Skip to main content
×
Home
Family Life in the Ottoman Mediterranean
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Family Life in the Ottoman Mediterranean
    • Online ISBN: 9780511989605
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9780511989605
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

In writings about Islam, women and modernity in the Middle East, family and religion are frequently invoked but rarely historicized. Based on a wide range of local sources spanning two centuries (1660–1860), Beshara B. Doumani argues that there is no such thing as the Muslim or Arab family type that is so central to Orientalist, nationalist, and Islamist narratives. Rather, one finds dramatic regional differences, even within the same cultural zone, in the ways that family was understood, organized, and reproduced. In his comparative examination of the property devolution strategies and gender regimes in the context of local political economies, Doumani offers a groundbreaking examination of the stories and priorities of ordinary people and how they shaped the making of the modern Middle East.

Reviews

'Beshara Doumani’s Family Life in the Ottoman Mediterranean is a mature work built on painstaking scholarship that breaks conventions in both family and legal history; moreover, it covers a period for which documentation is difficult and historiographic cliché abundant. Doumani combines control of juridical doctrine (the rules of the game) with longitudinal case material from the shariʿa court records to describe contrasting patterns of family life and property devolution in two major provincial towns - Tripoli and Nablus. The research tackles radical questions: how to explain major divergence in patterns of women’s entitlement under the same legal tradition, and how to document and to conceptualize political economies of family-property in such a way as to explain real difference under the law?'

Martha Mundy - Professor Emeritus, London School of Economics and Political Science

'In his superb social history of the differing property strategies pursued by Muslim families in contrasting Levantine settings, Beshara Doumani, our leading reader of the essential sources - the litigation records, wills and contracts preserved in the registers of the shariʿa courts - addresses pre-modern forms of estate planning based on the venerable Islamic legal institution of the private, or family endowment, and also makes important new observations concerning the agency of women.'

Brinkley Messick - Columbia  University, New York

'Brilliantly capturing the determined will of women to master their own fate, control family property, and live comfortable lives, Beshara Doumani’s comparative study of waqf and property devolution in Nablus and Tripoli from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries breaks through court cases to reveal how micro struggles over kinship and power expose the macro foundations of law and society of that period - and lay the foundation for the tools of modern state governance.'

Suad Joseph - Distinguished Professor, University of California, Davis

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

See the Appendix for a fuller accounting of the Tripoli and Nablus shariʿa court registers.

Tripoli shariʿa court registers (sijillat maḥkamat Tarabulus al-sharʿiyya), numbers 1–70.
Nablus shariʿa court registers (sijillat maḥkamat Nabulus al-sharʿiyya), numbers 1–17.
Nablus . Documents from the ʿAbd al-Hadi, Khammāsh, Nimr, Smadi, and Tuqan families.
Aykan Yavuz. “Les acteurs de la justice à Amid et dans la province du Diyarbekir d'après les sicil provinciaux du 18e siècle” (PhD diss., EHESS/College de France, 2012).
Baldwin James E. “Islamic Law in an Ottoman Context: Resolving Disputes in Late 17th/Early 18th-Century Cairo” (PhD diss., New York University, 2010).
Barakat Nora. “An Empty Land? Nomads and Property Administration in Hamidian Syria” (PhD diss., University of California, Berkeley, 2015).
Dağlı Murat. “Kütahya in the Eighteenth Century: Transformation or the Persistence of the Old Order?” (PhD diss., University of California, Berkeley, 2012).
Deguilhem Randi. “History of Waqf and Case Studies from Damascus in Late Ottoman and French Mandator Times” (PhD diss., New York University, 1986).
Griffith Zoe. “Family Trees: Law, Political Economy, and the Roots and Branches of ʿAskeri Kin in Mid-Seventeenth Century Ottoman Tripoli” (unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley, 2012).
Harrouk Ahmad. “Tatbiq al-shariʿa wa dawr al-mufti min khilal al-sijill al-ʿashar min sijillat al-mahkama al-sharʿiyya (1161–1162h/1748–1749): fahrasat wa tabwib” (Master's thesis, Lebanese University, Third Branch, 1985).
Hawari Jamal. “Al-alqab wa dalalatiha al-ijtimaʿiyya min khilal al-sijill al-tasiʿ ʿashar min sijillat al-mahakama al-sharʿiyya fi Tarabulus” (Master's thesis, Lebanese University, Third Branch, Tripoli, 1985).
Kabbara Salem. “The Memoirs of Salem Kabbara” (1979).
Luqa Amal. “Tasnif wa fahrasat sijillat al-mahkama al-sharʿiyya li-wilayat Tarabulus al-Sham: al-sijill al-thalith, 1098–1096h/1684–1686” (Master's thesis, Lebanese University, Third Branch, 1984).
Messick Brinkley. The Book of Flowers: Library and Archive in a Shariʿa Regime (draft of book manuscript, 2012).
Moumtaz Nada. “Modernizing Charity, Remaking Islamic Law” (PhD diss., City University of New York, 2012).
Shams Sanaʾ. “Wadaʿa al-marʾa al-qanuni min khilal al-sijill al-thalith wa al-ʿishrin min sijillat mahkamat Tarabulus al-sharʿiyya, 1192h/1778–1194h/1780: Fahrasat wa tabwib” (Master's thesis, Lebanese University, Third Branch, 1985).
Shanbur Lena. “Tasnif wa fahrasat sijillat mahkamat Tarabulus al-sharʿiyya: al-sjill al-khāmis, 1141–1142h/1728–1729” (Master's thesis, Lebanese Univesity, Third Branch, 1984).
Taylor Malissa. “Fragrant Gardens and Converging Waters: Ottoman Governance in Seventeenth-Century Damascus” (PhD diss., University of California, Berkeley, 2010).
Terem Etty. “The New Miʿyar of Al-Wazzani: Local Interpretation of Family Life in Late Nineteenth-Century Fez” (PhD diss., Harvard University, 2007).
Williams Elizabeth. “Cultivating Empires: Environment, Expertise, and Scientific Agriculture in Late Ottoman and French Mandate Syria” (PhD diss., Georgetown University, 2015).
Winter Stefan. “The Shiite Emirates of Ottoman Syria (Mid-17th–Mid-18th Century)” (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2002).
Yaycıoğlu Ali. “The Provincial Challenge: Regionalism, Crisis, and Integration in the Late Ottoman Empire (1792–1812)” (PhD diss., Harvard University, 2008).
Young William and Shami Seteney. “Anthropological Approaches to the Arab Family: An Introduction” (paper presented at the Proceedings of a UNICEF Conference: Seminar on the Arab Family, Amman, Jordan, 1993).
ʿAtallah Mahmud ʿAli. Fihris makhtutat al-maktabat al-jawhariyya (Nablus: Research and Documentation Center, Najah University, 1990).
ʿAtallah Mahmud ʿAli. Fihris makhtutat al-tuffaha bi Nabulus (Nablus: Markaz al-Tawthiq wa al-Makhtutat wa al-Nashir, Najah University, 1993).
Baba Muhammad Kamil. Tarabulus fi al-tarikh (Tripoli: Jarrous Press, 1995).
Danafi Ibrahim ibn Yaʿqub and Dayyah Musa Abu. Zahir al-ʿumar wa-hukkam Jabal Nabulus, 1185–1187 H-1771–1773 M (Nablus: Jamiʿat al-Najah al-Wataniyya Markaz al-Tawthiq wa-al-Abhath, 1986).
Ibn ʿAbidin , Al-ʿuqud al-duriyya fi tanqih al-fatawa al-hamidiyya, 2 vols. (Cairo: Bulaq, 1270 Hijri).
Ibn Mahasin Yahya ibn Abi al-Safa and Bakhit Muhammad ʿAdnan. Al-manazil al-mahasiniyya fi al-rihla al-tarabulusiyya (Beirut: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadida, 1981).
Ibn Tulun Shams al-Din Muhammad ibn ʿAli. Mufakahat al-khillan fi hawadith al-zaman, tarikh Misr wa-al-Sham, vol. 2 (Cairo: al-Muʾassasa al-Misriyya al-ʿAmma lil-Taʾlif wa-al-Tarjama wa-al-Tibaʿa wa-al-Nashr, 1962).
Jaussen Antonin Joseph. Coutumes Palestiniennes (Paris: Geuthner, 1927).
al-Khalili ʿAbd Allah. Fatawa al-Shaykh ʿAbd Allah al-Khalili al-Tarabulusi al-Hanafi mufti Tarabulus al-Sham, ed. Muhammad Muhammad Ibn (Tripoli: Robert Garrett Collection of Arabic Manuscripts, Princeton University, end of Shaʿban 1175 Hijri/March 26, 1762).
Kurd ʿAli Muhammad. Kitab khitat al-Sham, 3rd edn., 6 vols. (Damascus: Maktabat al-Nuri, 1983).
Mill John. Three Months Residence in Nablus and an Account of the Modern Samaritans (London: 1864).
Nabulsi ʿAbd al-Ghani ibn Ismaʿil. Al-tuhfa al-Nabulsiyya fi al-rihla al-tarabulsiyya (Beirut: 1971).
Nabulsi ʿAbd al-Ghani ibn Ismaʿil, ʿUtayfi Ramadan ibn Musa, Munajjid Salah al-Din, and Wild Stefan. Rihlatan ila Lubnan (Beirut: Dar al-Nashr 1979).
Ramli Khayr al-Din ibn Ahmad. Al-fatawa al-khayriyya li-nafʿ al-bariyya ʿala madhhab al-imam Abi Hanifa al-Nuʿman, 2nd edn., 2 vols. (Cairo: Bulaq, 1974).
Rida Shaykh Muhammad Rashid. Rihlatan ila Suriya, 1908–1920 (Beirut: Al-Muʾassasa al-ʿArabiyya li al-Dirasat wa al-Nashr, 2001).
Tadmuri ʿUmar Abd al-Salam. Wathaʾiq nadira min sijillat al-mahkama al-sharʿiyya bi-Tarabulus (Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Mahfuzat al-Wataniyya, 2002).
Tadmuri ʿUmar Abd al-Salam, Maʿatouq Fredrick, and Ziade Khaled. Wathaʾiq al-mahkama al-sharʿiyya bi-Tarabulus: al-Sijill al-awwal, 1077–1078 H. – 1666–1667 M. (Tripoli: Lebanese University, Center for Social Sciences, Third Branch, 1982).
Tamimi Muhammad Rafiq and Bahjat Muhammad. Wilayat Beirut, al-qism al-shamali: alwiyat Tarabulus wa al-Ladhiqiyya, vol. 2. (Beirut: Lahd Khatir Press, 1987).
Tannus Father Ignace. Mustafa Agha Barbar: Hakim iyalat Tarabulus wa al-Ladhiqiyya: 1767–1834, 2nd edn. (Tripoli: Jarrous Press, 1984).
Tarabulusi Nawfal Niʿmat Allah. Sannajat al-tarab fi taqaddumat al-ʿArab, 2nd edn. (Beirut: Dar al-Raʾid al-ʿArabi, 1982).
Tarabulusi Nawfal Niʿmat Allah, Yanni Jirji, Fadil Mishal Abu, and Nakhkhul Jan. Kashf al-litham ʿan muhayya al-hukuma wa-al-ahkam fi iqlimay Misr wa-barr al-Sham (Tripoli: Jarrous Press, 1990).
Tshelebi Evliya. Evliya Tshelebi's Travels in Palestine, 1648–1650, trans. St. H. Stephan (Jerusalem: Ariel Publishing House, 1980).
Webster Pelatiah. An Essay on the Culture of Silk, and Raising White Mulberry Trees, the Leaves of Which Are the Only Proper Food of the Silk-Worm (Philadelphia, PA: 1790).
Yanni Jurjis Effendi. Tarikh Suriyya (Beirut: Al-Matbaʿa al-Adabiyya, 1881).
ʿAbd al-Muʿti Husam. “Piety and Profit: The Haramayn Endowments in Egypt (1517–1814).” In Held in Trust: Waqf in the Islamic World, ed. Ghazaleh Pascale (Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2011): 4172.
Abdel Nour Antoine. Introduction à l'histoire urbaine de la Syrie ottomane (XVIe-XVIIIe siècle).Publications de l'Université Libanaise, Section des Études Historiques (Beyrouth: Université libanaise: Distribution, Libr. orientale, 1982).
Abdel Nour Antoine. Tijarat Sayda maʿ al-Gharb min muntasaf al-qarn al-sabiʿ ʿashar ila awakhir al-qarn al-thamin ʿashar (Beirut: Lebanese University Publications, 1987).
Abu-Husayn Abdul-Rahim. Provincial Leaderships in Syria, 1575–1650 (Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1985).
Abu-Lughod Lila. “Anthropology's Orient: The Boundaries of Theory on the Arab World.” In Theory, Politics and the Arab World: Critical Responses, ed. Sharabi Hisham (New York and London: Routledge, 1990): 81131.
al-Abyad Anis. Al-hayat al-ʿilmiyya wa marakiz al-ʿilm fi Tarabulus khilal al-qarn al-tasiʿ ʿashar (Tripoli: Jarrous Press, 1985).
ʿAfifi Muhammad. Al-awqaf wa al-hayat al-iqtisadiyya fi Misr fi al-ʿasr al-ʿuthmani (Cairo: 1991).
Agmon Iris. Family & Court: Legal Culture and Modernity in Late Ottoman Palestine (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2006).
Agmon Iris. “Text, Court, and Family in Late Nineteenth-Century Palestine.” In Family History in the Middle East: Household, Property, and Gender, ed. Doumani Beshara (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003): 201228.
Agmon Iris. “Women, Class, and Gender: Muslim Jaffa and Haifa at the Turn of the 20th Century,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 30, no. 4 (November 1998): 477500.
al-Ahdab Tawfiq. “Al-darāʾib wa al-zirāʿa,” Al-Zirāʿa al-Ḥaditha 3, no. 1 (February 1927): 1317.
Ahmed Leila. A Border Passage: From Cairo to America – A Woman's Journey (New York: Penguin Books, 2000).
Akarlı Engin Deniz. “Gedik: A Bundle of Rights and Obligations for Istanbul Artisans and Traders, 1750–1840.” In Law, Anthropology and the Constitution of the Social: Making Persons and Things, eds. Pottage Allain and Mundy Martha (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004): 166200.
Akgündüz Ahmet. İslam Hukukunda ve Osmanlı Tatbikatında Vakıf Müessesesi, 2nd edn. (Ankara: Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı, 1996).
al-Akhras Muhammad Safuh. Tarikh al-ʿaʾila al-ʿarabiyya wa wazaʾifuha: dirasa maydaniyya li-waqiʿ al-ʿaʾila fi Suriyya (Damascus: Wizarat al-Thaqafa wa al-Irshad al-Qawmi, 1980).
Alami Mohammad Ali. “The Waqfs of the Traditional Families of Jerusalem During the Ottoman Period.” In Ottoman Jerusalem: The Living City, 1517–1917, eds. Sylvia and Hellenbrand Robert (London: Al Tajir-World of Islam Trust, 2000): 145158.
Amin Muhammad Muhammad. Al-awqaf wa al-hayat al-ijitimaʿiyya fi Misr, 1250–1517: dirasa tarikhiyya wathaʾiqiyya (Cairo: Dar al-Nahda al-ʿArabiyya, 1980).
Amin Muhammad Muhammad. Fahras wathaʾiq al-Qahira (Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie du Caire, 1981).
Arnaʾout Muhammad al-. Dirasat fi al-tarikh al-hadari li-Bilad al-Sham fi al-qarn al-sadis ʿashar (Damascus: 1995).
Arnaʾout Muhammad al-. Muʿtiyat ʿan Dimashq wa Bilad al-Sham al-janubiyya fi nihayat al-qarn al-sadis ʿashar: waqfiyyat Sinan Pasha (Damascus: 1993).
Asad Talal. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003).
Asad Talal. Genealogies of Religion: Discipline and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993).
Atran Scott. “Hamula Organization and Mushaʿa Tenure in Palestine,” Man 21, no. 2 (1986): 271295.
Baer Marc and Göçek Fatma Müge. “Social Boundaries of Ottoman Women's Experience in Eighteenth-Century Galata Court Records.” In Women in the Ottoman Empire: Middle Eastern Women in the Early Modern Era, ed. Zilfi Madeline C. (Leiden: Brill, 1997): 4865.
Baer Gabriel. “The Dismemberment of Awqaf in Early 19th-Century Jerusalem,” Asian and African Studies 13, no. 3 (1979): 220241.
Baer Gabriel. “Jerusalem's Families of Notables and the Wakf in the Early 19th Century.” In Palestine in the Late Ottoman Period, ed. Kushner David (Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi, 1986): 109122.
Baer Gabriel. “Women and Waqf: An Analysis of the Istanbul Tahrir of 1546,” Asian and African Studies 17, no. 1 (1983): 928.
Bakhit Muhammad ʿAdnan. “Ahdath bilad Tarabulus al-Sham,” Majallat Majmaʿ al-Lugha al-ʿArabiyya al-Urduni 1 (1978): 171206.
Bakhit Muhammad ʿAdnan. “Surat Nabulus wa nawahiha ʿala dawʾ al-waqfiyyat allati tuhtafaz biha sijillat al-dawla al-ʿuthmaniyya,” Al-Manara 1 (January 1996): 89116.
Barakat Halim. “The Arab Family and the Challenge of Social Transformation.” In Women and the Family in the Middle East, ed. Fernea Elizabeth (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1985): 2748.
Barbir Karl. “Wealth, Privilege, and Family Structure: The ʿAskaris of 18th Century Damascus According to the Qaxxam ʿAskari Inheritance Records.” In The Syrian Land in the 18th and 19th Century, ed. Philipp Thomas (Stuttgart: Steiner, 1992): 179196.
Barkan O. L. and Ayverdi E. H.. İstanbul Vakıfları Tahrir Defteri: 953 (1546) Tarihli (Istanbul: Baha Matbaası, 1970).
Barnes John Robert. An Introduction to Religious Foundations in the Ottoman Empire (Leiden: Brill, 1986).
Barron J. B. Mohammedan Wakfs in Palestine (Jerusalem: Greek Convent Press, 1922).
Behrens-Abuseif Doris. Egypt's Adjustment to Ottoman Rule: Institutions, Waqf, and Architecture in Cairo, 16th and 17th Centuries (Leiden: Brill, 1994).
Benadusi Giovanna. A Provincial Elite in Early Modern Tuscany: Family and Power in the Creation of the State (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996).
Berkey Jonathan P.Tradition, Innovation and Social Change in the Social Construction of Knowledge in the Medieval Islamic Near East,” Past and Present 146, no. 1 (1995): 3865.
Berkner Lutz K., and Mendels Franklin F.. “Inheritance Systems, Family Structures, and Demographic Patterns in Western Europe, 1700–1900.” In Historical Studies in Changing Fertility, ed. Tilly Charles (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978).
Bilici Faruk. Le waqf dans le monde musulman contemporain (XIXe–XXe siècles): fonctions sociales, économiques et politiques: actes de la table ronde d'Istanbul, 13–14 Novembre 1992. Varia Turcica (Istanbul: Institut français d'études anatoliennes, 1994).
Bourmaud Philippe. “Public Space and Private Spheres: The Foundation of St Luke's Hospital of Nablus by the Cms (1891–1901).” In New Faith in Ancient Lands: Western Missions in the Middle East in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries, ed. Murre-van den Berg Heleen (Leiden: Brill, 2006): 133151.
Brettell Caroline B.Kinship and Contract: Property Transmission and Family Relations in Northwestern Portugal,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 33, no. 3 (1991): 443465.
Burak Guy. “Evidentiary Truth Claims, Imperial Registers, and the Ottoman Archive: Contending Legal Views of Archival and Record-Keeping Practices in Ottoman Greater Syria (Seventeenth–Nineteenth Centuries),” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 79, no. 2 (2016): 122.
Bustani Fuʾad A., ed. Lubnan: Mabahith ʿilmiyya wa-ijtimaʿiyya, 2 vols. (Beirut: Lebanese University, 1969).
Cancik Hubert, Schneider Helmuth, Salazar Christine F, and Orton David E. Brill's New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World: Antiquity, 16 vols. (Leiden: Brill, 2002).
Chatterjee Indrani, ed. Unfamiliar Relations: Family and History in South Asia (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2004).
Chehata Chafik. “ʿAḳd.” In Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edn., eds. Bearman P., Bianquis Th., Bosworth C. E., van Donzel E., and Heinrichs W. P. (Brill Online), accessed April 12, 2011, http://www.brillonline.nl/subscriber/entry?entry=islam_SIM-0460.
Çizakça Murat. A History of Philanthropic Foundations: The Islamic World from the Seventh Century to the Present (Istanbul: Boğaziçi University Press, 2000).
Cole John W. and Wolf Eric R.. The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley (New York: Academic Press, 1974).
Cole Juan. “Feminism, Class, and Islam in Turn-of-the-Century Egypt,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 13, no. 4 (1981): 387407.
Collier Jane Fishburne and Yanagisako Sylvia Junko. Gender and Kinship: Essays toward a Unified Analysis (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1987).
Coulson Noel J. Succession in the Muslim Family (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971).
Crecelius Daniel. “The Incidence of Waqf Cases in Three Cairo Courts: 1640–1802,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 29, no. 2 (1986): 176–89.
Crecelius Daniel. “Introduction, Waqfs and Other Institutions of Religious/Philanthropic Endowment in Comparative Perspective,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 38, no. 3 (August 1995): 247261.
Cuno Kenneth M.Joint Family Households and Rural Notables in 19th-Century Egypt,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 27, no. 4 (November 1995): 485502.
Cuno Kenneth M. Modernizing Marriage: Family, Ideology, and Law in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Egypt (New York: Syracuse University Press, 2015).
Cuno Kenneth M.Was the Land of Ottoman Syria Miri or Milk? An Examination of Juridical Differences within the Hanafi School,” Studia Islamica 81 (1995): 121152.
Daghestani Kazem. Étude sociologique sur la famille musulmane contemporaine en Syrie (Paris: Leroux, 1932).
Daghestani Kazem. “The Evolution of the Moslem Family in the Middle Eastern Countries,” International Social Science Bulletin 5 (1953): 681691.
Dağlı Murat. “The Limits of Ottoman Pragmatism,” History and Theory 52, no. 2 (2013): 194213.
Darniqa Muhammad. Al-Shaykh Nadim al-Jisr: al-ʿallama al-mujahid (Tripoli: Dar al-Maʿarif al-ʿUmumiyya, 1992).
Dallal Ahmad. The Islamic Institution of Waqf: A Historical Overview (Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1992).
Davie Michael F. La maison beyrouthine aux trois arcs: une architecture bourgeoise du Levant (Beyrouth, Tours: Académie libanaise des beaux-arts, Centre de recherches et d’études sur l'urbanisation du monde arabe, 2003).
Deguilhem Randi. “Centralized Authority and Local Decisional Power: Management of the Endowments in Late Ottoman Damascus.” In The Empire in the City: Arab Provincial Capitals in the Late Ottoman Empire, eds. Philipp Thomas, Hanssen Jens, and Weber Stefan (Beirut: Ergon Verlag, 2002): 219236.
Deguilhem Randi. “The Waqf in the City.” In The City in the Islamic World, eds. Jayyusi Salma Khadra, Holod Renata, Petruccioli Attilio and Raymond André (Leiden: Brill, 2008): 923952.
Deguilhem Randi, and Hénia Abdelhamid. Les fondations pieuses (waqf) en Méditerranée: enjeux de société enjeux de pouvoir (Kuwait: Fondation publique des awqaf du Koweit, 2004).
Deguilhem Randi and André Raymond. Le waqf dans l'espace islamique: outil de pouvoir socio-politique (Damascus: Institut français de Damas, 1995).
Di-Capua Yoav. Gatekeepers of the Arab Past: Historians and History Writing in Twentieth-Century Egypt (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2009).
Dien M. Y. Izzi. “Taghrīr.” In Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edn., eds. Bearman P., Bianquis Th., Bosworth C. E., van Donzel E., and Heinrichs W. P. (Brill Online), accessed April 12, 2011, http://www.brillonline.nl/subscriber/entry?entry=islam_SIM-7299.
Dodwell Henry Herbert. The Founder of Modern Egypt (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1931).
Doumani Beshara. “Le contrat salam et les relations ville-campagne dans la Palestine ottomane,” Annales HSS 61, no. 4 (July–August 2006): 99019924.
Doumani Beshara. “Endowing Family: Waqf, Property Devolution, and Gender in Greater Syria, 1800–1860,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 40, no. 1 (January 1998): 341.
Doumani Beshara. ed. Family History in the Middle East: Household, Property, and Gender (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003).
Doumani Beshara. “Palestinian Islamic Court Records: A Source for Socioeconomic History,” MESA Bulletin 19, no. 2 (1985): 155172.
Doumani Beshara. “The Political Economy of Census Counts: Jabal Nablus, Circa 1850,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 26, no. 1 (1994): 117.
Doumani Beshara. Rediscovering Palestine: Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700–1900 (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1995).
Duben Alan, and Behar Cem. Istanbul Households: Marriage, Family and Fertility, 1880–1940 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
Dumper Michael. Islam and Israel: Muslim Religious Endowments and the Jewish State (Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1994).
al-Duri ʿAbd al-ʿAziz. “Dawr al-waqf fi al-tanmiyya,” Al-Mustaqbal al-ʿArabi 20, no. 221 (July 1997): 426.
Eisenman Robert H. Islamic Law in Palestine and Israel: A History of the Survival of Tanzimat and Shariʿa in the British Mandate and the Jewish State (Leiden: Brill, 1978).
Ebert Johannes. Religion und Reform in der arabischen Provinz: Husayn Al-Gisr At-Tarâbulusî (1845–1909) – Ein islamischer Gelehrter zwischen Tradition und Reform (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1991).
El-Hajjé Hassan. Le parler arabe de Tripoli, Liban (Paris: 1954).
El Shakry Omnia. The Great Social Laboratory: Subjects of Knowledge in Colonial and Postcolonial Egypt (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007).
Emrence Cem. Remapping the Ottoman Middle East: Modernity, Imperial Bureaucracy, and the Islamic State (London: Tauris, 2012).
Ergene Boğaç. Local Court, Provincial Society, and Justice in the Ottoman Empire: Legal Practice and Dispute Resolution in Çankırı and Kastamonu (1652–1744) (Leiden: Brill, 2003).
Esmeir Samera. Juridical Humanity: A Colonial History (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2012).
Establet Colette, and Pascual Jean-Paul. Familles et fortunes à Damas: 450 foyers damascains en 1700 (Damascus: Institut français d’études arabes, 1994).
Fargues Philippe. “The Stages of the Family Life Cycle in Cairo at the End of the Reign of Muhammad ʿAli, according to the 1848 Census,” Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic Review 5 (1999): 139.
Farhat Yahya Qasim. Al-Shiʿa fi Tarabulus min al-fath al-ʿarabi ila al-fath al-ʿuthmani (Beirut: Dar al-Malak, 1999).
Faroqhi Suraiya. Men of Modest Substance: House Owners and House Property in Seventeenth Century Ankara and Kayseri (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
Faroqhi Suraiya. “Vakif Administration in Sixteenth Century Konya,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 17, no. 2 (1974): 145172.
Farsoun Samih. “Family Structure and Society in Modern Lebanon.” In Peoples and Cultures of the Middle East: An Anthropological Reader, eds. Sweet Louise (Garden City, NY: The Natural History Press, 1970): 257307.
Fay Mary Ann. Unveiling the Harem: Elite Women and the Paradox of Seclusion in Eighteenth-Century Cairo, 1st edn. (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2012).
Fay Mary Ann. “Women and Waqf: Toward a Reconsideration of Women's Place in the Mamluk Household,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 29, no. 1 (1997): 3351.
Ferguson Heather. “Text, Court, and Family in Late Nineteenth-Century Palestine.” In Family History in the Middle East: Household, Property, and Gender, ed. Doumani Beshara (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003): 201228.
Firestone Ya'akov. “Crop-Sharing Economics in Mandatory Palestine – Part I,” Middle Eastern Studies 11, no. 1 (1975): 323.
Firestone Ya'akov. “Crop-Sharing Economies in Mandatory Palestine – Part II,” Middle Eastern Studies 11, no. 2 (1975): 175194.
Firestone Ya'akov. “Production and Trade in an Islamic Context: Sharika Contracts in the Transitional Economy of Northern Samaria, 1853–1943,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 6, no. 2 (1975): 185209.
Firro Kais. “Silk and Agrarian Changes in Lebanon, 1860–1914,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 22, no. 2 (May 1990): 151169.
Foucault Michel. The Archaeology of Knowledge (London: Tavistock Publications, 1972).
García Sanjuán Alejandro. Till God Inherits the Earth: Islamic Pious Endowments in Al-Andalus (9–15th Centuries) (Leiden: Brill, 2007).
Gerber Haim. “Anthropology and Family History: The Ottoman and Turkish Families,” Journal of Family History 14, no. 4 (1989): 409421.
Gerber Haim. “Sharia, Kanun and Custom in the Ottoman Law: The Court Records of 17th-Century Bursa,” International Journal of Turkish Studies 30, no. 1 (Winter 1984–1985): 131–47.
Gerber Haim. “Social and Economic Position of Women in an Ottoman City, Bursa, 1600–1700,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 12 (1980): 231244.
Gerber Haim. State, Society, and Law in Islam: Ottoman Law in Comparative Perspective (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995).
Gerber Haim. “The Waqf Institution in Early Ottoman Edirne,” Asian and African Studies 17, no. 1 (1983): 2945.
Ghazaleh Pascale. Held in Trust: Waqf in the Islamic World. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2011.
Ghazzal Zouhair. The Grammars of Adjudication: The Economics of Judicial Decision Making in Fin-De-Siècle Ottoman Beirut and Damascus (Beyrouth: Institut français du Proche-Orient, 2007).
Ghazzal Zouhair. L’économie politique de Damas durant le XIXe siècle: structures tradionnelles et capitalisme (Damascus: Institut français d'études arabes, 1993).
Gilsenan Michael. “Topics and Queries for a History of Arab Families and Inheritance in Southeast Asia: Some Preliminary Thoughts.” In Southeast Asia and the Middle East: Islam, Movement, and the Longue Durée, ed. Tagliacozzo Eric (Singapore: National University of Singapore Press, 2009): 199234.
Ginzburg Carlo. The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980).
Goody Jack. “Comparing Family Systems in Europe and Asia: Are there Different Sets of Rules?Population and Development Review 22, no. 1 (March 1996): 120.
Goody Jack. The Oriental, the Ancient and the Primitive: Systems of Marriage and the Family in the Pre-Industrial Societies of Eurasia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Goody Jack. Production and Reproduction: A Comparative Study of the Domestic Domain (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976).
Goody Jack. “Strategies of Heirship,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 15, no. 1 (1973): 320.
Goody Jack, Thirsk Joan, and Thompson E. P. Family and Inheritance: Rural Society in Western Europe, 1200–1800 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976).
Graham-Brown Sarah. “The Political Economy of the Jabal Nablus, 1920–48.” In Studies in the Economic and Social History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, ed. Owen Roger (London: Macmillan, 1982): 88176.
Green Arnold H.Family History in the Arab World: Archival History as a Complement to Ethnography,” International Journal of Sociology of the Family 11, no. 2 (July–December 1981): 327346.
Grehan James. Everyday Life and Consumer Culture in 18th-Century Damascus (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2007).
Gulick John. Tripoli: A Modern Arab City (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1967).
Hallaq Hassan. Awqaf al-Muslimin fi Beirut fi al-ʿahd al-ʿuthmani: sijillat al-mahkama al-sharʿiyya fi Beirut (Beirut: Al-Markaz al-Islami lil-Iʿlam wa al-Inmaʾ, 1985).
Hallaq Wael B.The Qadi's Diwan (Sijill) before the Ottomans,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 61, no. 3 (1998): 415436.
Hallaq Wael B. Sharīʿa: Theory, Practice, Transformations(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).
Hanna Nelly. Making Big Money in 1600: The Life and Times of IsmaIl Taqiyya, Egyptian Merchant (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1998).
Hanna Nelly. The State and Its Servants: Administration in Egypt from Ottoman Times to the Present (Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1995).
Hanssen Jens. Fin de Siècle Beirut: The Making of an Ottoman Provincial Capital (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).
Hanssen Jens, Philipp Thomas, and Weber Stefan, eds. The Empire in the City: Arab Provincial Capitals in the Late Ottoman Empire (Beirut: Ergon Verlag, 2002).
Hareven Tamara K.The History of the Family and the Complexity of Social Change,” The American Historical Review 96, no. 1 (1991): 95124.
Homsi Nahdi Subhi. Siyar wa-tarajim thulla min ʿulamaʾ Tarabulus al-Sham (Beirut: Dar Lubnan lil-Tibaʿa wa-al-Nashr, 2003).
Homsi Nahdi Subhi. Tarikh Tarabulus min khilal wathaʾiq al-mahkama al-sharʿiyya fi al-nisf al-thani min al-qarn al-sabiʿ ʿashar al-miladi (Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risala, 1986).
Homsi Nahdi Subhi. Al-tatawwur al-iqtisadi wa-al-ijtimaʿi fi Lubnan wa-al-bilad al-ʿarabiyya (Beirut: Dar Lubnan lil-Tibaʿa wa-al-Nashr, 2003).
Hoexter Miriam. Endowments, Rulers, and Community: Waqf al-Haramayn in Ottoman Algiers (Leiden: Brill, 1998).
Hoexter Miriam. “Waqf Studies in the Twentieth Century: The State of the Art,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 41, no. 4 (1998): 474495.
Hopkins Nicholas. The New Arab Family. Cairo Papers in Social Science (Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2003).
Hourani Albert, Khoury Philip, and Wilson Mary, eds. The Modern Middle East: A Reader (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993).
Hublus Faruk. Abhath fi tarikh wilayat Ṭarabulus ibbana al-hukm al-ʿuthmani min khilal al-wathaʾiq al-rasmiyya al-ʿuthmaniyya (Beirut: al-Maʿhad al-Almani lil-Abhath al-Sharqiyya fi Bayrut, 2007).
Hublus Faruk. “Al-intifadat al-shaʿbiyya fi Tarabulus.” In Lubnan fi al-qarn al-thamin ʿashar (Beirut: Dar al-Muntakhab al-ʿArabi, 1996): 266301.
Hublus Faruk. Studies in Ottoman History and Law (Istanbul: Isis Press, 1996).
Hublus Faruk. Tarikh ʿAkkar al-idari wa al-ijtimaʿi wa al-iqtisadi, 1700–1914 (Beirut: Dar al-Daʾira, 1987).
Hünemörder Christian. “Mulberry Tree.” In Brill's New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World: Antiquity, 16 vols., eds. Cancik Hubert, Schneider Helmuth, and Landfester Manfred (Leiden: Brill, 2002).
ʿImad ʿAbd al-Ghani. Al-jihaz al-dini wa al-ʿaʾilat al-diniyya fi Tarabulus (Tripoli: Lebanese University, Center for Social Sciences, Third Branch, 1986).
ʿImad ʿAbd al-Ghani. Mujtamaʿ Tarabulus fi zaman al-tahawwulat al-ʿuthmaniyya, 1st edn. (Tripoli: Dar al-Inshaʾ lil-Sihafa wa-al-Tibaʿa wa-al-Nashr, 2002).
Imber Colin. “The Status of Orchards and Fruit Trees in Ottoman Law,” Tarih Enstitüsü Dergisi 12 (1982): 763774.
Imber Colin. Studies in Ottoman History and Law (Istanbul: Isis Press, 1996).
Ipşirli Mehmet. “A Preliminary Study of the Public Waqfs in Homs and Hama in the XVIth Century,” Studies on Turkish-Arab Relations 1 (1986): 119147.
Islamoğlu Huri. “Politics of Administering Property: Law and Statistics in the Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Empire.” In Constituting Modernity: Private Property in the East and West, ed. Islamoğlu Huri (London: Tauris, 2004): 276319.
Ismail Adel. Documents diplomatiques et consulaires relatifs à l'histoire du Liban et des pays du Proche-Orient, du XVIIème siècle à nos jours (Beirut: 1975).
Issawi Charles Philip. An Economic History of the Middle East and North Africa (New York: Columbia University Press, 1982).
Issawi Charles Philip. “Middle East Economic Development, 1815–1914: The General and the Specific.” In Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day, ed. Cook M. A. (London: Oxford University Press, 1970): 395411.
Al-Jadid fi al-Qiraʾat al-ʿArabiyya (Beirut: School Library Publications, 1967).
Jennings Ronald. “Kadi, Court, and Legal Procedure in 17th C. Ottoman Kayseri,” Studia Islamica 48 (1978): 133172.
Jennings Ronald. “Women in the Early Seventeenth Century Ottoman Judicial Records: The Sharia Court of Anatolian Kayseri,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 18, no. 1 (1975): 53114.
Johansen Baber. “Casuistry: Between Legal Concept and Social Praxis,” Islamic Law and Society 2, no. 2 (1995): 135156.
Johansen Baber. Contingency in a Sacred Law: Legal and Ethical Norms in the Muslim Fiqh (Leiden: Brill, 1999).
Johansen Baber. The Islamic Law on Land Tax and Rent: The Peasants’ Loss of Property Rights as Interpreted in the Hanafite Legal Literature of the Mamluk and Ottoman Periods (London: Croom Helm, 1988).
Joseph Suad. “Brother/Sister Relationships: Connectivity, Love, and Power in the Reproduction of Patriarchy in Lebanon,” American Ethnologist 21, no. 1 (February 1994): 5073.
Kaldjian Paul. “Istanbul's Bostans: A Millennium of Market Gardens,” Geographical Review 94, no. 3 (2004): 284304.
Kanaʿan Ruba. “Waqf, Architecture, and Political Self-Fashioning: The Construction of the Great Mosque of Jaffa by Muhammad Aga Abu Nabbut,” Maqarnas 18 (2001): 120140.
Kandiyoti Deniz. “Continuity and Change in the Family: A Comparative Approach.” In Family in Turkish Society: Sociological and Legal Studies, ed. Erder Türköz (Ankara: Turkish Social Science Association, 1985): 2342.
Kayyal Maha. “Al-libas al-tarabulusi fi madinat Tarabulus fi al-nisf al-thani min al-qarn al-tasiʿ ʿashar.” In Al-Muʾtamar al-awwal li-tarikh wilayat Tarabulus ibbana al-haqba al-ʿuthmaniyya, 1516–1918, eds. wa-al-ʿUlum al-Insaniyya Kulliyat al-Adab, al-Lubnaniyya al-Jamiʿa, al-Thalith Farʿ (Tripoli: 1995): 273308.
Kayyal Maha and ʿAtiyya ʿAtif. Tahawwulat al-zaman al-akhir (Beirut: Mukhtarat, 2001).
Keyder Çaglar, Özveren Y. Eyüp, and Quateret Donald. “Port-Cities in the Ottoman Empire: Some Theoretical and Historical Perspectives,” Review 16, no. 4 (1993): 519558.
Khalifah Isam. Al-Ḍaraʾib al-ʿuthmaniyya fi al-qarn al-sadis ʿashar (Beirut: I. K. Khalifah, 2000).
Khanashat Yusuf Musa and Hanna ʿAbd Allah. Taraʾif al-ams gharaʾib al-yawm aw suwar min hayat al-Nabak wa Jabal al-Qalmon fi awasit al-qarn al-tasiʿ ʿashar (Damascus: 1990).
Kharabisha Sulayman ʿAbd al-ʿAbd Allah. Niyabat Tarabulus fi al-ʿasr al-Mamluki (Yarmuk, Jordan: Manshurat Lajnat Tarikh Bilad Al-Sham: 1993).
Khammash Nibal Taysir. Tarajim madinat Nabulus wa rifiha fi 900 ʿam (Amman: 1999).
Khater Akram Fouad. Inventing Home: Emigration, Gender, and the Middle Class in Lebanon, 1870–1920 (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2001).
Kholoussy Hanan. For Better, for Worse: The Marriage Crisis That Made Modern Egypt (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010).
Khoury Dina Rizk. “Drawing Boundaries and Defining Spaces: Women and Space in Ottoman Iraq.” In Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History, ed. Sonbol Amira (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996).
Khoury Dina Rizk. State and Provincial Society in the Ottoman Empire: Mosul, 1540–1834 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
al-Khoury Marun ʿIssa. Malamih min al-harakat al-thaqafiyya fi Trabulus khilal al-qarn al-tasiʿ ʿashar, 2nd edn. (Tripoli: Jarrous Press, 1983).
Klat Paul J.Waqf, or Mortmain, Property in Lebanon,” Middle East Economic Papers (1961): 3444.
Kozlowski Gregory C.Imperial Authority, Benefactions and Endowments (Awqaf) in Mughal India,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 38, no. 3 (1995): 355370.
Kozlowski Gregory C. Muslim Endowments and Society in British India (London: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Krayyim ʿAbd al-Latif. Barbar Agha: majd Tarabulus uʿtiya lahu (Tripoli: ʿAbd al-Latif Krayyim, 2004).
Kuran Timur. The Long Divergence: How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011).
Labaki Joseph. “Tarabulus min khilal arshif al-abaʾ al-Capuchiyin.” In Al-muʾtamar al-awwal li-tarikh wilayat Tarabulus ibbana al-haqba al-ʿtthmaniyya, 1516–1918, ed. al-Adab wa-al-ʿUlum al-Insaniyya Kulliyat, al-Lubnaniyya al-Jamiʿa, and al-Thalith Farʿ (Tripoli, 1995): 315338.
Latron Andre. La vie rurale en Syrie et au Liban: étude d’économie sociale. Mémoires de l'institut Français de Damas (Beirut: Imprimerie catholique, 1936).
Layish Aharon. “The Family Waqf and the Sharʿi Law of Succession in Modern Times,” Islamic Law and Society 4, no. 3 (1997): 352388.
Layish Aharon. “The Maliki Family Waqf According to Wills and Waqfiyyat,” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 46, no. 1 (1983): 132.
Lee James and Gjerde Jon. “Comparative Household Morphology of Stem, Joint and Nuclear Household Systems: Norway, China and the United States,” Continuity and Change 1, no. 1 (1986): 89111.
Leonard John. “New Books,” Harper's Magazine (November 2008): 84.
Lev Yaacov. Charity, Endowments, and Charitable Institutions in Medieval Islam (Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2005).
LeVine Mark. Overthrowing Geography: Jaffa, Tel Aviv, and the Struggle for Palestine, 1880–1948 (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2005).
Lockman Zachary. Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).
Maher Vanessa. Women and Property in Morocco (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974).
Majdhub Talal. Tarikh Sayda al-ijtimaʿi, 1840–1914 (Beirut: al-Maktaba al-ʿAsriyya, 1983).
Makdisi Ussama Samir. Artillery of Heaven: American Missionaries and the Failed Conversion of the Middle East (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2008).
Makdisi Ussama Samir. The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2000).
Marcus Abraham. “Men, Women and Property: Dealers in Real Estate in Eighteenth-Century Aleppo,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 26, no. 2 (1983): 137163.
Meier Astrid. “‘Only Good Works Remain’: Waqf and the Memory of Families, Damascus in the 17th and 18th Centuries.” In Crisis and Memory in Islamic Societies: Proceedings of the Third Summer Academy of the Working Group Modernity and Islam Held at the Orient Institute of the German Oriental Society in Beirut, eds. Neuwirth Angelica and Pflitsch Andreas (Beirut: Orient-Institut, 2001): 263282.
Meier Astrid. “Waqf Only in Name, Not in Essence: Early Tanzimat Waqf Reforms in the Province of Damascus.” In The Empire in the City: Arab Provincial Capitals in the Late Ottoman Empire, eds. Hanssen Jens, Philipp Thomas, and Weber Stefan (Beirut: Orient-Institut, 2002): 201218.
Martin Richard C.Understanding the Qurʾan in Text and Context,” History of Religions 21, no. 4 (1982): 361384.
Medick Hans and Sabean David Warren. Interest and Emotion: Essays on the Study of Family and Kinship (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).
Meriwether Margaret L. The Kin Who Count: Family and Society in Ottoman Aleppo, 1770–1840 (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1999).
Meriwether Margaret L.The Rights of Children and the Responsibilities of Women: Women as Wasis in Ottoman Aleppo, 1770–1840.” In Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History, ed. Sonbol Amira (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996): 219235.
Messick Brinkley. The Calligraphic State: Textual Domination and History in a Muslim Society (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993).
Messick Brinkley. “Textual Properties: Writing and Wealth in a Shariʿa Case,” Anthropological Quarterly 68, no. 3 (July 1995): 157170.
Mitchell Timothy. Colonising Egypt (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988).
Miura Toru. “Formality and Reality in Shariʿa Court Records: Socio-Economic Relations in the Salihiyya Quarter of Nineteenth Century Damascus,” The Memoir of the Toyo Bunko 59 (2002): 109141.
Miura Toru. “The Salihiyya Quarter of Damascus at the Beginning of Ottoman Rule: Ambiguous Relations between Religious Institutions and Waqf Properties.” In Syria and Bilad al-Sham under Ottoman Rule: Essays in Honor of Abdul-Karim Rafeq, eds. Sluglett Peter and Weber Stefan (Leiden: Brill, 2010): 269291.
Miura Toru. “The Salihiyya Quarter in the Suburbs of Damascus: Its Formation, Structure and Transformation in the Ayyubid and Mamluk Periods,” Bulletin d’études orientales 47 (1995): 129181.
Miyoshi Masao. “Ivory Tower in Escrow.” In Learning Places: The Afterlives of Area Studies, eds. Miyoshi Masao and Harootunian Harry D. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002): 1960.
Mollenhauer Anne. “The Central Hall House: Regional Commonalities and Local Specificities: A Comparison Between Beirut and Al-Salt.” In The Empire in the City: Arab Provincial Capitals in the Late Ottoman Empire, eds. Philipp Thomas, Hanssen Jens, and Weber Stefan (Beirut: Orient-Institut, 2002): 275296.
Moors Annelies. “Debating Islamic Family Law: Legal Texts and Social Practices.” In A Social History of Women and the Family in the Middle East, eds. Tucker Judith and Meriwether Margaret (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998): 141175.
Moors Annelies. “Gender Relations and Inheritance: Person, Power and Property in Palestine.” In Gendering the Middle East: Emerging Perspectives, ed. Kandiyoti Deniz (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996): 6984.
Moors Annelies. Women, Property and Islam: Palestinian Experiences, 1920–1990 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Mundy Martha. Domestic Government: Kinship, Community and Policy in North Yemen (London: Tauris, 1995).
Mundy Martha. “The Family, Inheritance, and Islam: A Re-Examination of the Sociology of Faraʾid Law.” In Islamic Law: Social and Historical Contexts, ed. al-Azmeh Aziz (London: Routledge, 1988): 1123.
Mundy Martha. “Women's Inheritance of Land in Highland Yemen,” Arabian Studies 5 (1979): 161188.
Mundy Martha, and Smith Richard Saumarez, eds. Governing Property, Making the Modern State: Law, Administration and Production in Ottoman Syria (London: Tauris, 2007).
Mundy Martha, and Smith Richard Saumarez, eds. Part-Time Farming: Agricultural Development in the Zarqa River Basin, Jordan (Irbid, Jordan: Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, Yarmouk University, 1990).
Mundy Martha, and Smith Richard Saumarez, eds. Al-Muʾtamar al-awwal li-tarikh wilayat Tarabulus ibbana al-haqba al-ʿuthmaniyya, 1516–1918: 27 wa 28 Ayyar 1995 (Al-Jamiʿat al-Lubnaniyya, Kulliyat al-Adab wa-al-ʿUlum al-Insaniyya: 1995).
Nawfal ʿAbdullah Habib. Tarajim ʿulamaʾ Tarabulus wa udabaʾiha (Tripoli: 1984).
Nimr Ihsan. Tarikh Jabal Nabulus wa-l-Balqaʾ: hawadith ʿahd al-iqtaʿ (Damascus: Matbaʿat ibn Zaydun, 1938).
Owen Roger. “The Middle East in the Eighteenth Century – An ‘Islamic’ Society in Decline? A Critique of Gibb and Bowen's Islamic Society and the West,” Review of Middle East Studies 1, no. 1 (1975): 101112.
Owen Roger. The Middle East in the World Economy, 1800–1914 (London: Methuen, 1981).
Owen Roger. New Perspectives on Property and Land in the Middle East (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000).
Owen Roger. “The Silk-Reeling Industry of Mount Lebanon, 1840–1914: A Study of the Possibilities and Limitations of Factory Production in the Periphery.” In The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy, ed. Islamoğlu-Inan Huri (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004): 271283.
Owen Roger. “The Study of Middle Eastern Industrial History: Notes on the Interrelationship between Factories and Small-Scale Manufacturing with Special References to Lebanese Silk and Egyptian Sugar, 1900–1930,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 16, no. 4 (1984): 475487.
Pascual Jean-Paul. Damas à la fin du XVIe siècle d'après trois actes de waqf ottomans (Damascus: Institut français de Damas, 1983).
Peirce Leslie. Morality Tales: Law and Gender in the Ottoman Court of Aintab (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003).
Peristiany Jean G. Mediterranean Family Structures (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976).
Peters R., Abouseif Doris Behrens, Powers D.S., et al.Waḳf.” In Encyclopedia of Islam, Second Edition, vol. 11, eds. Bearman P. J., Bianquis Th., Bosworth C. E., van Donzel E. and Heinrichs W. P. (Leiden: Brill, 2002).
Pollard Lisa. Nurturing the Nation: The Family Politics of Modernizing, Colonizing and Liberating Egypt, 1805/1923 (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2005).
Pottage Alain, and Mundy Martha. Law, Anthropology, and the Constitution of the Social: Making Persons and Things. Cambridge Studies in Law and Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).
Powers David. “The Islamic Inheritance System: A Socio-Historical Approach,” Arab Law Quarterly 8, no. 1 (1993): 1329.
Powers David. “Kadijustiz or Qadi-Justice? A Paternity Dispute from Fourteenth-Century Morocco,” Islamic Law and Society 1, no. 3 (1994): 332366.
Powers David. “The Maliki Family Endowment: Legal Norms and Social Practices,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 25, no. 3 (August 1993): 379406.
Powers David. “Orientalism, Colonialism, and Legal History: The Attack on Muslim Family Endowments in Algeria and India,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 31, no. 3 (1989): 535571.
Prothro Edwin Terry and Diab Lutfy Najib. Changing Family Patterns in the Arab East (Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1974).
al-Qattar Ilyas. Niyabat Tarabulus fi ʿahd al-Mamalik, 688–922h/1289–1516m (Beirut: Lebanese University, 1998).
al-Qattan Najwa. “Dhimmis in the Muslim Court: Legal Autonomy and Religious Discrimination,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 31, no. 3 (August 1999): 429444.
al-Qattan Najwa. “Litigants and Neighbors: The Communal Topography of Damascus,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 44, no. 3 (2002): 511533.
al-Qattan Najwa. “The Sijills of Beirut Al-Mahrusa,” MESA Bulletin 37, no. 1 (2003): 5866.
al-Qattan Najwa. “Textual Differentiation in the Damascus Sijill: Religious Discrimination or Politics of Gender?” In Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History, ed. Sonbol Amira (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996): 191201.
al-Qattar Ilyas. “Namadhij min al-awqaf fi awakhir al-qurun al-wusta wa matlaʿ al-ʿ ahd al-ʿuthmani wa ahamiyyatuha fi kitabat tarikh Lubnan,” Dirasat 13–14 (1984): 277297.
al-Qattar Ilyas. Niyabat Tarabulus fi ʿahd al-Mamalik, 688–922h/1289–1516m (Beirut: Lebanese University, 1998).
Rafeq Abdul-Karim. “Al-ʿAlaqat al-ziraʿiyya fi Bilad al-Sham fi al-ʿahd al-ʿuthmani bayna al-madhahib al-fiqhiyya wa al-waqiʿ,” Dirasat Tarikhiyya 43–44 (September–October 1992): 120139.
Rafeq Abdul-Karim. Al-ʿArab wa-l-ʿUthmaniyun, 1516–1916 (Damascus: Maktabat Atlas, 1974).
Rafeq Abdul-Karim. “The Law Court Registers and their Importance for a Socio-Economic and Urban Study of Ottoman Syria,” In L'espace social de la ville arabe, ed. Chevalier Dominique (Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1979): 5158.
Rafeq Abdul-Karim. “Ownership of Real Property by Foreigners in Syria, 1869–1873.” In New Perspectives on Property and Land in the Middle East, ed. Owen Roger (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000): 175239.
Rafeq Abdul-Karim. “The Social and Economic Structure of Bab Al-Musalla (Al-Midan), Damascus, 1825–1875.” In Arab Civilization: Challenges and Responses: Studies in Honor of Constantine K. Zurayk, eds. Atiyeh George N. and Oweiss Ibrahim M. (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988): 272311.
Rapoport Yossef. “Review of Shariʿa: Theory, Practice, Transformations, by Wael B. Hallaq,” Islamic Law and Society 20 (2013): 141148.
Ravin Wim. “Reward and Punishment.” In Encyclopedia of the Qurʾan, ed. McAuliffe Jane Dammen (Leiden: Brill, 2007).
Reilly James. “Properties around Damascus in the Nineteenth Century,” Arabica 37 (1990): 91114.
Reilly James. “Rural Waqfs of Ottoman Damascus: Rights of Ownership, Possession and Tenancy,” Acta Orientalia 51 (1990): 2746.
Reilly James. A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2002).
Reilly James. “Status Groups and Propertyholding in the Damascus Hinterland, 1828–1880,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 21, no. 4 (November 1989): 517539.
Reiter Yitzhak. “Family Waqf Entitlements in British Palestine (1917–1948),” Islamic Law and Society 2, no. 2 (1995): 174193.
Roded Ruth. “Great Mosques, Zawiyas, and Neighborhood Mosques: Popular Beneficiaries of Waqf Endowments in Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Aleppo,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 110, no. 1 (January/March 1990): 3238.
Roded Ruth. “The Waqf and the Social Elite of Aleppo in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries,” Turcica: revue d’études turques 20 (1988): 7191.
Rubin Avi. Ottoman Nizamiye Courts: Law and Modernity (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).
Saʿid ʿAbdullah Ibrahim. “Adwaʾ ʿala al-mulkiyya al-ʿiqariyya li-madinat Tarabulus min khilal sijillat al-mahakim al-sharʿiyya fi al-nisf al-thani min al-qarn al-tasiʿ ʿashar.” In Al-muʾtamar al-awwal li-tarikh wilayat Tarabulus ibbana al-haqba al-ʿuthmaniyya, 1516–1918, eds. wa-al-ʿUlum al-Insaniyya Kulliyat al-Adab, al-Lubnaniyya al-Jamiʿa, al-Thalith Farʿ (Tripoli, 1995): 157184.
Saʿid ʿAbdullah Ibrahim. Ashkal al-milkiyya wa anwaʿ al-aradi fi mutsarrifiyyat Jabal Lubnan wa Sahl Al-Biqaʿ, 1861–1914 (Beirut: Bisan, 1995).
Sabean David Warren. Property, Production and Family in Neckarhausen, 1700–1870 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Sabean David Warren, Teuscher Simon, and Mathieu Jan, eds. Kinship in Europe: Approaches to the Long-Term Development (1300–1900) (New York: Berghahn Books, 2007).
Safi Khaled Muhammad. Al-Hukum al-Masri fi Filastin, 1831–1840 (Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies, 2010).
Salam-Liebich Hayat. The Architecture of the Mamluk City of Tripoli (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983).
Salati Marco. “Urban Notables, Private Waqf and Capital Investment: The Case of the 17th Century Zuhrawi Family of Aleppo.” In Le waqf dans l'espace islamique: outil de pouvoir socio-politique, eds. Deguilhem Randi and Raymond Andre (Damascus: Institut français de Damas, 1995).
Salibi Kamal. “The Sayfas and the Eyalet of Tripoli, 1579–1640,” Arabica 20 (1973): 2552.
Salibi Kamal, and Khoury Yusuf K. The Missionary Herald: Reports from Ottoman Syria, 1819–1870, vols. 1–4 (Beirut: Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies, 1995).
Salim al-Sayyid ʿAbd al-ʿAziz. Tarabulus al-Sham fi al-tarikh al-islami (Alexandria: Dar al-Maʿarif, 1967).
Salzmann Ariel. “An Ancien Régime Revisited: ‘Privatization’ and Political Economy in the Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Empire,” Politics & Society 21, no. 4 (1993): 393423.
al-Samad Qasim. “Alqab al-Muslimin wa al-Masihiyin wa nuʿutahum fi sijillat al-mahkama al-sharʿiyya fi Tarabulus.” In Al-ʿalaqat bayna al-Muslimin wa-al-Masihiyin fi Bilad al-Sham: khilal al-marhala al-ʿuthmaniyya (min al-qarn al-sabiʿ ʿashar ila al-qarn al-tasiʿ ʿashar miladi): muʿtayat wathaʾiq al-mahakim al-sharʿiyya fi mudun Halab, Bayrut, Dimashq, wa Tarabulus: ʿamal muʾtamar Adhar 2004 (Tripoli: Jamiʿat al-Balamand, 2004).
Sinno Ghassan Munir. Madinat Sayda, 1818–1860: Dirasa fi al-ʿumran al-hadari min khilal wathaʾiq mahkamatiha al-sharʿiyya (Beirut: al-Dar al-ʿArabiyya lil-ʿUlum, 1988).
Schacht Joseph. An Introduction to Islamic Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964).
Scott Joan Wallach. “Against Eclecticism,” Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 16, no. 5 (2005): 114137.
Sharabi Hisham. Neopatriarchy: A Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).
Sharamand Ahmad Ghazi. “Dawr Tarabulus al-iqtisadi fi al-qurun al-thalatha al-ula min al-ʿahd al-ʿuthmani.” In Al-Muʾtamar al-awwal li-tarikh wilayat Tarabulus ibbana al-haqba al-ʿuthmaniyya, 1516–1918, eds. al-Adab wa-al-ʿUlum al-Insaniyya Kulliyat, al-Lubnaniyya al-Jamiʿa, and al-Thalith Farʿ (Tripoli, 1995): 185223.
Sharif Hikmat Beik. Tarikh Tarabulus al-Sham min aqdam azmaniha ila hadhihi al-ayyam (Tripoli: Dar Hikmat Sharif, Dar al-Iman, 1987).
Singer Amy. Constructing Ottoman Beneficence: An Imperial Soup Kitchen in Jerusalem (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2002).
Singer Amy. “The Persistence of Philanthropy,” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East 31, no. 3 (2011): 557568.
Sonbol Amira El Azhary. Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996).
Stoler Ann Laura. Along the Archival Grain: Epistemic Anxieties and Colonial Common Sense (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009).
Sulayman Hala. Athar al-hamla al-misriyya ʿala Bilad al-Sham (1831–1840): wilayat Tarabulus namudhajan (Tripoli: Al-Muʾassasa al-Haditha lil-Kitab, 2001).
Tadmuri ʿUmar ʿAbd al-Salam. Al-hayat al-thaqafiyya fi Trabulus al-Sham khilal al-ʿusur al-wusta (Beirut: Dar Filastin lil-Taʾlif wa al-Tarjama, 1972).
Tadmuri ʿUmar ʿAbd al-Salam. Tarikh Tarabulus al-siyasi wa al-hadari ʿabr al-ʿusur; al-jizʾ al-thani: ʿasr dawlat al-Mamalik (Beirut: Al-Muʾassasa al-ʿArabiyya lil Dirasat wa al-Nashr, 1981).
Tamari Salim. Mountain against the Sea: Essays on Palestinian Society and Culture (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2009).
Tamimian Lucine. “Ain.” In Part-Time Farming: Agricultural Development in the Zarqa River Basin, Jordan, eds. Mundy Martha and Smith Richard Saumarez (Irbid: Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology, Yarmouk University, 1990).
Tannous Ignace. Mustafa agha barbar: hakim iyalat tarabulus wa al-ladhiqiyya: 1767–1834, 2nd edn. (Tripoli: Jarrous Press, 1984).
Tarabulusi ʿAli al-Ibrahim. Al-tashayyuʿ fi tarabulus wa Bilad al-Sham: adwaʾ ʿala dawlat bani ʿammar (Beirut: Dar al-Saqi, 2007).
Tarabulsi Fawwaz. In kan baddak taʿshaq: kitabat fi al-thaqafah al-shaʿbiyya (Beirut: Dar al-Kunuz al-Adabiyya, 2005).
Taylor Malissa. “Keeping Usufruct in the Family: Popular and Juridical Interpretations of Ottoman Land Tenure Law in Damascus,” Bulletin d’études orientales 61 (2012): 429443.
Terem Etty and Powers David. “From the Miʿyar of Al-Wansharisi to the New Miʿyar of Al-Wazzani: Continuity and Change,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 33 (2007): 139.
Tezcan Baki. The Second Ottoman Empire: Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Tilly Charles. “Family History, Social History and Social Change,” Journal of Family History 12, no. 1 (1987): 319330.
Tilly Charles. ed. Historical Studies in Changing Fertility (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978).
Trouillot Michel-Rolph. Silencing the Past: Power and the Production of History (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1995).
Tucker Judith. “The Arab Family in History.” In Arab Women: Old Boundaries, New Frontiers, ed. Tucker Judith (Washington, DC: Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, 1993): 195207.
Tucker Judith. In the House of the Law: Gender and Islamic Law in Ottoman Syria and Palestine (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1998).
Tucker Judith. “Marriage and Family in Nablus, 1720–1856: Towards a History of Arab Muslim Marriage,” Journal of Family History 13 (1988): 165179.
Tucker Judith. “Ties that Bound: Women and Family in Late Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Nablus.” In Women in Middle Eastern History: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender, eds. Keddie Nikki and Baron Beth (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991): 233253.
Tucker Judith. Women, Family, and Gender in Islamic Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).
Tucker Judith. Women in Nineteenth-Century Egypt (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Van Leeuwen Richard. Notables and Clergy in Mount Lebanon: The Khazin Sheikhs and the Maronite Church (1736–1840) (Leiden: Brill, 1994).
Van Leeuwen Richard. Waqfs and Urban Structures: The Case of Ottoman Damascus (Leiden: Brill, 1999).
Weiss Max. In the Shadow of Sectarianism: Law, Shiʿism, and the Making of Modern Lebanon (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010).
Wilkins Charles L. Forging Urban Solidarities: Ottoman Aleppo 1640–1700 (Leiden: Brill, 2010).
Winter Michael. “Mamluks and Their Households in Late Mamluk Damascus: A Waqf Study.” In The Mamluks in Egyptian and Syrian Politics and Society, eds. Winter Michael and Levanoni Amalia (Leiden: Brill, 2004): 297316.
Winter Michael. “Ottoman Qadis in Damascus in the 16th–18th Centuries.” In Law, Custom and Statute in the Muslim World: Studies in Honor of Aharon Layish, ed. Shaham Ron (Leiden: Brill, 2007): 87109.
Winter Stefan. The Shiites of Lebanon under Ottoman Rule, 1516–1788 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).
Wrigley E. A.Fertility Strategy for the Individual and the Group.” In Historical Studies in Changing Fertility, ed. Tilly Charles (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978): 135154.
Würth Anna. “A Sanaʿa Court: The Family and the Ability to Negotiate,” Islamic Law and Society 2, no. 3 (1995): 320340.
Yakan Zuhdi. Qanun al-waqf al-dhurri (Beirut: Dar al-Thaqafa, 1964).
Yazbak Mahmoud. “Nabulsi Ulama in the Late Ottoman Period, 1864–1914,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 29, no. 1 (February, 1997): 7191.
Yediyıldız Bahaeddin. Institution du vaqf au XVIIIè siècle en Turquie: étude socio-historique (Ankara: Imprimerie de la société d'histoire turque, 1985).
Yüksel Hasan. “Vakfiyelere Göre Osmanlı Toplumunda Aile.” In Sosyo-Kültürel Değişme Sürecinde Türk Ailesi (Ankara: T. C. Başbakanlık Aile Araştırma Kurumu, 1992): 468503.
al-Zayn Samih Wajih. Tarikh Trabulus qadiman wa hadithan mundhu aqdam al-azmina hatta ʿasruna al-hadir (Beirut: Dar al-Andulus lil-Tibaʿa wa al-Nashr, 1969).
Ze`evi Dror. An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1996).
Ze`evi Dror. “The Use of Ottoman Shariʿa Court Records as a Source for Middle Eastern Social History: A Reappraisal,” Islamic Law and Society 5, no. 1 (1998): 3556.
Ziade Khaled. Arkiyoloia al-mustalah al-wathaʾiqi (Tripoli: Lebanese University, 1986).
Ziade Khaled. Harat al-ahl, jaddat al-lahw (Beirut: Dar al-Nahar lil-Nashr, 1995).
Ziade Khaled. Al-sura al-taqlidiyya li al-mujtamaʿ al-madini: qiraʾa manhajiyya fi sijiilat mahkamat Tarabulus al-sharʿiyya fi al-qarn al-sabiʿ ʿashar wa-bidayat al-qarn al-thamin ʿashar (Tripoli: Lebanese University, 1983).
Ziade Khaled. “Takawwun al-ʿaʾilat fi Tarabulus.” In Lubnan fi al-qarn al-thamin ʿashar, ed. lil-Dirasat al-Tarikhiyya Al-Jamʿiyya al-Lubnaniyya (Beirut: Dar al-Muntakhab al-ʿArabi, 1996): 305320.
Ziadeh Nicola. Lubnaniyat: tarikh wa suwar (London: Riad El-Rayyes Books, 1992).

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 266 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 1166 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 29th June 2017 - 12th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.