Alexander Michelle. 2012. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: The New Press.
Aziz Sadaf. Forthcoming. “Liberal Protagonists? The Lawyers’ Movement in Pakistan.” In Fortunes and Misfortunes of Political Liberalism: The Legal Complex in the Post-Colony, edited by Halliday Terence C., Karpik Lucien, and Feeley Malcolm M.. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bakken Børge (ed.). 2005. Crime, Punishment, and Policing in China. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Belkin Ira. 2011. “China’s Tortuous Path towards Ending Torture in Criminal Investigations.” Columbia Journal of Asian Law 24:273–301.
Bell David A. 1994. Lawyers and Citizens: The Making of a Political Elite in Old Regime France. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bourdieu Pierre. 1987. “The Force of Law: Toward a Sociology of the Juridical Field.” The Hastings Law Journal 38:805–853.
Braithwaite John, and Drahos Peter. 2000. Global Business Regulation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cai Dingjian. 1999. “Development of the Chinese Legal System since 1979 and Its Current Crisis and Transformation.” Cultural Dynamics 11:135–166.
Canovan Margaret. 1981. Populism. London: Junction Books.
Chen Guangcheng 陈光中. 1996. “刑事诉讼法修改的过程与主要内容 [An Overview of the Process and Content of the Revision of the Criminal Procedure Law].” Introduction to 中华人民共和国刑事诉讼法释义与应用 [The Interpretation and Application of the PRC Criminal Procedure Law]. Jilin: Jilin People’s Press.
Chen Guangcheng. 2015. The Barefoot Lawyer: A Blind Man’s Fight for Justice and Freedom in China. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
Chen Guangzhong 陈光中. 1995. “论刑事诉讼法修改的指导思想 [“On the Theory of the Criminal Procedure Law Revision.”].” 法制与社会发展 [Law and Social Development] 1995(4):43–49.
Chen Guangzhong, and Duan Yan 陈光中、严端 (eds.). 1995. “中华人民共和国刑事诉讼法修改建议稿与论证 [The Suggested Draft of the PRC Criminal Procedure Law and Its Reasoning]. Beijing: China Fang Zheng Press.
Chen Jianfu. 2002. “A Criminal Justice System for a New Millennium?” In China’s Legal Reforms and Their Political Limits, edited by Vermeer E. B. and d’Hooghe I., 77–122. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon.
Clark Donald C., and Feinerman James V.. 1995. “Antagonistic Contradictions: Criminal Law and Human Rights in China.” The China Quarterly 141:135–154.
Cohen Jerome A. 1968. The Criminal Process in the People’s Republic of China, 1949–1963. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Cohen Jerome A. 2009. “The Struggle for Autonomy of Beijing’s Public Interest Lawyers.” Human Rights in China (April 1, 2009), URL: www.hrichina.org/en/content/3692 (last date of access: February 3, 2016).
Cui Min 崔敏. 1995. “刑事诉讼法修改研讨中的若干争议问题 [Several Debated Issues during the Discussions on the Revision of the Criminal Procedure Law].” 公安大学学报 [Police University Academic Journal] 1995(3):64–69.
Cui Min 崔敏. 1996. 中国刑事诉讼法的新发展 – 刑事诉讼法修改研讨的全面回顾 [The New Development of China’s Criminal Procedure Law – A Comprehensive Review of the Discussions on the Revision of the Criminal Procedure Law]. Beijing: People’s Police University of China Press.
Dang Jiangzhou 党江舟. 2005. 中国讼师文化：古代律师现象解读 [The Culture of Litigation Masters in China: Interpretations on the Phenomenon of Ancient Lawyers]. Beijing: Peking University Press.
Dezalay Yves, and Garth Bryant G.. 2002. The Internationalization of Palace Wars: Lawyers, Economists, and the Contest to Transform Latin American States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Dutton Michael. 1992. Policing and Punishment in China: From Patriarchy to “The People.” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Falcao Joaquim. 1988. “Lawyers in Brazil.” In Lawyers in Society: Civil Law Countries, edited by Abel R. L. and Lewis P. S. C., 400–442. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Fang Peng 方鹏. 2005. “从律师维权案论刑事律师办案风险的避免 [An Essay on the Avoidance of Criminal Defense Lawyers’ Professional Risks from Lawyers’ Right Protection Cases].” Peking University Law School, unpublished manuscript (on file with the authors).
Feeley Malcolm M. 1979. The Process Is the Punishment: Handling Cases in a Lower Criminal Court. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Feeley Malcolm M., and Miyazawa Setsuo. 2007. “The State, Civil Society, and the Legal Complex in Modern Japan: Continuity and Change.” In The Legal Complex and Struggles for Political Liberalism, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M., 151–192. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Felstiner William L.F., Abel Richard L., and Sarat Austin. 1980. “The Emergence and Transformation of Disputes: Naming, Blaming, Claiming …” Law and Society Review 15:631–654.
Folsom Ralph H., Minan John H., and Otto Lee Ann. 1992. Law and Politics in the People’s Republic of China. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Freidson Eliot. 2001. Professionalism: The Third Logic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Fu Hualing. 1998. “Criminal Defence in China: The Possible Impact of the 1996 Criminal Procedure Law Reform.” The China Quarterly 153:31–48.
Fu Hualing. 2005. “Re-education through Labour in Historical Perspective.” The China Quarterly 184:811–830.
Fu Hualing, and Cullen Richard. 2008. “Weiquan (Rights Protection) Lawyering in an Authoritarian State: Building a Culture of Public-Interest Lawyering.” The China Journal 59:111–127.
Fu Hualing, and Cullen Richard. 2011. “Climbing the Weiquan Ladder: A Radicalizing Process for Rights-Protection Lawyers.” The China Quarterly 205:40–59.
Galanter Marc. 1974. “Why the ‘Haves’ Come Out Ahead: Speculations on the Limits of Legal Change.” Law & Society Review 9:95–160.
Galanter Marc. 2006. Lowering the Bar: Lawyer Jokes and Legal Culture. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Gallagher Mary E. 2006. “Mobilizing the Law in China: ‘Informed Disenchantment’ and the Development of Legal Consciousness.” Law & Society Review 40:783–816.
Garland David. 1990. Punishment and Modern Society: A Study in Social Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ghias Shoaib A. 2012. “Miscarriage of Chief Justice: Lawyers, Media, and the Struggle for Judicial Independence in Pakistan.” In Fates of Political Liberalism in the British Post-Colony: The Politics of the Legal Complex, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M., 340–377. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Ginsburg Tom. 2007. “Law and the Liberal Transformation of the Northeast Asian Legal Complex in Korea and Taiwan.” In Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M., 43–64. Oxford: Hart Publishing Inc.
Ginsburg Tom, and Moustafa Tamir (eds.). 2008. Rule by Law: The Politics of Courts in Authoritarian Regimes. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gould Jeremy. 2006. “Strong Bar, Weak State? Lawyers, Liberalism and State Formation in Zambia.” Development and Change 37(4):921–942.
Habermas Jürgen.  1989. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, translated by Burger T.. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Halliday Terence C. 1985. “Knowledge Mandates: Collective Influence by Scientific, Normative and Syncretic Professions.” British Journal of Sociology 36:421–447.
Halliday Terence C. 1987. Beyond Monopoly: Lawyers, State Crises, and Professional Empowerment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Halliday Terence C. 2009. “Recursivity of Global Normmaking: A Sociolegal Agenda.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 5:263–289.
Halliday Terence C., and Carruthers Bruce G.. 2007. “The Recursivity of Law: Global Norm Making and National Lawmaking in the Globalization of Corporate Insolvency Regimes.” American Journal of Sociology 112:1135–1202.
Halliday Terence C., and Karpik Lucien (eds.). 1997. Lawyers and the Rise of Western Political Liberalism: Europe and North American from the Eighteenth to Twentieth Centuries. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Halliday Terence C., and Karpik Lucien. 1997. “Politics Matter: A Comparative Theory of Lawyers in the Making of Political Liberalism.” In Lawyers and the Rise of Western Political Liberalism: Europe and North American from the Eighteenth to Twentieth Centuries, edited by Halliday T. C. and Karpik L., 15–64. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Halliday Terence C., and Karpik Lucien. 2012. “Political Liberalism in the British Post-Colony: A Theme with Three Variations.” In Fates of Political Liberalism in the British Post-Colony: The Politics of the Legal Complex, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M.. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Halliday Terence C., and Osinsky Pavel. 2006. “Globalization of Law.” Annual Review of Sociology 32:447–470.
Halliday Terence C., and Liu Sida. 2007. “Birth of a Liberal Moment? Looking through a One-Way Mirror at Lawyers’ Defense of Criminal Defendants in China.” In Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M., 65–108. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Halliday Terence C., Karpik Lucien, and Feeley Malcolm M. (eds.). 2007. Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Halliday Terence C., Karpik Lucien, and Feeley Malcolm M. (eds.). 2012. Fates of Political Liberalism in the British Post-Colony: The Politics of the Legal Complex. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hand Keith J. 2006. “Using Law for a Righteous Purpose: The Sun Zhigang Incident and Evolving Forms of Citizen Action in the People’s Republic of China.” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 45:114–195.
Harding Andrew, and Whiting Amanda. 2012. “‘Custodian of Civil Liberties and Justice in Malaysia’: The Malaysian Bar and the Moderate State.” In Fates of Political Liberalism in the British Post-Colony: The Politics of the Legal Complex, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M., 247–304. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Head John Warren, and Wang Yanping. 2005. Law Codes in Dynastic China: A Synopsis of Chinese Legal History in the Thirty Centuries from Zhou to Qing. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.
Hodgson Jacqueline. 2005. French Criminal Justice: A Comparative Account of the Investigation and Prosecution of Crime in France. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
HRIC, Human Rights in China. 2007. State Secrets: China’s Legal Labyrinth. New York: Human Rights in China.
Hurst William. 2015. “Reconsidering Grassroots Criminal Law and Justice in Maoist China.” Paper presented at the Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, March 2015, Chicago, IL.
Jiang Zhan. 2011. “Environmental Journalism in China.” In Changing Media, Changing China, edited by Shirk S. L., 115–1278. New York: Oxford University Press.
Jones Carol. 2007. “‘Dissolving the People’: Capitalism, Law and Democracy in Hong Kong.” In Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M., 109–150. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Karpik Lucien. 1988. “Lawyers and Politics in France, 1814–1950: The State, the Market, and the Public.” Law and Social Inquiry 13:707–736.
Karpik Lucien. 1995. Les avocats entre l’Etat, le public et le marche: XIIIe–XXe siecle. Paris: Gallimard.
Karpik Lucien. 1998. French Lawyers: A Study in Collective Action, 1274–1994. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Karpik Lucien. 2007. “Postscript: Political Lawyering.” In Fighting for Political Freedom: Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M., 463–494. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Karpik Lucien, and Halliday Terence C.. 2011. “The Legal Complex.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 7:217–236.
LCHR, Lawyers Committee for Human Rights. 1993. Criminal Justice with Chinese Characteristics: China’s Criminal Process and Violations of Human Rights. New York: Lawyers Committee for Human Rights.
LCHR, Lawyers Committee for Human Rights. 1998. Wrongs and Rights: A Human Rights Analysis of China’s Revised Criminal Law. New York: Lawyers Committee for Human Rights.
Lei Ya-Wen. 2011. “The Political Consequences of the Rise of the Internet: Political Beliefs and Practices of Chinese Netizens.” Political Communication 28:291–322.
Lei Ya‐Wen, and Zhou Daniel Xiaodan. 2015. “Contesting Legality in Authoritarian Contexts: Food Safety, Rule of Law and China’s Networked Public Sphere.” Law & Society Review 49:557–593.
Leng Shao-chuan. 1985. Criminal Justice in Post-Mao China: Analysis and Documents. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Lewis Margaret K. 2011. “Controlling Abuse to Maintain Control: The Exclusionary Rule in China.” New York University Journal of International Law and Politics 43:629–697.
Li Ling. 2012. “The ‘Production’ of Corruption in China’s Courts: Judicial Politics and Decision Making in a One‐Party State.” Law & Social Inquiry 37:848–877.
Li Victor H. 1977. Law without Lawyers: A Comparative View of Law in China and the United States. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Liang Bin, He Ni Phil, and Lu Hong. 2014. “The Deep Divide in China’s Criminal Justice System: Contrasting Perceptions of Lawyers and the Iron Triangle.” Crime, Law and Social Change 62:585–601.
Liebman Benjamin L. 2007. “China’s Courts: Restricted Reform.” The China Quarterly 191:620–638.
Lin Fen. 2012. “Information Differentiation, Commercialization and Legal Reform: The Rise of a Three-Dimensional State-Media Regime in China.” Journalism Studies 13:418–432.
Liu Sida. 2006. “Beyond Global Convergence: Conflicts of Legitimacy in a Chinese Lower Court.” Law & Social Inquiry 31:75–106.
Liu Sida. 2008. “Globalization as Boundary-Blurring: International and Local Law Firms in China’s Corporate Law Market.” Law & Society Review 42:771–804.
Liu Sida. 2011. “Lawyers, State Officials, and Significant Others: Symbiotic Exchange in the Chinese Legal Services Market.” The China Quarterly 206:276–293.
Liu Sida 刘思达. 2013. “法律职业的政治命运 [“The Political Fate of the Legal Profession”].” 交大法学 [SJTU Law Review] 2013(1):93–100.
Liu Sida, and Wu Hongqi. 2016. “The Ecology of Organizational Growth: Chinese Law Firms in the Age of Globalization.” American Journal of Sociology 122: forthcoming in November 2016.
Liu Sida, and Halliday Terence C.. 2009. “Recursivity in Legal Change: Lawyers and Reforms of China’s Criminal Procedure Law.” Law and Social Inquiry 34:911–950.
Liu Sida, and Halliday Terence C.. 2011. “Political Liberalism and Political Embeddedness: Understanding Politics in the Work of Chinese Criminal Defense Lawyers.” Law and Society Review 45:831–865.
Liu Sida, Liang Lily, and Michelson Ethan. 2014. “Migration and Social Structure: The Spatial Mobility of Chinese Lawyers.” Law & Policy 36:165–194.
Lu Hong, and Miethe Terence D.. 2002. “Legal Representation and Criminal Processing in China.” British Journal of Criminology 42:267–280.
Lubman Stanley. 1999. Bird in a Cage: Legal Reform in China after Mao. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Luo Wei. 2000. The Amended Criminal Procedure Law and the Criminal Court Rules of the People’s Republic of China. Buffalo, NY: William S. Hein & Co., Inc.
Ma Kechang 马克昌. 2007. 特别辩护：为林彪、江青反革命集团案主犯辩护纪实 [Special Defense: Notes on the Defense for the Counter-Revolutionary Groups of Lin Biao and Jiang Qing]. Beijing: Chang’an Press.
Macauley Melissa. 1998. Social Power and Legal Culture: Litigation Masters in Late Imperial China. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Marshall Anna-Maria, and Hale Daniel Crocker. 2014. “Cause Lawyering.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 10:301–320.
Marwell Gerald, and Oliver Pamela. 1993. The Critical Mass in Collective Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McAdam Doug, McCarthy John D., and Zald Mayer N.. 1996. Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Political Opportunities, Mobilizing Structures, and Cultural Framings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McAdam Doug, Tarrow Sidney, and Tilly Charles. 2001. Dynamics of Contention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McConville Mike (ed.). 2011. Criminal Justice in China: An Empirical Inquiry. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Michelson Ethan. 2003. “Unhooking from the State: Chinese Lawyers in Transition.” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Sociology, University of Chicago.
Michelson Ethan. 2006. “The Practice of Law as an Obstacle to Justice: Lawyers at Work.” Law and Society Review 40:1–36.
Michelson Ethan. 2007. “Lawyers, Political Embeddedness, and Institutional Continuity in China’s Transition from Socialism.” American Journal of Sociology 113:352–414.
Michelson Ethan, and Liu Sida. 2010. “What Do Chinese Lawyers Want? Political Values and Legal Practice.” In China’s Emerging Middle Class: Beyond Economic Transformation, edited by Li C., 310–333. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Minzner Carl F. 2011. “China’s Turn against Law.” American Journal of Comparative Law 59:935–984.
Minzner Carl F. 2013. “The Rise and Fall of Chinese Legal Education.” Fordham International Law Journal 36:334–395.
Moustafa Tamir. 2007. The Struggle for Constitutional Power: Law, Politics, and Economic Development in Egypt. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Munir Daud. 2012. “From Judicial Autonomy to Regime Transformation: The Role of the Lawyers’ Movement in Pakistan.” In Fates of Political Liberalism in the British Post-Colony: The Politics of the Legal Complex, edited by Halliday T. C., Karpik L., and Feeley M. M., 378–411. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Ngok King-Iun. 2002. “Law-Making and China’s Market Transition: Legislative Activism at the Eighth National People’s Congress.” Problems of Post-Communism 49:23–32.
O’Brien Kevin J. 1990. Reform without Liberalization: China’s National People’s Congress and the Politics of Institutional Change. New York: Cambridge University Press.
O’Brien Kevin J. and Li Lianjiang. 2006. Rightful Resistance in Rural China. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Paler Laura. 2005. “China’s Legislation Law and the Making of a More Orderly and Representative Legislative System.” The China Quarterly 182:301–318.
Peerenboom Randall. 2002. China’s Long March toward Rule of Law. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Pils Eva. 2007. “Asking the Tiger for His Skin: Activism in China.” Fordham International Law Journal 30:1209–1287.
Pils Eva. 2015. China’s Human Rights Lawyers: Advocacy and Resistance. London and New York: Routledge.
Potter Pitman B. 2001. The Chinese Legal System: Globalization and Local Legal Culture. London and New York: Routledge.
Powell Michael J. 1988. From Patrician to Professional Elite: The Transformation of the New York City Bar Association. New York: Russell Sage.
Qianfan Zhang. 2003. “The People’s Court in Transition: The Prospects of the Chinese Judicial Reform.” Journal of Contemporary China 12:69–101.
Rajah Jothie. 2012. Authoritarian Rule of Law: Legislation, Discourse and Legitimacy in Singapore. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rosenzweig Joshua. 2013. “Residential Surveillance: Evolution of a Janus-Faced Measure.” International Workshop on Deprivation of Liberty in China, Australian Center for China in the World, Australian National University, November 14–15, 2013.
Sapio Flora. 2008. “Shuanggui and Extralegal Detention in China.” China Information 22:7–37.
Sarat Austin, and Scheingold Stuart (eds.). 1998. Cause Lawyering: Political Commitments and Professional Responsibilities. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sarat Austin, and Scheingold Stuart (eds.). 2001. Cause Lawyering and the State in a Global Era. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sarat Austin, and Scheingold Stuart. 2005. The Worlds Cause Lawyers Make: Structure and Agency in Legal Practice. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Scheingold Stuart.  2004. The Politics of Rights: Lawyers, Public Policy and Social Change. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Sheng Yi. 2003. “A Promise Unfulfilled: The Impact of China’s 1996 Criminal-Procedure Reform on China’s Criminal Defense Lawyers’ Role at the Pretrial Stage (Part 1).” Perspectives 4(4):1–18.
Sheng Yi. 2004. “A Promise Unfulfilled: The Impact of China’s 1996 Criminal-Procedure Reform on China’s Criminal Defense Lawyers’ Role at the Pretrial Stage (Part 2).” Perspectives 5(1):1–27.
Solomon Peter H. Jr 1995. “The Limits of Legal Order in Post-Soviet Russia.” Post-Soviet Affairs 11(2):89–114.
Southworth Ann. 2008. Lawyers of the Right: Professionalizing the Conservative Coalition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Stern Rachel E. 2013. Environmental Litigation in China: A Study in Political Ambivalence. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Stern Rachel E., and O’Brien Kevin J.. 2012. “Politics at the Boundary Mixed Signals and the Chinese State.” Modern China 38:174–198.
Tanner Harold. 1999. Strike Hard! Anti-Crime Campaigns and Chinese Criminal Justice. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Teng Biao. 2009. “I Cannot Give Up: Record of a Kidnapping.” China Rights Forum 1:30–41.
Teng Biao. 2012a. “The Political Meaning of the Crime of ‘Subverting State Power’.” In Liu Xiaobo, Charter 08 and the Challenges of Political Reform in China, edited by Béja Jean-Philippe, Hualing Fu, and Pils Eva, 271–288. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Teng Biao. 2012b. “Rights Defense (weiquan), Microblogs (weibo), and the Surrounding Gaze (weiguan).” China Perspectives 3:29–41.
Tocqueville Alexis. 2000 [1835, 1840]. Democracy in America, Democracy in America, edited and translated by Mansfield H. C. and Winthrop D.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Trevaskes Susan. 2007. Courts and Criminal Justice in Contemporary China. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Trevaskes Susan. 2010. Policing Serious Crime in China: From “Strike Hard” to “Kill Fewer.” London and New York: Routledge.
Trubek David M., and Galanter Marc. 1974. “Scholars in Self-Estrangement: Some Reflections on the Crisis in Law and Development Studies in the United States.” Wisconsin Law Review 1974:1062–1105.
Wacquant Loïc. 2009 . Punishing the Poor: The Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity. Durham [NC]: Duke University Press.
Wang Celai 王策来. 1993. 完善刑事诉讼立法研究 [Research on the Perfection of the Criminal Procedure Legislation]. Beijing: People’s Police University of China Press.
Wang Cheng-Tong Lir, Liu Sida, and Halliday Terence C.. 2015. “Advocates, Experts, and Suspects: Three Images of Lawyers in Chinese Media Reports.” International Journal of the Legal Profession 21:195–212.
Wang Gong 王工. 2001. 中国律师涉案实录 [Records of Cases Involving Chinese Lawyers]. Beijing: Qunzhong Press.
Wang Yuhua, and Minzner Carl. 2015. “The Rise of the Chinese Security State.” The China Quarterly 222:339–359.
Weber Max. 1954. On Law in Economy and Society, translated by Shils E. and Rheinstein M., edited by Rheinstein M.. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Western Bruce. 2006. Punishment and Inequality in America. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Wielander Geida. 2009. “Bridging the Gap? An Investigation of Beijing Intellectual House Church Activities and Their Implications for China’s Democratization.” Journal of Contemporary China 16:849–864.
Xu Xiaoqun. 2000. Chinese Professionals and the Republican State: The Rise of Professional Associations in Shanghai, 1912–1937. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Yang Dali L. 2004. Remaking the Chinese Leviathan: Market Transition and the Politics of Governance in China. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Yang Fenggang. 2012. Religion in China: Survival and Revival under Communist Rule. New York: Oxford University Press.
Yang Guobin. 2009. The Power of the Internet in China: Citizen Activism Online. New York: Columbia University Press.
Yu Ping. 2002. “Glittery Promise vs. Dismal Reality: The Role of a Criminal Lawyer in the People’s Republic of China after the 1996 Revision of the Criminal Procedure Law.” Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 35:827–865.
Zhu Suli 朱苏力. 2010. “关于能动司法与大调解 [On Proactive Judiciary and Grand Mediation].” 中国法学 [China Legal Science] 1:5–16.