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Governing the Commons
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  • Cited by 85
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    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    2019. Institutional and Organizational Transformations in the Robotic Era. p. 27.

    Fan, Liangcong Yuan, Yuemei Ying, Zechun Lam, Shu Kee Liu, Lu Zhang, Xinchao Liu, Hongbin and Gu, Baojing 2019. Decreasing farm number benefits the mitigation of agricultural non-point source pollution in China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 26, Issue. 1, p. 464.

    Sampson, Gabriel S and Perry, Edward D 2019. The Role of Peer Effects in Natural Resource Appropriation – The Case of Groundwater. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 101, Issue. 1, p. 154.

    Brinkley, Catherine 2019. Hardin’s imagined tragedy is pig shit: A call for planning to recenter the commons. Planning Theory, p. 147309521882046.

    Schuler, Douglas 2019. The Hackable City. p. 261.

    Anastasiu, Irina 2019. The Hackable City. p. 239.

    Bevir, Mark Needham, Catherine and Waring, Justin 2019. Inside co-production: Ruling, resistance, and practice. Social Policy & Administration,

    Dapp, Marcus M. 2019. Business Transformation through Blockchain. p. 153.

    True, Jacqui and Riveros-Morales, Yolanda 2019. Towards inclusive peace: Analysing gender-sensitive peace agreements 2000–2016. International Political Science Review, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 23.

    Rotz, Sarah Fraser, Evan D.G. and Martin, Ralph C. 2019. Situating tenure, capital and finance in farmland relations: implications for stewardship and agroecological health in Ontario, Canada. The Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol. 46, Issue. 1, p. 142.

    Mauro-Flude, Nancy 2019. Digital Humanities and Scholarly Research Trends in the Asia-Pacific. p. 200.

    Turcu, Anca 2018. Reactive limits to diaspora enfranchisement policies: a conceptual categorization. Diaspora Studies, Vol. 11, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Antonioni, Alberto Pereda, María Cronin, Katherine A. Tomassini, Marco and Sánchez, Angel 2018. Collaborative hierarchy maintains cooperation in asymmetric games. Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, Issue. 1,

    Sigdel, Ram Anand, Madhur and Bauch, Chris T. 2018. Convergence of socio-ecological dynamics in disparate ecological systems under strong coupling to human social systems. Theoretical Ecology,

    Battu, Balaraju Pammi, V. S. Chandrasekhar and Srinivasan, Narayanan 2018. Evolution of Cooperation with Heterogeneous Conditional Cooperators. Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, Issue. 1,

    Ram-Tiktin, Efrat 2018. The Tragedy of the Commons and Population Health: The State’s Intervention in an Individual’s Actions and Choices from a Capability Perspective. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Vol. 19, Issue. 4, p. 438.

    Huettmann, Falk 2018. Machine Learning for Ecology and Sustainable Natural Resource Management. p. 315.

    Kaufmann, Sonja and Vogl, Christian R. 2018. Participatory Guarantee Systems (PGS) in Mexico: a theoretic ideal or everyday practice?. Agriculture and Human Values, Vol. 35, Issue. 2, p. 457.

    Fudge, Maree 2018. Participation and representation in governing multiple-use marine ecosystems. Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, Vol. 10, Issue. 4, p. 263.

    Parlee, Brenda L. Sandlos, John and Natcher, David C. 2018. Undermining subsistence: Barren-ground caribou in a “tragedy of open access”. Science Advances, Vol. 4, Issue. 2, p. e1701611.


Book description

The governance of natural resources used by many individuals in common is an issue of increasing concern to policy analysts. Both state control and privatization of resources have been advocated, but neither the state nor the market have been uniformly successful in solving common pool resource problems. After critiquing the foundations of policy analysis as applied to natural resources, Elinor Ostrom here provides a unique body of empirical data to explore conditions under which common pool resource problems have been satisfactorily or unsatisfactorily solved. Dr Ostrom uses institutional analysis to explore different ways - both successful and unsuccessful - of governing the commons. In contrast to the proposition of the 'tragedy of the commons' argument, common pool problems sometimes are solved by voluntary organizations rather than by a coercive state. Among the cases considered are communal tenure in meadows and forests, irrigation communities and other water rights, and fisheries.


‘In this ambitious, provocative, and very useful book, Ostrom combines a lucid theoretical framework with a series of diverse and richly detailed case studies … she tightly reviews and critiques extant models of cooperation and collective action and argues powerfully that communities of actors are sometimes able to maintain a common resource for long periods of time without outside intervention.'

Source: Contemporary Sociology

‘Ostrom's book is an important contribution to the problems of common property resources, that is, the lack of well-defined property rights over a certain resource. Elinor Ostrom convincingly shows that there are many different viable mixtures between public and private, in particular self-organization and self-governance by the users of the common property resource. The book makes fascinating reading, particularly as it is well written.'

Bruno S. Frey Source: Kyklos

‘Students of common property resource regimes will find much of great interest in the volume.'

Barry C. Field Source: Land Economics

‘A classic by one of the best-known thinkers on communities and commons.'

Source: Yes! A Journal of Positive Futures

‘… timely, well-written, and a useful addition to our understanding of the challenges of natural resource management … useful for undergraduate and graduate students as well as field practitioners interested in the development of scientifically based research. It provides a firm grounding in the theoretical underpinnings that should guide empirical investigations … Ostrom offers a unique source of information on the realities of resource management institutions coupled with the challenge for continued examination of institutions on order to develop better ways to address the CPR challenge.'

Gordon L. Brady Source: Southern Economic Journal

‘This is the most influential book in the last decade on thinking about the commons. For those involved with small communities … located in one nation, whose lives depend on a common pool of renewable resources … Governing the Commons has been the intellectual field guide.'

Source: Whole Earth

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