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Handbook for Academic Authors
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Whether you are a graduate student seeking to publish your first article, a new Ph.D. revising your dissertation for publication, or an experienced author working on a new monograph, textbook, or digital publication, Handbook for Academic Authors provides reliable, concise advice about selecting the best publisher for your work, maintaining an optimal relationship with your publisher, submitting manuscripts to book and journal publishers, working with editors, navigating the production process, and helping to market your book. It also offers information about illustrations, indexes, permissions, and contracts and includes a chapter on revising dissertations and one on the financial aspects of publishing. The book covers not only scholarly monographs but also textbooks, anthologies, multiauthor books, and trade books. This fifth edition has been revised and updated to align with new technological and financial realities, taking into account the impact of digital technology and the changes it has made in authorship and publishing.

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Basic References
,Association of American University Presses. Directory. Annual. Distributed by the University of Chicago Press. Names, addresses, and descriptions of the publishing programs of the member presses.
Butcher, Judith, Caroline, Drake, and Maureen, Leach. Butcher's Copy-Editing: The Cambridge Handbook for Editors, Copy-Editors and Proofreaders. 4th ed., fully rev. and updated. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. The British equivalent of Chicago, but more clearly organized and concise.
The Chicago Manual of Style. 16th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. The bible of scholarly editors. The Web site of the University of Chicago Press includes a Chicago Manual of Style FAQ feature that allows you to query the editors about matters of style that the manual does not cover or does not cover clearly.
Dessauer, John P.Book Publishing: A Basic Introduction. 3d ed. New York: Continuum, 1989. A classic description of publishing, from acquisition through sales, that focuses on trade, textbook, and small press publishing.
Journal of Scholarly Publishing. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Quarterly. (Formerly Scholarly Publishing.) An excellent source of information on current problems, trends, and ideas in scholarly publishing, along with useful advice from editors on practical topics.
Literary Market Place (LMP). New York: Bowker. Annual. A directory of U.S. and foreign publishers that provides names, addresses, and other useful information. Also includes listings for translators, literary agents, awards, and review media. Limited access to this volume is provided on the Web, or your library may subscribe to the full Web version.
Publishing Research Quarterly. New York: Springer. (Formerly Book Research Quarterly.) This journal covers trade and textbook publishing, as well as scholarly journals and books.
,U.S. Government Printing Office. Style Manual, 2000. 29th ed. Washington: GPO, 2000. Also available via the Internet from the GPO Access Web site. Especially helpful for style matters involving government, international affairs, politics, and currencies.
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 4th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2006. An authoritative dictionary with helpful usage notes and illustrations.
Chambers Dictionary. Rev. ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2008. Excellent for British spelling and usage and for archaic words. This dictionary is organized around root words and is the best of the lot for browsing.
Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 11th ed. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 2003. The most generally accepted desk dictionary.
Oxford American Dictionary. 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. A convenient dictionary with helpful usage notes.
Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged. Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1986. The most generally accepted unabridged dictionary, but it does not give advice on grammar and usage.
Writing and Usage: General Guides
Bernstein, , Theodore, M. The Careful Writer: A Modern Guide to English Usage. New York: Atheneum, 1995. More detailed than Strunk and White, less difficult than Fowler.
Fowler, H. W.A Dictionary of Modern English Usage. 2d ed., rev. by Gowers, Sir Ernest. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965. Old-fashioned, opinionated, and fun to read.
Garner, Bryan A.Garner's Modern American Usage. 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Maggio, Rosalie. Talking About People: A Guide to Fair and Accurate Language. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1997. Although you may occasionally disagree with the author's characterization of a word as biased, this book provides sensible guidance and alternatives.
Schwartz, Marilyn. Guidelines for Bias-Free Writing. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.
Stainton, Elsie Myers. “Writing and Rewriting.” Scholarly Publishing 10, no. 1 (October 1978): 75–83. Still sound advice on writing and revising.
Strunk, W., and White, E. B.. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2000. The one writing manual you must own. It is available in several editions, including one illustrated by Maira Kalman: New York: Penguin, 2007.
Subject-Related Writing Advice, Style Manuals, and Guides to Journals
,American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America. Publications Handbook and Style Manual. 2d ed. Madison, Wis.: ASA, CSSA, SSSA, 1998.
Barnet, Sylvan. A Short Guide to Writing About Art. 9th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2007.
Biological Science
Atlas, Michel C.Author's Handbook of Styles for Life Science Journals. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1996.
Pechenik, Jan A.A Short Guide to Writing About Biology. 6th ed. New York: Longman, 2006.
Zeiger, Mimi. Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers. 2d ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000.
,American Chemical Society. The ACS Style Guide: A Manual for Authors and Editors. 2d ed. Dodd, Janet S., ed. Washington, D.C.: ACS, 1997.
Ebel, Hans Friedrich, Claus, Bliefert, and William, E. Russey. The Art of Scientific Writing: From Student Reports to Professional Publications in Chemistry and Related Fields. New York: VCH, 1987.
Knapp, Mark L., and Daly, John A.. A Guide to Publishing in Scholarly Communication Journals. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2004.
Economics and Business
Thomson, William. A Guide for the Young Economist. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2001.
Wepner, Shelley B., and Gambrell, Linda B., eds. Beating the Odds: Getting Published in the Field of Literacy. Newark, Del.: International Reading Association, 2006.
Health Professions
,American Medical Association. AMA Manual of Style. 10th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
,Barnum, Barbara Stevens. Writing and Getting Published: A Primer for Nurses. New York: Springer, 1995.
Byrne, D. W.Publishing Your Medical Research Paper: What They Don't Teach You in Medical School. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1997.
Daly, Jeanette M.Writer's Guide to Nursing Periodicals. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 2000.
Fondiller, Shirley H.The Writer's Workbook: Health Professionals' Guide to Getting Published. 2d ed. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones & Bartlett, 1999.
Heinrich, Kathleen T.A Nurse's Guide to Publishing: Dare to Share. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett, 2007.
Huth, Edward J., M.D.Writing and Publishing in Medicine. 3d ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1999.
Sheen, Anitra Peebles. Breathing Life Into Medical Writing: A Handbook. St. Louis: Mosby, 1982. Excellent advice on writing clearly and precisely. Although the examples are medical, the book is useful to all academic writers.
Zeiger, Mimi.Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers. 2d ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000.
Language and Literature
Mackesy, Eileen M., and Mateyak, Karen, comps. MLA Directory of Periodicals: A Guide to Journals and Series in Languages and Literatures. New York: Modern Language Association of America. Biennial. Also available online via SilverPlatter and as a CD-ROM.
,Modern Language Association. MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. 3d ed. New York: MLA, 2008.
Olson, Gary A., and Taylor, Todd W., eds. Publishing in Rhetoric and Composition. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997.
The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. 18th ed. Compiled by the editors of the Columbia Law Review, the Harvard Law Review, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, and the Yale Law Journal. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Law Review Association, 2005.
Krantz, Steven G.Mathematical Publishing: A Guidebook. Providence, R.I.: American Mathematical Society, 2006.
Irvine, Demar. Writing about Music. 3d ed., rev. and enl. by Radice, Mark A.. Portland, Ore.: Amadeus, 1999.
Wingell, Richard J.Writing About Music: An Introductory Guide. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2008.
Nature Writing
Heintzman, James, Gross, Michael, and Zimmerman, Ronald, eds. Making the Right Connections: A Guide for Nature Writers. Stevens Point, Wis.: UW-SP Foundation Press, 1988.
Philosophy and Religion
Hoffman, Eric. Guidebook for Publishing Philosophy. Bowling Green, Ohio: Philosophy Documentation Center and the American Philosophical Association, 1997.
Watson, Richard A.Writing Philosophy: A Guide to Professional Writing and Publishing. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1992.
,American Institute of Physics. AIP Style Manual. 4th ed. New York: AIP, 1990. Available free online at
Political Science
Yoder, Stephen, ed. Publishing Political Science: APSA Guide to Writing and Publishing. Washington, D.C.: American Political Science Association, 2008.
,American Psychological Association. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: APA, 2001.
Journals in Psychology: A Resource Listing for Authors. 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1997.
McInerney, Dennis Michael. Publishing Your Psychology Research: A Guide to Writing for Journals in Psychology and Related Fields. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 2002.
Sternberg, Robert J., ed. Guide to Publishing in Psychology Journals. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
,Council of Science Editors. Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 7th ed. Reston, Va.: CSE, 2006.
Day, Robert A.How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper. 6th ed. New York: Greenwood, 2006.
Hancock, Elsie. Ideas into Words: Mastering the Craft of Science Writing. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.
Katz, Michael J.From Research to Manuscript: A Guide to Scientific Writing. New York: Springer, 2006.
Montgomery, Scott L.The Chicago Guide to Communicating Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Social Sciences
,American Sociological Association. ASA Style Guide. 3d ed. Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association, 2007.
Becker, Howard S., and Pamela, Richards. Writing for Social Scientists: How to Start and Finish Your Thesis, Book, or Article. 2d ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Journals: General Information
Axtell, James. “Twenty-Five Reasons to Publish.” In his The Pleasures of Academe: A Celebration and Defense of Higher Education, pp. 48–68. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998. An articulate discussion of the relationship between research and teaching and comments on the rewards of writing.
Budd, Louis J. “On Writing Scholarly Articles.” In The Academic's Handbook, ed. DeNeef, A. Leigh, Goodwin, Craufurd D., and McCrate, Ellen Stern, pp. 291–305. 3d ed. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2006. A well-written essay on working with editors of humanities journals, with much practical advice.
Irizarry, Estelle. “Redundant and Incremental Publication.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 25, no. 4 (July 1994): 212–20. A discussion of the ethical issues and suggestions for editors and authors.
,National Science Foundation. “Federal Support of Scientific and Technical Publication.” Publishing Research Quarterly 14, no. 4 (Winter 1998/99): 9–23. Reprint of a 1976 report on regulations relating to page charges and a survey of practices.
Page, Gillian, Campbell, Robert, and Meadows, Jack. Journal Publishing: Principles and Practice. Rev. ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. A thorough introduction to journal publishing that is concerned with nuts and bolts.
Penaskovic, Richard. “Facing Up to the Publication Gun.” Scholarly Publishing 16, no. 2 (January 1985): 136–40. Good advice on finding ideas and publishers for journal articles.
Scal, Marjorie. “The Page Charge.” Scholarly Publishing 3, no. 1 (October 1971): 62–9. An explanation of journal financing and the role of page charges. Includes a discussion of rates and policies on waivers.
Strain, Boyd R. “Publishing in Science.” In The Academic's Handbook, ed. DeNeef, A. Leigh, Goodwin, Craufurd D., and McCrate, Ellen Stern, pp. 306–14. A concise summary of considerations for authors of scientific articles.
Thyer, Bruce A.Successful Publishing in Scholarly Journals. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 1994. A brief guide to submitting and revising articles.
Zink, Steven D.Journal Publishing in the Field of U.S. History.” Scholarly Publishing 11, no. 4 (July 1980): 343–59. Suggestions for improving communication between authors and editors of scholarly journals.
DeGeorge, Richard T., and Woodward, Fred. “Ethics and Manuscript Reviewing.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 25, no. 3 (April 1994): 133–45. A good review and discussion of the obligations of authors, editors, and publishers.
James, M. R. “Casting the Runes.” In The Ghost Stories of M. R. James, pp. 235–7. 2d ed. London: Arnold, 1974. A memorable argument for referees' anonymity.
Stieg, Margaret F.Refereeing and the Editorial Process: The AHR and Webb.” Scholarly Publishing 14, no. 2 (February 1983): 99–122. A case study of how refereeing and editorial evaluation actually work.
Zuckerman, Harriet, and Robert, K. Merton. “Patterns of Evaluation in Science: Institutionalization, Structure, and Functions of the Referee System.” Minerva 9 (1971): 66–100. A classic study of the history of refereeing, a case study of The Physical Review, and conclusions about the system.
Reviewing Books
Budd, John. “Book Reviewing Practices of Journals in the Humanities.” Scholarly Publishing 13, no. 4 (July 1982): 363–71. How journals select reviewers.
Cortada, James W.Five Ways to Be a Terrible Book Reviewer.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 30, no. 1 (October 1998): 34–7. A warning against bad practices in refereeing and reviewing.
Hoge, James O., ed. Literary Reviewing. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1987. This thoughtful volume discusses the duties, problems, and ethics of literary reviewing. Topics covered include reviewing criticism; literary history; literary biography; bibliographies; and editions of letters, journals, and diaries.
Simon, Linda. “The Pleasures of Book Reviewing.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 27, no. 4 (July 1996): 237–41. Why and how to be an active reviewer.
Fox, Mary Frank. “The Transition from Dissertation Student to Publishing Scholar and Professional.” In Scholarly Writing and Publishing: Issues, Problems, and Solutions, ed. Fox, Mary Frank. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1985. A very short essay on developing habits of work and of thought that will contribute to scholarly productivity.
Germano, William. From Dissertation to Book. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
Harman, Eleanor, Montagnes, Ian, and McNemeny, Siobhan, eds. The Thesis and the Book: A Guide for First-Time Authors. 2d ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.
Luey, Beth, ed. Revising Your Dissertation: Advice from Leading Editors. Updated ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.
Zerubavel, Eviatar. The Clockwork Muse: A Practical Guide to Writing Theses, Dissertations, and Books. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999. Excellent advice on disciplining oneself to write and revise.
Finding a Publisher
Day, Colin. “The University Press: An Organic Part of the Institution.” Scholarly Publishing 23, no. 1 (October 1991): 27–44. An excellent review of the state of university presses.
Hawes, Gene R.To Advance Knowledge: A Handbook on American University Press Publishing. New York: American University Press Services, 1967. Although written in a period of rapid university press expansion and optimism, this book remains an articulate exposition of the purpose and workings of university presses.
Metro, Judy. “Is It Publishable? The Importance of the Editorial Review.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 26, no. 3 (April 1995): 168–72. A brief description of the manuscript review process at a university press.
Parsons, Paul. Getting Published: The Acquisitions Process at University Presses. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989. A study of decision making at a university press.
Legal Issues
Bunnin, Brad, and Beren, Peter. The Writer's Legal Companion: The Complete Handbook for the Working Writer. 3d ed. New York: Perseus, 1998.
Crawford, Tad, and Lyons, Tony. The Writer's Legal Guide. 3d ed. New York: Allworth, 2002.
Jassin, Lloyd J., and Schechter, Steve C.. The Copyright Permission and Libel Handbook: A Step-by-Step Guide for Writers, Editors, and Publishers. New York: John Wiley, 1998.
Kozak, Ellen M.Every Writer's Guide to Copyright and Publishing Law. 3d ed. New York: Holt, 2004.
Norwick, Kenneth P., and Chasen, Jerry Simon. The Rights of Authors, Artists, and Other Creative People: The Basic ACLU Guide to Author and Artist Rights. 2d ed. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1992.
Strong, William S.The Copyright Book: A Practical Guide. 5th ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999. The classic in the field.
Jones, Barbara G.Changing Author Relationships and Competitive Strategies of University Publishers.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 31, no. 1 (October 1999): 3–19. A survey of publishers that included questions about cash subsidies as well as increased author responsibilities.
Kameny, Fred. “Authors with Deep Pockets: The Ethics of Subsidies.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 29, no. 2 (January 1998): 65–70. A survey of practices and a discussion of the ethical issues.
Smith, John Hazel. “Subvention of Scholarly Publishing.” Scholarly Publishing 9, no. 1 (October 1977): 19–29. A survey of university press subvention policies and practices.
Multiauthor Books
Horowitz, Irving Louis. “The Place of the Festschrift.” Scholarly Publishing 21, no. 2 (January 1990): 77–83. Useful ideas to improve the genre.
Nederman, Cary J.Herding Cats: The View from the Volume and Series Editor.” Journal of Scholarly Publishing 36, no. 4 (July 2005): 221–8. A discussion of the value – and problems – of essay collections.
Arnold, David L.Faculty Perceptions of the Scholarship and Utility of Writing College-Level Textbooks.” Publishing Research Quarterly 9, no. 2 (Summer 1993): 42–54. A study that surveyed faculty and department chairs to determine their evaluation of the scholarship required to write a textbook and the likelihood that such work will be rewarded.
Heilenman, L. Kathy. “Of Cultures and Compromises.” Publishing Research Quarterly 9, no. 2 (Summer 1993): 55–67. A discussion of the conflicts between the culture of academe and that of textbook publishers, with suggestions for resolving them.
Trade Books
Callenbach, Ernest. Publisher's Lunch: A Dialogue Concerning the Secrets of How Publishers Think and What Authors Can Do About It. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press, 1989. A series of conversations between an acquiring editor and a prospective author in which each sets out typical concerns and attitudes.
Kendall-Tackett, Kathleen A.How to Write for a General Audience: A Guide for Academics Who Want to Share Their Knowledge with the World and Have Fun Doing It. Washington, D.C.: APA Life Tools, 2007.
Knauer, Joyce. “Scholarly Books in General Bookstores.” Scholarly Publishing 19, no. 2 (January 1988): 79–85. Although directed toward university press staff, this article is a useful description of the lay audience and the bookseller's role in reaching it.
Luey, Beth. “University Press Trade Books in the Review Media.” Scholarly Publishing 25, no. 2 (January 1994): 84–92. An evaluation of presses' effectiveness in getting their books reviewed in the popular media.
Norton, Scott. Developmental Editing: A Handbook for Freelancers, Authors, and Publishers. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Norton explains how a developmental editor works – a process that authors might also use to expand the reach of their work.
Rabiner, Susan, and Fortunato, Alfred. Thinking Like Your Editor: How to Write Great Serious Nonfiction and Get It Published. New York: Norton, 2003. An excellent guide to writing for general readers.
Association of Authors' Agents.
Association of Authors' Representatives.
Sambuchino, Chuck. Guide to Literary Agents. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest Books. Annual.
Hendel, Richard. On Book Design. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998. The author has designed many prize-winning scholarly books.
Lee, Marshall. Bookmaking: The Illustrated Guide to Design, Production, Editing. 3d ed. New York: Norton, 2004. Although this book provides more detail than an amateur designer needs, it is easy to follow.
Williamson, Hugh. Methods of Book Design: The Practice of an Industrial Craft. 3d ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983. This book is meant for professional designers, but it does provide an introduction to the principles of book design.
Brouwer, Onno. “The Cartographer's Role and Requirements.” Scholarly Publishing 14, no. 3 (April 1983): 231–42. How to work with a professional cartographer.
Tufte, Edward R.The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Cheshire, Conn.: Graphics Press, 1983. An elegant, detailed book about the use and abuse of graphs. Vital for the writer in statistical fields and fascinating for others.
Tufte, Edward R.. Envisioning Information. Cheshire, Conn.: Graphics Press, 1990. Another superb volume, this time with more color and discussions of electronic media.
Copyright and Permissions
Bielstein, Susan M.Permissions, A Survival Guide: Blunt Talk about Art as Intellectual Property. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
,U.S. Library of Congress. Copyright Office. “Copyright Basics.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, n.d. Available free on the Copyright Office Web site. An official summary of the law.
,U.S. Library of Congress. Copyright Office. “How to Investigate the Copyright Status of a Work.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, n.d. Available free on the Copyright Office Web site. An explanation of how to determine whether a work is still protected by copyright and who holds the rights.
Mulvany, Nancy C.Indexing Books. 2d ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. For the author who wants to learn more about the theory and practice of indexing.
Bailey, Herbert S.The Art and Science of Book Publishing. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970. A detailed analysis of the business side of publishing.
Broderick, John C.The Cost of a Bad Book.” Scholarly Publishing 18, no. 2 (January 1987): 83–8. Broderick computes the costs of researching, writing, publishing, cataloging, and storing a monograph.
Potter, Clarkson N.Who Does What and Why in Book Publishing: Writers, Editors and Money Men. Secaucus, N.J.: Birch Lane Press, 1990. The last chapter is a very clear explanation of some publishing business practices.
Digital Publishing
Crane, Gregory. “‘Hypermedia’ and Scholarly Publishing.” Scholarly Publishing 21, no. 3 (April 1990): 131–55. A description of the conception and development of the Perseus Project, originally a CD-ROM for the study of classic Greek texts, now available online as the Perseus Digital Library.
Kasdorf, William. The Columbia Guide to Digital Publishing. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.
Robbins, Robert J.Biological Databases: A New Scientific Literature.” Publishing Research Quarterly 10, 1 (Spring 1994): 5–27. A thorough, thoughtful analysis of the impact, advantages, and problems of scholarly database publishing.


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