Skip to main content
The Cambridge History of Russia
  • Volume 3: The Twentieth Century
  • Edited by Ronald Grigor Suny, University of Chicago and University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Cambridge History of Russia
    • Online ISBN: 9781139054096
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

The third volume of The Cambridge History of Russia provides an authoritative political, intellectual, social and cultural history of the trials and triumphs of Russia and the Soviet Union during the twentieth century. It encompasses not only the ethnically Russian part of the country but also the non-Russian peoples of the tsarist and Soviet multinational states and of the post-Soviet republics. Beginning with the revolutions of the early twentieth century, chapters move through the 1920s to the Stalinist 1930s, World War II, the post-Stalin years and the decline and collapse of the USSR. The contributors attempt to go beyond the divisions that marred the historiography of the USSR during the Cold War to look for new syntheses and understandings. The volume is also the first major undertaking by historians and political scientists to use the new primary and archival sources that have become available since the break-up of the USSR.


'The essays in the volume together provide one of the most comprehensive accounts of Russia's most turbulent century and will stand the test of time.'

Source: Europe-Asia Studies

'The new Cambridge History of Russia is an outstanding scholarly resource, and a brilliant example of the capacities and constraints of its format. … this volume on the twentieth century, like its companion volumes, is an impressive and authoritative work. It can be savoured by experts, and its various introductory treatments can be strongly recommended to undergraduates and MA students.'

Source: The Slavonic and East European Review

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.

Page 1 of 2

  • 1 - Reading Russia and the Soviet Union in the twentieth century: how the ‘West’ wrote its history of the USSR
    pp 5-64
  • View abstract
    From its very beginnings the historiography of Russia in the twentieth century has been much more than an object of coolly detached scholarly contemplation. Many observers saw the USSR as the major enemy of Western civilisation, the principal threat to the stability of nations and empires, a scourge that sought to undermine the fundamental values of decent human societies. Through the inter-war years the Soviet Union offered many intellectuals a vision of a preferred future outside and beyond capitalism, but contained within the hope and faith in the USSR and communism were the seeds of disillusionment and despair. The image of an imperialist totalitarianism, spreading its red grip over the globe, was at one and the same time the product of Western anxieties and the producer of inflated fears. As the Cold War consensus of the 1950s gave way to a growing discomfort with American policy, the Soviet Union itself was evolving away from Stalinism.
  • 2 - Russia’s fin de siècle, 1900–1914
    pp 65-93
  • View abstract
    The critical years from the turn of the century to the eve of the First World War were a time of uncertainty and crisis for Russia's old political, social and cultural order. The year 1904 saw the start of the Russo-Japanese war, a disastrous conflict sparked by Russia's expansion into China and Korea in the face of Japan's own regional desires, further fuelled by Russian over confidence and racist contempt for the Japanese. Marxists believed they possessed a more scientific and rationalistic understanding of society and history. Marxists tended to take an essentialist view of the proletariat: this was the class destined by the logic of history to emancipate humanity from injustice and oppression. The sense of crisis and opportunity that marked so much of the Russian fin de siècle was evident in the experience of being a non-Russian subject of Russian empire, as well as in state policy towards the nationalities problem.
  • 3 - The First World War, 1914–1918
    pp 94-113
  • View abstract
    The Russian Empire entered what became known as the First World War in the summer of 1914 as a Great Power on the Eurasian continent. During the first months of the war, the eastern front formed north-south from the East Prussian marshes to the Carpathian Mountains. The army's admission that 500,000 soldiers had deserted during the first year of war, most of them into German and Austrian prisoner-of-war camps, effectively surrendering to the enemy, raised alarm among the military and political elite. The wartime propaganda was one factor in the polarisation of large parts of the imperial population along ethnic or national lines. The war shaped a dramatic transformation of political life in the Russian Empire. Under the cover of the Russian occupation, several politically engaged hierarchs of the Orthodox Church, notably Archbishop Evlogii, launched a new campaign for the reconversion of the Galician population to its traditional Orthodox faith from its Greek-Catholic apostasy.
  • 4 - The revolutions of 1917–1918
    pp 114-139
  • View abstract
    On 23 February 1917 thousands of female textile workers and housewives took to the streets of Petrograd to protest against the bread shortage and to mark International Women's Day. Their protest occurred against a background of industrial unrest and their demonstration quickly drew in workers. The leaders of the revolutionary parties were taken by surprise at the speed with which the protests gathered momentum, but experienced activists, who included Bolsheviks, anti-war Socialist Revolutionaries and non-aligned Social Democrats, gave direction to the movement in the working class districts. The two forces that brought down the monarchy, the movement of workers and soldiers and the middle-class parliamentary opposition, became institutionalised in the post-revolutionary political order. Liberty and democracy were the watchwords of the February Revolution. The political awareness of the peasantry was low, but historians often exaggerate the cultural and political isolation of the village. The Bolshevik seizure of power is often presented as a conspiratorial coup against a democratic government.
  • 5 - The Russian civil war, 1917–1922
    pp 140-167
  • View abstract
    A generation ago, the nature of available sources as well as dominant paradigms in the historical profession led Western historians of the civil war to focus on military operations, allied intervention and politics at the top. The origins of the Russian civil war can be found in the desacralisation of the tsarist autocracy that took place in the years before the First World War. War, geopolitics and the prolonged crisis beginning in 1914 shaped the emerging Bolshevik party-state, which differed radically from the utopian views of the commune state that Lenin had formulated in 1917 in his State and Revolution. Bent on retaining power and the symbols of legitimacy, the Bolsheviks disagreed over how best to implement new cultural practices, which they saw as essential to the success of their revolution. Centring on procurement, Bolshevik economic practices alienated the peasantry and contributed to the famine of 1921-23.
  • 6 - Building a new state and society: NEP, 1921–1928
    pp 168-191
  • View abstract
    As 1921 dawned, the Bolsheviks could proclaim themselves victors in the civil war and celebrate an accomplishment that would stand as one of the great triumphs in official lore for the rest of the Soviet era. The new economic policy (NEP) emerged neither as a single decree nor a planned progression but as a label pinned eventually on a series of measures that appeared over the course of several months beginning in the spring of 1921. Industrial production, both heavy and light, as well as foreign trade improved far above the abysmal levels of the civil war and the beginning of NEP. One thing that did carry over from the civil war was the Bolsheviks' view of a stratified rural society. The heart of NEP lay in a hope that peasants would produce a surplus through incentives rather than compulsion, and Lenin defended the legalisation of private trade as an important means for inducing the peasantry to boost production.
  • 7 - Stalinism, 1928–1940
    pp 192-216
  • View abstract
    In the late 1920s, the ruling Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, launched a series of 'socialist offensives', a revolution that transformed the country. By the time of Joseph Stalin's death in March 1953, the USSR had become an industrial, military and nuclear giant. This chapter describes the state and society that developed out of Stalin's revolution. The drive for socialist industrialisation was impressive, but it was only one aspect of Stalin's revolution, one front of the socialist offensive. The second major front of the socialist offensive was played out in the countryside in the campaigns to collectivise agriculture. Destruction of the private farm economy went hand in glove with a general assault on private trade and other market remnants of new economic policy (NEP). Stalinism grew out of a unique combination of circumstances - a weak governing state, an increasingly hostile international context and a series of unforeseen crises, both domestic and external.
  • 8 - Patriotic War, 1941–1945
    pp 217-242
  • View abstract
    Standing squarely in the middle of the Soviet Union's timeline is the Great Patriotic War, the Russian name for the eastern front of the Second World War. During the nineteenth century international trade, lending and migration developed without much restriction. The Soviet Union was an active partner in the process that led to the opening of the 'eastern front' on 22 June 1941. Soviet war preparations began in the 1920s, long before Adolf Hitler's accession to power, at a time when France and Poland were seen as more likely antagonists. In June 1941 Hitler ordered his generals to destroy the Red Army and secure most of the Soviet territory in Europe. The main features of the Soviet system of government on the outbreak of war were Joseph Stalin's personal dictatorship, a centralised bureaucracy with overlapping party and state apparatuses, and a secret police with extensive powers to intervene in political, economic and military affairs.
  • 9 - Stalin and his circle
    pp 243-267
  • View abstract
    Joseph Stalin's personality left a giant imprint on the Soviet system. This chapter describes Stalin's relations with his deputies and their evolution into four phases. The first phase begins by assessing the rise of the Stalinist faction from the end of 1923 to 1924, when a solid majority formed within the Politburo against Leon Trotsky, whose impetuous behaviour and poor political judgement stoked up widespread unease within the leadership. The consolidation of dictatorship from the 1920s to the late 1930s and the operation of the Stalinist dictatorship at its peak, following the Great Purges, is the subject of the second phase. The third phase examines Stalin and his entourage during the war years, a period of marked decentralisation. The fourth phase discusses Stalin's last years, as the decision-making structures of the post-Stalin era. Although an important staging post on the road to dictatorship, the leadership system of the early 1930s is best viewed as a phase of unconsolidated oligarchic rule.
  • 10 - The Khrushchev period, 1953–1964
    pp 268-291
  • View abstract
    The year 1956 was pivotal in the Khrushchev period. Khrushchev was born on 15 April 1894 in the poor southern Russian village of Kalinovka, and his childhood there profoundly shaped his character. During the 1930s and 1940s, Khrushchev played a central role in Stalinism. His positive contributions included supervising construction of the Moscow metro, energising Ukrainian agriculture and industry after the Great Purges, and attempting to ameliorate the post-war famine which Joseph Stalin's draconian policies caused. Khrushchev's first priority was agriculture. Khrushchev's 1955 journey to Belgrade reflected a new, post-Stalinist formula for holding together the Soviet bloc: to tolerate a modicum of diversity and domestic autonomy, to emphasise ideological and political bonds and reinforce economic and political ties, and to weave all this together with Khrushchev's own personal involvement. Khrushchev's first major achievement was the Austrian State Treaty, signed in May 1955, under which Soviet occupation forces pulled out in return for an Austrian declaration of neutrality.
  • 11 - The Brezhnev era
    pp 292-315
  • View abstract
    This chapter describes the emergence of the Leonid Brezhnev leadership's 'orthodox Leninist' consensus from 1964 through the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. It examines the 'social contract' that emerged as the basis of social stability in the years of 'high Brezhnevism' from 1969 to 1976, noting the important role of détente in Brezhnev's political economy. The chapter discusses the decline of Brezhnevism from 1976 to 1982, both domestically and internationally. The Brezhnev era was somehow both a time of modernisation, stability and accomplishment and a time of decay, stagnation and corruption. The totalitarian model interpreted the Bolshevik revolution as a power grab by revolutionary extremists whose ultimate goal was total control over society. Nikita Khrushchev's strategy for building a socialist culture while rejecting Stalinist methods of coercion involved perpetual heroic campaigns designed to rekindle the revolutionary enthusiasm of ordinary Soviet citizens - the Virgin Lands campaign, the meat and milk campaign, the chemicals campaign and so on.
  • 12 - The Gorbachev era
    pp 316-351
  • View abstract
    No period in peacetime in twentieth-century Russia saw such dramatic change as the years between 1985 and 1991. During this time Russia achieved a greater political freedom than it had ever enjoyed before. The Cold War ended definitively in 1989 when the Central and Eastern European states regained their sovereignty. One of the most important developments in the Soviet Union following Mikhail Gorbachev's selection as General Secretary was a change of political language. New concepts were introduced into Soviet political discourse and old ones shed the meanings they had been accorded hitherto by Soviet ideology. The most immediate stimulus to change in the Soviet Union at the beginning of the Gorbachev era was the long-term decline in the rate of economic growth and the fact that the Soviet economy was not only lagging behind the most advanced Western countries but also was being overtaken by some of the newly industrialising countries in Asia.
  • 13 - The Russian Federation
    pp 352-380
  • View abstract
    The immediate afterglow of the failed coup attempt in August 1991 must rank as one of the more optimistic periods in Russian history. In August 1991, Russian President Boris Yeltsin was the most popular figure in Russia. Yeltsin's priority was not the creation or consolidation of a new democratic political system. Rather, Yeltsin turned his attention to dismantling the command economy and creating a market economy. Yeltsin's greatest achievement as president was the peaceful dissolution of the Soviet Union. The Communist Party of the Russian Federation and their allies, the Agrarian Party of Russia, won less than 20 per cent of the vote, while new 'centrist' groups combined for nearly a quarter of the vote. In early August, a multi-ethnic force headed by Chechen commander Shamil Basaev invaded the Russian republic of Dagestan, claiming Dagestan's liberation from Russian imperialism as their cause. Russian armed forces responded by launching a major counter-offensive against the Chechen-led 'liberation' movement.
  • 14 - Economic and demographic change: Russia’s age of economic extremes
    pp 381-410
  • View abstract
    The enduring fascination with Russia's twentieth-century economic history has its roots in the politics of revolution. For the Bolshevik leadership, the events of 1917-18 presaged the foundation of a more equitable one that would hold out hope to millions of oppressed and impoverished people within and beyond Russia's borders. This chapter provides a way of thinking about the economic and demographic consequences of the ambitions expressed by successive political leaders in Russia. Historians have been relatively kind in their assessment of the tsarist regime great leap forward. The New Economic Policy (NEP) has had a good press from many Western observers, who associate it with an era of relative political freedom and cultural experimentation before the onset of Stalinism. The adoption of the First Five-Year Plan in 1928 marks an attempt to engineer rapid economic growth by means of concerted state intervention. The post-Communist governments set great store by a radical privatisation of enterprise.
  • 15 - Transforming peasants in the twentieth century: dilemmas of Russian, Soviet and post-Soviet development
    pp 411-439
  • View abstract
    This chapter intends to situate the peasant majority of the population as both agents and victims within the history of Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union, and to locate them on the shifting terrain of the post-Soviet era. Between 1906 and 1911, Prime Minister Stolypin's reforms invited peasant households to separate from the commune and establish themselves on enclosed, self-contained farms. The policy of War Communism emerged in response to a series of material disasters, each one sufficient to overwhelm and destroy a stable political order, much less a fragile hierarchy of soviets controlled at the top by a few hundred revolutionaries wholly without administrative experience. From the peasantry's perspective, the most notable feature of the post- Stalin era was the abandonment of mass murder and deportations as core instruments of state policy. During the Leonid Brezhnev years, the tension between socio-economic improvements and a command system of economic and political governance continued to mount.
  • 16 - Workers and industrialization
    pp 440-467
  • View abstract
    For much of the twentieth century, labour historians conventionally employed the concept of the working class as an objective description of a distinct social group with measurable characteristics and factory workers as the core element within that class. Peasant labour migration assumed huge proportions in the late nineteenth century. Peasants travelled to and found work in the burgeoning metallurgical and coal-mining industries of the south. Joseph Stalin's great turn towards industrialisation, accompanied by the collectivisation of agriculture, provoked massive out-migration from the villages. Paternalism frequently crops up in both contemporary descriptions and historians' accounts of factory relations in pre-revolutionary Russia. Enterprise paternalism had little to do with the social backgrounds or 'party-mindedness' of managers. Having internalised Soviet propaganda's emphasis on the dignifying, self-realising dimensions of material labour, industrial workers tended to have greater respect for production than auxiliary workers regardless of skill level.
  • 17 - Women and the state
    pp 468-494
  • View abstract
    By the early twentieth century, far-reaching changes had begun to challenge Russia's traditional gender hierarchies. Women had established a significant presence in public life by the early twentieth century. Nearly half a million women, mainly of peasant origin, laboured in Russia's factories, constituting almost 30 per cent of the industrial labour force. The Revolution of 1905 demonstrated that no organisation or individual could speak for women as a group. Undermined by political divisions, the women's movement lost membership and momentum in the post-1905 reaction. Women constituted some 15 per cent of the membership of the Socialist Revolutionary Party and 10 per cent of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party on the eve of the First World War. During 1917, the Bolshevik Party made only half-hearted efforts to attract women. The death of Joseph Stalin and the rise of Nikita Khrushchev brought a shift in Soviet state's relationship to the 'question of women'.
  • 18 - Non-Russians in the Soviet Union and after
    pp 495-521
  • View abstract
    The constitutional structure of the Soviet Union and many elements of the early policies remained largely unchanged until 1991. The nineteenth century was the high-point of nation-building in Western Europe, and in Eastern Europe minorities began to articulate national demands. The Bolshevik revolution in October 1917 marked, for many national leaders, the end of any hope of autonomy or federalism within a democratic Russian state. In the 1960s and 1970s, a flourishing Ukrainian culture circulated in the form of samizdat underground publications, and in 1970 a nationalist journal, Ukrainian Herald, appeared secretly for the first time. Most non-Russians enjoyed a relatively privileged position in their republics, could use their mother tongue at school and in public and had controlled access to their national cultures. For many non-Russians, the introduction of market-style economic reforms led to particular hardship as it meant that relatively underdeveloped regions such as Central Asia and the Caucasus could no longer rely on unconditional central investment.
  • 19 - The western republics: Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova and the Baltics
    pp 522-548
  • View abstract
    The Soviet west came to the attention of scholars during the late 1960s and early 1970s. During the late nineteenth century, Estonians and Latvians were overwhelmingly peasant peoples, albeit with the level of literacy that was one of the highest in Europe. The Revolution of 1905 escalated the political and cultural demands of Estonian activists. Eastern or Dnieper Ukraine, which was part of the Russian Empire, shared many characteristics with Lithuania and Belorussia. Bordering Dnieper Ukraine in the south-west was Bessarabia, which is currently known under its historical name of Moldova. Territorial changes at the end of the Second World War favoured the western republics. The post-war period saw a quick industrial expansion, particularly in the Baltics and eastern Ukraine. By the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Baltic republics demonstrated standards of living higher than elsewhere in the USSR, while the rest of the region was on a par with the European part of Russia.
  • 20 - Science, technology and modernity
    pp 549-578
  • View abstract
    Science and technology occupy a central place in the history of all modern states, but their role is particularly significant in twentieth-century Russia. The Soviet Union made a massive effort to overtake the West in the development of technology. Science and technology were integral to the Soviet claim to offer a vision of modernity that was superior to that of Western capitalism. Although there was a significant group of conservative scientists and scholars in Russia, and a small number who supported the revolutionary parties, most scientists were liberal and reformist in their political outlook. Relations with the government remained tense after the Revolution of 1905. In 1918 the Bolsheviks established the Socialist Academy to encourage the development of Marxist social science. Radar development was resumed during the Second World War, and rocket development at the end of the war. Encouraged by success in nuclear weapons development and space flight, the post-Stalin leaders placed great hopes in science and technology.
  • 21 - Culture, 1900–1945
    pp 579-604
  • View abstract
    Russian culture in the first two decades of the twentieth century came under influences that could be found in most European cultures. Russian culture was influenced by circumstances distinct from other cultures. The first was the intelligentsia, a self-defined class of educated people who sustained social and cultural life under the profoundly undemocratic conditions of tsarism. The second was the October Revolution, which separated Russia from European cultures after 1917, and fundamentally reconfigured the cultural life of the country. Moderate policies ensured that many modes of cultural expression received state support. In practice the Bolsheviks accepted the same cultural hierarchies that radical Leftists would make the primary target of October Revolution. Soviet culture suffered from a deep split between artists, administrators and audiences. Russian-Soviet culture was fundamentally different after fifty years of social and institutional change. An institutional framework based on the autocracy had given way to private and informal institutions, which were then swept away by the October Revolution.
  • 22 - The politics of culture, 1945–2000
    pp 605-635
  • View abstract
    This chapter tells a convoluted story, or rather stories, spanning five decades and a spectrum of leadership ranging from Joseph Stalin's absolute dictatorship to Valentin Rasputin's technocracy. It depicts a society where politics and culture have until quite recently been intimately, indeed inextricably, intertwined, and where the imperatives of one frequently conflicted with the essence of the other. Even in today's post-Soviet Russia, where artists grope to find a secure footing in the rubble of the old cultural landscape, the nexus of politics and culture has not entirely disappeared. Leonid Brezhnev's reign curtailed much of the dynamism characteristic of the Thaw, whose suppressed energies re-emerged during Gorbachev's five years of perestroika and glasnost'. Throughout the Thaw, and well into the Brezhnev years, the Second World War became a touchstone of Soviet culture, in part because it represented the single unifying experience of a history otherwise bloody with political and ideological divisions.
  • 23 - Comintern and Soviet foreign policy, 1919–1941
    pp 636-661
  • View abstract
    The Bolsheviks had been conducting a fierce campaign to spread the revolution among invading Allied troops since the autumn of 1918 under the Central Executive Committee's Department of Propaganda, which was then moved over into the Communist International (Comintern) on 25 March 1919. The failure of the Allied war of intervention, signalled by the British decision to pull out by the end of 1919, effectively ensured the survival of Bolshevik rule in Russia and the greater part of its former empire. The Janus faces of Soviet foreign policy emerged: on the one side the face of appeasement and statecraft, the policy of accommodation to the capitalist world; on the other the contrasting face of violence and revolution to uproot and supplant capitalism in its entirety. The legitimacy of the October Revolution in Russia never depended exclusively on what it could do for Russia. France was on the front line against Fascism in 1934.
  • 24 - Moscow’s foreign policy, 1945–2000: identities, institutions and interests
    pp 662-705
  • View abstract
    This chapter explores Moscow's relations with Eastern Europe, China, Western Europe, the decolonising world and the United States (US) since 1945 from the perspective of Soviet and Russian identity relations with these states. The re-establishment of an orthodox Stalinist identity for the Soviet Union took only eighteen months. From September 1945 to June 1947 uncertainty about Soviet identity was replaced by a strict binary: the New Soviet Man (NSM) and its dangerous deviant other. Stalinism itself was the primary institutional carrier of the NSM. Soviet foreign policy correlates with the evolution of Soviet identity at home. Soviet interests in Eastern Europe did not change from 1945 to 1953: regimes friendly to Moscow. But how Soviets understood what constituted friendly changed dramatically. Finally, the end of the Cold War with the West was associated with the new identity's acknowledgement of fallibility at home and abroad.
  • 25 - The Soviet Union and the road to communism
    pp 706-731
  • View abstract
    The heart of the governing ideology of the Soviet Union was an image of itself as a traveller on the road to communism. This image was embedded in the narrative of class struggle and class mission created by Karl Marx and first embodied in a mass political movement by European Social Democracy. When the pioneers of Russian Social Democracy looked West in the 1890s, they saw a powerful, prestigious and yet still revolutionary movement. They saw mass worker parties, inspired by the Marxist class narrative that continued to advance despite the persecutions of such redoubtable enemies as Chancellor Bismarck. The man who gave canonical expression to the elaborated class narrative of Social Democracy was Karl Kautsky. The link between the class narrative and Bolshevik thinking about the peasantry is the scenario summarised by the phrase kto-kogo or 'who-whom'. Joseph Stalin presented the mass collectivisation of 1929-30 as the triumphal outcome of Vladimir Lenin's kto-kogo scenario.

Page 1 of 2

Abebe, Ermias, ‘The Horn, the Cold War, and Documents from the Former East-Bloc: An Ethiopian View’, Cold War International History Project Bulletin 8–9 (1996/7): 40–5.
Abraham, Ray, ‘The Regeneration of Family Farming in Estonia’, Sociologia Ruralis 34, 4 (1993): 354–68.
Acton, Edward, Cherniaev, Vladimir Iu., and Rosenberg, William G. (eds.), Critical Companion to the Russian Revolution, 1914–1921 (London: Arnold, 1997).
Adams, Arthur E., Bolsheviks in the Ukraine: The Second Campaign, 1918–1919 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1963).
Adelman, Jonathan R., ‘The Development of the Soviet Party Apparat in the Civil War: Center, Localities, and Nationality Areas’, Russian History 9, pt. 1 (1982): 86–110.
Adibekov, Grant M., Kominform i poslevoennaia Evropa, 1947–1956 (Moscow: Rossiia molodaia, 1994).
Adzhubei, Aleksei, Te desiat’ let (Moscow: Sovetskaia Rossiia, 1989).
Adzhubei, Aleksei, Krushenie illiuzii (Moscow: Interbuk, 1991).
Afanas’ev, Iu. N. (ed.), Inogo ne dano (Moscow: Progress, 1988).
Aganbegyan, Abel, Moving the Mountain: Inside the Perestroika Revolution, trans. Szamuely, Helen (London: Bantam Press, 1989).
Akiner, Shirin, The Formation of Kazakh Identity from Tribe to Nation-State (London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1995).
Alaniz, José, and Graham, Seth, ‘Early Necrocinema in Context’, in Graham, Seth (ed.), Necrorealism: Contexts, History, Interpretations (Pittsburgh: Russian Film Symposium, 2001).
Aleksandrov-Agentov, Andrei M., Ot Kollontai do Gorbacheva: vospominaniia diplomata, sovetnika A.A. Gromyko, pomoshchnika L.I. Brezhneva, Iu. V. Andropova, K.U. Chernenko i M.S. Gorbacheva (Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniia, 1994).
Alexopoulos, Golfo, Stalin’s Outcasts: Aliens, Citizens, and the Soviet State, 1926–1936 (Ithaca, N.Y., and London: Cornell University Press, 2003).
Alexseyeva, Lyudmilla, Soviet Dissent: Contemporary Movements for National, Religious, and Human Rights (Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1985).
Alexseyeva, Lyudmilla, and Goldberg, Paul, The Thaw Generation: Coming of Age in the Post-Stalin Era (Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 1993).
Allison, Roy, and Jonson, Lena (eds.), Central Asian Security: The New International Context (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2001).
Allworth, Edward A. (ed.), The Tatars of Crimea: Return to the Homeland (Durham, N.C., and London: Duke University Press, 1998).
Alpatov, V. M., 150 iazykov i politika: 1917–1997 (Moscow: IV RAN, 1997).
Altstadt, Audrey L., The Azerbaijani Turks (Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1992).
Amann, Ronald, and Cooper, J. M. (eds.), Industrial Innovation in the Soviet Union (London: Yale University Press, 1982).
Amann, R., and Cooper, J. (eds.), Industrial Innovation in the Soviet Union (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982).
Amann, R., and Davies, R. (eds.), The Technological Level of Soviet Industry (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977).
Ananich, B. V., Ganelin, R. S., Dubentsov, B. B., Diakin, V. S., and Potolov, S. I., Krizis Samoderzhaviia v Rossii, 1895–1917 (Leningrad, 1984).
Anderson, K., and Chubar’ian, A. (eds.), Komintern i ideia mirovoi revoliutsii: dokumenty (Moscow: Nauka, 1998).
Anderson, Richard D. Jr., Public Politics in an Authoritarian State: Making Foreign Policy During the Brezhnev Years (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1993).
Anderson, Barbara A., and Silver, Brian D., ‘Estimating Russification of Ethnic Identity among Non-Russians in the USSR’, Demography 20, 4 (Nov. 1983): 461–89.
Anderson, Barbara A., and Silver, Brian D., ‘Equality, Efficiency, and Politics in Soviet Bilingual Education Policy, 1934–1980’, American Political Science Review 78 (1984): 1019–39.
Andrew, Christopher and Mitrokhin, Vasili, The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB (New York: Basic Books, 1999).
Andrews, Josephine, When Majorities Fail: The Russian Parliament 1990–1993 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Andreyev, Catherine, Vlasov and the Russian Liberation Movement: Soviet Reality and Émigré Theories (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
Anninskii, Lev, Shestidesiatniki i my (Moscow: Kinotsentr, 1991).
Anweiler, Oskar, The Soviets: The Russian Workers’ Peasants’ and Soldiers’ Councils, 1905–21 (New York: Pantheon, 1974).
Applebaum, Anne, Gulag, A History (New York: Doubleday, 2003).
Arbatov, Georgi, The System: An Insider’s Life in Soviet Politics (New York: Times Books, 1992).
Argenbright, Robert, ‘Bolsheviks, Baggers and Railroaders: Political Power and Social Space, 1917–1921’, Russian Review 52, 4 (1993): 506–27.
Armstrong, John A., Ukrainian Nationalism, 1939–45 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1963).
Armstrong, John A., Nations Before Nationalism (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982).
Aron, Leon, Boris Yeltsin: A Revolutionary Life (London: HarperCollins, 2000).
Arutiunov, Iurii, Sotsial’noe i national’noe: Opyt etnosotsiologicheskikh issledovanii po materialam Tatarskoi ASSR (Moscow: Nauka, 1973).
Ascher, Abraham, Pavel Axelrod and the Development of Menshevism (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972).
Ascher, Abraham, The Revolution of 1905, vol. I: Russia in Disarray, vol. II: Authority Restored (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1988, 1992).
Ascher, Abraham, P. A. Stolypin: The Search for Stability in Late Imperial Russia (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2001).
Aslund, Anders, Post-Communist Economic Revolutions: How Big a Bang? (Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1992).
Aslund, Anders, Gorbachev’s Struggle for Economic Reform (London: Pinter, 1991).
Aslund, Anders, Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Aster, Howard, and Potichnyj, Peter J. (eds.), Ukrainian–Jewish Relations in Historical Perspective (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, 1988).
Atkinson, Dorothy, The End of the Russian Land Commune, 1905–1930 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1983).
Atkinson, D. G., The End of the Russian Land Commune 1905 –1930 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1983).
Aves, Jonathan, Workers against Lenin: Labour Protest and the Bolshevik Dictatorship (London: Tauris Academic Studies, 1996).
Azovtsev, N. N. (ed.), Grazhdanskaia voina v SSSR (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel’stvo Minister-stva oborony SSSR, 1980, 1986).
Bacon, Edwin, and Sandle, Mark (eds.), Brezhnev Reconsidered (London: Palgrave, 2002).
Baevskii, D. A., Rabochii klass v pervye gody sovetskoi vlasti (1917–1921 gg.) (Moscow: Nauka, 1974).
Bailes, Kendall, Technology and Society under Lenin and Stalin (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978).
Bailes, Kendall E. (Technology and Society under Lenin and Stalin: Origins of the Soviet Technical Intelligentsia, 1917–1941 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978).
Bailes, Kendall E. (Science and Russian Culture in an Age of Revolutions: V. I. Vernadsky and his Scientific School, 1863–1945 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990).
Bakatin, Vadim, Doroga v proshedshem vremeni (Moscow: Dom, 1999).
Ball, Alan M., Russia’s Last Capitalists: The Nepmen, 1921–1929 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987).
Ball, Alan M., And Now My Soul is Hardened: Abandoned Children in Soviet Russia, 1918–1930 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994).
Balmaceda, Margarita M., Clem, James I., and Tarlow, Lisbeth L. (eds.), Independent Belarus: Domestic Determinants, Regional Dynamics, and Implications for the West (Cambridge, Mass.: Ukrainian Research Institute and Davis Center for Russian Studies, Harvard University, 2002).
Balzer, Harley D., Five Years that Shook the World: Gorbachev’s Unfinished Revolution (Boulder, Colo., San Francisco and Oxford: Praeger, 1991).
Balzer, Harley D., Soviet Science on the Edge of Reform (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1989).
Baranskaya, Natalia, A Week Like Any Other and Other Stories (Seattle: Seal Press, 1990).
Barber, John (ed.), Zhizn’ i smert’ v blokadnom Leningrade. Istoriko-meditsinskii aspekt (St Petersburg: Dmitrii Bulanin, 2001).
Barber, John and Harrison, Mark, The Soviet Home Front 1941–1945 : A Social and Economic History of the USSR in World War II (London: Longman, 1991).
Bar’iakhtar, V. G. (ed.), Chernobyl’skaia katastrofa (Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1995).
Barker, Adele Marie (ed.), Consuming Russia: Popular Culture, Sex, and Society Since Gorbachev (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1999).
Barnes, Andrew, ‘What’s the Difference? Industrialization, Privatization and Agricultural Land Reform in Russia, 1990–6’, Europe–Asia Studies 50, 5 (1998): 843–57.
Baron, Samuel H., Bloody Sunday in the Soviet Union: Novocherkassk, 1962 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2001).
Bartlett, Roger, Land Commune and Peasant Community in Russia: Communal Forms in Imperial and Early Soviet Society (Basingstoke: University of London, 1990).
Bastrakova, M. S., Stanovlenie sovetskoi sistemy organizatsii nauki (1917–1922) (Moscow: Nauka, 1973).
Bazhaev, V. G., Travopol’noe khoziaistvo v nechernozemnoi polose Evropeiskoi Rossii (St Petersburg, 1902).
Beda, Anatolii M., Sovetskaia politicheskaia kul’tura cherez prismu MVD: Ot ‘Moskovskogo patriotizma’ k idee ‘bol’shogo otechestva’, 1946–1958 (Moscow: Mosgorarkhiv, 2002).
Beevor, Antony, Stalingrad (London: Viking, 1998).
Beevor, Antony, Berlin: The Downfall, 1945 (London: Viking, 2002).
Beissinger, Mark R., Nationalist Mobilization and the Collapse of the Soviet State (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Belov, Fedor, The History of a Collective Farm (New York: Praeger, 1955).
Belozerov, A. P., et al. (eds.), Sekrety Gitlera na stole u Stalina – Razvedka i kontrrazvedka o podgotovke germanskoi agressii protiv SSSR, mart-iiun, 1941g: Dokumenty iz tsentral’nogo arkhiva FSB Rossii (Moscow: Mosgorarkhiv, 1995).
Bennett, Andrew, Condemned to Repetition? The Rise, Fall, and Reprise of Soviet-Russian Military Interventionism, 1973–1996 (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999).
Bennigsen, Alexandre, and Lemercier-Quelquejay, Chantal, Islam in the Soviet Union (London: Pall Mall, 1967).
Benvenuti, Francesco, Fuoco sui sabotari! Stachanovismo e organizzazione industriale in URSS 1934–1938 (Rome: Valerio Levi, 1988).
Berg, Raisa, Sukhovei (New York: Chalidze Publications, 1983).
Bergson, Abram, The Real National Income of Soviet Russia since 1928 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1961).
Beria i teoriia otnositel’nosti’, Istoricheskii arkhiv 3 (1994): 215–23.
Berliner, Joseph, Factory and Manager in the USSR (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1957).
Bernstein, Laurie, Sonia’s Daughters: Prostitutes and their Regulation in Imperial Russia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).
Beschloss, Michael R. and Talbott, Strobe, At the Highest Levels: The Inside Story of the End of the Cold War (London: Little, Brown, 1993).
Beumers, Birgit (ed.), Russia on Reels (London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 1999).
Bezborodov, A. B., Vlast’ i nauchno-tekhnicheskaia politika v SSSR serediny 5 0-kh–serediny 70-kh godov (Moscow: Mosgorarkhiv, 1997).
Bialer, Seweryn, Stalin and his Generals: Soviet Military Memoirs of World War II (New York: Pegasus, 1969; London: Souvenir Press, 1970).
Bialer, Seweryn, Stalin’s Successors: Leadership, Stability, and Change in the Soviet Union (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980).
Bialer, Seweryn (ed.), Politics, Society and Nationality inside Gorbachev’s Russia (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1989).
Bilinsky, Yaroslav, ‘The Soviet Education Laws of 1958–59 and Soviet Nationality Policy’, Soviet Studies 14 (1962): 138–57.
Bilmanis, A. (ed.), Latvian-Russian Relations: Documents (Washington: Latvian Delegation, 1944).
Biriukov, B. V., et al., ‘Filosofskie problemy kibernetiki’, in Berg, A. I. (ed.), Kibernetika – na sluzhbu kommunizmu, vol. vi (Moscow: Energiia, 1967).
Black, Cyril E. (ed.), The Transformation of Russian Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960).
Blank, Stephen, The Sorcerer as Apprentice – Stalin as Commissar of Nationalities, 1917–1924 (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994).
Blasi, Joseph Kroumova Maya, and Kruse, Douglas, Kremlin Capitalism: Privatizing the Russian Economy (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1997).
Bliakhman, L. S., Zdravomyslov, A. G., and Shkaratan, O. I., Dvizhenie rabochei sily na promyshlennykh predpriiatiiakh (Moscow: Ekonomika, 1965).
Blum, Douglas W., ‘Domestic Politics and Russia’s Caspian Policy’, Post-Soviet Affairs 14, 2 (1998): 137–64.
Blustein, Paul, The Chastening: Inside the Crisis that Rocked the Global Financial System and Humbled the IMF (New York: Public Affairs, 2001).
Boldin, V. I., Krushenie p’edestala. Shtrikhi k portretu M.S. Gorbacheva (Moscow: Respublika, 1995).
Bongard-Levin, G. M., and Zakharov, V. E. (eds.), Rossiiskaia nauchnaia emigratsiia: dvadtsat’ portretov (Moscow: URSS, 2001).
Bonnell, Victoria, Roots of Rebellion: Workers’ Politics and Organizations in St. Petersburg and Moscow, 1900–1914 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983).
Bonnell, Victoria, (ed.), The Russian Worker: Life and Labor under the Tsarist Regime (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1983).
Bonnell, Victoria E., Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and Stalin (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).
Bordiugov, Gennadii A., ‘Chrezvychainye mery i “Chrezvychaishchina” v Sovetskoi respublike i drugikh gosudarstvennykh obrazovaniiakh na territorii Rossii v 1918–1920 gg.’, Cahiers du Monde russe et soviétique 38, 1–2 (1997): 29–44.
Borkenau, F., World Communism: A History of the Communist International (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1962).
Borys, Jurij, The Sovietization of Ukraine, 1917–1923 (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1980).
Bovin, Aleksandr, XX vek kak zhizn:’ vospominaniia (Moscow: Zakharov, 2003).
Bowlt, John (ed.), Russian Art of the Avant-Garde: Theory and Criticism, 1902–1934 (New York: Viking Press, 1976).
Bradley, Joseph, Muzhik and Muscovite: Urbanization in Late Imperial Russia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985).
Bradley, Joseph, ‘Subjects into Citizens: Societies, Civil Society, and Autocracy in Tsarist Russia’, American Historical Review 107, 4 (Oct. 2002): 1094–123.
Braithwaite, Rodric, Across the Moscow River: The World Turned Upside Down (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2002).
Brandenberger, David, National Bolshevism: Stalinist Mass Culture and the Formation of Modern Russian National Identity, 1931–1956 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002).
Bremmer, Ian, and Taras, Ray (eds.), New States, New Politics: Building the Post-Soviet Nations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Breslauer, George, Khrushchev and Brezhnev as Leaders: Building Authority in Soviet Politics (London and Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1982).
Breslauer, George, ‘On the Adaptability of Soviet Welfare-State Authoritarianism’, in Erik, P. Hoffmann and Robbin, F. Laird (eds.), The Soviet Polity in the Modern World (New York: Aldine, 1984).
Breslauer, George W., Gorbachev and Yeltsin as Leaders (New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Breslauer, George, Gorbachev and Yeltsin as Leaders (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Brezhnev, Luba, The World I Left Behind: Pieces of a Past (New York: Random House, 1995).
Bridger, Susan, and Pine, Frances, Surviving Post-Socialism: Local Strategies and Regional Responses in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union (London: Routledge, 1998).
Bridger, Susan, Women in the Soviet Countryside: Women’s Roles in Rural Development in the Soviet Union (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
Bridger, Susan, Kay, Rebecca, and Pinnick, Kathryn, No More Heroines? Russia, Women and the Market (New York: Routledge, 1996).
Bromlei, Iulii V., Sovremennye etnicheskie protsessy v SSSR (Moscow: Nauka, 1975).
Brooks, Jeffrey, When Russia Learned to Read: Literacy and Popular Literature, 1861–1917 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985).
Brooks, Jeffrey, Thank You, Comrade Stalin!: Soviet Public Culture from Revolution to Cold War (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).
Brovkin, Vladimir N., The Mensheviks after October: Socialist Opposition and the Rise of the Bolshevik Dictatorship (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1987).
Brovkin, Vladimir N., Behind the Front Lines of the Civil War: Political Parties and Social Movements in Russia, 1918–1922 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994).
Browder, R. P. and Kerensky, A. F., The Russian Provisional Government, 3 vols. (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1961).
Brower, Daniel, The Russian City between Tradition and Modernity, 1850–1900 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990).
Brower, Daniel, and Edward, Lazzerini (eds.), Russia’s Orient: Imperial Borderlands and Peoples, 1700–1917 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997).
Brown, Archie, The Gorbachev Factor (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).
Brown, Archie, ‘Mikhail Gorbachev: Systemic Transformer’, in Westlake, Martin (ed.), Leaders of Transition (London: Macmillan, 2000), pp. 3–26.
Brown, Archie, (ed.), The Demise of Marxism-Leninism in Russia (London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).
Brown, Archie, and Lilia, Shevtsova (eds.), Gorbachev, Yeltsin, and Putin: Political Leadership in Russia’s Transition (Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2001).
Brown, Archie (ed.), Contemporary Russian Politics: A Reader (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Brown, Deming, Soviet Russian Literature since Stalin (Cambridge and London: Cambridge University Press, 1978).
Brown, Edward, The Proletarian Episode in Russian Literature, 1928–1932 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1953).
Broxup, Marie, ‘The Basmachis’, Central Asian Survey 2 (1983): 57–82.
Broxup, Marie, (ed.), The North Caucasus Barrier: The Russian Advance towards the Muslim World (London: Hurst, 1992).
Brubaker, Rogers, Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Brudny, Yitzhak M., Reinventing Russia: Russian Nationalism and the Collapse of the Soviet State, 1953–1991 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998).
Brumberg, Abraham (ed.), Chronicle of a Revolution: A Western-Soviet Inquiry into Perestroika (New York: Pantheon, 1990).
Brutents, K. N., Tridsat’ let na staroi ploshchadi (Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, 1998).
Brzezinski, Zbigniew, The Grand Failure: The Birth and Death of Communism in the Twentieth Century (New York: Scribner, 1989).
Brzezinski, Zbigniew (ed.), Dilemmas of Change in Soviet Politics (New York: Columbia University Press, 1969).
Buckley, Mary, Women and Ideology in the Soviet Union (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1989).
Buckley, Mary, (ed.), Perestroika and Soviet Women (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Buckley, Mary, (ed.), Post-Soviet Women: From the Baltic to Central Asia (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Bukharin, N., and Preobrazhensky, E. A., The ABC of Communism (London: CPGB, 1922).
Bukharin, Nikolai, Programma kommunistov (bol’shevikov) (Moscow: Izdatel’stvo VTsIK, 1918).
Bukharin, Nikolai, Metodologiia i planirovanie nauki i tekhniki: Izbrannye trudy (Moscow: Nauka, 1989).
Bukharin, Nikolai, Izbrannye proizvedeniia (Moscow: Ekonomika, 1990).
Bukharin, Nikolai, and Preobrazhensky, Evgenii, The ABC of Communism: A Popular Explanation of the Program of the Communist Party of Russia (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1966; originally published 1919).
Buldakov, V. P., Krasnaia smuta: Priroda i posledstviia revoliutsionnogo nasiliia (Moscow: Rosspen, 1997).
Bulganin, N., Doklad na plenume tsentral’nogo komiteta KPSS, 4 iiulia 1955 goda (Moscow: Politizdat, 1955).
Bunce, Valerie, Subversive Institutions: The Design and the Destruction of Socialism and the State (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Burawoy, Michael, ‘From Capitalism to Capitalism via Socialism: The Odyssey of a Marxist Ethnographer, 1975–1995’, International Labor and Working-Class History 50 (1996): 77–99.
Burawoy, Michael, and Hendley, Kathryn, ‘Between Perestroika and Privatization: Divided Strategies and Political Crisis in a Soviet Enterprise’, Soviet Studies 44 (1992): 371–402.
Burawoy, Michael, and Krotov, Pavel, ‘The Soviet Transition from Socialism to Capitalism: Worker Control and Economic Bargaining in the Wood Industry’, in Clarke, Simon et al. (eds.), What about the Workers?: Workers and the Transition to Capitalism in Russia (London: Verso, 1993), pp. 56–90.
Burds, Jeffrey, Peasant Dreams and Market Politics: Labor Migration and the Russian Village, 1861–1905 (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1998).
Burds, Jeffrey, ‘The Early Cold War in Soviet West Ukraine, 1944–1948’, Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies, no. 1505 (Pittsburgh: Center for Russian and East European Studies, University of Pittsburgh, 2001).
Burdzhalov, E. N., Russia’s Second Revolution: The February 1917 Uprising in Petrograd, trans. Raleigh, Donald J. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987).
Burlatskii, F., ‘Posle Stalina’, Novyi mir 10 (1988).
Bushnell, John, ‘Urban Leisure Culture in Post-Stalin Russia: Stability as a Social Problem?’, in Terry, L. Thompson and Sheldon, Richard (eds.), Soviet Society and Culture: Essays in Honor of Vera S. Dunham (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1988).
Bushnell, John, ‘Urban Leisure Culture in Post-Stalin Russia: Stability as a Social Problem?’, Moscow Graffiti: Language and Subculture (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990).
Byrnes, Robert, Pobedonostev: His Life and Thought (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1968).
Carlson, Maria, ‘No Religion Higher Than Truth’: A History of the Theosophical Movement in Russia, 1875–1922 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).
Carr, E. H., A History of Soviet Russia: The Bolshevik Revolution 1917–1923, 3 vols. (London: Macmillan, 1953; Pelican Books, 1966).
Carr, E. H., The Interregnum, 1923–1924 (London: Macmillan, 1954).
Carr, E. H., Socialism in One Country 1924–1926, 3 vols. (London: Macmillan, 1958–64).
Carr, E. H., and Davies, R. W., Foundations of a Planned Economy1926–1929, 3 vols. (London: Macmillan, 1969–78).
Carr, E. H., and Davies, R. W., Foundations of a Planned Economy, 1926–1929, vol. I (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969; London: Macmillan, 1976).
Carr, E. H., Twilight of Comintern, 1930–1935 (London: Macmillan, 1982).
Carrère d’Encausse, Hélène, The Great Challenge: Nationalities and the Bolshevik State, 1917–1930, (New York: Holmes and Meier, 1992).
Carrère d’Encausse, Hélène, L’Empire Éclaté (Paris: Flammarion, 1978).
Carrère d’Encausse, Hélène, Decline of an Empire: The Soviet Socialist Republics in Revolt (New York: Newsweek Books, 1979).
Carrère d’Encausse, Hélène, The Great Challenge: Nationalities and the Bolshevik State 1917–1930, trans. Festinger, Nancy (New York and London: Holmes and Meier, 1992).
Caskie, Paul, ‘Back to Basics: Household Food Production in Russia’, Journal of Agricultural Economics 51, 2 (May 2000): 196–209.
Central Committee Resolution and Zhdanov’s Speech on the Journals Zvezda and Leningrad, The bilingual edn (Royal Oak, Mich.: Strathcona Publishing Company, 1978).
Chaianov, A. V., On the Theory of Peasant Economy, ed. Thorner, D. et al. (Homewood, Ill.: R. D. Irwin, 1966).
Chanbarisov, Sh. Kh., Formirovanie sovetskoi universitetskoi sistemy (Moscow: Vysshaia shkola, 1988).
Channon, John, ‘The Bolsheviks and the Peasantry: The Land Question during the First Eight Months of Soviet Power’, Slavonic and East European Studies 66, 4 (1988): 593–624.
Chase, William, Workers, Society, and the Soviet State: Labor and Life in Moscow, 1918–1929 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987).
Chase, William, Workers, Society, and the Soviet State: Labor and Life in Moscow, 1918–1929 (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1987).
Chase, William, ‘Voluntarism, Mobilization and Coercion: Subbotniki 1919–1921’, Soviet Studies 41 (1989): 111–28.
Chase, William, and Siegelbaum, Lewis, ‘Worktime and Industrialization in the U.S.S.R., 1917–1941’, in Cross, Gary (ed.), Worktime and Industrialization: An International History (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988), pp. 183–216.
Chatterjee, Choi, ‘Soviet Heroines and Public Identity, 1930–1939’, The Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies, no. 1402 (Pittsburgh: Center for Russian and East European Studies, 1999).
Chatterjee, Choi, Celebrating Women: Gender, Festival Culture, and Bolshevik Ideology, 1910–1939 (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2002).
Chazov, Evgenii I., Zdorov’e i vlast’: vospominaniia ‘kremlevskogo vracha’ (Moscow: Novosti, 1992).
Checkel, Jeffrey T., Ideas and International Political Change: Soviet/Russian Behavior and the End of the Cold War (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997).
Chen, Jian, Mao’s China and the Cold War (Chapel: Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001).
Chernaiev, A. S., Moia zhizn’ i moe vremia (Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, 1995).
Chernenkov, N. N., K kharakteristike krest’ianskogo khoziaistva (Moscow, 1905).
Chernyaev, Anatoly, My Six Years with Gorbachev, trans. and ed. English, Robert and Tucker, Elizabeth, Foreword by Matlock, Jack F. Jr . (University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000).
Chernyaev, Anatoly, Byl li u Rossii shans? On – poslednii (Moscow: Sobranie, 2003).
Chertok, B. E., Rakety i liudi (Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1994).
Chiang, Kai-shek, A Summing up at Seventy: Soviet Russia in China (London: Harrap, 1957).
Chokaev, Mustafa, ‘The Basmaji Movement in Turkestan’, Asiatic Review 24 (1928): 273–88.
Christensen, Paul T., Russia’s Workers in Transition: Labor, Management, and the State under Gorbachev and Yeltsin (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1999).
Chubar’ian, A. O. (ed.), Stalin i kholodnaia voina (Moscow: In-t vseobshchei istorii RAN, 1997).
Chuev, Felix, Molotov Remembers: Inside Kremlin Politics (Chicago: I. R. Dee, 1993).
Churbanov, Yurii M., Ia rasskazhu vse, kak bylo … (Moscow: Nezavisimaia Gazeta, 1992).
Clark, Katerina, Petersburg, Crucible of Cultural Revolution (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995).
Clark, Katerina, The Soviet Novel: History as Ritual (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981).
Clarke, Roger A., Soviet Economic Facts, 1917–1970 (London: Macmillan, 1972).
Clarke, Simon (ed.), Management and Industry in Russia: Formal and Informal Relations in the Period of Transition (Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1995).
Clarke, Simon (ed.), et al. (eds.), What About the Workers?: Workers and the Transition to Capitalism in Russia (London: Verso, 1993).
Clarke, Simon Fairbrother, Peter, and Borisov, Vadim, The Workers’ Movement in Russia (Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1995).
Clem, Ralph S., The Soviet West: Interplay between Nationality and Social Organization (New York: Praeger, 1975).
Clements, Barbara, Engel, Barbara, and Worobec, Christine (eds.), Russia’s Women: Accommodation, Resistance, Transformation (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).
Clements, Barbara Evans, Bolshevik Women (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Clements, Barbara Evans Friedman, Rebecca, and Healey, Dan (eds.), Russian Masculinities in History and Culture (New York: Palgrave, 2002).
Clowes, Edith, Kassow, Samuel, and West, James (eds.), Between Tsar and People: Educated Society and the Quest for Public Identity in Late Imperial Russia (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991).
Clyman, Toby, and Greene, Diana (eds.), Women Writers in Russian Literature (Westport, Conn. and London: Praeger, 1994).
Coale, Ansley J., Human Fertility in Russia since the Nineteenth Century (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979).
Cohen, Stephen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888–1938 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980).
Cohen, Stephen F., and Heuvel, Katrina, Voices of Glasnost: Interviews with Gorbachev’s Reformers (New York: Norton, 1989).
Cohen, Stephen F. (ed.), An End to Silence: Uncensored Opinion in the Soviet Union (New York: W.W. Norton, 1982).
Colton, Timothy, Transitional Citizens: Voters and What Influences Them in the New Russia (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2000).
Colton, Timothy, and Hough, Jerry, Growing Pains: Russian Democracy and the Election of 1993 (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1998).
Colton, Timothy, and McFaul, Michael, Popular Choice and Managed Democracy: The Russian Elections in 1999 and 2000 (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2003).
Condee, Nancy (ed.), Soviet Hieroglyphics: Visual Culture in Late Twentieth-Century Russia (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press and British Film Institute, 1995).
Connor, Walter D., The Accidental Proletariat: Workers, Politics, and Crisis in Gorbachev’s Russia (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991).
Conquest, Robert, Power and Policy in the USSR: The Struggle for Stalin’s Succession 1945–1960 (London: Macmillan, 1961).
Conquest, Robert, The Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine (London: Hutchinson, 1986).
Cook, Linda J., The Soviet Social Contract and Why it Failed: Welfare Policy and Workers’ Politics from Brezhnev to Yeltsin (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993).
Cook, Linda J., Labor and Liberalization: Trade Unions in the New Russia (New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1997).
Coopersmith, Jonathan, The Electrification of Russia 1800–1926 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1992).
Corney, Frederick C., Telling October: Memory and the Making of the Bolshevik Revolution (Ithaca, N.Y., and London: Cornell University Press, 2004).
Cottam, K. Jean, ‘Soviet Women in World War II: The Ground Forces and the Navy’, International Journal of Women’s Studies 3 (1980): 345–55.
Counts, George S., Khrushchev and the Central Committee Speak on Education (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1959).
Counts, George S., and Lodge, Nucia, The Country of the Blind: The Soviet System of Mind Control (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1949).
Counts, George S., and Lodge, Nucia, and Peteri, Gyorgy (eds.), Academia in Upheaval: Origins, Transfers, and Transformations of the Communist Academic Regime in Russia and East Central Europe (Westport, Conn.: Bergin and Garvey, 2000).
Crisp, Olga, Studies in the Russian Economy before 1914 (London: Macmillan, 1976).
Crisp, Olga, ‘Labour and Industrialisation in Russia’, in Mathias, Peter and Postan, M. M. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, vol. VII (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978), pt. 2, pp. 308–415.
Crowfoot, John, and Harrison, Mark, ‘The USSR Council of Ministers under Late Stalinism, 1945–54: Its Production Branch Composition and the Requirements of National Economy and Policy’, Soviet Studies 42, 1 (1990): 41–60.
Crowley, Stephen, Hot Coal, Cold Steel: Russian and Ukrainian Workers from the End of the Soviet Union to the Post-Communist Transformations (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997).
D’Agostino, Anthony, Gorbachev’s Revolution, 1985–1991 (London: Macmillan, 1998).
Dallin, Alexander, German Rule in Russia, 1941–1945: A Study of Occupation Policies (London: Macmillan; New York: St Martin’s Press, 1957; revised edn Boulder, Colo.: West view Press, 1981).
Dallin, Alexander, and Lapidus, Gail W. (eds.), The Soviet System: From Crisis to Collapse, revised edn (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1995).
Dallin, A., and Firsov, F. (eds.), Dimitrov & Stalin 1934–1943: Letters from the Soviet Archives (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000).
Dan, F. I., Dva goda skitanii (Berlin: Sklad izd. Russische Bucherzentrale Obrazowanje, 1922).
Daniels, Robert Vincent, The Conscience of the Revolution: Communist Opposition in Soviet Russia (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960).
Danilov, V. P., Rural Russia under the New Regime, trans. Figes, Orlando (London: Hutchinson, 1988).
Danilov, V. P., et al. (eds.), Tragediia sovetskoi derevni. Kollektivizatsiia i raskulachivanie. Dokumenty i materialy v 5 tomakh, 1927–1939 (Moscow, 2000–3).
Danilov, V. P., Rural Russia Under the New Regime (London: Macmillan, 1988).
Danilov, V. P., Rural Russia Under the New Regime, ed. and trans. Figes, O. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988).
Danilov, V. P., and Danilova, L.V., ‘Commune’, Great Soviet Enyclopedia, trans. of 3rd edn (New York: Macmillan, 1978), vol. XVIII, p. 47.
Danilov, Aleksandr A., and Pyzhikov, Aleksandr V., Rozhdenie sverkhderzhavy: SSSR v pervye poslevoennye gody (Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2001).
Danilova, E. Z., Sotsial’nye problemy truda zhenshchiny-rabotnitsy (Moscow: Mysl’, 1968).
David-Fox, Michael, Revolution of the Mind: Higher Learning among the Bolsheviks, 1918–1929 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1997).
Davies, R. W., The Socialist Offensive: The Collectivization of Soviet Agriculture, 1929–1930 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980).
Davies, R. W., The Soviet Economy in Turmoil, 1929–1930 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989).
Davies, R. W., et al. (eds.), The Stalin–Kaganovich Correspondence, 1931–1936 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003).
Davies, Sarah, Popular Opinion in Stalin’s Russia: Terror, Propaganda and Dissent, 1934–1941 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Davies, R.W., and Harrison, Mark, ‘The Soviet Military-Economic Effort under the Second Five-Year Plan (1933–1937)’, Europe–Asia Studies 49, 3 (1997): 369–406.
Davies, R.W., Soviet History in the Gorbachev Revolution (London: Macmillan, 1989).
Davies, R. W., The Formation of the Soviet Budgetary System (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1960).
Davies, R. W., The Industrialisation of Soviet Russia, 3 vols. (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1980–9).
Davies, R. W., (ed.), From Tsarism to the New Economic Policy: Continuity and Change in the Economy of the USSR (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990).
Davies, R. W., Crisis and Progress in the Soviet Economy 1931–1933 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996).
Davies, R. W., Soviet Economic Development from Lenin to Khrushchev (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Davies, R.W., Tauger, M. B., and Wheatcroft, S. G., ‘Stalin, Grain Stocks, and the Famine of 1932–33’, Slavic Review 54 (1995): 642–57.
Davis, Christopher M., ‘Russia: A Comparative Economic Systems Interpretation’, in Foreman-Peck, James and Federico, Giovanni (eds.), European Industrial Policy: The Twentieth-Century Experience (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 319–97.
Davydov, M. I., ‘Gosudarstvennyi tovaroobmen mezhdu gorodom i derevnei v 1918–1921 gg.’, Istoricheskie zapiski 108 (1982): 33–59.
Dawisha, Karen, and Parrott, Bruce (eds.), Democratic Changes and Authoritarian Reactions in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Dawson, Jane I., Eco-nationalism: Anti-Nuclear Activism and National Identity in Russia, Lithuania, and Ukraine (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1996).
Dear, I. C. B. (ed.), The Oxford Companion to the Second World War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).
Denber, Rachel (ed.), The Soviet Nationality Reader: The Disintegration in Context (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1992).
Denisova, L. N., Ischezaiushchaia derevnia Rossii: nechernozem’e v 1960–1980e gody (Moscow: RAN, 1996).
Depretto, Jean-Paul, Les Ouvriers en U.R.S.S., 1928–1941 (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1997).
Deutscher, Isaac, Trotsky, 3 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1954–63).
Deutscher, Isaac, Stalin, A Political Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1949).
Dezhina, Irina, and Graham, Loren, Russian Basic Science After Ten Years of Transition and Foreign Support (Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2002).
Diamond, Larry . ‘Thinking about Hybrid Regimes’, Journal of Democracy 13, 2 (Apr. 2002): 21–35.
Diamond, Douglas, and Krueger, Constance, ‘Recent Developments in Output and Productivity in Soviet Agriculture’, in Soviet Economic Prospects for the Seventies: A Compendium of Papers Submitted to the Joint Economic Committee (Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973).
Djilas, Milovan, Conversations with Stalin, trans. Petrovich, Michael (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1962).
Dobb, Maurice, Russian Economic Development since the Revolution, 2nd edn (London: Routledge, 1929); new edn pub. as Soviet Economic Development since 1917 (London: Routledge, 1948).
Dobrynin, Anatoly, In Confidence: Moscow’s Ambassador to America’s Six Cold War Presidents (1962–1986) (New York: Random House, 1995).
Donald, Moira, ‘Bolshevik Activity among Working Women of Petrograd in 1917’, International Review of Social History 27 (1982): 129–60.
Donald, Moira, Marxism and Revolution: Karl Kautsky and the Russian Marxists, 1900–1924 (London: Yale University Press, 1993).
Draper, Hal, Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution, 4 vols. (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1977–90).
Dreifelds, Juris, Latvia in Transition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Dubrovskii, S. M., Stolypinskaia zemel’naia reforma (Moscow: Nauka, 1963).
Dubrovskii, S. M., Stolypinskaia zemel’naia reforma: iz istorii sel’skogo khoziaistva Rossii v nachale XX veka (Moscow, 1963).
Dudintsev, Vladimir, Ne khlebom edinym (Munich: Izdatel’stvo TsOPE, 1957).
Dudintsev, Vladimir, Not by Bread Alone, trans. Bone, Edith (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1957).
Duhamel, Luc, ‘The Last Campaign against Corruption in Soviet Moscow’, Europe-Asia Studies 56, 2 (Mar. 2004): 187–212.
Dunham, Vera S., In Stalin’s Time: Middle Class Values in Soviet Fiction (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1990).
Dunlop, John D., The Rise of Russia and the Fall of the Soviet Union (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).
Dunlop, John, The Rise of Russia and the Fall of the Soviet Empire (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).
Dunlop, John, Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Dunlop, John, ‘How many Soldiers and Civilians Died during the Russo-Chechen War of 1994–1996?’, Central Asian Survey 19, 3–4 (2000): 328–38.
Dunlop, John B., Haugh, Richard, and Klimoff, Alexis (eds.), Alexander Solzhenitsyn: Critical Essays and Documentary Materials, 2nd edn (New York and London: Collier, 1975).
Dunmore, Timothy, The Stalinist Command Economy: The Soviet State Apparatus and Economic Policy 1945–1953 (London: Macmillan, 1980).
Dwan, Renata, and Pavliuk, Oleksandr (eds.), Building Security in the New States of Eurasia: Subregional Cooperation in the Former Soviet Space (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 2000).
Dyczok, Marta, Ukraine: Movement without Change, Change without Movement (Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 2000).
Edelman, Robert, Serious Fun: A History of Spectator Sport in the USSR (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).
Edgar, Adrienne Lynn, Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).
Edmondson, Linda, Feminism in Russia, 1900–17 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press; London: Heinemann, 1984).
Edmondson, Linda (ed.), Women and Society in Russia and the Soviet Union (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Efimenko, A. I., Issledovaniia narodnoi zhizni (Moscow: Kasperov, 1884).
Ekedahl, Carolyn McGiffert, and Goodman, Melvin A., The Wars of Eduard Shevardnadze, 2nd edn (Washington: Brassey’s, 2001).
Eklof, Ben, Russian Peasant Schools: Officialdom, Village Culture, and Popular Pedagogy, 1861–1914 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986).
Eklof, Ben, and Stephen, Frank (eds.), The World of the Russian Peasant: Post-Emancipation Culture and Society (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990).
Elchaninov, A. Major-General, The Tsar and his People (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1913).
Eley, Geoffrey, ‘Remapping the Nation: War, Revolutionary Upheaval, and State Formation in Eastern Europe, 1914–1923’, Ukrainian–Jewish Relations in Historical Perspective (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, 1988), pp. 205–46.
Eley, Geoff, and Nield, Keith, ‘Farewell to the Working Class?’, International Labor and Working-Class History 57 (2000): 1–30.
Eley, Geoff, and Suny, Ronald Grigor, Becoming National: A Reader (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).
Ellman, Michael, and Maksudov, Sergei, ‘Soviet Deaths in the Great Patriotic War’, Europe–Asia Studies 46, 4 (1994): 671–80.
Ellman, Michael, and Kontorovich, Vladimir (eds.), The Destruction of the Soviet Economic System: An Insiders’ History (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1998).
Ellman, Michael, and Kontorovich, V.P. (eds.), The Disintegration of the Soviet Economic System (London: Routledge, 1992).
Elwood, R. C., Inessa Armand:Revolutionary and Feminist (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Engel, Barbara, Between Fields and the City: Women, Work and Family in Russia, 1861–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Engel, Barbara Alpern, ‘Not by Bread Alone: Subsistence Riots in Russia during World War One’, Journal of Modern History 69 (1997): 696–721.
Engel, Barbara Alpern, A History of Russia’s Women: 1700–2000 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Engel, Barbara Alpern, and Posadskaya-Vanderbeck, Anastasia (eds.), A Revolution of their Own: Voices of Women in Soviet History (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998).
Engels, Frederick, The Dialectics of Nature (New York: International Publishers, 1940).
Engels, Frederick, Anti-Duehring: Herr Eugen Duehring’s Revolution in Science (Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1962).
Engelstein, Laura, Moscow, 1905 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1982).
Engelstein, Laura, Castration and the Heavenly Kingdom (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1999).
Engelstein, Laura, ‘The Dream of Civil Society in Tsarist Russia: Law, State, and Religion’, in Bermeo, Nancy and Nord, Philip (eds.), Civil Society before Democracy: Lessons from Nineteenth-Century Europe (Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000).
Engelstein, Laura, and Sandler, Stephanie (eds.), Self and Story in Russian History (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2000).
Engelstein, Laura, The Keys to Happiness: Sex and the Search for Modernity in Fin-de-Siècle Russia (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1992).
Engerman, David C., Modernization from the Other Shore: American Intellectuals and the Romance of Russian Development (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003).
English, Robert D., Russia and the Idea of the West: Gorbachev, Intellectuals, and the End of the Cold War (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000).
Erickson, John, The Soviet High Command: A Military-Political History, 1918–1941 (London: Macmillan, 1962).
Erickson, John, Stalin’s War with Germany, 2 vols. (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1975–83).
Erickson, John, and Dilks, David (eds.), Barbarossa: The Axis and the Allies (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1994).
Erickson, John, ‘Red Army Battlefield Performance, 1941–1945: The System and the Soldier’, in Addison, Paul and Calder, Angus (eds.), Time to Kill: The Soldier’s Experience of War in the West, 1939–1945 (London: Pimlico, 1997), pp. 233–48.
Erickson, John, ‘Soviet Women at War’, in John, and Garrard, Carol (eds.), World War 2 and the Soviet People: Selected Papers from the Fourth World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies, Harrogate 1990 (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1993), pp. 50–76.
Erlich, Alexander, The Soviet Industrialization Debate, 1924–1928 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960).
Ermolaev, Herman, Censorship in Soviet Literature: 1917–1991 (New York and London: Rowman and Littlefields, 1997).
Esakov, V. D., and Levina, E. S., Delo KR. Sudy chesti v ideologii i praktike poslevoennogo stalinizma (Moscow: Institut rossiskoi istorii i institut istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki Rossiiskoi Akademii nauk, 2001).
Evangelista, Matthew, Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2002).
Evangelista, Matthew, The Chechen Wars: Will Russia Go the Way of the Soviet Union? (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2003).
Evangelista, Matthew, Unarmed Forces. The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1999).
Evtukhov, Catherine, The Cross and the Sickle: Sergei Bulgakov and the Fate of Russian Religious Philosophy, 1890–1920 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1997).
Falin, V. M., Bez skidok na obstoiatel’stva: Politicheskie vospominania (Moscow: Respublika Sovremennik, 1999).
Faraday, George, Revolt of the Filmmakers: The Struggle for Artistic Autonomy and the Fall of the Soviet Film Industry (University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000).
Farnsworth, Beatrice, Aleksandra Kollontai: Socialism, Feminism, and the Bolshevik Revolution (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1980).
Farnsworth, Beatrice, and Viola, Lynne (eds.), Russian Peasant Women (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
Fedor, Helen (ed.), Belarus and Moldova: Country Studies (Washington: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1995).
Fenin, Aleksandr I., Coal and Politics in Late Imperial Russia: Memoirs of a Russian Mining Engineer, trans. Fediaevsky, Alexandre (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1989).
Ferguson, Rob, ‘Will Democracy Strike Back? Workers and Politics in the Kuzbass’, Europe-Asia Studies 50 (1998): 445–68.
Ferro, Marc, The Russian Revolution of February 1917 (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1972).
Ferro, Marc, October 1917: A Social History of the October Revolution (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980).
Feshbach, Murray, and Friendly, Alfred Jr., Ecocide in the USSR: Health and Nature under Siege (New York: Basic Books, 1992).
Feshbach, Murray, ‘The Soviet Union: Population Trends and Dilemmas’, Population Bulletin 37, 3 (Aug. 1982): 1–44.
Field, Deborah, ‘“Irreconcilable Differences”: Divorce and Conceptions of Private Life in the Khrushchev Era’, Russian Review 57, 4 (Oct. 1998): 599–613.
Fieseler, Beate, ‘The Making of Russian Female Social Democrats, 1890–1917’, International Review of Social History 34 (1989): 193–226.
Figes, Orlando, Peasant Russia, Civil War: The Volga Countryside in Revolution 1917–21 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).
Figes, Orlando, A People’s Tragedy: The Russian Revolution, 1891–1924 (London: Jonathan Cape, 1996; New York: Viking, 1997).
Figes, Orlando, and Kolonitskii, Boris, Interpreting the Russian Revolution: The Language and Symbols of 1917 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).
Figes, Orlando, Peasant Russia, Civil War: The Volga Countryside in Revolution (1917–1921) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989).
Filosofskie problemy sovremennogo estestvoznaniia (Moscow: Izdatel’stvo AN SSSR, 1959).
Filtzer, Donald, Soviet Workers and Stalinist Industrialization: The Formation of Modern Soviet Production Relations, 1928–1941 (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1986).
Filtzer, Donald, Soviet Workers and Late Stalinism: Labour and the Restoration of the Stalinist System after World War II (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Filtzer, Donald, ‘The Standard of Living of Soviet Industrial Workers in the Immediate Postwar Period, 1945–1948’, Europe–Asia Studies 51 (1999): 1013–38.
Filtzer, Donald, Soviet Workers and De-Stalinization: The Consolidation of the Modern System of Soviet Production Relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Filtzer, Donald, The Khrushchev Era: De-Stalinization and the Limits of Reform in the USSR, 1953–1964 (London: Macmillan, 1993).
Fink, Carole, Gassert, Philipp, and Junker, Detlef (eds.), 1968: The World Transformed (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Finkel, Stuart, ‘Purging the Public Intellectual: The 1922 Expulsions from Soviet Russia’, Russian Review 62 (2003): 589–613.
Firsov, F., ‘Komintern: opyt, traditsii, uroki – nereshennye zadachi issledovaniia’, in Komintern: opyt, traditsii, uroki. Materialy nauchnoi konferentsii, posviashchennoi 70-letiiu Kommunisticheskogo Internatsionala (Moscow: Nauka, 1989).
Fish, M. Steven, Democracy from Scratch: Opposition and Regime in the New Russian Revolution (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995).
Fish, Steven M., ‘Democratization’s Requisites’, Post-Soviet Affairs 14, 3 (1998): 212–47.
Fisher, Stanley and Gelb, Alan, ‘The Process of Socialist Economic Transformation’, Journal of Economic Perspectives 5, 4 (Fall 1991): 91–105.
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, The Russian Revolution, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, The Commissariat of the Enlightenment: Soviet Organization of Education and the Arts under Lunacharsky, October 1917–1921 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, ‘The Civil War as a Formative Experience’, in Gleason, Abbott, Kenez, Peter and Stites, Richard (eds.), Bolshevik Culture: Experiment and Order in the Russian Revolution (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985), pp. 57–76.
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, ‘The Civil War as a Formative Experience’, Rabinowitch, Alexander, and Stites, Richard (eds.), Russia in the Era of NEP: Explorations in Soviet Society and Culture (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, Education and Social Mobility in the Soviet Union, 1921–1934 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila (ed.), Cultural Revolution in Russia, 1928–1931 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1978).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, ‘Stalin and the Making of a New Elite, 1928–1939’, Slavic Review 38, 3 (1979): 377–402.
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, ‘Ordzhonikidze’s Takeover of Vesenkha: A Case Study in Soviet Bureaucratic Politics’, Soviet Studies 37, 2 (1985): 153–72.
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, Stalin’s Peasants: Resistance and Survival in the Russian Village after Collectivization (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary Life in Extraordinary Times: Soviet Russia in the 1930s (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila (ed.), Stalinism: New Directions (London and New York: Routledge, 2000).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila and Gellately, Robert (eds.), Accusatory Practices: Denunciations in Modern European History, 1789–1989 (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1997).
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, and Slezkine, Yuri (eds.), In the Shadow of Revolution: Life Stories of Russian Women from 1917 to the Second World War (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).
Flenley, Paul, ‘Industrial Relations and the Economic Crisis of 1917’, Revolutionary Russia 4, 2 (1991): 184–209.
Fleron, Frederick J. Jr. (ed.), Communist Studies and the Social Sciences: Essays on Methodology and Empirical Theory (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969).
Florinsky, Michael T., The End of the Russian Empire (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1931).
Fomin, Valerii, Kino i vlast’ (Moscow: Materik, 1996).
Fowkes, Ben, The Disintegration of the Soviet Union: A Study in the Rise and Triumph of Nationalism (London: Macmillan, 1997).
Frank, Stephen, Crime, Cultural Conflict, and Justice in Rural Russia, 1856–1914 (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1999).
Frank, Stephen, and Steinberg, Mark (eds.), Cultures in Flux: Lower-Class Values, Practices, and Resistance in Late Imperial Russia (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994).
Frankel, E. R., et al. (eds.), Revolution in Russia: Reassessments of 1917 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Freeland, Chrystia, Sale of the Century: Russia’s Wild Ride from Communism to Capitalism (New York: Crown Publishers, 2000).
Freeze, Gregory, ‘Counter-Reformation in Russian Orthodoxy: Popular Response to Religious Innovation, 1922–1925’, Slavic Review 54, 2 (Summer 1995): 305–39.
Freeze, Gregory, ‘Subversive Piety: Religion and the Political Crisis in Late Imperial Russia’, Journal of Modern History 68 (June 1996): 308–50.
Friedgut, T. H., Iuzovka and Revolution, vol. II: Politics and Revolution in Russia’s Donbass, 1869–1924 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994).
Friedgut, Theodore, Iuzovka and Revolution: Life and Work in Russia’s Donbass, 1869–1924, 2 vols. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989–94).
Friedgut, Theodore, and Siegelbaum, Lewis H., ‘The Soviet Miners’ Strike, July 1989: Perestroika from Below’, The Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies, no. 804 (Pittsburgh: Center for Russian and East European Studies, 1990).
Frierson, Cathy, Peasant Icons: Representations of Rural People in Late Nineteenth-Century Russia (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).
Frish, S. E., Skvoz’ prizmu vremeni (Moscow: Politizdat, 1992).
Frye, Timothy, ‘The Perils of Polarization: Economic Performance in the Post communist World’, World Politics 54, 3 (Apr. 2002): 308–37.
Fursenko, Aleksandr, and Naftali, Timothy, ‘One Hell of a Gamble’: Khrushchev, Castro and Kennedy, 1958–1964 (New York: Norton, 1997).
Fursenko, Aleksandr, and Naftali, Timothy, ‘One Hell of a Gamble’: Khrushchev, Castro, and Kennedy, 1958–1964 (New York: W. W. Norton, 1997).
Gaddy, Clifford, The Price of the Past: Russia’s Struggle with the Legacy of a Militarized Economy (Washington: Brookings Institute Press, 1996).
Gaddy, Clifford, and Ickes, Barry, Russia’s Virtual Economy (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2002).
Gaidar, Egor, Dni porazhenii i pobed (Moscow: Vagrius, 1996).
Gaiduk, Ilya V., Confronting Vietnam: Soviet Policy toward the Indochina Conflict, 1954–1963 (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2003).
Gaiduk, Ilya V. Egorova, N. I., and Chubar’ian, A. O. (eds.), Stalinskoe desiatiletie kholodnoi voiny: fakty I gipotezy (Moscow: Nauka, 1999).
Galai, Shmuel, The Liberation Movement in Russia, 1900–1905 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973).
Galili, Ziva, The Menshevik Leaders in the Russian Revolution: Social Realities and Political Strategies (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989).
Galili y Garcia, Ziva, ‘Origins of Revolutionary Defensism: I. G. Tseretelli and the “Siberian Zimmerwaldists”’, Slavic Review 41 (Sept. 1982): 454–76.
Gall, Carlotta, and Waal, Thomas, Chechnya: A Small Victorious War (London: Pan, 1997).
Garafola, Lynn, Diaghilev’s Ballets russes (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).
Garrard, John and Carol, , Inside the Soviet Writers’ Union (New York and London: Free Press, 1990).
Garrard, John and Carol, , (eds.), World War 2 and the Soviet People (London: Macmillan and New York: St Martin’s Press, 1993).
Garros, Véronique, Koenevskaya, Natalia, and Lahusen, Thomas (eds.), Intimacy and Terror: Soviet Diaries of the 1930s (New York: New Press, 1995).
Garthoff, Raymond L., ‘Some Observations on Using Soviet Archives’, Diplomatic History 21, 2 (1997): 243–57.
Garthoff, Raymond L., ‘Some Observations on Using Soviet Archives’, A Journey through the Cold War: A Memoir of Containment and Coexistence (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2001).
Garton Ash, Timothy, In Europe’s Name: Germany and the Divided Continent (London: Jonathan Cape, 1993).
Gasparov, Boris, Hughes, Robert P., and Paperno, Irina (eds.), Cultural Mythologies of Russian Modernism: From the Golden Age to the Silver Age (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).
Gatrell, Peter, The Tsarist Economy, 1850–1917 (London: Batsford, 1986).
Gatrell, Peter, Government, Industry and Rearmament in Russia 1900–1914: The Last Argument of Tsarism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Gatrell, Peter, A Whole Empire Walking (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999).
Gatrell, Peter, Russia’s First World War: A Social and Economic History (Harlow: Longman, 2005).
Genetika – nasha bol“, Pravda, 13 Jan. 1989, p. 4.
George, Vic, and Manning, Nick, Socialism, Social Welfare and the Soviet Union (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980).
Geraci, Robert, Window on the East: National and Imperial Identities in Late Tsarist Russia (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2001).
Gerovitch, Slava, From Newspeak to Cyberspeak: A History of Soviet Cybernetics (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2002).
Gerschenkron, Alexander, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1962).
Getty, J. Arch, Origins of the Great Purges: The Soviet Communist Party Reconsidered, 1933–1938 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Getty, J. Arch, and Manning, Roberta T. (eds.), Stalinist Terror: New Perspectives (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Getty, J. Arch, and Naumov, Oleg V. (eds.), The Road to Terror: Stalin and the Self-Destruction of the Bolsheviks, 1932–1939 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).
Getzler, Israel, Martov: A Political Biography of a Russian Social Democrat (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967).
Getzler, Israel, Kronstadt, 1917–1921: The Fate of a Soviet Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).
Gibbon, Peter, Havnevik, Kjell, and Hermele, Kenneth, A Blighted Harvest: The World Bank and African Agriculture in the 1980s (Trenton: Africa World Press, 1993).
Gibian, George, Interval of Freedom: Soviet Literature during the Thaw, 1954–1957 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1960).
Gill, Graeme J., Peasants and Government in the Russian Revolution (London: Macmillan, 1979).
Gimpel‘son, E.G., Formirovanie Sovetskoi politicheskoi sistemy, 1917–1923 gg. (Moscow: Nauka, 1995).
Gimpel’son, E.G., Formirovanie sovetskoi politicheskoi systemy, 1917–1923 gg. (Moscow: Nauka, 1995).
Gimpel’son, E. G., Rabochii klass v upravlenii sovetskim gosudarstvom: noiabr’ 1917–1920 gg. (Moscow: Nauka, 1982).
Ginzburg, Evgeniya, Journey into the Whirlwind, trans. Stevenson, Paul and Hayward, Max (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1967).
Ginzburg, Evgeniya, Within the Whirlwind, trans. Boland, Ian (New York: Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich, 1981).
Gitelman, Zvi, A Century of Ambivalence: The Jews of Russia and the Soviet Union, 1881 to the Present (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001).
Gitelman, Zvi Y., Jewish Nationality and Soviet Politics: The Jewish Sections of the CPSU, 1917–1930 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972).
Glantz, David M., From the Don to the Dnepr: Soviet Offensive Operations, December 1942–August 1943 (London: Cass, 1991).
Glantz, David M., Stumbling Colossus: The Red Army on the Eve of World War (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998).
Glantz, David M., and House, Jonathan, When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995).
Gleason, Gregory, The Central Asian States: Discovering Independence (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997).
Glickman, Rose, Russian Factory Women: Workplace and Society, 1880–1914 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984).
Goldgeier, James M., Leadership Style and Soviet Foreign Policy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994).
Goldgeier, James M., Not Whether but When: The U.S. Decision to Enlarge NATO (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1999).
Goldman, Wendy Z., Women, the State and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social Life, 1917–1936 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Goldman, Wendy Z., Women at the Gates: Gender and Industry in Stalin’s Russia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Goldman, Marshall, Lost Opportunity: What has Made Economic Reform in Russia so Difficult? (New York: W.W. Norton, 1996).
Goldman, Wendy Zeva, Women, the State and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social Life, 1917–1936 (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Goldman, Wendy Zeva, ‘The Death of the Proletarian Women’s Movement’, Slavic Review 55, 1 (1996): 46–77.
Goldman, Wendy Zeva, Women at the Gates: Gender and Industry in Stalin’s Russia (New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Golovskoy, Val S., with Rimberg, John, Behind the Soviet Screen: The Motion-Picture Industry in the USSR 1972–1982 (Ann Arbor: Ardis, 1986).
Goncharov, Sergei N., Lewis, John W., and Litai, Xue, Uncertain Partners: Stalin, Mao, and the Korean War (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1993).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, Zhivoe tvorchestvo naroda (Moscow: Politizdat, 1984).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World (London: Collins, 1987).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, Izbrannye rechi i stat’i, 7 vols. (Moscow: Politizdat, 1987–90).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, The August Coup: The Truth and the Lessons (London: HarperCollins, 1991).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, Gody trudnykh reshenii, 1985–1992 gg. (Moscow: Al’fa-Print, 1993).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, Zhizn’ i reformy, 2 vols. (Moscow: Novosti, 1995).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, Memoirs (New York: Doubleday, 1996; London: Transworld, 1996).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, Kak eto bylo (Moscow: Vagrius, 1999).
Gorbachev, Mikhail, and Mlynář, Zdeňek, Conversations with Gorbachev: On Perestroika, the Prague Spring, and the Crossroads of Socialism, trans. Shriver, George with Introduction by Brown, Archie (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002).
Gorbachev, Raisa, I Hope: Reminiscences and Reflections (London: HarperCollins, 1991).
Gorelik, Gennadii, ‘Fizika universitetskaia i akademicheskaia’, Voprosy istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki 2 (1991): 31–46.
Gorelik, Gennadii, ‘Meine antisowjetische Tätigkeit…’: Russische Physiker unter Stalin (Wiesbaden: Vieweg, 1993).
Gorelik, Gennadii, Andrei Sakharov: Nauka i svoboda (Moscow: R&C Dynamics, 2000).
Gor’kii, M., et al., Istoriia grazhdanskoi voiny v SSSR (Moscow: ‘Istoriia grazhdanskoi voiny’, 1935, 1942, 1957, 1959, 1960).
Gor’kov, Iurii, Gosudarstvennyi Komitet Oborony postanovliaet. 1941–1945. Tsifry i dokumenty (Moscow: Olma Press, 2002).
Gorlizki, Yoram, ‘Ordinary Stalinism: The Council of Ministers and the Soviet Neopatrimonial State, 1945–1953’, Journal of Modern History 74, 4 (Dec. 2002): 699–736.
Gorlizki, Yoram and Khlevniuk, Oleg, Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945–1953 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004).
Gorodetsky, Gabriel, Grand Delusion: Stalin and the German Invasion of Russia (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).
Gorodetsky, Gabriel, Stafford Cripps’ Mission to Moscow, 1940–42 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).
Gorodetsky, Gabriel, (ed.), Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917–1991 : A Retrospective (London: Cass, 1994).
Goscilo, Helena, and Holmgren, Beth (eds.), Russia. Women. Culture (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996).
Goscilo, Helena (ed.), Fruits of Her Plume: Essays on Contemporary Russian Women’s Culture (Armonk, N.Y., and London: M. E. Sharpe, 1993).
Gouldner, Alvin W., ‘Stalinism: A Study of Internal Colonialism’, Political Power and Social Theory: A Research Annual (Greenwich, Conn.: 1978): 209–59.
Grachev, Andrei, Final Days: The Inside Story of the Collapse of the Soviet Union, trans. Milne, Margo with Foreword by Brown, Archie (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1995).
Grachev, Andrei, Gorbachev (Moscow: Vagrius, 2001).
Graham, Loren R., The Soviet Academy of Sciences and the Communist Party 1927–1932 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967).
Graham, Loren R., Science, Philosophy, and Human Behavior (New York: Columbia University Press, 1987).
Graham, Loren R., Science in Russia and the Soviet Union. A Short History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Graham, Loren R., The Ghost of the Executed Engineer: Technology and the Fall of the Soviet Union (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993).
Graham, Loren R., What Have we Learned about Science and Technology from the Russian Experience? (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1998).
Grakina, E. I., Uchenye – frontu 1941–1945 (Moscow: Nauka, 1989).
Grakina, E. I., Uchenye Rossii v gody velikoi otechestvennoi voiny 1941–1945 (Moscow: Institut rossiiskoi istorii Rossiiskoi Akademii nauk, 2000).
Granick, David, Management of the Industrial Firm in the USSR: A Study of Soviet Economic Planning (New York: Columbia University Press, 1954).
Grant, Steven, ‘Obshchina and Mir’, Slavic Review 35, 4 (1976): 636–51.
Granville, Bridget, The Success of Russian Economic Reforms (London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1995).
Gray, Camilla, The Russian Experiment in Art, 1863–1922 (London: Thames and Hudson, 1962).
Graziosi, Andrea, ‘Collectivization, Peasant Revolts, and Government Policies through the Reports of the Ukrainian GPU’, Cahiers du Monde russe et soviétique 35, 3 (1994): 437–631.
Graziosi, Andrea, ‘Collectivization, Peasant Revolts, and Government Policies through the Reports of the Ukrainian GPU’, GULAG (Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei) 1918–1960 (Moscow, 2000).
Gregory, Paul, ‘Productivity, Slack, and Time Theft in the Soviet Economy’, in Millar, James (ed.), Politics, Work, and Daily Life in the USSR: A Survey of Former Soviet Citizens (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), pp. 241–75.
Gregory, Paul, Russian National Income 1885–1913 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982).
Gregory, Paul, Restructuring the Soviet Economic Bureaucracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Gregory, Paul, (ed.), Behind the Fa¸ade of Stalin’s Command Economy: Evidence from the Soviet State and Party Archives (Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 2001).
Gregory, Paul, and Stuart, R. C., Russian and Soviet Economic Performance and Structure, 7th edn (Boston: Addison Wesley, 2001).
Gregory, Paul, and Markevich, Andrei, ‘Creating Soviet Industry: The House that Stalin Built’, Slavic Review 61 (2002): 787–814.
Grinevskii, Oleg, Tysiacha i odin den’ Nikity Sergeevicha (Moscow: Vagrius, 1998).
Grinevskii, Oleg, Tainy sovetskoi diplomatii (Moscow: Vagrius, 2000).
Grishin, Viktor V., Ot Khrushcheva do Gorbacheva: politicheskie portrety piati gensekov i A.N. Kosygina: memuary (Moscow: ASPOL, 1996).
Gromyko, Anatolii, Andrei Gromyko. V labirintakh kremlia: vospominaniia syna (Moscow: Avtor, 1997).
Grossman, Gregory, ‘The “Second Economy” of the USSR’, Problems of Communism 26 (Sept.–Oct. 1977): 25–40.
Grossman, Gregory, ‘The Second Economy of the USSR’, Problems of Communism 26 (1977): 25–40.
Groys, Boris, The Total Art of Stalinism: Avant-Garde, Aesthetic Dictatorship, and Beyond, trans. Rougle, Charles (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).
Guroff, Gregory, and Carstensen, Fred V. (eds.), Entrepreneurship in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983).
Gustafson, Thane, Crisis amidst Plenty: The Politics of Soviet Energy under Brezhnev and Gorbachev (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989).
Gutman, Israel, and Rozett, Robert, ‘Estimated Jewish Losses in the Holocaust’, in Gutman, Israel (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, vol. IV: (New York: Macmillan, 1990).
Hafner, Lutz, Die Partei der linken. Sozialrevolutionäre in der russischen Revolution von 1917/18 (Cologne: Beiträge zur Geschichte Osteuropas, 1994).
Hagen, Mark, ‘The Great War and the Mobilization of Ethnicity in the Russian Empire’, in Rubin, Barnett R. and Snyder, Jack (eds.), Post-Soviet Political Order: Conflict and State-Building (New York: Routledge, 1998), pp. 34–57.
Hagenloh, Paul, ‘“Socially Harmful Elements” and the Great Terror’, in , Sheila Fitzpatrick (ed.), Stalinism: New Directions (London: Routledge, 2000), pp. 286–308.
Hahn, Werner G., Postwar Soviet Politics: The Fall of Zhdanov and the Defeat of Moderation, 1946–1953 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1982).
Hahn, Gordon A., Russia’s Revolution from Above, 1985–2000: Reform, Transition, and Revolution (New Brunswick, N. J.: Transaction, 2002).
Haimson, Leopold, The Russian Marxists and the Origins of Bolshevism (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1955).
Haimson, Leopold, ‘The Problem of Social Stability in Urban Russia, 1905–1917’, pt. 1, Slavic Review 23, 4 (Dec. 1964): 619–42; 24, 1 (Mar. 1965): 1–20.
Hajda, Lubomyr, and Beissinger, Mark (eds.), The Nationalities Factor in Soviet Politics and Society (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1990).
Halfin, Igal, From Darkness to Light: Class, Consciousness, and Salvation in Revolutionary Russia (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000).
Halfin, Igal, and Hellbeck, Jochen, ‘Rethinking the Stalinist Subject: Stephen Kotkin’s “Magnetic Mountain” and the State of Soviet Historical Studies’, Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas 44 (1996): 456–63.
Hann, C.N. (ed.), Postsocialism: Ideals, Ideologies and Practices in Eurasia (London: Routledge, 2002).
Hann, Chris, ‘Forward’, in Bridger, Susan and Pine, Frances (eds.), Surviving Postsocialism (London: Routledge, 1998), pp. X–XIV.
Hanson, Stephen E., Time and Revolution: Marxism and the Design of Soviet Institutions (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997).
Harding, Neil, Leninism (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1996).
Harris, James, The Great Urals: Regionalism and the Evolution of the Soviet System (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1999).
Harrison, Mark, Soviet Planning in Peace and War, 1938–1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Harrison, Mark, Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940–1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Harrison, Mark, ‘The Economics of World War II: An Overview’, in Harrison, Mark (ed.), The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), pp. 1–42.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Trends in Soviet Labour Productivity, 1928–1985:War, Postwar Recovery, and Slowdown’, European Review of Economic History 2, 2 (1998): 171–200.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Wartime Mobilisation: A German Comparison’, in Barber, John and Harrison, Mark (eds.), The Soviet Defence Industry Complex from Stalin to Khrushchev (London: Macmillan, 2000), pp. 99–117.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Counting Soviet Deaths in the Great Patriotic War: Comment’, Europe–Asia Studies 55, 6 (2003): 939–44.
Harrison, Mark, and Wheatcroft, S. G. (eds.), The Economic Transformation of the Soviet Union, 1913–1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Harrison, Mark, ‘Soviet Economic Growth Since 1928: The Alternative Statistics of G. I. Khanin’, Europe–Asia Studies 45 (1993): 141–67.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Trends in Soviet Labour Productivity 1928–1985: War, Postwar Recovery and Slowdown’, European Review of Economic History 2 (1998): 171–200.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Coercion, Compliance, and the Collapse of the Soviet Command Economy’, Economic History Review 55 (2002): 397–433.
Harrison, Mark, and Barber, John (eds.), The Soviet Defence Industry Complex from Stalin to Khrushchev (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2000).
Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi, The February Revolution: Petrograd, 1917 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981).
Haslam, Jonathan, ‘The Comintern and the Origins of the Popular Front, 1934–1935’, Historical Journal 22, 3 (1979): 673–91.
Haslam, Jonathan, ‘The Comintern and the Origins of the Popular Front, 1934–1935’, Soviet Foreign Policy 1930–33: The Impact of the Depression (London: Macmillan, 1983).
Haslam, Jonathan, ‘The Comintern and the Origins of the Popular Front, 1934–1935’, The Soviet Union and the Struggle for Collective Security in Europe, 1933–39 (London: Macmillan, 1984).
Haslam, Jonathan, ‘Political Opposition to Stalin and the Origins of the Terror in Russia, 1932–1936’, Historical Journal 29, 2 (1986): 395–418.
Haslam, Jonathan, ‘Political Opposition to Stalin and the Origins of the Terror in Russia, 1932–1936’, The Soviet Union and the Threat from the East, 1933–41: Moscow, Tokyo and the Prelude to the Pacific War (London: Macmillan, 1992).
Haslam, Jonathan, ‘Russian Archival Revelations and Our Understanding of the Cold War’, Diplomatic History 21, 2 (1997): 217–28.
Hatch, John, ‘The “Lenin Levy” and the Social Origins of Stalinism: Workers and the Communist Party in Moscow, 1921–1928’, Slavic Review 48 (1989): 558–77.
Hauslohner, Peter, ‘Gorbachev’s Social Contract’, Soviet Economy 3, I (1987): 54–89.
Healey, Dan, Homosexual Desire in Revolutionary Russia: The Regulation of Sexual and Gender Dissent (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001).
Heikal, Mohamed, The Sphinx and the Commissar: The Rise and Fall of Soviet Influence in the Middle East (New York: Harper and Row, 1978).
Heinzen, James W., Inventing a Soviet Countryside: State Power and the Transformation of Rural Russia, 1917–1929 (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2004).
Hellbeck, Jochen, ‘Speaking Out: Languages of Affirmation and Dissent’, Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History I (2000): 71–96.
Hellbeck, Jochen, ‘Fashioning the Stalinist Soul: The Diary of Stepan Podlubyni’, Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas 44, H. 3 (1996): 344–73.
Hellbeck, Jochen, ‘Fashioning the Stalinist Soul: The Diary of Stepan Podlubyni’, Revolution on My Mind: Writing a Diary Under Stalin (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2006).
Hellman, Joel, ‘Winners Take All: The Politics of Partial Reform in Post communist Transitions’, World Politics 50 (1998): 203–34.
Hermann, Richard K., and Lebow, Richard Ned (eds.), Ending the Cold War: Interpretations, Causation, and the Study of International Relations (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).
Herspring, Dale R. (ed.), Putin’s Russia: Past Imperfect, Future Uncertain (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 2003).
Hessen, Boris, ‘The Social and Economic Roots of Newton’s Principia’, in Science at the Cross Roads, 2nd edn (London: Frank Cass, 1971).
Hewett, Ed A., Reforming the Soviet Economy (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1988).
Hewett, E. A., Reforming the Soviet Economy: Equality versus Efficiency (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1988).
Hewett, E. A., and Winston, V. H. (eds.), Milestones in Glasnost and Perestroyka: The Economy (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1991).
Heywood, Anthony, Modernising Lenin’s Russia: Economic Reconstruction, Foreign Trade and the Railways 1917–1924 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Hickey, MichaelC., ‘Urban Zemliachestva and Rural Revolution: Petrograd and the Smolensk Countryside in 1917’, Soviet and Post-Soviet Review 23, 2 (1996): 143–60.
Hiden, John, and Salmon, Patrick, The Baltic Nations and Europe: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the Twentieth Century, revised edn (London: Longman, 1994).
Hildermeier, Manfred, The Russian Socialist Revolutionary Party before the First World War (New York: St Martin’s Press, 2000).
Hilton, Alison, and Dodge, Norton (eds.), New Art from the Soviet Union (Washington and Ithaca, N.Y.: Acropolis Books, 1977).
Himka, John-Paul, Galician Villagers and the Ukrainian National Movement in the Nineteenth Century (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, 1988).
Himka, John-Paul, ‘Western Ukraine between the Wars’, Canadian Slavonic Papers 34, 4 (Dec. 1992): 391–412.
Hingley, Ronald, Russian Writers and Soviet Society 1917–1978 (New York: Knopf, 1979).
Hivon, Myriam, ‘Local Resistance to Privatisation in Rural Russia’, Cambridge Anthropology 18, 2 (1995): 13–22.
Hobsbawm, Eric, The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914–1991 (London: Michael Joseph, 1994).
Hodgson, Katharine, ‘The Other Veterans: Soviet Women’s Poetry of World War 2’, in John, and Garrard, Carol (eds.), World War 2 and the Soviet People: Selected Papers from the Fourth World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies, Harrogate 1990 (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1993), pp. 77–97.
Hoffman, David, The Oligarchs: Wealth and Power in the New Russia (New York: Public Affairs, 2002).
Hoffman, David, ‘Mothers in the Motherland: Stalinist Pronatalism in its Pan-European Context’, Journal of Social History (Fall 2000): 35–53.
Hoffmann, David, Peasant Metropolis: Social Identities in Moscow, 1929–1941 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1994).
Hoffmann, David, and Kotsonis, Yanni (eds.), Russian Modernity: Politics, Knowledge, Practices (London: Macmillan, 2000).
Hoffmann, Erik P., and Laird, Robbin F., Technocratic Socialism: The Soviet Union in the Advanced Industrial Era (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1985).
Hogan, Heather, Forging Revolution: Metalworkers, Managers, and the State in St. Petersburg, 1890–1914 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993).
Holland, Barbara (ed.), Soviet Sisterhood (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985).
Holloway, David, ‘Innovation in Science – the Case of Cybernetics in the Soviet Union’, Science Studies 4 (1974): 229–337.
Holloway, David, ‘The Political Uses of Scientific Models: The Cybernetic Model of Government in Soviet Social Science’, in Collins, Lyndhurst (ed.), The Use of Models in the Social Sciences (London: Tavistock Publications, 1976).
Holloway, David, ‘Innovation in Science – the Case of Cybernetics in the Soviet Union’, The Soviet Union and the Arms Race (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983).
Holloway, David, ‘Innovation in Science – the Case of Cybernetics in the Soviet Union’, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939–1956 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994).
Holmes, Larry E., ‘For the Revolution Redeemed: The Workers Opposition in the Bolshevik Party 1919–1921’, Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies, no. 802 (Pittsburgh: Center for Russian and East European Studies, 1990): 1–46.
Holmes, Larry E., The Kremlin and the Schoolhouse: Reforming Education in Soviet Russia, 1917–1931 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991).
Holquist, Peter, Making War, Forging Revolution: Russia’s Continuum of Crisis, 1914–1921 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002).
Hopf, Ted, Peripheral Visions: Deterrence Theory and American Foreign Policy in the Third World, 1965–1990 (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994).
Hopf, Ted, Social Construction of International Politics: Identities and Foreign Policies, Moscow, 1955 and 1999 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2002).
Horton, Andrew, and Brashinsky, Michael, Glasnost and Soviet Cinema in Transition (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).
Hosking, Geoffrey, Beyond Socialist Realism: Soviet Fiction since Ivan Denisovich (London: Granada, 1980).
Hough, Jerry F., The Soviet Prefects: The Local Party Organs in Industrial Decisionmaking (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969).
Hough, Jerry F., The Soviet Union and Social Science Theory (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1977).
Hough, Jerry F., and Fainsod, Merle, How the Soviet Union is Governed (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1979).
Hough, Jerry F., Democratization and Revolution in Russia, 1985 –1991 (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1997).
Hough, Jerry, Davidheiser, Evelyn, Lehmann, Susan Goodrich, The 1996 Russian Presidential Election (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1996).
Hough, Jerry, The Struggle for the Third World (Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1986).
Hroch, Miroslav, Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe: A Comparative Analysis of the Social Composition of Patriotic Groups among the Smaller European Nations, trans. Ben, Fowkes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
,Human Rights Watch, ‘Now Happiness Remains: Civilian Killings, Pillage, and Rape in Alkhan-Yurt, Chechnya’, Russia/Chechnya 12, 5 (D) (Apr. 2000): 1–33.
,Human Rights Watch, ‘February 5: A Day of Slaughter in Novye Aldi’, Russia/Chechnya 12, 9 (D) (June 2000): 1–43.
,Human Rights Watch, ‘The “Dirty War” in Chechnya: Forced Disappearances, Torture, and Summary Executions’, Russia 13, 1 (D) (Mar. 2001): 1–42.
,Human Rights Watch, ‘Burying the Evidence: The Botched Investigation into a Mass Grave in Chechnya’, Russia/Chechnya 13, 3 (D) (May 2001): 1–26.
Humphrey, Caroline, The Unmaking of Soviet Life: Everyday Economies after Socialism (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2002).
Humphrey, Caroline, The Unmaking of Soviet Life (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Humphrey, Caroline, Karl Marx Collective: Economy, Society and Religion in a Siberian Collective Farm (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977).
Humphrey, Caroline, ‘Introduction’, Cambridge Anthropology 18, 2 (1995): 1–11.
Humphrey, Caroline, ‘Politics of Privatisation in Provincial Russia: Popular Opinions Amid the Dilemmas of the Early 1990s’, Cambridge Anthropology 18, 1 (1995): 40–62.
Humphrey, Caroline, ‘Myth-Making, Narratives and the Dispossessed in Russia’, Cambridge Anthropology 19, 2 (1997): 70–92.
Humphrey, Caroline, ‘The Domestic Mode of Production in Post-Soviet Siberia’, Anthropology Today 14, 3 (June 1998): 2–7.
Humphries, Jane, ‘Enclosures, Common Rights, and Women: The Proletarianization of Families in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries’, Journal of Economic History 50, 2 (Mar. 1990): 17–41.
Hunter, Holland, and Szyrmer, Janusz, Faulty Foundations: Soviet Economic Policies 1928–1942 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).
Husband, William, ‘Godless Communists’: Atheism and Society in Soviet Russia, 1917–1932 (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2000).
Huskey, Eugene, Presidential Power in Russia (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1999).
Hutchings, Stephen C., Russian Modernism: The Transfiguration of the Everyday (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Huttenbach, Henry R. (ed.), Soviet Nationality Policies: Ruling Ethnic Groups in the USSR (London: Mansell, 1990).
Iakovlev, Aleksandr, Predislovie, obval, posleslovie (Moscow: Novosti, 1992).
Iakovlev, Aleksandr, Sumerki (Moscow: Materik, 2003).
Iaroshevskii, M. G. (ed.), Repressirovannaia nauka (Leningrad: Nauka, 1991).
Ilic, Melanie (ed.), Women in the Stalin Era (New York: Palgrave, 2001).
Ioffe, Grigory, and Nefedova, Tatyana, Continuity and Change in Rural Russia: A Geographical Perspective (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997).
Ioffe, Grigory, and Nefedova, Tatyana, ‘Areas of Crisis in Russian Agriculture: A Geographic Perspective’, Post-Soviet Geography and Economics 41, 4 (2000): 288–305.
Is Russian Democracy Doomed?Journal of Democracy 5, 2 (Apr. 1994): 3–41.
Iulii Borisovich Khariton: put’ dlinoiu v vek (Moscow: Editorial URSS, 1999).
Ivanov, Konstantin, ‘Science after Stalin: Forging a New Image of Soviet Science’, Science in Context 15, 2 (2002).
Iwaskiw, Walter R. (ed.), Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania: Country Studies (Washington: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1996).
Jasny, Naum, Soviet Industrialization, 1928–1952 (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1961).
Jasny, Naum, The Socialized Agriculture of the USSR: Plans and Performance (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1949).
Javeline, Debra, Protest and the Politics of Blame: The Russian Response to Unpaid Wages (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003).
Johnson, Robert E., Peasant and Proletarian: The Working Class of Moscow in the Late Nineteenth Century (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1979).
Johnson, Priscilla, and Labedz, Leopold (eds.), Khrushchev and the Arts: The Politics of Soviet Culture, 1962–1964 (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1965).
Jolluck, Katherine R., Exile and Identity: Polish Women in the Soviet Union During World War II (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2002).
Joravsky, David, Soviet Marxism and Natural Science1917–1932 (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1961).
Joravsky, David, The Lysenko Affair (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1970).
Josephson, Paul R., Physics and Politics in Revolutionary Russia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).
Josephson, Paul R., New Atlantis Revisited: Akademgorodok, the Siberian City of Science (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997).
Josephson, Paul R., Red Atom: Russia’s Nuclear Power Program from Stalin to Today (New York: W. H. Freeman, 2000).
Jowitt, Ken, New World Disorder: The Leninist Extinction (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).
Kafengauz, Lev B., Evoliutsiia promyshlennogo proizvodstva Rossii (Moscow: Epifaniia, 1994).
Kagarlitsky, Boris, The Thinking Reed: Intellectuals and the Soviet State, 1917 to the Present (London: Verso, 1988).
Kahn, Jeffrey, Federalism, Democratization, and the Rule of Law in Russia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).
Kahn, Joseph, and O’Brien, Timothy L., ‘Easy Money: A Special Report: For Russia and its U.S. Bankers, Match wasn’t Made in Heaven’, New York Times, 18 Oct. 1998, p. 1.
Kaiser, D.H. (ed.), The Workers’ Revolution in Russia, 1917 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
Kaiser, Robert J., The Geography of Nationalism in Russia and the USSR (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994).
Kanet, Roger E. (ed.), The Behavioral Revolution and Communist Studies: Applications of Behaviorally Oriented Political Research on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (New York: Free Press, 1971).
Kapitsa, P. L., Pis’ma o nauke (Moscow: Moskovskii rabochii, 1989).
Kappeler, Andreas, The Russian Empire: A Multiethnic History (London and New York: Longman, 2001).
Karcz, Jerzy (ed.), Soviet and East European Agriculture (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967).
Karklins, Rasma, Ethnic Relations in the USSR (Boston and London: Allen and Unwin, 1986).
Karklins, Rasma, Ethnopolitics and Transition to Democracy: The Collapse of the USSR and Latvia (Washington: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1994).
Karlinsky, Simon, and Appel, Alfred Jr. (eds.), The Bitter Air of Exile: Russian Writers in the West, 1922–1972 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977).
Kassow, Samuel D., Students, Professors and the State in Tsarist Russia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989).
Katkov, George, Russia 1917:The February Revolution (London: Longman; New York: Harper and Row, 1967).
Katkov, George, Russia 1917: The Kornilov Affair (London: Longman, 1980).
Keegan, John, The Face of Battle (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978).
Keep, J. L. H., The Russian Revolution: A Study in Mass Mobilization (New York: Norton, 1976).
Keep, J. L. H., (ed.), The Debate on Soviet Power: Minutes of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets, October 1917–January 1918 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).
Keldysh, M. V., ‘Nauka sluzhit kommunizmu’, Pravda, 1 Apr. 1968, p. 2.
Kelley, Donald R. (ed.), Soviet Politics in the Brezhnev Era (New York: Praeger, 1980).
Kelly, Aileen, Toward Another Shore: Russian Thinkers Between Necessity and Chance (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998).
Kelly, Catriona, and Shepherd, David (eds.), Constructing Culture in the Age of Revolution: 1881–1940 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).
Kelly, Catriona, and Shepherd, David (eds.), Constructing Russian Culture in the Age of Revolution, 1881–1940 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).
Kelly, Catriona, (eds.), Russian Cultural Studies: An Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press: 1998).
Kenez, Peter, Civil War in South Russia, 1919–1920: The Defeat of the Whites (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1977).
Kenez, Peter, The Birth of the Propaganda State: Soviet Methods of Mass Mobilization, 1917–1929 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Kenez, Peter, The Birth of the Propaganda State: Soviet Methods of Mass Mobilization, 1917–1929 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Kenez, Peter, Cinema and Soviet Society: From the Revolution to the Death of Stalin, 2nd edn (London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 2001).
Kerber, L. L. Tupolev (St Petersburg: Politekhnika, 1999).
Kerblay, Basile, Modern Soviet Society, trans. Sawyer, Rupert, foreword by Lewin, M. (London: Methuen, 1983).
Kerensky, A. F., The Prelude to Bolshevism: the Kornilov Rebellion (New York: Haskell, 1972).
Khalid, Adeeb, The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998).
Khanin, G. I., Dinamika ekonomicheskogo rosta SSSR (Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1991).
Kharchev, A. G. and Golod, S. I., Professional’naia rabota zhenshchin i sem’ia (Leningrad: Nauka, 1971).
Kharkhordin, Oleg, The Collective and the Individual in Russia: A Study of Practices (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999).
Khauke, O., Krest’ianskoe zemel’noe pravo (Moscow, 1914).
Khlevniuk, Oleg, In Stalin’s Shadow. The Career of ‘Sergo’ Ordzhonikidze (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1995).
Khlevniuk, Oleg, Politbiuro. Mekhanizmy politicheskoi vlasti v 1930-e gody (Moscow: Rosspen, 1996).
Khlevniuk, Oleg, ‘The Objectives of the Great Terror, 1937–1938’, in Cooper, Julian, Perrie, Maureen and Rees, E.A. (eds.), Soviet History, 1917–53: Essays in Honour of R.W. Davies (London and Basingstoke: St Martin’s Press, 1995), pp. 158–76.
Khlevniuk, Oleg, et al. (eds.), Stalinskoe Politburo v 30-e gody (Moscow: AIRO-XX, 1995).
Khlevniuk, Oleg, et al. (eds.), Politburo TsK VKPb i Sovet Ministrov SSSR 1945–1953 (Moscow: Rosspen, 2002).
Khrushchev, Nikita S., Khrushchev Remembers, trans. and ed. Talbott, Strobe (Boston: Little, Brown, 1970).
Khrushchev, Nikita S., Khrushchev Remembers: The Last Testament, trans. and ed. Talbott, Strobe (Boston: Little, Brown, 1974).
Khrushchev, Nikita S., Khrushchev Remembers: The Glasnost Tapes, trans. and ed. Jerrold, L. Schecter with Luchkov, Vyacheslav (Boston: Little, Brown, 1990).
Khrushchev, Nikita S., N. S. Khrushchev: vospominaniia–vremia, liudi, vlast’, 4 vols. (Moscow: Moskovskie novosti, 1999).
Khrushchev, Nikita S., N. S. Khrushchev (1894–1971): materialy nauchnoi konferentsii posviashchennoi 100-letiu so dnia rozhdeniia N. S. Khrushcheva (Moscow: Rossiiskii gosudarstennyi universitet, 1994).
Khrushchev, Sergei N., Khrushchev on Khrushchev: An Inside Account of the Man and his Era, trans. and ed. Taubman, William (Boston: Little, Brown, 1990).
Khrushchev, Sergei N., Nikita Khrushchev: krizisy i rakety, 2 vols. (Moscow: Novosti, 1994).
Khrushchev, Sergei N., Nikita Khrushchev and the Creation of a Superpower (University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000).
King, Charles, The Moldovans: Romania, Russia, and the Politics of Culture (Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 2000).
Kingston-Mann, Esther, ‘The Danger of Universal Principles: Understanding the Soviet Union’s Demise’, Challenge: A Magazine of Economic Affairs (1999): 34–42.
Kingston-Mann, Esther, ‘Deconstructing the Romance of the Bourgeoisie’, Review of International Political Economy 10, 1 (Feb. 2003): 93–117.
Kingston-Mann, Esther, and Mixter, Timothy (eds.), Peasant Economy, Culture and Politics of European Russia (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991).
Kingston–Mann, Esther, In Search of the True West: Culture, Economics, and Problems of Russian Development (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).
Kir’ianov, Iu. I., and Volin, M. S. (eds.), Rabochii klass Rossii ot zarozhdeniia do nachala XX v (Moscow: Nauka, 1989).
Kizenko, Nadieszda, A Prodigal Saint: Father John of Kronstadt and the Russian People (University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000).
Kline, George L., Religious and Anti-Religious Thought in Russia (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968).
Kneen, Peter, Soviet Scientists and the State (Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1984).
Knight, Amy, Beria: Stalin’s First Lieutenant (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).
Kochan, Lionel (ed.), The Jews in Soviet Russia since 1917 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978).
Koenker, D. P., ‘The Evolution of Party Consciousness in 1917: The Case of Moscow Workers’, Soviet Studies 30, 1 (1978): 38–62.
Koenker, D. P., Moscow Workers and the 1917 Revolution (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981).
Koenker, D. P., and William, G. Rosenberg, Strikes and Revolution in Russia, 1917 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989).
Koenker, D. P., Simvoly vlasti i bor’ba za vlast’ (St Petersburg: Dmitrii Bulanin, 2001).
Koenker, Diane P., Rosenberg, William G., and Suny, Ronald G. (eds.), Party, State, and Society in the Russian Civil War: Explorations in Social History (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989).
Koenker, Diane, ‘Men against Women on the Shop Floor in Early Soviet Russia’, American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1438–64.
Koenker, Diane, ‘Factory Tales: Narratives of Industrial Relations in the Transition to NEP’,Russian Review 55 (1996): 384–411.
Koenker, Diane, ‘Men Against Women on the Shop Floor in Early Soviet Russia’, American Historical Review 100, 5 (Dec. 1995): 1438–64.
Kojevnikov, A., ‘President of Stalin’s Academy’, Isis 87 (1996): 18–50.
Kojevnikov, A., ‘Rituals of Stalinist Culture at Work: Science and the Games of Intraparty Democracy ca. 1948’, Russian Review 57 (1998): 25–52.
Kokurin, A.I., and Petrov, N.V. (eds.), GULAG (Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei). 1918–1960 (Moscow: Materik, 2002).
Kolchinskii, E. I. (ed.), Nauka i krizisy (St Petersburg: Institut istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, Sankt-Peterburgskii filial, 2003).
Kolonitskii, B. I., ‘Antibourgeois Propaganda and Anti-Burzhui Consciousness in 1917’, Russian Review 53, 2 (1994): 183–96.
Kolsto, Pal, Political Construction Sites: Nation-Building in Russia and the Post-Soviet States (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 2000).
Kolstoe, Paul, Russians in the Former Soviet Republics (London: Hurst, 1995).
Komolova, N., et al. (eds.), Komintern protiv fashizma: dokumenty (Moscow: Nauka, 1999).
Kornienko, Georgii M., Kholodnaia Voina: svidetelstvo ee uchastnika (Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, 1994).
Kosolapov, Richard, Slovo tovarishchu Stalinu (Moscow: Paleia, 1995).
Kostyrchenko, G. V., Tainaia politika Stalina: Vlast’ i Antisemitizm (Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, 2001).
Kotkin, Stephen, Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).
Kotkin, Stephen, Armageddon Averted: The Soviet Collapse 1970–2000 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Kotsonis, Yanni, Making Peasants Backward: Agricultural Co-operatives and the Agrarian Question in Russia, 1861–1914 (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1999).
Kotz, David, with Weir, Fred, Revolution from Above: The Demise of the Soviet System (London: Routledge, 1997).
Kovtun, Evgeny, The Russian Avant-Garde in the 1920s–1930s: Paintings, Graphics, Sculpture, Decorative Arts from the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg (St Petersburg: Aurora Art Publishers, 1996).
Kowalski, Ronald I., The Bolshevik Party in Conflict: The Left Communist Opposition of 1918 (London: Macmillan, 1991).
Kozlov, V. A., and Zav’ialov, S. M. (eds.), Neizvestnaia Rossiia. XX vek, vols. I–III (Moscow: Istoricheskoe nasledie, 1992, 1993).
Kozlov, V. A., Massovye besporiadki v SSSR pri Khrushcheve i Brezhneve (1953–nachalo 1980) (Novosibirsk: Sibirskii khronograf, 1999).
Kramer, Mark, ‘Jaruzelski, the Soviet Union, and the Imposition of Martial Law in Poland: New Light on the Mystery of December 1981’, Cold War International History Project Bulletin II (Winter 1998): 5–16.
Kramer, Mark, ‘The Early Post-Stalin Succession Struggle and Upheavals in East-Central Europe: Internal-External Linkages in Soviet Policy-Making’, p. 1–3, Journal of Cold War Studies I (Winter 1999): 3–55; 2 (Spring 1999): 3–38; 3 (Fall 1999): 3–66.
Kramer, Mark, ‘The Collapse of East European Communism and the Repercussions within the Soviet Union (Part I)’, Journal of Cold War Studies 5, 4 (Fall 2003): 178–256.
Kramer, Mark, ‘New Evidence on Soviet Decision-Making and the 1956 Polish and Hungarian Crises’, Cold War International History Project Bulletin 8–9 (1996/7): 358–84
Krawchenko, Bohdan, Social Change and National Consciousness in Twentieth-century Ukraine (London: Macmillan, 1985).
Kreindler, Isabelle, ‘The Soviet Deportation of Nationalities: A Summary and Update’, Soviet Studies 38 (1986): 387–405.
Krementsov, Nikolai, Stalinist Science (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997).
Kriuchkov, Vladimir, Lichnoe delo, 2 vols. (Moscow: Olimp, 1996).
Krivosheev, G. F., Andronikov, V. M., Burikov, P. D., Gurkin, V. V., Kruglov, A. I., Rodionov, E. I., and Filimoshin, M. V., Rossiia i SSSR v voinakh XX veka. Statisticheskoe issledovanie (Moscow: OLMA-PRESS, 2003).
Kruglyi stol. Stranitsy istorii sovetskoi genetiki v literature poslednykh let’, Voprosy istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki 4 (1987): 113–24.
Krylova, Anna, ‘“Healers of Wounded Souls”: The Crisis of Private Life in Soviet Literature, 1944–1946’, Journal of Modern History 73, 2 (June 2001): 301–31.
Kulik, Boris T., Sovetsko-Kitaiskii raskol: prichiny i posledstviia (Moscow: Institut Dal’nego Vostoka RAN, 2000).
Kumanev, G.A., Ryadom so Stalinym. Otkrovennye svidetel’stva. Vstrechi, besedy, interv’iu, dokumenty (Moscow: Bylina, 1999).
Kumanev, Georgii A., Ryadom so Stalinym: otkrovennye svidetel’stva (Moscow, 1999).
Kumanev, V. A. (ed.), Tragicheskie sud’by: repressirovannye uchenye Akademii nauk SSSR (Moscow: Nauka, 1995).
Kuromiya, Hiroaki, Stalin’s Industrial Revolution 1928–1932 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).
Kuromiya, Hiroaki, ‘The Crisis of Proletarian Identity in the Soviet Factory, 1928–1929’, Slavic Review 44 (1985): 280–97.
Kuzio, Taras, Ukraine under Kuchma: Political Reform, Economic Transformation and Security Policy in Independent Ukraine (London: Macmillan, 1997).
Kuzio, Taras, Ukraine: State and Nation Building (London: Routledge, 1998).
Kuzio, Taras, and Wilson, Andrew, Ukraine: Perestroika to Independence (London: Macmillan, 1994).
Kvashonkin, A.V. et al. (eds.), Sovetskoe rukovodstvo. Perepiska. 1928–1941 (Moscow: Rosspen, 1999).
Kvitsinskii, Iulii A., Vremia i sluchai: zametki profesionala (Moscow, 1999).
Lahusen, Thomas J., with Kuperman, Gene (eds.), Late Soviet Culture: From Perestroika to Novostroika (Durham, N.C., and London: Duke University Press, 1993).
Laird, Sally, Voices of Russian Literature: Interviews with Ten Contemporary Writers (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Lapidus, Gail, ‘Ethnonationalism and Political Stability: The Soviet Case’, World Politics 36, 4 (July 1984): 555–80.
Lapidus, Gail Warshofsky, Women in Soviet Society: Equality, Development and Social Change (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978).
Lapidus, Gail W., ‘The Nationality Question and the Soviet System’, in Hoffmann, Erik P. (ed.), The Soviet Union in the 1980s, Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science 35, 3 (1984): 98–112.
Laqueur, Walter, The Dream that Failed: Reflections on the Soviet Union (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).
Larina, Anna, This I Cannot Forget: The Memoirs of Nikolai Bukharin’s Widow (New York: Norton, 1993).
Lawton, Anna (ed.), Russian Futurism through its Manifestoes, 1912–1928 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1988).
Lawton, Anna, Kinoglasnost: Soviet Cinema in Our Time (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Layard, Richard, and Parker, John, The Coming Russian Boom: A Guide to New Markets and Politics (New York: Free Press, 1996).
Lebedeva, N., and Narinskii, M. (eds.), Komintern i vtoraia mirovaia voina, vol. I (Moscow: Nauka, 1994).
Lebina, Natalia, Povsednevnaia zhizn’ sovetskogo goroda: normy i anomalii, 1920/1930 gody (St Petersburg: Letnii sad, 1999).
Ledeneva, Alla, Russia’s Economy of Favours (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Legasov, V., ‘Moi dolg rasskazat’ ob etom…’, Pravda, 20 May 1988, p. 8.
Lenin, V. I., Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, 55 vols. (Moscow: Gosizdpolit, 1958–65).
Lenin, V. I., Materialism and Empiriocriticism (New York: International Publishers, 1972).
Leonard, Carol Scott, ‘Rational Resistance to Land Privatisation: The Response of Rural Producers to Agrarian Reforms in Pre- and Post-Soviet Russia’, Post-Soviet Geography and Economics 41, 8 (2000): 605–20.
Leonov, S. V., Rozhdenie sovetskoi imperii: Gosudarstvo i ideologiia, 1917–1922 gg. (Moscow: Dialog MGU, 1997).
Lévesque, Jacques, The Enigma of 1989:The USSR and the Liberation of Eastern Europe (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).
Levin, Nora, The Jews of the Soviet Union since 1917, 2 vols. (London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 1990).
Levitsky, Steven, and Way, Lucan, ‘The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism’, Journal of Democracy 13, 2 (Apr. 2002): 51–65.
Levshin, B. V., Sovetskaia nauka v gody velikoi otechestvennoi voiny (Moscow: Nauka, 1983).
Levshin, B. V., (ed.), Dokumenty po istorii Akademii nauk SSSR (Leningrad: Nauka, 1986).
Lewin, Moshe, Russian Peasants and Soviet Power: A Study of Collectivization (Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1968).
Lewin, Moshe, The Making of the Soviet System: Essays in the Social History of Interwar Russia (New York: Pantheon Books, 1985).
Lewin, Moshe, Stalinism and the Seeds of Soviet Reform: The Debates of the 1960s (Armonk N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1991).
Lewin, Moshe, Russia-USSR-Russia: The Drive and Drift of a Superstate (New York: Norton, 1995).
Lewis, R. A., and Rowland, R., Population Redistribution in the USSR 1897–1977 (New York: Praeger, 1979).
Lewis, Robert, ‘Some Aspects of the Research and Development Effort of the Soviet Union, 1924–1935’, Science Studies 2 (1972).
Lewis, Robert, ‘Some Aspects of the Research and Development Effort of the Soviet Union, 1924–1935’, Science and Industrialisation in the USSR (London: Macmillan, 1979).
Leyda, Jay, Kino, A History of the Russian and Soviet Film (New York: Collier Books, 1973).
Liber, George, Soviet Nationality Policy, Urban Growth, and Identity Change in the Ukrainian SSR, 1923–1934 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Lieberman, Sanford R., ‘Crisis Management in the USSR: Wartime System of Administration and Control’, in Linz, Susan (ed.), The Impact of World War II on the Soviet Union (Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Allanheld, 1985).
Lieven, Dominic, Nicholas II: Emperor of All the Russias (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1994).
Lieven, Dominic, Russia and the Origins of the First World War (New York, 1983).
Lieven, Anatol, Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998).
Lieven, Anatol, The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993).
Ligachev, Yegor, Inside Gorbachev’s Kremlin, trans. Fitzpatrick, Catherine A., Berdy, Michele A. and Dobrochna, Dyrcz-Freeman, with Introduction by Cohen, Stephen F. (New York: Pantheon, 1993).
Light, Margot, ‘Post-Soviet Russian Foreign Policy: The First Decade’, in Brown, Archie (ed.), Contemporary Russian Politics: A Reader (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 419–28.
Light, Margot, ‘“Malin” Notes on the Crises in Hungary and Poland, 1956’, Cold War International History Project Bulletin 8–9 (1996/7): 385–410
Lih, Lars T., Bread and Authority in Russia, 1914–1921 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1990).
Lih, Lars T., Naumov, Oleg V., and Khlevniuk, Oleg V., Stalin’s Letters to Molotov (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995).
Lih, Lars T., ‘Bukharin’s “Illusion”: War Communism and the Meaning of NEP’, Russian History/Histoire russe 27, 4 (Winter 2000): 417–60.
Lih, Lars T., ‘Bukharin’s “Illusion”: War Communism and the Meaning of NEP’, Lenin Rediscovered: What Is To Be Done? In Context: A Commentary and New Translation (Leiden: Brill, 2006).
Lincoln, Bruce W., Red Victory (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989).
Linden, Carl, Khrushchev and the Soviet Leadership, 1957–1964 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1966).
Lindenmeyr, Adele, ‘Maternalism and Child Welfare in Late Imperial Russia’, Journal of Women’s History 5, 2 (1993): 114–25.
Linz, Susan J. (ed.), The Impact of World War II on the Soviet Union (Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Allanheld, 1985).
Lipset, Harry, ‘The Status of National Minority Languages’, Soviet Studies 19 (1967): 181–9.
Lobanov, M. M., Razvitie sovetskoi radiolokatsionnoi tekhniki (Moscow: Voenizdat, 1982).
Lohr, Eric, Nationalizing the Russian Empire: The Campaign against Enemy Aliens during World War I (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003).
Long, James W., ‘The Volga Germans and the Famine of 1921’, Russian Review 51, 4 (1992): 510–25.
Longley, David A., ‘Divisions in the Bolshevik Party in March 1917’, Soviet Studies 24, 1 (1972–3): 61–76.
Lopatin, L.N. (ed.), Rabochee dvizhenie Kuzbassa: Sbornik dokumentov i materialov (Kemerovo: Sovremennaia otechestvennaia kniga, 1993).
Lorimer, Frank, The Population of the Soviet Union: History and Prospects (Geneva: League of Nations, 1946).
Loseff, Lev, The Beneficence of Censorship (Munich: 1984).
Lubachko, Ivan S., Belorusia under Soviet Rule, 1917–1957 (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1972).
Lubrano, Linda, and Solomon, Susan Gross (eds.), The Social Context of Soviet Science (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1980).
Lukin, Alexander, The Political Culture of the Russian ‘Democrats’ (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
Madieveski, Samson, ‘1953: La Déportation des Juifs Soviétiques était-elle programmée’, Cahiers du Monde russe et soviétique 41, 4 (2000): 561–8.
Magocsi, Paul Robert, A History of Ukraine (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996).
Maguire, Robert A., Red Virgin Soil: Soviet Literature in the 1920’s (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968).
Maier, Robert, Die Stachanov-Bewegung, 1935–1938 (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1990).
Maksudov, S., Neuslyshannye golosa: Dokumenty smolenskogo arkhiva, bk. 1: Kulaki i partiitsy (Ann Arbor: Ardis, 1987).
Malafeev, A. A., Istoriia tsenoobrazovaniia v SSSR (Moscow, 1964).
Malia, Martin, The Soviet Tragedy: A History of Socialism in Russia, 1917–1991 (New York: Free Press, 1994).
Malle, Silvana, The Economic Organisation of War Communism, 1918–1921 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Mally, Lynn, Culture of the Future: The Proletkult Movement in Revolutionary Russia (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1990).
Mally, Lynn, Culture of the Future: the Proletkult Movement in Revolutionary Russia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990).
Malyshev, V. A., ‘Dnevnik narkoma’, Istochnik, 1997, no. 5: 103–47.
Mamonova, Tatyana (ed.), Women and Russia: Feminist Writings from the Soviet Union (Boston: Beacon Press, 1984).
Mandel, David, The Petrograd Workers and the Soviet Seizure of Power: From the July Days 1917 to July 1918 (London: Macmillan, 1984).
Markov, Vladimir, Russian Futurism: A History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968).
Marples, David R., Belarus: From Soviet Rule to Nuclear Catastrophe (London: Macmillan, 1996).
Marples, David R., Belarus: A Denationalized Nation (Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1999).
Marsh, Rosalind (ed.), Women in Russia and Ukraine (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Marsh, Rosalind (ed.),Women and Russian Culture (Oxford: Berghahn Books, 1998).
Martin, Terry, ‘The Origins of Soviet Ethnic Cleansing’, Journal of Modern History 70 (1998): 813–61.
Martin, Terry, The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923–1939 (Ithaca, N.Y., and London: Cornell University Press, 2001).
Marx, Steven, Road to Power: The Trans-Siberian Railroad and the Colonization of Asian Russia, 1850–1917 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991).
Massell, Gregory J., The Surrogate Proletariat: Moslem Women and Revolutionary Strategies in Soviet Central Asia, 1919–1929 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974).
Mastny, Vojtech, Russia’s Road to the Cold War: Diplomacy, Warfare, and the Politics of Communism, 1941–1945 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1979).
Matlock, Jack F. Jr., Autopsy for an Empire: The American Ambassador’s Account of the Collapse of the Soviet Union (New York: Random House, 1995).
Matlock, Jack F. Jr ., Reagan and Gorbachev: How the Cold War Ended (New York: Random House, 2004).
Matz, Johan, Constructing a Post-Soviet International Political Reality: Russian Foreign Policy towards the Newly Independent States, 1990–95 (Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2001).
Mau, Vladimir, ‘Perestroika: Theoretical and Political Problems of Economic Reform in the USSR’, Europe-Asia Studies 47, 3 (1995): 387–411.
Mau, Vladimir, and Staradubrovskaya, Irina, The Challenge of Revolution: Contemporary Russia in Historical Perspective (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Mawdsley, Evan, The Russian Baltic Fleet: War and Politics, February 1917–April 1918 (London: Macmillan, 1978).
Mawdsley, Evan, The Russian Civil War (Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1987).
Mawdsley, Evan, ‘Crossing the Rubicon: Soviet Plans for Offensive War in 1940–1941’, International History Review 25, 4 (2003).
Mawdsley, Evan, and White, Stephen, The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members, 1917–1991 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).
McAuley, Mary, Bread and Justice: State and Society in Petrograd, 1917–1922 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991).
McCagg, William O., Stalin Embattled, 1943–1948 (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1978).
McCauley, Martin (ed.), Stalin and Stalinism (London: Longman Press, 1995).
McCauley, Martin (ed.), Khrushchev and Khrushchevism (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987).
McDaniel, Tim, Autocracy, Capitalism, and Revolution in Russia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).
McFaul, Michael, Russia’s Unfinished Revolution: Political Change from Gorbachev to Putin (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2001).
McFaul, Michael, ‘State Power, Institutional Change, and the Politics of Privatization in Russia’, World Politics 47, 2 (Jan. 1995): 210–43.
McFaul, Michael, ‘State Power, Institutional Change, and the Politics of Privatization in Russia’, Russia’s 1996 Presidential Election: The End of Polarized Politics (Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1997).
McFaul, Michael, ‘The Fourth Wave of Democracy and Dictatorship: Noncooperative Transitions in the Postcommunist World’, World Politics 54, 2 (Jan. 2002): 212–44.
McFaul, Michael, ‘The Fourth Wave of Democracy and Dictatorship: Noncooperative Transitions in the Postcommunist World’, Between Dictatorship and Democracy: Russian Postcommunist Political Reform (Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2004).
McKay, John P., Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization 1885–1913 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970).
McKee, W. Arthur, ‘Sobering up the Soul of the People: The Politics of Popular Temperance in Late Imperial Russia’, Russian Review 58, 2 (Apr. 1999): 212–33.
McMillan, Priscilla Johnson, Khrushchev and the Arts (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1965).
McMillin, Arnold, Reconstructing the Canon: Russian Writing in the 1980s (Amsterdam: Harwood, 2000).
McReynolds, Louise, The News under Russia’s Old Regime (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991).
McReynolds, Louise, Russia at Play: Leisure Activities at the End of the Tsarist Era (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2002).
McReynolds, Louise, and Neuberger, Joan (eds.), Imitations of Life: Two Centuries of Melodrama in Russia (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2002).
Medvedev, Roy, The October Revolution, trans. Saunders, George (New York: Columbia Press, 1979).
Medvedev, Roy, Let History Judge: The Origins and Consequences of Stalinism, revised edn (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).
Medvedev, Roi, et al., Iu. Vi. Aksiutin, sostavitel’, L. I. Brezhnev: materialy k biiografii (Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Politicheskoi Literatury, 1991).
Medvedev, Vladimir, Chelovek za spinoi (Moscow: ‘Russlit’, 1994).
Medvedev, Vadim, V komande Gorbacheva: Vzglyad iznutri (Moscow: Bylina, 1994).
Medvedev, Vadim, Prozrenie, mif ili predatel’stvo? K voprosu ob ideologii perestroika (Moscow: Evraziia, 1998).
Medvedev, Grigorii, Chernobyl’skaia khronika (Moscow: Sovremennik, 1989).
Medvedev, Grigorii, No Breathing Room: The Aftermath of Chernobyl (New York: Basic Books, 1993).
Medvedev, Zhores A., The Rise and Fall of T. D. Lysenko (New York: Columbia University Press, 1969).
Medvedev, Zhores A., The Medvedev Papers: The Plight of Soviet Science Today (London: Macmillan, 1971).
Medvedev, Zhores A., Soviet Science (New York: W.W. Norton, 1978).
Melancon, Michael, and Pate, Alice, New Labor History: Worker Identity and Experience in Russia, 1840–1918 (Bloomington, Ind.: Slavica, 2002).
Melancon, Michael, The Socialist Revolutionaries and the Russian Anti-War Movement, 1914–1917 (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1990).
Memorandum of Conversation, East German official with Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov, Addis Ababa, 6 December 1977’, Cold War International History Project Bulletin 8–9 (1996/7): 82–3.
Mendel, Arthur, Dilemmas of Progress in Tsarist Russia: Legal Marxism and Legal Populism (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1961).
Mendelson, Sarah E., Changing Course: Ideas, Politics, and the Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999).
Menon, Rajan, Fedorov, Yuri E., and Nodia, Ghia (eds.), Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia: The 21st Century Security Environment (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1999).
Merl, Stephan, Bauern unter Stalin: die Formierung des sowjetischen Kolchossystems, 1930–1941 (Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1990).
Mertsalov, A. N., and Mertsalov, L. A., Stalinizm i voina (Moscow: Terra-Knizhnyi klub, 1998).
Mićunović, Veljko, Moscow Diary, trans. Floyd, David (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1980).
Mikoyan, Anastas, Tak bylo: Razmyshleniia o minuvshem (Moscow: Vagrius, 1999).
Millar, James (ed.), Politics, Work, and Daily Life in the USSR: A Survey of Former Soviet Citizens (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
Miller, R. F., and Feher, F. (eds.), Khrushchev and the Communist World (London and Canberra: Croom Helm, 1984).
Miller, John, Mikhail Gorbachev and the End of Soviet Power (London: Macmillan; and New York: St Martin’s Press, 1993).
Ministerstvo zemledeliia i gosudarstvennogo imushchestva. Otdel sel’skoi ekonomiki I sel’sko-khoziaistvennoi statistiki, Otchety i issledovaniia po kustarnoi promyshlennosti v Rossii, II vols. (St Petersburg: Kirshbaum, 1892–1915).
Mironov, Boris, with Eklof, Ben, The Social History of Imperial Russia, 1700–1917 (Boulder, Colo.: West view Press, 2000).
Misiunas, Romuald J., and Taagepera, Rein, The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940–1990, revised edn (London: Hurst and Co., 1993).
Mitrofanova, A. V., Rabochii klass SSSR v gody velikoi otechestvennoi voiny (Moscow: Nauka, 1971).
Mlechin, Leonid, MID: Ministerstvo Inostrannykh Del, romantiki i tsiniki (Moscow: Tsentrpoligraf, 2001).
Mochalov, I. I., Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadskii (Moscow: Nauka, 1982).
Montefiore, Simon Sebag, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2003).
Moon, David, The Russian Peasantry, 1600–1930: The World the Peasants Made (London: Longman, 1999).
Moorsteen, Richard, and Powell, Raymond P., The Soviet Capital Stock 1928–1962 (Homewood, Ill.: Irwin, 1966).
More New Evidence on the Cold War in Asia’, Cold War International History Project Bulletin 8–9 (1996/7): 220–69.
Morgenthau, Hans, Politics Among Nations (New York: Knopf, 1967).
Morozova, T. P., and Plotkina, Irina V., Savva Morozov (Moscow: Russkaia kniga, 1998).
Morson, Gary Saul, Literature and History: Theoretical Problems and Russian Case Studies (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1986).
Moser, Robert, Unexpected Outcomes: Electoral Systems, Political Parties, and Representation in Russia (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2001).
Moskoff, William, The Bread of Affliction: The Food Supply in the USSR during World War II (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Moskoff, William, Hard Times: Impoverishment and Protest in the Perestroika Years (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1993).
Motyl, Alexander J., Will the Non-Russians Rebel? State, Ethnicity, and Stability in the USSR (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1987).
Motyl, Alexander J., Sovietology, Rationality, Nationality: Coming to Grips with Nationalism in the USSR (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990).
Munck, J. L., The Kornilov Revolt: A Critical Examination of Sources (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1987).
Murray, Donald, A Democracy of Despots (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1995).
Nahaylo, Bohdan, and Swoboda, Victor, Soviet Disunion: A History of the Nationalities Problem in the USSR (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1990).
Naiman, Eric, Sex in Public: The Incarnation of Early Soviet Ideology (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997).
Naimark, Norman M., The Russians in Germany: A History of the Soviet Zone of Occupation, 1945 –1949 (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1995).
Naimark, Norman M., The Russians in Germany (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995).
Naimark, Norman M., Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001).
Narskii, Igor’, Zhizn’ v katastrofe: Budni naseleniia Urala v 1917–1922 gg. (Moscow: Rosspen, 2001).
‘“Nasha liniia takaia …”. Dokumenty o vstreche I.V. Stalina s rukovoditeliami SEPG. Ian.-fev. 1947g.’, Istoricheskii Arkhiv 4 (1994): 22–44.
Nathans, Benjamin, Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2002).
Natsional’naia politika VKP(b) v tsifrakh (Moscow: Kommunisticheskaia Akademiia, 1930).
Nauchnye kadry SSSR: dinamika i struktura (Moscow: Mysl’, 1991).
Naumov, Vladimir, and Rubinstein, Joshua (eds.), Stalin’s Secret Pogrom (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001).
Naumov, Vladimir P., ‘Bor’ba N. S. Khrushcheva za edinolichnuiu vlast’, Novaia i noveishaia istoriia 5–6 (2000).
Nazarov, A. G., Nauka