Skip to main content
Christianity and Natural Law
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Christianity and Natural Law
    • Online ISBN: 9781316890615
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Historically, natural law has played a pivotal role in Christian approaches to the law, and a contested role in legal philosophy generally. However, comparative study of natural law across global Christian traditions is largely neglected. This book provides not only the history of natural law ideas across mainstream Christian traditions worldwide, but also an ecumenical comparison of the contemporary natural law positions of different traditions. Its focus is not solely theoretical: it tests the practical utility of natural law by exploring its use in the legal systems of the churches studied. Alongside analysis of the assumptions underlying the concept, it also proposes a jurisprudence of Christian law itself. With chapters written by distinguished lawyers and theologians across the world, this book is designed for those studying and teaching law or theology, those who practice and study ecumenism, and those involved in the practice of church law.

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
Abu-Rabi Ibrahim M., Intellectual Origins of Islamic Resurgence in the Modern Arab World (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996).
Alexy Robert, A Theory of Legal Argumentation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989).
Alexy Robert, The Argument from Injustice: A Reply to Legal Pluralism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).
Allan Trevor R.S., Constitutional Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Alonso-Lasheras Diego, Luis de Molina’s ‘De Iustitia et Iure’: Justice as Virtue in an Economic Context (Leiden and Boston, MA: Brill, 2011).
Anglican Communion Network of Legal Advisers, Principles of Canon Law Common the Churches of the Anglican Communion (London: Anglican Communion Office, 2008).
Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC II), Life in Christ: Morals, Communion and the Church (London: Church House, Catholic Truth Society, 1994).
Arkes Hadley, Constitutional Illusions and Anchoring Truths: The Touchstone of the Natural Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Arthur William, Religion without God and God without Religion (London: Bemrose and Sons, 18851888).
Austin John, The Province of Jurisprudence Determined (London: John Murray, 1832).
Avineri Shlomo, Hegel’s Theory of the Modern State (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972).
Ayer Alfred Jules, Language Truth and Logic, 2nd edn (London: Gollancz, 1946).
Babie Paul, ‘Looking East to the Concept of Property: A Review Essay of Witte and Alexander (eds), Christianity and Law: An Introduction’, Adelaide Law Review 30 (2009): 175184.
Badcock Gary, ‘Hegel, Lutheranism and Contemporary Theology’, Animus 5 (2000): 144158.
Bangs Nathan, Predestination Examined (New York: J.C. Totten, 1817).
Baptism, Eucharist, Ministry, Faith and Order Paper 111 (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1982).
Barth Karl, Church Dogmatics, Bromiley G.W. and Torrance T.F., eds. (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1956).
Barth Karl, The Epistle of Paul to the Romans (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1933).
Barth Karl and Brunner Emil, Natural Theology, Fraenkel Peter, trans. (London: Geoffrey Bles, 1946).
Bauer Clemens, ‘Melanchthon: Naturrechtslehre’, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 42 (1951): 64100.
Beal J.P., Coriden J.A. and Green T.J., eds., New Commentary on the Code of Canon Law (New York: Paulist Press, 2000).
Bergier J.F. and Kingdon R.M., Registres de la Compagnie des pasteurs de Geneve au temps de Calvin, 2 Vols. (1962–1964), Potter G.R. and Greengrass M., trans., Calvin Jean (London: Edward Arnold, 1983).
Berkman John and Mattison William C. III, eds., Searching for a Universal Ethic: Multidisciplinary, Ecumenical, and Interfaith Responses to the Catholic Natural Law Tradition (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2014).
Berkowitz Roger, The Gift of Science: Leibniz and the Modern Legal Tradition (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005).
Berman Harold J., Law and Revolution II: The Impact of the Protestant Reformations on the Western Legal Tradition (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003).
Bertea Stefano, ‘Legal Argumentation Theory and the Concept of Law’, in van Eemeren F.H., Blair J.A., Willard C.A. and Snoeck Henkeman F.A., eds., Anyone Who Has a View: Theoretical Contributions to the Study of Argumentation (The Hague: Kluwer, 2003), 213226.
Best Thomas F. and Robra Martin, Ecclesiology and Ethics: Ecumenical Ethical Engagement, Moral Formation and the Nature of the Church (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1997).
Bibbings Lois S., ‘The Hetero-State: Hegemonic Heterosexuality and State Power’, in Coleman R., Sim J., Tombs S. and Whyte D., eds., State, Power, Crime (London: Sage, 2009), 3548.
Biggar Nigel, Behaving in Public: How to do Christian Ethics (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2011).
Bigongiari Dino, ed., The Political Ideas of St. Thomas Aquinas (New York: Free Press, 1997).
Bix Brian, Dictionary of Legal Theory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).
Bix Brian, Jurisprudence: Theory and Context, 6th edn (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2012).
Black A., Esmaeili H. and Hosen N., Modern Perspectives on Islamic Law (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014).
Blackburn Simon, Being Good: An Introduction to Ethics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Bleich J. David, ‘Judaism and Natural Law’, Jewish Law Annual 7 (1988): 542.
Bolt John, ‘Herman Bavinck on Natural Law and Two Kingdoms: Some Further Reflections’, The Bavinck Review 4 (2013): 6493.
Bowne Borden P., The Principles of Ethics (New York: Harper, 1892).
Braaten C.E., ‘A Lutheran Affirmation of the Natural Law’, in Baker R.C. and Ehlke R.C., eds., Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal (St. Louis, MO: Concordia Publishing House, 2011), 316.
Brackney William H., Historical Dictionary of Baptists (Lanham, ML: Scarecrow Press, 2009).
Brash Alan A., Facing Our Differences: The Churches and Their Gay and Lesbian Members (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1995).
Braybrooke David, Natural Law Modernized [Toronto Studies in Philosophy] (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001).
Bretzke James, A Morally Complex World: Engaging Contemporary Moral Theology (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2004).
Brightman Edgar Sheffield, The Moral Laws (New York: Abingdon, 1943).
Brock Stephen, Action and Conduct: Thomas Aquinas and the Theory of Action (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1998).
Brundage James A., Medieval Canon Law (Harlow: Longman, 1995).
Budziszewski J., The Line Through the Heart: Natural Law as Fact, Theory, and Sign of Contradiction (Wilmington, DE: ISI Books, 2009).
Buitenbag Johan, ‘Die wêreld as gelykenis: ’n Trajek om die middelterm van die “teologie” te vind’, HTS Theological Studies 59(4) (2003): 10631064.
Burns Tony, ‘Hegel and Natural Law Theory’, Politics 15 (1995): 2732.
Butler Michael, ‘Orthodoxy and Natural Law’ (Lecture delivered at Acton University, 21 June 2013):
Calvin John, Commentary on the Sermon on the Mount, Findlay W., trans., from Schaff P., ed., Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, First Series, Vol. 6 (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1888).
Calvin John, Institutes of the Christian Religion, 2.7.1., Vol. 1, McNeill John T., ed., Battles Ford Lewis, trans., The Library of Christian Classics, Vol. XX (Philadelphia, PA: The Westminster Press, 1960).
Cameron Andrew J.B., ‘How “Ethics” Works: An Engagement with John Calvin’, in Thompson M.D. ed., Engaging with Calvin (Nottingham: Apollos, 2009), 230253.
Caparros E., Aube H., Theriault M. and Thorn J., eds., Code of Canon Law Annotated, 2nd edn (Montreal: Wilson & Lafleur, 2004).
Casiday Augustine, ed., The Orthodox Christian World (London: Routledge, 2012).
Charles J. Daryl, Retrieving the Natural Law: A Return to Moral First Things (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2008).
Christian Law Panel of Experts, ‘Response to the World Council of Churches Faith and Order Commission Paper, The Church: Towards a Common Vision (2013)’, December 2015.
Christian Perspectives on Theological Anthropology: A Faith and Order Study Document, Faith and Order Paper 199 (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2005):
Church, Evangelization, and the Bonds of Koinonia (2002), Report of the International Consultation between the Catholic Church and the World Evangelical Alliance (1993–2002).
Cobb John B., A Christian Natural Theology (London: Lutterworth, 1965).
Coertzen Pieter, Church and Order: A Reformed Perspective (Leuven: Peeters, 1998).
Coffey John, ‘From Helwys to Leland: Baptists and Religious Tolerance in England and America, 1612–1791’, in Bebbington D., ed., Studies in Baptist History and Thought: The Gospel in the World (Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2000), 2122.
Colwell John E., Living the Christian Story: The Distinctiveness of Christian Ethics (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 2001).
Conradie Ernst M., ‘All Theology is Natural Theology: The Hermeneutic Necessity of Natural Law?’, Dutch Reformed Theological Journal 52 (2011): 5865.
Contreras Francisco J., ed., The Threads of Natural Law: Unravelling a Philosophical Tradition (New York: Springer, 2013).
Corzine Jacob, ‘Friedrich Julius Stahl: A Lutheran’s Rejection of Natural Law’, in Baker R.C. and Ehlke R.C., eds., Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal (St. Louis, MO: Concordia Publishing House, 2011), 99115.
Costigane Helen, ‘Catholic Adoption Agencies and “Gay Adopters”’, Law and Justice: The Christian Law Review 161 (2008): 98110.
Costigane Helen, ‘Catholic Education in England – What is to be Taught?’, Law and Justice: The Christian Law Review 163 (2009): 103109.
Costigane Helen, ‘A Protected Rite?’, America (30 July 2013).
Covell Charles, The Defense of Natural Law: A Study of the Ideas of Law and Justice in the Writings of Lon L. Fuller, Michael Oakeshot, F.A. Hayek, Ronald Dworkin, and John Finnis (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992).
Cranmer Frank, ‘Ecclesiastical Regulation and Secular Law: A Comparative Exploration’, in Kenny C., Sandberg R., Hill M. and Cranmer F., eds., The Confluence of Law and Religion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016), 112.
Craske Jane, Being Human (London: Peterborough Epworth, 2007).
Crone Patricia, God’s Rule – Government and Islam: Six Centuries of Medieval Islamic Political Thought (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004).
Cronin Kieran, Rights and Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Cross F.L. and Livingstone E.A., eds., Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd rev. edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).
Cunliffe Christopher, ed., Joseph Butler’s Moral and Religious Thought: Tercentenary Essays (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992).
Curran Charles E., The Catholic Moral Tradition Today: A Synthesis (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1999).
Dallinger William, The Creator and What We May Know of the Methods of Creation (London: T. Woomer, 1887).
David Joseph, ‘Maimonides, Nature and Natural Law’, Journal of Law, Philosophy and Culture V (2010): 6782.
Davies Margaret, Asking the Law Question (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1994).
Davies Oliver and O’Loughlin Thomas, eds., Celtic Spirituality (Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 2000).
Davis James, Medieval Market Morality (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).
Dawkins Richard, The God Delusion (London: Bantam Press, 2006).
Demmer Klaus M.S.C., ‘Ius caritatis: Zur christologischen Grundlegung der augustinischen Naturrechtslehre’, Analecta Gregoriana, Vol. 118, Series Facultatis Theologicae: sectio B, n. 40 (Liberia Editrice dell’Università Gregoriana: Roma, 1961), 141143.
Devlin Patrick, The Enforcement of Morals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1965).
Doe Norman, ‘The Problem of Abhorrent Legislation and the Judicial Idea of Legislative Supremacy’, Liverpool Law Review 10 (1988): 113127.
Doe Norman, Fundamental Authority in Late Medieval English Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Doe Norman, The Legal Framework of the Church of England (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
Doe Norman, Canon Law in the Anglican Communion (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).
Doe Norman, ‘Canonical Approaches to Human Rights’, in Hill Mark, ed., Religious Liberty and Human Rights (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2002), 185206.
Doe Norman, ‘A Sociology of Law on Religion – Towards a New Discipline: Legal Responses to Religious Pluralism in Europe’, Law and Justice: A Christian Law Review 152 (2004): 6892.
Doe Norman, An Anglican Covenant: Theological and Legal Considerations for a Global Debate (Norwich: Canterbury Press, 2008).
Doe Norman, Christian Law: Contemporary Principles (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).
Doherty Sean, ‘“Love Does Not Delight in Evil, but Rejoices With the Truth”. A Theological and Pastoral Reflection on My Journey Away From A Homosexual Identity’, Anvil 30(1) (2014): 516.
Domingo Rafael, ‘The Metalegal God’, Ecclesiastical Law Journal 16 (2014): 147167.
Duchrow Ulrich, Christenheit und Weltverantwortung: Traditionsgeschichte und systematische Struktur der Zweireichelehre (Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1980).
Dulles Avery, Models of the Church (Dublin: Gill and MacMillan, 1988).
Dunkle B.L., ‘A Development of Origen’s View of the Natural Law’, Pro Ecclesia 13 (2004): 337351.
Dworkin Ronald, Taking Rights Seriously (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978).
Dworkin Ronald, Law’s Empire (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986).
Emon Anver M., ‘Natural Law and Natural Rights in Islamic Law’, Journal of Law and Religion 20 (2004–2005): 351395.
Emon Anver M., Islamic Natural Law Theories (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).
Emon Anver M., Levering Matthew and Novak David, Natural Law: A Jewish, Christian and Islamic Trialogue (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).
Engelhardt H. Tristram, The Foundations of Christian Bioethics, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).
Eschmann Ignatius Theodore, Ethics of St. Thomas Aquinas, Synan Edward A., ed. (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1997).
Esposito John L., The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).
Evans Malcolm D., Religious Liberty and International Law in Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Faith and Order Commission, Moral Discernment in the Churches: A Study Document, Faith and Order Paper 215 (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2013).
Feser Edward, Aquinas (London: OneWorld Publications, 2009).
Finnis John, Natural Law and Natural Rights, 2nd edn (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2011)
Finnis John, ‘Natural Law’, in Reason in Action: Collected Essays, Vol. 1 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), 199211.
Finnis John, ‘Natural Law Theories’, in Zalta Edward N., ed., The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy (Fall 2014 Edition):
Foot Philippa, Virtues and Vices (Oxford: Blackwell, 1978).
Foot Philippa, Natural Goodness (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2001).
Fox Marvin, ‘Maimonides and Aquinas and Natural Law’, Dinei 3 (1971): 536.
Fraher Richard, ‘Preventing Crime in the High Middle Ages: The Medieval Lawyers’ Search for Deterrence’, in Chodorow Stanley and Sweeney James, eds., Popes, Teachers and the Canon Law in the Middle Ages: Festschrift for Brian Tierney (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989), 212233.
Frank Richard M., ‘Moral Obligations in Classical Muslim Theology’, Journal of Religious Ethics 11 (1983): 205223.
Franke Reiner, Die Entwicklung des (Darlehens-)Zinses in Frankreich (Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1996).
Freeman Michael, Lloyd’s Introduction to Jurisprudence, 9th edn (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2014).
Freppert Lucas, The Basis of Morality According to William Ockham (Chicago, IL: Franciscan Herald Press, 1988).
Friedrich Carl Joachim, The Philosophy of Law in Historical Perspective, 2nd edn, 5th impr. (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1963).
Fuller Lon L., ‘Positivism and Fidelity to Law – A Reply to Professor Hart’, Harvard Law Review 71(4) (1958): 630672.
Fuller Lon L., The Morality of Law, rev. edn (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1969).
Gane Mike, Auguste Comte (London: Routledge, 2006).
García José Barrientos, Un Siglo de moral económica en Salamanca, 1526–1629 Francisco de Vitoria y Domingo de Soto (Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad Salamanca, 1985).
George R.P., ed., Natural Law Theory: Contemporary Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).
George R.P, In Defense of Natural Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999).
Gomez-Lobo Alfonso, Morality and the Human Goods: An Introduction to Natural Law Ethics (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2002).
Goodliff Paul, ‘Baptist Church Polity and Practice’, Law and Justice: The Christian Law Review 168 (2012): 521.
Gore Charles, Lambeth on Contraceptives (London: Mowbray, 1930).
Goyette John, Latkovic Mark and Myers Richard S., St. Thomas Aquinas and the Natural Law Tradition: Contemporary Perspectives (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2004).
Grabill Stephen, Rediscovering the Natural Law in Reformed Theological Ethics (Atlanta, GA: Emory University Studies in Law and Religion, 2006).
Gray John Chipman, The Nature and Sources of the Law, 2nd edn (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1921).
Grayling Anthony C., The God Argument (London: Bloomsbury, 2013).
Grayling Anthony C., What is Good? (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2003).
Griffel Frank, ‘The Harmony of Natural Law and Shari’a in Islamist Theology’, in Amanat A. and Griffel F., eds., Islamic Law in the Contemporary Context (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007), 3861.
Grillo Ralph, Muslim Families, Politics and the Law (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2015).
Grisez Germain, ‘Revelation versus Dissent’, in Wilkins John, ed., Understanding Veritatis Splendor (London: SPCK, 1994), 18.
Grisez Germain, ‘The First Principle of Practical Reason: A Commentary on the Summa Theologiae, 1–2, Question 94, Article 2’, Natural Law Forum 10 (1965): 168201.
Gros Jeffrey, Meyer Harding and Rusch William G., eds., Growth in Agreement II: Reports and Agreed Statements of Ecumenical Conversations on a World Level, Faith and Order Paper 187 (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2000).
Gros Jeffrey, Best Thomas F. and Fuchs Lorelei, eds., Growth in Agreement III: International Dialogue Texts and Agreed Statements, Faith and Order Paper 204 (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2007).
Growing Together in Unity and Mission, International Anglican-Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission (2007):
Gunter W. Stephen, Wesley and the Quadrilateral: Renewing the Conversation (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1997).
Guroian Vigen, Incarnate Love: Essays in Orthodox Ethics (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1987).
Haakonssen Knud, Natural Law and Moral Philosophy: From Grotius to the Scottish Enlightenment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Haakonssen Knud, Grotius, Pufendorf, and Modern Natural Law: The International Library of Critical Essays in the History of Philosophy (Aldershot, England: Dartmouth, 1999).
Haara Heikki, ‘Pufendorf, Samuel’, Logos-ensyklopedia (2014):
Halivini David W., Mishnah, Midrash and Gemara (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986).
Harakas Stanley S., ‘Eastern Orthodox Perspectives on Natural Law’, American Journal of Jurisprudence 24 (1979): 86113.
Harakas Stanley S., ‘The Natural Law Teaching of the Eastern Orthodox Church’, Greek Orthodox Theological Review IX (1964): 215224.
Harakas Stanley S., For the Health of Body and Soul: An Eastern Orthodox Introduction to Bioethics (Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, Brookline, MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 1980):
Harrod John A., Weaving the Tapestry of Moral Judgement: Christian Ethics in a Plural World (London: Epworth, 2007).
Hart H.L.A., ‘Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals’, Harvard Law Review 71(4) (1958): 593629.
Hart H.L.A., Law, Liberty and Morality (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963).
Hart H.L.A., The Concept of Law, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984).
Hart Trevor, ‘A Capacity for Ambiguity: The Barth-Brunner Debate Revisited’, Tyndale Bulletin 44(2) (1993): 289305.
Hartmann Wilfried and Pennington Kenneth, eds., The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140–1234 (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2008).
Hauerwas Stanley, A Community of Character (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1981).
Hauerwas Stanley, A Peaceable Kingdom: A Primer in Christian Ethics (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983).
Hauerwas Stanley and Williman William, Resident Aliens (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1993).
Haymes Brian, ‘Thomas Helwys’ The Mystery of Iniquity: Is it still Relevant in the Twenty-First Century?’, in Cross A.R. and Wood N.J., eds., Exploring Baptist Origins, Vol. 1 (Oxford: Centre for Baptist History and Heritage Studies, Regent’s Park College, 2010), 6077.
Heckel Johannes, Lex Caritatis: Eine juristische Untersuchung über das Recht in der Theologie Martin Luthers (München: Abhandlungen der bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1953).
Helm Paul, John Calvin’s Ideas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).
Helmholz Richard H., ‘Natural Law and Human Rights in English Law: From Bracton to Blackstone’, Ave Maria Law Review 3 (2005): 122.
Helmholz Richard H., Natural Law in Court: A History of Legal Theory in Practice (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015).
Helwys Thomas, A Short Declaration of the Mystery of Iniquity, in Groves Richard, ed., Classics of Religious Liberty, Vol. 1 (Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1998), 53.
Hervada Javier, Critical Introduction to Natural Law, Emmons Mindy, trans. (Quebec: Wilson & Lafleur, 2006).
Herzog Rabbi Isaac, The Main Institutions of Jewish Law, 2 Vols. (London and New York: The Soncino Press Limited, 1st edn, 1936, 2nd edn, 1965).
Hettche Matt, ‘Christian Wolff’, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2014):
Hill Mark, ‘Gospel and Order’, Ecclesiastical Law Journal 4 (1996): 659663.
Hittinger Russell, A Critique of the Natural Law Theory (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1987).
Hittinger Russell, The First Grace: Rediscovering the Natural Law in a Post-Christian World (Wilmington, DE: ISI Books, 2003).
Hogan Linda, Confronting the Truth: Conscience in the Catholic Tradition (New York: Paulist Press, 2000).
Holmes Oliver Wendell, ‘Natural Law’, in Collected Legal Papers (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Howe, 1920, repr. 1952), 312.
Honderich Ted, ed., The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).
Honoré Tony, ‘The Dependence of Morality on Law’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 13 (1993): 117.
Hopkins John, A Scriptural, Ecclesiastical and Historical View of Slavery (New York: Pooley and Co., 1861).
Hourani George F., Reason and Tradition in Islamic Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Hughes Gerard J., ‘Natural Law’, in Childress J.F. and Macquarrie J., eds., A New Dictionary of Christian Ethics (London: SCM Press, 1986), 412414.
Hume David, Treatise of Human Nature, Selby-Bigge L.A., ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1888).
Hussain Amina, ‘Legal Pluralism, Religious Conservatism’, in Sandberg R., ed., Religion and Legal Pluralism (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2015), 151.
Hutchinson D.S., ‘Ethics’, in Barnes Jonathan, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Hutchinson D.S., The First Grace: Rediscovering the Natural Law in a Post -Christian World (Wilmington, DE: ISI Books, 2003).
Ibbetson David J., A Historical Introduction to the Law of Obligations (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Ingram David, Law: Key Concepts in Philosophy (London: Continuum, 2006).
Jackson Bernard S., ‘The Jewish View of Natural Law’, Journal of Jewish Studies 52.1 (2001): 136145.
Jacob Jonathan A., ‘The Reasons of the Commandments: Rational Tradition without Natural Law’, in Jacobs J.A., ed., Reason, Religion and Natural Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), 106.
Jacobs Louis, ed., Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Jensen Gregory, Criticizing the Critics (29 February 2009):
Jensen Gregory, Orthodox Criticism of Natural Law (23 February 2009):
Joint Working Group, Roman Catholic Church and the World Council of Churches, ‘The Ecumenical Dialogue on Moral Issues’ (1995), Ecumenical Review 48 (1996): 143154:
Jones Richard G., Groundwork of Christian Ethics (London: Epworth, 1984).
Josefson Ruben, Guds och Sveriges lag: Studier i den lutherska socialetikens historia (Uppsala: A.-B. Lundequistiska bokhandeln; Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz, 1950), 1922.
Joyce Alison J., Richard Hooker and Anglican Moral Theology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015).
Juntunen Hannu, Oikeuden idean teologiset perusteet (Helsinki: Kauppakaari Lakimiesliiton Kustannus, 2000).
Kabir Nahid A., Young British Muslims (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2010).
Kalaitzidis Pantelis, ‘From the “Return of the Fathers” to the Need for a Modern Orthodox Theology’, St. Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 54(1) (2010): 536.
Kant Emmanuel, Lectures on Ethics, Enfield L., ed. (London: Methuen, 1930).
Keenan James F., ‘The Open Debate: Moral Theology and the Lives of Gay and Lesbian Persons’, Theological Studies 64 (2003): 127151.
Keenan James F., A History of Catholic Moral Theology in the Twentieth Century (London: Continuum, 2010).
Kelsen Hans, ‘The Law as a Specific Social Technique’, University of Chicago Law Review 9 (1941): 7597.
Kelsen Hans, General Theory of Law and State, Wedberg Anders, trans. (Clark, NJ: The Law Book Exchange Ltd., 2009, originally Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1945).
Kerr M., Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1966).
Kessler Diana, ed., Together on the Way: Official Report of the Eighth Assembly of the World Council of Churches (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1999).
Klempa William, ‘John Calvin on Natural Law, in Timothy George, ed., John Calvin and the Church: A Prism of Reform (Westminster: John Knox, 1990), 7276.
Kloosterman Nelson D., ‘A Response to “The Kingdom Of God Is Twofold”: Natural Law and the Two Kingdoms in the Thought of Herman Bavinck by David VanDrunen, Calvin Theological Journal 45 (2010): 165176.
Klug Francesca, Values for a Godless Age: The Story of the United Kingdom’s New Bill of Rights (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2000).
Koffeman Leo J., ‘Human Dignity – An Ecumenical Understanding?’, Scriptura 96 (2008): 288298.
Koffeman Leo J., ‘How the Protestant Church in the Netherlands was born’, in Plaisier A. and Koffeman L.J., eds., The Protestant Church in the Netherlands: Church Unity in the 21st Century: Stories and Reflections, Church Polity and Ecumenism – Global Perspectives, Vol. IV (Zürich: LIT Verlag, 2014), 1137.
Koffeman Leo J., ‘The Ecumenical Potential of Church Polity’, Ecclesiastical Law Journal 17 (2015): 182193.
Korkman Petter, ‘Valtio ja sen lait modernissa luonnonoikeusperinteessä’ (The State and its Laws in the Modern Natural Rights Tradition), in Tontti J., Mäkelä K. and Gylling H., eds., Filosofien oikeus (Helsinki: Suomalainen Lakimiesyhdistys, 2001), 9697.
Kulakov Mikhail, ‘Vladimir Nikolaievich Lossky’, in Witte John Jr. and Alexander Frank S., eds., The Teachings of Modern Christianity: On Law, Politics, and Human Nature, Vol. 1 (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006), 612.
Kyriazis K.B., To Physikon kei to Kanonikon Dikeion ex Epooseos Orthodoxou, Vol. 1 (Athens: Apostolike Diakonia Press, 1957), 69.
Laing Jacqueline A. and Wilcox Russell, eds., The Natural Law Reader (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014).
Larsson Birgitta, ‘A Quest for Clarity: The World Council of Churches and Human Sexuality’, Ecumenical Review 50 (1998): 3040.
Leaman Oliver, ‘Maimonides and Natural Law’, Jewish Law Annual 6 (1987): 7893.
Leibniz G.W., Filosofisia tutkielmia (Philosophical Studies), trans. into Finnish by Aho T., Jylhämö K., Kivistö S., Korkman P., Oksanen M., Repo A., Roinila M., Siukonen J., Sivenius H. and Vilkko R. (Helsinki: Gaudeamus Helsinki University Press, 2011).
Leibniz G.W., Frühe Jugendschriften zum Naturrecht, trans. into German H. von Hubertus Busche (Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag, 2003).
Leith John H., Introduction to the Reformed Tradition: A Way of Being the Christian Community, rev. edn (London: Westminster John Knox Press, 1981).
Lesaffer Randall, European Legal History: A Cultural and Political Perspective, Arriens Jan, trans. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).
Levering Matthew, Jewish-Christian Dialogue in the Life of Wisdom: Engagement with the Theology of David Novak (London: Continuum, 2010).
Levering Matthew, Biblical Natural Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).
Levering Matthew, ‘Natural Law and Christianity’, in Emon A.M., Levering M. and Novak D., Natural Law: A Jewish, Christian and Islamic Trialogue (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), Chapter 2.
Lewis H.D., Morals and the New Theology (London: Gollancz, 1947).
Lewis H.D., Our Experience of God (London: GAU, 1959).
Lichtenstein Aharon, ‘Does Jewish Tradition recognize an Ethic Independent of Halakha?’, in Fox M., ed., Modern Jewish Ethics: Theory and Practice (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1975), 62.
Lidgett John Scott, The Christian Religion (London: Robert Cully, 1907).
Lisska Anthony J., Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).
Little David, ‘Calvin and the Prospects for a Christian Theory of Natural Law’, in Outka G.H. and Ramsey P., eds., Norm and Context in Christian Ethics (London: SCM Press, 1968), 175197.
Livingstone Elizabeth A., ed., The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 2nd rev. edn (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).
Long D. Stephen, John Wesley’s Moral Theology (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 2005).
Long S.A., ‘Natural Law or Autonomous Practical Reason: Problems for the New Natural Law Theory’, in George Robert P., ed., Natural Law Theory: Contemporary Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).
Lossky Nikolay O., History of Russian Philosophy (New York: International Universities Press, 1951).
Louth Andrew, ‘The Greek Tradition’, in Cassiday Augustine, ed., The Orthodox Christian World (Abingdon: Routledge, 2012), Chapter 1.
Luhmann Niklas, Law as a Social System (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).
Luhmann Niklas, A Sociological Theory of Law, 2nd edn (London: Routledge, 2014).
Lumpkin William L., Baptist Confessions of Faith (Valley Forge, PA: The Judson Press, 1969).
MacIntyre Alisdair, ‘Theories of Natural Law in the Culture of Advanced Modernity’, in McLean E.B., ed., Common Truths: New Perspectives on Natural Law (Wilmington, DE: ISI Books, 2004), 123128.
MacIntyre Alasdair, Intractable Disputes about the Natural Law, Cunningham Lawrence S., ed. (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009).
Mackie John L., Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977).
Maclagan W.G., The Theological Frontier of Ethics (London: GAU, 1961).
Macy J., ‘Natural law’, in Cohen A.A. and Mends-Flohr P., eds., 20th Century Jewish Religious Thought (Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society, 2009), 663672.
Maddox Randy, ‘Wesley’s Engagement with the Natural Sciences’, in Maddox R. and Vickers J., eds., Cambridge Companion to John Wesley (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), 160.
Maddox Randy, Responsible Grace (Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1994).
Makdisi George, Ibn ‘Aqil: Religion and Culture in Classical Islam (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997).
Manninen Julia and Wahlberg Markus, ‘G. W. F. Hegelin oikeusfilosofian synty ja asema’ (The Formation and Status of G. W. F. Hegel’s Philosophy of Right), in G.W.F. Hegel, Oikeusfilosofian pääpiirteet eli luonnonoikeuden ja valtiotieteen perusteet, Suomentanut ja selityksin varustanut Markus Wahlberg (Oulu: Kustannus Pohjoinen, 1994).
Mannion Gerard and Van der Borght Eduardus, eds., John Calvin’s Ecclesiology: Ecumenical Perspectives (London: Bloomsbury, 2011).
Marzoa A., Miras J., Rodriguez-Ocana R. and de Azpilcueta I.M., Exegetical Commentary on the Code of Canon Law, Vol. III/2 (Montreal: Wilson & Lafleur, 2004).
Mawdudi Abu al-Ala, The Islamic Law and Constitution, 2nd edn (Lahore: Islamic Publications, 1960).
Mawdudi Abu al-Ala, Islam ka nizam i hayat: The Islamic Way of Life, Ahmad K. and Murad K., trans. and ed. (Leicester: Islamic Foundation, 1986).
McClendon James William, Systematic Theology: Vol. 1, Ethics (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1986).
McCoubrey Hilaire, The Obligation to Obey in Legal Theory (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1997).
McGovern John F., ‘The Rise of New Economic Attitudes – Economic Humanism, Economic Nationalism – During the Later Middle Ages and the Renaissance’, Traditio 26 (1970): 217253.
McIlroy David, ‘Human Rights Theory: Fit for Purpose, Fundamentally Flawed or Reformable?’, Law and Justice: The Christian Law Review 173 (2014): 129144.
McInerny Ralph, Aquinas on Human Action: A Theory of Practice (Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1992).
McLeod Ian, Legal Theory, 2nd edn (London: Palgrave, 2003).
Meyer Harding and Vischer Lukas, eds., Growth in Agreement: Reports and Agreed Statements of Ecumenical Conversations on a World Level, Faith and Order Paper 108 (New York/Geneva: Paulist Press/World Council of Churches, 1984).
Meyerson Denise, Understanding Jurisprudence (London: Routledge, 2007).
Mill John Stuart, On Liberty (London: Collins, 1962).
Mill John Stuart, On the Subjection of Women (1869) (Oxford: Oxford World’s Classic, 1912).
Mohamed Y., Fitra: The Islamic Concept of Human Nature (London: Ta-Ha Publishers, 1996).
Moore George Edward, Principia Ethica (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1903).
Morelli George, Pastoral Considerations on Current Problems: Sex, Natural Law and Orthodoxy (Orthodox Research Institute, April 1976):
Muller Richard A., Calvin and the Reformed Tradition (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2012).
Muller Richard A., ‘Diversity in the Reformed Tradition: A Historiographical Introduction’, in Haykin Michael G. A. and Jones Mark, eds., Drawn into Controversie: Reformed Theological Diversity and Debates within Seventeenth-Century British Puritanism (Gottingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 2011), 1730.
Nadler Stephen, ‘Baruch Spinoza and the Naturalization of Judaism’, in Morgan M.L. and Gordon P.E., eds., The Cambridge Companion to Modern Jewish Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 1434.
Nasr Reza and Vali Seyyed, Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).
Neilson Morton E.J., ed., Legal Philosophy: 5 Questions (New York: Automatic-VIP Press, 2007).
Nobles Richard, and Schiff David, ‘The Evolution of Natural Law’, in Penner J., Schiff D. and Nobles R., eds., Jurisprudence and Legal Theory: Commentary and Materials (London: Butterworth, 2002), 35.
Noonan John T., The Scholastic Analysis of Usury (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1957).
Norman R. Stanton, The Baptist Way: Distinctiveness of a Baptist Church (Nashville, TN: Broadman and Holman, 2005).
Novak David, ‘Natural Law and Judaism, in Emon A.M., Levering M. and Novak D., eds.,Natural Law: A Jewish, Christian and Islamic Trialogue (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), Chapter 1.
Nussbaum Martha, Love’s Knowledge (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990).
O’Connor Daniel John, Aquinas and Natural Law (London: Macmillan, 1967).
O’Donovan Joan Lockwood, Theology of Law and Authority in the English Reformation (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1991).
O’Donovan Oliver, ‘The Natural Ethic’, in Wright David F., ed., Essays in Evangelical Social Ethics (Exeter: Paternoster Press, 1979), Chapter 1.
O’Donovan Oliver, Resurrection and Moral Order: An Outline for Evangelical Ethics, 2nd edn (Leicester: Apollos, 1994).
O’Donovan Oliver and O’Donovan Joan Lockwood, eds., From Irenaeus to Grotius: A Sourcebook in Christian Political Thought (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1999).
Ombres Robert, ‘Faith, Doctrine and Roman Catholic Canon Law’, Ecclesiastical Law Journal 1 (1989): 3341.
On Becoming a Christian: Insights from Scripture and the Patristic Writings (2006), Report of the Fifth Phase of the International Dialogue between Some Classical Pentecostal Church and Leaders and the Catholic Church (1998–2002):
Pahman Dylan, ‘Fr. Michael Butler: Orthodoxy and Natural Law’ (21 June 2013):
Pahman Dylan, ‘Orthodoxy and Natural Law: A Reappraisal’ (7 March 2013):
Pailin David A., God and the Processes of Reality (London: Routledge, 1989).
Parsons Susan F., ‘Feminist Ethics’, in Hoose Bernard, ed., Christian Ethics: An Introduction (London: Cassell, 1998), 135148.
Pelikan Jaroslav, What Has Athens to Do with Jerusalem? Timaeus and Genesis in Counterpoint (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1998).
Perreau-Saussine Amanda, ‘Bentham and the Boot-Strappers of Jurisprudence: The Moral Commitments of a Rationalist Legal Positivist’, Cambridge Law Journal 63(2) (2004): 346383.
Peters E.N., ed., The Pio-Benedictine Code of Canon Law (San Francisco, CA: Ignatius Press, 2001).
Pless John T., ‘After Barth: Three Lutheran Appraisals of Natural Law’, in Baker Robert C. and Ehlke R.C., ed., Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal (St. Louis, MO: Concordia Publishing House, 2011), 117134.
Plumb John H., England in the Eighteenth Century (Harmondsworth: Pelican, 1950).
Plaatjies van Huffel, Anne Mary, Principles of Reformed Church Polity (Zurich: Lit Verlag, 2014).
Pope Stephen J., ‘Natural Law and Christian Ethics’, in Gill R., ed., The Cambridge Companion to Christian Ethics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 7795.
Pope William Burt, Compendium of Christian Theology (London: Wesleyan Conference Office, 1875).
Porter Jean, Natural Law and Divine Law: Reclaiming the Tradition for Christian Ethics (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1999).
Porter Jean, Nature as Reason: A Thomistic Theory of the Natural Law (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2005).
Porter Jean, ‘Does the Natural Law provide a Universally Binding Morality?’, in Cunningham L.S., ed., Intractable Disputes about Natural Law: Alisdair MacIntyre and Critics (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009), 5395.
Price Richard, ‘A Review of the Principal Questions in Morals’, in Selby-Bigge L.A., ed., British Moralists, Vol. II (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1897), 151.
Pryor C. Scott, ‘God’s Bridle: John Calvin’s Application of Natural Law’, Journal of Law and Religion 22 (2006): 225254.
Pufendorf Samuel von, The Whole Duty of Man According to the Law of Nature, trans. Tooke Andrew 1691, and by Kennett Basil (London, 1729) (Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, 2003).
Ramsey Paul, Basic Christian Ethics (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993).
Raunio Antti, Summe des christlichen Lebens: ‘Die Goldene Regel’ als Gesetz der Liebe in der Theologie Martin Luthers 1510 – 1527, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für europäische Geschichte (Mainz: Zabern Verlag, 2001).
Raunio Antti, ‘Divine and Natural Law in Luther and Melanchthon’, in Mäkinen V., ed., The Lutheran Reformation and the Law (Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2006), 2161.
Raunio Antti, ‘Natural Law and Christian Love in Luther’s Theology’, in van Kooten Niekerk K. and Nissen Ulrik, eds., Lidenskab & Stringens: Festskrift til Svend Andersen (København: Forlaget Anis, 2008), 249261.
Raz Joseph, The Authority of Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).
Raz Joseph, ‘Postema on Law’s Autonomy and Practical Reasons: A Critical Comment’, Legal Theory 4 (1998): 1.
Reed Esther D., The Genesis of Ethics (London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 2000).
Reinhart A. Kevin, Before Revelation: The Boundaries of Muslim Moral Thought (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1995).
Report of the House of Bishops’ Working Group on Human Sexuality, General Synod 1929 (London: Church House Publishing, 2013).
Reuver Marc, Faith and Law: Juridical Perspectives for the Ecumenical Movement (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2000).
Rhonheimer Martin, ‘The Secular State, Democracy, and Natural Law’, in Cartabia Marta and Simoncini Andrea, eds., Pope Benedict XVI’s Legal Thought: A Dialogue on the Foundation of Law (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), 7992.
Robinson O.F., Fergus T.D. and Gordon W.M., European Legal History, 3rd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
Rodopoulos Panteleimon, An Overview of Orthodox Canon Law, Lillie W.J., trans. (Rollinsford, NH: Orthodox Research Institute, 2007).
Roinila Markku, ‘Leibnizin oikeusfilosofia’ (Leibniz’s Philosophy of Right), in Tontti J., Mäkelä K. and Gylling H., eds., Filosofien oikeus (Helsinki: Suomalainen Lakimiesyhdistys, 2001), 133152.
Romanides John S., Franks, Romans, Feudalism, and Doctrine (Brookline, MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 1981).
Rommen Heinrich, The Natural Law: A Study in Legal and Social History and Philosophy, Hanley T.R., trans. (Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, 1999).
Roover Raymond de, ‘Scholastic Economics: Survival and Lasting Influence from the Sixteenth Century to Adam Smith’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 69 (1955): 161190.
Rubin U., ‘Hanafi’, in McAuliffe Jane Dammen, ed., Encyclopedia of the Qur’an (Leiden: Brill, 2001–2006).
Rudavsky Tamar, ‘Natural Law in Judaism: A Reconsideration’, in Jacobs J.A., ed., Reason, Religion and Natural Law: From Plato to Spinoza (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), 83.
Runyon Thomas, The New Creation: John Wesley’s Theology Today (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1958).
Ruston R., Human Rights and the Image of God (London: SCM Press, 2004).
Saastamoinen Kari, ‘Morality of the Fallen Man: Samuel Pufendorf on Natural Law’, Studia Historica (1995): 52.
Sagi Avi, ‘Natural Law and Halakha: A Critical Analysis’, The Jewish Law Annual 13 (2000): 149196.
Salzman Todd A. and Lawler Michael G., The Sexual Person: Toward a Renewed Catholic Anthropology (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2008).
Sandberg Russell, Religion, Law and Society (Cambridge: Cambridge Univeristy Press, 2014).
Sandberg Russell, ‘The Impossible Compromise’, in Sandberg R, ed., Religion and Legal Pluralism (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2015), 1.
Sandberg Russell, ‘The Failure of Legal Pluralism’, Ecclesiastical Law Journal 18 (2016): 137157.
Schecht N.S., Jackson B.S., Passamaneck S.M., Piatelli D. and Rabello A.M., eds., An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).
Seipp David J., ‘Trust and Conscience in Early Common Law’, in Kenny C., Sandberg R., Hill M. and Cranmer F., eds., The Confluence of Law and Religion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016), 48.
Shepard William E., Sayyid Qutb and Islamic Activism (Leiden: Brill, 1996).
Shier-Jones Angela, A Work in Progress: Methodists Doing Theology (Peterborough: Epworth, 2005).
Sidgwick Henry, The Elements of Politics (London: Macmillan, 1891).
Siewers Alfred Kentigern, Secular Privilege and Natural Law (7 July 2014) Orthodox Christian Network: The Sounding:
Simon Yves R., The Tradition of Natural Law, Kuic Vukan, ed. (New York: Fordham University Press, 1965).
Smith Robin, Living in Covenant with God and One Another (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1992).
Some Issues in Human Sexuality: A Guide to the Debate, General Synod 1519 (London: Church House Publishing, 2003).
St. Adomnán of Iona, Life of St. Columba, Sharpe Richard, trans. (London: Penguin, 1995).
St. Adomnán, Law of the Innocents (Cáin Adomnáin): A Seventh Century Law for the Protection of Non-Combatants, Markus Gilbert, trans. (Kilmartin: Kilmartin House Trust, 2008).
Stassen Glen H., ‘Human Rights’, in Dyrness W.A. and Karkkainen V-M., eds., Global Dictionary of Theology: A Resource for the Worldwide Church (Downers Grove, IL: Inter Varsity Press, 2008), 405413.
Stephen James Fitzjames, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967).
Stewart Cameron, ‘The Rule of Law and the Tinkerbell Effect: Theoretical Considerations, Criticisms and Justifications for the Rule of Law’, Maquarie Law Journal 4 (2004): 135164.
Stott John, New Issues Facing Christians Today (London: Marshall Pickering, 1990).
Takala Martti, Lex Dei – Lex Politica Dei: teos ja Kaarle IX: nlainsäädäntö (Helsinki: SHS/SKHS, 1993), 3435.
The Canon Law: Letter and Spirit, The Canon Law Society of Great Britain and Ireland (London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1994).
The Church: Towards a Common Vision, Faith and Order Paper 214 (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2013).
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 2nd rev. edn (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006) ‘Orthodoxy’.
The Official Report of the Lambeth Conference 1998 (Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing, 1999).
The Qur’an, Abdel Haleem M.A.S., trans. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).
The Rudder (or Pedalion), Cummings D., trans. (Chicago, IL: The Orthodox Christian Educational Society, repr. 1957; Luna Printing Co., 1983).
Thorsen Don, The Wesleyan Quadrilateral (Lexington, KY: Emeth Publisher, 2005).
Tierney Brian, ‘Natura id est Deus: A Case of Juristic Pantheism?’, Journal of the History of Ideas 24 (1963): 307322.
Tierney Brian, ‘Natural Law and Natural Rights’, in Witte John and Alexander Frank S., eds., Christianity and Law: An Introduction (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 89103.
Tollefsen Christopher, ‘Reasons for Action and Reasons for Belief’, Social Epistemology 20 (2006): 5565.
Torrance Thomas F., Calvin’s Doctrine of Man (London: Lutterworth Press, 1949).
Towards the Common Good, Statement on the Future of the Welfare Society by the Bishops of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland (March 1999):$FILE/Towards%20the%20Common%20Good.htm.
Tracy David, The Analogical Imagination (London: SCM Press, 1981).
Troeltsch Ernst, ‘Christian Natural Law’, in his Religion in History, Adams J.L. and Bense W.F., trans. (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1991), 159167.
Valliere Paul, ‘Introduction to Modern Orthodoxy’, in Witte John Jr and Alexander Frank S., eds., The Teachings of Modern Christianity: On Law, Politics, and Human Nature, Vol. 1 (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006), 505.
Valliere Paul, ‘Vladimir Soloviev’, in Witte J. and Alexander F.S., eds., The Teachings of Modern Christianity: On Law, Politics, and Human Nature, Vol. 1 (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006), 533.
VanDrunen David, A Biblical Case for Natural Law, Studies in Christian Social Ethics and Economics, No. 1 (Grand Rapids, MI: Acton Institute, 2006).
VanDrunen David, Natural Law and the Two Kingdoms: A Study in the Development of Reformed Social Thought (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2010).
VanDrunen David, ‘“The Kingship of Christ is Twofold”: Natural Law and the Two Kingdoms in the Thought of Herman Bavinck’, Calvin Theological Journal 45 (2010): 147164.
Van Til C., ‘Common Grace’, Proceedings of the Calvinistic Philosophy Club, Heerema Edward, ed. (1941): 61.
Veatch Henry Babcock, Swimming Against the Current in Contemporary Philosophy: Occasional Essays and Papers, Vol. 20 (Washington, DC: Catholic University of American Press, 1990).
Verhey Alan, ‘Natural Law in Aquinas and Calvin’, in Orlebeke Clifton J. and Smedes Lewis B., eds., God and the Good (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1975), 86.
Wacks Raymond, Understanding Jurisprudence, 3rd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).
Wakefield Gordon, Methodist Devotion (London: Epworth Press, 1966).
Walzer Michael, Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations, 4th edn (New York: Basic Books, 1977).
Ware Metropolitan Kallistos, ‘The “Neo-Patristic Synthesis”’ (Lecture delivered at the Cambridge Orthodox Forum Lectures, Cambridge, 1 May 2012):
Warnock Geoffrey, The Object of Morality (London: Methuen, 1971).
Weatherhead James L., ed., The Constitution and Laws of the Church of Scotland (Edinburgh: The Board of Practice and Procedure, 1997).
Weber M., Economy and Society (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1978).
Westerman Pauline C., The Disintegration of Natural Law Theory: Aquinas to Finnis (Leiden; New York: Brill, 1998).
Whichcote Benjamin, ‘Several Discourses’, reproduced in Evans G.R. and Wright J.R., eds., The Anglican Tradition: A Handbook of Sources (London: SPCK, 1991), 284.
Whitby Daniel, ‘An answer to Sure Footing’ (1666), reproduced in Evans G.R. and Wright J.R., eds., The Anglican Tradition: A Handbook of Sources (London: SPCK, 1991), 263.
White Barrington Raymond, The English Baptists of the Seventeenth Century (Didcot: Baptist Historical Society, 1996).
Wilken Robert Louis, The Spirit of Early Christian Thought: Seeking the Face of God (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003).
Williams Rowan, ‘Richard Hooker: The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity Revisited’, Ecclesiastical Law Journal 8 (2006): 382391.
Williams Rowan, ‘Civil and Religious Law in England – A Religious Perspective’, Ecclesiastical Law Journal 10 (2008): 262282.
Witte John, Law and Protestantism: The Legal Teachings of the Lutheran Reformation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Witte John, ‘Natural Rights, Popular Sovereignty, and Covenant Politics: Johannes Althusius and the Dutch Revolt and Republic’, Mercy Law Review 87 (2007): 565627.
Wogaman J. Philip, A Christian Method of Moral Judgment (London: SCM, 1976).
Wogaman J. Philip, Christian Ethics: An Historical Introduction (London: SPCK, 1994).
Wolfe Christopher, Natural Law Liberalism (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006).
Wolfson Harry A., Philo: Foundations of Religious Philosophy in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, Vol. 2 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1947).
Ziegler Robert, ‘Natural Law in the Lutheran Confessions’, in Baker R.C. and Ehlke R.C., eds., Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal (St. Louis, MO: Concordia Publishing House), 6578.
Zizioulas John, Being as Communion: Studies in Personhood and the Church (New York: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1997).