no. 896: 354–56.
Hamilton, W. D. 1964a. The genetical evolution of social behaviour. I. Journal of Theoretical Biology 7, no. 1: 1–16.
Hamilton, W. D. 1964b. The genetical evolution of social behaviour. II. Journal of Theoretical Biology 7, no. 1: 17–52.
Hamilton, W. D. 1972. Altruism and related phenomena, mainly in social insects. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 3: 193–232.
Hamlin, K. 2009. The birds and the bees: Darwin’s evolutionary approach to human sexuality. In Darwin in Atlantic Cultures: Evolutionary Visions of Race, Gender and Sexuality, ed. Jones, J. E. and Sharp, P., 53–72. New York: Routledge Press.
Hamilton, W. D. 2011. The “Case of a Beaded Woman”: Hypertrichosis and the construction of gender in the Age of Darwin. American Quarterly 63, no. 4: 955–81.
Hanioğlu, ş. 2005. Blueprints for a future society: Late Ottoman materialists on science, religion and art. In Late Ottoman Society: The Intellectual Legacy, ed. Özdalga, E., 28–116. London: Routledge.
Hansen, T. F., and Orzack, S. H.. 2005. Assessing current adaptation and phylogenetic inertia as explanations of trait evolution: The need for controlled comparisons. Evolution 59: 2063–72.
Haraway, D. 1989. Primate Visions: Gender, Race, and Nature in the World of Modern Science. New York: Routledge.
Hardin, G. 1960. The competitive exclusion principle. Science 131: 1292–97.
Hardy, T. 1967. Complete Poems: The New Wessex Edition. Ed. Gibson, J.. London: Macmillan.
Hardy, T. 1998. Jude the Obscure. Ed. Taylor, D.. London: Penguin.
Harinck, G. 2008. How neo-Calvinists dealt with the modern discrepancy between the Bible and natural sciences. In Nature and Scripture in the Abrahamic Religions, ed. Van Dermeer, J. and Mandelbrote, S., 2:317–70. Leiden: Brill.
Harker, A. 1909. The Natural History of Igneous Rocks. London: Methuen.
Harper, J. L. 1967. A Darwinian approach to plant ecology. Journal of Ecology 55: 247–70.
Harris, J. A. 1911. The measurement of natural selection. Popular Science Monthly 78: 521–38.
Harris, R., and Taylor, T. J.. 1997. Landmarks in Linguistic Thought, I: The Western Tradition from Socrates to Saussure. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge.
Hart, M. 2000. Social Science and the Politics of Modern Jewish Identity. Palo Alto, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
Hart, M. 2007. The Healthy Jew. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Harvey, J. 1997. Almost a Man of Genius: Clémence Royer, Feminism and Nineteenth-Century Science. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Harvey, J. 2009. Darwin’s angels: The women correspondents of Charles Darwin. Intellectual History Review 12, no. 2: 197–210.
Harvey, P. H., and Pagel, M. D.. 1991. The Comparative Method in Evolutionary Biology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Harwood, J. 1993. Styles of Scientific Thought: The German Genetics Community, 1900–1933. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hassan, R. 2007. On being religious: Patterns of religious commitment in Muslim societies. Muslim World 97: 437–78.
Haught, J. 2000. God after Darwin: A Theology of Evolution. Boulder, Colo.:Westview Press.
Haught, J. 2010. Making Sense of Evolution: Darwin, God, and the Drama of Life. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.
Hauser, M. D., Chomsky, N., and Fitch, W. T.. 2002. The faculty of language: What is it, who has it, and how did it evolve?Science 298: 1569–79.
Hayden, S., and White, P. S.. 2003. Invasion biology: An emerging field of study. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 90: 64–66.
Hegel, G. W. F. [1817] 2004. Philosophy of Nature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Heinen, A. 1982. Islamic Cosmology: A Study of as-Suyūṭīʼs al-Hayʼa as-sanīya fī l-hayʼa as-sunnīya with Critical Edition, Translation and Commentary. Wiesbaden: Steiner.
Henderson, L. J. [1913] 1970. The Fitness of the Environment. Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith.
Hendry, A. P., Nosil, P., and Rieseberg, L. H.. 2007. The speed of ecological speciation. Functional Ecology 21: 455–64.
Henkin, L. 1940. Darwinism in the English Novel, 1860–1910: The Impact of Evolution on Victorian Fiction. New York: Russell & Russell.
Henrich, J. 2004. Cultural group selection, coevolutionary processes and large-scale cooperation. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 53: 3–35.
Henshilwood, C., and Dubreuil, B.. 2009. Reading the artifacts: Gleaning language skills from the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. In The Cradle of Language, ed. R. P. and Botha, C. Knight, 41–61. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Henslow, J. S. 1830. On the specific identity of the primrose, oxlip, cowslip, and polyanthus. Magazine of Natural History 3: 406–9.
Henslow, J. S. 1835. The Principles of Descriptive and Physiological Botany. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman.
Henslow, J. S. 1836. On the requisites necessary for the advance of botany. Magazine of Zoology and Botany 1: 113–25.
Herbert, S. 1971. Darwin, Malthus and selection. Journal of the History of Biology 4: 209–17.
Herbert, S. 1974. The place of man in the development of Darwin’s theory of transmutation. Part I. Journal of the History of Biology 4: 217–58.
Herbert, S. 1977. The place of man in the development of Darwin’s theory of transmutation. Part II. Journal of the History of Biology 10: 155–227.
Herbert, S. 1980. The Red Notebook of Charles Darwin. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Herbert, S. 1991. Charles Darwin as a prospective geological author. British Journal for the History of Science 24: 159–92.
Herbert, S. 2005. Charles Darwin, Geologist. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Herbert, S., Gibson, S., Norman, D., et al. 2009. Into the field again: Re-examining Charles Darwin’s 1835 geological work on Isla Santiago (James Island) in the Galápagos archipelago. Earth Sciences History 28, no. 1: 1–31.
Herbert, S., and Norman, D. B.. 2009. Darwin’s geology and perspective on the fossil record. In Cambridge Companion to the “Origin of Species,” ed. Ruse, M. and Richards, R. J., 129–52. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Herre, E. A. 1987. Optimality, plasticity, and selective regime in fig wasp sex ratios. Nature 329: 627–29.
Herschel, J. F. W. 1830. A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman.
Heslop-Harrison, J. 1979. Darwin and the movement of plants: A retrospect. In Plant Growth, ed. Skoog, F., 1–26. Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
Himmelfarb, G. 1959. Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution. London: Chatto and Windus.
Hinde, R. A. 1985. Ethology in relation to other disciplines. In Leaders in the Study of Animal Behavior, ed. Dewsbury, D., 193–203. London: Associated University Press.
His, W. 1874. Unsere Körperform und das physiologische Problem ihrer Entstehung. Leipzig: Vogel.
Hitler, A. [1925] 1943. Mein Kampf. Munich: Verlag Franz Eher.
Hodge, C. 1872. Systematic Theology. Vol. 2. New York: Charles Scribner.
Hodge, C. 1874. What Is Darwinism? Ed. Noll, M. A. and Livingstone, D. N.. New York: Scribner, Armstrong and Co.
Hodge, M. J. S. 1985. Darwin as a lifelong generation theorist. In The Darwinian Heritage, ed. Kohn, D., 207–43. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Hodge, M. J. S. 1992. Biology and philosophy (including ideology): A study of Fisher and Wright. In The Founders of Evolutionary Genetics, ed. Sarkar, S., 231–93. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Hodge, M. J. S. 2008. Before and after Darwin: Origins, Species, Cosmogonies, and Ontologies. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Hodge, M. J. S. 2009a. Capitalist contexts for Darwinian theory: Land, finance, industry and empire. Journal of the History of Biology 42: 399–416.
Hodge, M. J. S. 2009b. The notebook programmes and projects of Darwin’s London years. In The Cambridge Companion to Darwin, 2nd ed., ed. Hodge, J. and Radick, G., 44–72. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hodge, M. J. S. 2009c. Darwin Studies: A Theorist and His Theories in Their Contexts. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Hodge, M. J. S. 2010. Darwin, the Gálapagos and his changing thoughts about species origins: 1835–1837. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 61, no. 7: 89–106.
Hodge, M. J. S., and Radick, G., eds. 2009. The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hodgson, G. M. 2004. Social Darwinism in Anglophone academic journals: A contribution to the history of the term. Journal of Historical Sociology 47, no. 4: 428–63.
Hoelzel, A. R., Hey, J., Dahlheim, M. E., Nicholson, C., Burkanov, V., and Black, N.. 2007. Evolution of population structure in a highly social top predator, the killer whale. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24: 1407–15.
Hokstra, H., and Coyne, J.. 2007. The locus of evolution: Evo-Devo and the genetics of adaptation. Evolution 61: 995–1016.
Hölldobler, Bert, and Wilson, Edward O.. 2008. The Superorganism: The Beauty, Elegance, and Strangeness of Insect Societies. New York: Norton.
Holmes, J. 2009. Darwin’s bards: British and American poetry in the age of evolution. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Hooker, J. 1862a. Review of Fertilization of Orchids by Charles Darwin. Natural History Review 2: 371–76.
Hooker, J. 1862b. Review of Orchids by Charles Darwin. Gardeners’ Chronicle (23 August, 13 September, 27 September): 789–90, 863, 910.
Hooper, J. 2002. Of Moths and Men: An Evolutionary Tale; Intrigue, Tragedy and the Peppered Moth. London: Fourth Estate.
Hoquet, T. 2009. Darwin contre Darwin. Paris: Le Seuil.
Horwich, P. 1998. Truth. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hottes, C. F. 1932. The contributions to botany of Julius von Sachs. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 19, no. 1: 15–30.
Hrdy, S. B. 2002. Empathy, polyandry, and the myth of the coy female. In The Gender of Science, ed. Kourany, J. A., 171–91. Upper Saddle River, N.J.:Prentice Hall.
Hrdy, S. B., and Williams, G. C.. 1983. Behavioral biology and the double standard. In Social Behavior of Female Vertebrates, ed. Wasser, S. L., 3–17. New York: Academic Press.
Hu, Z. 2005. Jingsheng shengwu diaocha suo shigao (Historical Manuscript of Fan Memorial Institute of Biology). Jinan: Shandong Education Press.
Hubbard, C. E. 1971. William Bertram Turrill, 1890–1961. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 17: 689–712.
Hubbard, R. 1979. Have only men evolved? In Women Look at Biology Looking at Women, ed. Henifin, M. S., Fried, B., and Hubbard, R., 7–35. Boston: G. K. Hall.
Huber, C., and Wächtershäuser, G.. 2006. α-Hydroxy and α-amino acids under possible hadean, volcanic origin-of-life conditions. Science 314: 630–32.
Huelsenbeck, J. P., and Andolfatto, P.. 2007. Inference of population structure under a Dirichlet process model. Genetics 175: 1787–802.
Hull, D. L., ed. 1973. Darwin and His Critics. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Hull, D. L., ed. 1974. The Philosophy of Biological Science. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Hull, D. L., ed. 1988. Science as a Process. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Humboldt, A. von. 1814–29. Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New Continent, during the Years 1799–1804. Trans. Williams, H. M., 7 vols. London: Longman.
Hunt, J. 1864. On the Negro’s place in nature. Memoirs of the Anthropological Society 1: 566–80.
Hunter, T. R. 2009. Rethinking Asa Gray’s “Natural Selection not Inconsistent with Natural Theology.” Master’s thesis, University of Oklahoma.
Huntley, W. 1972. David Hume and Charles Darwin. Journal of the History of Ideas 33, no. 3: 457–70.
Hurford, J., Studdert-Kennedy, M., and Knight, C., eds. 1998. Approaches to the Evolution of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hutchinson, G. E. 1961. The paradox of the plankton. American Naturalist 95: 137–45.
Huxley, J. S. 1912. The Individual in the Animal Kingdom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Huxley, J. S. 1942. Evolution: The Modern Synthesis. New York: Harper & Bros.
Huxley, J. S. 1943. Evolutionary Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Huxley, L., ed. 1900. Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley. London: Macmillan.
Huxley, T. H. 1857. Lectures on general natural history. Lecture XII: The Cirripedia. Medical Times & Gazette 17: 238–40.
Huxley, T. H. 1860. Darwin on the origin of species. Westminster Review 73- 295–310.
Huxley, T. H. 1863a. Evidences as to Man’s Place in Nature. London: Williams and Norgate.
Huxley, T. H. 1863b. On the Origin of Species, or The Causes of Phenomena of Organic Nature. New York: D. Appleton.
Huxley, T. H. 1869. The anniversary address of the president. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 25: xxviii–xxliii.
Huxley, T. H. 1887. On the reception of the “Origin of Species.” In The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, Including an Autobiographical Chapter, Edited by His Son, ed. Darwin, F., 2:179–204. London: John Murray.
Huxley, T. H. 1893. Collected Essays: Darwiniana. London: Macmillan.
Huxley, T. H. [1893] 2009. Evolution and Ethics. Edited and with an introduction by Ruse, Michael. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Huxley, T. H. 1894. Collected Essays. Vol. 9, Evolution and Ethics, and Other Essays. London: Macmillan.
Huxley, T. H. 1896. Darwiniana: Essays. New York: D. Appleton.
Ilerbaig, J. 2009. “The view-point of a naturalist”: American field zoologists and the evolutionary synthesis, 1900–1945. In Descended from Darwin: Insights into the History of Evolutionary Studies, 1900–1970, ed. Joe, Cain and Ruse, Michael, 23–48. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.
Iltis, H. 1932. Life of Mendel. Trans. Paul, E. and Paul, C.. London.
Ingold, T., and Gibson, K. R., eds. 1994. Tools, Language and Cognition in Human Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Innes, S. 2009. The anomalous “Mr Arthrobalanus”: Darwin’s adaptationist approach to taxonomy. In A Voyage around the World: Charles Darwin and the Beagle Collections in the University of Cambridge, ed. Pearn, A. M., 74–76. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium. 2001. Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome. Nature 409: 860–921.
Iverach, J. 1894. Christianity and Evolution. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
Jablonka, E. 2006. Genes as followers in evolution – a post synthesis synthesis?Biology and Philosophy 21: 143–54.
Jablonka, E., and Lamb, M.. 1995. Epigenetic Inheritance and Evolution: The Lamarkian Dimension. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jablonka, E., and Lamb, M. 2005. Evolution in Four Dimensions. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
James, W. 1880. Great men, great thoughts, and the environment. Atlantic Monthly 66: 441–59.
Jann, R. 1997. Revising the descent of woman: Eliza Burt Gamble. In Natural Eloquence: Women Reinscribe Science, ed. Gates, B. T. and Shteir, A. B., 147–63. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Jeha, S. 2004. Darwin and the Crisis of 1882 in the Medical Department. Beirut: American University of Beirut Press.
Jenkin, F. 1867. Review of The Origin of Species. North British Review: 277–318.
Jensen, J. V. 1988. Return to the Wilberforce-Huxley debate. British Journal for the History of Science 21: 161–79.
Johanson, D., and Edey, M.. 1981. Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind. New York: Simon & Schuster.
John Paul, II. 1997. Address to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. Origins, CNS Documentary Service 9: 24.
Johnson, C. 2007. Australia’s Mammal Extinctions: A 50,000-year History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Johnson, D. R. 2010. Nietzsche’s Anti-Darwinism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Johnson, D. W., ed. 1909. Geographical Essays by William Morris Davis. Boston: Ginn.
Johnson, E. 2008. Quest for the Living God: Mapping Frontiers in the Theology of God. New York: Continuum.
Johnson, N. A. 2008. Direct selection for reproductive isolation: The Wallace effect. In Natural Selection and Beyond: The Intellectual Legacy of Alfred Russel Wallace, ed. Beccaloni, G. and Smith, C. H., 114–24. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Johnson, P. E. 1991. Darwin on Trial. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press.
Jones, G. 2002. Alfred Russel Wallace, Robert Owen and the theory of natural selection. British Journal for the History of Science 35: 73–96.
Jones, J. E. 2010. Simians, Negroes, and the “missing link”: Evolutionary discourses and transatlantic debates on “The Negro Question.” In Darwin in Atlantic Cultures: Evolutionary Visions of Race, Gender and Sexuality, ed. Jones, J. E. and Sharp, P. B., 191–207. New York: Routledge.
Jones, J. M. 2005. Most Americans engaged in debate about evolution, creation. 13 October. .
Jones, J. S., Leith, B. H., and Rawlings, P.. 1977. Polymorphism in Cepaea: A problem with too many solutions?Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 8: 109–43.
Jordan, D. S. 1922. The Days of a Man. Yonkers-on-Hudson: World Book Company.
Jordan, D. S., and Kellogg, V.. 1908. Evolution and Animal Life. New York: Appleton.
Jordan, K. 1905. Der Gegensatz zwischen geographischer und nichtgeographischer Variation. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 83: 151–210.
Joron, M. 2003. Mimicry. In Encyclopedia of Insects, ed. Cardé, R. T. and Resh, V. H., 714–26. New York: Academic Press.
Joyce, G. F., and Orgel, L. E.. 2006. Progress toward understanding the origin of the RNA world. In The RNA World, 3rd ed., ed. Cech, T. R., Atkins, J. F., and Gesteland, R. F., 23–56. Plainview, N.Y.: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
Joyce, R. 2006. The Evolution of Morality. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Judd, J. W. 1909. Darwin and geology. In Darwin and Modern Science, ed. Seward, A. C., 337–84. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Judd, J. W. 1911. Charles Darwin’s earliest doubts concerning the immutability of species. Nature 88, no. 1292: 8–12.
Kahneman, D., Slovic, P., and Tversky, A.. 1982. Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kammerer, P. 1925. Das Rätsel der Vererbung: Grundlagen der allgemeinen Vererbungslehre. Berlin: Ullstein.
Kamminga, H. 1982. Life from space: A history of panspermia. Vistas in Astronomy 26: 67–86.
Kant, I. [1790] 1951. Critique of Judgment. New York: Haffner.
Kant, I. 1957. Kritik der Urteilskraft. Vol. 5, Werke. Ed. Weischedel, W.. Wiesbaden: Insel Verlag.
Kaplan, L. 1997. Torah u-Madda in the thought of Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch. Bekhol Derakhekha Daehu 5: 5–31.
Karpechenko, G. D. 1927. Polyploid hybrids of Raphanus sativus L.x Brassica oleracea, L. Bulletin of Applied Botany Genetics and Plant Breeding 17: 305–41.
Kauffman, S. 1993. The Origins of Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kearns, G. 2009. Geopolitics and Empire: The Legacy of Halford Mackinder. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Keith, A. 1923. Man’s posture: Its evolution and disorders. British Medical Journal 1: 451–54, 499–502, 545–48, 587–90, 624–26, 669–72.
Keith, A. 1946. Australopithecinae or Dartians?Nature 159: 377.
Keller, C. D. 2006. Evolution vs. intelligent design: A Torah perspective. Jewish Observer 39, no. 4: 7–21.
Kellogg, V. L. 1907. Darwinism To-Day. New York: Henry Holt.
Kellogg, V. L. 1918. Headquarters Nights: A Record of Conversations and Experiences at the Headquarters of the German Army in France and Belgium. Boston: Atlantic Monthly Press.
Kence, A., and Sayın, Ü.. 1999. Islamic scientific creationism: A new challenge in Turkey. Reports of the National Center for Science Education 19, no. 6: 18–20, 25–29.
Kennedy, B. A. 2006. Inventing the Earth: Ideas on Landscape Development since 1740. Oxford: Blackwell.
Kettlewell, H. B. D. 1955. Selection experiments on industrial melanism in the Lepidoptera. Heredity 9: 323–42.
Kevles, D. 1985. In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity. New York: Alfred Knopf.
Keynes, R. 2001. Annie’s Box: Charles Darwin, His Daughter and Human Evolution. London: Fourth Estate.
Khaitovich, P., Hellmann, I., Enard, W., et al. 2005. Parallel patterns of evolution in the genomes and transcriptomes of humans and chimpanzees. Science 309: 1850–54.
Kimler, W. 1983. One Hundred Years of Mimicry: History of an Evolutionary Exemplar. PhD dissertation, Cornell University.
Kimura, M. 1968. Evolutionary rate at the molecular level. Nature 217: 624–26.
Kimura, M. 1983. The Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
King, B. J., ed. 1999. The Origins of Language. Santa Fe, N.M.: School of American Research Press.
King, B. J., ed. 2004. The Dynamic Dance: Nonvocal Social Communication in the African Apes. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
King, J. L., and Jukes, T. H.. 1969. Non-Darwinian evolution. Science 164: 788–98.
King, M.-C., and Wilson, A. C.. 1975. Evolution at two levels in humans and chimpanzees. Science 188: 107–15.
Kingsland, S. E. 1991. The battling botanist: Daniel Trembly Macdougal, mutation theory, and the rise of experiment evolutionary biology in America, 1900–1912. Isis 82: 479–509.
Kingsland, S. E. 1995. Modeling Nature: Episodes in the History of Population Ecology. Rev. ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kingsland, S. E. 1997. Neo-Darwinism and natural history. In Science in the Twentieth Century, ed. Krige, John and Krige, Dominique Pestre, 417–37. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic.
Kingsland, S. E. 2005. The Evolution of American Ecology, 1890–2000. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Kingsley, C. 1889. The Water Babies. London: Macmillan.
Kingsolver, J. G., and Diamond, S. E.. 2011, Phenotypic selection in natural populations: What limits directional selection?American Naturalist 177: 346–57.
Kirby, S., Cornish, H., and Smith, K.. 2008. Cumulative cultural evolution in the laboratory: An experimental approach to the origins of structure in human language. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105: 10681–86.
Kirby, W., and Spence, W.. 1815–28. An Introduction to Entomology, or Elements of the Natural History of Insects. London: Longman, Hurst, Reece, Orme, and Brown.
Kirch, P. V. 1984. The Evolution of Polynesian Chiefdoms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kirk, G. S., Raven, J. E., and Schofield, M.. 1983. The Presocratic Philosophers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kitcher, P. 1985. Vaulting Ambition. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Kitcher, P. 1993. The Advancement of Science: Science without Legend, Objectivity without Illusions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kitcher, P. 2011. The Ethical Project. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Kjærgaard, P. C. 2010. The Darwin enterprise: From scientific icon to global product. History of Science 48, no. 1: 105–22.
Kleinman, K. 1999. His own synthesis: Corn, Edgar Anderson, and evolutionary theory in the 1940s. Journal of the History of Biology 32: 293–320.
Klinghoffer, D. 2008. Don’t doubt it: An important historic sidebar. .
Klippenstine, D. R., and Sealy, S. G.. 2008. Differential ejection of cowbird eggs and non-mimetic eggs by grassland passerines. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120: 667–73.
Knight, C., Hurford, J. R., and Studdert-Kennedy, M., eds. 2000. The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Social Function and the Origins of Linguistic Form. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Knuth, P. 1906–9. Handbook of Flower Pollination. Trans. Davis, J. R. A.. 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Kohler, R. E. 2006. All Creatures: Naturalists, Collectors, and Biodiversity, 1850–1950. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Kohlstedt, S. G., and Jorgensen, M. R.. 1997. “The irrepressible woman question”: Women’s responses to evolutionary ideology, Disseminating Darwinism: the Role of Place, Race, Religion and Gender, ed. Numbers, R. L. and Stenhouse, J., 267–93. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kohn, D. 1980. Theories to work by: Rejected theories, reproduction, and Darwin’s path to natural selection. Studies in the History of Biology 4: 67–170.
Kohn, D. 1981. On the origin of the principle of diversity. Science 213, no. 4512: 1105–8.
Kohn, D. 2008. Darwin’s Garden: An Evolutionary Adventure. Catalogue for an exhibit at the New York Botanical Garden.
Kohn, D. 2009. Darwin’s keystone: The principle of divergence. In The Cambridge Companion to the “Origin of Species,” ed. Ruse, M. and Richards, R. J., 87–108. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kohn, D., et al. 2005. What Henslow taught Darwin. Nature 436: 643–45.
Kolchinsky, E. I. 2008. Darwinism and Dialectical Materialism in Soviet Russia. Ed. Engels, E.-M. and Glick, T.. London: Continuum.
Kölliker, A. 1864. Ueber die Darwin’sche Schöpfungstheorie. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie 14: 174–86.
Kondrashov, A., and Shpak, M.. 1998. On the origin of species by means of assortative mating. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 265: 2273–78.
Koning, D. 2006. Anti-evolutionism among Muslim students. ISIM-Newsletter 18: 48–49.
Koonin, E. V., Wolf, Y. I., and Puigbo, P.. 2009. The phylogenetic forest and the quest for the elusive tree of life. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology 74: 205–13.
Kottler, M. J. 1978. Charles Darwin’s biological species concept and the theory of geographical speciation. The transmutation notebooks. Annals of Science 35: 275–97.
Kottler, M. J. 1985. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: Two decades of debate over natural selection. In The Darwinian Heritage, ed. Kohn, D., 367–432. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Kreitman, M. 2000. Methods to detect selection in populations with applications to the human. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics 1: 539–59.
Krementsov, N. L. 1994. Dobzhansky and Russian entomology: The origin of his ideas on species and speciation. In The Evolution of Theodosius Dobzhansky, ed. Adams, M. B., 31–48. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Krohn, A. D. 1859. Beobachtungen über den Cementapparat und die weiblichen Zeugungsorgane einiger Cirripedien. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 25: 355–64.
Kropotkin, P. 2008. Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution. Charleston, S.C.: Forgotten Books.
Kühn, A. 1955. Vorlesungen über Entwicklungsphysiologie. Berlin: Springer.
Kuhn, T. 1970. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kunin, V., Goldovsky, L., Darzentas, N., and Ouzounis, C. A.. 2005. The net of life: Reconstructing the microbial phylogenetic network. Genome Research 15: 954–59.
Kunte, K. 2009a. The diversity and evolution of Batesian mimicry in Papilio swallowtail butterflies. Evolution 63: 2707–16.
Kunte, K. 2009b. Female-limited mimetic polymorphism: A review of theories and a critique of sexual selection as balancing selection. Animal Behaviour 78: 1029–36.
La Vergata, A. 1990. L’equilibrio e la guerra delta natura: Dalla teologia naturale al Darwinismo. Naples: Morano.
Lack, D. 1940. Evolution of the Galapagos finches. Nature 146: 324–27.
Lack, D. 1945. The Galapagos Finches (Geospizinae): A Study in Variation. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences.
Lack, D. 1947. Darwin’s Finches: An Essay on the General Biological Theory of Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Laland, K. N. 2008. Exploring geneculture interactions: Insights from handedness, sexual selection and niche-construction case studies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B, Biological Sciences 363: 3577–89.
Laland, K. N., and Brown, G. R.. 2002. Sense and Nonsense: Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behaviour. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Laland, K. N., Odling-Smee, F. J., and Feldman, M. W.. 2000. Niche construction, biological evolution and cultural change. Behavioral & Brain Sciences 23: 131–46.
Lamarck, J. B. 1809. Philosophie zoologique. Paris: Dentu.
Lamarck, J. B. 1984. Zoological Philosophy. Trans. Elliot, H.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Lamotte, M. 1951. Recherches sur la structure génétique des populations naturelles deCepaea nemoralis (L.). Bulletin Biologique de la France et de la Belgique (Suppl.) 35: 1–239.
Lancaster, R. 2003. The Trouble with Nature: Sex in Science and Popular Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Lande, R. 1976. Natural selection and random genetic drift in phenotypic evolution. Evolution 30: 314–34.
Lane, C. E., and Archibald, J. M.. 2008. The eukaryotic tree of life: Endosymbiosis takes its TOL. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23: 268–75.
Largent, M. A. 2008. Breeding Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Largent, M. A. 2009a. Darwin’s analogy between artificial and natural selection in the Origin of Species. In The Cambridge Companion to the “Origin of Species,” ed. Ruse, M. and Richards, R. J., 14–29. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Largent, M. A. 2009b. The so-called eclipse of Darwinism. In Descended from Darwin: Insights into the History of Evolutionary Studies, 1900–1970, ed. Cain, Joe and Ruse, Michael, 3–21. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.
Larson, E. J. 1997. Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America’s Continuing Debate over Science and Religion. New York: Basic Books.
Larson, E. J. 2003. Trial and Error: The American Controversy over Creation and Evolution. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Larson, E. J. 2004. Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory. New York: Modern Library.
Larson, S. R., Culumber, C. M., Schweigert, R. N., and Chatterton, N. J.. 2010. Species delimitation tests of endemic Lepidium papilliferum and identification of other possible evolutionarily significant units in the Lepidium montanum complex (Brassicaceae) of western North America. Conservation Genetics 11: 57–76.
Laubichler, M. D. 2003. Carl Gegenbaur (1826–1903): Integrating comparative anatomy and embryology. Journal of Experimental Zoology, Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 300, no. 1: 23–31.
Laubichler, M. D. 2007. Evolutionary developmental biology. In The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology, ed. Ruse, M. and Hull, D. L., 342–60. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Laubichler, M. D., Aird, W., et al. 2007. The endothelium in history. In Endothelial Biomedicine, ed. Laubichler, M. D., Aird, W., et al., 5–22. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Laubichler, M. D., and Davidson, E.. 2008. Boveri’s long experiment: Sea urchin merogons and the establishment of the role of nuclear chromosomes in development. Developmental Biology 314: 1–11.
Laubichler, M. D., and Maienschein, J.. 2004. Development. In The New Dictionary of the History of Ideas, ed. Horowitz, M. C., 570–74. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
Laubichler, M. D., and Maienschein, J.. eds. 2007. From Embryology to Evo Devo. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Laubichler, M. D., and Rheinberger, H. J.. 2004. Alfred Kuhn (1885–1968) and developmental evolution. Journal of Experimental Zoology, Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 302B: 103–10.
Laubichler, M. D., and Rheinberger, H. J. 2006. August Weismann and theoretical biology. Biological Theory 1: 202–5.
Laudan, R. 1987. From Mineralogy to Geology: The Foundations of a Science, 1650–1830. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Laut, J. P. 2000. Das Türkische als Ursprache? Sprachwissenschaftliche Theorien in der Zeit des erwachenden türkischen Nationalismus. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
Lawrence, J. G. 2002. Gene transfer in bacteria: Speciation without species. Theoretical Population Biology 61: 449–60.
Lawrence, J. G., and Retchless, A.. 2010. The myth of bacterial species and speciation. Biology and Philosophy 25: 569–88.
Leakey, L. S. B., Tobias, P. V., and Napier, J. R.. 1964. A new species of the genus Homo from Olduvia Gorge. Nature 202: 7–9.
Leavens, D. A., Racine, T. P., and Hopkins, W. D.. 2009. The ontogeny and phylogeny of non-verbal deixis. In The Prehistory of Language, ed. R. P. and Knight Botha, C., 142–65. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lehninger, A. 1971. Bioenergetics: The Molecular Basis of Biological Energy Transformations. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.
Lennox, J. G. 1992. Teleology. In Keywords in Evolutionary Biology, ed. Keller, E. F. and Lloyd, E., 334–43. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Lennox, J. G. 1993. Darwin was a teleologist. Biology and Philosophy 8: 408–21.
Lennox, J. G. 2001. Aristotle’s Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lennox, J. G. 2010. The Darwin/Gray correspondence, 1857–1869: An intelligent discussion about chance and design. Perspectives on Science 18, no. 4: 456–79.
Levin, D. A. 1970. Reinforcement of reproductive isolation: Plants versus animals. American Naturalist 104: 571–81.
Levine, G. 1988. Darwin and the Novelists: Patterns of Science in Victorian Fiction. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Levine, G. 2006. Darwin Loves You: Natural Selection and the Re-enchantment of the World. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Levine, L. 1958. Studies on sexual selection in mice. I. Reproductive competition between albino and black-agouti males. American Naturalist 92: 21–26.
Levins, R. 1968. Evolution in Changing Environments. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Lewens, T. 2007. Darwin. London: Routledge.
Lewes, G. H. 1859–60. The Physiology of Common Life. 2 vols. Edinburgh: W. Blackwood.
Lewis, S. M., and Cratsley, C. K.. 2008. Flash signal evolution, mate choice, and predation in fireflies. Annual Review of Entomology 53: 293–321.
Lewontin, R. C. 1970. The units of selection. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 1: 1–18.
Lewontin, R. C. 1974. The Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Change. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lewontin, R. C., Moore, J. A., Provine, W. B., and Wallace, B., eds. 1981. Dobzhansky’s Genetics of Natural Populations I–XLIII. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lewontin, R. C., Rose, S., and Kamin, L. J.. 1984. Not in Our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature. New York: Pantheon.
L’Héritier, P. 1934. Génétique et évolution: Analyse de quelques études mathématiques sur la sélection naturelle. Paris: Hermann, Actualités Scientifiques et Industrielles.
L’Héritier, P. 1981. Souvenirs d’un généticien. Revue de Synthèse 102: 331–50.
L’Héritier, P., Neefs, Y., and Teissier, G.. 1937. Aptérisme des insectes et sélection naturelle. Comptes Rendus des Séances de l’Academie des sciences. 204: 907–9.
L’Héritier, P., and Teissier, G.. 1934. Une expérience de sélection naturelle, Courbe d’élimination du gène Bar dans une population de Drosophila melanogaster. Comptes Rendus des Séances et Mémoires de la Société de Biologie 117: 1049.
L’Héritier, P., and Teissier, G. 1937a. Elimination des formes mutantes dans les populations de Drosophiles. Cas des Drosophiles bar. Comptes Rendus des Séances et Mémoires de la Société de Biologie 124: 880–82.
L’Héritier, P., and Teissier, G. 1937b. Elimination des formes mutantes dans les populations de Drosophiles. Cas des Drosophiles Ebony. Comptes Rendus des Séances et Mémoires de la Société de Biologie 124: 882–84.