Skip to main content
×
×
Home
The Correspondence of Charles Darwin

Book description

This volume is part of the definitive edition of letters written by and to Charles Darwin, the most celebrated naturalist of the nineteenth century. Notes and appendixes put these fascinating and wide-ranging letters in context, making the letters accessible to both scholars and general readers. Darwin depended on correspondence to collect data from all over the world, and to discuss his emerging ideas with scientific colleagues, many of whom he never met in person. The letters are published chronologically: volume 24 includes letters from 1876, the year in which Darwin published Cross and Self Fertilisation in the Vegetable Kingdom, and started writing Forms of Flowers. In 1876, Darwin's daughter-in-law, Amy, died shortly after giving birth to a son, Bernard Darwin, an event that devastated the family. The volume includes a supplement of 182 letters from earlier years, including a newly discovered collection of letters from William Darwin, Darwin's eldest son.

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
Biographical register and index to correspondents
Bibliography
Abbot Francis, Ellingwood. [1870.] Truths for the times. Mount Pleasant, Ramsgate: Thomas Scott.
ADB: Allgemeine deutsche Biographie. Under the auspices of the Historical Commission of the Royal Academy of Sciences. 56 vols. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot. 1875– 1912.
Agassiz, Louis. 1838. On the erratic blocks of the Jura. Edinburgh New Journal 24: 176–9.
Agassiz, Louis. 1840a. On glaciers, and the evidence of their having once existed in Scotland, Ireland, and England. [Read 4 November 1840.] Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 3 (1838–42): 327–32.
Agassiz, Louis. 1840b. Études sur les glaciers. Neuchâtel: Jent and Gassmann.
Agassiz, Louis and Agassiz, Elizabeth. 1868. A journey in Brazil. Boston: Ticknor and Fields.
Ahlstrom, Sydney E. and Mullin Robert, Bruce. 1987. The scientific theist: a life of Francis Ellingwood Abbot. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.
Ainslie, Robert. 1865. Discourses delivered in Christ Church, New Road, Brighton. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. Brighton: J. H. and C. Treacher.
Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. Communicated by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 21 (1872–3): 176–9.
Airy, Hubert. 1876. On the leaf-arrangement of the crowberry (Empetrum nigrum). Abstract. Communicated by Charles Darwin. [Received 8 May 1876.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 25 (1876–7): 158–60.
Alexander, Isabella. 2010. Copyright law and the public interest in the nineteenth century. Oxford: Hart.
Allan, Mea. 1967. The Hookers of Kew, 1785–1911. London: Michael Joseph.
Allan, Mea. 1982. William Robinson 1838–1935. Father of the English flower garden. London: Faber and Faber.
Allen David, Elliston. 1994. The naturalist in Britain: a social history. 2d edition. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Allwood Montagu, Charles. [1912.] The perpetual flowering carnation: with a chapter on the American system of carnation culture, by George W., Allwood. London: Cable Printing and Publishing Co.
Alum. Cantab.: Alumni Cantabrigienses. A biographical list of all known students, graduates and holders of office at the University of Cambridge, from the earliest times to 1900. Compiled by John, Venn and J. A., Venn. 10 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1922–54.
Alum. Oxon.: Alumni Oxonienses: the members of the University of Oxford, 1500–1886: … with a record of their degrees. Being the matriculation register of the university. Alphabetically arranged, revised, and annotated by Joseph, Foster. 8 vols. London and Oxford: Parker & Co. 1887–91.
ANB: American national biography. Edited by John A., Garraty and Mark C., Carnes. 24 vols. and supplement. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1999–2002.
Andrews, Thomas. 1876. The Bakerian lecture: On the gaseous state of matter. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 166: 421–49.
Annual register: The annual register. A view of the history and politics of the year. 1838–62. The annual register. A review of public events at home and abroad. N.s. 1863–1946. London: Longman & Co. [and others].
Anon. 1863. A report of a sad case, recently tried before the lord mayor, Owen versus Huxley, in which will be found fully given the merits of the great recent bone case. London: n.p.
Anon 1866. Darwin and his teachings. Quarterly Journal of Science 3: 151–76.
Anon. 1869. Review of Facts and arguments for Darwin by Fritz, Müller. Translated by W. S., Dallas. Scientific Opinion 1: 473–4.
Anon 1896. Alla memoria del Prof. Achille Quadri. Siena: Tip. Cooperativa.
Army list: The army list. London: printed for the compiler of the annual official army list; Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1815–1900.
Arnold, Matthew. 1873. Literature & dogma: an essay towards a better apprehension of the Bible. London: Smith, Elder.
Arnold, Matthew. 1876. La Crise religieuse. Translated by Jules-Adrien, Sarazin. (French translation of Literature and dogma 5d edition) Paris: Germer Bailliere.
Ascherson, Paul. 1871. Federico Delpino's Eintheilung der Pflanzen nach dem Mechanismus der dichogamischen Befruchtung und Bemerkungen über die Befruchtungs-Vorgänge bei Wasserpflanzen. Botanische Zeitung 29: 443–5. 447–59, 463–7.
Ashton, Rosemary. 1991. G. H. Lewes: a life. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Ashworth, J. H. 1935. Charles Darwin as a student in Edinburgh, 1825–1827. [Read 28 October 1935.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 55 (1934–5): 97–113.
Atkins Hedley, J. B. 1974. Down, the home of the Darwins: the story of a house and the people who lived there. London: Royal College of Surgeons.
Audubon John, James. 1840–4. The birds of America; from drawings made in the United Bibliography States and their territories. 7 vols. New York: J. J. Audubon. Philadelphia: J. B. Chevalier.
Aust. dict. biog.: Australian dictionary of biography. Edited by Douglas, Pike et al. 14 vols. [Melbourne]: Melbourne University Press. London and New York: Cambridge University Press. 1966–96.
Autobiography: The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809–1882. With original omissions restored. Edited with appendix and notes by Nora, Barlow. London: Collins. 1958.
Averbeck, Hubertus. 2012. Von der Kaltwasserkur bis zur physikalischen Therapie: Betrachtungen zu Personen und zur Zeit der wichtigsten Entwicklungen im 19. Jahrhundert. Bremen: Europäischer Hochschulverlag.
Baer, Karl Ernst von. 1864–76. Reden gehalten in wissenschaftlichen Versammlungen und kleinere Aufsätze vermischten Inhalts. Part 1: Reden. Part 2: Studien aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften. Part 3: Historische Fragen mit Hülfe der Naturwissenschaften. St Petersburg: H. Schmitzdorff.
Baker, Herbert G. 1956. Pollen dimorphism in the Rubiaceae. Evolution 10: 23–31.
Baker, Herbert G. 1965. Charles Darwin and the perennial flax–a controversy and its implications. Huntia 2: 141–61.
Baldwin, Melinda. 2015. Making Nature: the history of a scientific journal. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Balfour Francis, Maitland. 1874. A preliminary account of the development of the elasmobranch fishes. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science n.s. 14: 323–64.
Balfour Francis, Maitland. 1875a. A comparison of the early stages in the development of vertebrates. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science n.s. 15: 207–26.
Balfour Francis, Maitland. 1875b. On the origin and history of the urinogenital organs of vertebrates. Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 10: 17–48.
Balfour Francis, Maitland. 1875c. On the development of the spinal nerves in elasmobranch fishes. [Read 16 December 1875.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 166 (1876): 175–95.
Balfour Francis, Maitland. 1876–8. The development of elasmobranch fishes. Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 10: 377–411. 517–70, 672–88; 11: 128–172, 406–90, 674–706; 12: 177–216.
Balfour Francis, Maitland. 1878. A monograph of the development of the elasmobranch fishes. London: Macmillan & Co.
Balfour Thomas Alexander, Goldie. 1875. Account of some experiments on Dionaa muscipula (Venus' fly-trap). [Read 10 June 1875.] Transactions of the Botanical Society [of Edinburgh] 12 (1873–6): 334–69.
Banking almanac: The banking almanac, directory, yearbook and diary. London: Richard Groombridge; Waterlow & Sons. 1845–1919.
Barbier, Edmond, trans. 1877. Les plantes insectivores. By Charles, Darwin. [Translation of Insectivorous plants.] With introduction and notes by Charles, Martin. Paris: Reinwald.
Bärenbach, Friedrich von [Frigyes Medveczky]. 1877. Herder als Vorgänger Darwin's und der modernen Naturphilosophie. Berlin: Verlag von Theobald Grieben.
Bark, Debbie, ed. 2014. The collected works of Ann Hawkshaw. London: Anthem Press.
Barnhart John, Hendley, comp. 1965. Biographical notes upon botanists … maintained in the New York Botanical Garden Library. 3 vols. Boston, Mass.: G. K. Hall.
Barton, Ruth. 1987. John Tyndall, pantheist: a rereading of the Belfast address. Osiris 2d ser. 3: 111–34.
Barton, Ruth 1998. Just before Nature: the purposes of science and the purposes of popularization in some English popular science journals of the 1860s. Annals of Science 55: 1–33.
Bastian Henry, Charlton. 1872. The beginnings of life: being some account of the nature, modes of origin and transformations of lower organisms. 2 vols. London: Macmillan.
Bate Charles, Spence and Westwood John, Obadiah. 1863–8. A history of the British sessile-eyed Crustacea. 2 vols. London: John van Voorst.
Bates Henry, Walter. 1863. The naturalist on the River Amazons. A record of adventures, habits of animals, sketches of Brazilian and Indian life, and aspects of nature under the equator, during eleven years of travel. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Baxter Jedediah, Hyde, comp. 1875. Statistics, medical and anthropological, of the Provost- Marshal-General's Bureau, derived from records of the examination for military service in the armies of the United States during the late war of the rebellion, of over a million recruits, drafted men, substitutes, and enrolled men. Compiled under direction of the Secretary of War. 2 vols. Washington: Government Printing Office.
BDWS: Biographical dictionary of women in science: pioneering lives from ancient times to the mid-20th century. Edited by Marilyn, Ogilvie and Joy, Harvey. 2 vols. New York and London: Routledge. 2000.
Beal, W. J. 1915. History of the Michigan Agricultural College and biographical sketches of trustees and professors. East Lansing: Agricultural College.
Bean William, Jackson. 1970–88. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles. 8th edition, fully revised by D. L., Clarke and George, Taylor. 4 vols. and supplement. London: John Murray.
Bechstein Johann, Matthäus. 1801–9. Gemeinnützige Naturgeschichte Deutschlands nach allen drey Reichen: ein Handbuch zu deutlichern und vollständigern Selbstbelehrung besonders für Forstmänner, Jugendlehrer und Oekonomen. 2d edition. 4 vols. Leipzig: Siegfried Lebrecht Crusius.
Bell, Charles. 1806. Essays on the anatomy of expression in painting. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme.
Bellynck, Auguste. 1875. Les plantes carnivores. Brussels: Alfred Vromant.
Belt, Thomas. 1874. The naturalist in Nicaragua: a narrative of a residence at the gold mines of Chontales; journeys in the savannahs and forests. With observations on animals and plants in reference to the theory of evolution of living forms. London: John Murray.
Benjamin, Ludwig. 1848. Ueber den Bau und die Physiologie der Utricularien. Botanische Zeitung 6: 17–23.
Bennett Alfred, William. 1869. On the fertilisation of winter-flowering plants. Nature 1: 11–13.
Bennett 1871. On the floral structure of Impatiens fulva, Nuttall, with especial reference to the imperfect self-fertilized flowers. [Read 16 November 1871.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 13 (1873): 147–53.
Bennett Alfred, William. 1875. The absorptive glands of carnivorous plants. [Read 1 December 1875.] Monthly Microscopical Journal 15 (1876): 1–5.
Bentham, George. 1863–78. Flora Australiensis: a description of the plants of the Australian territory. Assisted by Ferdinand, Mueller. 7 vols. London: Lovell Reeve.
Bentham, George and Hinds Richard, Brinsley. 1844. The botany of the voyage of HMS Sulphur under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Bentley, Robert. 1861. A manual of botany: including the structure, functions, classification, properties, and uses of plants. London: John Churchill.
Beolens, Bo, et al. 2009. The eponym dictionary of mammals. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Beolens, Bo. 2014. The eponym dictionary of birds. London: Bloomsbury.
Bert, Paul. 1869. Sur la question de savoir si tous les animaux voient les memes rayons lumineux que nous. Archives de physiologie normale et pathologique 2: 547–54.
Bessels, Emil. 1875. Einige Worte über die Inuit (Eskimo) des Smith-Sundes: nebst Bemerkungen über Inuit-Schädel. Archiv für Anthropologie: Zeitschrift für Naturgeschichte und Urgeschichte des Menschen. 8: 107–22.
BHGW: Biographisch-literarisches Handwörterbuch zur Geschichte der exacten Wissenschaften enthaltend Nachweisung über Lebensverhältnisse und Leistungen von Mathematikern, Astronomen, Physikern, Chemikern, Mineralogen, Geologen usw. By Johann Christian, Poggendorff. 5 vols. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth; Verlag Chemie. 1863–1926.
Biografisch woordenboek van Nederland: Biografisch woordenboek van Nederland. Under the direction of J. Charité. The Hague: Nijhoff. 1979.
Birds: Pt 3 of The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. By John Gould. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–41.
BLA: Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Aerzte aller Zeiten und Völker. Edited by A. Wernich et al. 6 vols. Vienna and Leipzig: Urban and Schwarzenberg. 1884–8.
Blain, Michael, comp. 2003. Clergy in the Diocese of Dunedin 1852–1919: a biographical directory of Anglican clergy who served in Otago and Southland. anglicanhistory.org/nz/blain_dunedin2003.pdf.
Blanford Henry, Francis. 1874. On the age and correlations of the plant-bearing series of India, and the former existence of an Indo-Oceanic continent. [Read 16 December 1874.] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 31 (1875): 519–42.
BLHA: Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte der letzten fünfzig Jahre: zugleich Fortsetzung des Biographisches Lexikons der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker. Edited by August Hirsch et al. Berlin and Vienna: Urban & Schwarzenberg. 1932–3.
BLKO: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, enthaltend die Lebensskizzen der denkwürdigen Personen, welche seit 1750 in den österreichischen Kronländern geboren wurden oder darin gelebt und gewirkt haben. By Constant von Wurzbach. 60 vols. Vienna:L. C. Zamarski. 1856–91.
Blytt, Axel. 1876. Essay on the immigration of the Norwegian flora during alternating rainy and dry periods. Christiania: Albert Cammermeyer.
BMD: General Register Office, England and Wales civil registration indexes. England & Wales birth index, 1837–1983. England and Wales marriage index, 1837–1983. England and Wales death index, 1837–1983. Online database. Provo, Utah: The Generations Network. 2006. www.ancestry.co.uk.
BNB: Biographie nationale publiée par l'académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique. 44 vols., including 16 supplements. Brussels: H. Thiry-Van Buggenhoudt [and others]. 1866–1986.
Bompas, George C. 1885. Life of Frank Buckland. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Book of Scotsmen: The book of Scotsmen eminent for achievements in arms and arts, church and state, law, legislation, and literature, commerce, science, travel, and philanthropy. Compiled and arranged by Joseph Irving. Paisley: Alexander Gardner. 1881.
Boreau, Alexandre. 1840. Flore du centre de la France; ou description des plantes qui croissent spontanément dans la région centrale de la France, et de celles qui y sont cultivées en grand, avec l'analyse des genres et des especes. 2 vols. in 1. Paris: Roret.
Born Gustav, Jakob. 1876. Die sechste Zehe der Anuren. Morphologisches Jahrbuch 1:435–51.
Boulger Demetrius, Charles. 1896. The life of Gordon: major-general, R.E., C.B.; Turkish field-marshal, Grand Cordon Medjidieh, and pasha; Chinese titu (field marshal), Yellow Jacket Order. 2 vols. London: T. Fisher Unwin.
Bowerbank James, Scott. 1864–82. A monograph of the British Spongiadae. 4 vols. London: Ray Society.
Bowlby, John. 1990. Charles Darwin: a biography. London: Hutchinson.
Brehm Alfred, Edmund, et al. 1876–9. Brehms Thierleben, allgemeine Kunde des Thierreichs.2d edition. 10 vols. Leipzig: Verlag des Bibliographischen Instituts.
Brehmer, Hermann. 1876. Beiträge zur Lehre von der chronischen Lungenschwindsucht. In Form einer Antwort auf die Attentate des Dr. L. Rohden (in Lippspringe) gegen den Verfasser und dessen Arbeiten. Breslau: Maruschke & Berendt.
Breitenbach, Wilhelm. 1880. Ueber Variabilitäts-Erscheinungen an den Blüthen von Primula elatior und eine Anwendung des “biogenetischen Grundgesetzes”. Botanische Zeitung 36: 577–80.
Brenton Edward, Pelham. 1837. The naval history of Great Britain. 2 vols. New edition. London: Henry Colburn.
Brewer: Brewer's dictionary of phrase & fable. Revised by Adrian Room. Millennium edition. London: Cassell. 1999.
Brice, William R. and Figueirôa, Silvia F. de, M. 2001. Charles Hartt, Louis Agassiz, and the controversy over Pleistocene glaciation in Brazil. History of Science 39: 161–84.
Briggs, Barbara G. 2004. Restionaceae (Poales) in the footsteps of Robert Brown. Telopea 10: 499–503.
Brinkman Donald, B., et al., eds. 2013. Morphology and evolution of turtles. New York and London: Springer.
British imperial calendar: The British imperial calendar or general register of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and its colonies. London: Winchester & Son [and others]. 1812–1919.
British postal guide: British postal guide; containing the chief public regulations of the Post Office with other information. London: Post Office [and others]. 1861–76.
Brömer, Rainer. 2008. Many Darwinisms by many names: Darwinism and nature in the kingdom of Italy. In The reception of Charles Darwin in Europe, edited by Eve-Marie, Engels and Thomas F., Glick. London: Continuum.
Bronn Heinrich, Georg, trans. 1860. Charles Darwin, über die Entstehung der Arten im Thier- und Pflanzen-Reich durch natürliche Züchtung, oder Erhaltung der vervollkommneten Rassen im Kampfe um's Daseyn. (German translation of Origin.) Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart.
Bronn Heinrich, Georg, trans. 1862. Charles Darwin, über die Einrichtungen zur Befruchtung Britischer und ausländischer Orchideen durch Insekten und über die günstigen Erfolge der Wechselbefruchtung. (German translation of Orchids.) Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart.
Bronn Heinrich, Georg and Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1876. Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigen Rassen im Kampfe um's Dasein. By Charles Darwin. 6th edition (from Origin 6th edition). Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Brown, Robert. 1810. Prodromus florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van-Diemen, exhibens characteres plantarum. Vol. 1 (no more published). London: Richard Taylor.
Brown, Thomas. 1874. On the parallel roads of Glen Roy. [Read 2 March 1874.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 8: 339–42.
Browne, Janet. 1995. Charles Darwin. Voyaging. Volume I of a biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Browne, Janet. 2002. Charles Darwin. The power of place. Volume II of a biography. London: Pimlico.
Brücke Ernst, Wilhelm. 1861. Beiträge zur Lehre von der Verdauung. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 43 (2d part): 601–23.
Brunton Thomas, Lauder. 1885. A text-book of pharmacology, therapeutics and materia medica; adapted to the United States pharmacopoeia. London: Macmillan & Co.
Buch, Christian Leopold von. 1813. Travels through Norway and Lapland during the years 1806, 1807, and 1808. Translated by John, Black. With notes by Robert, Jameson. London: Henry Colburn.
Buckland Francis, Trevelyan. 1875. Log-book of a fisherman and zoologist. London: Chapman & Hall.
Buckley Arabella, Burton. 1876. A short history of natural science and of the progress of discovery from the time of the Greeks to the present day: for the use of schools and young persons. London: John Murray.
Buckley Arabella, Burton. 1879. A short history of natural science and of the progress of discovery from the time of the Greeks to the present day. 2d edition. London: Edward Stanford.
Bulhof, Ilse N. 1974. The Netherlands. In The comparative reception of Darwin, edited by Thomas F., Glick. Austin, Tex., and London: University of Texas Press.
Bullar John, Follet. 1876. The generative organs of the parasitic isopoda. Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 11: 118–23.
Burchfield, Joe D. 1998. The age of the Earth and the invention of geological time. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 143: 137–43.
Burdon, Sanderson, John, Scott. 1867. Handbook of the sphygmograph: being a guide to its use in clinical research; to which is appended a lecture delivered at the Royal College of Physicians on the 29th of March 1867 on the mode and duration of the contraction of the heart in health and disease. London: Robert Hardwicke.
Burdon, Sanderson, John, Scott. 1874. Venus's fly-trap (Dionaa muscipula). (Lecture delivered at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, 5 June 1874.) Nature, 11 June 1874, pp. 105–7, and 18 June 1874, pp. 127–8.
Burke, John G. 1986. Cosmic debris: meteorites in history. Berkeley, Calif., and London: University of California Press.
Burke's landed gentry: A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank but unvisited with heritable honours. Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry. By John Burke et al. 1st–18th edition. London: Henry Colburn [and others]. 1833–1969.
Burke's peerage: A genealogical and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the United Kingdom. Burke's peerage and baronetage. 1st– edition. London: Henry Colburn [and others]. 1826–.
Burnett, William A. S. 1992. Darwin's microscopes. Microscopy: the Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club 36: 604–27.
Burstyn, Joan N. ed. 1990. Past and promise: lives of New Jersey women. Metuchen, NJ, and London: The Scarecrow Press.
Butler, Joseph. 1736. The analogy of religion, natural and revealed, to the constitution and course of nature. To which are added, two brief dissertations. London: James, John and Paul Knapton.
[Caird, Edward.] 1876. The unseen universe. [Review of the third edition of The unseen universe; or physical speculations on a future state, by Balfour Stewart and Peter Guthrie Tait.] Fraser's Magazine 13: 60–8.
Calendar: A calendar of the correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821–1882. With supplement. 2d edition. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1994.
Cambridge University calendar: The Cambridge University calendar. Cambridge: W. Page [and others]. 1796–1950.
Campbell George, Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan.
Candolle, Alphonse de. 1855. Géographie botanique raisonnée ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l'époque actuelle. 2 vols. Paris: Victor Mason. Geneva: J. Kessmann.
Candolle, Alphonse de. 1873. Histoire des sciences et des savants depuis deux siecles: suivie d'autres études sur des sujets scientifiques en particulier sur la sélection dans l'espece humaine. Geneva: H. Georg.
Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de and Candolle, Alphonse de. 1824–73. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive enumeratio contracta ordinum generum specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta. 19 vols. Paris: Treuttel & Würtz [and others].
Candolle, Casimir de. 1876. Sur la structure et les mouvements des feuilles du Dionaa muscipula. Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles n.s. 55: 400–31.
Candolle, Casimir de. 1877. Observations sur l'enroulement des vrilles. Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles n.s. 58: 5–17.
Canestrini, Giovanni, trans. 1876. Variazione degli animali e delle piante allo stato domestico. By Charles, Darwin. (Italian translation of Variation 2d edition.) Turin: Unione Tipografico-Editrice.
Canestrini, Giovanni and Bassani, Francesco, trans. 1878. L'espressione dei sentimenti nell'uomo e negli animali. By Charles, Darwin. (Italian translation of Expression.) Turin: Unione Tipografico-Editrice.
Canestrini, Giovanni and Saccardo Pier, Andrea, trans. 1878. Le piante insettivore. By Charles, Darwin. (Italian translation of Insectivorous plants.) Turin: Unione Tipografico-Editrice.
Carlyle, Thomas. 1841. On heroes, hero-worship, & the heroic in history: six lectures: reported, with emendations and additions. London: James Fraser.
Carneri, Bartholomaeus. 1876. Gefühl, Bewußtsein, Wille: eine psychologische Studie. Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller.
Caroe Gwendolen, Mary. 1985. The Royal Institution: an informal history. With a final chapter by Alban, Caroe. London: John Murray.
Carpenter William, Benjamin. 1875. The microscope and its revelations. 5th edition. London: J. and A. Churchill.
Carpenter William, Benjamin and Thomson Charles, Wyville. 1868. Preliminary report of dredging operations in the seas to the north of the British Islands, carried on in Her Majesty's steam-vessel ‘Lightning’. [Read 17 December 1868.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 17 (1868–9): 168–200.
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1872. Der Ausdruck der Gemüthsbewegungen bei dem Menschen und den Thieren. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Expression.) Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung.
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1873. Das Variiren der Thiere und Pflanzen im Zustande der Domestication. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Variation.) 2d edition. 2 vols. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1874. Der Ausdruck der Gemüthsbewegungen bei dem Menschen und den Thieren. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Expression.) 2d edition. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1875. Die Abstammung des Menschen und die geschlechtliche Zuchtwahl. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Descent.) 3d edition. 2 vols. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1876a. Über den Bau und die Verbreitung der Corallen-Riffe. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Coral reefs.) Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor. 1876b. Insectenfressende Pflanzen. By Charles Darwin. (German translation of Insectivorous plants.) Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor. 1876c. Die Bewegungen und Lebensweise der kletternden Pflanzen. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Climbing plants 2d ed.) Vol. 9, part 1 of Charles Darwin's gesammelte Werke. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1877a. Geologische Beobachtungen über die vulcanischen Inseln. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Volcanic islands 2d ed.) Vol. 11, part 2 of Charles Darwin's gesammelte Werke. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1877b. Der Ausdruck der Gemüthsbewegungen bei dem Menschen und den Thieren. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Expression.) 3d edition. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1877c. Die verschiedenen Einrichtungen durch welche Orchideen von Insecten befruchtet werden. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Orchids 2d ed.) Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1877d. Die Wirkungen der Kreuz- und Selbst-Befruchtung im Pflanzenreich. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Cross and self fertilisation) Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1878a. Das Variiren der Thiere und Pflanzen im Zustande der Domestication. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Variation 2d ed.) 3d edition. 2 vols. Vols. 3 and 4 of Charles Darwin's gesammelte Werke. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1878b. Geologische Beobachtungen über Süd-America. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of South America.) Vol. 12, part 1 of Charles Darwin's gesammelte Werke. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1878c. Kleinere geologische Abhandlungen. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of several shorter geological papers.) Vol. 12, part 2 of Charles Darwin's gesammelte Werke. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Carus Julius, Victor, trans. 1882. Die Bildung der Ackererde durch die Thätigkeit der Würmer. By Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Earthworms.) Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch).
Catalogue of the library of the British Museum (Natural History): Catalogue of the books, manuscripts, maps and drawings in the British Museum (Natural History). 5 vols. London: Trustees of the British Museum. 1903–15.
CDEL: A critical dictionary of English literature, and British and American authors, living and deceased, from the earliest accounts to the middle of the nineteenth century … with forty indexes of subjects. By S. Austin Allibone. 3 vols. London: Trübner. Philadelphia: Childs & Peterson; J. B. Lippincott. 1859–71. A supplement to Allibone's critical dictionary of English literature and British and American authors. Containing over thirty-seven thousand articles (authors), and enumerating over ninety-three thousand titles. By John Foster Kirk. 2 vols. Philadelphia and London: J. B. Lippincott. 1891.
Chambers: The Chambers dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers Harrap Publishers. 1998.
Chandler, Dean and Lacey A., Douglas. 1949. The rise of the gas industry in Britain. London: British Gas Council.
Chapman, John. 1873. Neuralgia and kindred diseases of the nervous system: their nature, causes, and treatment; also, a series of cases, preceded by an analytical exposition of them, exemplifying the principles and practice of neuro-dynamic medicine. London: J. & A. Churchill.
Charter and bye-laws of the Linnean Society of London. London: Taylor and Francis. 1874.
Child Gilbert, William. 1864. Experimental researches on spontaneous generation. [Read 16 June 1864.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 13: 313–14.
Child Gilbert, William. 1865. Further experiments on the production of organisms in closed vessels. [Read 27 April 1865.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 14: 178–86.
Clark Joseph, Warner. 1875. On the absorption of nutrient material by the leaves of some insectivorous plants. Journal of Botany, British and Foreign n.s. 4: 268–74.
Clark, Ronald W. 1968. The Huxleys. London: Heinemann.
Clarke, Anthony R. and Zalucki, Myron P. 2004. Monarchs in Australia: on the winds of a storm? Biological Invasions 6: 123–7.
Claus Carl, Friedrich. 1868. Grundzüge der Zoologie zum Gebrauche an Universitäten und höhern Lehranstalten: Leitfaden zur Einfürung in das wissenschaftliche Studium der Zoologie. Marburg and Leipzig: N. G. Elwert'sche Universitäts-Buchhandlung.
Claus Carl, Friedrich. 1872. Grundzüge der Zoologie. Zum Gebrauche an Universitäten und höheren Lehranstalten sowie zum Selbststudium. 2d edition. Marburg and Leipzig: N. G. Elwert'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.
Claus Carl, Friedrich. 1876. Untersuchungen zur Erforschung der genealogischen Grundlage des Crustaceen-Systems. Ein Beitrag zur Descendenzlehre. Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn.
Clergy list: The clergy list … containing an alphabetical list of the clergy. London: C. Cox [and others]. 1841–89.
‘Climbing plants’: On the movements and habits of climbing plants. By Charles Darwin. [Read 2 February 1865.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 9 (1867): 1–118.
Climbing plants: On the movements and habits of climbing plants. By Charles Darwin. London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green; Williams & Norgate. 1865.
Climbing plants 2d ed.: The movements and habits of climbing plants. 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875.
Clokie Hermia, Newman. 1964. An account of the herbaria of the department of botany in the University of Oxford. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Coates Patrick, Devereux. 1988. The China consuls: British consular officers, 1843–1943. Hong Kong and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cohn Ferdinand, Julius. 1876a. Insectenfressende Pflanzen. Deutsche Rundschau 2: 441–56.
Cohn Ferdinand, Julius. 1876b. Untersuchungen über Bacterien. IV. Beiträge zur Biologie der Bacillen. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 2 (1876–7): 249–76.
Collected papers: The collected papers of Charles Darwin. Edited by Paul H. Barrett. 2 vols. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press. 1977.
Collins dictionary of geology. By Dorothy Farris Lapidus. London and Glasgow: Harper- Collins. 1990.
Colp, Ralph, Jr., and Kohn, David. 1996. ‘A real curiosity’: Charles Darwin reflects on a communication from Rabbi Naphtali Levy. The European Legacy: Toward New Paradigms 1: 1716–27.
Columbia gazetteer of the world: The Columbia gazetteer of the world. Edited by Saul B. Cohen. 3 vols. New York: Columbia University Press. 1998.
Comes, Orazio. 1875. Continuazione degli studii sulla impollinazione. Rendiconto dell'Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche 14: 64–71.
Complete dictionary of scientific biography. By Charles Coulston Gillispie, Frederic Lawrence Holmes, and Noretta Koertge. Electronic publication. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons. 2008.
Complete peerage: The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. By George Edward Cokayne. Revised edition. Edited by Vicary Gibbs, et al. 13 vols. in 14. London: St Catherine Press. 1910–59.
Conferences on the special loan collection of scientific apparatus; chemistry etc.: South Kensington Museum: conferences held in connection with the special loan collection of scientific apparatus. 1876. Chemistry, biology, physical geography, geology, mineralogy, and meteorology. London: Chapman and Hall.
Conway Moncure, Daniel. 1904. Autobiography: memories and experiences of Moncure Daniel Conway. 2 vols. London: Cassell.
Cope Edward, Drinker. 1875. The vertebrata of the Cretaceous formations of the West. (Vol. 2 of Report of the United States Geological Survey of the territories, edited by F. V. Hayden.) Washington: Government Printing Office.
Coral reefs: The structure and distribution of coral reefs. Being the first part of the geology of the voyage of the Beagle, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842.
Coral reefs 2d ed.: The structure and distribution of coral reefs. By Charles Darwin. Revised edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874.
Coral reefs 3d ed.: The structure and distribution of coral reefs, with an appendix by Prof. T. G. Bonney. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1889.
Correns, C. 1916. Friedrich Hildebrand. Berichte der deutschen botanischen Gesellschaft 34 (pt 2): 28–49.
Correspondence: The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt et al. 23 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–.
County families: The county families of the United Kingdom; or, royal manual of the titled & untitled aristocracy of Great Britain & Ireland. By Edward Walford. London: Robert Hardwicke; Chatto & Windus. 1860–93. Walford's county families of the United Kingdom or royal manual of the titled and untitled aristocracy of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. London: Chatto & Windus; Spottiswoode & Co. 1894–1920.
Cox, John K. 2002. The history of Serbia. Westport, Conn., and London: Greenwood Press.
Crockford's clerical directory: The clerical directory, a biographical and statistical book of reference for facts relating to the clergy and the church. Crockford's clerical directory etc. London: John Crockford [and others]. 1858–1900.
Croll, James. 1868. On geological time, and the probable date of the Glacial and the Upper Miocene Period. Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 35: 363–84; 36: 141–54, 362–86.
Cron, Glynis V., et al. 2006. A revision of the genus Cineraria (Asteraceae, Senecioneae). Kew Bulletin 61: 449–535.
Crookes, William. 1871. Some further experiments on psychic force. Quarterly Journal of Science n.s. 1: 471–93.
Cross and self fertilisation: The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876.
Cross and self fertilisation 2d ed.: The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1878.
Cross and self fertilisation US ed.: The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877.
Crüger, Hermann. 1864. A few notes on the fecundation of orchids and their morphology. [Read 3 March 1864.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 8 (1865): 127–35.
Cupples, George. 1894. Scotch deer-hounds and their masters. With a biographical sketch of the author by James Hutchison Stirling. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons.
Cutler William, G. 1883. History of the state of Kansas. Chicago: A. T. Andreas.
DAB: Dictionary of American biography. Under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies. 20 vols., index, and 10 supplements. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons; Simon & Schuster Macmillan. London: Oxford University Press; Humphrey Milford. 1928–95.
Dallas William, Sweetland, trans. 1869. Facts and arguments for Darwin. By Fritz, Müller. London: John Murray.
Dallinger William, Henry. 1876. Practical notes on ‘heterogenesis,’ a reputed feature of spontaneous generation. Popular Science Review 15: 338–50.
Dallinger William, Henry and Drysdale, John. 1873. Researches on the life history of a cercomonad: a lesson in biogenesis. Monthly Microscopical Journal 3d ser. 10: 53–8.
Dallinger William, Henry and Drysdale, John. 1874. Continued researches into the life history of the monads. [Read 4 November 1874.] Monthly Microscopical Journal 3d ser. 12: 261–9.
Dallinger William, Henry and Drysdale, John. 1875. Further researches into the life history of the monads. [Read 7 April 1875.] Monthly Microscopical Journal 3d ser. 13: 185–97.
Dana James, Dwight. 1872. Corals and coral islands. New York: Dodd & Mead.
Darwin, Bernard. 1955. The world that Fred made: an autobiography. London: Chatto & Windus.
Darwin, Charles and Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1858. On the tendency of species to form varieties; and on the perpetuation of varieties and species by natural means of selection … Communicated by Sir Charles Lyell … and J. D. Hooker. [Read 1 July 1858.] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 3 (1859): 45–62. [Shorter publications, pp. 282–96.]
Darwin, Francis. 1875. On the structure of the proboscis of Ophideres fullonica, an orange-sucking moth. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science n.s. 15: 384–9.
Darwin, Francis. 1876a. On the structure of the snail's heart. Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 10: 506–10.
Darwin, Francis. 1876b. The process of aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 16: 309–19.
Darwin, Francis. 1876c. On the hygroscopic mechanism by which certain seeds are enabled to bury themselves in the ground. [Read 16 March 1876.] Transactions of the Linnean Society (Botany) 2d ser. 1 (1875–80): 149–67.
Darwin, Francis. 1876d. On the glandular bodies on Acacia spharocephala and Cecropia peltata serving as food for ants. With an appendix on the nectar-glands of the common brake fern, Pteris aquilina. [Read 1 June 1876.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 15 (1877): 398–409.
Darwin, Francis. 1877a. On the protrusion of protoplasmic filaments from the glandular hairs of the common teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 26: 4–8.
Darwin, Francis. 1877b. On the protrusion of protoplasmic filaments from the glandular hairs on the leaves of the common teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris). Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science n.s. 17: 245–72.
Darwin, Francis. 1914. William Erasmus Darwin. Christ's College Magazine 29: 16–23.
Darwin, Francis. 1920. Springtime and other essays. London: John Murray.
Darwin George, Howard. 1873. On beneficial restrictions to liberty of marriage. Contemporary Review 22: 412–26.
Darwin George, Howard. 1875. Marriages between first cousins in England and their effects. [Read 16 March 1875.] Journal of the Statistical Society of London 38: 153–84.
Darwin George, Howard. 1876a. Die Ehen zwischen Geschwisterkindern und ihre Folgen. Translated by Alfred van der, Velde; with an introduction by Otto, Zacharias. (German translation of ‘Marriages between first cousins in England and their effects’.) Leipzig: W. Engelmann.
Darwin George, Howard. 1876b. On the influence of geological changes on the earth's axis of rotation. [Read 23 November 1876.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 167 (1877): 271–312.
Darwin George, Howard. 1877. On a suggested explanation of the obliquity of planets to their orbits. Philosophical Magazine 5th ser. 3: 188–92.
Darwin, Horace. 1876. [Description of a dead-weight rotary dynamometer.] Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Proceedings (1876): 231–4.
Darwin pedigree: Pedigree of the family of Darwin. Compiled by H. Farnham Burke. N.p.: privately printed. 1888. [Reprinted in facsimile in Darwin pedigrees, by Richard Broke Freeman. London: printed for the author. 1984.]
Daubrée, Auguste. 1876. Expériences sur la schistosité des roches et sur les déformations des fossiles, corrélatives de ce phénomene; conséquences géologiques de ces expériences. [Read 27 March and 10 April 1876.] Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences 82: 710–16. 798–804.
Daum, Andreas W. 1998. Wissenschaftspopularisierung im 19. Jahrhundert: bürgerliche Kultur, naturwissenschaftliche Bildung und die deutsche Offentlichkeit, 1848–1914. Munich: R. Oldenbourg.
David, Bruno, et al. 1995. The ontogenetic basis of Lovén's Rule clarifies homologies of the echinoid peristome. In Echinoderm research 1995, edited by R. H., Emson et al. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema.
Davidson, Thomas. 1851–86. British fossil Brachiopoda. 6 vols. London: Palaontographical Society.
Davidson, Thomas. 1861. On British Carboniferous Brachiopoda. Geologist 4: 41–59.
Davidson, Thomas. 1886–8. A monograph of recent Brachiopoda. 3 parts. London: the Linnean Society.
Davies Douglas, J., and Mates Lewis, H. 2005. Encyclopedia of cremation. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Davis, C. H., ed. 1876. Narrative of the north polar expedition. U.S. Ship Polaris, Captain Charles Francis Hall commanding. Washington: Government Printing Office.
Dawkins William, Boyd and Sanford William, Ayshford. 1866–72. British Pleistocene Felidae. Vol. 1 of A monograph of the British Pleistocene Mammalia. London: Palaeontographical Society.
Dawson, Gowan. 2007. Darwin, literature and Victorian respectability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dawson Llewellyn, Styles. 1885. Memoirs of hydrography including brief biographies of the principal officers who have served in HM naval surveying service between the years 1750 and 1885. 2 pts. Eastbourne: Henry W. Keay. [Facsimile reprint. London: Cornmarket Press. 1969.]
DBE: Deutsche biographische Enzyklopädie. Edited by Walter Killy et al. 12 vols. in 14. Munich: K. G. Saur. 1995–2000.
DBF: Dictionnaire de biographie Française. Under the direction of J. Balteau et al. 20 vols. and 5 fascicles of vol. 21 (A–Lescallier) to date. Paris: Librairie Letouzey & Ané. 1933–.
DBI: Dizionario biografico degli Italiani. Edited by Alberto M. Ghisalberti et al. 83 vols. (A–Pio V) to date. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana. 1960–.
DBL: Dansk biografisk leksikon. Founded by Carl Frederick Bricka, edited by Povl Engelstoft and Svend Dahl. 26 vols. and supplement. Copenhagen: J. H. Schultz. 1933– 44. 3d edition. Edited by Sv. Cedergreen Bech. 16 vols. Copenhagen: Gyldendal. 1979–84.
DeArce, Miguel. 2008. Correspondence of Charles Darwin on James Torbitt's project to breed blight-resistant potatoes. Archives of Natural History 35: 208–22.
Debrett's illustrated peerage: Debrett's illustrated peerage, and titles of courtesy, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Dean & Son. 1865–.
Delpino, Federico. 1875. Rapporti tra insetti e tra nettarii estranuziali in alcuni piante. Bulletino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 7: 69–90.
Delpino, Federico. 1876. Dicogamia ed omogamia nelle piante. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano 8: 140–61.
Delson, E. and Napier, P. H. 1976. Request for the determination of the generic names of the baboon and the mandrill (Mammalia: Primates, Cercopithecidae). Z.N. (S.) 2093. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 33: 46–60.
Dennett, Laurie. 1998. A sense of security: 150 years of Prudential. Cambridge: Granta Editions.
Descent: The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871.
Descent 2d ed.: The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874.
Descent US ed.: The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton. 1871.
Descent 2d US ed.: The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. New York: D. Appleton. 1875.
Desmond, Adrian. 1989. The politics of evolution: morphology, medicine, and reform in radical London. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
Desmond, Adrian. 1994–7. Huxley. 2 vols. London: Michael Joseph.
Desmond, Adrian and Moore, James. 1991. Darwin. London: Michael Joseph.
Desmond, Ray. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturists including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers. New edition, revised with the assistance of Christine Ellwood. London: Taylor & Francis and the Natural History Museum. Bristol, Pa.: Taylor & Francis.
Deutsches Literatur-Lexikon: Deutsches Literatur-Lexikon: biographisch-bibliographisches Handbuch. 3d edition. 34 vols. and 6 supplements to date. Bern and Munich: Francke. 1968–. Di Gregorio, Mario A. 2005. From here to eternity: Ernst Haeckel and scientific faith. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Dictionnaire historique & biographique de la Suisse. Under the direction of Marcel Godet et al. 7 vols. and supplement. Neuchâtel: Administration du Dictionnaire Historique & Biographique de la Suisse. 1921–34.
Dictionnaire universel des contemporains: Dictionnaire universel des contemporains contenant toutes les personnes notables de la France et des pays étrangers … Ouvrage rédigé et continuellement tenu a jour avec le concours d'écrivains et des savants de tous les pays. Edited by Louis Gustave Vapereau. Paris: Libraire Hachette. 1858. 3d edition, 1865. 4th edition, 1870. 5th edition, 1880. 6th edition, 1893.
Dieffenbach, Ernst, trans. 1844. Reisen nach den Inseln der grünen Vorgebirges, Südamerika, die Feuerlande, den Falkland-Inseln, Chiloe-Inseln, Galapagos-Inseln, Othaheiti, Neuholland, Neuseeland, Van Diemen's Land, Keeling-Inseln, Mauritius, St. Helena, den Azoren & c by Charles, Darwin. (German translation of Journal of researches.) 2 vols. Brunswick: Vieweg und Sohn.
‘Dimorphic condition in Primula’: On the two forms, or dimorphic condition, in the species of Primula, and on their remarkable sexual relations. By Charles Darwin. [Read 21 November 1861.] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6 (1862): 77–96. [Collected papers 2: 45–63.]
‘Distribution of the erratic boulders’: On the distribution of the erratic boulders and on the contemporaneous unstratified deposits of South America. By Charles Darwin. [Read 14 April 1841.] Transactions of the Geological Society of London 2d ser. 6 (1841–2): 415–31. [Shorter publications, pp. 147–62.]
DNB: Dictionary of national biography. Edited by Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee. 63 vols. and 2 supplements (6 vols.). London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1912. Dictionary of national biography 1912–90. Edited by H. W. C. Davis et al. 9 vols. London: Oxford University Press. 1927–96.
DNZB: A dictionary of New Zealand biography. Edited by G. H. Scholefield. 2 vols. Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Internal Affairs. 1940. The dictionary of New Zealand biography. Edited by W. H. Oliver et al. 5 vols. Auckland and Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Internal Affairs [and others]. 1990–2000.
Dodson, Edward O. 2000. Toldot Adam: a little-known chapter in the history of Darwinism. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 52: 47–54.
Doyle Arthur, Conan. 1926. The history of spiritualism. 2 vols. London: Cassell.
Dreifuss Jean, Jacques. 1985. Moritz Schiff et la vivisection. Gesnerus 42: 289–303.
Druce George, Claridge. 1918. Formation of the Northamptonshire Natural History Society. Journal of the Northamptonshire Natural History Society 19: 131–42.
Drüll, Dagmar. 1986. Heidelberger Gelehrtenlexikon 1803–1932. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Dryden, John. 1874. The poetical works of John Dryden, edited with a memoir, revised text, and notes by W. D. Christie. New edition. London: Macmillan.
DSB: Dictionary of scientific biography. Edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie and Frederic L. Holmes. 18 vols. including index and supplements. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1970–90.
Dublin Exhibition catalogue: Dublin International Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures, 1865. Official catalogue. Published by the authority of the executive committee. 4th edition. Dublin: John Falconer. 1865.
Duncan Peter, Martin. 1866–72. A monograph of the British fossil corals. Second series. Being a supplement to the ‘Monograph of the British fossil corals,’ by MM. Milne-Edwards and Jules Haime. London: Palaeontographical Society.
Dupree Anderson, Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University.
Dureau de la, Malle, Adolphe Jules César, Auguste. 1825. Mémoire sur l'alternance ou sur ce probleme: la succession alternative dans la reproduction des especes végétales vivant en société, est-elle une loi générale de la nature? Annales des sciences naturelles 5: 353–81.
Duval-Jouve, Joseph. 1874. Étude histotaxique des Cyperus de France. Académie des sciences et lettres de Montpellier: mémoires de la section des sciences 8 (1872–5): 347–412.
Earthworms: The formation of vegetable mould through the action of worms: with observations on their habits. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1881.
Eaton Alfred, Edwin. 2012. An account of the petrological, botanical and zoological collections made in Kerguelen's Land and Rodriguez during the transit of Venus expeditions 1874–75. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Reprint of Royal Society of London. 1879. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. An account of the petrological, botanical, and zoological collections made in Kerguelen's Land and Rodriguez during the Transit of Venus expeditions carried out by order of Her Majesty's government in the years 1874–75. London: G. E. Eyre & W. Spottiswoode.]
EB: The Encyclopadia Britannica. A dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information. 11th edition. 29 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1910–11.
Edinburgh Academy register: The Edinburgh Academy register. A record of all those who have entered the school since its foundation in 1824. Edinburgh: Edinburgh Academical Club. 1914.
Edney Matthew, H. 1997. Mapping an empire: the geographical construction of British India, 1765–1843. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
Edwards, Henry. 1875. Darlingtonia californica. [Read 6 September 1875.] Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 6: 161–6.
Edwards William, Henry. 1875. An abstract of Dr. Aug. Weismann's paper on ‘The seasonal-dimorphism of butterflies’. To which is appended a statement of some experiments made upon Papilio ajax. Canadian Entomologist 7: 228–40.
Egerton Frederick Clement, Christie. 1957. Angola in perspective: endeavour and achievement in Portuguese West Africa. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
EI: Enciclopedia Italiana di scienze, lettere ed arti. 36 vols. Rome: Giovanni Treccani. 1929– 37.
Eimer, Theodor. 1873–4. Zoologische Studien auf Capri. I Über Beroë ovatus. II Lacerta muralis coerulea. Ein Beitrag zur Darwin'schen Lehre. 2 vols. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Eimer, Theodor. 1874. Ueber künstliche Theilbarkeit von Aurelia aurita und Cyanea capillata in physiologische Individuen. Verhandlungen der Physikalisch-medicinischen Gesellschaft in Würzburg n.s. 6: 137–61.
Eimer, Theodor. 1877. Ueber künstliche Theilbarkeit und über das Nervensystem der Medusen. [Read 21 September 1877.] Archiv für mikroskopische Anatomie 14: 394–408.
Eimer, Theodor. 1878. Die Medusen physiologisch und morphologisch auf ihr Nervensystem untersucht. Tübingen: Verlag der H. Lauppschen Buchhandlung.
Elliot Clark, A. 1979. Biographical dictionary of American science: the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries. Westport, Conn., and London: Greenwood Press.
Elliott, Brent. 2004. The Royal Horticultural Society: a history 1804–2004. Chichester: Phillimore & Co.
Elsberg, Louis. 1874. Regeneration, or the preservation of organic molecules: a contribution to the doctrine of evolution. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 23: 87–103.
Elwick, James. 2007. Styles of reasoning in the British life sciences: shared assumptions, 1820– 1858. London: Pickering & Chatto.
Emma Darwin (1904): Emma Darwin, wife of Charles Darwin. A century of family letters. Edited by Henrietta Litchfield. 2 vols. Cambridge: privately printed by Cambridge University Press. 1904.
Emma Darwin (1915): Emma Darwin: a century of family letters, 1792–1896. Edited by Henrietta Litchfield. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1915.
Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch-Indië: Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch Oost-Indië. Edited by J. Paulus et al. 8 vols. The Hague: Nijhoff. 1917–39.
Endersby, Jim. 2007. A guinea pig's history of biology: the plants and animals who taught us the facts of life. London: William Heinemann.
Engen Rodney, K. 1985. Dictionary of Victorian wood engravers. Cambridge: Chadwyck- Healey.
Erxleben Johann Christian, Polycarp. 1777. Systema regni animalis per classes, ordines, genera, species, varietates cum synonymia et historia animalium. Classis I. Mammalia. Leipzig: Weygand.
Erziehungsrate des Kantons, Zürich ed. 1938. Die Universität Zürich, 1833–1933, und ihre Vorläufer. Zurich: Verlag der Erziehungsdirektion.
Evans George, Eyre. 1897. Vestiges of Protestant dissent: being lists of ministers … included in the National Conference of Unitarian, Liberal Christian, Free Christian, Presbyterian, and other … congregations. Liverpool: F. & E. Gibbons.
Evans, John. 1876. The anniversary address of the president. [Read 18 February 1876.] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 32, Proceedings, pp. 53–121.
Eve Arthur, Stewart and Creasey Clarence, Hamilton. 1945. Life and work of John Tyndall. London: Macmillan & Co.
Expression: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872.
Expression 2d ed.: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. Edited by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray. 1890.
Expression US ed.: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. By Charles Darwin. New York: D. Appleton. 1873.
Falconer, Hugh. 1863. On the American fossil elephant of the regions bordering the Gulf of Mexico (E. Columbi, Falc.); with general observations on the living and extinct species. Natural History Review n.s. 3: 43–114.
Fallon John, P. 1992. Marks of London goldsmiths and silversmiths, 1837–1914. London: Barrie and Jenkins.
Farrar Frederic, William, ed. 1867. Essays on a liberal education. London: Macmillan and Co.
Fasti ecclesia Scoticana: Fasti ecclesia Scoticana. The succession of ministers in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation. By Hew Scott. 7 vols. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd. 1915–28.
Fawcett, Henry. 1861. On the method of Mr Darwin in his treatise on the origin of species. Report of the 31st meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science held at Manchester, Transactions of the sections, pp. 141–3.
Feinsod, Moshe. 2011. Moritz Schiff (1823–1896): a physiologist in exile. Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal 2: 1–6.
Ferrier, David. 1872. The constant occurrence of Sarcina ventriculi (Goodsir) in the blood of man and the lower animals: with remarks on the nature of sarcinous vomiting. British Medical Journal, 27 January 1872, pp. 98–9.
‘Fertilization of orchids’: Notes on the fertilization of orchids. By Charles Darwin. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [Collected papers 2: 138–56.]
‘Fertilization of papilionaceous flowers’: On the agency of bees in the fertilization of papilionaceous flowers, and on the crossing of kidney beans. 1858. By Charles Darwin. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 3d ser. 2 (1858): 459–65. [Shorter publications, pp. 272–7.]
Fichman, Martin. 2004. An elusive Victorian: the evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Fischer, Johann von. 1873. Iltis (Mustela putorius) und Frett (Mustela furo). Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 14: 108–12.
Fischer, Johann von. 1874a. Der Wickelbär (Cercoleptes caudivolvulus) als Stubengenosse. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 15: 300–6.
Fischer, Johann von. 1874b. Beobachtungen über Kreuzungen verschiedener Farbenspielarten innerhalb einer Species. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 15: 361–74.
Fischer, Johann von. 1875a. Der Vansire (Herpestes Galera) in der Gefangenschaft. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 16: 10–17.
Fischer, Johann von. 1875b. Das gemeine Ichneumon (Herpestes ichneumon, Wagn.) und das Mozambique- Ichneumon (H. ornatus, Pet.) in der Gefangenschaft. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 16: 81–7.
Fischer, Johann von. 1875c. Der weissbärtige Roller (Paradoxurus leucomystax Gray) in der Gefangenschaft. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 16: 127–34.
Fischer, Johann von. 1875d. Die Rasse (Viverra indica Geoffr.) in der Gefangenschaft. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 16: 170–5.
Fischer, Johann von. 1875e. Der Tarai (Felis viverrina Benn.). Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 16: 217–25.
Fischer, Johann von. 1875f. Der Monax (Arctomys monax Gmel.) in der Gefangenschaft. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 16: 255–63.
Fischer, Johann von. 1876a. Aus dem Leben eines jungen Mandril (Cynocephalus mormon); seine Erkrankung und sein Tod. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Thiere 17: 116–27. 174–9.
Fischer, Johann von. 1876b. Die Diard'sche Katze (Felis Diardi Jardine) in der Gefangenschaft. Der zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 17: 279–81.
Fischer, Johann von. 1877a. Das rauhe Eichhorn, Sciurus rigidus Peters. Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht derTiere 18: 21–7.
Fischer, Johann von. 1877b. Aus dem Leben eines Drill's (Cynocephalus leucophaeus). Der Zoologische Garten. Zeitschrift für Beobachtung, Pflege und Zucht der Tiere 18: 73–97.
Fish David, Taylor. 1876. Bunches v. tendrils. Gardeners' Chronicle, 22 January 1876, pp. 116–18.
Fitchett Alfred, Robertson. 1876. The ethics of evolution, or, The relation of the doctrine of development to theism and Christianity: a lecture delivered on behalf of the Dunedin Athenaeum. Dunedin: Mills, Dick, Steam Printers.
Fitzgerald Robert, David. 1875–94. Australian orchids. 2 vols. Sydney: Thomas Richards.
Flahault, Charles. 1884. Notice biographique sur M. Duval-Jouve. [Read 18 April 1884.] Bulletin de la Société botanique de France 2d ser. 6: 167–82.
Fletcher Thomas, Bainbrigge. 1946. The Cotteswold Naturalists' Field Club, 1846–1946. Gloucester: J. Bellows.
Flora fluminensis. By José Mariano da Conceiçao Velloso. 11 vols. Paris: A. Senefelder, 1827.
Forbes, Edward. 1846. On the connexion between the distribution of the existing fauna and flora of the British Isles, and the geological changes which have affected their area, especially during the epoch of the Northern Drift. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, and of the Museum of Economic Geology in London 1: 336–432.
Forbes, Litton. 1875. Two years in Fiji. London: Longmans, Green and Co.
Foreign Office list: The Foreign Office list. London: Harrison & Sons. 1852–1965.
Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & Furrer. [Neue Denkschriften allgemeinen schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die gesammten Naturwissenschaften / Nouveaux mémoires de la Société helvétique des sciences vol. 26.]
Forel, Auguste. 1920. Les fourmis de la Suisse. 2d edition. La Chaux-de-Fonds: Imprimerie coopérative.
Forel, Auguste. 1937. Out of my life and work. Translated by Bernard, Miall. London: George Allen & Unwin.
‘Formation of mould’: On the formation of mould. [Read 1 November 1837.] Transactions of the Geological Society of London 2d ser. 5 (1840): 505–9. [Shorter publications, pp. 124–7.]
Forms of flowers: The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877.
Fossil Cirripedia (1851): A monograph on the fossil Lepadida, or, pedunculated cirripedes of Great Britain. By Charles Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1851.
Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanida and Verrucida of Great Britain. By Charles Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854.
Fossil Mammalia: Pt 1 of The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle … during the years 1831 to 1836. By Richard Owen. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43.
Foster, Michael and Balfour Francis, Maitland. 1874. The elements of embryology. London: Macmillan and Co.
Frank, Robert G., Jr. 1988. The telltale heart: physiological instruments, graphic methods, and clinical hopes, 1854–1914. In The investigative enterprise: experimental physiology in nineteenth-century medicine, edited by William, Coleman and Frederic L., Holmes. Berkeley, Calif., and London: University of California Press.
Fraustadt, Alexander. 1876. Anatomie der vegetativen Organe von Dionaea muscipula Ell. (Inaugural dissertation, Breslau University.) Breslau: R. Nischkowsky. [Reprinted in: Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 2 (1876–7): 27–64.]
Freeman Richard, Broke. 1968. Charles Darwin on the routes of male humble bees. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Historical Series 3 (1962–9): 177–89.
Freeman Richard, Broke. 1977. The works of Charles Darwin: an annotated bibliographical handlist. 2d edition. Folkestone, Kent: William Dawson & Sons. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, Shoe String Press.
Freeman Richard, Broke. 1978. Charles Darwin: a companion. Folkestone, Kent: William Dawson & Sons. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, Shoe String Press.
French, Richard D. 1975. Antivivsection and medical science in Victorian society. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Freycinet Louis, de. 1824–44. Voyage autour du monde: entrepris par ordre du roi. 8 vols in 10. Plates, 4 vols. Paris: Pillet aîné.
Fruton Joseph, S. 2002. A history of pepsin and related enzymes. Quarterly Review of Biology 77: 127–47.
Fürnrohr August, Emanuel. 1839. Flora Ratisbonensis, oder Uebersicht der um Regensburg wildwachsenden Gewächse. Vol. 2 of Naturhistorische Topographie von Regensburg, edited by A. E., Fürnrohr. Regensburg: Manz.
Galton, Francis. 1869. Hereditary genius: an inquiry into its laws and consequences. London: Macmillan.
Galton, Francis. 1875a. The history of twins, as a criterion of the relative powers of nature and nurture. Fraser's Magazine, November 1875, pp. 566–76.
Galton, Francis. 1875b. Short notes on heredity, & c., in twins. [Read 9 November 1875.] Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 5 (1875–6): 324–9.
Galton, Francis. 1876. The history of twins, as a criterion of the relative powers of nature and nurture. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 5 (1875–6): 391–406. [Reprint of Galton 1875a.]
Galton, Francis. 1877a. Typical laws of heredity. [Read 9 February 1877.] Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 (1876–8): 282–301.
Galton, Francis. 1877b. Typical laws of heredity. Nature, 5 April 1877, pp. 492–5; 12 April 1877, pp. 512–14; 19 April 1877, pp. 532–3.
Gärtner, Karl Friedrich von. 1844. Versuche und Beobachtungen über die Befruchtungsorgane der vollkommeneren Gewächse und über die natürliche und künstliche Befruchtung durch den eigenen Pollen. Pt 1 of Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Befruchtung der vollkommeneren Gewächse. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart.
Gaudry, Albert. 1878–90. Les enchaînements du monde animal dans les temps géologiques. Part 1: Mammiferes tertiaires. Part 2: Fossiles primaires. Part 3: Fossiles secondaires. Paris: Librairie Hachette; Librairie F. Savy.
Gegenbaur, Carl. 1864–72. Untersuchungen zur vergleichenden Anatomie der Wirbelthiere. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Geikie, Archibald. 1868. On modern denudation. Transactions of the Geological Society of Glasgow 3: 153–90.
Geikie, Archibald. 1875. Life of Sir Roderick I. Murchison: based on his journals and letters with notices of his scientific contemporaries and a sketch of the rise and growth of palaozoic geology in Britain. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Geikie, James. 1874. The great ice age and its relation to the antiquity of man. London: W. Isbister.
Geikie, James. 1877. The great ice age and its relation to the antiquity of man. 2d edition. London: Daldy, Isbister & Co.
Geikie, James. 1881. Prehistoric Europe: a geological sketch. London: Edward Stanford.
Geikie, James. 1894. The great ice age and its relation to the antiquity of man. 3d edition, largely rewritten. London: Edward Stanford.
General index to the Journal of the Linnean Society: General index to the first twenty volumes of the Journal (Botany), and the botanical portion of the Proceedings, November 1838 to June 1886, of the Linnean Society. London: Linnean Society of London. 1888.
Geological observations 2d ed.: Geological observations on the volcanic islands and parts of South Bibliography 765
America visited during the voyage of H.M.S. ‘Beagle’. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1876.
Geological observations 3d ed.: On the structure and distribution of coral reefs; also geological observations on the volcanic islands and parts of South America visited during the voyage of H.M.S. ‘Beagle’. By Charles Darwin. With a critical introduction to each work by John Wesley Judd. London, New York, and Melbourne: Ward, Lock, and Co. 1890.
Geology of the ‘Beagle’: Geological observations on coral reefs, volcanic islands, and on South America. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1851.
Gibelli, Giuseppe. 1876. Di una singolare struttura delle foglie delle Empetracee. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano 8: 49–60.
Giglioli Enrico, Hillyer. 1872. Studii craniologici sui cimpanzé. Genoa: R. Instituto Sordo-muti.
Gilbert, Pamela. 1977. A compendium of the biographical literature on deceased entomologists. London: British Museum (Natural History).
Giźycki Georg, von. 1876. Philosophischen Consequenzen der Lamarck-Darwin'schen Entwickelungstheorie. Leipzig and Heidelberg: C. F. Winter'sche Verlangshandlung.
Glasner, David, ed. 2013. Business cycles and depressions: an encyclopedia. Reprint edition. New York and Abingdon, Oxon.: Routledge.
Glick Thomas, F. 2010. What about Darwin? All species of opinion from scientists, sages, friends, and enemies who met, read, and discussed the naturalist who changed the world. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Godínez, Enrique, trans. 1877. Orígen de las especies por medio de la seleccion natural ó la conservacion de las razas favorecidas en la lucha por la existencia. By Charles Darwin. (Spanish translation of Origin 6d ed.) Madrid and Paris: José del Perojo.
Gomis Blanco, Alberto and Josa Llorca, Jaume. 2009. Los primeros traductores de Darwin en Espana: Vizcarrondo, Bartrina, Godínez. Revista de la Asociación de Hispanismo Filosófico 14: 43–60.
Gordon, Richard, trans. 1877. Les mouvements et les habitudes des plantes grimpantes. By Charles, Darwin. (French translation of Climbing plants.) Paris: C. Reinwald.
Gould Augustus, Addison. 1841. Report on the invertebrata of Massachusetts: comprising the mollusca, crustacea, annelida and radiata. Cambridge, Mass.: Folsom, Wells, and Thurston.
Gould, John. 1840–8. The birds of Australia. 7 vols. London: the author.
[Gould, John. 1870]. Prospectus of Mr. Gould's works on ornithology, etc. With a list of the subscribers and possessors. [London: the author.]
Graber, Vitus. 1875. Die Tympanalen Sinnesapparate der Orthopteren. Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn.
Grande encyclopédie: La grande encyclopédie inventaire raisonné des sciences, des lettres et des arts. Edited by F. Camille Dreyfus et al. 31 vols. Paris: H. Lamirault; Société Anonyme de la Grande Encyclopédie. [1886–1902.]
Grant, Duff, Mountstuart, E. 1903. Out of the past: some biographical essays. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Gray, Asa. 1848–9. Genera flora America boreali-orientalis illustrata. The genera of the plants of the United States. 2 vols. Vol. 1: Boston: James Munroe and Company. New York and London: John Wiley. Vol. 2: New York: George P. Putnam.
Gray, Asa. 1854–6. Botany. Phanerogamia. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., vol. 14. Vol. 1 (no more published) and atlas. Philadelphia: C. Sherman.
Gray, Asa. 1862a. [Review of Orchids.] American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 34: 138–44, 420–9.
Gray, Asa. 1862b. Fertilization of orchids through the agency of insects. American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 34: 420–9.
Gray, Asa. 1862c. Enumeration of the plants of Dr Parry's collection in the Rocky Mountains in 1861. American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 33 (1862): 404–11; 34 (1862): 249–61, 330–41.
Gray, Asa. 1862d. Dimorphism in the genitalia of flowers. American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 34: 419–20.
Gray, Asa. 1863. Structure and fertilization of certain orchids. American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 36: 292–4.
Gray, Asa. 1865a. Dioico-dimorphism in the primrose family. [Review of ‘Observations on the functions and structure of the reproductive organs of the Primulacea’, by John Scott (Journal of the Linnean Society London (Botany) 8 (1865): 78–126..] American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 39: 101–4.
Gray, Asa. 1865b. New or little-known Polynesian Thymelea. Journal of Botany 3: 302–6.
Gray, Asa. 1875. Do varieties wear out, or tend to wear out? American Journal of Science and Arts 3d ser. 9: 109–14.
Gray, Asa. 1876a. Darwiniana: essays and reviews pertaining to Darwinism. New York: D. Appleton and Company.
Gray, Asa. 1876b. Burs in the borage family. American Naturalist 10: 1–4.
[Gray, Asa.] 1876c. Darwin's Insectivorous and Climbing plants. Nation, 6 January 1876, pp. 12–14; 13 January 1876, pp. 30–2.
Gray, Asa. 1877. Homogone and heterogone (or homogonous and heterogonous) flowers. American Naturalist 11: 42.
Gray, Asa. 1878–84. Synoptical flora of North America. 2 vols. New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co.
Gray, Asa. 1880. Contributions to North American botany. I. Notes on some Composita. II. Some species of Asclepias. III. A new genus of Gentianacea. IV. Miscellanea of the North American flora. [Read 9 June 1880.] Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences n.s. 8 (1880–1): 78–108.
Gray Jane, Loring, ed. 1893. Letters of Asa Gray. 2 vols. London: Macmillan and Co.
Gregory, Frederick. 1992. Nature lost? Natural science and the German theological traditions of the nineteenth century. Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press.
Grenier, Louis. 1876. Analyse de l'ouvrage de M. Ch. Darwin sur les plantes insectivores. [Read 10 February 1876.] Annales de la Société botanique de Lyon 4 (1875–6): 96–114.
Griffith, William and McClelland, John. 1847–54. Posthumous papers bequeathed to the Honorable the East India company: and printed by order of the government of Bengal. Notulae ad plantas asiaticas. 4 vols. text and 4 vols. plates (Icones plantarum asiaticarum). Calcutta: Bishop's College Press.
Grönland, Johannes. 1855. Note sur les organes glanduleux du genre Drosera. Annales des sciences naturelles (botanique) 4th ser. 3: 297–303.
Grounds, Douglas. 2009. Son and servant of Shropshire: the life of Archdeacon Joseph (Plymley) Corbett 1759–1838. Little Logaston: Logaston Press.
Gruber Jacob, W. 1960. A conscience in conflict. The life of St. George Jackson Mivart. New York: Columbia University Press for Temple University Publications.
Guagnini, Anna. 2014. A bold leap into electric light: the creation of the Societa Italiana Edison, 1880–1886. History of Technology 32: 155–89.
Gurney, Edmund. 1876. On some disputed points in music. Fortnightly Review, 1 July 1876, pp. 106–30.
Haas, J. W. 2000. The Reverend Dr William Henry Dallinger, F.R.S. (1839–1909). Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 54: 53–65.
Haast, Heinrich Ferdinand von. 1948. The life and times of Sir Julius von Haast, explorer, geologist, museum builder. Wellington, New Zealand: privately published.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1866. Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. Allgemeine Grundzüge der organischen Formen-Wissenschaft, mechanisch begründet durch die von Charles Darwin reformirte Descendenz-Theorie. 2 vols. Berlin: Georg Reimer.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1868a. Monographie der Moneren. Jenaische Zeitschrift für Medizin und Naturwissenschaft 4: 64–137.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1868b. Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte. Gemeinverständliche wissenschaftliche Vorträge über die Entwickelungslehre im Allgemeinen und diejenige von Darwin, Goethe und Lamarck, im Besonderen über die Anwendung derselben auf den Ursprung des Menschen und andere damit zusammenhangende Grundfragen der Naturwissenschaft. Berlin: Georg Reimer.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1870–7. Biologische Studien. 2 vols. Vol. 1: Studien über Moneren und andere Protisten. Vol. 2: Studien zur Gastraea-theorie. Leipzig: Engelmann. Jena: H. Dufft.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1871. Dzieje utworzenia przyrody. (Polish translation of Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte by Jan, Czarnecki and Ludwik, Masłowski.) 2 vols. Lvov: Jan Czarnecki.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1873. Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte. Gemeinverständliche wissenschaftliche Vorträge über die Entwickelungslehre im Allgemeinen und diejenige von Darwin, Goethe und Lamarck im Besonderen. 4th edition. Berlin: Georg Reimer.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1874. Anthropogenie: oder, Entwickelungsgeschichte des Menschen. Gemeinverständliche wissenschaftliche Vorträge über die Grundzüge der menschlichen Keimes- und Stammes- Geschichte. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1875a. Die Gastrula und die Eifurchung der Thiere. Jenaische Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft 9: 61–167.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1875b. Prirodna istorija postanja: dvadeset i četiri javna predavanja u kojima se izlaže nauka o razviću i opšte, i naučne doktrine Darvina, Geta i Lamarka posebice. (Serbian translation of Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte by Aleksa M. Radovanović.) Belgrade: State printer.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1876a. Die Perigenesis der Plastidule, oder die Wellenzeugung der Lebenstheilchen. Ein Versuch zu mechanischen Erklärung der elementaren Entwickelungs-Vorgänge. Berlin: Georg Reimer.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1876b. Arabische Korallen. Ein Ausflug nach den Korallenbänken des rothen Meeres und ein Blick in das Leben der Korallenthiere. Berlin: Georg Reimer.
Haeckel, Ernst. 1877. Anthropogenie oder Entwickelungsgeschichte des Menschen. Gemeinverständliche wissenschaftliche Vorträge über die Grundzüge der menschlichen Keimes- und Stammes-Geschichte. 3d edition. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Hague James, Duncan. 1884. A reminiscence of Mr. Darwin. Harper's Monthly Magazine 69: 759–63.
Hall, Basil. 1824. Extracts from a journal, written on the coasts of Chili, Peru, and Mexico, in the years 1820, 1821, 1822. 3d edition. 2 vols. Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Co.
Hall, Basil. 1840. Extracts from a journal written on the coasts of Chili, Peru, and Mexico, in the years 1820, 1821, 1822. 6th edition. London: Edward Moxon.
Hall Philip, B. 1987. Robert Swinhoe (1836–1877), FRS, FZS, FRGS: a Victorian naturalist in Treaty Port China. Geographical Journal 153: 37–47.
Hanstein, Johannes. 1868. Ueber die Organe der Harz- und Schleim-Absonderung in den Laubknospen. Botanische Zeitung 26: 697–713. 721–36, 745–61, and 769–87.
Harman Peter, Michael, ed. 1990–2002. The scientific letters and papers of James Clerk Maxwell. 3 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Harris Donald, F. 2004. Notes on the real-estate and financial affairs of Dr. Robert Waring Darwin of Shrewsbury. Typescript deposited at Cambridge University Library.
Harshberger John, W. 1899. The botanists of Philadelphia and their work. Philadelphia: T. C. Davis & Son.
Hartley, Lucy. 2001. Physiognomy and the meaning of expression in nineteenth-century culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, Hermanus, trans. 1871–2. De afstamming van den mensch, en de seksueele teeltkeus. By Charles, Darwin. (Dutch translation of Descent.) 2 vols. Delft: Van IJkema and Van Gijn.
Hart's army list: The new annual army list … with an index. Compiled by H. G. Hart. London: John Murray. 1840–1900.
Haughton, Samuel. 1859. Presidential address. [Read 9 February 1859.] Journal of the Geological Society of Dublin 8 (1857–60): 137–56.
[Haughton, Samuel.] 1860. γνεσι. [Biogenesis.] Natural History Review 7: 23–32.
Haughton, Samuel. 1864–6. Notes on animal mechanics. [Read 11 January, 23 May, and 13 June 1864, 26 June 1865, and 23 April 1866.] Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 8 (1861–4): 458–71. 9 (1864–6) 50–61, 85–101, 268–94, 469–529.
Hawking, Stephen. 2002. On the shoulders of giants: the great works of physics and astronomy. London: Running Press.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. 1860. The marble faun or, The romance of Monte Beni. 2 vols. Boston: Ticknor and Fields.
HBLS: Historisch-Biographisches Lexikon der Schweiz. Under the auspices of the Allgemeine Geschichtsforschende Gesellschaft der Schweiz. Edited by Heinrich Türler et al. 7 vols. and supplement. Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Administration des Historisch- Biographischen Lexikons der Schweiz. 1921–34.
HDA: Historial dictionary of Argentina. By Ione S. Wright and Lisa M. Nekhom. Latin American Historical Dictionaries, no. 17. Metuchen, N.J., and London: The Scarecrow Press. 1978.
Heckel Edouard, Marie, trans. 1877. Des effets de la fécondation croisée et de la fécondation directe dans le regne végétal. By Charles, Darwin. (French translation of Cross and self fertilisation.) Paris: C. Reinwald.
Heer, Oswald. 1869. Die miocene Flora und Fauna Spitzenbergens. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 8: no. 7, pp. 1–98.
Heidenhain, Rudolf. 1870. Untersuchungen über den Bau der Labdrüsen. Archiv für mikroskopische Anatomie 6: 368–406.
Henderson, Peter. [1875.] Gardening for pleasure. A guide to the amateur in the fruit, vegetable, and flower garden, with full directions for the greenhouse, conservatory, and window-garden. New York: Orange Judd Company.
Henderson, Peter. 1884. Garden and farm topics. New York: Peter Henderson & Co.
Henry Dora, P. and McLaughlin Patsy, A. 1986. The recent species of Megabalanus (Cirripedia: Balanomorpha) with special emphasis on Balanus tintinnabulum (Linnaeus) sensulato. Zoologische Verhandelingen uitgegeven door het Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie te Leiden 235: 1–69.
Henslow, George. 1868. On the variations of the angular divergencies of the leaves of Helianthus tuberosus. [Read 16 April 1868.] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 26 (1868–70): 647–59.
Henslow, George. 1876a. On the origin of floral astivations. With notes on the structure of the cruciferous flower, on that of Adoxa, and on the corolla of Primula. [Read 1 June 1876.] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (Botany) 2d ser. 1 (1875–80): 177–96.
Henslow, George. 1876b. The self-fertilisation of plants. Nature, 19 October 1876, pp. 543–4.
Henslow, George. 1877. On the self-fertilization of plants. [Read 1 November 1877.] Transactions of the Linnean Society (Botany) 2d ser. 1 (1875–80): 317–98. Herbert, Sandra. 2005. Charles Darwin, geologist. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
[Herder, Johann Gottfried von.] 1774. Auch eine Philosophie der Geschichte zur Bildung der Menschheit. Beytrag zu vielen Beyträgen des Jahrhunderts. n.p.: n.p.
Herrick Sophie, Bledsoe. 1877. Insectivorous plants. [Review of Insectivorous plants.] Scribner's Monthly 13: 804–15.
Herschel John Frederick, William, ed. 1849. A manual of scientific enquiry; prepared for the use of Her Majesty's Navy: and adapted for travellers in general. London: John Murray.
Hesse-Wartegg, Ernst A.von. [1875a.] Charles Robert Darwin. Biographische Skizze nach Darwin's eigenen Mitteilungen. Der Pionier. Illustrierte Zeitschrift zur Unterhaltung und Belehrung für Jedermann 14: 342–3. 337 (portrait).
[Hesse-Wartegg, Ernst A.von.] [1875b.] Insectenfressende Pflanzen. Der Pionier. Illustrierte Zeitschrift zur Unterhaltung und Belehrung für Jedermann 14: 374–6. 382–4.
Heuss, Theodor. 1991. Anton Dohrn: a life for science. Translated from the German by Liselotte, Dieckmann. Berlin and New York: Springer Verlag.
Heyden, Wilhelm. 1909. Die Mitglieder der Hamburger Bürgerschaft 1859–1862. Festschrift zum 6. Dezember 1909. Hamburg: Herold in Komm.
Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1866. Ueber die Befruchtung der Salviaarten mit Hülfe von Insekten. Jahrbücher für wissenschaftliche Botanik 4 (1865–6): 451–78.
Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1867. Die Geschlechter-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen und das Gesetz der vermiedenen und unvortheilhaften stetigen Selbstbefruchtung. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1873. Die Verbreitungsmittel der Pflanzen. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Historical register of the University of Cambridge: The historical register of the University of Cambridge, being a supplement to the Calendar with a record of university offices, honours, and distinctions to the year 1910. Edited by J. R. Tanner. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1917.
Hochstetter Ferdinand, von. 1864–6. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Geologischer Theil. Vol. 1 (part 1) Geologie von Neu-Seeland. Vol. 2 (part 1) Geologische Beobachtungen. Vienna: Kaiserlich-Königlichen Hof- und Staatsdruckerei.
Hodge Frederick, Webb, ed. 1907–10. Handbook of American Indians north of Mexico. 2 vols. Washington: Government Printing Office.
Hodge, M. J. S. 2010. Darwin, the Galápagos and his changing thoughts about species origins: 1835–1837. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 4th ser. 61 (Supplement II, no. 7): 89–106.
Hoek Paulus Peronius, Cato. 1876. Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Entomostraken. Niederländisches Archiv für Zoölogie 3 (1876–7): 47–82.
Hoffmann, Hermann. 1875. Zur Speciesfrage. Haarlem: De Erven Loosjes.
Hofmann, A. W. von. 1876. The life-work of Liebig in experimental and philosophic chemistry: with allusions to his influence on the development of the collateral sciences & of the useful arts. London: Macmillan and Co.
Holland, Henry. 1858. Chapters on mental physiology. 2d edition. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts.
Holland, Saba. 1855. A memoir of the Reverend Sydney Smith … With a selection from his letters, edited by Mrs. Austin. 2 vols. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.
Holst Nils, Olof. 1876. Om de glaciala rullstensasarne. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 3: 97–112.
Hooker Joseph, Dalton. 1844–7. Flora Antarctica. 1 vol. and 1 vol. of plates. Pt 1 of The botany of the Antarctic voyage of HM discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839– 1843, under the command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross. London: Reeve Brothers.
Hooker Joseph, Dalton. 1867. On the struggle for existence amongst plants. Popular Science Review 6: 131–9.
Hooker Joseph, Dalton. 1874. Address to the Department of Botany and Zoology. Report of the 44th Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1874), Transactions of the sections, pp. 102–16. [Also published as ‘The carnivorous habits of plants’, Nature, 3 September 1874, pp. 366–72.]
Hooker Joseph, Dalton. 1876a. Botany. London: Macmillan and Co.
Hooker Joseph, Dalton. 1876b. President's address. [Read 30 November 1876.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 25 (1876–7): 339–56.
Hooker Joseph, Dalton. 1878. The student's flora of the British Islands. 2d edition. London: Macmillan.
Hooker Joseph, Dalton and Thomson, Thomas. 1855. Flora Indica: being a systematic account of the plants of British India, together with observations on the structure and affinities of their natural orders and genera. London: W. Pamplin.
Hopkins, William. 1835. Researches in physical geology. [Read 4 May 1835.] Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 6 (1836–8): 1–84.
Hopkins, William. 1836. An abstract of a memoir on physical geology; with a further exposition of certain points connected with the subject. London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science 8: 227–36. 272–81, 357–66.
Hopwood, Nick. 2015. Haeckel's embryos: images, evolution, and fraud. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
Horsburgh, E. L. S. 1980. Bromley, Kent: from the earliest times to the present century, compiled from materials collected from original sources by various hands. Reprint edition. Chislehurst, Kent: Lodgemark Press.
Howgego Raymond, John. 2003–8. Encyclopedia of exploration. 4 vols. Potts Point: Hordern House.
Hutchinson Horace, Gordon. 1914. Life of Sir John Lubbock, Lord Avebury. 2 vols. London: Macmillan.
Hutton Frederick, Wollaston. 1876. On Peripatus nova-zealandia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 18: 361–9.
Huxley, Leonard, ed. 1900. Life and letters of Thomas Henry Huxley. 2 vols. London: Macmillan.
Huxley, Leonard, ed. 1918. Life and letters of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, OM, GCSI. Based on materials collected and arranged by Lady, Hooker. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1869. On the physical basis of life. Fortnightly Review n.s. 5: 129–45.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1870. Lay sermons, addresses, and reviews. London: Macmillan.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1871a. Mr. Darwin's critics. Contemporary Review 18: 443–76.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1871b. Bishop Berkeley on the metaphysics of sensation. Macmillan's Magazine 24: 147–6.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1877. Les sciences naturelles et les problemes qu'elles font surgir. Translated by Jules Sarazin. (French translation of Lay sermons, addresses, and reviews.) Paris: J.-B Bailliere.
IBN: Index bio-bibliographicus notorum hominum. Pt C: Corpus alphabeticum sectio generalis. Edited by Jean-Pierre Lobies et al. 187 vols. to date (A–Nieschang). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio Verlag. 1974–.
IGI: International genealogical index. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. www. familysearch.org. 2012.
‘Illegitimate offspring of dimorphic and trimorphic plants’: On the character and hybrid-like nature of the offspring from the illegitimate unions of dimorphic and trimorphic plants. By Charles Darwin. [Read 20 February 1868.] Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Botany) 10 (1869): 393–437.
Illiger Johann Karl, Wilhelm. 1811. Prodromus systematis mammalium et avium. Berlin: C. Salfeld.
Index biographique de l'Académie des sciences: Index biographique de l'Académie des sciences du 22 décembre 1666 au 1er octobre 1978. Paris: Gauthier-Villars. 1979.
India list: The East-India register and directory. 1803–44. The East-India register and army list. 1845–60. The Indian Army and civil service list. 1861–76. The India list, civil and military. 1877–95. The India list and India Office list. 1896–1917. London: Wm. H. Allen [and others].
Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875.
Insectivorous plants US ed. By Charles Darwin. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1875.
Jackson Benjamin, Daydon. 1900. A glossary of botanic terms: with their description and accent. London: Duckworth & Co. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippencott Company.
Jacques Eliane, L. and Mamede Maria Candida, H. 2005. Notas nomenclaturais em Begonia L. (Begoniaceae). Revista Brasileira de Botanica 28: 579–88.
Jäger, Gustav. 1876. Zoologische Briefe. Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller.
Jamieson Thomas, Francis. 1863. On the parallel roads of Glen Roy, and their place in the history of the glacial period. [Read 21 January 1863.] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 19: 235–59.
Jardine, Boris. 2009. Betweeen the Beagle and the barnacle: Darwin's microscopy, 1837–1854. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40: 382–95.
Jarrold, Thomas. 1808. Anthropologia: or, dissertations on the form and colour of man; with incidental remarks. London: Cadell and Davies.
Jensen J., Vernon. 1988. Thomas Henry Huxley's lecture tour of the United States, 1876. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 42: 181–95.
Johnson, Robert. 1976. Sir John Richardson: Arctic explorer, natural historian, naturalist. London: Taylor & Francis.
Johnson Samuel, William. 1868. How crops grow: a treatise on the chemical composition, structure, and life of the plant, for all students of agriculture; with numerous illustrations and tables of analyses. New York: Orange Judd & Company.
Jones Bruce, Copley. 1960. Crossing the Itchen: the Itchen floating bridge and roads 1834– 1934. Southampton: City of Southampton.
Jones Menna, E. and Stoddart D., Michael. 1998. Reconstruction of the predatory behaviour of the extinct marsupial thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus). Journal of Zoology 246: 239–46.
Jordan, Alexis. 1860. Diagnoses d'especes nouvelles ou méconnues pour servir de matériaux a une flore de France réformée. Annales de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 7: 373–518.
Jordan, Alexis and Fourreau, Jules. 1866–1903. Icones ad floram Europa novo fundamento instaurandam spectantes. 3 vols. Paris: Savy.
Jorissenne, Gustave. [1887.] Notice biographique sur Ch.-J.-Édouard Morren. La Belgique horticole 35 (1885): 327–85.
Journal and remarks: Journal and remarks. 1832–1836. By Charles Darwin. Vol. 3 of Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's ships Adventure and Beagle between the years 1826 and 1836, describing their examination of the southern shores of South America, and the Beagle's circumnavigation of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of researches.]
Journal of researches: Journal of researches into the geology and natural history of the various countries visited by HMS Beagle, under the command of Captain FitzRoy, RN, from 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839.
Journal of researches 2d ed.: Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of HMS Beagle round the world, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. 2d edition, corrected, with additions. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1845.
Journal of researches (1852): Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of HMS Beagle round the world, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. New edition [2d edition]. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1852.
Journal of researches (1860): Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of HMS Beagle around the world, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. Reprint edition. London: John Murray. 1860.
Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of HMS Beagle round the world, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870.
Jubiläums-Katalog: Jubiläums-Katalog der E. Schweizerbart'schen Verlagsbuchhandlung (Erwin Nägele) G.m.b.H., Stuttgart, 1826–1926. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart. 1926.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1875. Contributions to the study of volcanos. Geological Magazine n.s. 2d decade vol. 2: 1–16, 56–70, 99–115, 145–52, 206–14, 245–57, 298–308, 348–56.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1876. On the ancient volcano of the district of Schemnitz, Hungary. [Read 26 April 1876.] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 32: 292–325.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1881. Volcanoes: what they are and what they teach. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.
Junker, Thomas. 1989. Darwinismus und Botanik. Rezeption, Kritik und theoretische Alternativen im Deutschland des 19. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
Kahnt, Helmut and Knorr, Bernd. 1986. Alte Maße, Münzen und Gewichte: ein Lexikon. Mannheim: Bibliographisches Institute.
Kaplan, Fred. 1983. Thomas Carlyle: a biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Keen William, Williams et al. 1864. Gunshot wounds and other injuries of nerves. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co.
Keen William, Williams and Thomson, William. 1871. Gunshot-wound of the brain, followed by fungus cerebri, and recovery with hemiopsia. Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society 1: 122–7.
Keynes, Randal. 2001. Annie's box. Charles Darwin, his daughter and human evolution. London: Fourth Estate.
Keynes Richard, Darwin, ed. 1988. Charles Darwin's Beagle diary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Keynes Richard, Darwin, ed. 2000. Charles Darwin's zoology notes & specimen lists from H.M.S. Beagle. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kidder Jerome, Henry. 1875–6. Contributions to the natural history of Kerguelen Island, made in connection with the American transit-of-Venus expedition, 1874– 5. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 1 (1877) nos. 2 and 3: 1–51, 1–122.
Kirwan, Richard. 1797. Additional observations on the proportion of real acid in the three antient known mineral acids, and on the ingredients in various neutral salts and other compounds. [Read 16 December 1797.] Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy 7 (1800): 163–297.
Klemm, Margot. 2002. Ferdinand Julius Cohn 1828–1898: Pflanzenphysiologe, Mikrobiologe, Begründer der Bakteriologie. Stuttgart: University of Stuttgart.
Knight Thomas, Andrew. 1799. An account of some experiments on the fecundation of vegetables. [Read 9 May 1799.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 89: 195– 204.
Koch, Robert. 1876. Untersuchungen über Bacterien. V. Die Aetiologie der Milzbrand- Krankheit, begründet auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Bacillus Anthracis. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 2 (1876–7): 277–310.
Kollmann Julius Constantin, Ernst. 1876. Die Cephalopoden in der zoologischen Station des Dr. Dohrn. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie 26: 1–23.
Körnicke, Friedrich August. 1872. Vorläufige Mitteilungen über den Mais. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereines der preussischen Rheinlande (und Westfalens) 29: 63–76.
Korthals Pieter, Willem. 1839–44. Over het geslacht Nepenthes. In Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overzeesche bezittingen, door de Leden der Natuurkundige Commissie in Indië en andere Schrijvers, edited by Coenraad Jacob, Temminck. Leiden: S. and J. Luchtmans and C. C. van der Hoek.
Krause, Ernst. 1883. Prof. Dr. Hermann Müller von Lippstadt. Ein Gedenkblatt. Kosmos 13: 393–401.
Krause, Ernst. [Carus Sterne, pseud.]. 1876. Werden und Vergehen: eine Entwicklungsgeschichte des Naturganzen in gemeinverständlicher Fassung. Berlin: Gebrüder Barntraeger.
Krauße, Erika. 1987. Ernst Haeckel. 2d edition. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner.
Kreuter, Alma. 1996. Deutschsprachige Neurologen und Psychiater: ein biographisch-bibliographisches Lexikon von den Vorläufern bis zur Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts. 3 vols. Munich: K.G. Saur.
Krusenstern Adam, Johann von. 1824–7. Recueil de mémoires hydrographiques: pour servir d'analyse et d'explication a l'Atlas de l'Océan Pacifique. 2 vols. St Petersburg: Impr. du Département de l'instruction publique.
Krusenstern Adam, Johann von. 1835. Supplémens au recueil de mémoires hydrographiques: publiés en 1826 et 1827, pour servir d'analyse et d'explication a l'Atlas de l'Océan Pacifique. St Petersburg: De l'Impr. de A. Pluchart.
Kuhn, Max. 1867. Einige Bemerkungen über Vandellia und den Blüthenpolymorphismus. Botanische Zeitung 25: 65–7.
Kühne Wilhelm, Friedrich. 1859. Die selbständige Reizbarkeit der Muskelfaser. [Read 28 February 1859.] Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (1860): 226–8.
Laffaye, Horace|A. 2015. The polo encyclopedia. 2d edition. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company.
Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste-Pierre-Antoine. 1809. Philosophie zoologique; ou exposition des considérations relatives a l'histoire naturelle des animaux; a la diversité de leur organisation … et les autres l'intelligence de ceux qui en sont doués. 2 vols. Paris: Dentu; the author.
Landau Sidney, I., ed. 1986. International dictionary of medicine and biology. 3 vols. New York and Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1873. On the primitive cell-layers of the embryo as the basis of genealogical classification of animals, and on the origin of vascular and lymph systems. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 11: 321–38.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1876a. An account of Professor Haeckel's recent additions to the gastraatheory. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science n.s. 16: 51–66.
Huxley Thomas, Henry. 1876b. Perigenesis v. pangenesis-Haeckel's new theory of heredity. Nature, 13 July 1876, pp. 235–8.
Laplace Cyrille Pierre, Théodore. 1833–9. Voyage autour du monde par les mers de l'Inde et de Chine : exécuté sur la corvette de l'état la Favorite pendant les années 1830, 1831 et 1832, sous le commandement de M. Laplace. 5 vols, with Atlas hydrographique, and Album historique. Paris: Imprimerie royale.
Lavater, Gaspard. 1806–9. L'art de connaître les hommes par la physionomie. New edition. Edited by M., Moreau de la Sarthe. 10 vols. Paris: [L. Prudhomme].
Lavater, Gaspard. 1820. L'art de connaître les hommes par la physionomie. New edition by M., Moreau de la Sarthe. 10 vols. Paris: Depélafol.
Law list: Clarkes' new law list; being a list of the judges and officers of the different courts of justice … and a variety of other useful matter. London: W. Clarke. 1816–40. The law list; comprising the judges and officers of the different courts of justice: counsel, special pleaders, draftsmen, conveyancers, attorneys, notaries, in England and Wales … and a variety of other useful matter. London: V. & R. Stevens & G. S. Norton [and others]. 1841–1969.
Lawes John, Bennet, et al. 1861. On the sources of the nitrogen of vegetation; with special reference to the question whether plants assimilate free or uncombined nitrogen. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 151: 431–577.
Lawes John, Bennet. 1879–99. Agricultural, botanical, and chemical results of experiments on the mixed herbage of permanent meadow, conducted for more than twenty years in succession on the same land. [Read 19 June 1879, 17 June 1880, and 16 November 1899.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 171 (1880): 289–416. 173 (1882): 1181–413; 192 (1900): 139–210.
Lawrence, William. 1819. Lectures on physiology, zoology, and the natural history of man, delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons. London: J. Callow.
Lawrence, William. 1822. Lectures on physiology, zoology, and the natural history of man, delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons. London: Benbow.
Leeuwenburgh, Bart and van der Heide, Janneke. 2008. Darwin on Dutch soil: the early reception of his ideas in the Netherlands. In The reception of Charles Darwin in Europe, edited by Eve-Marie, Engels and Thomas F., Glick. London: Continuum.
Leftwich, A. W. 1973. A dictionary of zoology. 3d edition. London: Constable.
[Leifchild, John R.] 1869. [Review of Facts and arguments for Darwin by Fritz Müller, translated by W. S. Dallas.] Athenaum, 27 March 1869, p. 431.
Lejeune, Anthony. 1979. The gentlemen's clubs of London. London: Macdonald and Jane's.
Leonard, A. G. K. 1984. Stories of Southampton streets. Southampton: Paul Cave.
Lespes, Charles. 1855. Sur les moeurs de la Lomechusa paradoxa. [Read 13 June 1855.] Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France (part of Annales de la Société entomologique de France) 3d ser. 3: LI–LII.
Levine, Alex and Novoa, Adriana. 2012. Darwinistas!: The construction of evolutionary thought in nineteenth century Argentina. Leiden and Boston: Brill.
Lewy, Naphtali. 1874. Toldot Adam. Ha-Shahar 6: 3–60.
Lexikon der hamburgischen Schriftsteller: Lexikon der hamburgischen Schriftsteller bis zur Gegenwart. By Hans Schröder. 8 vols. Hamburg: Verein für hamburgische Geschichte. 1851–[81].
Lie, Thore. 2008. The introduction, interpretation and dissemination of Darwinism in Norway during the period 1860–90. In The reception of Charles Darwin in Europe, edited by Eve-Marie, Engels and Thomas F., Glick. London: Continuum.
Lightman, Bernard, ed. 2004. Dictionary of nineteenth-century British scientists. 4 vols. Bristol: Thoemmes Continuum.
Lindley, David. 2004. Degrees Kelvin: a tale of genius, invention, and tragedy. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.
Lindley, John. 1853. The vegetable kingdom; or, the structure, classification, and uses of plants, illustrated upon the natural system. 3d edition with corrections and additional genera. London: Bradbury & Evans.
Lipps, Jere H. et al. 2011. What should we call the Foraminifera? Journal of Foraminiferal Research 41: 309–13.
List of the Linnean Society of London. London: [Linnean Society of London]. 1805–1939.
Litchfield Henrietta, Emma. 1910. Richard Buckley Litchfield: A memoir written for his friends by his wife. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with figures of all the species. The Lepadida; or, pedunculated cirripedes. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1851.
Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with figures of all the species. The Balanida (or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucida, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854.
LL: The life and letters of Charles Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8.
Lodge, Oliver. 1931. Past years: an autobiography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Facsimile reprint, Cambridge University Press, 2012.]
Long, S. L., et al. 2003. Some early collectors and collections of fossil sponges represented in The Natural History Museum, London. Geological Curator 7: 353–62.
Lovén, Sven. 1872a. Études sur les Échinoidées. [Read 12 June 1872.] Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 11 (1874): no. 7, pp. 1–91.
Lovén, Sven. 1872b. On the structure of the Echinoidea. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 10: 285–98, 376–85, 427–44.
Lubbock, John. 1873. Monograph of the Collembola and Thysanura. London: Ray Society.
Lubbock, John. 1874–7. Observations on the habits of ants, bees, and wasps. [Read 19 March and 17 December 1874, 4 November 1875, and 1 February 1877.] Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Zoology) 12 (1876): 110–39. 227–51, 445–514; 13 (1878): 217–58.
Lubbock, John. 1875. On British wild flowers, considered in relation to insects. London: Macmillan and Co.
Lucas, Peter. 2007. Charles Darwin, ‘little Dawkins’ and the platycnemic Yale men: introducing a bioarchaeological tale of the descent of man. Archives of Natural History 34: 318–45.
Lyell, Charles. 1830–3. Principles of geology, being an attempt to explain the former changes of the earth's surface, by reference to causes now in operation. 3 vols. London: John Murray.
Lyell, Charles. 1837. Principles of geology: being an inquiry how far the former changes of the earth's surface are referable to causes now in operation. 5th edition. 4 vols. London: John Murray.
Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes of the earth and its inhabitants considered as illustrative of geology. 10th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Lyell, Charles. 1872. Principles of geology or the modern changes of the earth and its inhabitants considered as illustrative of geology. 11th edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Lyell Katherine, Murray. 1870. A geographical handbook of all the known ferns with tables to show their distribution. London: John Murray.
Maas, Harro. 2005. William Stanley Jevons and the making of modern economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Macalister, Alexander. 1864. On the anatomy of the ostrich (Struthio camelus). [Read 11 April 1864.] Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 9 (1864–6): 1–24.
M'Coy, Frederick. 1873. Note on the appearance in Australia of the Danais archippus. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 11: 440–1.
MacCulloch, John. 1819. Description of the western islands of Scotland, including the Isle of Man: comprising an account of their geological structure; with remarks on their agriculture, scenery, and antiquities. 3 vols. Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Co. London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co.
Maclean William, Campbell. 1886. Diseases of tropical climates: lectures delivered at the Army Medical School. London: Macmillan.
McLennan John, Ferguson. 1876. Studies in ancient history: comprising a reprint of primitive marriage: an inquiry into the origin of the form of capture in marriage ceremonies. London: Bernard Quaritch.
Magnus, P. 1891. Johannes Grönland. Verhandlungen des botanischen Vereins der Provinz Brandenburg 33: il–li.
Maienschein, Jane. 1994. ‘It's a long way from Amphioxus’: Anton Dohrn and late nineteenth century debates about vertebrate origins. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16: 465–78.
Mamiani della, Rovere, Terenzio, Count. 1865. Confessioni di un metafisico. 2 vols. Florence: G. Barbera.
Marchant, James, ed. 1916. Alfred Russel Wallace. Letters and reminiscences. 2 vols. London: Cassell and Company.
Marginalia: Charles Darwin's marginalia. Edited by Mario A. Di Gregorio with the assistance of Nicholas W. Gill. Vol. 1. New York and London: Garland Publishing. 1990.
Marsh George, Perkins. 1861. Lectures on the English language. 4th edition. New York: Charles Scribner.
Marsh George, Perkins. 1862. The origin and history of the English language, and of the early literature it embodies. New York: Charles Scribner.
Marsh James, H., ed. 1988. The Canadian encyclopedia. 2d edition. 4 vols. Edmonton: Hurtig.
Marshall, John. 1849. On the development of the great anterior veins in man and mammalia; including an account of certain remnants of foetal structure found in the adult, a comparative view of these great veins in the different mammalia, and an analysis of their occasional peculiarities in the human subject. [Read 21 June 1849.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 140 (1850): 133–70.
Marshall William, Elliot. 1873. A phrenologist amongst the Todas, or, the study of a primitive tribe in South India: history, character, customs, religion, infanticide, polyandry, language. London: Longmans, Green, and Co.
Martin Gerald, P. R. and Uschmann, Georg. 1969. Friedrich Rolle 1827–1887, ein Vorkämpfer neuen biologischen Denkens in Deutschland. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth.
Masłowski, Ludwik, trans. 1874–5. O pochodzeniu czowieka. By Charles, Darwin. (Polish translation of Descent.) 2 vols. Vol. I. Cracow: Kraj. Vol. II. Lvov: Ksigarnia Polska.
Maule, Alexander James. 1876. The potato: what is it? The probable cause of the disease and the most likely means to employ to effect a cure. [Bristol: n.p.]
Maxwell James, Clerk. 1875. Atom. Encyclopaedia Britannica 9th ed. 3: 36–49.
Mayerhöfer, Josef. 1959–70. Lexikon der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften: Biographien, Sachwörter und Bibliographien. Vol. 1. Vienna: Verlag Brüder Hollinek.
Mays, Robert. 1978. Henry Doubleday: the Epping naturalist. Marlow, Bucks.: Precision Press.
MDCB: The Macmillan dictionary of Canadian biography. Edited by W. Stewart Wallace. 4th edition. Revised by W. A. McKay. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada. 1978.
Mead, Richard. 1744. A discourse on the plague. 9th edition. London: A. Miller and J. Brindley.
Medical directory: The London medical directory … every physician, surgeon, and general practitioner resident in London. London: C. Mitchell. 1845. The London and provincial medical directory. London: John Churchill. 1848–60. The London & provincial medical directory, inclusive of the medical directory for Scotland, and the medical directory for Ireland, and general medical register. London: John Churchill. 1861–9. The medical directory … including the London and provincial medical directory, the medical directory for Scotland, the medical directory for Ireland. London: J. & A. Churchill. 1870–1905.
Meehan, Thomas. 1875. Are insects any material aid to plants in fertilization? Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 24 (1875): 243–51.
Meehan, Thomas. 1876. Graft hybrids. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 25 (1876): 254–5.
Melton J., Gordon, ed. 1996. Encyclopedia of occultism & parapsychology. 4th edition. 2 vols. Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research.
Men and women of the time: The men of the time in 1852 or sketches of living notables. 2d edition, 1853. 3d edition, 1856. 4th edition, 1857. New edition, 1865. 7th edition, 1868. 8th edition, 1872. 9th edition, 1875. 10th edition, 1879. 11th edition, 1884. 12th edition, 1887. 13th edition, 1891. 14th edition, 1895. Men and women of the time: a dictionary. 15th edition. By Victor G. Plarr. 1899. London: David Bogue [and others]. 1852–99.
Men-at-the-bar: Men-at-the-bar: a biographical hand-list of the members of the various inns of court, including Her Majesty's judges, etc. By Joseph Foster. London: Reeves & Turner. 1885.
Meyer, Ludwig. 1871. Ueber das Darwin'sche Spitzohr. Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medicin 53: 485–92.
Meyers Konversationslexikon. 4th edition. Leipzig and Vienna: Verlag des Bibliographischen Instituts. 1885–92.
Michener James, A. 1959. The Hokusai sketch-books: selections from the manga. Rutland, Vermont, and Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Company.
Miller Dorcas, S. 2000. Adventurous women: the inspiring lives of nine early outdoorswomen. Boulder, Colo.: Pruett Publishing Company.
Milton, John. 1667. Paradise lost. A poem written in ten books. London: Peter Parker, Robert Boulter, and Matthias Walker.
Miquel Friedrich Anton, Wilhelm. 1855–60. Flora van Nederlandsch Indië. (Flora Indiae Batavae.) 3 vols. in 4 and Supplement. Amsterdam and Utrecht: C. G. van der Post. Utrecht: C. van der Post.
Mirbel, Charles François Brisseau de. 1835. Recherches anatomiques et physiologiques sur le Marchantia polymorpha, pour servir a l'histoire du tissu cellulaire, de l'épiderme et des stomates. Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences de l'Institut de France 13: 337–436.
[Mivart St George, Jackson.] 1869. Difficulties of the theory of natural selection. Month 11: 35–53. 134–53, 274–89.
[Mivart St George, Jackson.] 1871a. On the genesis of species. London: Macmillan and Co.
[Mivart St George, Jackson.] 1871b. On the genesis of species. 2d edition. London and New York: Macmillan and Co.
[Mivart St George, Jackson.] 1871c. Darwin's Descent of man. Quarterly Review 131: 47–90.
[Mivart St George, Jackson.] 1874. Primitive man: Tylor and Lubbock. [Essay review of the works of John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor.] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77.
[Mivart St George, Jackson.]. 1876. Lessons from nature, as manifested in mind and matter. London: John Murray.
ML: More letters of Charles Darwin: a record of his work in a series of hitherto unpublished letters. Edited by Francis Darwin and Albert Charles Seward. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1903.
Modern English biography: Modern English biography, containing many thousand concise memoirs of persons who have died since the year 1850. By Frederick Boase. 3 vols. and supplement (3 vols.). Truro, Cornwall: the author. 1892–1921.
Mohl, Hugo von. 1827. Ueber den Bau und das Winden der Ranken und Schlingpflanzen. Tübingen: Heinrich Laupp.
Möller, Alfred, ed. 1915–21. Fritz Müller. Werke, Briefe und Leben. 3 vols in 5. Jena: Gustav Fischer.
Monteiro Joachim, John. 1875. Angola and the river Congo. 2 vols. London: Macmillan and Co.
Moore James, Richard. 1985. Darwin of Down: the evolutionist as squarsonnaturalist. In The Darwinian heritage, edited by David, Kohn. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press in association with Nova Pacifica (Wellington, NZ).
Morgan Lewis, Henry. 1868. The American beaver and his works. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co.
Morrell, Jack and Thackray, Arnold. 1981. Gentlemen of science. The early years of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Morren, Édouard. 1876. Note sur le rôle des ferments dans la nutrition des plantes. [Read 16 December 1876.] Bulletins de l'Académie Royale de Belgique 2d ser. 42: 1019–49.
Morris, John. 1845. On the occurrence of the genus Pollicipes in the Oxford Clay. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 15: 30–1.
Morris, John and Sharpe, Daniel. 1846. Description of eight species of brachiopodous shells from the Palaozoic rocks of the Falkland Islands. [Read 25 March 1846.] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 2: 274–8.
Morse Edward, Sylvester. 1876. Address to section B. [What American zoologists have done for evolution.] Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 25 (1876): 137–76.
Morton, Vanda. 1987. Oxford rebels. The life and friends of Nevil Story Maskelyne, 1823– 1911, pioneer Oxford scientist, photographer and politician. Gloucester: Alan Sutton.
Moseley Henry, Nottidge. 1874. On the structure and development of Peripatus capensis. [Read 21 May 1874.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 164: 757–82.
Moseley Henry, Nottidge. 1879. Notes by a naturalist on the ‘Challenger’, being an account of various observations made during the voyage of H.M.S. ‘Challenger’ round the world, in the years 1872–1876. London: Macmillan and Co.
Moulton Hugh, Fletcher. 1922. The life of Lord Moulton. London: Nisbet & Co.
Movement in plants: The power of movement in plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1880.
Mühry, Adolf. 1858. Klimatologische Untersuchungen; oder, Grundzüge der Klimatologie in ihrer Beziehung auf die Gesundheits-Verhältnisse der Bevölkerungen. Mit einer geographisch geordneten, die gesammte Erde umfassenden Sammlung klimatographischer Schilderungen. Leipzig and Heidelberg: C.F. Wintersche Verlagshandlung.
Muller, F. M. 1978. Seedlings of the north-western European lowland: a flora of seedlings. The Hague: W. Junk.
Müller, Friedrich. 1868. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859: anthropologischer Theil 3. Vienna: Kaiserlich-Königlichen Hof- und Staats-druckerei.
Müller, Fritz. 1864. Für Darwin. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Müller, Fritz. 1876. Ueber das Haarkissen am Blattstiel der Imbauba (Cecropia), das Gemüsebeet der Imbauba-ameise. Jenaische Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft 10: 281– 6.
Müller, Fritz. 1883. Biologische Beobachtungen an Blumen Südbrasiliens. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 1: 165–9.
Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die gegenseitigen Anpassungen beider. Ein Beitrag zur Erkenntniss des ursächlichen Zusammenhanges in der organischen Natur. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Müller, Hermann. 1873–7. On the fertilisation of flowers by insects and on the reciprocal adaptations of both. Nature, 3 July 1873, pp. 187–9; 10 July 1873, pp. 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. 129–30; 12 November 1874, pp. 32–3; 10 December 1874, pp. 110– 12; 31 December 1874, pp. 169–71; 20 May 1875, pp. 50–1; 8 July 1875, pp. 190–1; 13 January 1876, pp. 210–12; 10 February 1876, pp. 289–92; 22 June 1876, pp. 173–5; 8 February 1877, pp. 317–19; 29 March 1877, pp. 473–5; 11 October 1877, pp. 507–9.
Müller, Hermann. 1875–6. Die Bedeutung der Honigbiene für unsere Blumen. Bienen-Zeitung: Organ des Vereins der deutschen Bienenwirthe 31 (1875): 81–2. 102–4, 109–11, 122–5, 138– 41, 165–9; 32 (1876): 20–2, 119–23, 176–84.
Müller, Hermann. 1881. Alpenblumen, ihre Befruchtung durch Insekten: und ihre Anpassungen an dieselben. Leipzig: W. Engelmann.
Müller, Hermann. 1883. The fertilisation of flowers. Translated and edited by D'Arcy W., Thompson. London: Macmillan and Co.
Müller Philipp Wilbrand, Jacob. 1818. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Gattung Claviger. Magazin der Entomologie 3: 69–112.
Müller, Salomon and Schlegel, Hermann. 1842. Over der wilde Zweijnen van den Indischen Archipel. In Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overzeesche bezittingen door de Leden der Natuurkundige Commissie in Indië en andere schrijvers, edited by Coenraad Jacob, Temminck. Leiden: In commissie bij. S. en J. Luchtmans en C.C. van der Hoek.
Murchison, Charles, ed. 1868. Palaontological memoirs and notes of the late Hugh Falconer … With a biographical sketch of the author. 2 vols. London: Robert Hardwicke.
Murchison Roderick, Impey and Geikie, Archibald. 1861. First sketch of a new geological map of Scotland with explanatory notes. Edinburgh: William & A. K. Johnston, and W. Blackwood; London: E. Stanford.
Murphy, Donal. 2009. Darwin's Limerick nemesis: Charles O'Shaughnessy. North Munster Antiquarian Journal 49: 55–8.
Murphy Joseph, John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion with the laws of matter and force: a series of scientific essays. 2 vols. London: Macmillan and Co.
Murray, Andrew. 1862. On the geographical relations of the Coleoptera of Old Calabar. [Read 6 February 1862.]Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 23: 449–55.
Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his publisher. Science Progress in the Twentieth Century 3: 537–42.
Nägeli, Carl Wilhelm von. 1863–81. Botanische Mittheilungen. 3 vols. Munich: F. Straub.
Nägeli, Carl Wilhelm von. 1865. Entstehung und Begriff der naturhistorischen Art. 2d edition. Munich: Verlag der königl. Akademie.
Nägeli, Carl Wilhelm von. 1866a. Ueber die systematische Behandlung der Hieracien rücksichtlich der Mittelformen. [Read 10 March 1866.] Sitzungsberichte der königl. bayer. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München (1866) pt 1: 324–53.
Nägeli, Carl Wilhelm von. 1866b. Ueber die systematische Behandlung der Hieracien rücksichtlich des Umfanges des Species. [Read 21 April 1866.] Sitzungsberichte der königl. bayer. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München (1866) pt 1: 437–72.
Nägeli, Carl Wilhelm von. 1866c. Ueber die Innovation bei den Hieracien und ihre systematische Bedeutung. [Read 10 November and 15 December 1866.] Sitzungsberichte der königl. bayer. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München (1866) pt 2: 293–327, 496–524.
Nägeli, Carl Wilhelm von. 1866d. Ueber die Zwischenformen zwischen den Pflanzenarten. [Read 16 February 1866.] Sitzungsberichte der königl. bayer. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München (1866) pt 1: 190–235.
Nares George, Strong. 1878. Narrative of a voyage to the Polar Sea during 1875–6 in H.M. ships ‘Alert’ and ‘Discovery’. With notes on the natural history. Edited by H. W., Feilden. 2 vols. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington.
Narrative: Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty's ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839.
Natural selection: Charles Darwin's Natural selection: being the second part of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1975.
Navy list: The navy list. London: John Murray; Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1815– 1900.
NBL: Norsk biografisk leksikon. Edited by Edvard Bull et al. 19 vols. Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co. 1923–83.
NBU: Nouvelle biographie universelle depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'a nos jours, avec les renseignements bibliographiques et l'indication des sources a consulter. Edited by Jean Chrétien Ferdinand Hoefer. 46 vols. in 23. Paris: Firmin Didot Freres. 1852–66.
NDB: Neue deutsche Biographie. Under the auspices of the Historical Commission of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. 25 vols. (A–Teck) to date. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. 1953–.
New international encyclopedia 2d ed. Edited by Frank Moore Colby and Talcott Williams. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company. 1914–30.
Newman, Edward. 1840. A history of British ferns. London: John van Voorst.
Newman William, A. 1993. Darwin and cirripedology. History of Carcinology. Crustacean Issues 8: 349–434.
Newmann, Kate, comp. 1993. Dictionary of Ulster biography. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies, Queen's University of Belfast.
Newport, George. 1845–7. On the natural history, anatomy and development of the oil beetle, Meloë, more especially of Meloë cicatricosus, Leach. First memoir. The natural history of Meloë. Second memoir. The history and general anatomy of Meloë, and its affinities, compared with those of the Strepsiptera and Anoplura, with reference to the connexion which exists between structure, function and instinct. [Read 18 November 1845 and 19 January 1847].Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 20 (1846–51): 297–357.
Newton, Alfred. 1893–6. A dictionary of birds. Assisted by Hans Gadow, with contributions from Richard Lydekker, Charles S. Roy, and Robert W. Shufeldt. 4 parts. London: Adam and Charles Black.
Nicholas, Thomas. 1872. Annals and antiquities of the counties and county families of Wales. 2 vols. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, & Co.
Nicols, Arthur. 1877. The puzzle of life and how it has been put together: a short history of vegetable and animal life upon the earth from the earliest times: including an account of pre-historic man, his weapons, tools, and works. London: Longmans, Green & Co.
Niehuis, Manfred. 2012. Pfarrer Philipp Wilbrand Jacob Müller (*4. Oktober 1771 - 31. März 1851): ein bedeutender Insektenkundler aus Odenbach a. Glan. Mainz: Naturhistorisches Museum.
Nisbet Hugh, Barr. 1970. Herder and the philosophy and history of science. Cambridge: Modern Humanties Research Association.
NNBW: Nieuw Nederlandsch biografisch Woordenboek. Edited by P. C. Molhuysen et al. 10 vols. Leiden: A. W. Sijthoff's Uitgevers-Maatschappij. 1911–37.
NNBW: Nieuw Nederlandsch biografisch Woordenboek. Edited by P. C. Molhuysen et al. 10 vols. Leiden: A. W. Sijthoff's Uitgevers-Maatschappij. 1911–37.
Nobbe, Friedrich, et al. 1871. Ueber die organische Leistung des Kalium in der Pflanze: Mittheilungen aus der physiologischen Versuchs-Station Tharand. Chemnitz: Focke.
Nobbe, Friedrich and Siegert, Theodor. 1864. Beiträge zur Pflanzencultur in wässrigen Nährstofflösungen. Die Landwirthschaftlichen Versuchs-stationen 6: 19–45.
Notable American women: Notable American women, 1607–1950: a biographical dictionary. Edited by Edward T. James et al. 3 vols. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 1971.
Nöthlich, Rosemarie. 2009. Wilhelm Breitenbach (1856–1937) Zoologe, Verleger und Monist: eine Analyse seines Wirkens. Berlin: Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung.
Nöthlich, Rosemarie, et al. 2006. 'Ich acquirirte das Schwein sofort, ließ nach dem Niederstechen die Pfoten abhacken u. schickte dieselben an Darwin'____ Der Briefwechsel von Otto Zacharias mit Ernst Haeckel (1874–1898). Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 11: 177–248.
Novara expedition. 1861–75. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. 9 vols. in 19. Vienna: Kaiserlich-Königlichen Hof- und Staatsdruckerei.
Novoa, Adriana and Levine, Alex. 2010. From man to ape: Darwinism in Argentina, 1870– 1920. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.
Nowakowski, Leon. 1876. Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Chytridiaceen II. Polyphagus Euglenae, eine Chytridiacee mit geschechtlicher Fortpflanzung. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 2 (1876–7): 201–19.
NUC: The national union catalog. Pre-1956 imprints. 685 vols. and supplement (69 vols.). London and Chicago: Mansell. 1968–81.
O'Leary, Patrick. 1989. Sir James Mackintosh: the Whig Cicero. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.
O'Shaughnessy, Charles. 1876. Darwin confounded. Cork: Francis Guy.
O'Shaughnessy, David. 2009. Evolution confounded: Charles O'Shaughnessy's rebutto;Shaughnessy, David. 2009. Evolution confounded: Charles O'Shaughnessy's rebuttal of Darwin. History Ireland 17 (3): 24–7.
OBL: Österreichisches biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950. Edited by Leo Santifaller et al. 12 vols. and 8 fascicles of vol. 13 (A–Tůma Karel) to date. Vienna: Osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1957–.
ODNB: Oxford dictionary of national biography: from the earliest times to the year 2000. (Revised edition.) Edited by H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. 60 vols. and index. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2004.
OED: The Oxford English dictionary. Being a corrected re-issue with an introduction, supplement and bibliography of a new English dictionary. Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1970. A supplement to the Oxford English dictionary. 4 vols. Edited by R. W. Burchfield. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1972–86. The Oxford English dictionary. 2d edition. 20 vols. Prepared by J. A. Simpson and E. S. C. Weiner. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1989. Oxford English dictionary additional series. 3 vols. Edited by John Simpson et al. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1993–7.
Ogg James, G., et al. 2008. The concise geologic time scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Olson, Carl. 2007. The many colors of Hinduism: a thematic-historical introduction. New Brunswick, N.J., and London: Rutgers University Press.
Orchids: On the various contrivances by which British and foreign orchids are fertilised by insects, and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862.
Orchids 2d ed.: The various contrivances by which British and foreign orchids are fertilised by insects, and the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. Second edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877.
Orchids 2d US ed.: The various contrivances by which orchids are fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. Second edition, revised. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877.
Origin: On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races Bibliography 785 in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859.
Origin 2d ed.: On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1860.
Origin 3d ed.: On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. 3d edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861.
Origin 4th ed.: On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. 4th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1866.
Origin 5th ed.: On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. 5th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869.
Origin 6th ed.: The origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. 6th edition, with additions and corrections. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872.
Origin (1876): The origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. 6th edition, with additions and corrections to 1872. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876.
Origin US ed.: On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. A new edition, revised and augmented by the author. By Charles Darwin. New York: D. Appleton. 1860.
Origin 2d US ed.: On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. From the fifth London edition, with additions and corrections. New York: D. Appleton. 1870.
Ornithological notes: Darwin's ornithological notes. Edited by Nora Barlow. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Historical Series 2 (1959–63): 203–78.
Orton, James. 1876. The Andes and the Amazon, or, Across the continent of South America. 3d edition. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Osborne Michael, A. 2014. The emergence of tropical medicine in France. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
Owen, Richard. 1837. A description of the cranium of the Toxodon platensis, a gigantic extinct mammiferous species, referrible by its dentition to the Rodentia, but with affinities to the Pachydermata and the herbivorous Cetacea. [Read 19 April 1837.] Proceedings of the Geological Society of London 2 (1833–8): 541–2.
Owen, Richard. 1843. Lectures on the comparative anatomy and physiology of the invertebrate animals. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.
Owen, Richard. 1848. On the archetypes and homologies of the vertebrate skeleton. London: John Van Voorst.
Oxford classical dictionary. 4th edition, revised. Edited by Simon Hornblower, Antony Spawforth, and Esther Eidinow. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012.
Palm Ludwig, Heinrich. 1827. Ueber das Winden der Pflanzen: eine botanisch-physiologische Abhandlung, welche von der medicinischen Facultät der Universität Tübingen im Jahr 1826 als Preisschrift gekrönt wurde. Tübingen: Christian Richter.
‘Pampean formation’: On the thickness of the Pampean formation, near Buenos Ayres. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 December 1862.] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 19 (1863): 68–71. [Shorter publications, pp. 342–5.]
Pancaldi, Giuliano. 1991. Darwin in Italy. Science across cultural frontiers. Translated by Ruey Brodine Morelli. Updated and expanded edition. Bloomington and Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana University Press.
‘Parallel roads of Glen Roy’: Observations on the parallel roads of Glen Roy, and of other parts of Lochaber in Scotland, with an attempt to prove that they are of marine origin. By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 129: 39–81. [Shorter publications, pp. 50–88.]
Parow, Wilhelm. 1876. Der Gottes-Begriff, die Unsterblichkeit und die sittliche Idee gegenüber dem Darwinismus. Ein Vortrag. Leipzig: J. G. Findel.
Pedicino Nicola, Antonio. 1875. Della impollinazione nella Thalia dealbata, Fraso, e del modo di ricercare sperimentalmente i processi di impollinazione. Rendiconto dell'Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche 14: 25–7.
Pennant, Thomas. 1793. History of quadrupeds. 3d edition. 2 vols. London: B. & J. White.
Penzig, Ottone. 1905. Commemorazione di Federico Delpino. Malpighia 19: 294–310.
Phillips, John. 1848. The Malvern Hills compared with the Palaozoic districts of Abberley, Woolhope, May Hill, Tortworth and Usk. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain 2: 1–386.
Physicians: The roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London. By William Munk. 2d edition, revised and enlarged. 3 vols. London: Royal College of Physicians. 1878. Lives of the fellows of the Royal College of Physicians of London. Compiled by G. H. Brown et al. 5 vols. London: Royal College of Physicians. Oxford and Washington, D.C.: IRL Press. 1955–89.
Piderit, Theodor. 1867. Wissenschaftliches System der Mimik und Physiognomik. Detmold: Klingenberg'sche Buchhandlung.
Planchon Jules, Emile. 1876. Les plantes carnivores. Revue des deux mondes 3d ser. 13: 631–59.
Plarr Victor, Gustave. 1930. Plarr's lives of the fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Revised by Sir D'Arcy, Power. 2 vols. London: Simpkin Marshall.
Plumptre Charles, John. 1876. King's College lectures on elocution; or, the physiology and culture of voice and speech, and the expression of the emotions by language, countenance, and gesture. New edition. London: T. J. Allman.
Podgorny, Irina. 2013. Fossil dealers, the practices of comparative anatomy and British diplomacy in Latin America, 1820–1840. British Journal for the History of Science 46: 647–74.
Polhemus Robert, M. 1968. The changing world of Anthony Trollope. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Polski Słownik biograficzny. Edited by Wladyslaw Konopczyński et al. 49 vols. and 3 fascicles of vol. 50 (A–Ściskała Dominik) to date. Krakow: Nakadem Polskiej Akademji Umiejtności. 1935–
Porter, Dorothy. 1999. Health, civilization and the state: a history of public health from ancient to modern times. London: Routledge.
Post Office directory of Gloucestershire, with Bath, Bristol, Herefordshire, and Shropshire: Post Office directory of Gloucestershire, with Bath, Bristol, Herefordshire, and Shropshire. Post Office directory of Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Shropshire, and the City of Bristol. Post Office directory of Shropshire, Herefordshire, and Gloucestershire, with the City of Bristol. London: Kelly & Co. 1856–79.
Post Office directory of Hampshire, Dorsetshire, and Wiltshire: Post Office directory of Hampshire, Dorsetshire, and Wiltshire. Post Office directory of Dorsetshire, Wiltshire, and Hampshire, including the Isle of Wight. London: Kelly & Co. 1848–75.
Post Office directory of Lincolnshire: Post Office directory of Lincolnshire. Kelly's directory of Lincolnshire. London: Kelly and Co. 1849–1937.
Post Office directory of the six home counties: Post Office directory of the six home counties, viz., Essex, Herts, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. London: W. Kelly & Co. 1845–78.
Post Office London directory: Post-Office annual directory. … A list of the principal merchants, traders of eminence, &c. in the cities of London and Westminster, the borough of Southwark, and parts adjacent … general and special information relating to the Post Office. Post Office London directory. London: His Majesty's Postmaster-General [and others]. 1802– 1967.
Pratt, Anne. [1854.] The flowering plants and ferns of Great Britain. 5 vols. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.
Pretzsch, Karl. 1975. Verzeichnis der Breslauer Universitätsschriften, 1811–1885. Hildesheim: G. Olms.
Quadri, Achille. 1869. Note alla teoria Darwiniana. Bologna: Giuseppe Vitali.
Quatrefages, Armand de. 1868–9. Origines des especes animales et végétales. Revue des deux mondes 2d ser. 78 (1868): 832–60; 79 (1869): 208–40; 80 (1869): 64–95, 397–432, 638–72.
Quatrefages, Armand de. 1870. Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français. Etude sur le transformisme. Paris: Germer Bailliere.
Raby, Peter. 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace: a life. London: Chatto & Windus.
Radenhausen, Christian. 1874–6. Osiris: Weltgesetze in der Erdgeschichte. 3 vols. Hamburg: Otto MeissnerOtto Meissner.
Radovanović, Milan, trans. 1878. Postanak fela pomoću prirodnog odbiranja ili odrzhavanje ponjegovanih rasa u borbi za zhivot. By Charles, Darwin. (Translation of Origin 6th ed.) Belgrade: State printer.
Ramaswamy, Sumathi. 2004. The lost land of Lemuria: fabulous geographies, catastrophic histories. Berkeley, Calif., and London: University of California Press.
Randau, R. 1869. Un naturaliste dans l'Archipel Malais. [Review of A. R. Wallace, The Malay Archipelago.] Revue des deux mondes 2d ser. 83: 675–706.
Ray Peter, M. and Chisaki Haru, F. 1957. Studies on Amsinckia. I. A synopsis of the genus, with a study of heterostyly in it. American Journal of Botany 44: 529–36.
Raymond Rossiter, W. 1889. Evolution of animal life. In Evolution: popular lectures and discussions before the Brooklyn Ethical Association. Boston: James H. West.
‘Recollections’: Recollections of the development of my mind and character. By Charles Darwin. In Evolutionary writings, edited by James A. Secord. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2008.
Record of the Royal Society of London: The record of the Royal Society of London for the promotion of natural knowledge. 4th edition. London: Royal Society. 1940.
Redding Thomas, B. 1882. Osmic acid. Its uses and advantages in microscopical investigations. Proceedings of the American Society of Microscopists 4: 183–6.
Reeks, Margaret. 1920. Register of the associates and old students of the Royal School of Mines and history of the Royal School of Mines. 2 vols. London: Royal School of Mines (Old Students') Association.
Reilly Catherine, W. 2000. Mid-Victorian poetry, 1860–1879: an annotated biobibliography. London: Mansell.
Reinke, Johannes. 1873. Ueber die Function der Blattzähne und die morphologische Werthigkeit einiger Laubblatt-Nectarien. Nachrichten von der Königl. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften und der Georg-Augusts-Universität zu Göttingen (1873): 822–7.
Report of the geological exploration of the fortieth parallel: Report of the geological exploration of the fortieth parallel, made by order of the secretary of war according to Acts of Congress of March 2, 1867, and March 3, 1869, under the direction of Brig. and Bvt. Major General A. A. Humphreys, chief of engineers. By Clarence King. 7 vols. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1870–80.
Report of the Royal Commission on vivisection: Report of the Royal Commission on the practice of subjecting live animals to experiments for scientific purposes; with minutes of evidence and appendix; 1876 (C.1397, C.1397-1) XLI.277, 689. House of Commons Parliamentary Papers.
Reptiles: Reptiles. Pt 5 of The zoology of the voyage of HMS Beagle. By Thomas Bell. Edited and superintended by Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1843.
Rérolle, Louis, trans. 1870. De la fécondation des orchidées par les insectes et des bons résultats du croisement. By Charles, Darwin. (French translation of Orchids.) Paris: C. Reinwald.
Richardson Benjamin, Ward. 1876. Abstract report to ‘Nature’ on experimentation on animals for the advance of practical medicine. Nature, 15 June 1876, pp. 149–52; 22 June 1876, pp. 170–2; 29 June 1876, pp. 197–9; 20 July 1876, pp. 250–2; 3 August 1876, pp. 289–91; 17 August 1876, pp. 339–41; 31 August 1876, pp. 369–72.
Richardson Edmund, William. 1916. A veteran naturalist; being the life and work of W. B. Tegetmeier. London: Witherby & Co.
Richardson, H. D. 1847. Pigs; their origin and varieties, management with a view to profit, and treatment under disease; also, plain directions relative to the most approved modes of curing and preserving their flesh. Dublin: McGlashan. Rieck, Werner, et al. 2001. Die Geschichte der Herpetologie und Terrarienkunde im deutschsprachigen Raum. Mertensiella no. 12. Rheinbach: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Herpetologie und Terrarienkunde.
Rioux, Jean-Antoine. 2011. Ecologie, évolution: un précurseur montpelliérain, Charles-Frédéric Martins, directeur exemplaire du Jardin des plantes. [Read 3 October 2011.] Bulletin de l'Academie des sciences et lettres de Montpellier 42: 325–43.
Rohden, Ludwig. 1875. Beiträge zur Lehre von der chronischen Lungenschwindsucht. In Form einer Polemik gegen die Arbeiten des Dr. Brehmer zu Görbersdorf. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh.
Rolleston, George. 1870. Forms of animal life: being outlines of zoological classification based upon anatomical investigation and illustrated by descriptions of specimens and of figures. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Rolleston, George. 1875a. Address to the Department of Anthropology. Report of the 45th Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1875), Transactions of the sections, pp. 142–56.
Rolleston, George. 1875b. On the people of the long barrow period. [Read 13 April 1875.] Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 5 (1876): 120–73.
Rolleston, George. 1875c. Note on the animal remains found at Cissbury. [Read 23 November 1875.] Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 6 (1877): 20–36.
Rolleston, George. 1876. On the domestic pig of prehistoric times in Britain, and on the mutual relations of this variety of pig and Sus scrofa ferus, Sus cristatus, Sus andamanensis, and Sus barbatus. [Read 15 June 1876.] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (Zoology) 2d ser. 1 (1875–9): 251–86.
Romanes Ethel, Duncan. 1896. The life and letters of George John Romanes M.A., LL.D., F.R.S. London, New York, and Bombay: Longmans, Green, and Co.
Romanes George, John. 1875. The Croonian lecture.____ Preliminary observations on the locomotor system of medusa. [Read 16 December 1875.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 166 (1876): 269–313.
Romanes George, John. 1876. The physiology of the nervous system of medusae. [Read 28 April 1876.] Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 (1875–8): 166–77.
Romanes George, John. 1876–7. An account of some new species, varieties, and monstrous forms of medusa. [Read 6 April 1876 and 18 January 1877.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 12 (1876): 524–31. 13 (1878): 190–4.
Romanes George, John. 1877. Further observations on the locomotor system of the medusa. [Read 11 January 1877.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 167: 659–752.
Romano Terrie, M. 2002. Making medicine scientific: John Burdon Sanderson and the culture of Victorian science. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Roos David, A. 1981. The ‘aims and intentions’ of Nature. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 360: 159–80.
Ross James, Clark. 1847. A voyage of discovery and research in the southern and Antarctic regions, during the years 1839–43. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Royal Society catalogue of scientific papers: Catalogue of scientific papers (1800–1900). Compiled and published by the Royal Society of London. 19 vols. and index (3 vols.). London:
Royal Society of London. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1867–1925.
Ruck, Berta. 1935. A story-teller tells the truth: reminiscences & notes. London: Hutchinson & Co.
Rüdinger, Nicolaus. 1876. Beiträge zur Anatomie des Gehörorganes: der venösen Blutbahnen der Schädelhöhle, sowie der überzähligen Finger. Munich: Literarisch-artistische Anstalt (Th. Riedel).
Rudwick Martin John, Spencer. 1974. Darwin and Glen Roy: A ‘great failure’ in scientific method? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 5 (1974–5): 97–185.
Rudwick Martin John, Spencer. 2005. Bursting the limits of time: the reconstruction of geohistory in the age of revolution. London and Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Runciman, Steven. 2012. The Sicilian vespers: a history of the Mediterranean world in the later thirteenth century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rupke Nicolaas, A. 1985. Richard Owen's Hunterian lectures on comparative anatomy and physiology, 1837–55. Medical History 29: 237–58.
Russell Colin, Archibald. 1996. Edward Frankland: chemistry, controversy and conspiracy in Victorian England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rutt, Richard. 1987. A history of hand knitting. London: Batsford.
Sachs, Julius. 1865. Handbuch der Experimental-Physiologie der Pflanzen: Untersuchungen über die allgemeinen Lebensbedingungen der Pflanzen und die Functionen ihrer Organe. Vol. 4 of Handbuch der physiologischen Botanik, edited by Anton de, Bary, Thilo, Irmisch, and Julius, Sachs. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Sachs, Julius. 1868. Physiologie végétale: recherches sur les conditions d'existence des plantes et sur le jeu de leurs organes. Translated by Marc, Micheli. Paris: Victor Masson et Fils.
Sachs, Julius. 1873. Lehrbuch der Botanik nach dem gegenwärtigen Stand der Wissenschaft. 3d edition. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Sachs, Julius. 1874. Lehrbuch der Botanik nach dem gegenwärtigen Stand der Wissenschaft. 4th edition. Leipzig: W. Engelmann.
Sachs, Julius. 1875a. Text-book of botany: morphological and physiological. Translated and annotated by Alfred W., Bennett, assisted by W. T., Thiselton-Dyer. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Sachs, Julius. 1875b. Geschichte der Botanik vom 16. Jahrhundert bis 1860. Munich: R. Oldenbourg.
Sachs, Julius. 1882. Text-book of botany: morphological and physiological. Edited, with an appendix, by Sydney H., Vines. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Saporta, Gaston de. 1867–8. Etudes sur la végétation du sud-est de la France. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Botanique 5th ser. 8 (1867): 5–136; 9 (1868): 5–62.
Saporta, Gaston de. 1869. L'école transformiste et ses derniers travaux. Revue des deux mondes 2d ser. 83: 635–74.
Saporta, Gaston de. 1873. Sur les caracteres propres a la végétation pliocene, a propos des découvertes de M. J. Rames, dans le Cantal. [Read 17 February 1873.] Bulletin de la Société géologique de France 3d ser. 1 (1872–3): 212–32.
Saporta, Gaston de. 1877. Préliminaires d'une étude des chenes européens vivants et fossiles comparés; définition des races actuelles; données paléontologiques. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences 84: 244–7. 287–90.
Saporta, Gaston de. 1888. Origine paléontologique des arbres cultivés ou utilisés par l'homme. Paris: J. B. Bailliere & Fils.
Saporta, Gaston de and Marion, Antoine-Fortuné. 1876. Recherches sur les végétaux fossiles de Meximieux. Lyons: H. Georg.
Sarjeant William, A. S. 1980–96. Geologists and the history of geology: an international bibliography. 10 vols. including supplements. London: Macmillan. Malabar, Fla.: Robert E. Krieger Publishing.
SBL: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Edited by Bertil Boëthius et al. 33 vols. and 2 fascicles of vol. 34 (A–de Suremain) to date. Stockholm: Albert Bonnier and P. A. Norstedt. 1918–.
Schacht, Hermann. 1854. Beiträge zur Anatomie und Physiologie der Gewächse. Berlin: G. W. F. Müller.
Scherren, Henry. 1905. The Zoological Society of London: a sketch of its foundation and development and the story of its farm, museum, gardens, menagerie and library. London: Cassell.
Scherzer, Karl von. 1873. La province de Smyrne: considérée au point de vue géographique, économique et intellectuel. Vienna: Alfred Hölder.
Scheuchzer Johann, Jacob. 1726. Homo diluvii testis et publicaeexpositus. Zurich: Joh. Henricus Byrgklinus.
Schiff, Moritz. 1867. Leçons sur la physiologie de la digestion, faites au Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Florence. 2 vols. Florence: Hermann Loescher.
Schiff, Moritz. 1874. Sopra il metodo seguito negli esperimenti sugli animali viventi nel laboratorio di fisiologia di Firenze. 2d edition. Florence: Andrea Bettini.
S[chlechtenda]l, [D. F. L.]. 1864. Personal-Nachrichten [Hermann Crüger]. Botanische Zeitung 22: 119–20.
Schleiden Matthias, Jacob. 1861. Grundzüge der wissenschaftlichen Botanik nebst einer methodologishen Einleitung als Anleitung zum Studium der Pflanze. 4th edition. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Schmid, Rudolf. 1876. Die Darwin'schen Theorien und ihre Stellung zur Philosophie, Religion und Moral. Stuttgart: Paul Moser.
Schneider Carl Friedrich, Adolph. 1863. Bijdrage tot de geologische kennis van Timor. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 25: 87–10.
Sclater Philip, Lutley. 1857. On the general geographical distribution of the members of the class Aves. [Read 16 June 1857.] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 2: 130–45.
Sclater Philip, Lutley. 1864. The mammals of Madagascar. Quarterly Journal of Science 1: 213–19.
Scott, John. 1864. Observations on the functions and structure of the reproductive organs in the Primulacea. [Read 4 February 1864.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 8 (1865): 78–126.
Scott, John. 1874. Report on the experimental culture of the opium poppy with observations on its drug-yielding properties, and the more prevalent and serious forms of disease and injury to which the plant is subject for the season ending 15th April 1874. Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Press.
Scott, John. 1876. Annual report on the experimental poppy gardens at Deegah and Meetapore for the season ending 31st May 1875. Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Press.
Secord, Anne. 2003. ‘Be what you would seem to be’: Samuel Smiles, Thomas Edward, and the making of a working-class scientific hero. Science in Context 16: 147–73.
Secord James, Andrew. 1981. Nature's fancy: Charles Darwin and the breeding of pigeons. Isis 72: 162–86.
Secord James, Andrew. 1991. The discovery of a vocation: Darwin's early geology. British Journal for the History of Science 24: 133–57.
Secord James, Andrew, ed. 2010. Charles Darwin: evolutionary writings. Oxford World Classics series. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sedgwick, William. 1861. On sexual limitation in hereditary disease. British and Foreign Medico-Chirurgical Review n.s. 27: 477–89; 28: 198–214. Seemann, Berthold Carl. 1865–73. Flora Vitiensis: a description of the plants of the Viti or Fiji islands, with an account of their history, uses, and properties. London: L. Reeve and Co.
Seidlitz, Georg. 1876. Beiträge zur Descendenz-Theorie. Leipzig: W. Engelmann.
Senryuan, Fujiwara and Fujiwara, Umehiko. 1840. Ninso haya manabi. [A guide to physiognomy.] 2 vols. Tokyo: n.p.
Sharpe, Daniel. 1846. On slaty cleavage. [Read 2 December 1846.] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 3 (1847): 74–105.
Sharpe Richard, Bowdler. 1893. An analytical index to the works of the late John Gould, F.R.S.. London: Henry Sotheran & Co.
Sharpey-Schafer Edward, Albert. 1927. History of the Physiological Society during its first fifty years, 1876–1926. London: Cambridge University Press.
Shipley, A. E. 1910. William Henry Dallinger, 1842–1909. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 29: 183–6.
Shorter publications: Charles Darwin's shorter publications, 1829–1883. Edited by John van Wyhe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2009.
Sidebotham, Joseph. 1847. Living heath and fossil tree. Phytologist 2 (pt 3): 778–9.
Sidgwick, Henry. 1876. The theory of evolution and its application to practice. Mind 1: 52–67.
Siebold, Karl Theodor Ernst von. 1864. Ueber Zwitterbienen. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie 14: 73–80.
Silva Paul, C. et al. 1996. Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Simpson James, Young. 1848. Cases of spontaneous amputation of the forearm, and subsequent rudimentary regeneration of the hand in the foetus. Monthly Journal of Medical Science n.s. 2: 890.
Smiles, Samuel. 1857. The life of George Stephenson, railway engineer. London: John Murray.
Smiles, Samuel. 1865. Lives of Boulton and Watt: principally from the original Soho mss. Comprising also a history of the invention and introduction of the steam-engine. London: John Murray.
Smiles, Samuel. 1876. Life of a Scotch naturalist: Thomas Edward, associate of the Linnean Society. London: John Murray.
Smith Henry, Stooks. 1973. The parliaments of England, from 1715 to 1847. 2d edition edited by F. W. S., Craig. Chichester: Political Reference Publications.
Smith Joshua, Toulmin. 1848. Ventriculida of the Chalk: their microscopic structure, affinities and classification; including figures and descriptions of every species. London: Richard and John E. Taylor.
Snodgrass Mary, Ellen. 2015. The Civil War era and reconstruction: an encyclopedia of social, political, cultural and economic history. Oxford and New York: Routledge.
Society for the Protection of Animals Liable to Vivisection. 1876. Statement of the Society for the Protection of Animals Liable to Vivisection, on the report of the Royal Commission on Vivisection. London: Society for the Protection of Animals Liable to Vivisection.
Sorby Henry, Clifton. 1876. The president's address. [Read 2 February 1876.] Monthly Microscopical Journal 15: 105–21.
Sorensen W., Conner. 1995. Brethren of the net. American entomology, 1840–1880. Tuscaloosa and London: University of Alabama Press. South America: Geological observations on South America. Being the third part of the geology of the voyage of the Beagle, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1846. Speake, Jennifer, ed. 2008. The Oxford dictionary of proverbs. 5th edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
‘Specific difference in Primula’: On the specific difference between Primula veris, Brit. Fl. (var. officinalis of Linn.), P. vulgaris, Brit. Fl. (var. acaulis, Linn.), and P elatior, Jacq.; and on the hybrid nature of the common oxlip. With supplementary remarks on naturally produced hybrids in the genus Verbascum. By Charles Darwin. [Read 19 March 1868.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 10 (1869): 437–54.
Spencer, Herbert. 1858–74. Essays: scientific, political, and speculative. 3 vols. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts; Williams & Norgate.
Spencer, Herbert. 1864–7. The principles of biology. 2 vols. London: Williams & Norgate. Sprengel, Christian Konrad. 1793. Das entdeckte Geheimniss der Natur im Bau und in der Befruchtung der Blumen. Berlin: Friedrich Vieweg.
Stace Clive, Anthony. 2010. New flora of the British Isles. 3d edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Steenstrup Johannes Japetus, Smith. 1873a. Sur les appareils tamiseurs ou fanons branchiaux du pélerin (Selachus maximus Gunn.). Résumé du Bulletin de l'Académie royale danoise des sciences et des lettres (1873): 8–10.
Steenstrup Johannes Japetus, Smith. 1873b. Om gjallegitteret eller gjallebarderne hos brugden (Selachus maximus (Gunn.)). Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs (1873): 47–66. Stenhouse, John. 1990. Darwin's captain: F. W. Hutton and the nineteenth-century Darwinian debates. Journal of the History of Biology 23: 411–42.
Steenstrup Johannes Japetus, Smith. 1999. Darwinism in New Zealand, 1859–1900. In Disseminating Darwinism: the role of place, race, religion, and gender, edited by Ronald L., Numbers and John, Stenhouse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stenton, Michael. 1976. Who's who of British members of Parliament, 1832–1885. Volume 1 of Who's who of British members of Parliament: a biographical dictionary of the House of Commons based on annual volumes of Dod's Parliamentary companion and other sources. Brighton: Harvester Press.
Stephen, Leslie. 1885. Life of Henry Fawcett. London: Smith, Elder.
Stephens William, Brewer. 1998. Education in Britain, 1750–1914. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Steudel Ernst, Gottlieb. 1841. Nomenclator botanicus: seu: synonymia plantarum universalis, enumerans ordine alphabetico nomina atque synonyma, tum generica tum specifica, et a Linnaeo et a recentioribus de re botanica scriptoribus plantis phanerogamis imposita. 2d edition. 2 parts. Stuttgart and Tübingen: J. G. Cotta.
[Stewart, Balfour, and Tait Peter, Guthrie.] 1875. The unseen universe; or physical speculations on a future state. London: Macmillan.
Strasburger Eduard, Adolf. 1876a. Sur la formation et la division des cellules. Translated by Jean-Jacques, Kickx. Jena: Herman Dabis.
Strasburger Eduard, Adolf. 1876b. Über Zellbildung und Zelltheilung. 2d edition. Jena: Hermann Dabis.
Strick, James. 2000. Sparks of life: Darwinism and the Victorian debates over spontaneous generation. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Sulivan Henry, Norton, ed. 1896. Life and letters of the late Admiral Sir Bartholomew James Sulivan, KCB, 1810–1890. London: John Murray.
Sully, James. 1874. Sensation and intuition: studies in psychology and aesthetics. London: Henry S. King & Co.
Sully, James. 1876. Physiological psychology in Germany. Mind 1: 20–43.
Sunderland, David. 2013. Financing the Raj: the City of London and colonial India, 1858– 1940. Woodbridge, Suffolk: The Boydell Press.
Swainson, William. 1836–7. On the natural history and classification of birds. 2 vols. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman; John Taylor.
Swingle, L. J. 1990. Romanticism and Anthony Trollope: a study in the continuities of nineteenthcentury literary thought. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Swinhoe, Robert. 1873. On the white stork of Japan. [Read 20 May 1873.] Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 512–14.
Swinney Geoffrey, N. 1999. A natural history collection in transition; Wyville Thomson and the relationship between the University of Edinburgh and the Edinburgh Museum of Science and Art. Journal of the History of Collections 11: 51–70.
Syrett, David and DiNardo, R. L., eds. 1994. The commissioned sea officers of the Royal Navy 1660–1815. Revised edition. Aldershot, Hants.: Scholar Press.
Szreter, Simon. 1996. Fertility, class and gender in Britain, 1860–1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tait, Lawson. 1874. The pathology and treatment of diseases of the ovaries; being the Hastings prize essay of 1873. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Tait, Lawson. 1876a. Preliminary note on the anatomy of the umbilical cord. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 24 (1875–6): 417–40.
Tait, Lawson. 1876b. Variation of animals and plants under domestication. Spectator, 4 March 1876, pp. 20–1, and 25 March 1876, pp. 18–19.
Tait, Lawson. 1876c. Evolution of our moral life. Birmingham Examiner: a Monthly Magazine of General Literature 1 (no. 3): 129–40.
Tait, Lawson. 1879. Researches on the digestive principles of plants. [Read 22 May 1879.] Proceedings of the Birmingham Philosophical Society 1 (1876–9) pt 2: 125–39.
Tait, Lawson. 1879–80. Notes on the structures of pitcher plants. Midland Naturalist 2 (1879): 265–8. 295–7; 3 (1880): 5–8, 58–62.
Tait, Lawson. 1885. Two essays on the law of evolution: I. The law of natural selection applied to man. II. The evolution of our moral life. Birmingham: Cornish Bros.
Tait Peter, Guthrie. 1876. Lectures on some recent advances in physical science with a special lecture on force. 2d edition. London: Macmillan and Co.
Taxonomic literature: Taxonomic literature. A selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types. By Frans A. Stafleu and Richard S. Cowan. 2d edition. 7 vols. Utrecht, Netherlands: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema. The Hague, Netherlands: W. Junk. 1976–88.
Taylor, Georgette. 2008. Tracing influence in small steps: Richard Kirwan's quantified affinity theory. Ambix 55: 209–31.
Tebbel, John. 1972. A history of book publishing in the United States. Vol. 1, The creation of an industry, 1630–1865. New York and London: R. R. Bowker.
Tegetmeier William, Bernhard. 1871. The homing or carrier pigeon (le pigeon voyageur): its history, general management, and method of training. London and New York: George Routledge and Sons.
Tennyson, Alfred. 1859. Idylls of the king. London: E. Moxon.
Thalbitzer, William. 1941. The Ammassalik Eskimo: contributions to the ethnology of the East Greenland natives. Copenhagen: C. A. Reitzels.
Thiselton-Dyer William, Turner. 1876. On the classification of the vegetable kingdom. Nature, 3 August 1876, pp. 293–5.
Thompson John, Vaughan. 1828–34. Zoological researches, and illustrations; or natural history of nondescript or imperfectly known animals, in a series of memoirs. Cork: King and Ridings.
Thomson, Charles Wyville. 1870. Regius professorship of natural history in the University of Edinburgh. Copy of application; with testimonials. n.p.: n.p.
Thomson George, Malcolm. 1884–5. Frederick Wollaston Hutton. New Zealand Journal of Science 2: 301–6.
Thomson, William. 1862c. On the rigidity of the earth. [Read 15 May 1862.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 153 (1863): 573–82.
Thomson, William. 1876. Address to the mathematics and physics section. Containing: review of evidence regarding the physical condition of the Earth: its internal temperature; the fluidity or solidity of its interior substance; the rigidity, elasticity, plasticity, of its external figure; and the permanance or variability of its period and axis of rotation. Report of the 46th Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1876), Transactions of the sections, pp. 1–12.
Thomson, William and Tait Peter, Guthrie. 1873. Elements of natural philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria’: On the sexual relations of the three forms of Lythrum salicaria. By Charles Darwin. [Read 16 June 1864.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 8 (1865): 169–96. [Collected papers 2: 106–31.]
‘Three sexual forms of Catasetum tridentatum’: On the three remarkable sexual forms of Catasetum tridentatum, an orchid in the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862.] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6 (1862): 151–7. [Collected papers 2: 63–70.]
Thuret Gustave, Adolphe. 1854–5. Recherches sur la fecondation des Fucacées, suivies d'observations sur les anthéridies des Algues. Annales des Sciences Naturelles (botanique) 4th ser. 2: 197–214; 3: 5–28.
Thwaites George Henry, Kendrick. 1858–64. Enumeratio plantarum Zeylania: an enumeration of Ceylon plants, with descriptions of the new and little-known genera and species, observations on their habits, uses, native names, etc. Assisted in the identification of the species and synonymy by J. D., Hooker. 5 pts. London: William Pamplin; Dulau & Co.
Ticknor, George. 1876. Life, letters, and journals of George Ticknor. Edited by George Stillman, Hillard. 2 vols. Boston: Osgood. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington.
Tillard, S. 1812. A narrative of the eruption of a volcano in the sea off the island of St. Michael. [Read 6 February 1812.] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 102: 152–8.
Tizard, T. H., et al. 1885. Narrative of the cruise of H.M.S. Challenger with a general account of the scientific results of the expedition. Vol. 1, part 1, of Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76, superintended by Charles Wyville, Thomson and John, Murray. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
Torbitt, James. 1875. Potato cultivation. [Read 14 April 1875.] Proceedings of the Belfast Natural History and Philosophical Society (1874–5): 112–25.
Torbitt, James. 1876. Cras credemus. A treatise on the cultivation of the potato from the seed, having for proposed results the extinction of the disease, and a yield of thirty, forty or more tons of tubers per statute acre. (Sent, accompanied by a packet of seed, to each member of the House of Lords; each member of the House of Commons; and the principal landlords of Ulster.) Belfast: printed by Alexander Mayne.
Torrey, John. 1871. Note on Hottonia inflata, Ell. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 2: 22.
Torrey, John and Gray, Asa. 1838–43. A flora of North America: containing abridged descriptions of all the known indigenous and naturalized plants growing north of Mexico; arranged according to the natural system. 2 vols. New York and London: Wiley & Putnam.
Tort, Patrick. 1996. Dictionnaire du Darwinisme et de l'evolution. 3 vols. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Trautschold Hermann, Adolfovich. 1861. Übergänge und Zwischenvarietäten. [Reprinted from the Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 33 (1860): 519–30.] Moscow: Buchdruckerei der kaiserlichen Universität.
Treat, Mary. 1876a. Is the valve of Utricularia sensitive? Harper's New Monthly Magazine 52: 382–7.
Treat, Mary. 1876b. Carnivorous plants of Florida. Harper's New Monthly Magazine 53: 546–8. 710–14.
Treat, Mary. 1877. Home observations in Florida. Harper's New Monthly Magazine 55: 365–8.
Treat, Mary. 1885. Home studies in nature. New York, Cincinnati, and Chicago: American Book Company.
Trécul, Auguste. 1855. Organisation des glandes pédicellées des feuilles du Drosera rotundifolia. Annales des sciences naturelles (botanique) 4th ser. 3: 303–11.
Tree, Isabella. 1991. The ruling passion of John Gould: a biography of the bird man. London: Barrie & Jenkins. Triennial catalogue of Dartmouth College: Triennial catalogue of Dartmouth College, including the officers of government and instruction, the graduates of the several departments, and all others who have received honorary degrees. Hanover, N.H.: [Dartmouth Press]. 1873.
Tristram Henry, Baker. 1859–60. On the ornithology of northern Africa. Ibis 1: 153–62. 277–301, 415–35; 2: 68–83.
Tristram Henry, Baker. 1860. The great Sahara: wanderings south of the Atlas mountains. London: John Murray.
Trollope, Anthony. 1862. Orley Farm. 2 vols. London: Chapman and Hall.
Turner, Gerard L'E. 1989. The great age of the microscope: the collection of the Royal Microscopical Society though 150 years. Bristol and New York: Adam Hilger.
‘Two forms in species of Linum’: On the existence of two forms, and on their reciprocal sexual relation, in several species of the genus Linum. By Charles Darwin. [Read 5 February 1863.] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 7 (1864): 69–83. [Collected papers 2: 93–105.]
Tylor Edward, Burnett. 1865. Researches into the early history of mankind and the development of civilization. London: John Murray.
Tylor Edward, Burnett. 1870. Researches into the early history of mankind and the development of civilization. 2d edition. London: John Murray.
Tylor Edward, Burnett. 1871. Primitive culture: researches into the development of mythology, philosophy, religion, art, and custom. 2 vols. London: John Murray.
Tylor Edward, Burnett. 1881. Anthropology : an introduction to the study of man and civilization. London: Macmillan & Co.
Tyndall, John. 1876a. The optical deportment of the atmosphere in relation to the phenomena of putrefaction and infection. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 166: 27–74.
Tyndall, John. 1876b. The parallel roads of Glen Roy. [Read 9 June 1876.] Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 (1875–8): 233–45.
Unger, Franz. 1867. Die fossile Flora von Kumi auf der Insel Euboea. Denkschriften der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Classe. 27 (1): 27–90.
Uschmann, Georg. 1984. Ernst Haeckel. Biographie in Briefen. Gütersloh: Prisma Verlag.
Variation: The variation of animals and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868.
Variation 2d ed.: The variation of animals and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875.
Variation US ed.: The variation of animals and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. New York: Orange Judd & Co. [1868.]
Variation 2d US ed.: The variation of animals and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton. 1876.
Voelcker, August. [1875.] Contributions to agricultural chemistry. 2 vols. London: n.p.
Volcanic islands: Geological observations on the volcanic islands, visited during the voyage of HMS Beagle, together with some brief notices on the geology of Australia and the Cape of Good Hope. Being the second part of the geology of the voyage of the Beagle, under the command of Capt. FitzRoy RN, during the years 1832 to 1836. By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1844.
‘Volcanic phenomena and the formation of mountain chains’: On the connexion of certain volcanic phenomena in South America; and on the formation of mountain chains and volcanos, as the effect of the same power by which continents are elevated. By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 March 1838.] Transactions of the Geological Society of London 2d ser. 5 (1840): 601–31. [Shorter publications, pp. 97–124.]
Vucinich, Alexander. 1988. Darwin in Russian thought. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Wagner, Moritz. 1875. Der Naturproceß der Artbildung. Das Ausland, 31 May 1875, pp. 425–8; 7 June 1875, pp. 449–52; 14 June 1875, pp. 473–5; 21 June 1875, pp. 490–3; 28 June 1875, pp. 513–16; 19 July 1875, pp. 570–5; 26 July 1875, pp. 589–93.
Wagner, Moritz. 1889. Die Entstehung der Arten durch räumliche Sonderung. Basel: Benno Schwabe.
Wake, Joan. 1952. The early days of the Northamptonshire Natural History Society. Northamptonshire Past and Present 1 (5): 39–52.
Walker, Alexander. 1838. Intermarriage; or, The mode in which, and the causes why, beauty, health and intellect, result from certain unions, and deformity, disease and insanity, from others. London: John Churchill.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1859. On the zoological geography of the Malay Archipelago. [Read 3 November 1859.] Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 4 (1860): 172–84.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1864a. On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution as illustrated by the Papilionida of the Malayan region. [Read 17 March 1864.] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 25 (1865–6): 1–71.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1864b. The origin of human races and the antiquity of man deduced from the theory of ‘natural selection’. [Read 1 March 1864.] Anthropological Review 2: clviii–clxx.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1869a. The Malay Archipelago: the land of the orang-utan, and the bird of paradise. A narrative of travel, with studies of man and nature. 2 vols. London: Macmillan and Co.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1869b. The origin of species controversy. [Review of Habit and intelligence, in their connection with the laws of matter and force, by Joseph John Murphy.] Nature, 25 November 1869, pp. 105–7; 2 December 1869, pp. 132–3.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1871. Review of Descent. Academy, 15 March 1871, pp. 177–83.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1874. A defence of modern spiritualism. Fortnightly Review 15: 630–57. 785–807.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1876a. The geographical distribution of animals, with a study of the relations of living and extinct faunas as elucidating the past changes of the earth's surface. 2 vols. London: Macmillan and Co.
Wallace Alfred, Russel. 1876b. [Review of St George Jackson Mivart's Lessons from nature, as manifested in mind and matter.] Academy, 10 June 1876, pp. 562–3; 17 June 1876, pp. 587–8.
Watts, Henry. 1872–4. A dictionary of chemistry and the allied branches of other sciences. 2d edition. 5 vols. London: Longman, Green, & Co.
Webb Philip, Barker and Berthelot, Sabin. 1836–50. Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries. 3 vols. in 9. and atlas. Paris: Béthune.
Wedgwood, Barbara and Wedgwood, Hensleigh. 1980. The Wedgwood circle, 1730– 1897: four generations of a family and their friends. London: Studio Vista.
Weindling, Paul. 1989. Health, race, and German politics between national unification and Nazism, 1870–1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Weinreich, Heinrich. 1993. Duftstofftheorie: Gustav Jaeger (1832–1917): vom Biologen zum ‘Seelenriecher’. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.
Weisbach, A. 1867. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair: Anthropologischer Theil. Zweite Abtheilung, ‘Körpermessungen’. Vienna: Kaiserlich-Königlichen Hofund Staatsdruckerei.
Weismann, August. 1875. Studien zur Descendenz-Theorie. I. Ueber den Saison-Dimorphismus der Schmetterlinge. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Weismann, August. 1876. Studien zur Descendenz-Theorie. II. Über die letzten Ursachen der Transmutationen. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Weismann, August. 1876–80. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Daphnoiden. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie 27 (1876): 51–112. 28 (1877): 93–254; 30 (suppl. 1878): 123–65; 33 (1880): 55–270.
Weismann, August. 1879. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Daphnoiden. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Wellesley index: The Wellesley index to Victorian periodicals 1824–1900. Edited by Walter E. Houghton et al. 5 vols. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 1966–89.
West David, A. 2003. Fritz Müller. A naturalist in Brazil. Blacksburg, Va.: Pocahontas Press.
Westrum, Ron. 1978. Science and social intellegence about anomalies: the case of meteorites. Social Studies of Science 8: 461–93.
Wiener, Charles. 1876. Estudos sobre os sambaquis do sul do Brazil. Archivos do Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro 1: 1–20.
Wiesner, Julius. 1873. Die Rohstoffe des Pflanzenreiches: Versuch einer technischen Rohstofflehre des Pflanzenreiches. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Wiesner, Julius. 1876. Die natürliche Einrichtungen zum Schutze des Chlorophylls der lebenden Pflanze. In Festshrift zur Feier des funfundzwanzigjährigen Bestehens der k. k. zoologischbotanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. Vienna: W. Braumüller. Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus.
Williams Edmund, Gardner. [1978.] The Chester Society of Natural Science … its origin and development over one hundred years. 2 vols. [Chester: the author.]
Winsor Mary, Pickard. 1976. Starfish, jellyfish and the order of life: issues in nineteenth-century science. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Wirthwein Walter, George. 1935. Britain and the Balkan crisis: 1875–1878. New York: Columbia University Press.
Wolff Otto Immanuel, Bernhard. 1875. Das riechorgan der biene hebst einer beschreibung des respirationswerkes der hymenopteren, des saugrüssels und geschmacks-organes der blumenwespen, einer vergleichenden betrachtrung der riechhaut sämmtlicher aderflügerfamilien und erläuterungen zur geruchs- und geschmacksphysiologie überhaupt. Dresden: n.p.
Wrede, Richard and Reinfels, Hans von, eds. 1897. Das geistige Berlin. Eine Encyklopädie des geistigen Lebens Berlin. Vols. 1 and 3. Berlin: H. Storm.
Würffel, Rheinhard. 2000. Lexikon deutscher Verlage von A–Z: 1071 Verlage und 2800 Verlagssignete vom Anfang der Buchdruckerkunst bis 1945; Adressen, Daten, Fakten, Namen. Berlin: Verlag Grotesk.
WWW: Who was who: a companion to Who's who, containing the biographies of those who died during the period [1897–1995]. 9 vols. and cumulated index (1897–1990). London: Adam & Charles Black. 1920–96.
Wyman, Jeffries. 1862. Experiments on the formation of Infusoria in boiled solutions of organic matter, enclosed in hermetically sealed vessels, and supplied with pure air. American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 34: 79–87.
Wyman, Jeffries. 1867. Observations and experiments on living organisms in heated water. American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 44: 152–69.
Youatt, William. 1834. Cattle: their breeds, management, and diseases. London: Baldwin and Cradock.
Zincke Foster, Barham. 1871. Egypt of the pharaohs and of the khedivé. London: Smith, Elder, and Co.
Zincke Foster, Barham. 1876. Society of the Development of the Science of Education. Inaugural address delivered in the theatre of the Society of Arts, November 8, 1876, at the first general meeting of the society. London: Smith, Elder, and Co.
Zuckerkandl, E. 1875. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara: 1. Abtheilung: Cranien der Novara-Sammlung. Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn.