Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Democratic Politics in the European Parliament
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 238
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

With the European Parliament comprising politicians from many different countries, cultures, languages, national parties and institutional backgrounds, one might expect politics in the Parliament to be highly-fragmented and unpredictable. By studying more than 12,000 recorded votes between 1979 and 2004 this 2007 book establishes that the opposite is in fact true: transnational parties in the European Parliament are highly cohesive and the classic 'left-right' dimension dominates voting behaviour. Furthermore, the cohesion of parties in the European Parliament has increased as the powers of the Parliament have increased. The authors suggest that the main reason for these developments is that like-minded MEPs have incentives to form stable transnational party organizations and to use these organizations to compete over European Union policies. They suggest that this is a positive development for the future of democratic accountability in the European Union.

Reviews

‘Combining a solid understanding of European integration with the latest advances in legislative studies, Democratic Politics in the European Parliament is bound to change our thinking of EU politics. Hix, Noury and Roland have produced a book that is empirically rich, theoretically challenging, methodologically sophisticated and yet written in highly accessible language. It is safe to promise that this book will become a landmark text among both EU scholars and students of parliaments.’

Tapio Raunio - Professor of Political Science, University of Tampere

‘An original and compelling case for recognising the growing importance of party politics in the European Parliament.’

Michael Shackleton - European Parliament Secretariat

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

Bibliography
Aldrich, John H. (1995) Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America, Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
Alesina, Alberto and Rosenthal, Howard (1995) Partisan Politics, Divided Government, and the Economy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Alesina, Alberto and Spoloare, Enrico (2003) The Size of Nations, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Alesina, Alberto, Ignazio Angeloni and Ludger Schuknecht (2001) ‘What Does the European Union Do?’, NBER Working Paper No. 8647.
Neto, Amorim, Octavio, , Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D. (2003) ‘Agenda Power in Brazil's Câmara dos Deputados, 1989–98’, World Politics, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 550–78.
Andeweg, Rudy (1995) ‘The Reshaping of National Party Systems’, in Hayward, Jack (ed.) The Crisis of Representation in Europe, London: Frank Cass.
Arrow, Kenneth J. (1951) Social Choice and Individual Values, New York, NY: Wiley.
Aspinwall, Mark (2002) ‘Preferring Europe: Ideology and National Preferences on European Integration’, European Union Politics, vol. 3, pp. 81–112.
Attinà, Fulvio (1990) ‘The Voting Behaviour of the European Parliament Members and the Problem of Europarties’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 18, pp. 557–79.
Attinà, Fulvio (1992) ‘Parties, Party Systems and Democracy in the European Union’, International Spectator, vol. 27, pp. 67–86.
Banzhaf, John F. (1965) ‘Weighted Voting Doesn’t Work: A Mathematical Analysis’, Rutgers Law Review, vol. 19, pp. 317–43.
Bardi, Luciano (1992) ‘Transnational Party Federations in the European Community’, in Katz, Richard S. and Mair, Peter (eds.) Party Organizations: A Handbook on Party Organizations in Western Democracies, London: Sage.
Bardi, Luciano (1994) ‘Transnational Party Federations, European Parliamentary Party Groups, and the Building of Europarties’, in Katz, Richard S. and Mair, Peter (eds.) How Parties Organize: Change and Adaptation in Party Organizations in Western Democracies, London: Sage.
Baron, David P. and Ferejohn, John A. (1989) ‘Bargaining in Legislatures’, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 83, pp. 1181–206.
Bartolini, Stefano (2000) The Political Mobilization of the European Left, 1860–1980: The Class Cleavage, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bartolini, Stefano (2005) Restructuring Europe: Centre Formation, System Building, and Political Structuring between the Nation State and the European Union, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bartolini, Stefano and Mair, Peter (1990) Identity, Competition, and Electoral Availability: The Stability of European Electorates, 1885–1985, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Benoit, Kenneth R. and Laver, Michael J. (2005) Party Policy in Modern Democracies, London: Routledge.
Berglöf, Erik and Burkart, Mike (2003) ‘European Takeover Regulation’, Economic Policy, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 171–213.
Bergman, Torbjörn, Müller, Wolfgang C. and Strøm, Kaare (2000) ‘Parliamentary Democracy and the Chain of Delegation’, European Journal of Political Research Vol. 37, no.3, pp. 255–260.
Bindseil, Ulrich and Hantke, Cordula (1997) ‘The Power Distribution in Decision-Making among EU Member States’, European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 171–185.
Black, Duncan (1958) The Theory of Committees and Elections, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bobbio, Norberto (1996 [1995]) Left and Right: The Significance of a Political Distinction, trans. Cameron, A., Cambridge: Polity.
Bolingbroke, , John, Henry St. (1971 [1738]) The Idea of a Patriot King, Menston: Scholar Press.
Bolton, Patrick and Dewatripont, Mathias (2005) Contract Theory, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bolton, Patrick and Roland, Gérard (1997) ‘The Breakup of Nations: A Political Economy Analysis’, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 1057–90.
Bourguignon-Wittke, Roswitha, Grabitz, Eberhard, Schmuck, Otto, Steppat, Sabine and Wessels, Wolfgang (1985) ‘Five Years of the Directly Elected European Parliament: Performance and Prospects’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 39–59.
Bowler, Shaun and Farrell, David (1993) ‘Legislator Shirking and Voter Monitoring: Impacts of European Parliament Electoral Systems upon Legislator/Voter Relationships’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 45–69.
Bowler, Shaun, Farrell, David M. and Katz, Richard S. (eds.) (1999) Party Discipline and Parliamentary Government, Columbus, OH: Ohio State Press.
Brancati, Dawn (2007) ‘The Origins of Regional Parties’, British Journal of Political Science (forthcoming).
Brzinski, Joanne Bay (1995) ‘Political Group Cohesion in the European Parliament, 1989–1994’, in Rhodes, Carolyn and Mazey, Sonia (eds.) The State of the European Union, Vol. 3, London: Longman.
Budge, Ian, Klingemann, Hans-Dieter, Volkens, Andrea, Bara, Judith and Tanenbaum, Eric (2001) Mapping Policy Preferences: Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945–1998, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Callaghan, Helen and Martin Höpner (2004) ‘Parties or Nations? Political Cleavages over EU Efforts to Create a Single European Market for Corporate Control’, paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American political Science Association, September 1994, Chicago.
Cameron, Charles M. (2000) Veto Bargaining: Presidents and the Politics of Negative Power, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Campbell, Angus, Converse, Philip E., Miller, Warren E. and Stokes, Donald E. (1960) The American Voter, New York, NY: Wiley.
Caramani, Daniele, (2004) The Nationalization of Politics: The Formation of National Electorates and Party Systems in Western Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Carrubba, Clifford J., Gabel, Matthew, Murrah, Lacey, Clough, Ryan, Montgomery, Elizabeth and Schambach, Rebecca (2006) ‘Off the Record: unrecorded Legislative votes, selection Bias and and Roll-Call Votes Analysis’, British Journal of Political Science, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 691–704.
Castanheira, Micael (2003) ‘Voting for Losers’, Journal of the European Economic Association, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 1207–38.
Chandler, William, Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D. (2005) ‘Agenda Control in the German Bundestag, 1987–2002’, mimeo, University of California, San Diego, CA.
Chhibber, Pradeep and Kollman, Kenneth (2004) The Formation of National Party Systems: Federalism and Party Competition in Britain, Canada and the US, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Claeys, Paul-Henri and Loeb-Mayer, Nicole (1979) ‘Trans-European Party Groupings: Emergence of New and Alignment of Old Parties in the Light of the Direct Elections to the European Parliament’, Government and Opposition, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 455–78.
Corbett, Richard (1988) The European Parliament's Role in Closer EU Integration, London: Palgrave.
Corbett, Richard, Jacobs, Francis and Shackleton, Michael (2005) The European Parliament, 6th edition, London: John Harper Publishing.
Cowen, Michael and Laakso, Liisa (eds.) (2002) Multi-Party Elections in Africa, Oxford: James Currey.
Cox, Gary W. (1987) The Efficient Secret: The Cabinet and the Development of Political Parties in Victorian England, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D. (1993) Legislative Leviathan: Party Government in the House, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Cox, Gary W. and Mathew D. McCubbins (2002) ‘Agenda Power in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1877 to 1986’, in Brady, David W. and McCubbins, Mathew D. (eds.) Party, Process, and Political Change in Congress: New Perspectives on the History of Congress, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Cox, Gary W. and McCubbins, Mathew D. (2005) Setting the Agenda: Responsible Party Government in the U.S. House of Representatives, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cox, Gary W., Masuyama, Mikitaka and McCubbins, Mathew D. (2000) ‘Agenda Power in the Japanese House of RepresentativesJapanese Journal of Political Science, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–21.
Crombez, Christophe (2001) ‘Institutional Reform and Co-Decision in the European Union’, Constitutional Political Economy, vol. 11, no. 1, pp 41–57.
Dahl, Robert A. (1956) A Preface to Democratic Theory, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Dahrendorf, Ralf (1959) Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society, London: Routledge.
Dalton, Russell J., Flanagan, Scott and Beck, Paul A. (1984) Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies: Realignment or Dealignment?Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Diermeier, Daniel and Feddersen, Timothy J. (1998) ‘Cohesion in Legislatures and the Vote of Confidence Procedure’, American Political Science Review, vol. 92, pp. 611–21.
Diermeier, Daniel and Merlo, Antonio (2000) ‘Government Turnover in Parliamentary Democracies’, Journal of Economic Theory, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 46–79.
Diermeier, Daniel and Stevenson, Randolf T. (1999) ‘Cabinet Survival and Competing Risks’, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 43, pp. 1051–98.
Diermeier, Daniel and Stevenson, Randolf T. (2000) ‘Cabinet Termination and Critical Events’, American Political Science Review, vol. 94, pp. 627–40.
Downs, Anthony (1957) An Economic Theory of Democracy, New York, NY: Harper and Row.
Duverger, Maurice (1954 [1951]) Political Parties: Their Organization and Activities in the Modern State, New York, NY: Wiley.
Eijk, Cees and Franklin, Mark (eds.) (1996) Choosing Europe? The European Electorate and National Politics in the Face of Union, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Enelow, James M. and Hinich, Melvin J. (1984) The Spatial Theory of Voting: an Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Epstein, David and O’Halloran, Sharyn (1999) Delegating Powers: A Transaction Cost Politics Approach to Policy Making Under Separate Powers, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
European, Parliament (1999) The Committee of Experts’ Report on Fraud, Mismanagement and Nepotism in the European Commission, Brussels: European Parliament.
Evenett, Simon J. (2003) ‘The Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions Wave of the late 1990s’, in Baldwin, Robert E. and Alan Winters, L. (eds.) Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Fearon, James D. (1999) ‘Electoral Accountability and the Control of Politicians: Selecting Good Types versus Sanctioning Poor Performance’, in Manin, Bernard, Przeworski, Adam and Stokes, Susan (eds.) Democracy, Accountability, and Representation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ferejohn, John (1986) ‘Incumbent Performance and Electoral Control’, Public Choice, vol. 50, pp. 5–26.
Ferejohn, John and Fiorina, Morris (1974) ‘The Paradox of Not Voting: A Decision Theoretic Analysis’, American Political Science Review, vol. 68, pp. 525–36.
Figueiredo, Argelina Cheibub and Limongi, Fernando (2000) ‘Presidential Power, Legislative Organization, and Party Behavior in Brazil’, Comparative Politics, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 151–70.
Finer, Samuel E. (1987) ‘Left and Right’, in Bogdanor, Vernon (ed.) The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Institutions, Oxford: Blackwell.
Fitzmaurice, John (1975) The Party Groups in the European Parliament, Farnborough: Saxon House.
Flanagan, Scott C. (1987) ‘Value Change in Industrial Societies’, American Political Science Review, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 1303–18.
Franklin, Mark, Mackie, Tom and Valen, Henry (eds.) (1992) Electoral Change: Responses to Evolving Social and Attitudinal Structures in Western Countries, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gabel, Matthew J. and Anderson, Christopher J. (2002) ‘The Structure of Citizen Attitudes and the European Political Space’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 893–913.
Gabel, Matthew J. and Simon Hix (2002a) ‘The European Parliament and Executive Politics in the EU: Voting Behaviour and the Commission President Investiture Procedure’, in Hosli, Madeleine, Deemen, Adrian and Widgrén, Mika (eds.) Institutional Challenges in the European Union, London: Routledge.
Gabel, Matthew J. and Hix, Simon (2002b) ‘Defining the EU Political Space: An Empirical Study of the European Elections Manifestos, 1979–1999’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 35, pp. 934–64.
Grant, Ruth (1977) ‘The Origins of American Political Parties: Antifederalists and Jeffersonian Republicans’, mimeo, University of Chicago.
Grosclose, Tim and Snyder, James M. Jr. (1996) ‘Buying Supermajorities’, American Political Science Review, vol. 90, pp. 303–315.
Guerrera, Francesco and Jennen, Birgit (2003) ‘UK in deal with Germany over Takeover Code’, The Financial Times, 3 February 2003, p. 10.
Hall, Peter and Soskice, David (eds.) (2001) Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hallstein, Walter (1972) Europe in the Making, London: Allen and Unwin.
Henig, Stanley (ed.) (1979) Political Parties in the European Community, London: Allen and Unwin.
Herbst, Jeffrey (2000) States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hix, Simon (1994) ‘The Study of the European Community: The Challenge to Comparative Politics’, West European Politics, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–30.
Hix, Simon (1999) ‘Dimensions and Alignments in European Union Politics: Cognitive Constraints and Partisan Responses’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 35, pp. 69–106.
Hix, Simon (2001) ‘Legislative Behaviour and Party Competition in European Parliament: An Application of Nominate to the EU’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 39, pp. 663–88.
Hix, Simon (2002a) ‘Constitutional Agenda-Setting Through Discretion in Rule Interpretation: Why the European Parliament Won at Amsterdam’, British Journal of Political Science, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 259–80.
Hix, Simon (2002b) ‘Parliamentary Behavior with Two Principals: Preferences, Parties, and Voting in the European Parliament’, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 688–98.
Hix, Simon (2004) ‘Electoral Institutions and Legislative Behavior: Explaining Voting Defection in the European Parliament’, World Politics, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 194–223.
Hix, Simon (2005) The Political System of the European Union, 2nd edition, London: Palgrave.
Hix, Simon and Lord, Christopher (1996) ‘The Making of a President: The European Parliament and the Confirmation of Jacques Santer as President of the Commission’, Government and Opposition, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 62–76.
Hix, Simon and Lord, Christopher (1997) Political Parties in the European Union. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Hix, Simon, Kreppel, Amie and Noury, Abdul (2003) ‘The Party System in the European Parliament: Collusive or Competitive?’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 309–31.
Hix, Simon, Noury, Abdul and Roland, Gérard (2005) ‘Power to the Parties: Cohesion and Competition in the European Parliament, 1979–2001’, British Journal of Political Science, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 209–34.
Hoffmann, Stanley (1966) ‘Obstinate or Obsolete? The Fate of the Nation-State and the Case of Western Europe’, Daedalus, vol. 95, pp. 862–914.
Hooghe, Liesbet and Gary Marks (1999) ‘The Making of a Polity: The Struggle Over European Integration’, in Kitschelt, Herbert, Lange, Peter, Marks, Gary and Stephens, John (eds.) Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hooghe, Liesbet, Marks, Gary and Wilson, Carole (2002) ‘Does Left/Right Structure Party Positions on European Integration?’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 35, pp. 965–989.
Hosli, Madeleine O. (1997) ‘Voting Strength in the European Parliament’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 31, pp. 351–66.
Hoyland, Bjorn (2005) Government and Opposition in EU Legislative Politics, Ph.D. thesis, London: London School of Economics and Political Science.
Hotelling, Harold (1929) ‘Stability in Competition’, Economic Journal, vol. 39, pp. 41–57.
Huber, John D. (1996a) Rationalizing Parliament: Legislative Institutions and Party Politics in France, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Huber, John D. (1996b) The Vote of Confidence in Parliamentary Democracies’, American Political Science Review, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 1131–50.
Ignazi, Piero (1992) ‘The Silent Counter-Revolution: Hypotheses on the Emergence of Extreme-Right Parties in Europe’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 3–34.
Inglehart, Ronald (1977) The Silent Revolution: Changing Values and Political Styles among Western Publics, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Inglehart, Ronald (1990) Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Jensen, Michael and Meckling, William (1976) ‘Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behaviour, Agency Cost and Capital Structure’, Journal of Financial Economics, vol. 3, pp. 305–60.
Karvonen, Lauri and Kuhnle, Stein (eds.) (2001) Party Systems and Voter Alignments Revisited, London: Routledge.
Katz, Richard S. and Mair, Peter (1995) ‘Changing Models of Party Organization and Party Democracy: The Emergence of the Cartel Party’, Party Politics, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 5–28.
Key, Valdimar O. (1961) Public Opinion and American Democracy, New York, NY: Knopf.
Kiewiet, D. Roderick and McCubbins, Matthew D. (1991) The Logic of Delegation: Congressional Parties and the Appropriations Process, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
King, Anthony (1969) ‘Political Parties in Western Democracies: Some Sceptical Reflections’, Polity, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 111–41.
Kitschelt, Herbert (1994) The Transformation of European Social Democracy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kitschelt, Herbert (1995) The Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Kitschelt, Herbert, Lange, Peter, Marks, Gary and Stephens, John D. (eds.) (1999) Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Krehbiel, Keith (1993) ‘Where's the Party?’, British Journal of Political Science, vol. 23, pp. 235–66.
Krehbiel, Keith (1998) Pivotal Politics: A Theory of U.S. Lawmaking, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Kreppel, Amie (2000) ‘Rules, Ideology and Coalition Formation in the European Parliament: Past, Present and Future’, European Union Politics, vol. 1, pp. 340–62.
Kreppel, Amie (2002a) ‘Moving Beyond Procedure: An Empirical Analysis of European Parliament Legislative Influence’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 784–813.
Kreppel, Amie (2002b) The European Parliament and Supranational Party System: A Study in Institutional Development, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kreppel, Amie and Hix, Simon (2003) ‘From “Grand Coalition” to Left-Right Confrontation: Explaining the Shifting Structure of Party Competition in the European Parliament’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 36, pp. 75–96.
Kreppel, Amie and Tsebelis, George (1999) ‘Coalition Formation in the European Parliament’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 32, pp. 933–66.
Porta, Rafael, Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio, Shleifer, Andrei and Vishny, Robert (1998) ‘Law and Finance’, Journal of Political Economy, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 1113–55.
Lane, Jan-ErikMaeland, Reinert and Berg, Sven (1995) ‘The EU Parliament: Seats, States and Political Parties’, Journal of Theoretical Politics, vol. 7, pp. 395–400.
LaPalombara, Joseph and Myron Weiner (1966) ‘The Origin and Development of Political Parties’, in LaPalombara, Joseph and Weiner, Myron (eds.) Political Parties and Political Development, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Laver, Michael (1998) ‘Models of Government Formation’, Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 1, pp. 1–25.
Laver, Michael (2002) ‘Government Termination’, Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 6, pp. 23–40.
Laver, Michael J. and Ben Hunt, W. (1992) Policy and Party Competition, London: Routledge.
Laver, Michael and Schofield, Norman (1990) Multiparty Government: The Politics of Coalition in Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Laver, Michael J., Benoit, Kenneth R. and Garry, John (2003) ‘Extracting Policy Positions from Political Texts Using Words as Data’, American Political Science Review, vol. 97, pp. 311–31.
Levitt, Steven D. (1996) ‘How Do Senators Vote? Disentangling the Role of Voter Preferences, Party Affiliation, and Senator Ideology’, The American Economic Review, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 425–41.
Lipset, Seymour M. (1959) Political Man, London: Heinemann.
Lipset, Seymour M. and Stein Rokkan (1967) ‘Cleavage Structures, Party Systems and Voter Alignments: An Introduction’, in Lipset, Seymour M. and Rokkan, Stein (eds.) Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-national Perspectives, New York, NY: Free Press.
Lupia, Arthur and Strøm, Kaare (1995) ‘Coalition termination and the Strategic Timing of Legislative Elections’, American Political Science Review, vol. 89, pp. 648–65.
MacDonald, Stuart E., Listaug, Ola and Rabinowitz, George (1991) ‘Issues and Party Support in Mulitparty Systems’, American Political Science Review, vol. 85, pp. 1107–31.
MacRae, Duncan Jr. (1967) Parliament, Parties, and Society in France 1946–1958, New York, NY: St. Martin's Press.
Magnette, Paul (2001) ‘Appointing and Censuring the Commission: the Adaptation of Parliamentary Institutions to the Community Context’, European Law Journal, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 289–307.
Majone, Giandomenico (1993) ‘The European Community between Social Policy and Social Regulation’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 153–70.
Majone, Giandomenico (1996) Regulating Europe, London: Routledge.
Majone, Giandomenico (2002) ‘The European Commission: The Limits of Centralization and the Perils of Parliamentarization’, Governance, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 375–92.
Marks, Gary and Steenbergen, Marco (2002) ‘Introduction: Understanding Political Contestation in the European Union’, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 35, pp. 879–92.
Marks, Gary and Steenbergen, Marco (2004) Marks/Steenbergen Party Dataset, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, available at: www.unc.edu/∼gwmarks/data.htm
Marks, Gary and Wilson, Carole J. (2000) ‘The Past in the Present: A Cleavage Theory of Party Response to European Integration’, British Journal of Political Science, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 433–59.
Marks, Gary, Wilson, Carole J. and Ray, Leonard (2002) ‘National Political Parties and European Integration’, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 46, pp. 585–94.
Marquand, David (1978) ‘Towards a Europe of the Parties’, Political Quarterly, vol. 49, pp. 425–45.
Mattila, Miko (2004) ‘Contested Decisions: Empirical Analysis of Voting in the EU Council of Ministers’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 43, pp. 29–50.
Mattila, Miko and Lane, Jan-Eric (2001) ‘Why Unanimity in the Council? A Roll Call Analysis of Council Voting’, European Union Politics, vol. 2, pp. 31–52.
Mayhew, David (1974) Congress: The Electoral Connection, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
McCubbins, Mathew D. and Schwartz, Thomas (1984) ‘Congressional Oversight Overlooked: Police Patrols versus Fire Alarms’, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 165–79.
McKelvey, Richard D. (1976) ‘Intransitivities in Multidimensional Voting Models and Some Implications for Agenda Control’, Journal of Economic Theory, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 472–82.
Moravcsik, Andrew (1991) ‘Negotiating the Single European Act: National Interests and Conventional Statecraft in the European Community’, International Organization, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 19–56.
Moravcsik, Andrew (1998) The Choice for Europe: Social Purpose and State Power from Messina to Maastricht, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Moravcsik, Andrew (2002) ‘In Defense of the “Democratic Deficit”: Reassessing the Legitimacy of the European Union’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 603–34.
Müller, Wolfgang C. and Kaare, Strøm (eds.) (2000) Coalition Governments in Western Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Neumann, Sigmund (1956) ‘Toward a Comparative Study of Political Parties’, in Neumann, Sigmund (ed.) Modern Political Parties, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Niedermeyer, Oskar (1983) Europäische Parteien? Zur grenzüberschreitenden Interaktion politischer Parteien im Rahmen der Europäischen Gemeinschaft, Frankfurt: Campus.
Noury, Abdul (2002) ‘Ideology, Nationality and Euro-Parliamentarians’, European Union Politics, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 33–58.
Noury, Abdul (2004) ‘Abstention in Daylight: Stategic Calculus of Voting in the European Parliament’, Public Choice, vol. 212, pp. 179–211.
Noury, Abdul and Roland, Gérard (2002) ‘More Power to the European Parliament?’, Economic Policy, vol. 17, no. 35, pp. 280–319.
Nurmi, Hannu (1997) ‘The Representation of Voter Groups in the EP’, Electoral Studies, vol. 16, pp. 317–27.
Oates, William E. (1972) Fiscal Federalism, New York, NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Persson, Torsten, Roland, Gérard and Tabellini, Guido (2000) ‘Comparative Politics and Public Finance’, Journal of Political Economy, vol. 108, pp. 1121–61.
Piketty, Thomas (2000) ‘Voting as Communicating’, Review of Economic Studies, vol. 67, pp. 169–91.
Pollack, Mark A. (1995) ‘Regional Actors in an Intergovernmental Play: The Making and Implementation of EC Structural Policy’, in Rhodes, Carolyn and Mazey, Sonia (eds.) The State of the European Union, vol. 3, London: Longman.
Poole, Keith T. (2005) Spatial Models of Parliamentary Voting, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Poole, Keith T. and Rosenthal, Howard (1997) A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pridham, Geoffrey and Pridham, Pippa (1981) Transnational Party Co-operation and European Integration: The Process Towards Direct Elections, London: Allen and Unwin.
Quanjel, Marcel and Menno Wolters (1993) ‘Growing Cohesion in the European Parliament’, paper presented at the Joint Sessions of the ECPR, April 1993, Leiden.
Rae, Douglas W. (1967) The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Raunio, Tapio (1997) The European Perspective: Transnational Party Groups in the 1989–1994 European Parliament, London: Ashgate.
Reif, Karlheinz and Schmitt, Hermann (1980) ‘Nine Second-Order National Elections: A Conceptual Framework for the Analysis of European Election Results’, European Journal of Political Research, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 3–45.
Rice, Stuart A. (1928) Quantitative Methods in Politics, New York, NY: Knopf.
Riker, William H. (1962) The Theory of Political Coalitions, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Riker, William H. (1980) ‘Implications for the Disequilibrium of Majority Rule for the Study of Institutions’, American Political Science Review, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 432–46.
Riker, William H. (1986) The Art of Political Manipulation, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Riker, William H. and Ordeshook, Peter C. (1968) ‘A Theory of the Calculus of Voting’, American Political Science Review, vol. 62, pp. 25–42.
Ringe, Nils (2005) ‘Policy Preference Formation in Legislative Politics: Structures, Actors, and Focal Points’, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 731–45.
Rittberger, Berthold (2003) ‘The Creation and Empowerment of the European Parliament’, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 203–25.
Rittberger, Berthold (2005) Building Europe's Parliament: Democratic Representation Beyond the Nation State, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rohde, David W. (1991) Parties and Leaders in the Postreform House, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Rokkan, Stein (1999) State Formation, Nation-Building, and Mass Politics in Europe: The Theory of Stein Rokkan, selected and rearranged by Flora, Peter, Kuhnle, Stein and Urwin, Derek, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Romer, Thomas and Rosenthal, Howard (1978) ‘Political Resource Allocation, Controlled Agendas, and the Status Quo’, Public Choice, vol. 33, pp. 27–43.
Rosenthal, Howard and Voeten, Erik (2004) ‘Analyzing Roll Calls with Perfect Spatial Voting: France 1946–1958’, American Journal of Political Science, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 620–32.
Sartori, Giovanni (1976) Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis, Volume 1, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Scarrow, Susan (1997) ‘Political Career Paths and the European Parliament’, Legislative Studies Quarterly, vol. 22, pp. 253–63.
Scharpf, Fritz (1999) Governing in Europe: Effective and Democratic?Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schattschneider, Elmer E. (1942) Party Government, New York, NY: Rinehart.
Schattschneider, Elmar E. (1960) The Semi Sovereign People: A Realist's View of Democracy in America, New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Schlesinger, Joseph A. (1984) ‘On the Theory of Party Organization’, Journal of Politics, vol. 46, pp. 369–400.
Schonhardt-Bailey, Cheryl (2003) ‘Ideology, Party and Interests in the British Parliament of 1841–1847’, British Journal of Political Science, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 581–605.
Schumpeter, Joseph (1943) Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, London: Allen and Unwin.
Scully, Roger M. (1997a) ‘Policy Influence and Participation in the European Parliament’, Legislative Studies Quarterly, vol. 12, pp. 233–52.
Scully, Roger M. (1997b) ‘The EP and the Co-Decision Procedure: A Reassessment’, Journal of Legislative Studies, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 58–73.
Shapley, Lloyd S. and Shubik, Martin (1954) ‘A Method for Evaluating the Distribution of Power in a Committee System’, American Political Science Review, vol. 48, pp. 787–92.
Shugart, Matthew S. and Carey, John M. (1992) Presidents and Assemblies: Constitutional Design and Electoral Systems, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Skog, Rolf (2002) ‘The Takeover Directive: An Endless Saga?’, European Business Law Review, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 301–12.
Strøm, Kaare (1990) Minority Government and Majority Rule, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tirole, Jean (1989) The Theory of Industrial Organization, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Topan, Angelina (2002) ‘The Resignation of the Santer-Commission: The Impact of “Trust” and “Reputation”’, European Integration Online Papers, vol. 6, paper 14, http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/2002–014.htm
Tsebelis, George (1994) ‘The Power of the European Parliament as a Conditional Agenda-Setter’, American Political Science Review, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 128–42.
Tsebelis, George (1996) ‘Maastricht and the Democratic Deficit’, Aussenwirtschaft, vol. 52, no. 1/2, pp. 29–56.
Tsebelis, George (2002) Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press/Russell Sage Foundation.
Tsebelis, George and Garrett, Geoffrey (2000) ‘Legislative Politics in the European Union’, European Union Politics, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 9–36.
Tsebelis, George and Garrett, Geoffrey (2001) ‘The Institutional Foundations of Intergovernmentalism and Supranationalism in the European Union’, International Organization, vol. 55, pp. 357–90.
Tsebelis, George and Money, Jeannette (1997) Bicameralism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tsebelis, George, Jensen, Christian B., Kalandrakis, Anastassios and Kreppel, Amie (2001) ‘Legislative Procedures in the European Union: An Empirical Analysis’, British Journal of Political Science, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 573–99.
Tullock, Gordon (1967) ‘Welfare Costs of Tariffs, Monopolies and Theft’, Western Economic Journal, vol. 5, pp. 224–32.
Oudenhove, Guy (1965) Political Parties in the European Parliament: The First Ten Years (September 1952–September 1962), Leyden: A.W. Sijthoff.
Voeten, Erik (2000) ‘Clashes of The Assembly’, International Organization, vol. 54, pp. 185–214.
Weber, Max (1946 [1918]) ‘Politics as a Vocation’, in Gerth, Hans H. and Mills, C. Wright (eds.) From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Westlake, Martin (1994) A Modern Guide to the European Parliament, London: Pinter.
Williams, Shirley (1991) ‘Sovereignty and Accountability’, in Keohane, Robert O. and Hoffmann, Stanley (eds.) The New European Community, Boulder, CO: Westview.
Zellentin, Gerda (1967) ‘Form and Function of the Opposition in the European Communities’, Government and Opposition, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 416–35.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed