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Family Life in the Ottoman Mediterranean
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    Family Life in the Ottoman Mediterranean
    • Online ISBN: 9780511989605
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9780511989605
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Book description

In writings about Islam, women and modernity in the Middle East, family and religion are frequently invoked but rarely historicized. Based on a wide range of local sources spanning two centuries (1660–1860), Beshara B. Doumani argues that there is no such thing as the Muslim or Arab family type that is so central to Orientalist, nationalist, and Islamist narratives. Rather, one finds dramatic regional differences, even within the same cultural zone, in the ways that family was understood, organized, and reproduced. In his comparative examination of the property devolution strategies and gender regimes in the context of local political economies, Doumani offers a groundbreaking examination of the stories and priorities of ordinary people and how they shaped the making of the modern Middle East.

Reviews

'Beshara Doumani’s Family Life in the Ottoman Mediterranean is a mature work built on painstaking scholarship that breaks conventions in both family and legal history; moreover, it covers a period for which documentation is difficult and historiographic cliché abundant. Doumani combines control of juridical doctrine (the rules of the game) with longitudinal case material from the shariʿa court records to describe contrasting patterns of family life and property devolution in two major provincial towns - Tripoli and Nablus. The research tackles radical questions: how to explain major divergence in patterns of women’s entitlement under the same legal tradition, and how to document and to conceptualize political economies of family-property in such a way as to explain real difference under the law?'

Martha Mundy - Professor Emeritus, London School of Economics and Political Science

'In his superb social history of the differing property strategies pursued by Muslim families in contrasting Levantine settings, Beshara Doumani, our leading reader of the essential sources - the litigation records, wills and contracts preserved in the registers of the shariʿa courts - addresses pre-modern forms of estate planning based on the venerable Islamic legal institution of the private, or family endowment, and also makes important new observations concerning the agency of women.'

Brinkley Messick - Columbia  University, New York

'Brilliantly capturing the determined will of women to master their own fate, control family property, and live comfortable lives, Beshara Doumani’s comparative study of waqf and property devolution in Nablus and Tripoli from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries breaks through court cases to reveal how micro struggles over kinship and power expose the macro foundations of law and society of that period - and lay the foundation for the tools of modern state governance.'

Suad Joseph - Distinguished Professor, University of California, Davis

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.


David Powers , “Kadijustiz or Qadi-Justice? A Paternity Dispute from Fourteenth-Century Morocco,” Islamic Law and Society 1, no. 3 (1994): 332366

Baber Johansen . Relevant to this discussion is his article “Casuistry: Between Legal Concept and Social Praxis,” Islamic Law and Society 2, no. 2 (1995): 135156

Ronald Jennings , “Women in the Early Seventeenth Century Ottoman Judicial Records: The Sharia Court of Anatolian Kayseri,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 18, no. 1 (1975): 53114

Judith Tucker , Women in Nineteenth-Century Egypt (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985)

Lisa Pollard , Nurturing the Nation: The Family Politics of Modernizing, Colonizing and Liberating Egypt, 1805/1923 (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2005)

Beshara Doumani , “Endowing Family: Waqf, Property Devolution, and Gender in Greater Syria, 1800–1860,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 40, no. 1 (January 1998): 341

Zachary Lockman , Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Wael B. Hallaq , Sharīʻa: Theory, Practice, Transformations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009)

David Powers , “The Islamic Inheritance System: A Socio-Historical Approach,” Arab Law Quarterly 8, no. 1 (1993): 1329

Alain Pottage and Martha Mundy , Law, Anthropology, and the Constitution of the Social: Making Persons and Things, Cambridge Studies in Law and Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Tamara K. Hareven , “The History of the Family and the Complexity of Social Change,” The American Historical Review 96, no. 1 (1991): 110

Omnia El Shakry , The Great Social Laboratory: Subjects of Knowledge in Colonial and Postcolonial Egypt (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007)

Beshara Doumani , “The Political Economy of Census Counts: Jabal Nablus, Circa 1850,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 26, no. 1 (1994): 117

Joan Wallach Scott , “Against Eclecticism,” Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 16, no. 5 (2005): 114137

Guy Burak , “Evidentiary Truth Claims, Imperial Registers, and the Ottoman Archive: Contending Legal Views of Archival and Record-Keeping Practices in Ottoman Greater Syria (Seventeenth–Nineteenth Centuries).” Bulletin of School of Oriental and African Studies 79, no. 2 (2016): 122

Miriam Hoexter , “Waqf Studies in the Twentieth Century: The State of the Art,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 41, no. 4 (1998): 474495

Aharon Layish , “The Maliki Family Waqf According to Wills and Waqfiyyat,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 46, no. 1 (1983): 132

The Family Waqf and the Sharʿi Law of Succession in Modern Times,” Islamic Law and Society 4, no. 3 (1997): 352388

Yitzhak Reiter , “Family Waqf Entitlements in British Palestine (1917–1948),” Islamic Law and Society 2, no. 2 (1995): 174193

James Lee and Jon Gjerde , “Comparative Household Morphology of Stem, Joint and Nuclear Household Systems: Norway, China and the United States,” Continuity and Change 1, no. 1 (1986): 9295

Marriage and Family in Nablus, 1720–1856: Towards a History of Arab Muslim Marriage,” Journal of Family History 13 (1988): 165179

Jack Goody , “Strategies of Heirship,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 15, no. 1 (1973), 4

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Paul Kaldjian , “Istanbul's Bostans: A Millennium of Market Gardens,” Geographical Review 94, no. 3 (2004): 284304

James Reilly , “Properties around Damascus in the Nineteenth Century,” Arabica 37 (1990): 91114

Roger Owen , “The Study of Middle Eastern Industrial History: Notes on the Interrelationship between Factories and Small-Scale Manufacturing with Special References to Lebanese Silk and Egyptian Sugar, 1900–1930,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 16, no. 4 (1984): 475487

James Reilly , “Status Groups and Propertyholding in the Damascus Hinterland, 1828–1880,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 21, no. 4 (1989): 517539

Ya'akov Firestone , “Production and Trade in an Islamic Context: Sharika Contracts in the Transitional Economy of Northern Samaria, 1853–1943,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 6, no. 2 (1975): 185209

Ya'akov Firestone , “Crop-Sharing Economics in Mandatory Palestine – Part I,” Middle Eastern Studies 11, no. 1 (1975): 323

Crop-Sharing Economies in Mandatory Palestine – Part II,” Middle Eastern Studies 11, no. 2 (1975): 175194

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Guy Burak . “Evidentiary Truth Claims, Imperial Registers, and the Ottoman Archive: Contending Legal Views of Archival and Record-Keeping Practices in Ottoman Greater Syria (Seventeenth–Nineteenth Centuries),” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 79, no. 2 (2016): 122.

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Murat Dağlı . “The Limits of Ottoman Pragmatism,” History and Theory 52, no. 2 (2013): 194213.

Beshara Doumani . “Endowing Family: Waqf, Property Devolution, and Gender in Greater Syria, 1800–1860,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 40, no. 1 (January 1998): 341.

Beshara Doumani . “The Political Economy of Census Counts: Jabal Nablus, Circa 1850,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 26, no. 1 (1994): 117.

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Wael B. Hallaq Sharīʿa: Theory, Practice, Transformations(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Tamara K. Hareven The History of the Family and the Complexity of Social Change,” The American Historical Review 96, no. 1 (1991): 95124.

Miriam Hoexter . “Waqf Studies in the Twentieth Century: The State of the Art,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 41, no. 4 (1998): 474495.

Ronald Jennings . “Women in the Early Seventeenth Century Ottoman Judicial Records: The Sharia Court of Anatolian Kayseri,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 18, no. 1 (1975): 53114.

Baber Johansen . “Casuistry: Between Legal Concept and Social Praxis,” Islamic Law and Society 2, no. 2 (1995): 135156.

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325 Aharon Layish . “The Family Waqf and the Sharʿi Law of Succession in Modern Times,” Islamic Law and Society 4, no. 3 (1997): 352388.

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James Lee and Jon Gjerde . “Comparative Household Morphology of Stem, Joint and Nuclear Household Systems: Norway, China and the United States,” Continuity and Change 1, no. 1 (1986): 89111.

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Alain Pottage , and Martha Mundy . Law, Anthropology, and the Constitution of the Social: Making Persons and Things. Cambridge Studies in Law and Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

David Powers . “The Islamic Inheritance System: A Socio-Historical Approach,” Arab Law Quarterly 8, no. 1 (1993): 1329.

David Powers . 328Kadijustiz or Qadi-Justice? A Paternity Dispute from Fourteenth-Century Morocco,” Islamic Law and Society 1, no. 3 (1994): 332366.

David Powers . “The Maliki Family Endowment: Legal Norms and Social Practices,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 25, no. 3 (August 1993): 379406.

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329 James Reilly . “Properties around Damascus in the Nineteenth Century,” Arabica 37 (1990): 91114.

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