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The Laws and Economics of Confucianism
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    The Laws and Economics of Confucianism
    • Online ISBN: 9781316493328
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316493328
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Book description

Tying together cultural history, legal history, and institutional economics, The Laws and Economics of Confucianism: Kinship and Property in Pre-Industrial China and England offers a novel argument as to why Chinese and English pre-industrial economic development went down different paths. The dominance of Neo-Confucian social hierarchies in Late Imperial and Republican China, under which advanced age and generational seniority were the primary determinants of sociopolitical status, allowed many poor but senior individuals to possess status and political authority highly disproportionate to their wealth. In comparison, landed wealth was a fairly strict prerequisite for high status and authority in the far more 'individualist' society of early modern England, essentially excluding low-income individuals from secular positions of prestige and leadership. Zhang argues that this social difference had major consequences for property institutions and agricultural production.

Reviews

Advance praise:'In this lucid and thought-provoking study, Taisu Zhang creatively and empirically reinterprets the causal relationships among cultural norms, property institutions, and socioeconomic behavior in early modern China and England. This holds profound implications for the study of global economic history, Sino-Western comparison, and Chinese law and society. This important book will not fail to stimulate new inquiries and debates for many years to come.'

Li Chen - University of Toronto, author of Chinese Law in Imperial Eyes and President of the International Society for Chinese Law and History

Advance praise:'Marrying cutting-edge historical archival work with remarkable cross-disciplinary theoretical breadth, Taisu Zhang boldly and brilliantly raises vitally important questions about the interplay of culture, law, and economic institutions in pre-industrial China and England. Anyone interested in global economic history or in today’s China will want to engage this powerful but inviting book.'

William P. Alford - Henry L. Stimson Professor of Law, Harvard Law School

Advance praise:'Taisu Zhang has taken a bold leap into the heart of the Great Divergence debate. Combining the theoretical tools of law and economics, the insights of a comparative legal historian, and the skills of a meticulous archival investigator, Zhang offers a new take on norms governing land alienation in early modern China and England and their impact on economic development.'

Madeleine Zelin - Dean Lung Professor of Chinese Studies, Columbia University

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Joseph W. Esherick Number Games: A Note on Land Distribution in Prerevolutionary China, 7 Modern China 387 (1981)

Amitai Etzioni . Social Norms: Internalization, Persuasion and History, 34 L. & Soc. Rev. 157 (2000)

Qiang Fang . Hot Potatoes: Chinese Complaint Systems from Early Times to the Late Qing, 68 J. Asian Stud. 1105 (2009)

Ewout Frankema . The Colonial Roots of Land Inequality: Geography, Factor Endowments, or Institutions?, 63 Econ. Hist. Rev. 418 (2010)

H.R. French & Richard Hoyle . English Individualism Refuted and Reasserted: The Case of Earls Colne (Essex), 1550–1750, 56 Econ. Hist. Rev. 595 (2003)

H.R. French Social Status, Localism and the “Middle Sort of People” in England, 1620–1750, 166 Past & Present 66 (2000)

Tom Ginsburg . Does Law Matter for Economic Development? Evidence from East Asia, 34 L. & Soc’y Rev. 829 (2000)

Matthew Gorton & Sophia Davidova . Farm Productivity and Efficiency in the CEE Applicant Countries: A Synthesis of Results, 30 Agricultural Econ. 1 (2004)

Avner Greif & Guido Tabellini . Cultural and Institutional Bifurcation: China and Europe Compared, 100(2) Am. Econ. Rev.: Papers & Proc. 1 (2010)

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Benjamin R. Handel Adverse Selection and Inertia in Health Insurance Markets: When Nudging Hurts, 103 Am. Econ. Rev. 2643 (2013)

Robert M. Hartwell Demographic, Political, and Social Transformations of China, 42 Harv. J. Asiatic Stud. 365 (1982)

Ori Heffetz & Matthew Rabin . Conclusions Regarding Cross-Group Differences in Happiness Depend on Difficulty of Reaching Respondents, 103 Am. Econ. Rev. 3001 (2013)

Philip T. Hoffman Taxes and Agrarian Life in Early Modern France: Land Sales, 1550–1730, 46 J. of Econ. Hist. 37 (1986)

Rab Houston . Custom in Context: Medieval and Early Modern Scotland and England, 211 Past & Present 35 (2011)

R.W. Hoyle An Ancient and Laudable Custom: The Definition and Development of Tenant Right in North-Western England in the Sixteenth Century, 116 Past & Present 24 (1987)

R.W. Hoyle Tenure and the Land Market in Early Modern England: Or a Late Contribution to the Brenner Debate, 43 Econ. Hist. Rev. 1 (1990)

Philip C.C. Huang Development or Involution in Eighteenth-Century Britain and China?, 61 J. Asian Stud. 501 (2002)

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Peter King . Legal Change, Customary Right, and Social Conflict in Late Eighteenth-Century England: The Origins of the Great Gleaning Case of 1788, 10 Law & Hist. Rev. 1 (1992)

Albert Kiralfy . Custom in Mediaeval English Law, 9 J. Legal Hist. 26 (1988)

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William Lavely & R. Bin Wong . Family Division and Mobility in North China, 34 Comp. Stud. in Soc. & Hist. 439 (1992)

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Stewart MacAulay . Non-contractual Relations in Business, 28 Am. Soc. Rev. 55 (1963)

Robert M. Marsh Weber’s Misunderstanding of Chinese Law, 106 Am. J. Sociol. 281 (2000)

Ugo Mattei . Three Patterns of Law: Taxonomy and Change in the World’s Legal Systems, 45 Am. J. Comp. L. 5 (1997)

Richard H. McAdams Signaling Discount Rates: Law, Norms and Economic Methodology, 110 Yale L.J. 625 (2000)

Richard H. McAdams The Origin, Development, and Regulation of Norms, 96 Mich. L. Rev. 338 (1997b)

Henry McAleavy . Dien in China and Vietnam, 17 J. Asian Stud. 403 (1958)

Joseph P. McDermott Charting Blank Spaces and Disputed Regions: The Problem of Sung Land Tenure, 44 J. Asian Stud. 13 (1984)

Christine Moll-Murata . Chinese Guilds from the Seventeenth to Twentieth Centuries, 53 Int’l Rev. of Soc. Hist. 213 (2008)

Jonathan Ocko . I’ll Take It All the Way to Beijing: Capital Appeals in the Qing, 47 J. Asian Stud. 291 (1988)

Peter C. Perdue China in the World Economy: Exports, Regions, and Theories, 60 Harv. J. of Asiatic Stud. 259 (2000)

Kenneth Pomeranz . Land Markets in Late Imperial and Republican China, 23 Continuity & Change 101 (2008)

Kenneth Pomeranz . Ten Years After: Responses and Reconsiderations, 12(4) Historically Speaking 20 (2011)

Eric A. Posner Law, Economics, and Inefficient Norms, 144 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1697 (1996)

296 Richard R.B Powell . Determinable Fees, 23 Colum. L. Rev. 207 (1923)

Margaret Jane Radin . Personhood and Property, 34 Stan. L. Rev. 957 (1982)

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Teemu Ruskola . Conceptualizing Corporations and Kinship: Comparative Law and Development Theory in a Chinese Perspective, 52 Stan. L. Rev. 1599 (2000)

Teemu Ruskola . Law, Sexual Morality, and Gender Equality in Qing and Communist China, 103 Yale L.J. 2531 (1994)

Teemu Ruskola . The East Asian Legal Tradition, in The Cambridge Companion to Comparative Law 257 (Mauro Bussani & Ugo Mattei eds., Cambridge Univ. Press 2012)

Charles Sabel & Jonathan Zeitlin . Historical Alternatives to Mass Production: Politics, Markets and Technology in Nineteenth-Century Industrialization, 108 Past & Present 133 (1985)

Osuma Saito . Land, Labour and Market Forces in Tokugawa Japan, 24 Continuity & Change 169 (2009)

Robert E. Scott The Limits of Behavioral Theories of Law and Social Norms, 86 Va. L. Rev. 1602 (2000)

Amartya Sen . Internal Consistency of Choice, 61 Econometrica 495 (1993)

297 Leigh Shaw-Taylor . The Rise of Agrarian Capitalism and the Decline of Family Farming in England, 65 Econ. Hist. Rev. 26 (2012)

Gale Stokes . The Fates of Human Societies: A Review of Recent Macrohistories, 106 Am. Hist. Rev. 508 (2001)

Lawrence Stone . Social Mobility in England, 1500–1700, 33 Past & Present 16 (1966)

Randy Stross . Numbers Games Rejected, 10(3) Republican China 1 (1985)

Mark C. Suchman & Lauren B. Edelman , Book Review: Legal Rational Myths, 21 Law & Soc. Inquiry 903 (1996)

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E.P. Thompson Eighteenth-Century English Society: Class Struggle without Class?, 3 Soc. Hist. 133 (1978)

David M. Trubek Toward a Social Theory of Law: An Essay on the Study of Law and Development, 82 Yale L.J. 1 (1972)

Theofanis C. Tsoulouhas A New Look at Demographic and Technological Changes: England, 1550 to 1839, 29 Explorations in Econ. Hist. 169 (1992)

R.W. Turner The English Mortgage of Land as a Security, 20 Va. L. Rev. 729 (1934)

Frank Upham . Political Lackeys or Faithful Public Servants? Two Views of the Japanese Judiciary, 30 L. Soc. Inquiry 421 (2005)

299 Nico Voigtländer & Hans-Joachim Voth . Why England? Demographic Factors, Structural Change and Physical Capital Accumulation during the Industrial Revolution, 11 J. Econ. Growth 319 (2006)

Peer Vries . The California School and Beyond: How to Study the Great Divergence?, 8 History Compass 730 (2010)

C.M.N. White African Customary Law: The Problem of Concept and Definition, 9(2) J. African L. 86 (1965)

James Q. Whitman Enforcing Civility and Respect: Three Societies, 109 Yale L.J. 1279, 1320 (2000)

Mi-chu Wiens . Lord and Peasant in China: The Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries, 6 Modern China 29 (1980)

Oliver E. Williamson The New Institutional Economics: Taking Stock, Looking Ahead, 38 J. Econ. Lit. 595 (2000)

Andy Wood . The Place of Custom in Plebeian Political Culture: England, 1550–1800, 22 Soc. Hist. 46 (1997)

Madeleine Zelin . The Rights of Tenants in Mid-Qing Sichuan: A Study of Land-Related Lawsuits in the Baxian Archives, 45 J. Asian Stud. 499 (1986)

Xiaotian Zhang . Status Inconsistency Revisited: An Improved Empirical Model, 24 Euro. Sociol. Rev. 155, 156 (2008)

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