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F. Scott Fitzgerald in Context
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Book description

The fiction of F. Scott Fitzgerald serves as a compelling and incisive chronicle of the Jazz Age and Depression Era. This collection explores the degree to which Fitzgerald was in tune with, and keenly observant of, the social, historical and cultural contexts of the 1920s and 1930s. Original essays from forty international scholars survey a wide range of critical and biographical scholarship published on Fitzgerald, examining how it has evolved in relation to critical and cultural trends. The essays also reveal the micro-contexts that have particular relevance for Fitzgerald's work - from the literary traditions of naturalism, realism and high modernism to the emergence of youth culture and prohibition, early twentieth-century fashion, architecture and design, and Hollywood - underscoring the full extent to which Fitzgerald internalized the world around him.

Reviews

'Bryant Mangum’s F. Scott Fitzgerald in Context is the kind of collection we need. Throughout, it reads smoothly and effectively like a literary-cultural biography; its focused, topical essays cover myriad aspects of Fitzgerald’s life, work, and times … any student or teacher-scholar looking to do serious work on Fitzgerald should read this book. … [It] is both rich and versatile …'

Source: The Fitzgerald Review

'Meticulous and impressively broad in scope and context, this collection offers informative yet entertaining insight into virtually every aspect of Fitzgerald's life, work, development and influences …These essays should be required reading for seminar classes featuring Fitzgerald. For that matter, anyone interested in Fitzgerald would do well to read the book in its entirely or choose at random from the interesting offerings … Highly recommended. All readers.'

Source: Choice

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Contents


Page 1 of 2


  • 1 - Biography
    pp 3-15
  • 5 - Literary Influences
    pp 45-55

Page 1 of 2


Further Reading

Biography

Buttitta, T.After the Good Gay Times. New York: Viking, 1974.
Callaghan, M.That Summer in Paris. New York: Coward-McCann, 1963.
Hemingway, E.A Moveable Feast. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1964.
Milford, N.Zelda. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.
Wagner-Martin, L.Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald: An American Life. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Interpreting Fitzgerald’s Ledger

Bruccoli, M. J., S. F. Smith, and J. P. Kerr, eds. The Romantic Egoists. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1974.
Bruccoli, M. J., ed. with assistance of J. M. Atkinson. As Ever Scott Fitz – Letters Between F. Scott Fitzgerald and His Literary Agent Harold Ober 1919–1940. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1972.
Kuehl, J. and J. R. Bryer, eds. Dear Scott/Dear Max: The Fitzgerald – Perkins Correspondence. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1971.

Letters

Bruccoli, M. J., ed. with J. S. Baughman. The Sons of Maxwell Perkins: Letters of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Thomas Wolfe, and Their Editor. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
Decker, W. M.Epistolary Practices: Letter Writing in America Before Telecommunications. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
WheelockJ. H., ed. Editor to Author: The Letters of Maxwell E. Perkins. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1950.

Literary Style

Breitwieser, M.Jazz Fractures: F. Scott Fitzgerald and Epochal Representation,” American Literary History 12 (Autumn 2000): 359–81.
Broun, H. “Books” in M. J. Bruccoli and J. S. Baughman, eds. Conversations with F. Scott Fitzgerald. Oxford, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2003, 3–5.
Bruccoli, M. J.Fitzgerald and Hemingway: A Dangerous Friendship. New York: Carroll & Graff, 1995.
Curnutt, K.The Great Gatsby and the 1920s” in L. Cassuto, C. V. Eby, and B. Reiss, eds. The Cambridge History of the American Novel. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011, 639–52.
Curnutt, K. “The Short Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald: Structure, Narrative Technique, Style” in A. Bendixen and J. Nagel, eds. A Companion to the American Short Story. London: Blackwell, 2010, 295–315.
Curnutt, K. “‘A Unity Less Conventional But Not Less Serviceable’: A Narratological History of Tender Is the Night” in W. Blazek and L. Rattray, eds. Tender Is the Night: New Essays. Liverpool: Liverpool Hope University Press, 2007, 121–42.
Donaldson, S.Hemingway vs. Fitzgerald: The Rise and Fall of a Literary Friendship. New York: Overlook Press, 1999.
Finkelstein, S. “Alienation as a Literary Style: F. Scott Fitzgerald and T. S. Eliot” in Existentialism and Alienation in American Literature. New York: International Publishers, 1965, 172–90.
Ford, E.Rereading F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Authors Who Shaped His Style. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2007.
Garrett, G. “Fire and Freshness: A Matter of Style in The Great Gatsby” in The Sorrows of Fat City: A Selection of Literary Essays and Reviews. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1992, 53–68.
Giltrow, J. and D. Stouck. “Style as Politics in The Great Gatsby,” Studies in the Novel 29 (Winter 1997): 476–90
Horodowich, P. M. “Linguistics and Literary Style: Deriving F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Linguistic Contours” in D. M. Lance and D. E. Gulstad, eds. Papers from the 1977 Mid-America Linguistics Conference. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1978, 461–72.
Phillips, L. W., ed. F. Scott Fitzgerald on Writing. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1986.
Quirk, T.Fitzgerald and Cather: The Great Gatsby,” American Literature 54 (December 1982): 576–91.
Toles, G.The Metaphysics of Style inTender Is the Night,” American Literature 62 (September 1990): 423–44.

Literary Influences

Berman, R. “Reading the Past” in The Great Gatsby and Modern Times. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994. 161–94.
Bloom, H. Introduction in Bloom’s Modern Critical Views: F. Scott Fitzgerald, Updated Edition. New York: Chelsea House, 2006. 1–5.
Bruccoli, M. J. and J. S. Baughman, eds. F. Scott Fitzgerald on Authorship. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1996.
Clayton, J. and E. Rothstein, eds. Influence and Intertextuality in Literary History. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991.
Endres, N.Petronius in West Egg: The Satyricon and The Great Gatsby,” F. Scott Fitzgerald Review 7 (2009): 65–79.
Graham, S.College of One. New York: Viking Press, 1967.
Kuehl, J.Scott Fitzgerald’s Reading,” Princeton University Library Chronicle 22.2 (Winter 1961): 58–89.
McGowan, P. “Reading Fitzgerald Reading Keats” in W. Blazek and L. Rattray, eds. Twenty-First-Century Readings of Tender Is the Night. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007, 204–20.
Miller, J. E.F. Scott Fitzgerald: His Art and His Technique. New York: New York University Press, 1964.

Intellectual Influences

Berman, R.Translating Modernism: Fitzgerald and Hemingway. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2009.
Berman, R.Fitzgerald’s Mentors. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2012.
Curnutt, K.A Historical Guide to F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Dewey, J.The Philosophy of John Dewey. J. J. McDermott, ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.
James, W.The Writings of William James. J. J. McDermott, ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.
Perret, G.America in the Twenties. New York: Touchstone, 1982.
Prigozy, R., ed. The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Santayana, G.The Essential Santayana. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2009.
Whitehead, A. N.Science and the Modern World. New York: Macmillan, 1953.

Contemporary Critical Reception

Bruccoli, M. J.Some Sort of Epic Grandeur: The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald. 2nd rev. ed. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2002.
Bruccoli, M. J. and J. R. Bryer, eds. F. Scott Fitzgerald in His Own Time: A Miscellany. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1971.
Bryer, J. R.The Critical Reputation of F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Bibliographical Study. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1967.
Bryer, J. R.The Critical Reputation of F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Bibliographical Study – Supplement One Through 1981. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1984.
Bryer, J. R. “F. Scott Fitzgerald” in J. R. Bryer, ed. Sixteen Modern American Authors: A Survey of Research and Criticism. New York: W. W. Norton, 1973, 277–321.
Bryer, J. R., ed. F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Critical Reception. New York: Burt Franklin, 1978.
Claridge, H.F. Scott Fitzgerald: Critical Assessments. 4 vols. Robertsbridge, UK: Helm, 1991.
Curnutt, K.The Cambridge Introduction to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Mizener, A.The Far Side of Paradise: A Biography of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Rev. ed. New York: Vintage, 1959.
Tanselle, G. T. and J. R. Bryer. “The Great Gatsby: A Study in Literary Reputation,” New Mexico Quarterly 33.4 (1963–64): 409–25.

The Fitzgerald Revival

Berman, R.The Great Gatsby and Fitzgerald’s World of Ideas. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1997.
Berman, R.The Great Gatsby and Modern Times. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994.
Bruccoli, M. J.Some Sort of Epic Grandeur: The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Rev. ed. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1994.
Bryer, J. R.The Critical Reputation of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1967.
Bryer, J. R.F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Critical Reception. New York: Burt Franklin, 1978.
Bryer, J. R.The Critical Reputation of F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Bibliographical Study – Supplement One Through 1981. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1984.
Bryer, J. R., ed. F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Critical Reception. New York: Burt Franklin, 1978.
Cowley, M.Exile’s Return: A Literary Odyssey of the 1920s (1924). New York: Penguin, 1976.
Cowley, M.The Fitzgerald Revival, 1941–1953,” Fitzgerald/Hemingway Annual 6 (1974): 11–13.
Cowley, M.A Second Flowering: Works and Days of the Lost Generation. New York: Viking, 1973.
Fitzgerald, F. S.The Crack-Up. E. Wilson, ed. New York: New Directions, 1945.
Graham, S.College of One. New York: Viking, 1967.
Graham, S. with G. Frank, Beloved Infidel. New York: Henry Holt, 1958.
Hemingway, E.A Moveable Feast. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1964.
Kazan, A.F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Man and His Work (1951). New York: Collier Books, 1967.
Mayfield, S.Exiles from Paradise: Zelda and Scott Fitzgerald. New York: Delacorte Press, 1971.
Mellow, J. R.Invented Lives: F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.
Meyers, J.F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Biography. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.
Milford, N.Zelda: A Biography. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.
Mizener, A.The Far Side of Paradise: A Biography of F. Scott Fitzgerald (1951). Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1959.
Parker, D., ed. The Portable F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: Viking Press, 1945.
Prigozy, Ruth. F. Scott Fitzgerald: An Illustrated Life. London and New York: Penguin and Overlook Press, 2002.
Prigozy, Ruth. “Fitzgerald and Hemingway: A Matter of Measurement,” Commonweal 95 (October 29, 1971): 103–09.
PrigozyR., ed. The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald. London: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Schulberg, B.The Disenchanted. New York: Random House, 1950.
Schulberg, B.The Four Seasons of Success. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1972.
Tompkins, C.Living Well Is the Best Revenge. New York: Viking, 1971.
Turnbull, A.Scott Fitzgerald. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1962.
Wakefield, D.New York in the Fifties. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992.

Buffalo and Syracuse, New York

P. L. Bernstein. Wedding of the Waters: The Erie Canal and the Making of a Great Nation. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2005.
Connors, D. J.Crossroads in Time: An Illustrated History of Syracuse. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2006.
Dreishpoon, D., ed. The Long Curve: 150 Years of Visionary Collecting at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery. Milan: Skira, 2011.
Dunn, E. T.Buffalo’s Delaware Avenue: Mansions and Families. Buffalo, NY: Canisius College Press, 2003.
Goldman, M.City on the Edge: Buffalo, New York. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2007.
Logan, M. K.Narrating Africa: George Henty and the Fiction of Empire. New York: Garland Publishing, 1999.
Miller, S.The President and the Assassin: McKinley, Terror, and Empire at the Dawn of the American Century. New York: Random House, 2011.
Rydell, R. W.All the World’s a Fair: Visions of Empire at American International Expositions, 1876–1919. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1984.
Spaulding, K. L., ed. Masterworks at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1999.
Wilson, E.Upstate: Records and Recollections of Northern New York. London: Macmillan, 1971.

St. Paul, Minnesota, St. Paul Academy, and the St. Paul Academy Now and Then

Butwin, D.In the Days of the Ice Palace,” Saturday Review 55 (January 29, 1972): 55–56.
Donaldson, S. “St. Paul Boy” in H. L. Weatherby and G. Core, eds. Place in American Fiction: Excursions and Explorations. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2004.
Flandrau, G. H.Being Respectable. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1923.
Hampl, P. Introduction in P. Hampl and D. Page, eds. The St. Paul Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald. St. Paul, MN: Borealis, 2004.
Irish, C.The Myth of Success in Fitzgerald’s Boyhood,” Studies in American Fiction 1 (1973): 176–87.
Jacobson, M. F.Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigration and the Alchemy of Race. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998.
Kriel, Margot. “Fitzgerald in St. Paul: People Who Knew Him Reminisce” in proceedings of the University of Minnesota Conference on F. Scott Fitzgerald: St. Paul’s Native Son and Distinguished American Writer, October 29–31, 1982, University of Minnesota.
Page, D. and J. Koblas. F. Scott Fitzgerald in Minnesota: Toward the Summit. St. Cloud, MN: North Star Press, 1996.

A Catholic Boyhood: The Newman School, the Newman News, and Cyril Sigourney Webster Fay

Allen, J. M.Candles and Carnival Lights: The Catholic Sensibility of F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: New York University, 1978.
Karabel, J.The Chosen: The Hidden History of Admission and Exclusion at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.
Kimmel, M.Manhood in America. New York: Free Press, 1996.
Marsden, D.The Long Kickline: A History of the Princeton Triangle Club. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968.
Rotundo, E. A.American Manhood: Transformations in Masculinity from the Revolution to the Modern Era. New York: Basic Books, 1993.

Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University, and the Nassau Literary Magazine

Fitzgerald, F. S.The Apprentice Fiction of F. Scott Fitzgerald, 1909–1917. J. Kuehl, ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1965.
Meyers, J.Scott Fitzgerald: A Biography. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.
Mizener, A.The Far Side of Paradise: A Biography of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1951.
West, J. L. W. IIIThe Perfect Hour: The Romance of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ginevra King, His First Love. New York: Random House, 2005.

World War I

Bremer, S. H.American Dreams and American Cities in Three Post-World War Novels,” South Atlantic Quarterly 79 (1980): 274–85.
Dyer, G. “The Missing of the Somme” in J. Hannah, ed. The Great War Reader. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2000, 16–21.
Harries, M. and S. Harries. The Last Days of Innocence: America at War, 1917–1918. New York: Random House, 1997.
von Clausewitz, C.On War. M. Howard and P. Paret, eds. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976.
Winter, J.Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning: The Great War in European Cultural History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Zieger, R. H.America’s Great War: World War I and the American Experience. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.

Zelda in the Shadows

Anderson, W. R.Rivalry and Partnership: The Short Fiction of Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald,” Fitzgerald/Hemingway Annual 9 (1977): 19–42.
Courbin-Tavernier, J.Art as Women’s Response and Search: Zelda Fitzgerald’s Save Me the Waltz,” Southern Liberty Journal 11.2 (Spring 1979): 22–42.
Harnett, K. S.Zelda Fitzgerald and the Failure of the American Dream for Women. New York: Lang, 1991.
Hudgins, A.Zelda Sayre in Montgomery,” Southern Review 20 (1984): 882–84.
Nanney, L. “Zelda Fitzgerald’s Save Me the Waltz as Southern Novel and Kunstlerroman” in C. S. Manning, ed. The Female Tradition in Southern Literature. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993, 220–32.
Petry, A. H. “Women’s Work: The Case of Zelda Fitzgerald,” LIT 1 (Dec. 1989): 69–83.
Wagner-Martin, L.Save Me the Waltz”: An Assessment in Craft,” Journal of Narrative Technique 12 (Fall 1982): 201–09.

Fitzgerald’s Southern Narrative: The Tarleton, Georgia Stories

Fulkerson, T. N.Ibsen in ‘The Ice Palace,’” Fitzgerald/Hemingway Annual 11 (1979): 169–71.
Gervais, R. J.A Miracle of Rare Device: Fitzgerald’s ‘The Ice Palace,’Notes on Modern American Literature 5 (Summer 1981), Item 21.
Mangum, B.A Fortune Yet: Money in the Art of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Short Stories. New York: Garland, 1991. 32–33; 42–43; 48–49; 119–20.
Moses, E.F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Quest to the Ice Place,” CEA Critic 36 (January 1974): 11–14.
Seidel, K. L.The Southern Belle in the American Novel. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida Press, 1985.
Sklar, R.The Last Laocoön. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967. 87–88.
Zeitz, J.Flapper. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2006.

American Literary Realism

Baker, C. R. “F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby” in J. Parini, ed. American Writers Classics, II. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2004, 109–24.
Barron, J. N. “Teaching Regionalism and Class in The Great Gatsby” in J. R. Bryer and N. P. VanArsdale, eds. Approaches to Teaching Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2009, 59–67.
Berman, R.The Great Gatsby and the Twenties” in R. Prigozy, ed. The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 79–94.
Bryer, J. R. and N. P. VanArsdale, eds. Approaches to Teaching Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: The Modern Language Association, 2009.
Chambers, J. B.The Novels of F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989.
Coleman, D.‘A World Complete in Itself’: Gatsby’s Elegiac Narration,” Journal of Narrative Technique 27.2 (1997): 207–33.
Curnutt, K. “All That Jazz: Defining Modernity and Milieu in The Great Gatsby” in J. R. Bryer. and N. P. VanArsdale, eds. Approaches to Teaching Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: The Modern Language Association, 2009, 41–49.
DeForest, J. W.The Great American Novel,” Nation 6 (January 9, 1868): 27–29.
Donaldson, S.Critical Essays on Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1984.
Donaldson, S. “The Trouble with Nick” in S. Donaldson, ed. Critical Essays on Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall, 1984, 131–39.
Eble, K.F. Scott Fitzgerald. Boston: Twayne, 1977.
Hays, P. L. “Enough Guilt to Go Around: Teaching Fitzgerald’s Lesson in Morality” in J. R. Bryer and N. P. VanArsdale, eds. Approaches to Teaching Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2009, 169–74.
James, P. “Teaching The Great Gatsby in the Context of World War I” in S. Donaldson, ed. Critical Essays on Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1984, 32–39.
Kunz, H. M. “Symmetry Versus Asymmetry: Structuring The Great Gatsby” in J. R. Bryer and N. P. VanArsdale, eds. Approaches to Teaching Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2009, 119–25.
Lehan, R. The Great Gatsby: The Limits of Wonder. Boston: Twayne, 1990.
Long, R. E.The Achieving of The Great Gatsby. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 1979.
Nowlin, M. “Teaching the Racial Subtext of The Great Gatsby” in J. R. Bryer and N. P. VanArsdale, eds. Approaches to Teaching Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2009, 50–59.
Phelan, J. “Rhetoric and Ethics in The Great Gatsby; or, Fabula, Progression, and the Functions of Nick Carraway” in J. R. Bryer and N. P. VanArsdale, eds. Approaches to Teaching Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2009, 99–110.
VanArsdale, N. P. Introduction in J. R. Bryer and N. P. VanArsdale, eds. Approaches to Teaching Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: The Modern Language Association, 2009, 27–31.

Naturalism and High Modernism

Berman, R.F. Scott Fitzgerald, Gerald Murphy, and the New Arts,” F. Scott Fitzgerald Review 7 (2009): 127–41.
Berman, R. The Great Gatsby and Modern Times. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994.
Hutchinson, B.Modernism and Style. New York: Palgrave, 2011.
Kenner, H.A Homemade World: The American Modernist Writers. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975.
Miller, J. E.F. Scott Fitzgerald: His Art and His Technique. New York: New York University Press, 1964.
Nowlin, M.F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Racial Angles and the Business of Literary Greatness. New York: Palgrave, 2007.
Piper, H. D. F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Critical Portrait. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1965.
Sklar, R.F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Last Laocoön. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Avant-Garde Trends

Berman, R.F. Scott Fitzgerald, Gerald Murphy, and the New Arts,” F. Scott Fitzgerald Review 7 (2009): 127–41.
Berman, R.F. Scott Fitzgerald, Gerald Murphy, and the Practice of Modernism,” F. Scott Fitzgerald Review 6 (2007–2008): 145–53.
Berman, R.Fitzgerald, Hemingway, and the Twenties. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2001.
Berman, R.The Great Gatsby and Modern Times. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1994.
Corn, W. M. “Chapter Two: An American in Paris” in The Great American Thing: Modern Art and National Identity, 1915–1935. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Miller, L. P., ed. Letters from the Lost Generation: Gerald and Sara Murphy and Friends. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2002.
Miller, L. P., “Gerald Murphy in Letters, Literature and Life” in Debra Rothschild, ed. Making It New: The Art and Style of Sara and Gerald Murphy. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007. 143–63.
Moreland, Kim. “Gerald Murphy, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Dick Diver, The Artist’s Vocation,” Journal of Modern Literature 23 (1999–2000): 357–63.
Rothschild, Deborah, ed. Making It New: The Art and Style of Sara and Gerald Murphy. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007.
Rubin, W. The Paintings of Gerald Murphy. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1974.
Vaill, A. Everybody Was So Young: Gerald and Sara Murphy: A Lost Generation Love Story. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998.

Prohibition in the Age of Jazz

Behr, E.Prohibition: Thirteen Years that Changed History. New York: Arcade Publishing, 2011.
Burns, K. and L. Novick, dirs. Prohibition. PBS, 2011. DVD.
Coffey, T. M.The Long Thirst: Prohibition in America, 1920–1933. New York: W. W. Norton, 1975.
Drowne, K.Spirits of Defiance: National Prohibition and Jazz Age Literature, 1920–1933. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, 2009.
Kobler, J.Ardent Spirits: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. Boston: DaCapo Press, 1993.
Okrent, D.Last Call: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2010.
Slavicek, L. C.The Prohibition Era: Temperance in the United States. New York: Chelsea House, 2008.

Class Differences in Fitzgerald’s Work

Berman, R.The Great Gatsby and Modern Times. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.
Marchand, R.Advertising the American Dream: Making Way for Modernity, 1920–1940. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.
Tichi, C.Shifting Gears: Technology, Literature, Culture in Modernist America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1987.
Way, B.F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Art of Social Fiction. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1980.

Ethnic Stereotyping

Abramson, E. A.Aliens, Stereotypes, and Social Change: The Jews and Hollywood in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Fiction,” Studies in American Jewish Literature 24 (2005): 116–36.
Forrey, R.Negroes in the Fiction of F. Scott Fitzgerald,” Phylon 28.3 (1967): 293–98.
Gidley, M.Notes on F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Passing of the Great Race,” Journal of American Studies 7.2 (1973): 171–81.
Gross, B. and E. Fretz. “What Fitzgerald Thought of Jews: Resisting Type in ‘The Hotel Child’” in J. Bryer, ed. New Essays of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Neglected Short Stories. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1996, 189–205.
Higham, J.Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism 1860–1925. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1988.
Joshi, S.T.Documents of American Prejudice: An Anthology of Writings on Race from Thomas Jefferson to David Duke. New York: Basic Books, 1999.
Margolies, A.The Maturing of F. Scott Fitzgerald,” Twentieth-Century Literature 43.1 (1997): 75–93.
Michaels, W. B.Our America: Nativism, Modernism, and Pluralism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.
Nies, B. L.Eugenic Fantasies: Racial Ideology in the Literature and Popular Culture of the 1920’s. New York: Routledge, 2002.
Nowlin, M.F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Racial Angles and the Business of Literary Greatness. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Rohrkemper, J.Becoming White: Race and Ethnicity in The Great Gatsby,” Midwestern Miscellany 31 (Fall 2003): 22–31.
Schreier, B.Desire’s Second Act: ‘Race’ and The Great Gatsby’s Cynical Americanism,” Twentieth-Century American Literature 53.2 (2007): 153–80.
Turlish, Lewis A.The Rising Tide of Color: A Note on the Historicism of The Great Gatsby,” American Literature 43.3 (1971): 442–44.

Gender in the Jazz Age

Douglas, A.The Feminization of American Culture (1977). New York: Knopf, 1988.
Grant, J.A ‘Real Boy’ and Not a Sissy: Gender, Childhood, and Masculinity 1890–1940,” Journal of Social History 37.4 (Summer 2004): 829–51.
Rotundo, E. A.American Manhood. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.

Postwar Flappers

Fryer, S. B.Fitzgerald’s New Women: Harbingers of Change. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1988.
Gourley, C.Flappers and the New American Woman: Perceptions of Women from 1918 Through the 1920s. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books, 2008.
Latham, A. J.Posing a Threat: Flappers, Chorus Girls, and Other Brazen Performers of the American 1920s. Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press, 2000.
Matthews, J. V.The Rise of the New Woman: The Women’s Movement in America, 1875–1930. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee Publishers, 2003.
Prigozy, R. “Fitzgerald’s Flappers and Flapper Films of the Jazz Age: Behind the Morality” in Kirk Curnutt, ed. A Historical Guide to F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Sagert, K. B.Flappers: A Guide to an American Subculture. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC- CLIO/Greenwood, 2010.
Sanderson, R. “Women in Fitzgerald’s Fiction” in Ruth Prigozy, ed. The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Stevenson, E. “Flappers and Some Who Were Not Flappers” in L. R. Broer and J. D. Walther, eds. Dancing Fools and Weary Blues: The Great Escape of the Twenties. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Press, 1990.
Yellis, K. A.Prosperity’s Child: Some Thoughts on the Flapper,” American Quarterly 2.1 (1969): 44–64.
Zeitz, J.Flapper: A Madcap Story of Sex, Style, Celebrity, and the Women Who Made America Modern. New York: Crown Publishers, 2006.

Youth Culture

Allen, F. L.Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the Nineteen-Twenties. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1931.
Campbell, N., ed. The Radiant Hour: Versions of Youth in American Culture. Exeter, Devon, UK: University of Exeter Press, 2000.
Curnutt, K. “Youth Culture and the Spectacle of Waste: This Side of Paradise and The Beautiful and Damned” in R. Prigozy, J. R. Bryer, and M. Stern, eds. F. Scott Fitzgerald in the 21st Century. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2003, 79–103.
Fass, P. S.The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920’s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.
Graff, H. J.Growing Up in America: Historical Experiences. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987.
Hawes, J. M.Children Between the Wars: American Childhood 1920–1940. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1997. 49.
Shannon, David A.Between the Wars: America, 1919–1941. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1979. 109.

American Expatriates in France

Allen, F. L.Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the Nineteen-Twenties (1931). New York: Harper Perennial, 1992.
Bougault, V.Paris Montparnasse: A l’heure de l’art moderne 1910–1940. Paris: Terrail, 1996.
Bradbury, M, ed. The Atlas of Literature. London: De Agostini, 1996.
Bruccoli, M. J.Some Sort of Epic Grandeur: The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald. London: Cardinal, 1991.
Bruccoli, M. J.Fitzgerald and Hemingway: A Dangerous Friendship. London: André Deutsch, 1995.
Clébert, J-P.La Littérature à Paris: L’Histoire, les lieux, la vie littéraire. Paris: Larousse, 1999.
Fitzgerald, F. S.The Letters of F. Scott Fitzgerald (1963). A. Turnbull, ed. London: The Bodley Head, 1964.
Fitzgerald, F. S. “How to Live on Practically Nothing a Year” in Afternoon of an Author. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1968. 100–16.
Fitzgerald, F. S.Tender Is the Night (1934). New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1982.
Hemingway, E.A Moveable Feast. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1964.
Hemingway, E.The Sun Also Rises (1926). New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1970.
Kennedy, G. and J. R. Bryer, eds. French Connections: Hemingway and Fitzgerald Abroad. London: Macmillan, 1998.
Moore, L.Anything Goes: A Biography of the Roaring Twenties. London: Atlantic Books, 2008.
Soutif, D., ed. Le Siècle du Jazz. Paris: Flammarion, 2009.
Stein, G.Paris France (1940). London: Peter Owen, 2003.
Tomkins, C.Living Well Is the Best Revenge (1962). New York: New American Library, 1972.
Vaill, A.Everybody Was So Young. Gerald and Sara Murphy: A Lost Generation Story. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1998.

Popular Literary Tastes

Berman, R. “The Great Gatsby and the Twenties” in R. Prigozy, ed. The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 79–94.
Bradbury, M.The American Novel and the Nineteen Twenties. London: Edward Arnold, 1971.
Brickell, H.The Literary Landscape,” The North American Review 230.5 (November 1930): 628–38.
Carter, P. A.Another Part of the Twenties. Columbia University Press, 1977.
Cowley, M.Exile’s Return: A Literary Odyssey of the 1920s. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1994.
Cowley, M.The Literary Situation. New York: The Viking Press, 1955.
Goldberg, D. J.Rethinking the 1920s: Historians and Changing Perspectives,” Magazine of History 21.3 (July 2007): 7–10.
Leavis, Q. D.Fiction and the Reading Public. London: Chatto & Windus, 1932.
Prigozy, R., ed. The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Radway, J.A Feeling for Books: The Book-of-the-Month Club, Literary Taste, and Middle-Class Desire. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
Snowman, D.America Since 1920. London: Heinemann, 1978.
Tanselle, G. T.The Historiography of American Literary Publishing,” Studies in Bibliography 18 (1965): 3–39.

Magazines

Allen, F. L.Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the Nineteen-Twenties. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1931.
Cohn, J.Creating America: George Horace Lorimer and The Saturday Evening Post. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1989.
Fitzgerald, F. S.The Short Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald: A New Collection. M. J. Bruccoli, ed. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1989.
Kuehl, J.F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Study of the Short Fiction. Boston: Twayne, 1991.
Mangum, B.A Fortune Yet: Money in the Art of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Short Stories. New York: Garland, 1991.
Mencken, H. L.H. L. Mencken’s Smart Set Criticism. W. H. Nolte, ed. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1968.
West, J. L. W. III “Fitzgerald and Esquire” in J. R. Bryer, ed. The Short Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald: New Approaches in Criticism. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1982, 149–66.
Zeitz, J.Flapper: A Madcap Story of Sex, Style, Celebrity, and the Women Who Made America Modern. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2006.

Broadway Melodies

Booth, M.The Experience of Songs. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983.
Bordman, G.American Musical Comedy, From Adonis to Dreamgirls. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Breitwieser, M.Jazz Fractures: F. Scott Fitzgerald and Epochal Representation,” American Literary History 12 (Autumn 2000): 359–81.
Erenberg, L.Steppin’ Out: New York Nightlife and the Transformation of American Culture, 1890–1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.
Ewen, D.The Life and Death of Tin Pan Alley: The Golden Age of American Popular Music. New York: Funk and Wagnall, 1964.
Frith, S.Performing Rites: On the Value of Popular Music. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
Furia, P. The Poets of Tin Pan Alley: A History of America’s Great Lyricists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Graham, T. A.The Literary Soundtrack: Or, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Heard and Unheard Melodies,” American Literary History 21.3 (Fall 2009): 518–49.
Henson, K. Beyond the Sound Barrier: The Jazz Controversy in Twentieth Century American Fiction. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Moreland, K. “Music in The Great Gatsby and The Great Gatsby as Music” in M. J. Meyer, ed. Literature and Musical Adaptation. Amsterdam: Rodope, 2002.
Savran, D.Highbrow/Lowdown: Theater, Jazz, and the Making of the New Middle Class. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2009.
Seldes, G.The 7 Lively Arts: The Classic Appraisal of the Popular Arts (1924). Mineola, NY: Dover, 2001.

Stage and Screen Entertainment

Berman, R.Fitzgerald, Hemingway, and the Twenties. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2001.
Curnutt, K.A Historical Guide to F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Gilbert, D.American Vaudeville: Its Life and Times. New York: McGraw Hill, 1940.
Prigozy, R.The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Quirk, T.Bergson and American Culture: The Worlds of Willa Cather and Wallace Stevens. Chapel Hill, NC: The University North Carolina Press, 1990.

Consumer Culture and Advertising

Balkun, M. M.The American Counterfeit: Authenticity and Identity in American Literature and Culture. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2006.
Barrett, L.From Wonderland to Wasteland: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, The Great Gatsby, and the New American Fairy Tale,” Papers on Language & Literature 42.2 (2006): 150–80.
Barrett, L.‘Material Without Being Real’: Photography and the End of Reality in The Great Gatsby,” Studies in the Novel 30.4 (1998): 540–47.
Berman, R.The Great Gatsby and Fitzgerald’s World of Ideas. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1997.
Bicknell, J. W. “The Waste Land of F. Scott Fitzgerald” in K. Eble, ed. F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1973, 67–80.
Bryer, J. R. “F. Scott Fitzgerald, 1896–1940: A Brief Biography” in K. Curnutt, ed. A Historical Guide to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. 21–46.
del Gizzo, S. “Within and Without: F. Scott Fitzgerald and American Consumer Culture” in D. Noble, ed. Critical Insights: F. Scott Fitzgerald. Pasadena: Salem P, 2011. 34–54.
Donaldson, S.Possessions in The Great Gatsby,” The Southern Review 37.2 (2001): 187–210.
Douglass, A.Terrible Honesty: Mongrel Manhattan in the 1920s. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1995.
Fitzgerald, F. S.F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Ledger: A Facsimile. M. J. Bruccoli, ed. Washington: Bruccoli Clark/NCR, 1973.
Fitzgerald, F. S.A Life in Letters. M. J. Bruccoli, ed. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1994.
Fussell, E. S.Fitzgerald’s Brave New World,” ELH 19 (1952): 291–306.
Grenberg, B. L. “Fitzgerald’s ‘Crack-up’ Essays Revisited: Fictions of the Self, Mirrors for a Nation” in J. R. Bryer, A. Margolies, and R. Prigozy, eds. F. Scott Fitzgerald: New Perspectives. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2000: 203–15.
Mangum, B.A Fortune Yet: Money in the Art of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Short Stories. New York: Garland, 1991.
Marchand, R.Advertising the American Dream: Making Way for Modernity, 1920–1940. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
Nowlin, M.F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Racial Angles and the Business of Literary Greatness. New York: Palgrave, 2007.
Posnock, R. “‘A New World, Material Without Being Real’: Fitzgerald’s Critique of Capitalism in The Great Gatsby” in S. Donaldson, ed. Critical Essays on F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. New York: G. K. Hall, 1984, 201–13.
Rule-Maxwell, L.The New Emperor’s Clothes: Keatsian Echoes and American Materialism in The Great Gatsby,” F. Scott Fitzgerald Review 8.1 (2010): 57–78.
Veblen, T.Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study in the Evolution of Institutions. New York: Macmillan, 1899.
West, J. L. W. III “F. Scott Fitzgerald, Professional Author” in K. Curnutt, ed. A Historical Guide to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2004, 49–68.

Fashion

Breward, C.The Culture of Fashion: A New History of Fashionable Dress. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1995.
Driscoll, C.Modernist Cultural Studies. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2010. 140–62.
Herald, J.Fashions of a Decade: The 1920s. New York: Facts on File, 1991.
McEvoy, A.Costume and Fashion Source Books: The 1920s and 1930s. New York: Chelsea House, 2009.
Peacock, J.Fashion Sourcebook: The 1920s. London: Thames and Hudson, 1997.

Transportation

Armstrong, T.Modernism, Technology, and the Body: A Cultural Study. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Echevarría, L. G.The Automobile as a Central Symbol in F. Scott Fitzgerald,” Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses 6 (1993): 73–78.
Faith, N.The World the Railways Made. London: Bodley Head, 1990.
Flink, J. J.The Automobile Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988.
Flink, J. J.The Car Culture. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1975.
Gartman, D.Auto Opium: A Social History of American Automobile Design. New York: Routledge, 1994.
McShane, C.Down the Asphalt Path: The Automobile and the American City. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
O’Meara, L.Medium of Exchange: The Blue Coupé Dialogue in The Great Gatsby,” Papers in Language and Literature 30 (1994): 73–87.
Scharff, V.Taking the Wheel: Women and the Coming of the Motor Age. New York: Free Press, 1991.
Seltzer, M.Bodies and Machines. New York: Routledge, 1992.
Thacker, A.Traffic, Gender, Modernism,” Sociological Review 54 (2006): 175–89.
Tichi, C.Shifting Gears: Technology, Literature, Culture in Modernist America. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Parties

Donnelly, H. M.Sara and Gerald: Villa America and After. New York: Crown Publishing, 1983.
Okrent, D. Last Call: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2010.
Taylor, D. J.Bright Young People: The Lost Generation of London’s Jazz Age. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2009.
Tomkins, C. Living Well Is the Best Revenge. New York: Random House, 1998.
Walker, S. The Night Club Era. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Architecture and Design

DavidP. H.American Architecture. London: Thames & Hudson, 1985.
Gelernter, M.A History of American Architecture: Buildings in Their Cultural and Technological Context. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1999.
Hitchcock, H. R. and E. Kaufmann. The Rise of an American Architecture. New York: Praeger, 1970.
Jenkins, V. S.A Green Velvety Carpet: The Front Lawn in America,” Journal of Popular Culture 17.3 (Fall 1994): 43–7
Loth, C. and J. Trousdale, Jr. The Only Proper Style: Gothic Architecture in America. Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1975.
McCarter, R.Frank Lloyd Wright. London: Reaktion, 2006.
McMullen, B. S. “‘This Tremendous Detail’: The Oxford Stone in the House of Gatsby” in J. Assadi and W. Freedman, eds. A Distant Drummer: Foreign Perspectives on F. Scott. New York: Peter Lang, 2007, 11–20.
Teyssot, G., ed. The American Lawn. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.
Wilson, C. and P. Grath. Everyday America: Cultural Landscape Studies after J. B. Jackson. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003.

The Crash and the Aftermath

De Brunhoff, S.Marx on Money. J. Goldbloom, trans. New York: Urizen Books, 1976.
Debord, G.The Society of the Spectacle. D. Nicholson-Smith, trans. New York: Zone Books, 1995.
Harvey, D. “Money, Credit, and Finance” and “Financial Capital and its Contradictions” in Limits to Capital. London: Verso, 2006. 239–82; 283–329.
Haug, W.Critique of Commodity Aesthetics. R. Bock, trans. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 1986.
Marx, K. “Commodities and Money” in Capital. Volume 1. B. Fowkes, trans. Harmondsworth, UK:Penguin, 1976. 125–244.
Zizek, S.The Sublime Object of Ideology. London: Verso, 1988.

Fitzgerald and the Great Depression

Breidlid, A., et al., eds. American Culture: An Anthology of Civilization Texts. London: Routledge, 1996.
Bruccoli, M. J., ed. Scott Fitzgerald: A Life in Letters. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1994.
Bruccoli, M. J. and J. S. Baughman, eds. Conversations with F. Scott Fitzgerald. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2004.
Cowley, M.Exile’s Return: A Literary Odyssey of the 1920s. London: The Bodley Head, 1951.
Fitzgerald, F. S.The Price was High: Volume 1 of the Last Uncollected Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald. M. J. Bruccoli, ed. London: Picador, 1981.
Fitzgerald, F. S.The Crack-Up with Other Pieces and Stories. London: Penguin, 1971.
Fitzgerald, F. S.F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Ledger: A Facsimile. M. J. Bruccoli, ed. Washington: Bruccoli Clark/NCR, 1972.
Geismar, M.Writers in Crisis: The American Novel 1925–1940. New York: Hill and Wang, 1961.
Gervais, R. J. “The Socialist and the Silk Stockings: Fitzgerald’s Double Allegiance” in H. Bloom, ed. Modern Critical Views: F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York: Chelsea House, 1985, 167–80.
Hemingway, E. “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place,” The First Forty-Nine Stories. London: Cape, 1964.
Hemingway, E.A Moveable Feast. London: Cape, 1964.
Kazin, A.Writing Was Everything. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.
Kuehl, J.F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Study of the Short Fiction. Boston: Twayne, 1991.
Milford, N.Zelda Fitzgerald. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1970.
Prigozy, R. “Fitzgerald’s Short Stories and the Depression: An Artistic Crisis” in J. R. Bryer, ed. The Short Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Madison, WI: Wisconsin University Press, 1982, 111–26.
Sklar, R.F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Last Laocoön. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1969.
Turnbull, A., ed. The Letters of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1968.
Welland, D. “The Language of American Fiction Between the Wars” in Marcus Cunliffe, ed. American Literature Since 1900. London: Barrie and Jenkins, 1975, 48–72.

Writers in Hollywood

Cerasulo, T.Authors Out Here: Fitzgerald, West, Parker and Schulberg in Hollywood. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2010.
Dardis, T.Some Time in the Sun: The Hollywood Years of Fitzgerald, Faulkner, Nathanael West, Aldous Huxley and James Agee. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1976.
Fine, R.West of Eden: Writers in Hollywood, 1928–1940. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.
Hamilton, I.Writers in Hollywood, 1915–1951. New York: Harper & Row, 1990.
Latham, A.Crazy Sundays: F. Scott Fitzgerald in Hollywood. New York: Viking Press, 1971.
Rhodes, C. Politics, Desire and the Hollywood Novel. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press, 2008.
Schulberg, B. The Four Seasons of Success. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1972.

The Golden Age of Hollywood

Bruccoli, M. J., S. F. Smith, and J. P. Kerr, eds. The Romantic Egoists: A Pictorial Autobiography From the Scrapbooks and Albums of F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2003.
Crafton, D.The Talkies: American Cinema’s Transition to Sound, 1926–1931. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999.
Dardis, T.Some Time in the Sun. London: André Deutsch, 1976.
Margolies, A. “Fitzgerald and Hollywood” in R. Prigozy, ed. The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Shipman, D. The Story of Cinema. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1982.
Sklar, R.Movie-Made America: A Social History of American Movies. Rev. ed. New York: Vintage, 1994.
Thompson, K. and D. Bordwell, eds. Film History: An Introduction. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003.

The Gossip Columnist

Eells, G.Hedda and Louella. New York: Putnam, 1972.
Graham, S.College of One: The Story of How F. Scott Fitzgerald Educated the Woman He Loved. New York: Bantam, 1967.
Graham, S.The Real F. Scott Fitzgerald: Thirty-five Years Later. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1976.
Graham, S.Confessions of a Hollywood Columnist. New York: Bantam, 1969.
Parsons, L.The Gay Illiterate. New York: Doubleday, 1944.
Parsons, L.Tell It To Louella. New York: Putnam, 1961.

Heroes in Hollywood

Berg, A. S.Goldwyn: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1989.
Didion, J. “In Hollywood” in The White Album. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1979.
Latham, A.Crazy Sundays: F. Scott Fitzgerald in Hollywood. New York: Viking, 1971.
Selznick, D. O.Memo from David O. Selznick. Rudy Behlme, ed. New York: Viking Press, 1972.
Sklar, R.Movie-Made America: A Social History of American Movies (1975). Rev. ed. New York: Vintage, 1994.