Skip to main content
The Cambridge History of Early Medieval English Literature
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Cambridge History of Early Medieval English Literature
    • Online ISBN: 9781139035637
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Informed by multicultural, multidisciplinary perspectives, The Cambridge History of Early Medieval English Literature offers a new exploration of the earliest writing in Britain and Ireland, from the end of the Roman Empire to the mid-twelfth century. Beginning with an account of writing itself, as well as of scripts and manuscript art, subsequent chapters examine the earliest texts from England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, and the tremendous breadth of Anglo-Latin literature. Chapters on English learning and literature in the ninth century and the later formation of English poetry and prose also convey the profound cultural confidence of the period. Providing a discussion of essential texts, including Beowulf and the writings of Bede, this History captures the sheer inventiveness and vitality of early medieval literary culture through topics as diverse as the literature of English law, liturgical and devotional writing, the workings of science and the history of women's writing.


'This wide-ranging collection of essays surveys British and Irish literature of the early Middle Ages in all its linguistic variety and complexity … The value of this volume lies not just in its inclusion of the expected viewed in new ways but also in giving space to what is too often left out … Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates, graduate students, faculty.'

D. W. Hayes Source: Choice

'The intention of The New Cambridge History of English Literature [series] is to offer 'a broad synthesis and contextual survey of the history of English literature' that couples 'fresh perspectives' and 'essential exposition' in an 'accessible narrative'. This volume succeeds admirably in combining those goals … [It] offers a vision of an exciting and expansive literary culture of endless interpenetration, interlingual inventiveness, and ideological appropriation.'

E. J. Christie Source: Speculum

    • Aa
    • Aa
Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.

Page 1 of 2

  • 8 - English literature in the ninth century
    pp 209-231
  • View abstract
    In dovetailing Britain's linguistic complexity into the biblical patterning of the story, Bede betrayed his firm belief in the superiority of Latin as the language of Roman Christianity and of literate education. Bede's preface to his Ecclesiastical History lacks a term for the cluster of islands stretching from the Shetlands to the Scillies of which Britain and Ireland are the two largest. Scholarship on script in Ireland and Britain in the early Middle Ages relies upon a manuscript-based approach, but is constrained by the small number of manuscripts surviving from this period. This chapter discusses commonalities and cross-currents by treating writing as a form of material culture. It reassesses the regional cultures of writing, books and literature in early medieval Britain and Ireland and concludes by emphasizing the multilingual environment of the transitional centuries between the Roman era and the Middle Ages.
  • 9 - The writing of history in the early Middle Ages: the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in context
    pp 232-256
  • View abstract
    Britain was permanently dislocated from the cultural metropolis, Rome, by economy, history and language. Scribes could evoke the splendour of late antiquity or the Carolingian court by writing a universalizing script such as Square capitals or Caroline minuscule, both used for centuries in many corners of the former Roman Empire. Indeed, Bischoff even characterized southern England as a Roman writing province until the early eighth century. It was only in the tenth century that English scribes regularly wrote a form of script developed in Francia and thus could be viewed as now affiliated to a Frankish script-province. In the 960s a hybrid script appears, in which Caroline letter-forms infiltrate the writing of Insular script. Frankish reformed centres and Frankish masters exerted a profound influence on Anglo-Latin script in the century before the Norman Conquest. Multiple collaborating scribes worked in monastic and episcopal centres, often a dozen or more, but as many as twenty in the case of tenth-century Canterbury.
  • 10 - The literary languages of Old English: words, styles, voices
    pp 257-277
  • View abstract
    This chapter explores three different relationships between writing and art that are absolutely characteristic of Anglo-Saxon culture: the use of script as image; the dialogue between script and image; and the way in which that dialogue changes when the object is made to speak. Placing inscriptions around, within or as a label to images is one of the simplest ways of combining text and image. The Anglo-Saxons invented the historiated initial, and the earliest surviving examples occur in the eighth-century Vespasian Psalter and the St Petersburg copy of Bede's Historia ecclesiastica. The Eadwine Psalter was produced at Christ Church Canterbury in the middle of the twelfth century. It is an Anglo-Norman rather than an Anglo-Saxon manuscript, but its heteroglossia, its use of Old English and the Anglo-Saxon past, and its speaking portrait of the scribe Eadwine make it a fitting work.
  • 11 - Old English poetic form: genre, style, prosody
    pp 278-308
  • View abstract
    Bede considers the English and the Irish alongside the other island peoples, the Britons and the Picts. A further linguistic complexity lies in the fact that southern Scotland was Brittonic-speaking and that what some scholars would claim to be one of the oldest poems in Welsh, Y Gododdin, emanates from this precise territory. The attraction for Irish scribes of a Welsh scriptorium suggests a productive literary tradition east of the Irish Sea and one with which they would have felt a certain familiarity. Cultural interdependence between secular and religious had long since been a feature of Ireland's intellectual life. How typical the Irish situation was of other areas of Britain is difficult to gauge in the absence of comparable evidence from Wales, Scotland and even Anglo-Saxon England. Nonetheless, following Bede in viewing the five languages and four nations of Britain side by side ensures that the varying pieces of evidence of English, British, Irish and Picts can illuminate each other.
  • 12 - Beowulf: a poem in our time
    pp 309-331
  • View abstract
    The history of Insular Latin literature is inextricably linked to the story of the establishment and growth of the Church. Obviously Rome, whence the missionaries came to convert the Anglo-Saxons, from the 590s onwards, was an important supplier of books. Later on Benedict Biscop, the founder of Wearmouth and then Jarrow, brought volumes home from his journeys to Rome, as Bede records. Aldhelm's intellectual formation included, alongside the Mediterranean orientation of Theodore and Hadrian, also Irish influence, perhaps from time spent on Iona. The story of Aldhelm's Enigmata and their influence brings another key figure in the history of Anglo-Latin, and to a whole new sphere of activity, the mission-field in Germany. Alcuin followed Aldhelm, Bede and others writing serves the needs of the classroom on spelling, grammar, rhetoric and dialectic. As secular biography, it is a first in Insular Latin literature, and was undoubtedly modelled on the Life of Charlemagne written by Einhard in the early ninth century.
  • 13 - Old English lyrics: a poetics of experience
    pp 332-356
  • View abstract
    This chapter examines textual production in the northern kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England from c. 699-821. From Charles Plummer's edition of the Ecclesiastical History to the work of C. W. Jones and Bertram Colgrave, Bede scholars have distinguished the miraculous from the historical. The 1960s and 1970s saw increased sensitivity to Bede's cultural and theological milieu. The idea that the saints' Lives were designed to attract royal patronage to a saint's cult and the monastery housing that cult in the competitive economy of the early north has gained scholarly acceptance. The anonymous Life of Abbot Ceolfrith and Bede's History of the Abbots of Wearmouth-Jarrow provide a rich background to our understanding of monastic development and practices in the north. Alcuin and Æthelwulf draw on Bede's History as source and inspiration in a variety of ways, but their combination of miracles and commemorative history calls special attention to visions of the otherworld as part of the living history of the northern kingdoms.
  • 15 - Saintly lives: friendship, kinship, gender and sexuality
    pp 381-405
  • View abstract
    The Anglo-Saxons so much belonged to the old world that Beowulf, though written in England and in English, is set completely in the Germanic world. Their farewell to ancestral shores and the subsequent landfall and invasion of Britain, later known as the Adventus Saxonum, must have made an incisive impression on the collective memory. Gildas shows familiarity with this Anglo-Saxon naval term, which is indicative of the cultural-linguistic interface between the indigenous population and the incoming conquerors. Widsith and Deor provide with windows on the Germanic world, not so much for the intrinsic value thereof, as for the benefit of the scops who are given to perform these poems. Things are different with Beowulf, Waldere and the Finnsburh Fragment, three poems that develop a full narrative centring around the heroic life. The Latin-Old English glossary, known as the Erfurt Glossary, was copied independently from another Anglo-Saxon manuscript, now lost, in Cologne in the first half of the ninth century.
  • 16 - Sacred history and Old English religious poetry
    pp 406-426
  • View abstract
    This chapter traces the ways in which confidence in English developed and was manifested in the ninth century. Latin undoubtedly remained the dominant literary language of Anglo-Saxon England for much of the ninth century, in so far as literary production can be identified as happening at all. As Mechthild Gretsch points out, the prose preface to the Old English Pastoral Care implies that 'Mercia was the only place where King Alfred had encountered some Latin learning and expertise in rendering Latin texts into the vernacular'. Alfred no doubt had in mind the model of rulership which combined authority and textual learning, for which both David and Charlemagne acted as important precedents. Court culture, with its political, spiritual and intellectual aspirations, provided a powerful context for the dissemination of Christian learning. The Old English Dialogues, apparently commissioned by Alfred and written by Wærferth, is the earliest of the ninth-century vernacular dialogues.
  • 17 - Performing Christianity: liturgical and devotional writing
    pp 427-450
  • View abstract
    This chapter shows how some of historical projects work to present the very monolithic English identity evident in the Alfredian genealogical prefaces. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle seems an ideal site to begin exploring the histories of early medieval England for a number of reasons. In the Exeter Book, for example, poems like Deor, Widsith and The Ruin show Anglo-Saxons looking back on their cultural inheritance as descendants of those Germanic mercenaries who displaced the Britons, and revelling in it. The Historia Brittonum attributed to Nennius was one of the most popular and widely read histories produced in medieval Britain. The Celtic histories found new life as evidence of a strong Christianity on the island long before the arrival of the Augustinian mission in Kent in 597. The version of history paints Harold as a usurper, justifies the Norman Conquest, and posits William's line as the rightful heirs to the English throne.
  • 18 - Riddles, wonder and responsiveness in Anglo-Saxon literature
    pp 451-472
  • View abstract
    This chapter explores the origins and development of the dialects collectively known as Old English. It concentrates on language usage: what culturally and historically specific meanings the words of the language had and what uses Anglo-Saxon authors put these words to. The two earliest Old English versions of the Hymn survive as additions to eighth-century Latin manuscripts of the Historia ecclesiastica. The story of the transmission of Cædmon's Hymn is a story of the change and development of the Old English language. Bede provides one early example of the role language played in establishing class-based identities in Anglo-Saxon England in his story of Imma. A number of specialized vocabularies existed in Old English in the areas of law, religion, poetry, science, astronomy and medicine, but perhaps the most significant is that group of words known as the Winchester vocabulary. Ælfric's language, although artful and engaged with the literary cultures of Anglo-Saxon England, was thoroughly Christian.
  • 19 - In measure, and number, and weight: writing science
    pp 475-498
  • View abstract
    This chapter considers how the poem's history meets people, and how its particular complexities and ambiguities challenge their own interpretive processes. It also shows how they encounter with its difference might produce an expanded vision not only of Beowulf but of the cultural dimensions, embodiments and temporalities that it evokes. It is hard, too, to pinpoint a prevailing cultural understanding of time within the Anglo-Saxon period. The works of scholars like Bede and Byrhtferth of Ramsey evidence a high degree of sophistication, cosmological and historical principles. Frank's influential argument eloquently makes the case for a time-savvy and historically aware Beowulf. The chapter considers how fluid are the boundaries between bodies, human or otherwise, but such fluidity is also evident in the conception of one, other, significant hall space, that of Grendel and his mother. It finally explains the most radical aspects of the poem, for it argues that identity and embodiment are also part of the poem's space-time continuum.
  • 20 - Legal documentation and the practice of English law
    pp 499-529
  • View abstract
    Old English literature is routinely characterized as backward-looking, nostalgic, gloomy and preoccupied with loss, suffering and contempt for the world. Transience is the basis of fame and of poetry, the movement that opens narrative, the occasion for imagination and representation, and these are also the conditions for thinking historically. The opening of The Wanderer raises all the issues of experience, singularity, wyrd and temporality that are also important to poems such as The Seafarer, The Dream of the Rood and The Ruin. The idea that binding one's thoughts is a prerequisite for meditation and thus a sound mind has a striking parallel in Gregory's well-known Regula pastoralis, translated into English by King Alfred, and this passage helps to clarify just what is at stake in The Wanderer. Old English lyrics usually incorporate history through formal elements, such as the ubi sunt catalogue or meditation upon ruin, which enable a shift from contemplation of personal experience to that of generations past.

Page 1 of 2

L. S. Chardonnens (ed.). Anglo-Saxon Prognostics, 900–1100: Study and Texts. Leiden and Boston, MA: Brill, 2007.

Johan Corthals (ed. and trans.). ‘Affiliation of Children: Immathchor nAilella 7 Airt.’ Peritia, 9 (1995), 92–124.

La légende de Ste Édith en prose et vers par le moine Goscelin’, ed. A. Wilmart . Analecta Bollandiana, 56 (1938), 5–101, 265–307.

Richard Abels . ‘What Has Weland to Do with Christ? The Franks Casket and the Acculturation of Christianity in Early Anglo-Saxon England.’ Speculum, 84 (2009), 549–81.

Robert Babcock . ‘A Papyrus Codex of Gregory the Great’s Forty Homilies on the Gospels (London Cotton Titus C.xv).’ Scriptorium, 54 (2000), 280–9.

P. S. Baker A Little-Known Variant Text of the Old English Metrical Psalms.’ Speculum, 59 (1984), 263–81.

Christopher Baswell . ‘Marvels of Translation and Crises of Transition in the Romances of Antiquity’, in Roberta L. Krueger (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Romance. Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 29–44.

Martha Bayless . ‘Alcuin’s Disputatio Pippini and the Early Medieval Riddle Tradition’, in Guy Halsall (ed.), Humour, History, and Politics in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press, 2002, pp. 157–78.

Líam. Benison Early Medieval Science: The Evidence of Bede.’ Endeavour, 24 (2000), 111–16.

Judith M. Bennett History Matters: Patriarchy and the Challenge of Feminism. Manchester University Press, 2006.

Michael Benskin . ‘Bede’s Frisians and the Adventus Saxonum.’ NOWELE, 41 (2002), 91–9.

Larry D. Benson The Literary Character of Anglo-Saxon Formulaic Poetry.’ PMLA, 81 (1966), 334–41.

Dorothy Bethurum . ‘Stylistic Features of the Old English Laws.’ Modern Language Review, 27 (1932), 263–79.

Bernhard Bischoff . Latin Palaeography: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, trans. Dáibhí Ó Cróinín and David Ganz . Cambridge University Press, 1990.

C. Bouchard , ‘Consanguinity and Noble Marriages in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries.’ Speculum, 56 (1981), 268–87.

Susan Boynton . ‘Libelli precum in the Central Middle Ages’, in Roy Hammerling (ed.), A History of Prayer: The First to the Fifteenth Century. Leiden: Brill, 2008, pp. 255–318.

Susan Boynton Prayer as Liturgical Performance in Eleventh- and Twelfth-Century Psalters.’ Speculum, 82 (2007), 896–931.

Liam Breatnach The Ecclesiastical Element in the Old-Irish Legal Tract Cáin Fhuithirbe.’ Peritia, 5 (1986), 439–59.

Aidan Breen . ‘A New Irish Fragment of the Continuatio to Rufinus-Eusebius Historia Ecclesiastica.’ Scriptorium, 41 (1987), 185–204.

Rolf H. Bremmer , ‘Dealing Dooms: Alliteration in the Old Frisian Laws’, in Jonathan Roper (ed.), Alliteration in Culture. London: Palgrave, 2011, pp. 74–92.

Rolf H. Bremmer , An Introduction to Old Frisian. Amsterdam and Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins, 2009.

Peter Brown The Rise and Function of the Holy Man in Late Antiquity.’ Journal of Roman Studies, 61 (1971), 80–101.

Virginia. Burrus The Sex Lives of Saints: An Erotics of Ancient Hagiography. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

M. L. Cameron Anglo-Saxon Medicine. CSASE 7. Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Emma. Campbell Clerks and Laity’, in S. Gaunt and S. Kay (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval French Literature. Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 210–24.

Ewan Campbell Were the Scots Irish?Antiquity, 75 (2001), 285–92.

M. O. H. Carver Portmahomack: Monastery of the Picts. Edinburgh University Press, 2008.

Paul. Cavill Analogy and Genre in the Legend of St Edmund.’ Nottingham Medieval Studies, 47 (2003), 22–45.

Thomas Charles-Edwards Early Christian Ireland. Cambridge University Press, 2000.

David. Clark Between Medieval Men: Male Friendship and Desire in Early Medieval English Literature. Oxford University Press, 2009.

Howard B. Clarke Economy’, in Pauline Stafford (ed.), A Companion to the Early Middle Ages: Britain and Ireland, c.500–c.1100. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, pp. 57–75.

Patrick W Conner The Structure of the Exeter Book Codex (Exeter Cathedral Library, MS 3501).’ Scriptorium, 40 (1986), 233–42. Repr. in Mary P. Richards (ed.), Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: Basic Readings. London: Routledge, 1994, pp. 301–15.

Lynda L. Coon Dark Age Bodies: Gender and Monastic Practice in the Early Medieval West. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.

Lynda L Coon Sacred Fictions: Holy Women and Hagiography in Late Antiquity. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997.

Rita. Copeland Rhetoric, Hermeneutics, and Translation in the Middle Ages: Academic Traditions and Vernacular Texts. Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Julia Crick Learning and Training’, in Crick and Elisabeth van Houts (eds.), A Social History of England, 900–1200. Cambridge University Press, 2011, pp. 352–72.

Andrew T. Crislip From Monastery to Hospital: Christian Monasticism and the Transformation of Health Care in Late Antiquity. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005.

Catherine Cubitt Memory and Narrative in the Cult of Early Anglo-Saxon Saints’, in Y. Hen and M. Innes (eds.), The Uses of the Past in the Early Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 29–66.

E. T. A. Dailey The Vita Gregorii and Ethnogenesis in Anglo-Saxon Britain.’ Northern History, 47 (2010), 195–207.

Patricia. Dailey Questions of Dwelling in Anglo-Saxon Poetry and Medieval Mysticism: Inhabiting Landscape, Body, Mind.’ New Medieval Literatures, 8 (2006), 175–214.

Richard Dance The Old English Language and the Alliterative Tradition’, in Corinne Saunders (ed.), A Companion to Medieval Poetry. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, pp. 34–50.

Kathleen Davis Periodization and Sovereignty: How Ideas of Feudalism and Secularization Govern the Politics of Time. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.

Scott DeGregorio (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Bede. Cambridge University Press, 2010.

R Derolez Dubthach’s Cryptogram: Some Notes in Connection with Brussels MS 9565–9566.’ L’antiquité classique, 21 (1952), 359–75.

Carolyn. Dinshaw Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Postmodern. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.

Carolyn Dinshaw and David Wallace (eds.). The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Women’s Writing. Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Nicole Guenther Discenza Alfred’s Verse Preface to the Pastoral Care and the Chain of Authority.’ Neophilologus, 85 (2001), 625–33.

N. G. Discenza and P. E. Szarmach (eds.). A Companion to Alfred the Great. Leiden: Brill, forthcoming.

Andres Siegfried. Dobat The State and the Strangers: The Role of External Forces in a Process of State Formation in Viking-Age South Scandinavia (c. AD 900–1050).’ Viking and Medieval Scandinavia, 5 (2009), 65–104.

Antonín. Dostál The Origins of the Slavonic Liturgy.’ Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 19 (1965), 67–87.

D. N Dumville The West Saxon Genealogical Regnal List and the Chronology of Early Wessex.’ Peritia, 4 (1985), 21–66.

James. Earl Hisperic Style in the Old English Rhyming Poem.’ PMLA, 102 (1987), 187–96.

James Earl King Alfred’s Talking Poems.’ Pacific Coast Philology, 24 (1989), 49–61. Repr. in Thinking about Beowulf. Stanford University Press, 1994, pp. 87–99..

Bruce. Eastwood Medieval Science Illustrated.’ History of Science, 24 (1986), 183–208.

A. S. Esmonde Cleary The Ending of Roman Britain. London: B. T. Batsford, 1989.

Heide. Estes Feasting with Holofernes: Digesting Judith in Anglo-Saxon England.’ Exemplaria, 15 (2003), 325–50.

G. R. Evans and A. M. Peden . ‘Natural Science and the Liberal Arts in Abbo of Fleury’s Commentary on the Calculus of Victorius of Aquitaine.’ Viator, 16 (1985), 108–27.

Roberta Frank Some Uses of Paronomasia in Old English Scriptural Verse.’ Speculum, 47 (1972), 207–26. Repr. in Liuzza (ed.), The Poems of MS Junius 11, pp. 69–98.

Allen J Frantzen The Fragmentation of Cultural Studies and the Fragments of Anglo-Saxon England.’ Anglia, 114 (1996), 310–29.

Allen J Frantzen Spirituality and Devotion in the Anglo-Saxon Penitentials.’ Essays in Medieval Studies, 22 (2005), 117–28.

Allen J Frantzen When Women Aren’t Enough.’ Speculum, 68 (1993), 445–71.

James E Fraser . From Caledonia to Pictland: Scotland to 795. Edinburgh University Press, 2009.

Roger French . Medicine Before Science: The Business of Medicine from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment. Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Rachel Fulton . ‘Praying with Anselm at Admont: A Meditation on Practice.’ Speculum, 81 (2006), 700–33.

Richard Gameson (ed.), The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, vol. i: c. 400–1100. Cambridge University Press, 2011.

David Ganz The Preconditions for Caroline Minuscule.’ Viator, 18 (1987), 28–43.

Thomas Gardner . ‘The Old English Kenning: A Characteristic Feature of Germanic Poetical Diction?’ Modern Philology, 67 (1969), 109–17.

George Garnett . Conquered England: Kingship, Succession and Tenure, 1066–1166. Oxford University Press, 2007.

Faye Getz . Medicine in the English Middle Ages. Princeton University Press, 1998.

Malcolm Godden King Alfred’s Preface and the Teaching of Latin in Anglo-Saxon England.’ EHR, 117 (2002), 596–604.

Malcolm Godden and Michael Lapidge (eds.). The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature. Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Jonathan Goldberg and Madhavi Menon , ‘Queering History.’ PMLA, 120 (2005), 1608–17.

Timothy Graham A Runic Entry in an Anglo-Saxon Manuscript from Abingdon and the Scandinavian Career of Abbot Rodulf (1051–52).’ Nottingham Medieval Studies, 40 (1996), 16–24.

Arthur Robert. Green Anglo-Saxon Sundials.’ Antiquarian Journal, 8 (1928), 489–516.

Dennis H Green Medieval Listening and Reading: The Primary Reception of German Literature 800–1300. Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Mechthild Gretsch The Intellectual Foundations of the English Benedictine Reform. CSASE 25. Cambridge University Press, 1999.

S. J. Gwara The Foreign Beowulf and the “Fight at Finnsburg”.’ Traditio, 63 (2008), 185–233.

Alaric Hall Interlinguistic Communication in Bede’s Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum’, in Hall et al. (eds.), Interfaces Between Language and Culture in Medieval England: A Festschrift for Matti Kilpiö. Leiden: Brill, 2010, pp. 37–80.

Richard A. Hall Scandinavian Settlement in England – The Archaeological Evidence.’ Acta Archaeologica, 71 (2000), 147–57.

Kenneth Harrison The Primitive Anglo-Saxon Calendar.’ Antiquity, 47 (1973), 284–7.

Anthony. Harvey The Cambridge Juvencus Glosses – Evidence of Hiberno-Welsh Literary Interaction?’, in P. Sture Ureland and George Broderick (eds.), Language Contact in the British Isles: Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Language Contact in Europe. Linguistische Arbeiten 238.Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1991.

Michael. Herren Scholarly Contacts between the Irish and the Southern English in the Seventh Century.’ Peritia, 12 (1998), 24–53.

Richard Hogg (ed.). The Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. i: The Beginnings to 1066. Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Charles. Insley Athelstan, Charters and the English in Cornwall’, in M. T. Flanagan and J. A. Green (eds.), Charters and Charter Scholarship in Britain and Ireland. Basingstoke, Hants: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, pp. 15–31.

G. R. Isaac The Verb in the Book of Aneirin: Studies in Syntax, Morphology and Etymology. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1996.

K. H. Jackson The Gaelic Notes in the Book of Deer. Cambridge University Press, 1972.

Geraint H. Jenkins A Concise History of Wales. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Karen. Jolly Anglo-Saxon Charms in the Context of the Christian World-View.’ Journal of Medical History, 11 (1985), 279–93.

Christopher A. Jones The Book of the Liturgy in Anglo-Saxon England.’ Speculum, 73 (1998), 659–702.

Mark. Jordan Construction of a Philosophical Medicine: Exegesis and Argument in Salernitan Teaching on the Soul.’ Osiris, 2nd series, 6 (1990), 42–61.

Alice Jorgensen (ed.). Reading the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: Language, Literature, History. Studies in the Early Middle Ages 23. Turnhout: Brepols, 2010.

A. J. Kabir Paradise, Death and Doomsday in Anglo-Saxon Literature. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Sarah Larratt. Keefer In Closing: Amen and Doxology in Anglo-Saxon England.’ Anglia, 121 (2003), 210–37.

Margaret Kelleher and Phil O’Leary (eds.). The Cambridge History of Irish Literature. 2 vols. Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Simon. Keynes The Diplomas of King Æthelred ‘The Unready’ 978–1016: A Study in Their Use as Historical Evidence. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 3rd series, 13. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Heather A. King An Ogham-Inscribed Antler Handle from Clonmacnoise.’ Peritia, 20 (2008), 315–22.

Aaron J. Kleist (ed.). The Old English Homily: Precedent, Practice, and Appropriation. Studies in the Early Middle Ages 17. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007.

Stephen. Knight Arthurian Literature and Society. London: Macmillan, 1983.

Claus. Krag Early Unification of Norway’, in Knut Helle (ed.), The Cambridge History of Scandinavia, vol. i: Prehistory to 1520. Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 184–201.

Michael. Kulikowski Nation versus Army: A Necessary Contrast?’, in Andrew Gillett (ed.), On Barbarian Identity: Critical Approaches to Ethnicity in the Early Middle Ages. Studies in the Early Middle Ages 4. Turnhout: Brepols, 2002, pp. 69–84.

M. L. W. Laistner The Latin Versions of Acts Known to the Venerable Bede.’ Harvard Theological Review, 30 (1937), 37–50.

Michael. Lapidge Aldhelm’s Latin Poetry and Old English Verse.’ Comparative Literature, 31 (1979), 209–31. Repr. in Lapidge, Anglo-Latin Literature, 600–899, pp. 248–69.

Michael. Lapidge Poeticism in Pre-Conquest Anglo-Latin Prose’, in T. Reinhardt , M. Lapidge and J. N Adams (eds.), Aspects of the Language of Latin Prose. PBA 129. Oxford University Press for the British Academy, 2005, pp. 321–37.

Michael. Lapidge (ed.). Archbishop Theodore: Commemorative Studies on His Life and Influence. CSASE 11. Cambridge University Press, 1995.

V. Law Wisdom, Authority and Grammar in the Seventh Century. Decoding Virgilius Maro Grammaticus. Cambridge University Press, 1995.

M. D. Legge La précocité de la littérature anglo-normande.’ Cahiers de civilisation médiévale, 8 (1965), 327–49.

P. Lendinara , L. Lazzari and M. A. D’Aronco (eds.). Form and Content of Instruction in Anglo-Saxon England in the Light of Contemporary Manuscript Evidence: Papers Presented at the International Conference, Udine, 6–8 April 2006. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007.

Marjorie. Levinson What is New Formalism?’ PMLA, 122 (2007), 558–69.

David C. Lindberg The Beginnings of Western Science: The European Scientific Tradition in Philosophical, Religious, and Institutional Contexts, 600 BC to AD 1450. University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Maurizio. Lupoi The Origins of the European Legal Order, trans. Adrian Belton . Cambridge University Press, 2000.

P. Mac Cana Praise Poetry in Ireland before the Normans.’ Ériu, 54 (2004), 11–40.

Hugh Magennis and Swan Mary (eds.). A Companion to Ælfric. Leiden: Brill, 2009.

F. P. Magoun The Oral-Formulaic Character of Anglo-Saxon Narrative Poetry.’ Speculum, 28 (1953), 446–67.

Liz Herbert McAvoy and Watt Diane (eds.). The History of British Women’s Writing, 700–1500. History of British Women’s Writing 1. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

Stephen C. McCluskey Gregory of Tours, Monastic Timekeeping, and Early Christian Attitudes to Astronomy.’ Isis, 81 (1990), 9–22.

Kim. McCone Dubthach maccu Lugair and a Matter of Life and Death in the Pseudo-Historical Prologue to the Senchas Már.’ Peritia, 5 (1986), 1–35.

Rosamond. McKitterick The Carolingians and the Written Word. Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Rosamond. McKitterick (ed.). The Uses of Literacy in Early Mediaeval Europe. Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Elizabeth Parker. McLachlan The Bury Missal in Laon and Its Crucifixion Miniature.’ Gesta, 17 (1978), 27–35.

Sarah. McNamer Affective Meditation and the Invention of Medieval Compassion. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.

Audrey L. Meaney The Practice of Medicine in England about the Year 1000.’ Social History of Medicine, 13 (2000), 221–37.

M. J. Menzer Ælfric’s Grammar: Solving the Problem of the English-Language Text.’ Neophilologus, 83 (1999), 637–52.

Andrew H. Merrills History and Geography in Late Antiquity. Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Ludo J. R. Milis The Linguistic Boundary in the County of Guînes’, in J. Deploige et al. (eds.), Religion, Culture, and Mentalities in the Medieval Low Countries: Selected Essays. Turnhout: Brepols, 2005, pp. 353–84.

Donka. Minkova Alliteration and Sound Change in Early English. Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Alastair Minnis and Jane Roberts (eds.). Text, Image, Interpretation: Studies in Anglo-Saxon Literature and Its Insular Context in Honour of Éamonn Ó Carragáin. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007.

Hermann Moisl The Bernician Royal Dynasty and the Irish in the Seventh Century.’ Peritia, 2 (1983), 103–26.

Haruko. Momma The “Gnomic Formula” and Some Additions to Bliss’s Old English Metrical System.’ Notes & Queries, 36 (1989), 423–6.

Alden E. Mosshammer The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era. Oxford University Press, 2008.

Lawrence. Nees Reading Aldred’s Colophon for the Lindisfarne Gospels.’ Speculum, 78 (2003), 333–7.

Marie. Nelson The Paradox of Silent Speech in the Exeter Book Riddles.’ Neophilologus, 62 (1978), 609–15.

Marie Nelson The Rhetoric of the Exeter Book Riddles.’ Speculum, 49 (1974), 421–40.

Barbara. Newman God and the Goddesses: Vision, Poetry, and Belief in the Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.

John D. Niles Beowulf: The Poem and Its Tradition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Sarah Elliott. Novacich The Old English Exodus and the Read Sea.’ Exemplaria, 23 (2011), 50–66.

Vivian. Nutton Galen to Alexander: Medical Practice in Late Antiquity.’ Symposium on Byzantine Medicine, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 38 (1984), 1–14.

Katherine O’Brien O’Keeffe Listening to the Scenes of Reading: King Alfred’s Talking Prefaces’, in Mark Chinca and Christopher Young (eds.), Orality and Literacy in the Middle Ages: Essays on a Conjunction and Its Consequences in Honour of D. H. Green. Turnhout: Brepols, 2005, pp. 17–36.

Lisi Oliver Irish Influence on Orthographic Practice in Early Kent.’ NOWELE, 33 (1998), 93–113.

Michael O’Neill (ed.). The Cambridge History of English Poetry. Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Pádraig P. Ó Néill The Irish Role in the Origins of the Old English Alphabet: A Reassessment’, in James Graham-Campbell and Michael Ryan (eds.), Anglo-Saxon/Irish Relations Before the Vikings. Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 3–22.

Andy. Orchard The Poetic Art of Aldhelm. CSASE 8. Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Veronica. Ortenberg The English Church and the Continent in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries: Cultural, Spiritual, and Artistic Exchanges. Oxford University Press, 1992.

Peter. Orton Deixis and the Untransferable Text: Anglo-Saxon Colophons, Verse-Prefaces and Inscriptions’, in Stephen Kelly and John J. Thompson (eds.), Imagining the Book. Turnhout: Brepols, 2005, pp. 195–207.

William. O’Sullivan Insular Calligraphy: Current State and Problems.’ Peritia, 4 (1985), 346–59.

William. O’Sullivan The Lindisfarne Scriptorium: For and Against.’ Peritia, 8 (1994), 80–94.

Gillian R. Overing Beowulf on Gender.’ New Medieval Literatures, 12 (2010), 1–22.

R. I. Page The Bewcastle Cross.’ Nottingham Medieval Studies, 4 (1960), 36–57.

David. Parsons British Caraticos, Old English Cerdic.’ CMCS, 33 (1997), 1–8.

John. Pearce Archaeology, Writing Tablets and Literacy in Roman Britain.’ Gallia, 61 (2004), 43–51.

Richard Pfaff The Liturgy in Medieval England: A History. Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Sara M. Pons-Sanz Norse-Derived Vocabulary in Late Old English Texts. Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark, 2007.

Russell Poole “Non enim possum plorare nec lamenta fundere”: Sonatorrek in a Tenth-Century Context’, in J. Tolmie and J. Toswell (eds.), Laments for the Lost: Medieval Mourning and Elegy. Turnhout: Brepols, 2010, 173–200.

Russell Poole Skaldic Verse and Anglo-Saxon History: Some Aspects of the Period 1009–1016.’ Speculum, 62 (1987), 265–98.

David Pratt Persuasion and Invention at the Court of King Alfred the Great’, in Catherine Cubitt (ed.), Court Culture in the Early Middle Ages: The Proceedings of the First Alcuin Conference. Turnhout: Brepols, 2003, pp. 189–221.

David Pratt The Political Thought of King Alfred the Great. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Phillip Pulsiano and Elaine Treharne (eds.). A Companion to Anglo-Saxon Literature. Oxford: Blackwell, 2001.

Dennis. Quinn Me audiendi . . . stupentem: The Restoration of Wonder in Boethius’ Consolation.’ University of Toronto Quarterly, 57 (1988), 447–70.

Roger Ray Bede’s vera lex historiae.’ Speculum, 55 (1980), 1–21.

Alice. Rio Legal Practice and the Written Word in the Early Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Andrea. Rossi-Reder Beasts and Baptism: A New Perspective on the Old English Physiologus.’ Neophilologus, 83 (1999), 461–77.

Geoffrey. Russom Beowulf and Old Germanic Metre. CSASE 23. Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Andrew P. Scheil Somatic Ambiguity and Masculine Desire in the Old English Life of Euphrosyne.’ Exemplaria, 11 (1999), 345–61.

Richard Sharpe The Varieties of Bede’s Prose’, in T. Reinhardt , M. Lapidge and J. N. Adams (eds.), Aspects of the Language of Latin Prose. PBA 129. Oxford University Press for the British Academy, 2005, pp. 339–55.

Rudolf Simek . Altnordische Kosmographie: Studien und Quellen zu Weltbild und Weltbeschreibung in Norwegen und Island vom 12. bis zum 14. Jahrhundert. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1990.

Patrick Sims-Williams Religion and Literature in Western England, 600–800. CSASE 3. Cambridge University Press, 1990.

P. Sims-Williams and E. Poppe . ‘Medieval Irish Literary Theory and Criticism’, in A. Minnis and I. Johnson (eds.), The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp. 291–309.

Jeremy J. Smith An Historical Study of English: Function, Form and Change. London: Routledge, 1996.

Alfred P. Smyth King Alfred the Great. Oxford University Press, 1995.

Pauline Stafford . ‘Cherchez la femme: Queens, Queens’ Lands and Nunneries: Missing Links in the Foundation of Reading Abbey.’ History, 85 (2000), 4–27.

Jane Stevenson The ‘Laterculus Malalianus’ and the School of Archbishop Theodore. CSASE 14. Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Jane Stevenson Women Latin Poets: Language, Gender, and Authority from Antiquity to the Eighteenth Century. Oxford University Press, 2005.

G. Storms Anglo-Saxon Magic. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1948; repr. 1974.

J. S. P. Tatlock Muriel: The Earliest English Poetess.’ PMLA, 48 (1933), 317–21.

Mark C. Taylor (ed.). Critical Terms for Religious Studies. University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Rudolf Thurneysen . ‘Colmān mac Lēnēni und Senchān Torpēist.’ Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie, 19 (1933), 193–209.

B. J. Timmer Wyrd in Anglo-Saxon Prose and Poetry.’ Neophilologus, 26 (1941), 24–33, 213–28.

G. Toner Authority, Verse, and the Transmission of Senchas.’ Ériu, 55 (2005), 59–84.

Matthew Townend Knútr and the Cult of St Óláfr: Poetry and Patronage in Eleventh-Century Norway and England.’ Viking and Medieval Scandinavia, 1 (2005), 251–79.

David Townsend Cultural Difference and the Meaning of Latinity in Asser’s Life of King Alfred’, in Jeffrey Jerome Cohen (ed.), Cultural Diversity in the British Middle Ages: Achipelago, Island, England. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, pp. 57–73.

Peter Trudgill . ‘What Really Happened to Old English’, in Trudgill , Investigations in Sociohistorical Linguistics: Stories of Colonisation and Contact. Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 1–35.

Elizabeth M. Tyler Fictions of Family: The Encomium Emmae Reginae and Virgil’s Aeneid.’ Viator, 36 (2005), 149–79.

Elizabeth M. Tyler (ed.). Conceptualizing Multilingualism in England, c. 800–c.1250. Turnhout: Brepols, 2011.

Elisabeth van Houts Memory and Gender in Medieval Europe 900–1200. University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Peter Verbist . ‘Abbo of Fleury and the Computational Accuracy of the Christian Era,’ in Gerhard Jaritz and Gerson Moreno-Riaño (eds.), Time and Eternity: The Medieval Discourse. Turnhout: Brepols, 2003, pp. 63–80.

David Wallace (ed.). The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature. New Cambridge History of English Literature. Cambridge University Press, 1999.

J. M. Wallace-Hadrill The Frankish Church. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983.

Faith Wallis The Experience of the Book: Manuscripts, Texts, and the Role of Epistemology in Early Medieval Medicine’, in Don Bates (ed.), Knowledge and the Scholarly Medical Traditions. Cambridge University Press, 1995, pp. 101–26.

Faith Wallis Signs and Senses: Diagnosis and Prognosis in Early Medieval Pulse and Urine Texts.’ Social History of Medicine, 13 (2000), 265–78.

Teresa Webber . Scribes and Scholars at Salisbury Cathedral c. 1075–c. 1125. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992.

Lynn White . ‘Eilmer of Malmesbury, An Eleventh Century Aviator: A Case Study of Technological Innovation, Its Context and Tradition.’ Technology and Culture, 2 (1961), 97–111.

Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Saints’ Lives and Women’s Literary Culture c.1150–1300: Virginity and Its Authorizations. Oxford University Press, 2001.

Ian Wood . ‘The Final Phase’, in Malcolm Todd (ed.), A Companion to Roman Britain. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004, pp. 428–42.

Ian Wood Ripon, Francia and the Franks Casket in the Early Middle Ages.’ Northern History, 26 (1990), 1–19.

A. Woolf From Pictland to Alba: 789–1070. New Edinburgh History of Scotland 2. Edinburgh University Press, 2007.

Patrick Wormald Charters, Law and the Settlement of Disputes in Anglo-Saxon England’, in W. Davies and P. Fouracre (eds.), Settlement of Disputes in Early Medieval Europe. Cambridge University Press, 1986, pp. 149–68.

Patrick Wormald Engla lond: The Making of an Allegiance.’ Journal of Historical Sociology, 7 (1994), 1–24.

David Yerkes . ‘The Full Text of the Metrical Preface to Wærferth’s Translation of Gregory.’ Speculum, 55 (1980), 505–13.

Katherine Zieman . Singing the New Song: Literacy and Liturgy in Late Medieval England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 3534 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 3215 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.