Skip to main content Accessibility help
Cultural-Existential Psychology
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Cultural psychology and experimental existential psychology are two of the fastest-growing movements in social psychology. In this book, Daniel Sullivan combines both perspectives to present a groundbreaking analysis of culture's role in shaping the psychology of threat experience. The first part of the book presents a new theoretical framework guided by three central principles: that humans are in a unique existential situation because we possess symbolic consciousness and culture; that culture provides psychological protection against threatening experiences, but also helps to create them; and that interdisciplinary methods are vital to understanding the link between culture and threat. In the second part of the book, Sullivan presents a novel program of research guided by these principles. Focusing on a case study of a traditionalist group of Mennonites in the midwestern United States, Sullivan examines the relationship between religion, community, guilt, anxiety, and the experience of natural disaster.


‘With this book, we welcome in an exciting new field of cultural-existential psychology that is not only deeply theoretical but supported by innovative research by the author. It should be of broad interest across disciplines and is a must-read for any scholar or practitioner interested in the study of culture.'

Michele Gelfand - University of Maryland

'We would describe Sullivan’s efforts as highly ambitious and insightful. Due to the salience that American politics and the associated culture clash have recently enjoyed, there is a possibility that we are, in part, prisoners of the moment, but we think not. Sullivan is clearly on to something in his attempt to bring an appreciation of culture and cultural differences to the study of the ways in which individuals deal with suffering and threat. For the betterment of psychological science as well as our own conscience, we hope that he continues to integrate these important areas of research.'

William L. Dunlop and Calen Horton Source: PsycCRITIQUES

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Abdel-Khalek, A. M. (2002). Age and sex differences for anxiety in relation to family size, birth order, and religiosity among Kuwaiti adolescents. Psychological Reports, 90, 10311036.
Abelson, R. P. (1995). Statistics as Principled Argument. Hillsdale, NJ: Psychology Press.
Ablah, E., Tinius, A. M., Konda, K., Synovitz, C., & Subbarao, I. (2007). Regional health system response to the 2007 Greensburg, Kansas, EF5 tornado. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 1(2), 9095.
Adams, G., & Dzokoto, V. A. (2007). Genital-shrinking panic in Ghana: A cultural psychological analysis. Culture and Psychology, 13(1), 83104.
Adams, G., & Markus, H. R. (2004). Toward a conception of culture suitable for a social psychology of culture. In Schaller, M., & Crandall, C. S. (Eds.), The Psychological Foundations of Culture (pp. 335360). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Adams, G., & Plaut, V. C. (2003). The cultural grounding of personal relationship: Friendship in North American and West African worlds. Personal Relationships, 10(3), 333347.
Adams, G., & Stocks, E. L. (2008). A cultural analysis of the experiment and an experimental analysis of culture. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2(5), 18951912.
Adorno, T. W. (2010). Guilt and Defense: On the Legacies of National Socialism in Postwar Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Albertsen, E. J., O’Connor, L. E., & Berry, J. W. (2006). Religion and interpersonal guilt: Variations across ethnicity and spirituality. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 9, 6784.
Alford, C. F. (2014). Trauma and Forgiveness. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Allen, J., & Pryke, M. (1999). Money cultures after Georg Simmel: Mobility, movement, and identity. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 17(1), 5168.
Altemeyer, B., & Hunsberger, B. (1992). Authoritarianism, religious fundamentalism, quest, and prejudice. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2(2), 113133.
Anderson, A., & Driedger, L. (1980). The Mennonite family: Culture and kin in rural Saskatchewan. In Ishwaren, K. (Ed.), Canadian Families: Ethnic Variations. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
Anderson, S. L., Adams, G., & Plaut, V. C. (2008). The cultural grounding of personal relationship: The importance of attractiveness in everyday life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(2), 352368.
Angyal, A. (1941). Foundations for a Science of Personality. New York: Commonwealth Fund.
Arndt, J., Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., Pyszczynski, T., & Schimel, J. (1999). Creativity and terror management: Evidence that creative activity increases guilt and social projection following mortality salience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(1), 1932.
Arthur, L. B. (1998). Deviance, agency, and the social control of women’s bodies in a Mennonite community. NWSA Journal, 10, 7599.
Asad, T. (1993). Genealogies of Religion: Discipline and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Barash, D. P. (2000). Evolutionary existentialism, sociobiology, and the meaning of life. BioScience, 50(11), 10121017.
Barclay, H. B. (1967). The plain people of Oregon. Review of Religious Research, 8, 140165.
Barclay, H. B. (1969). The Protestant ethic versus the spirit of capitalism? Review of Religious Research, 10, 151158.
Bargh, J. A. (1997). The automaticity of everyday life. In Wyer, R. S. Jr. (Ed.), The Automaticity of Everyday Life: Advances in Social Cognition (Vol. 10, pp. 161). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Barrett, W. (1962). Irrational Man: A Study in Existential Philosophy. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Bauman, Z. (1992). Mortality, Immortality, and Other Life Strategies. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Baumeister, R. F. (Ed.). (1986). Public Self and Private Self. New York: Springer.
Baumeister, R. F. (Ed.). (1987). How the self became a problem: A psychological review of historical research. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1), 163176.
Baumeister, R. F. (Ed.). (1999). Self in Social Psychology: Essential Readings. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
Baumeister, R. F., Stillwell, A. M., & Heatherton, T. F. (1994). Guilt: An interpersonal approach. Psychological Bulletin, 115(2), 243267.
Bear, G. G., Uribe-Zarain, X., Manning, M. A., & Shiomi, K. (2009). Shame, guilt, blaming and anger: Differences between children in Japan and the U.S. Motivation and Emotion, 33, 229238.
Beardsworth, S. (2004). Julia Kristeva: Psychoanalysis and Modernity. Albany, NY: State University of New York.
Beck, U. (1992). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Becker, E. (1969). Angel in Armor. New York: The Free Press.
Becker, E. (1973). The Denial of Death. New York: The Free Press.
Becker, E. (1975). Escape from Evil. New York: The Free Press.
Becker, G. (1997). Disrupted Lives: How People Create Meaning in a Chaotic World. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Becker, H. S. (1963). Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.
Bedford, O. A. (2004). The individual experience of guilt and shame in Chinese culture. Culture and Psychology, 10, 2952.
Bell, C. (1992). Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bellah, R. N. (1964). Religious evolution. American Sociological Review, 29(3), 358374.
Bellah, R. N., & Joas, H. (Eds.). (2012). The Axial Age and Its Consequences. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
Bellah, R. N., Madsen, R., Sullivan, W. M., Swidler, A., & Tipton, S. M. (1985). Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bensman, J., & Lilienfeld, R. (1991). Craft and Consciousness: Occupational Technique and the Development of World Images. New York: Walter de Gruyter & Co.
Bergen, J. J. (1981). Freedom of education in a religious context: The Alberta Holdeman private school case. Mennonite Quarterly Review, 55, 7585.
Berger, P. L. (1967). The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1966). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. New York: Anchor.
Berke, P. R., Kartez, J., & Wenger, D. (1993). Recovery after disaster: Achieving sustainable development, mitigation and equity. Disasters, 17(2), 93109.
Bernstein, B. (1990). Class, Codes and Control: The Structuring of Pedagogic Discourse v. 4. London; New York: Routledge.
Bernstein, B., & Henderson, D. (1973). Social class differences in the relevance of language to socialization. In Bernstein, B. (Ed.), Class, Codes and Control. Vol. 2: Applied Studies towards a Sociology of Language (pp. 2447). Boston, MA: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Bettelheim, B. (1976). The Uses of Enchantment – The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales. London: Thames and Hudson.
Bierbrauer, G. (1992). Reactions to violation of normative standards: A cross-cultural analysis of shame and guilt. International Journal of Psychology, 27, 181193.
Billig, M. (2006). Is my home my castle? Place attachment, risk perception, and religious faith. Environment and Behavior, 38, 248265.
Binswanger, L. (1958). The existential analysis school of thought. In May, R., Angel, E., & Ellenberger, H. (Eds.), Existence: A New Dimension in Psychology and Psychiatry (pp. 191213). New York: Basic Books.
Bjorklund, D. F. (1997). The role of immaturity in human development. Psychological Bulletin, 122(2), 153169.
Bloch, M., & Parry, J. (Eds.). (1982). Death and the Regeneration of Life. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Block, J. (2002). Personality as an Affect-Processing System: Toward an Integrative Theory. New York: Taylor & Francis.
Blumer, H. (1969). Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Boehm, C. (1999). Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Boesch, E. E. (1991). Symbolic Action Theory and Cultural Psychology. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Boiger, M., Mesquita, B., Uchida, Y., & Feldman Barrett, L. (2013). Condoned or condemned: The situational affordance of anger and shame in the United States and Japan. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 540553.
Bonanno, G. A., Goorin, L., & Coifman, K. G. (2008). Sadness and grief. In Lewis, M., Haviland-Jones, J., & Feldman Barrett, L. (Eds.), The Handbook of Emotion. New York: Guilford.
Bornemark, J. (2006). Limit-situation. Antinomies and transcendence in Karl Jaspers’ philosophy. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy, 7(2), 6385.
Botton, A. (2004). Status Anxiety. New York: Pantheon.
Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bourguignon, E. (1978). Spirit possession and altered states of consciousness: The evolution of an inquiry. In Spindler, G. D. (Ed.), The Making of Psychological Anthropology (pp. 478515). Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bowerman, W. R. (1978). Subjective competence: The structure, process and function of self-referent causal attributions. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 8(1), 4575.
Bowerman, W. R., & Penner, D. A. (1981). “Dimensions of subjective competence and life-satisfaction by age.” Unpublished manuscript. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas.
Boynton, L. L. (1986). The Plain People: An Ethnography of the Holdeman Mennonites. Salem, WI: Sheffield Press.
Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, Shame and Reintegration. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007). Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18(4), 211237.
Brown, N. O. (1959). Life against Death. New York: Vintage.
Buehrens, J. A., & Church, F. (1998). A Chosen Faith: An Introduction to Unitarian Universalism. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Burke, B. L., Martens, A., & Faucher, E. H. (2010). Two decades of terror management theory: A meta-analysis of mortality salience research. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14(2), 155195.
Cacioppo, J. T., & Patrick, W. (2008). Loneliness: Human Nature and the Need for Social Connection. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Calhoun, L. G., Cann, A., & Tedeschi, R. G. (2010). The posttraumatic growth model: Socio-cultural considerations. In Weiss, T., & Berger, R. (Eds.), Posttraumatic Growth and Culturally Competent Practice: Lessons Learned from Around the Globe (pp. 114). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Campbell, D. T. (1957). Factors relevant to the validity of experiments in social settings. Psychological Bulletin, 54, 297312.
Campbell, D. T. (1961). The mutual methodological relevance of anthropology and psychology. In Hsu, F. L. K. (Ed.), Psychological Anthropology: Approaches to Culture and Personality (pp. 333352). Homewood, IL: The Dorsey Press.
Campbell, D. T., & Fiske, D. W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56(2), 81105.
Camus, A. (1991). The Myth of Sisyphus: And Other Essays. New York: Vintage.
Cantril, H. (1988). Psychology, Humanism, and Scientific Inquiry. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
Carlsmith, J. M., Ellsworth, P. C., & Aronson, E. (1976). Methods of Research in Social Psychology. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.
Carlson, S. M., Taylor, M., & Levin, G. R. (1998). The influence of culture on pretend play: The case of Mennonite children. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 44(4), 538565.
Carspecken, F. P. (1996). Critical Ethnography in Educational Research: A Theoretical and Practical Guide. New York: Routledge.
Carver, C. S., & Scheier, M. F. (1981). Attention and Self-Regulation: A Control-Theory Approach to Human Behavior. New York: Springer.
Casanova, J. (2012). Religion, the Axial Age, and secular modernity in Bellah’s theory of religious evolution. In Bellah, R. N., & Joas, H. (Eds.), The Axial Age and Its Consequences (pp. 191221). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Castillo, R. J. (1994). Spirit possession in South Asia: Dissociation or hysteria? Part 2: Case histories. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 18, 141162.
Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide through Qualitative Analysis. London; Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Cheng, C., Cheung, S., Chio, J. H., & Chan, M. S. (2013). Cultural meaning of perceived control: A meta-analysis of locus of control and psychological symptoms across 18 cultural regions. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 152188.
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite. (1952). Confession of Faith and Minister’s Manual. USA: Church of God in Christ, Mennonite.
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite (1998). Bible Doctrine and Practice. Moundridge, KS: Gospel Publishers.
Church of God in Christ, Mennonite (2012). 2012 Yearbook. Moundridge, KS: Gospel Publishers.
Cialdini, R. B., Reno, R. R., & Kallgren, C. A. (1990). A focus theory of normative conduct: Recycling the concept of norms to reduce littering in public places. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58(6), 10151026.
Clark, A., & Chalmers, D. J. (1998). The extended mind. Analysis, 58(1), 719.
Clarke, A. E. (2005). Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory after the Postmodern Turn. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Clastres, P. (1987). Society against the State: Essays in Political Anthropology (Hurley, R., & Stein, A., Trans.). New York; Cambridge, MA: Zone Books.
Cohen, D., Kim, E., & Hudson, N. W. (2014). Religion, the forbidden, and sublimation. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(3), 208214.
Cohen, S. (1985). Visions of Social Control: Crime, Punishment and Classification. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Cohen, S., & Taylor, L. (1978). Escape Attempts: The Theory and Practice of Resistance to Everyday Life. New York: Penguin.
Cohen, T. R., Wolf, S. T., Panter, A. T., & Insko, C. A. (2011). Introducing the GASP scale: A new measure of guilt and shame proneness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 947966.
Cohler, B. J., & Hostetler, A. J. (2003). Linking life course and life story: Social change and the narrative study of lives over time. In Mortimer, J. T., & Shanahan, M. J. (Eds.), Handbook of the Life Course (pp. 555576). New York: Springer.
Cole, M. (1998). Can cultural psychology help us think about diversity? Mind, Culture, and Activity, 5(4), 291304.
Cooper, D. E. (1990). Existentialism: A Reconstruction. Oxford; Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.
Corbin, J., & Morse, J. M. (2003). The unstructured interactive interview: Issues of reciprocity and risks when dealing with sensitive topics. Qualitative Inquiry, 9(3), 335354.
Cox, C. R., Goldenberg, J. L., Pyszczynski, T., & Weise, D. (2007). Disgust, creatureliness and the accessibility of death-related thoughts. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37(3), 494507.
Crawford, M. H. (Ed.). (2000). Different seasons: Biological aging among the Mennonites of the Midwestern United States. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.
Crawford, M. H., Demarchi, D., Ellerd, M., & Puppala, S. (2000). Body morphology and aging among the Mennonites of Kansas and Nebraska. In Crawford, M. H. (Ed.), Different seasons: Biological aging among the Mennonites of the Midwestern United States (pp. 5568). Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.
Cronk, S. (1981). Gelassenheit: The rites of the redemptive process in Old Order Amish and Old Order Mennonite Communities. Mennonite Quarterly Review, 55, 540.
Cross, S. E., Hardin, E. E., & Gercek-Swing, B. (2011). The what, how, why, and where of self-construal. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15(2), 142179.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1991). Flow – The Psychology Optimal Experience – Steps toward Enhancing the Quality of Life. New York: Harper Perennial.
Cumming, G. (2014). The new statistics: Why and how. Psychological Science, 25, 729.
Cumming, R. D. (1980). Starting Point: An Introduction to the Dialectic of Existence. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Dalferth, I. U. (2012). The idea of an Axial Age. A phenomenological reconsideration. Neue Zeitschrift Für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie, 54(2), 127146.
Daniel, E. V. (1994). The individual in terror. In Csordas, T. J. (Ed.), Embodiment and Experience: The Existential Ground of Culture and Self (pp. 229247). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Davis, C. G., Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Larson, J. (1998). Making sense of loss and benefiting from the experience: Two construals of meaning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(2), 561574.
Deacon, T. W. (1998). The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Deardorff, D. (2009). The Other Within. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books.
Dennett, D. C. (1984). Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting. Cambridge, MA: A Bradford Book.
Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (Eds.). (2008). Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
De Sousa, R. (2010). Existentialism as biology. Emotion Review, 2, 7683.
De St. Aubin, E. (1996). Personal ideology polarity: Its emotional foundation and its manifestation in individual value systems, religiosity, political orientation, and assumptions concerning human nature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(1), 152165.
Dick, B. W. (1983). Psychology and Mennonite studies. Journal of Mennonite Studies, 1, 149160.
Diken, B. (2009). Nihilism. Abingdon; New York, NY: Routledge.
Dilthey, W. (1961). Meaning in History. London: Allen and Unwin.
Donald, M. (2012). An evolutionary approach to culture: Implications for the study of the Axial Age. In Bellah, R. N., & Joas, H. (Eds.), The Axial Age and Its Consequences (pp. 4766). Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
Douglas, J. D., & Johnson, J. M. (Eds.). (1977). Existential Sociology. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and Danger. London; New York: Routledge.
Douglas, M. (1970). Natural Symbols Explorations in Cosmology. New York: Pantheon.
Douglas, M. (1978). Cultural Bias. London: Humanities Press.
Douglas, M. (1994). Risk and blame: Essays in cultural theory. New York: Routledge.
Douglas, M., & Wildavsky, A. (1982). Risk and Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Draguns, J. G. (1980). Psychological disorders of clinical severity. In Triandis, H. C., & Draguns, J. G. (Eds.), Handbook of Cross-Cultural Psychology (Vol. 6). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Dreyfus, H. L. (1991). Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger’s Being and Time, Division I. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Dreyfus, H. L., & Rabinow, P. (1983). Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Driedger, L. (1973). Impelled group migration: Minority struggle to maintain institutional completeness. International Migration Review, 7, 257269.
Driedger, L. (1982). Individual freedom vs. community control: An adaptation of Erikson’s ontogeny of ritualization. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 21(3), 226241.
Driedger, L. (2000). Mennonites in the Global Village. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Dubouloy, M. (2011). Is recognition a prerequisite for citizenship for managers? In Gould, L. J., Lucey, A., & Stapley, L. (Eds.), The Reflective Citizen: Organizational and Social Dynamics (pp. 131148). London: Karnac Books.
Duménil, G., & Lévy, D. (2011). The Crisis of Neoliberalism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Duncan, H. D. (1968). Symbols in Society. New York: Oxford University Press.
Durkheim, E. (1893/2014). The Division of Labor in Society. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Durkheim, E. (1897/2007). On Suicide. (Riley, A., Ed., Buss, R., Trans.). London; New York: Penguin Classics.
Durkheim, E. (1972). Emile Durkheim: Selected Writings. (Giddens, A., Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Durkheim, E. (1978). … On Institutional Analysis (Traugott, M., Trans.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Durkheim, É., & Mauss, M. (2009). Primitive Classification. New York: Routledge.
Duval, S., & Wicklund, R. A. (1972). A Theory of Objective Self Awareness. New York: Academic Press.
Dyck, C. J. (1985). The suffering church in Anabaptism. Mennonite Quarterly Review, 59, 523.
Dyck, C. J. (1993). An Introduction to Mennonite History. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.
Eaton, J. W., & Weil, R. J. (1955). Culture and Mental Disorders: A Comparative Study of the Hutterites and Other Populations. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Ediger, M. (1984). Mennonites in American Society. Retrieved from
Edwards, R. (1979). Contested Terrain. New York: Basic Books.
Ehrenberg, A. (2010). The Weariness of the Self: Diagnosing the History of Depression in the Contemporary Age. Montreal: Mcgill Queens University Press.
Eid, M., & Diener, E. (2001). Norms for experiencing emotions in different cultures: Inter- and intranational differences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 869895.
Elder, G. H. Jr. (1995). The life course paradigm: Social change and individual development. In Moen, P., Elder, G. H. Jr., & Lüscher, K. (Eds.), Examining Lives in Context: Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Development (pp. 101139). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Elias, N. (1969). Die Hofische Gesellschaft. Neuwied: Hermann Luchterhand.
Elkholy, S. N. (2011). Heidegger and a Metaphysics of Feeling: Angst and the Finitude of Being. London: Continnuum-3PL.
Ellenberger, H. F. (1958). A clinical introduction to psychiatric phenomenology and existential analysis. In May, R., Angel, E., & Ellenberger, H. F. (Eds.), Existence: A New Dimension in Psychiatry and Psychology (pp. 92124). New York: Basic Books.
Elliott, M., & Hayward, D. (2007). Religion and well-being in a church without a creed. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 10, 109126.
Engbrecht, D. D. (1985). The Americanization of a Rural Immigrant Church: The General Conference Mennonites in Central Kansas, 1874–1939. Doctoral Dissertation. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska.
English, T., Chen, S., & Swann, W. B. (2008). A cross-cultural analysis of self-verification motives. In Sorrentino, R. M., & Yamaguchi, S. (Eds.), Handbook of Motivation and Cognition across Cultures (pp. 119142). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Enns, D. (2010). For the love of paradox: Mennonite morality and philosophy. In Religious Upbringing and the Costs of Freedom: Personal and Philosophical Essays (pp. 176191). University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Erikson, K. (1994). A New Species of Trouble: Explorations in Disaster, Trauma, and Community. New York: W W Norton & Co Inc.
Erikson, K. T. (1978). Everything in Its Path: Destruction of Community in the Buffalo Creek Flood. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Ernsberger, D. J., & Manaster, G. J. (1981). Moral development, intrinsic/extrinsic religious orientation, and denominational teachings. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 104, 2341.
Esposito, R. (2011). Immunitas: The Protection and Negation of Life. Cambridge; Malden, MA: Polity.
Esposito, R. (2013). Terms of the Political: Community, Immunity, Biopolitics (Welch, R. N., Trans.). New York: Fordham University Press.
Estrada-Hollenbeck, M., & Heatherton, T. F. (1997). Avoiding and repairing guilt through prosocial behavior. In Bybee, J. (Ed.), Guilt and Shame in Children (pp. 215231). San Diego, CA: Academic.
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (1939). Nuer time-reckoning. Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, 12(2), 189216.
Ewald, F. (1991). Insurance and risk. In Burchell, G., Gordon, C., & Miller, P. (Eds.), The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality (pp. 197210). London: Harvester/Wheatsheaf.
Fayard, J. V., Roberts, B. W., Robins, R. W., & Watson, D. (2012). Uncovering the affective core of conscientiousness: The role of self-conscious emotions. Journal of Personality, 80(1), 132.
Featherstone, M., & Hepworth, M. (1991). The mask of ageing and the postmodern life course. In Featherstone, M., Hepworth, M., & Turner, B. S. (Eds.), The Body: Social Processes and Cultural Theory. London: SAGE Publications, Inc.
FEMA (August 2007). Long-Term Community Recovery Plan: Greensburg + Kiowa County, Kansas. Retrieved from
Firestone, W. A. (1987). Meaning in method: The rhetoric of quantitative and qualitative research. Educational Researcher, 16(7), 1621.
Fischer, R. (2009). Where is culture in cross-cultural research?: An outline of a multilevel research process for measuring culture as a shared meaning system. International Journal of Cross-Cultural Management, 9, 2549.
Fiske, A. P. (1991). Structures of Social Life: The Four Elementary Forms of Human Relations: Communal Sharing, Authority Ranking, Equality Matching, Market Pricing. New York: Free Press.
Fiske, A. P. (2004). Relational models theory 2.0. In Haslam, N. (Ed.), Relational Models Theory: A Contemporary View (pp. 326). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Florian, V., & Kravetz, S. (1983). Fear of personal death: Attribution, structure, and relation to religious belief. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(3), 600607.
Florian, V., & Mikulincer, M. (1997). Fear of death and the judgment of social transgressions: A multidimensional test of terror management theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(2), 369380.
Fontana, A. (1984). Introduction: Existential sociology and the self. In Kotarba, J. A., & Fontana, A. (Eds.), Existential Self in Society (pp. 317). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Förster, J., Liberman, N., & Friedman, R. S. (2007). Seven principles of goal activation: A systematic approach to distinguishing goal priming from priming of non-goal constructs. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11(3), 211233.
Foucault, M. (1977). Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Pantheon Books.
Francis, E. K. (1948). The Russian Mennonites: From religious to ethnic group. American Journal of Sociology, 54, 101107.
Frank, A. W. (1993). The rhetoric of self-change: Illness experience as narrative. Sociological Quarterly, 34(1), 3952.
French, L. (1994). The political economy of injury and compassion: Amputees on the Thai-Cambodia border. In Csordas, T. J. (Ed.), Embodiment and Experience: The Existential Ground of Culture and Self (pp. 6999). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Friedman, M. (1967). To Deny Our Nothingness: Contemporary Images of Man. New York: Delacorte Press.
Fromm, E., & Maccoby, M. (1970). Social Character in a Mexican Village. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Frosh, S., & Saville Young, L. (2008). Psychoanalytic approaches to qualitative psychology. In Rogers, W. S., & Willig, C. (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Psychology. London: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Fuchs, T. (2011). The brain – A mediating organ. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 18, 196221.
Fuchs, T. (2013). Temporality and psychopathology. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 12, 75104.
Funder, D. C., Levine, J. M., Mackie, D. M., Morf, C. C., Sansone, C., Vazire, S., et al. (2014). Improving the dependability of research in personality and social psychology: Recommendations for research and educational practice. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 18, 312.
Furedi, F. (2004). Therapy Culture. New York: Routledge.
Furukawa, E., Tangney, J., & Higashibara, F. (2012). Cross-cultural continuities and discontinuities in shame, guilt, and pride: A study of children residing in Japan, Korea, and the U.S.A. Self and Identity, 11, 90113.
Gabriel, Y. (1983). Freud and Society. Boston, MA: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Gardner, W. L., Gabriel, S., & Dean, K. K. (2004). The individual as “melting pot”: The flexibility of bicultural self-construals. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, 22, 181201.
Gardner, W. L., Gabriel, S., & Lee, A. Y. (1999). “I” value freedom, but “we” value relationships: Self-construal priming mirrors cultural differences in judgment. Psychological Science, 10(4), 321326.
Garfinkel, H. (1972). Studies of the routine grounds of everyday activities. In Sudnow, D. (Ed.), Studies in Social Interaction (pp. 130). New York: The Free Press.
Gauchet, M. (1997). The Disenchantment of the World: A Political History of Religion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gauchet, M., & Swain, G. (1999). Madness and Democracy (Porter, C., Trans.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Geertz, C. (1975). The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. London: Hutchinson.
Gehlen, A. (1980). Man in the Age of Technology. New York: Columbia University Press.
Gelfand, M. J., Lim, B.-C., & Raver, J. L. (2004). Culture and accountability in organizations: Variations in forms of social control across cultures. Human Resource Management Review, 14(1), 135160.
Gelfand, M. J., Nishii, L. H., & Raver, J. L. (2006). On the nature and importance of cultural tightness-looseness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(6), 12251244.
Gelfand, M. J., Raver, J. L., Nishii, L., Leslie, L. M., Lun, J., Lim, B. C., … Yamaguchi, S. (2011). Differences between tight and loose cultures: A 33-nation study. Science, 332(6033), 11001104.
Geniusas, S. (2013). On Nietzsche’s genealogy and Husserl’s genetic phenomenology. In Daigle, C., & Boublil, É. (Eds.), Nietzsche and Phenomenology: Power, Life, Subjectivity (p. 44). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Gergen, K. J. (1973). Social psychology as history. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 26(2), 309320.
Gergen, K. J. (2015). Culturally inclusive psychology from a constructionist standpoint. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 45(1), 95107.
Gervais, W. M., & Norenzayan, A. (2012). Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief. Science, 336(6080), 493496.
Gibson, J. J. (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Giddens, A. (1971). Capitalism and Modern Social Theory: An Analysis of the Writings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber. London: Cambridge University Press.
Giddens, A. (1983). A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Giddens, A. (1984). The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Giddens, A. (1986). Action, subjectivity, and the constitution of meaning. Social Research, 53, 529545.
Giddens, A. (1990). The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gillin, J. (1948). The Ways of Men: An Introduction to Anthropology. New York: D. Appleton-Century.
Gillin, J. (1954a). Methods of approach to the study of human behavior. In Hsu, F. L. K. (Ed.), Aspects of Culture and Personality. New York: Abelard-Schuman.
Gillin, J. (1954b). The forward view. In Gillin, J. (Ed.), For a Science of Social Man (pp. 257276). New York: Macmillan.
Gillin, J. (1967). The balance of threat and security in Mesoamerica: San Carlos. In Hunt, R. (Ed.), Personalities and Cultures: Readings in Psychological Anthropology (pp. 139149). Garden City, NY: Natural History Press.
Gillin, J., & Nicholson, G. (1951). The security functions of cultural systems. Social Forces, 30, 179184.
Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Aldine de Gruyter.
Goffman, E. (1959). The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Anchor.
Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Goffman, E. (1967). Interaction Ritual. New York: Doubleday.
Gomm, R., Hammersley, M., & Foster, P. (Eds.). (2000). Case Study Method: Key Issues, Key Texts. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Goodman, J. K., Cryder, C. E., & Cheema, A. (2013). Data collection in a flat world: The strengths and weaknesses of Mechanical Turk samples. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 26(3), 213224.
Greenberg, J., & Arndt, J. (2012). Terror management theory. In Kruglanski, A., Tory Higgins, E., & Van Lange, P. A. M. (Eds.), Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology: Vol. 1 (pp. 398415). London: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Greenberg, J., Koole, S. L., & Pyszczynski, T. (2004). Handbook of Experimental Existential Psychology. New York: The Guilford Press.
Greenberg, J., Martens, A., Jonas, E., Eisenstadt, D., Pyszczynski, T., & Solomon, S. (2003). Psychological defense in anticipation of anxiety: Eliminating the potential for anxiety eliminates the effect of mortality salience on worldview defense. Psychological Science, 14(5), 516519.
Greenberg, J., Pyszczynski, T., & Solomon, S. (1986). The causes and consequences of a need for self-esteem: A terror management theory. In Baumeister, R. F. (Ed.), Public Self and Private Self (pp. 189212). New York: Springer.
Greenberg, J., Pyszczynski, T., Solomon, S., Rosenblatt, A., Veeder, M., Kirkland, S., & Lyon, D. (1990). Evidence for terror management theory II: The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who threaten or bolster the cultural worldview. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58(2), 308318.
Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., & Arndt, J. (2008). A basic but uniquely human motivation: Terror management. In Shah, J. (Ed.), Handbook of Motivation Science. New York: Guilford Press.
Greenfield, P. M. (1997). You can’t take it with you: Why ability assessments don’t cross cultures. American Psychologist, 52(10), 11151124.
Greenwood, A., & Harris, M. W. (2011). An Introduction to the Unitarian and Universalist Traditions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Greenwood, J. D. (2004). What happened to the “social” in social psychology? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 34, 1934.
Griffin, B. W. (2004). Grading leniency, grade discrepancy, and student ratings of instruction. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 29, 410425.
Guignon, C., & Pereboom, D. (1995). Existentialism: Basic Writings/Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub Co Inc.
Habermas, J. (1985). The Theory of Communicative Action, Volume 1: Reason and the Rationalization of Society (McCarthy, T., Trans.). Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Habermas, J. (1987). Theory of Communicative Action: Lifeworld and System – A Critique of Functionalist Reason, Vol. 2. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Habermas, T., & Bluck, S. (2000). Getting a life: The emergence of the life story in adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 748769.
Hafer, C. L., & Gosse, L. (2011). Predicting alternative strategies for preserving a belief in a just world: The case of repressive coping style. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 730739.
Haidt, J. (2013). The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. New York: Vintage.
Hall, D. E., Koenig, H. G., & Meador, K. G. (2008). Hitting the target: Why existing measures of “religiousness” are really reverse-scored measures of “secularism.” Explore, 4, 368373.
Hall, M. E. L., & Johnson, E. L. (2001). Theodicy and therapy: Philosophical/theological contributions to the problem of suffering. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 20, 517.
Hallowell, A. I. (1965). Hominid evolution, cultural adaptation, and mental dysfunctioning. In. de Reuck, A. V. S., & Porter, R. (Eds.), Transcultural Psychiatry (pp. 2653). Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Co.
Hallowell, A. I. (1967). Culture and Experience. New York: Schocken Books.
Halperin, R. H. (1994). Cultural Economies Past and Present. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Hammack, P. L. (2010). Identity as burden or benefit? Youth, historical narrative, and the legacy of political conflict. Human Development, 53(4), 173201.
Hammersley, M. (1992). What’s Wrong with Ethnography?: Methodological Explorations. New York: Psychology Press.
Haney, J. (Ed.). (2008). Greensburg: The Twisted Tales. Newton, KS: Mennonite Press Inc.
Haney, J. (Ed.). (2009). Greensburg: The Twisted Tales (Vol. 2). Newton, KS: Mennonite Press Inc.
Hankiss, E. (2001). Fears and Symbols: An Introduction to the Study of Western Civilization. Budapest: CEU Press.
Harding, S. (1993). Rethinking standpoint epistemology: What is “strong objectivity”? In Alcoff, L., & Potter, E. (Eds.), Feminist Epistemologies (pp. 4982). New York: Routledge.
Hareven, T. K. (1991). Synchronizing individual time, family time, and historical time. In Bender, J., & Wellberry, D. E. (Eds.), Chronotypes: The Construction of Time (pp. 167182). Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Hart, J. (2014). Toward an integrative theory of psychological defense. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(1), 1939.
Hartman, J. (2001). Power under the cover of tradition: A case study of a “Plain Community.” In Redekop, B. W., & Redekop, C. W. (Eds.), Power, Authority, and the Anabaptist Tradition (pp. 115137). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Harvey, D. (2005). A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
Haslam, N. (2004). Research on the relational models: An overview. In Haslam, N. (Ed.), Relational Models Theory: A Contemporary Overview (pp. 2760). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Hayes, J., Schimel, J., Arndt, J., & Faucher, E. H. (2010). A theoretical and empirical review of the death-thought accessibility concept in terror management research. Psychological Bulletin, 136(5), 699739.
Hayim, G. J. (2007). Existentialism and Sociology. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
Heft, H. (2005). Ecological Psychology in Context: James Gibson, Roger Barker, and the Legacy of William James. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Heft, H. (2012). Foundations of an ecological approach to psychology. In Clayton, S. D. (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Environmental and Conservation Psychology (pp. 1140). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Heidegger, M. (1962). Being and Time (Macquarrie, J. & Robinson, E., Trans.). New York: Harper & Row.
Heine, S. J., & Hamamura, T. (2007). In search of East Asian self-enhancement. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11(1), 427.
Henrich, J., Ensminger, J., McElreath, R., Barr, A., Barrett, C., Bolyanatz, A., et al. (2010a). Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment. Science, 327, 14801484.
Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010b). The weirdest people in the world? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 61135.
Herman, J. (1997). Trauma and Recovery: The Aftermath of Violence – From Domestic Abuse to Political Terror (14th printing). New York: Basic Books.
Hernandez, E. P. (2011). Twice uprooted: How government policies exacerbate injury to low-income Americans following natural disasters. The Scholar: St. Mary’s Law Review on Minority Issues, 14, 220250.
Hibbing, J. R., & Theiss-Morse, E. (2002). Stealth Democracy: Americans’ Beliefs about How Government Should Work. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hiebert, C. (1973). The Holdeman People: Church of God in Christ, Mennonite, 1859–1969. South Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Higgins, E. T. (1987). Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94(3), 319340.
Hindmoor, A. (2010). The banking crisis: Grid, group and the state of the debate. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 69(4), 442456.
Hirsh, J. B., Mar, R. A., & Peterson, J. B. (2012). Psychological entropy: A framework for understanding uncertainty-related anxiety. Psychological Review, 119(2), 304320.
Hofstede, G. H., & Hofstede, G. J. (2005). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind (2nd Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Hoge, D. R. (1972). A validated intrinsic religious motivation scale. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 11, 369376.
Hoge, E. A., Tamrakar, S. M., Christian, K. M., Mahara, N., Nepal, M. K., Pollack, M. H., et al. (2006). Cross-cultural differences in somatic presentation in patients with generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 194, 962966.
Hogg, M. A., Adelman, J. R., & Blagg, R. D. (2010). Religion in the face of uncertainty: An uncertainty-identity theory account of religiousness. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14(1), 7283.
Holbrook, C., Sousa, P., & Hahn-Holbrook, J. (2011). Unconscious vigilance: Worldview defense without adaptations for terror, coalition, or uncertainty management. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(3), 451466.
Holdeman, J. (1880). Ein Spiegel der Wahrheit. Lancaster, PA: Johann Bär’s Sons.
Holdeman, J. (1890). A Treatise on Redemption, Baptism, and the Passover and the Lord’s Supper. Carthage, MO: Free Press Book and Job Printing House.
Homan, G. D. (2000). Innocents abroad?: Mennonite Central Committee’s beginnings in Vietnam, 1954–1957. Journal of Mennonite Studies, 18, 1028.
Homans, G. C. (1941). Anxiety and ritual: The theories of Malinowski and Radcliffe-Brown. American Anthropologist, 43(2), 164172.
Horwitz, A. V. (1990). The Logic of Social Control. New York: Plenum Press.
Hostetler, J. A. (1974). Hutterite Society. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Hostetler, J. A. (1996). The Amish as a redemptive community. In Hege, L., & Wiebe, C. (Eds.), The Amish: Origin and Characteristics, 1693–1993 (pp. 346355). Ingersheim: Association Française d’Histoire Anabaptiste-Mennonite.
Hsu, F. L. K. (1961). Psychological anthropology in the behavioral sciences. In Hsu, F. L. K. (Ed.), Psychological Anthropology. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.
Hsu, F. L. K. (1967). Under the Ancestor’s Shadow. New York: Anchor Books.
Hull, D. L. (1988). Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Huppert, J. D., Siev, J., & Kushner, E. S. (2007). When religion and obsessive-compulsive disorder collide: Treating scrupulosity in ultra-orthodox Jews. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63(10), 925941.
Husserl, E. (2000). Logical Investigations, 2 Volume-Set. Amherst, NY: Humanity Books.
Hwang, W.-C., Myers, H. F., Abe-Kim, J., & Ting, J. Y. (2008). A conceptual paradigm for understanding culture’s impact on mental health: The cultural influences on mental health (CIMH) model. Clinical Psychology Review, 28(2), 211227.
Igreja, V., Dias-Lambranca, B., Hershey, D. A., Racin, L., Richters, A., & Reis, R. (2010). The epidemiology of spirit possession in the aftermath of mass political violence in Mozambique. Social Science & Medicine, 71, 592599.
Imada, T., & Kitayama, S. (2010). Social eyes and choice justification: Culture and dissonance revisited. Social Cognition, 28(5), 589608.
Inglehart, R. (1997). Modernization and Postmodernization. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Inkeles, A., & Levinson, D. J. (1954). National character: The study of modal personality and sociocultural systems. In Lindzey, G. (Ed.), Handbook of Social Psychology: (Vol. 2).
Innis, R. E. (2009). Susanne Langer in Focus: The Symbolic Mind. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Inozu, M., Karanci, A. N., & Clark, D. A. (2012). Why are religious individuals more obsessional? The role of mental control beliefs and guilt in Muslims and Christians. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 43, 959966.
Jackson, M. (Ed.). (1996). Things As They Are: New Directions in Phenomenological Anthropology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Jackson, M. (Ed.). (2005). Existential Anthropology: Events, Exigencies, and Effects. New York: Berghahn Books.
Jackson, M. (Ed.). (2013). Lifeworlds: Essays in Existential Anthropology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Jahoda, M., Lazarsfeld, P. F., & Zeisel, H. (1971). Marienthal: The Sociography of an Unemployed Community. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
Jankélévitch, S. (2008). Le suicide and psychological suffering. In Pickering, W. S. F., & Rosati, M. (Eds.), Suffering and Evil: The Durkheimian Legacy (pp. 3148). New York: Berghahn Books.
Janoff-Bulman, R. (1989). Assumptive worlds and the stress of traumatic events: Applications of the schema construct. Social Cognition, 7, 113136.
Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992). Shattered Assumptions: Towards a New Psychology of Trauma. New York; Toronto; New York: Free Press; Maxwell Macmillan Canada; Maxwell Macmillan International.
Janoff-Bulman, R., & Carnes, N. C. (2013). Surveying the moral landscape: Moral motives and group-based moralities. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 17, 219236.
Janoff-Bulman, R., & Yopyk, D. (2004). Random outcomes and valued commitments: Existential dilemmas and the paradox of meaning. In Greenberg, J., Koole, S. L., & Pyszczynski, T. (Eds.), Handbook of Experimental Existential Psychology. New York: Guilford.
Janzen, C. C. (1914). Americanization of the Russian Mennonites in Central Kansas. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Kansas.
Jaspers, K. (1970). Philosophy (Vol. 2). Chicago, IL; London: University of Chicago Press.
Jaspers, K. (1979). Nietzsche: An Introduction to the Understanding of His Philosophical Activity (Wallraff, C. F., & Schmitz, F. J., Trans.). South Bend, IN: Regnery/Gateway.
Jilek, W. G. (1971). Review of Vergleichende Untersuchungen über depressive Erkrankungen in Japan und in Deutschland by B. Kimura. Transcultural Psychiatry, 8, 2328.
Jindra, I. W. (2008). Religious stage development among converts to different religious groups. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 18(3), 195215.
Johnson, D., & Bering, J. (2006). Hand of God, mind of man: Punishment and cognition in the evolution of cooperation. Evolutionary Psychology, 4, 219233.
Johnston, A., & Malabou, C. (2013). Self and Emotional Life: Philosophy, Psychoanalysis, and Neuroscience. New York: Columbia University Press.
Johnston-Robledo, I., & Chrisler, J. C. (2011). The menstrual mark: Menstruation as social stigma. Sex Roles, 68(1–2), 918.
Jonas, E., Fritsche, I., & Greenberg, J. (2005). Currencies as cultural symbols – An existential psychological perspective on reactions of Germans toward the Euro. Journal of Economic Psychology, 26(1), 129146.
Jonas, E., McGregor, I., Klackl, J., Agroskin, D., Fritsche, I., Holbrook, C., et al. (2014). Threat and defense: From anxiety to approach. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 219286.
Jonas, H. (1966). The Phenomenon of Life: Toward a Philosophical Biology. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Jones, A. R. (2011). Sustainable Growth and Redevelopment of Wadena: Evoking Meaningful Change. BA Thesis. Fargo: North Dakota State University.
Joseph, S. (2011). What Doesn’t Kill Us: The New Psychology of Posttraumatic Growth. New York: Basic Books.
Juhnke, J. C. (1975). A People of Two Kingdoms: The Political Acculturation of the Kansas Mennonites. Newton, KS: Faith & Life Press.
Jung, C. G. (1940). The Integration of the Personality. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Kaufman, E. G. (1973). General Conference Mennonite Pioneers. Newton, KS: Bethel College.
Kaufmann, W. (1968). Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist. New York: Vintage Books.
Kay, A. C., & Sullivan, D. (2013). Cultural unity and diversity in compensatory control processes. In Gelfand, M. J., Chiu, C., & Hong, Y. (Eds.), Advances in Culture and Psychology: Vol. 3 (pp. 181226). New York: Oxford University Press.
Keller, H. (2012). Autonomy and relatedness revisited: Cultural manifestations of universal human needs. Child Development Perspectives, 6, 1218.
Keller, H., & Kärtner, J. (2013). Development – The culture-specific solution of universal developmental tasks. In Gelfand, M. L., Chiu, C.-Y., & Hong, Y. Y. (Eds.), Advances in Culture and Psychology, Vol. 3 (pp. 63116). Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
Kelly, G. (1955). The Psychology of Personal Constructs. New York: Norton.
Keltner, D., & Haidt, J. (2003). Approaching awe, a moral, spiritual, and aesthetic emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 17(2), 297314.
Kesebir, P., & Kesebir, S. (2012). The cultural salience of moral character and virtue declined in twentieth century America. Journal of Positive Psychology, 7, 471480.
Kierkegaard, S. (1981). The Concept of Anxiety (Original work published 1844). (Thomte, R., Trans.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kierkegaard, S. (2004). From The sickness unto death. In Marino, G. (Ed.), Basic Writings of Existentialism (pp. 41110). New York: Modern Library (Original work published 1849).
Kihlstrom, J. F. (1990). The psychological unconscious. In Pervin, L. (Ed.), Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research (pp. 445464). New York: Guilford.
Kimura, B. (1965). Vergleichende untersuchungen über depressive erkrankungen in Japan und in Deutschland. Fortschritte der Neurologie & Psychiatrie, 93: 202215.
Kimura, B. (1967). Phänomenologie des Schulderlebnisses in einer vergleichenden psychiatrischen Sicht. Aktuelle Fragen der Psychiatrie und Neurologie, 6, 5465.
Kincaid, H., Dupré, J., & Wylie, A. (Eds.). (2007). Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusion. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
Kitayama, S., Park, H., Sevincer, A. T., Karasawa, M., & Uskul, A. K. (2009). A cultural task analysis of implicit independence: Comparing North America, Western Europe, and East Asia. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97(2), 236255.
Klapp, O. (1986). Overload and Boredom: Essays on the Quality of Life in the Information Society. New York: Praeger.
Klass, M. (2004). Mind over Mind: The Anthropology and Psychology of Spirit Possession. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Klassen, R. J. (May 19, 2010). The beguiling influence of psychology and psychiatry. Messenger of Truth, 108(10), 23.
Kleinman, A. (1988). The Illness Narratives: Suffering, Healing, and the Human Condition. New York: Basic Books.
Koltko-Rivera, M. E. (2004). The psychology of worldviews. Review of General Psychology, 8(1), 358.
Konner, M. (2007). Evolutionary foundations of cultural psychology. In Kitayama, S., & Cohen, D. (Eds.), Handbook of Cultural Psychology (pp. 77105). New York: Guilford Press.
Kotarba, J. A. (1977). The chronic pain experience. In Douglas, J. D., & Johnson, J. M. (Eds.), Existential Sociology (pp. 257272). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kotarba, J. A. (1979). Existential sociology. In McNall, S. (Ed.), Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology (pp. 348368). New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Kotarba, J. A., & Johnson, J. M. (Eds.). (2002). Postmodern Existential Sociology. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.
Kraus, M. W., Piff, P. K., & Keltner, D. (2011). Social class as culture: The convergence of resources and rank in the social realm. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(4), 246250.
Kristeva, J. (1982). Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection (Roudiez, L. S., Trans.) New York: Columbia University Press.
Kugler, K., & Jones, W. H. (1992). On conceptualizing and assessing guilt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62(2), 318327.
Kuhn, M. H. (1954). Factors in personality: Socio-cultural determinants as seen through the Amish. In Hsu, F. L. K. (Ed.), Aspects of Culture and Personality (pp. 4360). New York: Abelard-Schuman.
Kvale, S. (1995). The social construction of validity. Qualitative Inquiry, 1(1), 1940.
Laing, R. D. (1960). The Divided Self. New York: Pantheon Books.
Landau, M. J., Greenberg, J., & Sullivan, D. (2009). Managing terror when self-worth and worldviews collide: Evidence that mortality salience increases reluctance to self-enhance beyond authorities. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(1), 6879.
Landrine, H. (1995). Clinical implications of cultural differences: The referential versus the indexical self. In Goldberger, N. R., & Veroff, J. B. (Eds.), The Culture and Psychology Reader (pp. 744766). New York: New York University Press.
Langer, S. K. (1957). Philosophy in a New Key: A Study in the Symbolism of Reason, Rite, and Art. Cambride, MA: Harvard University Press.
Langer, S. K. (1982). Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling, Vol. 3. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Langer, S. K. (1988). Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling (Abridged Ed.). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Langevoort, D. C. (2011). Chasing the greased pig down Wall Street: A gatekeeper’s guide to the psychology, culture, and ethics of financial risk-taking. Cornell Law Review, 96, 12091246.
Langford, I. H. (2002). An existential approach to risk perception. Risk Analysis, 22(1), 101120.
Lazarus, R. S. (1991). Cognition and motivation in emotion. American Psychologist, 46(4), 352367.
Lazarus, R. S., & Lazarus, B. N. (1994). Passion and Reason: Making Sense of Our Emotions. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lazzarato, M. (2011). The Making of the Indebted Man: An Essay on the Neoliberal Condition (Jordan, J. D., Trans.). Los Angeles, CA: Semiotext(e).
Lazzarato, M. (2015). Governing by Debt (Jordan, J. D., Trans.). Los Angeles, CA: Semiotext(e).
Leichty, M. M. (1961). Family attitudes and self concept in Vietnamese and U.S. children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 33, 3850.
Leitgeb, L. E. (2009). Building Theology, Reinscribing Subjectivity: Cultivating a Liberal Identity in Unitarian Universalism. Doctoral Thesis. Buffalo: SUNY.
Lerner, M. (1980). The Belief in a Just World: A Fundamental Delusion. New York: Springer.
Lester, M. (1984). Self: Sociological portraits. In Kotarba, J. A., & Fontana, A. (Eds.), Existential Self in Society (pp. 1868). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
LeVine, R. A. (1973). Culture, Behaviour and Personality. London: Hutchinson.
LeVine, R. A. (2001). Culture and personality studies, 1918–1960: Myth and history. Journal of Personality, 69(6), 803818.
Lewis, M. (1997). The self in self-conscious emotions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 818(1), 119142.
Lifton, R. J. (1968). Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima. New York: Random House.
Lifton, R. J. (1987). The Future of Immortality. New York: Basic Books.
Ligotti, T. (2012). The Conspiracy against the Human Race: A Contrivance of Horror. New York: Hippocampus Press.
Loewen, R. (2006). Diaspora in the Countryside: Two Mennonite Communities and Mid-twentieth Century Rural Disjuncture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Longhofer, J. (1986). Land, Household, and Community: A Study of the Alexanderwohl Mennonites. Ph.D. Dissertation. Lawrence, KS: Department of Anthropology, University of Kansas.
Longhofer, J. (1993). Toward a political economy of inheritance: Community and household among the Mennonites. Theory and Society, 22, 337362.
Luckhurst, R. (2008). The Trauma Question. London; New York: Routledge.
Lupton, D. (2013). Risk (2nd Ed.). New York: Routledge.
Lyman, S. M., & Scott, M. B. (1970). A Sociology of the Absurd. Pacific Palisades, CA: Goodyear.
Ma, M., & Agarwal, R. (2007). Through a glass darkly: Information technology design, identity verification, and knowledge contribution in online communities. Information Systems Research, 18(1), 4267.
Macho, T. H. (1987). Todesmetaphern: Zur Logik der Grenzerfahrung. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
Madsen, R. (2012). The future of transcendence: A sociological agenda. In Bellah, R. N., & Joas, H. (Eds.), The Axial Age and Its Consequences (pp. 430446). Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
Marino, G. D. (1998). Anxiety in the Concept of Anxiety. In Hannay, A., & Marino, G. D. (Eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Kierkegaard (pp. 308328). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Marks, H. M. (2003). Rigorous uncertainty: Why RA Fisher is important. International Journal of Epidemiology, 32(6), 932937.
Marks, L. D., Cherry, K. E., & Silva, J. (2009). Faith, crisis, coping, and meaning making after Katrina: A qualitative, cross-cohort examination. In Cherry, K. (Ed.), Lifespan Perspectives on Natural Disasters: Coping with Katrina, Rita and Other Storms (pp. 195215). New York: Springer.
Markus, H. R., & Conner, A. (2013). Clash!: 8 Cultural Conflicts That Make Us Who We Are. New York: Hudson Street Press.
Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98(2), 224253.
Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (2010). Cultures and selves a cycle of mutual constitution. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5(4), 420430.
Marsella, A. J. (1980). Depressive experience and disorder across cultures. In Triandis, H., & Draguns, J. (Eds.), Handbook of Cross-Cultural Psychology: Volume 6 Mental Health (pp. 237289). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Marshall, G. N. (1966). Challenge of a Liberal Faith. Boston, MA: Skinner House Books.
Martens, A., Burke, B. L., Schimel, J., & Faucher, E. H. (2011). Same but different: Meta-analytically examining the uniqueness of mortality salience effects. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 610.
Martin, T. (2002). Oppression and the Human Condition: An Introduction to Sartrean Existentialism. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Mauss, M. (1990). The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies (Hall, W. D., Trans.). New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc.
May, R. (1983). The Discovery of Being, Writings in Existential Psychology. New York: Norton.
May, W. F. (1994). The Patient’s Ordeal. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
McAdams, D. P. (2006). The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live by. New York: Oxford University Press.
McAdams, D. P., Josselson, R., & Lieblich, A. (Eds.). (2006). Identity and Story: Creating Self in Narrative. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
McAvoy, P. (2012). “There are no housewives on Star Trek”: A reexamination of exit rights for the children of insular fundamentalist parents. Educational Theory, 62, 535552.
McGraw, K. M. (1987). Guilt following transgression: An attribution of responsibility approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53(2), 247256.
McGregor, I. (2006). Offensive defensiveness: Toward an integrative neuroscience of compensatory zeal after mortality salience, personal uncertainty, and other poignant self-threats. Psychological Inquiry, 17(4), 299308.
McKanan, D. (2013). Unitarianism, universalism, and unitarian universalism. Religion Compass, 7, 1524.
McKinnon, S. (2005). Neo-Liberal Genetics: The Myths and Moral Tales of Evolutionary Psychology. Chicago, IL: Prickly Paradigm Press.
McNally, D. (2011). Global Slump: The Economics and Politics of Crisis and Resistance. Oakland, CA: PM Press.
Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, Self, and Society. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Meier, R. F. (1982). Perspectives on the concept of social control. Annual Review of Sociology, 8(1), 3555.
Melton, P. E., Mosher, M. J., Rubicz, R., Zlojutro, M., & Crawford, M. H. (2010). Mitochondrial DNA diversity in Mennonite communities from the Midwestern United States. Human Biology, 82, 267289.
Mendelsohn, J. (2006). Being Liberal in an Illiberal Age: Why I am a Unitarian Universalist (2nd Ed.). Boston: Skinner House Books.
Messinger, S. D. (2010). Getting past the accident: Explosive devices, limb loss, and refashioning a life in a military medical center. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 24, 281303.
Meyer, J. W. (2003). Reflections on a half-century of Mennonite change. Mennonite Quarterly Review, 77(2), 257.
Mikulincer, M., & Florian, V. (1997). Do we really know what we need? A commentary on Pyszczynski, Greenberg, & Solomon. Psychological Inquiry, 8, 3336.
Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Miller, G. A. (2010). Mistreating psychology in the decades of the brain. Perspectives on Psychological Science: A Journal of the Association for Psychological Science, 5(6), 716743.
Miller, J. G. (1997). Culture and the self: Uncovering the cultural grounding of psychological theory. In Snodgrass, J. G., & Thompson, R. L. (Eds.), Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Vol. 818. The Self across Psychology: Self-Recognition, Self-Awareness, and the Self Concept (pp. 217231). New York: New York Academy of Sciences.
Miller, R. L’H. (1976). The religious value system of Unitarian Universalists. Review of Religious Research, 17(3), 189208.
Mingers, J. (2001). Combining IS research methods: Towards a pluralist methodology. Information Systems Research, 12(3), 240259.
Minkowski, E. (1970). Lived Time: Phenomenological and Psychopathological Studies. (Metzel, N., Trans.). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (1995). A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure. Psychological Review, 102(2), 246268.
Mitscherlich, A. (1970). Society without the Father. New York: Schocken.
Miyamoto, Y., Nisbett, R. E., & Masuda, T. (2006). Culture and the physical environment. Holistic versus analytic perceptual affordances. Psychological Science, 17(2), 113119.
Moffatt, M. (1989). Coming of Age in New Jersey. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Monfredo, W. (2008). Blown away in Greensburg, USA: Prediction and analysis of an EF-5 tornado. Weather, 63, 116120.
Morelli, G. A., & Rothbaum, F. (2007). Situating the child in context: Attachment relationships and self-regulation in different cultures. In Kitayama, S., & Cohen, D. (Eds.), Handbook of Cultural Psychology (pp. 500527). New York: Guilford Press.
Morling, B., & Lamoreaux, M. (2008). Measuring culture outside the head: A meta-analysis of individualism-collectivism in cultural products. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12, 199221.
Morozov, E. (2013a). To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism. New York: PublicAffairs.
Morozov, E. (2013b). The real privacy problem. MIT Technology Review, 116(6), 3243.
Morton, T. (2013). Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology after the End of the World. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Mowrer, O. H. (1950). Pain, punishment, guilt, and anxiety. In Anxiety: The Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the American Psychopathological Association (pp. 2748). New York: Grune & Stratton.
Nagel, T. (1993). Death. In Fischer, J. M. (Ed.), The Metaphysics of Death (pp. 5970). Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Namihira, E. (1987). Pollution in the folk belief system. Current Anthropology, 28(4), S65S74.
Nasby, W., & Read, N. W. (1997). The life voyage of a solo circumnavigator: Integrating theoretical and methodological perspectives. Journal of Personality, 65(4), 7851068.
Nash, K., McGregor, I., & Prentice, M. (2011). Threat and defense as goal regulation: From implicit goal conflict to anxious uncertainty, reactive approach motivation, and ideological extremism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(6), 12911301.
Nathan, R. (2006). My Freshman Year: What a Professor Learned by Becoming a Student. New York: Penguin Books.
Neimeyer, R. A., & Hogan, N. S., (2001). Quantitative or qualitative? Measurement issues in the study of grief. In Stroebe, M. S., Hansson, R. O., Stroebe, W., & Schut, H. (Eds.), Handbook of Bereavement Research: Consequences, Coping, and Care (pp. 89118). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Nelson, K. (2007). Young Minds in Social Worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Nickelson, A. (May 13, 2008). Resounding spirit fills quiet little town. Greeley Colorado Tribune. Retrieved from
Nicolaisen, I. (1995). Persons and nonpersons: Disability and personhood among the Punan Bah of central Borneo. In Ingstad, B., & Whyte, S. R. (Eds.), Disability and Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Nietzsche, F. (1964). The Joyful Wisdom (Common, T., Trans.). New York: Russell & Russell (Original work published 1887).
Nietzsche, F. (1967). On the Genealogy of Morals/Ecce Homo. New York: Vintage.
Nietzsche, F. (1997). Twilight of the Idols (Polt, R., Trans.). Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co. (Original work published 1889).
Nietzsche, F. (1997). Untimely Meditations (Breazeale, D., Ed., Hollingdale, R. J., Trans.). New York: Cambridge University Press (Original work published 1874).
Nilsson, A. (2014). Humanistic and normativistic worldviews: Distinct and hierarchically structured. Personality and Individual Differences, 64, 135140.
Nisbett, R. E., Peng, K., Choi, I., & Norenzayan, A. (2001). Culture and systems of thought: Holistic versus analytic cognition. Psychological Review, 108(2), 291310.
Nisbett, R. E., & Wilson, T. D. (1977). Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes. Psychological Review, 84(3), 231259.
Norenzayan, A. (2013). Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Norenzayan, A., & Lee, A. (2010). It was meant to happen: Explaining cultural variations in fate attributions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(5), 702720.
Norris, P., & Inglehart, R. (2012). Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
O’Dea, T. F. (1966). The Sociology of Religion. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Ohnuki-Tierney, E. (1984). Illness and Culture in Contemporary Japan: An Anthropological View. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Oishi, S. (2014). Socioecological psychology. Annual Reviews of Psychology, 65, 581609.
Oishi, S., & Kisling, J. (2009). The mutual constitution of residential mobility and individualism. In Wyer, R. S., Chiu, C., & Hong, Y. (Eds.), Understanding culture: Theory, research, and application (pp. 223238). New York: Psychology Press.
Ong, W. J. (1982). Orality and Literacy. London; New York: Routledge.
Ostrander, D. (1982). One and two dimensional models of the distribution of beliefs. In Douglas, M. (Ed.), Essays in the Sociology of Perception (pp. 1430). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Otto, R. (1958). The Idea of the Holy (Harvey, J. W., Trans.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Oyserman, D., Coon, H. M., & Kemmelmeier, M. (2002). Rethinking individualism and collectivism: Evaluation of theoretical assumptions and meta-analyses. Psychological Bulletin, 128(1), 372.
Oyserman, D., & Lee, S. W. S. (2008). Does culture influence what and how we think? Effects of priming individualism and collectivism. Psychological Bulletin, 134(2), 311342.
Palitsky, R., Sullivan, D., Keefer, L. A., & Stewart, S. A. (in press). The cultural backdrop to modern prospection: Exploring the relevance of time-space distanciation. Review of General Psychology.
Parker, T. (2005). Education and ethnicity: The relationship between Russian Mennonites and school district formation in Buhler and Goessel, Kansas. Journal of American Ethnic History, 24, 3469.
Parsons, T. (1971). System of Modern Societies. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Paul, B. K., & Che, D. (2011). Opportunities and challenges in rebuilding tornado-impacted Greensburg, Kansas as “stronger, better, and greener.” GeoJournal, 76, 93108.
Pelto, P. J. (1968). The differences between “tight” and “loose” societies. Trans-Action, 5(5), 3740.
Pepper, S. C. (1942). World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
Peregrine, P. (1996). The birth of the gods revisited: A partial replication of Guy Swanson’s (1960) cross-cultural study of religion. Cross-Cultural Research, 30(1), 84112.
Perloff, L. S. (1987). Social comparison and illusions of invulnerability to negative life events. In Snyder, C. R., & Ford, C. E. (Eds.), Coping with Negative Life Events: Clinical and Social Psychological Perspectives (pp. 217242). New York: Plenum.
Phillips, A. (2000). Darwin’s Worms: On Life Stories and Death Stories. New York: Basic Books.
Pinel, E. C., & Long, A. E. (2012). When I’s meet: Sharing subjective experience with someone from the outgroup. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 38(3), 296307.
Pitts, J. R. (1961). Introduction to part three. In Parsons, T., Shils, E., Naegele, K. D., & Pitts, J. (Eds.), Theories of Society: Foundations of Modern Sociological Theory (pp. 685716). New York: Free Press.
Poortinga, Y. H. (1989). Equivalence of cross-cultural data: An overview of basic issues. International Journal of Psychology, 24, 737756.
Potter, A. (2010). The Authenticity Hoax: How We Get Lost Finding Ourselves. New York: Harper.
Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and bootstrapping strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 879891.
Proulx, T. (2012). Threat-compensation in social psychology: Is there a core motivation? Social Cognition, 30, 643651.
Proulx, T., & Heine, S. J. (2008). The case of the transmogrifying experimenter: Affirmation of a moral schema following implicit change detection. Psychological Science, 19(12), 12941300.
Proulx, T., & Heine, S. J. (2010). The frog in Kierkegaard’s beer: Finding meaning in the threat-compensation literature. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4(10), 889905.
Proulx, T., & Inzlicht, M. (2012). The five “A”s of meaning maintenance: Finding meaning in the theories of sense-making. Psychological Inquiry, 23(4), 317335.
Pyszczynski, T., & Greenberg, J. (1992). Hanging On and Letting Go: Understanding the Onset, Progression and Remission of Depression. New York: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. K.
Pyszczynski, T., Greenberg, J., & Goldenberg, J. (2003). Freedom vs. fear: On the defense, growth, and expansion of the self. In Leary, M., & Tangney, J. (Eds.), Handbook of Self and Identity. New York: Guilford Press.
Pyszczynski, T., Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., & Hamilton, J. (1990). A terror management analysis of self-awareness and anxiety: The hierarchy of terror. Anxiety Research, 2(3), 177195.
Pyszczynski, T., Sullivan, D., & Greenberg, J. (2015). Experimental existential psychology: Living in the shadow of the facts of life. In Borgida, E., & Bargh, J. (Eds.), American Psychological Association Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology (pp. 279308). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Quadagno, J. B., & Janzen, J. M. (1987). Old age security and the family life course: A case study of 19th century Mennonite immigrants to Kansas. Journal of Aging Studies, 1(1), 3654.
Radin, P. (1927). Primitive Man as Philosopher. New York: D. Appleton & Company.
Rai, T. S., & Fiske, A. P. (2011). Moral psychology is relationship regulation: Moral motives for unity, hierarchy, equality, and proportionality. Psychological Review, 118(1), 5775.
Rank, O. (1947). Will Therapy and Truth and Reality. New York: A.A. Knopf.
Rank, O. (1958). Beyond Psychology. New York: Dover Publications.
Rank, O. (1996). A Psychology of Difference: The American Lectures. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rank, O. (1998). Psychology and the Soul: A Study of the Origin, Conceptual Evolution, and Nature of the Soul. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Rasor, P. (2008). Theological and political liberalisms. Journal of Law and Religion, 24, 433462.
Ratcliffe, M. (2008). Feelings of Being: Phenomenology, Psychiatry and the Sense of Reality. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
Ratcliffe, M. (2012). The phenomenology of existential feeling. In Fingerhut, J., & Marienberg, S. (Eds.), Feelings of Being Alive (pp. 2354). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Ratcliffe, M. (2015). Experiences of Depression: A Study in Phenomenology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ratcliffe, M., & Broome, M. (2012). Existential phenomenology, psychiatric illness and the death of possibilities. In Crowell, S. (Ed.), Cambridge Companion to Existentialism (pp. 361382). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ratner, C. (2013). Macro-cultural psychology: Its development, concerns, politics, and future direction. In Gelfand, M. J., Chiu, C., & Hong, Y. (Eds.), Advances in Culture and Psychology: Vol. 3 (pp. 283326).
Redekop, C. W. (1989). Mennonite society. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Redekop, C. W. (2001). Power in the Anabaptist community. In Redekop, B. W., & Redekop, C. W. (Eds.), Power, Authority, and the Anabaptist Tradition (pp. 174192). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Reginster, B. (2009). The Affirmation of Life: Nietzsche on Overcoming Nihilism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Reis, H. T. (2012). Why researchers should think “real-world”: A conceptual rationale. In Mehl, M. R., & Conner, T. S. (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life (pp. 321). New York: Guilford Press.
Reitzes, D. C. (1980). College student identities and behaviors. Sociological Focus, 13, 113124.
Richards, P. S. (1991). Religious devoutness in college students: Relations with emotional adjustment and psychological separation from parents. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38(2), 189196.
Ricœur, P. (1967). The Symbolism of Evil. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Ricoeur, P.(1970). Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation (Savage, D., Trans.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Robinson, S., & Mendelson, A. L. (2012). A qualitative experiment: Research on mediated meaning construction using a hybrid approach. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, doi: 10.1177/1558689812444789.
Roes, F. L., & Raymond, M. (2003). Belief in moralizing gods. Evolution and Human Behavior, 24(2), 126135.
Rorty, R. (1999). Philosophy and Social Hope. Penguin Books.
Rosati, M. (2009). Ritual and the Sacred. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Rosenberg, A. (2000). Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science, and Policy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rosenblatt, A., Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., Pyszczynski, T., & Lyon, D. (1989). Evidence for terror management theory: I. The effects of mortality salience on reactions to those who violate or uphold cultural values. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(4), 681690.
Ross, L. & Nisbett, R. (2011). The Person and the Situation: Perspectives of Social Psychology. London: Pinter & Martin Ltd.
Rothschild, Z. K., Landau, M. J., Keefer, L. A., & Sullivan, D. (2015). Another’s punishment cleanses the self: Evidence for a moral cleansing function of punishing transgressors. Motivation and Emotion, 39, 722741.
Rothschild, Z. K., Landau, M. J., Sullivan, D., & Keefer, L. A. (2012). A dual-motive model of scapegoating: Displacing blame to reduce guilt or increase control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(6), 11481163.
Rozin, P. (2010). The weirdest people in the world are a harbinger of the future of the world. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 108109.
Rubin, J. (2000). The Other Side of Joy: Religious Melancholy among the Bruderhof. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55, 6878.
Sahlins, M. (2008). The Western Illusion of Human Nature. Chicago, IL: Prickly Paradigm Press.
Saldaña, J. (2009). The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Sales, S. M. (1972). Economic threat as a determinant of conversion rates in authoritarian and nonauthoritarian churches. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 23(3), 420428.
Sampson, E. E. (1988). The debate on individualism: Indigenous psychologies of the individual and their role in personal and societal functioning. American Psychologist, 43(1), 1522.
Sampson, R. J., Raudenbush, S. W., & Earls, F. (1997). Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science, 277(5328), 918924.
Sandstrom, K. L. (1990). Confronting deadly disease: The drama of identity construction among gay men with AIDS. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 19(3), 271294.
Sandywell, B. (1996). Reflexivity and the crisis of Western reason: Logological investigations Vol. 1. New York: Routledge.
Sartre, J. P. (1948). Existentialism and Humanism. New York: Methuen.
Sartre, J. P. (1965). Essays in Existentialism. New York: Citadel.
Sartre, J. P. (2001). Being and Nothingness: An Essay in Phenomenological Ontology (Barnes, H., Trans.). New York: Citadel.
Savani, K., Markus, H. R., Naidu, N. V. R., Kumar, S., & Berlia, N. (2010). What counts as a choice? U.S. Americans are more likely than Indians to construe actions as choices. Psychological Science, 21(3), 391398.
Savani, K., Morris, M. W., & Naidu, N. V. R. (2012). Deference in Indians’ decision making: Introjected goals or injunctive norms? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 685699.
Scheff, T. (2015). Toward defining basic emotions. Qualitative Inquiry, 21, 111121.
Schieffelin, E. (1983). Anger and shame in the tropical forest: On affect as a cultural system in Papua New Guinea. Ethos, 11(3), 181191.
Schluchter, W. (1981). The Rise of Western Rationalism. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Schludermann, S., & Schludermann, E. (1971). Adolescents’ perception of themselves and adults in Hutterite communal society. Journal of Psychology, 78(1st Half), 3948.
Schmidt, E. (November 21, 2007). Wind, storms, hail, and rain. Messenger of Truth, 105(24), 1213.
Schnall, S., Haidt, J., Clore, G. L., & Jordan, A. H. (2008). Disgust as embodied moral judgment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(8), 10961109.
Schneider, K. J. (1999). The Paradoxical Self: Toward an Understanding of Our Contradictory Nature. Amherst, NY: Humanity Books.
Schneider, K. J. (2013). The Polarized Mind: Why It’s Killing Us and What We Can Do about It. Colorado Springs, CO: University Professors Press.
Schooler, C. (1996). Cultural and social-structural explanations of cross-national psychological differences. Annual Review of Sociology, 22(1), 323349.
Schrag, C. (1961). Existence and Freedom: Towards an Ontology of Human Finitude. Evanston, IL.: Northwestern University Press.
Schrag, C. O. (1969). Experience and Being: Prolegomena to a Future Ontology. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Schrag, C. O. (1997). The Self after Postmodernity. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Schroeder, R. (1987). Nietzsche and Weber: Two prophets of the modern age. In Lash, S., & Whimster, S. (Eds.), Max Weber, Rationality, and Modernity (pp. 207221). London: Allen & Unwin.
Schutz, A. (1970). On Phenomenology and Social Relations. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Schwartz, B. (2005). The Paradox of Choice: Why More Is Less. New York: Harper Perennial.
Schwartz, R. M. (2004). Transcendence: Philosophy, Literature, and Theology Approach the Beyond. New York: Routledge.
Scott, A. (2000). Risk society or angst society? Two views of risk, consciousness, and community. In Adam, B., Beck, U., & van Loon, J. (Eds.), The Risk Society and Beyond: Critical Issues for Social Theory (pp. 3346). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Sharpless, B. A. (2013). Kierkegaard’s conception of psychology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 33(2), 90106.
Shavitt, S., Torelli, C. J., & Riemer, H. (2011). Horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism: Implications for understanding psychological processes. Advances in Culture and Psychology, 1, 309350.
Sherif, M. (1977). Crisis in social psychology: Some remarks towards breaking through the crisis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3(3), 368382.
Sherif, M., & Harvey, O. J. (1952). A study in ego functioning: Elimination of stable anchorages in individual and group situations. Sociometry, 15(3/4), 272305.
Shreve-Neiger, A. K., & Edelstein, B. A. (2004). Religion and anxiety: A critical review of the literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 24, 379397.
Shulman, G. (2006). Redemption, secularization, and politics. In Scott, D., & Hirschkind, C. (Eds.), Powers of the Secular Modern: Talal Asad and His Interlocutors (pp. 154179). Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Shweder, R. A. (1984). Anthropology’s romantic rebellion against the enlightenment, or there’s more to thinking than reason and evidence. In Shweder, R. A., & Levine, R. A. (Eds.), Culture Theory (pp. 2766). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Shweder, R. A. (1995). Cultural psychology: What is it? In Goldberger, N. R., & Veroff, J. B. (Eds.), The Culture and Psychology Reader (pp. 744766). New York: New York University Press.
Shweder, R. A., & Bourne, E. (1984). Does the concept of the person vary cross-culturally? In Shweder, R. A., & LeVine, R. (Eds.), Culture Theory: Essays on Mind, Self, and Emotion (pp. 158199). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Shweder, R. A., Much, N. C., Mahapatra, M., & Park, L. (1997). The “big three” of morality (autonomy, community, divinity) and the “big three” explanations of suffering. In Brandt, A., & Rozin, P. (Eds.), Morality and Health (pp. 119169). New York: Routledge.
Sidanius, J., & Pratto, F. (2001). Social Dominance: An Intergroup Theory of Social Hierarchy and Oppression. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Siegel, B. J. (1955). High anxiety levels and cultural integration: Notes on a psycho-cultural hypothesis. Social Forces, 34, 4248.
Siegel, B. J. (1970). Defensive structuring and environmental stress. American Journal of Sociology, 76, 1132.
Sierra-Siegert, M., & David, A. S. (2007). Depersonalization and individualism: The effect of culture on symptom profiles in panic disorder. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195, 989995.
Silvia, P. J. (2001). Nothing or the opposite: Intersecting terror management and objective self-awareness. European Journal of Personality, 15(1), 7382.
Simeon, D., Gross, S., Guralnik, O., Stein, D. J., Schmeidler, J., & Hollander, E. (1997). Feeling unreal: 30 Cases of DSM-III-R depersonalization disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 11071113.
Simeon, D., Guralnik, O., Schmeidler, J., Sirof, B., & Knutelska, M. (2001). The role of childhood interpersonal trauma in depersonalization disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 10271033.
Simmel, G. (1955). Conflict and the Web of Group-Affiliations. New York: MacMillan Publishing Company.
Simmel, G. (1971). On Individuality and Social Forms (Levine, D. N., Ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Simmel, G. (1982). Philosophy of Money (Bottomore, T. & Frisby, D., Trans.). New York: Routledge.
Simmel, G. (2010). Life as transcendence. In Simmel, G. (Ed.), The View of Life: Four Metaphysical Essays (Andrews, J. A. Y. & Levine, D. N., Trans.) (pp. 118). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Simmons, J. P., Nelson, L. D., & Simonsohn, U. (2011). False-positive psychology: Undisclosed flexibility in data collection and analysis allows presenting anything as significant. Psychological Science, 22, 13591366.
Simpson, J. A., Collins, W. A., & Salvatore, J. E. (2011). The impact of early interpersonal experience on adult romantic relationship functioning: Recent findings from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(6), 355359.
Singelis, T. M., Bond, M. H., Sharkey, W. F., & Lai, C. S. Y. (1999). Unpackaging culture’s influence on self-esteem and embarrassability: The role of self-construals. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 30, 315341.
Singelis, T. M., Triandis, H. C., Bhawuk, D. P. S., & Gelfand, M. J. (1995). Horizontal and vertical dimensions of individualism and collectivism: A theoretical and measurement refinement. Cross-Cultural Research, 29(3), 240275.
Smith, A. (2009). The Theory of Moral Sentiments. New York: Penguin Books (Original work published 1759).
Smith, D. N., Ternes, B., Ordner, J. P., Schloemer, R., Moran, G., Goode, C., et al. (2011). Mapping the Great Recession: A reader’s guide to the first crisis of 21st century capitalism. New Political Science, 33(4), 577601.
Smith, J. S., & Cartlidge, M. R. (2011). Place attachment among retirees in Greensburg, Kansas. Geographical Review, 101, 536555.
Smucker, J. (1986). Religious community and individualism: Conceptual adaptations by one group of Mennonites. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 25(3), 273291.
Sorrentino, R. M., Szeto, A., Nezlek, J. B., Yasunaga, S., Kouhara, S., & Ohtsubo, Y. (2008). Uncertainty regulation: The master motive? In Sorrentino, R. M., & Yamaguchi, S. (Eds.), Handbook of Motivation and Cognition across Cultures (pp. 4970). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Sow, A. I. (1980). Anthropological Structures of Madness in Black Africa. New York: International Universities Press.
Spencer-Rodgers, J., Peng, K., Wang, L., & Hou, Y. (2004). Dialectical self-esteem and East-West differences in psychological well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(11), 14161432.
Spiegel, D., Loewenstein, R. J., Lewis-Fernández, R., Sar, V., Simeon, D., Vermetten, E., et al. (2011). Dissociative disorders in DSM-5. Depression and Anxiety, 28, E17E45.
Spierenburg, P. (2004). Social control and history: An introduction. In Roodenburg, H., & Spierenburg, P. (Eds.), Social Control in Europe Volume 1: 1500–1800 (pp. 122). Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press.
Spiro, M. (1961). An overview and a suggested reorientation. In Hsu, F. L. K. (Ed.), Psychological Anthropology. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.
Spiro, M. E. (1965). Religious systems as culturally constituted defense mechanisms. In Spiro, M. E. (Ed.), Context and Meaning in Cultural Anthropology (pp. 100113). New York: Free Press.
Spiro, M. E. (1967). Burmese Supernaturalism: A Study in the Explanation and Reduction of Suffering. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Staples, W. G. (2003). Surveillance and social control in postmodern life. In Blomberg, T. G., & Cohen, S. (Eds.), Punishment and Social Control (pp. 191214). New York: Walter de Gruyter.
Steele, C. M. (1988). The psychology of self-affirmation: Sustaining the integrity of the self. In Berkowitz, L. (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 21, pp. 261302). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Stephan, A. (2012). Emotions, existential feelings, and their regulation. Emotion Review, 4(2), 157162.
Stephens, N. M., Fryberg, S. A., Markus, H. R., Johnson, C. S., & Covarrubias, R. (2012). Unseen disadvantage: How American universities’ focus on independence undermines the academic performance of first-generation college students. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 11781197.
Stephens, N. M., Hamedani, M. G., Markus, H. R., Bergsieker, H. B., & Eloul, L. (2009). Why did they “choose” to stay? Perspectives of Hurricane Katrina observers and survivors. Psychological Science, 20, 878886.
Stevenson, J. C., & Everson, P. M. (1990). The cultural context of fertility transition in immigrant Mennonites. In Landers, J., & Reynolds, V. (Eds.), Fertility and Resources: Society for the Study of Human Biology Symposium 31. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press
Stiker, H.-J. (1999). A History of Disability (Common, T., Trans.). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Stull, D. D., Bowerman, W. R., Crawford, M. H., Haas, J. D., Hiebert, D. L., Janzen, J. M., et al. (1981). “Aging among the Mennonites of Kansas and Mexico.” Proposal for renewal of KU Aging Grant (Principal Investigator D. D. Stull). Lawrence, KS.
Suddendorf, T., & Corballis, M. C. (1997). Mental time travel and the evolution of the human mind. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 123(2), 133167.
Suh, E. M. (2000). Self, the hyphen between culture and subjective well-being. In Diener, E., & Suh, E. M. (Eds.), Culture and Subjective Well-Being (pp. 6386). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Suh, E. M. (2002). Culture, identity consistency, and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(6), 13781391.
Suhail, K., & Cochrane, R. (2002). Effect of culture and environment on the phenomenology of delusions and hallucinations. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 48(2), 126138.
Sullivan, D. (2013). From guilt-oriented to uncertainty-oriented culture: Nietzsche and Weber on the history of theodicy. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 33(2), 107124.
Sullivan, D., Keefer, L. A., Stewart, S. A., & Palitsky, R. (in press a). Time-space distanciation: An interdisciplinary account of how culture shapes the implicit and explicit psychology of time and space. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.
Sullivan, D., Landau, M. J., & Kay, A. C. (2012a). Toward a comprehensive understanding of existential threat: Insights from Paul Tillich. Social Cognition, 30(6), 734757.
Sullivan, D., Landau, M. J., Kay, A. C., & Rothschild, Z. K. (2012b). Collectivism and the meaning of suffering. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(6), 10231039.
Sullivan, D., Landau, M. J., & Rothschild, Z. K. (2010). An existential function of enemyship: Evidence that people attribute influence to personal and political enemies to compensate for threats to control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 434449.
Sullivan, D., Landau, M. J., Young, I. F., & Stewart, S. A. (2014). The dramaturgical perspective in relation to self and culture. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(5), 767790.
Sullivan, D., & Stewart, S. A. (in press). Perceived uncontrollability as a coping resource: The control-serving function of enemies and uncertainty. In Bukowski, M., Fristche, I., Guinote, A., & Kofta, M. (Eds.), Coping with Lack of Control in a Social World. New York: Psychology Press.
Sullivan, D., Stewart, S. A., & Diefendorf, J. (2015). Simmel’s time-space theory: Implications for experience of modernization and place. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 41, 4557.
Sullivan, D., Stewart, S. A., Landau, M. J., Liu, S., Yang, Q., & Diefendorf, J. (in press b). Exploring repressive suffering construal as a function of collectivism and social morality. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology.
Swanson, G. E. (1964). The Birth of the Gods: The Origin of Primitive Beliefs. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Talle, A. (1995). A child is a child: Disability and equality among the Kenya Maasai. In Ingstad, B. & Whyte, S. (Eds.), Disability and Culture (pp. 5672). Berkeley: University of California Press.
Tambiah, S. J. (1973). Classification of animals in Thailand. In Douglas, M. (Ed.), Rules and Meanings: The Anthropology of Everyday Knowledge (pp. 127166). Baltimore: Penguin.
Tangney, J. P., & Dearing, R. L. (2002). Shame and Guilt. New York: The Guilford Press.
Tanner, B. (April 20, 2010). On tornado anniversary, Greensburg reflects. The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved from
Tapp, R. B. (1973). Religion among the Unitarian Universalists. New York: Seminar Press.
Taylor, C. (1991). The Ethics of Authenticity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Taylor, C. (2007). A Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Taylor, J. B., Zurcher, L. A., & Key, W. H. (1970). Tornado: A Community Responds to Disaster. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Taylor, S. J., & Bogdan, R. (1998). Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods. New York: Wiley.
Teddlie, C., & Tashakkori, A. (2006). A general typology of research designs featuring mixed methods. Research in the Schools, 13, 1228.
Tedeschi, R. G., & Calhoun, L. G. (1996). The posttraumatic growth inventory: Measuring the positive legacy of trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 9(3), 455471.
TenHouten, W. D. (2005). Time and Society. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Tesser, A. (1988). Toward a self-evaluation maintenance model of social behavior. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 21, 181228.
Thapar, R. (2002). Cyclical and linear time in early India. In Ridderbos, K. (Ed.), Time (pp. 2745). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Thompson, B. (1989). Statistical significance, result importance, and result generalizability: Three noteworthy but somewhat different issues. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 22(1), 26.
Thompson, E., & Varela, F. J. (2001). Radical embodiment: Neural dynamics and consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5(10), 418425.
Thorlindsson, T., & Bjarnason, T. (1998). Modeling Durkheim on the micro level: A study of youth suicidality. American Sociological Review, 63(1), 94110.
Tidball, K. G., & Krasny, M. E. (Eds.). (2013). Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, Resilience and Community Greening. Berlin: Springer.
Tillich, P. (1952). The Courage to Be. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Tillich, P. (1959). The Theology of Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tipton, S. M. (2002). Social differentiation and moral pluralism. In Madsen, R., Sullivan, W. M., Swidler, A., & Tipton, S. M. (Eds.), Meaning and Modernity: Religion, Polity, and Self (pp. 1540). Berkeley: University of California Press.
Tiryakian, E. A. (1962). Sociologism and Existentialism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Tomasello, M. (1999). The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tomlinson, B., & Lipsitz, G. (2013). Insubordinate spaces for intemperate times: Countering the pedagogies of neoliberalism. Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies, 35, 326.
Tonnies, F. (1971). Ferdinand Toennies on Sociology Pure, Applied and Empirical Sociology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Tracy, J. L., & Robins, R. W. (2007). The self in self-conscious emotions: A cognitive appraisal approach. In Tracy, J. L., Robins, R. W., & Tangney, J. P. (Eds.), The Self-Conscious Emotions: Theory and Research (pp. 320). New York: Guilford Press.
Triandis, H. C. (1989). The self and social behavior in differing cultural contexts. Psychological Review, 96(3), 506520.
Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism and Collectivism. Boulder: Westview Press.
Triandis, H. C., & Gelfand, M. J. (1998). Converging measurement of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(1), 118128.
Triplett, K. N., Tedeschi, R. G., Cann, A., Calhoun, L. G., & Reeve, C. L. (2012). Posttraumatic growth, meaning in life, and life satisfaction in response to trauma. Psychological Trauma, 4, 400410.
Trompf, G. W. (1994). Payback: The Logic of Retribution in Melanesian Religions. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Tuan, Y. (1977). Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience. Minneapolis: Hodder & Stoughton Educational.
Twenge, J. M. (2000). The age of anxiety? The birth cohort change in anxiety and neuroticism, 1952–1993. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(6), 10071021.
Unruh, E. (May 20, 2009). Vision. Messenger of Truth, 107(10), 23.
Unruh, E., & Unruh, F. (2007). Tornado! Up from the Debris to Thank God. Newton, KS: Mennonite Press Inc.
Urciuoli, B. (2010). Neoliberal education: Preparing the student for the new workplace. In Greenhouse, C. J. (Ed.), Ethnographies of Neoliberalism (pp. 162176). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Vaillancourt, T. (2013). Students aggress against professors in reaction to receiving poor grades: An effect moderated by student narcissism and self-esteem. Aggressive Behavior, 39, 7184.
Valadier, P. (1977). Dionysus versus the crucified. In Allison, D. B. (Ed.), The New Nietzsche: Contemporary Styles of Interpretation (pp. 247264). New York: Delta Books.
Vallacher, R. R., & Wegner, D. M. (1987). What do people think they’re doing? Action identification and human behavior. Psychological Review, 94(1), 315.
van Braght, T. J. (1660/1938). Martyrs Mirror: The Story of Seventeen Centuries of Christian Martyrdom from the Time of Christ to A.D. 1660. (Sohm, J. F., Trans.). Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.
van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2011). Bias and real differences in cross-cultural differences: Neither friends nor foes. In van de Vijver, F. J. R., Chasiotis, A., & Breugelmans, S. M. (Eds.), Fundamental Questions in Cross-Cultural Psychology (pp. 235258). New York: Cambridge University Press.
van Duijl, M., Kleijn, W., & de Jong, J. (2012). Are symptoms of spirit possessed patients covered by the DSM-IV or DSM-V criteria for possession trance disorder? A mixed-method explorative study in Uganda. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48, 14171430.
van Duijl, M., Nijenhuis, E., Komproe, I. H., Gernaat, H. B. P. E., & de Jong, J. T. (2010). Dissociative symptoms and reported trauma among patients with spirit possession and matched healthy controls in Uganda. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 34, 380400.
van Pachterbeke, M., Keller, J., & Saroglou, V. (2012). Flexibility in existential beliefs and worldview: Introducing and measuring existential quest. Journal of Individual Differences, 33, 216.
Varnum, M. E. W., Grossmann, I., Kitayama, S., & Nisbett, R. E. (2010). The origin of cultural differences in cognition: Evidence for the social orientation hypothesis. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19(1), 913.
Vaughan, B. (2002). Cultured punishments: The promise of grid-group theory. Theoretical Criminology, 6(4), 411431.
Volk, T. (2002). What is Death? A Scientist Looks at the Cycle of Life. New York: Wiley.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Walinga, P., Corveleyn, J., & van Saane, J. (2006). Guilt and religion: The influence of Orthodox Protestant and Orthodox Catholic conceptions of guilt on guilt experience. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 27, 113135.
Ward, C. (1980). Spirit possession and mental health: A psycho-anthropological perspective. Human Relations, 33, 149163.
Watson, P. (2006). Ideas: A History of Thought and Invention, from Fire to Freud. New York: Harper Perennial.
Watson, P. (2014). The Age of Nothing: How We Have Sought to Live since the Death of God. London: Orion Publishing.
Weaver, A. P. (Ed.). (1996). Mennonite Theology in Face of Modernity: Essays in Honor of Gordon D. Kaufman. Newton, KS: Mennonite Press.
Weaver, J. D. (1997). Keeping Salvation Ethical: Mennonite and Amish Atonement Theology in the Late Nineteenth Century. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.
Webb, E. J., Campbell, D. T., Schwartz, R. D., & Sechrest, L. (2000). Unobtrusive Measures. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Weber, M. (1946). From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Weber, M. (1951). The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism (Gerth, H. H., Trans.). New York: The Free Press.
Weber, M. (2009). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (Kalberg, S., Trans.). New York: Oxford University Press (Original work published 1904).
Wedel, C. (September 26, 2007). New growth. Messenger of Truth, 105(20), 23.
Weems, C. F., Costa, N. M., Dehon, C., & Berman, S. L. (2004). Paul Tillich’s theory of existential anxiety: A preliminary conceptual and empirical examination. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 17, 383399.
Westen, D. (1985). Self and Society: Narcissism, Collectivism, and the Development of Morals. Baltimore: Cambridge University Press.
Westen, D. (1998). The scientific legacy of Sigmund Freud: Toward a psychodynamically informed psychological science. Psychological Bulletin, 124(3), 333371.
Wheeler, M. A., Stuss, D. T., & Tulving, E. (1997). Toward a theory of episodic memory: The frontal lobes and autonoetic consciousness. Psychological Bulletin, 121(3), 331354.
White, S. S. (2010). Out of the rubble and towards a sustainable future: The “greening” of Greensburg, Kansas. Sustainability, 2, 23022319.
Whitehouse, H., & Laidlaw, J. (Eds.). (2004). Ritual and Memory: Toward a Comparative Anthropology of Religion. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.
Whiting, J. W. M., & Child, I. L. (1953). Child Training and Personality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Wieviorka, M. (2012). Evil. New York: Polity.
Wilkinson, I. (2009). Risk, Vulnerability and Everyday Life. London; New York: Routledge.
Williams, L. E., & Bargh, J. A. (2008). Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science, 322(5901), 606607.
Willis, P. E. (1977). Learning to Labour: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs. Farnborough: Avebury.
Wittrock, B. (2012). The Axial Age in global history: Cultural crystallizations and societal transformations. In Bellah, R. N., & Joas, H. (Eds.), The Axial Age and Its Consequences (pp. 102125). Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
Wolfenstein, M. (1957). Disaster: A Psychological Essay. New York: Free Press.
Wong, P. T. P. (2006). Existential and humanistic theories. In Thomas, J. C., & Segal, D. L. (Eds.), Comprehensive Handbook of Personality and Psychopathology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Woodburn, J. (1982). Egalitarian societies. Man, 17(3), 431451.
Young, M. J., & Morris, M. W. (2004). Existential meanings and cultural models: The interplay of personal and supernatural agency in American and Hindu ways of responding to uncertainty. In Greenberg, J., Koole, S. L., & Pyszczynski, T. (Eds.), Handbook of Experimental Existential Psychology (pp. 215230). New York: Guilford Press.
Zadro, L., Williams, K. D., & Richardson, R. (2004). How low can you go? Ostracism by a computer is sufficient to lower self-reported levels of belonging, control, self-esteem, and meaningful existence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(4), 560567.
Zapffe, P. W. (1933/2004). The last messiah. Philosophy Now: A Magazine of Ideas, 45, 3539.
Zaumseil, M., Schwarz, S., Vacano, M., Sullivan, G. B., & Prawitasari-Hadiyono, J. E. (Eds.). (2013). Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters: The Case of an Earthquake in Java, Indonesia. New York: Springer.
Zhong, C.-B., & Liljenquist, K. (2006). Washing away your sins: Threatened morality and physical cleansing. Science, 313(5792), 14511452.