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Kant's Theory of Virtue
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Book description

Anne Margaret Baxley offers a systematic interpretation of Kant's theory of virtue, whose most distinctive features have not been properly understood. She explores the rich moral psychology in Kant's later and less widely read works on ethics, and argues that the key to understanding his account of virtue is the concept of autocracy, a form of moral self-government in which reason rules over sensibility. Although certain aspects of Kant's theory bear comparison to more familiar Aristotelian claims about virtue, Baxley contends that its most important aspects combine to produce something different - a distinctively modern, egalitarian conception of virtue which is an important and overlooked alternative to the more traditional Greek views which have dominated contemporary virtue ethics.

Reviews

"....this contribution by Baxley (Washington Univ. in St. Louis) is noteworthy in its meticulous analysis of autocracy as the linchpin for understanding Kantian virtue.... For dedicated Kant scholars (and perhaps Schiller scholars) this book is a worthy addition, but it may be too advanced for most readers.... Recommended...."
--L.A. Wilkinson, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, CHOICE

"...lucid, levelheaded and (from a Kantian perspective at least) deeply interesting book.... an impressive achievement and everyone who is interested in Kantian ethics and moral psychology ought to read Baxley's book..."
--Carsten Fogh Nielsen, Ph.D., University of Aarhus, Metapsychology Online Review

"...Anne Margaret Baxley’s book, Kant’s Theory of Virtue, is the most informative and comprehensive discussion of the nature and role of virtue in Kant’s ethics currently available..."
--Robert B. Louden, University of Southern Maine, Journal of the History of Philosophy

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Contents

Select bibliography
Kant's works and other primary sources
,Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, trans. Terence Irwin, 2nd edition, Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett, 1999.
Garve, Christian, Philosophische Anmerkungen und Abhandlungen zu Ciceros Buchern von den Pflichten, Breslau: Wilhelm Gottlieb Korn, 1783.
Hegel, G. W. F., Phenomenology of Spirit, trans. Miller, A. V., New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.
Kant, Immanuel, An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment? trans. Mary J. Gregor, in Practical Philosophy, ed. Gregor, Mary J. (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Kant, Immanuel, Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy), ed. and trans. Louden, Robert B., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Kant, Immanuel, Critique of Judgment, trans. Pluhar, Werner S., Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett, 1987.
Kant, Immanuel, Critique of Practical Reason, trans. Mary J. Gregor, in Practical Philosophy, ed. Mary J. Gregor (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Kant, Immanuel, Gesammelte Schriften, ed. the Royal Prussian (later German, then Berlin-Brandenburg) Academy of Sciences, 29 vols., Berlin: Georg Reimer (later Walter de Gruyter & Co.), 1900–.
Kant, Immanuel, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, trans. Mary J. Gregor, in Practical Philosophy, ed. Gregor, Mary J. (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Kant, Immanuel, Kant on the metaphysics of morals: Vigilantius's lecture notes, trans. Peter Heath, in Lectures on Ethics, ed. Heath, Peter and Schneewind, J. B. (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Kant, Immanuel, Metaphysics of Morals, trans. Mary J. Gregor, in Practical Philosophy, ed. Gregor, Mary J. (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Kant, Immanuel, Moral Philosophy: Collins's lecture notes, trans. Peter Heath, in Lectures on Ethics, ed. Heath, Peter and Schneewind, J. B. (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Kant, Immanuel, Morality according to Prof. Kant: Mrongovius's second set of lecture notes (selections), trans. Peter Heath, in Lectures on Ethics, ed. Heath, Peter and Schneewind, J. B. (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Kant, Immanuel, On the Common Saying: That May be Correct in Theory, But It Is of No Use in Practice, trans. Mary J. Gregor, in Practical Philosophy, ed. Gregor, Mary J. (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Kant, Immanuel, Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy), ed. and trans. Wood, Allen and Giovanni, George Di, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Kant, Immanuel, Toward Perpetual Peace, trans. Mary J. Gregor, in Practical Philosophy, ed. Gregor, Mary J. (The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Schiller, Friedrich, The Complete Works of Friedrich Schiller, Volume VIII: Aesthetical and Philosophical Essays, trans. anonymous, New York: P. F. Collier & Son, 1902.
Schiller, Friedrich, Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man, ed. and trans. Wilkinson, Elizabeth M. and Willoughby, L. A., Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967.
Schiller, Friedrich, Schiller's “On Grace and Dignity” in Its Cultural Context: Essays and a New Translation (Studies in German Literature, Linguistics, and Culture), ed. Curran, Jane V. and Fricker, Christophe, Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2005.
Schiller, Friedrich, Über Anmut und Würde, in Schiller's Werke, Volume IV: Schriften, introd. Meyer, Hans and Mann, Golo, Frankfurt am Main: Insel, 1966.
Schiller, Friedrich, and Goethe, Johann Wolfgang, Xenien: “The Philosophers,” in Goethe's Werke, Volume I, ed. Trunz, Erich, Munich: Beck, 1982.
Schopenhauer, Arthur, On the Basis of Morality, trans. E. F. J. Payne, Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett, 1995.
Secondary sources
Allison, Henry, Idealism and Freedom: Essays on Kant's Theoretical and Practical Philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
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Ameriks, Karl, Kant and the Fate of Autonomy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Annas, Julia, The Morality of Happiness, New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Annas, Julia, “Virtue Ethics,” in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory, ed. Copp, David, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 515–36.
Baron, Marcia, “Acting from Duty (GMS I, 397–401),” in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, ed. Horn, Christoph and Schönecker, Dieter, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2006, pp. 72–92.
Baron, Marcia, Kantian Ethics Almost without Apology, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995.
Baron, Marcia, “Love and Respect in the Doctrine of Virtue,” in Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretive Essays, ed. Timmons, Mark, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, pp. 391–407.
Baxley, Anne Margaret, “Autocracy and Autonomy,” Kant-Studien 94, 1 (2003): 1–23.
Baxley, Anne Margaret, “The Beautiful Soul and the Autocratic Agent: Schiller's and Kant's ‘Children of the House,’” Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (2003): 493–514.
Baxley, Anne Margaret, “Does Kantian Virtue Amount to More than Continence?The Review of Metaphysics 56 (2003): 559–86.
Baxley, Anne Margaret, “Kantian Virtue,” Philosophy Compass 2, 3 (2007): 396–410.
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Baxley, Anne Margaret, “The Price of Virtue,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (2007): 403–23.
Beck, Lewis White, A Commentary on Kant's Critique of Practical Reason, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1960.
Beck, Lewis White, “Sir David Ross on Duty and Purpose in Kant,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 16, 1 (1955): 98–107.
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Brewer, Talbot, “The Character of Temptation: Towards a More Plausible Kantian Moral Psychology,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83 (2002): 103–30.
Brink, David, “Kantian Rationalism: Inescapability, Authority, and Supremacy,” in Ethics and Practical Reason, ed. Cullity, Garret and Gaut, Berys, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 255–91.
Brink, David, “Moral Motivation,” Ethics 108 (1997): 4–32.
Brink, David, Review of Engstrom, S. and Whiting, J. (eds.), Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics: Rethinking Happiness and Duty, Philosophical Review 108 (1999): 576–82.
Brink, David, Review of Nancy Sherman, Making a Necessity of Virtue: Aristotle and Kant on Virtue, Philosophical Review 109 (2000): 428–34.
Cagle, Randy, “Becoming a Virtuous Agent: Kant and the Cultivation of Feelings and Emotions,” Kant-Studien 96 (2005): 452–67.
Carnois, Bernard, The Coherence of Kant's Doctrine of Freedom, trans. David Booth, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
Deligiorgi, Katerina, “Grace as a Guide to Morals? Schiller's Aesthetic Turn in Ethics,” History of Philosophy Quarterly 23, 1(2006): 1–20.
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Denis, Lara, “Kant's Conception of Virtue,” in The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy, ed. Guyer, Paul, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006, pp. 505–37.
Devereux, Daniel, “Socrates' Kantian Conception of Virtue,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (1995): 381–408.
Engstrom, Stephen, “The Inner Freedom of Virtue,” in Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretive Essays, ed. Timmons, Mark, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, pp. 289–316.
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Fackenheim, Emil, “Kant and Radical Evil,” University of Toronto Quarterly 23 (1954): 339–53.
Foot, Philippa, Virtue and Vices and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1978.
Fried, Charles, An Anatomy of Values: Problems of Personal and Social Choice, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970.
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Gregor, Mary J., Laws of Freedom, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1963.
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