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God and the Illegal Alien
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    God and the Illegal Alien
    • Online ISBN: 9781316817131
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316817131
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Book description

Today in the United States, millions of men, women, and children are considered 'illegal aliens' under federal law. While the presence of these migrants runs against the law, many arrive in response to US demand for cheap labor and stay to contribute to community life. This book asks where migrants stand within God's world and how authorities can govern immigration with Christian ethics. The author tracks the emergence of the concept of the illegal alien in federal US law while exploring Christian ways of understanding belonging, government, and relationships with neighbors. This is a thought-provoking book that provides a fresh response to the difficult issue of illegal immigration in the United States through the context of Christian theology.

Reviews

'In the heated debates around 'illegal aliens' several matters cry out for explanation. Where did the term 'alien' arise, and when did it first appear in US law? Why do current immigration laws view foreigners like they do? Such questions require historical awareness and, for the Christian, substantive theological reasoning. Heimburger presents a legal history and offers a rich theology for the government’s role in God’s economy as 'neighbor'. This is a fresh, needful framework for our times.'

M. Daniel Carroll R. - Blanchard Professor of Old Testament, Wheaton College, Illinois and author of Christians at the Border: Immigration, the Church, and the Bible

'God and the Illegal Alien is a highly original contribution to the ethics of immigration. It is the most comprehensive, ecumenical, and lucid treatment of the subject that I know of from a theological perspective. At the same time, by careful attention to revealing details in American legal history, biblical sources, and political thought, Heimburger provides an impressive work of political theology that makes concrete what can be abstract in the renewed attention to that subject.'

Eric Gregory - Princeton University, New Jersey

'Robert W. Heimburger provides a compelling approach that defies otherness and difference in favor of foundational Christian ideals of love, caring, decency and respect. Drawing upon historical, theological, and legal sources, Heimburger reconfigures the current adversarial landscape by assessing theological debates about the common migrant roots that we all share, and the fundamental liberal values and the legal history that underwrite and provide legitimacy to the very idea of America.'

Robert F. Barsky - Vanderbilt University, Tennessee

'What is most impressive about God and the Illegal Alien is the depth and range of its theological appropriations. Heimburger demonstrates how potentially rich are a Christian’s resourcesfor thinking through, for instance, the value of the immigrant, the responsibilities of government, and the mission of the church. Each component of his reflections are elements for a thorough-going Christian engagement with immigration realities. The author has performed a wonderful service by carefully, and painstakingly, showing us that what Christians need is a good theology of politics to guide their thinking on this debated topic.'

Source: Latin American Theology

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  • Afroyim v. Rusk, 387 U.S. 253 (1967).

  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 349 U.S. 294 (1954).

  • Calvin v. Smith, 77 Eng. Rep. 377 (1608).

  • Chae Chan Ping v. United States, 130 U.S. 581 (1889).

  • Chew Heong v. United States, 112 U.S. 536 (1884).

  • Chy Lung v. Freeman, 92 U.S. 275 (1875).

  • Fong Yue Ting v. United States, Wong Quan v. United States, Lee Joe v. United States, 149 U.S. 698 (1893).

  • Head Money Cases: Edye and Another v. Robinson, Collector; Cunard Steamship Company v. Same; Same v. Same, 112 U.S. 580 (1884).

  • Henderson v. Mayor of City of New York, 92 U.S. 259 (1875).

  • Ho Ah Kow v. Nunan, 5 Sawyer 552 (C.C.D. California 1879).

  • In re Rodríguez, 81 F. 337 (W. D. Tex. 1897).

  • John Inglis v. Trustees of the Sailor’s Snug Harbor, 28 U.S. 99 (1830).

  • Nishimura Ekiu v. United States, 142 U.S. 651 (1891).

  • Passenger Cases: George Smith v. William Turner, Health Commissioner of the Port of New York; James Norris v. The City of Boston, 48 U.S. 283 (1849).

  • Shaughnessy v. United States ex rel. Mezei, 345 U.S. 206 (1953).

  • The Schooner Exchange v. McFaddon & Others, 11 U.S. 116 (1812).

  • United States ex rel. Knauff v. Shaughnessy, 338 U.S. 537 (1950).

  • United States v. Aguilar, 883 F.2d 662 (9th Cir. 1989).

  • United States v. Jung Ah Lung, 124 U.S. 621 (1887).

  • United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 649 (1898).

  • Vance v. Terrazas, 444 U.S. 252 (1980).

  • Yick Wo v. Hopkins, Sheriff and Wo Lee v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356 (1886).

  • Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001).

  • Additional Articles to the Treaty between the United States and China, June 18, 1858, 16 Stat. 739 (1868).

  • An Act a supplement to an act entitled “An act to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese,” approved the sixth day of May eighteen hundred and eighty-two, 25 Stat. 504 (1888).

  • An Act concerning Aliens, 1 Stat. 570 (1798).

  • An Act in addition to the act intituled, “An act to establish an uniform rule of naturalization; and to repeal the acts heretofore passed on that subject,” 2 Stat. 292 (1804).

  • An act in amendment to the various acts relative to immigration and the importation of aliens under contract or agreement to perform labor, 26 Stat. 1084 (1891).

  • An Act in further addition to “An act to establish an uniform rule of naturalization; and to repeal the acts heretofore passed on that subject,” 4 Stat. 69 (1824).

  • An Act: Making omnibus consolidated appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1997, and for other purposes., Pub. L. No. 104–208, 110 Stat. 3009–546 (1996).

  • An act regulating passenger ships and vessels, 3 Stat. 488 (1819).

  • An Act relative to evidence in cases of naturalization, 3 Stat. 258 (1816).

  • An Act respecting Alien Enemies, 1 Stat. 577 (1798).

  • An Act supplementary to and to amend the act, intituled “An act to establish an uniform rule of naturalization; and to repeal the act heretofore passed on that subject,” 1 Stat. 566 (1798).

  • An Act supplementary to the acts heretofore passed on the subject of an uniform rule of naturalization, 3 Stat. 53 (1813).

  • An act supplementary to the acts in relation to immigration, 18 Stat. 477 (1875).

  • An Act to amend an act entitled “An act to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese approved May sixth eighteen hundred and eighty-two,” 23 Stat. 115 (1884).

  • An Act: To amend section 201 (a), 202(c) and 203(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended, and to establish a Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy, Pub. L. No. 95–412, 92 Stat. 907 (1978).

  • An Act to amend the acts concerning naturalization, 4 Stat. 310 (1828).

  • An Act: To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to change the level, and preference system for admission, of immigrants to the United States, and to provide for administrative naturalization, and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 101–649, 104 Stat. 4978 (1990).

  • An Act: To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to revise and reform the immigration laws, and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 99–603, 100 Stat. 3359 (1986).

  • An Act: To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to revise the procedures for the admission of refugees, to amend the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 to establish a more uniform basis for the provision of assistance to refugees, and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 96–212, 94 Stat. 102 (1980).

  • An Act: To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 89–236, 79 Stat. 911 (1965).

  • An Act: To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 94–571, 90 Stat. 2703 (1976).

  • An Act to amend the Naturalization Acts and to punish Crimes against the same, and for other Purposes, 16 Stat. 254 (1870).

  • An Act to encourage Immigration, 13 Stat. 385 (1864).

  • An Act: To enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States to provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education, to extend the Commission on Civil Rights, to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 88–352, 78 Stat. 241 (1964).

  • An Act to establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, 1 Stat. 103 (1790).

  • An act to establish an uniform rule of naturalization; and to repeal the act heretofore passed on that subject, 1 Stat. 414 (1795).

  • An act to establish an uniform rule of naturalization; and to repeal the acts heretofore passed on that subject, 2 Stat. 153 (1802).

  • An Act: To establish operational control over the international land and maritime borders of the United States, Pub. L. No. 109–367, 120 Stat. 2638 (2006).

  • An act to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese, 22 Stat. 58 (1882).

  • An Act: To limit the immigration of aliens into the United States, Pub. L. No. 67–5, 42 Stat. 5 (1921).

  • An Act: To limit the immigration of aliens into the United States, and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 68–139, 43 Stat. 153 (1924).

  • An Act: To prevent the manufacturing, distribution, and use of illegal drugs, and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 100–690, 8 U.S.C. § 1101 (a) (43) 102 Stat. 4181 (1988).

  • An Act to prohibit the “Coolie Trade” by American Citizens in American Vessels, 12 Stat. 340 (1862).

  • An act to prohibit the coming of Chinese persons into the United States, 27 Stat. 25 (1892).

  • An act to prohibit the importation and migration of foreigners and aliens under contract or agreement to perform labor in the United States, its Territories, and the District of Columbia, 23 Stat. 322 (1885).

  • An Act to prohibit the importation of Slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States, from and after the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eight, 2 Stat. 426 (1807).

  • An act to regulate Immigration, 22 Stat. 214 (1882).

  • An act to regulate the Carriage of Passengers in Merchant Vessels, 9 Stat. 127 (1847).

  • An Act to Regulate the Carriage of Passengers in Steamships and other Vessels, 10 Stat. 715 (1855).

  • An Act: To regulate the immigration of aliens into the United States, Pub. L. No. 57–162, 32 Stat. 1213 (1903).

  • An Act: To regulate the immigration of aliens to, and the residence of aliens in, the United States, Pub. L. No. 64–301, 39 Stat. 874 (1917).

  • An Act: To revise the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and nationality; and for other purposes, Pub. L. No. 82–414, 66 Stat. 163 (1952).

  • Beason-Hammon Alabama Taxpayer and Citizen Protection Act, Alabama House Bill (H.B.) 56 (2011).

  • Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act, U.S. Senate Bill S. 744 (2013).

  • Gentleman’s Agreement, Executive Order no. 589 (1907).

  • Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act, Arizona Senate Bill (S.B.) 1070 (2010).

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