This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1995. The central role of discourse in large-scale change: a social construction perspective. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 31: 352–272.
1997. Strategy retold: toward a narrative view of strategic discourse. Academy of Management Review, 22: 429–452.
1991. The storytelling organization: A study of story performance in an office-supply firm. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36: 106–126.
1977. Cognition in organizations: An analysis of the Utrecht jazz orchestra. Administrative Science Quarterly, 22: 607–639.
1995. Collective centering and collective sense-making in the stories and storytelling of one organization. Organization Studies, 16 (1): 107–137.
1993. Metaphor in political discourse: The case of the “common European house”. Discourse and Society, 4 (1): 7–31.
1979. Language and organization. Academy of Management Review, 4: 179–191.
1980. Organizational symbolism: A topic to expand organizational analysis. Academy of Management Review, 5: 77–82.
, . and
1986. Communication, meaning and organized action. Administrative Science Quarterly, 31: 43–55.
1989. A semiotic analysis of corporate language: Organizational boundaries and joint venturing. Administrative Science Quarterly, 34: 277–303.
1995. The role of conversations in producing intentional change in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 20: 541–70.
1996. Discourse and enactment: Gender inequality in text and context. Human Relations, 49: 1041–1064.
1992. The cult(ure) of the customer. Journal of Management Studies, 29: 615–33.
1996. The conduct of management and the management of conduct: Contemporary managerial discourse and the constitution of the “competent” manager. Journal of Management Studies, 33: 263–282.
1993. The textual approach: Risk and blame in disaster sensemaking. Academy of Management Journal, 36: 1465–1514.
1985. Organizations as constructions and destructions of meaning. Journal of Management, 11 (2): 77–92.
, , and
1993. Storytelling: An instrument for understanding the dynamics of corporate relationships. Human Relations, 46: 1391–1409.
1997. Irony and the social construction of contradiction in the humor of a management team. Organization Science, 8: 275–288.
1964. Toward ethnographies of communication. American Anthropologist, 66 (6), part 2: 12–25.
2006. Constructing shared understanding. The role of embodied metaphors in organization development. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 42: 207–226.
1997. Organizational discourses: Text and context. Organization, 4: 147–157.
1993. Deconstructing organizations. Academy of Management Review, 18: 13–27.
1989. Power and subjectivity at work: From degradation to subjugation in social relations. Sociology, 23: 535–558.
1996. Shaping conversations: Making strategy, managing change. California Management Review, 39 (1): 141–157.
1979. Metaphors of the field: Varieties of organizational discourse. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24: 660–671.
1995. The argumentational texture of transaction cost economics. Organization Studies, 16: 605–623.
1995. Paradoxes of participation: Textual analysis and organizational change. Organization Studies, 16: 769–803.
1995. “Having fun?” Humor as resistance in Brazil. Organization Studies, 16: 739–768.
1989. The role of metaphors in organization transformation. Human Relations, 42: 463–485.
Thompson, J. B. 1989. The theory of structuration. In and (eds.), Social theory of modern societies: Anthony Giddens and his critics: 56–76. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1991. The missing link: A transformational view of metaphors in organizational science. Academy of Management Review, 16: 566–585.
1993. Analogical reasoning and knowledge generation in organization theory. Organization Studies, 14: 323–346.
1995. Rhetoric, discourse and argument in organizational sense making: A reflexive tale. Organization Studies, 16: 805–821.
1989. Visionary leadership and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 10: 17–32.
1996. The perils of precision: Managing global tensions to achieve local goals. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 32: 143–159.
1992. Genres of organizational communication: A structurational approach to studying communication and media. Academy of Management Review, 17: 299–326.
1993. Organizations as rhetoric: Knowledge intensive firms and the struggle with ambiguity. Journal of Management Studies, 30: 997–1015.
2004. Introduction: Bringing practitioners and academics together. Academy of Management Executive, 18, 1: 94–96.
1947. Frontiers in group dynamics: Channels of group life: Social planning and action research. Human Relations, 1: 143–153.
1962. The business firm as a political coalition. Journal of Politics, 24: 662–678.
2005. A discursive approach to organization development. Action Research, 3: 69–88.
2000. From outer words to inner worlds. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 36: 245–258.
, , and
Martin, J. R. 2003. Cohesion and texture. In , , and (eds.), Handbook of discourse analysis: 35–53. Oxford: Blackwell.
1980. The case for qualitative research. Academy of Management Review, 5: 491–500.
1994. Doctorates by action research for senior practicing managers. Management Learning, 25: 341–365.
1984. The origins and status of action research. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 20: 113–124.
2003. Strategizing as lived experience and strategists' everyday efforts to shape strategic direction. Journal of Management Studies, 40: 141–174.
1995. Stories of the storytelling organization. A postmodern analysis of Disney as “Tamara-Land”. Academy of Management Journal, 38: 997–1035.
1994. Assessing the relationship between industry characteristics and organizational culture: How different can you be? Academy of Management Journal, 37: 522–553.
1990. Organizational rhetoric and the practice of criticism. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 18 (2): 93–114.
1991. Better stories, not better constructs, to generate better theory: A rejoinder to Eisenhardt. Academy of Management Review, 16: 613–619.
1989. Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14: 532–550.
1991. Better stories and better constructs: The case for rigor and comparative logic. Academy of Management Review, 16: 620–627.
1979. Central problems in social theory. London: Macmillan.
Grant, D., Keenoy, T. and Oswick, C. 1998. organizational discourse: of diversity, dichotomy and multi-disciplinarity. In , , and (eds.), Discourse and organization: 1–13. London: Sage.
1971. A strategic contingencies theory of intra-organizational power. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16: 216–229.
, , , and
1987. Interpreting organizational texts. Journal of Management Studies, 24: 233–247.
2003. Orchestral manoeuvres in the dark: Understanding failure in organizational strategizing, Journal of Management Studies, 40: 109–139.
2002. Managing discursive tension: The co-existence of individualist and collaborative discourses in Flight Centre. Journal of Management Studies, 39: 1045–1069.
1993. Analyzing communication in and around organizations: A critical hermeneutic approach. Academy of Management Journal, 36: 1547–1576.
Ricoeur, P. 1971b. What is a text? Explanation and understanding. In (ed.), Mythic-symbolic language and philosophical anthropology: 135–150. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
1973a. The task of hermeneutics. Philosophy Today, 17: 112–128.
1973b. The hermeneutical function of distantiation. Philosophy Today, 17: 129–141.
1987b. The Clinical perspective in fieldwork. Qualitative Research Methods, CA: Sage.
2004. Strategies as discursive constructions: The case of airline alliances. Journal of Management Studies, 41: 1–35.
1983. Efficient cultures: Exploring the relationship between culture and organizational performance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28: 468–481.
1996. Organizational change and organizational culture at Hay Management Consultants. Long Range Planning, 29: 485–494.
1994. Exploring the mental models of competitive strategists: The case for a processual approach. Journal of Management Studies, 31: 525–551.
1989. Using imagery to facilitate organizational development and change. Group & Organization Studies, 14: 70–82.
2002. Metaphor in the literature of organizational analysis: A preliminary taxonomy and a glimpse at a humanities-based perspective. Organization, 9: 305–330.
2005. Answers for questions to come: Reflective dialogue as an enabler of strategic innovation. Journal of Organization Change Management, 18 (4): 338–352.
1990. The invariance hypothesis: Is abstract reason based on image schemas? Cognitive Linguistics, 1: 39–74.
1988. The selection of communication media as an executive skill. Academy of Management Executive, 2: 225–232.
1997. Assessing the roller coaster of downsizing. Business Horizons, 40 (4): 45–53.
1980. Paradigms, metaphor and puzzle solving in organization theory. Administrative Science Quarterly, 25: 660–671.
1989. Organizational frame bending: Principles for managing reorientation. Academy of Management Executive, 3 (3): 194–204.
1999. Images of an organization: The use of metaphor in a multinational company. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12: 501–523.
2002. Metaphorical and analogical reasoning in organization theory: Beyond orthodoxy. Academy of Management Review, 27: 294–303.
1987. Context and action in the transformation of the firm. Journal of Management Studies, 24: 649–670.
1991. Organizational development and transformation. Annual Review of Psychology, 42:51–78.
2001. Teaching old dogs new tricks: Implementing organizational learning in an Asian national police force. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 37: 361–380.
1988. Modernism, post modernism and organizational analysis 2: The contribution of Michel Foucault. Organization Studies, 9 (2): 221–235.
2000. Redirecting critique in postmodern organization studies: The perspective of Foucault. Organization Studies, 21 (6): 1059–1075.
1981. Three models of discourse analysis: The role of social structure. Discourse Processes, 3: 101–131.
1993. Principles of critical discourse analysis. Discourse and Society, 4: 249–283.
Foucault, M. 1991b. Questions of method . In , , and (eds.), The Foucault effect: Studies in governmentality: 73–86. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
1987. The archaeology of accounting systems. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 12 (3): 207–234.
1986. Accounting and the examination: A genealogy of disciplinary power. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 11 (2): 105–136.
2001. Seeing without being seen: Towards an archaeology of controlling science. International Studies of Management and Organization, 31 (3): 113.
1991. Corporate strategy, organizations and subjectivity: A critique. Organization Studies, 12 (2): 251–273.
1995. Strategy under the microscope: Strategic management and IT in financial services. Journal of Management Studies, 32 (2): 191–214.
1991. Power and discourse in organization studies: Absence and the dialectic of control. Discourse and Society, 2 (3): 313–332.
1994. Discourse and agency: The example of personnel psychology and assessment centres. Organization Studies, 15 (6): 879–902.
1998. Theorizing subjectivity in organizations: The failure of Foucauldian studies? Organization Studies, 19 (3): 415–447.
1997. Managing multiple identities: Discourse, legitimacy and resources in the UK refugee system. Organization, 4: 159–186.
2002. Discourse analysis: Investigating processes of social construction. London: Sage.
1995. Strategy and organization theories: Common forms of discourse. Journal of Management Studies, 32: 101–117.
1993a. Foucault, power/knowledge, and its relevance for human resource management. Academy of Management Review, 18 (3): 518–545.
1993b. Performance appraisal and the emergence of management. Journal of Management Studies, 30 (2): 221–238.
1997. Institutionalization and structuration: Studying the links between action and institution. Organization Studies, 18: 93–117.
1984. Changing interpretive schemes and organizational restructuring: The example of a religious order. Administrative Science Quarterly, 29: 355–372.
1993. Accounting and the interpretive act. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 18 (2/3): 125–146.
1996. Why shared meanings have no place in structuration theory: A reply to Scapens and Macintosh. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 21 (7/8): 691–697.
1977. Outline of a theory of practice. R. Nice (trans.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1985. A contemporary critique. Theory and Society, 14: 133–166.
1994. Capturing the complexity in advanced technology use: Adaptive structuration theory. Organization Science, 5: 121–147.
1992. Interpretive barriers to successful product innovation in large firms. Organization Science, 3: 179–202.
1992. On the nature of cognitive maps. Journal of Management Studies, 29: 261–265.
1992. Discourse and text: Linguistic and intertextual analysis within discourse analysis. Discourse and Society, 3: 193–217.
1991. Revolutionary change theories: Multilevel exploration of the punctuated equilibrium paradigm. Academy of Management Review, 16: 10–36.
2001. Organizational change as discourse: Communicative actions and deep structures in the context of IT implementation. Academy of Management Journal, 44 (4): 755–778.
1985. The interaction between national and organizational value systems. Journal of Management Studies, 22: 347–57.
1997. Social movement rhetoric and the social psychology of collective action: A case study of anti-abortion mobilization. Human Relations, 50: 261–286.
1995. Rhetoric, ritualism and totemism in human resource management. Human Relations, 48: 367–385.
1979. Surface data and deep structure: Observing the organization of professional training. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24: 551–561.
1973. Observations on the making of policemen. Human Organization, 32: 407–18.
1979. The fact of fiction in organizational ethnography. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24: 539–550.
1990. Structuration theory in management accounting. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 15: 455–477.
1983. More on metaphor: Why we cannot control tropes in administrative science. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28: 601–607.
1994. Genre repertoire: The structuring of communicative practices in organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39: 541–574.
1980. The structuring of organizational structures. Administrative Science Quarterly, 25: 1–17.
1983. A structurationist account of political culture. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28: 314–37.
1992. Collective cognition and collaborative work: The effects of cognitive and communicative processes on the organization of television production. Discourse and Society, 3: 61–86.
1996. Structure and agency in management accounting research: A response to Boland's interpretive act. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 21: 675–690.
1991. Transitions betweem symbolic domains in organisations. Organization Studies, 12: 489–506.
1994. Paradigms lost: Incommensurability vs structurationist inquiry. Organization Studies, 15: 565–590.
1992. Putting Giddens into action: Social systems and managerial agency. Journal of Management Studies, 29: 693–712.
1981. The structuring of organizational structure: A note. Administrative Science Quarterly, 26: 470–474.
1986. Unconscious sources of motivation in the theory of the subject; an exploration and critique of Giddens' dualistic models of action and personality. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 16: 105–121.
1997. Rethinking management and managerial work: Capitalism, control and subjectivity. Human Relations, 50: 1329–1359.
1996. More fragmentation? Unfinished business in linking the social sciences and the humanities. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41: 251–261.
2000. Varieties of discourse: On the study of organizations through discourse analysis. Human Relations, 53: 1125–1149.
1996. Actionable knowledge: Design causality in the service of consequential theory. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 32: 390–408.
1988. Ethnomethodology: A critical review. Annual Review of Sociology, 14: 441–465.
1987. Constitutive rhetoric: The case of the peuple Quebecois. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 73: 133–150.
2001. Managers as practical authors: Reconstructing our understanding of management practice. Journal of Management Studies, 38: 351–371.
1999. Action research: Rethinking Lewin. Management Learning, 30: 127–140.
2003. “Political correctness”: The politics of culture and language. Discourse & Society, 14: 17–28.
1984. Negotiated orders and organizational cultures. Annual Review of Sociology, 10: 239–262.
1972. An introduction to the theory and practice of action research in work organizations. Human Relations, 25: 529–556.
1964. How to ask for a drink in Subanun. American Anthropologist, 66: 127–132.
2001. Organizational discourse: Key contributions and challenges. International Studies of Management and Organization, 31 (3): 5–24.
2001. Researching organizational discourse. International Studies of Management and Organization, 31 (3): 25–47.
2004. Conceptualizing organizational discourse as situated symbolic action. Human Relations, 57: 1285–1312.
1986. From ambushes to golden parachutes: Corporate takeovers as an instance of cultural framing and institutional integration. American Journal of Sociology, 91: 800–837.
2003. Researching organizational practice through action research: Case studies and design choices. Organizational Research Methods, 6: 383–403.
1991. Systems of interpretation and the function of metaphor. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 21: 171–195.
1983. Learning the craft of organizational research. Academy of Management Review, 8: 539–546.
1993. The sad demise, mysterious disappearance, and glorious triumph of symbolic interactionism. Annual Review of Sociology, 19: 61–87.
1998. The rhetoric of organizational change. Human Relations, 51: 717–740.
1991a. On organizational stories and myths: Why it is easier to slay a dragon than to kill a myth. International Sociology, 6: 427–441.
1991b. Turning facts into stories and stories into facts. A hermeneutic exploration of organizational folklore. Human Relations, 44: 857–875.
1995. The unmanaged organization: Stories, fantasies and subjectivity. Organization Studies, 16: 477–501.
1996. Organization science as social construction: Postmodern potentials. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 32: 356–377.
1991. Rethinking linguistic relativity. Current Anthropology, 32: 613–623.
1999. No joking matter: Discursive struggle in the Canadian refugee system. Organization Studies, 20: 1–24.
2003. A comment on the role of metaphor in knowledge generation. Academy of Management Review, 28: 190–191.
2006. A tale of three discourses: The dominant, the strategic and the marginalized. Journal of Management Studies, 43: 1059–1087.
2003. Stories that sell, stories that tell. Journal of Business Strategy, March–April: 11–15.
1990. Human resource management: Rhetoric, reality and contradiction. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 1: 363–384.
1993. Managing the metaphors of change. Organizational Dynamics, 22: 44–56.
1912. The mechanism of social consciousness. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 9 (15): 401–406.
1913. The social self. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 10 (14): 374–380.
1922. A behavioristic account of the significant symbol. Journal of Philosophy, 19 (6): 157–163.
1925. The genesis of the self and social control. International Journal of Ethics, 35 (3): 251–277.
1996. Conflicting uses of metaphors: Reconceptualizing their use in the field of organizational change. Academy of Management Review, 21: 691–717.
1982. Controlling tropes in administrative science. Administrative Science Quarterly, 27: 641–652.
2002. The contest over meaning: Hermeneutics as an interpretive methodology for understanding texts. Organizational Research Methods, 5 (1): 12–33.
1993. Symbolic processes in the implementation of technological change: A symbolic interactionist study of work computerization. Academy of Management Journal, 36: 1400–1429.
1987. A discourse-centered approach to language and culture. American Anthropologist, 89: 295–309.
2000. Interpretivism and generalization. Sociology, 34: 209–224.
1977. Organization development. Annual Review of Psychology, 28: 197–223.
1992. The role of metaphors in organizational change. Change agent and change target perspectives. Group & Organization Management, 17: 242–249.
1993. Creating readiness for organizational change. Human Relations, 46: 681–703.
1990. Generative metaphor intervention: A new behavioral approach for working with systems divided by conflict and caught in defensive perception. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 26: 219–239.
Black, M. 1993. More about metaphor. In (ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd edn.), pp. 19–4. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
1992. Congregate cognitive maps. Journal of Management Studies, 29: 369–389.
1992. Cognitive mapping and repertory grids for qualitative survey research. Journal of Management Studies, 29: 287–307.
2003. Images of strategy. European Management Journal, 21 (1): 69–78.
1992. Metaphors to consult by. Group & Organization Management, 17: 255–259.
1999. Transforming an organization: Using models to foster a strategic conversation. California Management Review, 41 (3): 54–73.
1992. The use of metaphors in organizational assessment and change. Group & Organization Management, 17: 229–241.
1991. Inspiring others: The language of leadership. Academy of Management Executive, 5 (1): 31–45.
1974. Organization development. Annual Review of Psychology, 25: 313–341.
2001. Metaphor and meaning:An intercultural analysis of the concept of teamwork. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46: 274–303.
2001. An ethnographic study of culture in the context of organizational change. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 37: 426–446.
2002. The contribution of a discursive view to understanding and managing organizational change. Strategic Change, 11: 253–261.