Skip to main content
×
Home
Intellectual Property Rights and Climate Change
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    Intellectual Property Rights and Climate Change
    • Online ISBN: 9781316662892
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316662892
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

As the world confronts global warming, there is a growing consensus that the TRIPS Agreement could be a more effective instrument for mitigating climate change. In this innovative work, Wei Zhuang systematically examines the contextual elements that can be used in the interpretation of the TRIPS Agreement with a view to enhancing innovation and transfer of environmentally sound technologies. Zhuang proposes a balanced and pro-competitive interpretation that could be pursued by policy makers and negotiators. This comprehensive, multidisciplinary study will help academics and policymakers improve their understanding of the contemporary international legal regimes governing intellectual property rights and innovation and transfer of environmentally sound technologies. It also offers practical guidance for further developing a legal system capable of responding to the challenges posed by climate change.

Reviews

'A valuable assessment of the limits and strengths of the international intellectual property rights framework in addressing the climate change threat through technological innovation. This book represents an important reflection on avenues to challenge entrenched global asymmetries in the innovation and transfer of environmentally sound technologies through a well-adapted and efficient implementation of the TRIPS Agreement.'

Pedro Roffe - International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva

'This book offers a solid and in-depth analysis of the flexibilities available under the World Trade Organization TRIPS Agreement in the context of environmentally sound technologies (ESTs). Dr. Wei Zhuang succeeds in showing how the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change technology transfer obligation should guide the interpretation of the TRIPS Agreement in the EST context.'

Christoph Spennemann - Legal Officer and Officer-in-Charge, Intellectual Property Unit, Division on Investment and Enterprise, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

'This book provides a comprehensive treatment of a major challenge. It is widely acknowledged that fighting climate change requires not only technological but also legal innovation so as to find a satisfactory balance between IPRs protection and technology diffusion. The significant contribution of Wei Zhuang’s study is precisely to show how the TRIPS Agreement can be interpreted to allow sufficient space for much needed technology diffusion.'

Jorge E. Viñuales - University of Cambridge

'This book offers an excellent and comprehensive examination of the tensions surrounding global intellectual property rights and the cross-border diffusion of the technologies necessary to fight climate change. Wei Zhuang’s intriguing ideas will provoke scholars and policymakers in both developed and developing countries alike, as the world struggles to find the right balance.'

Mark Wu - Harvard University, Massachusetts

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
Australian Productivity Commission (2013). Compulsory Licensing of Patents, Inquiry Report No. 61, Commonwealth of Australia.
Copenhagen Economics (2009). Are IPR a Barrier to the Transfer of Climate Change Technology? Copenhagen Economics A/S and the IPR Company ApS.
Economics and Statistics Administration and United States Patent and Trademark Office (2012). Intellectual Property and the U.S. Economy: Industries in Focus, Washington, D.C.: US Department of Commerce.
International Council on Human Rights Policy (2011). Beyond Technology Transfer: Protecting Human Rights in a Climate-Constrained World, Geneva: International Council on Human Rights Policy.
IPCC (2000). IPCC Special Report: Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer. Cambridge University Press.
IPCC (2007a). Synthesis Report, Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, Core Writing Team. Pachauri R. K. and Reisinger A. (eds.). Geneva, Switzerland: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
IPCC (2007b). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis: Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Solomon S. D. et al. (eds.). Cambridge University Press.
IPCC (2007c). Mitigation, Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Metz B., Davidson O. R., Bosch P. R., Dave R., and Meyer L. A. (eds.). Cambridge University Press.
IPCC (2012). Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press.
IPCC (2014a). Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report: Summary for Policymakers, available at www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/SYR_AR5_SPM_Final.pdf
IPCC (2014b). Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change, Working Group III Contribution to the IPCC 5th Assessment Report, Chapter 13: International Cooperation: Agreements and Instruments.
IPCC (2014c). Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change, Working Group III Contribution to the IPCC 5th Assessment Report, Chapter 15: National and Sub-National Policies and Institutions.
Lee B., Iliev L., and Preston F. (2009). Who Owns Our Low Carbon Future?, Intellectual Property and Energy Technologies, A Chatham House Report.
Ockwell David (2008). Intellectual Property Rights and Low Carbon Technology Transfer to Developing Countries – A Review of the Evidence to Date, UK-India Collaboration to Overcome Barriers to the Transfer of Low Carbon Energy Technology: Phase 2, University of Sussex, Energy and Resources Institute and Institute of Development Studies.
Ockwell David, Watson Jim, Mackerron Gordon, Pal Prosanto, Yamin Farhana, Vasudevan N. and Mohanty Parimita, (2007). UK-India Collaboration to Identify the Barriers to the Transfer of Low Carbon Energy Technology, Final Report, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
OECD (2002). Foreign Direct Investment for Development: Maximising Benefits, Minimising Costs. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Publishing.
Pugatch Meir Perez (2011). Intellectual Property and the Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies, Global Challenges Report. Geneva: World Intellectual Property Organization.
Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future (1987, March 20). Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to Document A/42/427 – Development and International Co-operation: Environment.
The Energy and Resources Institute (2009). Emerging Asia Contribution on Issues of Technology for Copenhagen, TERI Report No. 2008 RS09. New Delhi.
The UK Commission on Intellectual Property Rights (2002). Integrating Intellectual Property Rights and Development Policy, Report of the Commission on Intellectual Property Rights. London.
Thomas John R. (2010). The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy, Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report for Congress, Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress.
UNCTAD (1974a). The Role of the Patent System in the Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries, UN Doc. TD/B/AC.11/19.
UNCTAD (1974b). The Possibility and Feasibility of an International Code of Conduct on Transfer of Technology, UN Doc. TD/B/AC.11/22.
UNCTAD (1996). The TRIPS Agreement and Developing Countries, UNCTAD/ITE/1. New York and Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTAD (2001). Transfer of Technology, UNCTAD Series on Issues in International Investment Agreements. New York and Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTAD (2007). The Least Developed Countries Report 2007: Knowledge, Technological Learning and Innovation for Development, prepared by the UNCTAD Secretariat. New York and Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTAD (2010). Intellectual Property in the World Trade Organisation: Turning It into Developing Countries’ Real Property. New York and Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTAD (2011). Using Intellectual Property Rights to Stimulate Pharmaceutical Production in Developing Countries: A Preference Guide. New York and Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTAD (2014). Transfer of Technology and Knowledge Sharing for Development: Science, Technology and Innovation Issues for Developing Countries, UNCTAD/DTL/STICT/2013/8. Geneva: United Nations.
UNCTC (1987). Transnational Corporations and Technology Transfer: Effects and Policy Issues, ST/CTC/86. New York: United Nations.
UNEP, EPO and ICTSD (2010). Patents and Clean Energy: Bridging the Gap between Evidence and Policy. Munich: Mediengruppe Universal.
UNFCCC (2014). Report of the Green Climate Fund to the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, UN Doc. FCCC/CP/2014/8, Annex.
UNGA (2014). The Road to Dignity by 2030: Ending Poverty, Transforming All Lives and Protecting the Planet, Synthesis Report of the Secretary-General on the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda, A/69/700.
UNIDO (2008). Public Goods for Economic Development. Vienna: United Nations Industrial Development Organisation.
United Nations (1981). Proceedings of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Fifth Session, Manila, 7 May–3 June 1979, Vol. III, New York.
United States International Trade Commission (1988). Foreign Protection of Intellectual Property Rights and the Effect on U.S. Industry and Trade, Report to the United States Trade Representative, Investigation No. 332–245, Under Section 332 (g) of the Tariff Act of 1930, USITC Publication 2065, Washington, D.C.
WHO (2006). Public Health: Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights, Report of the Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation and Public Health, Geneva: World Health Organization.
WHO, WIPO and WTO (2012). Promoting Access to Medical Technologies and Innovation: Intersections between Public Health, Intellectual Property and Trade. Geneva: WHO, WIPO and WTO.
WHO, WIPO and WTO (2013). Promoting Access to Medical Technologies and Innovation: Intersections between Public Health, Intellectual Property and Trade. Geneva: WHO, WIPO and WTO.
WIPO (1979, 25 June). Diplomatic Conference on the Revision of the Paris Convention: Basic Proposals, PR/DC/3, Geneva: World Intellectual Property Organization.
WIPO (1979). WIPO Model Law for Developing Countries on Inventions, Vol. I: Patents, Geneva: World Intellectual Property Organization.
WIPO (2011). Patent Landscape Report on Ritonavir, Patent Landscape Reports Project prepared by Landon IP, Geneva: World Intellectual Property Organization.
World Bank (2002). Global Economic Prospects and Developing Countries: Making Trade Work for the World’s Poor, Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
World Bank (2008). Global Economic Prospects: Technology Diffusion in the Developing World, Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
World Economic Forum (2013, December). The Global Energy Architecture Performance Index Report 2014, World Economic Forum and Accenture.
Anderman Steven (2007). The Interface between Intellectual Property Rights and Competition Policy, Cambridge University Press.
Andersen Birgitte (2006). Intellectual Property Rights: Innovation, Governance and the Institutional Environment, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Aust Anthony (2007). Modern Treaty Law and Practice, Cambridge University Press.
Barro Robert J. and Sala-i-Martin Xavier (2004). Economic Growth, 2nd edn, Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Bessen James and Meurer Michael J. (2008). Patent Failure: How Judges, Bureaucrats, and Lawyers Put Innovators at Risk, Princeton University Press.
Bjorge Eirik (2014). The Evolutionary Interpretation of Treaties, Oxford University Press.
Blakeney Michael (2012). Intellectual Property Enforcement: A Commentary on the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Bodenhausen G.H.C. (1969). Guide to the Application of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (as revised at Stockholm in 1967). United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property.
Bradford Scott C. and Lawrence Robert Z. (2004). Has Globalization Gone Far Enough?: The Costs of Fragmented Markets, Washington, D.C.: Peterson Institute.
Brownlie Ian (2008). Principles of Public International Law, Oxford University Press.
Carlarne Cinnamon Piñon (2010). Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Approaches, Oxford University Press.
Cassese Antonio (2001). International Law, Oxford University Press.
Chang Ha-Joon (2003). Kicking Away the Ladder: Development Strategy in Historical Perspective, London: Anthem Press.
Chang Ha-Joon (2008). Bad Samaritans: The Guilty Secrets of Rich Nations and the Threat to Global Prosperity, New York: Random House.
Cheng Bin (1953). General Principles of Law as Applied by International Courts and Tribunals, London: Stevens and Sons.
Correa Carlos M. (2000). Intellectual Property Rights, the WTO and Developing Countries: The TRIPS Agreement and Policy Options, London and New York: Zed Books, Third World Network.
Correa Carlos M. (2007). Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights: A Commentary on the TRIPS Agreement, Oxford Commentaries on International Law, Oxford University Press.
Cottier Thomas and Véron Pierre (2011). Concise International and European IP Law: TRIPS, Paris Convention, European Enforcement and Transfer of Technology, 2nd edn, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Davies Gillian (2002). Copyright and the Public Interest, 2nd edn, London: Sweet & Maxwell.
de Carvalho Nuno Pires (2010). The TRIPS Regime of Patent Rights, 3rd edn, New York: Kluwer Law International.
de Carvalho Nuno Pires (2011). The TRIPS Regime of Trademarks and Designs, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Deere Carolyn (2009). The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries, Oxford University Press.
Dinwoodie Graeme B. and Dreyfuss Rochelle C. (2012). A Neofederalist Vision of TRIPS: The Resilience of the International Intellectual Property Regime, Oxford University Press.
Dörr Oliver and Schmalenbach Kirsten (2012). Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties: A Commentary, Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
Drahos Peter and Braithwaite John (2002). Information Feudalism: Who Owns the Knowledge Economy? Abingdon-on-Thames, UK: Earthscan Publications.
Dratler Jay (1991). Intellectual Property Law: Commercial, Creative, and Industrial Property, New York: Law Journal Press.
Dratler Jay and McJohn Stephen M. (2004). Intellectual Property Law: Commercial, Creative, and Industrial Property, Vol. I, New York: Law Journal Press.
Dratler Jay and McJohn Stephen M. (2006). Intellectual Property Law: Commercial, Creative, and Industrial Property, New York: Law Journal Press.
Dreyfuss Rochelle Cooper and Kwall Roberta Rosenthal (1996). Intellectual Property: Trademark, Copyright, and Patent Law: Cases and Materials, Eagan, MN: West Publishing Company.
Dutfield Graham (2000). Intellectual Property Rights, Trade, and Biodiversity: Seeds and Plant Varieties, Abingdon-on-Thames, UK: Earthscan Publications.
Engelen Frank (2004). Interpretation of Tax Treaties under International Law, IBFD Publications BV.
Fikentscher Wolfgang (1980). The Draft International Code of Conduct on the Transfer of Technology: A Study in Third World Development, Munich: Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Patent, Copyright, and Competition Law,.
Foltea Marina (2012). International Organisations in WTO Dispute Settlement: How Much Institutional Sensitivity? Cambridge University Press.
French Duncan (2005). International Law and Policy of Sustainable Development, Manchester University Press.
Gardiner Richard K. (2008). Treaty Interpretation, Cambridge University Press.
Gervais Daniel (2012). The TRIPS Agreement: Drafting History and Analysis, 4th edn, London: Sweet & Maxwell.
Ghidini Gustavo (2010). Innovation, Competition and Consumer Welfare in Intellectual Property Law, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing .
Gollin Micheal A. (2008). Driving Innovation: Intellectual Property Strategies for a Dynamic World, Cambridge University Press.
Harrison Jeffrey L. (2003). Law and Economics in a Nutshell, 3rd edn, Eagan, MN: West Group.
Haugen Hans Morten (2007). The Right to Food and the TRIPS Agreement: With a Particular Emphasis on Developing Countries’ Measures for Food Production and Distribution, Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Hestermeyer Holger (2007). Human Rights and the WTO: The Case of Patents and Access to Medicines, Oxford University Press.
Ho Cynthia M. (2011). Access to Medicine in the Global Economy: International Agreements on Patents and Related Rights, Oxford University Press.
Hoekman Bernard and Javorcik Beata Smarzynska (2006). Global Integration and Technology Transfer, World Bank, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Honkonen Tuula (2009). The Common but Differentiated Responsibility Principle in Multilateral Environmental Agreements: Regulatory and Policy Aspects, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Howkins John (2002). The Creative Economy: How People Make Money from Ideas, London: Penguin Press.
Howse Robert (2007). The WTO System: Law, Politics & Legitimacy, London: Cameron May.
Jaffe Adam B. and Lerner Josh (2004). Innovation and Its Discontents: How Our Broken Patent System Is Endangering Innovation and Progress, and What to Do about It, Princeton University Press.
Joyner Daniel H. (2012). Interpreting the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, Oxford University Press.
Khor Martin (2001). Globalisation and the Crisis of Sustainable Development, Penang, Malaysia: Third World Network.
Kim Linsu (1997). Imitation to Innovation: The Dynamics of Korea’s Technological Learning, Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Press.
Kim Linsu and Nelson Richard R. (2000). Technology, Learning, and Innovation: Experiences of Newly Industrializing Economies, Cambridge University Press.
Kingston William (2010). Beyond Intellectual Property: Matching Information Protection to Innovation, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Kinsella Stephan N. (2008). Against Intellectual Property, Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.
Kuanpoth Jakkrit (2010). Patent Rights in Pharmaceuticals in Developing Countries: Major Challenges for the Future, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Li Yuwen (1994). Transfer of Technology for Deep Sea-bed Mining: The 1982 Law of the Sea Convention and Beyond, Berlin, Germany: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Linderfalk Ulf (2007). On the Interpretation of Treaties: The Modern International Law as Expressed in the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Houten: Springer Netherlands.
Luo Yan (2010). Anti-dumping in the WTO, the EU and China: The Rise of Legalization in the Trade Regime and Its Consequences, Vol. LXIX, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Maggiolino Mariateresa (2011). Intellectual Property and Antitrust: A Comparative Economic Analysis of US and EU Law, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Malbon Justin, Lawson Charles and Davison Mark (2014). The WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights: A Commentary, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Maskus Keith E. (2000). Intellectual Property Rights in the Global Economy, Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics.
Matsushita Mitsuo, Schoenbaum Thomas J. and Mavroidis Petros C. (2006). The World Trade Organisation: Law, Practice, and Policy, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press.
May Christopher (2007). The World Intellectual Property Organisation: Resurgence and the Development Agenda, London: Routledge.
McCarthy Thomas J. (1995). McCarthy’s Desk Encyclopaedia of Intellectual Property, Washington, D.C.: Bureau of National Affairs.
McNair Arnold Duncan (1961). The Law of Treaties, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Merrill Stephen A., Levin Richard C. and Meyers Mark B. (2004). A Patent System for the 21st Century, Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.
Miller John C., Serrato Ruben M., Represas-Cardenas Jose Miguel and Kundahl Griffith A. (2005). The Handbook of Nanotechnology: Business, Policy and Intellectual Property Law, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Monti Giorgio (2007). EC Competition Law: Law in Context, Cambridge University Press.
Moon Suerie and Hein Wolfgang (2013). Informal Norms in Global Governance: Human Rights, Intellectual Property Rules and Access to Medicines, Farnham, UK: Ashgate Publishing.
Muchlinski Peter (2007). Multinational Enterprises and the Law, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press.
Munro Joseph Edwin Crawford (1884). The Patents, Designs, and Trade Marks Act, 1883, Section 22, London: Stevens and Sons.
Nguyãẽn Tú Thanh (2010). Competition Law, Technology Transfer and the TRIPS Agreement: Implications for Developing Countries, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Ockwell David and Mallett Alexandra (2012). Low-Carbon Technology Transfer: From Rhetoric to Reality, London: Routledge.
OECD (1989). Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Publishing.
OECD (1997). Patents and Innovation in the International Context, OCDE/GD (97) 210, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Publishing.
O’Connell Donal (2011). Harvesting External Innovation: Managing External Relationships and Intellectual Property, London: Gower Publishing.
O’Keefe Roger and Tams Christian J. (2013). The United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property: A Commentary, Oxford University Press.
O’Neill Aidan (2011). EU Law for UK Lawyers, Oxford, UK: Hart Publishing.
Orakhelashvili Alexander (2008). The Interpretation of Acts and Rules in Public International Law, Oxford University Press.
Papadopoulos Anestis S. (2010). The International Dimension of EU Competition Law and Policy, Cambridge University Press.
Park Jae Hun (2010). Patents and Industry Standards, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Patel Surendra J., Roffe Pedro and Yusuf Abdulqawi A. (2001). International Technology Transfer: The Origins and Aftermath of the United Nations Negotiations on a Draft Code of Conduct, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Pauwelyn Joost (2008). Conflict of Norms in Public International Law: How WTO Law Relates to Other Rules of International Law, Cambridge University Press.
Penrose Edith Tilton (1951). The Economics of the International Patent System, Johns Hopkins Press.
Pugatch Meir Perez (2006). The Intellectual Property Debate: Perspectives from Law, Economics and Political Economy, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Qureshi Asif H.(2012). Interpreting WTO Agreements: Problems and Perspectives, Cambridge University Press.
Radhakrishnan R. and Balasubramanian S. (2008). Intellectual Property Rights: Text and Cases, New Delhi: Anurag Jain for Excel Books.
Ramanathan Kavasseri, Jacobs Keith and Bandyopadhyay Madhusudan (2011). Technology Transfer and Small and Medium Enterprises in Developing Countries, New Delhi: Daya Publishing House.
Reinsdorf Marshall and Slaughter Matthew J. (2009). International Trade in Services and Intangibles in the Era of Globalization, University of Chicago Press.
Rimmer Matthew (2011). Intellectual Property and Climate Change: Inventing Clean Technologies, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Rodger Barry J. and MacCulloch Angus (2015). Competition Law and Policy in the EU and UK, London: Routledge.
Rodrigues Edson Beas (2012). The General Exception Clauses of the TRIPS Agreement: Promoting Sustainable Development, Vol. XVII, Cambridge University Press.
Ros Jaime (2013). Rethinking Economic Development, Growth, and Institutions, Oxford University Press.
Sampson Gary P. (2005). The WTO and Sustainable Development, Tokyo: UNU Press.
Sands Philippe and Peel Jacqueline (2012). Principles of International Environmental Law, Cambridge University Press.
Schmidt Hedvig (2009). Competition Law, Innovation and Antitrust: An Analysis of Tying and Technological Integration, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Schwarzenberger Georg (1965). The Inductive Approach to International Law, University of Michigan Library.
Sell Susan K. (1998). Power and Ideas: North-South Politics of Intellectual Property and Antitrust, State University of New York Press.
Senftleben Martin (2004). Copyright, Limitations, and the Three-step Test: An Analysis of the Three-Step Test in International and EC Copyright Law, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Sinclair Ian McTaggart (1984). The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Manchester University Press.
Stern Nicholas (2007). The Economics of Climate Change – The Stern Review, Cambridge University Press.
Stoll Peter-Tobias, Busche Jan and Arend Katrin (2009). WTO: Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Vol. VII, Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Štrba Susan Isiko (2012). International Copyright Law and Access to Education in Developing Countries: Exploring Multilateral Legal and Quasi-Legal Solutions, Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Taubman Antony (2011). A Practical Guide to Working with TRIPS, Oxford University Press.
Taubman Antony, Wager Hannu and Watal Jayashree (2012). A Handbook on the WTO TRIPS Agreement, Cambridge University Press.
Trebilcock Michael, Howse Robert and Eliason Antonia (2013). The Regulation of International Trade, 4th edn, London: Routledge.
UNCTAD (2010). Intellectual Property in the World Trade Organisation: Turning It into Developing Countries’ Real Property, United Nations, New York and Geneva.
UNCTAD and ICTSD (2005). Resource Book on TRIPS and Development, Cambridge University Press.
UNDP (2001). Human Development Report 2001: Making New Technologies Work for Human Development, Oxford University Press.
UNDP (2003). Making Global Trade Work for People, Abingdon-on-Thames, UK: Earthscan Publications.
UNIDO (2008). Public Goods for Economic Development, Vienna: United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
Van Damme Isabelle (2009). Treaty Interpretation by the WTO Appellate Body, Oxford University Press.
van den Berg Hendrik and Lewer Joshua J. (2007). International Trade and Economic Growth, Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
van den Bossche Peter and Zdouc Werner (2013). The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organisation, 3rd edn, Cambridge University Press.
Villiger Mark Eugen (2009). Commentary on the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Voigt Christina (2009). Sustainable Development as a Principle of International Law: Resolving Conflicts between Climate Measures and WTO Law, Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Waincymer Jeff (2002). WTO Litigation: Procedural Aspects of Formal Dispute Settlement, London: Cameron May.
Wallerstein Mitchel B., Mogee Mary Ellen and Schoen Roberta A. (1993). Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Watal Jayashree (2001). Intellectual Property Rights in the WTO and Developing Countries, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Weeramantry J. Romesh (2012). Treaty Interpretation in Investment Arbitration, Oxford University Press.
Weiler Todd (2013). The Interpretation of International Investment Law: Equality, Discrimination and Minimum Standards of Treatment in Historical Context, Leiden, Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV.
WIPO (1997). Introduction to Intellectual Property: Theory and Practice, New York: Kluwer Law International.
WIPO (2004). WIPO Intellectual Property Handbook, Publication No. 489(E), 2nd edn, Geneva: World Intellectual Property Organization. reprinted 2008.
WIPO (2007). WIPO Patent Drafting Manual, Publication No. 867(E), Geneva: World Intellectual Property Organization.
WIPO (2009). WIPO Guide to Using Patent Information, Geneva: World Intellectual Property Organization.
Witt Anne C. (2016). The More Economic Approach to EU Antitrust Law, Oxford and Portland, OR: Hart Publishing.
Wolfrum Rudiger and Matz Nele (2003). Conflicts in International Environmental Law, Vol. CLXIV, Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag .
World Trade Organization (2008). Understanding the WTO, Geneva, Switzerland: World Trade Organisation.
World Trade Organization (2012). WTO Analytical Index: Guide to WTO Law and Practice, 3rd edn, Vol. I, Cambridge University Press.
Xiong Ping (2012). An International Law Perspective on the Protection of Human Rights in the TRIPS Agreement: An Interpretation of the TRIPS Agreement in Relation to the Right to Health, Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Yamane Hiroko (2011). Interpreting TRIPS: Globalisation of Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines, Oxford, UK: Hart Publishing.
Yamin Farhana and Depledge Joanna (2004). The International Climate Change Regime: A Guide to Rules, Institutions and Procedures, Cambridge University Press.
Yasseen Mustafa Kamil (1976). L’interprétation des Traités d’après la Convention de Vienne sur le Droit des Traités, Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Zemer Lior (2007). The Idea of Authorship in Copyright, Farnham, UK: Ashgate Publishing.
Zimmermann Andreas (2011). The 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and Its 1967 Protocol: A Commentary, Oxford University Press.
Zuniga P., Guellec D., Dernis H., Khan M., Okazaki T., and Webb C. (2009). OECD Patent Statistics Manual, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Abbott Frederick M. (2004). WTO Dispute Settlement Practice Relating to the Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights, in Ortino Federico and Petersmann Ernst-Ulrich (eds.). The WTO Dispute Settlement System 1995–2003, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 421–53.
Abbott Frederick M. (2008). Intellectual Property Rights in World Trade, in Guzman Andrew T. and Sykes A. O. (eds.). Research Handbook in International Economic Law, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, pp. 444–84.
Abi-Saab Georges (2010). The Appellate Body and Treaty Interpretation, in Fitzmaurice Malgosia, Elias Olufemi and Merkouris Panos (eds.). Treaty Interpretation and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties: 30 Years On, Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, pp. 99109.
Alker Daniel and Heidhues Franz (2002). Farmers’ Rights and Intellectual Property Rights – Reconciling Conflicting Concepts, in Evenson R.E., Santaniello V. and Zilberman V. (eds.). Economic and Social Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology, Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing, pp. 6185.
Anderson Robert D. (2010). Competition Policy and Intellectual Property in the WTO: More Guidance Needed? in Drexl Josef (ed.). Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Competition Law, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 451–73.
Asrani Rajesh (2015). Economic Implications of Intellectual Property Rights in Evolving Markets, in Manimala Mathew J. and Wasdani Kishinchand Poornima (eds.). Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: Perspectives from Emerging Economies, Delhi: Springer India, pp. 109–31.
Azmi Ida Madieha bt Abdul GhaniS (2015). Scope and Duration of Compulsory Licensing: Lessons from National Experiences, in Hilty Reto M. and Liu Kung-Chung (eds.). Compulsory Licensing: Practical Experiences and Ways Forward, MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law 22, Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp. 207–20.
Balasegaram Manica, Childs Michelle, and Arkinstall James (2014). The Fight for Global Access to Essential Health Commodities, in Brown Garrett W., Yamey Gavin and Wamala Sarah (eds.). The Handbook of Global Health Policy, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 245–66.
Banasevic Nicholas and Hellstrom Per (2010). Windows into the World of Abuse of Dominance: An Analysis of the Commission’s 2004 Microsoft Decision and the CFI’s 2007 Judgment, in Rubini Luca (ed.). Microsoft on Trial: Legal and Economic Analysis of a Transatlantic Antitrust Case, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Barbosa Denis Borges (2010). Minimum Standards vs. Harmonization in the TRIPS Context: The Nature of Obligations under TRIPS and Modes of Implementation at the National Level in Monist and Dualist Systems, in Correa Carlos M. (ed.). Research Handbook on the Protection of Intellectual Property under WTO Rules: Intellectual Property in the WTO, Vol. I, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 52109.
Chung Rae Kwon (1998). The Role of Government in the Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology, in Forsyth Tim (ed.). Positive Measures for Technology Transfer under the Climate Change Convention, London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, pp. 4761.
Correa Carlos M. (2003). Formulating Effective Pro-Development National Intellectual Property Policies, in Bellmann Christophe, Dutfield Graham and Melendez-Ortiz Ricardo (eds.). Trading in Knowledge: Development Perspectives on TRIPS, Trade and Sustainability, Abingdon-on-Thames, UK: Earthscan Publications, pp. 209–17.
Correa Carlos M. (2005). Can the TRIPS Agreement Foster Technology Transfer to Developing Countries? in Maskus Keith E. and Jerome Reichman (eds.). International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 227–56.
Correa Carlos M. (2007). The TRIPS Agreement and Developing Countries, in Appleton Arthur E. and Plummer Michael G. (eds.). The World Trade Organization: Legal, Economic and Political Analysis, New York: Springer Science + Business Media, pp. 420–55.
Correa Carlos M. (2008). Patent Rights, in Correa Carlos M. and Yusuf Abdulqawi (eds.). Intellectual Property and International Trade: The TRIPS Agreement, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 227–57.
Correa Carlos M. (2014). Intellectual Property and Competition – Room to Legislate under International Law, in Abbott Frederick et al. (eds.), Using Competition Law to Promote Access to Health Technologies: A Guidebook for Low- and Middle-Income Countries, New York: United Nations Development Programme, pp. 3557.
Correa Carlos M. (2016). Intellectual Property Rights under the UNFCCC: Without Response to Developing Countries’ Concerns, in Sarnoff Joshua D. (ed.), Research Handbook on Intellectual Property and Climate Change, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 7491.
Cottier Thomas and Schefer Krista Nadakavukaren (2000). Good Faith and the Protection of Legitimate Expectations in the WTO, in Bronckers Marco and Quick Reinhard (eds.). New Directions in International Economic Law: Essays in Honour of John H. Jackson, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Dahrendorf Anke (2010). Global Proliferation of Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements: A Threat for the World Trade Organisation and/or for Developing Countries? in Hertwig Jana and Maus Sylvia (eds.). Global Risks: Constructing World Order Through Law, Politics and Economics, Frankfurt, Germany: Peter Lang GmbH, pp. 3966.
Dinwoodie Graeme B. and Dreyfuss Rochelle Cooper (2005). WTO Dispute Resolution and the Preservation of the Public Domain of Science under International Law, in Maskus Keith E. and Reichman Jerome (eds.). International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology Under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 861–83.
Drexl Josef (2005). The Critical Role of Competition Law in Preserving Public Goods in Conflict with Intellectual Property Rights, in Maskus Keith E. and Reichman Jerome (eds.). International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 707–25.
Fink Carsten (2005a). Comment: Competition Law as a Means of Containing Intellectual Property Rights, in Maskus Keith E. and Reichman Jerome (eds.). International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 770–3.
Fink Carsten (2005b). Entering the Jungle of Intellectual Property Rights Exhaustion and Parallel Importation, in Fink Carsten and Maskus Keith E. (eds.). Intellectual Property and Development: Lessons from Recent Economic Research, World Bank and Oxford University Press, pp. 171–87.
Fink Carsten (2013). Intellectual Property Rights: Economic Principles and Trade Rules, in Lukauskas Arvid, Stern Robert M. and Zanini Gianni (eds.). Handbook of Trade Policy for Development, Oxford University Press, pp. 740–67.
Fink Carsten and Braga Carlos A. Primo (2005). How Stronger Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Affects International Trade Flows, in Fink Carsten and Maskus Keith E. (eds.). Intellectual Property and Development: Lessons from Recent Economic Research, a copublication of the World Bank and Oxford University Press, pp. 1940.
Fink Carsten and Reichenmiller Patrick (2006). Tightening TRIPS: Intellectual Property Provisions of US Free Trade Agreements, in Newfarmer Richard (ed.). Trade, Doha, and Development: A Window into the Issues, Washington, D.C.: World Bank, pp. 289303.
Fisher William (2001). Theories of Intellectual Property, in Munzer Stephen R. (ed.). New Essays in the Legal and Political Theory of Property, Cambridge University Press, pp. 168200.
Frankel Susy (2010). The Applicability of GATT Jurisprudence to the Interpretation of the TRIPS Agreement, in Correa Carlos (ed.). Research Handbook on the Interpretation and Enforcement of Intellectual Property Under WTO Rules: Intellectual Property in the WTO, Vol. II, pp. 3–23.
Galal Essam E. (2001). The Developing Countries’ Quest for a Code, in Patel J. Surendra, Roffe Pedro and Yusuf A. Abdulqawi (eds.). International Technology Transfer: The Origins and Aftermath of the United Nations Negotiations on a Draft Code of Conduct, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 199215.
Gallego Beatriz Conde (2010). Intellectual Property Rights and Competition Policy, in Correa Carlos M. (ed.). Research Handbook on the Protection of Intellectual Property under WTO Rules: Intellectual Property in the WTO, Vol. I, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 226–65.
Ganslandt Mattias and Maskus Keith E. (2008). Intellectual Property Rights, Parallel Imports and Strategic Behaviour, in Maskus Keith E. (ed.). Intellectual Property, Growth and Trade, Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing, pp. 263–88.
Gervais Daniel J. (2007a). The TRIPS Agreement and the Changing Landscape of International Intellectual Property, in Torremans Paul, Shan Hailing and Erauw Johan (eds.). Intellectual Property and TRIPS Compliance in China: Chinese and European Perspectives, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 6584.
Gervais Daniel J. (2007b). The TRIPS Agreement and the Doha Round: History and Impact on Economic Development, in Yu Peter K. (ed.). Intellectual Property and Information Wealth: Issues and Practices in the Digital Age, Vol. IV, pp. 23–72.
Grosse Ruse-Khan Henning (2011). Assessing the Need for a General Public Interest Exception in the TRIPS Agreement, in Kur Annette and Levin Marianne (eds.). Intellectual Property Rights in a Fair World Trade System: Proposal for Reforms of TRIPS, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 167207.
Grotto Andrew J. (2004). Organizing for Influence: Developing Countries, Non-Traditional Intellectual Property Rights and the World Intellectual Property Organisation, in Von Bogdandy Armin, Wolfrum Armin and Philipp Christiane (eds.). Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, 8(1). Leiden, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, pp. 359–82.
Heinemann Andreas (1996). Antitrust Law of Intellectual Property in the TRIPS Agreement of the World Trade Organisation, in Beier Friedrich-Karl and Schricker Gerhard (eds.). From GATT to TRIPS – The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, IIC Studies, Munich: Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Patent, Copyright and Competition Law, pp. 239–47.
Howse Robert (2003). Comments on the Papers Presented by Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann and William J. Davey/Werner Zdouc, in Cottier Thomas, Mavroidis Petros Constantinos and Panizzon Marion (eds.). Intellectual Property: Trade, Competition and Sustainable Development, World Trade Forum Vol. III, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 95–9.
Howse Robert L. and Mutua Makau (2001). Protecting Human Rights in a Global Economy Challenges for the World Trade Organization, in Stokke Hugo and Tostensen Anne (eds.). Human Rights in Development Yearbook 1999/2000, New York: Kluwer Law International.
Jager Melvin F. (2002). The Critical Role of Trade Secret Law in Protecting Intellectual Property Assets, in Goldscheider Robert (ed.). Licensing Best Practices: The LESI Guide to Strategic Issues and Contemporary Realities, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 127–38.
Janis Mark D. (2005). “Minimal” Standards for Patent-Related Antitrust Law under TRIPS, in Maskus Keith E. and Reichman Jerome (eds.). International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 774–92.
Kong Qingjiang (2011). China in the WTO: Enforcement of the TRIPS Agreement and the Doha Agenda, in Kariyawasam Rohan (ed.). Chinese Intellectual Property and Technology Laws, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 348–66.
Korean Trade Promotion Agency (2000). Case Study 4: The Republic of Korea and the Montreal Protocol, in Jha Veena and Hoffmann Ulrich (eds.). Achieving Objectives of Multilateral Environmental Agreements: A Package of Trade Measures and Positive Measures, UNCTAD/ITCD/TED/6, pp. 56–70.
Kur Annette (2011). Limitations and Exceptions under the Three-step-test – How Much Room to Walk the Middle Ground? in Kur Annette and Levin Marianne (eds.). Intellectual Property Rights in a Fair World Trade System: Proposal for Reforms of TRIPS, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 208–61.
Laperrouza Marc (2010). Trade, Technology Transfer and Institutional Catch-up, in Lehmann Fabrice and Lehmann Jean-Pierre (eds.). Peace and Prosperity through World Trade, Cambridge University Press, pp. 222–6.
Levin Marianne (2011). The Pendulum Keeps Swinging – Present Discussions on and around the TRIPS Agreement, in Kur Annette (ed.). Intellectual Property Rights in a Fair World Trade System: Proposals for Reform of TRIPS, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 360.
Lopez Andres (2009). Innovation and Appropriability, Empirical Evidence and Research Agenda, in The Economics of Intellectual Property: Suggestions for Further Research in Developing Countries and Countries with Economies in Transition, Geneva: World Intellectual Property Organization, pp. 132.
Lowe Vaughan (1999). Sustainable Development and Unsustainable Arguments, in Boyle Alan and Freestone David (eds.). International Law and Sustainable Development: Past Achievements and Future Challenges, Oxford University Press, pp. 1938.
Machado-Filho Haroldo and Poppe Marcelo Khaled (2011). Transfer of Technology under the Climate Change Regime, in da Motta Ronaldo Seroa et al. (eds.). Climate Change in Brazil: Economic, Social and Regulatory Aspects, Brazil: Institute for Applied Economic Research, pp. 329–48.
Maskus Keith E. (2002). Benefiting from Intellectual Property Protection, in Hoekman Bernard, Mattoo Aaditya and English Philip (eds.). Development, Trade and the WTO: A Handbook, Washington, D.C.: World Bank, pp. 369–81.
Maskus Keith E. and Reichman Jerome (2005). The Globalization of Private Knowledge Goods and the Privatization of Global Public Goods, in Maskus Keith E. and Reichman Jerome (eds.). International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology Under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 345.
McManis Charles R. and Contreras Jorge L. (2014). Compulsory Licensing of Intellectual Property: A Viable Policy Lever for Promoting Access to Critical Technologies, in Ghidini Gustavo, Peritz Rudolph J. R. and Ricolfi Marco (eds.). TRIPS and Developing Countries: Towards a New IP World Order? Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 109–31.
Menell Peter S. (2000). Intellectual Property: General Theories, in Bouckaert Boudewijn and De Geest Gerrit (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Law and Economics, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 129–88.
Nelson Richard R. (1992). What Is “Commercial” and What Is “Public” About Technology, What Should Be? in Rosenberg Natham, Landau Ralph and Mowery David C. (eds.). Technology and the Wealth of Nations, Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, pp. 5771.
Nolte Georg (2013). Subsequent Agreements and Subsequent Practice of States Outside of Judicial or Quasi-judicial Proceedings, in Nolte Georg (ed.). Treaties and Subsequent Practice, Oxford University Press, pp. 307–86.
Nyman-Metcalf Katrin, Pawan Kumar Dutt and Chochia Archil (2014). The Freedom to Conduct Business and the Right to Property: The EU Technology Transfer Block Exemption Regulation and the Relationship between Intellectual Property and Competition Law, in Kerikmäe Tanel (ed.). Protecting Human Rights in the EU: Controversies and Challenges of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp. 3770.
Park Walter G. (2011). Intellectual Property Rights and Foreign Direct Investment: Lessons from Central America, in Lopez Humberto J. and Shankar Rashmi (eds.). Getting the Most Out of Free Trade Agreements in Central America, Washington, D.C.: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank, pp. 275308.
Petersmann Ernst-Ulrich (2003). From Negative to Positive Integration in the WTO: The TRIPS Agreement and the WTO Constitution, in Cottier Thomas and Mavroidis Petros C. (eds.). Intellectual Property: Trade, Competition and Sustainable Development, World Trade Forum Vol. 3, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 2152.
Pflüger Martin (2008). Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, in Cottier Thomas and Véron Pierre (eds.). Concise International and European IP Law: TRIPS, Paris Convention, European Enforcement and Transfer of Technology, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 175269.
Rajamani Lavanya (2012). Developing Countries and Compliance in the Climate Regime, in Brunnée Jutta, Doelle Meinhard and Rajamani Lavanya (eds.). Promoting Compliance in an Evolving Climate Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 367–94.
Ramello Giovanni B. (2010). Intellectual Property, Social Justice and Economic Efficiency: Insights from Law and Economics, in Flanagan Anne and Montagnani Maria L. (eds.). Intellectual Property Law: Economic and Social Justice Perspectives, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 123.
Rao Niranjan C. (2009). TRIPS and Public Health, in Dasgupta Paramita (ed.). The WTO at the Crossroads, Cape Town: Concept Publishing Company, pp. 81100.
Reichman Jerome H. (2014). Intellectual Property in the Twenty-First Century: Will the Developing Countries Lead or Follow? in Cimoli Mario, Dosi Giovanni, Maskus Keith E., Okediji Ruth L., Reichman Jerome H. and Stiglitz Joseph E., (eds.). Intellectual Property Rights: Legal and Economic Challenges for Development, Oxford University Press, pp. 111–81.
Robbins Carlo A. (2009). Measuring Payments for the Supply and Use of Intellectual Property, in Reinsdorf Marshall and Slaughter Matthew J. (eds.). International Trade in Services and Intangibles in the Era of Globalization, University of Chicago Press, pp. 139–71.
Rodriguez Mendoza Miguel and Wilke Marie (2011). Revisiting the Single Undertaking: Towards a More Balanced Approach to WTO Negotiations, in Birkbeck Deere and Birkbeck Carolyn (eds.). Making Global Trade Governance Work for Development: Perspectives and Priorities from Developing Countries, Cambridge University Press, pp. 486506.
Roffe Pedro (1998). Control of Anti-Competitive Practices in Contractual Licences under the TRIPS Agreement, in Correa Carols M. and Yusuf Abdulqawi A. (eds.). Intellectual Property and International Trade: The TRIPS Agreement, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 261–96.
Roffe Pedro (2005). Comment: Technology Transfer on the International Agenda, in Maskus Keith E. and Reichman Jerome (eds.). International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 257–64.
Roffe Pedro, Spennemann Christoph and Von Braun Johanna (2010). Intellectual Property Rights in Free Trade Agreements: Moving beyond TRIPS Minimum Standards, in Correa Carlos (ed.). Research Handbook on the Protection of Intellectual Property under WTO Rules: Intellectual Property in the WTO, Vol. I, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 266316.
Sands Philippe (2003). International Courts and the Application of the Concept of “Sustainable Development”, in Hatchard John and Perry-Kessaris Amanda (eds.). Law and Development: Facing Complexity in the 21st Century, London: Cavendish Publishing, pp. 147–57.
Schovsbo Jens (2011). Fire and Water Make Steam – Redefining the Role of Competition Law, in Kur Annette and Levin Marianne (eds.). Intellectual Property Rights in a Fair World Trade System: Proposal for Reforms of TRIPS, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 308–58.
Shapiro Carl (2002). Navigating the Patent Thicket: Cross Licenses, Patent Pools, and Standard Setting, in Jaffe Adam B., Lerner Josh, and Stern Scott (eds.). Innovation Policy and the Economy, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 119–50.
Siplon Patricia (2013). The Troubled Path to HIV/AIDS Universal Treatment Access: Snatching Defeat from the Jaws of Victory? in Smith Raymond A. (ed.). Global HIV/AIDS Politics, Policy, and Activism: Persistent Challenges and Emerging Issues, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, LLC.
Straus Joseph (1996). Implications of the TRIPS Agreement in the Field of Patent Law, in Beier Friedrich-Karl and Schricker Gerhard (eds.). From GATT to TRIPS: The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons , pp. 160215.
Thompson Dennis (2001). An Overview of the Draft Code, in Surendra Patel J., Pedro Roffe and Abdulqawi Yusuf A. (eds.). International Technology Transfer: The Origins and Aftermath of the United Nations Negotiations on a Draft Code of Conduct, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 5175.
Tian Yijun George (2012). Consumer Protection and IP Abuse Prevention under the WTO Framework, in Malcolm Jeremy (ed.). Consumers in the Information Society: Access, Fairness and Representation, Kuala Lumpur: Consumers International.
Ullrich Hanns (2005). Expansionist Intellectual Property Protection and Reductionist Competition Rules: A TRIPS Perspective, in Maskus Keith E. and Reichman Jerome (eds.). International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, Cambridge University Press, pp. 726–57.
Villiger Mark E. (2011). The Rules on Interpretation: Misgivings, Misunderstandings, Miscarriage? The ‘Crucible’ Intended by the International Law Commission, in Cannizzaro Enzo (ed.). The Law of Treaties beyond the Vienna Convention, Oxford University Press, pp. 105–22.
Von Hase Andres Moncayo (2008). The Application and Interpretation of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, in Correa Carlos M. and Yusuf Abdulqawi A. (eds.). 2nd edn, Intellectual Property and International Trade: The TRIPS Agreement, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 83124.
Watal Jayashree (2000). India: The Issue of Technology Transfer in the Context of the Montreal Protocol, in Jha Veena and Hoffmann Ulrich (eds.). Achieving Objectives of Multilateral Environmental Agreements: A Package of Trade Measures and Positive Measures, UNCTAD/ITCD/TED/6, pp. 45–55.
Watal Jayashree (2003). Parallel Imports and IPR-Based Dominant Positions: Where Do India’s Interests Lie? in Cottier Thomas and Mavroidis Petros C. (eds.). Intellectual Property: Trade, Competition and Sustainable Development, University of Michigan Press, pp. 199210.
Xu Shiying (2011). Intellectual Property Protection and Competition Law, in Kariyawasam Rohan (ed.). Chinese Intellectual Property and Technology Laws, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 323–47.
Yu Peter (2010). The Objectives and Principles of the TRIPS Agreement, in Correa Carlos M. (ed.). Research Handbook on the Protection of Intellectual Property under WTO Rules: Intellectual Property in the WTO, Vol. I, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp.146–91.
Yu Vicente Paolo B. (2010). The UN Climate Change Convention and Developing Countries: Towards Effective Implementation, in Faundez Julio and Celine Tan (eds.). International Economic Law, Globalization and Developing Countries, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 379410.
Yusuf Abdulqawi A. (1989). Developing Countries and Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, in UNCTAD (ed.). Uruguay Round: Papers on Selected Issues, UN Publication, UNCTAD/ITP/10.
Yusuf Abdulqawi A. (2001). Technology Transfer in the Global Environmental Agreements: A New Twist to the North-South Debate, in Patel Surendra J., Roffe Pedro and Yusuf Abdulqawi A. (eds.). International Technology Transfer: The Origins and Aftermath of the United Nations Negotiations on a Draft Code of Conduct, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 313–20.
Yusuf Abdulqawi A. (2008). TRIPS: Background, Principles and General Provisions, in Correa Carlos M. and Yusuf Abdulqawi A. (eds.). Intellectual Property and International Trade: The TRIPS Agreement, 2nd edn, New York: Kluwer Law International, pp. 321.
Zhuang Wei (2013). Evolution of the Patent System in China, in Abbott Frederick M., Correa Carlos M. and Drahos Peter (eds.). Emerging Markets and the World Patent Order, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 155–80.
Abbott Frederick M. (2001). The TRIPS-Legality of Measures Taken to Address Public Health Crises: A Synopsis, Widener Law Symposium Journal 7, pp. 7185.
Abbott Frederick M. (2002). The Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health: Lighting a Dark Corner at the WTO, Journal of International Economic Law 5(2), pp. 469505.
Abbott Frederick M. (2004). Are the Competition Rules in the WTO TRIPS Agreement Adequate? Journal of International Economic Law 7(3), pp. 687703.
Abbott Frederick M. (2005). Toward a New Era of Objective Assessment in the Field of TRIPS and Variable Geometry for the Preservation of Multilateralism, Journal of International Economic Law 8(1), pp. 77100.
Adam Alexander (2009). Technology Transfer to Combat Climate Change: Opportunities and Obligations under TRIPS and Kyoto, Journal of High Technology Law 9(1), pp. 120.
Anderson Robert D. (1998). The Interface between Competition Policy and Intellectual Property in the Context of the International Trading System, Journal of International Economic Law, pp. 655–78.
Anderson Robert D. and Wager Hannu (2006). Human Rights, Development and the WTO: The Case of Intellectual Property Rights and Competition Policy, Journal of International Economic Law 9(3), pp. 707–47.
Athreye Suma and Cantwell John (2007). Creating Competition? Globalisation and the Emergence of New Technology Producers, Research Policy 36, pp. 209–26.
Aution Erkko, Hameri Ari-Pekka and Vuola Olli (2004). A Framework of Industrial Knowledge Spillovers in Big-Science Centres, Research Policy 33, pp. 107–26.
Baird Sean (2013). Magic and Hope: Relaxing TRIPS-Plus Provisions to Promote Access to Affordable Pharmaceuticals, Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice 33(1), pp. 107–45.
Barbosa Denis Borges, Chon Margaret and Moncayo Von Hase Andrés,(2007). Slouching towards Development in International Intellectual Property, Michigan State Law Review, pp. 71–141.
Barfield Claude E. and Groombridge Mark A. (1999). Parallel Trade in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Implications for Innovation, Consumer Welfare, and Health Policy, Fordham Intellectual Property, Media & Entertainment Law Journal 10, pp. 185265.
Barral Virginie (2012). Sustainable Development in International Law: Nature and Operation of an Evolutive Legal Norm, The European Journal of International Law 23 (2), pp. 377400.
Barrett Margreth (2000). United States’ Doctrine of Exhaustion: Parallel Imports of Patented Goods, Northern Kentucky Law Review 27(5), pp. 911–84.
Barton John H. (2000). Reforming the Patent System, Science 287(5460), pp. 1933–4.
Bently Lionel (2011). Exclusions from Patentability and Exceptions to Patentees’ Rights: Taking Exceptions Seriously, Current Legal Problems, pp. 1–33.
Berger Jonathan Michael (2002). Tripping over Patents, AIDS, Access to Treatment and The Manufacturing of Scarcity, Connecticut Journal of International Law 17, pp. 157248.
Bettencourt Luis M. A., Trancik Jessika E. and Kaur Jasleen (2013). Determinants of the Pace of Global Innovation in Energy Technologies, Plos One 8(10), e67864.
Blalock Garrick and Veloso Francisco (2006). Imports, Productivity Growth, and Supply Chain Learning, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Paper 127.
Bodansky Daniel (1993). The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: A Commentary, Yale Journal of International Law, 18, pp. 451558.
Bodansky Daniel (2012). What’s in a Concept? Global Public Goods, International Law and Legitimacy, The European Journal of International Law, 23(3), pp. 651–68.
Boldrin Michele and Levine David (2002). The Case against Intellectual Property, The American Economic Review, 92(2), pp. 209–12.
Boldrin Michele and Levine David (2013). The Case against Patents, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 27(1), pp. 322.
Bolton Michele K. (1993). Imitation Versus Innovation: Lessons to be Learned from the Japanese, Organisational Dynamics, 21(3), pp. 30–45.
Borda Aldo Zammit (2013). A Formal Approach to Article 38(1)(d) of the ICJ Statute from the Perspective of the International Criminal Courts and Tribunals, The European Journal of International Law, 24(2), pp. 649–61.
Bozeman Barry (2000). Technology Transfer and Public Policy: A Review of Research and Theory, Research Policy 29, pp. 627–55.
Byers Michael (2002). Abuse of Rights, An Old Principle, A New Age, McGill Law Journal, 47, pp. 389431.
Cameron Edwin (2004). Patents and Public Health: Principle, Politics and Paradox, SCRIPT-ed, 1(4), pp. 517–44.
Cann Wesley A. (2004). On the Relationship between Intellectual Property Rights and the Need of Less-Developed Countries for Access to Pharmaceuticals: Creating a Legal Duty to Supply Under a Theory of Progressive Global Constitutionalism, University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law, 2(3), pp. 755944.
Catanese Adrienne (1985). Paris Convention, Patent Protection, and Technology Transfer, Boston University International Law Journal, 3, pp. 209–27.
Champ Paul and Attaran Amir (2002). Patent Rights and Local Working under the WTO TRIPS Agreement: An Analysis of the U.S. – Brazil Patent Dispute, The Yale Journal of International Law, 27, pp. 365–93.
Chaudhuri Shubham, Goldberg Pinelopi K. and Jia Panle (2006). Estimating the Effects of Global Patent Protection in Pharmaceuticals: A Case Study of Quinolones in India, American Economic Review, 96(5), pp. 14771514.
Cheyne IIona (2010). Intellectual Property and Climate Change from a Trade Perspective, Nordic Environmental Law Journal, 2, pp. 121–30.
Coe David T., Helpman Elhanan and Hoffmaister Alexander W. (1997). North-South R&D Spillovers, The Economic Journal, 107(440), pp. 134–49.
Consilvio Mark (2011). The Role of Patents in the International Framework of Clean Technology Transfer: A Discussion of Barriers and Solutions, American University Intellectual Property Brief, pp. 7–16.
Cordray Monique L. (1994). GATT v. WIPO, 76 J., Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society, pp. 121–44.
Correa Carlos M. (2001). Review of the TRIPS Agreement: Fostering the Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries, TWN Trade & Development Series 13, published by Third World Network, Penang.
Correa Carlos M. (2003). Intellectual Property Rights and the Protection of Public Health in Developing Countries, The World Bank Legal Review: Law and Justice for Development, 1, pp. 161205.
Cottier Thomas, Lalani Shaheeza and Temmerman Michelangelo (2014). Use It or Lose It: Assessing the Compatibility of the Paris Convention and TRIPS Agreement with Respect to Local Working Requirements, Journal of International Economic Law, pp. 1–35.
Davis Kevin E. (2005). Regulation of Technology Transfer to Developing Countries: The Relevance of Institutional Capacity, 27 Law & Policy, pp. 632.
de Werra Jacques (2010a). How to Protect Trade Secrets in High-Tech Sports? An Intellectual Property Analysis Based on the Experiences at the America’s Cup and in the Formula One Championship, European Intellectual Property Review, 32 (4), pp. 155–64.
de Werra Jacques (2010b). What Color Is IP? in the Green Debate: IP Perspectives, WIPO Magazine, pp. 17–19.
Dechezleprêtre Antoine, Glachant Matthieu and Ménière Yann (2008). The Clean Development Mechanism and the International Diffusion of Technologies: An Empirical Study, Energy Policy 36(4), pp. 1273–83.
Dechezleprêtre Antoine, Glachant Matthieu and Ménière Yann (2013). What Drives the International Transfer of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies? Empirical Evidence from Patent Data, Environ Resource Econ, 54, pp. 161–78.
Dechezleprêtre Antoine, Glachant Matthieu, Hascic Ivan, Johnstone Nick, and Meniere Yann (2011). Invention and Transfer of Climate Change-Mitigation Technologies: A Global Analysis, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 5(1), pp. 109–30.
Derclaye Estelle (2008). Intellectual Property Rights and Global Warming, Marquette Intellectual Property Law Review, 12(2), pp. 264–97.
Doane Michael L. (1994). TRIPS and International Intellectual Property Protection in an Age of Advancing Technology, American University International Law Review, 9(2), pp. 465–97.
Drahos Peter (1995). Global Property Rights in Information: The Story of TRIPS at the GATT, Prometheus, 13(1), pp. 619.
Drahos Peter (1999). Intellectual Property and Human Rights, Intellectual Property Quarterly 3, pp. 349–71.
Drahos Peter (2002). Developing Countries and International Intellectual Property Standard-Setting, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, 5(5), pp. 765–89.
Drahos Peter (2007). Four Lessons for Developing Countries from the Trade Negotiations over Access to Medicines, Liverpool Law Review 28, pp.1139.
Drahos Peter (2008). “Trust Me”: Patent Offices in Developing Countries, American Journal of Law and Medicine & Ethics, pp. 151–74.
Drumbl Mark A. (2002). Poverty, Wealth, and Obligation in International Environmental Law, Tulane Law Review, 76(4), pp. 843960.
Dufey Guillaume (2013). Patents and Standardisation: Competition Concerns in New Technology Markets, Global Antitrust Review, 6, pp. 748.
Eaton Jonathan and Kortum Samuel (1999). International Technology Diffusion: Theory and Measurement, International Economic Review, 40(3), pp. 537–70.
Ecos John, Lall Sanjaya and Yuwen Mikyung (1997). Transfer of Technology: An Update, Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 11(1), pp. 5666.
Ehlermann Claus-Dieter (2003). Reflections on the Appellate Body of the WTO, Journal of International Economic Law 6(3). pp. 695708.
Eisenberg Rebecca S. (1989). Patents and the Progress of Science: Exclusive Rights and Experimental Use, The University of Chicago Law Review, 56(3), pp. 1017–86.
Encaoua David, Guellec Dominique, and Martinez Catalina (2006). Patent Systems for Encouraging Innovation: Lessons from Economic Analysis, Research Policy 35, pp. 1423–40.
Erlikhman Daniel (2003). Jazz Photo and the Doctrine of Patent Exhaustion: Implications to TRIPS and International Harmonization of Patent Protection, Hastings Communications and Entertainment Law Journal, 25 pp. 307–42.
Fair Robert (2009). Does Climate Change Justify Compulsory Licensing of Green Technology? International Law & Management Review, 6.
Falvey Rod, Foster Neil and Greenaway David (2009). Trade, Imitative Ability and Intellectual Property Rights, Review of World Economics 145, pp. 373404.
Feldman Alexander M. (2009). Evolving Treaty Obligations: A Proposal for Analysing Subsequent Practice Derived from WTO Dispute Settlement, International Law and Politics, 41, pp. 655706.
Fisher Larry R. (1967). The Misuse Doctrine and Post Expiration-Discriminatory-and Exorbitant Patent Royalties, Indiana Law Journal, Vol. 43(1), art. 6, pp. 106–29.
Fisher William (2001). Intellectual Property and Innovation: Theoretical, Empirical and Historical Perspectives, in Seminar on Intellectual Property and Innovation in the Knowledge-Based Economy, The Hague.
Frankel Susy (2006). WTO Application of “the Customary Rules of Interpretation of Public International Law” to Intellectual Property, Virginia Journal of International Law, 46, pp. 366431.
Frankel Susy (2009). Challenging TRIPS-Plus Agreements: The Potential Utility of Non-Violation Disputes, Journal of International Economic Law 12(4), pp. 1023–65.
Gaillard Jacques (2010). Measuring Research and Development in Developing Countries: Main Characteristics and Implications for the Frascati Manual, Science, Technology & Society, 15(1), pp. 77111.
Gana Ruth L. (1996). Prospects for Developing Countries under the TRIPS Agreement, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 29, pp. 735–75.
Gathii James Thuo (2002). The Legal Status of the Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health under the Vienna Convention on the Law of the Treaties, Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 15(2), pp. 292317.
Gathii James Thuo (2011). The Neoliberal Turn in Regional Trade Agreements, Washington Law Review, 86, pp. 421–74.
Geiger Christophe, Griffiths Jonathan and Hilty Reto M. (2008). Declaration on a Balanced Interpretation of the “Three-Step Test” in Copyright Law, IIC, 39, pp. 707–13.
Gervais Daniel J. (2005). Intellectual Property, Trade and Development: The State of Play, Fordham Law Review, 74 pp. 505–35.
Gervais Daniel J. (2006). The Changing Landscape of International Intellectual Property, Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice, 1(4), pp. 249–55.
Graham Lawrence D. and Zerbe Richard O. (1996). Economically Efficient Treatment of Computer Software: Reverse Engineering, Protection, and Disclosure, Rutgers Computer & Technology Law Journal, 22, pp. 61142.
Graham Stuart J. H., Merges Robert P., Samuelson Pam and Sichelman Ted (2010). High Technology Entrepreneurs and the Patent System: Result of the 2008 Berkeley Patent Survey, Berkeley Technology Law Journal, 24(4), pp. 1255–328.
Grosse Ruse-Khan Henning (2009). Time for a Paradigm Shift? Exploring Maximum Standards in International Intellectual Property Protection, Trade, Law and Development, 1, pp. 56102.
Grosse Ruse-Khan Henning (2011). The International Law Relation between TRIPS and Subsequent TRIPS-Plus Free Trade Agreements: Towards Safeguarding TRIPS Flexibilities? Journal of Intellectual Property Law, 18(2), pp. 325–65.
Haag Thomas A. (2002). TRIPS Since Doha: How Far Will the WTO Go toward Modifying the Terms for Compulsory Licensing? Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society, 84, pp. 945–81.
Haar Paul S. (1982). Revision of the Paris Convention: A Realignment of Private and Public Interests in the International Patent System, Brooklyn Journal of International Law, 8(1), pp. 77108.
Hall Bronwyn H. and Helmers Christian (2010). The Role of Patent Protection in (Clean/Green) Technology Transfer, Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal, 26, pp. 487532.
Halewood Michael (1997). Regulating Patent Holders: Local Working Requirements and Compulsory Licences at International Law, Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 35(2), art. 2.
Harris Donald P. (2006). Carrying a Good Joke Too Far: TRIPS and Treaties of Adhesion, Journal of International Law, 27(3).
Helfter Laurence R. (2004). Regime Shifting: The TRIPS Agreement and New Dynamics of International Intellectual Property Lawmaking, The Yale Journal of International Law, 29, pp. 183.
Heller Michael A. and Eisenberg Rebecca S. (1998). Can Patents Deter Innovation? The Anti-Commons in Biomedical Research, Science, 280, pp. 698701.
Hesse Carla (2002). The Rise of Intellectual Property, 700 B.C.–A.D. 2000: An Idea in the Balance, Daedalus, pp. 26–45.
Hettinger Edwin C. (1989). Justifying Intellectual Property, Philosophy & Public Affairs, 18(1), pp. 1352.
Ho Cynthia M. (2007). A New World Order for Addressing Patent Rights and Public Health, Chicago – Kent Law Review, 82, pp. 14691515.
Ho Cynthia M. (2009). Patent Breaking or Balancing?: Separating Strands of Fact from Fiction Under TRIPS, North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation, 34, pp. 371469.
Ho Samuel P. S. (1997). Technology Transfer to China During the 1980s – How Effective? Some Evidence from Jiangsu, Pacific Affairs 70(1), pp. 85106.
Hoekman Bernard M., Maskus Keith E. and Saggi Kamal (2005). Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries: Unilateral and Multilateral Policy Options, World Development, 33(10), pp. 1587–602.
Hoen Ellen’t (2002). TRIPS, Pharmaceutical Patents, and Access to Essential Medicines: A Long Way From Seattle to Doha, Chicago Journal of International Law, 3(1), pp. 2746.
Howley Jessica (2009). The Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Case: The Influence of the International Court of Justice on the Law of Sustainable Development, Queensland Law Student Review, 2(1), pp. 119.
Howse Robert (2000). The Canadian Generic Medicines Panel: A Dangerous Precedent in Dangerous Time, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, 3(4), pp. 493507.
Javorcik Beata Smarzynska (2004). The Composition of Foreign Direct Investment and Protection of Intellectual Property Rights: Evidence from Transition Economies, European Economic Review 48, pp. 3962.
Kampf Roger and Wager Hannu (2011). The Role of the TRIPS Agreement in the Global Health Policy, Stanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy, pp. 17–41.
Kastenmeier Robert W. and Beier David (1989). International Trade and Intellectual Property: Promise, Risks, and Reality, Journal of Transnational Law | Vanderbilt University, 22, pp. 285307.
Keller Eric (2008). Time-Varying Compulsory License: Facilitating License Negotiation for Efficient Post-Verdict Patent Infringement, Texas Intellectual Property Law Journal, 16, pp. 427–51.
Kitch Edmund W. (1994). The Patent Policy of Developing Countries, Pacific Basin Law Journal, 13, pp. 166–78.
Kunz-Hallstein Hans Peter (1989). The United States Proposal for a GATT-Agreement on Intellectual Property and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 22, pp. 265–84.
Kur Annette (2009). International Norm-Making in the Field of Intellectual Property: A Shift towards Maximum Rules? The WIPO Journal, 1, pp. 2734.
Lane Eric (2010). Clean Tech Reality Check: Nine International Green Technology Transfer Deals Unhindered by Intellectual Property Rights, Santa Clara Computer & High Technology Law Journal, pp. 533–57.
Lanjouw Jean Olson and Mody Ashoka (1996). Innovation and the International Diffusion of Environmentally Responsive Technology, Research Policy, 25, pp. 549–71.
Lennard Michael (2002). Navigating by the Stars: Interpreting the WTO Agreements, Journal of International Economic Law, 5(1), pp. 1789.
Levin Richard C., Klevorick Alvin K., Nelson Richard R., Winter Sidney G. (1987). Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, pp. 783–820.
Lewis Joanna I. (2007). Technology Acquisition and Innovation in the Developing World: Wind Turbine Development in China and India, Studies in Comparative International Development, 42, pp. 208–32.
Littleton Matthew (2009). The TRIPS Agreement and Transfer of Climate-Change-Related Technologies to Developing Countries, Natural Resources Forum 33, pp. 233–44.
Loughran Regina A. (1981). The United States Position on Revising the Paris Convention: Quid Pro Quo or Denunciation, Fordham International Law Journal, 5(2), pp. 411–39.
Luff David (1996). An Overview of International Law of Sustainable Development and a Confrontation between WTO Rules and Sustainable Development, Revue Belge de Droit International, 29(1), pp. 91144.
Machlup Fritz and Penrose Edith (1950). The Patent Controversy in the Nineteenth Century, The Journal of Economic History, 10(1), pp. 129.
Mahajan Anthony J. (1999). Intellectual Property, Contracts, and Reverse Engineering After ProCD: A Proposed Compromise for Computer Software, Fordham Law Review, 67(6), pp. 3297–335.
Maitra Neel (2010). Access to Environmentally Sound Technology in Developing World: A Proposed Alternative to Compulsory Licensing, Columbia Journal of Environmental Law, 35, pp. 407–45.
Mansfield Edwin (1986). Patents and Innovation: An Empirical Study, Management Science, 32(2), pp. 173–81.
Mansfield Edwin, Schwartz Mark and Wagner Samuel (1981). Imitation Costs and Patents: An Empirical Study, The Economic Journal, 91(364), pp. 907–18.
Marceau Gabrielle (1999). A Call for Coherence in International Law: Praises for the Prohibition against “Clinical Isolation” in WTO Dispute Settlement, Journal of World Trade, 33(5), pp. 87152.
Marceau Gabrielle (2001). Conflicts of Norms and Conflicts of Jurisdictions: The Relationship between the WTO Agreement and MEAs and Other Treaties, Journal of World Trade, 35(6), pp. 1081–131.
Marceau Gabrielle (2002). WTO Dispute Settlement and Human Rights, European Journal of International Law, 13(4), pp. 753814.
Marceau Gabrielle (2006). The WTO is NOT a Closed Box, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting, American Society of International Law, 100, pp. 2931.
Marceau Gabrielle and Trachtman Joel P. (2014). A Map of the World Trade Organisation Law of Domestic Regulation of Goods: The Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement, the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Agreement, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Journal of World Trade, 48(2), pp. 351432.
Marong Alhaji B. M. (2003). From Rio to Johannesburg: Reflections on the Role of International Legal Norms in Sustainable Development, The Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, 16, pp. 2176.
Maskus Keith E. (1998). The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in Encouraging Foreign Direct Investment and Technology Transfer, Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law, 9, pp. 109–61.
Maskus Keith E. (2005). Using the International Trading System to Foster Technology Transfer for Economic Development, Michigan State Law Review, pp. 219–41.
Maskus Keith E. and Penubarti Mohan (1995). How Trade-Related Are Intellectual Property Rights? Journal of International Economics, 39, pp. 227–48.
McCulloch Rachel (1981). Technology Transfer to Developing Countries: Implications of International Regulation, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 458, pp. 110–22.
McLachlan Campbell (2005). The Principle of Systemic Integration and Article 31(3)(c) of the Vienna Convention, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 54(2) pp. 279320.
Menescal Andrea Koury (2005). Changing WIPO’s Ways? The 2004 Development Agenda in Historical Perspective, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, 8(6), pp. 761–96.
Mercurio Bryan (2005). The Impact of the Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement on the Provision of the Health Services in Australia, Whittier Law Review, 26, pp. 1051–100.
Mercurio Bryan and Tyagi Mitali (2010). Treaty Interpretation in WTO Dispute Settlement: The Outstanding Question of the Legality of Local Working Requirements, Minnesota Journal of International Law, 19(2), pp. 275326.
Michaels Andrew C (2009). International Technology Transfer and TRIPS Article 66.2: Can Global Administrative Law Help Least-Developed Countries Get What They Bargained for? Georgetown Journal of International Law, 41, pp. 223–61.
Mitchell Andrew D. (2007). The Legal Basis for Using Principles in WTO Disputes, Journal of International Economic Law, 10(4), pp. 795835.
Moon Suerie (2008). Does TRIPS Art. 66.2 Encourage Technology Transfer to LDCs?: An Analysis of Country Submissions to the TRIPS Council (1999–2007). UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Policy Brief No. 2.
Moon Suerie (2011). Meaningful Technology Transfer to the LDCs: A Proposal for a Monitoring Mechanism for TRIPS Article 66.2, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Policy Brief No. 9.
Moore Adam D. (2003). Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Social Progress: The Case against Incentive Based Arguments, Hamline Law Review, 26(3), pp. 602–28.
Morin Jean-Frederic and Gold Richard E. (2010). Consensus-Seeking, Distrust and Rhetorical Entrapment: The WTO Decision on Access to Medicines, European Journal of International Relations, 16(4), pp. 563–87.
Nanda Nitya (2009). Diffusion of Climate-Friendly Technologies: Can Compulsory Licensing Help? Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, 14, pp. 241–46.
Ngassam Christopher (2004). Does the Presence or Lack of Intellectual Property Right Protection Affect International Trade Flows in Emerging Market Economies? An Exploratory Study, Proceedings of the Academy for Studies in International Business, 4(2), pp. 511.
Nguyãẽn Tú Thanh and Hans Henrik Lidgard (2008). The CFI Microsoft Judgment and TRIPS Competition Flexibilities, International Trade Law Journal, 16(3), pp. 4151.
Nicholson Michael W. (2007). The Impact of Industry Characteristics and IPR Policy on Foreign Direct Investment, Review of World Economics, 143(1). pp. 2754.
Noehrenberg Eric (2003). TRIPS, the Doha Declaration and Public Health, The Journal of World Intellectual Property 6, pp. 379–83.
Nunnenkamp Peter and Spatz Julius (2004). Intellectual Property Rights and Foreign Direct Investment: A Disaggregated Analysis, Review of World Economics, 140(3), pp. 393414.
Odman Ayse N. (2000). Using TRIPS to Make the Innovation Process Work, The Journal of World Intellectual Property 3, pp. 343–71.
Oguamanam Chidi (2003). The Convention on Biological Diversity and Intellectual Property Rights: The Challenge of Indigenous Knowledge, Southern Cross University Law Review, 7, pp. 89141.
Orellana Marcos A. (2009). Evolving WTO Law Concerning Health, Safety and Environmental Measures, Trade, Law and Development, 1, pp. 103–44.
Palmeter David and Mavroidis Petros (1998). The WTO Legal System: Sources of Law, The American Journal of International Law, 92, pp. 398413.
Park Kichan, Ali Murad and Chevalier Francoise (2011). A Spiral Process Model of Technological Innovation in a Developing Country: The Case of Samsung, African Journal of Business Management, 5(13), pp. 5162–78.
Pauwelyn Joost (2010). The Dog That Barked But Didn’t Bite: 15 Years of Intellectual Property Disputes at the WTO, Journal of International Dispute Settlement, 1(2), pp. 389429.
Petersmann Ernst-Ulrich (2000). The WTO Constitution and Human Rights, Journal of International Economic Law, 3(1), pp. 1925.
Popp David (2008). International Technology Transfer for Climate Policy, Centre for Policy Research, Paper 4.
Purcell Joseph M. (2014). The “Essential Facilities” Doctrine in the Sunlight: Stacking Patented Genetic Traits in Agriculture,” St. John’s Law Review, 85(3), pp. 1251–74.
Rai Rajnish Kumar (2008). Patentable Subject Matter Requirements: An Evaluation of Proposed Exclusions to India’s Patent Law in Light of India’s Obligations under the TRIPS Agreement and Options for India, Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property, 8, pp. 4184.
Rai Rajnish Kumar and Jagannathan Sirnath (2012). Parallel Imports and Unparallel Laws: An Examination of the Exhaustion Doctrine through the Lens of Pharmaceutical Products, Information and Communications Technology Law, 21(1), pp. 5389.
Rajamani Lavanya (2000). The Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibility and the Balance of Commitments under the Climate Regime, RECIEL, 9(2), pp. 120–31.
Reddy G. B. and Kari Harunrashid A. (2013). Local Working of Patents-Law and Implementation in India, Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, 18, pp. 1527.
Reichman Jerome H. (1995). Universal Minimum Standards of Intellectual Property Protection under the TRIPS Component of the WTO Agreement, The International Lawyer, 29(2), pp. 345–88.
Reichman Jerome H. (1996). From Free Riders to Fair Followers: Global Competition under the TRIPS Agreement, N.Y.U Journal of International Law and Politics, 29, pp. 1193.
Reichman Jerome H. (1998). Securing Compliance with the TRIPS Agreement after US v. India, Journal of International Economic Law, pp. 585–601.
Reichman Jerome H. (2000). The TRIPS Agreement Comes of Age: Conflict or Cooperation with the Developing Countries? Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, 32, pp. 441–70.
Reichman Jerome H. (2009a). Intellectual Property In the Twenty-First Century: Will the Developing Countries Lead or Follow? Houston Law Review, 46, pp. 1115–85.
Reichman Jerome H. (2009b). Compulsory Licensing of Patented Pharmaceutical Inventions: Evaluating the Options, Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 37(2), pp. 247–63.
Reichman Jerome H. and Lange David (1998). Bargaining around the TRIPS Agreement: The Case for On-Going Public-Private Initiatives to Facilitate Worldwide Intellectual Property Transactions, Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, 9, pp. 1168.
Reichman Jerome H. and Okediji Ruth L. (2012). When Copyright Law and Science Collide: Empowering Digitally Integrated Research Methods on a Global Scale, Minnesota Law Review, 96, pp. 1362–480.
Reisman Michael W. (2009). Opinion with Respect to Selected International Legal Problems in LCIA Case No. 7941, United States of America v. Canada, London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA). LCIA Case No. 81010.
Ricolfi Marco (2006). Is There an Antitrust Antidote against IP Overprotection within TRIPS? Marquette Intellectual Property Law Review, 10(2), pp. 305–67.
Rodrigues Edson Beas Jr. and Bryan Murphy (2006). Brazil’s Prior Consent Law: A Dialogue between Brazil and the United States Over Where the TRIPS Agreement Currently Sets the Balance between the Protection of Pharmaceutical Patents and Access to Medicines, Albany Law Journal of Science and Technology, 16, pp. 423–56.
Rosenne Shabtai (1982). The Election of Five Members of the International Court of Justice in 1981, The American Journal of International Law, 76(2), pp. 364–70.
Saha Subhasis (2009). Patent Law and TRIPS: Compulsory Licensing of Patents and Pharmaceuticals, Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society, 91, pp. 364–74.
Samuelson Pamela and Scotchmer Suzanne (2002). The Law and Economics of Reverse Engineering, The Yale Law Journal, 111, pp. 1575–663.
Sands Philippe (1994). The “Greening” of International Law: Emerging Principles and Rules, Global Legal Studies Journal, 1, pp. 293323.
Sands Philippe (1995). International Law in the Field of Sustainable Development, British Yearbook of International Law, 65(1), pp. 303–81.
Sell Susan K. (1989). Intellectual Property as a Trade Issue: From the Paris Convention to GATT, Legal Studies Forum, 13(4), pp. 407–22.
Sell Susan K. (2011). TRIPS Was Never Enough: Vertical Forum Shifting, FTAs, ACTA, and TPP, Journal of Intellectual Property Law, 18, pp. 447–78.
Sell Susan K. and Prakash Aseem (2004). Using Ideas Strategically: The Contest between Business and NGO Networks in Intellectual Property Rights, International Studies Quarterly 48, pp. 143–75.
Shabalala Dalindyebo (2009). An Introduction to this Issue: Climate Change and Technology Transfer, Sustainable Development Law & Policy, 9(3), Clean Technology and International Trade.
Shanker Daya (2002). The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, the Dispute Settlement System of the WTO and the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement, Journal of World Trade 36(4), pp. 721–72.
Sharma Ruchi and Saxena K. K. (2012). Strengthening the Patent Regime: Benefits for Developing Countries – A Survey, Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, 17, pp. 122–32.
Shashikant Sangeeta (2009). No Patents on Climate-Friendly Technologies, Says South, TWN Info Service on Intellectual Property Issues, 12 June, available at www.twnside.org.sg/title2/intellectual_property/info.service/2009/twn.ipr.info.090609.htm
Shavell Steven and van Ypersele Tanguy (2001). Rewards versus Intellectual Property Rights, Journal of Law and Economics, 44, pp. 525–47.
Smith Pamela J. (2001). How Do Foreign Patent Rights Affect U.S. Exports, Affiliate Sales, and Licenses? Journal of International Economics, 55, pp. 411–39.
Son Seungwoo (2002). Selective Refusals to Sell Patented Goods: The Relationship between Patent Rights and Antitrust Law, Journal of Law, Technology & Policy, 2002(1), pp. 109–91.
Sovacool Benjamin K. (2008). Placing a Glove on the Invisible Hand: How Intellectual Property Rights May Impede Innovation in Energy Research and Development (R&D), Albany Law Journal of Science and Technology, 18(2), pp. 381440.
Stec Stephen and Eckstein Gabriel E. (1997). Of Solemn Oaths and Obligations: The Environmental Impact of the ICJ’s Decision in the Case Concerning the Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Project, Yearbook of International Environmental Law, 8, pp. 4150.
Stewart Frances and Ghani Ejaz (1991). How Significant Are Externalities for Development? World Development, 19(6), pp. 569–94.
Stout Maria Victoria (2008). Crossing the TRIPS Non-discrimination Line: How CAFTA Pharmaceutical Patent Provisions Violate TRIPS Article 27.1, Boston University Journal of Science and Technology Law, 14, pp. 177200.
Suwan-in Nattapong (2012). Compulsory Licensing, A Long Debate on TRIPS Agreement Interpretation: Discovering the Truth of Thailand’s Imposition on Pharmaceutical Patents, Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, 7, pp. 225–61.
Sykes Alan O. (2002). TRIPS, Pharmaceuticals, Developing Countries, and the Doha “Solution”, Chicago Journal of International Law, 3, pp. 4768.
Taubman Antony (2008). Rethinking TRIPS: ‘Adequate Remuneration’ for Non-Voluntary Patent Licensing, Journal of International Economic Law 11(4), pp. 927–70.
Thomas Chantal (1999). Transfer of Technology in the Contemporary International Order, Fordham International Law Journal, 22, pp. 2096–111.
Timmermann Cristian and van den Belt Henk (2013). Intellectual Property and Global Health: From Corporate Social Responsibility to the Access to Knowledge Movement, Liverpool Law Review, 34(1), pp. 4773.
Tully Danielle L. (2003). Prospects for Progress: The TRIPS Agreement and Developing Countries after the Doha Conference, Boston College International & Comparative Law Review, 26, pp. 129–43.
Ullrich Hanns (2004). Expansionist Intellectual Property Protection and Reductionist Competition Rules: A TRIPS Perspective, Journal of International Economic Law, pp. 401–30.
UNEP (2003). Phytotechnologies: A Technical Approach in Environmental Management, IETC Freshwater Management Series, 7, available at www.unep.or.jp/Ietc/Publications/Freshwater/FMS7/2.asp#Ia.
van Ark Bart, O’Mahony Mary and Timmer Marcel P. (2008). The Productivity Gap between Europe and the United States: Trends and Causes, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 22(1), pp. 2544.
Verhoosel Gaetan (1998). Beyond the Unsustainable Rhetoric of Sustainable Development: Transferring Environmentally Sound Technologies, The Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, 11, pp. 4976.
Weinreb Lloyd L. (1998). Copyright for Functional Expression, Harvard Law Review, 111(5), pp. 1149–254.
Yi Qian (2007). Do National Patent Laws Stimulate Domestic Innovation in a Global Patenting Environment? A Cross-Country Analysis of Pharmaceutical Patent Protection, 1978–2002, The Review of Economics and Statistics 89(3), pp. 436–53.
Yilmaz Kamil and Mody Ashoka (2002). Imports for Export Competitiveness, World Bank Economic Review, 16(1), pp. 2348.
Young Margaret (2007). The WTO’s Use of Relevant Rules of International Law: An Analysis of the Biotech Case, The International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 56(4), pp. 907–30.
Yu Peter K. (2009). The Objectives and Principles of the TRIPS Agreement, Houston Law Review, 46, pp. 9791046.
Zaman Khorsed (2013). The TRIPS Patent Protection Provisions and Their Effects on Transferring Climate Change Technologies to LDCs and Poor Developing Countries: A Critical Appraisal, Asian Journal of International Law, 3, pp. 137–61.
Zeitler Helge Elisabeth (2005). “Good Faith” in the WTO Jurisprudence: Necessary Balancing Element or an Open Door to Judicial Activism, Journal of International Economic Law 8(3), pp. 721–58.
Zhou Yuanchun and Zou Ji (2009). The Intellectual Property Issues in International Development and Transfer of Climate-Friendly Technologies, [in Chinese], Paper presented in PACE Conference, 12–15 July.
Zhou Yuanchun, Zou Ji and Wang Ke (2010). How to Conquer the IPR Barriers in the Low Carbon Technologies? [in Chinese], Environmental Protection, 2, pp. 6870.
Zhuang Wei (2011). Intellectual Property Rights and Transfer of Clean Energy Technologies, International Journal of Public Law and Policy, 1(4), pp. 384401.
Zou Ji, Wang Ke, Fu Sha et al. (2009). Proposal on Innovative Mechanism for Development and Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies, Economic Science Press.
Abbot Frederick M. (2009). Innovation and Technology Transfer to Address Climate Change: Lessons from the Global Debate on Intellectual Property and Public Health, ICTSD’s Programme on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 24, Geneva: ICTSD.
Athreye Suma and Yang Yong (2011). Disembodied Knowledge Flows in the World Economy, WIPO Economic Research Working Papers No. 3.
Ban Ki-moon (2008). Statement by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at the opening of the High-Level Segment of COP 14 in Poznan, available at http://unfccc.int/2860.php.
Barratt Amanda (2008). The Battelle for Policy Space: Strategic Advantages of a Human Rights Approach in International Intellectual Property Negotiations, unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Cape Town.
Barton John H. (2007a). New Trends in Technology Transfer: Implications for National and International Policy, Issue Paper No. 18, Geneva: ICTSD.
Barton John H. (2007b). Intellectual Property and Access to Clean Energy Technologies in Developing Countries: An Analysis of Solar Photovoltaic, Biofuel and Wind Technologies, Trade and Sustainable Energy Series Issue Paper No. 2, Geneva: ICTSD.
Barton John H. (2008). Mitigating Climate Change through Technology Transfer: Addressing the Needs of Developing Countries, Energy, Environment and Development Programme: Programme Paper 08/02, Chatham House.
Bollyky Thomas J. (2009). Intellectual Property Rights and Climate Change: Principles for Innovation and Access to Low-Carbon Technology, Centre for Global Development (CGD) Notes.
Brown Marilyn A., Chandler Jess, Lapsa Melissa V. and Sovacool Benjamin K. (2008). Carbon Lock-In: Barriers to Deploying Climate Change Mitigation Technologies, Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy, ORNL/TM-2007/124.
Baykal Yesim (2013). WIPO GREEN: the Sustainable Technology Marketplace, presented at the Conference on Climate Change in Africa: Advancing Knowledge, Technology, Policy and Practice, available at www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/africa/en/wipo_kenya_cic_jpo_inn_nbo_13/wipo_kenya_cic_jpo_inn_nbo_13_t_1.pdf
Cannady Cynthia (2009). Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries: A Practical Strategy, ICTSD’s Programme on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 25, Geneva: ICTSD.
Centre for International Environmental Law (2010). Technology Transfer in the UNFCCC and Other International Legal Regimes: The Challenges of Systemic Integration, Background Paper, International Council on Human Rights Policy.
Centre for International Environmental Law (CIEL) (2009). Frameworks and Options for Addressing Technology Cooperation in the UNFCCC: National and Multilateral Elements, Background Brief for the Workshop on: Operationalizing of Technology Cooperation in the UNFCCC: Building Civil Society Viewpoints into Copenhagen, 11–15 May 2009.
CISDL(2002). The Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities: Origins and Scope, A CISDL Legal Brief for the World Summit on Sustainable Development, available at http://cisdl.org/public/docs/news/brief_common.pdf.
Copenhagen Economics (2009). Are IPR a Barrier to the Transfer of Climate Change Technology? Report prepared by Copenhagen Economics A/S and The IPR Company ApS.
Correa Carlos M. (1999). Intellectual Property Rights and the Use of Compulsory Licenses: Options for Developing Countries, Geneva: South Centre Working Papers.
Correa Carlos M. (2000). Integrating Public Health Concerns into Patent Legislation in Developing Countries, Geneva: South Centre Working Papers.
Correa Carlos M. (2002). Implications of the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, Health Economics and Drugs EDM Series No. 12, published by WHO.
Correa Carlos M. (2007). Intellectual Property and Competition Law: Exploring Some Issues of Relevance to Developing Countries, Geneva: ICTSD, ICTSD IPRs and Sustainable Development Programme Issue Paper No. 21.
Correa Carlos M. (2009). The Push for Stronger Enforcement Rules: Implications for Developing Countries, The Global Debate on the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights and Developing Countries, Programme on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 22, Geneva: ICTSD, pp. 27–80.
Correa Carlos M. (2011). Pharmaceutical Innovation, Incremental Patenting and Compulsory Licensing, Research Paper No. 41.
Correa Carlos M. (2012). Mechanisms for International Cooperation in Research and Development: Lessons for the Context of Climate Change, Research Paper No. 43, Geneva: South Centre Working Papers.
Correa Carlos M. (2013). Innovation and Technology Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies, presentation at the Centre for International Environmental Studies of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, 9 October, Geneva.
Cottier Thomas, Lalani Shaheeza, and Temmerman Michelangelo (2013). Use It or Lose It? Assessing the Compatibility of the Paris Convention and TRIPS With Respect to Local Working Requirements, Working Paper No. 2012/11.
Dechezleprêtre Antoine (2013). Fast-Tracking Green Patent Applications: An Empirical Analysis, ICTSD Programme on Innovation, Technology and Intellectual Property, Issue Paper No. 37, Geneva: ICTSD.
Drahos Peter (2002). Developing Countries and International Intellectual Property Standard-Setting, Commission on Intellectual Property Rights, Study Paper 8.
Doranova Asel, Costa Ionara and Duysters Geert (2009). Knowledge Base Determinants of Technology Sourcing in the Clean Development Mechanism Projects, UNU-MERIT Working Paper Series No. 2009–015.
Dupasquier Chantal and Osakwe Patrick N. (2005). Foreign Direct Investment in Africa: Performance, Challenges and Responsibilities, African Trade Policy Centre, Work in Progress No. 21.
Dutfield Graham and Suthersanen Uma (2004). Harmonization or Differentiation in Intellectual Property Protection? Lessons from History, Occasional Paper 15, Geneva: QUNO.
Earth Negotiations Bulletin (2006). Summary of the Twelfth Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and Second Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol: 6–17 November 2006.
Earth Negotiations Bulletin (2007). Summary of the Thirteenth Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and Third Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol: 3–15 December 2007.
Falvey Rod and Foster Neil (2006). The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in Technology Transfer and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence, Vienna: UNIDO Working Papers.
Foray Dominique (2009). Technology Transfer in the TRIPS Age: The Need for New Types of Partnerships between the Least Developed and Most Advanced Economies, ICTSD programme on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 23, Geneva: ICTSD.
Garrison Christopher (2006). Exceptions to Patent Rights in Developing Countries, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 17, Geneva: UNCTAD and ICTSD.
Gehl Sampath Padmashree and Roffe Pedro (2012). Unpacking the International Technology Transfer Debate: Fifty Years and Beyond, ICTSD Programme on Innovation, Technology and Intellectual Property, working paper, Geneva: ICTSD.
Global Environment Facility (2010). Implementing the Poznan Strategic Program on Technology Transfer, Professional Graphics Printing Co.
Granstrand Ove (2003). Innovation and Intellectual Property, Background paper to the Concluding Roundtable Discussion on IPR at the DRUID Summer Conference 2003 on Creating, Sharing and Transferring Knowledge: The Role of Geography, Institutions and Organisations, Copenhagen 12–14 June.
Grosse Ruse-Khan Henning (2008). A Comparative Analysis of Policy Space in WTO Law, Research Paper Series No. 08–02, Munich: Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law.
Grosse Ruse-Khan Henning (2010). Sustainable Development in International Intellectual Property Law – New Approaches from EU Economic Partnership Agreements? ICTSD’s Programme on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 29, Geneva: ICTSD.
Gueye Moustapha Kamal, Sell Malena and Strachan Janet (2009). Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Key Issues for Small States, Least Developed Countries and Vulnerable Economics, Commonwealth Secretariat, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14217/9781848590007-en.
Harvey Ian (2008). Intellectual Property Rights: The Catalyst to Deliver Low Carbon Technologies, Briefing Paper: Breaking the Climate Deadlock, The Climate Group.
Hoekman Bernard M., Maskus Keith E. and Saggi Kamal (2004). Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries: Unilateral and Multilateral Policy Options, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3332.
Hutchison Cameron (2007). Does TRIPS Facilitate or Impede Climate Change Technology Transfer into Developing Countries, CISDL Legal Working Paper Series on Climate Change Law and Policy, CISDL.
ICTSD (2008). Climate Change, Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Rights, paper prepared for the Trade and Climate Change Seminar, 18–20 June, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Iliev Ilian (2012). Role of Patents in Renewable Energy Technology Innovation, Presentation to IRENA Roundtable on Assessment of IPRs for Promoting Renewable Energy, 25 October, Cambridge Intellectual Property Ltd.
International Chamber of Commerce (2009). Climate Change and Intellectual Property, ICC Document No. 213/71 and No. 450/1050.
Johnson Daniel K. N. and Lybecker Kristina M. (2009). Innovating for an Uncertain Market: A Literature Review of the Constraints on Environmental Innovation, No. 2009–06. Colorado College Working Paper.
Johnson Daniel K. N. and Lybecker Kristina M. (2009). Challenges to Technology Transfer: A Literature Review of the Constraints on Environmental Technology Dissemination, Colorado College Working Paper 2009–07.
Khor Martin (2008). IPRs, Technology Transfer and Climate Change, Third World Network, available at www.un.org/esa/analysis/devplan/egm_climatechange/khor.pdf.
Kim Linsu (2003). Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Rights: The Korean Experience, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 2, Geneva: ICTSD and UNCTAD.
Lall Sanjaya (2003). Indicators of the Relative Importance of IPRs in Developing Countries, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 3, Geneva: ICTSD and UNCTAD.
Lamy Pascal (2007). Globalization and the Environment in a Reformed UN: Charting a Sustainable Development Path, Speech at the 24th Session of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environmental Forum, Nairobi, 5 February 2007, available at www.wto.org/english/news_e/sppl_e/sppl54_e.htm.
Latif Ahmed Abdel (2012). Intellectual Property Rights and Green Technologies from Rio to Rio: An Impossible Dialogue? Policy Brief No. 14, Geneva: ICTSD.
Latif Ahmed Abdel, Maskus Keith E., Okediji Ruth, Reichman Jerome and Roffe Pedro (2011). Overcoming the Impasse on Intellectual Property and Climate Change at the UNFCCC: A Way Forward, Policy Brief No.11.
Lemoine Francoise and Unal-kesenci Deniz (2003). Trade and Technology Transfers: A Comparative Study of Turkey, India and China, CEPII, Working Paper, No. 2003–16.
Lewis Joanna I. (2007). A Comparison of Wind Power Industry Development Strategies in Spain, India and China, prepared for the Centre for Resource Solutions Supported by the Energy Foundation, China Sustainable Energy Program, 19 July.
Littleton Matthew (2008). The TRIPS Agreement and Transfer of Climate-Change-Related Technologies to Developing Countries, DESA Working Paper No. 71, ST/ESA/2008/DWP/71.
Mansfield Edwin (1995). Intellectual Property Protection, Direct Investment and Technology Transfer: Germany, Japan and the United States, International Finance Corporation Discussion Paper No. 27, published by the World Bank and International Finance Corporation.
Maskus Keith E. (2004). Encouraging International Technology Transfer, ICTSD and UNCTAD Issue Paper No. 7, Geneva, Switzerland.
Maskus Keith E. (2010). Differentiated Intellectual Property Regimes for Environmental and Climate Technologies, OECD Environment Working Papers, No. 17, at p. 7, OECD Publishing, doi: 10.1787/5kmfwjvc83vk-en.
Maskus Keith E. and Okediji Ruth L. (2010). Intellectual Property Rights and International Technology Transfer to Address Climate Change: Risks, Opportunities and Policy Options, ICTSD’s Programme on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 32, Geneva: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development.
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (2014). Declaration on Patent Protection: Regulatory Sovereignty under TRIPS, available at www.ip.mpg.de/files/pdf2/Patent_Declaration1.pdf.
Misati Evans and Adachi Kiyoshi (2010). The Research and Experimentation Exceptions in Patent Law: Jurisdictional Variations and the WIPO Development Agenda, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Policy Brief No. 7.
Moon Suerie (2011). Meaningful Technology Transfer to the LDCs: A Proposal for a Monitoring Mechanism for TRIPS Article 66.2, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Policy Brief No. 9.
Moore Mike (2001). Countries Must Feel Secure That They Can Use TRIPS’ Flexibility, 20 June, available at www.wto.org/english/news_e/news01_e/dg_trips_medicines_010620_e.htm.
Musungu Sisule F., Villanueva Susan and Blasetti Roxana (2004). Utilizing TRIPS Flexibilities for Public Health Protection through South – South Regional Frameworks, Geneva: South Centre.
Nanda Nitya and Srivastava Nidhi (2011). Facilitating Technology Transfer for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, prepared for the 17th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 28 November–9 December 2011, The Energy and Resources Institute.
OECD (1995). Technologies for Clearer Production and Products: Towards Technological Transformation for Sustainable Development, Paris: OECD.
Oliva Maria Julia (2009). Technologies for Climate Change and Intellectual Property: Issues for Small Developing Countries, Information Note No. 12.
Olivier et al. (2012). Trends in Global CO2 Emissions: 2012 Report - Background Studies, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
Panagariya Arvind (2000). The Millennium Round and Developing Countries: Negotiating Strategies and Areas of Benefits, G-24 Discussion Paper Series: Research Papers for the Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs, New York and Geneva: United Nations.
Park Walter G. and Lippoldt Douglas (2005). International Licensing and the Strengthening of Intellectual Property Rights in Developing Countries During the 1990s, OECD Economic Studies No. 40, 2005/1, pp. 7–48.
Pueyo Ana and Linares Pedro (2012). Renewable Technology Transfer to Developing Countries: One Size Does not Fit All, IDS Working Paper, Vol. 2012, No. 412, published by the Institute of Development Studies.
Reichman Jerome H. and Hasenzahl Catherine (2003). Non-voluntary Licensing of Patented Inventions: Historical Perspective, Legal Framework under TRIPS, and an Overview of the Practice in Canada and the United States of America, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No. 5, Geneva: UNCTAD and ICTSD.
Reichman Jerome, Rai Arti K., Newell Richard G. and Wiener Jonathan B. (2008). Intellectual Property and Alternatives: Strategies for Green Innovation, Energy, Environment and Development Programme Paper: 08/03, Chatham House, UK.
Saad Abughanm (2012). The Protection of Pharmaceutical Patents and Data under TRIPS and US – Jordan FTA: Exploring the Limits of Obligations and Flexibilities: A Study of the Impact on the Pharmaceutical Sector in Jordan, SJD thesis, University of Toronto.
Seaton Associates (2002). Knowledge Transfer, Discussion Paper prepared for the AQUADAPT workshop, Montpellier, France, 25–27 October.
Serafino David (2007). Survey of Patent Pools Demonstrates Variety of Purposes and Management Structures, KEI Research Note 2007.
Seres Stephen (2008). Analysis of Technology Transfer in CDM Projects, Prepared for the UNFCCC Registration and Issuance Unit CDM/SDM, http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Reports/TTreport/TTrep08.pdf.
Shashikant Sangeeta (2009). Developing Countries Call for No Patents on Climate-Friendly Technologies, TWN Bonn News Update 15, Third World Network, 11 June 2009.
Singer Peter and Schroeder Doris (2009). Ethical Reasons for Intellectual Property Rights Reform, A Report (D 1.3) for INNOVA P2, CAPPE, University of Melbourne.
South Centre (2009). Accelerating Climate-Relevant Technology Innovation and Transfer to Developing Countries: Using TRIPS Flexibilities under the UNFCCC, SC/IAKP/AN/ENV/1, SC/GGDP/AN/ENV/8, August 2009, Geneva.
South Centre and CIEL (2008). The Technology Transfer Debate in the UNFCCC: Politics, Patents and Confusion, IP Quarterly Update, 4th Quarter.
Spennemann Christoph (2010). TRIPS Pre-Grant Flexibilities: Patentable Subject Matter, UNCTAD presentation, available at www.ictsd.org/downloads/2010/01/patentability-criteria-rev.pdf.
Stilwell Matthews and Tuerk Elisabeth (2001). Towards a Full Review of the WTO’s TRIPS Agreement under Article 71.1, Centre for International Environmental Law, available at www.ciel.org/Publications/Assessment_Trips_article711.pdf.
Syam Nirmalya (2010). Rush for Patents May Hinder Transfer of New Climate-Friendly Technologies, South Bulletin, 44, 8 March, pp. 1112.
Taubman Antony and Watal Jayashree (2010). The WTO TRIPS Agreement – A Practical Overview for Climate Change Policymakers, Documentation used in technical cooperation activities of the WTO’s Intellectual Property Division, available at www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/ta_docs_e/8_3_overviewclimatechange_e.pdf.
Teng Fei, Chen Wenying and He Jiankun (2008). Possible Development of a Technology Clean Development Mechanism in a Post-2012 Regime, prepared for the Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements, Discussion Paper 08–24.
The ICC Commission on Intellectual Property (2011). Intellectual Property: Powerhouse for Innovation and Economic Growth, Paris: International Chamber of Commerce.
Thomas John R. (2015). Tailoring the Patent System for Specific Industries, Congressional Research Service Report 7–5700.
UNCTAD (2003). Course on Dispute Settlement: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Vol. 3, United Nations.
UNCTAD and ICTSD (2003). Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for Development, UNCTAD-ICTSD Project on IPRs and Sustainable Development, Policy Discussion Paper, Geneva: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
UNDP (2011). Technological Cooperation and Climate Change: Issues and Perspectives, Working papers presented at the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India-UNDP Consultation on Technology Cooperation for Addressing Climate Change, New Delhi: United Nations Development Program.
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (2012). Science and Technology for Sustainable Development, RIO 2012 Issue Briefs, No. 12.
Walker Simon (2001). The TRIPS Agreement, Sustainable Development and the Public Interest, Discussion Paper, IUCN, Gland.
Watson Jim, MacKerron Gordon, Ockwell David and Wang Tao (2007). Technology and Carbon Mitigation in Developing Countries: Are Cleaner Coal Technologies A Viable Option? Background Paper for Human Development Report 2007, UNDP.
Williams Heidi L. (2010). Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation: Evidence from the Human Genome, NBER Working Paper Series, Working Paper 16213, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Wilson Tim (2008). Undermining Mitigation Technology: Compulsory Licensing, Patents and Tariffs, Melbourne: Institute of Public Affairs Backgrounder 21/1.
Wouters Jan, Coppens Dominic and Geraets Dylan (2011). The Influence of General Principles of Law, Working Paper No. 70, Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies.
WTO (2012). Options for a Technology Facilitation Mechanism, Rio +20 – WTO Secretariat Contribution Regarding ‘A Facilitation Mechanism That Promotes the Development, Transfer and Dissemination of Clean and Environmentally Sound Technologies’, available at https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?page=view&type=111&nr=1243&menu=35.
Yamane Hiroko (2014). Competition Analyses of Licensing Agreements: Considerations for Developing Countries under TRIPS, Discussion Paper, ICTSD Innovation, Technology and Intellectual Property, Geneva: ICTSD.
Buxbaum A. Peter, Climate Change, Patent Pending, International Relations and Security Network (ISN ETH Zurich). 25 June 2009, available at www.isn.ethz.ch/DigitalLibrary/Articles/Detail//?ots591=4888CAA0-B3DB-1461-98B9-E20E7B9C13D4&lng=en&id=102425.
Charges for the Use of Intellectual Property, payments (BoP, current US dollars). World Development Indicators, the World Bank, available at http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/BM.GSR.ROYL.CD.
Akoi Chizuru, GEF Actions on Technology Transfer, www.thegef.org/gef/greenline/Nov10/3.html.
Climate Change Centre and Network (2016). Countries Pledge Millions for Technology Transfer to Implement Paris Agreement, 16 November, available at www.ctc-n.org/news/countries-pledge-millions-technology-transfer-implement-paris-agreement
Correa Carlos M. (2012). Proliferation of Patents Hurts Public Interest, IDN-InDepth News Viewpoint, 26 July, available at www.indepthnews.info/index.php/global-issues/1065-proliferation-of-patents-hurts-public-interest.
European Commission (Directorate General Competition). Pharma Sector Inquiry-Main Issues Investigated, Human Rights in Patient Care, available at http://cop.health rights.org/files/5/f/5f178d13295196c05775461875566c4e.pdf.
GEF, What Is the GEF? available at www.thegef.org/gef/whatisgef.
Goldberg Keith, Clean Energy Boom Sets Stage for IP Wars, Law 360, New York, 30 October 2013, available at www.morganlewis.com/pubs/Law360_CleanEnergyPatentBoom_30oct13.pdf.
ICTSD (2012). UNFCCC Technology Executive Committee Seeks More ‘Clarity’ on IPRs, 22 November, Biores, Vol. 6, No. 4.
International Energy Agency, Prospect of Limiting the Global Increase in Temperature to 2ºC Is Getting Bleaker, 30 May 2011, available at www.iea.org/journalists/latestinformation.asp.
Lane Eric, New Alliance’s Big IDEA: Strong IP Is Essential for Green Innovation, Green Patent Blog, 17 May 2009, available at www.greenpatentblog.com/2009/05/17/new-alliances-big-idea-strong-ip-is-essential-for-green-innovation/.
Macguire Eoghan, 12 June 2012, Who’s Funding the Green Energy Revolution? CNN, available at http://edition.cnn.com/2012/06/12/world/renewables-finance-unep.
Ministerial Conferences, WTO website, available at www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/minist_e.htm.
OECD Patent Databases, Innovation in Science, Technology and Industry, OECD website, available at www.oecd.org/sti/inno/oecdpatentdatabases.htm.
Patents by Technology: Patents in Environment-related Technologies, OECD. Stat Extracts, available at http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?queryid=29068.
Raman Meena (2009). Wide North-South Divide Over IPRs and Climate Technologies, Bonn News Update No. 13, 9 June.
Ramanathan K. (2011). An Overview of Technology Transfer and Technology Transfer Models, 5 Apr 2011, available at www.businessasia.net/Pdf_Pages/Guidebook%20on%20Technology%20Transfer%20Mechanisms/An%20overview%20of%20TT%20and%20TT%20Models.pdf.
Rogers Simon and Evans Lisa (2011). World Carbon Dioxide Emissions Data by Country: China Speeds Ahead of the Rest, The Guardian, 31 January, available at www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2011/jan/31/world-carbon-dioxide-emissions-country-data-co2.
Saez Catherine (2010). UN Climate Talks Find Make-Do Solution; IP Rights Dismissed, Intellectual Property Watch, 14 December.
Saez Catherine (2013). Green Innovations, Owned by Developed Countries, Tied Up in Patents, Expert Says, Intellectual Property Watch, 14 October.
Schwartz Tessa and Niyogi Tierney Sarah (2009). Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Issues Take Centre Stage in UNFCCC Negotiations, Cleantech Update.
Shashikant Sangeeta and Khor Martin (2010). Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer Issues in the Context of Climate Change, Jutaprint. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ‘Intellectual Property’, available at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/intellectual-property/
Telecommunications Services, WTO website, available at www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/serv_e/telecom_e/telecom_e.htm
Topal Claire (2014). The Globalization of China’s Life Sciences Industry: Flashpoints in Sino-U.S. Trade Relations: An Interview with Ka Zeng, The National Bureau of Asian Research, available at www.nbr.org/research/activity.aspx?id=413.
U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Companies Launch Coalition to Defend IPR in Climate Change Talks, 22 May 2009, available at www.theglobalipcenter.com/companies-launch-coalition-defend-ipr-climate-change-talks/.
UNFCCC Secretariat, Governments Agree the Negotiating Text for the Paris Climate Agreement, Spirit of Lima Transforms into Spirit of Geneva En Route to December Climate Conference, Press Release, 13 February 2015.
UNFCCC website, available at http://unfccc.int.
Vadim Kotelnikov, Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs). Ten3, http://it4b.icsti.su/1000ventures_e/environment/est_main.html
Vidal John, Copenhagen Climate Summit in Disarray after “Danish Text?” Leak, The Guardian, 9 December 2009.
WIPO (2013). Refusals to License IP Rights – A Comparative Note on Possible Approaches, prepared by the Secretariat, available at www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/ipcompetition/en/studies/refusals_license_IPRs.pdf.
WIPO (2013). WIPO GREEN: New Online Marketplace Seeks Environmentally Sustainable Solutions for Climate Change, PR/2013/749, available at www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2013/article_0025.html.
WIPO, Advice on Flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement, available at www.wipo.int/ipdevelopment/en/legislative_assistance/advice_trips.html.
WIPO, IPC Green Inventory, available at www.wipo.int/classifications/ipc/en/est/index.html.
WIPO, Questionnaire on Exceptions and Limitations to Patent Rights: Tables and Links to the Replies Received from Member States and Regional Offices to the SCP, available at www.wipo.int/scp/en/exceptions/.
WIPO, WIPO Treaties – General Information, available at www.wipo.int/treaties/en/general/.
WIPO, WIPO’s Contribution to Meeting the Challenges of Climate Change, available at www.wipo.int/about-wipo/en/climate_change_conf_09.html.
World Trade Organization, The Committee on Trade and Environment (“regular” CTE), available at www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/envir_e/wrk_committee_e.htm
World Trade Organization, Sustainable Development, available at www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/envir_e/sust_dev_e.htm
WTO (2005). Members OK amendment to make health flexibility permanent, Press/426, 6 December, available at www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres05_e/pr426_e.htm
WTO (2007). Patents and Health: WTO Receives First Notification Under “Paragraph 6” System, TRIPS and Public Health, available at www.wto.org/english/news_e/news07_e/public_health_july07_e.htm
WTO, The Separate Declaration Explained, available at www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/healthdeclexpln_e.htm
WTO, Under TRIPS, What Are Member Governments’ Obligations on Pharmaceutical Patents? available at www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/factsheet_pharm02_e.htm.
WTO, What Are Intellectual Property Rights? available at www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/intel1_e.htm.
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edn.
Dictionary.com. Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 10th Edition. HarperCollins Publishers.
Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House.
Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 6th edn, vol. 2, Oxford University Press, 2007.