Skip to main content
International Communism and the Spanish Civil War
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 2
  • Cited by
    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Caballero Vázquez, Miguel 2016. Cibeles en el Palacio de los Soviets. Debates sobre monumentalidad en la Guerra Civil Española. Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 323.

    Rodrìguez Jiménez, Francisco Javier 2016. Trade Unionism and Spain-Us Political Relations, 1945-1953. VENTUNESIMO SECOLO, Issue. 38, p. 96.

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    International Communism and the Spanish Civil War
    • Online ISBN: 9781316226902
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

International Communism and the Spanish Civil War provides an intimate picture of international communism in the Stalin era. Exploring the transnational exchanges that occurred in Soviet-structured spaces - from clandestine schools for training international revolutionaries in Moscow to the International Brigades in Spain - the book uncovers complex webs of interaction, at once personal and political, that linked international communists to one another and the Soviet Union. The Spanish Civil War, which coincided with the great purges in the Soviet Union, stands at the center of this grassroots history. For many international communists, the war came to define both their life histories and political commitments. In telling their individual stories, the book calls attention to a central paradox of Stalinism - the simultaneous celebration and suspicion of transnational interactions - and illuminates the appeal of a cause that promised solidarity even as it practiced terror.


'Lisa A. Kirschenbaum offers an important contribution to Spanish Civil War studies, linking the 1930s with the Cold War era. Well-written and well-researched, her book illuminates both personal and political issues that shaped participants through their lives.'

Peter N. Carroll - Stanford University, California and author of From Guernica to Human Rights: Essays on the Spanish Civil War

'Kirschenbaum’s International Communism and the Spanish Civil War offers a welcome, fresh approach to looking at the Spanish Civil War. Rather than taking one of the two standard and highly polarized positions on the role of the communists, she adopts a more neutral stance and seeks to convey what the experience was like for the committed internationalist, basing much of her text on diaries, letters, and archival materials produced by the actual participants. She also puts the war into a broader perspective within the international communist movement, looking at key institutions, networks, and attitudes from before the war and also covering the decades since the Republican cause was lost in 1939, so that the book is really a history of the international communist movement told from the perspective of the civil war in Spain. It is well documented and highly readable.'

Katerina Clark - Yale University, Connecticut

‘A dazzling, deeply informed, and spiritedly composed sociocultural history of international communism, taking as its principal case study the mobilization of communists around the Spanish Civil War, Kirshenbaum’s new book puts a human face on interwar communism and explores the daily life, interpersonal relationships, triumphs, and tragedies of individual communists, committed to the cause. … Through impressively deep research in unexplored archives, Kirshenbaum argues that the Comintern was much more than a series of decisions dictated from Moscow; it was people, relationships, and adventures. It had a soundtrack, too, and that was the raised, optimistic, voices of tens of thousands, singing the same song in many languages, first in Moscow and then in Spain. … The topic and approach of this unique, beautifully written volume will recommend it to college courses covering the Spanish Civil War, international communism, interwar Europe, the European civil wars (1914–45), and twentieth-century Europe.’

Danny Kowalsky - Queen's University Belfast

'… this book is an impressive piece of scholarship which reflects both the author's command of innovative investigative methods as well as her profound knowledge of the Stalinist era. As such, it is a book that should not be overlooked by anyone interested in Spain's war and its place in the history of international communism.'

George Esenwein Source: The Russian Review

'Kirschenbaum opts for an intelligent balance between description and analysis in her work. She shows that the history of communist internationalism is more than just the history of the leading elites. It is the history of a vital base, intimate and individualized, in which personal letters, poems and other series of personal productions during the war became solid primary sources for the reconstruction of another of the trajectories of the communist movement.'

Josep Puigsech Farras Source: European History Quarterly

'With its cultural and biographical approach, the book goes beyond the still polarized historiography of the Spanish Civil War, offering instead a fascinating, intimate picture of how it felt to be a communist in a context full of contradictions and conflicts. Political commitment was never just ideological, it was profoundly tied to personal experiences and self-identity.'

Brigitte Studer Source: Slavic Review

'… a valuable contribution.'

Laurie Cohen Source: Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas

'This study should certainly be read by historians of the Spanish Civil War; as well as by scholars of antifacism and Stalinism. More importantly, it should be considered by those studying the Comintern, especially with regard to transnationalism.'

Oleksa Drachewych Source: Europe-Asia Studies

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
  • Dirigentes PCE

  • Documentos PCE

  • Emigración Política

  • Archive of Margarita Nelken

  • Centro Español de Moscú

  • Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, Bay Area Post (VALB) BANC MSS 71/105 z

  • Harrison E. Salisbury Papers

  • Mildred Bremler [Milly Bennett], HQ 100-124391/SF 100-12592

  • Michael Gruzenburg [Mikhail Borodin], 65-HQ-58053

  • Milly Bennett Papers

  • Robert Gladnick Papers

  • Record Group 59 Department of State

  • Fond 2555 Kel'in, Fedor Viktorovich

  • Fond 495 Executive Committee of the Comintern (Library of Congress, Washington, DC); Personal files (Moscow)

  • Fond 515 Communist Party of the USA (Tamiment Library, New York University)

  • Fond 531 International Lenin School (Library of Congress)

  • Fond 532 Communist University of the Toilers of the East (KUTV) (Moscow)

  • Fond 545 International Brigades of the Army of the Spanish Republic (Tamiment Library)

  • Edward J. Falkowski Papers TAM 120 (Falkowski Papers)

  • Archive of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade

    • ALBA 001 Fredericka Martin Papers

    • ALBA 008 Steve Nelson Papers

    • ALBA 069 Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Complaints of Discrimination during WWII

    • ALBA 191 Robert Merriman Papers

    • ALBA 240 Mito Kruth Papers

  • Spanish Civil War Collection, correspondence

Abbe James E. I Photograph Russia. London: G. G. Harrap, 1935.
About Turn: The British Communist Party and the Second World War: The Verbatim Record of the Central Committee Meetings of 25 September and 2–3 October 1939. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1990.
Abramson Paulina and Abramson Adelina. Mosaico Roto. Madrid: Compañía Literaria, 1994.
Acier Marcel, ed. From Spanish Trenches: Recent Letters from Spain. New York: Modern Age, 1937.
Beal Fred E. Proletarian Journey: New England, Gastonia, Moscow. New York: Hillman-Curl, 1937.
Bennett Milly. On Her Own: Journalistic Adventures from San Francisco to the Chinese Revolution, 1917–1927. Edited by Grunfeld A. Tom. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1993.
Bentley Elizabeth. Out of Bondage. New York: Devin-Adair, 1951.
Bessie Alvah. Alvah Bessie's Civil War Notebooks. Edited by Bessie Dan. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2002.
Bessie Alvah and Prago Albert, eds., Our Fight: Writings by Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. New York: Monthly Press, 1987.
Canciones de las Brigadas Internacionales. 1938. Reprint. Seville: Renacimiento, 2007.
Carrillo Santiago. Demain l'Espagne: Entretiens avec Régis Debray et Max Gallo. Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1974.
Carrillo Santiago Memorias: Testimonio polémico de un protagonista relevante de nuestra transición. Barcelona: Planeta, 2008.
Carroll Peter N., Nash Michael, and Small Melvin, eds. The Good Fight Continues: World War II Letters from the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. New York: New York University Press, 2006.
Castro Delgado Enrique. Mi fe se perdió en Moscú. Barcelona: Luís de Caralt, 1964.
Chen Leyda Si-lan. Footnote to History. New York: Dance Horizons, 1984.
Chen Percy. China Called Me: My Life inside the Chinese Revolution. Boston: Little Brown, 1979.
Communist International. XIII Plenum IKKI: Stenograficheskii otchet. Moscow: Partizdat, 1934.
Crome Len. “Walter (1897–1947): A Soldier in Spain.” History Workshop Journal, no. 9 (Spring 1980): 116–28.
Crossman Richard, ed. The God that Failed. 1950. Reprint. New York: Bantam Books, 1965.
Czitrom Daniel. “Volunteers for Liberty: Letters from Joe and Leo Gordon, Americans in Spain, 1937–38.” Massachusetts Review 25 (Fall 1984): 348–54.
Dallin Alexander and Firsov F. I., eds. Dimitrov and Stalin, 1934–1943: Letters from the Soviet Archives. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.
Degras Jane, ed. The Communist International 1919–1943: Documents. Vol. 3, 1929–1943. London: Frank Cass, 1965.
Díaz José and Ibárruri Dolores. España y la guerra imperialista. Mexico City: Editorial Popular, 1939.
Dimitrov Georgi. The Diary of Georgi Dimitrov, 1933–1939. Edited by Banac Ivo. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003.
Dollard John. Fear in Battle. Washington, DC: Infantry Journal, 1944.
Edmonds Lloyd. Letters from Spain. Edited by Inglis Amirah. Sydney: George Allen & Unwin, 1985.
Erenburg Il'ia. Memoirs: 1921–1941. Translated by Shebunina Tatania in collaboration with Kapp Yvonne. Cleveland: World Publishing Co., 1963.
Falcón Irene with Jiménez Manuel and Montero Jesús. Asalto a los cielos: Mi vida junto a Pasionaria. Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 1996.
Fast Howard. Being Red: A Memoir. New York: Laurel, 1990.
Feslun A. G. “Novye dokumenty po ‘delu Zorge.’” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, no. 2 (March 2000): 118–46.
Field Hermann H. and Field Kate. Trapped in the Cold War: The Ordeal of an American Family. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.
Fischer Ernst. An Opposing Man. Translated by Ross Peter and Ross Betty. London: Allen Lane, 1974.
Fischer Louis. Men and Politics: An Autobiography. 1941. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1970.
Fischer Louis Soviet Journey. 1935. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1972.
Fitzpatrick Sheila and Slezkine Yuri, eds. In the Shadow of Revolution: Life Stories of Russian Women from 1917 to the Second World War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
Gates John. The Story of an American Communist. New York: Thomas Nelson, 1958.
Glaser Wallach Erica. Light at Midnight. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1967.
Gorelov O. I. “‘P'iut partiitsy i komsomol’ tsy, i vse, vse’: Spavka Informatsionnogo otdela TsK VKP(b) I. V. Stalinu, 1925 g.” Istoricheskii archiv, 2001, no. 1: 4–13.
Haywood Harry. Black Bolshevik: Autobiography of an Afro-American Communist. Chicago: Liberator, 1978.
Hearings before a Special Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Seventy-fifth Congress, Third Session, vol. 2. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1938.
Hearings before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress: Investigation of Communist Activities in the Seattle, Wash., Area. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1955.
Henderson Loy W. A Question of Trust: The Origins of US-Soviet Diplomatic Relations: The Memoirs of Loy W. Henderson. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1986.
Hernández Jesús. En el país de la gran mentira. Madrid: G. del Toro, 1974.
Herrick William. Jumping the Line: Adventures and Misadventures of an American Radical. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1998.
Hobsbawm Eric. Interesting Times: A Twentieth-Century Life. New York: New Press, 2002.
Hoover J. Edgar. “1938 Memorandum to Attorney General Homer Cummings and President Franklin Roosevelt on the Spanish Civil War and the New York Workers School.” Science and Society 68, no. 3 (Fall 2004): 361–3.
Ibarruri A.Moi brat Ruben.” In My budem borot'sia vmeste: Ocherki o boitsakh-internatsionalistakh, edited by Tomin V. R., 921. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo politicheskoi literatury, 1985.
Ibárruri Dolores. Memorias de Pasionaria, 1939–1977: Me faltaba España. Barcelona: Planeta, 1984.
Ibárruri Dolores They Shall Not Pass: The Autobiography of La Pasionaria. New York: International Publishers, 1976.
Jaffe Philip. “The Strange Case of Anna Louise Strong.” Survey, no. 53 (1964): 129–39.
Kantorowicz Alfred. Chapaev – batal'on dvadtsati odnoi natsional'nosti. Moscow: Khudozhestvennaia literatura, 1939.
Kennan George F. [X, pseud.]. “The Sources of Soviet Conduct.” Foreign Affairs 25, no. 4 (July 1947): 566–82.
Kennell Ruth and Bennett Milly. “American Immigrants in Russia,” American Mercury 25, no. 100 (April 1932): 463–72.
Kennell Ruth and Bennett MillyThey All Come to Moscow.” American Mercury 24, no. 96 (December 1931): 394401.
Kol'tsov Mikhail. Ispanskii dnevnik. Moscow: Grifon, 2005.
Krymov Afanasii G. Istoriko-memuarnyie zapiski kitaiskogo revoliutsionera. Moscow: Nauka, 1989.
Lebedeva N. S. and Narinskii M. M., eds. Komintern i vtoraia mirovaia voina: Chast′ I: do 22 iunia 1941 g. Moscow: Pamiatniki istorichskoi mysli, 1994.
Lebedeva N.S. and Narinskii M.M. Komintern i vtoraia mirovaia voina: Chast’ II: posle 22 iuniia 1941 g. Moscow: Pamiatniki istoricheskoi mysli, 1998.
Leder Mary M. My Life in Stalinist Russia: An American Woman Looks Back. Edited by Bernstein Laurie. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.
Lee Laurie. Moment of War: A Memoir of the Spanish Civil War. New York: New Press, 1991.
Leonhard Wolfgang. Child of the Revolution. Translated by Woodhouse C. M.. 1957. Reprint. London: Ink Links, 1979.
London Artur. The Confession. Translated by Hamilton Alastair. New York: William Morrow, 1970.
Longo Luigi. Las Brigadas Internacionales en España. Translated by Olea Victor Flores. Mexico City: Ediciones Era, 1966.
Lyons Eugene. Assignment in Utopia. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1937.
Merriman Marion and Lerude Warren. American Commander in Spain: Robert Hale Merriman and the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1986.
Mije Antonio. Los refugiados republicanos españoles en Francia y la solidaridad americana. Mexico City: Editorial Morales, 1940.
Miller Donald and Nelson Steve. “Fighting in Spain: A Conversation with Steve Nelson.” Salmagundi, no. 76/77 (Fall 1987–Winter 1988): 113–32.
Murphy J. T.The First Year of the Lenin School.” Communist International, 30 September 1927: 267–9.
Nelken Margarita. Las torres del Kremlin. Mexico City: Industrial y distribuidora, 1943.
Nelson Cary and Hendricks Jefferson, eds. Madrid 1937: Letters of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade from the Spanish Civil War. New York: Routledge, 1996.
Nelson Steve. The Thirteenth Juror. Leipzig: Paul List Verlag, 1956.
Nelson Steve The Volunteers. New York: Masses and Mainstream, 1953.
Nelson Steve, Barrett James R., and Ruck Rob. Steve Nelson, American Radical. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1982.
Orwell George. Homage to Catalonia. 1938. Reprint. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1980.
Paynter Will. My Generation. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1972.
Regler Gustav. The Owl of Minerva. Translated by Denny Norman. London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1959.
Riddell John, ed. Workers of the World and Oppressed Peoples, Unite! Proceedings and Documents of the Second Congress, 1920, vol. 2. New York: Pathfinder Press, 1991.
Riggio Thomas P. and West III James L. W., eds. Dreiser's Russian Diary. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.
Romilly Esmond. Boadilla. 1937. Reprint. London: Macdonald, 1971.
Rubin Hank. Spain's Cause Was Mine: A Memoir of an American Medic in the Spanish Civil War. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997.
Rust William. Britons in Spain: The History of the XVth International Brigade. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1939.
Salisbury Harrison E. A Journey for Our Times. New York: Carroll and Graf, 1983.
Schrecker Ellen ed. Records of the Subversive Activities Control Board, 1950–1972: Microfilmed from the Holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1988.
Sennett William. “Communist Functionary and Corporate Executive.” An oral history conducted 1981 and 1982 by Marshall Windmiller, Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1984.
Strong Anna Louise. I Change Worlds: The Remaking of an American. 1935. Reprint. Seattle: Seal Press, 1979.
Szurek Alexander. The Shattered Dream. Translated by Grunblatt Jacques and Grunblatt Hilda. Boulder, CO: East European Monographs, 1989.
Tagüeña Lacorte Manuel. Testimonio de dos guerras. 1978. Reprint. Barcelona: Planeta, 2005.
Tisa John. Recalling the Good Fight: An Autobiography of the Spanish Civil War. South Hadley, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1985.
Tuominen Arvo. The Bells of the Kremlin: An Experience in Communism. Translated by Leino Lily. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1983.
United States Department of State. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1946 (FRUS), vol. 5, The British Commonwealth, Western and Central Europe. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946.
Utley Freda. Lost Illusion. Philadelphia: Fireside Press, 1948.
Utley Freda Odyssey of a Liberal: Memoirs. Washington, DC: Washington National Press, 1970.
Wicks Harry. Keeping My Head: The Memoirs of a British Bolshevik. London: Socialist Platform, 1992.
World Committee for the Victims of German Fascism. The Brown Book of the Hitler Terror and the Burning of the Reichstag. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1933.
Young Glennys, ed. The Communist Experience in the Twentieth Century: A Global History through Sources. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Zakharov I. A., ed. “Pis'mo Germana Mellera – I. V. Stalinu.” Voprosy istorii estestvoznaniia tekhniki, 1997, no. 1: 65–76.
Zhang Guotao. The Rise of the Chinese Communist Party, 1928–1938: Volume Two of the Autobiography of Chang Kuo-t'ao. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1972.
Alba Víctor and Schwartz Stephen. Spanish Marxism versus Soviet Communism: A History of the POUM. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1988.
Allen David E. “The Soviet Union and the Spanish Civil War.” PhD diss., Stanford University, 1952.
Allen Julia M. “‘That Accursed Aesopian Language’: Prosecutorial Framing of Linguistic Evidence in US v. Foster, 1949.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs 4, no. 1 (2001): 109–34.
Alpert Michael. “The Clash of Spanish Armies: Contrasting Ways of War in Spain, 1936–1939.” War in History 6, no. 3 (July 1999): 331–51.
Alpert Michael A New International History of the Spanish Civil War. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.
Alted Vigil Alicia. La voz de los vencidos: El exilio republicano de 1939. Madrid: Aguilar, 2005.
Arasa Daniel. Los españoles de Stalin. Barcelona: Editorial Vorágine, 1993.
Avilés Farré Juan. Pasionaria: La Mujer y el mito. Barcelona: Random House Mondadori, 2005.
Azadovskii Konstantin and Egorov Boris. “From Anti-Westernism to Anti-Semitism: Stalin and the Impact of the ‘Anti-Cosmopolitan’ Campaigns on Soviet Culture.” Journal of Cold War Studies 4, no. 1 (Winter 2002): 6680.
Baldwin Kate A. Beyond the Color Line and the Iron Curtain: Reading Encounters between Black and Red, 1922–1963. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.
Balfour Sebastian. Deadly Embrace: Morocco and the Road to the Spanish Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Barber John. “Stalin's Letter to the Editors of Proletarskaya Revoliutsiya,” Soviet Studies 28, no. 1 (January 1976): 2141.
Bartošek Karel. “Central and Southeastern Europe.” In The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression, edited by Courtois Stéphane et al., 394456. Translated by Murphy Jonathan and Kramer Mark. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Baxell Richard. British Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War: The British Battalion in the International Brigades, 1936–1939. London: Routledge, 2004.
Beevor Antony. The Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. New York: Penguin, 1982.
Belfrage Cedric. The American Inquisition, 1945–1960. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973.
Belknap Michal R.Cold War in the Courtroom: The Foley Square Communist Trial.” In American Political Trials, revised ed., edited by Belknap Michal R., 207–32. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Bolloten Burnett. The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.
Bonnell Victoria. Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and Stalin. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
Boym Svetlana. Common Places: Mythologies of Everyday Life in Russia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994.
Brandenberger David. National Bolshevism: Stalinist Mass Culture and the Formation of Modern Russian National Identity, 1931–1956. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.
Braun Matthias. “Vremja Golovokruzenija – Zeit des Schwindels: Der Alkoholische Raush als Geste Kulturellen Beharrens in der Sowjetunion der 1920er – und 1930er- Jahr.” Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 51, no. 10 (2003): 896911.
Brome Vincent. The International Brigades: Spain, 1936–1939. London: Heinemann, 1965.
Brooks Jeffrey. Thank You, Comrade Stalin: Soviet Public Culture from Revolution to Cold War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
Broué Pierre. Histoire de l'Internationale communiste: 1919–1943. Paris: Fayard, 1997.
Buchanan Tom. “The Death of Bob Smillie, the Spanish Civil War, and the Eclipse of the Independent Labour Party.” Historical Journal 40, no. 2 (June 1997): 435–61.
Buchanan TomThe Death of Bob Smillie: A Reply.” Historical Journal 43, no. 4 (December 2000): 1009–112.
Buchanan TomHolding the Line: The Political Strategy of the International Brigade Association, 1939–1977.” Labour History Review 66, no. 3 (Winter 2001): 294312.
Buhle Paul. “The Hollywood Blacklist and the Jew.” Tikkun 10, no. 5 (September/October 1995): 3540.
Byrnes Mark. “Unfinished Business: The United States and Franco's Spain, 1944–47.” Diplomacy and Statecraft 11, no. 1 (March 2000): 129–62.
Sánchez-Albornoz Cabeza, Sonsoles . “Posición de la República española en el exilio ante el ingreso de España en la ONU.” Cuadernos de Historia Contemporánea, no. 17 (1995): 147–67.
San Deogracias Cabeza, José. “Buscando héroes: La historia de Antonio Col como ejemplo del uso de la narrativa como propaganda durante la Guerra Civil española.” Revista Historia y Comunicación Social 10 (2005): 3750.
San Deogracias Cabeza, José El descanso del guerrero: El cine en Madrid durante la Guerra Civil española (1936–1939). Madrid: Ediciones Rialp, 2005.
Campbell Alan, McIlroy John, McLoughlin Barry, and Halstead John. “The International Lenin School: A Response to Cohen and Morgan.” Twentieth Century British History 15, no. 1 (2004): 5176.
Cardona Gabriel. “El Ejercito Popular y las Brigadas Internacionales ¿Cuál fue la importancia de las Brigadas? In Las Brigadas Internacionales: El contexto internacional, los medidos de propaganda, literatura y memorias, edited by Gallego Manuel Requena and María Rosa Losa Sepúlveda, 3751. Cuenca: Ediciones de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 2003.
Carlson Elof Axel. Hermann Joseph Muller, 1890–1967. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 2009.
Carr E. H. The Comintern and the Spanish Civil War. New York: Pantheon, 1984.
Carroll Peter N. The Odyssey of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Americans in the Spanish Civil War. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.
Carroll Peter with assistance from Bertwell Daniel. “Premature Anti-Fascists, Again.” The Volunteer 25, no. 4 (December 2003): 56, 8.
Casas Julio Martín and Urquijo Pedro Carvajal. El exilio español (1936–1978). Barcelona: Planeta, 2002.
Cattell David T. Communism and the Spanish Civil War. 1955. Reprint. New York: Russell & Russell, 1965.
Cattell David T. Soviet Diplomacy and the Spanish Civil War. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957.
Caute David. The Great Fear: The Anti-Communist Purge under Truman and Eisenhower. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978.
Caute David The Dancer Defects: The Struggle for Cultural Supremacy during the Cold War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Chase William J. Enemies within the Gates? The Comintern and the Stalinist Repression, 1934–1939. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
Chatterjee Choi. “Soviet Heroines and the Language of Modernity, 1930–39.” In Women in the Stalin Era, edited by Melanie Ilič , 4968. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001.
Chubarin A. O. ed. Istoriia kommunisticheskogo internatsionala, 1919–1943: Dokumental'nye ocherki. Moscow: Nauka, 2002.
Cierva Ricardo de la. Brigadas Internacionales, 1936–1996: La verdadera historia: Mentira histórica y error de Estado. Madrid: Editorial Fénix, 1997.
Clark Katerina. Moscow, the Fourth Rome: Stalinism, Cosmopolitanism, and the Evolution of Soviet Culture, 1931–1941. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.
Claudín Fernando. The Communist Movement from Comintern to Cominform: Part One, The Crisis of the Communist International. Translated by Pearce Brian. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1967.
Clune Lori. “Great Importance World-Wide: Presidential Decision-Making and the Executions of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.” American Communist History 10, no. 3 (December 2011): 263–84.
Cohen Gidon and Morgan Kevin. “Stalin's Sausage Machine: British Students at the International Lenin School, 1926–37.” Twentieth Century British History 13, no. 4 (2002): 327–55.
Cohen Gidon and Morgan KevinBritish Students at the International Lenin School, 1926–37: A Reaffirmation of Methods, Results, and Conclusions.” Twentieth Century British History 15, no. 1 (2004): 77107.
Cohen Gidon and Morgan KevinThe International Lenin School: A Final Comment.” Twentieth Century British History 18, no. 1 (2007): 129–33.
Cohen Yves. “La co-construction de la personne et de la bureaucratie: Aspects de la subjectivé de Staline et des cadres soviétiques (années 30).” In Stalinistische Subjekte: Individuum und System in der Sowjetunion und der Komintern, 1929–1953, edited by Studer Brigitte and Haumann Heiko, 175–96. Zurich: Chronos, 2006.
Colodny Robert G. The Struggle for Madrid: The Central Epic of the Spanish Conflict, 1936–1937. New York: Transaction Publishers, 2009.
Colomina Limonero Immaculada. Dos patrias, tres mil destinos: Vida y exilio de los niños de la guerra de España refugiados en la Unión Soviética. Madrid: Ediciones Cinca, 2010.
Conquest Robert. The Great Terror: A Reassessment. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Corke Sarah-Jane. US Covert Operations and Cold War Strategy: Truman, Secret Warfare and the CIA, 1943–53. New York: Routledge, 2008.
Corral Pedro. Desertores: La Guerra Civil que nadie quiere contar. Barcelona: Random House Mondadori, 2006.
David-Fox Michael. Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
Dawson Graham. Soldier Heroes: British Adventure, Empire and the Imagining of Masculinities. London: Routledge, 1994.
Deery Phillip. “‘A Blot upon Liberty’: McCarthyism, Dr. Barsky and the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee.” American Communist History 8, no. 2 (December 2009): 167–96.
Delacor Regina M.From Potential Friends to Potential Enemies: The Internment of ‘Hostile Foreigners’ in France at the Beginning of the Second World War.” Journal of Contemporary History 35, no. 3 (2000): 361–8.
Derrick Jonathan. Africa's “Agitators”: Militant Anti-Colonialism in Africa and the West, 1918–1939. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008.
Dillard Angela D. Faith in the City: Preaching Radical Social Change in Detroit. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2007.
Dreyfus-Armand Geneviève. L'exil des Républicains espagnols en France. Paris: Albin Michel, 1999.
Dunham Vera S. In Stalin's Time: Middleclass Values in Soviet Fiction. 1976. Reprint. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1990.
Ealham Chris. “‘Myths’ and the Spanish Civil War: Some Old, Some Exploded, Some Clearly Borrowed and Some Almost ‘Blue.’” Journal of Contemporary History 42, no. 2 (2007): 365–76.
Earle Rebecca. “Introduction: Letters, Writers, and the Historian.” In Epistolary Selves: Letters and Letter-Writers, 1600–1945, edited by Earle Rebecca, 112. Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999.
Eby Cecil. Between the Bullet and the Lie: American Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1969.
Edwards Jill. Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.
San Francisco Eiroa, Matilde. “Sobrevivir en el socialismo: Organización y medios de comunicación de los exilados comunistas en las democracias populares.” Historia social 69 (2011): 7190.
Elleman Bruce. Moscow and the Emergence of Communist Power in China: The Nanchang Rising and the Birth of the Red Army. New York: Routledge, 2009.
Elorza Antonio and Bizcarrondo Marta. Queridos camaradas: La Internacional Comunista y España, 1919–1939. Barcelona: Editorial Planeta, 1999.
Elpat'evskii A. V. Ispanskaia emigratsiia v SSSR: Istoriografiia i istochniki, popytka interpretatsii. Tver: Izdatel'stvo “GERS,” 2002.
Engerman David C.Modernization from the Other Shore: American Observers and the Cost of Soviet Economic Development.” American Historical Review 105, no. 2 (April 2000): 383415.
Epstein Catherine. The Last Revolutionaries: German Communists and Their Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Esenwein George. “Freedom Fighters or Comintern Soldiers? Writing about the ‘Good Fight’ during the Spanish Civil War,” Civil Wars 12, no. 1–2 (March–June 2010): 156–66.
Estruch Tobella Joan. Historia oculta del PCE. Madrid: Ediciones Temas de Hoy, 2000.
Fabréguet Michel. “Un groupe de réfugiés politiques: Les républicains espagnols des camps d'internement français aux camps de concentration nationaux-socialistes.” Revue d'histoire de la deuxième guerre mondiale et des conflits contemporains 36, no. 144 (October 1986): 1938.
Fernbach David. “Tom Wintringham and Socialist Defense Strategy.” History Workshop, no. 14 (Autumn 1982): 6391.
Field Douglas ed. American Cold War Culture. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005.
Filatova Irina. “Indoctrination or Scholarship? Education of Africans at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East in the Soviet Union, 1923–1937.” Paedagogica historica 35, no. 1 (February 1999): 4166.
Firsov Fridrikh I.Dimitrov, the Comintern, and Stalinist Repression.” In Stalin's Terror: High Politics and Mass Repression in the Soviet Union, edited by McLoughlin Barry and McDermott Kevin, 5681. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
Fowler Josephine. Japanese and Chinese Immigrant Activists: Organizing in American and International Communist Movements, 1919–1933. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007.
Fradkin Viktor. Delo Kol'tsova. Moscow: Vagrius, 2002.
Francis Hywel. Miners against Fascism: Wales and the Spanish Civil War. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1984.
Francis Hywel “‘Say Nothing and Leave in the Middle of the Night’: The Spanish Civil War Revisited.” History Workshop Journal, no.32 (Autumn 1991): 6976.
Iglesias Fundación Pablo. Los rusos en la Guerra de España, 1936–1939. (Madrid: Fundación Pablo Iglesias, 2009).
Fussell Paul. Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Gaddis John Lewis. The Cold War: A New History. New York: Penguin, 2006.
Gerassi John. The Premature Anti-Fascists: North American Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. New York: Praeger 1986.
Goldman Wendy Z. Women, the State, and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social Life, 1917–1936. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
González-Allende Iker. “Masculinities in Conflict: Representations of the Other in Narrative during the Spanish Civil War.” Hispanic Research Journal 11, no. 3 (June 2010): 193209.
Graffy Julian. Chapaev. London: I.B. Tauris, 2009.
Graham Helen. Socialism and War: The Spanish Socialist Party in Power and Crisis, 1936–1939. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Graham HelenSpain Betrayed? The New Historical McCarthyism.” Science and Society 68, no. 3 (Fall 2004): 364–69.
Graham Helen The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Graham Helen The Spanish Republic at War, 1936–1939. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Graziosi Andrea. “Foreign Workers in Soviet Russia, 1920–40: Their Experience and Their Legacy.” International Labor and Working-Class History 33 (Spring, 1988): 3859.
Graziosi Andrea “‘Visitors from Other Times’: Foreign Workers in the Prewar Piatletki.” Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique 29, no. 2 (April–June 1988): 161–80.
Grose Peter. Operation Rollback: America's Secret War behind the Iron Curtain. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.
Halpern Martin. “‘I'm Fighting for Freedom’: Coleman Young, HUAC, and the Detroit African American Community.” Journal of American Ethnic History 17, no. 1 (Fall 1997): 1938.
Hamilton Carrie. “Activism and Representations of Motherhood in the Autobiography of Dolores Ibárruri, Pasionaria.” Journal of Romance Studies, 1, no. 1 (2001): 1725.
Haslam Jonathan. Russia's Cold War: From the October Revolution to the Fall of the Wall. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011.
Haynes John. New Soviet Man: Gender and Masculinity in Stalinist Soviet Cinema. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003.
Haynes John Earl and Klehr Harvey. Early Cold War Spies: The Espionage Trials that Shaped American Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Haynes John Earl and Klehr Harvey Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.
Haynes John Earl, Klehr Harvey, and Vassiliev Alexander. Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. Ann Arbor, MI: Sheridan Books, 2009.
Healey Dan. Homosexual Desire in Revolutionary Russia: The Regulation of Sexual and Gender Dissent. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Hellbeck Jochen. Revolution on My Mind: Writing a Diary under Stalin. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Hernández Sánchez Fernando. “Jesús Hernández, pistolero, ministro, espía y renegado.” Historia 16, no. 368 (2006): 7889.
Heron Craig. “The Boys and Their Booze: Masculinities and Public Drinking in Working-Class Hamilton, 1890–1946.” Canadian Historical Review 86, no. 3 (September 2005): 411–52.
Herrmann Gina. “The Hermetic Goddess: Dolores Ibárruri as Text.” Letras Peninsulares 11 (Spring 1998): 181206.
Herrmann Gina Written in Red: The Communist Memoir in Spain. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.
Hewitt Andrew. Political Inversions: Homosexuality, Fascism, and the Modernist Imaginary. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Hloušek Vít and Kopeček Lubomír. Origin, Ideology, and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2010.
Hodos George H. Show Trials: Stalinist Purges in Eastern Europe, 1948–1954. New York: Praeger, 1987.
Holubnychy Lydia. Michael Borodin and the Chinese Revolution, 1923–1925. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms for the East Asian Institute, Columbia University, 1979.
Hoffmann David. Stalinist Values: The Cultural Norms of Soviet Modernity, 1917–1941. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003.
Hoffmann DavidWas There a ‘Great Retreat’ from Soviet Socialism? Stalinist Culture Reconsidered.” Kritika 5, no. 4 (Fall 2004): 651–74.
Hopkins James K. Into the Heart of the Fire: The British in the Spanish Civil War. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998.
Horwitz Morton J.Jews and McCarthyism: A View from the Bronx.” In Secret Agents: The Rosenberg Case, McCarthyism, and Fifties America, edited by Garber Marjorie and Walkowitz Rebecca L., eds., 257–64. New York: Routledge, 1994.
Humphries Reynold. Hollywood's Blacklists: A Political and Cultural History. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2008.
Hurd Madeleine. “Liberals, Socialists, and Sobriety: The Rhetoric of Citizenship in Turn-of-the-Century Sweden.” International Labor and Working-Class History 45 (Spring 1994): 4462.
Ilič Melanie, ed. Women in the Stalin Era. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001.
Iordache Luiza. Republicanos españoles en el Gulag (1939–1956). Barcelona: Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials, 2008.
Ivantsov Igorevich Grigor. “Vnutripartiinyi kontrol' VKP(b) v bor'be s p'ianstvom v srede kommunistov (1920-e – nachalo 1930-kh godov).” Prepodavanie Istorii v Shkole, 2011, no. 2: 77–80.
Jackson Gabriel. Juan Negrín: Spanish Republican War Leader. Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2010.
Jackson Michael W. Fallen Sparrows: The International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1994.
Jacobs Dan N. Borodin: Stalin's Man in China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.
Johnson David K. The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
Johnston Timothy. Being Soviet: Identity, Rumour, and Everyday Life under Stalin, 1939–1954. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Johnston Verle B. Legions of Babel: The International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1969.
Johnstone Monty. “The CPGB, the Comintern, and the War, 1939–1941: Filling in the Blank Spots.” Science and Society 61, no. 1 (Spring 1997): 2745.
Kaplan Karel. Report on the Murder of the General Secretary. Translated by Kovanda Karel. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1990.
Katz Friedrich. “Mexico, Gilberto Bosques, and the Refugees.” The Americas 57, no. 1 (July 2000): 112
Kelley Robin D. G. Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.
Kessler Lauren. Clever Girl: Elizabeth Bentley, the Spy Who Ushered in the Cold War. New York: Harper Collins, 2003.
Khlevniuk Oleg. “The Reasons for the ‘Great Terror’: The Foreign-Political Aspect.” In Russia in the Age of Wars, 1914–1945, edited by Pons Silvo and Romano Andrea, 159–70. Milan: Feltrinelli, 2000.
Kirschenbaum Lisa A.Exile, Gender, and Communist Self-Fashioning: Dolores Ibárruri (La Pasionaria) in the Soviet Union,” Slavic Review 71, no. 3 (Fall 2012): 566–89.
Klehr Harvey. Communist Cadre: The Social Background of the American Communist Party Elite. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1978.
Klehr Harvey, Haynes John Earl, and Firsov Fridrikh Igorevich, eds. The Secret World of American Communism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.
Kolb Eberhard. The Weimar Republic, 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Kopstein Jeffrey S. and Wittenberg Jason. “Who Voted Communist? Reconsidering the Social Bases of Radicalism in Interwar Poland.” Slavic Review 62, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 87109.
Köstenberger Julia. “Die Internationale Leninschule (1926–1936).” In Biographisches Handbuch zu Geschichte der Kommunistischen Internationale: Ein deutsche-russisches Forschungsprojekt, edited by Buckmiller Michael and Meschkat Klaus, 287309. Berlin: Academie Verlag, 2007.
Kostyrchenko G. V. Tainaia politika Stalina: Vlast’ i antisemitzm. Moscow: Mezhdunardnye otnosheniia, 2001.
Kotkin Stephen. Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
Kowalsky Daniel. Stalin and the Spanish Civil War [electronic resource]. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004. (
Kowalsky DanielThe Soviet Union and the International Brigades, 1936–1939.” Journal of Slavic Military Studies 19 (2006): 681704.
Kowalsky DanielThe Soviet Cinematic Offensive in the Spanish Civil War.” Film History: An International Journal 19, no. 1 (2007): 719.
Krekola Joni. “The Finnish Sector at the International Lenin School.” In Agents of the Revolution: New Biographical Approaches to the History of International Communism in the Age of Lenin and Stalin, edited by Morgan Kevin, Cohen Gidon, and Flinn Andrew, 289308. Bern: Peter Lang, 2005.
Krylova Anna. Soviet Women in Combat: A History of Violence on the Eastern Front. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Kuromiya Hiroaki. “Accounting for the Great Terror.” Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas, Neue Folge, Bd. 53, H.1 (2005): 86101.
Kuznick Peter J. Beyond the Laboratory: Scientists as Political Activists in 1930s America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
Lannon Frances. “Women and Images of Women in the Spanish Civil War.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th Ser., vol. 1. (1991): 213–28.
Laucht Christof. Elemental Germans: Klaus Fuchs, Rudolf Peierls and the Making of British Nuclear Culture, 1939–59. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
Lazitch Branko. Biographical Dictionary of the Comintern: New, Revised, and Expanded Edition. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1986.
Lenoe Matthew. Closer to the Masses: Stalinist Culture, Social Revolution, and Soviet Newspapers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Lenoe MatthewIn Defense of Timasheff's Great Retreat.” Kritika 5, no. 4 (Fall 2004): 721–30.
Lenoe Matthew The Kirov Murder and Soviet History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010.
Levy Robert. Ana Pauker: The Rise and Fall of a Jewish Communist. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
Lichtman Robert and Ronald D. Cohen. “Harvey Matusow, the FBI, and the Justice Department: Becoming a Government Informer-Witness in the McCarthy Era.” American Communist History 1, no. 1 (2002): 4368.
Amsélem Lleonart, José Alberto. “El ingreso de España en la ONU: Obstáculos e impulsos.” Cuadernos de Historia Contemporánea, no. 17 (1995): 101–19.
Lota V. I.Vklad voennykh razvedchikov v sozdanie otechestvennogo atomnogo oruzhiia, 1941–1945 gg.” Voenno-istoricheskii zhurnal, 2006, no. 11: 40–4.
Lukes Igor. “The Rudolf Slánský Affair: New Evidence.” Slavic Review 58, no. 1 (Spring 1999): 160–87.
MacKay Ruth. “History on the Line: The Good Fight and Good History in the Spanish Civil War.” History Workshop Journal, no. 70 (2010): 199206.
MacKinnon Elaine. “Writing History for Stalin: Isaak Izrailevich Mints and the Istoriia grazhdanskoi voiny.” Kritika 6, no. 1 (Winter 2005): 554.
Macrakis Kristie. “Technophilic Hubris and Espionage Styles during the Cold War.” ISIS: Journal of the History of Science in Society 101, no. 2 (June 2010): 378–85.
Mally Lynn. “Performing the New Woman: The Komsomolka as Actress and Image in Soviet Youth Theater.” Journal of Social History 30, no. 1 (Fall 1996): 7995.
Manley John. “Moscow Rules? ‘Red’ Unionism and ‘Class against Class’ in Britain, Canada, and the United States, 1928–1935.” Labour/Le Travail 56 (Fall 2005): 949.
Mukhamatulin Timur. “‘Prisvoenie Ispanii’: Ispaniia v sovetskom obshchestve v 1936–1939 godakh.” Bulletin des DHI Moskau Band 6 (2012): 113–27 (
Margulies Sylvia R. The Pilgrimage to Russia: The Soviet Union and the Treatment of Foreigners, 1924–1937. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968.
Mark Eduard. “In Re Alger Hiss: A Final Verdict from the Files of the KGB.” Journal of Cold War Studies 11, no. 3 (Summer 2009): 2667.
Martelle Scott. The Fear Within: Spies, Commies, and American Democracy on Trial. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2011.
Mastny Vojtech. The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: The Stalin Years. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Matthews James. Reluctant Warriors: Republican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
McClellan Woodford. “Africans and Black Americans in the Comintern Schools, 1925–1934.” International Journal of African Historical Studies 26, no. 2 (1993): 371–90.
McDermott Kevin. “A ‘Polyphony of Voices’? Czech Popular Opinion and the Slánský Affair.” Slavic Review 67, no. 4 (Winter 2008): 840–65.
McDermott Kevin and Agnew Jeremy. The Comintern: A History of International Communism from Lenin to Stalin. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 1996.
McDermott Kevin and Stibbe Matthew, eds. Stalinist Terror in Eastern Europe: Elite Purges and Mass Repression. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010.
McIlroy John, McLoughlin Barry, Campbell Alan, and Halsted John. “Forging the Faithful: The British at the Lenin School.” Labour History Review 68, no. 1 (April 2003): 99128.
McLellan Josie. Antifascism and Memory in East Germany: Remembering the International Brigades, 1945–1989. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
McLellan Josie “‘The Politics of Communist Biography: Alfred Kantorowicz and the Spanish Civil War.” German History 22, no. 4 (November 2004): 536–62.
McLellan Josie “‘I Wanted To Be a Little Lenin’: Ideology and the German International Brigade Volunteers.” Journal of Contemporary History 41, no. 2 (2006): 287304.
McLoughlin Barry. “Proletarian Academics or Party Functionaries? Irish Communists at the International Lenin School.” Saothar 22 (1997): 6379.
McLoughlin BarryProletarian Cadres En-route: Austrian NKVD Agents in Britain, 1941–1943.” Labour History Review 62, no. 3 (Winter 1997): 296317.
Meaker Gerald H. The Revolutionary Left in Spain, 1914–1923. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974.
Meshcheriakov M.T. Ispanskaia respublika i Komintern: Natsional'no-revoliutsionnaia voina ispanskogo naroda i politika kommunisticheskogo internatsionala, 1936–1939 gg. Moscow: Mysl’, 1981.
Meshcheriakov M.T.Sud'ba interbrigad v Ispanii po novym dokumentom.” Novaia i noveiashaia istoriia, 1993, no. 5: 1841.
Messenger David A.A Real Break or Reluctant Parting? France, the United States, and the Spanish Question, 1946.” Journal of European Studies 38, no. 2 (2008): 141–56.
Minina-Svetlanova Mariia. “Two Motherlands Are Mine, and I Hold Both Dear in My Heart: Upbringing and Education in the Ivanovo Interdom.” Russian Studies in History 48, no. 4 (Spring 2010): 7496.
Momryk Myron. “Ukrainian Volunteers from Canada in the International Brigades, Spain, 1936–1939.” Journal of Ukrainian Studies 16 (June 1991): 181–94.
Momryk Myron “Hungarian Volunteers from Canada in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939.” Hungarian Studies Review 24 (Spring 1997): 314.
Moradiellos Enrique. “The Allies and the Spanish Civil War.” In Spain and the Great Powers in the Twentieth Century, edited by Balfour Sebastian and Preston Paul, 96126. London: Routledge, 1999.
Moradiellos EnriqueBalfour Sebastian and Preston PaulThe Potsdam Conference and the Spanish Problem,” Contemporary European History 10, no. 1 (March 2001): 7390.
Morán Gregorio. Miseria y grandeza del Partido Comunista de España, 1939–1985. Barcelona: Planeta, 1986.
Morgan Kevin. “Parts of People and Communist Lives.” In Party People, Communist Lives: Explorations in Biography, edited by McIlroy John, Morgan Kevin, and Campbell Alan, 928. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 2001.
Mosse George. The Image of Man: The Creation of Modern Masculinity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Naison Mark. Communists in Harlem during the Depression. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983.
Nash Mary. Defying Male Civilization: Women in the Spanish Civil War. Denver: Arden Press, 1995.
Nelson Cary and Hendricks Jefferson. Edwin Rolfe: A Biographical Essay and Guide to the Rolfe Archive at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990.
Neuburger Mary C. Balkan Smoke: Tobacco and the Making of Modern Bulgaria. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2013.
Newsinger John and Kopp George. “The Death of Bob Smillie.” Historical Journal 41, no. 2 (June 1998): 575–78.
Novikova Olga. “Las visiones de España en la Unión Soviética durante la guerra civil española.” Historia del presente no. 11 (2008): 944.
Núñez Xosé-Manoel and Faraldo José M.. “The First Great Patriotic War: Spanish Communists and Nationalism, 1936–1939.” Nationalities Papers 37 (July 2009): 401–24.
O'Keefe Timothy. “The Moscow News: Russia's First English Language Newspaper,” Journalism Quarterly 50, no. 3 (Autumn 1973): 463–8.
Olmsted Kathryn. Red Spy Queen: A Biography of Elizabeth Bentley. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Oosterhuis Harry. “The ‘Jews’ of the Antifascist Left: Homosexuality and Socialist Resistance to Nazism.” Journal of Homosexuality 29, no. 2/3 (1995): 227–57.
Orttanelli Fraser M. The Communist Party of the United States from the Depression to World War II. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1991.
Panin E. V.Kommunisticheskii Universitet Natsional'nykh Men'shinstv Zapada imeni Iu. Iu. Markhlevskogo.” In Platonovskie chteniia: XVI Vserossiiskaia konferentsiia molodykh istorikov, 176–9. Samara: Izdatel'stvo “Samarskii universitet,” 2010.
Pantsov Alexander V. and Spichak Daria A.. “New Light from the Russian Archives: Chinese Stalinists and Trotskyists at the International Lenin School in Moscow, 1926–1938.” Twentieth Century China 33, no. 2 (April 2008): 2950.
Payne Stanley G. The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.
Pennington Reina. Wings, Women, and War: Soviet Airwomen in World War II Combat. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2007.
Petrone Karen. Life Has Become More Joyous, Comrades: Celebrations in the Time of Stalin. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000.
Petrou Michael. Renegades: Canadians in the Spanish Civil War. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2008.
Phillips Laura L.Message in a Bottle: Working-Class Culture and the Struggle for Revolutionary Legitimacy, 1900–1929.” Russian Review 56 (January 1997): 2543.
Phillips Laura L.In Defense of Their Families: Working-Class Women, Alcohol, and Politics in Revolutionary Russia.” Journal of Women's History 11, no. 1 (Spring 1999): 97120.
Pike David Wingeate. “Franco et l'admission aux nations unies.” Guerres mondiales et conflits contemporains, 41, no. 162 (April 1991): 105–14.
Pike David Wingeate In the Service of Stalin: The Spanish Communists in Exile, 1939–1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Powers Madelon. “Women and Public Drinking, 1890–1920,” History Today 45, no. 2 (February 1995): 4652.
Preston Paul. ¡Comrades! Portraits from the Spanish Civil War. London: Harper Collins, 1999.
Preston Paul Doves of War: Four Women of Spain. London: Harper Collins, 2002.
Purcell Hugh. “Kitty Bowler: The English Captain's Spy.” History Today 62, no. 2 (February 2012): 1617.
Radosh Ronald, Habek Mary R., and Sevostianov Grigory, eds. Spain Betrayed: The Soviet Union in the Spanish Civil War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
Rees Tim and Thorpe Andrew, eds. International Communism and the Communist International, 1919–43. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998.
Rees Tim. “The ‘Good Bolsheviks’: The Spanish Communist Party and the Third Period.” In In Search of Revolution: International Communist Parties in the Third Period, edited by Worley Matthew, 174202. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2004.
Rees TimWorley MatthewDeviation and Discipline: Anti-Trotskyism, Bolshevization, and the Spanish Communist Party, 1924–34.” Historical Research 82, no. 215 (February 2009): 131–56.
Rees TimWorley MatthewLiving up to Lenin: Leadership Culture and the Spanish Communist Party, 1920–1939.” History 97, no. 326 (April 2012): 230–55.
Reid Susan E.All Stalin's Women: Gender and Power in Soviet Art in the 1930s.” Slavic Review 57, no. 1 (Spring 1998): 133–73.
Renshaw Patrick. “The IWW and the Red Scare, 1917–24.” Journal of Contemporary History 3, no. 4 (October 1968): 6372.
Requena Gallego Manuel ed. Las Brigadas Internacionales. Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2004.
Ribalkin Iurii E. Operatsiia “X”: Sovetskaia voennaia pomoshch’ respublikanskoi Ispanii (1936–1939). Moscow: AIRO-XX, 2000.
Richards Michael. A Time of Silence: Civil War and the Culture of Repression in Franco's Spain, 1936–1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Richardson Dan. Comintern Army: The International Brigades and the Spanish Civil War. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1982.
Rittersporn Gábor Tamás. “The Omnipresent Conspiracy: On Soviet Imagery of Politics and Social Relations in the 1930s.” In Stalinist Terror: New Perspectives, edited by Getty J. Arch and Manning Roberta, 99115. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Roberts Elizabeth. “British and American Volunteers and the Politics of Dress and Demeanour in the Spanish Civil War.” Limina 14 (2008): 5970.
Roberts ElizabethFreedom, Faction, Fame, and Blood”: British Soldiers of Conscience in Greece, Spain, and Finland. Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2010.
Roberts Geoffrey. “Soviet Foreign Policy and the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939.” In Spain in an International Context, 1936–1959, edited by Leitz Christain and Dunthorn David J., 81103. New York: Berghahn, 1999.
Roberts James S.Drink and Industrial Work Discipline in 19th Century Germany.” Journal of Social History 15, no. 1 (Fall 1981): 2538.
Robins Sharpe Emily. “Salaria Kea's Spanish Memoirs.” Volunteer 28, no. 4 (December 2011): 1719.
Rodríguez Jiménez José Luis. “La ‘Quinta Columna’ en la Guerra Civil.” Historia y vida 20, no. 226 (1987): 116–25.
Rosenstone Robert A. Crusade of the Left: The Lincoln Battalion in the Spanish Civil War. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2009.
Rubenstein Joshua and Naumov Vladimir P., eds. Stalin's Secret Pogrom: The Postwar Inquisition of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
Ruiz Ayúcar Ángel. El partido comunista: Treinta y siete años de clandestinidad. Madrid: Liberia Editorial San Martín, 1976.
Sagomonian A. A.Sovetskii soiuz i ispanskii vopros, 1944–1947 gody: Po novym arkhivnym materialam.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 2008, no. 2: 5771.
Sakmyster Thomas. Red Conspirator: J. Peters and the American Communist Underground. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2011.
Sakmyster ThomasMátyás Rákosi, the Rajk Trial, and the American Communist Party.” Hungarian Studies Review 38, no. 1–2 (Spring-Fall 2011): 4568.
Schlögel Karl. Moscow, 1937. Translated by Livingstone Rodney. Malden, MA: Polity, 2012.
Schmidt Mária. “Noel Field – The American Communist at the Center of Stalin's East European Purge: From the Hungarian Archives.” American Communist History 3, no. 2 (2004): 215–45.
Schrank Bernice. “Reading the Rosenbergs after Venona.” Labour / Le Travail 49 (Spring 2002): 189210.
Schrecker Ellen. “Before the Rosenbergs: Espionage Scenarios in the Early Cold War.” In Secret Agents: The Rosenberg Case, McCarthyism, and Fifties America, edited by Garber Marjorie and Walkowitz Rebecca L., 127–42. New York: Routledge, 1995.
Schrecker EllenGarber Marjorie and Walkowitz Rebecca L. The Age of McCarthyism: A Brief History with Documents, 2d ed. New York: Palgrave, 2002.
Seidman Michael. “Quiet Fronts in the Spanish Civil War.” Historian 61, no. 4 (Summer 1999): 821–41.
Seidman Michael Republic of Egos: A Social History of the Spanish Civil War. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.
Seidman Michael Victorious Counterrevolution: The Nationalist Effort in the Spanish Civil War. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011.
Serrano Secundino. Maquis: Historia de la guerrilla antifranquista. Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 2001.
Shore Marci. Caviar and Ashes: A Warsaw Generation's Life and Death in Marxism, 1917–1968. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.
Sibley Katherine A. S.Soviet Military-Industrial Espionage in the United States and the Emergence of an Espionage Paradigm in US-Soviet Relations, 1941–45.” American Communist History 2, no. 1 (2003): 2161.
Skoutelsky Rémi. “L'engagement des volontaires français en Espagne républicaine.” Mouvement social, no. 181 (October-December 1997): 729.
Skoutelsky Rémi L'espoir guidait leurs pas : les volontaires française dans les Brigades internationales, 1936–1939. Paris: B. Grasset, 1998.
Smirnov V. P.Frantsuzkaia kommunisticheskaia partiia i Komintern v 1939–1940 gg.: Novyie arkhivy materialy.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1994, no. 1: 3046.
Smyth Denis. “‘We Are With You’: Solidarity and Self-Interest in Soviet Policy toward Republican Spain.” In The Republic Besieged: Civil War in Spain, 1936–1939, edited by Preston Paul and Mackenzie Ann L., 87106. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996.
Stern Ludmila. Western Intellectuals and the Soviet Union, 1920–1940. New York: Routledge, 2007.
Stites Richard. The Women's Liberation Movement in Russia: Feminism, Nihilism, and Bolshevism, 1860–1930. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978.
Stites Richard Russian Popular Culture: Entertainment and Society since 1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Storch Randi. Red Chicago: American Communism at its Grassroots, 1928–35. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007.
Stradling Robert. The Irish and the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.
Strong Tracy B. and Keyssar Helene. Right in Her Soul: The Life of Anna Louise Strong. New York: Random House, 1983.
Studer Brigette. Un parti sous influence: Le Parti communiste suisse, une section du Komintern, 1931 à 1939. Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme, 1994.
Studer Brigitte and Haumann Heiko, eds. Stalinistische Subjekete: Individuum und System in der Sowjetunion und der Komintern, 1929–1953. Zurich: Chronos, 2006.
Studer Brigitte and Unfried Berthold. “Private Matters Become Public: Western European Exiles and Emigrants in Stalinist Russia in the 1930s.” International Review of Social History 48, no. 2 (2003): 203–23.
Sullivan Brian R.Fascist Italy's Military Involvement in the Spanish Civil War.” Journal of Military History 59, no. 4 (October 1995): 697727.
Sweets John F. Choices in Vichy France: The French under Nazi Occupation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Taillon Paul Michel. “‘What We Want Is Good, Sober Men’: Masculinity, Respectability, and Temperance in the Railroad Brotherhoods, c. 1870–1910.” Journal of Social History 36, no. 2 (Winter 2002): 319–38.
Takayoshi Ichiro. “The Wages of War: Liberal Gullibility, Soviet Intervention, and the End of the Popular Front.” Representations 115, no. 1 (Summer 2011): 102–29.
Taylor Lynne. “The Parti Communiste Français and the French Resistance in the Second World War.” In Resistance and Revolution in Mediterranean Europe, edited by Judt Tony, 5379. New York: Routledge, 1989.
Taylor S. J. Stalin's Apologist: Walter Duranty: The New York Times's Man in Moscow. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Thomas Hugh. The Spanish Civil War: Revised Edition. New York: Modern Library, 2001.
Thorpe Andrew. “The Communist International and the British Communist Party.” In International Communism and the Communist International, 1919–43, edited by Rees Tim and Thorpe Andrew, 6786. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998.
Thurston Robert W. Life and Terror in Stalin's Russia, 1934–1941. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.
Timasheff Nicholas S. The Great Retreat: The Growth and Decline of Communism in Russia. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1946.
Transchel Kate. “Staggering toward Socialism: The Soviet Anti-Alcohol Campaign, 1928–1932.” Soviet and Post-Soviet Review 23, no. 2 (1996): 191202.
Transchel Kate Under the Influence: Working-Class Drinking, Temperance, and Cultural Revolution in Russia, 1895–1932. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006.
Tzouliadis Tim. The Forsaken: An American Tragedy in Stalin's Russia. New York: Penguin, 2008.
Unfried Berthold. “Foreign Communists and the Mechanisms of Soviet Cadre Formation in the USSR.” In Stalin's Terror: High Politics and Mass Repression in the Soviet Union, edited by McLoughlin Barry and McDermott Kevin, 175–93. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
Usdin Steven T.The Rosenberg Ring Revealed: Industrial-Scale Nuclear and Conventional Espionage.” Journal of Cold War Studies 11, no. 3 (Summer 2009): 91143.
Vásquez Montalbán Manuel. Pasionaria y los siete enanitos. Barcelona: Random House Mondadori, 2005.
Vatlin Aleksandr. Komintern: Idei, resheniia, sud'by. Moscow: Rosspen, 2009.
Vincent Mary. “The Martyrs and the Saints: Masculinity and the Construction of the Francoist Crusade.” History Workshop Journal, no. 47 (Spring 1999): 6898.
Viñas Ángel. La soledad de la República : el abandono de las democracias y el viraje hacia la Unión Soviética. Barcelona: Crítica, 2006.
Viñas Ángel El escudo de la República : El oro de España, la apuesta soviética y los hechos de mayo de 1937. Barcelona: Crítica, 2007.
Vowinckel Annette, Marcus M. Payk, and Lindenberger Thomas, eds. Cold War Cultures: Perspectives on Eastern and Western European Societies. New York: Berghahn, 2012.
West Nigel. “Dave Springhall.” In Mask: MI5's Penetration of the Communist Party of Great Britain, 219–27. London: Routledge, 2005.
Whealey Robert H. Hitler and Spain: The Nazi Role in the Spanish Civil War. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1989.
Wixson Douglas. Worker-Writer in America: Jack Conroy and the Tradition of Midwestern Literary Radicalism, 1898–1990. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.
Wood Elizabeth. The Baba and the Comrade: Gender and Politics in Revolutionary Russia. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.
Wrigley Chris. “Soldiers and Cigarettes: Smoking for King and Country.” History Today 64, no. 4 (April 2014): 2430.
Young Glennys. “To Russia with ‘Spain’: Spanish Exiles in the Soviet Union and the Longue Durée of Soviet History,” Kritika 15, no. 2 (Spring 2014): 395419.
Youngblood Denise. Russian War Films: On the Cinema Front. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2010.
Zavala José María. En busca de Andreu Nin: Vida y muerte de un mito silenciado de la Guerra Civil. Barcelona: Plaza & Janés, 2005.
Zhuravlev Sergei. “Inostrannaia koloniia v Sovetskoi Rossii v 1920–1930-e gody (Postanovka problemy i metody issledovaniia).” Otechestvennaia istoriia, 1994, no. 1: 179–89.
Zhuravlev Sergei Malenkie liudi” i “bol'shaia istoriia”: Inostrantsy moskovskogo Elektrozavoda v sovetskom obshchestve 1920-kh–1930-kh gg. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2000.
Zhuravlev SergeiAmerican Victims of the Stalin Purges, 1930s.” In Stalinistische Subjekte: Individuum und System in der Sowjetunion und der Komintern, 1929–1953, edited by Studer Brigitte and Haumann Heiko, 397414. Zurich: Chronos, 2006.
Zubkova Elena. Russia after the War: Hopes, Illusions, and Disappointments, 1945–1957. Translated by Ragsdale Hugh. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1998.
Zubok Vladislav. Zhivago's Children: The Last Russian Intelligentsia. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2009.