1986. Why Hitler Came into Power. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.. 
Abella, Irving and Franklin Bialystok. 1996. “Canada,” in and , eds., The World Reacts to the Holocaust. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 749–81.
Abramowicz, Hirsz. 1999. Profiles of a Lost World: Memoirs of East European Jewish Life Before World War II, trans. Eva Zeitlin Dobkin, ed. and . Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
1999. The Path of a Genocide: The Rwanda Crisis from Uganda to Zaire. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. and , eds.
1989. Lodz Ghetto: Inside a Community Under Siege. New York: Viking. and , eds.
Ahmad, Feroz. 1982. “Unionist Relations with the Greek, Armenian, and Jewish Communities of the Ottoman Empire, 1908–1914,” in and , eds., Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of a Plural Society, vol. I. New York: Holmes and Meier, 401–34.
1958. A Diplomatic History of Europe Since the Congress of Vienna. New York: Harper..
Alvarez, Lizette. 2005. “Hesitantly, Holocaust Survivors Revisit Past.” New York Times, January 18, E1, E7.
1999. “Final Solution”: Nazi Population Policy and the Murder of the European Jews, trans. Belinda Cooper and Allison Brown. London: Edward Arnold..
1991. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, rev. ed. London: Verso.
1966. The Eastern Question, 1774–1923: A Study in International Relations. London: Macmillan.
Angier, Natalie. 2002. “The Urge to Punish Cheats: It Isn't Merely Vengeance.” New York Times, January 22, F1, F6.
Apple, R. W. Jr. 1993. “Policing a Global Village: As Peacekeeping Falters in Somalia, Foes of the US Effort in Haiti Are Emboldened.” New York Times, 13 October, A1, A13.
1951. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt Brace..
1964. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil, rev. and enl. ed. New York: Viking..
1982. Brothers and Strangers: The East European Jew in German and German Jewish Consciousness, 1800–1923. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
1998. Les juifs d'extrême gauche en Mai 68: une génération révolutionnaire marquée par la Shoah, trans. from the Hebrew by Katherine Werchowski. Paris: Albin Michel..
1984. The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books..
1981. “The Evolution of Cooperation.” Science 211 (March 27): 1390–96. and .
Babel, Isaac. 1998. Collected Stories, ed. , trans. David McDuff. London: Penguin Books.
Babel, Isaac.2002. The Complete Works of Isaac Babel, ed. , trans. Peter Constantine, intro. Cynthia Ozick. New York: W. W. Norton.
2003. The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America's Response. New York: HarperCollins..
2000. The Enemy: An Intellectual Portrait of Carl Schmitt. New York: Verso..
2003. Henry Ford and the Jews: The Mass Production of Hate. New York: Public Affairs..
2000. Probing the Depths of German Antisemitism: German Society and the Persecution of the Jews, 1933–1941. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem., ed.
2002. Eyewitness to a Genocide. New York: Cornell University Press..
1976. The Russian Jew Under Tsars and Soviets. New York: Macmillan.
1992. Hitler's Army: Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich. New York: Oxford University Press..
Bartov, Omer.1994. “The Conduct of War: Soldiers and the Barbarization of Warfare,” in and , eds., Resistance Against the Third Reich 1933–1990. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 39–52.
2003. Germany's War and the Holocaust: Disputed Histories. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press..
1994. Jews for Sale?: Nazi–Jewish Negotiations, 1933–1945. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
2001. Rethinking the Holocaust. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
Bauer, Yehuda.2002. “Holocaust and Genocide in the Wake of the Twin Towers,” paper presented at the Aegis Conference, Nottinghamshire, England, January.
1989. Modernity and the Holocuast. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press..
1982. The Dean's December. New York: Pocket Books..
2000. Ravelstein. New York: Penguin Books..
1983. Carl Schmitt: Theorist for the Reich. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
2000. “Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment.” Annual Review of Sociology 26: 611–39. and .
Berkeley, Bill. 2002. “Road to a Genocide,” in Mills and Brunner 2002, 103–16.
2003. Terror and Liberalism. New York: Norton..
2002. The Conquerors: Roosevelt, Truman and the Destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941–1945. New York: Simon and Schuster..
2004. “Versions of Murder.” Times Literary Supplement 5281 (June 18): 10–11..
Black, Eugene C. 1993. “Lucien Wolf and the Making of Poland: Paris, 1919,” in Polonsky 1993, 264–95.
Blakeslee, Sandra. 2001. “Watching How the Brain Works as It Weighs a Moral Dilemma.” New York Times, September 25, F3.
1989. “The Persecution of the Jews in the Netherlands: A Comparative Western European Perspective.” European History Quarterly 19 (3): 333–51.
1994. “Negative Affect and Social Judgment: The Differential Impact of Anger and Sadness.” European Journal of Social Psychology 24 (1): 45–62., , and .
Bodger, Alan. 1984. “Russia and the End of the Ottoman Empire,” in Kent 1984, 76–110.
1999. Hierachy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge: Harvard University Press..
1995. “Context, Methods, Numbers, and Words: Prospect Theory in International Relations.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 39 (September): 561–83..
2001. History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness. Budapest: Central European Press..
1980. Sur les murs de Paris et de France: 1939–1945. Paris: Hachette Réalités. and .
2002. “Behavioural Science: Homo Reciprocans.” Nature 415 (January 10): 125–28. and .
1989. Saving the Bulgarian Jews in World War II. Ottawa: Free Bulgarian Center..
1972. Armenia: The Case for a Forgotten Genocide. Westwood, NJ: Educational Book Crafters.
Boyce, D. G. 1985. “Ireland: From Ascendancy to Democracy,” in , ed., The Cambridge Historical Encyclopedia of Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 261–64.
1992. “Punishment Allows the Evolution of Cooperation (or Anything Else) in Sizable Groups.” Ethology and Sociobiology 13 (2): 171–95. and .
1981. The Politics of Genocide: The Holocaust in Hungary, vol. I. New York: Columbia University Press.
2000. The Politics of Genocide: The Holocaust in Hungary, condensed ed. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
1991. The Architect of Genocide: Himmler and the Final Solution. Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press and University Press of New England..
Breitman, Richard.2000. “American Diplomatic Records Regarding German Public Opinion During the Nazi Regime,” in Bankier 2000, 501–10.
Bridge, F. R. 1984. “The Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire, 1900–1918,” in Kent 1984, 31–51.
1981. The Revolt of the Hereros. Berkeley: University of California Press.
1999. The Avoidable War, vol. I, Lord Cecil and the Policy of Principle, 1933–1935. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers..
1981. The Hitler State. London: Longman..
1992. Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland. New York: HarperCollins.
2004. The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939–March 1942. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, and Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
2004. “Anti-Semitism in Europe Before the Holocaust.” International Political Science Review 25 (1): 35–53. and .
2003. The Logic of Political Survival. Cambridge: MIT Press., , , and .
1974. Palmerston, Guizot and the Collapse of the Entente Cordiale. London: Athlone Press..
1999. The War in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Ethnic Conflict and International Intervention. New York: M. E. Sharpe. and .
2000. The Third Reich: A New History. New York: Hill and Wang..
1994. Hitler and the Jews: The Genesis of the Holocaust, trans. Patsy Southgate. London: Edward Arnold..
1996. France Under the Germans: Collaboration and Compromise, trans. Janet Lloyd. New York: New Press..
1995. The Wages of Guilt: Memories of War in Germany and Japan. London: Vintage..
Callamard, Agnes. 1999. “French Policy in Rwanda,” in Adelman and Suhrke 1999, 157–83.
Canny, Nicholas. 1991. “Early Modern Ireland, c. 1500–1700,” in Foster 1991b, 104–60.
1998. Holocaust Scholars Write to the Vatican. Westport, CT: Greenwood., ed.
Carney, Timothy. 1989a. “The Organization of Power,” in Jackson 1989a, 79–107.
Carney, Timothy.1989b. “The Unexpected Victory,” in Jackson 1989a, 13–35.
Carpi, Daniel. 1977. “The Rescue of Jews in the Italian Zone of Occupied Croatia,” in Gutman and Zuroff 1977, 465–525.
Cesarani, David. 1977a. “Introduction,” in Cesarani 1997b, 1–28.
1997b. Genocide and Rescue: The Holocaust in Hungary 1944. Oxford: Berg..ed.
1986. Britain and the Vatican During the Second World WarCambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press..
Chadwick, Owen.1989. “Weizsäcker, the Vatican, and the Jews of Rome,” in , ed., The Nazi Holocaust, vol. VIII, part 3. Westport, CT: Meckler, 1263–83.
Chalk, Frank. 1999. “Hate Radio in Rwanda,” in Adelman and Suhrke 1999, 93–107.
1990. The History and Sociology of Genocide: Analyses and Case Studies. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. and .
1987. Lord Palmerston. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.
Chandler, David P. 1990. “A Revolution in Full Spate: Communist Party Policy in Democratic Kampuchea, December 1976,” in and , eds., The Cambodian Agony. New York: M. E. Sharpe, 165–79.
1999. Brother Number One: A Political Biography of Pol Pot. New York: Westview Press.
2000. A History of Cambodia, 3rd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
1997. The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II. New York: Basic..
Charny, Israel W. 1994. “Toward a Generic Definition of Genocide,” in , ed., Genocide: Conceptual and Historical Dimensions. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 64–94.
1972. The Bulgarian Jews and the Final Solution, 1940–1944. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Chorbajian, Levon. 1999. “Introduction,” in and , eds., Studies in Comparative Genocide. New York: St. Martin's Press, xv–xxxv.
1984. From Versailles to Locarno: Keys to Polish Foreign Policy, 1919–1925. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. and .
1998. Politics and Uncertainty: Theory, Models and Applications. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press..
1968. On War. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul..
Clogg, Richard. 1982. “The Greek Millet in the Ottoman Empire,” in and , eds., Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of a Plural Society, vol. I. New York: Holmes and Meier, 185–207.
1992. A Concise History of Greece. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press..
Cohen, William B. and Jürgen Svensson. 2001. “Finland,” in , ed., The Holocaust Encyclopedia. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 204–06.
Committee of the Jewish Delegations. 1927. The Pogroms in the Ukraine Under the Ukrainian Governments (1917–1920). London: John Bale, Sons and Danielsson, Ltd.
2001. On the German Art of War: Truppenführung. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner. and , eds.
Connolly, S. J. 1995. “The Great Famine and Irish Politics,” in Póirtéir 1995, 34–49.
1986. The Harvest of Sorrow: Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine. New York: Oxford University Press..
1968. The Nazi Persecution of the Churches, 1933–1945. New York: Basic Books.
1990. The German Army, 1933–1945: Its Political and Military Failure. Lanham, MD: Scarborough House..
1999. Hitler's Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII. New York: Penguin Books..
1976. Foreign Interference in Greek Politics: An Historical Perspective. New York: Pella Publishing., , and .
Crossette, Barbara. 1999. “The World Expected Peace: It Found a New Brutality.” New York Times, January 24, Section 4:1, 16.
2002. Verdict on Vichy: Power and Prejudice in the Vichy France Regime. New York: Arcade Publishing..
Czerniakow, Adam. 1979. The Warsaw Diary of Adam Czerniakow: Prelude to Doom, ed. , , and , trans. Stanislaw Staron and the staff of Yad Vashem. New York: Stein and Day.
Daalder, Ivo H. 1996. “Fear and Loathing in the Former Yugoslavia,” in , ed., The International Dimensions of Internal Conflict. Cambridge: MIT Press, 461–88.
1997. The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus. Providence, RI: Berghahn Books.
1999. Warrant for Genocide: Key Elements of Turko-Armenian Conflict. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
2003. Shake Hands with the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda. Toronto: Random House Canada..
1970. Political Terror in Communist Systems. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. and .
Daly, Mary E. 1995. “The Operations of Famine Relief, 1845–1857,” in Póirtéir 1995, 123–34.
1947. Refugees in America: Report of the Committee for the Study of Recent Immigration from Europe. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers.
1982. God's Playground: A History of Poland in Two Volumes, vol. I, The Origins to 1795. New York: Columbia University Press..
1986. The War Against the Jews, 1933–1945. New York: Bantam Books..
Deák, István. 1965. “Hungary,” in and , eds., The European Right: A Historical Profile. Berkeley: University of California Press, 364–407.
2002. The Enemy's House Divided, trans. Robert Eden. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press..
1989. Machiavelli in Hell. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press..
2004. “The Neural Basis of Altruistic Punishment,” Science 305 (August 27): 1254–58., , , , , , and .
1999. “Leave None to Tell the Story”: Genocide in Rwanda. New York: Human Rights Watch..
2004. “Prejudice from Thin Air: The Effect of Emotion on Automatic Intergroup Attitudes,” Psychological Science 15 (5): 319–24., , , and .
1985. Distributive Justice. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
Dieckmann, Christoph. 2000. “The War and the Killing of the Lithuanian Jews,” in Herbert 2000b, 240–75.
1991. “German Officers and the Armenian Genocide.” Armenian Review 44 (Spring): 77–133..
1984. The Chronicle of the Łódź Ghetto 1941–1944, trans. Richard Lourie, Joachim Neugroschel, and others. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press., ed.
Don, Yehuda. 1997. “Economic Implications of the Anti-Jewish Legislation in Hungary,” in Cesarani 1997b, 47–76.
Donnelly, James S. Jr. 1995. “Mass Eviction and the Great Famine,” in Póirtéir 1995, 155–73.
1980. “Let Us Die Fighting”: The Struggle of the Herero and Nama Against German Imperialism (1884–1915), trans. Bernd Zöllner. London: Zed Press..
1973. History of the Jews: From the Congress of Vienna to the Emergence of Hitler, vol. V, trans. Moshe Spiegel. New York: Thomas Yoseloff..
2000. Rumkowski and the Orphans of Lodz. San Francisco, CA: Mercury House..
Elster, Jon. 1986. “Introduction,” in , ed., Rational Choice. New York: New York University Press, 1–33.
Engel, David. 1993. “The Western Allies and the Holocaust,” in Polonsky 1993, 407–22.
2001. Ordered to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
2004. The Coming of the Third Reich. New York: Penguin Books.
1992. “Roosevelt and the Munich Crisis: Insights from Prospect Theory.” Political Psychology 13 (June): 205–35..
2000. “Cooperation and Punishment in Public Goods Experiments.” American Economic Review 90 (September): 980–94. and .
2002. “Altruistic Punishment in Humans.” Nature 415 (10 January): 134–40. and .
1979. Accounting for Genocide: National Responses and Jewish Victimization During the Holocaust. New York: Free Press..
Fein, Helen.1984. “Scenarios of Genocide: Models of Genocide and Critical Responses,” in , ed., Toward the Understanding and Prevention of Genocide. Boulder, CO: Westview, 3–31.
1990. “Genocide: A Sociological Perspective.” Current Sociology 38 (Spring): 1–126..
Fein, Helen.2000. “The Three P's of Genocide Prevention: With Application to a Genocide Foretold – Rwanda,” in , ed. Protection Against Genocide: Mission Impossible?. Westport, CT: Praeger, 41–66.
Fein, Helen.2004. “To Prevent and to Punish Genocide: Rwanda,” paper presented at the Remembering Rwanda: Conference on the Rwanda Genocide 10th Anniversary, New York, May 8.
1970. The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust, 1938–1945. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
1993. The Great Disorder: Politics, Economics, and Society in the German Inflation, 1914–1924. New York: Oxford University Press.
1998. The History of an Obsession: German Judeophobia and the Holocaust. New York: Continuum.
1997. Constitution and Reform in Eighteenth-Century Poland: The Constitution of 3 May 1791. Bloomington: Indiana University Press., ed.
Fitzpatrick, David. 1991. “Ireland Since 1870,” in Foster 1991b, 213–74.
Fitzpatrick, David.1995. “Flight from Famine,” in Póirtéir 1995, 174–84.
1984. Hitler and the Final Solution. Berkeley: University of California Press..
2002. Everything Is Illuminated: A Novel. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Foreign Relations of the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Publications Office, Superintendent of Documents.
Foster, R. F. 1991a. “Ascendancy and Union,” in Foster 1991b, 161–211.
1991b. The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. Oxford: Oxford University Press.ed.
Foster, R. F.2001. “Remembering 1798,” in , ed., History and Memory in Modern Ireland. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 67–94.
1941. The Dual State. New York: Oxford University Press..
2001. Hans J. Morgenthau: An Intellectual Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press..
Friedländer, Saul. 1966. Pius XII and the Third Reich: A Documentation, trans. . London: Chatto and Windus.
1967. Prelude to Downfall: Hitler and the United Sates, 1939–1941. New York: Knopf..
1997. Nazi Germany and the Jews. New York: HarperCollins..
1953. Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago..
1973. No Haven for the Oppressed: United States Policy Toward Jewish Refugees, 1938–1945. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.
1976. Pogromchik: The Assassination of Simon Petlura. New York: Hart.
2002. The Landscape of History: How Historians Map the Past. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gartner, I. 1991. “Ukrainian Nationalism After World War II,” in Sabrin 1991, 227–31.
1987. Machiavelli and the History of Prudence. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press..
2001. Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany. New York: Oxford University Press..
1998. The Irish War. New York: HarperCollins..
1951. “The Pogroms in the Ukraine in 1918–1921.” YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science 6: 237–52.
Gerlach, Christian. 2000a. “German Economic Interests, Occupation Policy, and the Murder of the Jews in Belorussia, 1941/43,” in Herbert 2000b, 210–39.
Gerlach, Christian.2000b. “The Wannsee Conference, the Fate of German Jews, and Hitler's Decision in Principle to Exterminate All European Jews,” in , ed., The Holocaust: Origins, Implementation, Aftermath. New York: Routledge, 108–61. Reprinted from Journal of Modern History 70 (December 1998): 759–812.
German Foreign Office. 1940. Documents on the Events Preceding the Outbreak of the War. New York: German Library of Information.
Geyer, Michael. 1986. “German Strategy in the Age of Machine Warfare, 1914–1945,” in , ed., Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 527–97.
1979. History of Poland, 2nd ed. Warsaw: PWN-Polish Scientific Publishers., , , , and .
Gilbert, Felix. 1986. “Machiavelli: The Renaissance of the Art of War,” in , ed., Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 11–31.
1989. The Second World War: A Complete History. New York: Henry Holt..
Gilbert, Martin.1999. “Forward to the Second Edition,” in Weinreich 1999, v–xi.
2000. The Straits of War: Gallipoli Remembered. Stroud, UK: Sutten..
1996. “Realists as Optimists: Cooperation as Self-Help.” Security Studies 5 (Spring): 122–66.
1996. The Fall of Yugoslavia: The Third Balkan War, 3rd ed. New York: Penguin Books..
Gnamo, Abbas H. 1999. “The Rwandan Genocide and the Collapse of Mobutu's Kleptocracy,” in Adelman and Suhrke 1999, 321–49.
1996. Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change. New York: Oxford University Press.
1983. The Goebbels Diaries 1939–1941, trans. Fred Taylor. New York: Putnam..
2003. Necessary Conditions: Theory, Methodology, and Applications. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. and , eds.
1987. The Rescue of the Danish Jews: Moral Courage Under Stress. New York: New York University Press., ed.
1996. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. New York: Knopf.
1970. A Historical Commentary on Thucydides, vol. IV. Oxford: Clarendon Press., , and .
1984. Hitler, Germans, and the “Jewish Question.”Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press..
1998. We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed with Our Families. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux..
2005. “Letter Reveals Vatican Policy on Children of Holocaust.” Forward, January 7.
2001. “An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment.” Science 293 (September 14): 2105–08., , , and .
2001. Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne, Poland. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
1993. The Victory, trans. Richard Lourie. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press..
1997. The Vanishing Irish: Households, Migration, and the Rural Economy in Ireland, 1850–1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press..
1985. The Armenian File. New York: St. Martin's Press..
1982. The Jews of Warsaw, 1939–1943: Ghetto, Underground, Revolt, trans. Ina Friedman. Bloomington: Indiana University Press..
1994. Resistance: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Boston: Houghton Mifflin..[Gutman, Israel].
1977. Rescue Attempts During the Holocaust. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem. and , eds.
1979. The Meaning of Hitler, trans. Ewald Osers. New York: MacMillian.
2002. Defying Hitler: A Memoir, trans. Oliver Pretzel. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Halder, Franz. 1988. The Halder War Diary: 1939–1942, ed. and . Novato, CA: Presidio.
2000. Turkish Foreign Policy 1774–2000. Portland, OR: Frank Cass.,
2000. Not Even My Name. New York: Angel Hat Ink.,
1999. Hitler's Vienna: A Dictator's Apprenticeship, trans. Thomas Thornton. New York: Oxford University Press..
Hamburg Institute for Social Research. 1999. The German Army and Genocide: Crimes Against War Prisoners, Jews, and Other Civilians in the East, 1939–1944, trans. Scott Abbott. New York: New Press.
1973. “Interpersonal Dynamics in a Simulated Prison.” International Journal of Criminology and Penology 1 (February): 69–97., , and .
2003. “No Lessons Learned from the Holocaust? Assessing Risks of Genocide and Political Mass Murder Since 1955.” American Political Science Review 97 (February): 57–73..
1988. “Toward Empirical Theory of Genocides and Politicides: Identification and Measurement of Cases Since 1945.” International Studies Quarterly 32 (September): 359–71. and .
Harshav, Benjamin. 2002. “Introduction: Herman Kruk's Holocaust Writings,” in Kruk 2002, xxi–lii.
2003. Une saison de machettes: récits. Paris: Seuil..
Hayton, David. 1985. “Ireland: Planters and Patriots,” in , ed., The Cambridge Historical Encyclopedia of Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 214–17.
2001. “Toward a Democratic Civil Peace? Democracy, Political Change, and Civil War, 1816–1992.” American Political Science Review 95 (March): 33–48., , , and .
1968. Reichsführer! Briefe an und von Himmler. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt., ed.
2001. How to Prevent Genocide: A Guide for Policymakers, Scholars and the Concerned Citizen. Westport, CT: Praeger.
1921. The Slaughter of the Jews in the Ukraine in 1919. New York: Thomas Seltzer.
Heim, Susanne. 2000. “The German-Jewish Relationship in the Diaries of Victor Klemperer,” in Bankier 2000, 312–25.
1979. The German Churches Under Hitler: Background, Struggle, and Epilogue. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.
Herbert, Ulrich. 2000a. “Extermination Policy: New Answers and Questions About the History of the ‘Holocaust’ in German Historigraphy,” in Herbert 2000b, 1–52.
2000b. National Socialist Extermination Policies. New York: Berghahn Books..
1995. Gallipoli. London: John Murray..
1985. The Destruction of the European Jews, rev. ed. New York: Holmes and Meier..
Hilberg, Raul and Stanislaw Staron. 1979. “Introduction,” in Czerniakow 1979, 25–70.
1986. “The Contagion of Political Conflict in Africa and the World.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 30: 716–35. and .
1938. Once in 2000 Years: Secret Speech Delivered to the German Army General Staff. New York: American Committee for Anti-Nazi Literature..
1988. Nazi Rule and Dutch Collaboration: The Netherlands Under German Occupation 1940–1945, trans. Louise Willmot. Oxford: Berg..
Hirschon, Renée, 2003. “The Consequences of the Lausanne Convention: An Overview,” in , ed., Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey. Oxford, UK: Berghahn Books, 13–20.
1939. Mein Kampf. Boston: Houghton Mifflin..
2000. Hitler's Table Talk, 1941–1944: His Private Conversations, trans. Norman Cameron and R. H. Stevens, intro. Hugh R. Trevor-Roper. New York: Enigma Books..
1970. The Order of the Death's Head: The Story of Hitler's SS, trans. Richard Barry. New York: Coward-McCann..
1897. “The Path of the Law.” Harvard Law Review, 10 (March): 458–78..
2001. German Atrocities, 1914: A History of Denial. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. and .
2001. The Deadly Ethnic Riot. Berkeley: University of California Press.
2002. Taking Lives: Genocide and State Power, 5th edition. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers..
1992. Deutsche Katholiken: 1918–1945. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh..
1996. Standing Your Ground: Territorial Disputes and International Conflict. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
2002. “From the Editor: Towards a Conceptual Definition of Genocide.” Journal of Genocide Research 4 (2): 167–76.
Ignatieff, Michael. 2002. “Intervention and State Failure,” in Mills and Brunner 2002, 229–44.
2000. The Holocaust in Romania: The Destruction of Jews and Gypsies Under the Antonescu Regime, 1940–1944, foreword Elie Wiesel. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee..
1980. The Economic History of Turkey: 1800–1914. Chicago: University of Chicago Press..
1981. Hitler's World View: A Blueprint for Power, trans. Herbert Arnold. Cambridge: Harvard University Press..
1989a. Cambodia 1975–1978: Rendezvous with Death. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press., ed.
Jackson, Karl D.1989b. “Intellectual Origins of the Khmer Rouge,” in Jackson 1989a, 241–50.
Janjić, Dušan. 1995. “Resurgence of Ethnic Conflict in Yugoslavia: The Demise of Communism and the Rise of the ‘New Elites’ of Nationalism,” in and , eds., Yugoslavia, the Former and Future. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 29–44.
1983. History of the Balkans, vol. II. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press..
1992. “Political Implications of Loss Aversion.” Political Psychology 13 (June): 187–204..
1999. “Realism, Neoliberalism, and Cooperation.” International Security 24 (Summer): 42–63..
1998. Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations in Comparative Perspective. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. and .
Jones, Bruce. 1999. “The Arusha Peace Process,” in Adelman and Suhrke 1999, 131–56.
2001. Peacemaking in Rwanda: The Dynamics of Failure. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner..
2000. The Serbs: History, Myth and the Destruction of Yugoslavia. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
1975. The Storm of Steel: From the Diary of a German Storm-Troop Officer on the Western Front, trans. Michael Hoffman. New York: H. Fertig..
1974. A History of Finland, rev. ed., trans. Paul Sjöblom. New York: Praeger. and .
1981. The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press..
1990. “Experimental Tests of the Endowment Effect and the Coase Theorem.” Journal of Political Economy 98 (December): 1325–48., , and .
1991. “The Endowment Effect, Loss Aversion and Status Quo Bias.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 5 (Winter): 193–206., , and .
1979. “Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision Under Risk.” Econometrica 47 (2): 263–92. and .
2000. Choices, Values, and Frames. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. and .eds.
Kaiser, Hilmar. 1999. “The Baghdad Railway and the Armenian Genocide, 1915–1916: A Case Study in German Resistance and Complicity,” in , ed., Remembrance and Denial: The Case of the Armenian Genocide. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 67–112.
1973. The Warsaw Diary of Chaim A. Kaplan, ed. and trans. Abraham I. Katsh. New York: Collier.
1985. Ottoman Population, 1830–1914: Demographic and Social Characteristics. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
2001. The Politicization of Islam: Reconstructing Identity, State, Faith, and Community in the Late Ottoman State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2002. Studies on Ottoman Social and Political History: Selected Articles and Essays. Leiden: Brill.
Kasaba, Reşat. 1999. “Economic Foundations of a Civil Society: Greeks in the Trade of Western Anatolia, 1840–1876,” in and , eds., Ottoman Greeks in the Age of Nationalism: Politics, Economy, and Society in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 77–87.
1994. The Holocaust in Historical Context, vol. I, The Holocaust and Mass Death Before the Modern Age. New York: Oxford University Press..
2004. “Blood then Brandy.” Times Literary Supplement 5258 (January 9): 8..
Keesing's Contemporary Archives. London: Keesing's Limited.
Kenez, Peter. 1992. “Pogroms and White Ideology in the Russian Civil War,” in and , eds., Pogroms: Anti-Jewish Violence in Modern Russian History. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 293–313.
1984. The Great Powers and the End of the Ottoman Empire. London: George Allen and Unwin., ed.
Kermisz, Josef. 1979. “Introduction,” in Czerniakow 1979, 1–24.
1998. Hitler, 1889–1936: Hubris. New York: Norton..
2000a. Hitler, 1936–1945: Nemesis. New York: Norton..
2000b. The Nazi Dictatorship: Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation, 4th ed. London: Edward Arnold..
1996. The Pol Pot Regime: Race, Power, and Genocide in Cambodia Under the Khmer Rouge, 1975–79. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
1994. This Great Calamity: The Irish Famine 1845–1852. Dublin: Gill and MacMillan..
1977. The Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire. New York: Morrow.
1979. Finland in the Twentieth Century. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
1995. Imperial Russia's Jewish Question, 1855–1881. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
1992. Pogroms: Anti-Jewish Violence in Modern Russian History. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. and , eds.
2004. “Sweet Revenge?.” Science 305 (August 27): 1246–47..
2000. “The Great Powers and Genocide: Lessons from Rwanda.” Pacifica Review 12 (June): 121–41.
2004. “Bayesian Integration in Sensorimotor Learning.” Nature 427 (January): 244–47. and .
Korzec, Pawel and Jean-Charles Szurek. 1993. “Jews and Poles Under Soviet Occupation (1939–1941): Conflicting Interests,” in Polonsky 1993, 385–406.
1987. A Profile of Modern Greece in Search of Identity. Oxford: Clarendon Press. and .
1997. “State-Sponsored Mass Murder: The Onset and Severity of Genocides and Politicides.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 41 (June): 1–24..
Kruk, Herman. 2002. The Last Days of the Jerusalem of Lithuania: Chronicles from the Vilna Ghetto and the Camps, 1939–1944, ed. . New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Kulka, Otto D. 2000. “The German Population and the Jews: State of Research and New Perspectives,” in Bankier 2000, 271–81.
1981. Genocide: Its Political Use in the Twentieth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
1969. Staatliche Akten über die Reichskonkordatsverhandlungen, 1933. Mainz: Matthias-Grünewald-Verlag.. ed.
2004. “Strife in Congo Town Sows Fear of Return to All-Out War.” New York Times, December 19, N3..
1999. The Future of the Holocaust: Between History and Memory. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press..
2001. “Thucydides the Constructivist.” American Political Science Review 95 (September): 547–60..
1994. “Managing Transition Anarchies: Rwanda, Burundi, and South Africa in Comparative Perspective.” Journal of Modern African Studies, 32 (4): 581–604..
1995. “Rwanda: The Rationality of Genocide.” Issue: A Journal of Opinion 23 (2): 8–11..
1996. Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. New York: Cambridge University Press..
1944. Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment..
2004. “Subconsciously, Athletes May Play Like Statisticians.” New York Times, January 20, F1..
1980. The History of Poland Since 1863. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press., , , and .
1999. Not the Germans Alone: A Son's Search for the Truth of Vichy. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press..
1999. The Massacre in History. New York: Berghahn Books. and , eds.
Leventhal, Gerald S., Jurgis Karuza, Jr., and William R. Fry. 1980. “Beyond Fairness: A Theory of Allocation Preferences,” in , ed., Justice and Social Interaction. New York: Springer-Verlag, 167–217.
1991. Economic Origins of Antisemitism: Poland and Its Jews in the Early Modern Period. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
Levy, Jack S. 2000. “Loss Aversion, Framing Effects, and International Conflict,” in M. Midlarsky 2000a, 193–221.
Lewitter, L. R. 1965. “The Partitions of Poland,” in , ed., The New Cambridge Modern History, vol. VIII. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 333–59.
1964. The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany. New York: McGraw-Hill..
Libaridian, Gerard. J. 1987. “The Ultimate Repression: The Genocide of the Armenians, 1915–1917,” in Wallimann and Dobkowski 1987, 203–35.
1986. The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide. New York: Basic Books..
2000. Destroying the World to Save It. New York: Holt..
1990. The Genocidal Mentality: Nazi Holocaust and Nuclear Threat. New York: Basic Books. and .
1997. Esau's Tears: Modern Anti-Semitism and the Rise of the Jews. New York: Cambridge University Press.
1971. “The Unsuccessful Adolescence of Heinrich Himmler.” American Historical Review 76 (June): 612–41..
2000. Whitehall and the Jews, 1933–1948: British Immigration Policy, Jewish Refugees and the Holocaust. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press..
1995. “Genocide and Socio-Political Change: Massacres in Two Rwandan Villages.” Issue: A Journal of Opinion 23 (2): 18–21..
2002. Hitler's Bureaucrats: The Nazi Security Police and the Banality of Evil, trans. Haim Watzman. London: Continuum..
1999. The Partitions of Poland 1772, 1793, 1795. London: Longman..
2001. A Concise History of Poland. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. and .
1987. Strategy: The Logic of War and Peace. Cambridge: Belknap Press.
1950. The Prince and The Discourses. New York: Random House..
1999. Irish Migrants in Modern Britain, 1750–1922. New York: St. Martin's Press.
1999. Genocide and Covert Operations in Africa: 1993–1999. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press..
1971. A History of Modern Jewry 1780–1815. New York: Schocken Books..
1999. Russia Under Western Eyes: From the Bronze Horseman to the Lenin Mausoleum. Cambridge: Harvard University Press..
2001. When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press..
2000. Atatürk. New York: Overlook Press..
Mann, Michael. 1997. “The Contradictions of Continuous Revolution,” in and , eds., Stalinism and Nazism: Dictatorships in Comparison. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 135–57.
Manoschek, Walter. 2000. “The Extermination of the Jews in Serbia,” in Herbert 2000b, 163–85.
1996. Machiavelli's Virtue. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Marashlian, Levon. 1999. “Finishing the Genocide: Cleansing Turkey of Armenian Survivors, 1920–1923,” in ed., Remembrance and Denial: The Case of the Armenian Genocide. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 113–45.
Markusen, Eric. 1987. “Genocide and Total War: A Preliminary Comparison,” in Wallimann and Dobkowski 1987, 97–123.
2004. “Powell and Annan See Hints of Disaster in Sudan.” New York Times, July 1, A1, A6. and .
1947. The Eastern Question: An Historical Study in European Diplomacy, 4th ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
1985. The Unwanted: European Refugees in the Twentieth Century. New York: Oxford University Press.
1987. The Holocaust in History. Hanover, NH: Published for Brandeis University Press by University Press of New England.
1982. “The Nazis and the Jews in Occupied Western Europe, 1940–1944.” Journal of Modern History 54 (December): 687–714. and .
1995. Vichy France and The Jews. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. and .
2001. “Gerhart Riegner, 90, Dies: Disclosed Holocaust Plans.” New York Times, December 5, A27..
Martin, Ian. 1998. “Hard Choices After Genocide: Human Rights and Political Failures in Rwanda,” in , ed., Hard Choices: Moral Dilemmas in Humanitarian Intervention. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 157–76.
1994. Cambodia: A Shattered Society, trans. Mark W. McLeod. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Matthäus, Jürgen. 2004. “Operation Barbarossa and the Onset of the Holocaust, June–December 1941,” in , The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939–March 1942. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, and Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 244–308.
1988. Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?: The “Final Solution” in History. New York: Pantheon..
1997. The Ottoman Turks: An Introductory History to 1923. New York: Longman..
1992. “Prospect Theory in International Relations: The Iranian Hostage Rescue Mission.” Political Psychology 13 (June): 237–63..
1998. Risk-Taking in International Politics: Prospect Theory in American Foreign Policy. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press..
2001. Distant Ties: Germany, the Ottoman Empire, and the Construction of the Baghdad Railway. Westport, CT: Praeger.
2001. Great Power Politics. New York: Norton.
1972. The Athenian Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press..
1957. Machiavellism, trans. Douglas Scott. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
1992. Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust. Chicago: University of Chicago Press..
2000. A People Betrayed: The Role of the West in Rwanda's Genocide. London: Zed Books..
2004. Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwandan Genocide. London: Verso..
1975. Political Violence Under the Swastika: 581 Early Nazis. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
2003. Holocaust Historiography: A Jewish Perspective Conceptualizations, Terminology, Approaches and Fundamental Issues. London: Vallentine Mitchell..
Michman, Joseph. 1989. “The Controversy Surrounding the Jewish Council of Amsterdam: From Its Inception to the Present Day,” in , ed., The Nazi Holocaust: Historical Articles on the Destruction of European Jews, No. 6, The Victims of the Holocaust, vol. II. Westport, CT: Meckler, 821–43.
1968. “Aiding Responses: An Analysis and Review.” Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 14 (3): 229–60.
Midlarsky, Elizabeth R., Stephanie Fagin Jones, and Robin Nemeroff. (forthcoming). “Heroic Rescue During the Holocaust: Empirical and Methodological Perspectives,” in Measurement, Methodology, and Evaluation. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. and , eds.,
1994. Altruism in Later Life. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. and .
2004. “Echoes of Genocide: Trauma and Ethnic Identity Among European Immigrants.” Humboldt Journal of Social Relations 28 (2): 38–53. and .
1982. “Scarcity and Inequality: Prologue to the Onset of Mass Revolution.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 26 (March): 3–38.
1984. “Preventing Systemic War: Crisis Decision-Making Amidst a Structure of Conflict Relationships.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 28 (December): 563–84.
1988a. The Onset of World War. Boston: Unwin Hyman.
1988b. “Rulers and the Ruled: Patterned Inequality and the Onset of Mass Political Violence.” American Political Science Review 82 (June): 491–509.
1999. The Evolution of Inequality: War, State Survival, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
2000a. Handbook of War Studies II. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.ed.
Midlarsky, Manus I.2000b. “Identity and International Conflict,” in M. Midlarsky 2000a, 25–58.
Midlarsky, Manus I.2002. “Realism and the Democratic Peace: The Primacy of State Security in New Democracies,” in and , eds., Millennial Reflections on International Studies. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 107–42.
2003. “The Impact of External Threat on States and Domestic Societies.” International Studies Review 5 (December): 13–18.
2004. “Nihilism in Political Chaos: Himmler, bin Laden, and Altruistic Punishment.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 27 (May–June): 187–206.
2005. “The Demographics of Genocide: Refugees and Territorial Loss in the Mass Murder of European Jewry.” Journal of Peace Research (special issue on the demography of conflict and violence) 42 (4): 375–91.
1994. From Rivalry to Cooperation: Russian and American Perspectives on the Post-Cold War Era. New York: HarperCollins., , and , eds.
1993. Survivors: An Oral History of the Armenian Genocide. Berkeley: University of California Press. and .
2002. The New Killing Fields: Massacre and the Politics of Intervention. New York: Basic Books. and , eds.
1976. The Wind Will Not Subside: Years in Revolutionary China – 1964–1969. New York: Pantheon. and .
1868. The History of Ireland: From the Treaty of Limerick to the Present Time. New York: D. and J. Sadlier..
1997. Victims and Survivors: The Nazi Persecution of the Jews in the Netherlands 1940–1945. London: Arnold..
1918. Ambassador Morgenthau's Story. New York: Doubleday..
1980. Vatican Diplomacy and the Jews During the Holocaust, 1939–1943. New York: KTAV.
1999. Why Vietnam Invaded Cambodia: Political Culture and the Causes of War. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press..
1968. While Six Million Died: A Chronicle of American Apathy. New York: Random House.
1989. Inquiry, Logic, and International Politics. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press. and .
2000. A War to Be Won: Fighting the Second World War. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. and .
2001. The Green Shirts and the Others: A History of Fascism in Hungary and Romania. Iaşi: Center for Romanian Studies.,
2002. Evil in Modern Thought: An Alternative History of Philosophy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press..
Neshamit, Sarah. 1977. “Rescue in Lithuania During the Nazi Occupation,” in Gutman and Zuroff 1977, 289–331.
1942. Behemoth: The Structure and Practice of National Socialism. New York: Oxford University Press..
1995. “Background to Genocide: Rwanda.” Issue: A Journal of Opinion 23 (2): 12–17..
1999. “A Catholic Mass in Kigali: Contested Views of the Genocide and Ethnicity in Rwanda.” Canadian Journal of African Studies 33 (2 and 3): 292–315. and .
1999. Black '47 and Beyond: The Great Irish Famine in History, Economy, and Memory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press..
Obenaus, Herbert. 2000. “The Germans: ‘An Antisemitic People.’ The Press Campaign After 9 November 1938,” in Bankier 2000, 147–80.
1999. Honors, Symbols, and War. Ann Arbor:University of Michigan Press..
2001. “Risk Aversion in International Relations Theory.” International Studies Quarterly 45 (December): 617–40..
Oren, Nissan. 1968. “The Bulgarian Exception: A Reassessment of the Salvation of the Jewish Community,” in , ed., Yad Vashem Studies on the European Jewish Catastrophe and Resistance, VII. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 83–106.
Ortayli, Ilber. 1999. “Greeks in the Ottoman Administration During the Tanzimat Period,” in and , eds., Ottoman Greeks in the Age of Nationalism: Politics, Economy, and Society in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton, NJ: Darwin Press, 161–67.
1992. “Covenants with and Without a Sword: Self-Governance Is Possible.” American Political Science Review 86 (June): 404–17., , and .
2000. Burundi on the Brink, 1993–1995: A UN Special Envoy Reflects on Preventive Diplomacy. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press..
1991. Himmler: Reichsführer-SS. New York: Henry Holt and Company..
1992. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire. London: John Murray..
2000. The Holocaust Trilogy: Theresa; A Dead Woman on Holiday; The Dybbuk. London: Oberon Books..
1995. A History of Fascism, 1914–1945. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
2000. The Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930–1965. Bloomington: Indiana University Press..
1993. Russia Under the Bolshevik Regime. New York: Knopf..
1995. The Great Irish Famine. Dublin: Mercier Press., ed.
Pók, Attila. 1997. “Germans, Hungarians, and the Destruction of Hungarian Jewry,” in Cesarani 1997b, 147–58.
1972. Politics in Independent Poland 1921–1939: The Crisis of Constitutional Government. Oxford: Clarendon Press..
1993. From Shtetl to Socialism: Studies from Polin. London: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization..ed.
Polonsky, Antony and Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska. 2001. “Introduction,” in and , eds., Contemporary Jewish Writing in Poland: An Anthology. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, ix–l.
1986. Between East and West: Finland in International Politics, 1944–1947, ed. and trans. D. G. Kirby and Peter Herring. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press..
1960. The Histories, trans. W. R. Paton. Cambridge: Harvard University Press..
1984. The Sources of Military Doctrine: France, Britain, and Germany Between the World Wars. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
1993. “The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict.” Survival 35: 27–47.
2002. Re-imagining Rwanda: Conflict, Survival and Disinformation in the Late Twentieth Century. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press..
2001. “Bystanders to Genocide: Why the United States Let the Rwandan Tragedy Happen.” Atlantic Monthly 288 (September): 84–108..
2002a. A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide. New York: Basic Books..
Power, Samantha.2002b. “Raising the Cost of Genocide,” in Mills and Brunner 2002, 245–64.
1969. The Destruction of the Dutch Jews, trans. Arnold Pomerans. New York: Dutton.
1995. The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide. New York: Columbia University Press..
Quinn, Kenneth M. 1989a. “Explaining the Terror,” in Jackson 1989a, 215–40.
Quinn, Kenneth M.1989b. “The Pattern and Scope of Violence,” in Jackson 1989a, 179–208.
1987. The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies. Berkeley: University of Carlifornia Press.
1987. Finland and the Holocaust: The Rescue of Finland's Jews, trans. Paul Sjöblom. New York: Holocaust Library..
1985. L'affiche rouge. Paris: Marabout, c. Fayard, 1975..
Reid, James J. 1992. “Total War, the Annihilation Ethic, and the Armenian Genocide, 1870–1918,” in , ed., The Armenian Genocide: History, Politics, Ethics. New York: St. Martin's Press, 21–52.
2002. Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust. New York: Knopf..
2001. “French Film Bears Witness to Wartime Complicity.” New York Times, January 9, E1, E3..,
1970. Lord Palmerston. New York: E. P. Dutton..
1998. Ne jamais désespérer: soixante années au service du peuple juif et des droits de l'homme. Paris: Cerf..
2002. Hitler's Jewish Soldiers: The Untold Story of Nazi Racial Laws and Men of Jewish Descent in the German Military. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
1974. Notes from the Warsaw Ghetto: The Journal of Emmanuel Ringelblum, ed. and trans. Jacob Sloan. New York: Schocken Books..
1937. “Foreword,” in Costantino Bresciani-Turroni, The Economics of Inflation: A Study of Currency Depreciation in Post-War Germany, 1914–1923, trans. Millicent E. Savers. London: George Allen and Unwin, 5–6..
Robinson, Jacob. 1972. “Introduction: Some Basic Issues that Faced the Jewish Councils,” in Trunk 1972, xxi–xxxv.
Robinson, Thomas, W. 1971. “Introduction,” in , ed., The Cultural Revolution in China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1–20.
1994. The Kaiser and His Court: Wilhelm II and the Government of Germany, trans. Terence F. Cole. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
1998. Is the Holocaust Unique?: Perspectives on Comparative Genocide. Boulder, CO: Westview., ed.
1960. Rome, trans. J. D. Duff. New York: Oxford University Press.
1997. Power Kills: Democracy as a Method of Nonviolence. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers..
1998. Statistics of Democide: Genocide and Mass Murder since 1900. Münster: Lit Verlag..
1991. Alliance for Murder: The Nazi–Ukrainian Nationalist Partnership in Genocide. New York: Sarpedon., ed.
2002. Dreamland: Europeans and Jews in the Aftermath of the Great War. New York: Vintage.
1971. The Forgotten Soldier, trans. Lily Emmet. New York: Harper and Row..
2003. “The Neural Basis of Economic Decision-Making in the Ultimatum Game.” Science 300 (June 13): 1755–58., , , , and .
2000. Genocide in International Law: The Crimes of Crimes. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
2003. The Culture of Defeat: On National Trauma, Mourning, and Recovery, trans. Jefferson Chase. New York: Metropolitan Books..
1996. The Concept of the Political, trans. J. Harvey Lomax. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.. 
1987. The Churches and the Third Reich, vol. I, trans. John Bowden. London: SCM Press..
Schwab, George. 1996. “Introduction,” in Schmitt  1996, 3–16.
1996. “Neorealism's Status Quo Bias: What Security Dilemma?.” Security Studies 5 (Spring): 90–121.
2005. “Saving Jewish Children, But at What Cost?: Vatican Memo Confirms Refusal to Return Baptized Refugees.” New York Times, January 9. and .
2003. A French Genocide: The Vendée, trans. George Holoch. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press..
1987. Soldiers of Evil: The Commandants of the Nazi Concentration Camps. New York: McGraw-Hill..
2002. Rationality and Freedom. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press..
Senese, Paul D. and John Vasquez. 2004. “Alliances, Territorial Disputes, and the Probability of War: Testing for Interactions,” in , ed., The Scourge of War: New Extensions on an Old Problem. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 189–221.
2003. War and Genocide: Organized Killing in Modern Society. Cambridge: Polity..
1977. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, vol. II, Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey, 1808–1975. New York: Cambridge University Press., and .
2001. The Islamic World in Decline: From the Treaty of Karlowitz to the Disintegration of the Ottoman Empire. Westport, CT: Praeger..
Sijes, B. A. 1977. “Several Observations Concerning the Position of the Jews in Occupied Holland During World War II,” in Gutman and Zuroff 1977, 527–53.
1979. States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China. New York: Cambridge University Press..
1997. The Geopolitics of Anglo-Irish Relations in the Twentieth Century. London: Leicester University Press.
1971. Heinrich Himmler: A Nazi in the Making, 1900–1926. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press.
1998. Ionian Vision: Greece in Asia Minor, 1919–1922. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press..
Smith, Roger W. 1987. “Human Destructiveness and Politics: The Twentieth Century as an Age of Genocide,” in Wallimann and Dobkowski 1987, 21–27.
Snyder, Jack. 1985. “Perceptions of the Security Dilemma in 1914,” in , , and , eds., Psychology and Deterrence. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 153–79.
1991. Myths of Empire: Domestic Politics and International Ambition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press..
1998. Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. and .
Solomons, Israel. 1913. “Lord George Gordon's Conversion to Judaism,” paper read before the Jewish Historical Society of England, June 2, 222–65.
1989. The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence. New York: Cambridge University Press..
1991. Palmerston and Liberalism, 1855–1865. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
1990. All or Nothing: The Axis and the Holocaust, 1941–1943. London: Routledge..
1974. The Politics of Cultural Despair: A Study in the Rise of the Germanic Ideology. Berkeley: University of California Press..
1976. Polish Politics and National Reform, 1775–1788. Boulder, CO: East European Monographs, distributed by Columbia University Press..
2001a. The First World War, vol. I, To Arms. Oxford: Oxford University Press..
2001b. “Some Quiet on the Western Front.” Times Literary Supplement 5151 (December 21): 32..
2001. “Contested Meanings and Conflicting Imperatives: A Conceptual Analysis of Genocide.” Journal of Genocide Research 3 (September): 349–75..
1999. “German Nihilism.” Interpretation 26 (Spring): 353–78..
1941. Organized Anti-Semitism in America: The Rise of Group Prejudice During the Decade 1930–1940. Washington, DC: American Council on Public Affairs.
Strong, Tracy B. 1996. “Foreword: Dimensions of the New Debate around Carl Schmitt,” in Schmitt  1996, ix–xxvii.
Tabeau, Ewa and Jakub Bijak. 2003. “Casualties of the 1990s War in Bosnia-Herzegovina: A Critique of Previous Estimates and the Latest Results,” paper presented at the IUSSP Seminar on the Demography of Conflict and Violence, Jevnaker, Norway, November.
2001. Ireland's Holy Wars: The Struggle for a Nation's Soul, 1500–2000. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
1999. Sacrifice as Terror: The Rwandan Genocide of 1994. Oxford: Berg..
Thion, Serge. 1993. “Genocide as a Political Commodity,” in , ed., Genocide and Democracy in Cambodia: The Khmer Rouge, the United Nations, and the International Community. New Haven, CT: Yale University Southeast Asia Studies, 163–90.
1954. History of the Peloponnesian War, trans. Rex Warner. Baltimore: Penguin Books..
1964. The Vendée. Cambridge: Harvard University Press..
2001. The Fragility of Goodness: Why Bulgaria's Jews Survived the Holocaust, trans. Arthur Denner. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press..
2000. From Melos to My Lai: War and Survival. London: Routledge.
1968. Germany and the Ottoman Empire: 1914–1918. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press..
Trumpener, Ulrich.1984. “Germany and the End of the Ottoman Empire,” in Kent 1984, 111–40.
1972. Judenrat: The Jewish Councils in Eastern Europe Under Nazi Occupation. New York: Macmillan..
1972. The Pavement of Hell. New York: St. Martin's Press..
1981. “The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice.” Science 211 (January 30): 453–58., and .
1998. Aiding Violence: The Development Enterprise in Rwanda. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press..
2000. “Final Solutions: The Causes of Mass Killing and Genocide.” Security Studies 9 (Spring): 1–59..
1999. Causes of War: Power and the Roots of Conflict. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press..
Vasquez, John. 2000. “Reexamining the Steps to War: New Evidence and Theoretical Insights,” in M. Midlarsky 2000a, 371–406.
2003. “Testing the Double-Genocide Thesis for Central and Southern Rwanda.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 47 (4): 423–42..
2001. “What Happened in Thanh Phong.” New York Times Magazine (April 29): 50–133.
1999. A People Apart: The Jews in Europe, 1789–1939. Oxford: Oxford University Press..
1971. German–Polish Relations, 1918–1933. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press..
1987. Genocide and the Modern Age: Etiology and Case Studies of Mass Death. New York: Greenwood Press. and , eds.
1979. Theory of International Politics. New York: Random House.
2000. “Structural Realism After the Cold War.” International Security 25 (Summer): 5–41.
Walzer, Michael. 2002. “Arguing for Humanitarian Intervention,” in Mills and Brunner 2002, 19–35.
1964. Inside Hitler's Headquarters: 1939–1945, trans. R. H. Barry. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson..
1999. Britain and the Jews of Europe, 1939–1945, 2nd ed. London: Leicester University Press..
1964. Varieties of Fascism: Doctrines of Revolution in the Twentieth Century. New York: Van Nostrand..
Weber, Eugen.1965. “Romania,” in and , eds., The European Right: A Historical Profile. Berkeley: University of California Press, 501–74.
1991. Pétain's Crime: The Full Story of French Collaboration in the Holocaust. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee..
2003. Hitler's Second Book: The Unpublished Sequel to Mein Kampf, trans. Krista Smith. New York: Enigma., ed.
1999. Hitler's Professors. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
2004. “Crisis in Sudan Resists Simple Solutions.” New York Times, August 8, N6.
2003. A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
1987. Unwelcome Strangers: East European Jews in Imperial Germany. New York: Oxford University Press..
2001. Hitler and the Holocaust. New York: Modern Library.
1962. The Great Hunger: Ireland 1845–1849. New York: Harper and Row..
1995. Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution After the Cold War. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
1984. The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust, 1941–1945. New York: Pantheon.
1985. Paper Walls: America and the Refugee Crisis 1938–1941. New York: Pantheon.
Yahil, Leni. 1977. “The Uniqueness of the Rescue of Danish Jewry,” in Gutman and Zuroff 1977, 617–25.
2000. Nanking. Westport, CT: Praeger..
1961. Essays and Introductions. New York: Macmillan.
1985. The Dhimmi: Jews and Christians Under Islam, trans. David Maisel. London: Associated University Presses..
1993. The Holocaust, the French and the Jews. New York: Basic Books..
2000. Under His Very Windows: The Vatican and the Holocaust in Italy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press..
2001. In Search of Refuge: Jews and US Consuls in Nazi Germany 1933–1941. Portland, OR: Vallentine Mitchell..