Skip to main content
Hierarchies in World Politics
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Hierarchies in World Politics
    • Online ISBN: 9781108241588
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Globalizing processes are gathering increased attention for complicating the nature of political boundaries, authority and sovereignty. Recent examples of global financial and political turmoil have also created a sense of unease about the durability of the modern international order and the ability of our existing theoretical frameworks to explain system dynamics. In light of the inadequacies of traditional international relation (IR) theories in explaining the contemporary global context, a growing range of scholars have been seeking to make sense of world politics through an analytical focus on hierarchies instead. Until now, the explanatory potential of such research agendas and their implications for the discipline went unrecognized, partly due to the fragmented nature of the IR field. To address this gap, this ground-breaking book brings leading IR scholars together in a conversation on hierarchy and thus moves the discipline in a direction better equipped to deal with the challenges of the twenty-first century.

    • Aa
    • Aa
Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
AbbottGeorge C. 1971. “Political Disintegration: The Lessons of Anguilla.” Government and Opposition 6(1): 5874.
AbbottKenneth W., Keohane Robert O., Moravcsik Andrew, Slaughter Anne-Marie, and Snidal Duncan. 2000. “The Concept of Legalization.” International Organization 54(3): 401–19.
Abdul-AlimJamaal. 2015. “ISIS ‘Manifesto’ Spells Out Role for Women.” The Atlantic, March 8; available at (accessed May 25, 2015).
AbercrombieNicholas, Hill Stephen, and Turner Bryan S.. 1994. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Abu-LughodLila. 2014. Do Muslim Women Need Saving? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
AcharyaAmitav. 2004. “How Ideas Spread: Whose Norms Matter? Norm Localization and Institutional Change in Asian Regionalism.” International Organization 58(2): 239–75.
AckerJoan. 1990. “Hierarchies, Jobs, Bodies: A Theory of Gendered Organizations.Gender & Society 4(2): 139–58.
AckerJoan. 2011. “Theorizing Gender, Race, and Class in Organizations,” in Jeanes Emma, Knights David, and Martin Patricia Yancey (eds.), Handbook of Gender, Work, and Organization. London: Wiley.
AdlerEmanuel, and Barnett Michael. 1998. Security Communities. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Adler-NissenRebecca. 2014. “Stigma Management in International Relations: Transgressive Identities, Norms and Order in International Society.” International Organization 68(1): 143–76.
Adler-NissenRebecca. 2015. Opting Out of the European Union: Diplomacy, Sovereignty and European Integration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Adler-NissenRebecca, and Gad Ulrik Pram, eds. 2013. European Integration and Postcolonial Sovereignty Games. London: Routledge.
AdieW. A. C. 1964. “Chou En-lai on Safari.” China Quarterly 18: 174–94.
African Development Bank. 2011. “Seychelles Country Strategy Paper 2011–2015.”
AhrensdorfPeter. 2000. “The Fear of Death and the Longing for Immortality: Hobbes and Thucydides on Human Nature and the Problem of Anarchy.American Political Science Review 94(3): 579–93.
AkbarJay. 2015. “‘I Rejoiced When We Had Our First Sex Slave, Forced Sex ISN’T Rape, and They Should Be Thankful’: Chilling Rant of Twisted ISIS Jihadi Bride Who Justified Kidnapping and Abusing Yazidi Girls.” Daily Mail, May 22, 2015; available at … g-rant-twisted-ISIS-jihadi-bride-justifies-kidnapping-abusing-Yazidi-girls.html (accessed May 25, 2015).
AlaviSeema. 1998. The Sepoys and the Company: Tradition and Transition in Northern India, 1770–1830. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
AllenAmy. 2000. The Power of Feminist Theory. Boulder, CO: Westview.
AlyAnn. 2015. “‘Jihadi Brides’ Aren’t Oppressed. They Join ISIS for the Same Reason Men Do.” The Guardian, March 3; available at (accessed May 25, 2015).
AmbrosettiDavid. 2009. Normes et rivalités diplomatiques à l’ONU. Le Conseil de Sécurité en audience. Brussels: Peter Lang.
Ambrus Monika, Arts Karin, Hey Ellen, and Raulus Helena (eds.). 2014. The Role of “Experts” in International and European Decision-Making Processes: Advisers, Decision Makers, or Irrelevant Actors? New York: Cambridge University Press.
AndersenMorten. 2011. “How Empires Emerge,” Working Paper 786, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo. Available at file:///H:/NUPI-WP-786-Skumsrud%20Andersen.pdf (accessed October 20, 2015).
AndersonBenedict. 1991. Imagined Communities: An Inquiry into the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso.
AngyalAndras. 1939. “The Structure of Wholes.” Philosophy of Science 6(1): 2537.
AnheierHelmut, Kaldor Mary, and Glasius Marlies. 2012. “Lessons and Insights 2001–2011,” in Global Civil Society Yearbook. London: Palgrave.
AnghieAnthony. 2005. Imperialism: Sovereignty and the Making of International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
AnievasAlex, and Nişancıoğlu Kerem. 2015. How the West Came to Rule. London: Pluto.
AnievasAlex, Manchanda Nivi, and Shilliam Robbie. 2015. Race and Racism in International Relations: Confronting the Global Colour Line. London: Routledge.
AntoniadesAndreas. 2013. “At the Eye of the Cyclone: The Greek Crisis in Global Media.” Greece’s Horizons, 1125.
AppiahKwame. 2010. The Ethics of Identity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
ApplbaumArthur Isak. 2007. “Forcing People to be Free.” Philospohy and Public Affairs 35: 359400.
ArchardDavid. 1990. “Paternalism Defined.” Analysis 50(1): 3642.
ArendtHannah. 1965. On Revolution. New York: Penguin.
ArmitageDavid. 2007. The Declaration of Independence: A Global History. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.
ArmstrongDavid. 1993. Revolution and World Order: The Revolutionary State in International Society. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
AronRaymond. 2003 [1966]. Peace and War: A Theory of International Relations. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
ArrighiGiovanni. 1994. The Long Twentieth Century: Money, Power, and the Origins of Our Times. London: Verso.
AshbyW. Ross. 1964 [1956]. An Introduction to Cybernetics. London: Chapman & Hall.
AshleyRichard K. 1988. “Untying the Sovereign State: A Double Reading of the Anarchy Problematique.” Millennium 17(2): 227–62.
Asian Development Bank. 2007. Country Economic Report: Nauru. Manila.
AxelrodRobert. 1986. “An Evolutionary Approach to Norms.” American Political Science Review 80(4): 1095–111.
AvantDeborah. 2005. The Market for Force: The Consequences of Privatizing Security. New York: Cambridge University Press.
AvantDeborah D., Finnemore Martha, and Sell Susan K.. 2010. “Conclusion: Authority, Legitimacy, and Accountability in Global Politics,” in Avant Deborah D., Finnemore Martha, and Sell Susan K. (eds.), Who Governs the Globe? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
AyoobMohammed. 1989. “The Third World in the System of States: Acute Schizophrenia or Growing Pains?International Studies Quarterly 33(1): 6779.
AyoobMohammed. 2003. “Inequality and Theorizing in International Relations: The Case for Subaltern Realism.” International Studies Review 4(3): 2748.
BaldwinDavid A. 1989. Paradoxes of Power. NY: Basil Blackwell.
BanerjeeSikata. 2012. Muscular Nationalism: Gender, Violence, and Empire in India and Ireland, 1914–2004. NY: NY University Press.
Bar’alZvi. 2015. “ISIS’ Sex Slave Market: How the Islamic State is Wiping Out Iraq’s Yazidi Minority.” Haaretz May 5, available at (accessed May 25, 2015).
BarderAlexander. 2015. Empire Within: International Hierarchy and its Imperial Laboratories of Governance. London: Routledge.
BarkawiTarak, and Laffey Mark. 2006. “The Postcolonial Moment in Security Studies.” Review of International Studies 32(2): 329–52.
BarkeyKaren, and Godart Frederic C. 2013. “Empires, Federated Arrangements, and Kingdoms: Using Political Models of Governance to Understand Firms’ Creative Performance.” Organization Studies 34(1): 79104.
BarnesHarry Elmer. 1930. World Politics and Modern Civilization: The Contributions of Nationalism, Capitalism, Imperialism and Militarism to Human Culture and International Anarchy. NY: Knopf.
BarnesJulian E. 2013. “Hagel Tours ‘Secret’ U.S. Air Base in Qatar.” Wall Street Journal, December 10.
BarnettMichael N. 2011. Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
BarnettMichael N. 2012. “International Paternalism and Humanitarian Governance,” Global Constitutionalism 1(3): 485521.
BarnettMichael N., and Duvall Raymond. 2005. “Power in International Politics.” International Organization 59(1): 3975.
BarnettMichael N., and Finnemore Martha. 2004. Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
BartelsonJens. 2009. Visions of World Community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BartelsonJens. 2017. “Dating Sovereignty.” International Studies Association Convention, Baltimore, MD.
BartmanBarry. 2002. “Meeting the Needs of Microstate Security.” The Round Table 91: 361–74.
BaylyChristopher. 2011. Recovering Liberties: Indian Thought in the Age of Liberalism and Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BeachDerek. 2013. “The Fiscal Compact, Euro-reforms, and the Challenge for the Opt-Outs.” In Danish Foreign Policy Yearbook, vol. 2013, pp. 113–33.
BeattieDavid. 2004. Liechtenstein: A Modern History. London: IB Taurus.
BelichJames. 2011. Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Angloworld. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ben-PorathSigal. 2010. Tough Choices: Structured Paternalism and the Landscape of Choice. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
BentonLaura. 2010. A Search for Sovereignty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BergerT. U. 1997. “The Past in the Present: Historical Memory and German National Security Policy.” German Politics 6(1): 3959.
BernardChester I. 1962. The Functions of the Executive. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
BertalanffyLudwig von. 1968. General Systems Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications. New York: George Braziller.
BestJacqueline. 2014. Governing Failure: Provisional Expertise and the Transformation of Global Development Finance. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bially MatternJanice, and Zarakol Ayşe. 2016. “Hierarchies in World Politics.International Organization 7(3): 623–54.
BicchieriCristina. 2006. The Grammar of Society: The Nature and Dynamics of Social Norms. New York: Cambridge University Press.
BiedermannZoltán. 2009. “The Matrioshka Principle and How It Was Overcome: Portuguese and Habsburg Imperial Attitudes in Sri Lanka and the Responses of the Rulers of Kotte (1506–1598).” Journal of Early Modern History 13(4): 265310.
BierstekerThomas J., and Weber Cynthia (eds.). 1996. State Sovereignty as Social Construct. New York: Cambridge University Press.
BirnbaumMaria. 2015. “Becoming Recognizable: Postcolonial Independence and the Reification of Religion.” PhD thesis, European Union Institute.
BissonThomas N. 2009. The Crisis of the Twelfth Century: Power, Lordship, and the Origins of European Government. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
BlakerJames R. 1990. United States Overseas Basing: An Anatomy of the Dilemma. New York: Praeger.
BlythMark. 2013. Austerity: The History of a Dangerous Idea. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
BobClifford. 2012. The Global Right Wing and the Clash of World Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
BobClifford. 2005. The Marketing of Rebellion: Insurgents, Media, and International Activism. New York: Cambridge University Press.
BoltonDoug. 2015. “Five Year Old Girls Are Dreaming of Becoming Jihadi Brides, Claims Police Chief.” The Independent, May 23, 2015, available at (accessed May 15, 2017).
BonhamJames. 1999. “Practical Reason and Cultural Constraint: Agency in Bourdieu’s Theory of Practice,” in Shusterman Richard (ed.), Bourdieu: A Critical Reader. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 129–52.
BoströmMagnus, and Garsten Christina (eds.). 2008. Organizing Transnational Accountability. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.
BoswellC. 2009. The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge: Immigration Policy and Social Research. New York: Cambridge University Press.
BougléCelestin. 1971[1908]. Essays on the Caste System. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BourdieuPierre. 1984. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
BourdieuPierre. 1989. “Social Space and Symbolic Power.” Sociological Theory 7(1):1425.
BourdieuPierre. 1990. The Logic of Practice. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
BourdieuPierre. 1994. Raisons pratiques. Sur la théorie de l’action. Paris: Seuil.
BourdieuPierre. 2000a[1972]. Esquisse d’une théorie de la pratique. Paris: Seuil.
BourdieuPierre. 2000b[1997]. Pascalian Meditations. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
BourdieuPierre. 2001. Langage et pouvoir symbolique. Paris: Seuil.
BourdieuPierre. 2003 [1997]. Méditations pascaliennes. Paris: Seuil.
BourdieuPierre, and Wacquant Loïc J. D.. 1992. An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
BowdenBrett. 2004. “In the Name of Progress and Peace: The ‘Standard of Civilization’ and the Universalizing Project.” Alternatives 29(1): 4368.
BowdenBrett. 2009. The Empire of Civilization. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
BranchAdam. 2008. “Against Humanitarian Impunity: Rethinking Responsibility for Displacement and Disaster in Northern Uganda.” Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 2: 152–73.
BranchJordan. 2011. “Mapping the Sovereign State: Technology, Authority and Systemic Change.” International Organization 65: 136.
BranchJordan. 2014. The Cartographic State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BrazysSamuel, and Hardiman Niamh. 2015. “From ‘Tiger’ to ‘PIIGS’: Ireland and the Use of Heuristics in Comparative Political Economy.” European Journal of Political Research 54(1): 2342.
BrintStephen. 1996. In an Age of Experts: The Changing Role of Professionals in Politics and Public Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
BrodieBernard. 1973. War and Politics. New York: Macmillan.
BrooksStephen G., and Wohlforth William C.. 2008. World Out of Balance: International Relations and the Challenge of American Primacy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
BrownChris, Nardin Terry, and Rengger Nicholas (eds.). 2002. International Relations in Political Thought: Texts from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War. New York: Cambridge University Press.
BruckhardtJacob. [1860] 1958. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, trans. Middlemore S. G. C.. New York: Harper Torchbooks.
BuckleyWalter Frederick. 1968. Modern Systems Research for the Behavioral Scientist: A Sourcebook. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.
BukovanskyMlada. 1999. “The Altered State and the State of Nature: The French Revolution and International Politics.” Review of International Studies 25: 197216.
BukovanskyMlada. 2001. Legitimacy and Power Politics: The American and French Revolutions in International Political Culture. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
BukovanskyMlada, Clark Ian, Eckersley Robyn, Price Richard MacKay, Reus-Smit Christian, Wheeler Nicholas J. (eds.). 2012. Special Responsibilities: Global Problems and American Power. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BullHedley. 1977. The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.
BullHedley. 1984. “The Revolt against the West,” in Bull Hedley and Watson Adam (eds.), The Expansion of International Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
BurbankJane, and Cooper Frederick. 2010. Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
BurnettChristina Duffy. 2005. “The Edges of Empire and the Limits of Sovereignty: American Guano Islands.” American Quarterly 57(3): 779803.
BurumaIan. 1994. The Wages of Guilt: Memories of War in Germany and Japan. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux.
ButlerJudith. 1990. Gender Trouble. New York: Routledge.
ButlerJudith. 1993. Bodies that Matter. New York: Routledge.
ButlerJudith. 1997. The Psychic Life of Power: Theories in Subjection, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
ButlerJudith. 2003. “Violence, Mourning, Politics.Studies in Gender and Sexuality 4(1): 937.
ButtAhsan I. 2013. “Anarchy and Hierarchy in International Relations: Examining South America’s War Prone Decade, 1932–41.” International Organization 67(3): 575607.
BuzanBarry. 2004. From International to World Society?: English School Theory and the Social Structure of Globalisation. New York: Cambridge University Press.
BuzanBarry, and Lawson George. 2015. The Global Transformation: History, Modernity and the Making of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BuzanBarry, and Little Richard. 2000. International Systems in World History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
BuzanBarry, and Little Richard. 2011. “International Systems in World History: Remaking the Study of International Relations,” in Hobden Stephen and Hobson John M. (eds.), Historical Sociology of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 200–22.
CampbellDavid. 1988. Writing Security: United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity. Twin Cities: University of Minnesota Press.
CalderKent E. 2007. Embattled Garrisons: Comparative Base Politics and American Globalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
CaprioliMary, and Trumbore Peter F.. 2003. “Identifying ‘Rogue’ States and Testing their Interstate Conflict Behavior.” European Journal of International Relations 9(3): 377406.
CarpenterR. Charli. 2007. “Studying Issue (Non)Adoption in Transnational Advocacy Networks.” International Organization 61(3): 643–67.
CarpenterR. Charli. 2011. “Vetting the Advocacy Agenda: Network Centrality and the Paradox of Weapons Norms.” International Organization 65(1): 69102.
CarpenterR. Charli. 2014. “Lost Causes”: Agenda Vetting in Global Issue Networks and the Shaping of Human Security. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
CarrE. H. [1939] 2001. The Twenty Years’ Crisis, 1919–1939. Reissued with a new introduction by Cox Michael. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
CartledgePaul. 1994. “The Greeks and Anthropology.Anthropology Today 10(3): 36.
CastellsManuel. 2008. “The New Public Sphere: Global Civil Society, Communication Networks, and Global Governance.” Ann Am Acad Political Soc Sci 616(1): 7893.
CedermanLars-Erik, Gleditsch Kristian S., and Buhaug Halvard. 2013. Inequality, Crievances, and Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press.
ChandlerDavid G. 2006. Empire in Denial: The Politics of State-Building. New York: Pluto Press.
ChangMichael G. 2007. A Court on Horseback: Imperial Touring and the Construction of Qing Rule, 1680–1785. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center.
ChangMichael G. 1960. “Chairman Liu Shao-chi’s Speech at the State Banquet In Honour of President Toure.” Peking Review, September 14.
ChatterjeePartha. 1993. The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
ChestermanSimon. 2008. “Globalization Rules: Accountability, Power, and the Prospects of Global Administrative Law.” Global Governance 14(1): 3952.
ChinChristine B. N. 2009. “Claiming Race and Racelessness in International Studies.” International Studies Perspectives 10:9298.
ChipmanJohn. 1989. French Power in Africa. Oxford: Blackwell.
ChowdhryGeeta, and Nair Sheila. 2004. Power, Postcolonialism and International Relations: Reading Race, Gender and Class. London: Taylor & Francis.
ChungSeungwha Andy, Singh Harbir, and Lee Kyungmook. 2000. “Complementarity, Status Similarity and Social Capital as Drivers of Alliance Formation.” Strategic Management Journal 21(1): 122.
ClaassenRutger. 2014. “Capability Paternalism,” Economics and Philosophy 30(1): 5773.
ClarkIan. 1989. The Hierarchy of States: Reform and Resistance in the International Order. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
ClarkIan. 2005. Legitimacy in International Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
ClarkIan. 2011. Hegemony in International Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
ClarkeDuncan, and O’Connor Daniel. 1993. “U.S. Base Rights Payments after the Cold War.” Orbis 37(3): 441457.
CoaseRonald H. 1937. “The Nature of the Firm.” Economica 16(4): 386405.
CohenAlbert. 1956. Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
CohenShlomo. 2013. “Nudging and Informed Consent.” American Journal of Bioethics 13(6): 311.
CohenTom, and Davidsen Dana. 2014. “What can Obama do about Russia’s invasion of Crimea?” CNN, March 4. Available at (accessed April 15, 2014).
CollinsHarry, and Evans Robert. 2007. Rethinking Expertise. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
CollinsRandall. 2004. “Civilizations as Zones of Prestige and Contact,” in Arjormand Said Amir and Tiryakian Edward A. (eds.), Rethinking Civilizational Analysis. New York: Sage, pp. 132–47.
ConleySarah. 2013. Against Autonomy: Justifying Coercive Paternalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
ConstantinouCostas M., and Richmond Oliver P.. 2005. “The Long Mile of Empire: Power, Legitimation and the UK Bases in Cyprus.Mediterranean Politics 10(1): 6584.
CooleyAlexander. 2001. “Imperial Wreckage: Property Rights, Sovereignty and Security in the Post-Soviet States,” International Security 26(3): 5567
CooleyAlexander. 2003. “Thinking Rationally about Hierarchy and Global Governance.” Review of International Political Economy 10(4): 672–84.
CooleyAlexander. 2005. The Logics of Hierarchy: The Organization of Empires, States and Military Occupations. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
CooleyAlexander. 2008. Base Politics: Democratic Change and the U.S. Military Oversea. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
CooleyAlexander. 2012. Great Games, Local Rules: the New Great Power Contest in Central Asia. New York: Oxford University Press.
CooleyAlexander. 2014. “U.S. Bases and Democratic Politics in Central Asia,” in Lord Carnes and Eirkson Andrew (eds.), Rebalancing US Forces: basing and Forward Presence in the Asia-Pacific. Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute Press.
CooleyAlexander, and Ron James. 2002. “The NGO Scramble: Organizational Insecurity and the Political Economy of Transnational Action.” International Security 27(1):539.
CooleyAlexander, and Nexon Daniel H.. 2013. “‘The Empire Will Compensate You’: The Structural Dynamics of the US Overseas Basing Network.Perspectives on Politics 11(4):1034–50.
CooleyAlexander, and Spruyt Hendrik. 2009. Contracting States: Sovereign Transfers in International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly and Marty Dick. 2006. Alleged Secret Detentions and Unlawful Inter-State Transfers Involving Council of Europe Member States: Draft Report, Part II (explanatory memorandum). Brussels: Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly.
CrabbCecil V.Jr. 1968. Nations in a Multipolar World. New York: Harper & Row.
CrossleyPamela Kyle. 1999. A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology. Berkeley: University of California Press.
CrossleyPamela Kyle. 1990. Orphan Warriors: Three Manchu Generations and the End of the Qing World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
CrawfordJames. 2006. The Creation of States in International Law. New York: Cambridge University Press.
CrawfordNeta C. 2002. Argument and Change in World Politics: Ethics, Decolonization, and Humanitarian Intervention. New York: Cambridge University Press.
CrumleyCarole L. 1987. “Celtic Settlement before the Conquest: The Dialectics of Landscape and Power,” in Crumley Carole L. and Marquardt William H. (eds.), Regional Dynamics: Burgundian Landscapes in Historical Perspective. San Diego: Academic Press.
DarbyPhillip, and Paolini A. J.. 1994. “Bridging International Relations and Postcolonialism.” Alternatives 19(3):371–97.
DarwinJohn. 2013. Unfinished Empire: The Global Expansion of Britain. New York: Bloomsbury.
DarwinJohn. 2008. After Tamerlane: The Global History of Empire since 1405. New York: Bloomsbury.
De CerteauMichel. 1980. L’Invention du quotidien. 1. Arts de faire. Paris: Gallimard.
De GrauweP. 2012. Economics of Monetary Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
DeardenLizzie. 2015. “Yazidi Sex Slaves Undergoing Surgery to ‘Restore Virginity’ after Being Raped by ISIS Militants,” The Independent, April 27, 2015, available at … surgery-to-restore-virginity-after-being-raped-by-isis-militants-10207352.html (accessed May 25, 2015).
DelbrückJost. 1993. “International Law and Military Forces Abroad: U.S. Military Presence in Europe, 1945–1965,” in Duke Simon W. and Krieger Wolfgang (eds.), U.S. Military Forces in Europe: the Early Years, 1945–1970. Boulder, CO: Westview, pp. 83115.
Department of Defense. 2013. Base Structure Report: FY 2013 Baseline. Washington, DC: DOD.
DickensonEdwin DeWitt. 1972. The Equality of States in International Law. New York: Arno Press (original edition 1920; reprint).
DiefenbachThomas, and Silince John A. A.. 2011. “Formal and Informal Hierarchy in Different Types of Organization.” Organization Studies 32(11):1515–37.
DirksNicholas B. 2001. Castes of Mind: Colonialism and the Making of Modern India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
DirksNicholas B. 2006. The Scandal of Empire: India and the Creation of Imperial Britain. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
DonnellyJack. 2006. “Sovereign Inequalities and Hierarchy in Anarchy: American Power and International Society.” European Journal of International Relations 12(2):139–70.
DonnellyJack. 2009. “Rethinking Political Structures: From ‘Ordering Principles’ to ‘Vertical Differentiation’ – And Beyond.” International Theory 1(1):4986.
DonnellyJack. 2012a. The Differentiation of International Societies: An Approach to Structural International Theory. European Journal of International Relations 18(1):151–76.
DonnellyJack. 2012b. The Elements of the Structures of International Systems. International Organization 66(4):609–43.
DonnellyJack. 2015a. “The Discourse of Anarchy in IR.” International Theory 7(3):393425.
DonnellyJack. 2015b. “Normative versus Taxonomic Humanity: Varieties of Human Dignity in the Western Tradition.” Journal of Human Rights 14(1):122.
DooleyN. 2014. “Growing Pains? Rethinking the ‘Immaturity’ of the European Periphery.” Millennium 42(3):936–46.
DotyRoxanne L. 1996. Imperial Encounters: The Politics of Representation in North-South Relations. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
DowdallJ. 1972. “Mintoff’s Malta: Problems of Independence.” The World Today 28(5):189–95.
DownsGeorge W., Rocke David M., and Barsoom Peter N.. 1996. “Is the Good News about Compliance Good News about Cooperation?International Organization 50(3):379406.
DoyleMichael W. 1983. “Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (3):205–35.
DoyleMichael W. 1986. Empires. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
DuBoisThomas David. 2011. Religion and the Making of Modern East Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
DubyGeorges. 1980 [1978]. The Three Orders: Feudal Society Imagined. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
DuffieldMark. 2001. Global Governance and the New Wars. New York: Zed Books.
DufloE. 2014. “Paternalism versus Freedom?” Tanner lectures, May.
DukeSimon. 1989. United States Military Forces and Installations in Europe. Stockholm: SIPRI and Oxford University Press.
DukeSimon, and Krieger Wolfgang (eds.). 1993. U.S. Military Forces in Europe: The Early Years, 1945–1970. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
DumontLouis. 1966. Homo hierarchicus. Le système des castes et ses implications. Paris: Gallimard.
DumontLouis. 1980. Homo Hierarchicus: The Caste System and Its Implications, complete English edition, revised. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
DunneTim. 1998. Inventing International Society. London: Macmillan.
DunneTim. 2003. “Society and Hierarchy in International Relations.” International Relations 17(3):303–20.
DuursmaJorri C. 1996. Fragmentation and the International Relations of Micro-States: Self-Determination and Statehood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
DuvergerMaurice (ed.). 1980. Le Concept d,empire. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
DworkinGerald. 1972. “Paternalism.The Monist 56:6484.
DworkinGerald. 2013. “Defining Paternalism,” in Coons Christian and Weber Michael (eds.), Paternalism: Theory and Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 2538.
EbrahimAlnoor, and Weisband Edward (eds.). 2007. Global Accountabilities: Participation, Pluralism, and Public Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
EcksteinHarry. 1975. “Case Study and Theory in Political Science,” in Greenstein Fred I. and Polsby Nelson W. (eds.), Handbook of Political Science. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
EdkinsJenny, Pin-Fat Veronique, and Shapiro Michael J.. 2004. Sovereign Lives: Power in Global Politics. New York: Psychology Press.
EganJohn W. 2006. “The Future of Criminal Jurisdiction over the Deployed American Soldier: Four Major Trends in Bilateral U.S. Status of Forces Agreements.” Emory International Law Review 20:291344.
EhrenreichRobert M., Crumley Carole L., and Levy Janet E.(eds.). 1995. Heterarchy and the Analysis of Complex Societies. Arlington, VA: American Anthropological Association.
EisenstadtS. N. 1993 [1963]. The Political System of Empires. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
EldridgeRobert D. 2001. The Origins of the Bilateral Okinawa Problem: Okinawa in Postwar U.S.-Japan Relations, 1945–1952. New York: Garland Press.
EllinasA. A. 2013. “The Rise of Golden Dawn: The New Face of the Far Right in Greece.South European Society and Politics 2013:123.
ElliottMark C. 2006. “Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners,” in Crossley Pamela Kyle, Sui Helen F., and Sutton Donald S. (eds.), Empire at the Margins: Culture, Ethnicity and Frontier in Early Modern China. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 2757.
ElliottMark C. 2001. The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
ElsterJon. 2000. “Rational Choice History: A Case of Excessive Ambition.” American Political Science Review 94(3):685–95.
ElverskogJohan. 2006. Our Great Qing: The Mongols, Buddhism, and the State in Late Imperial China. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
EnloeCynthia H. 1990. The Morning After: Sexual Politics at the End of the Cold War. Berkeley: University of California Press.
EnloeCynthia H. 2000. Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
EpsteinCharlotte. 2014. “The Postcolonial Perspective: An Introduction.” International Theory 6(2):294311.
EricksonAndrew S., Walter Ladwig C.III, and Mikolay Justin D.. 2010. “‘Diego Garcia and the United States’ Emerging Indian Ocean Strategy.Asian Security 6(3):214–37.
EricksonRichard J. 1994. “Status of Forces Agreements: A Sharing of Sovereign Prerogative.” Air Force Law Review 37:137–53.
FarquharDavid M. 1978. “Emperor as Bodhisattva in the Governance of the Ch’ing Empire.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 38(1):534.
FarrellHenry, and Finnemore Martha. 2013. “The End of Hypocrisy: American Foreign Policy in the Age of Leaks.Foreign Affairs 2013:22–6.
FarrellTheo. 2005. “World Culture and Military Power.” Security Studies 14(3): 448–88.
FassinDidier. 2011. Humanitarian Reason. Berkeley: University of California Press.
FassinDidier, and Rechtman R.. 2009. The Empire of Trauma: An Inquiry into the Condition of Victimhood. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
FazalTanisha M. 2007. State Death: The Politics and Geography of Conquest, Occupation and Annexation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
FearonJames D., and Laitin David D.. 2004. “Neotrusteeship and the Problem of Weak States.” International Security 28:543.
FeldmanIlana, and Ticktin Miriam. 2011. “Government and Humanity,” in Feldman Ilana and Ticktin Miriam(eds.), In the Name of Humanity: The Government of Threat and Care. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 127.
FergusonYale H., and Mansbach Richard W.. 2008. A World of Polities: Essays on Global Politics. London: Taylor & Francis.
FidlerDavid P. 2001. “The Return of the Standard of Civilization.” Chicago Journal of International Law 2(1):137–57.
FinnemoreMartha. 2009. “Legitimacy, Hypocrisy, and the Social Structure of Unipolarity: Why Being a Unipole Isn’t All It’s Cracked Up to Be.” World Politics 61(1):5885.
FinnemoreMartha. 2003. The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs about the Use of Force. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
FinnemoreMartha, and Sikkink Kathryn. 1998. “International Norm Dynamics and Political Change.” International Organization 52(4):887917.
FlathmanRichard E. 1980. The Practice of Political Authority: Authority and the Authoritative. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Foreign Languages Press. 1964. Afro-Asian Solidarity against Imperialism: A Collection of Documents, Speeches and Press Interviews from the Visits of Chinese Leaders to Thirteen African and Asian Countries. Beijing.
FoucaultMichel. 2007. Security, Territory, and Population. New York: Palgrave.
FourcadeM. 2013. “The Material and Symbolic Construction of the BRICs: Reflections Inspired by the RIPE.” Review of International Political Economy 20(2):256–67.
FrankAndre Gudre. 1978. Dependent Accumulation and Underdevelopment. New York: Monthly Review Press.
FriedenJeffry A. 1994. “International Investment and Colonial Control: A New Interpretation.” International Organization 48(4):559.
FriedmanRichard. 1958. “On the Concept of Authority in Political Philosophy,” in Friedrich Carl J. (ed.), Authority. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 5691.
FrykenbergRobert Eric. 1993. “Constructions of Hinduism at the Nexus of History and Religion.” Journal of interdisciplinary history 23(3): 523–50.
FryeNorthrop. 1990. “The Stage Is All the World,” in Denham Robert D. (ed.), Myth and Metaphor: Selected Essays 1974–1988. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
FukuyamaFrancis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Free Press.
GallagherJulia. 2014. “Chopping the World into Bits: Africa, the World Bank, and the Good Governance Norm.” International Theory 6(2):332–49.
GaltungJohan. 1971. “A Structural Theory of Imperialism.” Journal of Peace Research 8(2):81117.
GarrenDavid. 2006. “Paternalism, Part I.” Philosophical Books 47(4):334–41.
GarrenDavid. 2007. “Paternalism, Part II.” Philosophical Books 48(1):50–9.
GeldenhuysDeon. 1990. Isolated States: A Comparative Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
GereffiGary, Humphrey John, and Sturgeon Timothy. 2005. “The Governance of Global Value Chains.” Review of International Political Economy 12(1):78104.
GersonJoseph, and Birchard Bruce (eds.). 1991. The Sun Never Sets: Confronting the Network of Foreign U.S. Military Bases. Boston, South End Press.
GertBernard, and Culver Charles. 1976. “Paternalistic Behavior,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 6:4558.
GilpinRobert. 1975. U.S. Power and the Multinational Corporation: The Political Economy of Direct Foreign Investment. New York: Basic Books.
GilpinRobert. 1981. War and Change in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
GiurlandoPhilip. 2012. “Vicarious Evaluation: How European Integration Changes National Identities.Review of European and Russian Affairs 7(2):114.
GlanvilleLuke. 2014. Sovereignty and the Responsibility to Protect: A New History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
GoddardStacie E. 2009. “Brokering Change: Networks and Entrepreneurs in International Politics.” International Theory 1(2):249–81.
GoebelJulius. 1923. The Equality of States: A Study in the History of Law. New York: Columbia University Press.
GoffmanErving. 1963. Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. London: Penguin.
GoffmanErving. 1967. Interaction Rituals: Essays on Face-to-face Behavior. New York: Doubleday.
GohEvelyn. 2013. The Struggle for Order: Hegemony, Hierarchy, and Transition in Post–Cold War East Asia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
GoldmanMichael. 2001. “The Birth of a Discipline: Producing Authoritative Green Knowledge, World Bank-Style.” Ethnography 2(2):191217.
GoldsteinJudith, Kahler Miles, Keohane Robert O., and Slaughter Anne-Marie (eds.). 2001. Legalization and World Politics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
GourevitchPeter A., Lake David A., and Stein Janice Gross. 2012. The Credibility of Transnational NGOs: When Virtue Is Not Enough. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
GrahlJohn, and Teague Paul. 2013. “Reconstructing the Eurozone: The Role of EU Social Policy.” Cambridge Journal of Economics 37(3):677–92.
GrantRuth W., and Keohane Robert O.. 2005. “Accountability and Abuses of Power in World Politics.” American Political Science Review 99(1):2943.
GreenDonald P., and Shapiro Ian. 1995. Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory: A Critique of Applications in Political Science. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
GreyStephen. 2006. Ghost Plane: The True Story of the CIA Torture Program. New York: St Martins Press.
GriecoJoseph M. 1988. “Anarchy and the Limits of Cooperation: A Realist Critique of the Newest Liberal Institutionalism.” International Organization 42(3):485507.
GriesPeter Hays. 2005. “Social Psychology and the Identity-Conflict Debate: Is a ‘China Threat’ Inevitable?European Journal of International Relations 11(2):235–65.
GriffithWilliam E. 1964. The Sino-Soviet Rift. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
GrillKalle. 2007. “The Normative Core of Paternalism.” Res Publica 13:441–58.
GrintK. 2010. “The Sacred in Leadership: Separation, Sacrifice and Silence.” Organization Studies 31(1):89107.
GrossLeo. 1948. “The Peace of Westphalia, 1648–1948.” American Journal of International Law 42(1):2041.
GrovuguiSiba. 2006. Beyond Eurocentrism and Anarchy: Memories of International Order and Institutions. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
GrynaviskiEric, and Hsieh Amy. 2015. “Hierarchy and Judicial Institutions: Arbitration and Ideology in the Hellenistic World.” International Organization 69(3):697729.
GuilhotNicolas (ed.). 2011. The Invention of International Relations Theory. New York: Columbia University Press.
GuzziniStefano 2006. “From (Alleged) Unipolarity to the Decline of Multilateralism? A Power-Theoretical Critique,” in Newman Edward, Thakur Ramesh C., and Tirman John (eds.), Multilateralism under Challenge? Power, International Order, and Structural Change. Tokyo: United Nations University Press, pp. 119–38.
HaasErnst B. 1964. Beyond the Nation State: Functionalism and International Organization. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Hafner-BurtonEmilie M., and Montgomery Alexander H.. 2006. “Power Positions: International Organizations, Social Networks, and Conflict.Journal of Conflict Resolution 50(1):327.
Hafner-BurtonEmillie M., Kahler Miles, and Montgomery Alexander. 2009. “Network Analysis for International Relations.” International Organization 63(3):559–92.
HalpernAbraham M. 1961. “The Foreign Policy Uses of the Chinese Revolutionary Model.” China Quarterly 7:116.
HannerzUlf. 1989. “Culture between Center and Periphery: Toward a Macroanthropology.” Ethnos 54(3–4):200–16.
HansenJonathan M. 2011. Guantánamo Bay: An American History. New York: Hill & Wang.
HansenLene. 2000. “Gender, Nation, Rape: Bosnia and the Construction of Security.International Feminist Journal of Politics 3(1):5575.
HardtMicheal, and Negri Antonio. 2001. Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
HarkavyRobert E. 1989. Bases Abroad. Oxford: Oxford University Press and SIPRI.
HarkavyRobert E. 2005. “Thinking about Basing.” Naval War College Review 58(3):1242.
Harrell-BondBarbara. 1986. Imposing Aid: Emergency Assistance to Refugees. New York: Oxford University Press.
HartoghDen. 2011. “Can Consent be Presumed?Journal of Applied Philosophy 28(3):294307.
HaskellT. L. (ed.). 1984. The Authority of Experts: Studies in History and Theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
HavercroftJonathan. 2011. Captives of Sovereignty. New York: Cambridge University Press.
HavercroftJonathan. 2012. “Was Westphalia ‘All That’? Hobbes, Bellarmine, and the Norm of Non-Intervention.” Global Constitutionalism 1(1):120–40.
HebdigeDick. 2003. Subculture: The Meaning of Style. London: Routledge.
HechterMichael. 2013. Alien Rule. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
HedlundGunnar. 1986. “The Hypermodern MNC: A Heterarchy?Human Resource Management 25(1):935.
HendersonErrol A. 2013. “Hidden in Plain Sight: Racism in International Relations Theory.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 26(1):7192.
HenrichJ., McElreath R., Barr A., Ensminger J., Barrett C., et al. 2006. “Costly Punishment across Human Societies.” Science 312(5781):1767–70.
HerzJohn H. 1959. International Politics in the Atomic Age. New York: Columbia University Press.
HerzfeldMichael. 1987. Anthropology through the Looking-Glass: Critical Ethnography in the Margins of Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
HerzfeldMichael. 2013. “The European Crisis and Cultural Intimacy.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 13(3):491–7.
HillDavid Jayne. 1911. World Organization as Affected by the Nature of the Modern State. New York: Columbia University Press.
HinsleyF. H. 1986. Sovereignty, 2nd edn. New York: Cambridge University Press.
HoareMichael. 1986. The Seychelles Affair. London: Paladin.
HobsonJohn A. 1922. Problems of a New World Order. New York: Macmillan.
HobsonJohn M. 2012. “The Twin Self-Delusions of IR: Why, Hierarchy, and Not, Anarchy, Is the Core Concept of IR.” Millennium 42(3):557–75.
HobsonJohn M. 2013. The Eurocentric Conception of World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
HobsonJohn M. 2014. “The Twin Self-Delusions of IR: Why ‘Hierarchy’ and Not ‘Anarchy’ Is the Core Concept of IR.” Millennium 42(3):557–75.
HobsonJohn M., and Sharman J. C.. 2005. “The Enduring Place of Hierarchy in World Politics: Tracing the Social Logics of Hierarchy and Political Change.” European Journal of International Relations 11(1):6398.
HochshildAdam. 2006. Bury the Chains Prophets and Rebels in the Fight to Free an Empire’s Slaves. San Francisco: Mariner Books.
HodgesCharles. 1931. The Background of International Relations: Our World Horizons, National and International. New York: Wiley.
HofstadterDouglas R. 1979. Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid. New York: Basic Books.
HolmesMarcus. 2011. “Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed: Representations of Anarchy in International Relations Theory.” International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 11(2):279308.
HopgoodStephen. 2009. “Moral Authority, Modernity and the Politics of the Sacred.European Journal of International Relations 15(2):229–55.
HopgoodStephen. 2014. The Endtimes of Human Rights. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
HowlandDouglas, and White Luise. 2009. “Introduction: Sovereignty and the Study of States,” in Howland Douglas and White Luise (eds.), The State of Sovereignty: Territories, Laws, Populations. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 118.
HoytPaul D. 2000. “The ‘Rogue State’ Image in American Foreign Policy.” Global Society 14(2):297310.
HudsonAlan. 2002. “Advocacy by UK-based development NGOs.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 31(3):402–18.
HudsonValerie, Ballif-Spanvill Bonnie, Caprioli Mary, and Emmett Chad F.. 2012. Sex and World Peace. New York: Columbia University Press.
HughesHelen. 1964. “The Political Economy of Nauru.” Economic Records 40(92):508–34.
HughesHelen. 2004. “From Riches to Rags: What Are Nauru’s Options and How Can Australia Help?” Centre for Independent Studies Issue Analysis 50, Sydney, Australia.
HurdIan. 2007. After Anarchy: Legitimacy and Power in the United Nations Security Council. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
HurrellAndrew. 2007. On Global Order: Power, Values, and the Constitution of International Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
HuntLynn. 2007. Inventing Human Rights: A History. New York: W.W. Norton.
HusakDouglas N. 2003. “Legal Paternalism,” in LaFollette Hugh (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 387412.
HutchisonAlan. 1975. China’s African Revolution. London: Hutchinson.
HydeSusan D. 2011. The Pseudo-Democrat’s Dilemma: Why Election Monitoring Became an International Norm. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
HydeSusan D. 2012. “Why Believe International Election Monitors,” In Gourevitch Peter, Lake David and Stein Janice Gross(eds.), The Credibility of Transnational NGOs: When Virtue Is Not Enough. New York: Cambridge University Press.
IkenberryG. John. 2000. After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order after Major Wars. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
IkenberryG. John. 2012. Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
InayatullahNaeem, and Blaney David. 2004. International Relations and The Problem of Difference. London: Routledge.
International Monetary Fund. 2013. “St Kitts and Nevis: Fourth Review under the Stand-By Arrangement.” Country Report 13/42. Washington, DC.
IshayMicheline R. 2008. The History of Human Rights: From Ancient Times to the Globalization Era. Berkeley: University of California Press.
JabriVivienne. 2012. The Postcolonial Subject: Claiming Politics/Governing Others in Late Modernity. London: Routledge.
JabriVivienne. 2014. “Disarming Norms: Postcolonial Agency and the Constitution of the International.” International Theory 6(2):372–90.
JacquotJean. 1957. “Le Theatre du Monde.Revue de Litterature Comparee 31.
JacksonPatrick Thaddeus. 2002. “Jeremy Bentham, Foreign Secretary, or the Opportunity-Costs of Neo-Utilitarian Analyses of Foreign Policy.” Review of International Political Economy 9(4):735–53.
JacksonPatrick Thaddeus, and Nexon Daniel H.. 1999. “Relations before States: Substance, Process and the Study of World Politics.European Journal of International Relations 5(3):291332.
JacksonRobert H. 1990. Quasi-States: Sovereignty, International Relations and the Third World. New York: Cambridge University Press.
JacksonRobert H., and Rosberg Carl G.. 1982. “Why Africa’s Weak States Persist: The Empirical and Juridical in Statehood.” World Politics 35(1):124.
JayawickramaSherine, and McCullagh Neil. 2009. “What Makes International NGOs Distinctive? Contributions, Characteristics and Challenges.” The Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations at Harvard University. Available at
JefferyKeith. 1982. “The Eastern Arc of Empire: A Strategic View 1850–1950.” The Journal of Strategic Studies 5(4):531–45.
JervisRobert. 1978. “Cooperation under the Security Dilemma.” World Politics 30(2):167214.
JohnsonChalmers (ed.). 1999. Okinawa: Cold War Island. Cardiff, CA: Japan Policy Institute.
JohnsonChalmers (ed.). 2000. Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire. New York: Owl Books.
JohnsonChalmers. 2004. The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy and the End of the Republic. New York: Metropolitan Books.
JohnstonAlastair Iain. 2001. “Treating International Institutions as Social Environments.” International Studies Quarterly 45(4):487515.
JohnstonAlastair Iain. 2008. Social States: China in International Institutions, 1980–2000. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
JohnstonAlastair Iain. 2012. “What (If Anything) Does East Asia Tell Us about International Relations Theory?Annual Review of Political Science 15(1):5378.
JonesBranwen Gruffydd. 2008. “Race in the Ontology of International Order.” Political Studies 56:907–27.
KangDavid C. 2004. “The Theoretical Roots of Hierarchy in International Relations.” Australian Journal of International Affairs 58(3):337–52.
KangDavid C. 2010a. “Hierarchy and Legitimacy in International Systems: The Tribute System in Early Modern East Asia.” Security Studies 19(4):591622.
KangDavid C. 2010b. East Asia before the West: Five Centuries of Trade and Tribute. New York: Columbia University Press.
KaplanMorton A. 1957. System and Process in International Politics. New York: Wiley.
KaplanRobert D. 2005. Imperial Grunts: The American Military on the Ground. New York: Random House.
KapylaJuha, and Kennedy Denis. 2014. “Cruel to Care? Investigating the Governance of Compassion in the Humanitarian Imaginary.” International Theory 6(2):255–92.
KaufmanChaim D., and Pape Robert A.. 1999. “Explaining Costly International Moral Action: Britain’s Sixty-Year Campaign against the Atlantic Slave Trade.” International Organization 53(4):631–68.
KaufmanS. J., Little Richard, and Wohlforth William C. (eds.). 2007. The Balance of Power in World History. London: Palgrave.
KayaoğluTuran. 2010. Legal Imperialism: Sovereignty and Extraterritoriality in Japan, the Ottoman Empire, and China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
KayaoğluTuran. 2010. “Westphalian Eurocentrism in International Relations Theory.” International Studies Review 12(2):196215.
KeckMargaret E., and Sikkink Kathryn. 1998. Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
KeckZachary. 2014. “Russia Says it’s Building Naval Bases in Russia, Latin America.” The Diplomat, February 28.
KeeneEdward. 2002. Beyond the Anarchical Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
KeeneEdward. 2007. “A Case Study of the Construction of International Hierarchy: British Treaty-Making against the Slave Trade in the Early Nineteenth Century.” International Organization 61(2):311.
KeeneEdward. 2013. “Social Status, Social Closure and the Idea of Europe as a ‘Normative Power.’European Journal of International Relations 19(4):939–56.
KelmanSteven. 1981. “Regulation and Paternalism.” Public Policy 29(2):219–54.
KelpieG. 2014. “The Irish Took Austerity Lying Down: German Poll.” The Independent, November 20.
KennanGeorge F. 1951. American Diplomacy, 1900–1950. New York: New American Library.
KennedyD. 2004. “Challenging Expert Rule: The Politics of Global Governance.” Sydney Law Review 27:124.
KeohaneRobert O. 2005. After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
KeohaneRobert O. 2003. “Political Authority after Intervention: Gradations in Sovereignty,” in Holzgrefe J. L. and Keohane Robert O. (eds.), Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal, and Political Dilemmas. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 275–98.
KimTaeykoon. 2011. “Contradictions of Global Accountability: The World Bank, Development NGOs, and Global Social Governance.” Journal of International and Area Studies 18(2):2347.
KingstonLindsey N., and Stam Kathryn R.. 2013. “Online Advocacy: Analysis of Human Rights NGO Websites.” Journal of Human Rights Practice 5(1):7595.
KinsellaHelen. 2011. The Image before the Weapon. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
KirbyPaul. 2013. “How Is Rape a Weapon of War? Feminist International Relations, Modes of Critical Explanation, and the Study of Wartime Sexual Violence.” European Journal of International Relations 19(4):797821.
KissingerHenry A. 1957. A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace, 1812–22. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
KlabbersJan. 2014. “The Virtues of Expertise,” in Ambrus Monika, Arts Karin, Hey Ellen, and Raulus Helena (eds.), The Role of “Experts” in International and European Decision-Making Processes. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 82101.
KlotzAudie. 1995. Norms in International Relations: The Struggle Against Apartheid. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
KösebalabanHasan. 2008. “Torn Identities and Foreign Policy: The Case of Turkey and Japan.” Insight Turkey 10(1):530.
KoskenniemiMartti. 2002. The Gentle Civilizer of Nations: The Rise and Fall of International Law 1870–1960. New York: Cambridge University Press.
KothariUma, and Wilkinson Rorden. 2013. “Global Change, Small Island State Response: Restructuring and the Perpetuation of Uncertainty in Mauritius and the Seychelles.” Journal of International Development 25(1):92107.
KouvelakisStathis. 2012. “The End of Europeanism,” in Lapavitsas Costas (ed.), Crisis in the Eurozone. London: Verso, pp. xivxxi.
KramerPaul A. 2006. The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States and the Philippines. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
KramerPaul A. 2011. “Power and Connection: Imperial Histories of the United States in the World.” American Historical Review 116(5):1348–91.
KrasnerStephen D. 1978. Defending the National Interest: Raw Materials Investments and U.S. Policy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
KrasnerStephen D. 1999. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
KrasnerStephen D. 2004. “Sharing Sovereignty: New Institutions for Collapsed and Failing States.” International Security 29:85120.
KrasnerStephen D. 2005. “The Case for Shared Sovereignty.” Journal of Democracy 16:6983.
KrepsSarah. 2013. “Ground the Drones? The Real Problem with Unmanned Aircraft.” Foreign Affairs Snapshot, December 4.
KrepsSarah, and Zenko Michael. 2014. “The Next Drone Wars: Preparing for Proliferation.Foreign Affairs 93(2).
KylanderNathalie, and Stone Christopher. 2012. “The Role of Brand in the Nonprofit Sector,” Stanford Social Innovation Review 37.
LafeberWalter. 1998. The New American Empire, 35th Anniversary edition [1963]. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
LakeDavid A. 1996. “Anarchy, Hierarchy and the Variety of International Relations.International Organization 50(1):133.
LakeDavid A. 2007. “Escape from the State of Nature: Authority and Hierarchy in World Politics.” International Security 32(1):4779.
LakeDavid A. 2009a. Hierarchy in International Relations. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
LakeDavid A. 2009b. “Regional Hierarchy: Authority and Local International Order.” Review of International Studies 35(S1): 3558.
LakeDavid A. 2010. “Rightful Rules: Authority, Order, and the Foundations of Global Governance.” International Studies Quarterly 54(3): 587613.
LakeDavid A. 2013. “Legitimating Power: The Domestic Politics of U.S. International Hierarchy.” International Security 38(2): 74111.
LakeDavid A. and Wong Wendy H.. 2009. “The Politics of Networks: Interests, Power, and Human Rights” in Kahler Miles, ed. Networked Politics: Agency, Power, and Governance. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, pp. 127150.
LancasterT. and Montinola G.. 1997. “Toward a Methodology for the Comparative Study of Political Corruption.” Crime, Law and Social Change 3(27): 185206.
LarmourPeter. 2002. “Conditionality, Coercion and other Forms of ‘Power’: International Financial Institutions in the Pacific.” Public Administration and Development 22(2): 249260.
LarsonDeborah Welch, Paul T.V., and Wohlforth William C.. 2014. “Status and World Order,” in Paul T. V., Larson Deborah Welch, and Wohlforth William C. (eds.), Status in World Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
LarsonDeborah Welch, and Shevchenko Alexei. 2010. “Status Seekers: Chinese and Russian Responses to U.S. Primacy.” International Security 34(4):6395.
LarsonM. S. 1984. “The Production of Expertise and Constitution of Expert Power,” in Haskell T. L. (ed.), The Authority of Experts: Studies in History and Theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
LaskiHarold J. 1921. The Foundations of Sovereignty and Other Essays. NY: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
LasswellHarold D. 1935. World Politics and Personal Insecurity. NY: The Free Press.
LasswellHarold D. and Kaplan Abraham. 1950. Power and Society: A Framework for Analysis. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
LawrenceT. J. 1898 [1895]. The Principles of International Law. 2nd ed. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co.
LeacockStephen. 1906. Elements of Political Science. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Le GrandJulian and New Bill. 2015. Government Paternalism: Nanny State of Helpful Friend? Princeton: Princeton University Press.
LebowRichard Ned. 2008. A Cultural Theory of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
LeiboldJames. 2007. Reconfiguring Chinese Nationalism: How the Qing Frontier and Its Indigenes Became Chinese. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
LevineDaniel. 2012. Recovering International Relations: The Promise of Sustainable Critique. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
LevyNeil. 2014. “Forced to be Free? Increasing Patient Autonomy by Constraining It.” Journal of Medical Ethics 40(5):18.
LewisJeffrey. 2005. “The Janus Face of Brussels: Socialization and Everyday Decision Making in the European Union.” International Organization 59(4):937–71.
LiberatoreAngela and Funtowicz Silvio. 2003. “‘Democratising’ Expertise, ‘Expertising’ Democracy: What does this mean, and why Bother?Science and Public Policy 30(3): 146–50.
LippmannWalter. 1922. “The world outside and the pictures in our heads.” Public opinion 4: 122.
LipsonCharles. 2003. Reliable Partners: How Democracies Have Made a Separate Peace. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
LitwakRobert S. 2001. “What’s in a Name? The Changing Foreign Policy Lexicon.” Journal of International Affairs 54(2):375–92.
LloydRobert. 2008. “Promoting Global Accountability: The Experiences of the Global Accountability Project.” Global Governance 14(3):273–81.
LongDavid. 2005. “Paternalism and the Internationalization of Imperialism: J. A. Hobson on the International Government of the ‘Lower Races,’” in Long David and Schmidt Brian C. (eds.), Imperialism and Internationalism in the Discipline of International Relations. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
LovejoyArthur O. 1936. The Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
LovemanBrian. 2010. No Higher Law: American Foreign Policy and the Western Hemisphere since 1776. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
LowellStephanie, Trelstad Brian, and Meehan Bill. 2005. “The Ratings Game.” Stanford Social Innovation Review, Summer.
LuCatherine. 2006. Just and Unjust Interventions in World Politics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
LundestadGeir. 2003. The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From “Empire” by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
LutzCatherine (ed.). 2009. The Bases of Empire: The Struggle Against U.S. Military Posts. New York: New York University Press.
LynchS. 2015. “Merkel Urges Greece to Follow Irish Example.” Irish Times, March 21, available at (accessed May 31, 2015).
LynnMatthew. 2010. Bust: Greece, the Euro and the Sovereign Debt Crisis. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
MacKinnonCatharine. 2011. Sex Equality. New York: Thomson-West.
MageeJoe C., and Galinsky Adam D.. 2008. “Social Hierarchy: The Self-Reinforcing Nature of Power and Status.” Academy of Management Annals 2(1):351–98.
MagistrettiPaul A. 1971. “All the World a Stage: LEsthetics and Space in Medieval Drama.” PhD dissertation, 2 vols, Yale School of Drama, New Haven, CT.
MamdaniMahmood. 2012. Define and Rule: Native as Political Identity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
ManchamJames R. 2009. Seychelles Global Citizen: The Autobiography of the Founding President of the Republic of Seychelles. St Paul: Paragon House.
MannMichael. 1986. The Sources of Social Power, Vol. 1: A History of Power from the Beginnings to AD 1760. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
MarchJames C., and Olsen Johan P.. 1998. “The Institutional Dynamics of International Political Orders.” International Organizaiton 52(4):943–69.
MarcusJeffrey. 2014. “U.N. Report Details ISIS Abuse of Women and Children.” New York Times, October 3, available at
MartinLisa L. 2000. Democratic Commitments: Legislatures and International Cooperation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
MatthijsMatthias, and Blyth Mark (eds.). 2015. The Future of the Euro. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
MatthijsMatthias, and McNamara Kate. 2015. “‘The Euro Crisis’ Theory Effect: Northern Saints, Southern Sinners, and the Demise of the Eurobond.” Journal of European Integration 37(2):229–45.
MawbySpencer. 2012. “Overwhelmed in a Very Small Place: The Wilson Government and the Crisis Over Anguilla.” Twentieth Century British History 23(2):246–74.
MayallJames. 1990. Nationalism and International Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McCarthyThomas. 2009. Race, Empire and the Idea of Human Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McCullochWarren S. 1945. “A Heterarchy of Values Determined by the Topology of Nervous Nets.” Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics 7(2):8993.
McElroyD. 2012. “Snipers on the Rooftops as Angela Merkel Visits Crisis-Torn Greece,” October 8, available at (accessed May 31, 2015).
McNeillWilliam H. 1982. The Pursuit of Power: Technology, Armed Force, and Society since AD 1000. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
MeadLawrence. 1997. “The Rise of Paternalism,” in Mead Lawrence (ed.), The New Paternalism: Supervisory Approaches to Poverty. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, pp. 138.
MearsheimerJohn J., and Walt Stephen M.. 2013. “Leaving Theory Behind: Why Simplistic Hypothesis Testing Is Bad for International Relations.” European Journal of International Relations 19:427–58.
MehtaUday Singh. 1999. Liberalism and Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
MetcalfThomas R. 1997. Ideologies of the Raj. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
MeyerJohn W., Boli John, Thomas George M., and Ramirez Francisco O.. 1997. “World-Society and the Nation-State.” American Journal of Sociology 103(1):144–66.
MeyerJohn W., and Jepperson Ronald L.. 2000. “The ‘Actors’ of Modern Society: The Cultural Construction of Social Agency.” Sociological Theory 18(1):100–20.
MillerBenjamin. 2002. When Opponents Cooperate: Great Power Conflict and Collaboration in World Politics. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
MilnerHelen. 1991. “The Assumption of Anarchy in International Relations Theory: A Critique.” Review of International Studies 17(1):6785.
MillikenJennifer. 1999. “The Study of Discourse in International Relations.” European Journal of International Relations 5(2):225–54.
MitchellGeorge E., and Stroup Sarah. N.d. “The Power of Reputation for INGOs.” Working paper, available on request.
MitchellGeorge E., and Stroup Sarah. 2016. “The Reputations of NGOs: Peer Evaluations of effectiveness.” The Review of International Organizations: 123.
MitranyDavid. 1933. The Progress of International Government. New Haven: Yale University Press.
MoonKatharine Hyung-Sun. 2012. Protesting America: Democracy and the US-Korea Alliance. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.
MorgenthauHans J. 1946. Scientific Man versus Power Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
MorgenthauHans J. 1951. In Defense of the National Interest: A Critical Examination of American Foreign Policy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
MorozovViacheslav. 2013. “Subaltern Empire? Toward a Postcolonial Approach to Russian Foreign Policy.” Problems of Post-Communism 60(6):1628.
MorrowJames D. 2014. Order within Anarchy: The Laws of War as an International Institution. New York: Cambridge University Press.
MosseD. 2011. Adventures in Aidland: The Anthropology of Professionals in International Development. New York: Berghahn Books.
MosserMichael W. 2001. “Engineering Influence: The Subtle Power of Small States in the CSCE/OSCE,” in Reiter Erich and Gärtner Heinz (eds.), Small States and Alliances. New York: Physica-Verlag, pp. 456466.
MotylAlexander J. 2006. “Is Everything Empire? Is Empire Everything?Comparative Politics 38(2):229–49.
MotylAlexander J. 2013. Imperial Ends: The Decay, Collapse, and Revival of Empires. New York: Columbia University Press.
MoyesRichard, and Nash Thomas. 2011. “Global Coalitions: An Introduction to Working in International Civil Society Partnerships.” Action on Armed Violence.
MillJohn Stuart. 1975. On Liberty. New York: W.W. Norton.
MilnerHelen. 1991. “The Assumption of Anarchy in International Relations Theory: A Critique.” Review of International Studies 17:6785.
MurdieAmanda, and Davis David R.. 2012. “Shaming and Blaming: Using Events Data to Assess the Impact of Human Rights INGOs.” International Studies Quarterly 56(1):116.
NadelS. F. 1957. The Theory of Social Structure. Glencoe: Free Press.
NarangoaLi, and Cribb Robert. 2014. Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia, 1590–2010: Korea, Manchuria, Mongolia, Eastern Siberia. New York: Columbia University Press.
NashFrank. 1957. “United States Overseas Military Bases.” White House Report. Washington, DC (declassified February 1990).
NexonDaniel H. 2007. “Discussion: American Empire and Civilizational Practice,” in Hall Martin and Jackson Patrick Thaddeus (eds.), Civilizational Identitynu: The Production and Reproduction of “Civilizations” in International Relations. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 109–18.
NexonDaniel H. 2009. The Struggle for Power in Early Modern Europe: Religious Conflict, Dynastic Empires, and International Change. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
NexonDaniel H., and Wright Thomas. 2007. “What’s at Stake in the American Empire Debate.” American Political Science Review 101(2):253–71.
NeumannIver B. 2014. “Status Is Cultural: Durkheimian Poles and Weberian Russians Seek Great Power Status,” in Paul T. V., Larson Deborah Welch, and Wohlforth William C. (eds.), Status in World Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
NeumannIver B., and Gstohl Sieglinde. 2006. “Introduction: Lilliputians in Gulliver’s World,” in Ingebritsen Christine, Neumann Iver B., Gstohl Sieglinde, and Beyer Jessica (eds.), Small States in International Relations. Seattle: University of Washington Seattle/University of Iceland, pp. 338.
NeumannIver B., and Sending Ole Jacob. 2010. Governing the Global Polity: Practice, Mentality, Rationality. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
NewburyColin Walter. 2003. Patrons, Clients, and Empire: Chieftaincy and Over-Rule in Asia, Africa, and the Pacific. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
NiebuhrReinhold. 1932. Moral Man and Immoral Society: A Study in Ethics and Politics. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.
NincicMiroslave. 2005. Renegade Regimes: Confronting Deviant Behavior in World Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.
NivaSteve. 1998. “Tough and Tender: New World Order Masculinity and the Gulf War,” in Zalewski Marysia and Parpart Jean (eds.), The “Man” Question in International Relations Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
NorthDouglass C., and Weingast Barry R.. 1989. “Constitutions and Commitment: The Evolution of the Institutions of Public Choice in 17th Century England.” Journal of Economic History 49(4):803–32.
NowotnyH. 2003. “Democratising Expertise and Socially Robust Knowledge.” Science and Public Policy 30(3):151–56.
OmissiDavid. 1991. “‘Martial Races’: Ethnicity and Security in Colonial India 1858–1939.” War & Society 9(1):127.
O’NeilPatrick H. 2014. Post-Communism and the Media in Eastern Europe. London: Routledge.
OnufNicholas. 1998. The Republican Legacy in International Thought. New York: Cambridge University Press.
OostindieGert, and Klinkers Inge. 2003. Decolonising the Caribbean: Dutch Policies in Comparative Perspective. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press.
OrganskiA. F. K. 1958. World Politics. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
OrganskiA. F. K., and Kugler Jacek. 1980. The War Ledger. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
OgunsanwoAlaba. 1974. China’s Policy in Africa 1958–1971. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
OsgoodRobert E., and Tucker Robert W.. 1967. Force, Order, and Justice. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
OsianderAndreas. 2001. “Sovereignty, International Relations, and the Westphalian Myth.” International Organization 55(2):251–87.
OteroEva. 2010. “Evaluation of Oxfam GB’s Climate Change Campaign.” Oxfam GB, Oxford.
PainRachel. 2014. “Everyday Terrorism: Connecting Domestic Violence and Global Terrorism.” Progress in Human Geography 38:531–50.
PainRachel. 2015. “Intimate War.” Political Geography 44:6473.
PainRachel, and Smith S. J. (eds.). 2008. Fear, Critical Geopolitics, and Everyday Life. Aldershot: Ashate.
PanchanathanK., and Boyd R.. 2004. “Indirect Reciprocity Can Stabilize Cooperation without the Second-Order Free Rider Problem.” Nature 432(7016):499502.
PapadimitriouDimitris, and Zartaloudis. Sotirios 2015. “European Discourses on Managing the Greek Crisis: Denial, Distancing and the Politics of Blame,” in Karyotis Georgios and Gerodimos Roman (eds.), The Politics of Extreme Austerity: Greece in the Eurozone Crisis. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 3445.
ParisRoland. 2004. At War’s End: Building Peace after Civil Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
ParkerGeoffrey. 1996. The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500–1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PaulT.V., Larson Deborah Welch, and Wohlforth William C.. 2014. Status in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PenningtonBrian K. 2005. Was Hinduism Invented? Britons, Indians, and the Colonial Construction of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
PetersonSusan Rae. 1977. “Coercion and Rape: The State as a Male Protection Bracket,” in Vetterling-Braggin Mary, Elliston Frederick A., and English Jane (eds.), Feminism and Philosophy. Totowa, NJ: Littlefield, Adams, pp. 360–71.
PérezLouis A. 1991. Cuba under the Platt Amendment, 1902–1934. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
PetersonV. Spike. 2010. “Gendered Identities, Ideologies, and Practices in the Context] of War and Militarism,” in Sjoberg Laura and Via Sandra (eds.), Gender, War, and Militarism: Feminist Perspectives. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Security International, pp.1729.
PetersonV. Spike. 1992. “Transgressing Boundaries: Theories of Knowledge, Gender, and International Studies.” Millennium 21(2):183201.
PettyjohnStacie L., and Vick Alan J.. 2013. The Posture Triangle: A New Framework for U.S. Air Force Global Presence. Washington, DC: RAND Corporation.
PettyjohnStacie L., and Runyan Anne Sisson. 2013. Global Gender Issues in a New Millennium. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
PettmanJan Jindy. 1996. Worlding Women: Toward a Feminist International Politics. London: Routledge.
PhillipsAndrew. 2014. “Civilising Missions and the Rise of International Hierarchies in Early Modern Asia.” Millennium 42(3):697717.
PhillipsAndrew. 2011. War, Religion and Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PhillipsAndrew, and Sharman Jason C.. 2015. International Order in Diversity: War, Trade and Rule in the Indian Ocean. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PhilpottDaniel. 2001. Revolutions in Sovereignty: How Ideas Shaped Modern International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
PiaoLin. 1965. “Long Live the Victory of People’s War!Peking Review 35: 10.
PicklesKate. 2015. “ISIS Slaughters 400 Mostly Women and Children in Ancient Syria City of Palmyra Where Hundreds of Bodies Line the Street,” Daily Mail, May 24, available at (accessed May 25, 2015).
Pico della MirandolaGiovanni. 1998. On the Dignity of Man. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett.
Pisani-FerryJ. 2012. The Euro Crisis and the New Impossible Trinity (No. 2012/01). Bruegel Policy Contribution.
PitkinHanna. 1965. “Obligation and Consent, part I.” American Political Science Review 59(4):990999.
PitkinHanna. 1966. “Obligation and Consent, part II.” American Political Science Review 60(1):3952.
PodolnyJoel M. 2001. “Networks as the Pipes and Prisms of the Market.” American Journal of Sociology 107(1):3360.
PonzioRichard. 2007. “Transforming Political Authority: UN Democratic Peacebuilding in Afghanistan.” Global Governance 13(2):255–75.
PotterPitman B. 1922. An Introduction to the Study of International Organization. New York: Century Company.
PouliotVincent. 2008. The Logic of Practicality: A Theory of Practice of Security Communities. International Organization 62(2):257–88.
PouliotVincent. 2010. International Security in Practice. The Politics of NATO-Russia Diplomacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PouliotVincent. 2011. “Diplomats as Permanent Representatives: The Practical Logics of the Multilateral Pecking Order.” International Journal: Canada’s Journal of Global Policy Analysis 66(3):543–61.
PouliotVincent. 2014. “Setting Status in Stone: The Negotiation of International Institutional Privileges,” in Paul T. V., Larson Deborah Welch, and Wohlforth William C. (eds.), Status in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PouliotVincent. 2016a. International Pecking Orders: The Politics and Practice of Multilateral Diplomacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PouliotVincent. 2016b. “Hierarchy in Practice: Multilateral Diplomacy and the Governance of International Security.” European Journal of International Security 1(1):526.
PowerS. A., and Nussbaum D.. 2015. “‘The Fightin’ Irish? Not When It Comes to Recession and Austerity,” The Guardian, available at (accessed May 31, 2015).
“President Toure’s Speech at the Peking Rally.” 1960. Peking Review, September 14.
PriceRichard. 1998. “Reversing the Gun Sights: Transnational Civil Society Targets Land Mines.” International Organization 52(3):613–44.
PriceRichard. 2008. Moral Limits and Possibility in World Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
PrichardAlex. 2011. “What Can the Absence of Anarchism Tell Us about the History and Purpose of International Relations?Review of International Studies 37:1647–69.
PrybylaJan S. 1964. “Communist China’s Economic Relations with Africa 1960–1964.” Asian Survey 4(11):1135–43.
PumainDenise. 2006. Hierarchy in Natural and Social Sciences. New York: Springer.
PutnamRobert D. 2000. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
QizilbashMozaffar. 2011. “Sudgen’s Critique of Sen’s Capability Approach and the Dangers of Libertarian Paternalism.” International Review of Economics 58(1):2142.
RamosJennifer M. 2013. Changing Norms Through Actions: The Evolution of Sovereignty. New York: Oxford University Press.
RandGavin, and Wagner Kim A. 2012. “Recruiting the ‘Martial Races’: Identities and Military Service in Colonial India.” Patterns of Prejudice 46(3–4):232–54.
RawlsJohn. 2001. The Law of the Peoples. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
RawskiEvelyn S. 1996. “Presidential Address: Re-envisioning the Qing: The Significance of the Qing Period in Chinese History.” Journal of Asian Studies 55(4):829–50.
RaynerS. 2003. “Democracy in the Age of Assessment: Reflections on the Roles of Expertise and Democracy in Public Sector Decision-Making.” Science and Public Policy 30(3):161–70.
RecchiaStefano. 2009. “Just and Unjust War Reconstruction: Just How Much Interference Can Be Justified?Ethics and International Affairs 23:165–87.
RedfieldPeter. 2005. “Doctors, Borders, and Life in Crisis.” Cultural Anthropology 20(3):328–61.
ReidElizabeth J., and Kerlin Janelle A.. 2006. The International Charitable Nonprofit Subsector in the United States. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.
ReidHelen Dwight. 1932. International Servitudes in Law and Practice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
ReinschPaul S. 1900. World Politics at the End of the Nineteenth Century, As Influenced by the Oriental Situation. New York: Macmillan.
RenfrewColin, and Cherry John F. (eds.). 1986. Peer Polity Interaction and Socio-Political Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reus-SmitChristian. 1999. The Moral Purpose of the State: Culture, Social Identity, and Institutional Rationality in International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Reus-SmitChristian. 2005. “Liberal Hierarchy and the License to Use Force.” Review of International Studies 31(S1):7192.
Reus-SmitChristian. 2013. Individual Rights and the Making of the International System. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
RichardsonHayley. 2015. “ISIS ‘Using Paedophile Grooming Tactics’ to Lure Young Jihadi Brides.” Newsweek, March 16, 2015, available at (accessed May 15, 2017).
RingmarErik. 1996. “On the Ontological Status of the State.” European Journal of International Relations 2(4):429–66.
RingmarErik. 2002. “The Recognition Game: Soviet Russia Against the West.” Cooperation and Conflict 37(2):115–36.
RisseThomas. 2000. “Let’s Argue!: Communicative Action in World Politics.” International Organization 54(1):140.
RobertsSusan M. 1995. “Small Place, Big Money: The Cayman Islands and the International Financial System.” Economic Geography 71(3):237–56.
RonJames, Ramos Howard, and Rodgers Kathleen. 2005. “Transnational Information Politics: NGO Human Rights Reporting, 1986–2000.” International Studies Quarterly 49(3):557–88.
RoremPaul. 1993. Pseudo-Dionysius: A Commentary on the Texts and an Introduction to Their Influence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
RoremPaul. 2005. Eriugena’s Commentary on the Dionysian Celestial Hierarchy. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies.
RosenauJames. 1997. Along the Domestic-Foreign Frontier: Exploring Governance in a Turbulent World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
RosenbergJustin. 2013. “The ‘Philosophical Premises’ of Uneven and Combined Development.” Review of International Studies 39(3):569–97.
RoyKaushik. 2011. “The Hybrid Military Establishment of the East India Company in South Asia: 1750–1849.” Journal of Global History 6(2):195218.
RoyKaushik. 2001. “The Construction of Regiments in the Indian Army: 1859–1913.” War in History 8(2):127–48.
RoyTirthankar. 2013. “Rethinking the Origins of British India: State Formation and Military-Fiscal Undertakings in an Eighteenth Century World Region.” Modern Asian Studies 47(4):1125–56.
RuggieJohn G. 1983. “Continuity and Transformation in the World Polity: Toward a Neorealist Synthesis.” World Politics 35(2):261–85.
RuggieJohn G. 1993. “Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations.” International Organization 47(1):139–74.
RuggieJohn G. (ed.). 1993. Multilateralism Matters: The Theory and Praxis of an Institutional Form. New York: Columbia University Press.
RumeliliBahar. 2003. “Liminality and Perpetuation of Conflicts: Turkish-Greek Relations in the Context of Community-Building by the EU.” European Journal of International Relations 9(2):213–48.
RunyanAnne Sisson, and Peterson V. Spike. 2013. Global Gender Issues in the New Millennium. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
RynerM. 2012. “Financial Crisis, Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in the Production of Knowledge about the EU.” Millennium 40(3):647–73.
SagoffMark. 2013. “Trust versus Paternalism.” American Journal of Bioethics 13(6):20–1.
SandarsChristopher T. 2000. America’s Overseas Garrisons: The Leasehold Empire. New York: Oxford University Press.
ScarrDeryck. 1999. Seychelles Since 1770: History of a Slave and Post-Slavery Society. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.
SchatzkiTheodore R., Knorr-Cetina Karin, and Savigny Eike von. 2001. The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. New York: Psychology Press.
SchimmelfennigFrank. 2015. “Liberal Intergovernmentalism and the Euro Area Crisis.” Journal of European Public Policy 22(2):77195.
SchmidtBrian. 1997. The Political Discourse of Anarchy: A Disciplinary History of International Relations. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
SchreflerL. 2014. “Reflections on the Different Roles of Expertise in Regulatory Policy Making,” in Ambrus Monika, Arts Karin, Hey Ellen, and Raulus Helena (eds.), The Role of “Experts” in International and European Decision-Making Processes. New York: Cambridge University Press.
SchumanFrederick Lewis. 1933. International Politics: An Introduction to the Western State System. New York: McGraw-Hill.
SchwarzenbergerGeorg. 1951. Power Politics: A Study of International Society. 2nd edn. London: Stevens/F. A. Praeger.
ScottJames C. 1985. Weapons of the Weak. Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
ScottJames C. 1990. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
SethSanjay. 2011. “Postcolonial Theory and the Critique of International Relations.” Millennium 40(1):167–83.
SharmanJ.C. Interviews: Basseterre, St Kitts, January 2004 and April 2013; Vaduz, Liechtenstein, January 2004 and June 2013; Avarua, Cook Islands, June 2004 and December 2009; Oranjestad, Aruba, January 2005; Nauru, August 2008; Willemstad, Curaçao, February 2009; Victoria, the Seychelles, February 2013; Charleston, Nevis, April 2013.
SharmanJ.C. 2011. The Money Laundry: Regulating Criminal Finance in the Global Economy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
SharmanJ.C. 2013. “International Hierarchies and Contemporary Imperial Governance: A Tale of Three Kingdoms.” European Journal of International Relations 19:189207.
SharpWalter R., and Kirk Grayson L.. 1940. Contemporary International Politics. New York: Farrar & Rinehart.
ShefferGabriel. 1997. “The Security of Small Ethnic States: A Counter Neo-Realist Argument,” in Inbar Efraim and Sheffer Gabriel (eds.), The National Security of Small States in a Changing World. London: Frank Cass. pp. 940.
ShepherdLaura. 2008. Gender, Violence, and Security. London: Zed Books.
ShiffrinSeana. 2000. “Paternalism, Unconscionability Doctrine, and Accommodation.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 29(3):205–50.
ShilliamRobbie (ed.). 2010. International Relations and Non-Western Thought: Imperialism, Colonialism and Investigations of Global Modernity. London: Routledge.
ShilliamRobbie (ed.). 2014. “‘Open the Gates Mek We Repatriate’: Caribbean Slavery, Constructivism, and Hermeneutic Tensions.” International Theory 6(2):349–72.
ShilliamRobbie (ed.). 2015. The Black Pacific: Anticolonial Struggles and Oceanic Connections. London: Bloomsbury Academic Press.
ShillingtonKevin. 2009. History of the Modern Seychelles. Houndsmill: Macmillan.
ShilsEdward. 1961. “Centre and Periphery,” in The Logic of Personal Knowledge: Essays Presented to Michael Polanyi. Glencoe: Free Press, pp. 117–30.
ShilsEdward. 1975. Center and Periphery: Essays in Macrosociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
ShubertAtika, and Naik Bharait. 2014. “From Food Recipes to AK-47s: Inside Online World of the Women of ISIS.” CNN, September 10, 2014, available at (accessed May 25, 2015).
ShumateMichelle, Fulk Janet, and Monge Peter. 2005. “Predictors of the International HIV–AIDS INGO Network over time.” Human Communication Research 31(2):482510.
SiméantJohanna. 2013. “Committing to Internationalisation: Careers of African Participants at the World Social Forum.” Social Movement Studies 12(3):245–63.
SimmonsBeth A. 2009. Mobilizing for Human Rights: International Law in Domestic Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
SimonHerbert A. 1976. Administrative Behavior: A Study of Decision-Making Processes in Administrative Organization, 3rd edn. New York: Free Press.
SimpsonGerry. 2004. Great Powers and Outlaw States: Unequal Sovereigns in the International Legal Order. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
SingerPeter. 2003. Corporate Warriors: The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
SinghAmrit, and Berry David. 2013. Globalizing Torture: CIA Secret Detention and Extraordinary Rendition. New York: Open Society Foundations.
SjobergLaura. 2012. “Gender Hierarchy, International Structure, and the Causes of War.International Theory 4(1):138.
SjobergLaura. 2013. Gendering Global Conflict: Toward a Feminist Theory of War. New York: Columbia University Press.
SjobergLaura, and Peet Jessica. 2011. “A(nother) Dark Side of the Protection Racket: Targeting Women in Wars.” International Feminist Journal of Politics 13(2):163–82.
SkaaleSjurur (ed.). 2004. The Right to National Self-Determination: The Faroe Islands and Greenland. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.
SkjaelsbaekInger. 2001. “Sexual Violence and War: Mapping Out a Complex Relationship,” European Journal of International Relations 7(2):211–37.
SkendajElton. 2014. “International Insulation from Politics and the Challenge of State Building: Learning from Kosovo.” Global Governance 20(3):459–81.
SkinnerQuentin. 1989. “The State,” in Ball Terence, Farr James, and Hanson Russell L. (eds.), Political Innovation and Conceptual Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
SmithA. 2012. “Angela Merkel Is Unshakeable as Athens Resounds with Angry Chants.” The Guardian, October 9, available at (accessed May 31, 2015).
SmithAmelia. 2014. “ISIS Publish Pamphlet on How to Treat Female Salves.” Newsweek, December 9, 2014, available at (accessed May 25, 2015).
SmithM. G. 1956. “On Segmentary Lineage Systems.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 86 (2):3980.
SmithM. G. 1966. “A Structural Approach to Comparative Politics,” in Easton David (ed.), Varieties of Political Theories. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
SnowPhilip. 1994. “China and Africa: Consensus and Camouflage,” in Robinson Thomas W. and Shambaugh David (eds.), Chinese Foreign Policy: Theory and Practice. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
SolzhenitsynAleksandr. 1963. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich. London: Penguin.
SorosGeorge. 2012. “How to Save the Euro.” NY Review of Books.
SossJoe, Fording Richard, and Schram Sanford. 2011. Disciplining the Poor: Neoliberal Paternalism and the Persistent Power of Race. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
SpykmanNicholas J. 1942. America,s Strategy in World Politics: The United States and the Balance of Power. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
StachowitschSaskia. 2012. “Military Gender Integration and Foreign Policy in the United States: A Feminist International Relations Perspective.” Security Dialogue 43(4):305–21.
StanleyBrian. 2001. “Christianity and Civilization in English Evangelical Mission Thought, 1792–1857,” in Stanley Brian (ed.), Christian Missions and the Enlightenment. Grand Rapids, MI: Curzon Press.
StarkDavid. 1999. “Heterarchy: Distributing Authority and Organizing Diversity,” in Clippinger John HenyIII (ed.), The Biology of Business: Decoding the Natural Laws of Enterprise. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
SteeleBrent. 2008. Ontological Security in International Relations: Self-Identity and the IR State. London: Routledge.
SteffekJens. 2010. “Public Accountability and the Public Sphere of International Governance.” Ethics and International Affairs 24(1):4564.
StoneRandall W. 2011. Controlling Institutions: International Organizations and the Global Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
StrangDavid. 1996. “Contested Sovereignty: The Social Construction of Colonial Imperrialism,” in Biersteker Thomas J. and Weber Cynthia (eds.), State Sovereignty as Social Construct. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 2249.
StreetsHeather. 2004. Martial Races: The Military, Race and Masculinity in British Imperial Culture, 1857–1914. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
StroupSarah S. 2012. Borders among Activists. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
StroupSarah S., and Murdie Amanda. 2012. “There’s No Place like Home: Explaining International NGO Advocacy.” Review of International Organizations 7(4):425–48.
StroupSarah S., and Wong Wendy. 2013. “Come Together? Different Pathways to International NGO Centralization.” International Studies Review 15(2):163–84.
StroupSarah S., and Wong Wendy. 2017. The Authority Trap: Strategic Choices of International NGOs. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
StuvøyK. 2010. “Symbolic Power and (In)Security: The Marginalization of Women’s Security in Northwest Russia.” International Political Sociology 4(4):401–18.
SuboticJelena, and Zarakol Ayşe. 2013. “Cultural Intimacy in International Relations.” European Journal of International Relations 19(4):915–38.
SunsteinCass. 1997. Free Markets and Social Justice. New York: Oxford University Press.
SunsteinCass. 2006. “Preferences, Paternalism, and Liberty.” Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 59:233–64.
SunsteinCass. 2013. “Behavioral Economics and Paternalism.” Yale Law Journal 122(7):1826–99.
SunsteinCass, and Thaler Robert H.. 2003. “Libertarian Paternalism Is Not an Oxymoron.” University of Chicago Law Review 70(4):1159–202.
SuzukiShogo. 2005. “Japan’s Socialization into Janus-Faced European International Society.” European Journal of International Relations 11(1):137–64.
SuzukiShogo. 2009. Civilisation and Empire: China and Japan’s Encounter with the European International Society. London: Routledge.
SuzukiShogo. 2014. “Journey to the West: China Debates Its ‘Great Power’ Identity.” Millennium 42(3):632–50.
SwidlerAnn 2001. “What Anchors Cultural Practices,” in Schatzki Theodore, Knorr-Cetina K., and von Savigny Eike (eds.), The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. London: Routledge, pp. 83101.
TalbottWilliam J. 2010. Human Rights and Human Well-Being. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
TarrowSidney. 2005. The New Transnational Activism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
TaylorIan. 2000. “The Ambiguous Commitment: The People’s Republic of China and the Anti-Apartheid Struggle in South Africa.” Journal of Contemporary African Studies 18(1):91106.
ThalerRobert H., and Sunstein Cass R.. 2008. Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
ThalerRobert H., and Sunstein Cass R.. 2003. “Libertarian Paternalism.” American Economic Review 93(2):175–9.
TharoorIshaan. 2015. “ISIS Burns Woman Alive for Refusing to Engage in ‘Extreme’ Sex Act, UN Says.” The Independent, May 24, 2015, available at (accessed May 25, 2014).
ThompsonAlexander. 2009. Channels of Power: The UN Security Council and U.S. Statecraft in Iraq. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
ThompsonDennis. 1990. Political Ethics and Public Office. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
ThomsonJanice. 1994. Mercenaries, Pirates, and Sovereigns: State-Building and Extraterritorial Violence in Early Modern Europe. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
ThongchaiWinichakul. 1997. Siam Mapped: A History of the Geo-body of a Nation. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
ThrallA. Trevor, Stecula Dominik, and Sweet Diana. 2014. “May We Have Your Attention Please? Human-Rights NGOs and the Problem of Global Communication.” International Journal of Press/Politics.
TicknerArlene. 2003. “Seeing IR Differently: Notes from the Third World.” Millenium 32(2): 295324.
TicknerJ. Ann. 1992. Gender in International Relations. New York: Columbia University Press.
TillyCharles. 1990. Coercion, Capital, and European States, AD 990–1990. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
TönniesFerdinand. 2011. Community and Society. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.
TóthJudit. 2008. “EU Member States’ Complicity in Extraordinary Renditions,” in Guild Elspeth (ed.), Security versus Justice? Police and Judicial Cooperation in the European Union. Aldershot: Ashgate.
TownsAnn E. 2010. Women and States: Norms and Hierarchies in International Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
TownsAnn E. 2012. “Norms and Social Hierarchies: Understanding International Policy Diffusion ‘from Below.’International Organization 66(2):179209.
TrueJacqui, and Mintrom Michael. 2001. “Transnational Networks and Policy Diffusion: The Case of Gender Mainstreaming.” International Studies Quarterly 45(1):2757.
TsaiGeorge. 2014. “Rational Persuasion as Paternalism.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 42(1):78112.
TsouTang, and Halperin Morton H.. 1965. “Mao Tse-tung’s Revolutionary Strategy and Peking’s International Behavior.” American Political Science Review 59(1):8099.
TsuiJosephine. 2013. “The Effectiveness of Measuring Influence,” GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 911. GSDRC, University of Birmingham, UK.
TsygankovAndrei P. 2016. Russia’s Foreign Policy: Change and Continuity in National Identity. London: Rowman & Littlefield.
TverskyAmos, and Kahneman Daniel. 1981. “The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice.” Science 211(448):453–8.
TverskyAmos, and Kahneman Daniel. 1974. “Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.” Science 185(4157):1124–31.
TzogopoulosGeorge. 2013. The Greek Crisis in the Media: Stereotyping in the International Press. London: Ashgate.
Van NessPeter. 1970. Revolution and Chinese Foreign Policy: Peking’s Support for Wars of National Liberation. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Van NessPeter. 1993. “China as a Third World State: Foreign Policy and Official National Identity,” in Dittmer Lowell and Kim Samuel S. (eds.), China’s Quest for National Identity. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
VanDeVeerDonald. 1986. Paternalistic Intervention: The Moral Bounds of Benevolence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
VerdierNicholas. 2006. “A Short History of Hierarchy,” in Pumain Denise (ed.), Hierarchy in Natural and Social Sciences, pp. 1339.
VerovšekP. J. 2014. “Memory and the Euro‐Crisis of Leadership: The Effects of Generational Change in Germany and the EU.Constellations 21(2):239–48.
VineDavid. 2009. Island of Shame: A Secret History of the U.S. Military Base on Diego Garcia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
VinogradCassandra. 2014. “Jihadi Brides Swap Lives in the West for Front Line with Syria Militants.” NBC News, July 8, 2014, available at (accessed May 25, 2015).
VitalisRobert. 2000. “The Graceful and Generous Liberal Gesture: Making Racism Invisible in American International Relations.” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 29(2):331–56.
VitalisRobert. 2006. “Birth of a Discipline,” in Long David and Schmidt Brian C. (eds.), Imperialism and Internationalism in the Discipline of International Relations. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, pp. 159–82.
VitalisRobert. 2010. “The Noble American Science of Imperial Relations and its Laws of Race Development.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 52(4):909–38.
VitalisRobert. 2015. White World Order, Black Power Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
VivianiNancy. 1970. Nauru: Phosphate and Political Progress. Canberra: Australian National University Press.
WagnerR. Harrison. 1983. “The Theory of Games and the Problem of International Cooperation.” American Political Science Review 77(2):330–46.
WalkerRob B. J. 1993. Inside/Outside: International Relations as Political Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
WallRonald, and van der Knaap Bert. 2012. “Centrality, Hierarchy, and Heterarchy of Worldwide Corporate Networks,” in Derudder Ben, Hoyler Michael, Taylore Peter J., and Witlox Frank (eds.), International Handbook of Globalization and Cities. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
WallersteinImmanuel. 1974. “The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 16(4):387415.
WallersteinImmanuel. 1984. The Politics of World Economy: The States, the Movements and the Civilizations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
WallersteinImmanuel. 2011[1976]. The Modern World-System I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World Economy in the Sixteenth Century, with a New Prologue. Berkeley: University of California Press.
WalshEdmund A. (ed.). 1922. The History and Nature of International Relations. New York: Macmillan.
WaltStephen M. 1996. Revolution and War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
WaltzKenneth N. 1959. Man, the State and War: A Theoretical Analysis. New York: Columbia University Press.
WaltzKenneth N. 1975. “Theory of International Relations,” in Polsby Nelson W. and Greenstein Fred I. (eds.), Handbook of Political Science, Volume 8: International Politics. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
WaltzKenneth N. 1979[2010]. Theory of International Politics. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.
WaltzKenneth N. 1985. “Political Structures,” in Keohane Robert O. (ed.), Neorealism and Its Critics. New York: Columbia University Press.
WaltzKenneth N. 1990. “Realist Thought and Neo-Realist Theory.” Journal of International Affairs 44(1):2137.
WatsonAdam. 1992. The Evolution of International Society: A Comparative Historical Analysis. London: Routledge.
WatzlawickPaul, Beavin Janet Helmick, and Jackson Don D.. 1967. Pragmatics of Human Communication: A Study of Inter-Actional Patterns, Pathologies, and Paradoxes. New York: W.W. Norton.
WeberCynthia. 1995. Simulating Sovereignty: Intervention, the State and Symbolic Exchange. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
WeberCynthia. 1999. Faking It: U.S. Hegemony in a Post-Phallic Era. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
WeingastBarry R. 1997. “The Political Foundations of Democracy and the Rule of Law.” American Political Science Review 91(2):245–63.
WeldesJutta, Laffey Mark, Gusterson Hugh, and Duvall Raymond. 1999. Cultures of Insecurity: States, Communities, and the Production of Danger. Twin Cities: University of Minnesota Press.
WendtAlexander. 1999. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
WendtAlexander, and Barnett Michael. 1993. “Dependent State Formation and Third World Militarization.” Review of International Studies. 19:321347.
WendtAlexander, and Friedheim Daniel. 1995. “Hierarchy under Anarchy: Informal Empire and the East German State.” International Organization 49(4):689721.
WesterbrookRobert. 2000. “An Uncommon Faith: Pragmatism and Religious Experience,” in Rosenbaum Stuart (ed.), Pragmatism and Religion. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
WhiteJulie. 2000. Democracy, Justice, and the Welfare State: Reconstructing Public Care. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press.
WienerNorbert. 1961. Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and Machine, 2nd edn. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
WilcoxLauren. 2009. “Gendering the ‘Cult of the Offensive.’Security Studies 18(2):214–40.
WilkinsonIan. 2015. “Social Suffering and Critical Humanitarianism.” World Suffering and Quality of Life 56:4554.
WilliamsMichael C. 2006. “The Hobbesian Theory of International Relations: Three Traditions,” in Jahn Beate (ed.), Classical Theory in International Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 253–76.
WilliamsonOliver E. 1975. Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Anti-Trust Implications. New York: Free Press.
WilliamsonOliver E. 1985. The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: Free Press.
WilliamsonOliver E. 2002. “The Theory of the Firm as Governance Structure: From Choice to Contract.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 16(3):171–95.
WillisPaul. 1977. Learning to Labor: How Working Class Kids Get Working Class Jobs. New York: Columbia University Press.
WilloughbyW. W., and Fenwick Charles G.. 1974. The Inquiry Handbooks, vol. 16, reprint edn. Wilmington, DE. Original edition, Types of Restricted Sovereignty and of Colonial Autonomy.
WilsonPeter H. 2011. The Holy Roman Empire 1495–1806. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
WivelAnders, and Oest Kajsa Noe. 2010. “Security, Profit or Shadow of the Past? Explaining the Security Strategies of Micro-states.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 23(3):429–52.
WohlforthWilliam C. 2009. Unipolarity, Status Competition, and Great Power War. World Politics 61(1):2857.
WongWendy. 2012. Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
WoodliffeJohn. 1992. The Peacetime Use of Foreign Military Installations under Modern International Law. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Martinuus Nijoff.
WoolfLeonard. 1916. International Government: Two Reports. London: Allen & Unwin.
World Bank. 2015. World Development Report: Mind, Society, and Behavior. Washington, DC: World Bank Press.
WrightQuincy. 1964 [1942]. A Study of War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
XiangGao. 2013. “Expounding Neo-Confucianism: Choice of Tradition at a Time of Dynastic Change: Cultural Conflict and the Social Reconstruction of Early Qing.” Social Sciences in China 34(2):105–33.
YangGuobin. 2005. “Environmental NGOs and institutional dynamics in China.” China Quarterly 18(1):4466.
YeoAndrew. 2011. Activists, Alliances, and Anti-US Base Protests. New York: Cambridge University Press.
YoshidaKensei. 2001. Democracy Betrayed: Okinawa under U.S. Occupation. Bellingham: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University.
YoungIris Marion. 2003. “The Logic of Masculinist Protection: Reflections on the Current Security State.” Signs 29(1):125.
YuGeorge T. 1974. “The Maoist Model: Appeal, Relevance, and Applicability,” in Hsiung James Chieh (ed.), The Logic of “Maoism”: Critiques and Explication. New York: Praeger.
ZarakolAyşe. 2010. “Ontological Insecurity and State Denial of Historical Crimes: Turkey and Japan,” International Relations 24(1):323.
ZarakolAyşe. 2011. After Defeat: How the East Learned to Live with the West. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
ZarakolAyşe. 2014. “What Made the Modern World Hang Together: Socialisation or Stigmatisation?International Theory 6(2):311–32.
ZhangYongjin. 1998. China in International Society since 1949: Alienation and Beyond. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
ZimmernAlfred E. 1936. The League of Nations and the Rule of Law, 1918–1935, 2nd edn. London: Macmillan.