Skip to main content
×
×
Home
Ethnic Patriotism and the East African Revival
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 16
  • Cited by
    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ogola, George 2017. Popular Media in Kenyan History. p. 165.

    Balakrishnan, Sarah 2017. The Afropolitan Idea: New Perspectives on Cosmopolitanism in African Studies. History Compass, Vol. 15, Issue. 2, p. e12362.


    Ogola, George 2017. Popular Media in Kenyan History. p. 119.

    Merolla, Daniela and Turin, Mark 2017. Searching for Sharing: Heritage and Multimedia in Africa.

    Bedasso, Biniam E. 2017. For richer, for poorer: why ethnicity often trumps economic cleavages in Kenya. Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 44, Issue. 151, p. 10.


    Ness, Immanuel and Cope, Zak 2016. The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism. p. 1.

    Maxwell, David 2016. The creation of Lubaland: missionary science and Christian literacy in the making of the Luba Katanga in Belgian Congo. Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 10, Issue. 3, p. 367.


    Prince, Ruth J. 2016. The Diseased Body and the Global Subject: The Circulation and Consumption of an Iconic AIDS Photograph in East Africa. Visual Anthropology, Vol. 29, Issue. 2, p. 159.


    Omeja, Patrick A. Lawes, Michael J. Corriveau, Amélie Valenta, Kim Sarkar, Dipto Paim, Fernanda Pozzan and Chapman, Colin A. 2016. Recovery of tree and mammal communities during large-scale forest regeneration in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Biotropica, Vol. 48, Issue. 6, p. 770.


    Peterson, Derek R. 2016. A history of the heritage economy in Yoweri Museveni’s Uganda. Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 10, Issue. 4, p. 789.


    Lonsdale, John 2015. Have tropical Africa's nationalisms continued imperialism's world revolution by other means?. Nations and Nationalism, Vol. 21, Issue. 4, p. 609.


    Ward, Kevin 2015. The role of the Anglican and Catholic Churches in Uganda in public discourse on homosexuality and ethics. Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 127.


    TOBINAI, Yuko 2014. A Study of the Christian Revival Movement in Greater Sudan:. Journal of African Studies, Vol. 2014, Issue. 84, p. 31.


    Boyd, Lydia 2014. Ugandan Born-Again Christians and the Moral Politics of Gender Equality. Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol. 44, Issue. 3-4, p. 333.


    Bruner, Jason 2014. ‘The Testimony Must Begin in the Home’: The Life of Salvation and the Remaking of Homes in the East African Revival in Southern Uganda, c. 1930-1955. Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol. 44, Issue. 3-4, p. 309.


    Taylor, Edgar C. 2013. Claiming Kabale: racial thought and urban governance in Uganda. Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 7, Issue. 1, p. 143.


    ×
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Ethnic Patriotism and the East African Revival
    • Online ISBN: 9781139108614
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139108614
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Ethnic Patriotism and the East African Revival shows how, in the era of African political independence, cosmopolitan Christian converts struggled with East Africa's patriots over the definition of culture and community. The book traces the history of the East African Revival, an evangelical movement that spread through much of eastern and central Africa. Its converts offered a subversive reading of culture, disavowing their compatriots and disregarding their obligations to kin. They earned the ire of East Africa's patriots, who worked to root people in place as inheritors of ancestral wisdom. This book casts religious conversion in a new light: not as an inward reorientation of belief, but as a political action that opened up novel paths of self-narration and unsettled the inventions of tradition.

Reviews

‘In this superb book, Peterson pulls off the rare feat of combining a compelling, comprehensive argument about a huge regional movement with sharply drawn, detailed documentation of the local singularity of the forms it took in seven different areas in Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya. The big picture positions the East African Revival as a form of critical practice, engaged in contestation with alternative, more conservative visions of society based on ethnic consolidation and the re-invention of tradition. In the documentation of local trajectories, what comes through most vividly is the converts themselves, in all their idiosyncrasy and humanity … individual voices and vignettes reveal the energy, initiative, and creativity these people brought to the radical project of convening a new kind of community. This book is a major achievement by any standards - original, convincing, deeply and broadly researched, and beautifully written.’

Karin Barber - University of Birmingham

'This is a remarkable book, admirably researched and deeply thoughtful … Few historians of Africa have equalled Peterson’s capacity to hear the people of the past talking to one another.'

Source: African Studies

'As a meticulous researcher and astute scholar, Peterson provides excellent footnotes and an extensive bibliography on the topic, including detailed descriptions of forty-six archives on three continents and 170 informants from Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania. This insightful and comprehensive monograph serves the scholarly purpose of stimulating further research on the Revival and its socio-political implications in late colonial Africa.'

Daewon Moon Source: African Studies Quarterly

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Bibliography

Archives in Uganda

Uganda National Archives, Entebbe (UNA)

The following deposits were consulted:

A 46

Correspondence and reports, Chief Secretary

A 13

Unyoro and Western province

A 14

Toro correspondence

A 22

CMS, 1900–1906

A 42–45

Toro district, reports

R

Secretariat

S

Secretariat

Kabarole District Archives, Fort Portal (KabDA)

This collection has recently been moved from the derelict attic of the Kabarole District headquarters to Mountains of the Moon University in Fort Portal, where the papers are currently being cleaned, preserved, and re-boxed. I have used the original box numbers in this book’s notes. A catalogue is currently being prepared, and the old box numbers will be cross-referenced with the new numbering system. The boxes are now organized under the following topical headings:

Boxes 1–17

Judicial

Boxes 20–24

Rwenzururu

Boxes 26–37

Statistics and Census

Boxes 38–39

Chiefs

Boxes 40–49

Education

Boxes 50–56

Veterinary and Agriculture

Boxes 58–62

Information

Boxes 65–70

Development

Boxes 75–83

Sports and Leisure

Boxes 84–85

Water

Boxes 87–89

Elections

Box 91

Religion

Boxes 100–148

Local government, administration

Boxes 160–169

Labor

Boxes 190–196, 198

Trade

Boxes 197, 199

Agriculture

Boxes 200–252

Finance

Boxes 260–268

Tours and Visits

Boxes 270–274

Transport

Boxes 280–282

Soldiers

Boxes 283–290

Arms and Ammunition

Boxes 294–298

Medical

Boxes 300–318

Personnel

Boxes 320–329

Land

Boxes 330–343

Building and Housing

Boxes 344–345

Forestry

Boxes 347–351

Roads

Boxes 352–353

Building and Housing

Toro Government archives, Fort Portal (Muchwa)

This collection of files and loose papers is kept in a cellar below the Toro kingdom’s parliament chambers. The covers of a great number of files have been torn away. It is hoped that these papers will soon be added to the new archival repository at Mountains of the Moon University. The following files were consulted:

  • Agricultural Productivity (Policy)

  • Annual Reports

  • Chiefs: Appointments, Transfers, Dismissals

  • Control of Drinking

  • Ebaruaziga Omulimo omu Government

  • Honours

  • Kabarole Hospital

  • Kaboyo School

  • Kyebambe Girls School

  • Leg. Co.

  • Markets

  • Misc. Minor Works

  • No cover (Police)

  • No cover (Rukurato minutes)

  • Programme of Rukirabasiaja

  • Provincial Team

  • Roads, Bridges

  • St Leo’s College

  • Toro Government Policy

  • Toro Native Government Tax

  • Toro Public Service Commission

  • Uganda Prime Ministers’ Conference

  • Visit of Uganda Africans to UK

Catholic Diocese of Fort Portal archives, Virika Cathedral, Fort Portal (Virika)

The following boxes were consulted:

260

Bible Society of Uganda

276

Kasese Diocese

413

Ordinary marriage

822

Fort Portal municipal government

807

Constitutional commissions

Church of Uganda Provincial Archives, Uganda Christian University, Mukono (CoU)

This archive has been reorganized in the course of a microfilming project organized by the Yale Divinity School. My reference numbers refer to the system in use prior to the reorganization. A cross-reference catalogue is available. The following deposits were consulted:

02 Bp

Bishop’s papers

1 Abp

Archbishop’s papers

CMS

CMS papers

MU

Mothers Union papers

Kigezi District Archives, Kabale (KigDA)

This archive is held in the attic above the offices of the Regional District Commissioner in Kabale. The materials are organized in numbered bundles, bound with twine. The following files were consulted, numbered by bundle:

15

Appointment and Dismissal of Chiefs, 1939–47

20

Church Missionary Society

Labour, General

Labour Inspection Reports, 1949

23

Safaris, Rukiga County

Resettlement in Ankole

26

No cover (wartime correspondence)

27

Native Affairs

RC Mission Plots

Consolidated Resettlement return

45

Native Affairs, Relations with Ankole

49

Immigration and Emigration

56

File 178: Miscellaneous (Native Courts)

Native Affairs, Chiefs’ Appointments and Dismissals

60

Blue Book Returns

62

Secret

72

Marriage, General

Agriculture

78

Native Affairs, Diseases and Sickness

88

Roman Catholic Mission

96

Criminal Courts, 1931–35

118

Native Affairs, Presents to Chiefs

Medical, Sleeping Sickness

122

Native Affairs, Chiefs’ Appointments

130

Reports on Native Administration, 1936

132

Famine

146

File 160: Judicial, Native Courts

149

File 2433: Askaris Serving, Family Matters

158

Native Labour

171

Rhona Ross and Cyril Sofer, ‘Survey of the Banyaruanda Complex,’ 22 May 1950.

195

Correspondence with Ruanda

218

File 1295: Judicial

258

Native Affairs

Native Administration, General

249

File 62: No cover

Return of Lunacy Cases, 1939

250

Relations with Belgian Ruanda

251

Land, Mission, General policy

Luwalo Inspectorate

659

Land and Survey

File 217: Land and Survey

File 1414: Land Policy, Natives in Kigezi

Forestry, General

661

File 58: Native Affairs: Political Disturbances

File 406: Nyakishenyi: Rebels and Disturbances

File 165: Fugitive Offenders

File 202: Native Affairs, Chiefs Labor and Tribute

File 542: Veterinary: Relations with Belgian Territory

Native Affairs, Belgian Congo

662

Native Affairs, Repatriation of Banyaruanda

File 280: Political Deportees

File 39: Reports and Returns

Native Affairs, Correspondence with Biumba

File 810: Famine Reports

File 914: Kigezi Resettlement

Ankole District Archives, Mbarara (Mbarara)

This archive is held at the office of the Chief Administrative Officer in Mbarara. The following files were consulted:

61

Tsetse

Resettlement in Ankole

Archdiocese of Kampala archives, Rubaga Cathedral, Kampala (Rubaga)

This archive contains the papers and correspondence of the priests and lay workers of the White Fathers Mission in Uganda. The following files were consulted:

D.19 folio 1

Bishop Forbes’ Correspondence

D.20 folio 1

Streicher’s Correspondence

D.20 folio 2

Streicher’s Correspondence

D.20 folio 3

Correspondence with Government

D.21 folio 4

No title

D.22 folio 3

Luganda Orthography

D.31 folio 6

Protectorate Government, 1933–34

D.32 folios 5 & 6

Marriage

D.34 folio 1

Correspondence with Government

D.39 folio 5

Bishop Michaud, Criticisms and Complaints, 1935–1946

D.39 folio 9

No title

D.47 folio 5

Various

D.47 folio 2

Correspondence with Missions/Parishes

D.48 folio 4

Annual Parish Reports, 1944–1960

D.84 folio 2

Hancock Commission

D.94 folio 9

No title

D.99 folio 1

No title

D.99 folio 2

Buganda Government, 1932–35

D.99 folio 5

Bulungi bwa nsi Schools Troubles, 1947–1948

D.99 folio 7

Disturbances, 1949

Kasese District Archives, Kasese (KasDA)

This archive is kept in the offices of the Chief Administrative Officer. The following files were consulted:

  • Research Projects and Archives

  • Mr. Bonne Baluku-Nyondo

Hoima District Archives, Hoima (HDA)

This collection is kept on the premises of the Chief Administrative Officer. The following files were consulted:

  • Ankole District Report, 1960

  • Annual Report 1938

  • Annual Report 1951

  • Annual Report 1957

  • Bujenje Saza, Touring

  • Bugahya Touring Book

  • Bujenje Touring Book

  • Bunyoro District Book

  • Census, 1948

  • Clubs and Other Societies

  • CMS

  • Courts: Civil Cases

  • District Council

  • District Team

  • Empire Day

  • Excessive Drinking

  • Honours

  • Language, Orthography

  • Local Government Policy: Lost Counties

  • Maps, Places, Historical Notes

  • Missions, Land

  • Mukama and Saza Chiefs

  • Native Courts

  • No cover (courts) (two files)

  • No cover (standing committees)

  • No cover (veterinary)

  • Personal Records, Chiefs, Masindi

  • Petitions and Complaints

  • Petitions and Complaints, Bujenje

  • Petitions, Complaints and Enquiries, General

  • Political Parties

  • Queen Elizabeth’s Coronation

  • RA the Mukama

  • Records of Chiefs and Officers, Bunyoro

  • Relationships Commission

  • Rukurato Speeches

  • Tombs of the Bakama in Mubende District

  • Uganda Independence Celebrations

  • Visits of Uganda Africans to Other Territories

Makerere University Library archives, Kampala (Makerere)

The following deposits were consulted:

AR N 3

Native Anglican Church, Archbishop’s papers

MS 276

Papers concerning the African Orthodox Church

AR J 3

B. L. Jacobs papers

AR L 1

Ladbury papers

K I 9

Apollo Kivebulaya papers

AR KA 43

S. Kadumukasa papers, 1927–1947

No number

Yusufu Bamu’ta papers

George Kahigwa papers, Harugali, Bundibugyo (Kahigwa)

These are papers relating to the Bakonzo Life History Research Society, in the possession of the late Mr. George Kahigwa, who kindly allowed me to view them.

Diocese of Kabarole archives, St. John’s Cathedral, Fort Portal (KabDio)

This is a loose collection of papers and files kept at the diocesan offices in Kabarole. I consulted the Minute Book of the church council and a correspondence file without a cover.

Diocese of Kigezi archives, St. Peter’s Cathedral, Kabale (St. Peter’s)

This collection consists of baptism registers, minute books and some scant correspondence. The following files were consulted:

  • Ababatiziibwe, 1922 to 1927

  • Abasoma Okubatizibwa, 1929–39

  • Abasoma Okubatizibwa, 1939–45

  • Abasoma Okubatizibwa, 1945–1953

  • Cash Book, 1932–37

  • Enkiiko za Kanisa, 1950s

  • Ekyababatize, Ndorwa and Rukiga Counties, July 1933 to December 1938

  • Olukiko lweisaza Ndorwa, 1943-

  • Olukiko lwe Twale, 1954

Archives in Kenya

Kenya National Archives, Nairobi (KNA)

The following deposits were consulted:

AB

Ministry of Community Development

AH

Ministry of Defence

AHC

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

PC Nyanza

Provincial Commissioner, Nyanza

PC Central

Provincial Commissioner, Central Province

HB

Provincial Commissioner, Western

DC Central Nyanza

District Commissioner, Central Nyanza

DC Kisumu

District Commissioner, Kisumu

DC Kakamega

District Commissioner, Kakamega

DC Mombasa

District Commissioner, Mombasa

DC North Nyanza

District Commissioner, North Nyanza

DX

District Commissioner, Kakamega

HT

District Commissioner, Central Nyanza

JZ

Prisons and Police

MAA

Ministry of African Affairs

ARC/MAA

Ministry of African Affairs

MSS 61

Church Missionary Society special collection

MSS 129

Christian Council of Kenya

Presbyterian Church of East Africa archives, Nairobi (PCEA)

This collection is kept in the tower above St. Andrew’s church in Nairobi. I have referenced material from this archive by listing the series number, followed by the topical category and the box number. Topical categories are as follows:

A

General Correspondence

B

Annual Reports

C

Tumutumu Papers

D

Thogoto Papers

E

Education

F

Land

G

Publications

H

Finance

J

Medical

K

Kikuyu Language Committee

L

Literature

M

Contracts and Testimonials for Mission Apprentices

Y

Minutes

Z

Log Books; Dictionaries; Bible Translations

Tumutumu Church archives, Karatina (TT)

The following files were consulted:

  • Conference Reports

  • Constitutions

  • Correspondence with Chogoria

  • Correspondence with Kikuyu

  • DC and Forest Officer, June 1935 to December 1939

  • DOs and Chiefs, 1950s

  • Domestic Science

  • Education Misc., 1939–63

  • Estimates

  • Finance

  • Fort Hall Supervisor

  • General and Miscellaneous

  • Government Exams

  • Hospital Board: Correspondence

  • Kiama gia Coci ya Tumutumu, 1930–1946

  • Kiamwangi Kirk Session, 1936–42

  • Kirk Session ya Tumutumu, 1936–58

  • Language: Kikuyu Orthography

  • Ministers, to 1955

  • Ministers, 1956

  • Minutes cia Presbytery

  • Marua Makonii Synod

  • Nyeri District Law Panel minutes, 1950s

  • Presbytery Business, Minutes etc. to 1932

  • Presbytery of Kenya, Tumutumu, 1933-

  • Presbytery of Tumutumu: Marua Makonii Kirk Session o na kana Members Acio

  • Presbytery ya Tumutumu: Committee ya Presbytery, 1938–50

  • Presbytery ya Tumutumu: Letters

  • Presbytery ya Tumutumu: Maciira Maria Mangi

  • Property

  • Religious Instruction for Teachers in Training, 1930s-50s

  • Rev. C.M. Kareri

  • Statistics

  • Teachers Detained, Court Cases, 1954

  • Teachers Training

  • Tumutumu Parish

  • Women’s Guild

Anglican Church of Kenya archives, Nairobi (ACK)

The following files were consulted:

ACSO/CPN/1

North Nyanza Rural Deanery, 1951–52

Nyanza Chaplaincy, Central and South Nyanza, 1948–51

Nyanza Chaplaincy, Kisumu and South Nyanza Rural Deanery Council, 1947–52

Bishop of Mombasa, North Nyanza Ruridecanal Council, 1951–52

Ruridecanal Council, Ng’iya, Nyanza Chaplaincy, 1935–42

Kavirondo archdeaconry, 1939–1952

Nyanza Chaplaincy, 1942–51

Nyanza Chaplaincy, 1951–53

Nyanza Chaplaincy, 1954–60

ACSO/CPN/2

Nyanza Chaplaincy, Nyanza Conventions, 1951–55

South Nyanza Rural Deanery, April 1951 to December 1958

North Nyanza Rural Deanery, December 1952- December 1960

CMO/EARM/1

Revival Movement, 1953–56

CMO/BSK/3

Luyia Translation, 1938–1946

No number

Mau Mau I

North Highlands Rural Deanery

Kenya National Archives, Kakamega Provincial Records Centre (Kakamega)

This archive, which is kept in an unmarked warehouse at the District Commissioner’s headquarters in Kakamega, contains material of comparatively recent provenance. The following deposits were consulted:

ATW

District Officer, Sirisia

DA

Provincial Commissioner, Nyanza

DF

District Commissioner, Bungoma

DG

District Agricultural Office, Bungoma

DX

District Commissioner, North Nyanza

NE

Provincial Education Office, Nyanza

YC

District Commissioner, South Nyanza

Kenya National Archives, Kisumu Provincial Records Centre (Kisumu)

This archive is kept in an office in the children’s prison in Kisumu. It contains material of recent provenance. The following deposits were consulted:

DA

Provincial Commissioner, Nyanza

DAC

District Land Office, Kisumu

HT

District Commissioner, Kisumu

Africa Inland Mission archives, Nairobi (AIM)

The following files were consulted:

  • Papers on ‘Isms’

  • Problems, Dowry etc., 1920s-30s

  • Sects, Dangers etc.

Papers of the Kikuyu Traders Association, Othaya (KTA)

This is a collection of registers, log books, minutes, and correspondence concerning the Kikuyu Traders Association of Othaya division. The materials are in the possession of Mr. Kariuki Kiboi of Othaya town, who kindly allowed me to view them.

National Museum of Kenya, Nairobi (NMK)

The following deposits were consulted:

Den/A

Gordon Dennis papers

Den/G

Gordon Dennis photographic collection

GSBB

Gladys Beecher papers

Not

indexed Leonard Beecher papers

Archives in Tanzania

Tanzania National Archives, Dar es Salaam (TNA)

The following deposits were consulted:

Acc. 59

Bukoba District, Courts

Acc. 64

Bukoba Regional Office

Acc. 71

Bukoba District

Acc. 197

Ngara District Office

Acc. 201

Biharamulo

Acc. 215

Annual Reports

Acc. 217

Ngara

Acc. 227

Ngara District, courts

Acc. 239

District Agricultural Office, Ngara

Acc. 268

Ngara District

Acc. 289

District Agricultural Office, Bukoba

Acc. 318

Bukoba District

Acc. 435

Medical and Sanitary

Acc. 450

Medical and Sanitary

Acc. 529

Bukoba District

Acc. 530

Ngara District

Acc. 571

Papers of Mzee Hassan Suleiman

Acc. 602

Shabaan Robert papers

S

Secretariat papers

Tanzania National archives, Mwanza Regional Records Centre (Mwanza)

This rich collection is exceptionally well maintained by the archivist, Mr. Herman Rwechungura. The archive is kept in Kirumba stadium in Mwanza town. Accession 1 (Mwanza) and Accession 9 (Bukoba) were consulted.

Bukoba District Archives, Bukoba (Rwamishenye)

This collection is housed at the local council’s administrative center in Rwamishenye, outside Bukoba town. There is a rough catalogue. The following files were consulted:

Box 2

Local Councils

Box 7

Football Association

Box 12

Chief of Missenye

Box 17

Bahaya Union School, Rubare

Box 18

Rwamishenye

Box 21

Church of the Holy Spirit

Box 26

Mukama Lutinwa

Box 30

Ex-Askaris

Box 31

Native Authority Dressers

Box 32

Destitute Persons

Box 33

Omukama of Kianja

Box 35

Communicable Diseases

Box 36

Maternity Services

War Graves

Box 43

Photography

Leprosy

Bukoba District Council minute book

Hans Cory papers, East Africana Collection, University of Dar es Salaam (Cory)

This collection contains the papers, correspondence, and notes of Hans Cory, Tanganyika’s government sociologist during the 1950s and early 1960s.

White Fathers Mission (Société des Missionnaires d’Afrique) archives, Dar es Salaam (WFM)

This is a collection of logbooks from several White Fathers Mission stations in Tanganyika, kept at Atiman House in Dar es Salaam. The following materials were consulted:

  • Buhororo Mission diary, 1932–1949

  • Rubya (Ihangiro) Mission diary, 1904–1961

  • Katoke Mission diaries

  • Herman Schleiber, ‘Kihaya proverbs,’ n.d.

  • Kashozi Mission diary, 1909–1928

  • Kashozi Council book, 1909–1947

  • Kagondo Mission diary

Diocese of Central Tanganyika archives, Dodoma, Tanzania (DCT)

This small collection is kept in the diocesan offices at MacKay House in Dodoma. The following files were consulted:

  • Diocesan Council Minutes, 1953–60

  • Diocesan Newsletters, 1928–56

  • Diocesan Council Minutes, 20 May 1933 to 4 November 1950

  • Gogo dictionaries and grammar books

  • Minute Book of the Central Church Council of the Tanganyika Mission

  • Missionaries’ Annual Letters, 1951

  • Msingi, Maelezo, Sheria na Kanuni za Uaskofu wa Central Tanganyika

  • No title, labeled ‘Mrs. Dyson’

Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania, Northwest Diocese archives, Bukoba (ELCT)

This collection is kept in the ELCT’s diocesan headquarters. Much of the correspondence is written in Swedish, especially after the Second World War when the work of the Lutheran mission in Tanzania was taken on by the Church of Sweden. There is no catalogue. The following boxes were consulted:

  • Box A II b:2

  • Box A IV:1

  • Box A X:1

  • Box B II:1

  • Box B II:2

  • Box E I a:1

  • Box E I a:2

  • Box E I b:1

  • Box E I b:3

  • Box E I b:6

  • Box E I b:12

  • Box E II f:1

  • Box E IV b.3

  • Box E IV b:4

  • Box E IV b:5

  • Box E VI b:2

  • Box E VI b:3

  • Box E VI b:4

  • Box F

  • Box F II c:1

  • Box WCI 6:N

  • Logbook: Kashasha Girls’ School, 1937–58

Diocese of Ngara archives, Murugwanza, Ngara (Murugwanza)

The following materials were consulted:

  • Baptismal Register, August 1932-

  • Marriage Register, October 1936-

  • Record of Habari Cards, 1928-

Archives in the United Kingdom

Cambridge University Library

The following deposits were consulted:

Add. 7916

Derrick Stenning papers

BSA

British and Foreign Bible Society archives

Church Missionary Society archives, University of Birmingham Library (CMS)

The following accessions were consulted:

Acc. 392

Records of Maseno Mission, 1959–1966

Acc. 83

Papers of Archdeacon Owen, 1909–1945

G3 A7

Uganda Mission papers

G3 A11

Ruanda Mission papers

G3 A8

Tanganyika Mission papers

G3 A5

East Africa Mission papers

M

Medical Department

Church Missionary Society archives, Oxford (CMS Oxford)

The papers of Rwanda missionary Dora Skipper were consulted.

Churchill College archives, Cambridge (Churchill)

The papers of British parliamentarian Fenner Brockway (FEBR) and advocate Dingle Foot (DGFT) were consulted.

Edinburgh University Library, Edinburgh (EUL)

The following deposits were consulted:

Gen. 1785/1–10

A. R. Barlow, Kikuyu language notes

Gen. 1786/1–11

A. R. Barlow, correspondence, papers, photographs and recordings

Entebbe Secretariat Archives, notes in the possession of Prof. John Lonsdale (JML)

Prof. Lonsdale conducted research at the Entebbe Secretariat Archives (now the Uganda National Archives) in the 1960s, where he took notes on files that are now no longer available in Uganda. I have referenced these materials by listing the original file number, as noted by Prof. Lonsdale.

Henry Martyn Centre, Cambridge (HMC)

The Joe Church collection came to the Henry Martyn Centre in 2007. There were eight footlockers and eleven box files of material, all carefully organized by Dr. Church himself. The material has now been placed in archive boxes and a catalogue has been created. The Church collection is referenced with the abbreviation JEC.

Imperial and Commonwealth Museum, Bristol (Bristol)

The following deposits were consulted:

Mss. 2002

James Breckenridge papers

Mss. 2000

Robin Wainwright papers

Mss. 1996

W.H. Thompson papers

London School of Economics archives, London (LSE)

The papers of anthropologist Audrey Richards were consulted.

Mid-Africa Ministry archives, University of Birmingham (MAM)

The following subject classifications were consulted:

A

Administrative Correspondence and Papers, 1926–49

C

Minutes of the Ruanda Council, 1926–40

E

Education

Y

Correspondence

National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh (NLS)

The following deposits were consulted:

ACC 7548

Church of Scotland Mission, Kenya papers

MS 7605–08

Church of Scotland Mission, Kenya papers

National Archives of Britain, Public Records Office, Kew (NAB)

The following deposits were consulted:

CO 691

Correspondence, Tanganyika Territory

CO 533

Correspondence, Kenya

CO 536 & 682

Correspondence, Uganda

CO 822

Correspondence, East Africa

Rhodes House Library, University of Oxford (RH)

The following deposits were consulted:

Mss. Afr. 592

Ralph Leech papers

Mss. Afr. 622

George MacLean papers

Mss. Afr. 642

Peter Bostock papers

Mss. Afr. 951

Boyd papers

Mss. Afr. 1047

Vickers-Haviland papers

Mss. Afr. 1352

Herbert Carr papers

Mss. Afr. 1384

James Elliot papers

Mss. Afr. 1475

T. Cashmore, interview

Mss. Afr. 1478

M. Moller papers

Mss. Afr. 1483

Papers regarding Buganda

Mss. Afr. 1534

Mau Mau papers, misc.

Mss. Afr. 1579

Sidney Fazan, interview

Mss. Afr. 2114

Richard Stone, interview

Mss. Afr. 2257

Howard Church papers

School of Oriental and African Studies archives, London (SOAS)

The following deposits were consulted:

PP Ms 38

Melvin Perlman papers

MCF

Movement for Colonial Freedom

CBMS

Council of British Mission Societies

IMC

International Missionary Council

Jocelyn Murray papers, London Mennonite Centre (Murray papers)

This un-catalogued collection consists of the papers of church historian Jocelyn Murray. The following files were consulted:

  • Revival: Secondary Literature

  • Revival: Replies to Questionnaire

  • Correspondence with ex-missionaries

  • Kabare, Embu, Meru

  • Revival: Analysis

  • Box of notebooks

Archives in the United States

Gakaara wa Wanjau papers, Yale University Library, New Haven, CT (GW)

The papers of the late Gakaara wa Wanjau are kept at his home in Karatina. At the invitation of his wife, Shifra Wairire, several thousand pages were photocopied by Ann Biersteker and Dorothy Woodson. The photocopies were deposited in the Yale University Library, where I catalogued them. The material has now been microfilmed and will be deposited at the Kenya National Archives.

Interviews

I conducted oral interviews in Bukoba and Ngara districts (northwestern Tanzania); Kigezi District (southern Uganda); Hoima, Kabarole, Kasese, and Bundibugyo districts (western Uganda); Buganda (central Uganda); Nyanza Province (western Kenya); and Nyeri District (central Kenya). I worked alongside a very generous cadre of colleagues and translators: in Ngara, Canon Fareth Sendegeya; in Hoima, Rev. David Kato; in Fort Portal, Rev. Richard Baguma; in Kigezi, Canon John Basingwire and Mr. Wilson Mbabazi; in Nyanza, Mr. Henry Adera; and in Kasese and Bundibugyo, Mr. Ezron Muhumuza.

Western Kenya

Truphena Obisa Abayo, Masogo, West Kano, Nyanza, 20 November 2007
Habakuk Onyang’o Abongo, Kisumu, 20 November 2007
Fanuel Aguoko Agong’a, Rabuor, Nyanza, 21 November 2007
Baraka Amumi Agwengo, Rafael Akobi Arua, Harun Oguma, Kesia Odela, Doris Achola Nyawara, Wilikista Goro Otieno, Lois Achieng’ Juma, and Pilista Olanga, Tieng’re, Nyanza, 22 November 2007
Matthew Ajuoga, Kisumu town, 24 November 2007
Joshua Aluoch Gawo, Maseno, 23 November 2007
Julia Okumu Mubiri, Helen Anyang’o, Preska Sewe, Preska Wajewa, Kisumu town, 24 November 2007
Eusto Ndege, Masogo, West Kano, Nyanza, 20 November 2007
Nathaniel Gaya Ogado, Ndira, Central Nyanza, 23 November 2007
Naomi Olweny, Nyayiera, Siaya, Nyanza, 23 November 2007
Okello Pande, Helena Onyango, and Seleina Onyango, Gobei, Asembo, Nyanza, 23 November 2007

Central Kenya

Liliani Gachigua, Kiamariga, Nyeri, 9 and 10 August 1998
Daudi Gachonde, Tumutumu, Nyeri, 22 February 1998
Arthur Kihumba, Othaya town, Nyeri, 7 July and 16 September 1998
Gerard Gachau King’ori, Gitugi, Nyeri, 19 June and 8 July 1998
Jedidah Kirigu, Magutu, Nyeri, 12 August 1998
Elijah Kiruthi, Mahiga, Nyeri, 15 June and 16 September 1998
Muriuki Kiuria, Magutu, Nyeri, 13 May 1998
Peterson Muchangi, Tumutumu, Nyeri, 15 September 1998
Cecilia Muthoni Mugaki, Tumutumu, Nyeri, 25 July 1996 and 16 September 1998
Peter Munene, Iruri, Nyeri, 12 May and 9 August 1998
John Muriuki, Ngorano, Nyeri, 14 May and 6 August 1998
William Mwangi, Ruare, Nyeri, 3 April 1998
Geoffrey Ngare, Nairobi, 27 May 1994
Ngunu wa Huthu, Magutu, Nyeri, 12 August 1998
Timothy Gathu Njoroge, Kangema, 29 June 1994

Northwestern Tanzania

Dario Bakundukize, Raymond Kagero, and Mary Kagero, Mugisagala, Ngara, 18 August 2006
Philemon Uwitijije Bashigwari, Dar es Salaam, 28 March 2007
Anord Biyoboke and Lameck Bitemba, Mukarehe, Kagera, Ngara, 18 August 2006
Richard Bugwoya, Mubinyanganya, Ngara, 18 August 2006
Samuel Habimana, Bukoba town, 22 August 2006
Jafeth Kabyemera, Bukoba town, 8 August 2006
Herman and Dorothy Kataraia, Bukoba town, 11 August 2006
Martha Kibira, Kibeeta, Bukoba, 22 August 2006
Erasto and Elina Kigabogabo, Murugina, Kagera, 19 August 2006
Christian Komulaga, Kashai B, Bukoba town, 14 August 2006
Wilson Lugakingira, Bukoba town, 12 August 2006
Ernest Lutashobya, Dar es Salaam, 25 August 2006
Philemon Majoro, Nyamiaga, 20 August 2006
Samuel Masoko, Biharamulo town, 16 August 2006
William Migembe, Mugisagala, Ngara, 18 August 2006
Eustace Mujoauzi, Bukoba town, 22 August 2006
Christian Mushumbuzi, Kibeeta, Bukoba, 11 August 2006
Eliabu Ndimugwanko, Murutabo, Ngara, 17 August 2006
Urias Ntamalengelo, Mabawe, Ngara, 19 August 2006
Nathan Nzisehere, Salmon Nzikobanyanka, Dani Nyanana, Elias Bitambikwa, Danieli Sempiga, Muruvyagila, Ngara, 17 August 2006
Wilson Nzobakenga and Mathayo Mutabazi, Mubuhenge, Ngara, 17 August 2006
Apolonia Rugina, Mumahoro, Ngara, 19 August 2006
Johanssen Rutabingwa, Bukoba town, 14 August 2006
Paulina Sendegeya and Anastasia Sendegeya, Murugina, Mabawe, Ngara, 19 August 2006
Juliana Shogotera, Mabawe, Ngara, 20 August 2006

Southern Uganda

Amos Bakeine, Kabale town, 21 August 2005
Amos Betungura, Ruharo, Ankole, 7 July 2004
Nasani Biryabarema, Kabale town, 19 August 2005
Kezia Bwegye, Kabale town, 21 August 2005
Rwamangye Eliezar, Kabale town, 20 August 2005
Ida Marere Ezina, Kabale town, 20 August 2005
Ibrahim Kagungule, Anna and Joy Kagungule, and Nasani Ndasarorera, Rugarama, Kabale town, Kigezi, 4 July 2004
Azaliya Kamara, Kabale town, 20 August 2005
Eldad Kanje, Kamwezi, Kigezi, 5 July 2004
George William Kasigairi, Kabale town, 19 August 2005
Festo Karwemera, Kabale town, 28 June and 1 July 2004
Alfred Katebalirwe, Kabale town, 20 August 2005
Wilson Komunda, Bukinda, Rukiga, Kigezi, 25 June 2004
Kosiya Kyamabara, Kabale town, 19 August 2005
Enoch Lugimbirwa, Ruharo, Ankole, 8 July 2004
Ezra Mahega, Bubare, Ndorwa, Kigezi, 26 June 2004
Zebedee Masereka, Kabale town, 21 August 2005
Stanley Matheka, Bukinda, Rukiga, Kigezi, 25 June 2004
Amos Mbitama, Kagarama, Ndorwa, Kigezi, 27 June 2004
Julaina Mufuko, Kandago, Bukinda, Kigezi, 25 June 2004
Phinhas Nyenda, Ruharo, Ankole, 7 July 2004
Gersamu Ruhindi, Kabale town, 21 August 2005
Enoch Rukare, Ruharo, Ankole, 7 July 2004
Robin Rwaminyonyo, Georgina Kajagyi, and Gershom Kashaje, Kabale town, 18 August 2005
Asanasio Rwandare, Rwenyunza, Rukiga, Kigezi, 26 June 2004 and 21 August 2005
David John Ziine, Rugarama, Kabale town, 1 July 2004

Central Uganda

Zeb Kabaza, Kasanga, Kampala, 10 July 2004
Peter Kigozi, Ntinda, Kampala, 13 July 2004
Yowasi Musajakaawa, Kampala, 12 July 2004

Western Uganda

Hezironi Acurubwe and Seremasi Baseka, Kisanja, Masindi, 1 September 2005
Agabus Baguma, Fort Portal, 28 August 2007
Richard Baguma, Fort Portal, 16 August 2005
Joram Bahwere, Harugale, Bundibugyo, 3 September 2007
Timosewo Munakenya Bawalana, Fort Portal, 28 May 2010 and 15 July 2011
Erina Bira, Buganikere, Bundibugyo, 6 September 2007
Isaac Bitanihirwe, Fort Portal, 16 August 2005
James Bizarwenda, Nyakasura, Kabarole, 30 August 2007
Hezekiah Bukombi, Bundibugyo town, 3 September 2007
Yeremiya Byasalya, Kabatinda, Busongora, 10 September 2007
Michael Gafabusa, Kyambogo, Kabarole, 1 September 2007
Mundeke Ibrahim, Kakuka, Bundibugyo, 5 September 2007
Yonia Irumba, Duhaga, Hoima, 30 August 2005
Jotham and Janet Kabuzi, Nyakasura, Kabarole, 30 August 2007
Erasto Kakongolo and Rachel Kakongolo, Kigama, Hoima, 1 September 2005
Irene Kamanyire, Fort Portal, 12 August 2005
Eustace Kamanyire, Fort Portal, 14 August 2005
Augustine Kayonga, Fort Portal, 27 August 2007
Benezeri Kisembo, Fort Portal, 28 August 2007
Edison Kithamuliko, Kabatunde, Busongora, Kasese, 10 September 2007
Charles Komurasi, Fort Portal, 27 August 2007
Buusu Koronen, Kasindi, Bubandi, Bundibugyo, 7 September 2007
Josephat Kule, Bwera town, Kasese, 13 September 2007
Yona Kule, Kisinga, Kasese, 12 September 2007
James Murumba Kwirabosa, Kisonko, Galilaya, Nduguto, Bundiguyo, 12 June 2010
Erinesti Kyambyo, Tombwe I, Bubandi, Bundibugyo, 7 September 2007
Daudi Lhubibi, Mutiti, Bundibugyo, 5 September 2007
Yofesi Maasa, Kirabaho, Busongora, Kasese, 10 September 2007
Shemu Maate, Buganikere, Bundibugyo, 6 September 2007
Yonia Maate, Buganikere, Bundibugyo, 6 September 2007
Dolosi Magabali, Fort Portal, 11 August 2005
Celili Makoma, Kisinga, Kasese, 12 September 2007
Paulo Makwera, Nyahuka, Bundibugyo, 4 September 2007
Yeremiya Maliba, Kayenze, Busaru, Bundibugyo, 12 June 2010
Atenasi Masereka, Kasese, 4 June 2010
Yohana Masereka, Kisinga, Kasese, 12 September 2007
Zebedee Masereka, Kasese town, 11 September 2007
Yowasi Mateso, Kanyampura, Burahya, Kabarole, 9 June 2010
Shemu Matte, Kasanzi, Buganikere, Bundibugyo, 6 September 2007
Edison Mujuku, Bubandi, Bundibugyo, 4 September 2007
Grace Mujuku, Bubandi, Bundibugyo, 4 September 2007
Metusera Mujungu, Kabutabula, Bubandi, Bundibugyo, 4 September 2007
Christine Mukirane, Kasese town, 12 September 2007 and 29 May 2010
Yustasi Mukirane, Bwera town, Kasese, 13 September 2007
Edrana Kabugho Mukirania, Kitsutsu, Munkunyu, Kasese, 30 May 2010
Cosmas Mukonzo, Karambi, Bwera, 13 September 2007
Yolamu Mulima, Kasese town, 11 September 2007 and 29 May 2010
Mumbere Asanasiyo Mulokole, Kabatunde, Busongora, Kasese, 10 September 2007
Asumani Mumbere, Kasese town, 12 September 2007
Charles Wesley Mumbere, Kasese town, 4 June 2010
Petero Kaamba Mupalya, Fort Portal, 15 August 2005 and 28 August 2007
Kaheru Mutusera and Kezia Kaheru, Bulindi, Hoima, 31 August 2005
Sam Mweisigya, Hoima town, 29 August 2005
Tito Ndorotyo, Duhaga, Hoima, 1 September 2005
Eriya Ngobi, Nabwina, Rwimi, Bunyangabu, Kabarole, 8 June 2010
Paul Mutabali Nyamwesa, Bunyangari, Bundibugyo, 5 September 2007
Georgina Nyaruboona, Bulindi, Hoima, 31 August 2005
Yoweri Nziabake, Kasese town, 17 June 2010
Mary Nzura, Kakuka, Bundibugyo, 5 September 2007
Jotham Rugomboora, Nyakasura, Kabarole, 30 August 2007
Edward Rugumayo, Fort Portal, 1 September 2007
Julaina Ruhukya, Hoima town, 31 August 2005
George Kahigwa Rukambi, Harugali, Bundibugyo, 3 September 2007
Erinesti Rupunjura, Butama III, Bundibugyo, 7 September 2007
Sylvester Rutaara and Agabus Baguma, Fort Portal, 10 August 2005
Shem Rutaare, Fort Portal, 17 August 2005
James Rwabwoni, Fort Portal, 28 August 2007
Dinah Rwakaikara, Bulindi, Hoima, 31 August 2005
Paulo Rwibende, Hima, Kasese, 11 September 2007 and 29 May 2010
Amon Seruboyo, Nyahuka, Bundibugyo, 6 September 2007
Eliezar Sirabwa, Mutiti, Bundibugyo, 5 September 2007
Wanza Stanley, Kakuka, Bundibugyo, 5 September 2007
Muhindo Yusuf, Kakuka, Bundibugyo, 6 September 2007

Books, Articles, and Manuscripts

Achieng, Jane. Paul Mboya’s Luo Kitgi gi Timbegi. Nairobi: Atai Joint, 2001.
Ahimbisibwe-Katebaka, John. ‘The Revival Movement and its Impact on the Church of Uganda in West Ankole Diocese, with Particular Reference to Kabwohe Archdeaconry, 1935–1995.’ Dip. Theo. thesis, Bishop Tucker Theological College, 1997.
Ahmed, Ali, ed. The Invention of Somalia. Lawrenceville, NJ: Red Sea Press, 1995.
Akita, J. M. ‘The Development of the National Archives and the National Documentation Centre.’ Paris: UNESCO, 1979.
Allman, Jean M.The Quills of the Porcupine: Asante Nationalism in an Emergent Ghana. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1993.
Allman, Jean M. ed. Fashioning Africa: Power and the Politics of Dress. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2004.
‘Americans’ Role Seen in Uganda Anti-Gay Push.’ New York Times (3 January 2010).
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso, 1983.
Anderson, David M.Depression, Dust Bowl, Demography, and Drought: The Colonial State and Soil Conservation in East Africa during the 1930s.’ African Affairs 83, no. 332 (1984), 321–43.
Anderson, David M.Vigilantes, Violence and the Politics of Public Order in Kenya.’ African Affairs 101, no. 4 (2002), 531–55.
Anderson, David M.Histories of the Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire. New York: Norton, 2005.
Anderson, David M. ‘“Yours in the Struggle for Majimbo”: Nationalism and the Party Politics of Decolonization in Kenya, 1955–64.’ Journal of Contemporary History 40, no. 3 (2005), 547–64.
‘The Anti-Homosexuality Bill, 2009.’ Uganda GazetteCII, no. 47 (25 September, 2009).
Appiah, Kwame Anthony. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. New York: W.W. Norton, 2007.
Apter, David. The Political Kingdom in Uganda: A Study in Bureaucratic Nationalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961.
Asad, Talal. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.
Askew, Kelly. Performing the Nation: Swahili Music and Cultural Politics in Tanzania. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Austen, Ralph. Northwest Tanzania under German and British Rule: Colonial Policy and Tribal Politics, 1889–1939. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.
Ayany, Samuel. Kar Charuok Mar Luo. Nairobi: East African Literature Bureau, 1952.
Barber, Karin, ed. Africa’s Hidden Histories: Everyday Literacy and Making the Self. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2006.
Barber, Karin, The Anthropology of Texts, Persons, and Publics: Oral and Written Culture in Africa and Beyond. Cambridge, 2007.
Barber, Karin, Mkiki Mkiki wa Siasa Tanganyika. Nairobi: East African Literature Bureau, 1966.
Barra, G.1000 Kikuyu Proverbs. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau, 1994 [1939].
Basikania, Swaleh Tibawenda. ‘Chronological Appraisal on the Bakonzo/Bamba Traditional Leadership.’ Kampala: Office of the Crown Prince, 25 May 2005.
Bayart, Jean-François. The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly. London: Longman, 1993.
Beck, Ulrich. The Cosmopolitan Vision. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006.
Beecher, Leonard and Gladys. ‘A Kikuyu-English Dictionary.’ Nairobi: CMS Bookshop, 1938.
Bender, Thomas. The Anti-Slavery Debate: Capitalism and Abolitionism as a Problem in Historical Interpretation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Benhabib, Seyla. Another Cosmopolitanism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Bennett, George. Kenya, A Political History: The Colonial Period. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.
Benson, T. G.Kikuyu-English Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964.
Bernstein, Henry. ‘Notes on State and the Peasantry: The Tanzanian Case.’ Review of African Political Economy 8, no. 21 (1981), 44–62.
Bessell, M. J.Nyabingi.’ Uganda Journal 2, no. 2 (1938), 73–86.
Bilindabagabo, Alexis with Alan Nichols. Rescued by Angels: The Story of Miracles during the Rwandan Genocide. Brunswick East, Australia: Acorn, 2001.
Bjorklund, Diane. Interpreting the Self: Two Hundred Years of American Autobiography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
Blount, Ben G.Aspects of Luo Socialization.’ Language in Society 1, no. 2 (October 1972), 235–48.
Boesen, Jannik, Birgit Madsen, and Tony Moody. Ujamaa: Socialism from Above. Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of Development Studies, 1977.
Branch, Daniel. Defeating Mau Mau, Creating Kenya: Counterinsurgency, Civil War, and Decolonization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Branch, Daniel, Nic Cheeseman, and Leigh Gardner, eds. Our Turn to Eat: Politics in Kenya Since 1950. Berlin: LitVerlag, 2010.
Brazier, F. S. ‘The Nyabingi Cult: Religion and Political Scale in Kigezi, 1900–1930.’ Kampala: East African Institute for Social Research, 1968.
Breckenridge, James. Forty Years in Kenya. Great Britain: Creeds, n.d.
Breckenridge, Keith. ‘Verwoerd’s Bureau of Proof: Total Information in the Making of Apartheid.’ History Workshop Journal 59, no. 1 (2005), 83–108.
Brennan, James. ‘Realizing Civilization through Patrilineal Descent: The Intellectual Making of an African Racial Nationalism in Tanzania, 1920–50.’ Social Identities 12, no. 4 (2006), 405–23.
Brennan, JamesBlood Enemies: Exploitation and Urban Citizenship in the Nationalist Political Thought of Tanzania, 1958–75.’ Journal of African History 47, no. 4 (2006), 389–413.
Brennan, JamesFighting for the Sultan’s Flag: Sovereignty and Decolonization in Coastal Kenya, 1945–1964.’ Comparative Studies in Society and History 50, no. 4 (2008), 831–61.
Brennan, James, Andrew Burton, and Yusuf Lawi, eds. Dar es Salaam: Histories from an Emerging Metropolis. Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota, 2007.
Brounéus, Karen. ‘The Trauma of Truth Telling: Effects of Witnessing in the Rwandan Gacaca Courts on Psychological Health.’ Journal of Conflict Resolution 54, no. 3 (2010), 408–37.
Brownlie, Ian. African Boundaries: A Legal and Diplomatic Dictionary. London: Hurst and Co., 1979.
Bunyan, John. The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World to That Which is to Come. Uhrichsville, Ohio: Barbour and Co., n.d. [1678].
Butler, Bill. Hill Ablaze. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1976.
Calamy, Edmund, ed. Abridgement of Mr. Baxter’s History of His Life and Times. London: John Lawrence, 1713 [1702].
Canandine, David. Ornamentalism: How the British Saw Their Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Carotenuto, Matthew. ‘Cultivating an African Community: The Luo Union in 20th Century East Africa.’ Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, 2006.
Carotenuto, MatthewRiwruok E Teko: Cultivating Identity in Colonial and Postcolonial Kenya.’ African Affairs 53, no. 2 (2006), 53–73.
Carotenuto, Matthew and Katherine Luongo. ‘Navigating the Kenya National Archives: Research and its Role in Kenyan Society.’ History in Africa 32 (2005), 445–55.
Carswell, Grace. Cultivating Success in Uganda: Kigezi Farmers and Colonial Policies. Oxford: James Currey, 2007.
Chanock, Martin. Law, Custom, and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann, 1998.
Chatterjee, Partha. The Nation and its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.
Chidester, David. Savage Systems: Colonialism and Comparative Religion in Southern Africa. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1996.
Chrétien, Jean-Pierre. The Great Lakes of Africa: Two Thousand Years of History. New York: Zone Books, 2003.
Church, Joe. Awake, Uganda! The Story of Blasio Kigozi and His Vision of Revival. Kampala: Uganda Bookshop, 1957 [1936].
Church, JoeForgive Them: The Story of an African Martyr. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1966.
Church, JoeWilliam Nagenda: A Great Lover of Jesus. London: Ruanda Mission, 1974.
Church, JoeQuest for the Highest: An Autobiographical Account of the East African Revival. Exeter: Paternoster, 1981.
Churchill, Winston. My African Journey. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1908.
Clark, Phil. Justice Without Lawyers: Peace, Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Clark, Phil and Zachary Kaufman, eds. After Genocide: Transitional Justice, Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Reconciliation in Rwanda and Beyond. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.
Clough, Marshall. Mau Mau Memoirs: History, Memory, and Politics. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1998.
Cohen, David William and E. S. Atieno Odhiambo. Siaya: The Historical Anthropology of an African Landscape. London: James Currey, 1989.
Cohen, David William and E. S. Atieno OdhiamboBurying S.M.: The Politics of Knowledge and the Sociology of Power in Africa. Portsmouth: Heinemann, 1992.
Cole, Henry. ‘Notes on the Wagogo of German East Africa.’ Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 32 (July–December 1902), 305–38.
Coleman, James S.Nationalism in Tropical Africa.’ American Political Science Review 48, no. 2 (1954), 404–26.
Comaroff, John and Jean Comaroff. Of Revelation and Revolution, vol. I: Christianity, Colonialism, and Consciousness in South Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.
Comaroff, John and Jean ComaroffOf Revelation and Revolution, vol. II: The Dialectics of Modernity on a South African Frontier. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.
Cook, Albert. A Medical Dictionary and Phrase Book in Luganda. Kampala: Uganda Book Shop, 1921.
Cory, Hans and M. M. Hartnoll. Customary Law of the Haya Tribe, Tanganyika Territory. London: International African Institute, 1945.
Creary, Nicholas. Domesticating a Religious Import: The Jesuits and the Inculturation of the Catholic Church in Zimbabwe, 1879–1980. New York: Fordham University Press, 2011.
Dann, Frances. ‘The Work of an Australian CMS Missionary in the Late Colonial Period in Tanganyika, 1929–1945.’ B. Theo. thesis, Yarra Theological Union, 2002.
Davidson, Basil. The Black Man’s Burden: Africa and the Curse of the Nation-State. New York: Three Rivers Press, 1993.
Davis, David Brion. The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1966.
Denoon, Donald, ed. A History of Kigezi in South-West Uganda. Kampala: The National Trust, 1972.
des Forges, Alison. Defeat is the Only Bad News: Rwanda Under Musinga, 1896–1931, edited by David Newbury. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011.
Dinwiddy, Hugh. ‘The Search for Unity in Uganda: Early Days to 1966.’ African Affairs 80, no. 321 (1981), 501–18.
Dobson, Andrew. ‘Thick Cosmopolitanism.’ Political Studies 54, no. 1 (2006), 165–84.
Doornbos, Martin. The Ankole Kingship Controversy: Regalia Galore Revisited. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2001.
Doyle, Shane. Crisis and Decline in Bunyoro: Population and Environment in Western Uganda, 1860–1955. Oxford: James Currey, 2006.
Doyle, Shane“The Child of Death”: Personal Names and Parental Attitudes Towards Mortality in Bunyoro, Western Uganda.’ Journal of African History 49, no. 3 (2008), 361–82.
Doyle, ShaneImmigrants and Indigenes: The Lost Counties Dispute and the Evolution of Ethnic Identity in Colonial Buganda.’ Journal of Eastern African Studies 3, no. 2 (2009), 284–302.
Doyle, ShaneBefore HIV: Sexuality, Fertility and Mortality in East Africa, 1900–1980. London: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
Eakin, John Paul. How Our Lives Become Stories: Making Selves. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999.
Eckert, Andreas. ‘Useful Instruments of Participation? Local Government and Co-operative Societies in Tanzania, 1940s to 1970s.’ International Journal of African Historical Studies 40, no. 1 (2007), 97–118.
Edel, May. The Chiga of Uganda. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1996 [1957].
Elkins, Caroline. ‘Detention, Rehabilitation, and the Destruction of Kikuyu Society.’ In Mau Mau and Nationhood: Arms, Authority, and Narration, edited by John Lonsdale and Atieno Odhiambo, 191–226. London: James Currey, 2003.
Elkins, CarolineImperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain’s Gulag in Kenya. New York: Henry Holt, 2005.
Ellerbek, Finn Allan. Karagwe Diocese: A Lutheran Church History, As Seen and Studied by a Missionary. Copenhagen: Academic Press, 1992.
Ellis, Stephen and Gerrie ter Haar. Worlds of Power: Religious Thought and Political Practice in Africa. London: Hurst and Co., 2004.
English, Patrick. ‘Archives of Uganda.’ American Archivist 18, no. 3 (July 1955), 224–30.
Englund, Harri. Prisoners of Freedom: Human Rights and the African Poor. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
Epprecht, Marc. Heterosexual Africa? The History of an Idea from the Age of Exploration to the Age of AIDS. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2008.
Fallers, Lloyd. The King’s Men: Leadership and Status on the Eve of Independence. London: Oxford University Press, 1964.
Feierman, Steven. Peasant Intellectuals: Anthropology and History in Tanzania. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990.
Feierman, Steven ‘Colonizers, Scholars, and the Creation of Invisible Histories.’ In Beyond the Cultural Turn: New Directions in the Study of Society and Culture, edited by Victoria Bonnell and Lynn Hunt, 182–216. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Fields, Karen. Revival and Rebellion in Colonial Central Africa. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Fisher, Humphrey. ‘Conversion Reconsidered.’ Africa: Journal of the International African Institute 43, no. 1 (1973), 27–40.
Frazer, J. G.The Golden Bough. London: MacMillan, 1890.
Frazer, J. G.Questions on the Manners, Customs, Religion, Superstitions &c. of Uncivilized or Semi-Civilized Peoples.’ Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 18 (1889), 431–40.
Freedman, Jim. ‘Ritual and History: The Case of Nyabingi.’ Cahiers d’Etudes Africaines 14, no. 53 (1974), 170–80.
Freedman, Jim ‘Three Muraris, Three Gahayas and the Four Phases of Nyabingi.’ In Chronology, Migration, and Drought in Interlacustrine Africa, edited by J. B. Webster, 175–87. Thetford: Longman, 1979.
Freedman, JimNyabingi: The Social History of an African Divinity. Tervuren: Annales du Musee Royal de lAfrique Centrale, 1984.
Furedi, Frank. The Mau Mau War in Perspective. Nairobi: Heinemann, 1989.
Gathigira, Stanley. Mĩikarĩre ya Agĩkũ;yũ;. Nairobi: Scholars Publications, 1986 [1933].
Gatu, John. Joyfully Christian, Truly African. Nairobi: Acton Publishers, 2006.
Geiger, Susan. TANU Women: Gender and Culture in the Making of Tanganyikan Nationalism. Portsmouth: Heinemann, 1997.
Geissler, Paul Wenzel and Ruth Jane Prince. The Land is Dying: Contingency, Creativity and Conflict in Western Kenya. Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2010.
Geschiere, Peter. The Perils of Belonging: Autochthony, Citizenship, and Exclusion in Africa and Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
Giblin, James. A History of the Excluded: Making Family a Refuge from State in Twentieth Century Tanzania. Oxford: James Currey, 2005.
Gifford, Paul. Ghana’s New Christianity: Pentecostalism in a Globalizing African Economy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005.
Gifford, PaulChristianity, Politics, and Public Life in Kenya. London: Hurst, 2009.
Gikoyo, Gucu wa. We Fought for Freedom. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1979.
Gilroy, Paul. Postcolonial Melancholia. New York: Columbia University Press, 2006.
Godfrey, Nick. ‘Understanding Genocide: The Experience of Anglicans in Rwanda.’ Ph.D. dissertation, University of Cambridge, 2008.
Godfrey, Nick ‘Anglican Revivalists and the Rwandan Genocide: Survivors’ Narratives of Divine Intervention.’ In The East African Revival: History and Legacies, edited by Kevin Ward and Emma Wild-Wood, 249–67. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2010.
Goodwin, James. Autobiography: The Self Made Text. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1993.
Grant, James A.A Walk Across Africa, or, Domestic Scenes from my Nile Journal. Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1864.
Green, Ian. Print and Protestantism in Early Modern England. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Grillo, Ralph D.African Railwaymen: Solidarity and Opposition in an East African Labour Force. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
Guillebaud, Meg. Rwanda: The Land God Forgot? Revival, Genocide and Hope. London: Mill Hill Books, 2002.
Gusman, Alessandro. ‘HIV/AIDS, Pentecostal Churches, and the “Joseph Generation” in Uganda.’ Africa Today 56, no. 1 (2009), 67–86.
Hall, R. de Z.A Study of Native Court Records as a Method of Ethnological Enquiry.’ Africa: Journal of the International African Institute 11, no. 4 (1938), 412–27.
Hanson, Holly. Landed Obligation: The Practice of Power in Buganda. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2003.
Harneit-Sievers, Axel, ed. A Place in the World: New Local Historiographies from Africa and South Asia. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2002.
Harries, Patrick. Butterflies and Barbarians: Swiss Missionaries and Systems of Knowledge in South-East Africa. Oxford: James Currey, 2007.
Harris, Tim. Donkey’s Gratitude: Twenty Two Years in the Growth of a New African Nation—Tanzania. Edinburgh: Pentland Press, 1992.
Haskell, Thomas. ‘Capitalism and the Origins of Humanitarian Sensibility.’ American Historical Review 90, no. 2 (1985), 547–66.
Hastings, Adrian. The Church in Africa, 1450–1950. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Hatzfield, Jean. Into the Quick of Life: The Rwandan Genocide: The Survivors Speak. London: Serpents Tail, 2005 [2000].
Hatzfield, JeanMachete Season: The Killers in Rwanda Speak. New York: Picador, 2005.
Hawkins, Sean. Writing and Colonialism in Northern Ghana: The Encounter between the LoDagaa and ‘the World on Paper.’Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.
Hindmarsh, D. Bruce. The Evangelical Conversion Narrative: Spiritual Autobiography in Early Modern England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Hobley, C.Eastern Uganda: An Ethnological Survey. London: Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1902.
Hobsbawn, Eric and Terence Ranger, eds. The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Hodgson, Dorothy L.The Church of Women: Gendered Encounters Between Maasai and Missionaries. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005.
Hodgson, Dorothy L.Being Maasai, Becoming Indigenous: Postcolonial Politics in a Neoliberal World. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2011.
Hofmeyr, Isabel. The Portable Bunyan: A Transnational History of The Pilgrim’s Progress. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.
Hollis, Patricia. ‘Anti-Slavery and British Working Class Radicalism in the Years of Reform.’ In Anti-slavery, Religion, and Reform: Essays in Memory of Roger Anstey, edited by Christine Bolt and Seymour Drescher, 294–315. Folkestone: Wm. Dawson, 1980.
Hopkins, Elizabeth. ‘The Nyabingi Cult of Southwestern Uganda.’ In Protest and Power in Black Africa, edited by Robert Rotberg and Ali A. Mazrui, 258–336. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.
Horton, Robin. ‘African Conversion.’ Africa: Journal of the International African Institute 41, no. 2 (1971), 85–108.
Horton, RobinOn the Rationality of Conversion, Part I.’ Africa: Journal of the International African Institute 45, no. 3 (1975), 219–35.
Huemer, A. A.The Invention of ‘Race’: the Columbian Turn in Modern Consciousness. Lander, WY: Agathon, 1998.
Hyam, Ronald. The Labour Government and the End of Empire, Part I. London: Institute of Commonwealth Studies, 1992.
Hyden, Goran. Political Development in Rural Tanzania: A West Lake Study. Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House, 1969.
Hyden, GoranBeyond Ujamaa in Tanzania: Underdevelopment and the Uncaptured Peasantry. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Ibingira, Grace. The Forging of an African Nation: The Political and Constitutional Evolution of Uganda from Colonial Rule to Independence, 1894–1962. New York: Viking Press, 1972.
Idowu, E. Bolaji. Olodumare: God in Yoruba Belief. London: Longmans, 1962.
Idowu, E. BolajiAfrican Traditional Religion: A Definition. London: SCM Press, 1973.
Ilibagiza, Immaculée with Steve Erwin. Left to Tell: Discovering God Amidst the Rwandan Holocaust. Carlsbad, CA: Hay House, 2006.
Iliffe, John. A Modern History of Tanganyika. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.
Iliffe, JohnHonour in African History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Iliffe, JohnAfricans: A History of a Continent. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Ingham, Kenneth. The Making of Modern Uganda. London: Allen and Unwin, 1958.
Ingham, KennethThe Kingdom of Toro in Uganda. London: Methuen, 1975.
Isichei, Elizabeth. A History of Christianity in Africa: From Antiquity to the Present. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1995.
Itote, Waruhiu. ‘Mau Mau’ General. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1967.
Ivaska, Andrew. Cultured States: Youth, Gender, and Modern Style in 1960s Dar es Salaam. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2011.
Jackson, William. ‘Poor Men and Loose Women: Colonial Kenya’s Other Whites.’ Ph.D. dissertation, University of Leeds, 2010.
James, William. Varieties of Religious Experience. New York: Barnes and Noble, 2004 [1902].
Jeater, Diana. Marriage, Perversion, and Power: The Construction of Moral Discourse in Southern Rhodesia, 1894–1930. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.
Jennings, Michael. ‘“A Very Real War”: Popular Participation in Development in Tanzania During the 1950s and 1960s.’ International Journal of African Historical Studies 40, no. 1 (2007), 71–95.
Joshi, Sanjay. Fractured Modernity: The Making of a Middle Class in Colonial North India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Kabiro, Ngugi. Man in the Middle. Richmond, British Columbia: LSM Information Center, 1973.
Kaborooga, Mariire Edward. ‘The Impact of the Bakiga Immigration on the Religion of the Banyabutumbi of North Kigezi Diocese.’ Dip. Theo. thesis, Makerere University, 1994.
Kafureeka, George. ‘The Impact of the Revival Movement on the Church in East Ankole Diocese, with Particular Reference to Rushere Archdeaconry, Mbarara District, Uganda, 1965–75.’ Dip. Theo. thesis, Uganda Christian University, 1999.
Kaggia, Bildad. Roots of Freedom, 1921–1963: The Autobiography of Bildad Kaggia. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1975.
Kagwa, Apolo. Ekitabo kye Basekabaka be Buganda. Kampala: Uganda Bookshop, 1901.
Kalu, Ogbu. African Christianity: An African Story. Pretoria: University of Pretoria, 2005.
Kamugungunu, Joshua. Abagabe b’Ankole. Kampala: Wava Books, 2005.
Kanogo, Tabitha. Squatters and the Roots of Mau Mau, 1905–63. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, 1987.
Kanogo, TabithaDedan Kimathi: A Biography. Nairobi: East Africa Educational Publishers, 1992.
Karanja, John. Founding an African Faith: Kikuyu Anglican Christianity, 1900–1945. Nairobi: Uzima Press, 1999.
Kareri, Charles Muhoro. The Autobiography of Charles Muhoro, edited by Derek R. Peterson, translated by Joseph Kariuki Muriithi. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin African Studies Center, 2000.
Kariuki, J. M.‘Mau Mau’ Detainee: The Account by a Kenya African of His Experiences in Detention Camps, 1953–1960. Nairobi: Oxford University Press, 1963.
Kariuki, Obadiah. A Bishop Facing Mount Kenya: An Autobiography, 1902–1978. Nairobi: Uzima Press, 1985.
Karlström, Mikael. ‘On the Aesthetics and Dialogics of Power in the Postcolony.’ Africa 73, no. 1 (2003), 57–76.
Karlström, MikaelModern and Its Aspirants: Moral Community and Developmental Eutopianism in Buganda.’ Current Anthropology 45, no. 5 (December 2004), 595–619.
Karwemera, A. ‘Christianity comes to Nyakishenyi (1925–1935).’ In Occasional Research Papers, vol. 31, edited by Tom Tuma. Kampala: Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy, Makerere University, 1975.
Kasore, K. Editorial letter. In Uganda Argus (6 September 1962).
Katarikawe, James and John Wilson. ‘The East African Revival Movement.’ Masters of Theology and Missiology thesis, Fuller Theological Seminary, 1975.
Katoke, Israel. The Making of the Karagwe Kingdom. Dar es Salaam: East African Publishing House, 1970.
Kenya Colony and Protectorate, Kenya African Agricultural Sample Census, 1960–61. Nairobi: Government Printer, 1961.
Kenyatta, Jomo. Harambee! The Prime Minister of Kenya’s Speeches, 1963–64. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1964.
Kershaw, Greet. Mau Mau from Below. Oxford: James Currey, 1997.
Kibira, Josiah M.Church, Clan and the World. Uppsala: Almqvist and Wisell, 1974.
Kihumuro-Apuli, David. A Thousand Years of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom: The People and the Rulers. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 1994.
Kingdom of Buganda, The Native Laws of Buganda. Kampala: Uganda Argus, 1947.
Kirindi, G. N. P.History and Culture of the Kingdom of Ankole. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2008.
Kitching, Gavin. Class and Economic Change in Kenya. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980.
Kivengere, Festo, with Dorothy Smoker. Revolutionary Love. Fort Washington, PA: Christian Literature Crusade, 1983.
Kodesh, Neil. ‘Renovating Tradition: The Discourse of Succession in Colonial Buganda.’ International Journal of African Historical Studies 34, no. 3 (2001), 511–41.
Kodesh, NeilNetworks of Knowledge: Clanship and Collective Well-being in Buganda,’ Journal of African History 49 (2008), 197–216.
Kodesh, NeilBeyond the Royal Gaze: Clanship and Public Healing in Buganda. Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia Press, 2010.
Kyle, Keith. The Politics of Independence in Kenya. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 1999.
Kyomuhendo Grace Bantebya and Marjorie Kenitson McIntosh. Women, Work and Domestic Virtue in Uganda, 1900–2003. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2006.
Kyomukama, James. ‘The Impact of the Balokole Movement on the Anglican Church in North Kigezi Diocese, with Particular Reference to Rubirizi Archdeaconry, Rukungiri District.’ Dip. Theo. thesis, Bishop Tucker Theological College, 1995.
Landau, Paul. ‘“Religion” and Christian Conversion in African History: A New Model.’ The Journal of Religious History 23, no. 1 (February 2), 8–30.
Landau, PaulPopular Politics in the History of South Africa, 1400–1948. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Larson, Catherine Claire. As We Forgive: Stories of Reconciliation from Rwanda. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2009.
Larsson, Birgitta. Conversion to Greater Freedom? Women, Church and Social Change in North-Western Tanzania under Colonial Rule. Stockholm: Almquist and Wiksell, 1991.
Leakey, Louis. Defeating Mau Mau. London: Methuen, 1954.
Leakey, LouisThe Southern Kikuyu before 1903. London: Academic Press, 1977.
Lejeune, Philippe. ‘The Autobiographical Pact.’ In On Autobiography, by Philippe Lejeune, 3–30. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989.
Leo, Christopher. Land and Class in Kenya. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.
Levine, Philippa. Prostitution, Race and Politics: Policing Venereal Disease in the British Empire. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Lewis, Joanna. Empire State-Building: War and Welfare in Kenya, 1925–52. Oxford: James Currey, 2000.
Lichtheim, Mariam. Ancient Egyptian Autobiographies Chiefly of the Middle Kingdom: A Study and an Anthology. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1988.
Lihamba, Amandina, Fulata L. Moyo, M. M. Mulokozi, Naomi L. Shitemi, and Saida Yahya-Othman, eds. Women Writing Africa: The Eastern Region. New York: The Feminist Press, 2007.
Likimani, Muthoni. They Shall be Chastised. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau, 1974.
Likimani, MuthoniFighting Without Ceasing. Nairobi: Nonis Publicity, 2005.
Lohrmann, Ulrich. Voices from Tanganyika: Great Britain, the United Nations, and the Decolonization of a Trust Territory, 1946–1961. Berlin: Lit Verlag, 2007.
Lonsdale, John. ‘The Prayers of Waiyaki: Political Uses of the Kikuyu Past.’ In Revealing Prophets: Prophecy in Eastern African History, edited by David M. Anderson and Douglas H. Johnson, 240–91. London: James Currey, 1995.
Lonsdale, John.KAU’s Cultures: Imaginations of Community and Constructions of Leadership in Kenya after the Second World War.’ Journal of African Cultural Studies 13, no. 1 (2000), 107–24.
Lonsdale, John. ‘Contests of Time: Kikuyu Historiography, Old and New.’ In A Place in the World: New Local Historiographies from Africa and South Asia, edited by Axel Harneit-Sievers, 201–54. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2002.
Lonsdale, John. ‘Moral and Political Argument in Kenya.’ In Ethnicity and Democracy in Africa, edited by Bruce Berman, Dickson Eyoh, and Will Kymlicka, 73–95. Oxford: James Currey, 2004.
Lonsdale, John.Ornamental Constitutionalism in Africa: Kenyatta and the Two Queens.’ Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 34, no. 1 (2006), 87–103.
Lonsdale, John. ‘Writing Competitive Patriotisms in Eastern Africa,’ In Recasting the Past: History Writing and Political Work in Modern Africa, edited by Derek R. Peterson and Giacomo Macola, 251–67. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2009.
Lonsdale, John. ‘Kenya: Home Country and African Frontier.’ In Settlers and Expatriates: Britons over the Seas, edited by Robert Bickers, 74–111. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Lonsdale, John and Bruce Berman. Unhappy Valley: Conflict in Kenya and Africa. London: James Currey, 1992.
Lonsdale, John and Caroline Elkins. ‘Memories of Mau Mau in Kenya.’ Unpublished conference paper, n.d.
Lott, Tommy. The Invention of Race: Black Culture and the Politics of Representation. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 1999.
Low, David A.The Mind of Buganda. London: Heinemann, 1971.
Low, David A.Buganda in Modern History. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1971.
Lumley, E. K.Forgotten Mandate: a British District Officer in Tanganyika. London: Archon Books, 1976.
Lynch, Gabrielle. I Say to You: Ethnic Politics and the Kalenjin of Kenya. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.
Maack, Pamela. ‘“We Don’t Want Terraces!” Protest and Identity Under the Uluguru Land Usage Scheme.’ In Custodians of the Land: Ecology and Culture in the History of Tanzania, edited by Gregory Maddox, James Giblin, and Isaria Kimambo, 152–69. London: James Currey, 1996.
Maari, E. ‘The Balokole Movement in Nyabushozi County of Ankole.’ In Occasional Research Papers in African Religions and Philosophies, vol. 22, edited by A. Byaruhanga-Akiiki. Kampala: Makerere University, 1974.
Maathai, Wangari, Unbowed: A Memoir. London: Heinemann, 2007.
MacArthur, Julie. ‘Mapping Political Community among the Luyia of Western Kenya, 1930–63.’ PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge, 2010.
MacGuire, G.Toward ‘Uhuru’ in Tanzania: The Politics of Participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.
Maddox, Gregory H. and James L. Giblin, eds. In Search of a Nation: Histories of Authority and Dissidence in Tanzania. Oxford: James Currey, 2006.
Mafune. ‘The Concept of Illness and Death in the Kiga Traditional Society.’ In Occasional Research Papers, vol. 12, edited by A. Byaruhanga Akiiki. Kampala: Dept. of Religious Studies and Philosophy, Makerere University, 1973.
Magambo, N. ‘The Balokole Movement in Mitooma Parish.’ Dip. Theo. thesis, Makerere University, 1974.
Magezi, M. W., T. E. Nyakango, and M. K. Aganatia. The People of the Rwenzoris: The Bayira (Bakonzo/Bananade) and Their Culture. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 2004.
Mair, Lucy. An African People in the Twentieth Century. London: George Routledge, 1934.
Malo, Shadrack. Dhoudi mar Central Nyanza. Nairobi: Eagle Press, 1953.
Maloba, Wunyabari. ‘Christianity in Colonial Kenya.’ Journal of African History 45, no. 2 (July 2004), 343–44.
Mamdani, Mahmood. Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Mamdani, MahmoodWhen Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.
Marshall, Ruth. Political Spiritualities: The Pentecostal Revolution in Nigeria. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
Mascuch, Michael. Origins of the Individualist Self: Autobiography and Self-Identity in England, 1591–1791. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1997.
Masuzawa, Tomoko. The Invention of World Religions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
Mathu, Mohammed. The Urban Guerilla: The Story of Mohammed Mathu. Richmond, British Columbia: Liberation Support Movement, 1974.
Matiba, Kenneth. Aiming High: The Story of my Life. Nairobi: People Ltd., 2000.
Mazower, Mark. No Enchanted Palace: The End of Empire and the Ideological Origins of the United Nations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009.
Mbembe, Achille. On the Postcolony. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
Mbembe, Achille ‘The Power of the Archive and its Limits.’ In Refiguring the Archive, edited by Carolyn Hamilton, Verne Harris, Jane Taylor, Michele Pickover, Graeme Reid, and Razia Saleh, 19–26. Cape Town: David Philip, 2002.
Mbiti, John. African Religions and Philosophy. New York: Praeger, 1969.
Mbiti, JohnIntroduction to African Religion. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1975.
Mboya, Paul. Luo Kitgi gi Timbegi. Kisumu: Anyange Press, 1983 [1938].
Mboya, PaulRicho ema Kelo Chira. Nairobi: Equatorial Publishers, 1978.
Mboya, Tom. Freedom and After. Nairobi: Heinemann, 1986 [1963].
McMaster, D. N.Change of Regional Balance in the Bukoba District of Tanganyika.’ Geographical Review 50, no. 1 (1960), 73–88.
Meyer, Birgit. Translating the Devil: Religion and Modernity among the Ewe in Ghana. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1999.
Meyerstein, Ariel. ‘Between Law and Culture: Rwanda’s Gacaca and Postcolonial Legality.’ Law and Social Inquiry 32, no. 2 (2007), 467–508.
Mill Hill Fathers. Vocabulary Nilotic-English. Nyeri: Catholic Mission Press, n.d.
Milne, G.Bukoba: High and Low Fertility on a Laterized Soil.’ East African Agricultural Journal 4 (1938), 13–24.
Miti, James Kibuka. ‘Buganda, 1875–1900: A Centenary Contribution.’ Unpublished manuscript, n.d. [1946].
Mjama, Nathan. ‘Archives and Records Management in Kenya: Problems and Prospects.’ Records Management Journal 13, no. 2 (2003), 91–101.
Morris, H. F.Uganda: Report of the Commission on Marriage, Divorce and the Status of Women.’ Journal of African Law 10, no. 1 (Spring 1966), 3–7.
Morris, H. F.Msafiri: Kitabu Hiki Kimefasirika Katika Kitabu cha Kiingreza Kiitwacho ‘Pilgrim’s Progress.’ London: Religious Tract Society for the UniversitiesMission, 1888.
Mudimbe, V. Y.The Invention of Africa: Gnosis, Philosophy, and the Order of Knowledge. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.
Mugambi, J. N. K.African Heritage and Contemporary Christianity. Nairobi: Longman, 1989.
Mugarura, B. ‘The Nyabingi Cult in South Kigezi with Particular Reference to Ndorwa.’ In Occasional Research Papers in African Religions and Philosophies, vol. 188, edited by A. Byaruhanga Akiiki. Kampala: Dept. of Religious Studies and Philosophy, Makerere University, 1974.
Muhanguzi, John. ‘The Spread of the Revival Movement at Burunga in Nyabushozi County, East Ankole, Uganda.’ Dip. Theo. thesis, Makerere University, 1985.
Muoria, Henry. Writing for Kenya: The Life and Works of Henry Muoria, edited by Wangari Muoria-Sal, Bodil Folke Frederiksen, John Lonsdale, and Derek R. Peterson. Leiden: Brill, 2009.
Muriithi, Kiboi. War in the Forest. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1971.
Mutabaha, G.Portrait of a Nationalist: the Life of Ali Migeyo. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1969.
Murphy, John D.Luganda-English Dictionary. Washington, D.C.: Consortium Press, 1972.
Musisi, Nakanyike. ‘A Personal Journey into Custom, Identity, Power and Politics: Researching and Writing the Life and Times of Buganda’s Queen Mother, Irene Drusilla Namaganda (1896–1957).’ History in Africa 23 (1996), 369–85.
Musisi, NakanyikeMorality as Identity: the Missionary Moral Agenda in Buganda, 1877–1945.’ Journal of Religious History 23, no. 1 (February 1999), 51–74.
Mutembei, Richard. Kristo au Wamara? Historia ya Dayosisi ya Kaskazini Magharibi ya Kanisa la Kiinjili la Kilutheri Tanzania, 1890–1985. Mwanza: North Western Publishers, 1993.
Mutesa, Edward. The Desecration of my Kingdom. London: Constable, 1967.
Mutibwa, Phares. The Buganda Factor in Uganda Politics. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2008.
Mutongi, Kenda. Worries of the Heart: Widows, Family, and Community in Kenya. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Ndahiro, Samuel. ‘The Impact of the Abalokole Revival on the Church of Uganda with Particular Reference to the Diocese of Namirembe from 1940–1992.’ BA thesis, Association of Theological Institutions in Eastern Africa, 1992.
Ndege, Peter. Olonana Ole Mbatian. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, 2003.
Nestor, Hellen Byera. 500 Haya Proverbs. Mwanza: Northwestern Publishers, 1978.
Neubauer, Carol. ‘One Voice Speaking for Many: The Mau Mau Movement and Kenyan Autobiography.’ Journal of Modern African Studies 21, no. 1 (1983), 113–31.
Newbury, Catherine. The Cohesion of Oppression: Clientship and Ethnicity in Rwanda, 1860–1960. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.
Newbury, David. ‘Precolonial Burundi and Rwanda: Loyal Loyalties, Regional Loyalties.’ International Journal of African Historical Studies 34, no. 2 (2001), 255–314.
Ngologoza, Paul. Kigezi and its People. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 1998 [1967].
Njagi, David. The Last Mau Mau Field Marshals. Meru: Ngwataniro Self Help Group, 1993.
Njama, Karai and Donald Barnett. Mau Mau from Within: An Analysis of Kenya’s Peasant Revolt. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1966.
Noll, Mark. The New Shape of World Christianity: How American Experience Reflects Global Faith. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2007.
Noll, Mark and Carolyn Nystrom. Clouds of Witnesses: Christian Voices from Africa and Asia. Downer’s Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2011.
Nyakatura, John. Abakama of Bunyoro-Kitara. Kisubi: Marianum Press, 1998.
Nyerere, Julius. Freedom and Unity. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Nyerere, JuliusUjamaa: Essays on Socialism. Nairobi: Oxford University Press, 1968.
Nyerere, JuliusThe Arusha Declaration, Ten Years Later. Dar es Salaam: Government Printer, 1977.
Nyong’o, Peter Anyang’. ‘State and Society in Kenya: The Disintegration of the Nationalist Coalition and the Rise of Presidential Authoritarianism, 1963–78.’ African Affairs 88, no. 351 (1989), 229–51.
Obote, Apollo Milton. The Common Man’s Charter. Entebbe: Government Printer, 1969.
Odaga, Asenath Bole. Dholuo-English Dictionary. Kisumu: Lake Publishers, 2005.
Odhiambo, E. S. Atieno. ‘Luo Perspectives on Knowledge and Development: Samuel G. Ayany and Paul Mbuya.’ In African Philosophy as Cultural Inquiry, edited by Ivan Karp and D. A. Masolo, 244–58. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000.
Odinga, Oginga. Not Yet Uhuru: An Autobiography. Nairobi: Heinemann, 1967.
Ogot, Bethwell A. ‘Mau Mau and Nationhood: The Untold Story.’ In Mau Mau and Nationhood: Arms, Authority, and Narration, edited by E. S. Atieno Odhiambo and John Lonsdale, 8–36. Oxford: James Currey, 2003.
Ogot, Bethwell A. and W. R. Ochieng’, eds. Decolonization and Independence in Kenya, 1940–1963. London: James Currey, 1995.
Olang’, Festo. Festo Olang’: An Autobiography. Nairobi: Uzima, 1991.
Olney, James. Tell Me Africa: An Approach to African Literature. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.
Olney, James ed. Autobiography: Essays Theoretical and Critical. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.
Olupona, Jacob K. and Sulayman S. Nyang, eds. Religious Plurality in Africa: Essays in Honour of John S. Mbiti. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1993.
Olupona, Jacob K. and Sulayman S. Nyang, Omutambuze. London: Religious Tract Society, 1900.
Olupona, Jacob K. and Sulayman S. Nyang, Omutambuze. Kampala: Uganda Bookshop, 1927.
Orme, Rev. William, ed., Practical Works of the Rev. Richard Baxter, vols. 1 to 23. London: James Duncan, 1830.
Osborn, Herbert. Revival: A Precious Heritage. Eastbourne: Apologia, 1995.
Osborn, HerbertRevival: God’s Spotlight. Crowborough, East Sussex: Highland Books, 1996.
Osborn, HerbertPioneers in the East African Revival. Eastbourne: Apologia, 2000.
Osborn, HerbertThe Living Legacy of the East African Revival. Eastbourne: Apologia, 2006.
Otieno, Wambui. Mau Mau’s Daughter: A Life History. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1998.
Packard, Randall. Cheifship and Cosmology: An Historical Study of Political Competition. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1981.
Packard, RandallCheifship and the History of Nyavingi Possession among the Bashu of Eastern Zaire.’ Africa 52, no. 4 (1982), 67–90.
Parikh, Shanti. ‘Going Public: Modern Wives, Men’s Infidelity, and Marriage in East-Central Uganda.’ In The Secret: Love, Marriage, and HIV, by Jennifer S. Hirsch, Holly Wardlow, Daniel Jordan Smith, Harriet M. Phinney, Shanti Parikh, and Constance A. Nathanson, 168–96. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 2009.
Parkin, David. The Cultural Definition of Political Response: Lineal Destiny Among the Luo. London: Academic Press, 1978.
Parsons, Timothy. The African Rank-and-File: Social Implications of Colonial Military Service in the King’s African Rifles. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1999.
Pasha, Emin. Emin Pasha: His Life and Work, vol. II. Westminster: Archibald Constable and Co., 1898.
Pateman, Carole. The Disorder of Women: Feminism and Political Theory. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1989.
p’Bitek, Okot. African Religions in Western Scholarship. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau, 1971.
Peace, Ndambuki. ‘The Impact of the 1935–1937 Revival Movement on the Church of Uganda with Particular Reference to Kihanga Archdeaconry in Kigezi Diocese.’ Dip. Theo. thesis, Makerere University, 1990.
Peel, J. D. Y.Conversion and Tradition in Two African Societies: Ijebu and Buganda.’ Past and Present 77 (November 1977), 108–41.
Peel, J. D. Y.For Who Hath Despised the Day of Small Things? Missionary Narratives and Historical Anthropology.’ Comparative Studies in Society and History 37, no. 3 (July 1995), 581–607.
Peel, J. D. Y.Religious Encounter and the Making of the Yoruba. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2000.
Pels, Peter. A Politics of Presence: Contacts Between Missionaries and Waluguru in Late Colonial Tanganyika. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1999.
Pennacini, Cecilia. ‘Religious Mobility and Body Language in Kubandwa Possession Cults.’ Journal of Eastern African Studies 3, no. 2 (2009), 333–49.
Percox, David. Britain, Kenya and the Cold War: Imperial Defence, Colonial Security and Decolonisation. London: Tauris, 2004.
Perlman, Melvin. ‘Law and the Status of Women in Uganda: A Systematic Comparison Between the Ganda and the Toro.’ Amsterdam: Yearbook of the Department of Anthropology of the Royal Tropical Institute, Summer 1969.
Peterson, Derek R.Creative Writing: Translation, Bookkeeping, and the Work of Imagination in Colonial Kenya. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann, 2004.
Peterson, Derek R. ‘“Be Like Firm Soldiers to Develop the Country”: Political Imagination and the Geography of Gikuyuland.’ International Journal of African Historical Studies 37, no. 1 (2004), 71–101.
Peterson, Derek R. ‘Language Work and Colonial Politics in Eastern Africa: the Making of Standard Swahili and “School Kikuyu”.’ In The Politics of Language Study, edited by David Hoyt and Karen Oslund, 181–210. Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield, 2006.
Peterson, Derek R. ‘Abolitionism and Political Thought in Britain and Africa.’ In Abolitionism and Imperialism in Britain, Africa and the Atlantic, ed. Derek R. Peterson, 1–37. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2010.
Peterson, Derek R. and Darren Walhof, eds. The Invention of Religion: Rethinking Belief in Politics and History. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2002.
Peterson, Derek R. and Giacomo Macola, eds. Recasting the Past: History Writing and Political Work in Modern Africa. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2009.
Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, Tolerance and Tension: Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, 2010.
Philipps, J. E. T.Mufumbiro: The Birunga Volcanoes of Kigezi-Ruanda-Kivu.’ The Geographical Journal 61, no. 4 (1923), 233–53.
Phillips, K. N.From Mau Mau to Christ. London: Africa Inland Mission, 1958.
Pick, Vittorio Merlo. Ndaĩ na Gĩcaandĩ: Kikuyu Enigmas. Bologna: E.M.I., 1973.
Pickens, George F.African Christian God-Talk: Matthew Ajuoga’sJohera Narrative. Dallas: University Press of America, 2004.
Portal, Sir Gerald. The British Mission to Uganda in 1893. London: E. Arnold, 1894.
Porter, Andrew. ‘Cambridge, Keswick, and Late-Nineteenth-Century Attitudes to Africa.’ Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 5, no. 1 (1976), 5–34.
Prince, Ruth. ‘Salvation and Tradition: Configurations of Faith in a Time of Death.’ Journal of Religion in Africa 37, no. 1 (2007), 84–115.
Proud, Edward. The Postal History of Tanganyika, 1915–1961. Heathfield, East Sussex: Proud-Bailey Co. Ltd., 1989.
Proud, EdwardThe Postal History of Uganda and Zanzibar. Heathfield, East Sussex: Postal History Publications Co., 1993.
Pugliese, Cristiana. Author, Publisher and Gikuyu Nationalist: The Life and Writings of Gakaara wa Wanjau. Bayreuth: African Studies Series, 1995.
Rathbone, Richard. Nkrumah and the Chiefs: The Politics of Chieftaincy in Ghana, 1951–1960. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2000.
Ray, Benjamin. African Religions: Symbol, Ritual, and Community. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000.
Read, James S.A Milestone in the Integration of Personal Laws: The New Law of Marriage and Divorce in Tanzania.’ Journal of African Law 16, no. 1 (1972), 19–39.
Reed, Colin. Walking in the Light: Reflections on the East African Revival and its link to Australia. Victoria: Acorn Press, 2007.
Reining, Priscilla. ‘Haya Land Tenure: Landholding and Tenancy.’ Anthropological Quarterly 35, no. 2 (1962), 58–73.
Reining, Priscilla ‘Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Recent Disturbances Amongst the Baamba and Bakonjo People of Toro.’ Entebbe: Government of Uganda, 1962.
Rettig, Max. ‘Gacaca: Truth, Justice, and Reconciliation in Postconflict Rwanda.’ African Studies Review 51, no. 3 (December 2008), 25–50.
Reyntjens, Filip. ‘Constructing the Truth, Dealing with Dissent, Domesticating the World: Governance in Post-Genocide Rwanda.’ African Affairs 110, no. 438 (2011), 1–34.
Richards, Audrey, ed. Economic Development and Tribal Change: a Study of Immigrant Labour in Buganda. Cambridge: Heffer and Sons, 1954.
Robbins, Catherine. ‘Tukutendereza: A Study of Social Change and Sectarian Withdrawal in the Balokole Revival of Uganda.’ PhD dissertation, Columbia University, 1975.
Robbins, Joel. ‘Continuity Thinking and the Problem of Christian Culture: Belief, Time, and the Anthropology of Christianity.’ Current Anthropology 48, no. 1 (February 2007), 5–38.
Roberts, A. D.The Sub-Imperialism of the Baganda,’ Journal of African History 3, no. 3 (1962), 435–50
Robertson, Clare. Trouble Showed the Way: Women, Men and Trade in the Nairobi Area, 1890–1990. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.
Rodegem, F. M.Anthologie Rundi. Paris: A. Colin, 1973.
Rosberg, Carl G. and John Nottingham. The Myth of Mau Mau: Nationalism in Kenya. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1966.
Routledge, W. Scoresby and Katherine Routledge. With a Prehistoric People. London: Edward Arnold, 1968.
Rowe, John. ‘Myth, Memoir, and Moral Admonition: Luganda Historical Writing, 1893–1969.’ Uganda Journal 33, no. 1 (1969), 17–40, 217–19.
Rubongoya, L. T.Naaho Nubo: The Ways of our Ancestors. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 2003.
Ruddock, E. Harris. The Homeopathic Vade Mecum of Modern Medicine and Surgery. London: Homeopathic Publishing Co., 1879 [9th edition].
Rutabajuka, Simon. ‘Migrant Labour in Masaka District, 1900–62: the Case of Coffee Shamba Labourers.’ In Uganda: Studies in Labour, edited by Mahmood Mamdani, 11–52. Dakar: Codesria, 1996.
Rutanga, Murindwa. ‘People’s Anti-colonial Struggles in Kigezi Under the Nyabingi Movement, 1910–1930.’ In Uganda: Studies in Living Conditions, Population Movements, and Constitutionalism, edited by Mahmood Mamdani and Joe Oloka-Onyango, 229–71. Vienna: Austrian Journal of Development Studies, 1994.
Rutanga, MurindwaPolitics, Religion and Power in the Great Lakes Region. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2011.
Rutayisire, Antoine. Faith Under Fire: Testimonies of Christian Bravery. Essex: African Enterprise, 1995.
Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books, 1978.
Said, EdwardCulture and Imperialism. New York: Vintage, 1994.
Salim, A. ‘The Movement for “Mwambao” or Coast Autonomy in Kenya, 1956–63.’ In Hadith 2, edited by Bethwell Ogot, 212–28. Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House, 1970.
Sanneh, Lamin. Translating the Message: The Missionary Impact on Culture. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1989.
Schmidt, Elizabeth. Peasants, Traders and Wives: Shona Women in the History of Zimbabwe, 1870–1939. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann, 1992.
Schmidt, Peter. ‘Archaeological Views on a History of Landscape Change in East Africa.’ Journal of African History 38, no. 3 (1997), 393–421.
Schneider, Leander. ‘The Tanzania National Archives.’ History in Africa 30 (2003), 447–54.
Schneider, LeanderFreedom and Unfreedom in Rural Development: Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa Vijijini, and Villagization.’ Canadian Journal of African Studies 38, no. 2 (2004), 344–92.
Schneider, LeanderColonial Legacies and Postcolonial Authoritarianism in Tanzania: Connects and Disconnects.’ African Studies Review 49, no. 1 (2006), 93–118.
Schoenbrun, David. A Green Place, a Good Place: the Social History of the Great Lakes Region, Earliest Times to the Fifteenth Century. Portsmouth: Heinemann, 1997.
Scott, Mrs. Henry. A Saint in Kenya: A Life of Marion Scott Stevenson. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1932.
Scott, James. Seeing like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.
Sebarenzi, Joseph and Laura Ann Mullane. God Sleeps in Rwanda: A Journey of Transformation. New York: Atria, 2009.
Seitel, Peter. ‘Blocking the Wind: a Haya Folktale and an Interpretation.’ Western Folklore 26, no. 3 (1977), 189–207.
Shadle, Brett. ‘“Changing Traditions to Meet Current Altering Conditions”: Customary Law, African Courts, and the Rejection of Codification in Kenya, 1930–60.’ Journal of African History 40, no. 3 (1999), 422–23.
Shannon, Dr. ‘The Changing Face of Kenya.’ Kikuyu News 210 (October 1955).
Shaw, Rosalind. ‘The Invention of “African Traditional Religion”.’ Religion 20 (1990), 339–53.
Shipton, Parker. ‘The Kenyan Land Tenure Reform: Misunderstandings in the Public Creation of Private Property.’ In Land and Society in Contemporary Africa, edited by R. E. Downs and S. P. Reyna, 91–135. Hanover, N.H.: University of New Hampshire Press, 1988.
Shipton, ParkerThe Nature of Entrustment: Intimacy, Exchange, and the Sacred in Africa. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.
Shipton, ParkerMortgaging the Ancestors: Ideologies of Attachment in Africa. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.
Shumway, Nicolas. The Invention of Argentina. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
Skaria, Ajay. ‘Writing, Orality and Power in the Dangs, Western India, 1800s-1920s.’ In Subaltern Studies IX: Writings on South Asian History and Society, edited by Shahid Amin and Dipesh Chakrabarty, 13–58. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Smith, Sidonie, and Julia Watson, eds. Getting a Life: Everyday Uses of Autobiography. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.
Smoker, Dorothy. Ambushed by Love: God’s Triumph in Kenya’s Terror. Fort Washington, PA: Christian Literature Crusade, 1993.
Snowden, J. D.A Study of Altitudinal Zonation in South Kigezi and on Mounts Muhavura and Mgahinga, Uganda.’ The Journal of Ecology 21, no. 1 (1933), 7–27.
Sorrenson, M. P. K.Land Reform in the Kikuyu Country. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.
Southall, A. W. and P. Gutkind. Townsmen in the Making: Kampala and its Suburbs. Kampala: East African Institute of Social Research, 1957.
Spear, Thomas. ‘Neo-Traditionalism and the Limits of Invention in British Colonial Africa.’ Journal of African History 44, no. 1 (2003), 3–27.
Spencer, John. KAU: The Kenya African Union. London: KPI, 1985.
Stacey, Tom. Summons to Rwenzori. London: Secker and Warburg, 1965.
Stacey, TomTribe: The Hidden History of the Mountains of the Moon. London: Stacey International, 2003.
Stanley-Smith, A.Road to Revival: The Story of the Ruanda Mission. London: Church Missionary Society, 1946.
Steinhart, Edward. Conflict and Collaboration in the Kingdoms of Western Uganda. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977.
Stenning, Derrick. ‘Preliminary Observations on the Balokoli Movement, Particularly Among Bahima in Ankole District.’ Kampala: East African Institute of Social Research, 1957.
Stenning, Derrick ‘Persistence of Cult Elements in an East African Population.’ Cambridge: British Psychological Society annual meeting, April 1959.
Stevenson, Marion. ‘Widening Horizons.’ Kikuyu News 21 (July 1910).
St. John, Patricia. Breath of Life: The Story of the Ruanda Mission. London: Norfolk Press, 1971.
Stoler, Ann Laura. Along the Archival Grain: Epistemic Anxieties and Colonial Common Sense. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009.
Stoler, Ann LauraCarnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010 (2002).
Straight, Bilinda. Miracles and Extraordinary Experience in Northern Kenya. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.
Stultiens, Andrea, Kaddu Wasswa John, and Arthur C. Kisitu. The Kaddu Wasswa Archive: A Visual Biography. Rotterdam: Post Editions, 2010.
Summers, Carol. ‘Grandfathers, Grandsons, Morality, and Radical Politics in Late Colonial Buganda.’ International Journal of African Historical Studies 38, no. 3 (2005), 427–47.
Summers, CarolRadical Rudeness: Ugandan Social Critiques in the 1940s.’ Journal of Social History 39, no. 3 (2006), 741–70.
Sundkler, Bengt. Bara Bukoba: Church and Community in Tanzania. London: C. Hurst, 1980.
Swantz, Marja Lisa. Beyond the Forest Line: the Life and Letters of Bengt Sundkler. Herefordshire: Gracewing, 2002.
Swynnerton, J.Kenya’s Agricultural Planning.’ African Affairs 56, no. 224 (1957), 209–15.
Syahuka-Muhindo, Arthur. The Rwenzururu Movement and Democratic Struggle. Kampala: Centre for Basic Research, 1991.
Tamale, Sylvia. ‘Law Reform and Women’s Rights in Uganda.’ East African Journal of Peace and Human Rights 1, no. 2 (1993), 164–94.
Taylor, Brian. Tropic Toro: A Ugandan Society. Brighton: Pennington Beach, 1998.
Taylor, John. The Growth of the Church in Buganda: An Attempt at Understanding. London: SCM Press, 1958.
Thomson, Joseph. Through Masai Land. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co., 1895 [1885].
Thomson, Susan. ‘The Darker Side of Transitional Justice: The Power Dynamics Behind Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts.’ Africa 81, no. 3 (August 2011), 373–90.
Throup, David. Economic and Social Origins of Mau Mau. London: James Currey, 1988.
Thuku, Harry. An Autobiography. Nairobi: Oxford University Press, 1970.
Tomonari, Noboru. Constructing Subjectivities: Autobiographies in Modern Japan. Plymouth, U.K.: Lexington Books, 2008.
Trochu, F.The Cure D’Ars: St. Jean-Marie-Baptiste Vianney. Rockford, IL: Tan Books, 1977.
Tumusiime, Gershom. ‘Impact of Bachwezi Bashomi on Christians: a Case Study of Kwamakanda Church in Uganda, Archdeaconry North-Kigezi Diocese.’ Dip. Theo. thesis, Makerere University, 1990.
Turyahikayo-Rugyema, Benoni. ‘The Impact of Christianity on the Bakiga of Southwest Uganda: The Revival Movement.’ In Occasional Research Papers, v. 31, edited by Tom Tuma. Kampala: Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy, Makerere University, 1975.
Twaddle, Michael. ‘On Ganda Historiography.’ History in Africa 1 (1974), 85–100.
Uzoigwe, G. N., ed. Uganda: The Dilemma of Nationhood. New York: NOK Publishers, 1982.
Uzoigwe, G. N., ‘Uganda and Parliamentary Government.’ Journal of Modern African Studies 21, no. 2 (June 1983), 253–71.
Vail, Leroy, ed. The Creation of Tribalism in Southern Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
Vansina, Jan. Antecedents to Modern Rwanda: The Nyiginya Kingdom. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004.
Vaughan, Megan. ‘Mr. Mdala Writes to the Governor: Negotiating Colonial Rule in Nyasaland.’ History Workshop Journal 60, no. 1 (2005), 171–88.
Viswanathan, Gauri. Outside the Fold: Conversion, Modernity, and Belief. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Vokes, Richard. Ghosts of Kanungu: Fertility, Secrecy, and Exchange in the Great Lakes of East Africa. Rochester, NY: James Currey, 2009.
Wachanga, Kahinga. The Swords of Kirinyaga: the Fight for Land and Freedom. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau, 1975.
Wairimu, Teresia with Anne Jackson. A Cactus in the Desert: An Autobiography. Nairobi: Faith Evangelistic Ministry, 2011.
Walls, Andrew. The Missionary Movement in Christian History. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1996.
Walser, Ferdinand. Luganda Proverbs. Berlin: Reimer, 1982.
Wamue, Grace Nyatugah. ‘Revisiting Our Indigenous Shrines Through Mungiki.’ African Affairs 100, no. 4 (2001), 453–67.
Wamwere, Koigi wa. I Refuse to Die: My Journey for Freedom. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002.
Wandiiba, Simiyu. Masinde Muliro: A Biography. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, 1996.
Wanjau, Gakaara wa. Mĩhĩrĩga ya Agĩkũyũ. Karatina: Gakaara Press, 1998 [1960].
Wanjau, Gakaara waMwandĩki wa Mau Mau Ithamĩrio-inĩ. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, 1983.
Wanjau, Gakaara waMau Mau Author in Detention. Nairobi: Heinemann, 1988.
Wanyande, Peter. Joseph Daniel Otiende. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, 2002.
Wanyoike, E. N.An African Pastor: The Life and Work of the Rev. Wanyoike Kamawe, 1888–1970. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1974.
Ward, Kevin. ‘Obedient Rebels: The Relationship Between the Early “Balokole” and the Church of Uganda: The Mukono Crisis of 1941.’ Journal of Religion in Africa 19, no. 3 (1989), 194–227.
Ward, Kevin and Emma Wild-Wood, eds. The East African Revival: History and Legacies. Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2010.
Weiss, Brad. The Making and Unmaking of the Haya Lived World: Consumption, Commodification, and Everyday Practice. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.
Welbourn, F. B.East African Rebels: A Study of Some Independent Churches. London: SCM Press, 1961.
Welbourn, F. B. and B. A. Ogot. A Place to Feel at Home: a Study of Two Independent Churches in Western Kenya. London: Oxford University Press, 1966.
Westgate, T.The Home of the Wagogo.’ Church Missionary Gleaner XXXCI (1909).
Whisson, Michael. ‘The Journeys of the JoRamogi.’ Kampala: East African Institute for Social Research, July 1962.
White, Luise. The Comforts of Home: Prostitution in Colonial Nairobi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
White, LuiseSpeaking with Vampires: Rumor and History in Colonial Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
White, Luise ‘Matrimony and Rebellion: Masculinity in Mau Mau.’ In Men and Masculinities in Modern Africa, edited by Lisa Lindsay and Stephan Miescher, 177–91. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2003.
Willis, Justin. ‘“A Model of its Kind”: Representation and Performance in the Sudan Self-Government Election of 1953.’ Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 35, no. 3 (2007), 485–502.
Wilson, Gordon. Luo Customary Law and Marriage Customs. Nairobi: Republic of Kenya, 1968.
Wiseman, Edith. Kikuyu Martyrs. London: Highway Press, 1958.
Woodson, Dorothy and Derek R. Peterson. ‘A Guide to the Yale University Microfilm Collection of the Gakaara wa Wanjau Papers.’ Unpublished manuscript, 2007.
Wordsworth, Christopher. The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ: In the Original Greek. London: Rivingtons, 1857.
Wrong, Michela. It’s Our Turn to Eat: The Story of a Kenyan Whistle-Blower. New York: HarperCollins, 2009.
Wu, Pei-Yu. The Confucian’s Progress: Autobiographical Writings in Traditional China. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.
Wuodh Jawuoth. Nairobi: Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge, 1943.