Skip to main content
×
×
Home
Hamilton's Paradox
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 17
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Mejia Acosta, Andres and Meneses, Karla 2019. Who benefits? Intergovernmental transfers, subnational politics and local spending in Ecuador. Regional & Federal Studies, p. 1.

    TROJBICZ, BENI 2018. Federalism and Governability in Brazil: Oil Royalties in Dispute. Bulletin of Latin American Research,

    Karayalcin, Cem and Onder, Harun 2018. Incomplete integration and contagion of debt distress in economic unions. Economics & Politics,

    Bhavnani, Rikhil R. and Lacina, Bethany 2018. Nativism and Economic Integration Across the Developing World.

    Levitas, Anthony 2017. Local Government Reform as State Building: What the Polish Case Says About “Decentralization”. Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 52, Issue. 1, p. 23.

    Filippetti, Andrea and Sacchi, Agnese 2016. Decentralization and economic growth reconsidered: The role of regional authority. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 34, Issue. 8, p. 1793.

    Greer, Scott L. and da Fonseca, Elize Massard 2015. The Palgrave International Handbook of Healthcare Policy and Governance. p. 409.

    Greer, Scott Elliott, Heather and Oliver, Rebecca 2015. Differences That Matter: Overcoming Methodological Nationalism in Comparative Social Policy Research. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 408.

    Rodden, Jonathan and Wibbels, Erik 2011. Dual accountability and the nationalization of party competition: Evidence from four federations. Party Politics, Vol. 17, Issue. 5, p. 629.

    Primo, David M. and Snyder, Jr., James M. 2010. Party Strength, the Personal Vote, and Government Spending. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 54, Issue. 2, p. 354.

    Greer, Scott 2010. Territorial Politics in Hard Times: The Welfare State under Pressure in Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 28, Issue. 3, p. 405.

    Hooghe, Liesbet and Marks, Gary 2009. Does Efficiency Shape the Territorial Structure of Government?. Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 12, Issue. 1, p. 225.

    Barkin, David 2008. Books Received. Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 134.

    Mora, Toni 2008. The Relationship between the Capacity of the Spanish Central Government to Retain Tax-Revenue Shares and Interregional Inequality. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 601.

    Berry, Christopher 2008. Piling On: Multilevel Government and the Fiscal Common-Pool. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 52, Issue. 4, p. 802.

    Taylor, Mark Zachary 2007. Political Decentralization and Technological Innovation: Testing the Innovative Advantages of Decentralized States. Review of Policy Research, Vol. 24, Issue. 3, p. 231.

    Wibbels, Erik 2006. MADISON IN BAGHDAD?: Decentralization and Federalism in Comparative Politics. Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 165.

    ×

Book description

As new federations take shape and old ones are revived around the world, a difficult challenge is to create incentives for fiscal discipline. A key question is whether a politically-motivated central government can credibly commit not to bail out subnational governments in times of crisis if it funds most of their expenditures. The center can commit when subnational governments retain significant tax autonomy, as in the United States. Or if the center dominates taxation, it can tightly regulate borrowing, as in many unitary systems. In a third group of countries including Brazil and Germany, the center can neither commit to a system of market-based discipline nor gain a monopoly over borrowing. By combining theory, quantitative analysis, and historical and contemporary case studies, this book explains why different countries have had dramatically different experiences with subnational fiscal discipline.

Reviews

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
References
Abromeit, Heidrun. 1982. “Die Funktion des Bundesrates und der Streit um seine Politisierung.” Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 13: 467–71
Abrucio, Fernando, and Costa, Valeriano. 1998. Reforma do Estado e o Contexto Federativo Brasileiro. São Paulo: Fundação Konrad Adenauer Stiftung
Ades, Alberto, and Glaeser, Edward. 1995. “Trade and Circuses: Explaining Urban Giants.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 110(1): 195–227
Aghion, Philippe, and Tirole, Jean. 1997. “Formal and Real Authority in OrganizationsJournal of Political Economy 105(1): 1–29
Aghion, Philippe, and Bolton, Patrick. 1990. “Government Domestic Debt and the Risk of Default: A Political-Economic Model of the Strategic Role of Debt.” University of Western Ontario Papers in Political Economy 9
Ahmad, Junaid. 2003. “Creating Incentives for Fiscal Discipline in the New South Africa.” In Fiscal Decentralization and the Challenge of Hard Budget Constraints, ed. by Rodden, Jonathan, Eskeland, Gunnar, and Litvack, Jennie. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 325–52
Alesina, Alberto, and Drazen, Allan. 1991. “Why Are Stabilizations Delayed?American Economic Review 81(5): 1170–88
Alesina, Alberto, and Roubini, Nouriel. 1997. Political Cycles and the Macroeconomy. Cambrdige, MA: MIT Press
Afonso, José Roberto, and Luiz de Mello. 2000. “Brazil: An Evolving Federation.” Paper presented at the IMF /FAD Seminar on Decentralization, November 20–21, Washington, DC
Alt, James, and Lowry, Robert. 1994. “Divided Government, Fiscal Institutions, and Budget Deficits: Evidence from the States.” American Political Science Review 88(4): 811–28
Alter, Alison. 2002. “Minimizing the Risks of Delegation: Multiple Referral in the German Bundesrat.” American Journal of Political Science 46(2): 299–316
Ames, Barry. 1987. Political Survival: Politicians and Public Policy in Latin America. Berkeley: University of California Press
Ames, Barry. 1995. “Electoral Rules, Constituency Pressures, and Pork Barrel: Bases of Voting in the Brazilian Congress.” Journal of Politics 57(2): 324–43
Ames, Barry. 2001. The Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press
Ansolabehere, Stephen, Gerber, Alan, and Snyder, James. 2002. “Equal Votes, Equal Money: Court-Ordered Redistricting and the Distribution of Public Expenditures in the American States.” American Political Science Review 96(4): 767–77
Arellano, Manuel, and Bond, Stephen. 1991. “Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations.” Review of Economic Studies 58(2): 277–97
Aristotle, . 1981. The Politics. Transl. by T. A. Sinclair. London: Penguin Classics
Arretche, Marta, and Jonathan Rodden. 2004. “Legislative Bargaining and Distributive Politics in Brazil: An Empirical Approach.” Unpublished paper, MIT. http://web.mit.edu/jrodden/www/materials/rodden.arretche.aug.041.pdf
Bakvis, Herman. 1994. “Political Parties, Party Government, and Intrastate Federalism in Canada.” In Parties and Federalism in Australia and Canada, ed. by Sharman, Campbell. Canberra: Australian National University Press, pp. 1–22
Balassone, Fabrizio, Daniele Franco, and Stefania Zotteri. 2002. “Fiscal Rules for Sub-National Governments: What Lessons from EMU Countries?” Paper presented at the World Bank/IMF conference “Rules-Based Macroeconomic Policies in Emerging Market Economies,” Oaxaca, Mexico, February 14–16, 2002
Banco Central do Brasil. 2001. Boletim das Finanças Estaduais e Municipais. September
Baron, David, and Ferejohn, John. 1987. “Bargaining and Agenda Formation in Legislatures.” American Economic Review 77(2): 303–9
Barro, Robert. 1979. “On the Determination of the Public Debt.” Journal of Political Economy 87(5, pt. 1): 940–71
Bayoumi, Tamim, and Eichengreen, Barry. 1994. “Restraining Yourself: Fiscal Rules and Stabilization.” IMF Research Department Working Paper 94/82
Bayoumi, Tamim, Goldstein, Morris, and Woglom, Geoffrey. 1995. “Do Credit Markets Discipline Sovereign Borrowers? Evidence from U.S. States.” Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking 27(4): 1046–59
Bednar, Jenna. 2001. “Shirking and Stability in Federal Systems.” Unpublished paper, University of Michigan
Beramendi, Pablo. 2004. “Decentralization and Redistribution: North American Responses to the Great Depression.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, September 2–5, Chicago, IL
Besley, Timothy, and Case, Ann. 1995. “Incumbent Behavior: Vote Seeking, Tax Setting, and Yardstick Competition.” American Economic Review 85(1): 25–45
Besley, Timothy, and Coate, Stephen. 2003. “Centralized Versus Decentralized Provision of Local Public Goods: A Political Economy Approach.” Journal of Public Economics 87(12): 2611–37
Bevilaqua, Afonso. 2002. “State Government Bailouts in Brazil.” Inter-American Development Bank, Research Network Working Paper R-441
Bird, Richard. 1986. Federal Finance in Comparative Perspective. Toronto: Canadian Tax Foundation
Bird, Richard, and Almos Tassonyi. 2003. “Constraining Subnational Fiscal Behavior in Canada: Different Approaches, Similar Results?” In Fiscal Decentralization and the Challenge of Hard Budget Constraints, ed. by Rodden, Jonathan, Eskeland, Gunnar, and Litvack, Jennie. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 85–132
Blaas, Hans, and Petr Dostál. 1989. “The Netherlands: Changing Administrative Structures.” In Territory and Administration in Europe, ed. by Bennett, Robert. London and New York: Printer, pp. 230–42
Black, E. R. 1979. “Federal Strains within a Canadian Party.” In Party Politics in Canada, ed. by Thorburn, Hugh. Scarborough: Prentice Hall Canada
Boadway, Robin, and Frank Flatters. 1994. “Fiscal Federalism: Is the System in Crisis?” In The Future of Fiscal Federalism, ed. by Banting, Keith, Brown, Douglas, and Courchene, Thomas. Kingston, ON, Canada: School of Policy Studies, Queen's University, pp. 25–74
Bohn, Henning, and Inman, Robert. 1996. “Balanced-Budget Rules and Public Deficits: Evidence from the U.S. States.” Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 45: 13–76
Bolton, Patrick, and Roland, Gerard. 1997. “The Breakup of Nations: A Political Economy Analysis.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 112(4): 1057–90
Bomfim, Antulio, and Shah, Anwar. 1994. “Macroeconomic Management and the Division of Powers in Brazil: Perspectives for the 1990s.” World Development 22(4): 535–42
Boothe, Paul. 1995. The Growth of Government Spending in Alberta. Toronto: Canadian Tax Foundation
Brennan, Geoffrey, and Buchanan, James. 1980. The Power to Tax: Analytical Foundations of a Fiscal Constitution. New York: Cambridge University Press
Breton, Albert. 1991. “The Existence and Stability of Interjurisdictional Competition.” In Competition among States and Local Governments: Efficiency and Equity in American Federalism, ed. by Kenyon, Daphne and Kincaid, John. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, pp. 37–57
Breton, Albert. 1996. Competitive Governments: An Economic Theory of Politics and Public Finance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Breton, Albert, and Scott, Anthony. 1978. The Economic Constitution of Federal States. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Bruce, Neil, and Waldman, Michael. 1991. “Transfers in Kind: Why They Can Be Efficient and Nonpaternalistic.” American Economic Review 81(5): 1345–51
Buchanan, James. 1975. The Limits of Liberty: Between Anarchy and Leviathan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Buchanan, James, ed. 1990. Europe's Constitutional Future. London: Institute of Economic Affairs
Buchanan, James. 1995. “Federalism as an Ideal Political Order and an Objective for Constitutional Reform.” Publius 25(2): 19–28
Buchanan, James, and Wagner, Richard. 1977. Democracy in Deficit: The Political Legacy of Lord Keynes. New York: Academic Press
Buck, A. E. 1949. Financing Canadian Government. Chicago: Illinois Public Administration Service
Bulow, Jeremey, and Rogoff, Kenneth. 1989. “Sovereign Debt: Is to Forgive to Forget?American Economic Review 79(1): 43–50
Bury, Piotr, and Carl-Johan Skovsgaard. 1988. “Local Government Finance.” In Decentralization and Local Government: A Danish-Polish Comparative Study in Political Systems, ed. by Regulski, Jerzy, Georgi, Susanne, Jensen, Henrik Toft, and Needham, Barrie. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press, pp. 101–14
Careaga, Maite, and Barry Weingast. 2000. “The Fiscal Pact with the Devil: A Positive Approach to Fiscal Federalism, Revenue Sharing, and Good Governance.” Unpublished paper, Stanford University
Chandler, Alfred. 1962. Strategy and Structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Chandler, William. 1987. “Federalism and Political Parties.” In Federalism and the Role of the State, ed. by Bakvis, Herman and Chandler, William. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 149–70
Cheung, Stella. 1996. “Provincial Credit Rating in Canada: An Ordered Probit Analysis.” Bank of Canada Working Paper96–6
Chhibber, Pradeep, and Kollman, Ken. 2004. The Formation of National Party Systems: Federalism and Party Competition in Canada, Great Britain, India, and the United States. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Cielecka, Anna, and John Gibson. 1995. “Local Government in Poland.” In Local Government in Eastern Europe: Establishing Democracy at the Grassroots, ed. by Coulson, Andrew. Aldershot, England: Edward Elgar, pp. 23–41
Coate, Stephen. 1995. “Altruism, the Samaritan's Dilemma, and Government Transfer Policy.” American Economic Review 85(1): 46–57
Courchene, Thomas. 1984. Equalization Payments: Past, Present, and Future. Toronto: Ontario Economic Council
Courchene, Thomas. 1994. Social Canada in the Millennium: Reform Imperatives and Restructuring Principles. Toronto: C. D. Howe Institute
Courchene, Thomas. 1996. “Preserving and Promoting the Internal Economic Union: Australia and Canada.” In Reforming Fiscal Federalism for Global Competition: A Canada-Australia Comparison, ed. by Boothe, Paul. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, pp. 185–221
Craig, Jon. 1997. “Australia.” In Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice, ed. by Ter-Minassian, Teresa. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, pp. 175–200
Crémer, Jacques, and Palfrey, Thomas. 1999. “Political Confederation.” American Political Science Review 93(1): 69–83
Cukierman, Alex. 1992. Central Bank Strategy, Credibility, and Independence: Theory and Evidence. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Dahlby, Bev. 1994. “The Distortionary Effect of Rising Taxes.” In Deficit Reduction: What Pain; What Gain?, ed. by Robson, William B. P. and Scarth, William. Toronto: C. D. Howe Institute, pp. 44–72
Dahlby, Bev, and Sam Wilson. 1996. “Tax Assignment and Fiscal Externalities in a Federal State.” In Reforming Fiscal Federalism for Global Competition: A Canada-Australia Comparison, ed. by Boothe, Paul. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, pp. 87–101
Figueiredo, Rui J. P. Jr., and Weingast, Barry. 2005. “Self-Enforcing Federalism.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 21(1): 103–35
Bundesbank, Deutsche. 1997. “Die Entwicklung der Staatsverschuldung seit der Deutschen Vereinigung.” Monthly Report 3 (March). Frankfurt: Deutsche Bundesbank
Dewatripont, Mathias, and Maskin, Eric. 1995. “Credit and Efficiency in Centralized and Decentralized Economies.” Review of Economic Studies 62(4): 541–55
Diaz-Cayeros, Alberto. Forthcoming. Overawing the States: Federalism, Fiscal Authority and Centralization in Latin America. New York: Cambridge University Press
Dillinger, William. 1997. Brazil's State Debt Crisis: Lessons Learned. Washington, DC: World Bank
Dillinger, William, and Webb, Steven. 1999. “Fiscal Management in Federal Democracies: Argentina and Brazil.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper2121
Dixit, Avinash. 1996. The Making of Economic Policy: A Transaction-Cost Politics Perspective. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Dixit, Avinash, and Londregan, John. 1998. “Fiscal Federalism and Redistributive Politics.” Journal of Public Economics 68(2): 153–80
Dougherty, Keith. 1999. “Public Goods and Private Interests: An Explanation for State Compliance with Federal Requisitions, 1775–1789.” In Public Choice Interpretations of American Economic History, ed. by Heckelman, Jac, Moorhouse, John, and Whaples, Robert. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishing, pp. 11–32
Dyck, Rand. 1991. “Links between Federal and Provincial Parties and Party Systems.” In Representation, Integration, and Political Parties in Canada, ed. by Bakvis, Herman. Oxford and Toronto: Dundurn, pp. 129–78
Dye, Thomas. 1990. American Federalism: Competition among Governments. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books
Eaton, Jonathan, and Gersovitz, Mark. 1981. “Debt with Potential Repudiation: Theoretical and Empirical Analysis.” Review of Economic Studies 48(2): 289–309
Eichengreen, Barry, and Hagen, Jürgen. 1996. “Fiscal Restrictions and Monetary Union: Rationales, Repercussions, Reforms.” Empirica 23(1): 3–23
Eichengreen, Barry, and Wyplosz, Charles. 1998. “The Stability Pact: More than a Minor Nuisance?Economic Policy: A European Forum 26 (April): 65–104
Elazar, Daniel J. 1987. Exploring Federalism. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press
Elazar, Daniel J. 1995. “From Statism to Federalism: A Paradigm Shift.” Publius 25(2): 5–18
Ellis, Joseph. 2001. “The Big Man: History vs. Alexander Hamilton.” New Yorker October 29: 76
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. 1835. “Historical Discourse at Concord, MA.” Speech, September 18, 1835, on the occasion of the second centennial anniversary of the town of Concord. Miscellanies 1883, reprinted 1903
Endersby, James, and Towle, Michael. 1997. “Effects of Constitutional and Political Controls on State Expenditures,” Publius: The Journal of Federalism 27(1): 83–99
English, William. 1996. “Understanding the Costs of Sovereign Default: American State Debts in the 1840s.” American Economic Review 86(1): 259–75
Fabritius, Georg. 1978. Wechselwirkungen zwischen Landtagswahlen und Bundespolitik. Meisenheim am Glan: Verlag Anton Hain
Feigert, Frank. 1989. Canada Votes, 1935–1988. Durham, NC: Duke University Press
Feld, Lars, and Matsusaka, John. 2003. “Budget Referendums and Government Spending: Evidence from Swiss Cantons.” Journal of Public Economics 87(12): 2703–24
Figueiredo, Argelina Cheibub, and Limongi, Fernando. 2000. “Presidential Power, Legislative Organization, and Party Behavior in Brazil.” Comparative Politics 32(2): 151–70
Filippov, Mikhail, Ordeshook, Peter, and Shvetsova, Olga. 2003. Designing Federalism: A Theory of Self-Sustainable Federal Institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Fitch IBCA. 1998. “Subnational Rating Methodology.” Accessed from http://www.fitchibca.com in January 2000
Fitch IBCA. 2000. “Spanish Regions: An Analytical Review.” Accessed from http://www.fitchratings.com in November 2001
Fitch IBCA. 2001a. “International Public Finance Special Report: Examining Canadian Provinces.” Accessed from http://www.fitchratings.com in November 2001
Fitch IBCA 2001b. “Swiss Cantons: Autonomy, Solidity, Disparity.” Accessed from http://www.fitchratings.com in November 2001
Fornisari, Francesca, Webb, Steven, and Zou, Heng-fu. 1998. Decentralized Spending and Central Government Deficits: International Evidence. Washington, DC: World Bank
Friedrich, Carl. 1968. Constitutional Government and Democracy: Theory and Practice in Europe and America, 4th ed. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell
Frisch, Morton J., ed. 1985. Selected Writings and Speeches of Alexander Hamilton. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research
Garman, Christopher, Haggard, Stephan, and Willis, Eliza. 2001. “Fiscal Decentralization: A Political Theory with Latin American Cases.” World Politics 53(2): 205–36
Gibson, Edward, Ernesto Calvo, and Tulia Falleti. 2004. “Reallocative Federalism: Territorial Overrepresentation and Public Spending in the Western Hemisphere.” In Federalism: Latin America in Comparative Perspective, ed. by Gibson, Edward. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 173–96
Gilbert, Guy, and Alain Guengant. 1989. “France: Shifts in Local Authority Finance.” In Territory and Administration in Europe, ed. by Bennett, Robert. London and New York: Printer, pp. 242–55
Gomez, Eduardo. 2000. “The Origins of Brazil's Macroeconomic Crisis: State Debt, Careerism and Delayed Economic Reform.” Unpublished paper, University of Chicago
Gramlich, Edward. 1991. “The 1991 State and Local Fiscal Crisis.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 10(2): 249–87
Grewal, Bhajan. 2000. “Australian Loan Council: Arrangements and Experience with Bailouts.” Inter-American Development Bank, Research Network Working Paper R-397
Grodzins, Morton. 1966. The American System: A New View of Government in the United States. Chicago: Rand McNally
Haddow, Rodney. 1995. “Federalism and Training Policy in Canada: Institutional Barriers to Economic Adjustment.” In New Trends in Canadian Federalism, ed. by Rocher, François and Smith, Miriam. Peterborough, ON, Canada: Broadview
Hamilton, Alexander, Jay, John, and Madison, James. 1961. [1787–88]. The Federalist: A Commentary on the Constitution of the United States. New York: Random House
Harloff, Eileen Martin. 1987. The Structure of Local Government in Europe: Surveys of 29 Countries. The Hague: International Union of Local Authorities
Harsanyi, John. 1967–68. “Games with Incomplete Information Played by Bayesian Players, I. The Basic Model.” Management Science 14 (3): 159–82
Hart, Oliver. 1995. Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure. New York: Oxford University Press
Hayek, Friedrich von. 1939. “The Economic Conditions of Interstate Federalism.” New Commonwealth Quarterly 5(2): 131–49. Reprinted in Friedrich von Hayek. 1948. Individualism and Economic Order. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 255–72
Hecht, Arye. 1988. “The Financing of Local Authorities.” In Local Government in Israel, ed. by Elazar, Daniel and Kalchheim, Chaim. Lanham, MD: University Press of America
Hefeker, Carsten. 2001. “The Agony of Central Power: Fiscal Federalism in the German Reich.” European Review of Economic History 5: 119–42
Heins, A. James. 1963. Constitutional Restrictions Against State Debt. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press
Helmsing, A. H. J. 1991. “Rural Local Government Finance: Past Trends and Future Options.” In Limits to Decentralization in Zimbabwe: Essays on the Decentralization of Government and Planning in the 1980s, ed. by Helmsing, A. H. J., Matizwa-Mangiza, N. D., Gasper, D. R., Brand, C. M., and Wekwete, K. H.. The Hague: Institute of Social Studies Press, pp. 97–154
Henderson, Vernon. 2000. “The Effects of Urban Concentration on Economic Growth.” NBER Working Paper7503
Henderson, Vernon. Dataset accessed from http://econ.pstc.brown.edu/faculty/henderson in June 2000
Hibbs, Douglas. 1987. The Political Economy of Industrial Democracies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Hines, James, and Thaler, Richard. 1995. “The Flypaper Effect.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 9(4): 217–26
Holtz-Eakin, Douglas, and Rosen, Harvey. 1993. “Municipal Construction Spending: An Empirical Examination.” Economics and Politics 5(1): 61–84
Holtz-Eakin, Douglas, Rosen, Harvey, and Tilly, Schuyler. 1994. “Intertemporal Analysis of State and Local Government Spending: Theory and Tests.” Journal of Urban Economics 35: 159–74
Homer, Sidney, and Sylla, Richard. 1996. A History of Interest Rates. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press
Huber, John, and Inglehart, Ronald. 1995. “Expert Interpretations of Party Space and Party Locations in 42 Societies.” Party Politics 1(1): 73–111
Iaryczower, Matías, Sabastián Saiegh, and Mariano Tommasi. 2001. “Coming Together: The Industrial Organization of Federalism.” Unpublished paper, Universidad de San Andrés, Buenos Aires. http://www.isnie.org/ISNIE99/Papers/iaryczower.pdf
Inman, Robert. 1988. “Federal Assistance and Local Services in the United States: The Evolution of a New Federalist Fiscal Order.” In Fiscal Federalism: Quantitative Studies, ed. by Rosen, Harvey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 33–78
Inman, Robert. 1997. Do Balanced Budget Rules Work? The U.S. Experience and Possible Lessons for the EMU. NBER Reprint 2173
Inman, Robert. 2003. “Local Fiscal Discipline in U.S. Federalism.” In Decentralization and the Challenge of Hard Budget Constraints, ed. by Rodden, Jonathan, Eskeland, Gunnar, and Litvack, Jennie. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 35–84
Inman, Robert, and Daniel Rubinfeld. 1997. “The Political Economy of Federalism.” In Perspectives on Public Choice: A Handbook, ed. by Mueller, Dennis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 73–105
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE). Various years. Diretoria de Pesquisas. Departamento de Contas Nacionais, Contas Regionais do Brasil, microdados
Inter-American Development Bank. 1997. “Fiscal Decision Making in Decentralized Democracies,” In Latin America after a Decade of Reforms: Economic and Social Progress in Latin America Report. Washington, DC: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 151–214
James, Harold. 1986. The German Slump: Politics and Economics, 1924–1936. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Jefferson, Thomas. 1999. Notes on the State of Virginia. Ed. with an introduction and notes by Frank Shuffelton. New York: Penguin
Jones, Mark, Sanguinetti, Pablo, and Tommasi, Mariano. 2000. “Politics, Institutions, and Fiscal Performance in a Federal System: An Analysis of the Argentine Provinces.” Journal of Development Economics 61(2): 305–33
Katzenstein, Peter. 1987. Policy and Politics in West Germany: The Growth of a Semi-Sovereign State. Philadelphia: Temple University Press
Khemani, Stuti. 2003. “Partisan Politics and Intergovernmental Transfers in India.” World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper3016
Kiewiet, D. Roderick, and Szakaly, Kristin. 1996. “Constitutional Limitations on Borrowing: An Analysis of State Bonded Indebtedness.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 12(1): 62–97
Kilper, Heiderose, and Lhotta, Roland. 1996. Föderalismus in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Opladen, Germany: Leske und Budrich
King, Preston. 1982. Federalism and Federation. London: Croom Helm; Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press
Kitchen, Harry, and Melville McMillan. 1985. “Local Government and Canadian Federalism.” In Intergovernmental Relations, ed. by Simeon, Richard. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 215–61
Kneebone, Ronald. 1994. “Deficits and Debt in Canada: Some Lessons from Recent History.” Canadian Public Policy 20(2): 152–64
Kneebone, Ronald, and McKenzie, Kenneth. 1999. Past (In)Discretions: Canadian Federal and Provincial Fiscal Policy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Kopits, George, Juan Pable Jiménez, and Alvaro Manoel. 2000. “Responsabilidad Fiscal a Nivel Subnacional: Argentina y Brasil.” Unpublished paper, International Monetary Fund
Kornai, János. 1980. Economics of Shortage. Amsterdam: North-Holland
Kornai, János, Maskin, Eric, and Roland, Gérard. 2003. “Understanding the Soft Budget Constraint.” Journal of Economic Literature 41(4): 1095–136
Laufer, Heinz. 1994. “The Principles and Organizational Structures of a Federative Constitution.” In The Example of Federalism in the Federal Republic of Germany: A Reader. Sankt Augustin: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, pp. 24–48
Lee, Frances. 2000. “Senate Representation and Coalition Building in Distributive Politics.” American Political Science Review 91(4): 59–72
Lehmbruch, Gerhard. 1989. “Institutional Linkages and Policy Networks in the Federal System of West Germany.” Publius 19: 221–35
Levine, Robert. 1978. Pernambuco in the Brazilian Federation, 1889–1937. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press
Lipset, Seymour Martin, and Rokkan, Stein. 1967. Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspectives. New York: Free Press
Lockwood, Ben. 2002. “Distributive Politics and the Benefits of Decentralization.” Review of Economic Studies 69(2): 313–38
Lohmann, Susanne. 1998. “Federalism and Central Bank Independence.” World Politics 50(3): 401–46
Lohmann, Susanne, Brady, David, and Rivers, Douglas. 1997. “Party Identification, Retrospective Voting, and Moderating Elections in a Federal System: West Germany, 1961–1989.” Comparative Political Studies 30(4): 420–49
Love, Joseph. 1980. São Paulo in the Brazilian Federation: 1889–1937. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press
Lowry, Robert, Alt, James, and Ferree, Karen. 1998. “Fiscal Policy Outcomes and Electoral Accountability in American States.” American Political Science Review 92(4): 759–74
Lucas, Robert, and Stokey, Nancy. 1983. “Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in an Economy Without Capital.” Journal of Monetary Economics 12(1): 55–93
Madison, James. 1961 [1787]. “Federalist 10.” In The Federalist: A Commentary on the Constitution of the United States, by Hamilton, Alexander, Jay, John, and Madison, James. New York: Random House, pp. 53–61
Mainwaring, Scott. 1991. “Politicians, Parties and Electoral Systems: Brazil in Comparative Perspective.” Comparative Politics 24(1): 21–43
Mainwaring, Scott. 1992. “Brazilian Party Underdevelopment in Comparative Perspective.” Political Science Quarterly 107(4): 677–707
Mainwaring, Scott, and David Samuels. 2004. “Federalism, Constraints on the Central Government, and Economic Reform in Democratic Brazil.” In Federalism and Democracy in Latin America, ed. by Gibson, Edward. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 48–70
Matsusaka, John. 1995. “Fiscal Effects of the Voter Initiative: Evidence from the Last 30 Years.” Journal of Political Economy 103(3): 587–623
McCarten, William. 2003. “The Challenge of Fiscal Discipline in the Indian States.” In Fiscal Decentralization and the Challenge of Hard Budget Constraints, ed. by Rodden, Jonathan, Eskeland, Gunnar, and Litvack, Jennie. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 249–86
McGrane, Reginald. 1935. Foreign Bondholders and American State Debts. New York: Macmillan
McKinnon, Ronald. 1997. “Monetary Regimes, Government Borrowing Constraints, and Market-Preserving Federalism: Implications for EMU.” In The Nation State in a Global/Information Era: Policy Challenges, ed. by Courchene, Thomas. Kingston, ON, Canada: John Deutsch Institute, pp. 101–42
McRoberts, Kenneth. 1985. “Unilateralism, Bilateralism, and Multilateralism: Approaches to Canadian Federalism.” In Intergovernmental Relations, ed. by Simeon, Richard. Toronto: University of Toronto, pp. 86–87
Medeiros, Antônio C. de. 1986. Politics and Intergovernmental Relations in Brazil, 1964–1982. New York: Garland
Merkl, Peter. 1963. The Origin of the West German Republic. New York: Oxford University Press
Migué, Jean-Luc. 1997. “Public Choice in a Federal System.” Public Choice 90(1): 235–54
Millar, Jonathan. 1997. “The Effects of Budget Rules on Fiscal Performance and Macroeconomic Stabilization.” Bank of Canada, Working Paper97–15
Miller, John. 1959. Alexander Hamilton: Portrait in Paradox. New York: Harper and Row
Ministèrio da Fazenda, Secretaria do Tesouro Nacional, Coordinação-Geral das Relações e Análise Financeira de Estados e Municipios. Various years. Unpublished data on budgets of Brazilian states
Moesen, Wim, and Cauwenberge, Philippe. 2000. “The Status of the Budget Constraint, Federalism and the Relative Size of Government: A Bureaucracy Approach.” Public Choice 104(3–4): 207–24
Montinola, Gabriella, Qian, Yingyi, and Weingast, Barry. 1994. “Federalism, Chinese Style: The Political Basis for Economic Success in China.” World Politics 48(1): 50–81
Moody's Investors Service. 2001. “Credit Ratings and Their Value for UK Local Authorities.” Accessed from http://www.moodys.com in November 2001
Mora, Monica, and Ricardo Varsano. 2000. “Fiscal Decentralization and Subnational Fiscal Autonomy in Brazil: Some Facts in the Nineties.” Unpublished paper, IPES, Rio de Janeiro
Morrow, James. 1994. Game Theory for Political Scientists. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
Musgrave, Richard. 1959. The Theory of Public Finance: A Study in Public Economy. New York: McGraw-Hill
Nascimento, Edson, and Ilvo Debus. 2001. “Entendendo a Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal.” Accessed from http://federativo.bndes.gov.br in March 2003
Newton, Michael, with Donaghy, Peter. 1997. Institutions of Modern Spain: A Political and Economic Guide. New York: Cambridge University Press
Nordhaus, William. 1975. “The Political Business Cycle.” Review of Economic Studies 42(2): 169–90
North, Douglas. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Nurminen, Eero. 1989. “Finland: Present and Futures in Local Government.” In Territory and Administration in Europe, ed. by Bennett, Robert. London: Francis Pinter Publishers
Oates, Wallace. 1972. Fiscal Federalism. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich
Oates, Wallace. 1991. “On the Nature and Measurement of Fiscal Illusion: A Survey.” In Studies in Fiscal Federalism, ed. by Oates, Wallace. Brookfield, VT: Edward Elgar, pp. 431–48
Oates, Wallace. 1999. “An Essay on Fiscal Federalism.” Journal of Economic Literature 37(3): 1120–49
Oates, Wallace, and R. Schwab. 1991. “Economic Competition Among Jurisdictions: Efficiency Enhancing or Distortion Inducing?” In Studies in Fiscal Federalism, ed. by Oates, Wallace. Brookfield, VT: Edward Elgar, pp. 325–46
Oliveira, Joao do Carmo. 1998. “Financial Crises of Subnational Governments in Brazil.” Unpublished paper, World Bank
Ordeshook, Peter. 1996. “Russia's Party System: Is Russian Federalism Viable?California Institute of Technology, Social Science Working Paper962
Ordeshook, Peter, and Shvetsova, Olga. 1997. “Federalism and Constitutional Design.” Journal of Democracy 8(1): 27–42
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1997. OECD Economic Surveys: Australia. Paris: OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1998. OECD Economic Surveys: Canada. Paris: OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1998. OECD Economic Surveys: Germany. Paris: OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1999. Taxing Powers of State and Local Governments. OECD Tax Policy Studies No. 1. Paris: OECD
Ostrom, Vincent. 1987. The Political Theory of a Compound Republic. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press
Padilla, Perfecto. 1993. “Increasing the Financial Capacity of Local Governments.” In Strengthening Local Government Administration and Accelerating Local Development, ed. by Padilla, Perfecto. Manilla: University of the Philippines, pp. 64–88
Palda, Filip, ed. 1994. Provincial Trade Wars: Why the Blockade Must End. Vancouver: Fraser Institute
Panizza, Ugo. 1999. “On the Determinants of Fiscal Centralization: Theory and Evidence.” Journal of Public Economics 74(1): 97–139
Parikh, Sunita, and Weingast, Barry. 1997. “A Comparative Theory of Federalism: The Case of India.” Virginia Law Review 83(7): 1593–615
Peltzman, Sam. 1992. “Voters as Fiscal Conservatives.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 107(2): 327–62
Perry, David. 1997. Financing the Canadian Federation, 1867–1995. Toronto: Canadian Tax Foundation
Perry, Harvey. 1955. Taxes, Tariffs, and Subsidies: A History of Canadian Fiscal Development. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Persson, Torsten, and Tabellini, Guido. 1996a. “Federal Fiscal Constitutions: Risk Sharing and Redistribution.” Journal of Political Economy 104(5): 979–1009
Persson, Torsten, and Tabellini, Guido. 1996b. “Federal Fiscal Constitutions: Risk Sharing and Moral Hazard.” Econometrica 64(3): 623–46
Persson, Torsten, and Guido Tabellini. 1998. “The Size and Scope of Government: Comparative Politics with Rational Politicans.” NBER Working Paper 68–8
Persson, Torsten, and Tabellini, Guido. 2000. Political Economics: Explaining Economic Policy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Pommerehne, Werner. 1978. “Institutional Approaches to Public Expenditure: Empirical Evidence from Swiss Municipalities.” Journal of Public Economics 9(2): 255–80
Pommerehne, Werner. 1990. “The Empirical Relevance of Comparative Institutional Analysis.” European Economic Review 34(2–3): 458–69
Pommerehne, Werner, and Weck-Hannemann, Hannelore. 1996. “Tax Rates, Tax Administration and Income Tax Evasion in Switzerland.” Public Choice 88(1–2): 161–70
Poterba, James. 1994. “State Responses to Fiscal Crises: The Effects of Budgetary Institutions and Politics.” Journal of Political Economy 102(4): 799–821
Poterba, James. 1996. “Budget Institutions and Fiscal Policy in the U.S. States.” American Economic Review 86(2): 395–400
Poterba, James, and Kim Rueben. 1999. “State Fiscal Institutions and the U.S. Municipal Bond Market.” In Fiscal Institutions and Fiscal Performance, ed. by Poterba, James and Hagen, Jürgen. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 181–207
Przeworski, Adam, and Teune, Henry. 1970. The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry. New York: Wiley-Interscience
Qian, Yingyi, and Roland, Gerald. 1998. “Federalism and the Soft Budget Constraint.” American Economic Review 88(5): 1143–62
Qian, Yingyi, and Weingast, Barry. 1997. “Federalism as a Commitment to Preserving Market Incentives.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 11(4): 83–92
Ratchford, Benjamin. 1941. American State Debts. Durham, NC: Duke University Press
Rattsø, Jørn. 2002. “Spending Growth with Vertical Fiscal Imbalance: Decentralized Government Spending in Norway: 1880–1990.” Economics and Politics 14(3): 351–73
Rattsø, Jørn. 2004. “Fiscal Adjustment under Centralized Federalism: Empirical Evaluation of the Response to Budgetary Shocks.” FinanzArchiv 60(2): 240–61
Renzsch, Wolfgang. 1991. Finanzverfassung und Finanzausgleich. Bonn: Dietz
Renzsch, Wolfgang. 1995. “Konfliktlösung im Parlamentarischen Bundesstaat,” In Der Kooperative Staat: Krisenbewältigung durch Verhandlung? ed. by Voigt, Rüdiger. Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp. 167ff
Rigolon, F., and F. Giambiagi. 1998. “Renegociação das Dívidas Estaduais: Um Novo Regime Fiscal ou a Repetição de uma Antiga História? Accessed from http://federativo.bndes.gov.br in June 2003
Riker, William. 1964. Federalism: Origin, Operation, Significance. Boston: Little, Brown
Riker, William, and Schaps, Ronald. 1957. “Disharmony in Federal Government.” Behavioral Science 2: 276–90
Rock, David. 1985. Argentina, 1516–1982: From Spanish Colonization to the Falklands War. Berkeley: University of California
Rodden, Jonathan. 2003a. “Reviving Leviathan: Fiscal Federalism and the Growth of Government.” International Organization 57(Fall): 695–729
Rodden, Jonathan. 2003b. “Breaking the Golden Rule: Fiscal Behavior with Rational Bailout Expectations in the German States.” Unpublished paper, MIT
Rodden, Jonathan. 2004. “Comparative Federalism and Decentralization: On Meaning and Measurement.” Comparative Politics 36(4): 481–500
Rodden, Jonathan. Forthcoming. “The Political Economy of Federalism.” In The Oxford Handbook of Political Economy, ed. by Weingast, Barry and Wittman, Donald. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Rodden, Jonathan, and Wibbels, Erik. 2002. “Beyond the Fiction of Federalism: Macroeconomic Management in Multi-tiered Systems.” World Politics 55(4): 494–531
Rodden, Jonathan, Eskeland, Gunnar, and Litvack, Jennie, eds. 2003. Decentralization and the Challenge of Hard Budget Constraints. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Rodden, Jonathan, and Rose-Ackerman, Susan. 1997. “Does Federalism Preserve Markets?Virginia Law Review 83(7): 1521–72
Rogoff, Kenneth. 1990. “Equilibrium Political Budget Cycles.” American Economic Review 80(1): 21–36
Rogoff, Kenneth, and Sibert, Anne. 1988. “Elections and Macroeconomic Policy Cycles.” Review of Economic Studies 55(1): 1–16
Roubini, Nouriel, and Sachs, Jeffrey. 1989. “Political and Economic Determinants of Budget Deficits in the Industrial Democracies.” European Economic Review 33(5): 903–38
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. 1985. The Government of Poland. Transl. by Willmoore Kendall. Indianapolis: Hackett
Rydon, Joan. 1988. “The Federal Structure of Australian Political Parties.” Publius 18(1): 159–71
Saiegh, Sabastián, and Tommasi, Mariano. 1999. “Why Is Argentina's Fiscal Federalism So Inefficient? Entering the Labyrinth.” Journal of Applied Economics 2(1): 169–209
Samuels, David. 1999. “Incentives to Cultivate a Party Vote in Candidate-Centric Electoral Systems: Evidence from Brazil.” Comparative Political Studies 32(4): 487–518
Samuels, David. 2000. “The Gubernatorial Coattails Effect: Federalism and Congressional Elections in Brazil.” Journal of Politics 62(1): 240–53
Samuels, David, and Snyder, Richard. 2001. “The Value of a Vote: Malapportionment in Comparative Perspective,” British Journal of Political Science 31: 651–71
Sbragia, Alberta. 1996. Debt Wish Entrepreneurial Cities, U.S. Federalism, and Economic Development. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press
Scharpf, Fritz. 1988. “The Joint-Decision Trap: Lessons from German Federalism and European Integration.” Public Administration 66(3): 239–78
Scharpf, Fritz, Reissert, Bernd, and Schnabel, Fritz. 1976. Politikverflechtung: Theorie und Empirie des Kooperativen Föderalismus in der Bundesrepublik. Kronberg: Scriptor
Schmidt, Manfred. 1992. Regieren in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Opladen: Leske und Budrich
Segodi, R. 1991. “Financing District Developmenmt in Botswana,” In Subnational Planning and Eastern Africa: Approaches, Finances, and Education, ed. by in Helmsing, A. H. J. and Wekwete, K. H.. Aldershot, England: Gower Publishing, pp. 239–45
Seitz, Helmut. 1998. “Subnational Government Bailouts in Germany.” Unpublished paper, Center for European Integration Studies, Bonn, Germany
Seitz, Helmut. 2000. “Fiscal Policy, Deficits and Politics of Subnational Governments: The Case of the German Laender.” Public Choice 102(3–4): 183–218
Shah, Anwar. 1991. “The New Fiscal Federalism in Brazil.” World Bank, PRE Working Paper557
Shankar, Raja, and Shah, Anwar. 2001. “Bridging the Economic Divide within Nations: A Scorecard on the Performance of Regional Development Policies in Reducing Income Disparites.” World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper2717
Sharman, Campbell. 1994. “Discipline and Disharmony: Party and the Operation of the Australian Federal System.” In Parties and Federalism in Australia and Canada, ed. by Sharman, Campbell. Canberra: ANU Press, pp. 23–44
Sharman, Campbell, and Sayers, Anthony. 1998. “Swings and Roundabouts? Patterns of Voting for the Australian Labor Party at State and Commonwealth Lower House Elections, 1901–96.” Journal of Political Science 33(3): 329–44
Simeon, Richard. 1994. “The Political Context for Renegotiating Fiscal Federalism.” In The Future of Fiscal Federalism, ed. by Banting, Keith, Brown, Douglas, and Courchene, Thomas. Kingston, ON, Canada: School of Policy Studies, Queen's University, pp. 135–48
Sokoloff, Kenneth, and Eric Zolt. 2004. “Taxation and Inequality: Some Evidence from the Americas.” Unpublished paper, University of California, Los Angeles
Souza, Celina. 1996. “Redemocratization and Decentralization in Brazil: The Strength of the Member States,” Development and Change 27(3): 529–55
Souza, Celina. 1997. Constitutional Engineering in Brazil: The Politics of Federalism and Decentralization. New York: St. Martins Press
Spahn, Paul Bernd. 1997. “Switzerland.” In Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice, ed. by Ter-Minassian, Teresa. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund
Spahn, Paul Bernd, and Wolfgang Föttinger. 1997. “Germany.” In Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice, ed. by Ter-Minassian, Teresa. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund
Standard & Poor's. 2000. “Local Government Ratings Worldwide.” Accessed from http://www.standardpoors.com in March 2000
Standard & Poor's. 2002. Local and Regional Governments 2000. New York: McGraw-Hill
Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. Land-level fiscal data accessed from http://www.statistik-bund.de in 1999
Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. 2002. Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland
Stein, Ernesto. 1998. “Fiscal Decentralization and Government Size in Latin America.” In Democracy, Decentralization and Deficits in Latin America, ed. by Fukasaku, Kiichiro and Hausmann, Ricardo. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank and OECD
Stepan, Alfred. 1999. “Federalism and Democracy: Beyond the U.S. Model,” Journal of Democracy 10(4): 19–34
Struthers, J. 1983. No Fault of Their Own: Unemployment and the Canadian Welfare State 1914–1941. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Sylla, Richard, Arthur Grinath III, and John Wallis. 2004. “Sovereign Debt and Repudiation: The Emerging-Market Debt Crisis in the U.S. States, 1839–1843.” Unpublished paper, University of Maryland
Syrett, Harold, ed. 1962. The Papers of Alexander Hamilton. New York: Columbia University Press
Ter-Minassian, Teresa, ed., 1997b. Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund
Ter-Minassian, Teresa. 1997a. “Brazil.” In Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice, ed. by Ter-Minassian, Teresa. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund
Ter-Minassian, Teresa, and Jon Craig. 1997. “Control of Subnational Borrowing.” In Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice, ed. by Ter-Minassian, Teresa. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund
Tiebout, Charles. 1956. “A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures.” Journal of Political Economy 64(5): 416–24
Tocqueville, Alexis de. 1966. Democracy in America. Transl. by George Lawrence, ed. by Mayer, J. P.. New York: Harper and Row
Tommasi, Mariano, and Sabastin Saiegh. 2000. “An Incomplete-Contracts Approach to Intergovernmental Transfer Systems in Latin America.” In Decentralization and Accountability of the Public Sector, ed. by Burki, Javed and Perry, Guillermo. Washington, DC: World Bank
Triesman, Daniel. 1999a. After the Deluge: Regional Crises and Political Consolidation in Russia. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press
Triesman, Daniel. 1999b. “Political Decentralization and Economic Reform: A Game-Theoretic Analysis.” American Journal of Political Science 43(4): 488–517
Triesman, Daniel. 2000a. “Decentralization and Inflation: Commitment, Collective Action, or Continuity?American Political Science Review 94(4): 837–58
Triesman, Daniel. 2000b. “The Causes of Corruption: A Cross-National Study.” Journal of Public Economics 76(3): 399–457
Tsebelis, George. 1995. “Decision Making in Political Systems: Veto Players in Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, Multicameralism and Multipartism.” British Journal of Political Science 25(3): 289–325
Tufte, Edward. 1978. Political Control of the Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Tullock, Gordon. 1994. The New Federalist. Vancouver: Fraser Institute
Velasco, Andres. 1999. “A Model of Endogenous Fiscal Deficits and Delayed Fiscal Reforms.” In Fiscal Institutions and Fiscal Performance, ed. by Poterba, James and Hagen, Jürgen. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Velasco, Andres. 2000. “Debts and Deficits with Fragmented Fiscal Policymaking.” Journal of Public Economics 76(1): 105–25
Hagen, Jürgen, and Eichengreen, Barry. 1996. “Federalism, Fiscal Restraints, and European Monetary Union.” American Economic Review 86(2): 134–38
Von Kruedener. 1987. The Franckenstein Paradox in the Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations of Imperial Germany. In Wealth and Taxation in Central Europe: The History and Sociology of Public Finance, ed. by Witt, P. C.. Leamington Spa, England: Berg, pp. 111–24
Wagschal, Uwe. 1996. “Der Einfluss von Parteien und Wahlen auf die Staatsverschuldung.” Swiss Political Science Review 2(4): 305–28
Wallis, John. 2004. “Constitutions, Corporations, and Corruption: American States and Constitutional Change, 1842–1852.” Paper presented at the Eighth Annual Conference of the International Society for New Institutional Economics, Tucson, AZ, September 30–October 3, 2004
Watts, Ronald. 1999. Comparing Federal Systems in the 1990s, 2nd ed. Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press
Weingast, Barry. 1995. “The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 11(1): 1–32
Weingast, Barry, Shepsle, Kenneth, and Johnsen, Christopher. 1981. “The Political Economy of Benefits and Costs: A Neoclassical Approach to Distributive Politics.” Journal of Political Economy 89(4): 642–64
Werlong, Sérgio Ribeiro da Costa, and Armínio Fraga Neto. 1992. “Os Bancos Estaduais eo Descontrole Fiscal: Alguns Aspectos.” Working Paper 203, Graduate School of Economics, Getúlio Vargas Foundation
Wetzel, Deborah, and Anita Papp. 2003. “Strengthening Hard Budget Constraints in Hungary.” In Fiscal Decentralization and the Challenge of Hard Budget Constraints, ed. by Rodden, Jonathan, Eskeland, Gunnar, and Litvack, Jennie. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 393–428
Wibbels, Erik. 2000. “Federalism and the Politics of Macroeconomic Policy and Performance.” American Journal of Political Science 44(4): 687–702
Wibbels, Erik. 2003. “Bailouts, Budget Constraints, and Leviathans: Comparative Federalism and Lessons from the Early U.S.Comparative Political Studies 36(5): 475–508
Wibbels, Erik. 2005. Federalism and the Market: Intergovernmental Conflict and Economic Reform in the Developing World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Wildasin, David. 1997. “Externalities and Bailouts: Hard and Soft Budget Constraints in Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations.” World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper1843
Williamson, Oliver. 1996. The Mechanisms of Governance. New York: Oxford University Press
Williamson, Oliver. 1985. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: Free Press
Winer, Stanley. 1980. “Some Evidence on the Effect of the Separation of Spending and Taxing Decisions.” Journal of Political Economy 91(1): 126–40
Wirth, John. 1977. Minas Gerais in the Brazilian Federation: 1889–1937. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press
World Bank. 1995. “Brazil: State Debt: Crisis and Reform.” World Bank Report 14842-BR
World Bank. 2002a. “Brazil: Issues in Fiscal Federalism.” World Bank Report 22523-BR
World Bank. 2002b. “State and Local Governance in Nigeria.” World Bank Report 24477-UNI

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed