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  • Cited by 6
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    Caballero Vázquez, Miguel 2016. Cibeles en el Palacio de los Soviets. Debates sobre monumentalidad en la Guerra Civil Española. Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 323.

    Rodrìguez Jiménez, Francisco Javier 2016. Trade Unionism and Spain-Us Political Relations, 1945-1953. VENTUNESIMO SECOLO, p. 96.

    Drachewych, Oleksa 2018. The Communist Transnational? Transnational studies and the history of the Comintern. History Compass, p. e12521.

    Rueda Laffond, José Carlos 2018. Autorretratos en rojo: explorando la autobiografía comunista. Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies, Vol. 19, Issue. 4, p. 407.

    Anton-Solanas, Isabel Wakefield, Ann and Hallett, Christine E. 2018. International nurses to the rescue: The role and contribution of the nurses of the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War. Japan Journal of Nursing Science,

    Rodríguez-Jiménez, Francisco 2018. «Palos en la rueda…» Acción exterior del sindicalismo estadounidense en España, 1945-1975. Hispania, Vol. 78, Issue. 259, p. 377.

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Book description

International Communism and the Spanish Civil War provides an intimate picture of international communism in the Stalin era. Exploring the transnational exchanges that occurred in Soviet-structured spaces - from clandestine schools for training international revolutionaries in Moscow to the International Brigades in Spain - the book uncovers complex webs of interaction, at once personal and political, that linked international communists to one another and the Soviet Union. The Spanish Civil War, which coincided with the great purges in the Soviet Union, stands at the center of this grassroots history. For many international communists, the war came to define both their life histories and political commitments. In telling their individual stories, the book calls attention to a central paradox of Stalinism - the simultaneous celebration and suspicion of transnational interactions - and illuminates the appeal of a cause that promised solidarity even as it practiced terror.


'Lisa A. Kirschenbaum offers an important contribution to Spanish Civil War studies, linking the 1930s with the Cold War era. Well-written and well-researched, her book illuminates both personal and political issues that shaped participants through their lives.'

Peter N. Carroll - Stanford University, California and author of From Guernica to Human Rights: Essays on the Spanish Civil War

'Kirschenbaum’s International Communism and the Spanish Civil War offers a welcome, fresh approach to looking at the Spanish Civil War. Rather than taking one of the two standard and highly polarized positions on the role of the communists, she adopts a more neutral stance and seeks to convey what the experience was like for the committed internationalist, basing much of her text on diaries, letters, and archival materials produced by the actual participants. She also puts the war into a broader perspective within the international communist movement, looking at key institutions, networks, and attitudes from before the war and also covering the decades since the Republican cause was lost in 1939, so that the book is really a history of the international communist movement told from the perspective of the civil war in Spain. It is well documented and highly readable.'

Katerina Clark - Yale University, Connecticut

‘A dazzling, deeply informed, and spiritedly composed sociocultural history of international communism, taking as its principal case study the mobilization of communists around the Spanish Civil War, Kirshenbaum’s new book puts a human face on interwar communism and explores the daily life, interpersonal relationships, triumphs, and tragedies of individual communists, committed to the cause. … Through impressively deep research in unexplored archives, Kirshenbaum argues that the Comintern was much more than a series of decisions dictated from Moscow; it was people, relationships, and adventures. It had a soundtrack, too, and that was the raised, optimistic, voices of tens of thousands, singing the same song in many languages, first in Moscow and then in Spain. … The topic and approach of this unique, beautifully written volume will recommend it to college courses covering the Spanish Civil War, international communism, interwar Europe, the European civil wars (1914–45), and twentieth-century Europe.’

Danny Kowalsky - Queen's University Belfast

'… this book is an impressive piece of scholarship which reflects both the author's command of innovative investigative methods as well as her profound knowledge of the Stalinist era. As such, it is a book that should not be overlooked by anyone interested in Spain's war and its place in the history of international communism.'

George Esenwein Source: The Russian Review

'Kirschenbaum opts for an intelligent balance between description and analysis in her work. She shows that the history of communist internationalism is more than just the history of the leading elites. It is the history of a vital base, intimate and individualized, in which personal letters, poems and other series of personal productions during the war became solid primary sources for the reconstruction of another of the trajectories of the communist movement.'

Josep Puigsech Farras Source: European History Quarterly

'With its cultural and biographical approach, the book goes beyond the still polarized historiography of the Spanish Civil War, offering instead a fascinating, intimate picture of how it felt to be a communist in a context full of contradictions and conflicts. Political commitment was never just ideological, it was profoundly tied to personal experiences and self-identity.'

Brigitte Studer Source: Slavic Review

'… a valuable contribution.'

Laurie Cohen Source: Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas

'This study should certainly be read by historians of the Spanish Civil War; as well as by scholars of antifacism and Stalinism. More importantly, it should be considered by those studying the Comintern, especially with regard to transnationalism.'

Oleksa Drachewych Source: Europe-Asia Studies

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  • Dirigentes PCE

  • Documentos PCE

  • Emigración Política

  • Archive of Margarita Nelken

  • Centro Español de Moscú

  • Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, Bay Area Post (VALB) BANC MSS 71/105 z

  • Harrison E. Salisbury Papers

  • Mildred Bremler [Milly Bennett], HQ 100-124391/SF 100-12592

  • Michael Gruzenburg [Mikhail Borodin], 65-HQ-58053

  • Milly Bennett Papers

  • Robert Gladnick Papers

  • Record Group 59 Department of State

  • Fond 2555 Kel'in, Fedor Viktorovich

  • Fond 495 Executive Committee of the Comintern (Library of Congress, Washington, DC); Personal files (Moscow)

  • Fond 515 Communist Party of the USA (Tamiment Library, New York University)

  • Fond 531 International Lenin School (Library of Congress)

  • Fond 532 Communist University of the Toilers of the East (KUTV) (Moscow)

  • Fond 545 International Brigades of the Army of the Spanish Republic (Tamiment Library)

  • Edward J. Falkowski Papers TAM 120 (Falkowski Papers)

  • Archive of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade

    • ALBA 001 Fredericka Martin Papers

    • ALBA 008 Steve Nelson Papers

    • ALBA 069 Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Complaints of Discrimination during WWII

    • ALBA 191 Robert Merriman Papers

    • ALBA 240 Mito Kruth Papers

  • Spanish Civil War Collection, correspondence

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