Skip to main content
Curating Revolution
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bollo, Sofia and Zhang, Yu 2017. Policy and Impact of Public Museums in China: Exploring New Trends and Challenges. Museum International, Vol. 69, Issue. 3-4, p. 26.

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Curating Revolution
    • Online ISBN: 9781108283830
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

How did China's Communist revolution transform the nation's political culture? In this rich and vivid history of the Mao period (1949–1976), Denise Y. Ho examines the relationship between its exhibitions and its political movements. Case studies from Shanghai show how revolution was curated: museum workers collected cultural and revolutionary relics; neighborhoods, schools, and work units mounted and narrated local displays; and exhibits provided ritual space for ideological lessons and political campaigns. Using archival sources, ephemera, interviews, and other materials, Ho traces the process by which exhibitions were developed, presented, and received. Examples under analysis range from the First Party Congress Site and the Shanghai Museum to the 'class education' and Red Guard exhibits that accompanied the Socialist Education Movement and the Cultural Revolution. Operating in two modes - that of a state in power and that of a state in revolution - Mao era exhibitionary culture remains part of China's revolutionary legacy.


'A lucid and compelling history, Curating Revolution brings Mao-era exhibits to life in vivid, tangible, and deeply human detail. Ho's thoughtful analysis of these 'object lessons' and the purposes they served illuminates as never before the profound relationship between ideology and materiality in Mao-era political culture. In the process, the familiar categories of revolution, history, culture, propaganda, and participation all take on new and rich significance.'

Sigrid Schmalzer - University of Massachusetts, Amherst

'Exhibitionary culture was interwoven into the very fabric of daily life in Mao’s China. Ho tells a fascinating story about the people who shaped that culture - curators, collectors, workers, teachers, schoolchildren, docents, and urban residents - and she does it with exceptional scholarship and rich use of archival sources.'

Kirk A. Denton - The Ohio State University

'China under Mao tried harder than any state in history to inculcate a new consciousness in its citizens. Curating Revolution creatively bridges institutional studies of mass campaigns and oral histories to reveal how the use of objects and exhibitions narrated the past, explained the present, and awakened viewers to defend the revolution.'

Karl Gerth - University of California, San Diego

'A wonderful study, chock full of new information gleaned from impressive archival, documentary, and interview sources. The theme of using exhibitions to 'make revolution' is clearly and convincingly developed. Curating Revolution is destined to be an important book.'

Elizabeth J. Perry - Harvard University, Massachusetts

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
A, Li 阿励, ed. Shanghai de gushi 上海的故事 (Stories of Shanghai). Hong Kong: Zhonghua shuju, Xianggang fenju, 1973.
Anagnost, Ann. National Past-Times: Narrative, Representation, and Power in Modern China. Durham: Duke University Press, 1997.
Antonioni, Michelangelo. Cina. Rome: Rai Trade, 2007.
Apter, David E., and Saich, Tony. Revolutionary Discourse in Mao’s Republic. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994.
Ba, Jin. “A Cultrev Museum.” In Seeds of Fire: Chinese Voices of Conscience, edited by Barmé, Geremie and Minford, John, pp. 381384. New York: Hill and Wang, 1988.
Baum, Richard. Prelude to Revolution: Mao, the Party, and the Peasant Question, 1962–66. New York: Columbia University Press, 1975.
Baum, Richard, and Teiwes, Frederick C.. Ssu-Ch’ing: The Socialist Education Movement of 1962–1966. Berkeley: Center for Chinese Studies, University of California, 1968.
Beijing zaozhi zongchang shoudu zhigong geming zaofanzhe lianzongzhan 北京造纸总厂首都职工革命造反者连总站 (Beijing Paper-Making Industrial Complex Workers’ Revolutionary Rebels United Station) et al. Guanyu baohu gujiu shukan zihua de changyishu 关于保护古旧书刊字画的倡议书(Proposal regarding the protection of ancient and old books, periodicals, calligraphy, and paintings). Unpublished flyer, February 15, 1967.
Beijing zhi: Wenwu juan, wenwu zhi 北京志: 文物卷, 文物志 (Beijing gazetteer: Volume on cultural relics, cultural relics gazetteer). Beijing: Beijing chubanshe, 2006.
“Beijingshi gushu wenwu qingli xiaozu guanyu tiaoxuan gujiu shukan biaozhun de yijian” 北京市古书文物清理小组关于挑选古旧书刊标准的意见 (Opinions of the Beijing Municipal Small Group for Sorting Ancient Books and Cultural Relics on the standards for selecting ancient books). June 1967.
Bennett, Tony. “The Exhibitionary Complex.” In Culture/Power/History: A Reader in Contemporary Social Theory, edited by Dirks, Nicholas B., Eley, Geoff, and Ortner, Sherry B., pp. 123154. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Bergère, Marie-Claire. Shanghai: China’s Gateway to Modernity, translated by Lloyd, Janet. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009.
Blake, C. Fred. Burning Money: The Material Spirit of the Chinese Lifeworld. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2011.
Brady, Anne-Marie. Making the Foreign Serve China: Managing Foreigners in the People’s Republic. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.
Braester, Yomi. Painting the City Red: Chinese Cinema and the Urban Contract. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010.
Brown, Jeremy. City versus Countryside in Mao’s China: Negotiating the Divide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Brown, Jeremy. “Moving Targets: Changing Class Labels in Rural Hebei and Henan, 1960–1979.” In Maoism at the Grassroots: Everyday Life in China’s Era of High Socialism, edited by Brown, Jeremy and Johnson, Matthew D., pp. 5176. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015.
Brown, Jeremy, and Johnson, Matthew D., eds. Maoism at the Grassroots: Everyday Life in China’s Era of High Socialism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015.
Brown, Jeremy, and Pickowicz, Paul G., eds. Dilemmas of Victory: The Early Years of the People’s Republic of China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.
Buke wangji jieji douzheng: Jieshao Shandongsheng jieji jiaoyu zhanlanhui 不可忘记阶级斗争: 介绍山东省阶级教育展览会 (Never forget class struggle: Introducing Shandong Province’s class education exhibition). Cai, Fengming 蔡丰明, and Zhang, Lili 张丽丽, eds. Minsu Shanghai: Zhabei juan 民俗上海:闸北卷 (Folk customs of Shanghai: Zhabei volume). Shanghai: Shanghai wenhua chubanshe, 2007.
Chan, Anita, Madsen, Richard, and Unger, Jonathan. Chen Village: The Recent History of a Peasant Community in Mao’s China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.
Chen, Duanzhi 陈端志. Bowuguan 博物馆 (Museums). Shanghai: Shangwu yinshuguan, 1937.
Chen, Duanzhi 陈端志. Bowuguanxue tonglun 博物馆学通论 (General survey of museum studies). Shanghai: Shanghai bowuguan, 1936.
Chen, Janet Y. Guilty of Indigence: The Urban Poor in China, 1900–1953. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012.
Chen, Peicun 陈沛存, and Ren, Rui 任锐. “Jianguan sishinian zhi huigu” 建馆四十年之回 顾 (Looking back on forty years since the establishment of the museum). In Shanghai geming shi ziliao yu yanjiu 上海革命史资料与研究 (Materials and research on Shanghai’s revolutionary history), vol. 1, pp. 236266. Beijing: Kaiming chubanshe, 1992.
Chen, Pengju 陈鹏举, ed. Shoucang lishi 收藏历史 (Collecting history). Shanghai: Shanghai shudian chubanshe, 1998.
Chen, Pixian 陈丕显. Chen Pixian huiyilu: Zai “yiyue fengbao” de zhongxin 陈丕显回忆录:在 “一月风暴”的中心 (The memoirs of Chen Pixian: At the center of the “January Storm”). Hong Kong: Sanlian shudian, 2005.
Chen, Qiuhui 陈秋辉, ed. Shen Zhiyu wenbo lunji 沈之瑜文博论集 (Collected writings by Zhiyu, Shen on cultural relics and museums). Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2003.
Chen, Ruoxi. The Execution of Mayor Yin and Other Stories from the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, translated by Ing, Nancy and Goldblatt, Howard. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, rvsd. ed., 2004.
Chen, Xiaomei. “Performing the ‘Red Classics’: From The East is Red to The Road to Revival.” In Red Legacies in China: Cultural Afterlives of the Communist Revolution, edited by Li, Jie and Zhang, Enhua, pp. 151183. Cambridge, MA: Asia Center, Harvard University, 2016.
Chen, Xiejun 陈燮君, ed. Gems of Shanghai Museum. Beijing: People’s Education Press, 2007.
Chen, Yingfang 陈映芳, ed. Penghuqu: Jiyi zhong de shenghuo shi 棚户区: 记忆中的生活史 (Shantytown districts: Memories of life histories). Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2006.
Chen, Yingfang 陈映芳, ed. “Shehui kongjian jiegou yu chengshi pinkun: 1949 nian hou de Shanghai peng-huqu” 社会空间结构与城市贫困: 1949年后的上海棚户区 (The structure of social space and urban poverty: Shanghai’s shantytowns after 1949). Hong Kong: Centre for China Urban and Regional Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, Occasional Paper no. 80 (February 2008).
Yunqian, Chen. “Local Exhibitions and the Molding of Revolutionary Memory (1927–1949).” Chinese Studies in History, vol. 47, no. 1 (Fall 2013), pp. 2952.
Chen, Zhiqiang 陈志强. Wenbo xianqu: Shen Zhiyu zhuan 文博先驱:沈之瑜传 (Museum pioneer: A biography of Shen Zhiyu). Shanghai: Shanghai wenhua chubanshe, 2011.
Cheng, Nien. Life and Death in Shanghai. New York: Penguin Books, 1988.
Clark, Paul. The Chinese Cultural Revolution: A History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Clunas, Craig. Superfluous Things: Material Culture and Social Status in Early Modern China. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1991.
Coble, Parks M. Jr. Chinese Capitalists in Japan’s New Order: The Occupied Lower Yangzi, 1937–1945. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
Coble, Parks M. Jr. The Shanghai Capitalists and the Nationalist Government, 1927–1937. Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1980.
Commission of the Central Committee of the C.P.S.U. (B.), ed. History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks): Short Course. New York: International Publishers, 1939.
Compton, Boyd, trans. Mao’s China: Party Reform Documents, 1942–44. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1952.
Corney, Frederick C. Telling October: Memory and the Making of the Bolshevik Revolution. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004.
Cultural Revolution Video Collection. DVD (VHS Tape Transfer) (Decade in the Great Cultural Revolution, ca. 1978). Available in the Fairbank Collection, Fung Library, Harvard University.
Dangde xuanchuan gongzuo wenjian xuanbian 党的宣传工作文件选编 (Selected documents on Party propaganda work), 4 vols. Beijing: Zhonggong zhongyang dangxiao chubanshe, 1994.
David-Fox, Michael. Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union, 1921–1941. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
DeMare, Brian James. Mao’s Cultural Army: Drama Troupes in China’s Rural Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
Denton, Kirk A.China Dreams and the ‘Road to Revival.’” Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective, vol. 8, no. 3 (December 2014). (accessed September 30, 2016).
Denton, Kirk A. Exhibiting the Past: Historical Memory and the Politics of Museums in Postsocialist China. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2014.
Diamond, Norma. “Model Villages and Village Realities.” Modern China, vol. 9, no. 2 (April 1983), pp. 163181.
Ding, Dahua 丁大华. “Shisuo hanjian de hongweibing chaojia zhanguo zhanlanhui” 世所罕见的红卫兵抄家战果展览会 (A sight seldom seen: The Red Guards’ house search fruits of battle exhibition). Wenshi jinghua 文史精华 (Essentials of literature and history), no. 1 (January 2008), pp. 2531.
Ding, Yuguo 丁裕国. “Shanghai pinfu chaju diaocha baogao” 上海贫富差距调查报告 (Report on Shanghai’s disparities between the rich and poor). August 29, 2011. (accessed March 9, 2014).
Dong, Guoqiang, and Walder, Andrew G.. “Local Politics in the Chinese Cultural Revolution: Nanjing Under Military Control.” Journal of Asian Studies. vol. 70, no. 2 (May 2011), pp. 425447.
Dong, Tingzhi 董庭芝 and Zhang, Zurong 章祖蓉. “Guanyu zhonggong ‘yida’ daibiao renshu de jizhong shuofa” 关于中共“一大”代表人数的几种说法 (Several ways of explaining the number of delegates to the “First Party Congress”). In Dangshi yanjiu ziliao 党史研究资料 (Party history research materials), edited by Zhongguo geming bowuguan dangshi yanjiushi中国革命博物馆党史研究室 (Party history research office of the Museum of the Chinese Revolution). Chengdu: Sichuan renmin chubanshe, no. 1, 1980. pp. 157162.
, 东北日报 (Northwest daily news).
Dongbei renmin zhengfu weishengbu 东北人民政府卫生部 (Health Department of the Northeast People’s Government), ed. Dapo mixin 打破迷信 (Smash superstition). September 1950.
Du, Xing 杜兴. “‘Posijiu’ zhanlan ji” “破四旧”展览记 (A record of an attack on the Four Olds exhibition). Shidai jiaoyu 时代教育 (January 2010). (accessed September 30, 2016).
Du, Xuefeng 杜学峰. “‘Wenge’ de ‘huoren zhanlan’” “文革”的“活人展览” (“Living exhibitions” during the “Cultural Revolution”). Zhongshan fengyu 钟山风雨(Zhongshan wind and rain), no. 2 (2010), p. 49.
Duan, Lian 锻炼, Song, Shijuan 宋时娟, and Chen, Ling 陈凌, eds. Wangshi yu jiyi: Shanghai diqu bowuguan, jinianguan koushu fangtan lu 往事与记忆: 上海地区博物馆,纪念馆口述访谈录 (Past and memory: A record of oral histories and interviews from Shanghai local museums and memorial halls). Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, 2010.
Elleman, Bruce A. Diplomacy and Deception: The Secret History of Sino-Soviet Diplomatic Relations, 1917–1927. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1997.
Elleman, Bruce A. Moscow and the Emergence of Communist Power in China, 1925–30: The Nanchang Uprising and the Birth of the Red Army. London: Routledge, 2009.
Elliott, Jeannette Shambaugh, with Shambaugh, David. The Odyssey of China’s Imperial Art Treasures. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2005.
Esherick, Joseph W., Pickowicz, Paul G., and Walder, Andrew G., eds. The Chinese Cultural Revolution as History. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006.
Esherick, Joseph W., and Wasserstrom, Jeffrey N.. “Acting Out Democracy: Political Theater in Modern China.” Journal of Asian Studies, vol. 49, no. 4 (November 1990), pp. 835865.
Eustace, Nicole et al. “AHR Conversation: The Historical Study of Emotions.” American Historical Review, vol. 117, no. 5 (December 2012), pp. 14871531.
Fan, Jingyi 范敬宜 et al., eds. Wenwu baohu falü zhinan 文物保护法律指南 (Guide to the cultural relics protection law). Beijing: Zhongguo chengshi chubanshe, 2003.
Fei, Qinsheng 费钦生. Liushinian chenlie yishu zhi lu 六十年陈列艺术之路 (Sixty years of exhibition art). Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2012.
Feng, Danfeng 冯丹枫 et al. “Cong qingtongqi kan chiren de ‘lizhi’: Shanghai bowuguan qingtongqi chenlieshi xunli” 从青铜器看吃人的 “礼治”: 上海博物馆青铜器陈列室巡礼 (Viewing the exploitation in the “Rites” from the bronzeware: Touring the bronze object room at the Shanghai Museum). Xuexi yu pipan 学习与批判 (Study and criticism), no. 6 (1974), pp. 2324.
Feng, Meichun 冯梅春. “Fangualong de bianqian” 蕃瓜弄的变迁 (Historical changes in Fangua Lane). In Shanghai wenshi ziliao xuanji: Zhabei juan 上海文史资料选辑:闸北卷 (Collection of Shanghai historical materials: Zhabei volume). Shanghai: Shanghaishi zhengxie wenshi ziliao bianjibu, 2004.
Feng, Xiaocai. “Rushing Toward Socialism: The Transformation and Death of Private Business Enterprises in Shanghai, 1949–1956.” In The People’s Republic of China at 60: An International Assessment, edited by Kirby, William C., pp. 240258. Cambridge, MA: Asia Center, Harvard University, 2011.
Fernsebner, Susan R.Objects, Spectacle, and a Nation on Display at the Nanyang Exposition of 1910.” Late Imperial China, vol. 27, no. 2 (December 2006), pp. 99124.
Fitzpatrick, Sheila. Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary Life in Extraordinary Times: Soviet Russia in the 1930s. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, and Gellately, Robert, eds. Accusatory Practices: Denunciation in Modern European History, 1789–1989. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, translated by Sheridan, Alan. New York: Vintage Books, 2nd ed., 1995.
Gao, Mobo. The Battle for China’s Past: Mao and the Cultural Revolution. London: Pluto Press, 2008.
Gao, Yuan. Born Red: A Chronicle of the Cultural Revolution. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1987.
Gerth, Karl. “Wu Yunchu and the Fate of the Bourgeoisie and Bourgeois Lifestyles under Communism.” In The Capitalist Dilemma in China’s Communist Revolution, edited by Cochran, Sherman, pp. 175201. Ithaca, NY: East Asia Program, Cornell University, 2014.
Gongren zaofan bao 工人造反报 (Workers’ rebel news).
Gongzuo tongxun 工作通讯 ([People’s Liberation Army] work bulletin). Edited by Zhongguo renmin jiefangjun zong zhengzhibu 中国人民解放军总政治部 (General Political Department of the PLA).
Goodrich, Anne Swann. The Peking Temple of the Eastern Peak. Nagoya: Monumenta Serica, 1964.
Goossaert, Vincent, and Palmer, David A.. The Religious Question in Modern China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.
Gross, Miriam. Farewell to the God of Plague: Chairman Mao’s Campaign to Deworm China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016.
Gu, Bingquan 顾炳权, ed. Shanghai fengsu guji kao 上海风俗古迹考 (A study of customs and historic sites in Shanghai). Shanghai: Huadong shifan daxue chubanshe, 1993.
Gu, Guanying 顾冠英, comp. Zhonghua quanguo mingsheng guji daguan 中华全国名胜古迹大观 (China’s famous places, historic sites, and grand vistas). Shanghai: Dalu tushu gongsi, 1921.
Guang, Qin 光勤. “Xihou wangzeng wo yi zhang” 洗后望赠我一张 (After you develop it, I hope you will give me a copy). Lu Xun yanjiu dongtai 鲁迅研究动态 (Lu Xun research trends), no. 1 (1989), pp. 2431.
, 光明日报 (Guangming daily).
Guangzhou diqu hongweibing geming zaofan zhanguo zhanlanhui. 广州地区红卫兵革命造反战果展览会 (Guangzhou area Red Guards’ fruits of rebellion exhibition). December 1966.
Guangzhou shizhi 广州市志 (Guangzhou gazetteer). Guangzhou: Guangzhou chubanshe, 1999.
Guide to the City of Moscow, a Handbook for Tourists. Moscow: Co-operative Publishing Society of Foreign Workers in the U.S.S.R., 1937.
Guo, Tiancheng 郭天成, Cao, Yiding 曹一丁, and Qian, Xuezhong 钱学忠, eds. Zhabei quzhi 闸北区志 (Zhabei District gazetteer). Shanghai: Shanghai shehui kexueyuan chubanshe, 1998.
Guy, R. Kent. The Emperor’s Four Treasures: Scholars and the State in the Late Ch’ien-Lung Era. Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1987.
Haifeng, 海楓. Guangzhou diqu wen’ge licheng shulüe 广州地区文革历程述略 (An account of the Cultural Revolution in the Canton area). Hong Kong: Youlian yanjiusuo, 1971.
Han, Yingjie 韩英杰. “Shanghai lao chenghuang miao” 上海老城隍庙 (Shanghai’s old City God Temple). Lüxing jia, no. 11 (1959), pp. 3436.
Harrison, Henrietta. The Making of the Republican Citizen: Political Ceremonies and Symbols in China, 1911–1929. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Harrison, Henrietta .“A Penny for the Little Chinese: The French Holy Childhood Association in China, 1843–1951.” American Historical Review, vol. 113, no. 1 (February 2008), pp. 7292.
He, Xiaoqian 何晓倩. “Women zou zai Nanjing lushang” 我们走在南京路 上(Let’s go for a walk on Nanjing Road). In Xin Shanghai gushi 新上海故事 (Stories of new Shanghai). Shanghai: Shaonian ertong chubanshe, 1964.
Henriot, Christian. “A Neighbourhood under Storm: Zhabei and Shanghai Wars.” European Journal of East Asian Studies, vol. 9, no. 2 (2010), pp. 291319.
Henriot, Christian .“Slums, Squats, or Hutments? Constructing and Deconstructing an In-Between Space in Modern Shanghai (1926–65).” Frontiers of History in China, vol. 7, no. 4 (2012), pp. 499528.
Hershatter, Gail. The Gender of Memory: Rural Women and China’s Collective Past. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011.
Hess, Christian. “Revolutionary Real Estate: Envisioning Space in Communist Dalian.” In Visualizing Modern China: Image, History, and Memory, 1750–Present, edited by Cook, James A., Goldstein, Joshua, Johnson, Matthew D., and Schmalzer, Sigrid, pp. 185202. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2014.
Hinton, William. Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village. New York: Vintage Books, 1966.
Ho, Dahpon David. “To Protect and Preserve: Resisting the Destroy the Four Olds Campaign, 1966–1967.” In The Chinese Cultural Revolution as History, edited by Esherick, Joseph W., Pickowicz, Paul G., and Walder, Andrew G., pp. 6495. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006.
Ho, Denise Y.The Old Society and the New Society: Towards a Material Culture of China’s Cultural Revolution.” In The Oxford Handbook of History and Material Culture, edited by Carter, Sarah and Gaskell, Ivan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.
Ho, Denise Y.Reforming Connoisseurship: State and Collectors in Shanghai in the 1950s and 1960s.” Frontiers of History in China, vol. 7, no. 4 (2012), pp. 608637.
Ho, Denise Y.Revolutionizing Antiquity: The Shanghai Bureaucracy in the Cultural Revolution, 1966–1968.” The China Quarterly, no. 207 (September 2011), pp. 687705.
Ho, Denise Y., and Jie, Li. “From Landlord Manor to Red Memorabilia: Reincarnations of a Chinese Museum Town.” Modern China, vol. 42, no. 1 (2016), pp. 337.
Ho, Wing-Chung. “Building Up Modernity? The Changing Spatial Representations of State Power in a Chinese Socialist ‘Model Community.’” Modern Asian Studies, vol. 42, no. 6 (2008), pp. 11371171.
Ho, Wing Chung. The Transition Study of Postsocialist China: An Ethnographic Study of a Model Community. Singapore: World Scientific, 2010.
Ho, Wing-Chung, and Petrus, Ng. “Public Amnesia and Multiple Modernities in Shanghai: Narrating the Socialist Future in a Former Socialist ‘Model Community.’” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, vol. 27, no. 4 (August 2008), pp. 383416.
Hong, Hong 洪宏. “Guo Linshuang he Shanghai Yong’an gongsi” 郭琳爽和上海永安公司 (Guo Linshuang and Shanghai’s Yong’an Company). In Zhongguo bainian shangye juzi 中国百年商业巨子 (A hundred years of China’s business magnates), edited by Liu Yu 柳渝. Changchun: Dongbei shifan daxue chubanshe, 1997.
Hongweibing dianying zhipianchang yi geming qunzhong 红卫兵电影制片厂一革命群众 (One member of the revolutionary masses of the film studio Red Guards). “Shanghai hongweibing geming zaofan zhanlanhui zhengji wenhua da geming zhongyao wenxian”上海红卫兵革命造反展览会征集文化大革命重要文献 (The Shanghai Red Guards Revolutionary Rebels Exhibition is seeking important documents from the Cultural Revolution). Wenyi zhanbao文艺战报 (Newsletter from the cultural and artistic front), no. 36 (December 3, 1967), p. 4.
Honig, Emily. Sisters and Strangers: Women in the Shanghai Cotton Mills, 1919–1949. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1986.
Hu, Jie 胡杰. Though I am Gone (我虽死去). DVD. New York: dGenerate Films, 2007.
Hua, Xing 华幸. “Mao Zedong he Zhongguo gongchandang de chuangli” 毛泽东和中国共产党的创立 (Mao Zedong and the founding of the Chinese Communist Party). In Mao Zedong zai Shanghai 毛泽东在上海 (Mao Zedong in Shanghai), edited by Zhonggong Shanghai shiwei dangshi yanjiushi 上海市委党史研究室 (Party history office of the Shanghai Party Committee of the Chinese Communist Party), pp. 244256. Beijing: Zhonggong dangshi chubanshe, 1993.
Huang, Bi黄碧. “Longhua guta de qingchun” 龙华古塔的青春(Spring at Longhua Pagoda). Lüxing jia 旅行家(Traveler), no. 3 (1956), pp. 2021.
Huang, Longbao 黄龙保, and Yan, Xiaofeng 颜晓峰, eds. Zhongguo lidai fandui mixin zongheng tan 中国历代反对迷信纵横谈 (A survey of opposition to superstition in Chinese history). Beijing: Xuexi chubanshe, 1999.
Hunansheng shehuizhuyi jieji jiaoyu zhanlanhui jianjie 湖南省社会主义阶级教育展览会简介 (Introduction to Hunan Province’s socialist class education exhibition). March 1964.
Hung, Chang-tai. Mao’s New World: Political Culture in the Early People’s Republic. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2011.
Jian, Ping 建平, Shao, Zhen 少真, and Dong, Hui 东辉. “Rang kexue de guanghui qusan ‘yinmai’” 让科学的光辉驱散“阴霾” (Let science’s glory dispel the “haze”). Dangjian zazhi 党建杂志 (Party construction magazine), no. 5 (2000), pp. 3738.
Jiang, Yi 江怡, and Shao, Youmin 邵有民, eds. Zhonggong Shanghai dangzhi 中共上海党志 (Gazetteer of the Shanghai Chinese Communist Party). Shanghai: Shanghai shehui kexueyuan chubanshe, 2001.
Jiang Zemin tongzhi canguan ‘Zhongguo gemingshi chenlie’ jieshushi de jianghua” 江泽民同志参观“中国革命史陈列”结束时的讲话 (Speech by Comrade Jiang Zemin upon viewing the conclusion of the “Exhibition of Chinese revolutionary history”). Dangshi yanjiu ziliao 党史研究资料 (Party history research materials), no. 9 (1990), pp. 23.
Jiangsu geming bowuguan choubeichu zhengji xize” 江苏革命博物馆筹备处征集细则 (Collection of regulations for the Jiangsu Revolutionary Museum Preparatory Committee), Shanghai tebieshi jiaoyuju jiaoyu zhoubao上海特别市教育局教育周报 (Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Education education weekly), no. 4 (1929), pp. 78.
Jiangsusheng jieji jiaoyu zhanlanhui shuomingshu 江苏省阶级教育展览会说明书 (Guide to Jiangsu Province’s class education exhibition). 1965.
Jiaqiang dui qingshaonian de jieji jiaoyu 加强对青少年的阶级教育 (Strengthen class education among the youth). Shanghai: Shanghai jiaoyu chubanshe, 1963.
Jiedao lilong jumin shenghuo shouce 街道里弄居民生活手册 (A handbook for neighborhood residential life). Shanghai: Xinwen ribao guan, 1951.
Jiefang ribao 解放日报 (Liberation daily).
Jiefangjun huabao 解放军画报 (PLA pictorial).
Jin, Bian 靳边. “Fangualong de jinxi” 蕃瓜弄的今昔 (Past and present in Fangua Lane). In Shanghai de gushi 上海的故事 (Stories of Shanghai). Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1965.
Jin, Dalu 金大陆. Feichang yu zhengchang: Shanghai “wenge” shiqi de shehui shenghuo 非常与正常: 上海“文革”时期的社会生活 (Extraordinary and ordinary: Social life during Shanghai’s “Cultural Revolution” period), 2 vols. Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, 2011.
Jin, Ding金鼎. “Budao de Longhua ta” 不倒的龙华塔 (The Longhua Pagoda that did not fall). In Shoucang lishi 收 藏历史(Collecting history), edited by Chen, Pengju 陈鹏举, pp. 235237. Shanghai: Shanghai shudian chubanshe, 1998.
Jing, Jun. The Temple of Memories: History, Power, and Morality in a Chinese Village. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Jiu Shanghai shiliao huibian 旧上海史料汇编 (Compilation of historical materials on old Shanghai), 2 vols. Beijing: Beijing tushuguan chubanshe, 1998. Reprint of Shanghai yanjiu ziliao 上海研究资料 (Materials on Shanghai research). Shanghai: Zhonghua shuju, 1936, 1939.
Jolles, Adam. “Stalin’s Talking Museums.” Oxford Art Journal, vol. 28. no. 3 (October 2005), pp. 429455.
Juebu yunxu kai lishi daoche 决不允许开历史倒车 (Never allow historical regression). Beijing: Renmin meishu jiaoyu chubanshe, 1974.
Kamm, John. “Shanghaied at the Feather and Down Minifair.” In My First Trip to China: Scholars, Diplomats, and Journalists Reflect on their First Encounters with China, edited by Liu, Kin-ming, pp. 220227. Hong Kong: East Slope Publishing Limited, 2012.
Kan geming wenwu, xue geming chuantong 看革命文物, 学革命传统 (Look at revolutionary relics, study the revolutionary tradition). Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1976.
Karlsgodt, Elizabeth Campbell. Defending National Treasures: French Art and Heritage under Vichy. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011.
Knight, Sophia. Window on Shanghai: Letters from China, 1965–67. London: Deutsch, 1967.
Koloskvoa, T. G.Central Museum of V. I. Lenin.” In Museums in Revolution: Four Historical Museums in Moscow, edited by van de Heijden, Marien, pp. 2841. Amsterdam: IISG, 1998.
Kotkin, Stephen. Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
Kraus, Richard Curt. Class Conflict in Chinese Socialism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1981.
Kuhn, Philip A. Soulstealers: The Chinese Sorcery Scare of 1768. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Lai, Delin. “Searching for a Modern Chinese Monument: The Design of the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, vol. 64, no. 1 (March 2005), pp. 2254.
Lao, Sheh. Dragon Beard Ditch: A Play in Three Acts, translated by Hung-ying, Liao. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1956.
, Tiến Dũng, ed. Guidebook: Vietnam National Museum of History. Hanoi: National Museum of Vietnamese History, 2014.
Lee, Haiyan. The Stranger and the Chinese Moral Imagination. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014.
Leese, Daniel. Mao Cult: Rhetoric and Ritual in China’s Cultural Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Leighton, Christopher R. The Revolutionary Rich: Political Fortune and Red Capitalism in China, 1949–1979. Forthcoming.
Leonova, O. Museums of the U.S.S.R. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1939.
Leys, Simon. Chinese Shadows. New York: Penguin Books, 1974.
Li, Chunkang 李纯康. “Shanghai de bowuguan” 上海的博物馆 (Shanghai’s museums). Lüxing zazhi旅行杂志(Travel magazine), vol. 22, no. 7 (1948), pp. 2324.
Li, Guohe 李果河. “Wo chengle ‘huoren zhanlan’ de zhanpin” 我成了“活人展览”的展品(I became an artifact in a “living exhibition”). Yanhuang chunqiu 淡黄春秋, no. 1 (2012), pp. 5860.
Li, Jie. Shanghai Homes: Palimpsests of Private Life. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.
Li, Kwok-sing, comp. A Glossary of Political Terms of the People’s Republic of China, translated by Lok, Mary. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 1995.
Li, Ming 黎明. “Shanghai bowuguan dui gongren guanzhong jinxing jiangjie de jidian jingyan” 上海博物馆对工人观众进行讲解的几点经验 (A few experiences from the Shanghai Museum’s narration for workers). Wenwu cankao ziliao文物参考资料 (Cultural relics reference materials), no. 2 (1956), pp. 6364.
Li, Rongrong 李蓉蓉, ed. Ningjing de huihuang: Shanghai bowuguan xinguan chenlie sheji jiexi 宁静的辉煌: 上海博物馆新馆陈列设计解析 (Quiet brilliance: Analysis of the form of the exhibitions in the new Shanghai museum). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 2005.
Li, Xun 李逊. Wenge zaofan niandai: Shanghai wenge yundong shigao 文革造反年代: 上海文革运动史稿 (The age of revolutionary rebellion: A history of Shanghai’s Cultural Revolution movement), 2 vols. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Li, Zhensheng. Red-Color News Soldier: A Chinese Photographer’s Odyssey Through the Cultural Revolution. New York: Phaidon Press, 2003.
Liang, Dan 梁丹. “Beijing bowuguan gongzuo jishi” 北京博物馆工作纪事 (Chronicle of Beijing’s museum work), Zhongguo bowuguan 中国博物馆 (Chinese museums), no. 1 (1994), pp. 8895.
Liang, Samuel Y.Amnesiac Monument, Nostalgic Fashion: Shanghai’s New Heaven and Earth.” Wasafiri, vol. 23, no. 3 (2008), pp. 4755.
Lifton, Robert Jay. Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism: A Study of “Brainwashing” in China. New York: W. W. Norton, 1963.
Lin, Yü-sheng. The Crisis of Chinese Consciousness: Radical Antitraditionalism in the May Fourth Era. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1979.
Loh, Robert. “How the Chinese Reds Hoodwink Visiting Foreigners.” U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Un-American Activities. Eighty-Sixth Congress. Second Session. April 21, 1960.
Lu, Di Yin. “Seizing Civilization: Antiquities in Shanghai’s Custody, 1949–1996.” PhD diss., Harvard University, 2012.
Lu, Hanchao. Beyond the Neon Lights: Everyday Shanghai in the Early Twentieth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Lu, Tracey L-D. Museums in China: Materialized Power and Objectified Identities. London: Routledge, 2014.
Ludden, Yawen. “Making Politics Serve Music: Yu Huiyong, Composer and Minister of Culture.” TDR: The Drama Review, vol. 56, no. 2 (Summer 2012) (T214), pp. 152168.
Luo, Dingjiang 罗定江. “Jieshao yueliang zhanlanhui” 介绍月亮展览会 (An exhibition to explain the moon). Kexue dazhong 科学大众 (Mass science), no. 6 (1952), pp. 172175.
Ma, Chengyuan 马承源, Huang, Xuanpei 黄宣佩, and Li, Junjie 李俊杰, eds. Shanghai wenwu bowuguan zhi 上海文物博物馆志 (Gazetteer of Shanghai’s cultural relics and museums). Shanghai: Shanghai shehui kexueyuan chubanshe, 1997.
MacFarquhar, Roderick. The Hundred Flowers Campaign and the Chinese Intellectuals. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1960.
MacFarquhar, Roderick. The Origins of the Cultural Revolution Vol. 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm, 1961–1966. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
MacFarquhar, Roderick, and Schoenhals, Michael. Mao’s Last Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2006.
Zedong, Mao. Quotations from Chairman Mao Tsetung. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1972.
Mariani, Paul P. Church Militant: Bishop Kung and Catholic Resistance in Communist Shanghai. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.
Matten, Marc Andre, ed. Places of Memory in Modern China: History, Politics, and Identity. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
McClellan, Andrew. Inventing the Louvre: Art, Politics, and the Origins of the Museum in Eighteenth-Century Paris. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
McDougall, Bonnie S. Mao Zedong’s “Talks at the Yan’an Conference on Literature and Art”: A Translation of the 1943 Text with Commentary. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1980.
Meng, Xing 孟醒. Shui zhu chenfu: Zhonggong yida daibiao chenfulu 谁主沉浮:中共一大代表沉浮录 (Who is in control: The rise and fall of the delegates to the First Party Congress). Beijing: Renmin chubanshe, 2009.
Meyer-Fong, Tobie. Building Culture in Early Qing Yangzhou. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003.
Mitchell, Timothy. Colonising Egypt. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.
Mitter, Rana. “Behind the Scenes at the Museum: Nationalism, History, and Memory in the Beijing War of Resistance Museum, 1987–1997.” The China Quarterly, no. 161 (March 2000), pp. 279293.
Mittler, Barbara. A Continuous Revolution: Making Sense of Cultural Revolution Culture. Cambridge, MA: Asia Center, Harvard University, 2012.
Torao, Miyakawa. “Hongweibing yu wenwu” 红卫兵与文物 (Red Guards and cultural relics). In Waiguoren kan wenhua da geming 外国人看文化大革命 (Foreigners view the Cultural Revolution), edited by Takeo, Itō, pp. 122123. Hong Kong: Dasheng chubanshe, 1969.
Munro, Donald J. The Concept of Man in Contemporary China. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.
Munro, Donald J.Egalitarian Ideal and Educational Fact in Communist China.” In China: Management of a Revolutionary Society, edited by Lindbeck, John M. H., pp. 256301. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1971.
Naquin, Susan. “True Confessions: Criminal Interrogations as Sources for Ch’ing History.” National Palace Museum Bulletin (Taibei), vol. 11, no. 1 (March–April 1976), pp. 117.
Nedostup, Rebecca. Superstitious Regimes: Religion and the Politics of Chinese Modernity. Cambridge, MA: Asia Center, Harvard University, 2009.
Neibu cankao 内部参考 (Internal reference).
Neican xuanbian 内参选编 (Selections from internal reference).
New Archaeological Finds in China: Discoveries During the Cultural Revolution. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1972.
Ni, Xingxiang 倪兴祥. “Chedi ‘yiwu daishi’ chenlie zhidao sixiang de tihui” 贯彻“以物带史”陈列指导思想的体会 (The experience of thoroughly carrying out the exhibition principle of “using objects to represent history”). Zhongguo bowuguan tongxun 中国博物馆通讯 (Chinese museums newsletter), no. 9 (2000), pp. 68.
Niu, Weiping 钮卫平, ed. Bainian huiwei: Shanghai chengshi lishi fazhan chenlieguan xunli 百年回味: 上海城市历史发展陈列馆巡礼 (Recalling one hundred years: The exhibition hall on the history of Shanghai’s urban development). Shanghai: Shanghai yuandong chubanshe, 2003.
Nongcun meishu shouce 农村美术手册 (Handbook for rural art). Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe, 1975.
Nora, Pierre. “Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire.” Representations, no. 26 (Spring 1989), pp. 724.
Olsen, Jon Berndt. Tailoring Truth: Politicizing the Past and Negotiating Memory in East Germany, 1945–1990. New York: Berghahn Books, 2015.
Pantsov, Alexander V., with Levine, Steven I.. Mao: The Real Story. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2012.
Perry, Elizabeth J. Anyuan: Mining China’s Revolutionary Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.
Perry, Elizabeth J.Moving the Masses: Emotion Work in the Chinese Revolution.” Mobilization, vol. 7, no. 2 (June 2002), pp. 111128.
Perry, Elizabeth J. Shanghai on Strike: The Politics of Chinese Labor. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993.
Perry, Elizabeth J.Shanghai’s Politicized Skyline.” In Shanghai: Architecture and Urbanism for Modern China, edited by Rowe, Peter G. and Kuan, Seng, pp. 104109. Munich: Prestel, 2004.
Perry, Elizabeth J., and Xun, Li. Proletarian Power: Shanghai in the Cultural Revolution. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.
Petrone, Karen. Life Has Become More Joyous, Comrades: Celebrations in the Time of Stalin. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000.
Pita Rodríguez, Félix. Zhongguo renmin de shou 中国人民的手 (Manos del pueblo Chino y otros poemas), translated by Zhao, Jinping 赵金平. Beijing: Zuojia chubanshe, 1964.
Pochu Lin Biao “Siren bang” de xiandai mixin 破除林彪 “四人帮”的现代迷信 (Eliminate the modern superstition of Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four”). Beijing: Renmin chubanshe, 1978.
Pochu mixin guatu 破除迷信挂图 (Posters from the exhibition “Eliminate superstition”). Beijing: Kexue puji chubanshe, 1965.
Pochu mixin wenda 破除迷信问答 (Questions and answers for eliminating superstition). Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1963.
Qi, Benyu 戚本禹. “Huiyi Jiang Qing tongzhi” 回忆江青同志 (Remembering Comrade Jiang Qing). Fuxing wang, July 30, 2015. (accessed June 2, 2016).
Qi, Benyu 戚本禹. Qi Benyu huiyilu 戚本禹回忆录 (Recollections of Qi Benyu). Hong Kong: Zhongguo wenge lishi chubanshe, 2016.
Qi, Wenjuan 戚文娟. “Shanghai wenwu zhengli cangku de lishi gongji” 上海文物整理仓库的历史功绩 (The historical contribution of the Shanghai cultural relics warehouses). Shanghai wenhua shizhi tongxun 上海文化史志通讯 (Shanghai gazetteer of cultural history), no. 33 (1994), pp. 7475.
Qianwan buyao wangji jieji douzheng: Tianjinshi Hongqiaoqu Santiaoshi lishi bowuguan/jieji jiaoyu zhanlan: Xueleishi bufen jianjie 千万不要忘记阶级斗争: 天津市红桥区三条石历史博物馆/阶级展览: 血泪史部分简介(Never forget class struggle: History museum and class education exhibition of Santiaoshi, Hongqiao District of Tianjin Municipality: Introduction to a blood-and-tears history). n.d.
Qianwan buyao wangji jieji he jieji douzheng: Yunnansheng jieji jiaoyu zhanlanguan neirong jianjie 千万不要忘记阶级和阶级斗争: 云南省阶级教育展览馆内容简介 (Never forget class and class struggle: An introduction to the contents of Yunnan Province’s Class Education Exhibition Hall). January 1966.
Quanguo gesheng, zizhiqu, zhixiashi diyipi wenwu baohu danwei mingdan huibian 全国各省, 自治区, 直辖市第一批文物保护单位名单汇编 (The first group of national cultural relic protection units in each province, autonomous region, and special municipality). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1958.
Renmin gongshe zhanlanguan yijianbushang faxian fandong ziju” 人民公社展览馆意见簿上发现反动字句 (Reactionary writings in the comments book are discovered in the People’s Commune Exhibition Hall). Disheqing jianbao 敌社情简报 (Bulletin on social enemies), no. 10 (April 7, 1960), p. 1.
Renmin ribao 人民日报 (People’s daily).
Robson, James. “Faith in Museums: On the Confluence of Museums and Religious Sites in Asia.” PMLA, vol. 125, no. 1 (January 2010), pp. 121128.
Rong, Geng 容庚. Jinwen bian 金文編 (A compilation of bronze characters). Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1985.
Sang, Ye. China Candid: The People on the People’s Republic, edited by Barmé, Geremie R., with Lang, Miriam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
Scarlett, Zachary A. “China after the Sino-Soviet Split: Maoist Politics, Global Narratives, and the Imagination of the World.” PhD diss., Northeastern University, 2013.
Schmalzer, Sigrid. The People’s Peking Man: Popular Science and Human Identity in Twentieth-Century China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Schmalzer, Sigrid. Red Revolution, Green Revolution: Scientific Farming in Socialist China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016.
Schmalzer, Sigrid .“Speaking about China, Learning from China: Amateur China Experts in 1970s America.” Journal of American–East Asian Relations, vol. 16, no. 4 (Winter 2009), pp. 313352.
Schoenhals, Michael, ed. China’s Cultural Revolution, 1966–1969: Not a Dinner Party. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1996.
Schoenhals, Michael, ed. Doing Things with Words in Chinese Politics. Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, 1992.
Schoenhals, Michael, ed. Spying for the People: Mao’s Secret Agents, 1949–1967. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Schram, Stuart R., ed. Chairman Mao Talks to the People: Talks and Letters, 1956–1971. New York: Pantheon Books, 1974.
Schram, Stuart R., ed. Mao’s Road to Power: Revolutionary Writings, 1912–1949, Vol. VI: The New Stage, August 1937–1938. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2004.
Schram, Stuart R., ed. Mao’s Road to Power: Revolutionary Writings, 1912–1949, Vol. VII: New Democracy, 1939–1941. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2005.
Schram, Stuart R., ed. The Political Thought of Mao Tse-tung. New York: Praeger, 1963.
Schwarcz, Vera. Time for Telling Truth is Running Out: Conversations with Zhang Shenfu. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
Semyonova, Natalya, and Iljine, Nicolas V., eds. Selling Russia’s Treasures: The Soviet Trade in Nationalized Art, 1917–1938, translated by Bromfield, Andrew and Goldfinger, Howard M.. New York: Abbeville Press, 2013.
Shandongsheng jieji jiaoyu zhanlanhui huikan 山东省阶级教育展览会会刊 (Proceedings of the Shandong provincial class education exhibition). October 1964.
Shanghai bowuguan 上海博物馆 (Shanghai Museum), ed. Guoyun lou shuhua jicui 过云楼书画集萃 (Selections from the paintings and calligraphy works of Guoyun Lou [donated by the Gu Gongxiong family]). Shanghai: Shanghai shuhua chubanshe, 2002.
Shanghai bowuguan chenliepin shuomingshu 上海博物馆陈列品说明书 (Guide to Shanghai Museum exhibits). Shanghai: Shanghai bowuguan, 1952.
Shanghai gaige kaifang ershinian: Zhabei juan 上海改革开放二十年: 闸北卷 (Twenty years of Shanghai’s reform and opening: Zhabei volume). Shanghai: Shanghai yuandong chubanshe, 1998.
Shanghai geming shi yanjiu ziliao: Jinian jiandang 70 zhou nian 上海革命史研究资料: 纪念建 党70周年 (Research materials on Shanghai’s revolutionary history: Commemorating the 70th anniversary of the founding of the Party). Shanghai: Shanghai sanlian shudian, 1991.
Shanghai jiaoyu 上海教育 (Shanghai education).
Shanghai jingjutuan “Haigang” juzu 上海京剧团“海港”剧组 (“On the Docks” crew of the Shanghai Opera Troupe), ed. Haigang 海港 (On the docks). Beijing: Renmin wenxue chubanshe, 1974.
Shanghai Municipal Archive 上海市档案馆.
Shanghai shehui kexueyuan jingji yanjiusuo 上海社会科学院经济研究所 (Economics Institute of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences), ed. Shanghai Yong’an gongsi de chansheng, fazhan, he gaizao 上海永安公司的产生, 发展, 和改造 (The emergence, development, and reform of Shanghai’s Yong’an Company). Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1981.
Shanghai shili bowuguan yaolan 上海市立博物馆要览 (Shanghai Municipal Museum exhibition). August 1948.
Shanghai tushuguan 上海图书馆 (Shanghai Library), ed. Lao Shanghai fengqing lu: Jianzhu xunmengjuan 老上海风情录: 建筑寻梦卷 (Old Shanghai’s vistas: Architectural volume). Shanghai: Shanghai wenhua chubanshe, 1998.
Shanghai tushuguan 上海图书馆 (Shanghai Library), ed. Zhongguo yu shibo: Lishi jilu, 1851–1940 中国与世博: 历史记录, 1851–1940 (China and the world exposition: Historical records, 1851–1940). Shanghai: Shanghai kexue jishu wenxian chubanshe, 2002.
Shanghaishi daojiao xiehui di’erjie di’erci lishihui jueyi” 上海市道教协会第二届第二次理事会决议 (Resolution of the board of directors of the Shanghai Municipality Daoist Association at the second meeting of the second session). In Shanghai daojiao 上海道教 (Daoism in Shanghai), no. 2 (1991), pp. 12.
Shanghaishi geming weiyuanhui zhengzhi xuanchuanzu 上海市革命委员会政治宣传组 (Shanghai Revolutionary Committee, Political Propaganda Group). Genju zhonggong zhongyang zhishi jingshen, Shanghaishi wenwu tushu qingli xiaozu zai shi geming wenwu weiyuanhui de zhijie lingdaoxia yijing zhenshi chengli, bing kaishi gongzuo 根据中共中央指示精神, 上海市文物图书清理小组在市革命文物委员会的直接领导下已经真实成立, 并开始工作 (According to the spirit of the directive of the Chinese Communist Party, the Shanghai Municipal Small Group for Sorting Cultural Relics and Books has already been formally established and has begun its work under the direct leadership of the Shanghai Revolutionary Committee). Unpublished flyer, June 19, 1967.
Shanghaishi wenwu baowuguan weiyuanhui 上海市文物博物馆委员会 (Shanghai Cultural Relics Commission), ed. Shanghai de guanghui geming shiji上海的光辉革命史迹 (Shanghai’s glorious revolutionary traces). Shanghai: Shanghai jiaoyu chubanshe, 1978.
Shanghaishi Xuhuiqu zuzhi renmin jingji shenghuo gongzuozu 上海市徐汇区组织人民经济生活工作组 (Work group on the economic life of the people in Xuhui District of Shanghai Municipality), ed. Jumin shenghuo fuwu shouce 居民生活服务手册 (Handbook for serving residential life). Shanghai: Shanghai wenhua chubanshe, 1960.
Shao, Qin. “Exhibiting the Modern: The Creation of the First Chinese Museum, 1905– 1930.” The China Quarterly, no. 179 (September 2004), pp. 684702.
Shapiro, Judith. Mao’s War Against Nature: Politics and the Environment in Revolutionary China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Shen, Yi 沈怡. “Gongchengshi yu difang guji” 工程师与地方古迹 (Engineers and local historical sites). Gongcheng: Zhongguo gongchengshi xuehui huikan 工程:中国工程师 学会会刊 (Chinese Engineering Society Journal), vol. 16, no. 2 (1943), pp. 2324.
Shenbao 申报 (Shanghai news).
Shilin 史林 (Historical review).
Shiwange weishenme 十万个为什么 (10,000 “Whys?”). Shanghai: Shaonian ertong chubanshe, 1962.
Shoudu hongweibing geming zaofan zhanlanhui 首都红卫兵革命造反展览会 (Capital Red Guards revolutionary rebel exhibition). Beijing: Shoudu dazhuan yuanxiao hongdaihui, 1967.
Smith, S. A.Contentious Heritage: The Preservation of Churches and Temples in Communist and Post-Communist Russia and China.” Past and Present, vol. 226, supplement 10 (2015), pp. 178213.
Smith, S. A. Like Cattle and Horses: Nationalism and Labor in Shanghai, 1895–1927. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.
Smith, S. A.Redemptive Religious Societies and the Communist State, 1949 to the 1980s.” In Maoism at the Grassroots: Everyday Life in China’s Era of High Socialism, edited by Brown, Jeremy and Johnson, Matthew D., pp. 340364. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015.
Smith, Steve A.Local Cadres Confront the Supernatural: The Politics of Holy Water (Shenshui) in the PRC, 1949–1966.” In The History of the PRC (1949–1976), edited by Strauss, Julia, pp. 145168. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Snow, Edgar. Red China Today: The Other Side of the River. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1970.
Song, Yongyi 宋永毅, ed. Zhongguo wenhua da geming wenku 中国文化大革命文库 (Chinese Cultural Revolution database). Hong Kong: Xianggang Zhongwen daxue, Zhongguo yanjiu fuwu zhongxin, 2002. CD-ROM.
Sowerby, Arthur de Carle. “The History of the Shanghai Museum (R.A.S.).” Journal of the North Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, vol. 65 (1934), pp. 310.
Stites, Richard. “Iconoclastic Currents in the Russian Revolution: Destroying and Preserving the Past.” In Bolshevik Culture: Experiment and Order in the Russian Revolution, edited by Gleason, Abbott, Kenez, Peter, and Stites, Richard, pp. 124. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985.
Su, Yang. Collective Killings in Rural China During the Cultural Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Sulian bowuguanxue jichu 苏联博物馆学基础 (Fundamentals of Soviet museology). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1957.
Sulian jingji ji wenhua jianshe chengjiu zhanlanhui tupian jieshao 苏联经济及文化建设成就展览会图片介绍 (Pictorial introduction to the exhibition of Soviet achievements in economic and cultural construction). Beijing: Zhaohua meishu chubanshe, 1955.
Sun, Wu 孙武, ed. Tantian shuodi po mixin 谈天说地破迷信 (Talk of everything and smash superstition). Tianjin: Tianjin renmin chubanshe, 1964.
Survey of China Mainland Press (Hong Kong: U.S. Consulate, 1950–1977).
Tang, Zhijun 汤志钧. Wuxu shiqi de xuehui he baokan 戊戌时期的学会和报刊 (Study societies and periodicals during the 1898 period). Taibei: Taiwan shangwu yinshuguan, 1993.
Tian, Xiaofei. “The Making of a Hero: Lei Feng and Some Issues of Historiography.” In The People’s Republic of China at 60: An International Assessment, edited by Kirby, William C., pp. 293305. Cambridge, MA: Asia Center, Harvard University, 2011.
Eddy, U. “The Making of Zhishifenzi: The Critical Impact of the Registration of Unemployed Intellectuals in the Early PRC.” The China Quarterly, no. 173 (March 2003), pp. 100121.
van de Ven, Hans J. From Friend to Comrade: The Founding of the Chinese Communist Party, 1920–1927. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
van der Heijden, Marien, ed. Museums in Revolution: Four Historical Museums in Moscow. Amsterdam: IISG, 1998.
Vogel, Ezra F. Canton Under Communism: Programs and Politics in a Provincial Capital, 1949–1968. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1969.
Wagner, Rudolf G.Reading the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall in Peking: The Tribulations of the Implied Pilgrim.” In Pilgrims and Sacred Sites in China, edited by Naquin, Susan and , Chün-fang, pp. 378423. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Wakeman, Frederic Jr. “‘Cleanup’: The New Order in Shanghai.” In Dilemmas of Victory: The Early Years of the People’s Republic of China, edited by Brown, Jeremy and Pickowicz, Paul G., pp. 2158. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.
Walder, Andrew G. Fractured Rebellion: The Beijing Red Guard Movement. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Wang, Cheng-hua. “The Qing Imperial Collection, Circa 1905–1925: National Humiliation, Heritage Preservation, and Exhibition Culture.” In Reinventing the Past: Archaism and Antiquarianism in Chinese Art and Visual Culture, edited by Wu, Hung, pp. 320341. Chicago: Center for the Art of East Asia, University of Chicago, 2010.
Wang, Nianyi 王年一. Da dongluan de niandai 大动乱的年代 (The age of great turmoil). Zhengzhou: Henan renmin chubanshe, 1988.
Wang, Xiaoxuan. “The Dilemma of Implementation: The State and Religion in the People’s Republic of China, 1949–1990.” In Maoism at the Grassroots: Everyday Life in China’s Era of High Socialism, edited by Brown, Jeremy and Johnson, Matthew D., pp. 259278. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015.
Wang, Yeqiu 王冶秋. “Sulian guoli geming bowuguan” 苏联国立革命博物馆 (The Soviet Museum of the Revolution). Wenwu cankao ziliao 文物参考资料 (Cultural relics reference materials), no. 10 (1950), pp. 6677.
Watson, Rubie S., ed. Memory, History, and Opposition under State Socialism. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press, 1994.
Wei, Dongfeng 卫东风. “Linglei de zhanshi: Wenge shiqi zhanlan huodong anlie fenxi” 另类的展示: 文革时期展览活动案例分析 (Another kind of exhibition: An analysis of Cultural Revolution exhibition activities). Dazhong wenyi 大众文艺 (Popular literature and art), no. 9 (2009), pp. 98100.
Weida de yiyue geming shengli wansui zhanlanhui 伟大的一月革命胜利万岁展览会 (Exhibition wishing long life to the victory of the great January Revolution). Shanghai: Shanghai wuchanjieji gemingpai, August 1968.
Weigelin-Schwiedrzik, Susanne. “Party Historiography.” In Using the Past to Serve the Present: Historiography and Politics in Contemporary China, edited by Unger, Jonathan, pp. 151173. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1993.
Wenhui bao 文汇报 (Wenhui daily).
Wenwu baohu guanli xuanchuan ziliao 文物保护管理宣传资料 (Propaganda materials for the protection and management of cultural relics). Shanghai: Shanghaishi wenwu baoguan weiyuanhui, 1972.
Wenwu gongzuo shouce 文物工作手册 (Handbook for cultural relics work). Shanghai: Shanghaishi wenwu guanli weiyuanhui, n.d.
Wenwu shangdian gongzuo shouce 文物商店工作手册 (Handbook for cultural relics stores). Beijing: Zhongguo wenwu shangdian zongdian, October 1981.
Wu, Guo. “Recalling Bitterness: Historiography, Memory, and Myth in Maoist China.” Twentieth-Century China, vol. 39, no. 3 (October 2014), pp. 245268.
Wu, Hung. The Wu Liang Shrine: The Ideology of Early Chinese Pictorial Art. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1989.
Wu, Yiching. The Cultural Revolution at the Margins: Chinese Socialism in Crisis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014.
Wuhan shehuizhuyi jieji jiaoyu zhanlanhui huikan 武汉社会主义阶级教育展览会会刊 (Proceedings of the Wuhan socialist class education exhibition). June 1, 1964.
Xiang, Da向达. “Wei wenwu qingming” 为文物请命 (A plea on behalf of cultural relics), Zhongjian 中建 (China constructs), vol. 3, no. 6 (1948), p. 8.
Xiao, Ming 肖呜, Xin, De 心得, and Bao, Yuan 葆元, eds. Jiang kexue po mixin 讲科学破迷 信 (Discussing science and smashing superstition). Jinan: Shandong renmin chubanshe, 1963.
Xinmin wanbao 新民晚报 (New people’s evening news).
Xinwen ribao 新闻日报 (News daily).
Xu, Hanhui 许汉辉, Huang, Fuxiang 黄富廂, and Hong, Birong 洪碧荣. “Shanghaishi Zhabeiqu Fangualong gaijian guihua sheji jieshao” 上海市闸北区蕃瓜弄改建规划 设计介绍 (An introduction to the reconstruction plan for Fangua Lane in Zhabei District of Shanghai). Jianzhu xuebao 建筑学报(Journal of architecture), no. 2 (1964), pp. 2022.
Xu, Xiaomu 徐孝穆. “Shanghai bowuguan juban ‘Cong feitongzhong qiangjiu wenwu zhanlan’” 上海博物馆举办 “从废铜中抢救文物展览” (Shanghai Museum puts on the “Exhibition on cultural relics rescued from scrap metal”). Wenwu cankao ziliao 文物参考资料 (Cultural relics reference materials), no. 4 (1957), p. 45.
Xuanchuan dongtai (xuanbian): 1980 宣传动态 (选编):1980 (Propaganda trends [Selections]: 1980). Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 1981.
Xuanchuan dongtai 1983 宣传动态1983 (Propaganda trends 1983). Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 1984.
Yang, Yaojian 杨耀健. “Shouwei zaofan zhanlan” 守卫造反展览 (Guarding the rebels’ exhibition). Hongyan chunqiu 红岩春秋, no. 1 (1998), pp. 4042.
Yeh, Wen-hsin. Shanghai Splendor: Economic Sentiments and the Making of Modern China, 1843–1949. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.
Yiguan hairen dao一贯害人道. (The Way of Persistently Harming People). Directed by Li, Enjie 李恩杰 and Wang Guangyan 王光彦. Beijing: Zhongyang dianyingju Beijing dianying zhipianchang, 1952.
Yuan, Tongli 袁同礼. “Kangzhan qizhong woguo bowuguan zhi dongtai yu qiantu” 抗战期 中我国博物馆之动态与前途 (The situation and future of our nation’s museums during wartime). Zhongguo bowuguan xiehui huibao 中国博物馆协会会报 (Journal of the Chinese Museum Association), no. 1 (1941), pp. 24.
Yue, Daiyun, and Wakeman, Carolyn. To the Storm: The Odyssey of a Revolutionary Chinese Woman. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
Zai Zhongguo geming bowuguanli” 在中国革命博物馆里 (In the Museum of the Chinese Revolution). Wenwu 文物 (Cultural relics), no. 10 (1964), pp. 320.
Zhai, Qiang. “Mao Zedong and Dulles’s ‘Peaceful Evolution’ Strategy: Revelations from Bo Yibo’s Memoirs.” Cold War International History Bulletin, nos. 6/7 (Winter 1995/1996), pp. 228331.
Zhang, Geng 长庚. Jiang kexue po mixin 讲科学破迷信 (Discussing science and smashing superstition). Shanghai: Shanghai keji chubanshe, 1964.
Zhang, Wenqing 张文清 et al. Mao Zedong zai Shanghai 毛泽东在上海 (Mao Zedong in Shanghai). Shanghai: Shanghai shudian chubanshe, 2003.
Zhang, Xiaochuan 张笑川. Jindai Shanghai Zhabei jumin shehui shenghuo 近代上海闸北居民 社会生活 (Social life in modern Shanghai’s Zhabei District). Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, 2009.
Zhang, Xing 张行. “Bowuguan kepu jiaoyu gongneng tantao” 博物馆科普教育功能探讨 (An exploration into the functions of museums in science dissemination education). Sichou zhi lu 丝绸之路 (The silk road), no. 6 (December 1995), pp. 5455.
Zhejiang ribao 浙江日报 (Zhejiang daily).
Zheng, Zhong 郑重. Bowuguan yu shoucangjia 博物馆与收藏家 (Museum and collectors). Shanghai: Shanghai wenyi chubanshe, 2000.
Zheng, Zhong 郑重. Haishang shoucang shijia 海上收藏世家 (Collectors in Shanghai). Shanghai: Shiji chuban jituan, Shanghai shudian chubanshe, 2003.
Zheng, Zhong .“Zhong Yinlan de shuhua jianding shengya” 钟银兰的书画鉴定生涯 (Zhong Yinlan’s career in painting appraisal), Wenwu tiandi 文物天地(Cultural relics heaven-and-earth) (March 2006), pp. 4853.
Zhonggong Shanghai shiwei dangshi yanjiushi 中共上海市委党史研究室 and Shanghaishi wenwuju 上海市文物局 (Research Office of the Shanghai Communist Party Committee and the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics), eds. Zhongguo gongchandang zaoqi zai Shanghai shiji 中国共产党早期在上海史迹 (Historical relics in Shanghai from the Chinese Communist Party’s early period). Shanghai: Tongji daxue chubanshe, 2013.
Zhongguo geming bowuguan 中国革命博物馆 (Museum of the Chinese Revolution), ed. Jiefangqu zhanlanhui ziliao 解放区展览会资料 (Materials on exhibitions in the liberated areas). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1988.
Zhongguo geming bowuguan dangshi chenlie bu 中国革命博物馆党史陈列部 (Party History Exhibition Department of the Museum of the Chinese Revolution). “Dangshi chenlie de jige wenti” 党史陈列的几个问题 (Several issues regarding exhibiting Party history). Dangshi yanjiu ziliao 党史研究资料 (Party history research materials), no. 6 (1979), pp. 122129.
Zhongguo gongchandang diyici quanguo daibiao dahui huizhi jinianguan 中国共产党第一次全国代表大会会址纪念馆 (Memorial hall of the Chinese Communist Party’s First Party Congress Site), ed. Zhongguo gongchandang diyici quanguo daibiao dahui huizhi 中国共产党第一次全国代表大会会址 (The Chinese Communist Party’s First Party Congress Site). Shanghai: Shanghai renmin meishu chubanshe, 2001.
Zhongguo gongchandang xuanchuan gongzuo wenxian xuanbian 中国共产党宣传工作文献选编 (Selected documents on the propaganda work of the Chinese Communist Party), 4 vols. Beijing: Xuexi chubanshe, 1996.
Zhongyang guwu baoguan weiyuanhui 中央古物保管委员会 (Committee to Promote the Preservation of Antiquities), ed. Zhongyang guwu baoguan weiyuanhui shilu 中央古物保管委员会实录 (Proceedings of the Central Commission on the Preservation of Antiquities). Nanjing: Zhongyang guwu baoguan weiyuanhui, June 1935.
Zhou, Xun, ed. The Great Famine in China, 1958–1962: A Documentary History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.
Zhu, Minyi 诸民谊. Xingzhengyuan wenwu baoguan weiyuanhui niankan 行政院文物保管委员会年刊 (Annual of the Cultural Relics Commission of the Administrative Yuan). Nanjing, 1941.