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Incarceration Nation
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  • Cited by 23
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    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.


    Lacey, Nicola Soskice, David and Hope, David 2018. Understanding the Determinants of Penal Policy: Crime, Culture, and Comparative Political Economy. Annual Review of Criminology, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 195.

    Kort-Butler, Lisa A. and Habecker, Patrick 2018. Framing and Cultivating the Story of Crime. Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 43, Issue. 2, p. 127.

    Xenakis, Sappho and Cheliotis, Leonidas K 2018. Whither neoliberal penality? The past, present and future of imprisonment in the US. Punishment & Society, p. 146247451775191.

    Metcalfe, Christi and Pickett, Justin T. 2018. The Extent and Correlates of Public Support for Deterrence Reforms and Hot Spots Policing. Law & Society Review, Vol. 52, Issue. 2, p. 471.

    Wozniak, Kevin H. 2018. An Analysis of Black–White Racial Differences in Public Support for Nonviolent Sentencing Reform. Race and Justice, p. 215336871876838.

    Denver, Megan Pickett, Justin T. and Bushway, Shawn D. 2018. Criminal Records and Employment: A Survey of Experiences and Attitudes in the United States. Justice Quarterly, Vol. 35, Issue. 4, p. 584.

    Lageson, Sarah E Denver, Megan and Pickett, Justin T 2018. Privatizing criminal stigma: Experience, intergroup contact, and public views about publicizing arrest records. Punishment & Society, p. 146247451877204.

    Claassen, Christopher and Gibson, James L. 2018. Does Intolerance Dampen Dissent? Macro-Tolerance and Protest in American Metropolitan Areas. Political Behavior,

    Jennings, Will Farrall, Stephen Gray, Emily and Hay, Colin 2017. Moral Panics and Punctuated Equilibrium in Public Policy: An Analysis of the Criminal Justice Policy Agenda in Britain. Policy Studies Journal,

    Owens, Ryan J. and Wohlfarth, Patrick C. 2017. Public Mood, Previous Electoral Experience, and Responsiveness Among Federal Circuit Court Judges. American Politics Research, Vol. 45, Issue. 6, p. 1003.

    Boldt, Ethan D. 2017. Taking a Bite Out of the Crime Issue: Congressional Candidates and Partisan Benefits. Criminal Justice Policy Review, p. 088740341773159.

    Shannon, Sarah K. S. Uggen, Christopher Schnittker, Jason Thompson, Melissa Wakefield, Sara and Massoglia, Michael 2017. The Growth, Scope, and Spatial Distribution of People With Felony Records in the United States, 1948–2010. Demography, Vol. 54, Issue. 5, p. 1795.

    Silver, Jasmine R. 2017. Moral Foundations, Intuitions of Justice, and the Intricacies of Punitive Sentiment. Law & Society Review, Vol. 51, Issue. 2, p. 413.

    Shelley, Walter W. Pickett, Justin T. Mancini, Christina McDougle, Robyn Diehl Rissler, Grant and Cleary, Hayley 2017. Race, Bullying, and Public Perceptions of School and University Safety. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, p. 088626051773627.

    Peffley, Mark Hurwitz, Jon and Mondak, Jeffery 2017. Racial Attributions in the Justice System and Support for Punitive Crime Policies. American Politics Research, Vol. 45, Issue. 6, p. 1032.

    Mancini, Christina Pickett, Justin T. Call, Corey McDougle, Robyn Diehl Brubaker, Sarah Jane and Brownstein, Henry H. 2017. Sexual Assault in the Ivory Tower: Public Opinion on University Accountability and Mandatory Reporting. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, p. 107906321770670.

    Jennings, Will Farrall, Stephen Gray, Emily and Hay, Colin 2017. Penal Populism and the Public Thermostat: Crime, Public Punitiveness, and Public Policy. Governance, Vol. 30, Issue. 3, p. 463.


    Brown, Elizabeth K Socia, Kelly M and Silver, Jasmine R 2017. Conflicted conservatives, punitive views, and anti-Black racial bias 1974–2014. Punishment & Society, p. 146247451773629.

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Book description

The rise of mass incarceration in the United States is one of the most critical outcomes of the last half-century. Incarceration Nation offers the most compelling explanation of this outcome to date. This book combines in-depth analysis of Barry Goldwater and Richard Nixon's presidential campaigns with sixty years of data analysis. The result is a sophisticated and highly accessible picture of the rise of mass incarceration. In contrast to conventional wisdom, Peter K. Enns shows that during the 1960s, 70s, 80s, and 90s, politicians responded to an increasingly punitive public by pushing policy in a more punitive direction. The book also argues that media coverage of rising crime rates helped fuel the public's punitiveness. Equally as important, a decline in public punitiveness in recent years offers a critical window into understanding current bipartisan calls for criminal justice reform.


‘Did Richard Nixon, Barry Goldwater, and other elected officials generate the ‘tough on crime’ political attitudes that led to the rapid rise in incarceration beginning in the 1970s? Or was it a more general trend reflecting shifting media portrayals of crime and powerful forces in public opinion? In this path-breaking and rigorous analysis, Peter Enns answers these questions. And he also gives cause for hope that, with shifting public understandings of the nature of crime and the appropriate response to it, our long national infatuation with incarceration may have already come to an end. It is a methodological tour de force, of interest not only to those concerned with criminal justice, but also to those interested in a more general question: what is, and should be, the role of public opinion in determining public policy outcomes in a democracy?'

Frank R. Baumgartner - Richard J. Richardson Distinguished Professor of Political Science, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and coauthor of The Decline of the Death Penalty and the Discovery of Innocence

'This is an historic moment for criminal justice reform, with unprecedented bipartisan support for reducing prison populations. But in order to effectively dismantle mass incarceration, we must understand the forces that got us there. Peter Enns masterfully dissects the political and social processes that led to the US becoming the world’s leader in incarceration, illustrating the central importance of mass public opinion in driving the punitive turn in correctional policy. The book is a welcome addition to the scholarship on mass incarceration, challenging many prevailing views and giving us important new insights on the past, present, and future of criminal justice reform.'

Devah Pager - Harvard University

'This book delivers a substantial and important account of the influence of mass opinion on criminal justice policy over more than half a century, with broader implications for the study of democratic politics. Enns’s emphasis on dynamics develops a novel and distinctive approach to understanding the politics of crime in the United States that is also highly relevant to the rise of penal populism across a number of advanced democracies.'

Will Jennings - University of Southampton

'It is said every society gets the criminals it deserves, but we get the justice system that we want. In this highly impressive new book, Peter Enns demonstrates precisely this: the growth of the incarceration nation was no accident and we are all implicated. The good news is that public opinion is changing dramatically on this issue. Enns’s important analysis gives me great hope that if we can build it, we can also knock it down.'

Shadd Maruna - Dean, Rutgers School of Criminal Justice

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