Skip to main content Accessibility help
A Fortunate Universe
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 17
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Over the last forty years, scientists have uncovered evidence that if the Universe had been forged with even slightly different properties, life as we know it - and life as we can imagine it - would be impossible. Join us on a journey through how we understand the Universe, from its most basic particles and forces, to planets, stars and galaxies, and back through cosmic history to the birth of the cosmos. Conflicting notions about our place in the Universe are defined, defended and critiqued from scientific, philosophical and religious viewpoints. The authors' engaging and witty style addresses what fine-tuning might mean for the future of physics and the search for the ultimate laws of nature. Tackling difficult questions and providing thought-provoking answers, this volumes challenges us to consider our place in the cosmos, regardless of our initial convictions.


‘My colleagues, Geraint and Luke, in A Fortunate Universe, take you on a tour of the Cosmos in all of its glory, and all of its mystery. You will see that humanity appears to be part of a remarkable set of circumstances involving a special time around a special planet, which orbits a special star, all within a specially constructed Universe. It is these sets of conditions that have allowed humans to ponder our place in space and time. I have no idea why we are here, but I do know the Universe is beautiful. A Fortunate Universe captures the mysterious beauty of the Cosmos in a way that all can share.'

Brian Schmidt - Australian National University, Canberra, and Nobel Laureate in Physics (2011), from the Foreword

‘Geraint Lewis and Luke Barnes provide a breathtaking tour of contemporary physics from the subatomic to the cosmological scale. Everywhere they find the Universe to be fine-tuned for complex structure. If the quark masses, or the basic forces, or the cosmological constant had been much different, the Universe would have been a sterile wasteland. It seems that the only reactions are either to embrace a multiverse or a designer. The authors have constructed a powerful case for the specialness of our Universe.’

Tim Maudlin - New York University

‘The Universe could have been of such a nature that no life at all could exist. The anthropic question asks why the constants of nature that enter various physical laws are such as to permit life to come into being. This engaging book is a well-written and detailed explanation of all the many ways these physical constants affect the possibility of life, considering atomic, nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. It then discusses in an open-minded way the variety of explanations one might give for this strange fine-tuning, possible solutions ranging from pure chance, existence of multiverses, or theistic explanations. The book is the most comprehensive current discussion of this intriguing range of issues. Highly recommended.’

George Ellis - University of Cape Town

‘Lewis and Barnes’ book is the most up-to-date, accurate, and comprehensive explication of the evidence that the Universe is fine-tuned for life. It is also among the two most philosophically sophisticated treatments, all the while being accessible to a non-academic audience. I strongly recommend this book.’

Robin Collins - Messiah College, Pennsylvania

‘… charming, intelligent and exceedingly well-written … a gentle stroll through the details of the Standard Model of particle physics, as well as the Standard Model of cosmology, but [the authors] lead us with such a light hand, a streak of humour and a lack of pedantry that the information is easily absorbed … Lewis and Barnes show us how small changes lead to a variety of disasters. (‘Ruining a universe is easy’ Mr. Barnes quips) … Is [our universe] a happy coincidence, as the authors ask each other in an amusing mock debate modeled on one Galileo wrote 400 years earlier, or is there some deeper reason? Where does science go from here? Does what has been popularly called a theory of everything exist? Is there a multiverse? Must we be satisfied with an anthropic principle? The authors discuss these questions and more in a final dialogue.’

Gino Segrè Source: The Wall Street Journal

'A Fortunate Universe: Life in a Finely Tuned Cosmos by Geraint Lewis and Luke Barnes, is a nice up to date book for the general (educated) public on modern physics and cosmology. If covers modern cosmology and some of the Big Questions of our times, in particular the issue of anthropomorphism how 'fine tuned' our Universe is.'

Steinn Sigurðsson Source: ScienceBlogs (

'… what is truly unique about this book is that it presents the data at a popular level so that the material is accessible to anyone interested in this topic … As I read the book, I was awestruck by the finely-tuned constants and conditions that had to be just right to get a universe that would permit life … This evidence should move each one of us to ask, what is the best explanation of this incredible fine-tuning?'

Tim Barnett Source: Stand to Reason (

'A Fortunate Universe is basically a book of physics, written by two scientists who are fascinated by the question 'Why are we here?' The language is straightforward, the style is easy, often witty, with short digestible paragraphs, and yet the subject-matter is inevitably dense and demanding … It is pleasing to come across the line 'we do not know' so regularly in this book about the fundamentals of science, which echoes the book of Job … When science reaches its limits, we have to consider a different kind of explanation for why the laws of nature are as they are, and why they are so finely tuned for the emergence of intelligent life. … [The authors] wonder if classical arguments for the existence of God have anything to say about the fine-tuning of the universe, speculating whether God is a necessary being and whether our sense of truth and morality hint at God’s inevitable existence.'

Adam Ford Source: Church Times

'In this book, the authors deal with nothing less than the question of how it is possible that we exist. In an introductory and a closing chapter, the first of which introduces the subject in a simple dialogue, and the latter, in turn, completes the dialogue in the same colloquial manner, the authors draw a detailed picture of our universe and, in particular, how peculiar our existence is. … Reading this book is a great pleasure, not only intellectual, but also entertaining. … They describe what is and what could be. They give their audience well-founded, solid scientific arguments, chat with them, and then leave their own thoughts. A highly readable, enriching, and knowledgeable book.'

Matthias Bartelmann Source: translated from Sterne und Weltraum

'The title claims that the Universe is finely tuned for the existence of life. The authors provide evidence for this, investigate various possible explanations, and rebut the most common criticisms … the book provides an opportunity to learn more at an accessible level … The case is well made that the Universe is finely tuned for life; the interesting question is why. It could be coincidence … Or could the Universe be no other way? … Was it designed? Did it evolve? Or are there many universes in a Multiverse, and we shouldn’t be surprised that we live in one which allows life? … The arguments are clear; references are provided for those wishing to delve deeper; essentially all points of view are presented … This is an important topic and the book is a good summary of the field. I enjoyed reading it and recommend it to those interested in the big Question.'

Phillip Helbig Source: The Observatory

'It is the vivid, direct tone and writing style of a friendly physics lecture that perhaps most sets this text apart among popular-level science books about 'big questions' … [The book] provides a big picture of the physics of fine-tuning, mostly accessible in lay terms, and gives aspiring philosophers of physics a taste of the tone and intellectual style one can find at cosmology conferences. Beyond that, it does so by showing the readers that a response from philosophers might be welcome. Because the authors make clear how their thinking is informed by works in metaphysics, philosophy of physics, epistemology, and the philosophy of religion, they tell the readers how they think philosophy does or could contribute, and where they think they do not know enough to see how it might.'

Yann Benétreau-Dupin Source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

'This book is for anyone who has ever wondered: 'Why is it so?' With colourful analogies and admirably accurate simplifications, Geraint and Luke have succeeded in making much of modern physics and cosmology comprehensible … They address the biggest questions of science. What is dark energy? What is dark matter? Why is there something rather than nothing? Why is there more matter than antimatter? Where did the laws physics come from? Do we live in a multiverse? Do we live in a simulation? How different could the universe have been? If God is omnipotent, why does evil exist? … Not even the popular scientist and writer Paul Davies tries to address so many important big questions in one book … I enjoyed the book a lot, but I disagreed with the main thesis. No matter what your religious beliefs are, this book will make you think.'

Charley Lineweaver Source: The Conversation (

'What makes this part of the book different from many other works on fine-tuning is the degree to which Lewis and Barnes explain the physics of fine-tuning … they explain how the proton mass is a function of the quark masses, and these in turn of the Higgs field, and this in turn, perhaps, of supersymmetry. The reader's understanding of fine-tuning is deepened, and [they] … [come] to see that at every level fine-tuning appears. … [T]he authors discuss the philosophical issues that surround fine-tuning. The handling of these issues displays Luke Barnes's philosophical sophistication. Barnes is thoroughly familiar with the work of analytic philosophers on these issues and has interesting contributions to make to the discussion. … I highly recommend it for students of fine-tuning.'

William Lane Craig Source: Philosophia Christi

'Geraint Lewis and Luke Barnes’s lucid, fast-paced, and funny new book might best be summed up in their own words: 'Our conclusion is that the fundamental properties of the Universe appear to be fine-tuned for life'. As the authors carefully explain in A Fortunate Universe: Life in a Finely Tuned Cosmos, it doesn’t matter whether other kinds of life are out there. It’s enough that there is life here on Earth to raise the question of why the universe is the way it is, seemingly fine-tuned to allow for life. After all, in the vast parameter space of hypothetical universes, life is a tight fit. Change the fundamental constants, or the basic laws of physics, or the low-entropy, free-energy-rich initial state of the universe, and the story on Earth would have been radically different. Life has very little wiggle room.'

Marcelo Gleiser Source: Physics Today

'The tone is lively, and these authors are witty; their banter is appealing; and the indulgences are infrequent and always welcome. … Both authors of A Fortunate Universe are physicists and cosmologists, so they are in a position to avoid the scientific inaccuracies that weaken other attempts to explore the philosophical consequences of cosmic fine-tuning. On the other hand, it is rare to find physicists capable of avoiding even elementary errors in discussing the metaphysical implications of their work. But I can find at least no obvious misunderstandings in Lewis and Barnes’s discussions of Aristotle or Boethius or Aquinas. Equally refreshing, they seem to have enough humility to recognize that philosophical investigations, like scientific investigations, do require a serious investment of time and study. … We may be approaching a new era in the relation between science and philosophy. Stranger things have happened in human history.'

Tucker Landy Source: Interpretation

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Adams, Fred C. (2008). Stars in Other Universes: Stellar Structure with Different Fundamental Constants. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 08, 010.
Adams, Fred C. and Laughlin, Gregory (1997). A Dying Universe: The Long Term Fate and Evolution of Astrophysical Objects. Reviews of Modern Physics, 69(2), 337372.
Aguirre, Anthony (2001). Cold Big-Bang Cosmology as a Counterexample to Several Anthropic Arguments. Physical Review D, 64, 083508.
Albert, David Z. (2000). Time and Chance. Cambridge, MA; London: Harvard University Press.
Albrecht, Andreas and Sorbo, Lorenzo (2004). Can the Universe Afford Inflation? Physical Review D, 70, 063528.
Aldrich, John (2008). R. A. Fisher on Bayes and Bayes’ Theorem. Bayesian Analysis, 3(1), 161170.
Augustine, (415). De Genesi Ad Litteram. Translated and annotated by Taylor, John Hammond (1982). New York: The Newman Press.
Augustine, (420). Enchiridion: On Faith, Hope, and Love. Translated by Outler, Albert C.. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1955.
Banks, Tom (2012). The Top 10500 Reasons Not To Believe in the String Landscape. arXiv:1208.5715.
Barnes, Luke (2012). The Fine-Tuning of the Universe for Intelligent Life. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, 29(4), 529564.
Barnes, Luke (2014). Cosmology Q & A. Australian Physics, 51, 4246.
Barr, Stephen M. (2003). Modern Physics and Ancient Faith. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
Barr, Stephen M. and Khan, Almas (2007). Anthropic Tuning of the Weak Scale and of mu/md in Two-Higgs-Doublet Models. Physical Review D, 76, 045002.
Barrow, John (2002). The Constants of Nature: The Numbers That Encode the Deepest Secrets of the Universe. London: Pantheon Books.
Barrow, John D. and Tipler, Frank J. (1986). The Anthropic Cosmological Principle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Beane, Silas R., Davoudi, Zohreh and Savage, Martin J. (2014). Constraints on the Universe as a Numerical Simulation. The European Physical Journal A, 50(148), 917.
Berry, Michael (1978). Regular and Irregular Motion. In Jorna, S., ed., Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics. New York: American Institute of Physics.
Boltzmann, Ludwig (1895). On Certain Questions of the Theory of Gases. Nature, 51, 413415.
Brandenberger, Robert H. (2008). String Gas Cosmology. arXiv:0808.0746.
Burgess, Cliff and Moore, Guy (2007). The Standard Model: A Primer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cahn, Robert (1996). The Eighteen Arbitrary Parameters of the Standard Model in Your Everyday Life. Reviews of Modern Physics, 68, 951959.
Carr, Bernard (ed.) (2009). Universe or Multiverse? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Carr, Bernard J. and Rees, Martin J. (1979). The Anthropic Principle and the Structure of the Physical World. Nature, 278(12), 605612.
Carroll, Lewis (1871). Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There. New York: Macmillan.
Carroll, Sean M. (2006). Is Our Universe Natural? Nature, 440, 11321136.
Carroll, Sean M. (2010). From Eternity to Here: The Quest for the Ultimate Theory of Time. Oxford: Oneworld Publications.
Carroll, Sean M. (2012). Does the Universe Need God? In Stump, J. B. and Padgett, Alan G., eds., The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity. Chichester: Wiley-Black.
Carroll, Sean M. (2014). In What Sense Is the Early Universe Fine-Tuned? arXiv:1406.3057.
Carroll, Sean M. and Tam, Heywood (2010). Unitary Evolution and Cosmological Fine-Tuning. arXiv:1007.1417.
Carter, Brandon (1974). Large Number Coincidences and the Anthropic Principle in Cosmology. in Longair, M. S., ed., Confrontation of Cosmological Theories With Observational Data. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
Cathcart, Brian (2004). The Fly in the Cathedral: How a Small Group of Cambridge Scientists Won the Race to Split the Atom. London: Viking.
Chalmers, David (1996). The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.
Close, Frank (2011). The Infinity Puzzle: Quantum Field Theory and the Hunt for an Orderly Universe. New York: Basic Books.
Cohen, Bernard (2008). Understanding the Fine Tuning in Our Universe. The Physics Teacher. 46, 285289.
Cook, Matthew (2004). Universality in Elementary Cellular Automata. Complex Systems, 15(1), 140.
Craig, William Lane and Moreland, J. P. (eds.) (2009). The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Dass, Tulsi (2005). Measurements and Decoherence. arXiv:quant-ph/0505070.
Davies, Paul. C. W. (1983). The Anthropic Principle. Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, 10, 138.
Davies, Paul. C. W. (2006). The Goldilocks Enigma: Why Is the Universe Just Right for Life? London: Allen Lane.
Davies, Paul. C. W. (2010). The Eerie Silence. Boston; New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Dawkins, Richard (1995). Reply to Michael Poole. Science and Christian Belief, 7(1), 4849.
Dawkins, Richard (2006). The God Delusion. London: Bantam Press.
Diamond, Jared (2005). Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive. London: Viking Penguin.
Dine, Michael and Kusenko, Alexander (2003). The Origin of the Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry. Reviews of Modern Physics, 76(1), 130.
Dingle, Herbert (1953). On Science and Modern Cosmology (Presidential Address). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 113, 393407.
Eagle, Antony (2011). Philosophy of Probability: Contemporary Readings. London: Routledge.
Eddington, Arthur S. (1928). The Nature of the Physical World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ellis, George F. R. (2007). Issues in the Philosophy of Cosmology. In Butterfield, Jeremy and Earman, John, eds., Handbook in Philosophy of Physics. Amsterdam: North Holland.
Epelbaum, Evgeny, Krebs, Hermann, Lee, Dean and Meißner, Ulf-G. (2011). Ab Initio Calculation of the Hoyle State. Physical Review Letters, 106(19), 192501.
Epelbaum, Evgeny, Krebs, Hermann, Lähde, Timo A., Lee, Dean and Meißner, Ulf-G. (2013). Viability of Carbon-Based Life as a Function of the Light Quark Mass. Physical Review Letters, 110(11), 112502.
Evrard, Guillaume and Coles, Peter (1995). Getting the Measure of the Flatness Problem. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 12(10), L93.
Feser, Edward (2009). Aquinas (A Beginner’s Guide). Oxford: Oneworld Publications.
Feynman, Richard P. (1965). The Character of Physical Law. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Feynman, Richard P. (1988). QED. The Strange Theory of Light and Matter. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Feynman, Richard, Leighton, Robert B. and Sands, Matthew L. (1970). The Feynman Lectures on Physics (3 Volume Set). Boston: Addison Wesley Longman.
Fowler, William A. (1966). The Stability of Supermassive Stars. The Astrophysical Journal, 144, 180200.
Fredkin, Edward (1990). Digital Mechanics: An Informational Process Based on Reversible Universal Cellular Automata. Physica, D45, 254270.
Gamow, George (1965). Mr. Tompkins in Paperback. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gardner, Martin (1964). The Ambidextrous Universe. New York: Basic Books.
Gardner, Martin (1970). Mathematical Games: The Fantastic Combinations of John Conway’s New Solitaire Game ‘Life’. Scientific American, 223, 120123.
Gibbons, Gary W. and Turok, Neil (2008). Measure Problem in Cosmology. Physical Review D, 77, 6, 063516.
Gleick, James (2012). The Information: A History, A Theory, A Flood. New York: Vintage Books.
Goldacre, Ben (2009). Bad Science: Quacks, Hacks, and Big Pharma Flacks. London: Fourth Estate.
Goldacre, Ben (2014). Bad Pharma: How Drug Companies Mislead Doctors and Harm Patients. London: Faber & Faber.
Greene, Brian (1999). The Elegant Universe. New York: W. W. Norton.
Gribbin, John (1985). In Search of the Double Helix. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Gross, David J. (1996). The Role of Symmetry in Fundamental Physics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 93(25), 1425614259.
Guy, R. K. (2008). John H. Conway. In Albers, D. J. and Alexanderson, G. L., eds., Mathematical People: Profiles And Interviews, 2nd edn. Wellesley, Massachusetts: A K Peters, Ltd.
Hall, Lawrence J., Pinner, David and Ruderman, Joshua T. (2014). The Weak Scale from BBN. Journal of High Energy Physics, 12(134), 29.
Harnik, Roni, Kribs, Graham D. and Perez, Gilad (2006). A Universe Without Weak Interactions. Physical Review D, 74, 035006.
Harrison, Edward (2000). Cosmology: The Science of the Universe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hawking, Stephen W. (1988). A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. New York: Bantam Books.
Hawking, Stephen W. and Page, Don N. (1988). How Probable Is Inflation? Nuclear Physics B, 298, 789809.
Helbig, Phillip (2012). Is There a Flatness Problem in Classical Cosmology? Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 421, 561569.
Hogan, Craig J. (2000). Why the Universe Is Just So. Reviews of Modern Physics, 72, 11491161.
Hogan, Craig J. (2009). Quarks, Electrons, and Atoms in Closely Related Universes. In Carr, Bernard, ed., Universe or Multiverse? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hollands, Stefan and Wald, Robert M. (2002). Essay: An Alternative to Inflation. General Relativity and Gravitation, 34, 20432055.
Holt, Jim (2012). Why Does The World Exist? One Man’s Quests for the Big Answer. London: Profile Books.
Hoyle, Fred (1950). The Nature of the Universe. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hoyle, Fred (1957). The Black Cloud. London: William Heinemann Ltd.
Hoyle, Fred (1994). Home Is Where the Wind Blows: Chapters from a Cosmologist’s Life. California: University Science Books.
Hume, David (1779). Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Web edition published by eBooks@Adelaide:
Jaynes, Edwin (2003). Probability Theory: The Logic of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jeans, James (1931). The Stars in Their Courses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kofman, Lev, Linde, Andrei and Mukhanov, Viatcheslav (2002). Inflationary Theory and Alternative Cosmology. Journal of High Energy Physics, 10, 057.
Kragh, Helge (2010). When Is a Prediction Anthropic? Fred Hoyle and the 7.65 Mev Carbon Resonance.
Kreeft, Peter (1990). A Summa of the Summa. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.
Leslie, John (1989). Universes. London: Routledge.
Li, Ming and Vitányi, Paul M. B. (2008). An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Livio, M., Hollowell, D., Truran, J. W. and Weiss, A. (1989). The Anthropic Significance of the Existence of an Excited State of C-12. Nature, 340(6231), 281284.
Loeb, Abraham (2014). The Habitable Epoch of the Early Universe. International Journal of Astrobiology, 13(4), 337339.
MacDonald, J. and Mullan, D. J. (2009). Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: The Strong Nuclear Force Meets the Weak Anthropic Principle. Physical Review D, 80(4), 043507.
McGrayne, Sharon (2012). The Theory That Would Not Die. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
McGrew, Timothy, McGrew, Lydia and Vestrup, Eric (2003). Probabilities and the Fine-Tuning Argument. In Manson, Neil, ed., God and Design. London: Routledge.
Mears, Ray (2003). The Real Heroes of Telemark. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
Meißner, Ulf-G. (2015). Anthropic Considerations in Nuclear Physics. Science Bulletin, 60(1), 4354.
Mitton, Simon (2011). Fred Hoyle: A Life in Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nussbaumer, Harry and Bieri, Lydia (2009). Discovering the Expanding Universe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
O’Connor, Timothy (2008). Theism and Ultimate Explanation. London: Wiley-Blackwell.
Olive, K. A. et al. (Particle Data Group) (2014). Review of Particle Physics. Chinese Physics C, 38, 090001.
Oppy, Graham (2009). Arguing About Gods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Osler, Margaret J. (2010). Myth 10. That the Scientific Revolution Liberated Science from Religion. In Numbers, Ronald L., ed., Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths about Science and Religion. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Page, Don N. (1983). Inflation Does Not Explain Time Asymmetry. Nature, 304, 3941.
Penrose, Roger (1979). Singularities and Time Asymmetry. In Israel, W. and Hawking, S.W., eds., General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Penrose, Roger (2004). The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe. London: Vintage.
Pochet, T., Pearson, J. M., Beaudet, G. and Reeves, H. (1991). The Binding of Light Nuclei, and the Anthropic Principle. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 243(1), 14.
Polchinski, Joseph (2006). The Cosmological Constant and the String Landscape. arXiv:hep-th/0603249.
Pratchett, Terry. (1994). Soul Music. London: Victor Gollancz.
Press, William H. and Lightman, Alan P. (1983). Dependence of Macrophysical Phenomena on the Values of the Fundamental Constants. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 310(1512), 323336.
Rees, Martin (2001). Just Six Numbers: The Deep Forces That Shape The Universe. New York: Basic Books.
Rees, Martin (2003). Numerical Coincidences and ‘Tuning’ in Cosmology. In Wickramasinghe, N. C., Burbidge, Geoffrey and Narlikar, J. V., eds., Fred Hoyle’s Universe. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer.
Reia, Sandro and Kinouchi, Osame (2014). Conway’s Game of Life Is a Near-Critical Metastable State in the Multiverse of Cellular Automata. Physical Review E, 89(5), 052123.
Rovelli, Carlo (2015). Aristotle’s Physics: A Physicist’s Look. Journal of the American Philosophical Association, 1(01), 2340.
Schellekens, A. N. (2013). Life at the Interface of Particle Physics and String Theory. Reviews of Modern Physics, 85, 14911540.
Schilpp, P. (ed.) (1969). Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist. Peru, IL: Open Court Press.
Schneider, Nathan (2013). God in Proof: The Story of a Search from the Ancients to the Internet. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Schrödinger, Erwin (1935). Die gegenwärtige Situation in der Quantenmechanik (The Present Situation in Quantum Mechanics). Naturwissenschaften, 23(49), 823828.
DrSeuss, (1954). Horton Hears a Who! New York: Random House.
Silver, Nate (2015). The Signal and the Noise. New York: Penguin Books.
Smeenk, C. (2013). Philosophy of Cosmology. In Batterman, R., ed., Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Physics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Smolin, Lee (1997). The Life of The Cosmos. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sobel, Jordan Howard (2009). Logic and Theism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stenger, Victor (2011). The Fallacy of Fine-Tuning: Why the Universe Is Not Designed for Us. New York: Prometheus Books.
Storrie-Lombardi, Lisa J. and Wolfe, Arthur M. (2000). Surveys for z > 3 Damped Lyα Absorption Systems: The Evolution of Neutral Gas. The Astrophysical Journal, 543(2), 552576.
Susskind, Leonard (2005). The Cosmic Landscape: String Theory and the Illusion of Intelligent Design. New York: Little, Brown and Company.
Susskind, Leonard and Hrabovsky, George (2014). Classical Mechanics: The Theoretical Minimum. London, Penguin Books.
Swinburne, Richard (2004). The Existence of God. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
ʼt Hooft, Gerard (2013). Duality Between a Deterministic Cellular Automaton and a Bosonic Quantum Field Theory in 1+1 Dimensions. Foundations of Physics, 43(5), 597614.
Taleb, Nassim Nicholas (2010). The Black Swan. New York: Random House.
Tegmark, Max (1997). Letter to the Editor: On the Dimensionality of Spacetime. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 14(4), L6975.
Tegmark, Max. (1998). Is ‘The Theory of Everything’ Merely the Ultimate Ensemble Theory? Annals of Physics, 270(1), 151.
Tegmark, Max and Rees, Martin J. (1998). Why Is the Cosmic Microwave Background Fluctuation Level 10−5? The Astrophysical Journal, 499(2), 526532.
Tegmark, Max, Vilenkin, Alexander and Pogosian, Levon (2005). Anthropic Predictions for Neutrino Masses. Physical Review D, 71(10), 103523.
Tegmark, Max, Aguirre, Anthony, Rees, Martin and Wilczek, Frank (2006). Dimensionless Constants, Cosmology, and Other Dark Matters. Physical Review D, 73(2), 023505.
Turok, Neil (2002). A Critical Review of Inflation. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 19, 3449.
Uzan, Jean-Philippe (2011). Varying Constants, Gravitation and Cosmology. Living Reviews in Relativity, 14(2).
Vallentin, Antonina (1954). Einstein: A Biography. Translated from the French by Budberg, Moura. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Ward, Keith (2009). Why There Almost Certainly Is a God. Oxford: Lion Hudson.
Way, M. J. and Hunter, D. (eds.) (2013). Origins of the Expanding Universe: 1912–1932. ASP Conference Series 471, San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific.
Weinberg, Steven (1987). Anthropic Bound on the Cosmological Constant. Physical Review Letters, 59, 26072610.
Weinberg, Steven (1993). Dreams of a Final Theory. London: Vintage Books.
Weinert, Friedel (2004). The Scientist as Philosopher: Philosophical Consequences of Great Scientific Discoveries. New York: Springer.
Wheeler, John (1994). At Home in the Universe. New York: American Institute of Physics.
White, John D. (1979). God and Necessity. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 10, 177.
Williams, Bernard (1978). Descartes: The Project of Pure Reason. New York: Penguin.
Winsberg, Eric (2012). Bumps on the Road to Here (from Eternity). Entropy, 14(3), 390406.
Wolfram, Stephen (1984). Universality and Complexity in Cellular Automata. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 10(2), 135.
Wolfram, Stephen (2002). A New Kind of Science. Champaign, IL: Wolfram Media.
Zurek, Wojciech H. (2002). Decoherence and the Transition from Quantum to Classical: Revisited. arXiv:quant-ph/0306072.
Zuse, Konrad (1969). Rechnender Raum (Calculating Space). Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.